The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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            By W F Deedes
            (Filed: 04/10/2004)

            Cricket deserves better than to treat with Mugabe

            Along with many others, I do not doubt, I find my lifelong love
for cricket struggling for survival in the muddy waters of our dealings with
Mugabe's Zimbabwe. I am not sure whether it is waving or drowning. When you
have as many happy memories of the game as I have - as a spectator, not a
player - you invest it with a fragile aura.

            From early childhood in 1921, when my father took me to the Oval
for a glimpse of Warwick Armstrong's Australians, cricket has granted me a
vast album of portraits. In the last days of August 1939, I spent a lovely
day with a friend at the Oval, watching the West Indies knock our bowling
about. Such a day helped me through the war.

            Why do I find the behaviour of cricket's custodians so
distasteful? It is because the qualities I have come to associate with the
game seem to count for nothing. As Stephen Robinson explained on this page
recently, the International Cricket Council - not all of them, dare I add,
totally unsympathetic to Mugabe - threaten us with a hefty fine if we cancel
the tour.

            This has scared the pants off our England and Wales Cricket
Board (ECB), whose conduct seems far removed from the cricketing characters
I admired as a boy, such as Jack Hobbs, Patsy Hendren, Maurice Tate, Frank
Woolley and many others since then.

            I feel sympathy for Michael Vaughan, a relatively new England
captain, who rightly does not wish to be seen throwing his weight about and
so will do, against the grain, as the ECB wishes.

            Admittedly, I have deep feelings about Zimbabwe, still such a
beautiful country though so much less bountiful than it was, which I do not
expect the ECB to share. But to have dealings with a man who manipulates the
food aid that the ruined Zimbabwe now has to be given, with a view to
feeding political supporters and keeping opponents hungry, is contrary to
every value over-romantic people like me attribute to cricket.

            Francis Thompson 's poem At Lord's expresses it: "And I look
through my tears on a soundless clapping host/ As the run-stealers flicker
to and fro, To and fro:- / O my Hornby and my Barlow long ago!"

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The Herald

State revising indigenisation policy framework

By Farai Mabeza
THE Government is drawing up a revised policy framework for indigenisation
as it strives to get more black Zimbabweans involved in major national
economic activities.

The permanent secretary in the Ministry of Industry and International Trade
Retired Colonel Christian Katsande said this when he met the deputy resident
representative of the United Nations Development Programme in Zimbabwe Mr
Bernard Mokam.

The UNDP partnered the Government in the project Technical Support for the
Indigenisation Policy Programme that commenced in 1997.

"The aim of the project was to assist the Government of Zimbabwe to come up
with a broad policy framework and strategies on economic indigenisation," Mr
Mokam said.

Cabinet adopted the policy framework in 1998.

According to the policy, economic indigenisation refers to economic
empowerment of the historically disadvantaged Zimbabweans.

"The revised policy framework will look at the review of legislation,
industrialisation, the Empowerment Act and the proposition of an empowerment

"The council will push for indigenous entrepreneurship, skills development
and mobilisation of funding," Rtd Col Katsande said.

He added that through the indigenisation drive, economic activities and
generation of employment is set to increase.

The permanent secretary said empowerment should focus particularly on women
and youth.

"Experience has shown that empowering women and youth in all sectors and
sub-sectors of the economy has a larger ripple effect," Ret Col Katsande

Mr Mokam pointed out that an equitable redistribution of resources is not
possible without the empowerment of the indigenous population.

"We need to ensure that the policy framework is broadly debated by all
concerned and fully implemented," he said.

Mr Mokam also said that the institutional arrangements have to be put in
place as the project is going to be moved to the new Department of
Indigenisation and Empowerment in the Presidents Office.

"The current economic indigenisation policy is the national policy for
socio-economic development in order to achieve poverty reduction, national
building and development of a democratic social system.

"The policy seeks to address the income difference that existed before
independence and correct the inherited anomalies by empowering the
indigenous population and developing a domestic private sector with a broad
ownership structure," Government said in a statement.
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Pretoria News

      Watershed meeting in city on Zim elections
      October 4, 2004

      By Basildon Peta

      Top Zimbabwean politicians and activists are in Pretoria for talks in
which they hope to enlist the support of South African civic society groups
in lobbying for an environment conducive to free and fair elections in

      The two-day conference is organised by the South African Council of
Churches in partnership with the Southern African Catholic Bishops
Conference, Centre for Policy Studies (CPS), the Institute for Democratic
Alternative in South Africa and the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation

      President Robert Mugabe's government has declared that Zimbabwe is not
bound by the recently agreed Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)
standards and norms on free and fair elections.

      The main opposition MDC has already suspended participation in
elections until Mugabe implements the new SADC norms.

      Zimbabwean activists said they hope to lobby the South African
government to help foster electoral reforms.

      Molefe Tsele, the general secretary of the SACC, said the primary
objective of the conference was to identify and define how the South African
community and the SADC region could support furthering democracy in Zimbabwe
by building consensus on the expected minimum standards for elections.
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The Star

      Bishops line up against Mugabe's latest restrictions
      October 4, 2004

      Harare - Zimbabwe's seven Catholic bishops have denounced state media
control, and other Christian groups have called for outright defiance of
planned laws curbing charity work.

      The bishops sent a pastoral letter to churches yesterday demanding a
"credible electoral process" and peaceful campaigning ahead of the March
presidential election.

      In a separate move, also seen as a crackdown on dissent, the
government proposed criminalising charity work done without a government
permit, and banning charities and private groups focusing on "issues of
human rights and good governance" from receiving foreign funding.

      The bishops say it is important that all political parties have access
to media coverage so that they can inform citizens about how they intend to
govern if they are elected.

      Information Minister Jonathan Moyo said the government would deny
media access to the "disloyal" opposition, and ignore Southern African
Development Community rules on election conduct, the state-run Sunday Mail

      "When a political party has no loyalty, then it should not expect to
be treated fairly," the paper quoted Moyo as saying.

      Christian groups say the efforts to limit charity work jeopardise
crucial relief work in the country, where the UN says 2-million people may
need food aid before March.

      Roman Catholic Archbishop Pius Ncube of Bulawayo has accused President
Robert Mugabe of using food to buy votes.- Sapa-AP
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ABC of cricket

Call to Boycott Zimbabwe Tour
News and opinion by Neil Robinson 04/10/04

There can't be many individuals left in England who would still argue that
top-class international cricket ought to continue to be held in Robert
Mugabe's Zimbabwe dictatorship. Curious then, that it should be the England
& Wales Cricket Board which appeared to be doing the most to ensure the
England side to play a series of one-day internationals in Mugabe's
benighted country next month will be strong enough to justify official
international status. The strength of their opponents is another matter

The strong moral stance taken by leading fast bowler Steve Harmison in
declaring himself unavailable for the tour could, and perhaps should, have
led to a rash of similar decisions by his team-mates and the sending of a
seriously second-rate touring party, which would at least have been a
declaration of disapproval by the players if not the board. But, in a series
of back-room compromises recalling the great days of imperial diplomacy
(perhaps Mr Mugabe and his cronies would quibble about the word 'great'),
ECB Chairman David Morgan and Chairman of Selectors David Graveney managed
to ensure that the bulk of England's first choice squad will make the trip.
So a tour that really ought not to be taking place at all will now go ahead
with the effective full support of the UK authorities.

It was always likely that Harmison's lead would be followed by his good
friend Andrew Flintoff. But Flintoff was spared the agonies of decision by
coach Duncan Fletcher's inclusion of him on a list of players who were to be
'rested' in advance of the tour to South Africa later this year. Also on
this list were opening batsman Marcus Trescothick, spinner Ashley Giles and
captain Michael Vaughan. But, in a clear signal that the ECB wished to avoid
charges of sending a second-rate team, Vaughan's resting was overruled by
Morgan and Graveney and he will lead the team as usual. Once it was
confirmed that Vaughan would tour, Giles, who is the captain's closest
friend in the team, opted to tour as well, so as to be there to offer the
captain his support. Trescothick was thought to be considering a similar
choice, but wiser cousel prevailed.

From the beginning of this sorry affair, the ECB has appeared terrified of
the possibility of having sanctions levied against them for cancelling the
tour, or for sending out a sub-strength side. The very action taken by the
ICC against Zimbabwe will have given them further cause for concern, their
suspension from Test cricket being the result of poor standards on the
field, rather than political concerns. Had the ECB dispatched a touring
squad featuring few senior players, or none at all, might England too have
suffered suspension from international cricket? Perhaps, or perhaps not. And
probably not unless the side were so weak as to be defeated by Zimbabwe. But
the question marks will have been prominent enough to cause a few sleepless
nights in St John's Wood.

There will be few people at the ECB who have not at some stage felt battered
and bruised by the Zimbabwe affair. Memories of the World Cup debacle 18
months ago were stirred afresh this week by former captain Nasser Hussain,
whose forthright new autobiography is ruffling feathers in committee rooms
and commentary boxes across the land. Outgoing ECB Chief Executive Tim Lamb
took both barrels of Hussain's latest twelve-bore full in the chest in the
shape of some strong-worded criticism of his handling of the affair. Lamb, a
decent and considerate man, expressed himself  "saddened"  by the former
skipper's words, but he can hardly have been surprised. As for poor David
Morgan, the whole business blew up just a few weeks after he took over the
job from Lord Ian MacLaurin, and he has been gripped in its drooling jaws
ever since.

Say what you like about the level of competence displayed by the ECB over
the course of this matter, they have found themselves placed in a near
impossible position. Public opinion in the UK has long favoured abandoning
sporting links with Mugabe's Zimbabwe. Sports fans here remember well the
long and worthy boycott on sporting links with apartheid South Africa,
something felt less keenly perhaps on the Indian subcontinent which had
never had the benefit of such links on the first place. But while the ECB
would like nothing better than to fall into line with public demand and
cancel the tour, the ICC has stuck to its guns and insisted that only in the
event of an official UK government instruction not to tour would withdrawal
be acceptable.

Now this is where the fine differences in political culture between west and
east come in. On the Indian subcontinent national cricket boards are
inextricably linked with government politics. Their functionaries are
generally political appointees, bound by loyalty and by law to follow
government instruction. In the UK it is a different matter entirely. The ECB
is an independent organisation whose powers are devolved to it by the 18
professional county clubs, it exists in complete separation from government
and is not beholden to it in any real way. As such, the government has no
actual power to instruct the ECB to cancel the tour or to impose any
sanctions upon it after the event. No such ban or sanction would stand up in
court. Margaret Thatcher tried to get the British Olympic Committee to join
the US boycott of the 1980 Moscow games (in protest at the Soviet invasion
of Afghanistan), but to no avail. If she couldn't pull it off then no-one

I don't believe for a minute that any of this is news to the people at the
top of the ICC or of those national boards which continue to offer succour
and support to Mugabe's vile regime. Stupid people do not get to run such
bodies. But there are plenty of other faults a person can have besides
stupidity. Mob rule, violence, targeted starvation and intimidation are
facts of life in Zimbabwe today. Certain people in prominent positions in
world cricket seem to have no problem with this or to think that cricket can
remain aloof and detached from it all. Some of these people twenty or thirty
years ago would have been defending the boycott of South Africa with all the
gravity they could muster.

So here are a few brief questions for those people to ask themselves:

1. Do you still believe that the apartheid era boycott of South Africa was
an appropriate and effective measure?

2. What are the differences which made the boycott of South Africa right at
the time and make a similar boycott of Zimbabwe now wrong?

3. If the current racial and domestic situation in Zimbabwe is not bad
enough for a sporting boycott to be imposed, then what would have to happen
there, or in any other state, for a boycott to become appropriate?

Most of all those questions should be directed to the United Cricket Board
of South Africa, who wake up every day to experience the benefits brought to
their country by the apartheid boycott, yet who, in a gesture of the most
appalling cynicism, have refused to let the England team prepare for the
Zimbabwe tour in South Africa. The idea, presumably, was that England should
have to spend as much time as possible in Zimbabwe to make their
embarrassment and discomfort yet more lengthy. England have instead made
alternative arrangements in Namibia.

One final thought. Prominent among the figures involved in the Zimbabwe
wranglings during the last World Cup was Professional Cricketers Association
supremo Richard Bevan. Both he and the PCA have been notably silent this
time around. A pity this. Strong action from the PCA, possibly going as far
as an organised player boycott of the tour, might have forced the ECB to
stand their ground rather more firmly. But it is probably too late for that
now. Short of some bold bit of gamesmanship by the ECB (naming the vigorous
anti-Mugabe & Gay Rights campaigner Peter Tatchell as tour manager for
example...), it seems certain now that this shabby, unworthy tour will go
ahead. An old fashioned notion perhaps, but it's just not cricket.
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The Herald

Zim, Iran to introduce cultural course at UZ

Herald Reporter
ZIMBABWE and Iran are set to further strengthen their relations by
establishing a cultural course at the University of Zimbabwe, the head of
the embassy's cultural section, Mr Amir Ahmadi, has said.

He said that in line with the country's promotion of dialogue among
different nations, Iran was willing to begin the course on cultural
relations soon and hold seminars in Zimbabwe to promote the exchange of

Cultural experts, he said, would be invited from Iran to conduct the
seminars and Zimbabweans would also be sent to Iran to share knowledge about
each other's culture.

"It's good to have dialogue among our countries to exchange ideas because
dialogue promotes a framework to foster peace among people," said Mr Ahmadi.

He said the initiative by Iran to promote dialogue among nations came about
in response to the need for peaceful resolution of conflicts.

Iran, he said, has gone down in history as the standard bearer of
inter-nation dialogue.

Both cultural and trade relations between the two countries have been good
with tobacco and asbestos dominating Zimbabwe's exports to Iran, while
imports from Iran have been mainly agricultural equipment and industrial

Through the joint Permanent Commission on Economic, Trade, Technical,
Industrial and Cultural Co-operation established in Teheran, the Iranian
capital, last year, the Government of Iran extended a line of credit to
Zimbabwe of US$15 million, which is more than the value of trade between the
two countries.

The credit facility is for the importation of tractors and other
agricultural implements.
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The Herald

Battle for Masvingo takes new twist

From George Maponga in MASVINGO
THE battle for the control of the Zanu-PF Masvingo provincial executive has
taken a new twist after some ruling party supporters, led by war veterans,
were successfully granted a court order interdicting the Daniel Shumba-led
executive from operating from the party's offices in the province.

The move follows an abortive "putsch" last month by war veterans, war
collaborators and ex-detainees, who temporarily closed the ruling party's
offices at Kyle House by placing key blockers.

The offices were reopened by police who had to guard them to enable party
workers to carry on with their work.

The closure of the offices angered senior Zanu-PF members in the province.

Magistrate Mr Timeon Makunde last week granted a final order barring Cde
Shumba and his executive from visiting and operating from Zanu-PF offices at
Kyle House after an application by Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans'
Association provincial chairman Cde Isaiah Muzenda and six other party

"It is ordered that the first respondent (Cde Shumba), his executive and all
those who work through him on Zanu-PF business be and are hereby interdicted
from operating and/or working at, visiting Zanu-PF offices at the third
floor of Kyle House, Masvingo," ruled Mr Makunde.

He also ordered the first respondent to pay the applicants' costs of

The final interdiction order was granted after Cde Shumba did not turn up at
the Masvingo civil court to oppose a provisional order that was granted by
the same court last month barring him from operating from the Zanu-PF
offices in Masvingo.

Cde Muzenda said they were now expecting Zanu-PF national commissar Cde
Elliot Manyika to come and set up a new interim executive that will assume

"We are not going to disturb the workers at the party offices from
conducting their business because they are not politicians. We will allow
them to carry on with their work.

"We are waiting for Cde Manyika to come and install an interim executive
that will administer the party," said Cde Muzenda yesterday.

Last month, Zanu-PF supporters, led by the provincial leaders of war
veterans, war collaborators and ex-detainees, said they no longer have
confidence in the leadership of Cde Shumba, citing that his executive had
failed to run the office.

They instead proposed a new interim executive that was to be led by Retired
Major Alex Mudavanhu.

Efforts to contact Cde Shumba were fruitless as his mobile phone could not
take incoming calls, while the phone of his deputy, Cde Tinos Rusere, was
not reachable.

The problems in the Zanu-PF Masvingo camp could impact negatively on the
ruling party's campaign for the impending Masvingo South parliamentary
by-election and in next year's general elections scheduled for March if no
urgent solution is found to bring the feuding sides to a compromise.
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Zim Online

Mon 4 October 2004

      HARARE - More than 10 000 jobs will be lost if the government passes a
new law that will severely restrict the operations of Non-Governmental
Organisations (NGOs) in the country, according to a survey by the national
association of NGOs (NANGO).

      Human rights lawyer and consultant for NANGO Jacob Mafume told
ZimOnline that some NGOs, scared by the proposed legislation, were already
scaling down operations in Zimbabwe while others were relocating to
Botswana, Mozambique and South Africa.

      Unemployment in Zimbabwe stands at more than 70 percent and the job
loses from closure of NGOs would only make an already bad situation worse.

      Mafume said: "We tasked someone to do research on the impact of the
NGO Bill on jobs in the sector and preliminary indications show job losses
will be in their thousands. More than 10 000 people will lose their jobs if
you look at all the NGOs involved in the
      HIV/AIDS sector that receive foreign funding and a host of others that
deal with governance and democracy issues."

      The NGO Bill, expected to be enacted when Parliament resumes tomorrow,
bans foreign NGOs involved in governance and democracy issues from operating
in Zimbabwe.

      It also bans foreign funding to approved local NGOs. Many  civic
organisations, who have been carrying out voter education, on the strength
of foreign donations will have to close shop.

      Other NGOs involved in human rights and governance issues will be
barred from receiving foreign funding.
      An NGO Council to be appointed by the state will deregister and shut
down NGOs that fail to comply with
      the new law.

      Critics say the hand picked Council will do to NGOs what the Media and
Information Commission (MIC) has done to the media. The MIC, handpicked by
Information Minister Jonathan Moyo, has shut down three mainstream
newspapers in Zimbabwe.

      Civic society activists say the proposed law will see aid to Zimbabwe
including humanitarian support drying up because donors always link
humanitarian aid with support for basic human rights and good governance.

      Meanwhile, a magistrate court in Chegutu town has set free a group of
48 women activities arrested last Tuesday for marching against the NGO Bill.

      The court dismissed allegations by state prosecutors that the women,
who belong to Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA) pressure group, were disturbing
peace by engaging on the 440 kilometre march from Bulawayo to Harare. They
were arrested after covering 300

      A spokeswoman of the activists, Magodonga Mahlangu, said the women
were going to resume the march to Harare.

      She said: "We are waiting for the dust to settle before we resume our
march. The morale among the ladies is still high and we are still full of
energy to complete our historic journey."

      The women plan to demonstrate at Parliament and to hand in a petition
urging legislators to block the NGO Bill. - ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Secret agents crack down on MDC activists
Mon 4 October 2004

      BULAWAYO - Zimbabwe's feared spy agency, the Central Intelligence
Organisation (CIO), has embarked on a crackdown against opposition Movement
for Democratic Change(MDC) supporters in Bulawayo to force them to reveal
the party's campaign strategy ahead of parliamentary elections next March.

      The secret agents unleashed an orgy of violence and terror at the
weekend after they abducted and beat up about 20 MDC supporters from the
city's western suburbs, according to opposition party officials.

      The CIO agents are said to be targeting opposition party supporters
drawn from a list obtained by the police when they raided the MDC offices

      The MDC activists were allegedly beaten up with planks and whips and
threatened with death by the spies at the CIO offices in the city at the
weekend. The agents wanted the activists to reveal the party's campaign
strategy ahead of next year's parliamentary

      The youth activists say they were tortured during the night and were
only released at about 4am.

      One of the youths, a 20-year-old man from Emganwini high density
suburb, who spoke on condition he was not named for fear of reprisals, said
he was picked up at his home on Friday at about 3pm by two men driving a
maroon pick-up.

      "It seemed they already knew my name and address. They showed me a
paper bearing a letterhead written "President's office" and told me to get
into their vehicle. When I asked them why they were taking me away, they
said I should just get into the car or else
      I would not come back. There were two other men in the car and we were
taken to an office in town," recounted the man.

      He said the agents took turns to beat them up till morning. The youth
sustained several scars all over the body as a result of the beatings.

      He said after their release, they tried to report the assault at
Bulawayo Central police station in the city centre but were turned away by
police officers who accused them of lying. They later reported the assaults
at Nkulumane police station in the western suburbs.

      Police spokesman, Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena could not be
reached for comment. However, a police officer at Nkulumane police station
confirmed receiving the reports of beatings by the CIO agents.

      "We received the reports on Saturday morning and we are investigating
them...," said the police officer.

      The MDC has suspended participating in all elections until the playing
field is levelled. It has however hinted that it may participate in the
March parliamentary elections if the government fully implements a new
regional code on free and fair elections.

      It is meanwhile going ahead with preparations for the March elections
in the hope that Mugabe complies with the SADC protocol. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Mugabe courts Museveni in bid to boost image
Mon 4 October 2004

      HARARE - President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda is expected in Harare
today after an increasingly isolated Robert Mugabe invited him to visit
Harare for trade talks.

      Museveni becomes the first African leader to land in Harare on a state
visit in a very long period.

      Although they generally stand by Mugabe at public gatherings, it seems
African leaders are warry of being seen as getting too close to their
Zimbabwean counterpart and many have shunned private visits to Harare.

      Sources said Mugabe planned to woo Museveni to help him improve his
image on the regional and international political fronts.

      A lot of hype has already been created in Harare over the Museveni
visit, with portraits of the Ugandan leader displayed on major streets in
the capital.

      Government sources said Mugabe requested Museveni, who is being
portrayed as an "ally" and "patriotic colleague", to visit Zimbabwe after
indicating that he had lost faith and trust in President Thabo Mbeki of
South Africa. He thus wants to recruit new friends.

      "He is no longer as enthusiastic about Mbeki as he was in the past. He
has also lost faith in Obasanjo (Nigerian President). He says these two are
insisting on him having to talk to Tsvangirai as well as mending his
relations with the West. Now, it appears
      he wants to try and court Museveni," a source said.

      Museveni, who is widely considered a dictator, runs a one-party
political system in Uganda. He however remains a darling of the West who has
ensured economic reform and stability in his country.

      Efforts by Mbeki and Obasanjo to bring Mugabe and MDC leader Morgan
Tsvangirai to the negotiating table have failed as the two political leaders
stick to their hardline positions.

      Until recently, Museveni was considered  to be among the few African
leaders who genuinely opposed Mugabe. In fact relations between Zimbabwe and
Uganda remained frosty during the late 90s when the two countries backed
opposing sides in the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

      Mugabe deployed troops to shore up the Kabila government while
Museveni and Rwanda backed rebel armies. The opposition and civic society
groups are known to have regarded Museveni as an ally until the end of the
DRC war when he began to warm up to Mugabe. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Moyo bans Econet adverts
Mon 4 October 2004

      HARARE - Information and Publicity Minister Jonathan Moyo has banned
Econet Wireless adverts on national radio and television despite the fact
that the telecommunications firm is sponsoring the country's richest
football knockout competition.

      Econet, which is sponsoring the $250 million Buddie Challenge Cup, is
owned by prominent businessman Strive Masiyiwa whom the government accuses
of supporting the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

      Authoritative sources said Moyo issued a directive to the Zimbabwe
Broadcasting Holdings (ZBH) to spurn Masiyiwa's adverts. The move will cost
the financially-troubled state broadcaster $4 billion in potential
advertising revenue.

      Moyo is said to have ordered that the name Econet, or Buddie - the
brand name for the network's prepaid facility - should never be mentioned on
national radio or television.

      In news bulletins, the Buddie Challenge Cup is now being merely
referred to as the "Challenge Cup" or the "Knockout Tournament" after Moyo's

      A senior Zimbabwe Broadcasting Holdings reporter, who preferred not to
be named said: "We are under strict instruction never to mention the name
Econet or Buddie in our reports. The issue is very serious to the extent
that one marketing executive had to be summoned by Moyo after he had tried
to push for the airing of adverts for the tournament that were going to
raise $4 billion for both radio and television stations."

      ZBH boss Rino Zhuwarara said: "Its entirely up to ZBH to decide what
adverts to show and what not to show."

      A marketing executive at Econet told ZimOnline that even efforts to
have matches screened live on television were frustrated by ZBH.

      "They (ZBH) initially claimed that they had little space but later
told us clearly that their hands were tied because of some political
directive," he said.

      An official from the Premier Soccer League who also spoke on condition
he was not named blasted Moyo's decision, calling it "taking politics to
childish levels".

      Meanwhile, on-fire CAPS United edged Dynamos 1-0 in the Buddie
Challenge Cup quarter-final match played in Harare. In the other matches,
Shabanie Mine beat Amazulu 3-1 and Railstars won 1-0 against Wankie. -
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Zim Online

Civic groups plan massive protests
Mon 4 October 2004

      HARARE - Representatives of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) say
they have planned demonstrations against a proposed law, that will severely
curtail their operations, when Parliament resumes sitting tomorrow.

      Organisers said they had planned the protests to coincide with the
opening of Parliament tomorrow to send a "loud and clear" message to members
of parliament that the proposed law was totally unacceptable.

      The Non Governmental Organisations Bill seeks to ban foreign funding
to all approved NGOs. It will virtually shut down all NGOs involved in
governance and democracy issues.

      It establishes a council, handpicked by a minister, to approve and
register all NGOs that will be allowed to operate in Zimbabwe.

      Organisers said the protesters will also denounce the Zimbabwe
Electoral Commission Bill which paves way for the setting up of a commission
to run elections in the Zimbabwe.

      The opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) and civic society
groups have dismissed the proposed commission as a joke. They say it will
remain beholden to President Mugabe who appoints it.

      The National Association of Non-Governmental Organisations (NANGO),
which is organising the planned protests, urged MPs to completely reject the

      But that seems unlikely as the Bills require a simple parliamentary
majority to become law. ZANU PF MPs have already been whipped into line.

      President Mugabe told his ruling Zanu PF party's politburo meeting
last week that the NGO Bill had to pass at all costs as its passage would
ensure victory for Zanu PF in next March's parliamentary elections.

      But civic groups are not giving up.

      "This Bill must be opposed until we achieve something. It is therefore
necessary that NGOs and other members of the civil society unequivocally
make the statement to legislators when the House resumes sitting on
Tuesday," NANGO said.

      The MDC has vowed to do all it can to oppose the two Bills though its
chances of stopping their passage are limited. - ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Zimbabwe civic groups lobby their South African
Mon 4 October 2004

      PRETORIA - Top Zimbabwean politicians and civic society activists are
in Pretoria for a conference at which they hope to enlist the support of
South African civic society groups in lobbying for an environment conducive
to free and fair elections in Zimbabwe.

      The two-day conference, which opens today (Monday), is organised by
the South African Council of Churches (SACC) in partnership with Southern
African Catholic Bishops Conference (SACBC), Centre for Policy Studies
(CPS), the Institute for Democratic Alternatives in South Africa and the
Institute for Justice and Reconciliation (IJR).

      The conference opens at a time when President Robert Mugabe's
government has declared that Zimbabwe is not bound by recently agreed
Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) standards and norms on free and
fair elections.

      Leading lights in Zimbabwe's civic society and opposition political
circles were already in Pretoria last night. Justice Minister Patrick
Chinamasa was also expected in Pretoria  representing President Mugabe's
government while ZANU PF spokesman Nathan Shamuyarira is expected to
represent the ruling party.

      Zimbabwean civic society activists said last night they hoped to use
the conference to demonstrate how democratic space is being continually
eaten away on a daily basis in Zimbabwe. They said they hoped to engage
their South African counterparts and enlist
      their support in lobbying President Thabo Mbeki's government to help
foster electoral reforms in Zimbabwe.

      Molefe Tsele, the General Secretary of the SACC, said in a statement:
"The coming parliamentary elections in Zimbabwe offer a historic opportunity
to turn the course from an intractable stalemate towards a path of long-term
peace and stability."

      "As the South African Civil Society, we cannot afford the luxury of
ignoring the opportunity these elections offer to the people of Zimbabwe.
Through this conference, we hope an environment can be built for confidence
and participation in electoral processes
      and the lessons in Zimbabwe can be drawn to assist the region."

      He said the primary objective of the conference was to identify and
define how the South African community and the SADC region could support the
process of furthering democracy in Zimbabwe by building consensus on the
expected minimum standards for elections.

      The conference would examine and debate the various electoral reform
proposals put forward by key stakeholders in Zimbabwe, in the context of
both the current situation, the regional and international pronouncements
and benchmarks on electoral standards.

      But President Mugabe's government said it was not legally bound to
follow the electoral guidelines agreed at the SADC regional summit in
Mauritius in August because they were not law.

      "Why should we be following something from outside especially if it's
just guidelines? Why not insist on Zimbabwean laws, why not insist on
Zimbabwean rules," Mugabe's spokesman, Information Minister Jonathan Moyo,
was quoted as saying by AFP.

      The main opposition Movement for Democratic Change party has already
suspended participation in all elections until President Mugabe implements
the new SADC norms. - ZimOnline
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Zimbabwe, SA sign deal to halt exploitation of
immigrant farm workers
Mon 4 October 2004

      PRETORIA - Zimbabwe and South Africa have signed an agreement to end
the exploitation of illegal Zimbabwean migrant workers on South African

      South Africa's labour minister Membathisi Mdladlana acknowledged at
the weekend that the exploitation of Zimbabwean immigrant workers was a
widespread practice on South African farms. He said his ministry would  put
in place a mechanism for the recruitment of
      Zimbabweans to work on South African farms legally.

      Mdladlana accused mainly white South African farmers of hiring illegal
immigrants and giving them fake identity documents. The farmers often
threaten to deport the illegal immigrants during disputes over salaries and
working conditions.

      The latest agreement will eventually see the creation of an agency to
act as a recruitment centre for South African farmers looking for labour. It
is envisaged that Zimbabweans will also register at the agency for
employment on South African farms.

      Labour minister Paul Mangwana who signed the agreement on behalf of
Zimbabwe said: "We do not encourage our citizens to cross into South Africa
illegally. We want to put in place a mechanism to ensure that Zimbabweans
wanting to work in South Africa are properly

      There are over three million Zimbabweans living in South Africa with
an estimated 20 000, most of them illegal immigrants, working on the farms.

      Most of the illegal immigrants opt to eke out a living by providing
cheap labour on the farms after running away from economic hardships at
home. - ZimOnline

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Mnangagwa distances himself from Mawere
Mon 4 October 2004

      HARARE - Speaker of Parliament Emmerson Mnangagwa is breathing fire
over reports linking him to business mogul Mutumwa Mawere.

      He has begun to threaten newspapers with lawsuits unless they withdraw
reports that he was Mawere's godfather until they fell out recently and that
he is now behind the business mogul's woes.

      Mnangagwa has distanced himself from numerous Press reports linking
him to Mawere and refutes claims that he is in fact related to the business

      Mnangagwa has also vehemently rejected claims that he favoured Mawere
with government guarantees on which the latter built his vast business

      Several Press reports have suggested that Mawere is a close crony of
Mnangagwa and the two are in fact related. The reports, also carried by
ZimOnline, have said Mawere bought the Shabanie-Mashaba Mines in 1996 from a
government guarantee that he got while
      Mnangagwa was Acting Minister of Finance. Reports say Mnangagwa had
interests in the asbestos mines.

      Mnangagwa says this is all false.

      Mnangagwa partly bares his soul in a letter to Ibbo Mandaza, publisher
of the Mirror newspaper, which has also carried reports linking the
parliamentary speaker to Mawere. He threatened to sue the newspaper unless
it retracts all the statements it has published on the

      The Zimbabwe government unsuccessfully tried to have Mawere extradited
from South Africa to stand trial in Harare on allegations that he prejudiced
the state of $300 billion in revenue from his asbestos mines.

      A South African magistrate dismissed the government's application to
extradite the business mogul after finding the application faulty. Reports
have suggested that the government is pursuing Mawere after he fell out with
top politicians, who made him, mainly

      They portray Mawere as a victim of a political vendetta driven by the
parliamentary Speaker after their fall out.

      But in his first ever rebuttal of such allegations, Mnangagwa insists
that he has no links with Mawere and he is not at all related to him. He
denies claims that he has controlled interests in Mawere's mines and other

      He says he has also never discussed the financing of the ZANU PF
Congress with Mawere as claimed by reports which suggest that the
parliamentary speaker got very annoyed when Mawere turned down his requests
to fund the ZANU PF congress in December.

      Mnangagwa says he had at no stage discussed the conference with Mawere
and any suggestions that he is behind the businessman's troubles are totally
mischievous. He says he is not part of any scheme to destroy Mawere. -

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