The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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The Agricultural Crisis Deepens

It is astonishing to report, that after 7 years of continuous decline and 5
years of radical "land reform" that the economy still shows all the signs of
"broad based contraction" (IMF) and that the agricultural sector is still
shrinking. The actual facts are quite stark. GDP is down to about US$4,8
billion from US$8,4 billion in 1997, exports are down from US$3,4 billion in
the same year to US$1,23 billion last year - and goodness knows what figure
for the current year.

But it is farm output that gives rise to the most concern as this has been
the subject of intense attention over the past 4 years as government has
implemented its "fast track land reform programme". Only last week a
government Minister told an AU meeting that "Zimbabwe was on the edge of a
dramatic agricultural recovery which would see 2 million jobs being
 created." For a Minister in a government that has seen the formal sector
job market shrink from about 1,4 million jobs to probably about 800 000 in
2004, that is quite a claim to make.

The reality is that all sectors of the agricultural industry are in steep
decline - and continue to shrink at an alarming rate. We heard this week
that the "GMB has 298 000 tonnes of maize in stock". This was very carefully
phrased - not 298 000 tonnes purchased, but 298 000 tonnes in stock. That is
half way through the GMB intake season, it has increased its stocks from an
opening figure of 220 000 tonnes to 298 000 despite significant imports for
which no figures were tendered.

That means that with 8 months to go before we can expect any significant
deliveries of the 2004/05 crop, we have 2 months supply of maize in stock.
Only in 1992 when we suffered an almost total crop failure due to drought,
have we been in a more dangerous situation.

But the maize situation should not obscure the fact that all other sectors
are shrinking with equally disastrous results. Wheat output - already down
in 2003 to 14 per cent of previous levels is set to shrink still further.
Milk production is down to 35 per cent of production, meat output is also
down and prices in Zimbabwe are now higher than in South Africa in real
terms - a first for this country which is a large producer and consumer of
all meat products. Oilseeds - critical to the stockfeed industry and for
edible oils and fats production is now down to less than 40 per cent of

The list does not end there - coffee, fruit, tea, sugar are all experiencing
significant reductions in total output while the export industries of
horticulture and tobacco are now down to 50 per cent and 35 per cent of
their normal output.

This has resulted in many shortages and perhaps more seriously, a very big
increase in prices of food in Zimbabwe - once the cheapest in the whole
region, now costing as much or even more than in our less well endowed
neighbors. With 25 per cent of our adult population HIV positive, such a
development has serious implications as infected individuals require a very
much better diet to survive, especially in a country where only 0.2 per cent
of all infected persons receive medication.

There are no signs of recovery - none at all, in fact virtually every sector
looks as if this coming season will be worse than the last - even if we get
normal rains. In April the tobacco industry should have completed land
preparation, in May and June seedbeds should have been planted. Land
preparation and early planted crops should go in about now. Very little is
happening on the ground and a significant number of growers who produced a
crop this past season will not grow this year. Inputs of seed and fertilizer
as well as essential chemicals and fuel are all in short supply. Right now -
when the industry is normally at its peak in demand, there is a serious and
growing shortage of fuel.

I have spent my whole life in agriculture and I can see no signs of any turn
around in this situation. We have an idiot who is the Minister of
Agriculture, Army officers trying to run the GMB and everyone else trying to
steal what is left. It is a catastrophe.

The displaced farmers, who have been illegally and with force of arms,
kicked off their farms, are trying to put their shattered lives back
together. I spoke to one the other day - he has gone to Zambia where he now
runs the largest coffee farm in the world with 1600 hectares of coffee. His
one son goes to school in England and his daughter to University in South
Africa. In Botswana, just over the border with Zimbabwe I have a friend who
is clearing wild bush for Zimbabwean displaced farmers. He tells me he has
years of work, that at some points you cannot see the end of the lands in
question - they stretch to the horizon. These stories can be repeated for
many African States who have taken these productive refugees in. I am told
for example, that one well known Zimbabwean grower has established the
largest tobacco unit in the world - also in Zambia.

What is often not appreciated is that these are 4th and 5th generation
African farmers, with essential African experience and skills. They are also
excellent managers and know how to operate in an African environment. It's
not an easy environment - much less manageable than the agricultural
conditions in the USA or Europe.

Yet the madness goes on - just this past month Eric Harrison - probably one
of the best irrigation farmers in the country, has been forced off his farm.
A standing crop of citrus and sugarcane, worth a conservative Z$5 billion,
has been stolen and destroyed. 30 years of work has been lost and today Eric
and his wife, completely shattered by the loss of their home and business
are in Australia for a break while they decide what to do. Their sons are
trying to recover what they can so that they have something to live on. 2003
was the first year in their whole married life that they had grown their
crops without an overdraft. Do many of us appreciate that simple statement?

On Friday the Hennings - having been encouraged to grow a winter wheat crop
and also significant producers of tobacco and paprika, were told to leave
the farm or else. They packed a few bags and fled to Harare. On Sunday, the
acting Mayor of Harare, a woman who has switched sides to give Zanu PF
control of the city after the MDC took 85 per cent of the popular vote,
arrived. "This is my farm now" she announced to the press from the lounge of
her new rural home.  Apart from the sheer stupidity of such a statement,
every other investor in the agricultural industry and beyond, watches this
sort of thing and starts closing down what is left of their own operation.
Next time they ask a few farmers to plant a crop in a last minute desperate
exercise to get something into the ground, there will be few takers.

Then this week we have had the spectacle of the Police driving off new
"settlers" from farms targeted for occupation by a Zanu "heavy". First it
was the 30 000 odd people on Porta Farm then the settlers on Little
England - David Smith's old place, so that Mugabe's sister could take it
over. Now Mugabe has pointed his poisoned chalice at the mining industry.
Well at least he is consistent.

Eddie Cross
Bulawayo, 20th September 2004.

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21 September 2004


In October last year, the city of Gweru was reeling under a $1,2 billion
debt. Service delivery was at the barest minimum and residents were being
taxed heavily to keep the then Zanu PF council afloat. Today, a mere 11
months later, an MDC council has cleared the Gweru debt and suspended all
rate increases.

Masvingo, Mutare, Kariba, Victoria Falls, Redcliff and Bulawayo forecast a
similar improvement in their financial status after the new MDC councils
introduced people-driven, turn-around strategies to clear debts and to clean
up the mess they inherited from the previous municipal regimes.

In a short space of 100 days after the mayoral and council elections, the
new Harare City Council re-surfaced almost all the roads which were severely
potholed by years of neglect and maladministration. Engineer Elias Mudzuri,
the Mayor of Harare and his MDC council was moving so fast to curb graft,
restore the city's image and improve water supplies to all the residents.
Mudzuri was fired soon afterwards, as you all know, throwing our development
agenda into turmoil.

Our success in local government, especially in towns and cities where
political interference has been minimal, demonstrates the commitment of an
MDC administration to stop the haemorrhage, to harness the people's
potential and to start afresh.

Our councils have shown that the administration of our towns and cities can
be transformed, leaving residents with access to services and extra cash to
for their families. In line with our values, our councils are required to
consult widely with the residents in order to register and address specific
needs of the people.  A new management style is now in place, led by people
who understand change. They have adopted a pro-active approach to local
governance issues. The new councils handle challenges with open minds.

If we get the politics right through a free and fair election and a
legitimate government in March, Zimbabwe could be poised for immense
opportunities for freedom and advancement. The persistent structural issues
of inequality and bias in growth and redistribution could be resolved in a
fundamental and visible way. Our towns and cities will find sufficient
breathing space to undo 24 years of damage and decay. Victoria Falls, Kariba
and other tourist destinations shall spring to life with visitors, as was
the tradition before Zimbabwe's current pariah status.

Peace holds the key to our efforts to rebuild Zimbabwe. The MDC commits
itself to restoring law and order as a matter of urgency. Zimbabweans with
diverse political opinions must re-unite and co-exist in an environment of
peace. Peace is the basis upon which our economic stabilisation and recovery
plan rests. We have no desire to travel the path of retribution at the
expense of national unity, national healing, reconstruction and job
creation. It is important that our attention is not diverted to emotional,
side issues which do not assist the starving, jobless Zimbabweans.

A free and fair election will change our lives in a significant way. With a
legitimate government, our nation shall expose itself for a state of hyper
activity: as we move onto the farms to finalise the land question and to
re-organise and restore agriculture; as we rehabilitate our damaged
infrastructure; as commerce and industry unlock their doors to production
and jobs; and as we open up the country to freedom.

We believe commercial agriculture shall once again assume its economic
leadership position, with new opportunities for the revival of industry,
food security, increased exports, new jobs and foreign exchange for
essential imports.

We shall be able to put in action a far-reaching land tenure system to turn
the communal lands into commercially viable, productive units. Our communal
lands in their present form are a potential source for economic and
political insecurity, having been turned into zones where abundant human
resources and knowledge systems waste away without national notice.

We plan to abolish the dual agrarian structure which has condemned nearly 20
million hectares in the communal lands to tiny, uneconomic and unattractive
subsistence plots. Any part of Zimbabwe must open itself to a set of
opportunities for all, especially our young people. We aim to build a strong
agro-industrial link between our rural and urban areas, generate additional
employment, de-congest the present communal areas and stimulate higher
levels of economic activity.

To encourage participation, rights over communal land and resources will
pass from the state to the people. That programme will facilitate the
evolution of secure, well defined and transferable rights to land,
especially for women. The present state of affairs discourages investment in
the communal lands and denies millions access to modern infrastructural

We believe land is an economic asset whose full exploitation can only be
possible when supported by technical and financial services geared to
transform Zimbabwe into an industrialised nation.

An MDC government, born out of a free and fair election, shall avoid
disorder in the agriculture sector and steer clear of careless political
experiments with food supplies and food security. It is sad that up to this
day, Zimbabwean farmers have no clue as to where to source seed for a season
that starts in a few weeks time. Governments must never be allowed to play
speculative political games with people's lives.

An MDC government shall limit its role in the pricing and marketing of
essential inputs, seed and agricultural chemicals, in order to ensure a
competitive pricing environment necessary for continuous investment in

As a social liberation movement, the MDC shall be obliged to raise income
levels, to attend to poverty, to address inequality, to raise life
expectancy and to roll Zimbabwe back onto a sustainable development path.

With 80 percent unemployment, we are fully aware of the enormous challenges
ahead. The measures we propose in our policies and programmes seek to wipe
out the precarious informal sector which has turned our nation into one big
flea market.

We shall transform these informal businesses into substantive formal sector
units, launch a vigorous public works programme and encourage linkages
between small, up-coming producers with large enterprises.  We realise the
importance of the small business sector to our economy.

As the economy picks up, small businesses shall be ready to absorb large
numbers of young people. A new beginning is an absolute necessity. A new
Zimbabwe is what the nation needs. Almost a quarter of century after
independence, we are as poor as we were in 1970. A tiny fraction of our
population is still in formal employment. Fewer people are at work, compared
to 1980 despite the fact that at the time we were emerging from a brutal
war. Life expectancy today is lower than in 1960.

I know that the crisis is far too severe and deep-seated to allow for
instant recovery. But we have no choice. We have to pick up the pieces and
start afresh. We aim to return to a near normal position within a reasonable
time in order to lift our nation from a current position of a failed state.

Our starting point is in March next year. The MDC is the only political
party that is capable of reversing the Zimbabwean tragedy and turn our
nation into the success story it should be. At a political level, we are
headed towards the final resolution of the crisis. You asked for a revision
of our electoral standards. We took your case to SADC. The region agreed
with you and adopted your proposals. Since then Zanu PF and regime have
never rested, trying to find ways of wriggling out of their responsibility.
They are losing all the way.

Despite their propaganda, it is clear that you, the people, are making
progress in the fight for freedom. Together, we shall celebrate Zimbabwe's
re-entry and integration into the family of nations.

Morgan Tsvangirai


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Women of Zimbabwe Arise - (WOZA)

Press Statement 20th September 2004

Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA) members embarked upon a 440-kilometer walk
Bulawayo to Harare on Sunday 19 September 2004. The women activists,
numbering 35, left Bulawayo at 6:20 am on Sunday and by 5 pm, 20 September
group had set up camp at the Matabele War Memorial 107 kilometers from
Bulawayo. They will continue walking along the highway covering 30-50 km per
day. They are spending the night out in the open and had showers to content
with last night and the weather has remained inclement today. Suitable for
walking but not for sleeping out in the open.

Aged between 20 and 60 years old, and in all shapes and sizes, the walkers
averaged 6 kilometers an hour proving their walk message - 'You strike a
and you have struck a rock'! A Zulu saying - Uthinte Umfazi Uthinte
The NGO Bill if passed in its current form will have struck at the lives and
very survival of women and their families. Most of the women are
of donor food and have HIV/Aids orphans that they care for. This walk
symbolizes a defending of the kindness of the donor community and way of
how much their help has meant to Zimbabweans.

A Methodist Reverend, from the outspoken Christians Together for Justice and
Peace blessed the walkers at a prayer Service on Friday. He called on the
to "defend those doing good and not allow doing good to become
The NGO Bill seeks to exert tight-fisted control over human rights and
governance activities undertaken by organizations. Such activities were
hitherto able to operate under international Human Rights protocols and
The Church community has described the bill as an "overkill' Bill and Civic
society has adopted a unified position in dubbing the NGO Bill - "the Bill
kills when Zimbabweans want life".
Background: The NGO Bill is due to become a law in October and over 200
community activists will loose a source of income. Their families and the
orphans they care for will suffer hardship. WOZA is conducting a sponsored
to raise money for the welfare of activists. Members will each walk 60
kilometers, with some attempting to walk all the way. Please donate or
us to help lessen the suffering caused by this unjust law. As it is drafted
now, this Bill will KILL instead of bringing us more LIFE. IT affects us,
the caring people who help us with food when we are hungry, medicine when we
are sick, development, which gives us opportunities. NGO's and Civic Society
organizations give us knowledge. KNOWLEDGE is POWER so the Bill wants to
us powerless.
Write: Box FM701, Famona, Bulawayo
Mobile Phones: (+263) 11-213-885 / (+263) 91 300456 (+263) 91 362 668

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JAG OPEN LETTER FORUM 20th September 2004

Email: ;

Please send any material for publication in the Open Letter Forum to with "For Open Letter Forum" in the subject line.


"What lies behind us and what lies before us are tiny matters compared to
what lies within us." RALPH WALDO EMERSON


Letter 1.  Subject: JAG Open Letters Forum 10th September 2004 - OLG 295

Dear JAG Members,

Thank you for all the regular updates - I am a British freelance journalist
who specialises in African affairs, and your newsletters help keep me up to
speed on the agricultural events in your country. Some of you know me
already, others I only know from your contributions.

I recently recieved a request from an old friend to help him find a
French-speaking farmer in Zimbabwe. I know that sadly many people have been
forced to leave the land, and my friend is thinking of doing a piece on the

At the moment, we are not looking for interviewees, or subjects, just
someone to talk to, confidentially and entirely off the record. I can
provide more details of the project via email or telephone, but it is only
in the planning stages right now. You can email me back on Thank you very much.

Anne Wayne

Letter 2.  Subject: Intervention

Foreign Intervention.

As someone who lives under a dictatorship, denied most of my human and
political rights and constantly under threat from a rogue government that
controls all the forces at the disposal of a modern government, I have a
sympathetic view of foreign intervention. This is one of those issues that
the global community is struggling with and which the media seems to have
taken to heart as a "cause".

We have the recent examples - Iraq and Afghanistan. In both cases a
coalition of governments - mainly drawn from the traditional western
alliance, have gone in with overwhelming force and effected regime change.
These actions have their supporters and their detractors, but as an
outsider with no real interest in either case, let me just say that a few
things do impress me as being important, often overlooked aspects.

Firstly, these were remarkable military achievements exhibiting, if we did
not already know it, the huge capacity of those intervening States to
exercise power on the ground. If anyone had told experts in 1960 that US
led forces could take Afghanistan and Iraq with the kind of casualties and
speed with which both objectives were achieved - they would have derided
such a view as being impossible. But it was achieved - not just because the
US was in the lead but also because the political and military leadership
put into these operations what it took to achieve the agreed military
objectives. The other day the US marked the loss of its 1000th casualty in
the Iraq campaign - 0,4 per cent of the forces committed. It is a
remarkable achievement - I would like to know what the Pentagon estimated
as their likely casualties at the start of this exercise. To the
governments in the Middle East they must be stunned at what has been
achieved and at the low cost in terms of human life.

Secondly, these same interventionist States are now trying to do something
much harder - they are trying to convert these ancient Islamic societies
into modern liberal democracies. If they can achieve that - then they are
miracle workers! Who said it was going to easy, who said it was not going
to be messy - no one that I have heard. The remnants of the deposed regimes
on the ground and their regional and international supporters know very
well how to fight a rearguard action - its not expensive and they have
little regard for human life. So we have our daily feed via satellite TV of
kidnappings and car bombs. It is so easy to capture the attention of the
media with these cheap, simple means. Bush and Blair bashing have become
the sine qua non of the major newspapers and television channels. This does
not make the work of these courageous leaders any easier and perhaps it is
time the media managers of the world took stock of just what they are

We are told that the justification for these interventions was never really
established - who is fooling whom on this issue? Of course Iraq had and
used all forms of weapons of mass destruction - ask the Kurds, ask Iranian
survivors. Would they have made such weapons available to people who
claimed they could deliver them into the heart of New York, Washington and
London - without doubt. I remember a few years ago sitting in a lovely
garden in France, the sun was shining and there were snow-covered mountains
nearby. Idyllic I thought. Then my host pointed to the crest of a ridge of
hills just a few kilometers away and said "those concrete structures you
can see are the missile tubes for Frances nuclear deterrent. If Russia
strikes at us, we will never know it!" I then appreciated what it was to
live in an uncontested part of the world.

Just imagine what would happen if a single weapon capable of mass
destruction got into a major urban complex - many hundreds of thousands
would be at risk of their very lives. I have got no doubt that Bush and
Blair were right to attack these possible sources of support for global
terrorism. To further justify this view just look at how other unstable
rogue states have reacted to this firm leadership - Libya, Iran, Somalia
and North Korea have all shrunk back from the stance they had previously
adopted. Afraid that they might face the same treatment. Left unchallenged,
a country like Libya did all sorts of terrible things - worse might have
come had the coalition States not invaded Iraq.

Then look at the failures to intervene - Cambodia, a complete generation of
educated people wiped out, up to three million innocents killed. Rwanda, a
handful of western soldiers - there under a UN mandate stand back and watch
as 80 000 Tutsi and Hutu moderates are slaughtered every day in a massacre
that went on for nearly three months. Somali bandits kill and humiliate a
handful of American soldiers and then, left to their own devices they
destabilize a whole country, murder thousands of their own people and
become a breeding ground for global terrorism. The Congo, where Kabila
overthrew Mabutu and then - under threat himself, he unleashed an orgy of
violence, which left millions dead, and tens of millions of ordinary
innocents displaced. Now Darfur, where a small force of government backed
Islamic soldiers have committed genocide and up to 10 000 people are now
dying every week.

Look back into history - Churchill was right about Hitler - had the
coalition of forces moved against Hitler early, the history of the 20th
Century would have been very different - and had a low cost compared to the
losses of the world war that followed. What about the Kurds in the Middle
East, what about the Kulaks in Stalins Russia?

Intervention and regime change, by force if necessary, may not be pleasant
to contemplate, but in many instances it may be the only way forward -
Nerere's intervention in Uganda, Vietnams intervention in Cambodia. This
was the only way to bring a rogue government to heel and start a country
back on the long and painful road to recovery. Do we want or need armed
intervention in Zimbabwe - no! But without international and regional help
to get this rogue government here back to behaving as a reasonable
institution and observing the basic principles of democracy, there is
little or no chance of change in a positive direction. Our casualties do
not warrant CNN or BBC attention but they are nevertheless real - and they
number in their tens or even hundreds of thousands.

Leaders are more culpable than their followers on an issue like this - they
have better information. An Englishman sitting in front of his TV can react
to a BBC film clip showing starved, dying children. A similar child in a
country like Zimbabwe, dying of hunger or malnutrition or preventable
disease is no less a casualty simply because you cannot see it on you
television because Mugabe has banned the film crews. But Blair knows that
child is dying - and why, Mbeki also knows - they choose to act or not to
act and when they are dammed for acting at home they often back off with
disastrous consequences. There are many who argue that had the Somali
massacre of US Marines not taken place, Rwanda would have been dealt with
in a totally different way and hundreds of thousands saved - at little real

I weep with every Mother and Father who loses a son or a daughter in the
conflict in Iraq or Afghanistan. At the same time I think the cause is
right and the oppressed majority in these countries will be forever
grateful to them for their sacrifice. And who knows how many "at home" will
owe their continued safety and security to what their sons and daughters
are doing thousands of kilometers from home.

Eddie Cross
Bulawayo, 17th September 2004.

Letter 3.  Telephone Charge Increases

It is encouraging to see that someone has bothered to start some kind of
protest against the PTC charge hikes. For those of you who just shrug your
shoulders and say that is just the way things are in Zimbabwe, please do
not read on, *.and have a nice day!

For those who do give a damn, read on and make you protest in whichever way
you think appropriate****..

-----Original Message-----
From: Destination Horizon []
Sent: Wednesday, September 15, 2004 3:00 PM
To: "Undisclosed-Recipient:;"
Subject: Telephone charge increases

15th September 2004

To those of you who are responsible for the payment of Tel-One telephone
accounts, (which have started arriving today)please seriously consider
writing to the General Manager of Tel-One within the next few days to
COMPLAIN IN THE VERY STRONGEST TERMS against the unfair, unjustified and
exhorbitant telephone rates increases which have come into effect.

What we need is a massive and strong protest against the unjustified and
astronomical telephone charge increases introduced by Tel-One.  The unit
charges have been increased overnight from $120 to $585, a five-fold

This is justified by neither the current rate of inflation nor an
improvement in the quality of service provided.

By comparison, fixed land-line operators overseas have cut their rates by
an average of 50% over the last couple of years. It would appear therefore
that these increases are the result of either pure greed or incompetence.

It is likely that several businesses will not be able to sustain such
unrealistic increases and will have to close down. At a time when the
Governor of the Reserve Bank is trying, quite successfully, to control
inflation in Zimbabwe, the latest measure is tantamount to economic

These telephone charge increases will doubtlessly have a 'domino' effect on
all businesses, like fuel price increases do, and you can expect other
charges/fees/rates and subscriptions to increase in order to off-set these!

Let's try to be united in protest against these increases.

All letters published on the open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
for Agriculture.


JAG Hotlines:
(091) 261 862 If you are in trouble or need advice,
(011) 205 374
(011) 863 354 please don't hesitate to contact us -
(011) 431 068
                                we're here to help!
263 4 799 410 Office Lines

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Listed below are the property listings in the Herald on Friday 17th
September 2004.  This list is for Lot 14, Section 8 and is for 129




Vesting of land, taking of materials and exercise of rights over land.

NOTICE NOTICE is herby given, in terms of paragraph (iii) of sub-section
(1) of section 8 of the Land Acquisition Act (Chapter 20:10), that the
Preseident has acquired compulsorily the land descirbed in the Schedule for
resettlement urposes.

Minister of Special Affairs in the Office of the
President and Cabinet Responsible for Lands,
Land Reform and Resettlement
 1. 4086/85. V. Ballies P/L: Bindura: Malvern: 1 266,7902 ha

 2.  3230/77. Watershed Estates P/L: Chipinga: Lot 12A of Newcastle:
318,6532 ha

 3.  11653/99. Mtuatua (Private) Limited: Darwin: Lot 1 of Lot 1 of
Mtorazeni: 1 025,4006 ha
 4.  4783/92. Benflora (Private) Limited: Darwin: Silverstroom Estate: 1
365,2103 ha
 5.  14/73. Dolphin Park (Private) Limited: Darwin: Lot 1 of Nteto Park:
637,2886 ha
 6.  1735/95. Ian Johnstone (Private) Limited: Darwin: Lot 1 of Chipiri: 1
354,7124 ha
 7.  1488/83. Loch Nagar Farm (Private) Limited: Darwin: Mshawa Estate:
404,3686 ha
 8.  3607/97. Club House Investments P/L: Darwin: Everton: 2 765,0032
 9.  4782/92. Benflora (Private) Limited: Darwin: Lot 1 of Birdwood:
614,0204 ha

 10.  5946/81. Raath Brothers (Private) Limited: Gatooma: Glenview Farm:
769,6857 ha

 11.  945/01. Propkept: Goromonzi: Lot 2 of Subdivision 'C' of Learig:
252,1499 ha
 12.  7975/97. The 4 'L' P/L: Goromonzi: Lot 1 of Witness: 628,47 ha
 13.  1304/79. Christoffel Johannes Greyling and Hendrik Johannes
Greyling: Goromonzi: Subdivision D of Sellair: 118,7101 ha
 14.  5620/74. Christoffel Hohannes Greyling: Goromonzi: Subdivision E of
Sellair: 138,5453 ha

 15.  1726/87. Sidney Petrus Schoultz: Gwelo: Remainder of Sonambula:
832,2044 ha
 16.  3081/99. Malthar Enterprises (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Sunnyside:
766,3124 ha
 17.  1762/84. Arthur Graham Franceys: Gwelo: Merve of Buttercups:
513,8265 ha
 18.  478/95. Corrangamite Farm (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Corrangamite: 2
602,1289 ha
 19.  1722/01. Basil Farming Company (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Remainder
of Farm 9 of West Gwelo block: 544,7938 ha
 20.  3845/99. Jean Pamela Thompson: Gwelo: Lot 1 of Lot 55 of the
Umsungwe Block: 172,3571 ha
 21.  3167/03. Pentatron Services (Private) Limtied: Gwelo: Remaining
Extent of Lot 62 of the Umsungwe Block: 377,4767 ha
 22.  1720/93. S C Shaw (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Subdivision 4 of Four
Chums Block: 2 111,5668 ha
 23.  251/93. Louis Mallory Paul: Gwelo: Remainder of Figtree: 2 809,1577
 24.  2248/83. Clive Leopold Hein: Gwelo: Remainder of Dopton: 2 284,7657
 25.  3222/87. Graham Ingle: Gwelo: Cheshire of Fife Scott Block: 408,6276
 26.  628/94. Simpoco Enterprises (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Allysloper
Estate: 2 605,7911 ha
 27 2221/95. Jomat (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Groenvlei of East Shangani
Block: 781,9682 ha
 28.  140/49. Robert Basson: Gwelo: Koppies Ptn of East Shangani Block: 1
100 morgen
 29.  3556/88. P R Hapelt and Company (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Hillpath:
521,2712 ha
 30.  3605/99. Rundle Farms (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Hilo of
Weltervreden: 598,6740 ha
 31.  568/93. Phillipina Johanna Susara De Meyer: Gwelo: Belton of
Clysdale: 47,0512 ha
 32.  1255/93. Foxton Estate (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Remainder of
Foxton: 880,0751 ha
 33.  2874/95. Cropal Farming (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Subdivision A of
Stormvale: 1 175,9193 ha
 34.  1414/95. Audrey Florence Meikle: Gwelo: Remainder of Farm 8 of West
Gwelo Block: 963,1014 ha
 35.  2704/81. Olaf Wentzel: Gwelo: Forestvale of Bembezaan: 1 456,0807 ha
 36.  1259/81. Christoffel Giedon Herbst: Gwelo: Remainder of Pender:
868,4340 ha
 37.  677/85. Mark Andrew Heathcote: Gwelo: Fallow Corner: 428,2590 ha
 38.  2035/83. Friederick Garth Heathcote: Gwelo: Sangari: 588,9589 ha
 39.  1474/90. Staper (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Longfield: 426,9343 ha
 40.  2278/75. John Ernest Stanton: Gwelo: Loads: 1 267,6467 ha
 41.  4198/88. Charles Hohn Randle: Gwelo: Middel Bult of West Rapids:
794,3094 ha
 42.  991/67. J A Barry: Gwelo: Long Valley: 2 120,70043 ha
 43.  709/65. J N H Viljoen: Gwelo: Sandwich: 1 351,5360 ha
 44.  2218/78. P S Viljoen: Gwelo: A pf Vlaakfontein: 428,2633 ha
 45.  1287/88. Ernest Hughes Smith: Gwelo: Willow Run: 767,3274 ha
 46.  1626/75. R and T J Alwanger: Gwelo: S/D 16 of West Gwelo Block:
182,1014 ha
 47.  5629/99. J P Thompson: Gwelo: Lot 55A of the Umsungwe Block:
274,8139 ha
 48.  883/00. Flan Enterprises (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Caradoc of
Indiva: 809,6294 ha
 49.  1867/80. W B Lawry: Gwelo: S/D 21 of West Gwelo Block: 1 544,3977 ha
 50.  1248/97. Chrisgid (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Woodlands: 2 802,5028 ha
 51.  1607/96. Galaxy Farming (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Remainder of
Lincolshire of Fife Scot Block: 419,3384 ha
 52.  2690/70. Owen Lockie Shaw: Gwelo: Lot 49 of Wildebeests Block: 1
291,3982 ha
 53.  35/82. Posts and Telecommunication: Gwelo: Small Holding 4: 188,6096
 54.  4043/87. Len Harvey & Sons (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Lot 1 of Lot 1
of Boulder Estate: 809,3579 ha
 55.  1231/59. Jane Lockie Smith: Gwelo: Hyrcania: 1 694 morgen
 56.  3703/73. Tarma Company (Pvt) Ltd: Gwelo: Derbyshire of Fife Scott
Block: 701,1029 ha
 57.  987/81. Leynie Lodewikus Liebenberg: Gwelo: Remaining Extent of Lot
6A East Shangani Block: 1 115,7503 ha
 58.  841/76. Jan Mathyze Kapp: Gwelo: Subdivision C of BendhuL 123,8822
 59.  2572/99. Buena Suerte Mining (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Subdivision E
of Bonnyvale: 77,4912 ha
 60.  2592/99. Tombern Engineering (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Subdivision D
of Bonnyvale: 40,8670 ha
 61.  641/78. Heynie Lodewikus Kiebenberg: Gwelo: Remainder of Lot 15 of
East Shangani Block: 636,7229 ha
 62.  606/80. Green Gwelo: Gwelo: Laymore of Dendhu: 101,5806 ha
 63.  4391/87. Frederick Garth Heathcote: Gwelo: Lot 64 of the Umsungwe
Block: 700,4933 ha
 64.  4670/97. Yellow Leaf Farming P/L: Gwelo: Lot 1 of Lot 6A East
Shangani Block: 1 956,4603 ha
 65.  2645/88. Bar 'V' Ranching (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Lot 65 of
Umsungwe Block: 477,9442 ha
 66.  2645/88. Bar 'V' Ranching (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Lot 63 of
Umsungwe Block: 363,7646 ha
 67.  2353/75. Lodewicus A M Coetsee: Gwelo: Remainder of Oxfordshire of
Fife Scott Block: 295,7334 ha
 68.  5006/98. Peachucle Investments (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Subdivision
A of 9 West Gwelo Block: 635,8953 morgen
 69.  3167/03. Pentatron Services (Private) Limtied: Gwelo: Lot 62 of
Umsungwe Block: 377,4767 ha
 70.  2900/00. A P A Distributors (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Lot 73 of
Umsungwe Block: 397,8070 ha
 71.  2766/98. Golden dollar Ranching Company (Private) Limited: Gwelo:
Lot 67 of Umsungwe Block: 202,3410 ha
 72.  514/93. Lower Gwelo Bambanani club: Gwelo: Mangwene: 1 190,5601 ha
 73.  3267/90. Elizabeth Cathrine Rundle: Gwelo: Remainder of
Welterrvreden: 598,6740 ha
 74.  1773/91. Stuart Brendon Roselt: Gwelo: Arizona: 2 591,3982 ha

 75.  9182/2001. Oltadge Investment P/L: Hartley: Shanghaini: 428,2600 ha
 76.  658/95. Manuki Properties P/L: Hartley: Emojeni: 884,7800 ha
 77.  4897/84. Brijon (Pvt) Ltd: Hartley: Sable Park: 1 018,7062 ha

 78.  1708/80. John Stanley Redmile: Lomagundi: Groot Vlei: 532,8600 ha
 79.  132/62. Mhangura Copper Mines Ltd: Lomagundi: Lot 2 of Plateau:
297,1750 acres
 80.  2380/66. Harold Edwin Schultz: Lomagundi: Remainder of Lion'sDen: 1
801,5572 acres
 81.  1422/67. Leslie Reginald De Jager: Lomagundi: Friedawill of
Renfield: 991,7851 acres
 82.  2389/97. Gonubie Springs Farm (Private) Limited: Lomagundi: Gonubi
Spring: 1 203,2300 ha
 83.  3223/78. A and Farms P/L: Lomagundi: Stratford: 620,7200 ha
 84.  1618/66. A Fleming and Son (Private) Limited: Lomagundi: Strathmore
Estate: 1 798,1439 acres
 85.  1688/62. Bowden Farms (Private) Limited: Lomagundi: Darwendale "C"
760,5712 acres

 86.  1949/81. Martin Gore Steward: Marandellas: Membge of Carruthersville
'E': 303,7255 ha

 87.  225/70. KachereP/L: Mazoe: The Remaining Extent of The Farm
Fochabers of Moores Grant: 880,3339 acres
 88.  194/71. Jacobus Stephanus Groenwals: Mazoe: Reaminder of Farm 9 of
Umufurudsi Ranch: 667,2986 ha
 89.  3934/2001. Simon Dennis Marshall Sherwood: Mazoe: Remainder of
Rosetta Rust: 822,5557ha
 90.  1960/94. Holmfield Enterprises (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Lot 1 of
Kaba Estate A: 957,9583 ha
 91.  2763/59. Amersham Investments (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Subdivision
B portion of Brotherton: 1 215,4384 morgen

 92.  7167/95. R C Reeve (Private) Limited: Mrewa: Lot 1 of Craigielea:
739,9513 ha
 93.  7676/96. Acrefair Farm P/L: Mrewa: Rufaro: 1 268,5000 ha
 94.  1285/82. Rudolph Johannes Van Den Bergh & Nicholas Johannes Van Den
Bergh: Que Que: Remaining Extent of Benholm: 4 011,5028 ha

Que Que
 95.  659/79. Anthony David Graham Clarke: Que Que: Main Belt Block: 1
522,5265 ha

 96.  2707/79. Colin Charles Barry: Gwelo: Remainder of Queenswood of the
Kingswood of the Main Belt Block: 674,5242 ha
 97.  233/94. Rolling River Enterprises (Private) Limited: Gwelo: The
Remainder of Rolling River Ranch: 8 645,8615 ha

Que Que
 98.  1897/83. Sable Chemical Industries Limited: Que Que: Lot 1 of Lot 5
of Sherwood Block: 52,0378 ha
 99.  1942/80. Sebakwe Farms (Private) Limited: Que Que: Lot 9 of Sherwood
Block: 21,4963 ha
 100.  1941/80. Sebakwe Farms (Private) Limited: Que Que: Lot 8 of
Sherwood Block: 1 270,5840 ha
 101.  1279/89. Derek John Louis Austen: Que Que: Lot 2 of Matchebel:
258,4497 ha
 102.  2691/81. Harold John Corbett: Que Que: Bridgewater of the
Quantocks: 987,2561 ha
 103.  5552/88. Aberblock (Private) Limited Que Que: Remainder of
Aberfoyle Block: 4 341,7895 ha
 104.  85/76. Stephen Charles Johnson: Que Que: Subdivision 28 of East
Clare Block: 101,6622 ha
 105.  2348/77. Colin Charles Barry: Que Que: Remainder of Kingswood of
the MainBelt Block: 877,0381 ha
 106.  2743/88. Jenville (Private) Limited: Que Que: Lot 1 of Loozani:
319,5827 ha
 107.  3269/88. Selvia Investments (Private) Limited: Que Que: Lot 3 of
Oliphant of East Clare Block: 309,1467 ha
 108.  3670/72. Eduan Estate (Pvt) Ltd: Que Que: Remainder of Lot 1 of
Sherwood Block: 794,7301 ha

 109.  1616/88. Joachim Johannes Steyn: Salisbury: Englindale: 742,99 ha
 110.  5319/86. Michael Alan Howard Burr: Salisbury: Lot 1 of Alicedale:
325,8573 ha
 111.  8950/99. Sechoard Investments P/L: Salisbury: Lot 1 of Monderwa:
343,98 ha
 112.  6514/80. Harley Enterprises P/L: Salisbury: S/D A of Lushof of
Shinghaini: 428,26 ha
 113.  4981/91. Lakas Dairy Equipment P/L: Salisbury: Remaining Extent of
Danga Lima of Hillside: 181,0350 ha
 114.  3780/92. Kanjara Enterprises (Private) Limtied: Salisbury:
Subdivision 'A' of Lanark: 406,4549 ha
 115.  4802/97. Kopjetop Farming (Private) Limited: Salisbury: Remainder
of Subdivision Z portion of Twentydales Estate: 342,61 ha

 116.  1195/84. Noel Frank Dollar: Selukwe: Lot 2 of Home West: 364,3689
 117.  2556/80. Lawrence Edward Pinchen: Selukwe: Remaining Extent of
Impali Source: 1 105,3627 ha
 118.  3385/86. Oliver Baden Henderson Anderson: Selukwe: Subdivision 2 of
Aberfoyle Block: 1 003,9896 ha
 119.  2554/81. Lonrho Limited: Selukwe: Remainder of Subdivision A of
Safago: 1 048,2139 ha
 120.  166/82. Bruce Michael Rensburg: Selukwe: Remainder of Adare: 1
360,7400 ha
 121.  1484/01. Kur-Ref Farms (Private) Limited: Selukwe: Remaining Extent
of Subdivision A2 of Wallclose: 464,9426 ha
 122.  5842/88. Hendrik Petrus Bakkes: Selukwe: Remaining Extent of
Clarans: 1 427,1701 ha
 123.  2385/84. Aletta Petronella Barry: Selukwe: Lot 6 of Home: 117,0170

 124.  1215/64. Vumba Coffee Estates (Private) Limited: Umtali: "Eggardon
Hill": 499,9917 acres

 125.  9584/89. Rama Holdings P/L: Urungwe: Grippos: 1 688,7745 morgen
 126.  8200/97. R Barrett-Hamilton Investments (Private) Limited: Urungwe:
Lot 1 of Lot 1 of Chisapi: 338,3160 ha
 127.  2929/78. V Versveld (Private) Limted: Urungwe: Naba: 1 258,6003 ha
 128.  4634/90. Chisapi Estates (Private) Limited: Urungwe: Remainder of
Lot 1 of Chisapi: 308,5745 ha

 129.  1238/56. Nelson Farms P/L: Wedza: Hefa: 1 002,540 morgen



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Daily News online edition

      RBZ staff attack Gono

      Date:22-Sep, 2004

      HARARE - The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe has been rocked by allegations
of corruption with reports that the Governor, Gideon Gono has been
personally recruiting staff without advertising vacant positions.

      Sources at the central bank allege that Gono, who has dismissed a
number of staff members under some restructuring exercise at the bank since
he took over the reins at the end last year has fallen victim to corrupt
tendencies and was now recruiting relatives and friends to key positions in
the bank.

      The sources said what is most disturbing was that some of the people
getting top and influential positions did not have proper qualifications for
the jobs.

      There are also allegations that those brought by the governor were
getting salaries which were higher than their counterparts who were
recruited by the human resources department or who joined the bank before

      Although efforts to get comment from Gono were fruitless yesterday,
the Daily News Online was able to ascertain that there were some RBZ
staffers who were getting their salaries through a chartered accountancy

      "It's these guys who were brought here by the new governor who are
getting very high salaries and we do not know why the situation is like
this. Perhaps it is meant to frustrate us out of the institution," said one

      The source said under normal circumstances, the human resources
department was responsible for the

      recruitment of staff even if some people were recommended by top

      "But this has not happened. People have been fired and we have seen
their positions occupied without the proper channels of advertising the
posts are done," said another source.

      There have been reports in the Press that Gono, who has been largely
credited for bringing some order in the financial sector was not clean after

      Some of the allegations against him are that while he was at the
Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe, Gono flouted the foreign exchange controls by
raising forex on the black market for the First Lady Grace Mugabe's overseas
shopping trips.

      It has also been reported that Gono has some properties in
Johannesburg and Australia yet the anti-corruption crusade has not touched
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Daily News online edition


      Date:22-Sep, 2004

      I recently visited the vazukuru in Harare North overseas, but what a
country that is!

      Everyone who mentioned Tony Blair to me seemed to say "I don't know
now why I voted for him. We were all very mistaken in him."

      It is hard now to remember a promise he made before he was elected
that he has kept. He promised a more democratic electoral system, but, once
he was in power, he found the system he inherited served him very well - so
no more talk of electoral reform.

      The main priority now seems to be his survival and his winning the
next election.

      Scandalous revelations about the activities of his cronies surface
regularly in those newspapers that he doesn't totally control. He didn't do
the country any good by sending troops to join an allied war effort in a
far-off country.

      But does he accept responsibility for any of this? Not a bit of it.
He'd rather find a scapegoat to blame. It doesn't matter how far away or how
unlikely the one he accuses is actually responsible.

      It is enough to chant a name the party faithful know they should hate,
like Saddam Hussein, Osama Bin Laden or our own dear leader, Robert Gabriel
Mugabe (though they don't do our Dear Leader the well-deserved courtesy of
using his middle name to add dignity).

      When they hear a name off the hate list, the subservient hacks who
edit his newspapers all join in the chorus.

      Did you know that the evil Robert Mugabe is plotting day and night to
subvert the cosily United Kingdom of Tony Blair? If you believed half of
what the hysterical and sensational British Press says, no doubt prompted
and possibly even written by the evil Blair's mad propaganda minister, then
our own benevolent Dear Leader is plotting the ruin of the British economy
by flooding the benign United Kingdom of Unit K with millions of
AIDS-infected bogus asylum seekers. (At least they agree with our Dear
Leader on one point. Both believe that any Zimbabwean who claims to need
asylum in their foggy, cold, unfriendly island must be bogus).

      The more extreme elements suggest that these bogus asylum seekers are
in fact a fifth column, preparing the way for Zimbabwe to colonise the UK -
or maybe we should say 're-colonise' if we remember the way that Our Dear
Leader's predecessor, even though he called our beloved country by some
hateful foreign name, often seemed like the tail that wagged the British

      So why should our present, much more educated and intelligent, Dear
Leader, not aspire to similar power? (Though we mustn't rule out the
possibility that this story is also prompted by the propaganda ministry)

      But that is not the end of the villainy of the unspeakable Blair
lackeys of Canary Wharf. I know that doesn't sound as good as Fleet Street,
but Canary Wharf is where what used to be called Fleet Street now operates,
when it isn't running over to Downing Street for orders or even the text of
tomorrow's editorial.

      Could anyone possibly believe that our benign Dear Leader
single-handedly could be responsible for England's abysmal performance in
this year's European Cup, the failure of truly New Labour athletes to gain
gold medals in the genuinely proletarian and popular events at the Olympic
Games in Athens, and even for the terrible weather Britain experienced this

      It matters not that the months from May to August were only the
succession of wet and cloudy days that used to be considered normal before
global warming; chant the name 'Mugabe' and the obedient lapdogs of the
British Press shout back their slanders and insults in chorus. Last year
they were probably blaming their excessively hot summer on global warming,
which, as we all know, is due to Our Dear Leader's motorcade and its high
emissions of carbon oxides and other greenhouse gases.

      I feared to even open that 'establishment newspaper', which is a
polite hypocritical English way of saying 'official government mouthpiece',
The Times.

      I might find a daily diatribe on the editorial page psycho-analysing
our Dear Leader and drawing most inappropriate attention to every case of
incest in our beloved country . . .

      And do I need to mention the fear inspired by the evil Blair's youth
brigades, commonly known as 'skinheads' or 'lager louts'. The chanting of
racist slogans and excessive drinking at their gatherings, usually in
football stadiums, hype them up to go out and commit violence on all and
sundry. Decent citizens are afraid to go out at night in some areas because
of them.

      Rumours that they have special 'George Best' training camps where even
worse bestialities are perpetrated on them and they are then driven out to
go out and commit the same on others.

      At this point the air hostess shook me until I woke, just in time for
me to hear the captain announcing over the public address system that we
should fasten our seat belts as we would shortly be landing at Leo Mugabe
International Airport, Harare.

      So it was all a dream. Well, it had to be, didn't it? No country as
crazy as that could really survive very long, could it? - TALKING POINT

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Daily News online edition

      Old script, fresh actors

      Date:22-Sep, 2004

      Once upon a time, Zanu PF was the opposition party and Robert Mugabe
was the opposition leader.

      That was in 1980. There were 80 seats at stake, the other 20 having
been set aside, in accordance with the Lancaster House constitutional
agreement of 1979, for the moribund Rhodesia Front of Ian Smith.

      Three major political parties were contesting to win the black vote
and a majority of the 80 seats. Besides Zanu PF, the other serious parties
were Bishop Abel Muzorewa's UANC and Joshua Nkomo's Zapu.

      Bishop Muzorewa, who had been Prime Minister in the short-lived and
ill-conceived Zimbabwe-Rhodesia in 1979, in cahoots with Ian Smith, did not
make the playing field even for the other parties in the race to State

      The state machinery was biased against Mugabe and Nkomo and even the
British seemed to prefer Muzorewa as they regarded Mugabe as a Marxist.

      A Gestapo-type of police constabulary, Pfumo Revanhu was used to
harass the electorate and to spread malicious propaganda about Mugabe and

      The state-run Rhodesia Broadcasting Corporation allocated very little
air time to Mugabe and Nkomo.

      On the eve of the historic elections in February 1980, the state
machinery bombed the printing press at Mambo Press in Senga township, Gweru,
publishers of the once popular and unbiased Catholic weekly MOTO newspaper.

      The following morning, forged copies of MOTO with a story that was a
scurrilous attack on Mugabe were distributed free by soldiers nationwide. It
was a vain attempt to lure the people to vote against Mugabe, who was as
popular then as Morgan Tsvangirai is today.

      But the people knew what they wanted. They wanted change and they
showed this by their vote. Zanu PF romped home with 57 seats, Zapu won 20
seats and the UANC salvaged three seats.

      There was rollicking jubilation as people celebrated the Zanu PF

      Today, 24 years later, Zanu PF is in the driving seat and is using the
very same dirty tricks that Ian Smith and Muzorewa used against it in 1980.

      History, they say, often repeats itself.

      Mugabe has become a ruthless, intolerant dictator who is denying
people freedom of expression and

      association. He will do everything in his power to ensure that the
opposition MDC has little or no access to the state-run broadcaster in the
run up to next March's elections.

      His police force and army are shamelessly partisan and they use their
political muscle to suppress any form of dissent.

      Zanu PF's political fortunes, it appears, are floundering and if the
political field were even,

      Mugabe would be destroyed root and branch.

      The time for real political change has come and it remains to be seen
whether or not the people will be given the opportunity to express their
wish at the polling booth and turn the tables as Mugabe did in 1980.

      It might be an old script with a fresh cast.

      The action will depend on whether or not Mugabe will let go in grace
as did Muzorewa and Ian Smith in 1980 or will he use his state machinery to
ensure his iron grip on a nation that is wreathing from economic malaise? -

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Zimbabwe Mayor Clashes with Government over Malnutrion Deaths
Tendai Maphosa
21 Sep 2004, 15:21 UTC

The mayor of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe's second city, has provoked angry reactions
from the national government by publishing statistics indicating the number
of people who have died of malnutrition in his city. The mayor vows he will
continue to publish the figures.
City officials say twelve people died of malnutrition in Bulawayo in July
and, as has become his custom, Mayor Japhet Ndabeni-Ncube went public with
the figures. This was not well received by the national government.
Information Minister Jonathan Moyo has threatened to take unspecified
"drastic actions" against the Bulawayo city council.

The state controlled weekly newspaper, Sunday News, accuses Mr.
Ndabeni-Ncube of spreading false information that contradicts the
government's claim that the 2004 grain harvest is enough to feed the nation

The World Food Program and other donor groups dispute the government's

The mayor, who belongs to the opposition Movement for Democratic Change,
also disagrees with the government's assessment, and he denies charges that
his council is pursuing a hidden agenda.

"They should congratulate us very much that we really do our job properly,"
he said. "We are doing this, by the way, on behalf of the country of
Zimbabwe, the government of Zimbabwe. The city of Bulawayo is a government
arm and we are doing exactly what is expected of us. If somebody is not
happy about our publication it's just unfortunate."

Food is readily available in urban areas throughout Zimbabwe. But Mr.
Ndabeni-Ncube says many people can not afford to buy it because of
increasing poverty.

"It's basically an economic issue, in the land of plenty there are pockets
of people who really are hit hard in terms of failing to get food. Hence the
malnutrition," said Mr. Ndabeni-Ncube.

Bulawayo's director of health Dr. Zanele Hwalima says malnutrition is on the
increase, but it's nothing new in Bulawayo or Zimbabwe. She says besides
limited access to food, the AIDS pandemic is worsening the situation.

Most of those who die of malnutrition are in the under-five age group.

"It will probably also be related to the weaning practices; the child has
just been breastfed and they are moving to the adult food so there may not
be sufficient food. The foods may not be kept very clean so the children are
getting diarrhea illnesses, so the majority of them are dying," explained
Dr. Hwalima.

A U.N. agency spokesperson, speaking to VOA on condition of anonymity, says
while malnutrition may be on the increase in Zimbabwe, the figures are not
yet a cause for alarm. The spokesperson said malnutrition is widespread in
Africa and is worse in some countries, pointing out that while in some cases
a shortage of food is a factor, chronic poverty is the major cause.

The official says the government is, with the support of UNICEF, the United
Nations Children's Fund, recruiting people to monitor nutrition trends
throughout the country. This, she says, will ensure that instead of the
usual disaster interventions, a program can be put in place to deal with the
problem on a permanent basis.

The U.N. official also says that both types of malnutrition, acute and
chronic can be treated, but most people cannot identify the early signs and
therefore seek help too late.

A World Food Program spokesperson, also speaking on condition of anonymity,
said the agency is providing supplementary feeding to at least 600,000
children nationwide. Seventy-thousand of them are in Harare and Bulawayo.

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From The Daily News Online Edition, 21 September

Governor escapes death by a whisker as mock battle turns tragic

Marondera - Governor and resident minister for Mashonaland East Province,
David Karimanzira, escaped death by a whisker when members of the Zimbabwe
National Army, (ZNA) used live ammunition during a mock battle drill at the
Mashonaland East provincial show. The incident, which has left the small
farming community surrounding the provincial capital gripped with fear,
occured on Saturday, when members of the army, who were part of the
entertainers at the agricultural show fired live ammunition into the crowd,
injuring 13 people, two of them seriously. Witnesses who were part of the
governor's entourage, said Karimanzira could have been the target of the
freak incident and that some of the army personnel were aware of that. One
of the women, who is a senior politician from the province, told Daily News
Online that it was the advice from one of the army personnel which saved the
governor from possible death at the entrance of the arena. The governor, who
was in the company of newly elected Member of Parliament for Seke
Constituency, Phineus Chihota and other senior government officials, was
saved from the firing line when the alert army official quickly ordered him
and his entourage to immediately stop proceeding into the arena as
'something was about to go wrong'. The governor is said to have obliged and
moments later, there was gun fire, heralding the start of the mock battle
drill. A few moments later, Karimanzira could not believe his eyes when he
saw people running out of the stadium in panic. Some of those who were
running towards the governor had been shot and were covered in blood.

Karimanzira is the Zanu PF national treasurer and also heads the party's
anti-corruption committee unit which has been investigating a number of
party-owned companies involved in shaddy deals. Party supporters in the
province are of the opinion that some high-powered party officials may be
aiming at the governor, with the anticipation that the best way to silence
him would be his death. Meanwhile, an army spokesman, a Major Masuku said
circumstances surrounding the incident were still unclear but assured the
nation that the army would carry out thorough investigations. Among those
who were also shot, were two members of the Air Force of Zimbabwe who were
manning an exhibition stand at the show. "In this profession, we do
everything involving firearms by ourselves. No one can book for a gun on
behalf of someone else and from my knowledge, only blank ammunition is
used," said one of the shot airmen. In an interview with the
government-controlled newspaper, The Herald, the airman, who was not named
said the soldiers had fired randomly. "If they had used blank ammunition -
which produces smoke only - they would not have injured even someone
standing as near as five metres away," he said. Police have confirmed the
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Zimbabwe Media Trial Criticized
Peta Thornycroft
21 Sep 2004, 15:27 UTC

A former judge of South Africa's highest court has criticized the trial of
four directors of Zimbabwe's banned Daily News newspaper, which ended Monday
with their acquittal for lack of evidence. The former Constitutional Court
Judge was asked to observe their trial by the International Bar Association
in London.
The International Bar Association's report says it was "objectionable" that
the four directors of the company that owns The Daily News were even

It says the circumstances surrounding the charges against the four was also

The Association says the Zimbabwe police behaved disgracefully during the
controversy over the publication license for The Daily News. Police closed
the newspaper on government orders a year ago, and mostly ignored court
orders to allow it to re-open.

The report says that the accused, who went on trial in July, were more
victims than perpetrators of unlawful conduct.

They were charged with publishing The Daily News without a license.

The former South African judge who wrote the report, Johan Kriegler, says
new media legislation in Zimbabwe followed the formation of the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change in 1999, the first political party to
threaten the 19-year one-party rule of Zanu PF.

He says the new law was "probably, principally aimed" at the The Daily News
and its Sunday edition, which began publishing five years ago, and quickly
outsold state-controlled newspapers.

The Daily News was the only non-government daily paper and was critical of
President Robert Mugabe's administration.

The law, the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act, requires
that all journalists and publishers be licensed with the state-appointed
Media and Information Commission, or face up to two years in prison.

Judge Kriegler records that the two newspapers at first did not apply for
registration, instead launching an unsuccessful legal challenge, claiming
that the media law violated freedom of speech, which is enshrined in the
Zimbabwe constitution.

The judge said the trial of the newspaper executives reminded him of similar
events during the apartheid years in South Africa, when many charges were
"conceived in injustice."

Judge Kriegler writes that although the conduct of the trial appeared fair,
this "semblance of justice," as he called it, was in fact not "justice

The Daily News, which published its last edition nearly a year ago, is still
waiting for a final decision from the Supreme Court on its legal status.

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Chitungwiza Nurses On Strike

The Herald (Harare)

September 21, 2004
Posted to the web September 21, 2004


NURSES at Chitungwiza Municipality clinics have gone on strike, citing low
salaries and poor working conditions.

The nurses yesterday gathered at Seke North Clinic. Some who spoke to The
Herald complained that they were working under poor conditions for very low

"There is no money here, my dear, and we cannot work on empty stomachs. To
make matters worse, we do not have equipment to use. Do you see that
pillowcase over there? We use it as a delivery pack."

They also complained that there was no oxygen gas, cotton wool and sanitary
pads in the wards.

Patients could be seen lying on benches in agony as they waited for
treatment which was being provided by the sister-in-charge.

Mrs Agnes Makwarimba, one of the patients, said she came to the clinic at
around 7am and had not received any medical attention by late yesterday.

"It is even more painful to be here without any treatment. Those who can
afford to see doctors have left, but as for us who cannot we just have to
sit and wait because we paid our money," she said.

Chitungwiza town clerk Mr Simbarashe Mudunge said he did not know that the
nurses were on strike but had only heard that they intended to take
industrial action. He said council management would meet with the nurses
today to discuss their grievances.
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Bogus first lady arrested in Zimbabwe
          September 21 2004 at 02:04PM

      Harare - A young Harare woman was arrested for allegedly pretending to
be President Robert Mugabe's wife, Grace, and ordering a hospital to enrol
herself and a friend on a nursing course, reports said on Tuesday.

      A Harare magistrate heard that 23-year-old Rosemary Chakacha
telephoned the matron at Harare central hospital on Thursday last week and
introduced herself as the 40-year-old first lady, according to the
state-controlled daily Herald newspaper.

      She told the matron to expect two young women giving her real name and
her friends and instructed her to enrol them on a nursing course.

      After the matron took their details and told them they would be
contacted when a vacancy occurred, Chigwaza left. She again telephoned as
Mrs Mugabe and became furious that the two had not been instantly accepted,
and threatened the matron.

      She was caught when hospital authorities telephoned Mugabe's residence
to check if Mrs Mugabe had made the calls.

      State prosecutor Ndabazinhle Moyo said that Chakacha's impersonation
created the impression that the first lady uses her status as such to gain
favours for the benefit of others.

      Chigwaza was charged with fraud and was granted bail of about R150.
She is to appear again on October 1. - Sapa-dpa

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Plans for New Airport for Kariba At Advanced Stage

The Herald (Harare)

September 21, 2004
Posted to the web September 21, 2004


PLANS are at an advanced stage for a new airport for Kariba, allowing Air
Zimbabwe to resume its popular flights into the area.

Air Zimbabwe cannot fly its smallest aircraft, the Boeing 737, into Kariba
because the present runway is too short and cannot be extended.

The Minister of Environment and Tourism, Cde Francis Nhema, said the
national airline had agreed in principle to reintroduce flights to the
resort town.

The Civil Aviation Authority of Zimbabwe is planning a new airport for
Kariba. It has already carried out a feasibility study on the relocation of
the airport to a more suitable site that can accommodate aircraft the size
of a Boeing 737.

At least two sites were identified at Charara and Masango Bay.

The decision to relocate was being influenced by the fact that expansion of
the existing airport was being hampered by the existence of electricity
pylons from Kariba Dam in the vicinity.

The lack of a reliable air service to Kariba had seriously hampered tourism.
Air Zimbabwe at times had to schedule two Viscount services a day when the
aircraft was still in use.

The town has been losing millions in revenue, as tourists preferred to visit
other resort towns such as Victoria Falls, which have a more reliable air

Tour operators in the resort town said most of their tourists preferred to
travel by air, which also provided the easiest and quickest service
especially if they wished to connect to other places.

"It is a pity we have to lose out on our share of the pie because of lack of
airline services but we have some of the best holiday packages around.

"We have one of the third largest man-made lakes in the whole world. We also
have some of the largest stocks of tiger fish and game around and then, of
course, the activities - fishing canoeing, boat cruises, game drives," said
one operator.

Kariba Airport was last extended in 1977 to cater for an increase in
passenger and freight traffic.

The expansion entailed the creation of a larger passenger lounge and a
spacious handling area.

Cde Nhema said his ministry had taken a deliberate decision to market Kariba
as a tourist destination after the successful campaign to market Victoria

To this end, he said, all the activities planned by his ministry and its
various departments for the remainder of the year would be held in Kariba.

The ministry last week held commemorations to mark the International Day for
the Preservation of the Ozone layer in the resort town.

The ozone layer is a belt in the thin upper atmosphere were oxygen forms a
molecule with three atoms, rather than the usual two. The highly reactive
gas, which is not stable in denser areas of the atmosphere, filters out a
great deal of the ultraviolet light reaching Earth, making the planet
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The vexed land question

       By: Chris Nthite

      Posted: 2004/09/21 Tue 17:33  | © Moneyweb 1997-2004

      True to its sensitive and emotive nature, the resolution of the South
African land question has caused discontent in some quarters, despite the
adamant stance of the government that considerable progress has been made.

      The government's optimistic stance stems from the fact that between
1995 and March 2004, of a total 79,696 land claims, 48,825 have been
settled, involving 662,307 beneficiaries, at a total cost of R809-m. The
Department of Land Affairs has a mandate to meet the directive of settling
all land claims by next year and has indicated that they are on course to
meet the 2005 deadline.

      The land reform programme has three legs: land restitution, land
redistribution, and land tenure. Land restitution entails restoring land to
people dispossessed of it because of racial discrimination. Claimants have
to have been dispossessed of their land after the infamous Land Act of 1913.

      Land redistribution is intended to promote access to land for landless
people with the intention that the land be used for residential and
productive purposes. Here the government has set itself the goal of
redistributing 30% of arable land to Africans by 2015.

      The last leg is the land tenure programme, which is aimed at improving
the terms and conditions through which people occupy, use and have access to

      But despite the 48,000-odd claims that have been settled, critics
point out that there are flaws in the process which may explode in future.

      Elizabeth Kgwadi, co-ordinator of land rights at the lobby group,
National Land Committee (NLC), does not mince her words in taking the
restitution process apart: "We are very unhappy about how the process has
unfolded because most of the claims were settled through financial
compensation and most activity has been centred around urban areas," she
said, adding that rural claims have been relegated to the backburner.

      Kgwadi adds that settling claims through money does not change the
skewed ownership of land in SA because it means people who were dispossessed
are still without land. 'We foresee problems in future because people who
got money might come back at some point and demand their land back."

      Kraai van Niekerk, the DA's spokesperson on land affairs, agrees with
Kgwadi that financial compensation might present problems in future. "This
is dangerous because people may turn back and want their land back." Van
Niekerk also points out that while most claims were settled in urban
centres, settling rural claims will be the real challenge.

      But Smuts Ngonyama, the ANC's head of presidency, has a different take
on the matter: "People have a choice, we are a democratic country . if
people prefer money rather than land they should be allowed to exercise that
choice," says Ngonyama. He added that the DA and the NLC were setting false
alarms that people might turn back in future and demand their lands.

      Ngonyama also defended the thorny issue of the expropriation of land:
"If there is a need to expropriate the land, it will happen. It happens all
over the world." He cited the example of the Gautrain project, for which
some land will have to be expropriated, but says "the process will be
accompanied by adequate compensation".

      Another thing that is disconcerting, says Kgwadi, is the fact that in
most cases claimants were "given peanuts" while white farmers were
handsomely rewarded for the farms that they have given up. She says in some
cases people were given as little as R1,000 to R4,000 as compensation for
their lost land.

      Van Niekerk had some harsh words for the land reform project. He said
all projects where the government was involved were in disarray because the
state has failed to provide sufficient funds to ensure the project's
success. He added that the land reform programme would fail because new farm
owners are hampered by lack of skills, finance and mentoring.

      This point is also made by Carolyn Jenkins of the Centre for the Study
of African Economies at Oxford University. In her paper, Post-independence
economic policy in Zimbabwe - lessons for South Africa, she contends that
most of President Robert Mugabe's high-profile land reform programmes failed
to help the poor because the government did not provide welfare services,
financial grants or jobs when it handed over the land.

      "If you've got nothing to start with, and you are given a plot of
land, you have no means of farming it. You have no capital to buy a plough
or seeds or fertiliser and you may not even have much water," explains

      The need for land reform in SA is underscored by the fact that blacks
are still confined to 20% of the country as opposed to the 80% occupied by
whites - a point acknowledged by Van Niekerk.

      The Department of Land Affairs estimates that over 3,5-m people and
their descendants were victims of racially-based land dispossession and
forced removal during the apartheid era.

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President Expected to Address UN General Assembly Tomorrow

The Herald (Harare)

September 21, 2004
Posted to the web September 21, 2004

Itai Musengeyi
New York

PRESIDENT Mugabe arrived in New York on Sunday to attend the 59th United
Nations General Assembly which opened this week.

Cde Mugabe - who is being accompanied by the First Lady Cde Grace Mugabe,
the Minister of Foreign Affairs Cde Stan Mudenge and other senior Government
officials - was met at John F Kennedy International Airport by Zimbabwe's
Ambassador to the UN, Cde Boniface Chidyausiku, and other senior Government

The President is tomorrow expected to address the UN General Assembly.

Yesterday, he was expected to attend a session addressed by Tanzanian
President Benjamin Mkapa on globalisation, hunger and poverty alleviation.

Mr Mkapa is also co-chair of the World Commission on the Social Dimension of

Cde Mugabe was also expected to listen to an address by Brazilian President
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on poverty alleviation yesterday.

The President was late yesterday expected to hold separate talks with
Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano, South African President Thabo Mbeki
and Namibian President Sam Nujoma centering on bilateral issues. There was a
possibility that he might also hold talks with the President of Gabon, Mr
Omar Bongo.

The current president of the UN General Assembly, Mr Jean Ping, is from

About 89 leaders from around the world are expected to address the assembly.

Issues to be covered include unilateralism in world affairs, especially in
the wake of last week's admission by UN Secretary-General Mr Kofi Annan that
the invasion of Iraq by the United States and Britain was illegal.

The reform and democratisation of the UN is also likely to be discussed.

There have been calls - spearheaded by President Mugabe and other leaders
from the developing world - for the expansion of the UN Security Council to
also include developing countries as permanent members.

Currently, the US, Britain, Russia, China and France are the five permanent
members of the Security Council with veto powers individually.

President Mugabe has over the years taken the opportunity at the UN General
Assembly to explain Zimbabwe's land reform programme and criticise the
emergence of unipolarism in world affairs in which powerful nations, such as
Britain and the US, seek to dominate the world and dictate to other
countries how they should govern themselves.
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Zimbabwe's NGOs Fight for Survival

Business Day (Johannesburg)

September 21, 2004
Posted to the web September 21, 2004

Richard Meissner

RECENT demonstrations by the pro-democracy interest group, the National
Constitutional Assembly in Zimbabwe, highlight the plight of interest groups
and NGOs should government enact the draft Non-Governmental Organisations
Bill. The demonstrations are also a sign that civil society groups are not
submissively accepting legislation that might lead to their closure but are
opposing it with vigour.

The National Constitutional Assembly delivered a letter to SA's high
commission, calling on the country to intervene diplomatically in Zimbabwe's
political crisis. At the recent Southern African Development Community
(SADC) summit, interest groups lobbied for support against the bill. They
called on SADC member states and civil society in the region to support
their drive towards an environment that is more conducive to civil society
in Zimbabwe.

According to the Zimbabwean National Association of Non-governmental
Organisations (Nango), representing more than 1000 groups, it has received
support from other umbrella NGO groups in Botswana, Malawi, SA and Zambia.

The association believes that this bill, which is designed to monitor the
activities of NGOs in Zimbabwe closely, will "kill" civil society. The bill
will introduce punitive measures directed at private charities, religious
groups, NGOs and aid organisations.

Zimbabwe's government argues that the proposed law is meant to protect the
public interest by ensuring NGOs are governed and administered properly and
use donor and public funds for the objectives for which they were

Civil society organisations have a different take: Zimbabwe Lawyers for
Human Rights sees the bill as a "gimmick that is meant to administratively
create criminals out of NGOs so as to provide excuses for intrusion, clamp
down and closures of NGOs".

Nango is protesting against the bill, saying that it fears for the
independence of its members if aspects of their work are criminalised.

Should the bill be enacted, a 15-member NGO council will regulate
nongovernmental organisations. Ten of these members will be representatives
of government ministries, while five will be representatives from civil
society groups.

The minister of public service, labour and social welfare will identify
these five NGO members, thus undermining the independence of interest groups
to monitor and criticise government policies and actions. The bill also
envisages the imposition of restrictions on foreign funding for human rights
and governance work. NGOs believe that this will cut the bulk of their
funding in a climate where there are no alternatives and limited access to
local funding.

At a hearing of the parliamentary portfolio committee on public service,
labour and social welfare earlier this month, NGOs made a submission that
the bill should not be passed in its current form and needed considerable
amendment. The committee will respond to the submissions after a report has
been tabled before and debated by parliament.

Nango's Jacob Mavu says the NGOs will continue discussions with other
regional umbrella organisations and stakeholders in Zimbabwe to facilitate
constructive engagement. The association hopes for talks with the public
service, labour and social welfare ministry in an attempt to have the bill

Should the bill be passed by parliament, it will most certainly curtail
further the operations of civil society environment, deepening a climate
where corruption is rife, and voice and accountability, transparency and the
rule of law are further weakened.

Yet it will most probably become law, given Zanu (PF)'s parliamentary
majority. The bill will decrease the political space for civil society and
entrench a corporatist state, where many NGOs and interest groups will align
themselves with government and toe the party line to ensure their survival.

This will not mean the end of civil society in Zimbabwe, but will most
certainly stifle opposition and criticism of the ruling party. Civil society
groups might also broaden their tactics, including closer co-operation with
the opposition MDC, possible litigation and more "illegal" demonstrations.

Meissner is a researcher at the South African Institute of International
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MDC 'Committed to Peaceful, Legal Route'

Business Day (Johannesburg)

September 21, 2004
Posted to the web September 21, 2004

International Affairs Editor

THE main opposition party in Zimbabwe, the Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC), denied yesterday that it had threatened a campaign of "disorder and
mayhem" when two of the party's senior officials met President Thabo Mbeki
at the weekend.

In a statement released yesterday the party said that there was "no truth
whatsoever in the allegation" published by This Day newspaper yesterday that
it was planning a campaign to render the country ungovernable. It said that
it continued its commitment "to pursuing a peaceful, constitutional and
legal route to achieving our political objectives".

The MDC's vice-president, Gibson Sibanda, and its secretary-general met
President Mbeki at the weekend. MDC officials are currently explaining to
members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) the reasons for
the party's decision not to contest elections , including a parliamentary
poll scheduled for next March.

The party said it "suspended" participation in all elections, and would
contest them only if President Robert Mugabe ensured a level playing field
for their participation and halted intimidation.

The party said it was also lobbying in the region to exert pressure on
Harare to adhere to the principles and guidelines on democratic elections
passed at the SADC summit in Mauritius last month.

Meanwhile in Harare, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is due to close
its offices in Zimbabwe at the end of next month.

"The dates for the closure (of the office) will be the end of October 2004,"
said Rodney Matemachani, the officer in charge of the Harare office of the
IMF. "It (the office) can't be open without a resident representative." The
IMF's last representative to Harare left a year ago at the end of his term,
and no replacement has been appointed.

The closure of the office comes with relations strained between the southern
African country and the IMF over Zimbabwe's failure to pay back more than
200m in debt.

The IMF board of directors issued a statement last week blaming Zimbabwe's
economic woes on "weak governance, corruption and the lack of respect for
the rule of law".

The government has denied responsibility for the economic problems, blaming
them on sanctions imposed by the US, Britain and the European Union.
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