The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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New Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe police chief warns Mugabe militias

By Staff Reporter
Last updated: 09/17/2004 11:53:15
ZIMBABWE'S police chief has fired a rare warning at ruling Zanu PF militants
and publicly rebuked a Cabinet minister for leading a reign of terror in

In a rare attack on the culture of violence which Zimbabwean authorities
have previously sought to deny, police commissioner Augustine Chihuri said
his force had received a clear instruction from President Robert Mugabe to
clamp down on violence.

It was not possible to immediately establish whether Chihuri would proceed
to implement his new policy of zero tolerance on ruling party militants who
have been accused of terrorising opposition activists by internmational
human rights groups and the opposition.

Chihuri's tough line comes hot on the heels of the adoption of new Sadc
election guidelines by Zimbabwe to ensure a free and fair election during
the parliamentary polls in March next year.

"Members of the ZRP are under instruction from the Politiburo (Zanu PF's
supreme decision making body) to have zero tolerance of any situation or
activities which they perceive as contributing to violence," Chihuri told
the official Herald newspaper on Friday.

"As we proceed towards the 2005 parliamentary elections, there have already
been acts of inter and intra-party political violence in parts of the
country. We implore Zanu PF political aspirants to campaign peacefully and
direct their supporters to do the same. At the same time, peace-loving
citizens are urged to separate themselves from Zanu PF thugs and groups of
war veteran criminals," added Chihuri.

Hed reserved his harshest criticism for Corruption Minister Didymus Mutasa
whom the Herald describes as going "beserk" in Makoni where he is
campaigning to represent Zanu PF at the March polls. The paper adds that he
has a "new found love of karate sidekicks" who are allegedly terrorising
Mutasa's Zanu PF challengers ahead of primary elections.

Chihuri threatened to unleash Chimanimani MP Roy Bennett on Mutasa, an
apparent tongue-in-cheek reference to a brawl in Parliament two months ago
during which Mutasa was felled by Bennett after a physical brawl involving
Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa.

Chihuri revealed that several Zanu PF youths had been arrested since the
start of the year, with eight being picked up since the beginning of this
month for committing acts of violence.

"Let me categorically restate that any type of violence will not be condoned
in the country. The police will strive to ensure that despite political
tensions being fomented by some individual politicians, peace-loving
citizens will be able to go about their lawful day-to-day activities
unhindered," he warned.

The new Sadc guidelines to dictate election procedures among Sadc countries
were designed to ensure full participation of citizens in the electoral
process, freedom of association, political tolerance and regular elections
as provided for by national constitutions.

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New Zimbabwe

Political patronage threatens Zimbabwe's mines

By Ray Matikinye
Last updated: 09/17/2004 10:19:44
BULAWAYO- Forty-five kilometers east of Masvingo, the first settler town in
Zimbabwe lies one of the two mines that produced a fifth of the world's
finest chrysotile asbestos.

Almost equidistant from a mine which employs 1 900 workers at Mashava, lies
yet another asbestos mine in Zvishavane, where close to 3 500 are employed.
Both mines had, with a good measure of success, withered the storm of an
international call to ban the mineral blamed for causing asbestosis.

Both mines symbolized the groundbreaking of an indigenous entrepreneur into
the mining sector too.

Yet again both mines share an identical fate. They are emblematic of
Zimbabwe's skewed indigenization policy. They amply illustrate how the
country's indigenization programme has faltered on its test-run owing to the
pitfalls of political patronage.

The saga surrounding the two mines seems to prove true that ageless adage:
"A mine is a hole in the ground with a fool at the bottom and a liar at the

Gutsy entrepreneur, Mutumwa Mawere took over the twin mines in 1994 after
President Mugabe put on the kibosh on Zanu PF kingmaker and former army
general Solomon Mujuru's bid for Zimbabwe chrome producer, Zimbabwe Mining
and Steel Company (ZIMASCO).

The media crowed after the acquisition of Shabanie and Mashaba Mines (SMM,)
hailing Mawere's business deal as "a first in post independent Zimbabwe in
line with government's indigenization policy."

Over time the acquisition has become an icon for how the indigenization
thrust could be easily swindled by those with connections in high places, as
has been custom with all other purported attempts at empowering Zimbabwean
indigenous people.

Mawere's case is also illustrative. It illustrates how the bigwigs in Zanu
PF are intolerant of cronies and protégés they deem to have prospered and
flourished beyond their initial expectations.

Mawere became an instant business mogul acquiring diverse businesses that
ranged from bolt manufacturing, steel works, agricultural concerns, retail
outlets and established a bank not much out of business acumen or
entrepreneurial skills but out of exploiting an indigenization program
steeped in political patronage.

Now the businessman has become a fugitive, running away from a collapsing
empire in a proverbial case of having two many pokers in the fire.

Unlike, his other Zimbabwean business peers who have made South Africa and
other countries in the diaspora their home after fleeing political
persecution for spurning political sponsorship, Mawere ran with the hares
and hunted with the hounds. He profited from Zanu PF patronage system to
build a vast business empire in record time.

At a time when government made it mandatory that all minerals be marketed
through the Minerals Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe (MMCZ), Mawere was
allowed to market his own product outside the parastatal. He always asserted
he was a businessman, not a politician although he benefited immensely from
political connections to secure bank loans in scarce foreign currency.

His business empire allegedly owed the state $350 billion.

A South African company under his belt also allegedly owes US$18 million in
unremitted proceeds from the sale of asbestos outside the MMC.

Mawere's fortunes turned for the worse when he looked down on a junior post
in Masvingo Zanu PF provincial executive. A fortnight after doing so, hordes
of militant Zanu PF youths invaded one of his empire's farms claiming they
were land-short. Observers said Mawere saw ugly side of his mentors and

But Mawere's ill luck has given Mugabe a plum excuse to fulfill his desire
to partially nationalize the mining sector. This is despite a record
littered with failures when he formed the Zimbabwe Mining Development
Corporation to initiate state entry into the mining sector. Mines such as
Kamativi, and Mangura under the ZMDC stable have closed down, making
thousands of workers jobless.

Mugabe says his government is not going to seize the mines arbitrary but
will negotiate with the owners for a major shareholding in those mines. "We
are going to demand that government be given 50 per cent shares in the
mines. We cannot recognize absolute ownership of our resources. That must be

Mining is one of Zimbabwe's most vital economic sectors, and one of the few
sources of foreign currency left in the midst of an economic crisis
following the collapse of the once robust agricultural industry.

UZ's Graduate School of Business and Management analyst, Prof Tony Hawkins,
said Mugabe's remarks were damaging to the economy. "These statements do not
inspire confidence, and are damaging to the economy," Hawkins said.Zimbabwe
has a wide range of minerals and was a major world producer of gold,
diamonds, platinum, chrome, asbestos and lithium. Until the last four years
when production plummeted.

According to mining experts the country used to be the continent's third
largest producer of gold, after SA and Ghana, but output has since dropped
from 30 tons a year to 12 tons last year. Gold mining is, however,
recovering thanks to a number of incentives introduced by Zimbabwe's central
bank and is expected to produce an output of 22 tons this year.

International mining consultant John Hollaway said: "Every time the
government gets involved in the mining industry, it loses."

It still remains to be seen whether the age-old adage about mines being a
holes in the ground with fools at the bottom and liars at the top will
withstand the test of time.
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Grieving Zimbabwean family may be forced to leave

15.09.2004 - Hawkes Bay Today

The Hawke's Bay Zimbabwean migrant family that lost its father and husband
in a road crash on Monday may be forced to leave the country under New
Zealand immigration laws.
Leon Oosthuizen, 44, was killed instantly when the van he was driving was
involved in a collision with a truck on Pakowhai Road.
Mr Oosthuizen, his wife Margie, and their four young children Lendl, 17,
Jessica, 14, Hannah, 11 and Byron, 8, arrived in Hawke's Bay in February
last year and bought the Redskins Nursery between Clive and Hastings five
months later.
Mr and Mrs Oosthuizen had 12-month work permits. The four children had
student visas.
In July last year the Oosthuizens applied for a long-term business visa, the
first step to gaining residency in New Zealand.
The family's visa application was declined three times before being finally
accepted in June this year.
Ron Massey, economic development manager for Napier City Council, met the
Oosthuizens in May and helped them prepare a business plan and their
successful visa application.
A long-term business visa is obtained by a person who can show he or she is
making "reasonable progress in setting up their business". If the visa is
approved the applicant will be granted a work permit that expires after nine
months. Before the nine months expires the applicant can apply for a further
work permit to take his or her stay up to a total of three years.
As the long-term business visa expires the visa holder can apply for
"If they're declined they're supposed to leave. Where are they supposed to
go? Effectively these people are refugees. And the Oosthuizens are not
alone," Mr Massey said.
Mr Massey said it may be possible for Mrs Oosthuizen to apply to become the
family's principal applicant and continue to run the business.
"If she did that I think she'd bolt in," Mr Massey said, "but if, for some
reason she cannot carry on the business, it could be a different story".
"I remember Leon telling me 'I've lost 20 years of my life and I've got some
catching up to do'. He was like a bull at a gate. A marvellous guy. I'll be
there for Margie and the kids and I will make sure everything works out for
them," Mr Massey said.
A friend of the Oosthuizens, and another Zimbabwean migrant, Serge de la
Rey, said there was no way back for Zimbabweans.
"Zimbabwe was not a liveable place anymore. In Zimbabwe we had the joke:
what is the difference between the Titanic and Zim? Answer: there is none
except that they had electricity on the Titanic," Mr de la Rey said.
"Zimbabwe is a sunken ship. There is no future and no way back and we as
Zimbabwean immigrants are ... shipwrecked. For Leon New Zealand was not just
a chance, it was a conscious choice,as it was for all of us," he said.
Mr de la Rey said New Zealand was the better for having the Oosthuizens, a
hard-working and loving family that had made several contributions to the
Hawke's Bay community in just the 18 months they had been here.
"Margie is among other things a PTA member of both St Patrick's School and
Sacred Heart College. But now not only the breadwinner is gone but also the
principal applicant for the permit to stay and work in New Zealand has
vanished. Margie and the children face an uncertain future. What if the NZ
Immigration authorities don't see the case? Where could they go?" Mr de la
Rey said.
"The support from ex-Zimbabweans/South Africans, the parishoners from St
Pat's, Thomas More and St Mary's, the ACC and all the other new Kiwi friends
alike - is overwhelming. It shows the network that the Oosthuizens have
built over the past few months and how much they are loved and appreciated
by all people they have met," he said.
Zimbabwean Simmy Knott, who settled in Hawke's Bay with her husband Mike and
their family in 2002, said returning to Zimbabwe "would not be an option" if
the Oosthuizen family were forced to leave New Zealand. "I would say that
it's not an option for the family - they would not be able to afford to go
back" she said. Mrs Knott said inflation in Zimbabwe was now running at more
than 600 percent, making it extremely costly for Margie and her children to
set up a new life. "Even if they were allowed back in, they wouldn't be able
to have a life really."
The New Zealand Immigration Service was unavailable for comment at the time
of going to press.
A date has yet to be set for Mr Oosthuizen's funeral.
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JAG JOB OPPORTUNITIES: Updated 16th September 2004

Please send any classified adverts for publication in this newsletter to:
JAG Job Opportunities

1.  Advert Received 10th September 2004


1. Lady Cashier for city restaurant - open 6 days a week - must have
experience of stock control.
2.Domestic/Gardner single accommodation available - Avondale area
MUST HAVE traceable references.

Telephone 091 311 251. (9 am - 4:00pm)

2.  Advert Received 11th September 2004

Teaching opportunity at Once Upon a Time Nursery School

Once Upon a Time Nursery School is looking for a lovely, fun-loving but
gentle, qualified Infants or Junior School trained teacher for January
2005. We would also be interested if you are a Nursery School trained

We are all ex-teachers and work well together. It is a very happy school
and we are well equipped and have a good infrastructure. We provide a well
organized working environment and good conditions of service.

The school has four classes and the teacher who we need to replace is
emigrating at the end of the year. We are trying to find the right lady,
one who is dedicated and enthusiastic in her approach.

We try to match the pay package to that of teachers at Infant and Junior
School level at any of the private schools.

This is an ideal job, if you have small children, or if you are looking for
total job satisfaction.

Please phone Rosy van der Westhuizen (Headmistress) 091 216 730
                     or Andy Kristiansen (mother)
091 315 455
                     or School premises (answer/fax)

3.  Advert Received 14th September 2004

Farm Manager Wanted
Area: Wedza
Tobacco, Maize and labour handling skills essential.
Package highly negotiable depending on skills and experience.
Traceable references preferred.
Interested parties to contact : (022) 2054 (Farm office)
                                            (022) 2449 (Lodge office)

4.  Advert Received 15th September 2004

Vacancy for Safari Camp Manager
Situated in Matabeleland
Mature husband and wife couple
Sober habits, self disciplined and self motivated
Regular visitors include schoolchildren requiring exposure
to life skills training, team building courses and leadership skills
On site accommodation
Stable position, comfortable living environment

Interested applicants please contact (in the first instance)
Debby Nicholl on 04 498264 / 442872 or e-mail your contact details
including landline, cellphone and e-mail address
My e mail contact address is

5.  Advert Received 16th September 2004

 Jane Swanepoel - Executive Assistant
 (Recently returned from overseas)

 30 years working experience, seeking employment in Msasa /Greendale / N.
suburbs - mornings only if possible!

Computer literate - Windows (Word, Excel, etc). Administration / sales /
marketing / advertising / PR Basic bookkeeping (Pastel or manual) banking,
cash book / TB, petty cash, salaries, wages. Efficient, reliable,
hardworking and enjoys a challenge. Copy of CV available when required.
Please call Jane on 4-492566 or 091-301125 or e-mail private address
For the latest listings of accommodation available for farmers, contact
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Zim Online

Fri 17 September 2004

      HARARE - Sanctions have crippled the Zimbabwe Defence Forces with the
force unable to buy spares for equipment purchased from Western countries,
the government said this week.

      Most of the weapons and equipment used by Zimbabwe's air force and
army were bought from Western countries that have imposed targeted sanctions
against the Zimbabwe government. The defence forces also inherited a huge
Western-manufactured arsenal at independence in 1980.

      Ministry of Defence deputy secretary for policy and procurement Mike
Tichafa Karakadzai said: "We have been affected by sanctions like most local
industries because most of our equipment was acquired from the West. We
cannot get spares or after sales service for all this equipment."

      The European Union, United States, Switzerland, Australia and Canada
have banned military sales to Zimbabwe over Harare's failure to uphold human
rights, democracy and its controversial land policies.

      The Western countries have also banned President Robert Mugabe and top
officials of his government from visiting their territories.

      Karakadzai said Western arms manufacturers had undertook to provide
back-up services and spares but were now unable to do so because of the
sanctions imposed on the country.

      Zimbabwe's army is said to have lost weapons and equipment worth
billions of dollars in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where it was
helping that country's government fight off an armed rebellion that was
backed by Uganda and Rwanda.

      Krakadzai said in the meantime the force had used proceeds from United
Nations peace-keeping missions to purchase vehicles from Japan, which has
not imposed sanctions on Harare. ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Grain Marketing Board receives paltry 298 000 tonnes of maize from farmers
Fri 17 September 2004

      HARARE - Zimbabwe's Grain Marketing Board this week said it had so far
received only 298 000 tonnes of maize from farmers, more than three months
after harvesting was completed.

      Zimbabwe requires 1.8 million tonnes of maize to carry it through to
the next harvest in March. By this time the state-run Board, which under the
law is the only institution allowed to trade in staple food crops such as
maize and wheat, should have collected more than twice the amount it says it
has in its granaries.

      Board chief executive officer Samuel Muvuti last Wednesday told
Parliament's Portfolio Committee on Lands and Agriculture that he was
hopeful farmers will deliver more maize. But he refused to give assurance to
the committee that there will be enough food for the country.

      Muvuti said: "Our reserves currently have 298 000 tonnes of grain but
we are still expecting more. I can't assure anything on the issue of the
country's food security. It is not the role of the GMB. All I can say is
that the situation looks hopeful."

      The parliamentary committee is probing Zimbabwe's food situation after
the government and international and local food relief groups gave
conflicting figures about agricultural production last season.

      President Robert Mugabe and his government, who have told food aid
groups to take their help elsewhere, say the country will harvest 2.4
million tonnes of maize.

      The United Nations' World Food Programme (WFP), whose crop assessment
team was kicked out of Zimbabwe in May, says despite improved harvests this
year, 2.5 million Zimbabweans will still require food aid. Another food
security agency, the Southern African Food Survey, said Zimbabwe would
harvest only about 900 000 tonnes of maize this year, which is far less than
the quantities required to feed the country.

      The government's Central Statistical Office (CSO) has also said the
country will harvest about 500 000 tonnes of maize.

      ZANU PF legislator and chairman of the parliamentary committee, Daniel
Mackenzie Ncube, yesterday refused to divulge details of his committee's
findings on the country's food situation.

      He told ZimOnline: "We will submit our report next month when the
house convenes and that is after compiling all the information regarding
seeds and hectarage for last year. We have assessed the situation all over
the country and have established the real position (regarding food
security)." ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Government grabs giant sugar estate
Fri 17 September 2004

      HARARE - The Zimbabwe government has gazetted for acquisition,
Mkwasine Estate, which is jointly owned by South Africa's Anglo American
Corporation and Tongaat Hullet.

      The 11 500 hectare sugar estate was issued with a Section 8 order on
July 23. The order gives management and staff at the estate 90 days to wind
up operations and vacate the property.

      Mkwasine, which is tucked in Zimbabwe's sugar growing south eastern
lowveld, was last month also issued with a Section 7 order, which allows
owners of the estate permission to contest in court the government's bid to
take over the property.

      Anglo owns a stake in Mkwasine through its Zimbabwean subsidiary,
Hippo Valley Estates, while Tongaat is represented through its local
subsidiary, Triangle Ltd.

      Hippo Valley, which also grows sugar, was already under a Section 5
order, which is a formal notice by the government that it wants to acquire
the property under its land redistribution programme.

      Anglo's chairman in Zimbabwe, Godfrey Gomwe, said in a statement:
"Hippo Valley Estates remains listed under Section 5 but representations
with the relevant authorities to secure a de-listing of both properties
(Hippo and Mkwasine) are ongoing."

      Gomwe said Anglo was taking appropriate legal action to prevent the
government from acquiring its properties. He did not elaborate.

      No comment on the matter was available from Tongaat. Mkwasine, which
at the moment has 4 600 hectares under sugarcane, produces between 475 000
and 500 000 tonnes of cane ever year. The cane is grown under irrigation.

      Although the government initially said it was not going to seize
timber, tea and sugar estates, it appears to have backtracked on the promise
with several estates now targeted for acquisition by the state.

      Agricultural production in Zimbabwe has fallen by 60 percent in the
last three years largely because of the government's land reform programme
where black peasant farmers were resettled on former white-owned farms with
no resources or skills to maintain production. ZimOnline
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Zim Online

SA to tighten law on mercenary activities
Fri 17 September 2004

      JOHANNESBURG - South Africa will amend its Foreign Military Assistance
Act to ban its citizens from working in any capacity for mercenary

      The Act, passed in 1988, already bars South Africans from working as
soldiers for mercenary firms. The proposed changes to the law will prohibit
South Africans from taking up even menial jobs such as working as drivers or
cooking staff for mercenary companies.

      A draft of the amendments will be submitted to Parliament's portfolio
committee on defence, chaired by academic, Kader Asmal.

      South African citizens, mostly remnants of the former apartheid army's
32 Battalion, have wrecked havoc across Africa working as soldiers of
fortune in most of the continent's hot spots.

      Earlier this year, a mini-army of 70 mercenaries, all of them either
South African citizens or holders of that country's passports, were arrested
in Zimbabwe on their way to Equatorial Guinea to topple that country's
President Teodoro Obiang Mbasogo.

      The men have since been sentenced to jail in Harare while another 12
of their colleagues who were arrested in Equatorial Guinea are on trial
there. ZimOnline

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Highway Africa to Table African Media Position Statement

Highway Africa News Agency (Grahamstown)

September 16, 2004
Posted to the web September 16, 2004

Emrakeb Assefa

Over 350 journalists, media workers and public relations practitioners
gathered in Grahamstown, South Africa, for the 8th Highway Africa Conference
are expected to come up with a strong statement on Africa's media position
on the Information Society by Saturday.

The statement will present the African media position on the Declaration of
Principles and Action Plan of the first phase of the World Summit on
Information Society (WSIS), held in December 2003 in Geneva, Switzerland.

Tambu Madzimure, a representative of South African Communications for
Development (SACOD) and one of the delegates responsible for drafting the
statement, said both documents had not given enough attention to the "power
media have in developing an inclusive Information Society that looks into
the needs of African issues".

She noted that African position had been under-represented during the Geneva
WSIS Phase because of financial constraints and that the Tunisia phase of
the WSIS was bound to be similar. She said, "Our position is always taken up
by others on our behalf, without our presence."

Highway Africa aims to change that. "We believe that this conference, as the
largest gathering of African journalists, provides all those media
practitioners who cannot afford to attend big summits a chance to put across
their inputs on the Information Society," Madzimure said.

Chris Kabwato, director of Highway Africa, contends that the key role media
play in the bridging of the digital divide between the developed and
developing world and in achieving an inclusive global Information Society
was not given "due recognition" during the WSIS Geneva.

Kabwato said the media group at the Geneva Summit was "crying for
recognition" of their key role in the development of an Information Society.

Despite heated debate, however, the media's role had been "watered down",
from that of being a stakeholder like governments, business and civil
society, to that of playing an "essential role in the development of
Information Society," said Kabwato.

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Reflections On WSIS (news Analysis)

Highway Africa News Agency (Grahamstown)

September 16, 2004
Posted to the web September 16, 2004

David Musoke

The United Nation's World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in Geneva
attracted about 175 political leaders, but only a small percentage of these
came from Africa.

Some 4900 representatives of 660 NGOs and more than 600 business
representatives also joined the Summit, again with little representation
from Africa.

Despite the poor showing, Africa's needs were discussed and debated on a
variety of platforms. According to Emrakeb Assefa, an Ethiopian journalist
who covered the Geneva summit with the Highway Africa News Agency (HANA),
"Africa's agenda was motivated by the fact that the information revolution
has bypassed millions of Africa's population, creating a digital divide that
has hindered development".

Kofi Annan, the UN Secretary-General, said during WSIS that this gap will
not disappear on its own unless Africans are directly involved in WSIS

So did Africa make any juicy deals from Geneva, or was it just a PR
exercise? Steven Lang, executive producer with the South African
Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) is sceptical.

"[Africa's position] was OK you are the rich guys, and we are the poor guys.
Here are our issues. So what are you going to do for us now?" Lang explains.

"And even if the North considered the South, some Africa governments are so
suspicious of this 'new media' and 'information society' thing. They
interpret it as control," added Lang.

However, Chris Kabwato, director of Highway Africa, is more optimistic,
saying he does not agree that WSIS was a mere talk shop. "Of course it
wasn't just talk," he says. "Think of WSIS as an agenda-setting function,
where Africans lobby for critical Information Communication Technologies
(ICT) issues."

The flourishing of the dotcom environment and the massive use of wireless
technology mean issues like Internet governance, and who should own and
manage financial mechanisms to develop potential Third World ICT
infrastructures, still top the post-WSIS agenda.

Africa, led by Senegal, proposed the idea of the Digital Solidarity Fund
(DSF) to help poorer nations expand their information economies.

Backed by some of Africa's poorest nations, the DSF was one of the major
sources of conflict at the WSIS and discussion of the issue was postponed to
the second phase in Tunisia.

Despite this development, the post-Geneva months have seen many ICT
activities born in Africa. Earlier this year, the Commonwealth
Telecommunications Organisation (CTO) came up with the Nairobi Accord to
encourage all involved in the WSIS process to familiarise themselves with
the requirements of the Action Plan.

WSIS Youth Nigeria, an electronic platform for Nigerian and other West
African youths participating in WSIS, has been created.

The second phase of this summit is expected to have a bigger African
representation. It will be hosted by Tunisia, with emphasis on assessing the
progress made on the developmental issues that Africa forwarded and adopting
any further plan of action.

While opinions about the value of WSIS vary, the next few months will see
Africa's initiatives being measured by its congruence with post-WSIS global
public opinion.
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The Herald

Zim, China sign agreement

Herald Reporter
ZIMBABWE and China have signed a co-operation agreement under which the
Asian country has pledged to further strengthen economic co-operation and
explore new areas to consolidate the two countries' good relations.

The agreement was signed on Monday by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cde
Stan Mudenge and that country's Minister of Commerce, Mr Bo Xilai at the end
of the Sixth Session of the Joint Commission on Economic, Technical and
Trade Co-operation between the two countries in Beijing.

Cde Mudenge is leading a high level multi-sectoral delegation comprising of
four Cabinet ministers, senior bankers and other senior Government

Foreign Affairs spokesperson Mrs Paverline Musaka said the discussions
focussed on the projects identified by the two countries as critical to
enhance economic co-operation.

She said the two sides reaffirmed their commitment to further strengthen
bilateral co-operation particularly in the mining, agriculture, transport,
communications health education energy and power development and the
manufacturing sector.

The Chinese government, Mrs Musaka said, reiterated its commitment to assist
Zimbabwe with technical assistance and expertise, much needed in
transforming the agricultural sector and to provide training and create the
framework for increased investment and trade between the two countries.

Both sides expressed full satisfaction with the outcome of the Joint

Cde Mudenge is being accompanied by the Ministers of Agriculture and Rural
Development, Cde Joseph Made, Minister of Energy and Power Development, Cde
July Moyo, Minister of Transport and Communication, Cde Chris Mushowe,
Deputy Minister of Finance Cde David Chapfika, Reserve Bank Governor Dr
Gideon Gono and other senior Government officials.

Zimbabwe and China enjoy bilateral relations which date back to the
liberation struggle which brought Zimbabwe's independence.

The Asian country gave Zimbabwe technical and moral support during that

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The Herald

Detractors unhappy with land reforms: Msika

Herald Reporter
ZIMBABWE is going through difficult times caused by the country's detractors
unhappy with its land reforms, Vice-President Cde Msika said yesterday.

He said this when he met visiting Angolan Minister of Social Communications
Mr Hendrik Vaal Neto at his Munhumutapa office in Harare.

Cde Msika said the detractors, who include former colonial power Britain,
were working through the local opposition, the MDC.

Mr Neto later told journalists that his discussions with Cde Msika centred
on a number of issues, including co-operation in the field of information.

Zimbabwe and Angola on Wednesday signed a Memorandum of Understanding to
enhance co-operation in the field of communication.

The agreement entails the promotion of co-operation in social communication,
development policies that include the harmonisation of laws and instruments
in means of communication, content production and development of the
investment regime in communication between the two countries.

Mr Neto said there was a need to strengthen links between the two countries,
especially in the field of communication, which he described as the best
tool to have "our people informed".

He also briefed Cde Msika on the reconstruction of Angola whose
infrastructure was destroyed during nearly three decades of civil war.

He said co-operation with Zimbabwe in the reconstruction process was greatly

Angolan ambassador to Zimbabwe Mr Joaquim Delemos said the MOU on
information was of crucial importance because exchanges in information would
help demystify a lot of negative things said about the region.

He said there was a deliberate ploy to distort reality by the Western media
to fulfil selfish interests.

Mr Neto was accompanied by the Minister of State for Information and
Publicity Professor Jonathan Moyo, who later saw him off to the airport.

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From The Financial Mail (SA), 10 September

Holding operation till polling day

By Own Correspondent

Though the banner headline in the state-owned Herald newspaper, "Fuel queues
resurface", may well prove little more than a hiccup, it does pinpoint an
underlying malaise - that many of the official claims of economic recovery
are based more on wishful thinking than on real achievements. Claims to have
stabilised the exchange rate (true) mean little when at last week's auctions
the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe was unable to supply more than 18% of foreign
currency demand. Even official sources have distanced themselves from
earlier claims of a 2,4 Mt grain harvest; they now say it is unlikely to
exceed 1 Mt. And with forecast wheat production at 130 000 t, imports of up
to 300 000 t will be needed over the next nine months. Business is
complaining about growing shortages of imported raw materials, spares and
components. When the tobacco sales ended last week, only 64,5m kg of leaf
had been sold - less than half the crop in 1990 and 75% down on the record
of 237m kg in 2000. The state media report projections of a huge increase in
the crop next year, but industry sources say this week's issue of tobacco
bills to finance the 2004/2005 crop is too little and too late.

Since taking office last December, Zimbabwe's economic supremo and Reserve
Bank governor Gideon Gono has created a sense of economic stabilisation and
recovery. But his short-run achievement in slowing year-on-year inflation
and maintaining a stable (but uncompetitive) exchange rate are under threat.
There has been little if any export response outside the gold mining sector,
where the central bank is paying a subsidy equivalent to US$80/oz. The
monthly rate of inflation has doubled since April, while the Reserve Bank's
lending to the banking sector has risen 20-fold in less than a year to Z$4
trillion or 17% of GDP. The economy urgently requires foreign capital. Gono
is hoping that the March 2005 parliamentary elections will reopen access to
international capital. He knows that if the elections are ignored by the
international community, he will have to rethink many of his policies. In
threatening to boycott the polls unless government follows Southern African
Development Community election rules, opposition Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC) leader Morgan Tsvangirai has put Harare on the spot. An
election boycott would make it impossible for the government to claim a
popular mandate. Government says the MDC is simply running scared . Last
week, Zanu PF won Seke near Harare in an unopposed by-election, meaning that
it is one seat short of the two-thirds majority it needs to amend the
constitution. But that would only convince investors that the crisis has
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Business Day

Army spearheading Mugabe poll drive

MDC claims ruling party's influence on drawing up constituencies gives it an
Harare Correspondent

ZIMBABWEAN President Robert Mugabe has deployed more personnel with a
military background to the electoral process ahead of next year's election.

Mugabe this week appointed former soldiers to a team to demarcate electoral

The group is comprised of judge George Chiweshe, Job Whabira, Charles Mukora
and Maclean Bhala. They will to draw up the boundaries of constituencies
before the crucial election.

The appointment of Chiweshe and Whabira has been seen as an attempt to
militarise the electoral process. Chiweshe is a former army officer, while
Whabira is a former defence ministry permanent secretary.

Chiweshe will chair of the delimitation commission, a constitutional body
which will draw up the boundaries of Zimbabwe's 120 constituencies in the
run-up to the election.

Opposition parties have complained of gerrymandering in the delimiting of
constituencies. They claim the ruling party influences the delineation of
boundaries to give itself an advantage.

Zimbabwe's professional bureaucracy and state security agencies, such as the
intelligence and prisons services, are run by former soldiers. Retired army
officers and those who are still serving have been widely reported as key
elements of the electoral process, deployed to ensure that Mugabe's party
remains in power .

One of the key electoral bodies in Zimbabwe, the Electoral Supervisory
Commission, is also run by people with military backgrounds.

Commission chairman Sobusa Gula-Ndebele is a former military intelligence
officer, while the organisation's chief election officer, Kennedy Zimondi,
is a retired lieutenant-colonel.

Zimondi replaced Brig Douglas Nyika, who was the chief election officer
during the hotly disputed 2002 presidential election won by Mugabe.

It was reported that there were at least 66 army officers of various ranks
deployed in the electoral process during the 2002 election. The current
Zimbabwe Defence Forces commander, Constantine Chiwenga, was reported to
have actively campaigned for Mugabe during the 2002 poll.

There was controversy over the army's postal votes as the officers were said
to have been forced to vote for the incumbent leader. After the 2002
election, some army officers deserted the force, claiming they were being
victimised for allegedly supporting or voting for opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) leader Morgan Tsvangirai.

The MDC chief narrowly lost the election to Mugabe by 400000 ballots, amid
allegation of violence and vote-rigging.

That election result is being contested in the courts, although the case has
been dragging on since April 2002.

Meanwhile, about 50 women from the pressure group Women of Zimbabwe Arise
demonstrated outside the South African embassy in Harare on yesterday,
calling for an end to human rights abuses in Zimbabwe.

Singing protest songs and carrying banners calling for an end to harsh press
and public order laws, the women tied red ribbons on the embassy's perimeter
fence in "memory of those killed and starved to death by the Zimbabwe
regime", said the organisation's head, Jenni Williams.

She said the demonstration was timed to coincide with the opening of the Pan
African Parliament in Midrand. "We're here to tell (South African President
Thabo) Mbeki that we are going to end his quiet diplomacy in this country.
We want more fire."

The demonstration, which lasted for half an hour, ended peacefully when the
women dispersed before police arrived. With Sapa
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