November 06 2005 at 05:39AM
By Peta Thornycroft
Harare - Zimbabwe's opposition party, the Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC), has split.
While Morgan Tsvangirai, its leader, on Saturday decisively won the
battle to boycott senate elections, he lost most of his most senior
colleagues in the process.
Tsvangirai called on Saturday's meeting of the MDC's national council
and it voted overwhelmingly against participation in the upcoming national
elections to establish a senate, reversing a narrow decision on October 12
to field candidates for the poll.
Tsvangirai went against the party's constitution and ignored that
decision. But with new-found energy, he embarked on a hectic campaign around
the country to change opinion.
Tsvangirai's opponents in the MDC say youth members loyal to
Tsvangirai and some in his "kitchen cabinet" - made up of party employees
and unofficial advisers - are conducting a violent intimidation campaign.
They say the MDC leader has ignored decisions by elected officials
since violence first began a year ago when Peter Guhu, the then director of
security, was nearly killed at the party's Harare headquarters. The MDC has
26 out of 50 possible candidates registered at the nomination court for the
elections on November 26.
The section of the MDC led by Gift Chamanikire, the deputy
secretary-general, Welshman Ncube, the secretary-general and Tsvangirai's
former friend and comrade, and Gibson Sibanda, the party's vice-president,
are refusing to recognise the council's decision.
"This was a kangaroo meeting of the national council which has no
respect for the party's constitution," Ncube said on Saturday.
"The only useful thing to come out of the meeting in Harare is that a
line has been drawn in the sand and the door has been closed to a negotiated
"I don't know what will happen to the MDC in the future, but whatever
it is we will not be going forward together and we hope no candidate for the
senate elections will withdraw."
Tsvangirai became the party's only spokesperson on Saturday, although
he refuses to speak to either the domestic media or the handful of foreign
correspondents left in Zimbabwe. - Foreign Service
This article was originally published on page 1 of Sunday Independent
on November 06, 2005
Our Guy Fawkes Vigil started quietly but ended with explosions of colour all
over London. Come to think of it, we had a bit of explosion of colour at
the beginning when Caroline from Exeter brought dozens of scarves in the
Zimbabwean colours to sell at the Vigil. With winter approaching, they were
a popular choice - though the weather today was quite benign and the
threatened downpour failed to materialize - over us anyway. Perhaps it gave
up at the sight of our green tarpaulin strung from the four maples outside
We were quite a market today with Francesca bringing wristbands reading
"Make Mugabe History",for our supporters. She is an English schoolgirl who
has taken the cause of Zimbabwe to her heart. It was lovely to see her
dancing with other Vigil supporters to the sensational drumming of Ephraim,
Evelyn, Moses and Julian. We were delighted that two young girls came and
joined in the dancing, after being assured they didn't have to pay.
As happens quite frequently, we had someone asking whether the Western media
could be believed and was Mugabe really a bad guy. He was taken aside by
one of our supporters - a torture victim.
Ephraim "of the drums" Tapa, Chair of MDC Central London Branch spoke of the
importance of the Vigil in bringing Zimbabwe to the notice of the public.
He said that the Central London Branch along with the UK diaspora was not in
favour of the MDC contesting the Senate elections. Julius "also of the
drums" Mutyambiizi-Dewa reminded our supporters that the Vigil was not
political but followed the consensus of Zimbabwean civil society.
The Vigil is pleased to report that Geoff Hill's latest book "What happens
after Mugabe" has sold out and is being reprinted. He is a great supporter
of the Vigil.
FOR THE RECORD: about 35 supporters came today.
FOR YOUR DIARY: Monday, 7th October, 7.30 pm, Zimbabwe Forum at the George,
Fleet Street, London (opposite the Royal Courts of Justice). The forum will
discuss future action particularly focusing on the UN International Human
Rights Day on 10th December. PRIOR NOTICE: From 21st November the Forum is
changing its venue. We will be meeting from that day forward at the
Theodore Bullfrog pub, 28 John Adam Street, London WC2. There will be a
more detailed notice posted on this website nearer the date.
The Vigil, outside the Zimbabwe Embassy, 429 Strand, London, takes place
every Saturday from 14.00 to 18.00 to protest against gross violations of
human rights by the current regime in Zimbabwe. The Vigil which started in
October 2002 will continue until internationally-monitored, free and fair
elections are held in Zimbabwe. http://www.zimvigil.co.uk
THE Zimbabwean president, Robert Mugabe, stands to lose his honorary degree
from Edinburgh University after students began a process to strip him of the
Mugabe was described as "one of the great figures of modern Africa" when he
received the degree of doctor honoris causa in 1984, in recognition of
educational programmes he instigated in the country.
But since then Mugabe's human rights record has led him to be ostracised by
the international community and censured by the Commonwealth.
Students are appalled at widespread reports of massacres in Matabeleland,
torture, suppression of freedom of speech and association and oppression of
A motion to be debated on Wednesday at the university's Students'
Association annual general meeting will urge university bosses to rescind
the award. If the petition is passed the association will take the matter to
the University Court, the institution's highest decision-making body.
Edinburgh University Students' Association president, Ruth Cameron, said:
"This shows that students are becoming a bit more political. I don't think
Mugabe is the kind of person that the university should be associated with.
He was rewarded for doing good at the time but a lot has happened since then
and the university should consider that."
The former Edinburgh University rector and Green MSP Robin Harper said: "I
am very much on the side of the students in this. Whether it is possible to
withdraw Robert Mugabe's degree or not is another question. It is important
that the regime should be challenged and it is heartwarming that students
are willing to take this step. What Mugabe is doing is appalling."
A similar motion was proposed by Labour students three years ago on the
grounds the honorary degree was damaging the university's reputation. But
only 100 students turned up to vote at a general meeting, instead of the 300
required to make it quorate.
Mugabe was a teacher in Rhodesia and Ghana before entering politics
full-time in 1960. After being held in detention by the Rhodesian
authorities between 1964 and 1974, he led the Zanu party to power.
A university spokeswoman said: "Robert Mugabe's award was made based on the
merits of the case at the time. The University of Edinburgh currently has no
official procedure for withdrawing such degrees. However, the University of
Edinburgh does its best to take the wishes of the student body into account
... and further consideration will be given to this matter."
November 5, 2005
The gloves are off in the battle for control of Zimbabwe Cricket, and it
seems almost anything goes, with both sides in the dispute accusing the
other of dirty tricks, and the newspapers clearly taking sides in the
Earlier this week, Macsood Ebrahim, the chairman of Masvingo and the head of
national selection, told of how the ZC board was forcing pro-board loyalists
into key positions in his province in a bid to oust him.
On Wednesday, Ebrahim reported that Lazarus Zizhou, who had been suspended
by the board in 2004, had arrived at Masvingo and said he was taking over as
general manager under orders from Ozias Bvute, the controversial ZC managing
Less than 24 hours later, Zizhou's name was all over the newspapers,
claiming that he had been racially abused by Ebrahim. "Macsood stormed into
my office and threatened to remove me," Zizhou told the Independent
yesterday. "He called me a black c*** after I refused to produce my letter
of appointment as he was demanding. I could not cooperate with him because
he has no power to do so since he was booted out by the province."
While pro-board newspapers have claimed that Ebrahim has been ousted by his
own province, that is disputed by many inside Masvingo.
The timing of Zizhou's allegation was suspicious, and while Ebrahim is not
stranger to controversy himself, he has been at the heart of Zimbabwe's
attempts to push for racial quotas in the national side which made the
claims all the more surprising.
Today, Ebrahim's supporters in Masvingo rallied behind him and issued a
letter suggesting that, in front of five witnesses, Zizhou actually abused
How ZC deals with this remains to be seen. It is already under fire for not
taking any action over allegations of racial threats made by Mashonaland
chairman Cyprian Mandenge and provincial selector Bruce Makovah when they
stopped a match in Harare. Last week, further serious allegations were made
to the board over the conduct of Themba Mliswa, the chairman of the
newly-created Mashonaland West province.
There appears to be a concerted attempt to oust certain provincial chairmen
following a meeting which produced a dossier asking ZC many probing
questions and demanding an Extraordinary General Meeting. Aside from
Ebrahim, Alan Walsh, the chairman of Manicaland, was reported dismissed
after a fractious meeting, but again this is disputed by provincial
Sunday Mail, Zimbabwe
Political Editor Munyaradzi Huni
PRESIDENT Mugabe will this week summon the controversial US ambassador to
Zimbabwe, Mr Christopher Dell, for his "undiplomatic behaviour" that has
seen him interfering in the internal affairs of the country by issuing
misleading statements expected from an opposition party official rather than
a diplomat, it has emerged.
It is also understood that Mr Dell would be asked to explain why he is
working with the British embassy in Harare to compile a false report on the
alleged humanitarian crisis in the country.
Impeccable sources in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs who spoke on condition
of anonymity for diplomatic reasons said the Government of Zimbabwe "has had
enough" of Mr Dell's "undiplomatic behaviour" and would want the diplomat to
explain why he is meddling in the internal affairs of Zimbabwe.
"The President is not happy with Mr Dell's behaviour. The ambassador has
been on a crusade uttering political statements expected from an opposition
party official and I think the President wants to put a stop to all that.
"We are not sure when he will be summoned by the President but it's
definitely sometime this week," said the official. Another Foreign Affairs
official said Mr Dell would be expected to furnish the Government with the
reasons why he is working with the British embassy to produce a false report
regarding the political situation in the country.
"Mr Dell together with the British embassy in Harare are currently making
consultations with other European Union member states missions in Zimbabwe
on a draft report on the political situation prevailing in the country.
"The reports seek to highlight that there are gross human rights abuses and
a humanitarian crisis in Zimbabwe. Parts of the draft even go to the extent
of lying that the UN has already sent a team to assess the humanitarian
crisis in the country.
"The report is meant for consumption by the Africa working group, an arm of
the EU in Brussels," said the official.
The official's statement was supported by one West African diplomat who
added that the British Embassy was co-ordinating the compilation of the
report in its capacity as the EU president.
"Mark Debroeker, the head of the EU Social Sector at the European Commission
in Harare, has, however, advised the British embassy to exclude a point
suggesting that the UN team is currently assessing the humanitarian crisis
in Zimbabwe in the final report because there is no such official team in
Zimbabwe," said the West African diplomat.
The diplomat added that the Department for International Development (DFID)
is currently consulting with other donors so that they could come up with a
joint statement condemning the Government on the alleged humanitarian crisis
following the statement from the UN expressing concern on the same issue.
The Government, through the Minister of Foreign Affairs, has since lashed
out at Britain for its continued abuse of the UN framework to try and settle
old scores with Zimbabwe.
Mr Dell must have raised the ire of the Government following a speech he
gave at the Africa University in Mutare last week when he said the economic
crisis in the country was a result of "corrupt rule" and not drought and
He said: "Neither drought nor sanctions are at the root of Zimbabwe's
decline. The Zimbabwe government's own gross mismanagement of the economy
and its corrupt rule has brought on the crisis."
The ambassador made the utterances despite glaring evidence that sanctions
imposed by his country together with Britain and the EU have led to the
collapse of many local companies while drought has taken its toll over the
last few years.
But Mr Dell is not a stranger to controversy. A few weeks ago, he was caught
by security forces after trespassing into a restricted security zone at the
National Botanical Gardens in Harare, a move that many said was meant to
provoke an unnecessary diplomatic incident with Zimbabwe.
After this, the Government of Zimbabwe launched its protest to the US
embassy saying: "The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Zimbabwe
strongly deplores this flagrant disregard by the ambassador of the United
States of America of the security laws of Zimbabwe, a situation which would
never be tolerated in his own country.
"Such action was taken in a calculated disregard of the rules governing
relations between states and was clearly intended to provoke an unwarranted
Commenting on Mr Dell's behaviour yesterday, the Permanent Secretary in the
Ministry of Information and Publicity, Cde George Charamba, said: "The
Government is very angry with this ambassador. He is trying to make himself
a substitute of Tsvangirai by taking an opposition stance not expected from
Before his posting to Harare, Mr Dell, who was coming from another "dirty"
mission in Angola, vowed to continue his government's efforts to effect
regime change in Zimbabwe.
When he appeared before the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Mr
Dell bragged about being experienced in dealing with "trouble spots", citing
his excursions in Kosovo, among other countries. He told the committee that
Washington should continue to put pressure on the Zimbabwean Government.
". I am proud to have helped in the effort to bring about (Yugoslav
President) Slobodan Milosevic's departure from power by 'democratic means'.
These experiences, and others from my previous postings, have convinced me
that American engagement is critical to helping countries such as Angola and
Zimbabwe," he told the committee.
While in Angola, Mr Dell tried to gate-crash into ceasefire talks between
the Angolan government and the Unita rebel movement in the remote town of
Luena but he was told to "back off" by the negotiating partners.
Mr Dell is set to suffer the same fate that the former British ambassador to
Zimbabwe, Mr Brian Donnelly, met during his stay in Zimbabwe. Mr Donnelly
came to Zimbabwe brimming with confidence that he would do a "Milosevic" in
removing President Mugabe from power, but when he left in 2004, he had his
tail between the legs. Due to embarrassment, Mr Donnelly ignored diplomatic
protocol and had to slip out of the country.
By Jack Magowan
05 November 2005
TALK about Zimbabwe, and I think of a Trevor McClintock-led golf trip there
back in the 80s.
Now retired to Scotland, the boss of Smirnoff remembers it as "a stroll
through Kew Gardens," crowned by ten idyllic days of golf, some lavish
hospitality, and a bird's eye view of Victoria Falls.
Here was a nation struggling for a new identity after independence, and with
so much to offer the tourist.
Sadly, not any more.
Today, only the golf is welcoming as Zimbabwe has been brought to its knees
by years of greed, cor-ruption, poverty and self-destruction.
"It's a nation in turmoil," says Malone's Billy Black, a past-pres-ident of
the Golfing Union.
"The economy is shrinking so fast that Z50,000 dollars is worth just over a
pound; queues for fuel are mea-sured more in days than yards, and
once-fertile farms now lie scorched and weed-ridden.
"The average wage may be less than £20 a week, but the cheapest loaf is
60p!"When Billy was last there for the Royal Harare club's centenary, there
were close to 4,700 farms in a country the size of Spain.
Now there are fewer than 250 after the seizure of white-owned land by
Public transport is virtually at a stand-still, and only those with for-eign
currency - or on Mugabe's pay-roll - can afford petrol at £2 a litre.
This was golfer Black's seventh visit to Zimbabwe in 20 years, so he has got
to know some nice people, made many lasting friendships, and played scores
of great courses.
Like Royal Harare, where former Linfield footballer, Jack Scott, has been
captain and president; neigh-bouring Chapman, where Johnny Matthews from
Newry was twice captain, and Warren Hills and Bor-rowdale Brook, two other
beauti-fully manicured city courses.
"Golf there has an engaging, al-most adventurous appeal," says Bil-ly,
"especially on courses like Elephant Hills, a Gary Player cre-ation at
Victoria Falls, and the spec-tacular Leopard Rock, on the border of
"There's a huge baobob tree on Elephant Hills which natives tell you is over
600 years old, and warthogs and baboons roam the fairways.
"They are no threat to golfers, but be warned.
The occasonal crocodile is not always so friendly."Jim Carvill, Garth
McGimpsey, Stuart Paul and Royal Portrush pro-fessional Gary McNeill, were
in the last Ulster team to tour Zimbabwe, where Jack and Winnie Scott
plant-ed their roots half-a-century ago, and never looked back.
Naturally, their friends include the Cahi's, Dick and Joan (who host-ed the
Blacks), and former rugby international, Dr Tony Browne, an old-boy of
In rare moments of nostalgia, all may reflect on why they left North-ern
Ireland, but not for long.
As pillars of an ageing white pop-ulation, they know the country is in a
mess economically, and must be hoping for change.
Only then will the tourists and golfers return!
JAG OPEN LETTER FORUM
Email: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Please send any material for publication in the Open Letter Forum to
email@example.com with "For Open Letter Forum" in the subject line.
Minutes ago I read an excellent article by you reported on The Zimbabwe
As an exiled Zimbabwean living in Australia I follow events as closely as
I have concluded that in the general context of Zimbabwe far too much is
said and not enough is done. That said I commend the depth and perspective
and veracity of your comments.
The real crux is: How can the great democracies force Mbeki to ACT when it
comes to Mugabe? I believe that this is the ideal which should motivate all
parties who desire change in Zimbabwe. I also believe that this ideal or
motive is implicit in the view that you have put forward.
Please confirm that this is so.
Also, would you agree that this notion should inform the aims and actions
of all of those persons who desire to defeat terror, tyranny and
dictatorship in Zimbabwe?
Please continue to do all that you can. Do not rest. Leave no stone
unturned in your efforts to effect change.
Yours in the struggle
All letters published on the open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
From The Sunday Times (SA), 6 November
Brendan Boyle and Foreign Desk
Zimbabwe's top economic negotiators met Finance Minister Trevor Manuel in
Pretoria this week in a desperate bid to avert the collapse of talks on
South African assistance to their failing economy. Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
Governor Gideon Gono and Zimbabwe's Finance Minister Herbert Murerwa met
Manuel as South Africa was about to abandon the loan negotiations, which
began about six months ago. "There was a meeting and it made considerable
progress. We are very confident that we will be able to conclude the
discussions quite soon," South Africa's National Treasury Chief Operating
Officer, Logan Wort, told the Sunday Times yesterday. South Africa's chief
government spokesman, Joel Netshitenzhe, said the meeting had been requested
by Zimbabwean officials. He said South Africa had not changed the conditions
for an aid package, unofficially estimated to be worth up to $500-million
over two years. "As we have always argued, the starting point is that there
should be capacity to pay back and that would require economic revival and
political stabilisation," Netshitenzhe said.
South Africa defined the circumstances under which it would ratify a broad
assistance programme two months ago and has been waiting for a signal of
acceptance from Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe. The conditions
include: .A credible programme of economic recovery, including the removal
of price and exchange rate controls;
.A broadly accepted political settlement including a new constitution that
enforces human rights, freedom of the media and conditions for free and fair
.A fair and transparent programme of land reform to undo the negative
consequences of the farm seizures and ensure the productive use of farmland.
Pretoria is also pressing for a bilateral investment protection agreement to
safeguard its companies under threat by Mugabe's government.
South African officials denied a report by a Western diplomat based in
Harare that Pretoria had relented on some of the political conditions. But
they said that, though South Africa had never demanded bilateral talks
between the country's two main parties, the fragmentation of the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change was complicating negotiations. "At the
present moment it would be difficult to get from [the MDC] any coherent,
united approach, so that might complicate the situation somewhat," said one
South African strategist. Government officials said in Harare yesterday that
teams from the two countries had agreed to a set of conditions, which needed
final ratification. But the word in South Africa was that the two sides
remained far from a final agreement. South Africa is offering food aid and
strictly conditional credit lines for fuel and agricultural inputs to ensure
a better harvest next year. "The crops for next year will determine the
final survival or the final collapse of the economy," said a South African
official following the talks. Aid agencies have warned that up three million
Zimbabweans could need food aid by early next year.
From The Daily Mirror, 5 November
A 42-year-old Mabvuku woman died on the spot yesterday after being hit by a
motor vehicle while fleeing municipal police who had descended on a group of
residents fetching water from a vandalised pipe. Mabvuku, like many suburbs
in Harare, has been gripped by a serious water shortage that has seen some
residents resorting to destroying council water pipes to access the precious
liquid. Parts of Mabvuku have gone for three weeks without water. A witness
told The Daily Mirror yesterday that Veronica Arufanepi was knocked by a car
while running away from municipal police officers who wanted to arrest
residents fetching water from a vandalised manhole. The officers, the
witness said, assaulted residents who reacted by scattering in different
directions for safety. "We have serious water problems in Mabvuku so
residents went to fetch water from this particular water point. The woman
was hit by a vehicle while fleeing from municipal police who were assaulting
residents," she said. The witness added that the accident occurred around
6am near Mabvuku's Donnybrook road. Harare police spokesperson, Inspector
Loveless Rupere yesterday confirmed the incident, saying the residents fled
from the water point when they saw the municipal police officers. "What
happened is that residents from Mabvuku were fetching water from a
municipality manhole. When they saw the municipality patrolmen they started
running away and in the process she was run over by a motor vehicle," said
Rupere. The police spokesperson added that Mabvuku residents have resorted
to vandalising water pipes in the suburb to access the commodity.
In a recent Parliamentary Portfolio committee on Local Government and Public
works meeting that was held with the commission running the affairs of
Harare, MDC Mabvuku MP Timothy Mubhawu claimed that the local authority was
scuttling his plans to dig wells for people in the suburb who have been
grappling with persistent water cuts for a long time. Harare commission
chairperson Sekesai Makwavarara, a Mabvuku resident, said it was not illegal
to dig up wells and promised the MP that they would hold a meeting to
facilitate the project. Apart from Mabvuku, a number of Harare suburbs have
been facing water problems in recent months. The Zimbabwe National Water
Authority (Zinwa) recently took over the management of Harare water. The
capital city water woes are in part due to breakdowns at water pumps and
shortage of foreign currency to import water treatment chemicals. In some
cases, affected people have been forced to fetch water from unprotected
sources, thereby exposing themselves to waterborne diseases. Some
enterprising residents with access to water have resorted to selling it for
as much as $5 000 for 5 litres. The water problems are not confined to
Harare alone, but are a national crisis. Two months ago, Banket was hit by
demonstrations after residents went for three weeks without water after
Zinwa disconnected the town for failing to settle its bill. This week,
residents of Chitungwiza also protested following a critical wave of water
shortages. In Bulawayo, the country's second largest city is drawing water
from Inyankuni and Insiza dams, which can only supply the city with 90 000
cubic meters of water a day against a demand of 141 000cubic metres.
From: "Sekai Holland"
Sent: Sunday, November 06, 2005 9:23 PM
Subject: Re: MDC National Council Resolutions - November 5, 2005
1. That the National Council acknowledges its omission in appreciating
the provisions of Article 13 of the Constitution and accordingly rescinds
purported decision in favour of participating in the Senatorial Election
made on 12th
2. For the avoidance of doubt this council resolves that the MDC will
participate in the Senatorial Election set for 26 November 2005 and shall
accordingly campaign against this election.
3. That the National Council resolves that any candidates purportedly
registered as senatorial candidates of the MDC on the 24th of October 2005,
withdraw their candidature within seven days, and in the event of a default,
it is acknowledged that they are not standing on the party ticket.
4. That between now and congress the party President shall be the sole
spokesperson of the party on all party matters.
5. That the council resolves to maintain the unity and integrity of the
party, its leadership and its reaffirmation of the party's commitment to its
democratic and social justice values.
6. That forthwith the party engages in a nationwide debate and demand for
a new people driven National Constitution.
7. The party strengthens its relations, chemistry and interraction with
civic society and social organisation.
8. That the party proceeds with speed to ensure that the party Congress
is held in terms of the Constitution by the end of February 2006.
1. Party Congress
i That the issue of the Party Congress be and is hereby speeded up in
terms of the Constitution.
ii That the following Committees be and are hereby established:
a) Congress Preparation Committee to be chaired by the National
b) Institutional Reform Committee to manage and complete
administrative and procedural issues.
c) Constitutional Amendment Committee chaired by the Legal
d) Logistics and Fundraising Committee
e) Policy and Ideology Committee
iii That District Executive elections must be conducted by November 31st
2005 while provincial Council elections are concluded by 31st December 2005.
2. The Council notes the suspension of Job Sikhala and resolves that the
matter is hereby referred to the National Executive Committee for
action and that the party apologises to the governments of Ghana, Nigeria
3. That a four member committee chaired by the National Chairperson be
and is hereby established to engage other colleagues in the party to ensure
the unity, integrity and cohesion of the party is maintained. The
members shall comprise of:
The Committee shall conclude its work within fourteen days of the
date of this meeting.
4. That the Council resolves that employees of the party whose offices
and contractual place of employment is at Harvest House must report for duty
Harvest House in terms of their contracts of employment.
From: Trudy Stevenson
Sent: Sunday, November 06, 2005 10:53 PM
Subject: Harare Municipality Budgets and Charges - public meeting Wed
lunchtime Anglican Cathedral Hall
Harare Municipality Budgets and Charges
Combined Harare Residents Association is holding a Lunchtime public meeting
on the above topic on
Wednesday 9 November
Anglican Cathedral Hall
1 - 2 pm
Please note that the Supplementary Budget increases put into effect on 1
November are not legal because the statutory 30 days' notice has not yet
expired, while the 2006 Budget has not been presented by 31 October 2006 as
ordered by the minister. Don't pay unnecessary increases! Don't pay for
services not delivered!