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Farmer's murder a 'political hit'

The Times,UK November 29, 2005

            From Jan Raath in Norton

            A WHITE farmer was beaten and strangled by intruders before
being burnt in a pile of petrol-soaked matresses.
            Don Stewart's murder bore "all the hallmarks of a political
attack" to force his few remaining colleagues off their land, Justice for
Agriculture, a Zimbabwean pressure group, said. The intruders took only a
.303 rifle when they left the home of 68-year-old Mr Stewart, the group

            After Mr Stewart came under severe pressure from squatters, his
British-born wife, Margaret, 67, left Zimbabwe for Britain. The squatters'
invasions of Mr Stewart's farm, in Ingwerati, west of Harare, had forced him
to reduce his dairy herd from more than 200 to about 60, and to reduce the
amount of land he cultivated.

            An estimated 18 white farmers have been murdered since 2000,
when President Mugabe began his campaign of lawless, violent farm invasions
to drive whites from their land.

            Mr Worsley-Worswick, of Justice for Agriculture, recalled a
statement last month by Didymus Mutasa, the Minister of National Security
and Land Reform, denouncing farmers as "trash".

            Mr Worsley-Worswick said: "The politics on the ground is
heightened by the elections. It's always been the case that violence on the
farms escalates around elections." On Saturday Mr Mugabe held elections for
a new Senate, which he had abolished in 1987 on the ground that it was "a
colonial relic".

            Mr Worsley-Warwick said that Mr Stewart's farm had been heavily
protected. He added: "An old man living alone out there is very exposed and
a soft target. If it were ordinary thieves, they would have cleaned the
place out, but they didn't . . . it has all the hallmarks of a political

            Mr Stewart was one of a handful of white farmers left in a
district that in 2000 was an important district for producing cattle,
tobacco and food. Of about 4,000 white farmers at that time, only about 300
are believed to be still on their land. Vast areas of land once farmed here
by white owners are returning to natural bush, and the few white-owned farms
along the badly rutted road stand out as oases of intensive production.

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Factions expected to fight over MDC name//CORRECTION

Sent: Tuesday, November 29, 2005 6:24 PM
Subject: ZIMBABWE: Factions expected to fight over MDC name//CORRECTION


HARARE, 28 Nov 2005 (IRIN) - Please note a correction to the story initially
released on 28 November. This version notes there is no confirmation that
the MDC's disciplinary committee ruled against Morgan Tsvangirai

The two factions of the Zimbabwean opposition Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) could engage in a war of attrition over the ownership of the
organisation's name and assets, some party office bearers are predicting.

After most voters responded to Tsvangirai's call to boycott the weekend
senate elections, MDC officials said the factions were positioning
themselves to wrest control of the party's assets.

Except for Bulawayo, Zimbabwe's second city, where pro-senate faction
candidates swept all the seats, other MDC strongholds, like the capital,
Harare, and Matabeleland North and South provinces, heeded Tsvangirai's call
to boycott the elections.

Even in one of the constituencies in Bulawayo with a registered 75,000
voters, the winning MDC candidate managed just under 2,000 votes.

On Monday the ruling ZANU-PF seemed set to win an overwhelming majority,
bagging 21 out of the 31 contested seats in the results declared so far,
while the rift in the MDC deepened.

The MDC's pro-senate faction announced that vice-president Gibson Sibanda
had suspended Tsvangirai last week on Thursday, after a disciplinary
committee allegedly found him guilty of violating the party's constitution
by issuing a call to boycott the poll.

"Mr Tsvangirai is suspended from performing any functions as MDC leader and
will not be allowed to hold meetings under the MDC banner. He has also been
barred from visiting MDC offices, including Harvest House [the party's
headquarters] and is to surrender all MDC property except two vehicles
issued for his personal use," Sibanda, who chairs the disciplinary
committee, told journalists.

However, Sibanda's account was disputed by other members of the committee
who said they were unaware any formal meeting had taken place.

Tsvangirai told IRIN on Sunday that his suspension was unconstitutional.
"The attempt to suspend me is an unfortunate disaster by my colleagues in
the struggle. Their actions indicate that they are desperate for power and
... will only play into the hands of the government, which wants to see the
MDC weak and divided."

Tsvangirai said only the party's congress, expected to be held in February,
had the power to suspend him.

However, Gift Chimanikire, the MDC's deputy secretary-general, who is in the
pro-senate camp, said the disciplinary committee could suspend anybody,
including the president. "Nobody is above the law, and we will not allow
another dictator to emerge from our ranks," he asserted.

Senior MDC officials in the pro-senate camp told IRIN that if Tsvangirai did
not abide by the terms of the suspension, they would seek relief in court.
"We are simply going to ask for the protection of the courts if Tsvangirai
does not abide by the suspension."

There is a perception among political observers that the judges, some of
whom are sympathetic to the ruling party, would grant the use of the party's
name and emblem to the less popular pro-senate faction to further
destabilise the opposition.

Hundreds of MDC supporters in Harare thronged Harvest House on Monday saying
they wanted to ensure that Tsvangirai was not hindered from working there.
Some told IRIN that the pro-senate faction would not be allowed to set foot
at the Harare offices.

Tel: +27 11 880-4633
Fax: +27 11 447-5472

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Zim 'worst rights violator'


29/11/2005 14:27  - (SA)

Bangkok - Zimbabwe, China and the Indian state of Maharashtra were named the
world's worst violators of housing rights on Tuesday by an advocacy group
that branded forced evictions in Harare, a crime against humanity.

The Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE) also praised a Pakistani
official and an Indonesian activist for their work to support housing
rights, in the group's annual awards meant to highlight violations around
the world.

The group's executive director Scott Leckie said Zimbabwe's forced evictions
of residents and informal traders earlier this year left more than 700 000
people homeless and forced to fend for themselves.

Judicial bodies

Leckie said: "It is abundantly clear that crimes against humanity have taken
place in Zimbabwe in recent months, and those responsible should be held
accountable and brought before the international judicial bodies to answer
for those crimes."

Meanwhile, he said the situations in China and the Indian state of
Maharashtra highlighted the need to balance rapid economic development with
respect for human rights.

He said: "More than 40 million Chinese farmers have lost their land and
livelihoods in the past 20 years due to rapid industrialisation and

"COHRE is particularly concerned about the forced evictions of at least 400
000 people carried out in Beijing in connection with the upcoming 2008
Summer Olympic Games."

Redevelopment plan

Leckie said in Maharashtra, 350 000 people were evicted in India's
commercial capital, Mumbai, last year as part of a redevelopment plan that
called for reducing slums to 10% of their size.

He said those evicted received no alternative accommodation or compensation.

But, the group also praised Tasneem Siddiqui, former head of the Sindh
Katchi Abadis Authority in Pakistan, for his work to gain legal recognition
for informal settlements.

Indonesian activist Wardah Hafidz was also singled out for her efforts to
help poor urban leaders fight for the rights of their communities.

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Mystery of Zim Aids statistics

Mail and Guardian

      Belinda Beresford: NEWS ANALYSIS

      29 November 2005 03:00

            South Africa, the economic powerhouse of Southern Africa,
continues to see an escalating HIV epidemic, while economically crippled
Zimbabwe has apparently brought down levels of HIV infection among its

            According to the latest United Nation's figures, one in three
pregnant women in South Africa is HIV-positive, the highest level yet
recorded. In contrast, Zimbabwe may be showing signs of falling infection
rates, at least for the years between 2002 and 2004. During that period, the
UN says, infection levels among pregnant women dropped from 26% to 21%.

            The evidence at the moment remains scant, pending next month's
release of a report confirming the good news.

            Prevalence, which measures the ongoing level of HIV infection,
is not particularly informative without knowing the incidence, or the rate
at which new infections are occurring. A falling prevalence rate may reflect
that the number of people dying because of the virus is outnumbering those
newly infected with it.

            Given the economic and food security difficulties in Zimbabwe,
high numbers of deaths could be behind the apparent decline in HIV
infections. In addition, there are reports that hospitals in Zimbabwe are
running out of anti-retroviral drugs, a problem attributed to the country's
foreign exchange problems.

            However, the UN report, which is based on governmental and NGO
research, appears confident.

            UNAids regional director for Eastern and Southern Africa Mark
Stirling said the tentative signs of success across Africa reflected
consistent and sustained prevention campaigns, which were "evidence-based
rather than ideologically-based".

            The assumption is that Zimbabwe's sustained HIV prevention
campaigns, dating back to the 1980s, have encouraged safer sexual behaviour.
The golden trinity of behavioural change to stop HIV is to reduce the number
of sexual partners, increase the age of sexual debut and increase the use of
condoms. Last year researchers found that 86% of men and 83% of women report
using condoms during casual sex. HIV levels among young women (aged 15 to 24
years), which is used as a rough proxy for incidence, has dropped from just
less than 30% in 2000 to 20% in 2004.

            The Aids Epidemic Update also reports that mortality rates are
levelling off in some parts of the country, "which further supports the view
that declines in HIV incidence accelerated by changes in sexual behaviour
are driving the apparent decline in prevalence".

            In announcing the news, Stirling, said the apparent fall in HIV
infection levels applied to the years reported, and could not necessarily be
extrapolated forward, given the levels of social disruption in Zimbabwe.

            In contrast, the Aids Epidemic Update describes the "astonishing
speed" at which levels of infection among South African adults have leapt to
almost 25%, compared to only 1% in 1990. Just less than 30% of pregnant
women tested positive for HIV in 2004, although this conceals strong
regional variations, with prevalence estimated at 40% in KwaZulu-Natal.

            The Aids epidemic is also taking its toll, with Statistics South
Africa reporting a huge jump in adult mortality, with the number of deaths
between the ages of 24 and 44 almost doubling between 1997 and 2002.

            Stats vary throughout Africa
            Last year, 43 of every 100 pregnant women in Swaziland were
HIV-positive; more than one in two women aged 25 to 29 have the virus.

            Lesotho saw a small drop in HIV infection among pregnant women,
from 29% in 2003, to 27% in 2004.

            In Botswana, for the past four years one in three pregnant women
has tested positive for the virus. Especially worrying for a government that
has been forthright about the HIV/Aids epidemic is the lack of knowledge: a
quarter of people surveyed this year did not know that consistently using
condoms protects against HIV.

            Namibia has geographically disparate levels of HIV infection. In
the Caprivi Strip - between Angola, Botswana and Zambia - 42% of pregnant
women are HIV-positive, but in the north-west of the country the figure is
just 8,5%. Although last year's annual survey in antenatal clinics suggested
a slight decline in infections this is a tentative finding.

            Striking geographic differences are also seen within Malawi,
where more than one in three pregnant women in the south of the country
tested HIV-positive in 2003, compared to 7% in the central area. While
overall prevalence appears to stay steady at 20%, this may have been
affected by the lack of food security in the region, which may be
contributing to more deaths from Aids. HIV infection levels appear to be
rising rapidly in rural areas and among younger pregnant women.

            Despite decades of war, Angola has low levels of HIV infection
for the region, with just an estimated 2,8% of pregnant women testing
positive in 2004. But the potential for the epidemic to grow is seen among
sex workers in the country's capital, Luanda, where one in three is reported
to be carrying the virus.

            In Zambia, HIV has maintained a steady presence, with between
18% and 20% of pregnant women testing positive each year since 1994. The
highest infection levels are to be seen in the areas around major transport
routes. Similarly in Mozambique, the transport routes with Zimbabwe, Malawi
and South Africa are accompanied by higher HIV infection. In three years the
HIV prevalence among pregnant women living on the main rail link to southern
Malawi increased from 7% in 2001 to 19% in 2004. - Belinda Beresford

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Mugabe moves to buy security forces' loyalty

Zim Online

Wed 30 November 2005

      HARARE - President Robert Mugabe on Monday this week told the inner
politburo cabinet of his ruling ZANU PF party that he wants soldiers and
other state security agents to be given more pay for keeping Zimbabwe
stable, authoritative sources told ZimOnline.

      The communist-style politburo is practically ZANU PF's most powerful
organ outside the party congress and virtually directs government policy.

      According to the sources, who attended the politburo meeting held
primarily to review ZANU PF's performance in last Saturday's controversial
senate election, Mugabe expressed surprise that teachers and nurses were
earning basically the same salaries as soldiers who he said had done a
"commendable job in stabilising the country".

      "Why should nurses and teachers be at par with dependable servants
like security people?" Mugabe is said to have told the politburo.

      "Kuti tirambe tichitonga ndivo (we are still in power because of the
security forces)," the 81-year old President is said to have remarked.

      Most teachers, nurses, policemen and soldiers take home between three
to five million dollars per month which is way below the $11.9 million that
the Consumer Council of Zimbabwe says an average family of a mother, father
and four children needs for basic services and goods per month.

      The politburo is said to have agreed to order the government to review
salaries for the army and other security organs.

      Both Mugabe's spokesman George Charamba and ZANU PF spokesman Nathan
Shamuyarira were not available yesterday for comment on the matter.

      The ruling party's secretary for administration and also State
Security Minister, Didymus Mutasa, would not deny or confirm whether Mugabe
had pushed for higher salaries for security forces.

      But Mutasa insisted there was nothing amiss if the government gave
security forces more pay. He said: "I don't think anyone should be alarmed
when a country rewards its soldiers, or any worker for that matter. Are they
not defenders of our sovereignty?"

      According to the sources, Mugabe told his politburo colleagues that
top army and security commanders had indicated to him that the government
risked losing the support of especially the rank and file of the army
because of worsening economic hardships. "He (Mugabe) said that the
commanders had told him that they have had to resort to using hardliner
tactics to silence personnel because there were clear signs of discontent,"
said a source.

      While there may be no immediate pay rises for security forces, the
politburo is however said to have agreed to order the government to
introduce a more lucrative payroll - higher than that of other civil
servants - for soldiers, the police and Central Intelligence Organisation

      The powerful ZANU PF committee also agreed to direct the Ministry of
Defence to ensure that private infantry soldiers earn more than specialised
army personnel such as doctors and nurses at army hospitals.

      Zimbabwe is grappling a severe food and economic crisis that political
analysts have said is feeding public discontent that could erupt in mass
civil unrest.

      ZimOnline revealed last October that the government's Joint Operations
Command, comprising top commanders of the army, air force, police, secret
and prison services, had warned the government that Zimbabweans' patience
was wearing thin in the face of deepening economic hardships and that Mugabe
and ZANU PF could be overthrown in a popular uprising.

      Economic analysts, who spoke to ZimOnline yesterday, predicted that
the national budget to be announced in Parliament tomorrow by Finance
Minister Herbert Murerwa would most likely allocate more resources to the
security forces in a bid by the government to ensure their loyalty. -

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Budget will see state oil repression machinery

Zim Online

Wed 30 November 2005

      HARARE - Zimbabwe Finance Minister Herbert Murerwa tomorrow announces
the national budget for 2006 that analysts have said is certain to allocate
more resources to the army and other state organs of coercion, key to
keeping President Robert Mugabe in power.

      They said swelling public discontent against Mugabe would force
Murerwa to prioritise the security forces - as has been the case in the
past - at the expense of financing efforts to avert a looming humanitarian
disaster because of food shortages and economic failure.

      Harare-based economic analyst James Jowa predicted that Murerwa's
budget was likely to be more an instrument to fortify Mugabe and his ZANU PF
party's rule than a mechanism to inspire economic revival.

       "I do not foresee Murerwa coming up with a budget with national
interests at the core but one that is most likely to boost the morale of the
security forces, army and police to maintain the status quo," Jowa told

      Despite overwhelmingly winning a controversial senate election last
Saturday, Mugabe and ZANU PF remained wary of civil unrest because of
worsening economic hardships, Jowa said.

      ZANU PF won 43 of the contested 50 senate seats in an election that
was partly boycotted by the main opposition Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) party. MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai called for a boycott of the senate
which he said was a waste of scarce resources by a country that should be
doing more to fight hunger.

      Independent observers say about 20 percent of the 3.2 million
registered voters bothered to vote in the poll in what political analysts
said was a clear indication that the majority of Zimbabweans had listened to
Tsvangirai's boycott call.

      Jowa said: "The government feels the threats of civil unrest because
of the shrinking economy and therefore is most likely to allocate the
largest chunk to the army as usual."

      ZimOnline revealed last October that the government's Joint Operations
Command, comprising top commanders of the army, air force, police, secret
and prison services, had warned the government that the people's patience
was wearing thin in the face of deepening economic hardships and that Mugabe
and ZANU PF could be overthrown in a popular uprising.

       Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce (ZNCC) president Luxon Zembe
said the country's economic crisis required bold measures from Murerwa
tomorrow such as decisive steps to move away from a command economy to one
driven by the market.

      Zembe said: "Murerwa must take some bold and tough measures because
his budget must spearhead economic growth and recovery."

      Murerwa would also have to act to remove price distortions and price
controls harming the remaining functional sectors of the economy, Zembe

      The budget would also have to strongly signal that government now
regarded the mainstay agricultural sector as a business sector rather than a
political weapon, he said.

      But Zembe was quick to admit that Murerwa - regarded by many as among
the few progressive minds in Mugabe's government - did not have a free rein
on the budget adding that whatever his wishes, the Finance Minister will at
the end of the day still have to pander to his political masters.

      Jowa concurred saying: "Political will is the key to economic
recovery. Unfortunately some of the structures draining the fiscus are out
of Murerwa's control. He cannot do much about it save to just make political

      Zimbabwe is in the grip of a severe economic crisis that began in 1999
after the International Monetary Fund (IMF) withdrew financial assistance.
The crisis worsened a year later after Mugabe launched his controversial
farm seizure programme that destabilised the agricultural sector causing a
60 percent decline in food output.

      The crisis, described by the World Bank as unseen in a country not at
war, has seen inflation shooting to beyond 400 percent and has besides food,
spawned acute shortages of fuel, electricity, essential medical drugs and
nearly every other basic survival commodity. - ZimOnline

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GMB must write off loans: Made

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Business Reporters
issue date :2005-Nov-30

THE Minister of Agriculture, Joseph Made called upon the Grain Marketing
Board (GMB) to write off all loans issued to farmers in drought stricken
areas last season, citing lack of resources to pay back.
Addressing a rally in Chipinge as part of President Robert Mugabe's
entourage last week that was campaigning for the Senatorial elections, Made
said the parastatal should write off all loans it gave to the farmers last
season, as the majority of them had not harvested anything due to drought.
"All loans issued to farmers in drought stricken areas last season should be
written off as farmers cannot service them due to poor harvests.
"We are all aware that most areas had very poor harvests
and there is no need of asking
 the farmers to service loans," he said.
"Instead, more resources should be given to the same farmers for meaningful
farming this season.''
Made also promised to fund, this season, all other crops that were in the
previous years not covered under the government's loan facilities.
He said government was fully committed to having a boosted agricultural
production and as such will, with effect from this year, fund all crops,
including coffee and tea, which were previously not
"On the other hand we are really saddened by reports that some coffee and
tea buyers are ripping off farmers through buying crops at very low and
unsustainable prices.
"As government we shall make it a point that we protect our farmers by
finding alternative markets that would offer competitive prices."
He went on to assure farmers of adequate inputs distribution this season for
which he requested the local leadership and
Arex officials to be involved
in their distribution for transparency.
In December last year, the Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Lands,
Agriculture, Water Resources, Rural Development and Resettlement highlighted
 anomalies in the 2005
national budget financing for agriculture.
The committee argued that although government had allocated funds for
various farming programmes, it was not clear how farmers would access
funding for inputs since this time around the funding was not provided under
the ministry's vote allocation, but under the Productive Sector Facility
In its 10-page report that was presented to Parliament, the committee
chaired by Zanu PF Member of Parliament, Daniel Mackenzie argued that
was too ambitious in its set
"It goes without saying that the economy of Zimbabwe is agro-based.
"Agriculture contributes 16 percent to the country's domestic gross
production (GDP). Agriculture also contributes substantially to employment
levels in the country.
"Hence one would expect a deliberate policy thrust, targeting agriculture as
a strategy for economic recovery.
"The budgetary allocations should be in line with this vision," argued the
Focusing on the 2005 budget statement, the committee said confusion was rife
with respect to the accessing of funds.
". Also because of the allocation of the inputs under the PSF, it made it
difficult for your committee to verify whether the funds are actually
available or only exist on paper.
The ministry (Agriculture and Rural Development) officials
 were also not so sure on this issue."
Government hopes to move away from direct lending to farmers, as it has
emerged that the Agricultural Development Bank (Agribank) was now adequately
However, the committee noted problems likely to be encountered in the
recovery of previous debts loaned to farmers.
"Government is projecting loan recoveries to the
tune of $1,455 trillion.
"Your committee feels that the target is too ambitious given the fact that
some loans were written off due to severe effects of successive droughts."
"Minister of Finance, Herbert Murerwa, indicated that agriculture was
targeted to grow by 28 percent although it had registered a
marginal decline of 3,3 percent in 2004."
In a budget share analysis for agriculture, vote allocation estimate
(revised) was $497 615 347 000, while the total budget was $8 747 638 846
000 for
2004. For 2005, vote allocation was $1000 155 256 000 with an estimated
total budget put at $28 363 608 415 000.
The share for vote to total expenditure in 2004 was 7,3 percent compared to
4,46 percent of the 2005 budget.
"This is not consistent with the importance attached to agriculture as a
turn-around economic strategy, let alone the mammoth demands of the land
reform programme.
"Hence it is very difficult to understand how agriculture will grow by 28
percent in the coming year, as projected by the minister, given the decline
in share allocation," argued the committee.
Parastatals under the purview of the ministry have always been funded under
the Administration and General sub-vote.
However, treasury has no allocations for the parastatals under the ministry's
"The understanding is that these parastatals would have to approach the
Energy, Housing and
Infrastructure Bank for capital projects.
Modalities are not yet in place and hence it remains to be seen whether the
Grain Marketing Board (GMB) bid of $1,2 trillion to cover government's
subsidy will be funded from that facility since it was not provided for
under the ministry's vote," the committee said.
As a solution to the problem, the committee called for clarity on the
operations of the Energy, Housing and Infrastructure Bank and procedures
through which departments could access funds "without delays."

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Opposition leader ignores attempts to force him from office

Citizen, SA

By Angus Shaw
HARARE, Zimbabwe - Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai arrived at his party's
headquarters as usual Tuesday, ignoring attempts by rivals to force him from
"It is business as usual," said Tsvangirai's spokesman, William Bango.
Differences over a weekend election for a new Senate have caused an
unprecedented split within the Movement for Democratic Change, the only
party to have seriously challenged President Robert Mugabe's increasingly
autocratic 25-year rule.
Tsvangirai ordered a boycott of Saturday's poll, but a narrow majority of
his party's national executive voted in favour of participating. Rivals led
by Tsvangirai's deputy, Gibson Sibanda, fielded 26 candidates - just seven
of whom won seats in the 66-member Senate.
Tsvangirai on Sunday rejected a letter from Sibanda informing him that the
party's disciplinary committee was suspending him. He has since ignored
instructions to vacate his office and return all party property except two
cars allowed for personal use.
Tsvangirai maintains only the party's annual convention, scheduled for
February, has the authority to remove him.
Party spokesman Paul Themba-Nyathi said Tsvangirai violated party rules by
insisting on the boycott and his refusal to step down was "further defiance
of the national disciplinary committee and would be dealt with accordingly,"
he said.
Bango said there were no attempts to prevent Tsvangirai entering party
headquarters in the capital, Harare.
Just 19.4 percent of the 3.2 million eligible voters cast ballots Saturday -
the lowest turnout for a national election since independence from Britain
in 1980 - according to the independent Zimbabwe Election Support Network.
Tsvangirai claimed most voters heeded his boycott call. Independent
observers said general apathy, ignorance about the role of the Senate and
voter fatigue after bruising elections in March for Parliament's lower house
also affected turnout.
The labor-backed opposition won just 41 of the 120 seats up for grabs in
that election amid allegations of intimidation and vote rigging. Mugabe
appoints an additional 30 members in the lower house.
Tsvangirai argued participation in Saturday's poll would only give
credibility to another tainted vote. His rivals said the party should take
advantage of an opportunity to increase the opposition's voice in the
Mugabe himself abolished the Senate in 1990. His critics charge the
institution was only restored to increase Mugabe's ability to doll out jobs
and perks in Zimbabwe's ailing economy. The new house has no veto powers
over legislation passed in the lower house.
The US State Department on Monday called the Senate election a "nonevent." -

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Mobile Orphanages Helping AIDS Orphans in Zimbabwe

Christian Today

            Children left orphaned by AIDS in Zimbabwe are finding care and
the Gospel in Christian mobile orphanages.

            Posted: Tuesday, November 29 , 2005, 12:36 (UK)

            Christian World Outreach has been in Zimbabwe helping children
left orphaned by AIDS with their Mobile Orphanage programme, reports Mission
Network News.

            CWO's Greg Yoder described the organisation's Mobile Orphanage
as being more like a foster care programme.

            "We're not trying to bring children to a centre and then out of
their communities, but be able to keep them in their communities," he said.

            "We go to them and try to work with school teachers and
community leaders and churches in the community to care for the children who
have been orphaned by AIDS."

            CWO is asking for people to donate just 21 USD a month to
support each child. The money will go toward their school fees, basic school
supplies, uniform, and food kits.

            "We try to supplement the food that the guardians are already
giving them to try to support people physically for taking care of these
kids," said Yoder.

            The CWO also runs camps for AIDS-orphaned children.

            "The camps are held for a couple of reasons," said Yoder. "One
is to introduce them to Christ and to provide spiritual teaching. The other
is to just help them interact with other children from the community."

            Yoder added: "They're just children who are taking care of
themselves and taking care of other children."

            In 2003 the number of children orphaned by AIDS stood at 980,000
or 78 per cent of all orphans in the country.

            World AIDS Day will be held on Thursday to rally people in the
fight against the disease and to highlight the urgent need for a response to
the 15 million children expected to be orphaned by 2015.

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Zinwa manages to repair water treatment works

The Herald

Zinwa's responsibility

ZINWA took over bulk water treatment and pumping up to the main storage
reservoirs from the City of Harare on May 9 2005. This entails bulk supply
of water up to the distribution reservoirs for Harare City Council, Ruwa,
Norton, Chitungwiza and Epworth.

All reticulation/distribution infrastructure is maintained by the respective
local authorities.

Progerss to date

Since the takeover, Zinwa has managed to effect a lot of repairs at Warren
Control, Morton Jaffray and Prince Edward water works. These repairs, which
are worth billions of dollars, have reduced losses significantly and managed
to stabilise output.

The following is a list of the repair work undertaken:

l Repairs of leaks at Warren Control

l Repairs at Ganges are still being done in conjunction with the City of

l Repaired leaks on the Morton Jaffray to Lochinvar line

l Repaired two transformers and completed the installation of the third
transformer at Warren Control.

l At MJ, we have repaired the North intake periscope and two intake valves
into the treatment works have been also repaired.

l Two Darwendale raw water pumps have also been repaired.

l Repaired pumps and motors for alum, lime and silica.

l Purchased and installed new alum, carbon and lime dosing pumps.

l Recommissioned two clarifiers at the old works.

l Repairs on the valves for works 1

l Still working on the filters, with the intention of re-sanding and putting
new nozzles for the filters.

l Working on the valve system for the Works 2 and 3.

l Four highlift pumps have been re-commissioned.

l At Prince Edward, two highlift pumps have been recommissioned.

l Purchased two transfer pumps for Letombo and installation is in progress.

l Purchased six transfer pumps for Orange Grove and these will be delivered

At Zinwa, the takeover of Harare bulk water supply is a great challenge as
evidenced by the number of repairs done and many more that still need to be
done. We are therefore calling on all water consumers to co-operate with us
by reporting any pipe bursts or leaks. Your suggestions are most welcome
because for us to overcome the water problems we are currently facing, we
need your support.

See you again next week when we talk about water demand management.

Have a fruitful week!

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Downer condemns Zimbabwe polls

ABC, Australia

Last Update: Tuesday, November 29, 2005. 5:41pm (AEDT)

Foreign Affairs Minister Alexander Downer has condemned elections held in
Zimbabwe, saying the democratic process in the nation has almost completely

Preliminary results show President Robert Mugabe's party has won 42 of the
52 seats contested in the new Senate.

But Mr Downer has told Parliament that voter turnout was between 15 and 20
per cent, and there are reports that some polling stations were completely

Mr Downer says low voter turnout highlights the irrelevance of the election
process for most people.

"The elections for a newly created Senate in Zimbabwe were an act of cynical
political patronage by President Mugabe, for Mr Mugabe's cronies," he said.

"The real needs of the people of Zimbabwe are being ignored."

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US labels Zimbabwe Senate election a 'nonevent'


      Tue Nov 29, 2005 8:28 AM GMT

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - In a sign of growing U.S. animosity toward Zimbabwe's
President Robert Mugabe, a senior U.S. official dismissed as "a nonevent"
last weekend's Senate poll victory by the ruling party in the southern
African nation.

Asked to comment on the election of a new upper chamber of parliament, State
Department spokesman Sean McCormack said Zimbabwe's new Senate was created
by Mugabe as a "source of patronage for ruling party politicians."

He added: "So in terms of democracy -- and we talk about elections as being
part of democracy -- this was really a nonevent."

Final results announced on Monday showed Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF party won a
broad majority in the 66-seat Senate, which will have the final word on any
new laws.

Despite his party's victory, analysts in Zimbabwe said Mugabe's own
credibility was hurt by a voter turnout of only 10 percent after a boycott
campaign by the main opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai.

McCormack said this low voter turnout reflected how Zimbabweans saw the new
chamber. "It doesn't seem as though the Zimbabwean people took these
elections very seriously ... as a real exercise in democracy."

Last week, U.S. President George W. Bush widened economic sanctions against
Zimbabwe, blocking the assets of an additional 128 people and 33 entities
that Washington said undermined democratic reform. In March 2003, the United
States imposed sanctions against 77 Zimbabweans.

Asked about the extended sanctions, McCormack said the United States had
tried via "rhetoric" to get Mugabe to change his ways but this had not
affected his behavior.

"The sanctions to which you refer are part of this -- to try to convince
those who are currently leading Zimbabwe that they are on the wrong path,"
he told reporters.

McCormack's comments about the weekend poll are likely to further inflame
tensions between Mugabe and U.S. ambassador to Zimbabwe, Christopher Dell.

Mugabe told Dell to "go to hell" earlier this month after the envoy blamed
the country's economic and political crisis on mismanagement and corrupt

In power since 1980, Mugabe has strongly rejected accusations his policies
have brought economic ruin to Zimbabwe and he instead blames the country's
collapse on what he says is sabotage by Western powers.


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Pro-Senate MDC is a Sellout Faction

Sent: Tuesday, November 29, 2005 3:47 PM
Subject: Pro-Senate MDC is a Sellout Faction

Allow me to voice our simmering anger over the endless abuse of Tsvangirai
by unpatriotic renegate officials masquerading as the owners of MDC yet
clandestinely supporting the Z.A.N.U. (P.F.) election mania and violence. It
is as clear as daylight that Gibson Sibanda, Professor Welshman Ncube, Paul
Themba Nyathi Gift Chimanikire and afew others are ambitious and dangerous
"mafikizolo" bent on derailing people's quest for freedom from  Z.A.N.U.
tyranny. It is foolhardy of these guys to insult Tsvangirai and expect
Zimbabweans to applause them. Gibson Sibanda, one moment he is thinking of a
tribal Bantustan and now he daydreams about MDC presisdency. Kindly join the
Mayoress of Harare and leave Tsvangison in peace.Tsvangison has a clear
vision for MDC leadership and its quest for demcratic change. Now
Zimbabweans can see for themselves how difficult it has been for Tsvangirai
to operate effectively with so much backstubbing within and without.
Tsvangirai's home has been ransacked several times by authorities. He has
been arrested several times and accused t of reason. His family, his person
and even his dog were insulted.Why were Gibson Sibanda and Weshman Ncue not
subjected to such treatment? Anyone familiar with Z.A.N.U. (P.F.) hatred of
opposition is bound to question. Whoever is not a threat to Z.A.N.U.(P.F.)'s
dreams of a one party state is safe. So was and is still Sekersai
Makwabarara and so is still Jonathan Moyo. If these renegate individuals are
trully devoted to MDC ideals they should pacify themselves with true MDC for
which Tsvangirai stands for. He is neither hard hearted not
dictator.Tsvangirai will accept them but their wings should be clipped.All
those using their websites to divide Zimbabweans, we will not accept that.We
are all suffering together in all provinces and Tsvangison is not the policy
maker or the common enemy. We are tired of reading biased reporting accusing
Tsvangison of bungling MDC. I call upon the sane minded and truly patriotic
Zimbabweans to see how poison pens are abusing websites to belittle a man
who stood up for demeocracy with courage. Give us a break.Tsvangison ndivzo!

Shonhai Sivindi

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"Weapons" of mass destruction needed

The Senate election has passed recording the lowest vote apathy in the
history of one man one vote in Zimbabwe. Albeit, ZANU (PF) is celebrating
yet another victory in less than a year. Tsvangirai is celebrating a heeded
call to boycott the senate election yet on the other hand Sibanda is licking
his wounds amid a wave in a tea pot roaming in Bulawayo. The masses remain
disillusion amid a resumed exchange of words by the MDC warring factions
however misguided and utter rubbish. What is then the way forward for
Zimbabwe? None of those celebrating have any political reason to celebrate,
how do you, honestly celebrate the perpetual of a tyrannical agony which is
slumping the whole generation into oblivion, those moaning should stop and
devote to reflecting on what next and put Zimbabwe at heart and not "thy

I have always stated that elections in Zimbabwe will never yield any
political transition and I have been proven right, not after my own vicious
battle with ZANU (PF) to which blood and soul needless to say were lost but
they still stole the day. Now that MDC have unanimously agreed that any
election with ZANU (PF) is a political suicide, what next? OF course we
should be stupid to contest any future parliamentary elections under the
same conditions and knowing ZANU (PF) nothing will change. What will be our
future role then if we are not going to contest future elections?
Indirectly, we have declared war on Mugabe, befitting though. We should
fight Mugabe and his cronies on air, water and space using all political
tools of trade. The casualties will be high if we delay but if we start now
and end tomorrow with a victory, we will emerge victorious with fewer
casualties. We must unshackle the fear phobia and move swiftly.

The coming congress should be designated for an overhaul of MDC. We all know
that we have dead wood among ourselves whose presence continues to be of
patronage, the same ZANU (PF) syndrome. It is a political fact that people
who are able to bring in meaningful change have been either been frustrated
or their wings curtailed, that must end. MDC must not dwell on people's
sympathy anymore they must earn that sympathy. Who would want sympathy for 6
years with out action under the current conditions? Every piece of land
locally, regionally, internationally and globally must have a combative
structure of MDC working round the clock for a meaningful change. There is
no need to fight for positions of patronage, give the posts to those who
deserve them. Let the heads roll and I mean cut them dead heads, inject the
Iron Mike Tyson leadership. There is no need to be apologetic about it, let's
move on and I mean quickly.

ZANU (PF) members must know that what I am advocating is an inclusive march
to rescue Zimbabwe from the jaws of a few who have successfully wood winked
them into believing that only themselves have the right to survival. Can
Mugabe correct the economic melt down currently besetting Zimbabwe? Of
course not, two wrongs do not make a right. This is a wake up call for all
Zimbabweans, that as we languish in bondage we must be mindful of the fact
that we are our own liberators. Zimbabwe owes us all to make it a better
place for the future generations, after all, not by design and intend we
remain all in the dust bin of history for  we have failed ourselves before
the test.

As I leave you all, in peace and in agony, I say in earnest, let's use every
energy left to remove Mugabe. Those who write do unto harm as you would do
with a weapon of mass destruction, those who sing, sing him out loudly,
those who cry, cry him out loudly, those who punch, punch him where it hurts
most, those who laugh, laugh him till death do us part and our dear veterans
of the illustrious war of the 70s, I call you upon on duty to defend the
principles upon which you were robbed of your youth and energy. To those who
perished in fighting against the colonization of Zimbabwe, today we call
upon your vengeful spirits to guide us through to a struggle for the
emancipation of man against man, black against black.

Victory is certain

Elliot Pfebve

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How to keep Africa from backsliding

Christian Science Monitor

from the November 29, 2005 edition

            By Makau Mutua

      BUFFALO, N.Y. - Black Africa, unlike its North African or Middle East
neighbors, has made epochal strides in building open societies.
      The decade of the 1990s witnessed unprecedented political progress in
virtually all sub-Saharan African states. Military dictatorships and
authoritarian one-party states were either swept aside or forced to adopt
democratic reforms by popular upheavals.

      Even so, democratization in black Africa has in recent years either
stagnated or witnessed serious reversals. The euphoria of change has not had
a lasting effect on the political cultures of many African states.
Regrettably, recent success stories of democratic reform are turning into
tragedies. The future hangs perilously in the balance unless there is a
dramatic shift in the culture of governance.

      In Uganda, President Yoweri Museveni, long a darling of Washington who
has been in power since 1986, rammed through parliament a constitutional
amendment to remove term limits so that he could run for a third time. In
Ethiopia, governed by Prime Minister Meles Zenawi (dubbed by former
President Bill Clinton as among the new democratic breed of African
leaders), scores of peaceful demonstrators protesting the outcome of
elections in May were killed by government forces.

      Even in Kenya, the pivotal East African state that in 2002 underwent a
historic and peaceful regime change since independence in 1964, democratic
reforms have been derailed. The government of President Mwai Kibaki is rife
with corruption. It has reneged on all key reforms. Last week, it
resoundingly lost a referendum on a divisive draft constitution. Kenya's
star has dimmed amid ethnic tensions, a government in disarray, and a
despondent population.

      Tanzania, once an oasis of calm in a turbulent region, has been rocked
by violence as protesters have clashed with security forces in Zanzibar, its
autonomous archipelago nation. The opposition disputes an election that was
won by the ruling party.

      Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe has completely run his country into the
ground. He has quashed a democratic movement, ordered land invasions, and
isolated Zimbabwe from the world.

      And in Liberia, soccer-star George Weah has refused to concede defeat
to Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, the Harvard-educated former World Bank economist.
President-elect Johnson-Sirleaf will be the first woman African head of
state with an excellent opportunity to end Liberia's string of despotic

      Elsewhere on the continent - in Sudan, the Democratic Republic of
Congo, lawless Somalia, and the Ivory Coast - dysfunctional or failed states
continue to tear the fabric of society. Despair among the population is
increasing in countries with more stable states such as Nigeria, Ghana,
Senegal, Malawi, Botswana, Zambia, and even democratic South Africa.

      What has gone awry so soon after a decade of democratization?
Meaningful political and economic reforms will remain elusive unless
Africa's traditional political class is exorcised from the landscape. This
will require both a complete renewal and a broad expansion of the political

      Second, politics must be detribalized. One ironic paradox of
multipartyism and open political competition has been the tribalization of
politics. African political parties - the only vehicles through which modern
democracy is practiced - are barren receptacles for tribal barons and ethnic
demagoguery. They are parties in name only, not substance. They do not
mobilize the population and only heighten ethnic tensions and fragment the
political landscape when they do. Political parties must be national
vehicles grounded in political ideologies and economic philosophies.

      Third, democratic development is not possible without the
demarginalization of women and their full inclusion in the public square. In
African states, the female gender is the voice of the powerless. Women till
the fields, raise families, and nurture society. Yet, their voices remain
excluded from political participation. Their knowledge of the conditions of
powerlessness makes them the critical variable for lifting Africa from its

      The West must play its role to help Africa overcome the barriers to
development and democracy. Fairer terms of trade are better than aid. So are
debt forgiveness and more equitable terms for loans. Nor should protest
diplomacy be abandoned. It is reasonable that the United States should
express its concern when Kenyan legislators pay themselves more than members
of the US Congress in a country with a per capita income of less than $300.
Denying American visas to Kenyan ministers would send a clear message that
corruption is not acceptable.

      But the future of black Africa rests squarely in the hands of
Africans. African leaders must understand that societies are only as great
as their elites. Politicians must develop a national sense of the mission of
government. Self-aggrandizement and personal interests cannot be allowed to
trump the national interest. Africa's first liberation overthrew colonial
hegemony. The second liberation swept away blatant dictatorships. The third
liberation must consolidate and deepen democracy.

      . Makau Mutua is a professor of law and the director of the Human
Rights Center at the State University of New York at Buffalo.

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Women Fight State Brutality In Streets Of Zimbabwe

Philadelphia New Observer

By: Itano Nicole
Women's eNews
Originally posted 11/28/2005

Harare, Zimbabwe (Women'sEnews)-In an unlit park in central Harare on the
night of Zimbabwe's March parliamentary elections, more than a hundred women
gathered to sing and pray for peace.

In this increasingly authoritarian southern African nation even public
prayer is deemed a threat to public security.

Several dozen police brandishing batons quickly arrived in tan Land Cruisers
and pushed the women into the cars. By the end of the evening 300 women,
most ordinary mothers and grandmothers struggling to feed hungry families,
were in jail and at least nine had been beaten so badly they required

Among the first to be dragged away was Jenni Williams, a plump, pale-skinned
woman who helped to found Women of Zimbabwe Arise, one of the few
organizations here that has been consistently willing to take to the streets
in protest of their country's destruction.

''The impetus really was that women were bearing the brunt of the
instability in Zimbabwe and as the people who were suffering most, they
should have been speaking out more and holding the regime accountable,''
said Williams, who has been arrested 18 times, mostly in Women of Zimbabwe
Arise-related protests. ''We call it tough love because we love our country
enough to sacrifice being arrested and beaten.''

Inspired by the methods of the U.S. civil rights movement, anti-apartheid
protests in South Africa and the nonviolent resistance of Mahatma Gandhi,
the women have prayed, marched and passed out Valentine's Day roses affixed
with messages of peace. They say they take courage from an anti-apartheid
slogan, ''Strike a woman, strike a rock.'' When confronted by police, they
quietly obey, hoping their silent bravery will shame the authorities for
mistreating women who could be their mothers, daughters and sisters.

Williams first rose to public prominence more than five years ago when
Zimbabwe's government began seizing white-owned farms to redistribute to
landless Blacks as the spokesperson for the largely white Commercial Farmers
Union of Zimbabwe. She has undergone a dramatic transformation in recent

From the public face of an organization seen to represent the views of
Zimbabwe's wealthy and insular white farmers, Williams has since become a
street activist and revolutionary in an organization of mostly poor, Black
women. She began working for the white farmers when they hired her public
relations firm, but her work for Women of Zimbabwe Arise is personal. As
many white Zimbabweans left the country, she decided, she said, to stay and
fight. At Women of Zimbabwe Arise protests she is often the only
light-skinned face in the crowd. She is quick to point out though, that
despite her pale skin and an English name, she is of mixed white and Ndebele

Williams said that Zimbabwe was her country and that she would fight to keep
it safe. But her activism has taken personal sacrifice. Her husband and two
sons have left the country for safety reasons, although she hopes the
situation will soon stabilize enough that they can return.

''I have requested a three-year leave from being a wife and mother,'' she
said. It's been difficult, but her family has been supportive. ''They really
do understand that we're trying to make Zimbabwe livable again.''

After five years of political violence and oppression, most Zimbabweans are
terrified to speak out against the government despite a rapidly
deteriorating economy and devastating urban cleanup campaign called
''Operation Murambatsvina'' or ''clean up trash'' that began shortly after
the elections and has left an estimated 700,000 homeless and tens of
thousands of children out of school. Robert Mugabe, the country's president,
has led Zimbabwe since independence in 1980 and continues to hold fast to

Williams and other civil society leaders have been disappointed with the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change's unwillingness to call for mass
action. The party has now lost three elections under conditions condemned by
the international community, but has chosen to fight through the courts
rather than on the streets.

The political climate in Zimbabwe makes any kind of protest extremely
difficult. A series of new laws-like the Public Order and Security Act,
under which the women were arrested-restrict public gatherings and make
criticism of the president and security authorities illegal. The independent
press has been stifled and a state-sponsored campaign of violence against
government critics and opposition supporters has created a climate of fear.

While both government supporters and critics are in theory subject to the
act, in practice the law has been selectively enforced to prohibit any
public expression of dissent. Usually it is simply used as an excuse to shut
down protests and meetings of dissidents.

Arnold Tsunga, head of the Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights, which
represents Women of Zimbabwe Arise members in court, said that in 2003 and
2004 there were at least 2,000 arrests under the act and related laws. Not a
single person, he said, has ever been successfully prosecuted under the law.
On the night of the election, for example, Women of Zimbabwe Arise members
were eventually released after being charged with obstructing traffic,
although they were in a park with no roads.

Thabita Khumalo is a less visible face of Zimbabwe's protest movement, but
she too has experienced the brutality of Zimbabwe's regime first hand in
retaliation for speaking out against its excesses.

One Saturday in July, the small, dark-skinned woman was about to open a
meeting of female trade unionists at a Harare hotel when a group of
outsiders stormed the room and began to beat the participants. A man smashed
his fist into Khulamo's face, breaking several teeth and giving her a black
eye. But the labor activist refused to run away or scream for help.

''I wanted to assure them, we have to be brave,'' she said. ''If I ran away
as a leader then it means that I would have destroyed all the work we had
done in recent years to encourage them.''

''We women are very brave. But they underestimate their power. Women don't
realize that they are very powerful,'' she mused. ''The day they realize
their power they will change this country.''

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Hungry Children Faint At Delayed Mugabe Rally

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

November 27, 2005
Posted to the web November 29, 2005

Nqobani Ndlovu And Godfrey Mutimba

Children in Bulawayo's Cowdray Park collapsed and fainted on Thursday after
they were made to wait for hours for President Robert Mugabe who was on a
senate campaign.

But in drought-prone Chivi communal area, in Masvingo province, villagers on
Tuesday preferred to go to their fields than attend a rally addressed by

Mugabe's campaign in Cowdray Park was launched against the backdrop of a sea
of poverty and suffering among ordinary residents who are struggling to cope
with food and water shortages.

Hunger, fatigue and thirst caused by the blistering sun were cited as the
cause of the children's fainting. The Standard witnessed several children

Some of the children were bussed in and were made to wait for more than five
hours, from 11AM until 4:30PM when Mugabe and his entourage arrived at
Cowdray Park. Earlier in day, the presidential entourage had attended a
tree-planting ceremony at Mkhikathebe Primary School.

The children were made to sit in the scorching sun all day while Mugabe's
Senate campaign took him to Matabeleland South.

Well-nourished Central Committee, Politburo, government ministers and
various officials attended the ceremony.

When it was time for Mugabe to speak, he disappointed many people when he
made no mention of the water crisis in Bulawayo, despite seeing residents
who carried empty buckets to the venue in search of water.

Just across from where Mugabe was, residents queued for City Council bowsers
to deliver water to the area.

The President commissioned 443 houses without water and sewerage
reticulation services at Cowdray Park on Thursday.

"I thought the President was going to say something about the water
situation " said one woman.

Bulawayo deputy mayor, Albert Mhlanga, says the President did not speak on
the water crisis because he was well aware that the Zimbabwe National Water
Authority (ZINWA) had faied to provide water to the council.

"We have told him about the water crisis but he knows the government is
responsible for providing water. He had no answer for the people on the
water crisis as he knew ZINWA is failing to provide the council with water,"
Mhlanga said.

In Masvingo, Mugabe addressed a gathering of mostly school children after
villagers from Chivi communal area decided it was better to spend their time
in their fields than listen to empty political rhetoric.

The Standard news crew estimated less than 3 000 people at the rally. Some
villagers could be seen busy in their fields, following the rains that fell
in the area.

Addressing the campaign rally at Madzivire Primary School, meant to drum up
support for Zanu PF candidate, Samuel Mumbengegwi, the former minister of
international trade who lost in the 31 March 2005 parliamentary elections,
Mugabe conceded that fewer people had turned up.

"Zvirikuonekwa kuti vanhu havana kuuya vakawanda ndinovimba rally
yakazorongwa zvekukurimidza uyezve constituency ye Mwenezi- Chivi yakakura
yotoda nguva yakawanda, (I can see that fewer people turned up for the rally
and I believe the rally was organised at short notice while the constituency
itself is big)," he said.

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Chitungwiza persuades RBZ to take-over debt

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Nov-30

THE embattled Chitungwiza Municipality says it is currently engaged in
negotiations with the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) with the view of
persuading the central bank to take-over a staggering $27 billion government
debt to the council.
In an interview with this newspaper yesterday, under fire Chitungwiza mayor,
Misheck Shoko said government institutions in the dormitory town were not
paying rates to the municipality.
"They have gone for months without paying rates to the municipality and hope
is now pinned on the RBZ," Shoko said. "We are owed $27 billion by
government as its institutions operating in Chitungwiza like the hospital,
police and others, have not been paying water charges and other rates to
He said the council's treasury department had since approached the RBZ to
persuade the central bank to take over the debt. "The treasury met RBZ
officials on Tuesday (last week). The government departments have since
acknowledged their debts," he added.
The RBZ public relations office yesterday could not comment on the issue.
Meanwhile, Shoko said council has not yet received funds promised by
government recently.
"Government promised us R850 000 and $5 billion but we are yet to receive
that money," he said.

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$430bn fraud at CABS

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Chakanetsa Chidyamatiyo Court Reporter
issue date :2005-Nov-30

CENTRAL Africa Building Society (CABS) was defrauded over $430 billion
within four months in an alleged scam orchestrated by one of its privileged
The client, Mathias Ndlovu, who has a Platinum Club facility, which is
exclusive to people who enjoy extra-ordinary banking services, appeared
before a Harare Magistrate yesterday.
The State alleged that between July 5 and November 7 this year, Ndlovu
(37) - who operates three accounts with CABS - issued 82 cheques in his
favour from his Platinum chequebook with varying amounts totalling $432 220
000 000.
The court heard that Ndlovu's first account number 9011813393 is referred to
as a transaction account which gave him the privilege to deposit or
withdraw, the second (6090002440) was a high interest savings account which
earns interest on funds not for immediate use by clients, while the third
(6090002440)-according to the court papers-also served as an overdraft
During the period in question, Ndlovu deposited the cheques he would have
withdrawn into his transaction account number 9011813393 at different banks
which did not have Platinum facilities so that it would not be detected that
he had deposited his own cheques drawn on his Platinum account, the State
The cheques were allegedly cleared instantly under the privileges of
Platinum account holders.
The amounts deposited were immediately reflected in his account as cash,
although he did not have sufficient funds to support the values.
Ndlovu, an indigenous businessperson living in Harare's plush Gunhill
suburb, then allegedly transferred some of the funds to various people and
companies (not identified in court papers) to the tune of $154 396 462
The offence came to light last Friday when officials from the Reserve Bank
of Zimbabwe queried the huge transactions and transfers of funds, which
appeared on Ndlovu's transaction account.
CABS then instituted investigations and discovered the anomaly and
subsequently reported the case to the police.
The State further alleged that the police recovered 15 brand new state of
the art vehicles, including three Mercedes Benz, a BMW, four Mazdas, three
Toyotas, a Nissan, a Volkswagen, an Isuzu twin cab and a Peugeot allegedly
purchased from proceeds of the crime.
Besides the vehicles, the police reportedly established that two houses in
Gunhill and Greystone Park were bought with the allegedly stolen funds,
while $62 billion was frozen in Ndlovu's Platinum savings account and $10
billion in his investment account held at First Banking Corporation.
The police were yet to ascertain the values of the cars and the two houses.
Yesterday, Ndlovu appeared before Harare magistrate Rodin Mzyece and
remanded in custody to today when he is expected to make a bail application.
Harare lawyer Misheck Hogwe assisted by Evelin Mutswangwa represented Ndlovu
while Blessing Mhande prosecuted.
Zimbabwe's banking sector has in recent years been characterised by white
collar crime which has seen prominent bankers flee the country while First
National Building Society, Intermarket Building Society, Trust Bank,
Barbican Bank Time Bank and CFX Bank were placed under curatorship on
allegations of massive corruption.
Prominent bankers who fled country include Nicholas Vingirai of Intermarket,
Mthuli Ncube of Barbican, NMB's Julius Makoni, Francis Zimuto, Otto Chekeche
and James Mushore.

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Is New Currency the Solution?

The Herald (Harare)

November 29, 2005
Posted to the web November 29, 2005


Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) Governor Dr Gideon Gono recently announced
that the central bank will introduce a new currency next year, Mozambique is
also mulling the same idea. Stephanie Nolen of the Globe and Mail writes
about the new currency debate in Maputo.

MOZAMBIQUE'S money is almost worthless, so the country is banking on a wild
idea: lopping off three zeroes.

Mozambique has money troubles. Not just of the foreign debt or empty
government coffers kind, though these are certainly a problem. There is the
more immediate problem: It takes two million meticals to pay for lunch; a
wad of crumpled bills to buy tomatoes and bananas in the street, and a box
load of cash if you are one of the lucky few who can afford a television.

Buying a new car? You will need a wheelbarrow when you go to pay for it. The
metical is one of the weakest currencies in the world, outstripped these
days only by the Zimbabwe dollar, which loses half its value every month or

Years of hyperinflation, as Mozambique made the rocky transition from
socialist state to free market economy, have rendered the currency almost
worthless: today US$1 is worth 32 000 meticals. "I can't sell calculators,
even though lots of people want to buy them, because they only show eight
digits and what good is that in Mozambique?" said a sighing Salim Ismail,
who runs an electronics store. The government has tried through the years to
respond to the problem by issuing higher and higher denominations of bills.
It came out a few months ago with a 500 000-metical note, which helped
well-paid urban dwellers but didn't go down very well with labourers who
suddenly found themselves receiving one measly note in their once-bulging
pay packets.

But in an effort to start afresh, the Bank of Mozambique is proposing to lop
the last three zeroes off the end of the metical, so a one-million-metical
pair of shoes will now cost 1 000 meticals, and a beer a mere 10 meticals
rather than the wad of old notes it costs now. Mozambique is not the first
nation to do this - Russia did it with the rouble, for example - but it's a
risky move in a country where much of the population is illiterate, and at
least half the economy is informal - made up of traders and farmers who have
nothing to do with the banking system.

To complicate matters further, the metical is more than just a currency.
It's a symbol. There is Metical Day, a holiday each June, the anniversary of
the day independent Mozambique adopted the currency, replacing the escudo of
the Portuguese colonisers. There is also a museum to the metical. It traces
a fascinating history, from the use of cowry shells through
revolutionary-era bills with impressionistic paintings of suffering peasants
all the way to the current metical.

Yet despite the currency's symbolic value, the denominations required for
basic transactions have become unwieldy. And while the majority of
Mozambique's population are subsistence farmers who use the currency rarely
if at all, the country is promoting an open-for-business ethos, wooing major
mining companies and manufacturers, and that makes the badly devalued money
an embarrassment. "It's going to be good for business, and good for
tourism," architect Mr Memed Loonat said about the dropped zeroes. "You
won't have to come with a suitcase (of money) any more."

Mr Loonat makes low-cost houses these days: People who want one of his
houses must pay him 300 million metical in cash. (The vast majority of
transactions here are cash, because there is little infrastructure for
credit cards, and the banking sector, while rapidly expanding, is still in
the main antiquated and clumsy, and serves only a handful of urban centres.)

"It's going to be easier to handle the money; it's going to increase the
efficiency of payments between institutions and it will facilitate the use
of computer systems and automatic tellers," said Mr Augusto Joaquim Candida,
director for currency and payment systems at the Bank of Mozambique. "Also,
it will be an improvement in terms of security: Today, even if you're buying
something small, you need to carry a lot of money so anyone can see it."

He said the bank is aware that the large numbers of innumerate people
operating in the informal economy make the change a challenge. "It's not
going to happen in one day," he said. If parliament approves the change,
likely in the coming days, then businesses will be ordered to post all
prices in both old and new metical prices beginning January 1. Then, in
June, the new notes will be introduced, and both will remain in circulation
(so a buyer can pay two million old or 2 000 new meticals) for another six
months or so, he said. Local authorities will be primed in rural areas to
tell people about the change and alleviate panic about their savings. And
Mr. Candida was quick to stress that the change will be only the zeroes:
"The metical is the metical and we can't change that, of course," he said.
"So the new currency will be the metical nuovo, and once it is fully phased
in, it will the just be the metical again."

Hyperinflation is characterised by monthly inflation greater than 50
percent, which means something worth $1 would cost $130 a year later. While
its causes are varied, the results are similar. In Germany after the First
World War, prices were doubling every 49 hours. Workers were paid daily or
more often with bundles of cash, and would dash out to buy something before
it grew more expensive. Someone could buy a bottle of wine, and the next
morning the empty bottle could be sold for more than it had cost full. The
largest denomination was a 100-billion mark bill, which would buy two
postage stamps.

In Bolivia during the mid-eighties, inflation was at 25 000 per cent

The stack of money needed to buy a chocolate bar far outweighed the candy.
In Argentina in 1989, prices for some things would double overnight. Many
restaurants and stores refused to accept credit cards, because the charges
paid at the end of the month were worth much less than they were at the time
of purchase. In Yugoslavia, the rate of inflation was 5 quadrillion per cent
between Oct 1, 1993 and Jan 24, 1994. (A quadrillion is a 16-digit number).
At the time, it was against the law to refuse personal cheques.

Some people wrote them, knowing that in the few days it took for the cheques
to clear, inflation would wipe out as much as 90 per cent of the cost of
covering the cheques.

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African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights to adopt resolution on Zimbabwe

      By Tererai Karimakwenda
      29 November 2005

      The 38th Session of The African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights
is currently underway in Banjul in the Gambia, and many NGOs have sent
representatives there to lobby for a resolution on Zimbabwe. The NGOs
conducted a public session last week, where they adopted a resolution which
was passed on to the commissioners to consider in their private sessions.
Their efforts seem to be paying off, as there was already talk on Tuesday
that commissioners had agreed on a Zimbabwe resolution. A final statement
will be given at a press conference on December 5, and an open letter from
the African NGOs has also been published by a number of newspapers in

      Participants meeting at the Forum passed a resolution condemning human
rights violations in Zimbabwe and calling on the government to immediately
stop forced evictions around the country. The resolution called on Zimbabwe
to adhere to its obligations under the African Charter on Human and Peoples
Rights and other international human rights instruments. It also urged the
government of Zimbabwe to implement the recommendations of the African
Commission Fact-Finding Mission to Zimbabwe, and the recommendations of the
UN Special Envoy Anna Tibaijuka. A total of 12 recommendations were made by
the African NGO forum, which requested that the measures taken to implement
these recommendations be made public. The full text of these recommendations
can be found on our website.

      Many Zimbabwean organisations are in the Gambia for this summit, and
have been making their own efforts to pressure for change back home. We
spoke to Wilbert Mandinde of The Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA),
who are lobbying for greater freedom of expression. We also spoke to Abel
Chikomo who is in the Gambia with The Media Monitoring Project. Statements
to the Commissioners from both organisations are also on our website.

      MMPZ on ACHPR

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news

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Hot Seat: Mzila Ndlovu says Tsvangirai not welcome at the congress


      By Tererai Karimakwenda

      29 November 2005

      On the day that low voter turn-out characterised Zimbabwe's
controversial senate elections, proving that people did not want a 2nd
chamber of government, the pro-senate faction of the now split opposition
did not seem bothered, as they moved swiftly to try and take disciplinary
action against the party president Morgan Tsvangirai. A letter sent to
Tsvangirai by vice president Gibson Sibanda said a disciplinary committee
had suspended the opposition leader Tsvangirai for violating the party's
constitution, campaigning against the polls and misrepresenting the party's
position on the polls, among others.

      Pro-senate spokesman Moses Mzila Ndlovu told us Monday that there is
only one MDC and it is functioning from Harvest House. Asked if they had
access to the Harare headquarters, Ndhlovu said some youth hired by
Tsvangirai had assaulted their staff and hounded them out of the building.
As for the committee that suspended Tsvangirai, Ndhlovu said it was properly
composed according to the constitution and is chaired by MDC vice president
Gibson Sibanda himself. Asked whether it was proper for Tsvangirai's
accusers to sit on the committee as well, Ndhlovu said he saw nothing wrong
with a legal institution of the MDC performing its functions.

      As for the coming congress, Mzila-Ndlovu said the people will choose
new leaders and those who violated the constitution or are guilty of any
infringements will not be welcome. He said fugitives are not welcome and
Tsvnagirai was definitely a fugitive.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news

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Zimbabwe Cricket players go on strike

      By Tichaona Sibanda
      29 November 2005

      The country's professional cricketers will not avail themselves for
future selection as long as Zimbabwe Cricket President Peter Chingoka
remains in charge of the sport.

      The players are also demanding the resignation of Chingoka's right
hand man Ozias Bvute, who is the managing director of ZC. The players'
ultimatum leaves Zimbabwe Cricket in dire straits as they are due to select
a squad to travel to Bangladesh in January for the Asian Cup.

      Fast bowler Blessing Mahwire, who is speaking on behalf of the players
said if the crisis remains unresolved, it would mean the country being
represented by a schoolboy squad in Bangladesh.

      'We are standing down until two things are resolved by the board.
First they have to pay the players their match fees for the India and New
Zealand fixtures. The second thing is Chingoka and Bvute have to step down,'
said Mahwire.

      Asked what would happen if the two administrators refuse to step down,
Mahwire, who turns out for Universals club and Masvingo province
respectively replied; 'It's simple. We will all walk away from Zimbabwe
Cricket. We have made a stand and we stand by that. Its now or never,'

      He added; 'basically what this would mean is the end of cricket in

      Mahwire said all the players were not happy with the way Chingoka and
Bvute dealt with former captain Tatenda Taibu, who resigned from Zimbabwe
cricket last weak.

      He said if ZC were truly concerned about cricket in the country, they
would have found a way of dealing with issue, rather than let Taibu resign.

      'They gladly accepted his resignation. That was a sign that they are
only concerned with their survival and not the welfare of players. These
guys (Chingoka and Bvute) are simply not doing anything good for the sport,'
said Mahwire.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news

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MDC structures in massive consultations over split

      By Lance Guma
      29 November 2005

      Frantic consultations are currently taking place within Zimbabwe's
opposition Movement for Democratic Change over the merits of splitting up.
The party has been rocked by a rift within the top leadership over whether
to participate in senate elections. Trouble began after party president
Morgan Tsvangirai disregarded a narrow National Council vote in favour of
participation citing the grassroots mood and how some members who voted had
ignored the resolutions of their provinces. The other faction however says
Tsvangirai in doing so had violated the party constitution.

      With the impasse at leadership level deteriorating following
Tsvangirai's alleged suspension by a two member disciplinary committee,
members in various wards, districts and provinces are meeting to debate the
crisis. From Bulawayo, correspondent Lionel Saungweme told Newsreel how the
wards in the city are meeting and debating the merits of splitting.
Unfortunately for the party, emotions are running high and members aligned
to the different factions are either refusing to meet or failing to agree on
how the meetings should be structured.

      Saungweme says although there seems to be consensus a split will not
help either side, the attempt at suspending Tsvangirai had made the
situation look irretrievable. Bulawayo, he says, is abuzz with rumours on
the emergence of the United People's Movement (UPM) led by Jonathan Moyo and
any analysis of the benefits of a split in the MDC have to be taken in that
context. Other press reports have predicted a fight for the MDC name and
logo but all seem to ignore the possibility of the party's February congress
being the ultimate authority to resolve the crisis.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news

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Harare hangs up on fixed telephone firm

Zim Online

Wed 30 November 2005

      HARARE - Zimbabwe has cancelled a multi-billion dollar licence awarded
two years ago to a local firm to set up a second fixed telephone network in
the country saying the licensee had failed to meet conditions.

      The Postal and Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of Zimbabwe
(Potraz) says it cancelled the licence because  TeleAccess Zimbabwe had
failed to roll out its network by May 2003 as it should have under the terms
of the document.

      TeleAccess is owned by Daniel Shumba, a former Zimbabwe soldier and
also a former provincial chairman of President  Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU
PF party. He was not available for comment on the matter yesterday.

      In a public notice, POTRAZ said: "The license number PFT20030102
issued to TeleAccess Zimbabwe was cancelled  in terms of Section 43 of the
Postal and Telecommunications Act [Chapter 12:05] on 24th of November, 2005.
TeleAccess Zimbabwe has been duly informed in writing of the cancellation."

      The telecommunications body further explained: "In terms of the
conditions of this licence, TeleAccess Zimbabwe was  supposed to offer
commercial services no later than 1st of May 2003.

      "TeleAccess Zimbabwe has failed to roll out its network and offer any
commercial services as expected and therefore stands in breach of the
license conditions as read in conjunction with the provisions of Statutory
Instrument 11A of  2001."

      Shumba's firm maintains a small staff in Harare. It has to date not
begun work to instal a telephone network anywhere in  Zimbabwe.

      But Potraz appeared to have ignored TeleAccess' breach of its licence
conditions until Shumba fell out with Mugabe when he backed an alleged plan
by former information minister Jonathan Moyo to block the appointment of
Joyce  Mujuru as ZANU PF and subsequently Zimbabwe's second vice-president.

      Shumba and six other provincial chairmen of ZANU PF were suspended
from the party after they attended the meeting  in the southern Tsholotsho
district where they are said to have plotted how to block Mujuru, who was
eventually  appointed to the two posts and looks strongly positioned to
replace Mugabe when he retires.

      Mugabe has been accused in the past of dolling out government
contracts among other favours to buy the loyalty of  senior officials in
ZANU PF and the government. He denies the charge. - ZimOnline

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Zimbabweans Sell Cotton in Mozambique

Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo)

November 25, 2005
Posted to the web November 29, 2005


Zimbabwean peasant farmers are crossing into the central Mozambican
provinces of Manica and Tete to sell their cotton - an unexpected turn of
events which is exhausting the bank credit intended for the cotton marketing

The company that is buying the cotton relied on a bank loan, and has run out
of money. The cotton markets have thus ground to a halt.

A source in the Mozambican government's Cotton Institute (IAM) told AIM that
more farmers than initially expected had brought their cotton to the markets
"since Zimbabwean peasants crossed the border, wanting to sell in our
country, thanks to the strength of the metical against the Zimbabwean
dollar". Something similar had happened further north. Malawian farmers had
crossed the border into Mozambique because the Malawian kwacha has
depreciated against the metical: the Malawians were selling tobacco and
preferred to receive meticais rather than kwachas.

Ironically, the loan taken by the Zambezi Cotton Company (EAZ) comes from a
Zimbabwean branch of the African Banking Corporation (ABC), and is
guaranteed by EAZ's partner, the Cotton Company of Zimbabwe (COTTCO).

COTTCO cannot obtain any further loans for the current marketing campaign,
because of the Zimbabwean government's restrictive banking policies. For the
same reason, COTTCO has been unable to invest in Mozambique so that EAZ
would have some assets which would serve as collateral for loans from
Mozambican banks.

The top management of the Mozambican government's Zambezi Planning Office
(GPZ) is trying to deal with the problem, and has been explaining the
situation to the provincial governments.

"The situation on the ground is tense", said the IAM source, "and the
Zambezi Cotton Company has been unable to do anything except call for
patience from the producers and transporters affected, telling them that
everything will be paid for as soon as possible".

COTTCO wanted an extra 20 per cent to make the additional payments. If it
does not obtain this, said the IAM source, then the cotton markets will only
reopen in three months time, when revenue from cotton exports becomes

Mozambican production from the 2004/05 campaign is estimated at 87,000
tonnes of raw cotton. This is processed down to 31,000 tonnes of cotton
fibre, which the IAM says will be sold for 31 million US dollars.

Assuming there is no repeat of this year's drought, then it is hoped that
the 2006 cotton harvest will reach 110,000 tonnes of raw cotton. If the FOB
price remains unaltered at 1,000 dollars per tonne of cotton fibre, then
export revenue should rise to 39.6 million dollars.

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10 MDC activists in court for looting

Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Court Reporter
issue date :2005-Nov-30

TEN MDC supporters who last Friday allegedly went on a rampage demonstrating
against Senate Elections in the city centre and grabbed a till box with
nearly $9 million from OK Supermarket yesterday appeared before a Harare
Better Chakururama (20), Patrick Runyowa (17), Kenneth Nyamanhindi (22),
Zvikomborero Mashonganyika (33), Tendai Marimo (17), Dickson Nyakuwanikwa
(19), Nash Ngoroyemoto (18), Albert Shonhayi (30), Motsi Chimbimi (40) and
Zinda Manyengwa (22) were not asked to plead to a charge of public violence
when they appeared before magistrate Rodin Mzyece and were remanded on $200
000 bail each to December 15.
Mzyece ordered the State to investigate allegations that the 10 were
assaulted by the police and denied food while in custody.
Prosecutor Blessing Mhande alleged that last Friday, the 10 gathered outside
the MDC offices at Harvest House and planned to stage a demonstration
against the Senate Elections held the following day.
They allegedly marched from the offices and turned into Jason Moyo Street
waving anti-Senate Election placards and flyers.
They allegedly assaulted passers-by along the way forcing them to join in
their protest.
During the alleged unsanctioned march, the MDC supporters arrived at OK
Supermarket along Angwa and Jason Moyo Street and hailed stones into the
shop forcing till operators to scamper for cover.
Chakururama and Runyowa allegedly grabbed a till box containing $8 744 236
and took to their heels.
Staff at the supermarket quickly closed the doors and some security guards
gave chase to the fleeing two who were apprehended at Agribank, Hurudza
House branch with the assistance of a police officer.
The duo led to the arrest of the other eight and $7 560 000 was recovered.

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