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1 September 2000

MDC Manchester.  There will be a public meeting on the 2nd of September 2000 at 1400hrs at Studio 21, Imex Business Centre, Longsight, Manchester.  The place is opposite Longsight Flea Market.  People from the the sorrounding areas of Manchester are welcome to attend.  The theme will be the way forward after the elections.  For further info contact Durani Rapozo on 0161 257 2138, Jennings Rukani on 07947110689, or Mrs Butler on 0161 224 7362. 

In this issue :

Editors sacked - UKInd
Editors sacked - DTel
Fuel up again - ZimInd
No compensation for illegal structures - ZimInd
MDC to push for resignation - DNews
No nuclear reactor - ZimInd
Broke Zim rocked by cost of war - M&G
Banks say no - BDay
No tobacco, no forex - M&G

From The Independent (UK), 1 September

State newspaper revenues plummet, top state editors replaced

The editors of the two main government newspapers were removed today after plummeting circulation and advertising revenues were blamed on their unwavering propaganda. Bornwell Chakaodza, editor of The Herald, a daily, and Pascal Mukondiwa, of The Sunday Mail, were asked to go on immediate vacation to await their "redeployment" within the state-controlled Zimbabwe Newspapers company, the board of directors said in a statement issued late Wednesday. There was no immediate indication of how editorial policy might change. However, the move was seen to have been forced by reader hostility toward the two papers' lack of reporting on burgeoning opposition to Zimbabwe's autocratic President Robert Mugabe and the country's mounting economic woes.

Earlier this year, independent media auditors said The Herald's circulation slumped. The paper cut its print run from about 160,000 copies day by about half. To boost flagging revenues, the government ordered state enterprises to step up their advertising in state papers. The only independent daily, The Daily News, last month achieved average sales of 100,000 copies. It was founded slightly more than a year ago. Ahead of parliamentary elections in June, The Daily News sold 120,000 copies a day to The Herald's 80,000. The government said The Daily News backed the main opposition MDC party. The Daily News claims to be nonpartisan. Mugabe's party won a slender majority in elections that were its biggest challenge in two decades of virtually unrivaled power. The opposition won most urban areas where the bulk of newspapers are sold.

After the resignation of chief executive Matthews Kunaka, veteran newspaper publisher George Capon, 83, was brought out of retirement for a second time to run the company's six newspapers until a new chief executive is appointed, the statement said. Capon, who is white, managed the newspapers when they were owned by a subsidiary of the South African Argus company before independence in 1980. He stayed on for several years after Mugabe's new government bought control of the company soon after independence. Capon was first brought out of retirement in 1992 to unravel a corruption scandal at Zimbabwe Newspapers that saw one top executive jailed and several fired.

From The Daily Telegraph (UK), 1 September

Editor of Mugabe's mouthpiece sacked

Harare - The Zimbabwean government has sacked the editor of the main state daily newspaper as readers flock to the opposition press. In the last year the circulation of The Herald, once required reading for all "loyal" Zimbabweans, has plunged by half to 70,000, while the opposition Daily News - launched 18 months ago - sells up to 120,000 copies a day. It is the first time since The Herald was founded a century ago that it has fallen from its perch as the biggest-selling daily in the country. As readers flocked to the Daily News so have the advertisers and on most days it has a third more pages than The Herald.

Andy Moyse of Media Monitoring Project, a privately funded media watchdog, said: "Readers became sick of The Herald's outrageously pro-government stories. The Daily News was launched at just the right time and provided a welcome alternative voice." There were accusations of censorship during this year's elections, with very little coverage being given to the murders of farmers and anarchy on the farms. The sacking of the editor, Bornwell Chakoadza, former head of the government's information department, was put down to President Mugabe's anger at recent articles suggesting that invasions of white-owned arms had damaged the economy and human rights.

From The Zimbabwe Independent, 1 September

Price of fuel goes up

THE price of fuel was expected to go up by between 25% and 40% last night. At the time of going to press there had not been an official confirmation from the government but industry sources said the price was definitely going up. The sources said the issue came before cabinet on Tuesday but the government was not prepared to approve a 40% hike which Noczim had requested. Yesterday a number of service stations which took delivery of fuel were not selling to motorists in anticipation of the increase. The price of various fuel products last went up by between 19% and 128% but Noczim said it was still selling fuel below the cost of procurement. The devaluation of the Zimbabwe dollar last month and the firming of the price for crude fuel have put a greater strain on Noczim. The envisaged increases should push the price of petrol from $27,46 to at least $35 a litre and diesel from $23,57 to about $32 a litre. Paraffin, which went up by 128% in July, is not expected to go up.

From The Zimbabwe Independent, 1 September

No compensation for illegal structures

THE government will not compensate people whose structures were demolished by the police after illegally settling themselves on council land, the Zimbabwe Independent has gathered. Although war veterans and other land invaders are busy compiling lists of goods lost in last week's police raid, the authorities are privately making it clear there are no funds allocated for compensation. Over a hundred people are involved. The war veterans' national secretary for projects, Andrew Ndhlovu, told the Independent that they had asked the affected families to list the amounts they need to set up new structures. "We are not going to allow them to exaggerate, there is a team that will deal with that and it will be set up in due course," Ndhlovu said. "(John) Nkomo regretted what happened. People will put forward their damage costs and there are people on the ground that will deal with the statistics," he said.

Presidential spokesperson George Charamba told the Independent that as a government, they were not going to compensate the victims but just offer them assistance. "We never said we were going to compensate them. We never said we had any contractual obligations to compensate them. We are simply going to facilitate that they get assistance as the state and the local government (Harare) is exploring ways of assisting them," Charamba said. It also emerged this week that there would be no immediate offer of stands to those whose illegal properties were destroyed by the police. A statement by the chairman of the commission running the city, Elijah Chanakira, said the allocation of the stands would supersede the current housing waiting list. However, senior council officials this week told the Independent the stands would only be made available only to those who can pay. The officials said the land to be offered was yet to be identified, surveyed and properly serviced before allocation.

From The Daily News, 31 August

MDC to pressurise Mugabe to resign

Masvingo - The MDC says it is going to pressurise President Mugabe to resign before the 2002 presidential election. Addressing a meeting in Masvingo yesterday, the MDC secretary for legal affairs, David Coltart, said MDC was going to capitalise on the emerging pressures within Zanu PF to bring Mugabe's 20-year "misrule" to an end. "Mugabe is a man under tremendous pressure within his party. We are going to pressurise and mount that pressure until he calls it quits," he said. The MDC shadow minister of legal affairs said his party would support the American-proposed Zimbabwe Democracy Act in Parliament. The Act, he said, was a wonderful piece of legislation as it did not call for sanctions on Zimbabwe but called for the respect of the rule of law.

From The Zimbabwe Independent, 1 September

Govt forced to abandon nuclear reactor project

AN acute foreign currency shortage, exacerbated by dwindling export receipts and a flight of international capital, has forced the government to abandon its ambitious plans for a multi-million dollar nuclear reactor to be built by an Argentine nuclear technology company, Invap, the Zimbabwe Independent has established. The project was first mooted during President Robert Mugabe's visit to Argentina last year but energy sector specialists considered it unrealistic given Zimbabwe's capacity to manage and pay for such a project. The fate of the deal seems to have been sealed by the departure of Argentine Ambassador Enrique Pareja, who was a chief broker between the two parties involved. He has been posted to Portugal. "It is up to Zimbabwe to pursue Invap's proposal for a small research facility," said a diplomatic source. He said the project was very expensive and considering the situation which the country was in at the moment, it was understandable if the government had decided to shelve the project.

From The Mail & Guardian (SA), 1 September

'Broke' Zim rocked by cost of war

ZIMBABWE'S opposition MDC has threatened to "take to the streets" to force President Robert Mugabe to halt his country's involvement in the war in the DRC - which the government has admitted has cost it US$200m. The admissions, by Finance Minister Simba Makoni, have enraged MDC parliamentarians and ordinary citizens, who have pointed out that Zimbabweans are facing acute fuel and hard currency shortages in the nation's worst economic crisis since independence. Admitting that the cash-strapped government could not sustain the expenditure for an extended period, Makoni said since joining the war in August 1998, Zimbabwe spent $5,2m in its first five months, $78m in 1999, and $120m in the first six months of this year. Makoni's disclosures are likely to shake a nation which blames the worsening economic hardships on mismanagement and corruption.

A stark reflection of the nation's crumbling economy and political woes came at the annual six-day Zimbabwe Agricultural Show, which ends in Harare this weekend. Once a showcase of the agriculture-based economy, dozens of exhibition stalls remained empty for the first time and the number of pedigree cattle on show was down by half. The International Monetary Fund froze balance of payments support to Zimbabwe last year, citing government attempts to cover up the full extent of its military spending as one of its reasons. Makoni said President Laurent Kabila was still "committed" to reimbursing Zimbabwe for its soldiers' combat allowances, armour-backed transport and the operations of chartered supply aircraft, helicopters and fighter jets.

From Business Day (SA), 1 September

Zimbabwe banks say no to farmers

HARARE - Zimbabwe's banks are refusing to finance tobacco farmers for the growing season, demanding guarantees that the farms will not be acquired by the government for resettlement. In one instance, a response from the agricultural business unit of the Standard Chartered Bank, read: "The bank is unable to extend facilities to you for the coming season, or until such time as you are able to furnish us with evidence from the Minister of Lands and Agriculture that your property has been removed from the resettlement programme or that you may crop the property and that you will be allowed to continue farming until the end of the 2000/01 season." Kobus Joubert, president of the Zimbabwe Tobacco Association, receives distress calls from his members daily. "'We don't know where we stand right now. Some farmers don't know whether they will be able to farm in the next year or two," says Joubert. To date, 1542 farms have been gazetted for compulsory acquisition. Another 684 farms are expected to be gazetted this week, giving a total of 2226 farms.

Meanwhile, Zimbabwe's opposition, the MDC, spoke out strongly against the government after Finance Minister Simba Makoni said this week that since Zimbabwe had gone in to shore up Congolese President Laurent Kabila's forces against a rebel insurgency in 1998, at least $200m had been poured into the operation. Learnmore Jongwe, spokesman for the MDC, described the military intervention as "insanity," and accused the government of lying in earlier statements about the war's cost. "The government has admitted to lying to parliament and the population," Jongwe said.

From The Mail & Guardian (SA), 1 September

Tobacco fall-off knocks forex down further

ZIMBABWE'S foreign currency crisis could worsen next year as key tobacco plantings are down 20% in the wake of President Robert Mugabe's controversial land grab. Zimbabwe Tobacco Association (ZTA) Marketing Information Director Pat Davis told the Zimbabwe Herald newspaper that annual tobacco output was expected to decline to 180 million kg from 220 million last year. "Farmers are having a lot of trouble with compulsory farm acquisitions. They cannot get money from the banks to finance next season's crop because their collateral is reduced," he said. Banks want assurances that farmers with properties appearing on the government's acquisition list would be allowed to farm for at least another year, in order to cover debts from the sector. "If farms cannot get the money from cropping, that means less foreign currency and more problems for the country," Davis said.

Tobacco earns approximately a third of Zimbabwe's foreign currency, in critically short supply for almost a year after the rest of the export sector performed poorly in 1999. Mugabe has to date given formal notice to appropriate 1 542 farms out of 3 041 properties he has targeted to seize for landless black peasants, with obligation to pay compensation for the land falling on former colonial power Britain. Agriculture Minister Joseph Made said the government would not allow farmers to stay on acquired land while it pushed ahead with its plans to resettle peasants before the rainy season, in less then two months. 

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The Presidential Powers (temporary act), which was ammended while
was disbanded, is currently being used by the president to cause the
that he has on the farms. This act, has to be ratified by parliament (by a
simple majority vote) for it to be become constitutional law.

The CFU Executive filed a legal challenge on this presidential powers act,
only to withdraw it some 3 weeks ago. Subsequently, they have been
considering re-instituting this challenge after pressure has mounted on
from farmers countrywide. However, on Monday 28 August, the 8 member
executive council voted 5 to 3 against submitting the legal challenge,
saying that they wanted to pave the way for further dialogue with the
government. Most farmers countrywide are completely oblivious to these
details and the CFU executive have made little or no effort to make these
facts, which have a huge impact on all of us as farmers, known to us. At
times it seems that they are deliberately trying to conceal key

We seem to have developed a very bad habit as Zimbabweans, where we allow
few selected people to make decisions that impact on all of us without
taking too much interest in the details and issues. A few calls to farmers
around the country this morning shows that nobody knows what happened on
Monday. We allow these selected people to tell us what is happening,
of them carrying our desire and interests to the executive council
We are all guilty of this.

I heard of a farmers meeting in Mashonaland last week where the farmers,
having made the effort to find out the real facts, voted 43 to 1 in favour
of taking legal action against the presidential powers act. This sentiment
seems to be felt countrywide, and yet still our "elected" council decide
otherwise. They need to carry the wishes of the farmers to the decision
table, and need to be forced to feedback critical information. It is time
kick our habit and stand up and make our voices heard.

There is another CFU council meeting on Monday 4 September to make a final
decision on this legal challenge of the presidential powers act. We are
asking farmers associations countrywide to complete the attached petition
and fax it in by the stipulated deadline. If you feel like you need
information then please make the urgent effort to find out. Also please
an effort to get to the CFU annual congress on the 5 and 6 September and
participate - kick the habit.

Whilst there is deep concern over the consequences of challenging Mugabe
this act, the time has come to stand up together and fight for what we
left. Government are not interested in dialogue, and anything they say
cannot be believed anyhow. If we don't stand up together now and make the
effort to keep informed then we deserve no sympathy when our farms and
country lie ruined. Negotiating with the devil is not an option.

Please forward this urgently to as many people as possible - your future
depends on it.


We of ________________________________ Farmer's Association urge the
President's Council of the Commercial Farmers' Union to submit the
documentation to the courts to challenge the Presidential Powers
Measures) Act and current lawlessness on commercial farms.

We understand this documentation is currently being prepared by CFU
submission on 4 September 2000. As we have been given no feasible
alternative to
the land crisis, we believe that it is imperative that the documents are
submitted as planned.

Chairman Witness


This form with as many members supporting signatures as possible must be
faxed to
Matabeleland CFU offices by Saturday 2 September afternoon latest so that
representative can take your mandate to the council meeting on 4
Please fax to 0969223.

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THE price of fuel in Zimbabwe has increased with effect from midnight 31 August 2000 - the latest increases are:

Paraffin - up 101% -  now $30.20 per litre - was $15.01

Leaded Petrol - up 40.9% -  now $38.70 per litre - was $27.46

Unleaded Petrol - up 45% - now $40.80 per litre - was $28.11

Diesel - up 54.4% - $36.40 per litre -  was $23.57

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Zimbabwe fuel prices up again - BBC: Friday, 1 September, 2000, 11:52 GMT 12:52 UK
Financial Gazette 31 August 2000
    ZANU PF disowns war vets
    AirZim may lose planes over debt
    Zimbabwe government lists black-owned farms for seizure - HARARE, Sept 1 (AFP)
    Govt runs out of funds for salaries
    Don't lose heart, Cde John
Letters to the editor of the Financial Gazette
    'Fast-track eviction' was long overdue
    No 'sweets' for him!
    Sweetening the President's exit package not the answer
    Mark my words, folks
    Unite to topple ZANU PF
COMMERCIAL FARMERS' UNION - Bulletin: Friday 1st September 2000

Zimbabwe fuel prices up again
BBC: Friday, 1 September, 2000, 11:52 GMT 12:52 UK

The Zimbabwean authorities have announced massive increases in the price of fuel - just over a month after the last price rise.
Paraffin - used by most homes for cooking and heating - has doubled in price for the second time.

Diesel fuel is up by 54%, and unleaded petrol by 40%.

The state-run national oil company, Noczim, said the price rises were needed because of the recent devaluation of the Zimbabwe dollar and escalating prices on the world oil market.

Our correspondent in Harare says Zimbabwe has the air of a country spiralling out of control, with new price rises announced almost daily.

This comes despite promises by President Robert Mugabe during June's parliamentary election campaign to introduce sweeping price controls.

The increase in the cost of fuel has been by far the most dramatic.

Noczim has for years been selling petrol at below-cost price, partly in an effort to hold down inflation and to reduce the potential for social unrest.

Market prices

That policy has become unsustainable and Zimbabweans are feeling the effects of a sudden readjustment towards world oil market prices.

The doubling of the paraffin price comes after a 130% increase in July.

The petrol price went up by 20% at the same time.

Serious foreign currency shortages mean that in any event all fuel is extremely scarce.

The government has yet to make an official comment on the price rises.

At the same time, ministers are concentrating on speeding up the redistribution of white-owned land, with the listing of hundreds more farms for acquisition becoming a weekly event.

Another 410 have been listed, bringing the total to nearly 2,000.

ZANU PF disowns war vets
Staff Reporter

Senior ZANU PF party members are distancing themselves from the pre-election violence by former independence war veterans in desperate attempts to fend off challenges of the June general election results in their constituencies by the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), it was established this week.

In affidavits filed with the High Court to oppose the MDC challenges, senior ZANU PF politicians, including Politburo members Syd-ney Sekeramayi and Moven Mahachi, have disowned and distanced themselves from the pre-election activities of the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans' Association (ZNLWA) led by Chenjerai Hunzvi.

The MDC has petitioned the High Court to nullify the results of 38 constituencies won by ZANU PF because of the violence and intimidation by the veterans and party supporters during the run-up to the election.

The opposition party also cites gross irregularities during the casting and counting of votes as some of the reasons the results in the contested constituencies should not stand.

In response to a petition by MDC's Leonard Mapu-ranga, who lost Goromonzi to ZANU PF stalwart and Higher Education and Technology Minister Herbert Murerwa, the minister emphatically dissociates himself from the ZNLWA and its members.

"I must clearly point out that from the outset all the alleged corrupt and illegal practices are alleged to have been committed by members of the ZNLWA," says Mure-rwa in his response.

"As much as I have participated in the liberation struggle, I am not a member of this association. This association is an autonomous body with its own chain of command which I am not part of and which is accountable in its own capacity for the actions of its members," he says.

ZANU PF Politburo members Sekeramayi and Maha-chi also deny any link with the ZNLWA or sanctioning acts of violence by the veterans and party supporters.

"I did not sanction acts of atrocities in Zimbabwe or Marondera East constituency, whether in my personal capacity or in my capacity as a member of the ZANU PF Politburo or as Minister of State Security," submits Sekera-mayi, State Security Minister before the elections and now the Minister of Mines and Energy.

"I cannot therefore be held accountable as an accomplice or having abetted the political violence in Marondera East constituency," said Sekeramayi, who narrowly beat the MDC's Didimus Dzinemunhenzva in the election.

Dzinemunhenzva has petitioned the court to nullify the results in Marondera East because he says Sekeramayi used his position as State Security Minister to intimidate the electorate into supporting him.

In one case, Dzinemu-nhenzva alleges that Seke-ramayi publicly threatened white farmers and their workers at a ZANU PF election rally held in the constituency.

The former state security boss is said to have threatened that he would deal with those pretending to support him but intending to vote for the opposition.

The MDC almost ended ZANU PF's 20-year political dominance of Zimbabwe when it won 57 out of the contested 120 seats in the June poll.

The labour-backed party says it would have beaten the ruling ZANU PF in another 38 constituencies had the veterans and ZANU PF supporters not denied its candidates access to voters in rural and farming constituencies.

There have been several recounts to establish the MDC's claims of irregularities during the counting of votes.

In all the recounts completed so far, winning ZANU PF candidates have not only maintained their positions but have increased their winning margins, a development which most observers say indicates that vote-counting was not thorough or fool-proof.

AirZim may lose planes over debt
Staff Reporter

A SPECIAL committee investigating alleged mismanagement at Air Zimbabwe has warned that the national airline risks having planes impounded by overseas creditors who are owed more than US$4 million (about $200 million).

The team, led by former Bulawayo town clerk Mike Ndubiwa, slammed the airline's management led by lawyer Tich Garabga for failing to work together and said the company was now technically insolvent to the tune of $1,5 billion.

The probe team also noted splits within the Air Zimbabwe board chaired by businessman Nick Nyandoro because of different backgrounds and corporate exposure.

Ndubiwa's team was appointed by former acting Transport and Energy Minister Simon Moyo in June and its report has since been submitted to new Transport and Communications Minister Swithun Mombeshora, currently on a business trip to Geneva.

The confidential report obtained by the Financial Gazette this week said the national airline was virtually surviving on sales of advance tickets and bank overdrafts and that its interest burden had become untenable.

It warned that there was a real possibility that Air Zimbabwe planes would be impounded any time by international creditors owed more than US$4 million.

A full-scale investigation into the procurement of goods and services and spares parts at the national airline was also recommended.

The probe team said there had been a 50 to 60 percent reduction in foreign revenue earnings due to low business at the airline and blamed some of the losses to poor marketing and public relations strategies.

It said Air Zimbabwe's London office used to sell 100 000 pounds worth of tickets a week but sales had dipped to a paultry 12 000 pounds a week.

It noted that the airline had failed to utilise a working capital facility of US$10 million obtained from KBC bank of London and that this had cost it $500 million in lost potential revenue.

Ndubiwa's report says Air Zimbabwe had a poor image that earned it a "Tenda Taenda" ¾ (you can only be happy after you have gone) ¾ reputation mainly because of its lack of adherance to its flight schedules.

Although the probe team noted that Garabga, appointed to the helm of the airline in May last year, was well intentioned and had the right qualities to transform the airline, it said he lacked communication skills.

"He is overzealous and, in his zeal for results, may act in a manner that lacks sensitivity and transparency, thereby eroding cohesion among the rest of his management team," it said.

Ndubiwa's team said Garabga himself had conceded, when he appeared before the probe team, that his management was not working as a team.

The probe team accused the airline's general manager for finance, Maria Harune, of being at the centre of conflicts within management.

It noted that debt recovery was not being pursued in a robust manner and the current balance sheet showed that debtor figures went up from $172 million in 1998/1999 to $417 million in the current financial year.

The system of procuring spares was also said to be open to abuse by top managers.

The report also accuses Air Zimbabwe of flying routes that were not economically viable such as the Harare/DRC/Harare and Harare/Frankfurt/Harare and of using planes not best suited for certain routes.

It said the airline lacked a coherent and aggressively pursued public relations campaign supported by a sustainable advertising programme and did not have either a strategic partner or credible frequent flyer programme.

Garabga, who is on a business trip to London, was not available for comment.

Zimbabwe government lists black-owned farms for seizure
HARARE, Sept 1 (AFP) -

The Zimbabwe government Friday listed 410 commercial farms it intends to seize for resettlement by landless blacks -- but more than 10 percent of them are registered in the names of black owners.

"It could be an anomaly," said Nokwazi Moyo, director of the country's Indigenous Commercial Farmers Union (ICFU). "It's counter-productive to dispossess black farmers of their farms."

The government in July launched a controversial land resettlement programme aimed at redressing longstanding inequities in land ownership dating from the colonial era.

It aims to acquire five million hectares of productive farming land, mainly from whites, on which to settle hundreds of thousands of landless blacks before the onset of summer rains in November.

But Friday's list, which brings to 1,952 the number of farms earmarked for acquisition, includes properties belonging to blacks, the most prominent being famous nationalist veteran of the 1970s liberation war, James Chikerema.

War veterans have played a key role in the Zimbabwe's current land crisis, leading the often-violent invasions of some 1,600 white-owned farms since February in a bid to speed up land reform.

Chikerema said he was not surprised by Friday's listing of his 250-hectare farm in Hartley, northern Zimbabwe, saying it was an act of reprisal by President Robert Mugabe.

"As far as I'm concerned, it's Mugabe's vendetta against me," Chikerema told AFP from his home in the capital.

He said in addition to never being a member of Mugabe's ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front, he had also been critical of the way the ruling party was carrying out its policy of farm acquisitions.

"I'm for orderly land redistribution, as long as it's done fairly," said Chikerema.

Chikerema, whose record of militant African nationalism extends as far back as the 1950s said: "I'm a war veteran, I started fighting for the principles of democracy, fairness and justice long before he (Mugabe) was on the scene."

The ICFU's Moyo added that the compulsory acquisition of black-owned properties was likely to lower production on the farms, and reverse any gains made by black farmers in post-independent Zimbabwe.

He said replacing those "who have experienced hardships on those farms, and replacing them with others with a scarcity of resources" would lower production "and undermine those with initiative, replacing them with those dependent on the state."

Govt runs out of funds for salaries
Staff Reporter

ZIMBABWE'S civil servants could go without pay in the next few months as the government battles to raise salaries for its 140 000-plus employees, it was learnt this week.

Treasury sources said funds for the civil servants' salaries ran out in June and money to pay July and August salaries was only drawn from expenditure cuts by ministries.

Finance Minister Simba Makoni and Treasury Secretary Charles Kuwaza were both not available for comment this week but the sources said the government had instructed its ministries to cut further their expenditures to raise funds to pay salaries for the past two months.

"The budget for salaries was blown in June, forcing the government to instruct ministries to cut expenditure in some areas," said one source, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

The sources said there was now uncertainty over the civil servants' salaries for September and October, raising fears that the government might be forced to increase its borrowings from the domestic banking sector and add more pressure on interest rates.

Interest rates have dropped from over 60 percent to an average 56 percent since Makoni introduced new monetary policy measures at the beginning of August to contain spending by ministries.

Earlier this year, Kuwaza said expenditure cuts of $6 billion had been approved for this fiscal year ending in December as part of efforts to slash the widening budget deficit and domestic debt, which has soared to $116 billion.

The cash-strapped government has since the beginning of the year struggled to meet its salary bill and has resorted to increased borrowings from the domestic banking sector to pay civil service wages.

Makoni has already said he will try to contain expenditure by government ministries in order to reduce the budget deficit, forecast to reach 20 percent of gross domestic product in the current financial and calendar year.

The government's domestic debt has been growing at the rate of about $1,5 billion a week for the past three months and the national domestic debt has risen from $78,9 billion at the end of December 1999 to over $116 billion at the end of July.

Increased domestic borrowing is expected to fuel year-on-year inflation, which rose to 53,4 percent in July this year, and prevent the private sector from borrowing money from local financial institutions.

Civil service wages and salaries account for more than 40 percent of the total annual expenditure bill of the government.

The civil servants were allocated $23,4 billion for wages and salaries in the 2000 national budget which runs until December 31, but the vote excludes increments awarded this year.

The increments - up to 90 percent for some civil servants and more than 200 percent for President Robert Mugabe and his Cabinet ministers - are expected to add an extra $11 billion to the government's wage bill this year.

Civil servants are currently negotiating for an additional 30 percent pay hike, although the government has rejected their demand.

Don't lose heart, Cde John

Now that tempers have cooled down, let me explain in greater detail my stance against the police action last week to evict independence war veterans from some of the farms that they are occupying.

Let me start by making clear that my stance was not and is not in anyway a vote of no confidence in your capabilities as minister in chargeof the police and the maintenance of law and order in the country.

Far from it, but I was and am only concerned about the brutal methods used by the police to evict the comrades - methods that evoked memories of wholesale displacements of blacks from their homes by previous white settler regimes.

I take your point that the comrades obviously sought to present the government with a fait accompli by building houses on farms they knew were not up for resettlement, and yet we still needed to handle the situation with greater sensitivity.

The reason is simple: the veterans now remain as the only solid pillar of my political support among so many party waverers and pretenders. They were also instrumental in launching our party to its slim victory in the June ballot.In trying to seek a balance between the broader interests of the people - the maintenance of law and order - and the urgent need for land and housing for our comrades, we inevitably have to be seen to be tilting towards the latter.

I hardly need to emphasise that this is the way we do things in ZANU PF.

With my own job on the line in the next presidential election in a year's time, I couldn't and cannot risk offending this key constituency, a constituency that is potentially capable of destabilising the country because of its military training.

In fact, it was because of this realisation that I had to bend backwards way back in 1997 to award unbudgeted gratuities to these comrades.

I know I have been much maligned and vilified for taking that decision, and yet the interests of the country - in this case its peace and stability - had to come first, whatever our detractors claimed.

Our enemies often say that such measures only keep postponing the resolution of these problems and yet, if you look at the situation from where I am, I have managed not only to buy the peace but also helped our party in the process. It's really killing two birds with one stone.

I was happy that you appeared to understand and even appreciate my difficult position after the explanations which I gave you on this issue on my return from Maputo and at follow-up meetings of the Cabinet and the Politburo.

I know it's painful and difficult to take so much flak, as you did comrade, but your sacrifices must be viewed in the broader interests of our party.

I must therefore sincerely commend you for taking the pain in your strides and remaining a true and valient cadre of the party.

By taking the flak on my behalf and being cast as the odd man out, you have also lifted my profile and presidential campaign among our comrades whose faith and trust in me has solidified even further.

This is what politics is all about Cde John and you can be certain that I will not forget your sterling contribution when reshuffling the Cabinet next time round.

You certainly paid a high price so that I could look good.

Kindest regards.





Friday 1st September 2000


In order to keep members better briefed on CFU activities, CFU will be sending out regular briefings by e-mail on major activities.  This bulletin will be mailed to farmers only.  This is in addition to the daily incident report which has a wider mailing list.  After Congress, Steve Crawford will be handing over the management of the Information Room to Malcolm Vowles, Deputy Director (Administration and Projects). 
Key meetings

  1.. Fast-track resettlement

  2.. Bankers position on seasonal finance

  3.. Current position of CFU litigation

  4.. CFU information campaign


Friday 1st September:

  a.. Consultative meeting on the maize marketing crisis: Farming Unions, GMB, Ministry of Agriculture.

Monday 4th September:

  a.. Formal consultative meeting with the IMF delegation lead by the Assistant Director for Africa, Paulo Neuhous at 2.30pm.

Tuesday 5th September:

  a.. Consultative meeting to reach a common position on the fast-track resettlement programme: Farming Unions, Womens' Land Lobby Group.

Wednesday 6th September:

  a.. Private Sector consultative meeting with key Ministers. Each major sector will have an opportunity of a ten minute presentation to five key Ministers. There will be a joint private sector communiqué following this meeting.

CFU Congress will be held on the 6th and 7th September 2000 at the Stewart Room in Meikles. Delegates should register between 08:30hrs and 09:00hrs.

1. Fast-track resettlement programme:

With the batch of 410 farms gazetted today, a total of 1 952 properties have now been issued with preliminary notices of compulsory acquisition. Based on the Minister's statement, a further 274 are expected next week, bringing the total to 2 226 properties (7 million hectares according to the Ministry).

It is imperative that affected members respond to Ministry within 30 days of the gazette, even if they are gazetted more than once. Failure to do so could result in the property being conceded by default. Through its Regional Offices, CFU will endeavour to inform affected members, but given the volume of notices, individual members have a responsibility to check the notices that are published in the Herald and the Chronicle.

Ministry inform us that Section 8 Orders have been delivered to over 200 owners of the list of 804 properties listed on 2nd June. Subsequently, court papers have been issued on the recipients of those Orders. Members who receive Section 8 Orders should inform their Regional Office immediately. In at least one case, the 30-day period for the Ministry to file for confirmation through the courts has expired, thus invalidating the Order.

Two cases have been won in the High Court on technicalities. In one case, the Section 8 Order was withdrawn and in the other, the preliminary notice was also withdrawn. Affected members should not pin their hopes on technicalities, but should nevertheless inform their legal representative of any anomalies.

2. Bankers position on seasonal finance.

Banks have taken a rigid stance and are not providing seasonal finance to any of their clients who are listed. This obviously has dire consequences on the farming operations of those affected. At this time, bankers are uncompromising in their approach. The President of the Bankers' Association will be addressing CFU Congress next week. The economic consequences of this will form the major thrust of the CFU presentation to key Ministers next week.

3. Current position of CFU litigation:

In light of the sensitive nature of litigation by CFU against various parties, a consultative legal forum has been formed to advise the Union on legal strategies. All the major legal firms are represented. This legal forum was consulted regarding the withdrawal of litigation and CFU has maintained close communications to consider the optimum legal strategy. Various options are under active consideration at this time.

4. CFU Information Campaign:

CFU has retained the services of an advertising agency to run an intensive media campaign outlining:

  a.. Facts on land ownership

  b.. Continuing lawlessness

  c.. The social and economic impact of the fast-track resettlement programme

  d.. Alternative solutions to land reform

This campaign is at an advanced stage of preparation and will be launched during next week.

Urgent request:

The Minister of Information and other key Government officials continue to state that only unproductive farms have been listed for compulsory acquisition. In light of this deliberately misleading information, we URGENTLY need good colour photographs illustrating productive farms that have been listed. Please submit these to Malcolm Vowles (Deputy Director - Admin and Projects) at Head Office with details of property name, date gazetted and gazette number.

Visit the CFU Website:- http://www.mweb.co.zw/cfu

Letters to the editor of the Financial Gazette

'Fast-track eviction' was long overdue
Josphat Gwezhira, Harare.
EDITOR - Just what do some of our ministers have for brains?

Jonathan Moyo's promise that he will compensate the brain-dead war vets whose houses were destroyed by the police in an effort to restore order would be an insult to all who thought Zimbabwe's government cared about what it spends money on.

Why didn't he tell us if he is also going to compensate those whose houses were destroyed at Ndabaningi Sithole's Churu farm? After all, they were all illegal settlements, weren't they?

John Nkomo's accelerated "de-settlement" programme should be applauded by all who love the rule of law and anyone who continues to build illegally after this practical warning by the home affairs minister should be sent for a brain scan.

Some of the ex-fighters were complaining that they were not given enough warning. What warning? Like all criminal offenders, there was no need for them to be warned.

After all, Kembo Mohadi told them weeks ago that what they were doing was illegal yet they thought they were above the law.

Fine, if they want to continue with their unlawful actions, then whoever wins the presidential election should see to it that the band of criminals is removed.

Once again, thanks to Nkomo for the accelerated "de-settlement" programme. In this one I am behind you.

No 'sweets' for him!
Stephen Mhere, Harare.

EDITOR - I was disturbed by your story about how the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) plans to sideline President Robert Mugabe.

MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai says his party wants Mugabe's retirement package sweetened to facilitate his departure. Surely Zimbabwe's last hope of salvation does not lie in bribing the President. Buying out this man will not save Zimbabwe from anything. We have already hit rock-bottom and where else can we go?

I also hope that the promise of "no retribution" does not mean that the MDC is promising to circumvent the law in respect of the President's possible prosecution for crimes he may have to be answerable for.

This "father of the nation" notion rings hollow in the light of what the "father" has done to the nation over the years. A real life father goes to jail if he rapes his own daughter. So we also expect Mugabe to answer for the abuses he has put this nation through.

Sweetening the President's exit package not the answer
PNR Silversides, Harare.

EDITOR - You reported on August 24 that Morgan Tsvangirai is proposing to recommend sweetening Robert Mugabe's retirement packing in order to entice him to make ''a graceful exit'' - an offer he can't refuse.

Forgive me, but I can only see one inducement to satisfy our "President" - the no-cost handing over of all white farms to ZANU PF and the exit of all whites from Zimbabwe.

That's his aim in life and he won't quit until he achieves it, or dies in the process. What else can you offer someone who is reported to be one of the world's richest men?

In a letter published in the Financial Gazette of May 25, the Zimbabwe National Debate Association advised that it had "already started approaching retired judges, senior civil servants, church ministers and United Nations officials as a first step towards setting up a tribunal to charge Mugabe for crimes he committed during his terms of office".

I am sorry, but I find it utterly repugnant to consider condoning such crimes (in my eyes) as:

-Killing 20 000 (if that's the figure) Ndebeles during Gukurahundi, plus all the other foul acts against humanity carried out in that exercise;

-Taking the potential jewel of southern Africa - no, of Africa - in 1980 and systematically chopping it down to becoming a basket case in 2000: " I cannot see how anyone could have run this country better than me."

-Starting as a freedom fighter with presumably very little in 1980 and accumulating by whatever means sufficient funds/ property to be reputed now as one of the world's wealthiest men;

-Introducing and allowing the development of corruption and wittingly or unwittingly supporting corruption down the years that he has ruined this country;

-Letting "war veterans" loose on white-owned farms and in rural areas from February this year in order to ensure the opposition parties would have a minimal chance of winning those seats in the parliamentary election. "We have many degrees in violence."

-Continuing to support the war vets' "peaceful demonstration" since the election and countermanding efforts by his ministers to start evicting them from the farms.

Other readers may add their own list of crimes to the foregoing which are the big ones that immediately spring to my mind.

Sorry Tsvangirai, but I do not believe that sweetening Mugabe's retirement package is the answer.

Mark my words, folks
Munhumeso Manenji, Chitungwiza.

EDITOR - This is an austere warning to all the ardent supporters of dear new Finance Minister Simba Makoni.

That Makoni is a young apt chap goes unchallenged. It however does not take an angelic sharp nose to note the following:

lHis intelligence alone will not make the World Bank release much-needed aid to Zimbabwe. It takes more than a mere headline in the Herald to convince tourists that Zimbabwe makes a safe destination.

lNo matter how capable he is, for as long as he is operating within an old bogus political system that every taxpayer does not want to be reminded of, he will not manage to effectively prove his mettle.

lFor as long as Robert Mugabe - who by now I am pretty sure every Zimbabwean knows - is still at the helm, those rallying behind the much-loved doctor (including himself) will be frustrated.

Unite to topple ZANU PF
D J Katumba, Harare.

EDITOR - Now that parliamentary elections have gone by and opposition political parties have lost to ZANU PF because of their selfishness of not wanting to unite, it's high time the opposition came down to its senses and agreed on one common goal of having only one presidential candidate to contest the forthcoming 2002 presidential election.

The moment they have more than one candidate, they are bound to lose to ZANU PF again.

ZANU PF is still alive and kicking and it shouldn't be underestimated. This is the only chance opposition parties have to end ZANU PF's hegemony.

They all should swallow their pride and put people and the nation first and come up with only one presidential candidate of high calibre who, when elected into power, will return this country to its original identity.

Currently people are at sixes and sevens'.

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In this message:
*Economic and financial implications of a chaotic land resettlement programme
*Formation of informal groups
*FreeZim change of address due to huge volumes of mail
-Land resettlement  - Land resettlement - Land resettlement - Land resettlement
Much more at stake than next year's food security and forex shortage
Most people see the threat to our food security and a lack of foreign currency from tobacco income when considering the implications of the Government's unplanned and chaotic policy of land resettlement, which commenced with the order to Warvets to invade farms and is continuing with a hasty subdivision of land & dumping of people on designated farms. 
There is, however, much more at stake, as our economist (Masters of Economics, Cambridge University) points out in the following update:
"Zimbabwe relies on a surplus over subsistence needs being produced from a large proportion of its arable land. This surplus serves four main purposes:-
-to feed those living in urban areas
-to provide raw materials to industry
-to provide exportable commodities to generate foreign exchange
-to create a taxable profit in the formal sector which provides revenue to government.
 As a result of the current method of land resettlement government is moving the land from the formal sector to the informal sector. The consequences of land being resettled by farmers who lack the resources and skills to provide agricultural surplus are clear. The most immediate of these consequences are:-
-the requirement to import basic foodstuff, and the foreign exchange implications of such action
-the requirement to import raw materials in the manufacturing sector because 42% of Zimbabwe's manufacturing sector adds value to raw materials produced in the farming sector (foodstuffs, textiles, tobacco  etc). If the supply is reduced then these businesses will either have to import raw materials, or go out of business.
-  the reduction of foreign exchange earning. Tobacco is the main supplier of foreign exchange to Zimbabwe. In addition, high value horticultural crops make a significant contribution. These crops are major suppliers of employment.
- the loss of revenue through taxation on employees, sales and profit. Each hectare in the formal sector provides revenue to government through taxation. Moving this land to the informal sector will have significant repercussions on Government's ability to raise revenue, and will increase the budget deficit.
Indirectly the effect on the capacity of Government to raise revenue from tax will be further jeopardized as agricultural suppliers have reduced sales (therefore reduced sales tax revenues) and workers lose their jobs.  At the same time there will be increasing demands on Government revenues as many commercial farmers currently provide schools and clinics, and maintain rural roads. Government would have to continue to maintain those facilities.

There are significant indirect repercussions:

It is likely that interest rates and bank charges will increase as the banking sector tries to buffer itself against massive defaults in loan repayments. Banks in Zimbabwe traditionally take collateral for loans on the fixed assets of farms i.e. land and buildings. These no longer have any value. At the same time farmers are not generating revenues to retire medium to long term debt.

Farmers  ( and the commercial sector at large) will look for means through which to externalise their capital where possible, instead of reinvesting it in the Zimbabwean economy. This reinvestment creates jobs, wealth and taxable profits for Government to raise revenue. It is extremely unlikely that any foreign investment will take place.

All of these consequences would have been avoided through a properly planned and well executed resettlement programme, where title to land would be given, and peasant farmers would have been able to raise capital based on the value of land. In addition, US$238m pledged by the donor community for such a programme has been lost.

It is the duty of Government to manage the economy and the resources of the country in the interests of the majority of its citizens. The current situation offers advantages to no-one.  The lives of those who get land (excluding the chefs) will be little improved, as they lack the resources to use the land, and government is not in a position to provide any form of support. These actions run directly counter to development by any acceptable measurement."
Quick Quiz:
Q. What leader turns its citizens into a nation of peasant farmers, thereby reducing its revenues through taxation, whilst at the same time, increasing the demands on its expenditure?
A. Mugabe and Mengistu Haile Mariam, who did the same thing in the 80's and caused the wholesale destruction of his economy by nationalising land. A drought (for only a year) did the rest. Ethiopia, which had rich, arable land and a food surplus, has now been in famine for the last decade. Mengistu was deposed after ruining his country, and was given sanctuary by Mugabe in the 90's.
What can you, as a "FreeZimmer" do now that you have this economic information?
You can help spread the information, as follows:
*Copy it into a "Word" document. (Block it, right click, "copy", go to Word document, right click "paste") Print it out and put it on staff noticeboards to make people aware of all the implications of chaotic land resettlement. Don't underestimate peoples' intelligence, or their desire to be informed.
*Print a copy and send it to your Member of Parliament, particularly if you have a ZANU PF MP, expressing your concern at the implications. If you aren't sure who your MP is, ask us at free_zim2000@yahoo.com.
The address for Parliament is
Parliament of Zimbabwe
P O Box CY298
* Make photocopies and hand them out to fuel queues and long distance bus drivers .
* Send a copy to every captain of industry that you know, or know of. We discovered that the CEO of a large bank had not thought of the implication that government tax revenue would fall. So, CEO's and captains of industry are not infallible. Send this to them.
* Make copies and hand them out to large gatherings like Soccer matches - and the queues outside the employment exchange. 
Forming informal FreeZim groups - Forming informal FreeZim groups -
External groups
We have received many requests from people, from Overseas and RSA, asking what they can do to help from outside. We have suggested to them that they form a FreeZim group in order to lobby their respective governments on behalf of the people of Zimbabwe. To this end, we are prepared to put external people in touch with each other if they ask. Please advise us of your country and area, and indicate if you are willing to have your address given to people from the same country/area.
Internal groups within Zimbabwe
We think that formation of informal groups within Zimbabwe is an excellent way to pursue civil activism. We suggest that you form your own groups with the intention of photocopying, printing and disseminating information. You will already know people with whom you share similar opinions, ask them if they would be willing to form a group. It is easier to act if you are in good company. Remember to keep FreeZim informed, as we can co-ordinate days, dates etc. Coordination makes for an effective civil action. If a group has an idea, share it with us, so we can distribute it to all other FreeZimmers. Our address is free_zim2000@yahoo.com.
Change of address - Change of address - Change of address - Change of address -
Please note our change of address to free_zim2000 @ yahoo.com. This is because yahoo can store more messages than hotmail can before transmission. We are receiving so many messages that some have been returned to sender due to hotmail.com's smaller capacity. Please remember to put the "2000" into our new address.
What have YOU done today ?

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Evelyn Masaiti MP for Mutasa which includes the Honde Valley Evelyn is the MDC shadow minister for Youth development , Gender, and Employment creation.

- Maiden Parliamentary Speech

Mr Speaker

Sir, I stand before you and this house as a woman of Zimbabwe, a child of Africa, I stand before you on the soil of my ancestors, filled with the spirit of freedom, aware of the responsibilities of peace and with the energy to remake and build a new, great Zimbabwe. I see it as my task, and those of the people of Mutasa, the Movement for Democratic Change and every Zimbabwean to heal and enrich our mother land....

I speak to you as a woman; a mother; a patriotic Zimbabwean and a person honoured with the trust and confidence of the people in her community sufficient to have been elected a member of this House.
This House where the people of Zimbabwe put their hopes, dreams and fears before us and ask us as their representatives to honestly and without fear consult, debate, discuss and find solutions to the problems that the people in the farms, villages, businesses, schools, hospitals and homes of our country face.

I speak to you as the mother of five children. Mr Speaker, I know that I share with all members of this House that my children grow up in a peaceful, prosperous Zimbabwe - I want my children to receive good schooling, I want them to remain free of AIDS which is killing 2 000 Zimbabweans every week, I want them to have good medical care, I want them to look at our flag with pride and a sense of commitment to our nation, I want them to find jobs when they leave school - jobs in this country, not South Africa or Botswana - here, this is where our young people belong.

I want our children to help build this nation into the greatest in Africa.

I consider myself privileged to address the honourable members of this house as the honestly elected MP for Mutasa, I say honestly because I did not have to resort to violence and intimidation in order to coerce the votes of my constituency.

Mr Speaker, the question of violence need to be addressed yet again. I feel I would not have done much justice to the people of Mutasa constituency, whom I represent, and Zimbabwe, if I do not raise this issue in this August house.

I would want to bring to your attention ladies and gentlemen that the reign of terror that was unleashed on Zimbabweans and the Honde Valley in particular which left 89 people homeless is not and will not be acceptable in an Independent Zimbabwe. People were subjected to physical and psychological torture in a liberated country. This really leaves a lot to be desired about our past and present government.

I therefore call upon all the members of the house to agree that the government and all perpetrators be held responsible for the damages and that the victims should be compensated - just as the government plans to compensate the War Veterans who's illegal homes were destroyed by the police recently...

The perpetrators must be brought to book if democracy is to be practised in this country, Sir, the lawlessness and anarchy which still prevails in our country allows certain Zimbabweans to feel that they are a special group of people, who think that they are above the law. They continue to intimidate and terrorise people even after the elections. As if what they did was not enough, only a few weeks ago the same culprits burnt three more houses in my constituency. What it means is that the darkest hour of Zimbabwe's history, prior to elections has turned out to be the darkest weeks after the elections. Therefore we the citizens of this country are faced with two options:-

1. To surrender to the threats, intimidation, murder and rape by ZANU PF, and allow the breakdown of law and order to continue to destroy our nation, or

2. Unite for democracy and freedom, and say "NO MORE' -

I, like thousands of Zimbabweans, was bitterly disappointed, when the President, in his address to the nation failed to call for the restoration of law and order in our country in order to stop the bloodshed and bleeding economy. I therefore call upon the President to acknowledge the wishes of the majority in this country and be determined to stop the beatings, rape, torture, farm invasions, burning and destruction of property as this will affect the people's morale and our economy.

We need not be a laughing stock of the whole world. Let us have properly organised and democratic land reform programmes and policies. In Shona we say "kumhanya handikusvika'. We will feel the awful consequences later if we rush to do things and by then it will be difficult to reverse. Consider the long-term problems of rushing the resettlement programme. Remember the infrastructure; this includes roads, clinics, schools, the resources; machinery, seeds, fertilizers all are needed for a kick-start, has the government put this in place?

I strongly believe that the farm invasions, lawlessness and anarchy that is prevailing in this country has nothing to do with the land issue or landless people, to be more precise, the land hungry people have been exploited by the government in order to stay in power. The people of Zimbabwe who supported the chimurenga war primarily because they wanted land have been forgotten and instead the land acquired by government was shared amongst themselves and ZANU PF cronies.

Not until after the humiliating defeat at the referendum did the government and ZANUPF realised they had lost the support of Zimbabweans, and hatched their diabolical plan to use disgruntled war veterans and unemployed ZANU PF supporters to terrorise and intimidate the voters.

I hasten to add that not all war vets are bad, indeed very few of them participated in the government-sponsored reign of terror. To substantiate my point I use the parliamentary results in Manicaland as an example, where the whole eastern strip of the province boarders on Mozambique, voters favoured MDC over ZANU PF. This is quite extraordinary considering that the majority of war veterans came from this area because of its close proximity to Mozambique where they were trained.

The people of this area feel very strongly about the land issue as many of their relatives sacrificed their lives in the chimurenga war because of their need for land, but despite their efforts they have been marginalized to an extent that very little or virtually no development has taken place in some areas,

The people of Mutasa, whom I represent expect that:-

1. The Government should be a servant of the people

2. The Government must listen to the people and not vice versa

3. The Government is for all the people of Zimbabwe.

4. The Governor of Manicaland should NOT be someone rejected in an election.

I say the government should be for all the people of Zimbabwe.

To take you back honourable speaker to recent events in Matebeleland where on Saturday 5th August Mr Obert Mpofu, the new Governor for Matebeleland North who came into this House through the back door was speaking at the official launch of the accelerated resettlement programme. It is a shame to note that Governor Mpofu stated in public, that there should be no land for MDC people, and it is due to this issue that I choose not to refer to him as an honourable member but merely Governor Mpofu. He clearly said that MDC supporters would not be resettled because they had shown no interest in the land by voting against the party in the June elections. He urged his ZANU PF members and war veterans to ensure that no MDC supporters were resettled in their Districts and I quote "I do no want to see any person from MDC on the list of people who will be settled. The MDC supporters should wait for their government to give them land". Surely honourable speaker this is proof that the accelerated resettlement programme is being politicised for personal gain by ZANU PF faithfulls and is already being used as a campaign tool for the Presidential elections.

One of the main reasons the AIDS pandemic is spreading so quickly is Poverty, the Fast Track Land resettlement Programme embarked on by the Government is also FAST TRACK to Poverty and is therefore Fast Tracking the Aids pandemic - are you and your government comfortable with that.

Honourable Speaker I therefore call upon all people of Zimbabwe to stop being tribalistic, racist etc, this should be swept under the carpet and urge all Zimbabweans to work together towards the social, political and economic development of this nation, only this will serve the poor and if not the majority of this country. The people of Manicaland and Mutasa in particular implore the Government to respect the rule of law and restore peace and order to our beloved Country.

The violence that transpired is NOT a figment of the imagination as the President may suggest, as I have been on the receiving end of the state sponsored violence I take exception to the presidents reference to the level of violence being insignificant and acceptable.

I have had my home burned to the ground and most of my worldly possessions and food granaries destroyed by fire, I have had petrol bombs thrown at me and my family, I have been beaten by thugs,

I have identified the perpetrators and made the necessary reports to the Police, who, as I speak have done little to bring the culprits to book. This is state sponsored violence.

Amongst all this I was arrested and held in custody for 2 days for allegedly kidnapping a War Veteran. Mr Speaker and Honourable Members of the House - do I look like someone who could kidnap one of the War Veterans who are holding 1500 farmers and the country to ransom?

This Mr Speaker is tantamount to Police harassment for political gain. We are aware as to who is behind this and he should be ashamed.

The honourable speaker, the ministry in which my party the MDC, considers me most suited is Gender, Youth and Culture where in the wisdom of the President he has chosen the Honourable Border Gezi as the Cabinet Minister. I suggest Mr Speaker that the Honourable President had another one of his lapses of sensibility when he made that choice as it is on record that the Minister in question "Madzibaba" who, as Governor, tolerated, abetted, incited and probably finances some of the worst violence against women and girls, and using unemployed youth as militia, is now minister of Youth, Gender and Employment creation -

Youth employment through Militia,

Gender by Gang Rape.


Mr Speaker there is a lot of misconception about this gender ministry, many tend to think that it is a ministry that deals with women's issues only.

Let me give a brief definition of this Ministry - Gender Ministry is a ministry that deals with or looks at equality between men and women. So even those men who feel that their issues are not well represented are free to bring them to me and I will endeavour to put these issue to this house for debate. One such example is the exorbitant amount of money paid by the bridegroom as lobola. I feel this should be reduced to a small token of appreciation and as a way of cementing the relationship between 2 families. This will be of advantage to women, as they will no longer be seen as property bought to be used and abused by men. The cementing of families will help to eliminate our promiscuous life style and halt the spread of AIDS.

It will be my duty to see that women come to realise their rights, to contribute to the development of this nation irrespective of their marital status, tribe and race.

It has been a trend in Zimbabwe that the people of this country think and believe that politics is only for the single woman and married women must be content to be mothers and housewives. I therefore would want to stand as a role model, to demonstrate that it is our right as women to participate in politics so as to influence policy making decisions which affect us as women. I therefore urge all women in Zimbabwe to realise their rights and take up the challenge in all sectors of life. In order for us the women of Zimbabwe to be heard let us speak with one voice. To you honourable gentlemen, I would say the time has come for you to cease exploiting and looking down on women, decision making is for us all.

Today I will concentrate more on women's issues because I feel women in Zimbabwe have been marginalized for a very long time, we need to wake up, unite and work for our rights and equality. I advocate equal opportunities in Parliament, work places, learning institutions etc.

Women empowerment, socially, economically and politically is what I will fight for in this August house. Gone are the days honourable members when women thought politics is a game to be played by men alone, economic hardships affect women as well, if not more than men.

It is a shame that Zimbabwe's parliament has fewer women MPs in this legislature. In the previous parliament 22 out of 150 MPs were women, after the controversial elections in June, there are only 14 women MPs.

What a set back for women, one would say, however personally I disagree with the arithmetic and with the sense of loss. It is not quantity but quality that matters. Let us look again at the numbers - since only 5 ZANU PF women were elected, ZANU PF's gender ratio plummeted. The opposition got seven women into parliament by the ballot, among them are human rights and grassroots activists of impressive credentials.

On his appointees his Excellency should have been gender sensitive by increasing the number of Women parliamentarians but not by taking those that were rejected by the people.

I believe women's agenda differ according to political persuasions. In Zimbabwe, the well-documented state sponsored violence that preceded the elections has drawn one clear dividing line among women in politics.

I hope that my colleagues and I on this side of the bench will be able to install a sense of stability and a sense of gender purpose on the other side, where it is noted that not one of those women, at any time, or at any place, denounced the violence and gang rape of their Zimbabwean sisters, yet they were entitled to and received UNDP money for campaigning.

I say shame on you for betraying your gender in search of power.

Gender involvement in politics must be for the whole country and ALL its people and not by patronising the President by wearing his picture on ones bosom and posterior.

School children are being abducted and sexually molested, the police stand by and do nothing, where is the cry foul from that side of the bench, where is the Red Card to the perpetrators and instigators from you women on that side of the bench.

Again I say shame on you for, by your very silence, condoning such terrible acts just so that you can stay in power.

As supposed leaders what you are doing by condoning such actions is tantamount to raping your own children - shame - zvinonyadza


Our youth are the future leaders of this nation, therefore I expected the president in his speech at the opening of the 5th parliament to have shown serious concern about our youth. Over 65% of our educated youth are unemployed and furthermore our education system does not prepare them for future life. Many of them resort to begging, drink and drugs because they do not have the practical skills to earn a living.

The youth want proper jobs - being paid to intimidate, rape and plunder for Cheffs is not employment.

Jobs must come from development - development means investment - investment means a stable economy and law and order.

We have all of the ingredients for development except good governance.

Our people have been betrayed and we no longer have the ingredients for job creation.

Honourable "Madzibaba" Gezi it is your responsibility to come up with clearly defined youth policies that will empower our youth politically, economically and socially.

A piece of land carved out of a highly productive farm is not going to solve the problem. Development is not about prejudicing the future it is about creating a future.

The Fast Track resettlement programme is prejudicing the future of the youth of this country. There will be no winners in this diabolical scheme, history will show this and the President Robert Mugabe will be exposed as the betrayer and user of his people.

Those of you who support him for his political survival - shame on you because you are supporting the Fast Track to Poverty. Our objective should be to eliminate poverty not Fast Track Poverty.

To conclude on the subject of youth, I say, our country needs sound social and economic values to pass on as a legacy to our Zimbabwean youth.


Mutasa is the constituency that I represent. It is on the boarder with Mozambique and I am sure everyone here would agree with me that the people in my constituency supported the Chimurenga war more than any other constituency in Zimbabwe but to my surprise there is no development at all. The people in Mandeya part of the Honde Valley have been marginalised to the extent that they now believe ZANU PF government considers them to be Mozambicans.

They were used by ZANU PF in the chimurenga and have now been abandoned.


Most of the roads are in a very bad state. Tell me where has all the development money gone - propping up a dictatorship in the DRC and Swiss bank accounts.

There is a long list of roads and bridges requiring urgent attention and construction, the Honourable Minister Mombeshora this is your responsibility please ensure that the job gets done and your ministry is not brought into further disrepute.

Clinics and Hospitals

The health services in my constituency have deteriorated to unacceptable conditions. There are no medicines in all clinics.

There are 14 clinics and 3 hospitals in my constituency. We need more clinics and hospitals need upgrading.

Tsonzo Hospital was destroyed during the war but to my surprise, 20 years after independence there are many buildings which have not been re-roofed.

Honourable Dr Stamps this is your responsibility - what have you been doing all these years as an appointed member of this honourable house. Please make sure that hospitals are upgraded, adequately staffed with qualified Doctors and supplied with the medicines necessary. We tired of your excuse about no money or inadequate funds. We should not have to suffer because the tax-payers money is being wasted by the government. Zimbabweans deserve and need access to good health care

Hauna Hospital in the valley has been functioning with no doctor at all since 1998 forcing serious patients to travel all the way to Bonda Mission Hospital.



Buildings of most primary schools are dilapidated and neglected. 20 years after Independence most schools in my constituency still do not have telephones. The Honerable Minister responsible must see the importance of communication.

When schools have telephones, this will help both the school and the local community. Sometimes people in my constituency have difficulties in communication with their relatives when there is a death in the family.

More O'level secondary school are urgently needed as pupils walk more than 15km to the nearest secondary schools.

Mutasa is a very huge constituency but it has got only 2'A' level schools, where is the development - where are the pledges made 20 years ago.

The living conditions of the Rural teachers leaves a lot be desired and the ministry must do something about this state of affairs. Our future is in the youth and their education. How can we expect firsts class education from underpaid teachers housed in sub-standard accommodation who are under equipped and without modern teaching aids.


Mutasa constituency is blessed with rivers that flow throughout they year yet very little of this water is being put to use. Instead of the "Fast Track Land Programme" the government should have facilitated the irrigation schemes at Mutarazi, Manunure and many more.

Osborne dam should be seen to help local people but people in my constituency are having difficulties in obtaining fishing permits/licenses. Please can this be addressed as a matter of urgency.

Other problems

Electrification; there has been very little development in this area..

Most business centers and schools have no electricity yet some areas like Gatsi, Murara and Sherukuru are not far from the source.

Electrification of Rural Schools would benefit local people as it will be possible to have adult education at night. Most houses in Hauna GP and DC Area have no electricity, this is the sort of development the people deserve - not the carving up of productive land to further ZANU PF political survival objectives.

Head tax - People in my constituency are not happy with the payment of head tax which has risen by more than 100% from $20 to $50 per head for every member of the family who is above 18 years old.

They vowed not to pay this money because they don't see its purpose since no development has ever taken place in their areas. They suspect a lot of corruption taking place at our local district council. I challenge the Honourable Minister of Local Government to investigate and report back to this house on the matter.

Also, $50 per head is too much for them, they cannot afford it due to economic hardships created by the governments mismanagement, poor governance and corruption.

Manicaland Governor

People in my constituency are not happy with the appointment of Oppah Muchinguri as our governor. They want to know why the President nominated her yet she was vehemently and openly rejected by the people of Mutare North Constituency that she now represents. Oppah polled about 5000 votes against Major Giles Mutsekwa's 19000 votes. They want to know whether there were no other ZANU PF members of ladies that he could have nominated. Would she be very effective in representing the same people who rejected her. I ask where is the sanity in that. Where is the democracy.

Pre-election violence victims: I demand from the government to assist with the construction of houses that were destroyed in my constituency by ZANU PF supporters.

Thanks to all the Zimbabweans, NGO's, Churches who helped with food temporary shelter and clothing for the displaced persons and not forgetting the Newspapers who published the truth.

Tax payers' money: May I make an appeal to you Mr. Speaker to warn the honourables who are often absent from this house, those who come only for 10-15 minutes and then disappear , those that spend half the time in this house dozing, May they be reminded that they are wasting the tax payer's money.

To close, because I speak for the majority of the people and the future of the women, young girls and boys who rely on our honesty and integrity, we can assure the Honourable Minister of Gender Youth and Employment Creation "Madzibaba "also known as "the dancer' that we will not be intimidated and that we will be watching your every step to ensure the development of the nation for the future of our youth no matter how fancy your foot work!!!!

A Father who betrays his children is no longer worthy of being a Father

A Father who has his children raped and beaten is no longer worthy of being a Father

A Father who will not listen to the cries of his children is no longer a Father

The man once called the Father of the Nation, Robert Mugabe, is no longer listening to the nation. I request that his Excellency the President retire from office with dignity and allow space for a leader who will listen to the people and lead this country out of economic and agricultural disaster free from corruption and state sponsored violence.

The Honourable Evelyn Masaiti

MP Mutasa

Wednesday, 30 August 2000

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