The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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12 October 2004


To the ordinary people I met in Gwanda North and in Masvingo at the weekend,
there is no visible evidence of any turn around in their fortunes. Instead
there is a significant decline in their lifestyles, a visible rise in
poverty, food shortages and unemployment.

Families scrap for existence. Harvests were poor. Donor support has stopped.
Staple food prices soared by more than 30 percent in a few months.
Officially, the regime acknowledges that the maize deliveries to the Grain
Marketing Board are less than 30 percent of the anticipated quantities for
the year.

The situation on the ground needs urgent attention. Anxiety has gripped the
countryside. Anxiety about food, jobs and political freedom is evident
everywhere. The people want to know whether they will be able to choose a
leadership that can take the country into a more certain future. A future
with jobs, food security and freedom.

We must address the anxieties around the implementation of SADC principles
and guidelines on democratic elections. For herein lies the genuine
opportunity to address the people's anxiety. The people fear that Zimbabwe
could miss out on its last opportunity if the regime fails to embrace the
spirit of Mauritius. The risk is too high. The result could be catastrophic.

The crisis created by the regime has damaged confidence, discouraged
investment, promoted capital flight and forced young people to emigrate.
Rural businesses and basic service infrastructure have collapsed. This
destruction witnessed and experienced countrywide has brought about a new
frame of mind among the people in the rural areas.

In my discussions with villagers and workers from Nkwindze and Mayezani
communal lands in Gwanda North as well as those in Masvingo Central
constituencies, it became clear that people in the rural areas just like
their kith and kin in the urban areas are agreed on the way out of our
national crisis.

I have just arrived in Harare from Zaka East constituency where I met
leaders of the MDC in their various structures, from the village, right up
to the district (constituency committee). The picture I got in Gwanda and in
Masvingo is the same as the one in Zaka.

The Zaka meeting has its own significance. Initially, we were supposed to
have met our officials there on Friday last week. That meeting was cancelled
by the police who argued that the MDC had failed to give them sufficient
notice of our intention to have the meeting. This was not true.

The police then changed the story, saying the authorising policeman is not
based in Zaka, but in neighbouring Bikita. So the notice was delivered to a
wrong place, hence the police denial. In the meantime nearly 500 officials
were already at the venue. They had to disperse to avoid trouble. This was
despite the fact that they came from various points in the constituency and
public transport in this impoverished, for want of a better phrase,
long-abandoned dustbowl, is rare.

Our officials kept on pressing for the meeting. And last night, we were
informed that permission was finally granted, on condition that the meeting
starts at 9 am and ends at 1 pm. I was there on time and everything went on
well. Chiefs, village heads and headmen joined our structures as we
discussed strategies for 2005.

However, police arrested 15 MDC activists at the venue, Padare Business
Centre, before my arrival. This action, according to the police, was
designed to protect them from potential violence from Zanu PF thugs who had
assembled nearby for a separate meeting organised by the incumbent
legislator, Tinos Rusere. Rusere's meeting was to register the names of
beneficiaries for a government seed donation programme.

Mugabe and Zanu PF must be clear on the implementation of the SADC Mauritius
protocol on elections. They seem confused on the way forward. Either you
allow people access to their democratic space for a free and fair election
or you play dangerous games whose outcome is uncertain. Police behaviour
must change. Your MPs must play ball if you were sincere about the document
you agreed to in Mauritius. Food, seed and campaigns must be free of
partisan political contamination, with immediate effect.

People are yearning for their freedom. They are demanding a new beginning
that will create jobs and deliver food on the table. They are demanding the
immediate restoration of confidence in the electoral system. My party is
ready to play its role in this process.

The elections issue must be resolved once and for all so that the country is
able to focus on national development. Focussing on vote rigging as what
happened with the regime in the past five years has grave social and
economic consequences for the country. The regime totally disregarded the
people in its quest to hold onto power. It is clear that for the past five
years the regime has only demonstrated its inability to raise Zimbabwe's
profile. There are a party of the past.

Our programme looks to the future. Our focus is on a new Zimbabwe. Our
argument for a new beginning is supported by all.

Together, we shall win.

Morgan Tsvangirai

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From: "Jenni Williams"
Sent: Tuesday, October 12, 2004 11:41 PM
Subject: Woza Sheroes

Women of Zimbabwe Arise
Schedule of Arrests - NGO Bill Sponsored Walk / Parliament Lobbying Campaign

Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA) is a registered Trust.
Our objectives are: To develop the capacity of Zimbabwean women to:
Y express their views on issues relating to their upliftment;
Y develop strategies for economic survival;
Y network with women internationally;
Y participate and take leadership roles in public life;

Further objectives detailed in the Trust Deed and directly related to the
just ended 440 km Sponsored Walk from Bulawayo to Harare are:
v to administer funds received from donors on behalf of women who are to
benefit under approved development schemes;
v to establish an organisation that promotes a positive image of women in
v to receive gifts and donations for the Trust, providing that all donations
accepted by the Trust shall be irrevocable and the Trust shall not accept or
be party to any agreement or arrangements for any donation which directly or
indirectly may be revocable by the donor or any person, and to undertake
activities designed to raise funds to be utilised for the purposes of the

Arrested 28th September 2004 @65 km peg Byo-Hre Highway. Detained for 3 days
but magistrate refused to press charges due to lack of evidence.
1. Anastazia Masuku
2. Berita Shayamanho
3. Donanari Tembo
4. Elizabeth Nkomo
5. Ellen Mtombeni
6. Ennet Masawi
7. Ester Ngulube
8. Fungai Gomo
9. Josephine Tebereni
10. Joyce Mapule
11. Lethisiwe Mafu
12. Lilian Tefula
13. Linnethi Khumalo
14. Lucky Fengu
15. Magodonga Mahlangu
16. Musole Khumalo
17. Nolwandle Simunyu
18. Nora Mbwewe
19. Noreen
20. Patricia Ndlovu
21. Patricia Sibanda
22. Perpetua Dube
23. Regina Maphosa
24. Rejoice Chauke
25. Rosemary Mironga
26. Rosemary Mutenga
27. Rosemary Siziba
28. Salome Jackson
29. Sehliselo Ndlovu
30. Selina Ncube
31. Shingirai Mupane
32. Shyline Ngwenya
33. Sibusisiwe Mlalazi
34. Silingiwe Ndlovu
35. Siliva Sisimana
36. Sinini Mhlanga
37. Siphatisiwe Msipa
38. Siphethangani Ndlovu
39. Siphiwe Gundani
40. Thalita Mutendesi
41. Thobekile Ndlovu
42. Tracy Kabora
43. Tsisti Mikitai
44. Violet Moyo
45. Winnie Gowas
46. Yamisani Linje
47. Zuzile Ngwenya

48. Siphiwe Maseko - Arrested bringing food but not charged

Male NCA Volunteers
49. George Muzenda
50. Zenzo Nyoni
51. Nkululeko Phiri
52. Ajida Tsaisa

Arrested 29 September 2004 after praying in Africa Unity Square on having
completed the walk. To appear in court 13 October on Summons:
To answer and abide the judgement of the court arising from the following
charge(s) C/S 19 (I) (a) (i) of the Public Order and Security Act Chapter
11:17 (Gathering conducing to riot disorder or intolerance) "In that on the
29th day of September, 2004 and at Harare, the accused persons who are
members of the Women of Zimbabwe Arise, an unregistered Political Pressure
group acting together with one or more other persons present forcibly
disturb the peace, security or order of the Public or any of the public
That is to say-
Accused persons unlawfully marched from Harare showgrounds to Africa Unit
Square ans chanting anti-government slogans threatening to march to
Parliament of Zimbabwe on Monday 4th day of October, 2004"

1. Caroline Lapham
2. Ellah Hwenzira
3. Enia Mazambare and 4 month old baby
4. Filda Nyamukota
5. Fungai Chabata
6. Janet Bitasi
7. Jennifer Williams
8. Mary Pamire
9. Tambudzai Manangadzira

Arrested at Parliament on 5 October after handing over Petition regarding
NGO Bill.  Appeared in Remand court on 8 October and due for further remand
hearing on 11 November 2004. Charged under Section 24 of the Public Order
Security Act.

1. Adelaide Nyoni
2. Audrey Murahwa
3. Chelesile Ngwenya
4. Donanari Tembo
5. Dorothy Chanaka
6. Elizabeth Ncube
7. Elizabeth Nkomo
8. Ellena Mundando
9. Ester Ngulube
10. Eveline Dube
11. Flora Moyo
12. Jennifer Williams
13. Limakatso Ndlovu
14. Lindiwe Ndlovu
15. Lingiwe Mthethwa
16. Madangazela Kumalo
17. Magodonga Mahlangu
18. Margaret Mkandla
19. Nokuthula Khupe
20. Nomi Nyoni
21. Nora Mbwewe
22. Oriene Mahlangu
23. Otillia Msipa
24. Patricia Ndlovu
25. Patricia Sibanda
26. Pauline Mtimkulu
27. Perpetua Dube
28. Pezo Ndlovu
29. Phanakosi Ndebele
30. Ratidzai Chauma
31. Regina Maphosa
32. Rejoice Chauke
33. Rosemary Siziba
34. Selina Ncube
35. Selina Ndlovu
36. Shingirai Mupane
37. Shyline Ngwenya
38. Sibusisiwe Mlalazi
39. Silingiwe Ndlovu
40. Sinini Mhlanga
41. Siphiwe Maseko
42. Siphiwe Moyo
43. Sithembiso Mathuthu
44. Sophie Mhlanga
45. Thalita Mutendesi
46. Thandile Sesedza
47. Tolakele V Dube
48. Zodwa Nkiwane
49. Zuzile Ngwenya

3 Journalists were also arrested, detained for a night and were released
without charge the next day.

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Zim Online

Army takes over operations at post offices
Wed 13 October 2004

      HARARE - Zimbabwe's army has taken charge of telephone and postal
services in the country as workers at two state firms that provide the
services downed tools for more pay.

      Ministry of Transport and Communications permanent secretary Karikoga
Kaseke yesterday confirmed that soldiers had taken over operations at Harare
Main Post Office and at other post offices across the country.

      But the government official told ZimOnline the arrangement was only
temporary until the salaries dispute was resolved.

      He said: "It is a temporary measure meant to ensure that work
progresses whilst efforts are being made to have the striking workers come
back to work."

      The state-owned ZimPost is the sole postal services company in the
country. There are several other courier companies that provide similar
services but mostly for companies and the elite who can afford their
exorbitant charges.

      Another government-owned company, TelOne, operates Zimbabwe's only
fixed telephone network. There are three other mobile phone networks but
they do not cover the entire country.

      Labour Court judge Washington Sansole ordered the two companies to
award workers an 80 percent salary increment in addition to transport,
housing, lunch and telephone allowances. Management failed to pay the salary
increase forcing workers to down tools last

      The army was then brought in on Monday to try and keep the vital
postal and telephone services running.

      But there was disruption in the delivery of mail with several parcels
and letters being misrouted by the inexperienced soldiers, sources at
ZimPost said.

      The telephone billing and accounts department which is being manned by
officers from the army's salaries and payments office was also said to be
experiencing difficulties. - ZimOnline
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New Zimbabwe

Mugabe's spies monitoring your calls, mail

By Staff Reporter
Last updated: 10/13/2004 08:57:06
ZIMBABWE'S military spies and communication experts moved into the offices
of the country's main fixed line, mailing and mobile phone companies after
workers went on strike demanding better pay.

There were heightened fears last night that the state could seize the
opportunity to snoop on private communications.

Workers from the state-owned mobile operator Tel One and Zimpost took the
industrial action last week after management reneged on paying increments
which were promised when an arbitrator was brought in early this year.

A source told New last night: "Communications experts from the
army and police are manning the main telephone exchanges and controlling
traffic. They can do anything with your phone calls and mail. People need to
exercise caution with what they say."

President Robert Mugabe has not made secret his desire to snoop on private
communications in a bid to crack down on dissent. The government says the
increased use of the internet to mobilise the masses by the opposition has
exposed Mugabe's administration to "dot com thugs".

Zimbabwe's Supreme Court thwarted efforts by the government to introduce new
laws to monitor e-mails, calling them unconstitutional. Zimbabweans,
however, live with the constant fear that the government is using
unconventional means to monitor their private communications.

Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai last year said he was shocked when
President Mugabe repeated almost word for word a conversation he had with
British Prime Minister Tony Blair.

Last night police were holding three trade unionists over the strike.

The Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions umbrella grouping said three members
of the Communication and Allied Services Workers Union of Zimbabwe were
arrested yesterday in the second city, Bulawayo.

"No reasons for the arrest were given," the ZCTU said in a statement.
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Zimbabwean unionists arrested over postal strike

October 12, 2004, 22:31

Zimbabwean police were holding three trade unionists over a pay strike at
the country's state- owned post and telecommunications firms, union
officials said today.

The Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) umbrella grouping said three
members of the Communication and Allied Services Workers Union of Zimbabwe
were arrested yesterday in the second city, Bulawayo.

"No reasons for the arrest were given," the ZCTU said in a statement.
Workers at Zimbabwe Post (Zimpost) and telephone company TelOne went on
strike last week over what they said was failure by management to deliver a
pay increase awarded in June after arbitration.

Police were not immediately reachable for comment. Zimbabwe's main mining
body said today about 25 000 workers - half of the industry's labour force -
had gone on strike over pay. The ZCTU, from which the country's main
opposition party emerged in 1999, has spearheaded several protests in recent
years to push for higher wages, tax cuts and union rights.

It has also demanded better management of the economy, mired in a crisis
which critics blame on president Robert Mugabe's government. Mugabe denies
mismanaging the economy and says it has been sabotaged by domestic and
foreign opponents angry over forcible redistribution of white-owned farms to
blacks dispossessed when Britain colonised the country more than a century
ago. - Reuters
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Zim Online

Wed 13 October 2004

      HARARE - Zimbabwe's largest seed producer, SeedCo, yesterday accused
senior ruling ZANU PF party and government officials of diverting seed
maize, in short supply in the country, to the more lucrative export market.

      Chairman of the seed-making firm, Ray Kaukonde, who himself is a
senior member of ZANU PF, handed over to Parliament's Portfolio Committee on
Lands and Agriculture a list of names of senior politicians he said were
either holding onto seed maize at their
      farms or had exported the vital commodity.

      The parliamentary committee is probing the shortage of seed maize in
the country which is threatening to cause a drop in food production even if
this year's rain season is good.

      The committee did not release the list to the Press.

      Kaukonde said: "This level of irresponsibility should not start with
us the big chefs (senior politicians). Some respectable officials are not
bringing the seed they had promised when we were providing extension
services to them during the agricultural season.

      "We will be tempted to expose these big chefs if the deadline for seed
delivery lapses but at the moment we are calling on the committee to
investigate where exactly the maize seed was taken to."

      Besides chairing SeedCo, Kaukonde, is also chairman of ZANU PF in
Mashonaland East province. He is also a Member of Parliament for the ruling
party in Mudzi constituency.

      Seedco and two other seed producing firms in the country assisted
senior politicians, who seized formerly white-owned seed-growing farms, to
produce seed maize.

      The politicians were in turn supposed to sell the seed to the
companies for distribution to farmers across the country. An acute shortage
of seed maize has affected the country with retailers now limiting
quantities farmers can buy at a time.

      The seed shortage plus a shortage of ammonium nitrate fertilizer,
critical in maize production, could see a drop in the production of the
country's staple grain, food experts have warned.

      Zimbabwe requires 100 000 tonnes of maize seed to ensure sufficient
harvests next year according to the government's figures.

      But the country, which used to export seed, will produce only about 43
000 tonnes of seed maize, because most of the new farmers resettled on
formerly white-owned seed farms by the government do not have the knowledge
or resources to grow seed.

      Foreign seed producers were willing to provide US$30 million worth of
seed to Zimbabwe to augment existing stocks but will not do so until the
Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe guaranteed that they would be paid within 60 days
and in hard cash, Kaukonde said.

      Zimbabwe is in the throes of a severe foreign currency crisis that has
manifested itself in shortages of medical drugs, fuel, food and
electricity. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Government to import another 300 000 tonnes of maize
Wed 13 October 2004

      HARARE - The government will import another 300 000 tonnes of maize
from Zambia and Malawi between now and next month, sources told ZimOnline.

      A senior official at a Harare transport company, who spoke anonymously
for fear of victimisation, said his firm and two other Harare transporters
had in the last two months ferried close to 200 000 tonnes of maize from
Zambia and Malawi into the country.

      The three companies had been asked to transport another 300 000 tonnes
from the Zambian capital Lusaka to Harare, the official said.

      He said: "We transported some maize, I think about 200 000 tonnes in
the last two months. This new contract is to immediately ferry about 300 000
tonnes from Lusaka, together with two other transporters."

      Retired army colonel Samuel Muvuti, who heads the state's Grain
Marketing Board that is facilitating the imports, yesterday confirmed that
he was expecting maize deliveries from Lusaka. But he insisted the maize was
from orders placed with the foreign
      suppliers last year when the country faced severe shortages of maize.

      He said: "As we have repeatedly said, the only imports that we are
receiving were ordered last year. That is all I can say."

      Muvuti also claimed last month that Harare was only receiving maize
ordered the previous year after ZimOnline had exposed how the government was
secretly buying maize from abroad while at the same time claiming the
country had produced enough and did not need international help.

      Both Zambia and Malawi faced serious shortages of food last year
because of poor production and were not exporting maize as claimed by

      The main opposition Movement for Democratic Change party and food aid
experts have accused President Robert Mugabe and his government of refusing
international food assistance so that the government could monopolise food
relief for political gain ahead
      of next year's general election. The government denies the charge.

      Earlier this week, Mugabe speaking during a visit to Mozambique
repeated claims that the country had produced enough maize, even as the
stepped-up maize importation programme by the government strongly suggests

      Food aid experts say Zimbabwe will need to import about 700 000 tonnes
of maize - or just 200 000 tonnes more than the quantity secured by the
government from foreign suppliers so far - to feed about two million people
without adequate food.

      In a startling twist to the government's claims of food sufficiency,
Muvuti last month told a parliamentary committee that was investigating
      Zimbabwe's food situation that his grain board had collected a paltry
298 000 tonnes of maize from farmers since harvesting began about four
months ago.

      In a good season the board, which is the only one permitted to buy
maize from farmers, should by that time have collected more than three times
that amount.

      Zimbabwe requires about 1.8 million tonnes of maize for consumption
and for its strategic reserves per year. - ZimOnline

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Independent (UK)

Peter Tatchell: An ethical retreat in the face of barbarity
From a talk by the human rights activist at the Cheltenham Festival of
13 October 2004

Liberal humanitarian values are under threat. The threat comes not from the
far right but from the left's moral equivocation and compromises. Sections
of progressive opinion are wavering in their defence of universal human
rights. In this era of post-modernism and live-and-let-live
multiculturalism, moral relativism is gaining ground.

This holds that every community is different, and there are no eternal
humanitarian values. In the name of "cultural sensitivity", we are expected
to respect other people's religious beliefs and ethnic traditions. But
sometimes this means colluding with barbarisms like female genital
mutilation. We would not tolerate this in Britain. Why should we tolerate it
in other countries? Fearful of accusations of "racism", much of the left is
reluctant to speak out against human rights violations perpetrated by people
who happen to be black. This silence is killing black people the world over.
President Mugabe has murdered more black Africans than apartheid; massacring
20,000 in Matabeleland in the 1980s alone. Where were the left-wing mass
protests? The threat of being labelled "Islamophobic" creates similar moral
paralysis, as evidenced by the way the liberal media ignores the role of
Islamic fundamentalists in the Darfur genocide.

I have experienced this ethical retreat first hand. OutRage! is campaigning
against the murder of gay Jamaicans, and against reggae singers who
encourage these killings. Some black and left activists accuse us of
"cultural imperialism". These armchair critics never lifted a finger to help
gay Jamaicans, but they gladly attack our solidarity campaign. How can it be
"cultural imperialism" to support black victims of homophobia and oppose
violent homophobes in the music industry? The real "racism" is not our
campaign, but the left's indifference to the persecution of gay Jamaicans.
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The Herald

Noczim exhausts fuel procurement allocation

Business Reporters
THE National Oil Company of Zimbabwe (Noczim) has fully used the
US$20million that was availed to it by the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) in
the last three months for the procurement of fuel.

The sole fuel procurer has come under fire in the past months amid
allegations that it had not used or had misappropriated the funds.

However, an official within the company blamed technical reasons beyond the
company's control for the delays in using the funds.

"When we received the money we were supposed to deal with two banks which
were supposed to source foreign currency for us through lines of credit.

"Unfortunately, one of the banks assigned to administer the funds had no
line of credit to deal in oil with Afreximbank.

"While Noczim had timeously deposited its Zimbabwean dollar equivalent with
that institution to act as cover, it took that bank longer to get the line
of credit resulting in the delays," said the official.

Noczim has since accessed the fuel through this facility, the last vessel
under this facility arrived in Beira port, Mozambique in September and that
has been fully discharged and currently fuel being pumped into the pipeline.

The allegations came to light during a meeting between the Reserve Bank
officials and players in the oil industry following fuel shortages
experienced last month.

During the subsequent press conference, held after the meeting, the central
bank governor, Dr Gideon Gono said Noczim had been sitting on US$20 million
allocated to it for the procurement of fuel over the last two months.

He indicated that the parastatal had not given a convincing explanation for
not utilising the funds.

Dr Gono had also revealed that oil procurement companies that had accessed
foreign currency for fuel procurement purposes should indicate how they used
the forex.

This was after he had produced a report on companies that had accessed the
money through the auction system.

The parastatal had been in the limelight albeit for the wrong reasons, it
has been fraught corruption that has seen the sacking of some of its
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How Africa's Leaders Keep the People Poor

The East African (Nairobi)

October 11, 2004
Posted to the web October 12, 2004

Charles Onyango-Obbo

There's a Mbeki who's been making headlines in South Africa in recent weeks.
And it's not President Thabo Mbeki, but his brother Moeletsi. The younger
Mbeki, deputy president of South Africa's Institute of International
Affairs, made world headlines when he said Africans were better off under
colonialism. "The average African is poorer [today] than during the age of
colonialism," he said, accusing Africa's post-colonial rulers of wasting
their nations' resources.

Moeletsi criticises his brother for canoodling with Zimbabwe's cruel ruler
Robert Mugabe, and is unimpressed with his black economic empowerment
programme, which he says is creating a destructive "culture of entitlement"
among blacks.

Asked to explain his criticism of big brother, Moeletsi says he's actually
proud of Thabo's achievements, but adds: "I don't get my opinions from him
and he doesn't get his from me. And the South Africa government is not a
family business."

Moeletsi isn't the only person to have made these comments, but he's
certainly the first close relative of an African president to do so in
recent times. That made the comments more newsworthy, because the tradition
in Africa is that the brothers, sisters, wives and other relatives of the
Big Man don't disagree with him. They usually sit at the head of the gravy
train, and in the first row of the choir singing his praises.

Of all the things Moeletsi said, however, the most disturbing were his
remarks about Nigeria. Moeletsi pointed out that, in the past 20 years,
China has pulled 400 million of its citizens out of poverty. Over the same
period, Nigeria has pushed nine million into poverty! Depressing,
considering that Nigeria is the world's seventh largest exporter of oil.
Moreover, because of the high premium on its sweet crude in world markets,
by the end of the year Nigeria's oil revenues will be the third highest in
the world, at $27 billion, behind Saudi Arabia at $91.7 billion and Iran at
$27.5 billion.

Nigeria, like many other mineral-rich African countries, particularly DR
Congo, has suffered a very acute case of the "Dutch disease." The phenomenon
was first observed in the Netherlands in the 1960s, when large reserves of
natural gas were first exploited, and the country seemed to deindustrialise.
Usually, a country's currency rises (making its other export goods less
competitive), imports increase, and productivity falls. Other economists use
the term to refer to when a country that makes a rich mineral find soon
ceases to be creative, stops working, and waits to feed on the easy

Moeletsi seems to be vindicated by the fact that Nigeria's most influential
export to the rest of Africa today is not oil, but something the government
doesn't have anything to do with and that doesn't occur naturally in the
country's soil Ð cinema.

Nigeria's soaps are the new rage on most African TVs. Nollywood, as it's
called, has become the third largest in the world, after India's Bollywood
and the USA's Hollywood, with a turnover of over 2,000 low-budget films per

According to an insightful account on the BBC, the Nollywood "stories tend
to be quite simple but very dramatic and heavy on the emotions: the women
wail and are avaricious money lovers; the men are just as emotional and very
vengeful. Throw in a gibbering bone-rattling juju man and Bible-waving
preacher and what you have is a brew of conflict, revenge, trials and
tribulations - the likes of which are keeping most Zambians, especially in
the capital city, Lusaka, glued to TV screens for hours on end."

The movies are mainly financed by merchants and traders. But it will be a
long time before Nollywood becomes a multibillion dollar industry. Just like
the corruption that has ruined African economies, Nollywood's fortunes are
being siphoned off by video pirates. In other words, this vast industry is
being robbed because of the state's failure to enforce copyright laws.

Wipe out Nigeria, and write in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, and the story is
the same. Makes you wish every African president had a Moeletsi for a
younger brother.

Charles Onyango-Obbo is managing editor in charge of convergence at the
Nation Media Group.
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Mail and Guardian

Africa's bleakest days are yet to come

      12 October 2004 08:59

Africa's cemeteries are "filled beyond capacity" because of the HIV/Aids
pandemic, Ethiopian President Girma Wolde-Giorgis told experts meeting in
the capital, Addis Ababa, on Tuesday to discuss combating the spread of the

Opening a session of the Commission on HIV/Aids and Governance in Africa
(CHGA), a UN-inspired body set up last year to track the long-term impact of
the pandemic in Africa, Wolde-Giorgis said HIV/Aids was fuelling "social
decay" and "community breakdown" that threatened the very fabric of African

The "CHGA Interactive" meeting brought together leading HIV/Aids experts and
African NGOs to discuss the impact of HIV/Aids on Africa's rural

According to UNAids, an estimated 20-million Africans have died since the
start of the HIV/Aids epidemic, some 29,4-million are living with the virus
and 25-million children have been orphaned.

The CHGA session heard how HIV/Aids was crippling rural communities in
Africa and exacerbating food shortages, with the heaviest burden falling on

"HIV/Aids affects food availability by affecting the labour supply," said
Daphne Topouzis, an expert in HIV/Aids and its impact on food security. "It
can affect access to food by eroding household disposable income due to
increased expenditure on health."

Joseph Tumushabe, from Uganda's Makerere University, warned that over the
next 15 years Africa's agricultural labour force could be decimated by
HIV/Aids. He said studies showed that in Namibia up to 26% of the
agricultural workforce could die from the virus by 2020. In South Africa a
fifth of the workforce could succumb.

Gladys Mutangadura, from the UN's Economic Commission for Africa (ECA),
added that women needed support to help cope with the impact, including an
increased domestic workload, they often had to care for orphans, and girls
were taken out of school to help at home.

She noted that women also often lacked the same property rights as men,
losing their land if their husbands died from the virus and facing further
exclusion. She said women needed greater access to credit, girls needed
support to stay in schools and men had to share the growing burden if the
impact of HIV/Aids was to be mitigated.

The CHGA meeting coincided with the ECA's weeklong African Development Forum
in Addis Ababa, which will discuss on Thursday the impact of HIV/Aids on
Africa's capacity to govern, and the challenge of scaling up treatment.

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan first announced the CHGA initiative in
February 2003. It is chaired by Kingsley Amoako, head of the ECA, and
includes among its 20 commissioners Richard Feachem, executive director of
the Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis (TB) and Malaria, Peter Piot,
executive director of UNAids, Dr Mamphele Ramphele, managing director of the
World Bank, and former Zambian president Kenneth Kaunda.

The discussions at the interactive meeting will feed into a final report on
the long-term impact of the pandemic in Africa, due for submission to Annan
in June 2005.

Meanwhile, Zimbabwe's request for funding from the Global Fund to Fight
HIV/Aids, Tuberculosis (TB) and Malaria has again been rejected.

Last week Zimbabwe appealed the Fund's earlier rejection of its HIV/Aids and
TB grant proposals. Fund spokesman Tim Clark said on Tuesday that "sadly,
neither of the Zimbabwe appeals was successful".

In July the Fund turned down proposals from Zimbabwe for HIV/Aids, TB and
malaria, "for technical reasons". David Parirenyatwa, Zimbabwe's Minister of
Health and Child Welfare, accused the Fund of political bias, something the
Global Fund has strongly denied.

Had its proposals been approved, Zimbabwe would have benefited from a
$218-million five-year commitment by the Fund. Clark pointed out that
Zimbabwe was not the only country to have proposals rejected in July: 36
proposals had been unsuccessful.

There were 13 appeals to the Fund to reconsider country proposals, and "of
these Zimbabwe launched two appeals -- it only appealed for two of the
disease components (HIV/Aids and TB), and neither of those were successful
at appeal," Clark noted.

As was the case in July, "technical reasons were given for the failure of
the appeals, which were judged by an independent panel, and those reasons
will be communicated back to Zimbabwe. So, if they intend to re-lodge the
applications in the next round [of proposals], they will have a good idea of
what work needs to be done to knock them into shape," Clark said.

However, Mary Sandasi, the director of a local HIV/Aids group, Women and
Aids Support Network, said she believed the Global Fund was "mixing issues"
and had "a hiddgen agenda".

"The Global Fund is supposed to be looking at HIV/Aids, TB and malaria, but
they are taking up other issues; issues that are to do with the people of
Zimbabwe, and that can only be dealt with by Zimbabweans without outside
interference," Sandasi said.

"I think this is the fourth round [of proposals], and we have not received
any funding from them. We feel there is a hidden agenda," she added.

Clark denied any political bias in the Fund's decision. "Anybody looking at
our portfolio of grants throughout the world will see we have given grants
to North Korea, Sudan, Myanmar ... to a number of difficult environments
throughout the world. I don't think that, logically, anybody could accuse us
of political motivations in our funding decisions," he said.

He explained that the funding applications "are all screened by an
independent panel; the board of the Global Fund then approves funding on the
basis of the recommendations of the independent technical review panel,
which is an international review panel that reviews [proposals] for
technical efficacy".

He noted that "there are two grants that have already been approved to
Zimbabwe during the first round in April 2002 -- some $14-million for
HIV/Aids programmes and a malaria grant for nearly $9-million -- and it's
unfortunate the subsequent applications have not been successful".

The appeal process concluded on 7 October. Three proposals succeeded, one
each from Niger, Russia and Uzbekistan. -- Irin
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Treason trial a litmus test for MDC leader
          October 13 2004 at 08:27AM

      Harare - The outcome of the treason trial of Zimbabwe's opposition
leader Morgan Tsvangirai on Friday will be a litmus test of the leadership
of a man who has been a constant thorn in the side of long-serving President
Robert Mugabe.

      Tsvangirai, the leader of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC),
faces the death penalty if found guilty of plotting to assassinate Mugabe
ahead of the 2002 presidential polls, which the opposition leader lost.

      The polls were slammed by international rights groups as unfair and
Tsvangirai is challenging the outcome in court.

      The charges against Tsvangirai resulted from a secretly filmed meeting
between him and Canadian-based political consultant Ari Ben Menashe in 2001
in which he allegedly asks for help to organise Mugabe's "elimination" and a
military coup.

            'His party wanted to hire Menashe's firm to legitimately drum up
      Tsvangirai said his party wanted to hire Menashe's firm to
legitimately drum up support and funds for the party in the United States
and the defence team claimed that Menashe was hired by the government to
organise a "sting" operation for which he was paid $200 000 (R1,3-million)
on delivery of the tape of the meeting.

      Party spokesperson Paul Themba Nyathi says the MDC, which maintains
that Tsvangirai is being victimised, will stand behind its leader whatever
the outcome of the court ruling.

      "We continue as a party to operate on the basis that our leader is
innocent and that the courts of law will vindicate him," said Nyathi, adding
that the party will appeal if he is convicted.

      The long-awaited ruling by High Court Judge Paddington Garwe comes
eight months after the close of the year-long trial in February.

      Nyathi said the party were solidly behind Tsvangirai.

      "The party is resolved, committed and is one in giving the president
of the MDC its undivided loyalty," he said, adding that even in the case of
a conviction Tsvangirai "will remain the legitimate leader of the party."

      The former trade unionist shot to prominence in 1999 at the helm of
the fledgling, labour-backed party that took almost half of the contested
seats in general elections the next year.

      From its strong beginnings, the opposition party appears to have lost
ground in recent years - giving up six seats to the ruling Zimbabwe African
National Union - Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF) since 2000.

      Mugabe, who accuses the MDC of being backed by former colonial power
Britain, has said the opposition is "ripe for burial" come the March general
elections, which the opposition has vowed to boycott.

      There have been suggestions that a conviction would strengthen
Tsvangirai's popularity. But leading constitutional lawyer Lovemore Madhuku
says that this would not follow automatically.

      "Becoming a Nelson Mandela is not guaranteed," said Madhuku, referring
to the South African anti-apartheid icon who spent more than 25 years in
jail before becoming the country's first democratically-elected president.

      "It will depend on how strong he is," says Madhuku. "We have not seen
what he's capable of doing in the face of real adversity."

      Brian Raftopoulos, professor of development studies at the University
of Zimbabwe, says Friday's verdict will be "critical" for both the
opposition party and the country.

      He said Tsvangirai played a "key unifying role" within the MDC and
provided many Zimbabweans with "a sense of hope" for an alternative
political leadership.

      "A conviction would just add to the current sense of demoralisation in
the country," he noted. "If he's acquitted it'll be a very good thing for
Zimbabwean politics."
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Our apologies for the delay in posting these messages - there was a
change in address list format that was not picked up that stopped the
mail going out on Monday.  As it is now peak traffic time we will send
out the remaining messages over the next couple of hours.

JAG Mailing List Administrator
Wednesday, 13 Oct 2004





Please find listed below the Section 5 listings from the Herald on Friday
8th October, 2004.


Preliminary Notice to Compulsorily Acquire Land

NOTICE is hereby given, in terms of subsection (1) of section 5 of the Land
Acquisition Act (Chapter 20:10), that the President intends to acquire
compulsorily the land described in the Schedule for resettlement purposes.

A plan of the land is available for inspection at the following offices of
the Ministry of Special Affairs in the Office of the President and Cabinet
in Charge of Lands, Land Reform and Resettlement between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m.
from Monday to Friday other than on a public holiday on or before 8th
November 2004.

(a) Block 2, Makombe Complex Cnr Harare Street and Herbert Chitepo Avenue,
Harare; (b) Ministry of Lands, Land Reform and Resettlement, CF 119,
Government Composite Block, Robert Mugabe Way, Mutare; (c) Ministry of
Lands, Land Reform and Resettlement, 4thFloor, Block H Office, 146,
Mhlahlandlela Government Complex, Bulawayo; (d) Ministry of Lands, Land
Reform and Resettlement, M & W Building, Corner Park/Link Street, Chinoyi;
(e) Ministry of Lands, Land Reform and Resettlement, 1st Floor, Founders
House, The Green, Marondera; (f) Ministry of Lands, Land Reform and
Resettlement, 19 Hellet Street, Masvingo; (g) Ministry of Lands, Land
Reform and Resettlement, Exchange Building, Main Street, Gweru; (h)
Ministry of Lands, Land Reform and Resettlement, Mtshabezi Building, First
Floor, Office No. F20, Gwanda; (i) Ministry of Lands, Land Reform and
Resettlement, Ndodahondo Building, Bindura.

Any owner or occupier or any other person who has an interest and right in
the said land, and who wishes to object to the proposed compulsory
acquisition, may lodge the same, in writing, with the Minister of Special
Affairs in the Office of the President and Cabinet In Charge of Lands, Land
Reform and Resettlement, Private Bag 7779, Causeway, Harare on or before
8th November 2004.

 J L NKOMO, Minister of Special Affairs in the
President's Office in Charge of Lands, Land Reform and Resettlement.
 1.  3994/76. Beatties Investments Gatooma: The Remaining Extent of Cherry
Block: 100,2680 ha

 2.  7025/91. Harlequin Genetics (Private) Limited: Goromonzi: Dagbreek of
the Twentydales Estate: 376,9483 ha
 3.  7023/91. Willmead Enterprises (Private) Limited: Goromonzi: Mariandi
of Nil Desperandum of Twentydales Estate: 60,7000 ha
 4.  2902/91. D R Reitz & Son Farming (Private) Limited: Goromonzi: Good
Hope of Twentydales Estate: 40,4677 ha

 5.  7202/99. Marula Farming (Private) Limited: Hartley: Remainder of
Violets Vale of Railway Farm 18: 736,5941 ha
 6.  9573/02. Conjugal Enterprises (Private) Limited: Hartley: Lot 1A
Bedford: 336,4083 ha
 7.  9573/02. Conjugal Enterprises (Private) Limited: Hartley: Lot 2A
Bedford: 328,2954 ha
 8.  2139/87. Martin Eugene Winwood Tracey: Hartley: Strathspey Estate:
1026,0084 ha
 9.  5686/94. Philip Arthur Peter Manchip, Joanna Christine Ferris,
   Susan Jane Rushforth, Nicholas Charles Manchip,
   and Sally Ann Rugg: Hartley: The Remainder of Estancia-Corea: 303,4632
 10.  5792/81. Taunton Holdings (Private) Limited: Hartley: The Remainder
of Idaho: 1219,4753 ha
 11.  4319/74. J M Beattie: Hartley: Varkpan: 760,1775 ha
 12.  3127/91. Falcon Gold: Hartley: Chadshunt: 1316,1442 ha
 13.  3138/88. Canpac (1991) (Private) Limited: Hartley: Remaining Extent
of Oldham: 712,9170 ha
 14.  5902/99. Mike Campbell (Private) Limited: Hartley: Mt. Carmell of
Railway 19: 1200,6500 ha
 15.  1871/86. G A Hewlett (Private) Limited: Hartley: Handley Cross
Estate: 879,6318 ha
 16.  10148/89. W Vosloo and Company (Private) Limited: Hartley: The
Remainder of Martin: 180,8409 ha.
 17.  987/78. Fred Wolstenholme: Hartley: Remaining Extent of Lourie
Estate: 541,4137 ha
 18.  6766/88. Katambora Estates (Private) Limited: Hartley: Mandalay of
Silverstone: 473,6719 ha

 19.  2150/90. Konrad Gerhadus Van Der Merwe: Lomagundi: Remainder of
Renfield: 836,3088 ha
 20.  3860/86. Kestell Bezuidenhout and Company (Private) Limited:
Lomagundi: Maryland: 1302,9868 ha
 21.  56/50. Western Park Estates (Private) Limited: Lomagundi: Remaining
Extent of Weston Park: 605,487 morgen
 22.  10334/97. Marie Hester Susan Erland, Beatrix Elizabeth Marx
   and Susan Elizabeth De Plessis: Lomagundi: Urume: 1037,7316 ha

 23.  3619/47. Glenisla Tobacco Estates (Private) Limited: Marandellas:
Magar: 787,40 morgen
 24.  5227/98. Luminagua (Private) Limited: Marandellas: Lot 6 of Cotter:
41,0509 ha
 25.  4538/80. Robert Charles Knott: Marandellas: The Remainder of Musi:
858,5922 ha

 26.  3534/78. Cosmo Farms (Private) Limited: Urungwe: Remainder of
Chumburukwe: 1022,8593 ha



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