The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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A Humanitarian Crisis.

I watched Mugabe strut up to the podium in New York at the UN General
Assembly and then make a slashing attack on western governments this week.
While he spoke, here at home in Zimbabwe there were a number of developments
that to my mind condemn him utterly as a fraud and a monster.

The first was the action by hundreds of armed Police and Army soldiers to
forcibly destroy the homes of some 35 000 poor people in settlements across
a swathe of country in what is known here as Mashonaland West. At Porta
Farm, a settlement of desperately poor people, people were tear-gassed, 10
people died and 20 000 men, women and children were hounded out of their
homes and sent to a barren piece of land some 35 kilometers away. They are
without water, sanitation or any arrangements for housing and no food or
medical services.

A local Church, which has been working in the settlement for some time,
found themselves excluded from the area by armed Police. They said that all
NGO's have been told it is off limits. The Police defied a Court Order
halting the evictions.

Some distance away - but in the same area, 700 families of small farmers who
were used to settle commercial farms when their owners were forced off have
also had their homes burnt. They have been kicked off the farms and are now
sitting on the side of the road with their meager possessions and families.
There are reports that the armed thugs who carried out this exercise are
also stealing assets from these poor people.

The reasons for these harsh actions? To make way for Zanu PF leaders - in
one case, Mugabe's sister, so that they can have unfettered access to the
looted assets on these large estates. It represents a complete disregard for
the most basic rights of the people concerned.

Then this week, the State wrote to the United Nations and all potential food
donors confirming its position that Zimbabwe has grown 2,4 million tonnes of
maize and will not require any food aid this year. This finally closes the
door on all chances that donors will be allowed to participate in the
provision of basic needs in the next 12 months.

All the evidence points to a smaller crop than last year of about 800 000
tonnes of maize - leaving a gap of 1,2 million tonnes to be met from
imports. The private sector will probably be required to cover its own needs
(stockfeed and industrial uses) of about 700 000 tonnes so the State will
have a shortfall of at least 500 000 tonnes. It will also have to find the
foreign exchange for private sector imports. In addition we will require up
to 300 000 tonnes of wheat, a 100 000 tonnes of oilseeds and some 30 000
tonnes of milk solids.

In a country where exports have fallen by two thirds in five years and
demand has probably not declined by as much as perhaps 20 per cent, this
points to a huge foreign exchange deficit. As foreign governments are not
prepared to help with balance of payments support or other normal donor
activity, food aid and assistance for basic humanitarian needs is the last
remaining area where the international community will help. Now this door is
all but closed and when the new NGO Act is passed - this will further
restrict the flow of foreign funds into Zimbabwe for a wide range of basic
human needs.

What does this all mean? It means that the State is going to use food as a
political tool in the upcoming parliamentary elections in a desperate
attempt to protect their grip on power. If you are poor, homeless and do not
have any alternative, the State is the only possible source of your basic
needs - and if the price is political support, this will be paid - even if
the people know that it is not in their interests. Survival comes first.

We saw this in all recent bi-elections, but these recent decisions by the
Mugabe regime put this issue onto a new plane altogether.

I heard Kofi Annan say that in his view a free and fair election would not
be possible in Iraq with the ongoing violence there. I did not hear him say
anything about the equally serious situation in Zimbabwe. Mbeki was also
silent on this issue - even though he is well aware of what is going on and
does not agree with what Mugabe is doing. As Bishop Pius Ncube said recently
in a BBC interview - "who is going to speak for those who cannot speak?" And
when our Church leaders do speak - who is listening?

Sometimes it is possible to glimpse the human consequences of our
humanitarian and political crisis. This was my privilege last week when I
came across two young men with a baby girl. It turned out that the one young
man was the father and the other his younger brother. They wanted to buy
some baby food. It turned out that the child's mother had died giving birth
and these two young men had decided they would raise the little girl
together. One was working, the other unemployed. The sight of those two with
a tiny baby will stick in my mind for a long time. We have one of the
highest incidents of maternal mortality in the world - that little girl is
not alone, but her mentors need help.

They are not going to get it while Mugabe is in charge.

Eddie Cross
Bulawayo, 24th September 2004.

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Radio Netherlands

Africa: worse than the bad old days?

by our Internet desk, 24 September 2004


Moeletsi Mbeki
interviewed by Claire Cavanagh: 4´27

Since the end of the Second World War, the world's once most-colonised continent, Africa, has seen the withdrawal of its former rulers, chiefly Britain, France, Spain and Portugal, and the arrival of independence for the states carved out by the empire builders of Western Europe. But the promise of a brighter future in an era of self-determination has failed to materialise in nearly every case, with many fledgling African democracies collapsing and making way for military governments and dictators.

The suppression or chaos that often resulted seemed to confirm the claim of many a white imperialist that the native population of Africa was incapable of providing for its own government. Now, however, democracy has returned to much of the continent, notably so in the case of South Africa since the end of apartheid. Nonetheless, there are people in Africa itself who claim that life for many Africans is still as bad as it was in colonial times.

In this interview with Radio Netherlands, one of these critics, Moeletsi Mbeki, head of South Africa's Institute of International Affairs and brother of President Thabo Mbeki, takes that argument a controversial step further:

African rulers: the good, the bad and the controversial


Jomo Kenyatta - first president of Kenya



Idi Amin - former Ugandan dictator



Robert Mugabe - president of Zimbabwe



Nelson Mandela - South Africa´s first post-apartheid president

"Of course, colonialism is not nice to anyone, but what I am arguing is that Africa's rulers since independence have made the […] poor, ordinary Africans, especially the peasants, worse off than under the ‘bad guys', the colonialists."

RN: "And is that because they've focussed on lining their own pockets rather than increasing development and production within their own countries?"

"That's precisely the reason. You see, after the Second World War, what the colonialists had to do, they had to woo the Africans, they had to be nice to the Africans to help them to grow more coffee, more cotton and more tea, because they needed to export these to the United States in order to be able to buy American machinery. The African rulers - once they used the people to get into power and once they consolidated their hold on power - then turned around and started exploiting the very same people who had helped put them in power."

RN: "We talk a lot about democracy now, do you believe that democracy abounds at all in sub-Saharan Africa, or is that again the political system which is at fault and is keeping people in poverty?"

"You see democracy is good, we are all in support of democracy in sub-Saharan Africa and all over the world. However, what we are now finding out in sub-Saharan Africa is that democracy does not change the power relationship between the producers, who are the people who create the wealth. So the people who hold state power, that is the political elite, continue even under democratic dispensation to exploit the small-scale producer. They also even, incidentally, exploit large-scale producers like oil companies."

RN: "You've also criticised South Africa's treatment of Zimbabwe, saying that South Africa had been too soft on Zimbabwe."

"I think, if we had been tougher with Mr Robert Mugabe from day one, when he started rigging the elections, we wouldn't be where we are today."

RN: "Of course, essentially, you are criticising your brother. Is this something that you talk about with your brother?"

"I'm not criticising my brother, I'm criticising the government. You know, South Africa is a democratic country, my brother is not the one-man ruler of South Africa."

RN: "Well what other steps could South Africa take to get Zimbabwe to changes its ways?"

"There are many, many things. For example, we have been subsidising Zimbabwe with our electricity. They have been on many occasions unable to pay for it, and we turn a blind eye and let them not pay. So there are many things that we could do; pressures we could put on the Mugabe government to change its ways."

RN: "Do you advocate then international interference to try to improve the democratic process and try to initiate better governance?"

"There is international intervention in Africa any way. Because, for example, there was a suggestion last week, I think by the German government, that refugee camps should be built in North Africa to stop the flood of Africans who, because of the economic meltdown that is happening in sub-Saharan Africa, are now flooding across the Mediterranean into European Union countries. Italy is putting a lot of pressure on Libya to stop Libya being used as a staging post for a flood of illegal economic migrants flooding into the European Union. So there is already intervention in African affairs by other countries. Secondly the donors to African countries – ten years or so ago – started putting a lot of pressure on African governments to abandon one-party states, to introduce multi-party democracies. We are now at another stage. Yes, we have nearly 40 countries that have multi-party democratic elections, but this is not adequate to address the power of the producers in Africa. So, we need a second stage in terms of the democratisation process of sub-Saharan Africa, and it will involve intervention, it has involved intervention by outside powers, because the elite in Africa are creating a burden."

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Daily News online edition

      Bury sword, politicians urged

      Date:25-Sep, 2004

      THREE church leaders in Zimbabwe have appealed to the country's
parliamentarians to refrain from engaging in violent behaviour ahead of next
year's parliamentary elections to save the country from turning into a

      The bishops Patrick Mutume of the Zimbabwe Catholic Bishops Conference
(ZCBC), Trevor Manhanga of the Evangelical Fellowship of Zimbabwe (EFZ) and
Sebastian Bakare the bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Manicaland urged the
Members of Parliament to cease hostilities, recrimination, abuse and
disrespect of each other.

      The statement was released this week ahead of the resumption of the
last session of the fifth parliament of Zimbabwe on 7 October.

      The bishops said: "Now is not the time to heap blame or look for
scapegoats, but for all Members of Parliament and their party leaders to
realise the awesome responsibility they have in meeting the needs of the
people they represent.

      "With Parliamentary elections approaching on the horizon, we sincerely
hope that the scenes witnessed in Parliament between the Parliamentarians
will not be played out in the electoral battleground across the nation."

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Daily News online edition

      Zanu PF has promoted dependency syndrome

      Date:25-Sep, 2004

      ACTING president Joseph Msika's warning last Thursday that the
government did not intend to build a nation based on the dependency syndrome
is one of the most ironic and fallacious statements made by a Zanu PF
politician in many years.

      To lure supporters to its ranks, Zanu PF has itself relentlessly
promoted the dependency syndrome since independence.

      The crisis in the banking sector, for instance, would not be as severe
as it is now, were it not for the government's willingness to bail out every
ill-conceived bank facing liquidity problems.

      Originally hailed as one of the lynch-pins of its indigenisation
programme, the proliferation of so-called home-based banks is a monster that
has turned around to consume its own hapless master.

      Granted, there is political virtue in the government protecting
depositors' funds, but at the end of the day, the owners of the miscreant
bank must lie on the bed of nails they made for themselves - let them face
the music, in a court of law.

      If they fled the country, there is always the suspicion that they did
this with the collusion of people higher-up in the government.

      Let them face the music too.

      The whole land reform programme, in truth, was one of the worst
examples of promoting the dependency syndrome. Again, there may have been an
urgency in redressing the unacceptable inequity in land ownership.

      In retrospect, there are people in Zanu PF today who must believe that
the chaos haunting the programme today could have been averted if there had
been a slow, sober, well-calculated approach.

      The government virtually gave away some of the thriving commercial
farmers grabbed from their owners, people who had worked with dedication to
make them viable.

      Even after they had taken over the farms, the new owners still looked
to the government. The so-called new farmers are being spoon-fed by the
government. Some of them have no financial resources of their own and when
the time comes for them to acquire the requisites for sustained production,
they almost automatically turn to the government.

      It is true that the white settler regime did offer similar help to its
fledgling farmers, but the aid was conditional on visible attempts to make a
success of the venture.

      Today, the government itself has complained that the money it is
dishing out to some of the farmers is not being utilised properly.

      Instead of bolstering their mechanisation of the ventures, they buy
cars, plush houses in Borrowdale Brooke and send theír children to expensive
English schools.

      In reality, this money is being obtained under false pretences and
these people should be hauled into court.

      But because the political consequences of such drastic action could
derail Zanu PF's master plan of winning every election since independence,
there is very little will to move against the beneficiaries.

      The whole land reform programme is so steeped in the political agenda
of Zanu PF that most of the money the government is pouring into it will not
yield the desired results: instead of food self-sufficiency, the nation
might sink deeper into donor dependency.

      Msika and his fellow leaders in Zanu PF know that the dependency
syndrome which they created, with the cynical aim of garnering political
support, is not going to be easy to curb.

      Only a disaster at the elections next year could wake them to the
reality that political popularity is not bought, but earned. - Editorial

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Daily News online edition

      Tsvangirai gives Gweru council pat on the back

      Date:25-Sep, 2004

      MORGAN Tsvangirai, the President of the Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) has praised the Gweru municipality for servicing its debts within 11
months after coming into office, an indication that the MDC was set to
transform Zimbabwe if they assumed power.

      Tsvangirai said this in his weekly Tuesday address to the nation.

      He said when the MDC council came into office, the Gweru Municipality
was reeling under a $1, 2 billion debt.

      "Service delivery was at the barest minimum and residents were being
taxed heavily to keep the then Zanu PF council afloat," Tsvangirai said.

      "Today, a mere 11 months later, an MDC council has cleared the Gweru
debt and suspended all rate increases. Masvingo, Mutare, Kariba, Victoria
Falls, Redcliff and Bulawayo forecast a similar improvement in their
financial status after the new MDC councils introduced people-driven,
turn-around strategies to clear debts and to clean up the mess they
inherited from the previous municipal regimes."

      The MDC president said within 100 days after the mayoral and council
elections, the new Harare City Council re-surfaced almost all potholed roads
which had been neglected for long.

      He chronicled how Engineer Elias Mudzuri, the popularly elected
Executive Mayor of Harare was fired from council by Ignatius Chombo, the
Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing for alleged
incompetence and maladministration.

      He said their success in local government, especially in towns and
cities where political interference has been minimal, demonstrates the
commitment of an MDC administration to stop the haemorrhage, to harness the
people's potential and to start afresh.

      Tsvangirai said in line with their values, the MDC-led councils
consulted widely with the residents in order to register and address their
specific needs.

      He said Zimbabwe could be poised for immense opportunities for freedom
and advancement if the people got the politics right through a free and fair
election and a legitimate government in March.

      On next year's election, Tsvangirai said the MDC was committed to
restoring law and order as a matter of urgency.

      He said Zimbabweans with diverse political opinions must re-unite and
co-exist in an environment of peace because peace was the basis upon which
Zimbabwe's economic stabilisation and recovery plan rests.

      Tsvangirai said: "We have no desire to travel the path of retribution
at the expense of national unity, national healing, reconstruction and job
creation. It is important that our attention is not diverted to emotional,
side issues which do not assist the starving, jobless Zimbabweans. With a
legitimate government, our nation shall expose itself for a state of hyper
activity: as we move onto the farms to finalise the land question and to
re-organise and restore agriculture; as we rehabilitate our damaged
infrastructure; as commerce and industry unlock their doors to production
and jobs; and as we open up the country to freedom."

      He said the MDC believed commercial agriculture shall once again
assume its economic leadership position, with new opportunities for the
revival of industry, food security, increased exports, new jobs and foreign
exchange for essential imports.

      The MDC has often come under heavy criticism from the Zanu PF
government for being allegedly against the land reform exercise.

      Tsvangirai said the country's communal lands in their present form
were a potential source for economic and political insecurity, having been
turned into zones where abundant human resources and knowledge systems waste
away without national notice.

      "To encourage participation, rights over communal land and resources
will pass from the state to the people. That programme will facilitate the
evolution of secure, well defined and transferable rights to land,
especially for women. The present state of affairs discourages investment in
the communal lands and denies millions access to modern infrastructural

      "We believe land is an economic asset whose full exploitation can only
be possible when supported by technical and financial services geared to
transform Zimbabwe into an industrialised nation."

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Daily News online edition

      Attacks on Bush, Blair predictable

      Date:24-Sep, 2004

      PRESIDENT Mugabe's attacks on George W Bush and Tony Blair must now
sound so predictable and boring most African leaders must secretly wonder
when the old man will exit the political scene for good.

      But Mugabe seems determined to go out with a bang - as the African
leader who stood up to the big Western powers and told them off. This may
excite the Zanu PF lunatic fringe but it hardly enhances Zimbabwe's
international stature.

      It also ensures Mugabe is remembered by posterity as another African
leader with much time to insult foreign leaders, but little time to fight
his people's poverty.

      Clearly, the attacks have become part of Mugabe's electoral
repertoire. He has told his supporters to turn the 2005 election into a vote
against Tony Blair.

      How many of them will be inspired by that rhetoric, rather than the
squalid conditions under which they live after 24 years of independence
under his party remains to be seen.

      But there could be a regime change at the polls. The people now know
what to expect from Zanu PF - empty promises and empty stomachs.

      All the attacks on Bush and Blair cannot compensate for the hunger,
sick health delivery system, unemployment, the almost worthless currency,
corruption in high places and violence against all dissent.

      At the bottom of their political hearts, most people want change, but
Zanu PF is determined to make them want only what it wants - more years of
Zanu PF emptiness.

      Mugabe ignores that the origins of the most formidable challenge to
Zanu PF's political hegemony were not in London or Washington. There were in
the towns, cities and suburbs of Zimbabwe.

      In the 2000 parliamentary and the 2002 local government elections Zanu
PF's majority in Harare was wiped out. In almost every urban centre, the
party which had ruled the country for 20 turbulent years was beaten by a
nine-month-old political party.

      Neither Blair nor Bush had anything to do with this amazing political
phenomenon. The people of Zimbabwe had found their voice, so to speak.

      In 2005, in a universally recognised level playing field, Zanu Pf
could again be shown up for what it is - a paper tiger.

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IDC Revives Beira Corridor Project

The Herald (Harare)

September 24, 2004
Posted to the web September 24, 2004

Maria Mudimu

THE Industrial Development Corporation is reviving the Beira-Sena/Tete line
investment project to ensure long-term sustainability and viability of the

Officials from IDC could, however, not disclose how much they are putting
into the project.

"The current position is that consideration of the Beira Corridor
Development Group project has been activated," IDC said in a statement.

A feasibility study on the various projects to be developed along the
corridor would be undertaken soon.

"Our ministry of transport and communication in conjunction with its
counterpart ministry in Mozambique are in the process of preparing ground
work for the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding on the Beira
Development Corridor project," added IDC.

The project is premised on the development of projects which include
exploration of limestone which has been discovered at Maunza.

This could open an opportunity for Sino-Zimbabwe Cement Company to
manufacture cement across the border through a joint venture.

Another opportunity for investment in sugar milling would be through
resuscitating a plant currently lying idle at Moromeu as well as potential
investment in timber extraction and milling.

"The availability of coal mining operations at Moatize could be of interest
to Wankie Colliery and would be a strategic source of material for cement
production," IDC said.

It is also prepared to pursue a car repair workshop in Chimoio and Beira
through Amtec.

Real estate management of station buildings and workshop expertise for
locomotive and wagon repair, would also be pursued through Sunway City.

The Beira development corridor originates from the Beira Transport Corridor

The BTC has historically provided land-locked Zimbabwe and other hinterland
countries - Zambia, Malawi, Botswana and Zaire with the shortest trade route
to the sea via Beira.

This short and reliable route to international markets was disrupted during
the wars of liberation forcing Zimbabwe in particular to divert to longer
and expensive routes. Consequently, the Beira Corridor Group (BCG) was
formed and the Mozambique Rail and Port company played a central role in
rehabilitating the BTC in the 80s, maintaining its use by the business
sector in Zimbabwe.

Mozambique in conjunction with its Ports and Railways Authority (CFM) and
backed by International Finance Corporation (IFC) entered into a concession
agreement that called for an outside investment of 51 percent in the
Mozambican railway system.

Given the strategic importance of the Beira Corridor, especially the port of
Beira and the fact that approximately 85 percent of the traffic along that
route is Zimbabwean, a local consortium, Beira Corridor Rail Company
comprising National Railways of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Iron and Steel Company
and Manica Zimbabwe was constituted in the bidding process.

The consortium managed to interest Motrade from South Africa to partner it
in a joint venture.

Motrade had sound financial cover from ABSA of South Africa while BCRC had
strength in providing both operational and technical expertise as well as
supplying locomotives and rolling stock.
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Emergency school feeding to expand

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 24 Sep 2004 (IRIN) - The Consortium for Southern Africa Food
Security Emergency (C-SAFE) aims to assist 354,000 children with its
emergency school-feeding programme in Zimbabwe.

C-SAFE will be expanding its feeding programme to some 722 schools through
its partners, Catholic Relief Services, World Vision and CARE. C-SAFE is
funded by the US Agency for International Development.

The emergency school feeding programme has been providing nutritional
support to thousands of vulnerable children from families struggling to cope
with rising food insecurity.

"Emergency school feeding allows us to fill a gap in the food needs of
vulnerable households. Daily food requirements have been harder to meet
since the cessation of general food [aid] distributions earlier in the
year," C-SAFE quoted Jason Sullivan of Catholic Relief Services (CRS) as
saying. "Food-scarce households are surviving in the face of an absent or
rapidly dwindling harvest, as well as the instability of hyper-inflation.
Rural communities report that cereal is often unavailable for purchase or
simply unaffordable in these areas."

The programme's ration of corn-soy blend and vegetable oil will provide one
meal of nutritious porridge a day to school children, many of whom are
orphans or children of chronically ill parents.

"Schools are often an insightful barometer of wider community crisis.
Teachers report that since general [food aid] distributions were stopped in
April, the community's food security and nutritional status has deteriorated
noticeably," C-SAFE commented.

The school-feeding scheme has provided an incentive for both hungry children
and parents with limited capacity to produce or purchase food. At the
Shirichena School in Chegutu District, southwest of Harare, the attendance
of enrolled children is peaking at 90 percent because there is food
available, as opposed to just 50 percent before, when many children were too
weak to walk the long distances to the classroom, C-SAFE said.

The programme, which recommenced last week to coincide with the new school
term, has provided relief to vulnerable families, as many children spent
their school holidays collecting and selling firewood to purchase maize, or
simply survived on infrequent meals.

"[However], with the onset of the traditional 'hungry season' last month,
the near future could be despairing for many Zimbabwean families. Even if
there are good rains for next April's harvest, many people will be battling
fatigue or sickness due to nine months of mounting food insecurity, and will
be unable to work the crops," C-SAFE warned.

CRS' Sullivan added that, "given the serious situation in many communities,
C-SAFE would ideally like to expand the programme to assist more vulnerable
school children throughout the country. School-feeding is a practical way to
deliver daily meals to a great number of children in Zimbabwe's most
vulnerable communities".

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Zim Independent


What will they bequeath to posterity?

"A politician thinks of the next election - a statesman, of the next

This is a powerful statement in respect of political leadership in Zimbabwe.

Both Zanu PF and the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) owe it to
posterity to negotiate the country out of the current crisis.

The country once tipped to be the jewel of Africa is currently facing its
greatest test of democracy and it is the height of hypocrisy to pretend that
Zanu PF or the MDC does not matter for whatever convenient reason one may

There is no doubt that the 2005 parliamentary election will be closely
fought between the MDC and Zanu PF if the so-called Sadc protocol on
elections is implemented on time.

It is pointless to discuss whether the decision by the MDC to boycott
election is right or wrong because it is common cause. One only needs to
read the protocol to understand whether it is being implemented or not.

Everywhere in the world, the roads on the political landscape do curve. It
is naďve to expect everyone to respond positively to change especially those
who have been enjoying the advantages of the status quo.

The world is definitely keeping an eagle's eye on Zimbabwe and we are lucky
that at least the world has some interest in us so we should not disappoint.
We have "taken" our land so let us now run our country properly.

Zimbabwe is a great country with tremendous potential and our leaders have
the challenge to enable the nation to realise its full potential.

As for the MDC, like any other young political party, critics emerge asking
critical questions about its direction.

Even if you have a coalition and involved key stakeholders, the critics,
sceptics and cynics will challenge you - and they will be strongest not at
the beginning but in the middle of your efforts.

Leaders are in politics for results and they have to feel the pressure to
deliver. One of the tests of leadership is the ability to recognise a
problem before it becomes an emergency.

Voltaire once said: "I don't agree with a word you say, but I will defend to
the death your right to say it."

This is a point which the public media has failed to understand. People
deserve the chance to listen to the alternative views and judge them on the
basis of their policies.

In the event that the MDC is the people's informed choice, then negotiations
of some sort will be necessary to avoid retribution which may follow defeat
in a sharply divided society like ours.

There is need for Zanu PF and the MDC to know and understand the principles
of negotiating that "you must never try to make all the money that's in a
deal. Let the other fellow make some money too, because if you have a
reputation for always making all the money, you won't have many deals."

The country needs hope and the hope comes from people expressing their

Martin Luther King said: "Our lives begin to end the day we become silent
about things that matter."

When the Zanu PF leadership tells us that things have improved and the
economy is recovering, let us hope that they are not referring to the slow
decline of the economy rather than a significant recovery. With no
significant production and exports where does the recovery come from? When
the Chinese dump their plastics in Zimbabwe and as once reported, evade
taxation, how do we boost our economy and protect our domestic clothing

The most critical question for both Zanu PF and the MDC is: what will they
bequeath to posterity.

Future generations will judge harshly whoever squandered the glorious
opportunities to lead the country to the greatness it deserved. It is
however not just a question for the leadership to do everything, everyone
else should identify a role to play if Zimbabwe is to be a better place.

Simply put, the 2005 parliamentary election is an opportunity for
Zimbabweans to make a real commitment to democracy. Thanks to the Sadc
protocol, the benchmarks are clear. It is however not enough to leave
everything to Sadc. This is why Zanu PF MPs Charles Majange and Daniel
McKenzie Ncube argued in London that, no matter how long we can fight each
other, the round table will always be waiting for us.

Morgan Tsvangirai, the MDC president, is really trying to give democracy a
chance by lobbying Sadc leaders like South African president Thabo Mbeki to
convince President Mugabe to see the sense of negotiating. We know that some
corrupt soldiers of political fortune are making negotiations between the
MDC and Zanu PF difficult because their only constituency is Mugabe. If he
goes they have no reason to remain.

The most important things our leaders should bring to the people are
passion, conviction and confidence in others. They have to offer a dream,
stretching their horizons and encouraging people to do the same. More often,
for change to take place, leaders need to involve people who have the
resources, the knowledge and political clout to make things happen.

Zimbabwe needs opinion shapers, the experts in the field and value leaders.
We need a new beginning because we cannot continue on our road to nowhere,
otherwise future generations will not know peace.

Msekiwa Makwanya,

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New Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean seized at airport with gun in luggage

By Agencies
Last updated: 09/25/2004 04:55:33
A ZIMBABWEAN man pleaded guilty Friday to attempting to take a gun aboard a
plane at Gatwick airport.

Simon Regis Mandiveyi, 37, was arrested Thursday after X-ray checks detected
a firearm in his luggage.

Appearing before Crawley Magistrates' Court, Mandiveyi pleaded guilty to
possessing a dangerous and prohibited article on an aircraft.

He was freed on bail pending a hearing in Crown Court, at a date to be
Associated Press

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New Zimbabwe

Mugabe a wound through which a British disease came

THE 59th session of the United Nations General Assembly has come and gone
and as usual, President Robert Mugabe saw an opportunity and sought to
project himself as a victim of the West and a champion of human rights,
sympathising with the suffering people of the Middle East.

This brings us, once again, to his record on the human rights front. One of
the ironies of the Robert Mugabe saga is that as much as the press has
devoted time to unmasking the recalcitrant Zimbabwean ruler they have either
deliberately or ignorantly omitted mentioning his being a British puppet.

It is shocking how journalists purchased wholesale into Mugabe's claims that
he was a Marxist and projected him to this date as a die-hard Stalinist when
all the evidence on the ground point to the other direction.

Those who care to remember will recall how President Robert Mugabe graced
the glamorous occasions in Britain clad in typical British suits sharing
jokes with the members of the royal family and the parliamentarians.

They will recall him being knighted, him hosting CHOGM in Harare and the
members of the royal family including Princess Diana. He was even voted by a
British-based magazine, New African as the best African in 1990.

Earlier on after independence he had steadfastly refused to commit himself
to the land redistribution preferring to share tables with the Prince
Charles of this world. Prince Edwards, Churchill, Gifford, Townsend and
Saint George's High Schools remained under their "colonial" names after his
reactionary Central Committee recommended the changing of the names and the
destruction of the Cecil John Rhodes statue in Harare.

It is difficult to believe that President Mugabe was knighted simply because
he was a visionary and humane leader yet it is easier to believe that he was
honoured for having served the British well, serving as an ally in a region
they feared would be communist and having diligently protected their
descendants' properties.

How could Mugabe have been knighted and voted the best African when his
party had committed themselves to breaking democracy soon after its

How could he have hosted CHOGM just in the backdrop of his commitment to the
consolidation of dictatorship through the establishment of a one party

By what alchemy did the British fail to see the irony of having the Harare
Declaration proclaimed in a city led by tyrants who had violated every of
its tenants?

All the honours that Mugabe received were bestowed upon him after he had
already shown himself to be anti-African with his regime and the army he
headed having mounted a clear cut genocidal campaign in Matabeleland.

Elsewhere Morgan Tsvangirai had just been arrested the previous year,
Captain Edwin Nleya killed, Patrick Kombayi shot at, Dumiso Dabengwa only
released from unlawful dentetion, UZ Act passed.

Geoff Nyarota had just been kicked out of the Chronicle and threatened by
Mugabe's henchman while Rashiwe Guzha, Christopher Giwa and Lookout Masuku
had just died under suspicious conditions. The list is endless.

So what was the knighthood for in the wake of this destructive profile? The
answer is simply that this man called Mugabe, educated by the Jesuits and
brought up under the tutelage of white missionaries, was a British puppet.

Witness how they refused to have him sanctioned then and how they now expel
him from the Commonwealth and to bring him down at a time when his sins
donâ?Tt by any stretch of imagination compare with his brazen
anti-Africans campaign of the 1980's.

It is difficult to understand how Governor Lord Soalmes ignored the
atrocities committed by Mugabe's thugs on the eve of the historic 1980
elections, only to apologise after he had romped to victory.

Just as they are bitter with him, the Zimbabwean ruler is bitter that his
comrades have suddenly dumped him soon after he wined, dinned and joked with

Witness how he is also committed to maligning and insulting them in every
platform. The seizure of farms, the trips to the Far East and the changing
of Townsend High School to Joseph Msika High and others to Chenjerayi Hunvzi
and so on are all acts of defiance feeding from bitterness.

Listen to a sabre rattling Mugabe denouncing "puppets" before his captive
gullible supporters you will agree with Sigmund Freud on what he calls

One of the vivid ironies today is that President Mugabe is a Stalinist when
all the evidence point to him being a British person. His tastes in life
from cricket to shopping habits and dressing speak of a person heavily
influenced by the British or who wishes to be one of them.

Ignorant or stupid supporters of Mugabe like Dr David Nyekorach Matsanga,
Prof Claude Mararike, Dr Vimbai Chivaura and company now want to speak of a
genuine African patriot in reference to a man who is simply bitter about
being kicked out of a British kitchen!

What is African about killing Africans because they support another
politician more respectable than oneself? What is African about Mugabe's
refusal to
distribute land in the 1980's and his seizure of the same property in 2000.

We are witnessing in Zimbabwe Cyclone Mugabe blowing from Britain. Mugabe is
an open wound through which a British disease attacked us. Much as Mugabe
was a friend of Samora Machel and that Tanzanian dictator Julius Nyerere, he
didn't follow their course although he showed them respect for pushing him
into power but he chose to be British.

His sudden about-turn into a rabid anti-British horse is as a manifestation
of a highest degree of frustration. The Muammar Gaddafis of this world were
not part of Mugabe's plans in the 1980's because his image would have been

Mengistu and Gaddafi are his friends in as far as he shares with them
certain charateristics and not views. The most telling of characteristics
are mean-spiritedness, paranoia, love for propaganda and dictatorship.

He may have from time to time clashed with Margaret Thatcher and expressed
solidarity with his communist dictators but those were less serious gestures
compared to his passion for things British. If Mugabe was indeed a communist
and Pan-Africanist his best supermarket would have been in Harare and not
Harrods London.
Mthulisi is a Zimbabwean journalist and his weekly column written from
Zimbabwe appears here every Friday. CONTACT MTHULISI AT:

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Zim Observer

      'Air Zimbabwe planes dangerous' - Official
      by STAFF EDITORS (9/24/2004)

 AIR Zimbabwe aircraft pose a potential risk to passengers' lives, as they
have outlived their life span, a senior government official said yesterday.
Margaret Sangarwe, the permanent secretary in the Ministry of Environment
and Tourism, said this when she appeared before the Parliamentary Portfolio
Committee on Mines and Tourism to answer questions on her ministry's budget
performance for the period up to June this year.

"They (Air Zimbabwe) do not have aircraft. All their aircraft have gone
beyond their lifetime and they are becoming a risk to security," said

Sangarwe's revelations came amid problems being encountered in efforts to
turn the country into a tourist destination of choice.

She said no matter how much the country was marketed abroad, there was
always a negative impact exerted by lack of direct flights from some regions
of the world.
The chairman of the committee, Nkayi Member of Parliament Abedinico Bhebhe,
expressed concern that South Africa seemed to be benefiting more bringing
tourists to Victoria Falls.

Bhebhe urged that something has to be done for the country to benefit more
from its tourist resources.
He alleged that South Africa was now using the country's main tourist
attraction to lure tourists to resorts in its own country. Sangarwe said the
matter was a burning issue, but ruled out stopping South African Airways,
which makes 14 flights a week into Victoria Falls from the destination.

This was because Air Zimbabwe was authorised to fly into Cape Town, but had
stopped on its own due to lack of planes. Kenya and British Airways,
Sangarwe said, also had flights into Victoria Falls from the destination.

He said one way to ensure that the tourists brought by the South Africans
extended their stay in the country was to lure them to other resorts, but
the problem was that there was no direct flight from Victoria Falls to other
areas such as Kariba.

She said although the country was benefiting from the "Go East" policy,
there was need to assess "whether we are benefiting, by increased receipts
through the increased inflows".
Sangarwe also said transport problems were discouraging tourists, and gave
an example of the Chinese who had to go through South Africa, which was

The permanent secretary, however, said the decline in tourist arrivals in
the country had been a blessing in disguise as it opened the eyes of the
tourism industry to the potential of domestic tourists who had been
neglected in the past. She, however, regretted that Zimbabweans did not have
a culture of "holidaying".
"We do not have a culture of holidaying, the culture is just not in us. In
Europe a couple can work to raise money for travelling," she said.

Source: Daily Mirror
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Journalists Detained And Charged

Committee to Protect Journalists (New York)

September 23, 2004
Posted to the web September 24, 2004

Two journalists and the general manager of the weekly Zimbabwe Independent
were detained today for about six hours, charged under Zimbabwe's repressive
media law, and told to report back to police next Tuesday for a court
appearance, according to local journalists and a defense lawyer for the

The charges stem from an article on why judgment has been postponed in the
treason trial of opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai.

Editor Vincent Kahiya, reporter Augustine Mukaro, and General Manager
Raphael Khumalo were arrested and taken to a police headquarters in the
capital, Harare, where they were forced to sign "warned and cautioned"
statements, defense lawyer Linda Cook told CPJ. She said they had been
charged under Section 80 of the Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Act (AIPPA) with "publication of a statement that is injurious to
the reputation, rights and freedoms of the State, recklessly or maliciously
or incorrectly representing the statement as a true statement."

Cook said the charge was brought by Judge Paddington Garwe, presiding judge
in the treason trial of Tsvangirai, in connection with a July 30 article in
the Zimbabwe Independent. The article said that the judgment in the
Tsvangirai trial, which had been set for July 29, was postponed to give the
two court assessors, who are supposed to be consulted on rulings, the
opportunity to access the trial transcripts.

The charge sheet claims that the judgment, now set for October 15, was
postponed for "other reasons." CPJ sources said the issue was sensitive
because some newspapers outside Zimbabwe have alleged that the judge had
prepared a guilty verdict without consulting the assessors.

The Zimbabwe Independent is one of the country's few remaining independent
newspapers after the authorities closed the only independent daily, the
Daily News, in September 2003. For the last four years, Zimbabwe's
government has pursued a relentless crackdown on the private press through
harassment, censorship, and restrictive legislation. In 2004, CPJ named
Zimbabwe one of the 10 worst places in the world to be a journalist.
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