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Blast at Zimbabwe's opposition offices, none injured - HARARE, Sept 12 (AFP)
Steaming oil prices leave Africa sweating - Reuters - Sep 11 2000 11:27AM ET
MDC News on Contested Seats - Gokwe North - 12 September 2000
MDC News on Contested Seats - Gokwe East - 12 September 2000

Blast at Zimbabwe's opposition offices, none injured

HARARE, Sept 12 (AFP) -

A hand grenade exploded late Monday at the headquarters of Zimbabwe's main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in Harare, shattering windows but injuring no one, security guards and party officials said Tuesday.

"I heard a big sound like a gun, all at once, and the windows fell out," said James Rupiya, one of two night guards who was there when the grenade exploded.

The grenade was thrown over the fence surrounding the building and landed on the brick courtyard at about 11:15 p.m., Rupiya and his colleague Marksom Ndebele said.

The blast blew out the glass in windows and doors in front of the building, and shattered one window of a car belonging to the party's director of security. The grenade left a small hole in the brick courtyard.

The grenade's pin was still resting on the car's hood early Tuesday, and police found bits of the grenade's shell scattered around the courtyard among the shards of glass.

Neither guard was hurt, and they said they were the only two people at the offices.

"It's getting out of hand now, it's really getting out hand," said MDC administrator David Chimhini, who was at the scene assessing the damage.

Chimhini said police told him they believed the grenade may have been old or somehow malfunctioning, because the blast was not as strong as it could have been.

Chimhini and the two guards said this was the first attack directly on the party's building, although individual party members have faced intimidation around the country and had their homes stoned.

The MDC took nearly half of all contested seats in parliamentary elections in June, following months of violence and intimidation directly mainly at opposition supporters.

Steaming oil prices leave Africa sweating

Reuters - Sep 11 2000 11:27AM ET

NAIROBI (Reuters) - While the world's big oil consumers gripe about high crude prices, it is African nations, least able to cough up the extra dollars, that are suffering most.

Sub-Saharan Africa actually produces more oil than it consumes, but most of the oil comes from just two countries -- Nigeria and Angola.

The majority of countries in the region are importers of oil and are highly exposed to hikes in oil prices -- many spending more than one third of their foreign exchange earnings on fuel imports.

``High oil prices are basically bad for Africa,'' said Brian Paxton, managing director of Mbendi, Pretoria-based publishers specializing in African business and trade.

``Some economies are falling apart because the import costs are just too much to bear.''

The decision at weekend by the oil producers' cartel OPEC to raise output by three percent failed to make a dent in oil prices which are still hovering around highs not seen since the 1990 Gulf crisis.

At some $33 a barrel, prices are more than three times what they were two-and-a-half years ago.


Zimbabwe's state oil procurer last week hiked fuel prices for the fourth time this year, raising the price of paraffin -- used by the bulk of the urban poor -- by more than 100 percent and gasoline by 45 percent.

Zimbabwe's fuel crisis -- blamed as much on government mismanagement as rising oil prices -- has threatened the viability of several industries and has deepened the country's worst economic crisis since independence.

Tiny Uganda's oil import bill has jumped by some 30 percent in the last year to $140 million, an expense it could ill-afford as the price of coffee, the country's main export commodity, fell.

The combination meant that Uganda missed its economic growth target by two percentage points this year, while neighboring Rwanda, whose economy has barely recovered from civil war, is also suffering.

``The oil price rise is affecting growth, because most of our industries here use oil, especially diesel. The trucks that bring us all our goods use diesel,'' said Jean-Bosco Iyadema, a senior official at Rwanda's Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

As in Europe, where truckers and motorists have protested against rising fuel prices, Rwandan consumers are becoming increasingly disgruntled.

``Of course we're upset. It's hard to raise prices in a country where there is no money,'' said Jean-Pierre Sagahutu, a taxi driver in the capital Kigali.

``Our customers think we're greedy. They call us thieves, but it's not our fault. It's a problem of petrol.''


In war-torn Angola, sub-Saharan Africa's second-leading oil producer, soaring world prices mean little to people on the crumbling streets of the capital Luanda.

The country produces a hefty 780,000 barrels per day (bpd) -- a figure which is set to double over the next two years as new Atlantic prospects become available.

But Angolans still face high prices and long lines at the pumps. Earlier this year, the government removed subsidies on fuel -- stoking prices by a whopping 1,600 percent overnight.

``Even in the producer nations the efficiencies are so poor that you won't see these higher revenues benefiting the people,'' said Paxton.

``There are too many sticky fingers, too many ways for the money to get diverted before it can be plowed back into the economy.''

Nigeria, by far the region's biggest producer, was long seen as the place where powerful multinationals and corrupt politicians skimmed off oil riches and left the poor with nothing.

But now with a new democratic government, the 2 million bpd producer could be the only country in the region where high oil prices spell good news.

Revenues have exceeded expectations, the local currency has strengthened, the cost of living for ordinary Nigerians has fallen and ambitious infrastructure programs are expected to create thousands of new jobs.

MDC News on Contested Seats - Gokwe North

12 September 2000

Hello there,

From now on we will give you summaries on all the sits being contested.

Below is the one for Gokwe North:




a) Many cases of beating and severe intimidation
b) MDC campaign team member Wonder Manhango abducted by ZanuPF led by Mr.Karonga.   His legs were broken, his head bashed in with a hoe handle and he was castrated with a cattle castrater.
c) Houses searched and destroyed by known ZanuPF members..
d) The petitioners house was invaded and a rally held by ZanuPF in his house, raising a ZanuPF flag above it

a) Many voters denied access to polling stations.
b) ZanuPF members actively campaigning within 100 metres of the polling station.
c) Only 12 out of 38 polling stations did not refuse MDC polling agents to enter.

Petition filed on the 26th of July 2000
Sureties forms signed and forms filed
Service on the ZANU(PF) candidate


MDC Support Centre
8th Floor, Gold Bridge


Guqula Izenzo/Maitiro Chinja

"The rule of law should not be applied selectively" (Morgan Tsvangirayi)

MDC News on Contested Seats - Gokwe East

12 September 2000

Here is the second installment of our legal challege update--a summary of the Gokwe East Election Petition.




Cited cases include:-
a) Death of Wonder Manhango after an attack by a group of youths wearing ZanuPF T-shirts.
b) Mr. Josiah Matupire, MDC activist attacked by assailants wearing ZanuPF and the respondents T-shirts.
c) Numerous other attacks on MDC members, causing bodily harm, destroying property, destroying grinding mills, putting sugar in the fuel tank of a grinding mill motor.  Acts performed by known and identified members of  ZanuPF.

a) Numerous MDC polling agents refused entry into the polling stations.
b) Campaigning within the 100 metre radius by ZanuPF.
c) Known and feared war veterans permitted to sit at the entrance to polling stations.
d) Postal votes from a disused Fifth brigade army barracks in Gokwe.
e) Confiscation of  Identity documents from suspected MDC members by ZanuPF members.

Petition filed on the 26th of July 2000
Sureties forms signed and forms filed
Service on Registrar General and the ZANU(PF) candidate

Keep up the support!


MDC Support Centre
8th Floor, Gold Bridge


Guqula Izenzo/Maitiro Chinja

"The rule of law should not be applied selectively" (Morgan Tsvangirayi)

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Farm Invasions Update

11th September 2000

Notice to all recipients:

The compilation of the CFU national sitrep has been handed over to the newly
appointed Deputy Director (Admin and Projects), Malcolm Vowles.  The staff
that have managed the Information Room over the past seven months, notably
Steve Crawford and Louli Capatos, have done a sterling job.  Since both
these members of staff are from the CFU Technical Team, they have returned
to their normal duties to deal with the lead-up to the new agricultural

The frequency of the national sitreps has been reduced to three times a
week - Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

We apologise for the inauspicious start to the hand-over, with the first
sitrep "under new management"  being dispatched one day late!  We are also
aware of the unacceptable delay between dispatch and receipt for many of our
recipients.  We are in the process of investigating the technical reasons
for this delay.


Widespread incidents of work stoppages, fence-cutting, tree-cutting,
deliberate fires and poaching are reported from most provinces.
  a.. In an interesting development, local war vet leadership in Victory
Block (Mashonaland Central) are openly voicing their disenchantment with
their leadership.
  b.. In Chakari/Chegutu, police have charged a war veteran for the assault
of a worker and a new tactic was "revealed" when six unidentified men
indecently exposed themselves to a farmer's wife.
  c.. There are several work stoppages and two cases of destruction of
tobacco ridges in Mashonaland East.  The owner of Blackfordby Farm was
ordered by a delegation of 400 to vacate within seven days.  In Macheke /
Virginia, occupiers have disregarded the withdrawal of the Compulsory
Acquisition Order on Castledene Pines and have threatened to destroy the
farm if it is not vacated by the 17th September.
No reports were received from Mashonaland West (North), Manicaland, Midlands
and Matabeleland.


Mashonaland Central
Centenary: Occupiers started a fire on Mavhuradonha Farm - a lodge was burnt
down as a consequence.
Victory Block: War vet Kangachepi has indicated his disenchantment with the
war vet and Zanu PF leadership and that continued harassment of farmers was
futile.  Villagers who were assembled at Under Cragg Farm to register for
resettlement allegedly expressed an opinion that a resettlement programme
without adequate resources would be futile. The mood of disenchantment was
re-inforced by resident youths on Mutendamambo Farm. Deliberate fires
continue to be a problem, with no decisive response from the Police.
Tsatsi: War vet Majuru has attempted to prevent owner of Barwick "K " from
ridging. War vets have brought their own tractor and have began ploughing on
Good Hope Farm.
Mutepatepa: A giraffe was poached on Piedmont Farm.
Mazowe/Concession: War vets have held meetings on various farms. There has
been a large build up of numbers on Glenara Estates.

Mashonaland West (South)

Chakari/Chegutu: The owner of Milanwood Farm was threatened by war vets for
reporting continuous fence cutting to the police. Following a warning by
police at Farnham Farm that occupiers should desist from fence cutting, a
worker, who was suspected of reporting the fence cutting, was assaulted.
Police have charged the war veteran concerned with common assault.  On the
same farm, a group of six men indecently exposed themselves to the owner's
wife when she slowed down to record the registration number of a suspicious
vehicle. Fences on Ranwick Farm have also been cut.
Kadoma: The house on Rockbar has been stripped of roofing, windows and
doors, but there are no clear suspects.

Mashonaland East
Beatrice: Occupiers have ploughed a prepared maize land on New Retreat Farm.
War vets visited Herue Farm  to notify the owner that they would commence
pegging next week.  A group of 30 - 40 vets were seen pegging on Sweden Farm
and Zanka Farm had two new houses built on it.
Harare South: Work is still at a standstill at Stoneridge Farm and all
ridges have been destroyed. On Saturday 9th September a delegation of about
400 invaders ordered the owner of Blackfordby Farm and his family to vacate
within seven days. The owner was informed that if he dropped extortion
charges against Douglas Mahiya, disruption would stop.  Building of huts,
wells and toilets continues at Amalinda Farm.  Over 300 ha of land has been
decimated by invaders. A resident occupier on Amalinda has applied to the
City of Harare for provision of services on a portion of the farm he claims
the owner has given to him.
Wedza: Poaching continues to escalate. Police have been informed about
positively identified suspects.
Enterprise/Bromley/Ruwa: The war vets are meeting with the DA and others
today. Work has been stopped on Middleton Farm and occupiers continue to
construct huts on a prepared land.
Macheka/Virginia: On Castledene Pines, where the Acquisition Order has been
revoked, the occupiers have threatened to destroy the farm if it is not
vacated by the 17th September 2000. The War Vets have ordered the owner to
pay off the entire labour force. War vets are also incensed that a security
guard arrested their colleague for fish poaching.  25 bags of fertiliser
were found concealed on Lowlands Farm.

Masvingo East and Central Area: Veld fires, started at invader base camps,
continue unabated on farms east of Masvingo.
Mwenezi Area: Police are making an effort to contain tree-cutting, which is
ongoing on at least four properties.


For feedback and comments on the format and content of the CFU Farm
Invasions Update, contact Malcolm Vowles (Deputy Director - Admin &
Projects) on Harare 309800 or e-mail ddap@cfu.co.zw
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