Harare - Zimbabwe did not agree to curb violence
on white-owned farms under a Commonwealth-brokered deal on the land crisis
here, said government spokesperson Jonathan Moyo on Tuesday.
the agreement reached in Abuja has a requirement for Zimbabwe to crack down
on violence, Moyo said "Not in the agreement. This is not a secret agreement.
There is no such condition in the agreement."
He said the deal only
required the government to implement land reforms within its laws and its
Moyo also described the widespread violence in the
countryside as a side effect of the land crisis that would disappear on its
own once the government resettled white-owned farms with black
"Once there is recognition of the fundamental problem, the
symptoms will disappear," he said.
Under the agreement reached on
September 6 in the Nigerian capital, Zimbabwe agreed to curb violence on the
farms in exchange for British financing of its land reform scheme.
text of the agreement specifically said that Zimbabwe gave the Commonwealth
team assurances of its "commitment to freedom of expression as guaranteed by
the constitution of Zimbabwe and to take firm action against violence and
The farm violence has been closely tied to intimidation of
opposition supporters, who have suffered beatings, kidnappings and killings
since the farm invasions began in Febraury 2000.
Farmers' Union said in a statement on Tuesday that 20 new farms have been
invaded since the Abuja deal, while 900 farms are unable to operate normally
because of the occupations. - Sapa-AFP
ZIMBABWE: Zimbabwe made no deal to stop violence - Moyo
September (IRIN) - Zimbabwe did not agree to curb violence on white-owned farms
under a Commonwealth-brokered deal on the land crisis, government spokesperson
Jonathan Moyo was quoted as saying on Tuesday.
Moyo said there was no
requirement in the agreement for the Zimbabwean government to end the violence.
"Not in the agreement. This is not a secret agreement. There is no such
condition in the agreement," Moyo said. He said the deal only required the
government to implement land reforms within its laws and its constitution.
He said the violence was a "side effect" of the land crisis and that it
would disappear "on its own" once the government resettled black farmers on
white-owned farms. "Once there is recognition of the fundamental problem, the
symptoms will disappear," he said. Under the Commonwealth-brokered agreement
reached on 6 September, Zimbabwe agreed to curb violence on the farms in
exchange for British financing of its land reform scheme.
A civic initiative is being
undertaken by the above group. Their Chairman is Dr John MAKUMBE who is
currently in Australia with a further eight members of his committee. The
team members are:-
· Ian and Kerry Kay · Lazarus Salizani ·
Teachwell Mashonganyika · Vemon Nicolle · John Robertson · Benhilda
Chinetsa · Noma Nabanyama
All of the above persons are eloquent
speakers and victims of the brutal atrocities condoned and promoted by 2ANU
P.F. headed by Robert Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe.
In Australia the
delegation will take advantage of the presence of world media coverage at
C.H.O.G.M. The delegation's mandate is to tell the "TRUTH" about the
atrocities taking place in Zimbabwe. They will be addressing meetings
Canberra - 24th - 28th September Melbourne - 2nd - 5th
October Brisbane - 6th - 8th October
They intend visiting Perth for 24
hours arriving at 1230 hrs on 10th October and departing for Johannesburg at
1200 hrs on 11th October. Peter Nilson is co-ordinating the Perth
Pete can be contacted on (08) 9350 2103 or mobile phone 0412 952
174. His e-mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org. If you are
interested and able to help in any way, Pete would be most grateful if you
contacted him. It is intended to hold a Bar-B-Q at Kings Park on the evening
of 10th October at 6.30pm. Please ask Peter Nilson for details. It
will be an opportunity to meet these people and provide them with
some support and solidarity. This is not a political stunt but a question
of human rights. Further, it is not an MDC initiative.
forward to seeing you there.
9/20/01 8:35:36 PM (GMT +2)
EDITOR - The move by the
Transparency International Zimbabwe (TIZ) chapter to engage civic society in
dialogue on the way forward should be regarded as a milestone towards
The Zimbabwe National Debate Association
salutes the initiative by TIZ and condemns the government's failure to engage
civic society in dialogue for the benefit of the nation.
There is need
for any government to work collectively with civic society on issues of
The government lacks tolerance and does not want to
accept divergent views from sections of civic society.
Zim is $53M in the hole - IMF bars funding Washington |
International Monetary Fund said on Tuesday it had barred Zimbabwe from IMF
loans or use of its general resources as the country's overdue
payments mount. The IMF executive board "declared Zimbabwe ineligible to
use the general resources of the IMF and removed Zimbabwe from the list of
countries eligible to borrow resources under the poverty reduction and
growth facility," it said in a statement. "The declaration of
ineligibility to use the general resources of the IMF is one of the remedial
measures taken to encourage members to settle overdue financial obligations
to the IMF." Since mid-February, Zimbabwe has fallen $53-million behind in
its payments, the IMF said. IMF directors urged Zimbabwe to make full and
prompt settlement of its overdue payments, and said they would review the
country's overdue financial obligations within three months. "The
executive board acknowledged the authorities' intention to initiate quarterly
payments to the IMF as a first step of cooperation with the IMF, but
regretted that those payments would fall far short of the amount required to
stabilize the level of arrears to the IMF," the IMF statement said. The
IMF suspended loans to Zimbabwe in October 1999 after government efforts to
liberalise the economy went off-track, prompting most other lenders to pull
out and leaving the country with little credit and practically no foreign
currency. In May, the fund said Zimbabwe had stopped payment on its
loans. The government was $690-million behind on its foreign debt payments by
the end of July, according to the finance ministry. Zimbabwe's total
foreign debt is estimated at four billion dollars. Starved of IMF support,
the Zimbabwean economy has in the past two years been in free-fall, with
foreign exchange critically short, inflation at about 70% and unemployment
hovering at more than 50%. The foreign currency shortage has left the
government frequently unable to maintain an adequate supply of electricity
and fuel, with other essential imports such as medicines also in short
supply. Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe has criticized the fund as a tool
for western countries to deprive developing nations of much-needed support
on political grounds, such as a country's human rights record. - Sapa-AFP
Talks between white farmers and the Zimbabwe
government over land seizures have collapsed.
representing 4,000 farmers hoped to discuss efforts to implement a deal
brokered earlier this month by mediators in Nigeria, to end violence and
restore the rule of law in farming districts.
But Adrian De Bourbon,
lawyer for the Commercial Farmers Union, told the Supreme Court in Harare
that no progress had been made.
The court had adjourned a hearing on
Friday in which the government sought to overturn a ruling that the
government's programme to seize white-owned farmland for redistribution to
landless blacks was illegal.
It asked both sides to hold talks on the
Nigerian deal as a way of resolving their differences.
attorney Bharat Patel said: "It seems there is a divide that cannot be
ZIMBABWE: MDC threatens to boycott future by-elections
September (IRIN) - The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has threatened to
boycott future by-elections because of violence and intimidation, news reports
said on Wednesday. "Given the murder of our organising secretary in Chikomba and
the continued beating and harassment of our supporters, most members are of the
view that we should stop taking part in these elections if there is violence and
intimidation," MDC spokesman Learnmore Jongwe was quoted as saying in a BBC
The ruling ZANU-PF party on Monday retained their majority in
Chikomba. The by-election was held following the death of Chenjerai "Hitler"
Hunzvi, former war veterans leader and the man behind the invasion of
Jongwe said: "No decision has been made yet, but a
majority of our members want to look into it ... The feeling is that we have
been giving legitimacy to these elections which are being stolen by ZANU-PF." In
a report last week, a coalition of Zimbabwean human rights groups alleged that
one opposition supporter, a school headmaster, was murdered and several others
tortured in the run-up to the poll.
Investors await Zimbabwe's action on land
Francois Ebersohn and Bloomberg September 26 2001 at
Johannesburg - The bond market is expected to mirror the
movements of the rand in the absence of major domestic economic indicators
Whereas local financial markets responded warily on Friday to
news that Zimbabwe had agreed to halt farm invasions, a definite resolution
of a crisis which has been taking a heavy toll on investor sentiment
towards South Africa would spark widespread euphoria, Reuters reported at
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's public approval of
the deal was seen as crucial to the credibility of the agreement reached in
talks in Abuja between senior Commonwealth political envoys.
volatile rand closed trading on Friday 3,5c better at R8,48 to the dollar
after reaching a record low of R8,53 on Thursday.
In after-hours trading
the currency firmed further to R8,46. The rand also regained some of its
losses against the pound, firming to R12,37 after closing 4c weaker at
Dwyfor Evans, a currency analyst at Bank of America Securities in
London, told Bloomberg that without concrete evidence that the Zimbabwean
government was going to act, the rand would drift back to Thursday's
Analysts said failure of the accord would deepen the country's
economic and political crisis and hurt investor confidence in southern
Bonds, which strengthened on the reported land agreement, held on
to most of their gains.
The yield on the most liquid government bond,
the R150, firmed as many as 13 basis points to 10,1 percent before closing at
10,13 percent. The yield on the longer dated R153, due in 2010, firmed 14
basis points to 10,73 percent before closing at 10,77 percent.
Reuters survey last week had analysts running to catch up with recent losses.
It predicted the rand would end the year at R8,32 to the dollar, before
slipping to R8,58 by the end of next year.
The benign inflation and
interest rate outlook were forecast to whet investors' appetite for bonds,
with the yield on the nine-year R153 bond dipping to 10,67 percent by the end
of the year before ticking up to 10,78 percent next year. - Francois Ebersohn
ZIMBABWE: Violence continues to shut down farms - CFU
September (IRIN) - Some 350 mainly white-owned farms have shut down because of
occupation by pro-government militants, while another 550 are only able to
function partially, Zimbabwe's Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU) said on Tuesday.
AFP reported that according to new figures from the CFU, 900 of the 1,150 farms
under occupation were unable to continue normal operations.
the report, the CFU said 20 farms were invaded after the Zimbabwean government
signed a Commonwealth-brokered deal in Abuja, Nigeria, on 6 September, and 25
farmers had been forced off their property. The CFU also said another five
farmers had either been kidnapped or barricaded in their homes, while beatings
and evictions of farm workers, extortion, arson, poaching and theft had
continued. The Zimbabwean government agreed during the Abuja talks to end farm
invasions and violence in return for financial help from Britain for its land
Meanwhile, state television reported on Tuesday night
that President Robert Mugabe was on his way to Singapore, from where he would
head to Vietnam and then onto the Commonwealth Heads of Government Summit in
JOHANNESBURG, 25 September (IRIN) -
Ruling party candidate Bernard Makokove won a weekend by-election in
Zimbabwe, beating Oswald Ndanga of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) by 15,570 votes to 5,207, state television reported on Monday. Two
candidates from smaller parties secured a total of 512 votes, the report
The poll on Saturday and Sunday in the district of Chikomba, about
200km south of Harare, was conducted to replace Chenjerai Hunzvi of the ruling
Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front(ZANU-PF), who died in June. The
controversial leader of Zimbabwe's war veterans had spearheaded a campaign of
occupations of white farms, which began in February 2000.
independent 'Daily News' reported on Tuesday that the weekend election had been
marred by violence and intimidation, with MDC members claiming that ZANU-PF
supporters forced village headmen to take their people to polling stations. The
MDC also claimed that a school principal killed ahead of the election was
murdered because he supported the party.
ZANU-PF won three by-elections
this year, while the main opposition MDC won two mayoral elections, including
one this month in the second city of Bulawayo. Reuters reported on Tuesday that
with its weekend victory, ZANU-PF would hold 63 parliamentary seats, the MDC 56
and ZANU-Ndonga one. Zimbabwe's parliament has 150 seats. Only 120 are
contested, while the others are reserved for presidential nominees. According to
the report, 12 of the 30 seats are reserved for traditional chiefs, eight for
provincial governors and 10 for anyone else that the president may wish to
The damp squib : For those
who missed Professor Moyo's discussion on the Abuja agreement on ZTV last night,
don't worry - the 'phone-in' wasn't. Having shifted the start time of
the broadcast twice - from 7:00pm to 6:45pm and back to 7:00 pm, and changing
the phone number for callers, no live calls were taken at all. Around
half-a-dozen pre-prepared questions were taken in the entire hour's programme.
And the programme makers seemed to have lost about two-thirds of the text of the
Abuja agreement. The only parts that were mentioned were those relating to the
importance of land reform, and Britain promising money to fund it. All the rest
- about the restoration rule of law and human rights abuses - never surfaced.
In this issue :
Zanu PF youth demand payment for
by-election work - DNews
Police won't probe Bulawayo shooting -
Farmworkers' appeal -
From BBC News, 25
From The Daily News, 25
Zanu PF youths demand money for
Mutare - Scores of Zanu PF youths, credited with helping
spearhead the party’s by-election victory in Makoni West, have vowed to stay on
campaign bases until they are paid money promised them. The youths remain camped
at bases in Tsanzaguru, Tandi and Nyazura. Some of the youths, in interviews
last week with The Eastern Star, said senior ruling party officials had promised
to pay each of them between $2 000 and $4 000 for their effort in ensuring that
Gibson Munyoro, the party’s candidate, was elected. The Zanu PF officials were
now backtracking on their earlier promise, said the youths, who asked not to be
identified. Munyoro romped to victory in the election, garnering 10 610 votes
against the Movement for Democratic Change candidate, Remus Makuwaza, who
received 5 841 votes.
The youths said they were due to receive the payments last week
at Munyoro’s offices at the Self Help Development Foundation in Rusape but were
told there were no funds for their assignment. Munyoro was unavailable for
comment. Robert Gumbo, the Zanu PF provincial secretary for the commissariat and
a war veterans’ leader, said funds for the youths were left with the party’s
District Co-ordinating Committee (DCC) in Rusape, headed by businessman
Nathaniel Mhiripiri. "We gave the money to the DCC chairman, Mhiripiri," Gumbo
said. Contacted for comment, Mhiripiri said: "You do not ask me about important
matters on the phone." He then slammed the phone. The youths, meanwhile, said
Mhiripiri had told them not to expect payment because the assignment was party
work on a voluntary basis". Zanu PF provincial spokesperson, Charles Pemhenayi,
said he was unaware youths from his party were still camped at bases. If they
were still at the bases, they were "probably still celebrating our election
victory", Pemhenayi said.
From The Daily News, 25
Police won’t probe MDC
The police in Bulawayo said yesterday they were not
investigating a shooting incident at the MDC offices on 9 September where senior
officials, including the deputy president, were alleged to be the targets. Three
gunshots were fired at the officials, who included Gibson Sibanda, Morgan
Tsvangirai’s deputy in the MDC. Police Superintendent Absaih Nyandoro, the
acting officer commanding Bulawayo central district, said yesterday the police
had "no records" of the shooting incident. "This is my first time to hear about
it," said Nyandoro. The MDC secretary-general and shadow minister of home
affairs, Professor Welshman Ncube, said yesterday a report had been made at the
Bulawayo Central police station a few minutes after the shooting.
"It was clear to us then that the police were not eager to
investigate the matter because the next morning they were reported in government
newspapers to have dismissed the attack," said Ncube. Several MDC officials,
among them Ncube, national treasurer Fletcher Dulini, elections director Paul
Themba Nyathi and publicity and information secretary Learnmore Jongwe survived
the attack which they said was an attempt on Sibanda’s life. Senior Assistant
Commissioner Albert Mandizha, in charge of Bulawayo province, declined to
comment on the matter yesterday, referring all questions to his subordinate,
Nyandoro. A day after the attack, the police in Bulawayo said the presence of
journalists from the independent Press during the shooting raised suspicion that
it was "stage-managed". The attack was the second inside two months on a senior
MDC official after a convoy of vehicles, including that of Tsvangirai, was
attacked outside Bindura during a by-election campaign marked by violence and
won by Zanu PF.
From The Star (SA), 25
350 Zim farms shut
Harare - About 350 mainly white-owned farms have shut down
because of occupation by pro-government militants, while another 550 are only
able to function partially, Zimbabwe's farmers said on Tuesday. The new figures
from the Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU) mean that 900 of 1 150 farms are unable
to continue normal operations, still under occupation by activists who back
government land redistribution plans. The agricultural slowdown comes despite a
severe shortage of grains and despite a Commonwealth-brokered deal reached on
September 6 in the Nigerian capital, Abuja. Under that agreement, Zimbabwe's
government said it would end lawlessness on the farms in exchange for British
financing of President Robert Mugabe's land reforms. But since the Abuja deal,
the CFU said 20 new farms have been invaded, while the occupiers have forced 25
farmers off their property. Another five farmers have either been kidnapped or
barricaded in their homes, while beatings and evictions of farm workers,
extortion, arson, poaching and theft have continued, CFU said. The farm violence
has had a strong political colouring since the invasions began, with the
occupiers closely tied to intimidation of the opposition and other perceived
opponents to Mugabe.
From The Zimbabwe Agricultural
Welfare Trust, 26 September
An appeal for assistance for the
beleaguered farm workers of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is in crisis. The country is inches away from economic
collapse and a massive humanitarian disaster is about to unfold. This could
cause the demise of Zimbabwe as we know it. The Zimbabwean Government have paid
lip service to the requirements of the Abuja Accord (as expected) and have
continued to harass farmers and displace thousands of farm workers. 25 000 have
been dislodged in the last 5 weeks alone. And yet, this is only the tip of the
Since February 2000, about 500 commercial farmers have been
unable, under threat of death or violence to themselves and their workers, to
continue normal farming operations. It is under these circumstances that at
least 350 large-scale commercial farms, representing over 15 000 farm worker
families (approx. 75 000 men, women and children), have had to shut down. The
self-styled war veterans have subjected farm workers to the most appalling
indignities. Many have been physically assaulted or tortured and have had to
watch as others are attacked in front of them as an example. A large number of
the women and girls have been beaten and raped. By mid September 2001, an
estimated 30 farm labourers had been killed since the onset of the farm
invasions. The majority of displaced farm workers have nowhere to go. Many have
been on the farms for generations. Countless thousands are now scattered widely
around the farming areas, sometimes simply encamped along the roadsides with no
The Zimbabwe Agricultural Welfare Trust is a recently
established non-political, non-profit organisation designed to provide some of
that much-needed charity. We fully recognise the need for fundamental land
reform in Zimbabwe. However, whatever the outcome of this future land reform,
these internally displaced people need support now. The obvious interim position
prior to such reform is therefore to keep these workers on the farms where they
have access to shelter, medical assistance and schooling for as long as
possible. We would like to do as much as we possibly can to help. Could you help
There is much that can be done to assist. For example:
Helping struggling farmers to pay wages, thus keeping the farm
workers active and in employment where possible.
Helping displaced workers to relocate back to their original
homes on the farms where possible.
Providing subsistence maize meal, dried fish and vegetable
seeds to tide them over.
Providing funds for the continued education of the farm
Providing basic medical supplies and living requirements i.e.
blankets and cooking utensils.
It only takes a little to make a real difference. £5.00 has the
power to buy food for a family of 5 for an entire month at current rates. Such a
small amount can achieve so much. We would like to suggest that a donation of
£5.00 a month by standing order to ZAWT would give us an excellent start. It is,
after all, the cost of a round of three beers. Our bank details can be found on
our website at
http://www.zawt.org/ and a bank
instruction slip can be printed off and sent - with your instructions - to your
For those who would prefer to make a one-off donation, may we
suggest a donation of £52.00. That would be a donation of £1.00 a week for a
whole year although any greater or lesser contribution would of course be much
appreciated. If 2000 people were to donate this small amount, we would achieve a
figure of £100 000 this year. There is so much we can achieve with this amount
of money. Please give us a hand. If you would like to help, please forward a