The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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News Release
(On behalf of Justice for Agriculture)

Twelve farmers from the Triangle/Chiredzi have been arrested under section 8
legislation and are due to spend the weekend in jail. They are Dave des
Fountaine, Pete Wenham, Henri Souchon, Aleck Geddie, Graham Babbf, Benori
Fayd'herb, Fred Blatchford, Jeremy Baldwin, and four others.

The farmers all have section 8 orders and are part of the Cane Growers
Association who are taking representative action against the orders in court
today. It is thought that this action would still proceed.

Meanwhile in the Tengwe farming area another four farmers are presently
barricaded in their homes by war veterans who are demanding that they pay
off their workers and vacate their farms, despite the nullification of their
section 8 orders in the High Court.

The four are Andy Kockott of Tengwe Estates, Leith Bray of Meldon Farm,
Simon and Peter Dawson of Kemasembi Farm.

According to Andy Kockott, who is a single farm owner, his workers have not
been allowed to work since Saturday when the war veterans instructed the
Kockott's to leave the farm by 2pm on Sunday.

Police arrived on Monday and inquired why he was still on the farm, to which
he explained that there was no official document or order for the eviction,
only an illegal verbal notice issued by the war veterans.

Patrick Maponga, a retired army officer and well known war veteran in the
area visited the farm on Tuesday and gave the family a further ultimatum to
leave by 6pm that evening to leave.

As of Friday (13th) noon, the situation was at a standoff following the
arrival on Thursday of a small contingent of war veterans. As the group
arrived at the farm, Mr. Kockott took a photograph of them as they
approached his back door. At that moment, the war veterans ran away and
proceeded to the farm village where they rounded up all the workers and
walked them down to the main road.

The war veterans then sent a delegation, including a few workers, to have a
meeting with Kockott. As the meeting was due to commence, a vehicle carrying
Red Cross personnel arrived. They had coincidentally come to assess the
situation on the ground about farm workers and their families. The observed
the meeting proceedings.

The war veterans complained that Mr, Kockott had already ignored 3 evictions
and a police directive to leave the farm and insisted that he pay his
workers their retrenchment packages.

Mr. Kockott insisted that there were no legal grounds upon which the war
veterans could evict him from his home or compel him to pay off his workers.

These discussions went on for about an hour before the foreman and one of
the farm drivers approached Mr. Kockott and informed him that they wished to
continue working. They asked that the police be called in so that they could
address the war veterans in the presence of police officers. However, the
police refused to attend to the scene.

The Red Cross personnel left the farm soon after and the war veterans
continued to demand that Mr. Kockott should sit down with his workers and
negotiate within the hour (i.e. by 4pm), retrenchment packages. However, Mr.
Kockott refused to give in to their demands and informed them that
Government & Agricultural Plantation Workers Union of Zimbabwe (GAPWUZ) and
National Employment Council (NEC) officials were expected on the farm to aid

The problems intensified Friday with other farmers being barricaded in. On
Leith Bray's Meldon Farm a group of war veterans have surrounded the
homestead completely and are trying to break into the house. Mr and Mrs Bray
are in an end room and are in radio contact. The war veterans have also
pushed cattle into the Bray's security fence.

The situation has settled down on the Dawson's Kemasembi Farm. According to
Simon Dawson, the group of about 45 - 50 people has now moved off and two
representatives were at lunch time speaking to the NEC. Earlier, members of
the group had held hostage Simon's brother Timothy for four hours during
which they pushed him around and threatened him. They also let the air out
of the tires on his vehicle to prevent him from getting away. He did not
sustain any injuries.

All the farmers are currently in the process of grading tobacco crops which
they should be able to do as they have High court orders allowing them to
continue farming.

13 September 2002

For more info, please contact Jenni Williams
Mobile (+263) 91 300456 or 11213 885 or on email
Or Fax (+2639) 63978 or (+2634) 703829 Office email:

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Sent: Saturday, September 14, 2002 3:17 AM
Subject: Fw: Friday Evening

Dear Friends
We managed to sneak Podge, Mike and Stuart out through a back road with Howard Champ's help. Lucky the house is almost up against Howard's boundary. I think Cannon was more than relieved to get his new pickup out - that will teach him to react to a call for help in the new one. The mob at the top of the road spied them leaving and came running towards the house. They wanted to know why thay had not driven out the proper way so we said that we that since the gate was wired up this morning, we could not be sure. Anyway, the crowd then stayed on but outside the fence. At 2.45 they found a way into the fence - not difficult, there are holes. They came and asked to speak nicely. We got the full confession of how sorry they were etc etc etc etc. Eventually we were told they were being kicked out of the compound, had nowhere to go, needed money. To cut a long story short, I had to give them a letter stating our proposal that we sit down and talk after NEC, GAPWUZ and ALB (all the unions which do our collective bargaining) team had been here - they have promised to come on Monday. I stated that we would not enter into discussions with warvets or anyone not in the workforce and that we would terminate any discussion that got violent or tried extortion and that we demanded to be allowed to come and go freely over the weekend. What I actually said was "I expect to be able to conduct my life in a normal fashion this weekend and not be confined to my homestead." I let them read the unsigned draft said they were to discuss it and raise any questions. Josiah read it out loud as "I expect to be able to conduct my wife in a normal fashion this weekend"  and then translated it as such. They all solemnly agreed but Heaven knows what they think it means.
The questions they raised were:
1. When they were going to get paid? After the NEC consultation and our discussion.
2. How would they find us if we skipped without paying? By phoning Jeff or HO.
3. If we did not believe the farm had been taken away form us, would we like the DA to come and explain? No.
4. If they were kicked out before Monday, what about payment? Not on a Saturday or Sunday or without the Unions?
They also said they had no food. I made the mistake of saying we would organise some maize for tonight if they all pissed off back to the compound. By doing so I put Jeff in a spot because we got the maize from him. The deal was supposed to be that our driver would fetch it. I watched helplessly as the flipping warvets got on the vehicle when it drove out the fence. Jeff used his head and took the maize to meet them but they have promised him a visit tomorrow and thats all because I gave in. I feel terrible. To make matters worse the maize was not dropped at the compound, it was brought here and we have the crowd at the gate for the night. There is a drum banging session on now with not much variation in tune. The horrid thing is that they are all being forced to smoke huge cheroots of pot - we could see our main guys made to sit in a line in front being handed the zols. Before Issof left we had got a signed undertaking from them which read "People are not after fighting. Gates will be opened. Brothers and relatives can come in the house." The bloody dogs you gave me, Dave Penny, have not barked once!!
Leith and Debs had to get out this evening. They live in a thatched house and after the DA arrived to harangue them, and Leith got involved in a scuffle, they drove out. Podge had got into their house at some stage (don't know how he managed it.) Debs said she gave the DA a final "Maita basa" (thank you for a job well done) as she drove past him. Podge got them to sign a note that said they wouldn't touch anything. I don't suppose it will mean much.
I am not watching Parkinson on BBC Prime because I wanted to finish this e-mail so I hope you all realise how important you are!!
I have never taken a sleeping pill, nor am I deaf but I see some merit in both this evening.
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Friday, 13 September, 2002, 16:24 GMT 17:24 UK
Retired judge held in Zimbabwe
Justice Gubbay and President Mugabe
Judges have overturned government decisions
Zimbabwean police have arrested a 65-year-old former judge who earlier this year sentenced a government minister to a jail term.

Retired high court judge Fergus Blackie was arrested at four o'clock on Friday morning at his home, according to friends of the family.

The arrest is the latest incident in a series of conflicts between the government of President Robert Mugabe and the judiciary.

Judges have overturned government decisions on the media and the land resettlement programme, to the anger of ministers.

Seven judges have resigned or retired early from the bench in the last 15 months, and there is only one white judge left in the high court.

Twelve white farmers were also reported to have been arrested in the southern area of Chiredzi on Friday for defying eviction orders requiring them to leave their farms.

On the same day, the government gazette published new regulations on land resettlement which are intended to speed up the process of land redistribution.


The arrested judge came into conflict with the government on 18 July, the day of his retirement from the high court.

He sentenced the Justice Minister, Patrick Chinamasa, to three months in prison and fined him 50,000 Zimbabwe dollars ($900) for contempt of court.

The sentence was later overturned on appeal.

Jonathan Moyo
The Information Minister called the judge a racist

Information Minister Jonathan Moyo accused the judge of racism after the verdict against his fellow minister.

Former Justice Blackie has been detained in connection with a fraud case in which he quashed the conviction of a white woman convicted of stealing from her employer.

The South African press agency reported that the judge is said to have overturned the conviction against the woman without consulting the black judge who sat with him in the case.

No charges have been laid against Mr Blackie.

Challenging evictions

The white farmers' support group Justice for Agriculture (JAG) said on Friday that 12 white farmers in the Chiredzi district in the south of the country had been arrested for defying eviction orders that required them to leave the farm.

John Worswick of JAG said that the men, all sugar farmers, were likely to be held over the weekend, according to the French news agency, AFP.

White farmer
Farmers have faced eviction and arrest

He added that all 12 were planning to challenge the eviction orders.

The government is attempting to speed up the evictions of white farmers.

The government gazette on Friday published new regulations to make it easier to seize land.

The proposed new measures, which parliament is likely to debate next week, cut the time given to farmers to leave farms from 90 down to seven days and increase fines for defying orders from 20,000 to 100,000 Zimbabwe dollars ($1,800).

John Worswick of JAG said that farmers knew of the new proposals and would challenge them in court if they are passed by parliament.

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IMF starts process to suspend Zimbabwe
Reuters, 09.13.02, 6:01 PM ET

By Mark Egan

WASHINGTON, Sept 13 (Reuters) - The International Monetary Fund began the
formal process of suspending Zimbabwe's membership for failing to repay
millions of dollars in arrears, threatening to further isolate the African

The move was largely expected after the lender put Zimbabwe on notice in
June that it could lose its privileges as an IMF member for unpaid arrears.
The World Bank is expected to take the IMF's lead and discuss whether to
strike Zimbabwe from its ranks on Sept. 17.

According to the latest data available, the African nation has $135 million
in arrears to the IMF. Another $186 million is due to be paid between now
and the end of 2006.

"Today's board decision initiates the process that could lead to the
suspension of Zimbabwe's voting and related rights in the fund," the IMF
said in a statement.

Noting a worsening economic situation and a looming food crisis, the IMF
urged Zimbabwe to take action to restore economic stability and to promptly
repay its IMF debt. Under IMF procedures, the nation now has up to six
months to repay its arrears or face expulsion.

Should Zimbabwe lose its IMF rights, it will join a small club of countries
that have faced such a fate -- Iraq, Liberia, Somalia and Sudan. Afghanistan
has IMF arrears, but that liability is expected to be cleared once it
resumes full membership.

Analysts have warned that Zimbabwe's expulsion from the IMF would
effectively condemn Harare to the economic doldrums in the face of acute
shortages of foreign currency to buy fuel and import essential raw


Expulsion from the IMF and World Bank would deprive the country of potential
loans to alleviate poverty and reform an impoverished and increasingly
chaotic economy.

Zimbabwe has been rebuked for its controversial policy of redistributing
land by taking it from white landowners.

At the recent Earth Summit in Johannesburg, Mugabe invoked nationalist and
socialist principles in refusing to consider devaluing Zimbabwe's dollar.
The currency trades on the black market at one-twelfth of its official rate.

The distortion is so large that analysts estimate 80 percent of basic foods
are now bought and sold at the black market rate. Inflation is expected to
reach 150 percent by December.

The nation was once known as Southern Africa's breadbasket, but now six
million of its 14 million population face famine. An estimated two million
Zimbabweans have become economic refugees in South Africa and other
neighboring states.

Copyright 2002, Reuters News Service
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Farm Invasions And Security Report
Friday 13 September 2002
This report does not purport to cover all the incidents that are taking
place in the commercial farming areas.  Communication problems and the fear
of reprisals prevent farmers from reporting all that happens.  Farmers
names, and in some cases farm names, are omitted to minimise the risk of

Middle Save - The farmers with Section 8's are still off their farms.   The
reaping of wheat is due to start in the next week.
Chipinge - After a terrible incident at their offices, the owners of
Chipinge Diesel have opened their garage again.  Farmers are still off their
Burma Valley - All appears to be quiet in the area.
Mutare - There has been an increase in theft of irrigation equipment.
Odzi - All is quiet, and everyone is farming.
Nyazura - Clare Farm reports "war vets" want to break down the shed where
maize is stored for the labour.  GMB have already taken some of the maize
and left the rest in the shed for the workers.
Nyanga - On 07.09.02, a farmer was told to get off his property by the
Police.  The owner went to see the DA who was then told that his offer had
been refused.
Rusape - All appears to be quiet.
Headlands - four farms this week suffered work stoppages.  The labour
demands their packages, but also to continue working after they have been
paid.  NEC, ZFTU, Ministry of Labour and the Police were brought in to
resolve these issues.  They explained to the workers that unless the farm is
shutdown they would not receive their packages.

No report received.

Beatrice - there was a house break-in by three men, one of who was armed
with a revolver.  An elderly person was assaulted, and a TV, microwave,
.303, and three shotguns stolen, with one firearm later recovered.  Another
farmer returned from leave to find his foreman had his arm broken and the
dairy cows were denied grazing and water for a week.  Five dry cows died
because of starvation. The foreman was prevented from reporting this.
Police reacted once they were advised.  One farmer had 1000 acres of grazing
burnt.  One farmer had his dairy storeroom broken into and 100 bags of dairy
feed emptied on to the floor.  One farmer had fencing standards and gates
stolen, valued at ZW$ 1.4 million.
Marondera - One farmer was asked to report to the Police Station on
090.09.02 for contravening his Section 8 but the Public Prosecutor threw the
case out of court.   The Police picked up one farmer on 07.09.02, although
he was later released and asked to appear in court on 09.09.02: outcome
unknown at this time.  One farmer was asked to report to the Police Station
with his High Court papers showing his Section 8 had been nullified.
Wedza - three farmers were asked to report to the Police station.  One
farmer received a letter from the Lands Office stating he could continue
with his wheat until 09.011.02, and he was allowed back to the farm.
Another farmer was in receipt of a letter from the Lands office stating he
must downsize to 200 ha and he was allowed to return to the farm.  The other
farmer who had already downsized had to appear in court as his cattle were
still on the farm as his 400 ha had not yet been demarcated, but the Public
Prosecutor threw out the case.

Karoi - Quiet this morning 12.09.02.  Good police reaction.  Plenty of
hassle in the farm village and strikes are ongoing.  One farmer is trapped
in his house because of SI6.  25 farmers stopped farming in this area. A car
was stolen from a woman in Karoi.
Banket - Work stoppages occurred on four farms in Banket: Doondoo Farm
Templeton Ranch, Mariandale Farm and Sholiver Farm.  These farms have only
received a Section 5 but the workers demand their retrenchment packages. As
many as 50 farmers are off their farms in the Trelawney, Darwendale and
Banket areas.
Ayrshire - the Erewhom Farm owner was told to vacate her house.
Chinhoyi - Farmers are still being evicted off their farms.  On 11.09.02
Natalia Farm and Magonde Farm owners were given 24 hours to leave their
homesteads.  An armed robbery took place in town with one weapon and
ammunition stolen.  Labour hassles ongoing with Zanu PF officials used to
intimidate and extort from farmers.
Nyabira - three farmers were thrown off their farms over the weekend.
Raffingora (Ayrshire) - Grading is ongoing but there is less than a month
left.  Some people have been barricaded into their houses.  Less than 25% of
club members left.  The Ayrshire Club staff was given their packages
11.09.02 and the Ayrshire Club is closed.  The settlers want to take it
over.  It is no longer viable.  To be a member now would cost $100 000 per
annum with the present membership.
Karoi - In Karoi at the Cochranes' farm, "blackboots" were deployed and the
scene is quiet there. The pressure for SI6 packages is enormous and
spreading like wildfire.  There is little hope of normality. A farmer's wife
was knocked to the ground in Karoi Town and had her car keys taken from her.
Pursuit commenced and +- 300 people allowed the robber to get to the Zanu PF
offices where he is held up.
Chinhoyi - three farmers who were consulting with the NEC in Chinhoyi were
made to go to the Zanu PF offices and sign documents to say they would pay
full packages.
Kariba - The Kapenta Workers Union (KWUZ) affiliated to the ZFTU are sending
stop s to fishermen and trying to get them to sign "amount to be deducted".
This is a matter of considerable concern within the kapenta industry.  Any
increased costs will obviously be handed on to the customers making kapenta
more expensive.
Trelawney/Darwendale - four farmers were asked to leave their farms by
08.09.02.  At Hendra Farm the owner was given a "one hour eviction"
accompanied by an A1 Settler by the name of Gombo, and two ZRP police
officers: Murongori and Chikowbera.  The OIC of Darwendale Police Station
states his orders come from Norton and if he does not carry them out, he
will lose his job.
Tredar Security Report For Trelawney/Darwendale/Banket Areas:
Clydesdale Farm had theft of a water pump from a pump house.  Nothing was
recovered.  At Glen Athol Farm four accused were arrested for netting.  They
had 4x50 m net and 5 kg of fish.  Accused were handed over to Banket Police.
At Riverhead Farm two accused were arrested for netting.  They had 1x50 m
net and 1 x 100 m net.  The accused were handed over to Banket Police.
Samos Farm suffered theft of a Lister Engine from the borehole.  Nothing
recovered.  Musonzoa Farm had theft of 3 x 100 Amps MCB, 4 x timers, 1 x
main switchbox from the pump house, the total valued at ZW$ 2 million.
Nothing was recovered.  Mgwaco Farm had theft of a 5 HP electric motor
valued at ZW$ 200 000 from the pump house.  Nothing recovered.  Excelsior
Farm suffered theft of a 20 HP electric motor valued at ZW$ 150 000 from the
pump house.  Nothing recovered.  Bickleighvale Farm had theft of an angle
grinder from the workshop.  Nothing recovered.  Clonsilla Farm saw theft of
a 30 HP electric motor and switchboard from the dam. Nothing recovered.
Marrasino Farm suffered theft of a black purse containing ZW$ 60 000, which
was a retrenchment package for one of the woman labour who had been paid.
One suspect was picked up.  Nothing recovered. Euthopia Farm had theft of
2x5 litres of EDB chemical from a storeroom.  Nothing was recovered.
Doma - at Tevrede Farm on 07.09.02, the owner was paying his labour with
Gapwuz present.  A Major Mbweni arrived in a Gaza Driving School vehicle,
whereupon he and the owner of the driving school incited the labour to not
take the packages.  The crowd killed a sheep and broke into the cook's
store.  When the police arrived, they had to wait for the Major to finish
his portion of the spoils.  Before leaving, the two tampered with the
farmer's belongings, which are packed up.  A Doctor Mwiri who is a surgeon
from Chinhoyi, subsequently arrived and threatened to cut the fence, he has
a plot on the farm.   Today Monday the owner is barricaded in his home.
Tengwe - All 27 farmers in receipt of Section 8 s are off farm due to
eviction s by ZRP, with the deadline being Sunday 08.09.02, 14.00 hrs. Some
did a complete evacuation.  At Mchowe Pool Farm settlers cut the workshop
gates, entered the workshop area and put on their own padlock.  The owners
are not present because of a Section 8 eviction by the ZRP.  85% of all
grazing is now burnt and there is pressure for livestock to be moved. Police
have instructed no grading of tobacco to take place on Section 8 farms, but
have allowed labour to continue with domestic, livestock and tobacco
seedbeds. The Sapi Valley Farm owner was barricaded in by labour on
08.09.02.  Police refused to assist and said it was a labour issue.  People
came to assist him but their vehicles were stoned so they withdrew.
Eventually he cut his own fence and left. There is pressure on Section 8
farms from A2 settlers for farmers to move off their properties.  Some are
insisting that all property left behind is theirs.

Masvingo East and Central - the Chidza Farm owner was harassed at a
roadblock concerning his licences for his two-way radios (old Agri alert)
and their authenticity. The radios were confiscated and the original
licences demanded. Owner then had to return to the Police Station the
following day and told the radios had been misplaced! (This occurred on the
weekend of 08.09.02.) Eventually radios were located and handed back to
owner. Owner also reports ongoing escalation of people moving onto property.
New fencing has been stolen.  The Mayo Farm owner reports an escalation in
fires and settlers burning whatever they can on the farm. The Administrative
Court officially returned this farm back to the owner.
Gutu / Chatsworth - The Nuwejaar Farm owner was told the Chief Evaluation
Officer visited three properties on 10.09.02. Three Dairy cattle were
missing over the weekend of 07.09.02, however one has since been recovered.
On 10.09.02 another three dairy cattle were stolen. Welvaart Farm reports
five steers stolen over the weekend of 07.09.02.  A farm owner faced
harassment by settlers, threatening to trash his home and demanding
livestock be removed from the property.  Another farm owner presently off
the farm, heard reports his labour was told to leave the farm on 09.08.02 by
six officials in a Police land rover.  Three labourers were beaten up.  He
went to court for contravening a Section 8, which was thrown out by the
Magistrate.  He returned to the farm.  In general, it has been noted with
concern that some officials are taking papers off farmers when shown proof
of their situation i.e. Section 8s have not matured, deals made through the
Administrative Court that are officially accepted and endorsed etc. Once the
papers are taken, they are put into officials' pockets and "innocence" is
claimed they have never seen any paperwork concerning that property.
Mwenezi - Battlefields Ranch suffers continued cutting and stealing of
fences. One Giraffe and One Kudu poached again.  On Marcon Ranch Mr. Mutema
from Nyika (who owns half of Nyika) moved two loads of communal cattle from
Nyika, which is adjacent to where Foot and Mouth disease has broken out and
placed under quarantine, on to the ranch and into the Lowveld. Owner reports
33 head of cattle have been moved down.
Chiredzi - the Wasarsara Ranch owner reports eight cattle are missing for
the last three days. On the evening of 11.09.02, a break in to the vegetable
garden was reported.  Vegetables and fruit were removed. It is clear that
this is driven by hunger. The Eaglemont Ranch owner reports that because of
the hunger in the area poaching of wildlife is escalating rapidly. If this
continues for much longer the wildlife will be decimated and the next move
will be on the cattle.
Save Conservancy - Poaching and snaring continue.

The general situation remains relatively peaceful, with most farmers with
Section 8 s reaching some understanding, through negotiation, with their
District/Provincial Land Committees. This has been assured, either directly
and/or with support from the Governor, Chief Lands Officer and/or liaison
representatives in Kwekwe and Gweru. This state of affairs was confirmed as
a result of a visit to the Governor's office on Friday, where he indicated
that a Police report in his possession made reference to the fact that, out
of a total of ±228 farms in the Midlands, served with Section 8 s, ±219 had
responded conclusively to date. Meanwhile, as a result of such examples,
word has been put out to farmers that anyone in possession of section 8 s,
who has not initiated or concluded negotiations with the District/Provincial
Land Committees, should promptly do so.
A farmer on Happyvale farm in the Somabhula area filed a report with the
Gweru Rural Police office in connection with the snaring of 3 beef cattle as
well as the suspected poisoning of 3 others. In a separate report, he has
drawn attention to the lighting of fires on both the above mentioned
property as well as an adjacent farm and to the incidence of serious erosion
in the headwaters of the Amapongokwe Dam (a major contributor to the Gweru
City water supply) arising from indiscriminate tree felling, burning of
fires and clearing of land for cultivation. It can be reported that there is
a general increase in the incidence of veldt fires in the Somabhula area as
the new settlers pay little heed to containing these fires as they clear
their lands for cultivation. No reports have been received from other areas
at this time.

No report received.

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Remarks by Mr. Morgan Tsvangirai,

President of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

Mass Public Opinion Seminar,

Harare Sheraton Hotel.

September 9 2002.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The dimensions of the Zimbabwe crisis are mutating and seemingly becoming more pervasive throughout every aspect of our political, economic and social life. The regime has consolidated all its arsenal to defend personal privileges. So that to the ordinary Zimbabwean citizen and international observer, the forces of democracy have become even more embattled, more beleaguered than at any time in the past three years. But the democratic forces have remained resilient and will ultimately weather the storm of tyranny. The old adage still holds: The darkest hour is before dawn. The regime has expended all its resources of tyranny and the will of the people shall prevail. However in the context of this onslaught, there are some fundamental questions, which every Zimbabwean democrat and democratic forces are asking:

  • Has the democratic movement in Zimbabwe hit a brick wall or is it in a cul de sac?

  • Are we in retreat in the face of this determined tyrannical onslaught?

  • Are we in a state of paralysis?

  • In which particular direction are the forces of democratic change moving?

  • And finally, does the stolen presidential election represent new and qualitatively different circumstances and challenges, which call for alternative strategies?

The answers to these fundamental questions define and condition our agenda for action now and in the future.

The majority of Zimbabweans looked towards the aftermath of the presidential poll with rekindled hope. They expected to experience positively changed circumstances in their economic, political and social lives. They expected that the aftermath of the presidential poll would present them with boundless opportunities to forge a new and more enduring political culture. They yearned for a period of national healing, in which the nation could come to terms with its traumatic experience and devise strategies to handle the political demons of the past three years in a mature and constructive way that would permanently vaccinate against future relapses into tyrannical evil and darkness. So, to many Zimbabweans, the stolen presidential election had a much more devastating effect than any physical catastrophe could ever have achieved. It was a shattering setback for change.

All the visions and hopes for a new democratic political dispensation appeared shattered by the stolen presidential poll. The cherished agenda for a new democratic political dispensation and political culture appeared to have been negatively re-written through sustained state terror and violence.

However, this did not kill people’s hope for change.

In the context of this derailment from the preferred course of deliberate and positive change, where are we now and where are we going? In order to chart an effective path for the future, we have to have an accurate picture of where we are. There is absolutely no doubt that in the aftermath of March 2002, we are in the middle of a ferocious struggle against the massive forces of a qualitatively different and more dangerous form of tyranny. At independence in 1980, the people of Zimbabwe regained their national sovereignty and with it, albeit theoretically, their basic freedoms and national independence. Tragically since 1980, the Mugabe regime has been encroaching on both national sovereignty and the people’s basic freedoms. The stolen presidential election completed this negative process of change. Today we therefore face vastly changed political circumstances without precedent in our history of independence. The process of subverting and ultimately neutralising of the people’s sovereignty has been completed. The people are no longer sovereign and basic freedoms have been abolished. The Mugabe regime has redefined national sovereignty to mean that Mugabe is now sovereign. He has become a benevolent dictator who grants and withdraws basic freedoms according to the whims of his temper.

People’s basic freedoms are now under quarantine, there are confined to a political arena that has been effectively shrunk. Through the effective closure of democratic space, people have been violently forced to depart from democratic political activity into prescribed spaces defined and created by the dictatorship. The will of the people as expressed through their representatives in the legislature has been subverted. One absolute ruler now wields the functions of the judiciary and law enforcement agencies. Mugabe’s will is violently rendered the will of the people. The fusion of the three pillars of state, i.e. the executive, the judiciary and the legislature, has resulted in the obliteration of the last vestiges of a civilian administration. This is a veritable coup de’ tat against the regime’s own shoddy constitution that is in place. Therefore, what confronts us in Zimbabwe today is an absolute dictator presiding over a civil-military junta and imposing an illegitimate government on the people. So the new and lived reality in Zimbabwe today is that after a long and bloody protracted struggle, Mugabe has completed putting in place a repressive infrastructure to become an absolute monarch, presiding over a totalitarian state.

This new situation gives rise to two further fundamental questions:

  • Have the democratic forces lost the struggle for democratic freedom?

  • Are the conventional methods of democratic struggle still relevant in the present circumstance?

Before answering these questions, let me complete the picture of where we are today. The total emasculation of people’s political power has been complemented by another strategy to reduce the majority of the population economically to the level of Stone Age scavengers available for manipulation and abuse by Mugabe and his cronies.

At the level of the economy, the impact of totalitarianism has been devastating. The collapse of the delivery systems for health, education, other social services and material commodities is almost complete. National economic output has declined by 11% down from 9% in December 2001. Cereal production in general and maize production in particular has declined by 69% and 77% respectively on the 2000/2001 production levels. The national currency has been eroding at a fast rate than the regime can print the money; spending on vital services such as health and education has dwindled while the associated costs to the individual have risen astronomically to 2106% and 857% respectively. The HIV/Aids pandemic is devastating the nation and the regime has no resources to bring about relief. About 81% of the people are now living below the Poverty Datum Line (PDL) and the unemployment rate of economically active people is equally high. The young section of the population entering the job market for the first time has been hit hardest. For instance there are no jobs available for the over 4000 graduates who graduated from our national universities this year. Although spending on the army and police has increased by leaps and bounds, this has not even resulted in any meaningful efficiency in the professional standing of these national forces. The conditions of service of the ordinary soldier and policeman have actually deteriorated, while the officer corps has cornered the major portion of the budgetary allocations for their personal comforts. Hunger and starvation are decimating the nation especially the more vulnerable rural communities with few alternatives for survival. Entire rural communities are being denied food and subjected to an incessant regime of political violence, because they steadfastly refuse to submit to Mugabe’s tyranny. The run-up to the local government elections has seen violence and denial of food relief as the most lethal weapons in the regime’s bid to snuff out any remaining vestiges of the people’s democratic rights.

What this means is that the regime’s war against people’s democratic rights is neatly dovetailing into an onslaught on the peoples’ last survival refuge, i.e. the deliberate destruction and denial of the people’s means of sustenance. As we all know, poverty defeats all possibilities. In the final analysis, the regime’s comprehensive strategy is to weaken the population both economically and politically and render them totally defenceless against the designs of tyrannical rule.

The battle lines between the people and the dictatorship have never been more sharply and profoundly drawn. In this combative equation, the biggest threat to Mugabe’s absolutism is the people’s refusal to be crushed and their stubborn determination to resist.


We remain resolute in our conviction that the illegitimate Mugabe regime shall not be allowed to consolidate and make its fraud permanent. The people must and will reclaim their stolen victory. As a nation born out of a revolution we know that freedom comes at a price and we have absolutely no intention of letting the dictator hold the nation to ransom and in shackles forever.

As a political party, which believes in peace and democracy rather than violent confrontation, immediately after the stolen presidential poll, we accepted an invitation from Nigeria and South Africa to give dialogue a chance. We entered into negotiations with ZANU PF even though we knew from the beginning that the regime regarded the whole exercise as strategy to buy time and assuage people and that both Nigeria and South Africa were more interested in managing the crisis rather than its resolution. So from the very beginning there were no ingredients for the talks to succeed. Whatever the future holds Zimbabweans and history will absolve us.

We face vastly changed circumstances from those that confronted us before the stolen presidential election, but it is important to emphasize that the democratic movement is neither in retreat nor paralysis. The struggle for freedom under these changed circumstances has just begun. The illegitimate Mugabe regime is on the run. We must now employ qualitatively different methods of struggle from the ones that won us the 2002 presidential elections. Within the MDC, this new phase of the struggle has already started. As a political party, since our arrival on the Zimbabwean political landscape, we had never had ample opportunity to put in place solid and purposive structures to enable us to enter the political fray and come out triumphant. The process of party building went hand–in-hand with real political combat on the ground during the parliamentary elections in June 2000, the presidential elections in March 2002 and during the various local government victories that we registered. The violent onslaught by ZANU PF found our structures in a state of infancy, but we survived. We fought battles while simultaneously building the party and we survived. Our first major task was to reorganise and strengthen the party. That programme was completed at the end of August 2002 and we are ready to go into mortal combat against the illegitimate regime.

The starting point of our new struggle must be rooted in our history. We must go back to the noble ideals of the liberation struggle, which have been prostituted and monopolized by the illegitimate Mugabe regime. We must re-dedicate ourselves to the unflinching quest for justice, freedom, peace, prosperity and the restoration of the supremacy of the sovereign will of the people. These are the ideals of the liberation movement abandoned by the Mugabe regime, which have now come to describe the inner soul of the MDC. This rededication calls for new strategies to galvanise the people of Zimbabwe to confront the dictatorship wherever and whenever it rears its ugly head.

In the ferocious struggle that lies ahead, the MDC must undergo a period of rebirth or renewal. It must go back to its roots, to its cradle, to its base. As a Social Democratic Party we believe in the strength of purposive unity of all progressive social forces. The coming mass storm against tyranny must obliterate all artificial and tactical strategies among the MDC, the labour movement, the civic organizations and the constitutional movement in order to forge a purposive alliance for a PEOPLE’S STORM in a final confrontation with autocracy. We must reach out to all the progressive forces in society, such as the Church organisations, which share with us the same values of democracy, peace, good governance and human rights. Each of the components of the PEOPLE’S STORM must build certain purposive competences, with the participation of the people of Zimbabwe, competences that will lead to the last push on the corrupt and dictatorial regime that has relied on raw power to subjugate the people. The culture of democratic activism and instinctive resistance to tyranny must be continuously cultivated.

The question that many of you are burning to ask is whether mass action is still on the agenda. My answer is that, we shall never acquiesce to tyranny. The Mugabe regime has been busy over the past few months preparing a fertile ground for an unavoidable and unstoppable show of people’s power. The momentum for this is being generated daily by the regime’s actions. We are impelled by circumstances to move inexorably in that direction. But this does not call for adventurism, the temptation to which must be resisted at all costs. During periods of crisis such as the one we are experiencing, frustration at the seemingly slow pace of events and overall change, might tempt some sections of the broad democratic movement to abandon the common strategy and vision and come up with sectional programmes that may appear to hold the key to the resolution of the crisis, leading to the abandonment of a common platform for the struggle and the corresponding weakening of the democratic front. There may be a mistaken view that there could be other alternative visions out there when it seems that the present shared vision is taking too long to accomplish. Such individual adventurism is a negative force in the process of amalgamating and harnessing people’s power. It feeds on all efforts to galvanise a united people’s front against tyranny. We must all synchronise and consolidate our efforts in a final show down against autocracy. Whatever action we take must be strategically calculated to yield the desired results. There can no room for failure or rearguard remedial action.

We are aware that the Mugabe regime is putting in place strategies to divide the united stand of all the democratic forces in the country through such diabolical schemes as the so-called government of national unity or GNU in order to avoid an election re-run and compromise the people’s desire to reclaim their stolen victory. The systematic brutalisation of the democratic forces that has been sustained since the stolen presidential election is part of a grand strategy to weaken the opposition and ultimately swallow it through the so-called government of national unity. To the concept of a GNU our answer has not changed. We say NO to any attempt to expand and legitimise fraud. We remain unshaken in our conviction that the only way out of the present crisis is through a fresh free and fair presidential poll under international supervision. On that score there can be no compromise or surrender. We are also aware that the regime intends to imprison or drive into exile a certain number of MDC legislators in order to enable it to achieve a two-thirds majority in parliament and thereby facilitate a change in the current constitution to enable Mugabe to slide into oblivion without the need for a fresh presidential poll as mandated by the current constitution. Our response to that ruse is quite predictable. The people will massively resist any illegitimate tampering with the constitution.

We shall never allow the political proceeds from fraud to be inherited by Mugabe’s handpicked successor.

Some people may wondering why we still take part in elections in view of the fact that they are routinely rigged and as such, continued participation in the electoral charade exposes people to physical danger and demoralisation. Yes elections have yielded death and destruction, but we cannot abandon them. Elections are part and parcel of our broad strategy to remove Mugabe from power. As a democratic movement, which believes in the creation of an enduring democratic culture in the country, we value the democratic educative value of elections. They are an essential component of our national political curricula and political practice to build a democratic culture. However, should we decide in the long run that this route has run its course, then we will have to devise other effective non-violent modes of political combat. But this will mean that the people are organized to the strength of an unshakeable bundle. Such an alternative course of action must be sustainable. It cannot meaningfully be just an angry knee-jerk reaction with no chance of successfully withstanding the inevitable onslaught from the dictatorial regime. Mugabe has already declared that he is ready to shed more blood in order to remain in power, so again in this scenario, adventurism could be counterproductive. Casualties on Zimbabwean citizens must avoided or minimized. This calls for the leadership of all the democratic forces to be responsible and minimize chaos.

The final choice on when to change course, strategy and tactics might not necessarily lie with the formal structures of the organised democratic movements. It must be remembered that over the past three years it is the MDC, which has kept the peace in the face of a sustained regime of state terror and violence. After the March 2002 presidential poll, during the politically charged and explosive atmosphere that engulfed the nation, we counselled restraint when people were ready to mount barricades and go into the trenches. As a political party we chose the legal route in challenging Mugabe’s electoral fraud, as a practical demonstration of our sincerity in the quest for peace even though the regime was taunting us to take up arms. And this is also why we have always had a peaceful political solution to the crisis, i.e. a re-run of the presidential poll under internationally supervised free and fair conditions, rather than a call to arms. We have therefore acted as a restraining force on the people to desist from confronting violence with violence. But now we have reached a stage whereby it may no longer be possible to keep the lead on. The people are angry. They being battered, murdered, raped, tortured and brutalised on a daily basis with no end in sight. Whatever happens from now on is entirely the regime’s responsibility. The people cannot take it any longer.

So the launching pad to reclaim our stolen victory must be the immediate strengthening and consolidation of all the democratic forces in the country. Our goal remains the speedy installation of an MDC government.

However we realize that dictatorship is not simply an internal problem. Rather it is a regional, continental and international problem. The denial of a democratic entitlement to good governance is a recognised international problem, which in many circumstances before our own predicament, has jogged the conscience of the international community and has routinely jolted it into action. Murder, crimes against humanity and the systematic violation of human rights are international problems and so is the deliberate sabotage of sustainable development.

We therefore call upon all progressive forces in the region and the continent to rise up to the Mugabe outrage. Mugabe’s dictatorial project points to nobody’s future. It undermines collective efforts at regional and continental advance. We call upon the SADC region to be steadfast and resolutely confront the Mugabe tyranny. We call upon President Mbeki to rise up and assume the regional leadership for which we have waited for so long. We wish to remind him that the resolution of the Zimbabwe crisis is not altruistic, but it is for the common good of all of us. We call upon President Obasanjo of Nigeria to show the same kind of resolve that he demonstrated when confronting evil in his own country. To the Commonwealth, we ask for increased political and diplomatic pressure on the Mugabe regime. Most importantly, the United Nations should not remain on the sidelines, when crimes against humanity are being committed by this brutal, corrupt and murderous regime. To the rest of the international community, we say: we cherish your past support, please remain with us as we walk the last mile towards our freedom.

I hold no brief from Mugabe, but his standpoint, like that of all bloody dictators is simple to grasp: All democratic forces that dare challenge his autocracy must be literally killed or slaughtered. This is what he considers to be the final solution to all the democratic challenges to his illegitimacy. I have a message for him from all the democratic forces in Zimbabwe:

You cannot destroy an idea that defines the people’s preferred circumstances and conditions of living. Your bullets cannot stop the tide of change. Bloodshed from an illegitimate regime can never, and in history has never, neutralized the potency of change that has to happen.

Finally, my message to my fellow Zimbabwe remains very simple. Freedom is not free. As that illustrious son of Africa, Nelson Mandela prophetically said all those years ago: There is no easy walk to freedom. Fellow Zimbabweans, the remainder of the path to our freedom is still littered with skeletons and splashed with the blood of innocent people. Lets soldier on with courage and determination.

I thank you.

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I overcame a challenge

Congress - National Federation of Woman's Institutes of Zimbabwe
- Great Ndaba Room
- Tuesday 10th September 2002
Jenni Williams - Justice for Agriculture Spokesperson

(Please note that in accepting to speak at this function I was requested to
avoid controversial issues)

I am proud to have been asked to officially open this the 75th annual
Congress of the National Federation of Woman's Institutes.

In my view, women of substance such as yourselves are the new heroines of
Zimbabwe. Together, we have the energy and enthusiasm that can bring about a
transformation and a renewal in our beloved land... it is a worthy goal and
one that we must concentrate our energy on for the well being of our
families and the nation as a whole.

I am not an opera lover but the old saying goes... 'IT A'INT OVER TILL THE
FAT LADY SINGS', is relevant here. I believe that our role is to ensure that
woman's voices are heard throughout Zimbabwe, from the remote rural
dwellings to the urban centres. The fat lady I speak about is in my minds
eye ...
I see.............

A woman sitting in her village surrounded by happy and healthy children, her
granaries full, she is content, has a future and is secure. The sun is
shinning, she has adequate water closeby and the livestock, chickens, cows
and goats are also well tendered and healthy. She begins to sing because she
is happy and fulfilled in her role as mother, wife and producer of a good
harvest. She sings about soft rains falling on her fields and about her
hopes and dreams for her older children who have moved into the city to
further their education. She is by nature very feminine BUT strong in

I paint an idealistic scene here, but life is all about moving daily towards
an ideal existence. As you return home today and ponder your future, please

I have kept this picture in my mind over the last few months. It is my
source of inspiration as I carrying out my daily duties some of which are
very stressful.... It gives me the energy to carry on because I believe that
we are bound in one great family ...a sisterhood and yes, a brotherhood. We
are a family of Zimbabweans and passionately so.

Together..... As one nation, we can meet any challenge, create unity where
it is lacking but also learn to rejoice in our divergent views.

To reach a high level of what I call  'interstanding' we must first get to
know each other's cultures; it will be the most fascinating journey to
embark upon... find out about totems, extended family concepts that form the
basis of African culture.

Appreciate each other's concerns and needs, share ideas and come up with a
colourful new pattern that is a tapestry of Zimbabwe... We can be the envy
of the whole world...and believe me the world is watching closely to see if
we can solve our own challenges.

Lets not fool ourselves...families do have squabbles and times of testing
but at the end of the day the ties that bind us and our collective needs and
wants are greater than our differences.

This our land, our Zimbabwe ... blessed with abundant gifts and as women we
should remain constantly in an 'attitude of gratitude' for the gifts of
Mother Nature which we respect and safeguard.

One of the most testing issues women of all races have been faced with in
modern day Zimbabwe is the issue of gender equality. It always amazes me
that some  'men born of women' still actively seek to suppress the feminine

To those men I say ' We, the women of Zimbabwe bring balance to a male
dominated world, we are by nature practical, opposed to violent means to
resolve conflicts and our soft touch can soothe a child who is hurt or calm
a board room of angry men'.

We must in the words of Virgil  'Be favourable to bold new beginnings'.  We
need to reinvent ourselves on a daily basis.

Take that computer course and get training in various disciplines so that we
are not left out of decision making forums...not excluded from the corporate
world. Start that new business, insist that banks give us that overdraft to
begin a new tenacious and strong willed when it comes to
declaring ourselves and our plans for advancement.

Draw courage from the fact that most women, from housewives to secretaries
to parliamentarians, strive to become great achievers. In some cases they
have to overachieve to be recognised......

Three of the greatest world leaders since World War Two have been women:
Golda Meir of Israel, Indira Ghandi of India and Margaret Thatcher.  These
women seized the opportunities presented to them, they were courageous and
they valued life and made tremendous sacrifices for the good of fellow
citizens... They saw the bigger picture and embraced an ideal vision.

It is true that life must have value or it is worthless. Who better to give
life value then women who carry and care for a child from conception to
birth and beyond.

When I speak to many groups around the country and beyond our borders I try
to demonstrate courage. Those who know me well will know that I draw my
inspiration from the creator of heaven and earth and it is He who guides me
daily and gives me the insight to walk a path that can be rocky at times. I
firmly believe that a clean conscience makes a soft pillow.

In these times of crisis and information overload we need to remain focused
on achieving the ideal scene for ourselves as individuals.... this spills
over into our families and outward to touch each and every citizen. THIS IS

Lets start a word of mouth campaign; the most powerful form of advertising
there is.... Let us call upon all Zimbabweans to seek solutions rather than
to find problems.

Practise acts of kindness towards each other to defuse stress, tension and
aggression. Communicate daily what the solutions could be... speak in the
positive whenever and whenever possible.  Pave the way for the bright future
we know can be ours to enjoy and share.


Madam chair, National President, and all here present on this significant
day... It is now my heartfelt pleasure to declare the 75th Annual Congress
of the National Federation of Woman's Institutes of Zimbabwe officially

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Mugabe 'thugs' kidnap election candidates
The Times: September 13, 2002
The Harare regime has unleashed a wave of terror as voters prepare to go to the polls
ORGANISED gangs loyal to Robert Mugabe have kidnapped and beaten hundreds of opposition candidates to stop them from registering for this month’s local elections.

As Zimbabwe’s President attended the United Nations General Assembly in New York, his opponents in Harare released a dossier showing how nearly 600 of their 1,200 candidates had been blocked from contesting the ballot. Leaders of the main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), said that Western powers were so obsessed with dealing with Iraq that they were ignoring President Mugabe’s worsening reign of terror.

Paul Themba Nyathi, the MDC’s Director of Elections, who has met Foreign Office diplomats in London, said: “Mugabe is acting with impunity now because he knows he can get away with it. Western leaders talk about dealing with tyrants, so how does Mugabe escape?”

MDC candidates have been kidnapped and beaten to stop them from registering in time for the September 28 elections. Police roadblocks have been placed at registration centres in some parts of the country to bar access by MDC candidates and armed militias have waited outside a number of offices to intercept opponents attempting to meet the deadline. Some candidates are still being held hostage.

Mr Nyathi said: “So who do we complain to about this? The courts, the police, the election officials are all in Mugabe’s pocket. Look at who the beneficiaries are who are being given previously white-owned farms — judges, army commanders, secret police chiefs, senior policemen; so who maintains the law? “The West is more concerned about the confiscation of white-owned farms and Mugabe’s performance at the Earth Summit to monitor this latest episode. It doesn’t matter what sort of intimidation is employed during campaigning if you have stopped nearly half of the opposing side from even standing.”

For his part, Mr Mugabe told the UN yesterday that Zimbabwe had cast off the “colonial yoke for all time”, and attacked Britain and Tony Blair. He said: “I appeal to this General Assembly to convey to Britain and especially to . . . Mr Tony Blair that Zimbabwe ceased to be a British colony in 1980 after Prince Charles had gracefully lowered the British flag.

“He should also be informed that the people of Zimbabwe waged an armed revolutionary struggle for their independence and stand ready to defend it in the same way.”

The campaign of intimidation in Zimbabwe is worse than that during the presidential election campaign earlier this year. Mr Mugabe won, but international observers said that the election was flawed. For the vote on the last weekend of September there will be no outside observers.

The MDC’s dossier alleges that one of Mr Mugabe’s ministers, Didymus Mutasa, led a Zanu (PF) mob in Manicaland that was stopping opposition candidates from registering. In Chegutu a mob stormed the district offices, assaulted MDC officials and abducted Hilda Mafudze, the local MP.

In Midlands South, 100 miles (160 km) south of the capital, 36 candidates pulled out of the election and 20 other aspiring councillors were assaulted and tortured.

Typical of the assaults was the midnight abduction last month of Wilson Mabhera, the MDC chairman in Hurungwe. He was woken by a group of men who said that their lorry had broken down and asked for help. As he stepped outside he was dragged to the lorry where he recognised some of his Zanu (PF) opponents. He was beaten for two hours and told he would be killed if he stood in the election.

The MDC leader has begun a court challenge to March’s presidential election. He has also warned that the growing frustration inside Zimbabwe is leading to a “people’s storm” which is ready to take on what he calls the President’s “civil-military junta”.

MDC leaders have restrained their followers from mass demonstrations because they fear that the security forces will be ordered to use “extreme force” against any protest.

Mr Nyathi said: “Frustration is boiling over. There is hunger and soon there will be starvation. If you remove their only hope, which is the election, then what have people got left but to protest?

“The West does not think Zimbabwe is a priority and so Mugabe can do what he wants. It’s too late for any observer force. The damage has been done. This election is the worst fraud yet."

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Zimbabwe 's violence continues...... letter to G W Bush

Dear Mr. President,


I thank God everyday that you are the man in the oval office to lead our nation against the Muslim terrorists that threaten not only our way of life but freedom everywhere. My confidence is high with you as our commander-in-chief. I believe that we will ultimately prevail in this new kind of war in which we are engaged despite the best efforts of the petulant, morally-challenged naysayers quivering in their boots in the United Nations, academia, and elsewhere. Honestly, if history had turned out differently and you were not the leader of this nation at this time in history I would be truly frightened for America and the rest of the Free World.


Even as we wage this war against Muslim terror, I implore you to take action to stop the Atrocities that are taking place right now in Zimbabwe where Marxism, in the form of Mugabeism, is rearing its ugly head, leaving a path of death and destruction in its wake. Please do not allow another Rwanda-like nightmare to occur in this majestic country. The world needs to open its eyes to the despot named Robert Mugabe and the horrors that he is perpetrating on the people of Zimbabwe. Where are all those people who were so passionately condemning and attempting to prosecute an out-of-power Pinochet? Where are they now that they have an opportunity to really confront evil that is occurring right now and on a much greater scale? Americans need to be hit in the face with this real-life horror story that is unfolding in Zimbabwe. They need to see that evil did not stop after 9/11; indeed, evil is a like a nefarious virus that just never stops shedding. Strong medicine is required to break the stranglehold that this despot has on the good people of Zimbabwe and the United States is the only nation and with the one leader having both the moral clarity and the will to administer the treacle for this evil being unleashed in Zimbabwe


The atrocities the he and his minions are committing amount to raw, pure, unadulterated evil. They have subverted the rule of law and have supplanted the natural rights of man with their own evil, racist desires. They are stealing legally acquired land from productive, hard-working farmers who, along with their ancestors, have worked these farms for generations. They are being run off their lands by threats of bodily harm and death. Moreover, Mugabe is exploiting the fact that they are white as a way to justify these greedy, evil deeds. Mugabe’s “war veterans” are doing much of his dirty work, raping and pillaging wherever they go while the police stand idly by, allowing them to commit their mayhem. Normal commerce has been severely disrupted, leading to the threat of mass starvation while Mugabe, his kin, and his goons take over the farmers’ dwellings and hoard the food, satisfying their own rapacious appetites and doling out crumbs only to those who will pledge allegiance to realizing their evil Marxist blueprint. Meanwhile, millions of men, women, and children go starving and the numbers of unemployed continue to rise with no hope in sight.


Actually, this has the potential to be much worse than Rwanda, believe it or not. If Mugabe is allowed to continue his evil ways and implement his Marxist design in Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe could experience something analogous to the Great Leap Forward plan that was implemented in China under Mao Tse Tung, a plan which resulted in the death of 30 million people (mostly farmers and others living in rural China) within three years. Mass starvation coupled with the already mounting AIDS epidemic that is ravaging much of the continent of Africa could prove catastrophic, beyond the horrors that have occurred thus far.


I state this for the record knowing full well that you know all of this and more. Yet, I do so to urge, in the strongest of terms, and in the name of everything that we believe in as Americans, as children of God, in the name of all that is just and good, that you make these crimes against humanity that are occurring in Zimbabwe one of the priorities in your foreign policy and exterminate the tyrant Mugabe before he succeeds in doing so to the innocent people of Zimbabwe.



John O'Connor

Los Angeles, CA 90034

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ANC News

Zimbabwe Arrests Farmers, Retired Judge

      Sept. 13
      - By Stella Mapenzauswa

      HARARE (Reuters) - Police rounded up 12 white farmers on Friday for
defying an eviction order and arrested a retired white judge who had
previously clashed with President Robert Mugabe's government.

      The farmers were the first to be arrested since Mugabe warned on
September 4 that white opponents of his controversial land reforms faced
jail if they did not cooperate.

      Police spokesman Bothwell Mugariri confirmed Fergus Blackie's arrest,
saying the retired judge was still in custody.

      "The charge against him is obstructing the course of justice,"
Mugariri told Reuters.

      Zimbabwe has been in crisis since pro-government militants led by
veterans of the 1970s liberation war began invading white-owned farms in
2000, drawing Western protests and limited sanctions.

      Mugabe ordered 2,900 commercial farmers to quit their land without
compensation by August 8 under a controversial program to seize white-owned
farms and hand them over to the largely landless black majority.

      But some 2,500 farmers have defied the initial orders, and police have
charged more than 300 of them, the farmers' group Justice for Agriculture
(JAG) reported.

      JAG said the 12 farmers from the Triangle and Chiredzi areas in
southern Zimbabwe were likely to spend the weekend in jail.

      "The farmers all have (eviction) orders and are part of the Cane
Growers Association who are taking representative action against the orders
in court today," JAG said in a statement.


      On Friday, the government published proposed amendments to its land
acquisition law to raise the fine for resisting an eviction order to
Z$100,000 ($1,818) from Z$20,000.

      The Land Acquisition Amendment Bill, which needs parliamentary
approval, would also allow the government to re-issue any eviction notices
previously rendered invalid.

      "This bill will amend the light of certain difficulties
that have become apparent in implementing its provisions connected with the
acquisition of agricultural land required for agricultural purposes," a
government notice said.

      Last month the High Court, in a judgement in favor of a white farmer,
ruled that his mortgaged farm could not be taken for resettlement if the
state had not properly informed the mortgage lender.

      Since its ruling, the High Court has canceled about 60 eviction

      Industry officials had said the ruling could pave the way for similar
court appeals by other farmers, but the government notice said the
amendments would overcome this legal loophole.

      Speaking at the United Nations on Thursday, Mugabe dismissed
international criticism of his land drive, saying the aim was to "redress
the colonial injustice perpetrated by Britain" that left 72 percent of the
country's best land in white hands.

      "We want to be left in peace to carry out our just reforms and
development plans...We refuse to be an extension of Europe," Mugabe told the
General Assembly.


      The veteran African leader, who led his country to independence from
Britain in 1980, has repeatedly clashed with Zimbabwe's judiciary over the
land drive.

      Blackie, 65, was one of several white judges whom the government
accused of racism in their rulings.

      The state-owned Herald newspaper said Blackie, who retired from the
bench in July, was being investigated for quashing the conviction of a white
woman while on the bench.

      Last month, the Supreme Court set aside a ruling by Blackie that
Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa was in contempt of court for publicly
condemning a sentence given by another judge three years ago.

      Five other judges have left the bench since the government forced the
country's top judge Anthony Gubbay to quit last year after he led a series
of court rulings against the land drive.

      The land campaign combined with a severe drought have put nearly half
the country's 13 million people in need of food aid this year, aid agencies

      The government blames the food shortages on the drought.
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President Arrives in New York for UN Assembly

The Herald (Harare)

September 12, 2002
Posted to the web September 12, 2002


From Itayi Musengeyi in New York

President Mugabe has arrived here to attend the 57th session of the United
Nations General Assembly, which opens today.

Cde Mugabe is expected to address the UN General Assembly today.

Cde Mugabe and his delegation were met at JF Kennedy International Airport
by officials from the Zimbabwean mission to the UN.

The President arrived here on Tuesday after a successful working visit to
Libya where the Zimbabwean delegation signed a trade, investment and fuel
supply agreement with Tripoli. The deal ensures that Zimbabwe continues to
receive fuel supplies from Libya while also expected to benefit from
Tripoli's expanding investments in Africa.

At the UN Cde Mugabe will join other world leaders to review recent
international conferences and agreements.

Zimbabwe's permanent representative to the UN Dr Tichaona Jokonya said the
57th session would review the Millennium Summit held in South Africa and
security issues.

Dr Jokonya said developing countries would push for developed nations to
increase aid for development. The session will also discuss the problem of a
world with more ageing people than the young ones.

"The problem is noticeable in Germany and Scandinavian countries. Sweden,
for example, has had a population of eight million for the past 15 years
which means there is no growth," said Dr Jokonya.

The reform of the world organisations such as the UN Security Council, IMF
and World Bank would also be under the spotlight.

Dr Jokonya said following calls for democracy good governance and
transparency by the North, the South would argue that these principles
should start at the international level.

"Democracy and transparency yes but it must be both at the national and
international levels. The IMF, World Bank and Security Council must be
reformed and not have a situation where these institutions are clubs of
powerful countries," he said.

The session would also push for non-interference in the internal affairs of
other countries.

On security, Dr Jokonya said developing countries did not share the West's
view of embarking on a campaign to smash countries where terrorists are
suspected to be taking cover. He said the South felt that the issue of
security could not be addressed without solving poverty, which poses great

On Africa, the session would review the peace initiatives in the Great Lakes
Region with an aim of setting up institutions to deal with post conflict

The South will also push against individual countries deciding to take
action on other nations.

"The UN must decide not single countries. A matter must be brought through
the Security Council or General Assembly and the international community
will take action," said Dr Jokonya in reference to the United States plans
to attack Iraq.

Cde Mugabe arrived here on Tuesday night enroute from Morocco where he told
journalists that Africa valued Morocco's contribution to the liberation of
Sadc by campaigning for the release of freedom fighters such as Nelson
Mandela. The President is being accompanied by Cde Mudenge, the First Lady
and senior Government officials.

The Nation of Islam in the United States will send a team of African
American journalists to Zimbabwe to portray the accurate story about the
situation in the country.

The nation's representative for Africa Mr Akba Mahomed yesterday said the
journalists would visit Zimbabwe early next month to gather accurate
information about events in the country.

He said the Press corp's reports would counter the misinformation on
Zimbabwe being peddled by the world media, including US newspapers such as
The New York Times.

"We feel that the African-American should get the other side of the Zimbabwe
story because the stories going out on Zimbabwe are not accurate," Mr
Mohamed said.

He was speaking to Zimbabwe journalists after meeting President Mugabe at
his hotel room in New York.

Cde Mugabe is here to attend the 57th UN General Assembly.

Mr Mohamed said Cde Mugabe gave them the true picture of the land reforms in

He said the Nation of Islam was pledging to help train new farmers in the

Mr Mohamed also briefed President on the Nation of Islam's arrangements to
bring into Zimbabwe 15 African-American doctors to work in the country, and
drugs for diseases such as Aids. "We get free medicine in the United States
and we want to direct some to Zimbabwe," he said.

The Nation of Islam pledged to help Zimbabwe with doctors in July when its
leader Dr Louis Farrakhan visited the country and met with President Mugabe.

The Nation of Islam is one of the US-based groups that have rallied behind
Zimbabwe and its land reform programme.

Another US group that supports Zimbabwe, The December 12 Movement also paid
a courtesy call on President Mugabe to express solidarity with Zimbabwe.

Speaking to journalists after meeting Cde Mugabe, Cde Coltrane Chimurenga
deplored attempts by US President George Bush and British Prime Minister
Tony Blair to use the Security Council to undermine Zimbabwe's sovereignty.

"We have to rise up and make clear that the question of democracy in the
Security Council must be addressed," said Cde Chimurenga.

The December 12 Movement will today (Thursday) hold a demonstration in
solidarity with Zimbabwe at the UN Headquarters before President Mugabe's

Cde Mugabe is expected to address the UN General Assembly today. Other world
leaders are also expected to address the Assembly today and tomorrow.


Zimbabwe President Addresses U.N.

Friday September 13, 2002 5:30 PM

UNITED NATIONS (AP) - Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe told the U.N.
General Assembly his government had ended its ``fast track'' land
distribution program to seize white-owned farms and redistribute them to
thousands of poor and landless blacks.

In Zimbabwe, however, a farmers support group, Justice for Agriculture,
reported Friday 12 more farmers were arrested for defying government
eviction orders. More than 300 other farmers had been charged with defying
the order to leave their land by Aug. 8.

And shortly before Mugabe's Thursday speech, his government announced that
it would tighten its land seizure laws, effectively canceling eviction
reprieves that courts have given to scores of white farmers. Mugabe did not
mention the new regulations in his speech.

Mugabe has come under intense attack from Britain and the United States who
have called the land seizures illegitimate and irrational.

The government has targeted 95 percent of white-owned farms for seizure.
About 4,000 of the nation's 50,000 whites are farmers, and they owned a
third of the nation's productive land before seizures began in 2000.

Zimbabwe is suffering its worst economic crisis since independence in 1980,
with more than half of its 12.5 million people facing starvation. Government
statistics indicate the economy has shrunk by 28 percent and per capita
income has been cut almost in half to $380 a year.

Relief agencies have blamed acute food shortages on political violence and
the often violent seizures of white-owned farms in the agriculture-based
economy in the past two years, along with drought. Nearly 200 people, mostly
opposition supporters, have died in political violence.

Mugabe blamed the current ``humanitarian crisis'' on the drought. He thanked
U.N. agencies and international organizations for providing food and other
assistance and said Zimbabwe would welcome additional assistance to
``mitigate the effects of future droughts.''

Defending the land seizures, Mugabe said, ``The primary objective of our
agrarian reforms is to redress the colonial injustice perpetrated by Britain
whereby a minority of British settlers in 1890 seized our land and acquired
our natural resources but never paid any compensation to our ancestors.''

``It will be recalled that we had to face vehement protestations, bad
publicity and misinformation from those who did not wish us well,'' Mugabe
said. ``We remained resolute in the face of powerful forces determined to
preserve vestiges of colonial privilege.''

``Europe said no, but Africa said yes. Who do we listen to? The whites in
Europe or the blacks in Africa? We listen to our own blacks and their
judgment,'' he said.

But while his government has given thousands of poor Zimbabweans access,
though not title, to small plots of land, many of the biggest and best farms
have gone to Mugabe's relatives, government ministers, ruling party
officials. One large farm went to Mugabe's wife, Grace, another to his
sister, Sabrina.


Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe blames his nation's troubles on foreign


UNITED NATIONS, Sept. 13 - Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe told the U.N.
General Assembly his government had ended its ''fast track'' land
distribution program to seize white-owned farms and redistribute them to
thousands of poor and landless blacks.
       In Zimbabwe, however, a farmers support group, Justice for
Agriculture, reported Friday 12 more farmers were arrested for defying
government eviction orders. More than 300 other farmers had been charged
with defying the order to leave their land by Aug. 8.
       And shortly before Mugabe's Thursday speech, his government announced
that it would tighten its land seizure laws, effectively canceling eviction
reprieves that courts have given to scores of white farmers. Mugabe did not
mention the new regulations in his speech.
       Mugabe has come under intense attack from Britain and the United
States who have called the land seizures illegitimate and irrational.
       The government has targeted 95 percent of white-owned farms for
seizure. About 4,000 of the nation's 50,000 whites are farmers, and they
owned a third of the nation's productive land before seizures began in 2000.
       Zimbabwe is suffering its worst economic crisis since independence in
1980, with more than half of its 12.5 million people facing starvation.
Government statistics indicate the economy has shrunk by 28 percent and per
capita income has been cut almost in half to $380 a year.
       Relief agencies have blamed acute food shortages on political
violence and the often violent seizures of white-owned farms in the
agriculture-based economy in the past two years, along with drought. Nearly
200 people, mostly opposition supporters, have died in political violence.
       Mugabe blamed the current ''humanitarian crisis'' on the drought. He
thanked U.N. agencies and international organizations for providing food and
other assistance and said Zimbabwe would welcome additional assistance to
''mitigate the effects of future droughts.''
       Defending the land seizures, Mugabe said, ''The primary objective of
our agrarian reforms is to redress the colonial injustice perpetrated by
Britain whereby a minority of British settlers in 1890 seized our land and
acquired our natural resources but never paid any compensation to our
       ''It will be recalled that we had to face vehement protestations, bad
publicity and misinformation from those who did not wish us well,'' Mugabe
said. ''We remained resolute in the face of powerful forces determined to
preserve vestiges of colonial privilege.''
       ''Europe said no, but Africa said yes. Who do we listen to? The
whites in Europe or the blacks in Africa? We listen to our own blacks and
their judgment,'' he said.
       But while his government has given thousands of poor Zimbabweans
access, though not title, to small plots of land, many of the biggest and
best farms have gone to Mugabe's relatives, government ministers, ruling
party officials. One large farm went to Mugabe's wife, Grace, another to his
sister, Sabrina.

The New York Times

A few cheers in US during Mugabe visit
By Diane Cardwell in New York
September 14 2002

Zimbabwe's President, Robert Mugabe, visited New York's City Hall this week,
sparking a raucous display of 1960s-vintage pan-African sentiment despite
the efforts of council leaders to keep it quiet.

As supporters chanted "Mugabe is right" and "Africa is not an extension of
Europe", Mr Mugabe and his host, New York city councillor Charles Barron,
climbed the steps of City Hall, hands clasped high overhead, surrounded by a
phalanx of aides and Secret Service agents.

They were there to attend a reception with about a dozen council members,
most of them black and Latino.

Many other councillors stayed away from the event, snubbing Mr Mugabe, 78,
for his campaign to redistribute land by taking it from white farm owners.

Mr Barron's chief of staff, Paul Washington, who began an introduction by
wishing "peace and power to all people of colour", said the visit fulfilled
Mr Barron's promise to "bring Mother Africa to the hall in which she

Mr Mugabe, who spoke earlier at the United Nations, has argued that
redistributing land is only fair because millions of blacks were forced to
subsist on dry rocky soil after British settlers seized the country's best
land during colonial times.

Many Western officials agree with the equitable distribution of land but
there has been mounting criticism in recent months of Mr Mugabe's tactics,
which include forcing whites to abandon their farms and encouraging blacks
to invade white-owned farms.

Mr Mugabe's speech was interrupted occasionally by applause and shouts of
"That's right" and "Tell it".

The councillors and city officials who avoided the meeting claimed
scheduling conflicts. New York's Mayor, Michael Bloomberg, was more
succinct. "The mayor has no interest in meeting with Mr Mugabe," a spokesman

Tom Allard writes: Australia's Prime Minister, John Howard, will meet other
Commonwealth leaders in 10 days to consider imposing targeted sanctions on

The meeting of the so-called Commonwealth "troika" of leaders - including
South Africa's President, Thabo Mbeki, and the Nigerian President, Olusegun
Obasanjo - will take place in Abuja, Nigeria, on September 23.

The troika met in March in London to formulate strategies to curb Mr
Mugabe's abuse of power.

Australia believes there has been no progress, prompting Mr Howard to
convene the meeting of the troika.

Zimbabwe's president says program to seize, redistribute white-owned farms
is complete


UNITED NATIONS, Sept. 12 - Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe told the U.N.
General Assembly on Thursday that his government had completed its ''fast
track'' land distribution program to seize white-owned farms and
redistribute them to thousands of poor and landless blacks.
       But in Zimbabwe's capital, Harare, the government announced earlier
Thursday that it would tighten its land seizure laws, effectively canceling
eviction reprieves that courts have given to scores of white farmers. Mugabe
didn't mention the new regulations in his speech.
       Mugabe has come under intense attack from Britain and the United
States which have called the land seizures illegitimate and irrational.
       The government has targeted 95 percent of white-owned farms for
seizure. About 4,000 of the nation's 50,000 whites are farmers, and they
owned a third of the nation's productive land before seizures began in 2000.
       Zimbabwe is suffering its worst economic crisis since independence
from Britain in 1980, with more than half of its 12.5 million people facing
starvation. Government statistics indicate the economy has shrunk by 28
percent and per capita income has been cut almost in half to dlrs 380 a
       Relief agencies have blamed acute food shortages on political
violence and the often violent seizures of white-owned commercial farms in
the agriculture-based economy in the past two years, along with drought.
Nearly 200 people, mostly opposition supporters, have died in political
       Mugabe blamed the current ''humanitarian crisis'' on the drought. He
thanked U.N. agencies and international organizations for providing food and
other assistance and said Zimbabwe would welcome additional assistance to
''mitigate the effects of future droughts.''
       Defending the land seizures, Mugabe said: ''The primary objective of
our agrarian reforms is to redress the colonial injustice perpetrated by
Britain whereby a minority of British settlers in 1890 seized our land and
acquired our natural resources but never paid any compensation to our
       ''It will be recalled that we had to face vehement protestations, bad
publicity and misinformation from those who did not wish us well,'' Mugabe
said. ''We remained resolute in the face of powerful forces determined to
preserve vestiges of colonial privilege.''
       ''Europe said no, but Africa said yes. Who do we listen to? The
whites in Europe or the blacks in Africa? We listen to our own blacks and
their judgment,'' he said.
       But while his government has given thousands of poor Zimbabweans
access, though not title, to small plots of land, many of the biggest and
best farms have gone to Mugabe's relatives, government ministers and ruling
party officials. One large farm went to Mugabe's wife, Grace, another to his
sister, Sabrina.
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'The Game Is Over For The
White Man Throughout Africa'
By Max Hastings
The London Daily Mail

Among most British people, Robert Mugabe inspires much more anger than
Saddam Hussein. Iraq`s leader murders his enemies out of sight. Whatever
horrors he is brewing in his secret laboratories and factories, they have
not been unleashed upon the world at large. Mugabe, by contrast, terrorises
his white subjects under floodlights. Farmers are driven from land they have
tilled for decades.

Casual brutality is the nation's staple diet, and heaven knows there is
little else to eat. Zimbabwe is sinking into a slough of corruption,
starvation and bankruptcy to satisfy the megalomania of one man.

If Tony Blair announced tomorrow that Britain intended to invade Zimbabwe
and remove Mugabe from power, I suspect that the news would be far more
enthusiastically received than a declaration of war on Saddam Hussein.

Yet, of course, neither Britain nor the United Nations will depose Mugabe.
Many miles and the colonial legacy divide us from his crumbling country. His
tyranny poses no threat to the outside world. His victims are his own

For all the sentiment expended upon Zimbabwe`s white farmers, most people in
Britain recognise that their fate was sealed more than two decades ago when
black majority rule came to the former Rhodesia. Since 1980 it has merely
been a question of how long the dwindling number of Rhodesians could stick

After the bitterness of the civil war there never seemed a realistic
prospect that a multi-racial society would survive for long. For 100 years,
the white man lorded it in old Rhodesia. Now a black tyranny does so.

The remaining whites will be driven out of Mugabes`s Zimbabwe. The wise ones
will leave while they still have the skin on their backs. Just or unjust,
that is reality.

I would go further and suggest that the game is up for the white man
throughout Africa. It does not matter whether this is a good or bad thing -
it represents the tide of history.

For four centuries, white immigrants and their decendants have pitched camp
in Africa. "We belong here. We are as much Africans as any of Mugabe`s war
veterans" a Zimbabwean farmer will say.

Yet, in the eyes of Africa this is not true. The white man is always the
alien, the outsider, the former ruler whose very competence is a painful
embarrassment even to the most educated black Africans. However much those
Zimbabweans, or their South African counterparts, love the countries in
which they live, few black Africans will today acknowledge that the white
man belongs among them. He is perceived as a leftover from the past, flotsam
drifting on the beach of history.

The remaining whites will not be driven out in a single dramatic purge. Over
the next 30 years, they will simply be prodded, frightened and squeezed
until they slip away piecemeal, as the children of a good many friends of
mine has already done.

In a succession of lurches and surges, Africa is reverting to a dark
continent. Over the past 40 years, since the colonial powers began to
depart, all the world's efforts to provide advice and aid have been
frustrated by cultural resistance, lack of education, population explosion
and above all, corruption on a vast scale.

Many Western nations suffer from political corruption. But they are rich
enough, and the corruption modest enough, for their economies and political
systems to co-exist with it. Across Africa, however, rulers have
systematically stripped national treasuries of their wealth. It was recently
estimated that 95 billion Pounds has been illegally removed from the
continent by national rulers since the colonial powers departed. No society
can prosper amid corruption on this scale.

We take for granted the honesty of our judges, accountants - yes even after
Enron - banks and bureaucrats. Honesty is not only the best policy, it is
indespensable if any economic system is to prosper. In Africa, the only
wholly successful modern industry is the theft of cash from businesses, aid
funds, government coffers, utilities, mines, wildlife charities etc.

In the days when I travelled in Africa a lot, an old hand in Nairobi
explained a few home truths to me. "In this society, if you don`t use power
to enrich yourself and your family you are not merely behaving foolishly,
you are thought to be acting wickedly" he said. "There is absolutely no
understanding here of the ideal of the community, of people at large. There
is only the family, the tribe and yourself."

There are a few exceptions such as Nelson Mandela. But for most of the
continent, that cynical piece of wisdom is as true today as it was 20 years

Almost every African state is governed solely in the interest of its ruling
clique. National bankruptcy does nothing to diminish a bottomless appetite
for first-class travel and absurdly pretentious embassies abroad. Look at
the roll call in London alone - some of the most expensive real estate in
the capital is occupied by the diplomatic missions of some of the poorest
countries of the world: Malawi in Grovener Street, Tanzania in Hartford
Street, Zambia in Palace Gate, Zimbabwe in the Strand.

By almost every economic measure Africa has gone backwards, not forwards,
since the 1960`s. Three years ago Bill Clinton toured the continent and
delivered a series of supremely cynical speeches, proclaiming that the West
would henceforward be coming to Africa`s aid. It sounded like rubbish then
and it is rubbish now. The West has no intention of bailing out Africa, even
if Blair has surges of compassion for the place.

Donors are tired of giving cash of which only a smidgen reaches the people
for whom it is intended. Food deliveries to starving people will continue,
but these do nothing to salvage collapsing economies.----The end of the Cold
War means that no great power feels a need to buy influence there. For many
years, African leaders bitterly denounced "imperialist interference" in
their countries. Today, they are learning that international indifference is
far more painful.

For most of Africa`s people the future looks even grimmer than the past.
Aids is ravaging populations. The statisticians expect its consequences to
grow much worse before they get better. The influential American academic
Phillip Bobbitt, in his recent book Shield of the Achilles, observed that he
sees only misery ahead for Africans in the 21st century, as disease, famine
and corruption relentlessly assail them.

There was a vivid moment a couple of years ago during the first stage of the
British intervention to support the struggling government of Sierra Leone.
Its prime minister asked a visiting British politician, in the presence of
journalists, if it might be possible for his country to become part of the
British Empire again. Most of those present believed that the Leonese leader
was serious. The problems of African societies are so huge, so deep- rooted,
that the few honest and decent politicians despair. They grasp at any straw
to rescue their countries. It is a tragic spectacle and few experts see a
way out.

When the West does intervene in any African society, it is essential to stay
for at least 10 years or more to have any hope of making lasting progress.
The Americans failed miserably in Somalia a decade ago, because they treated
it as a short term problem. The British Army training team in Sierra Leone
has done a good job, but the lasting need is for civil assistance - to teach
people to collect taxes, administer courts and run infrastructure projects.
We are talking, of course, about something embarrassingly close to
neo-colonialism. Many Africans would be delighted if there was more of it
about. But political obstacles remain overwhelming, the imperial memory too

Almost every Western attempt to help Africa founders, sooner or later, amid
the morass of political prejudice and cultural division. Zimbabwe`s
remaining whites farm the land incomparably more efficiently than their
black counterparts. But this makes their presence more intolerable, not less
so, to the likes of Mugabe.

The big fib, propagated at the time of African independence, was that local
people wanted the right to vote. Not so. They scarcely cared a fig for
ballots, most of which were soon rigged anyway. They wanted the land, cars,
houses, swimming pools of their erstwhile white rulers. They still want
these things, in Zimbabwe and South Africa generally.

Sooner or later, most African leaders find it expedient to hand over the
white men`s toys to their own people, without all the bother of explaining
that these things should be won through education, skills, enterprise, and
hard labour over generations.

I was never a supporter of Ian Smith`s Rhodesia, which was founded on a huge
injustice to the blacks, and sustained by cruelties as horrible as those of
Mugabe today. White minority rule in South Africa was a loathsome thing.
Thank God it has gone. But it remains a tragedy to see black-ruled Africa
sinking into the swamp of history.

Outsiders can do little to save it from itself as long as it remains a
continent of tyrants, and democracy is making no headway at all. There is
one striking oddity about Africa`s misery today: passions remain entirely
internally directed. Whereas in the Middle East resentment of the rich West
spawns terrorism and active hostility, above all towards the USA, even
Mugabe`s denunciations of Blair lack conviction.

Africa`s rulers are overwhelmingly preoccupied with their personal cravings
for wealth. Their subjects merely struggle to survive. Some observers
believe that this may change as the power of Islam grows across the
continent. The influence of the Moslem religion may generate a new
assertiveness, even aggression, a decade or two onwards.

For now however, African passion focuses exclusively upon their own
societies, and upon futile thrashings to make some brand of authoritarian
Socialism blossom amid the failling crops.

You may have noticed that even as more and more whites are obliged to quit
Africa, growing numbers of black Africans seek to migrate to Europe and the
United States - refugees from the economic catastrophies their own rulers
have created at home. On every plane that bears sorrowing whites away from
the continent of their birth into exile in Europe or Australia, there are
also many seats occupied by departing blacks who are just as much victims.
It is a bitter historic irony.

I believe that the remaining whites will continue to trickle away from
Africa until there are only a handful of communities left between Cairo and
The Cape. Then the white outside world may notice less, and care less, what
happens to the continent because we shall perceive no kin there. Africa`s
story will have become an exclusive black disaster.

Well there you have it.

It is sad but true, history repeats itself.

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Friday, 13 September, 2002, 13:39 GMT 14:39 UK
AM backs Zimbabwe visa appeal
White farmer being threatened in Zimbabwe
White farmers have been forced off their land
A south Wales politician is campaigning to get a British visa for a Zimbabwean citizen who said he is fear for his life.

David Davies, Welsh Assembly member for Monmouthshire, is supporting the 22-year-old man, known only as John, who wants to join his mother, who now lives near the Welsh borders.

We can't help you because you don't have the right to a British passport

John, visa claimant
John claims his life is under threat in Zimbabwe, but says he cannot get a visa because the officer in charge of applications is away on holiday.

However, on Friday evening, Mr Davies announced that the British Embassy in Harare will provide a visa to John but at a cost of £6,000 - which he says, John cannot afford.

Mr Davies appealed to Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw, to investigate allegations that John was turned away when he sought help from the British Consulate.

Mr Straw has promised to look into the case.

John, who was born in Zimbabwe but is the grandchild of British citizens, has allegedly been beaten by Harare police officers.

He said he went to the British High Commission in Zimbabwe for a visa, but was turned away.

The man said he informed staff at the commission of his situation.

"I was assaulted by the police and I started telling him my story," he said.

Passport rights

"He asked 'was your mother born in the UK' and I said no.

"He asked 'was your father born in the UK' and I said no - only my grandparents were born in the UK.

"He said, no we can't help you because you don't have the right to a British passport."

David Davies, Monmouthshire MP, who recently helped launch Zimbabwe Hope, a scheme to help citizens forced out of the country, said the man is entitled to a British visa.

David Davies
David Davies is angry at the situation

"This gentleman has got right of abode in Britain because his grandparents were British.

"How we do this, I don't know - I'm not an expert, but that is what the staff in the consulate should be there to sort out.

"His life is under threat, he has been asked to report to police.

"He is on the run from the police in Harare at the moment - he has been beaten up by police once already and has been warned that if he does get picked up by the police, his life and safety cannot be guaranteed.

"Anyone who is a British passport holder has the right of citizenship in Britain.

"It seems there is only one person at the British High Commission in Zimbabwe who can help and he is on holiday.

Jack Straw
Jack Straw has promised to investigate

"The foreign office has not sent anyone to cover and that is absolutely disgraceful when you consider the country is falling apart at the moment," he added.

Jack Straw said that he would examine the evidence.

"I will look carefully at this complaint," said Mr Straw.

"I can't comment more than that because I haven't got all the details.

"Except to say it is implausible that anyone in the British High Commission would have been able to talk to him about an asylum application which is what I understand heI went there for.

"No British High Commission in the world entertains asylum applications - asylum can only be claimed in Britain on our territory," he said.

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Update: BBC2 Newsnight programme and channel 4 news.

In brief:
Both news articles were spot on. Michael Ancram, Shadow foreign minister, was interviewed on both and didn't mince his words. Described Mugabe as a tyrant, expressed outrage and anger at the fact that the world was doing nothing, said that next week's Earth Summit should be used as forum where Britain takes a lead and unequivocally tells countries in the region that there will be no money unless they do something about Mugabe. He emphasised on both programmes that the G8 had given NEPAD $6 billion but that Mugabe had cost the region £7.5 billion so far. His comment was that it made a nonsense of the concept of sustainable development because by doing nothing the region was in a deficit in spite of AID given. Ancram was in Zim a few weeks ago (articles appeared in ZWNEWS) and used his own experience there to describe the empty fields and testimony of both farmers and farm workers. The South African deputy foreign minister was meant to be interviewed on Channel 4 but didn't appear. They didn't say why. I was very disappointed, I think Ancram would have fried him.
Newsnight report was extensive and thorough. I noticed a massive language shift in the reporting: instead of talking about farmers being arrested for "defying eviction orders", Kirsty Wark introduced Sue Lloyd Roberts's report by talking about farmers who were arrested for continuing to farm. Instead of saying that people were starving "as a result of drought", she said people were starving as a result of Mugabe's land policies. I think this is very significant for us and hope it marks a change in thinking.
Sue Lloyd Roberts (the journalist who snuck into Zim) commented how people in Zimbabwe weren't sure which would get them first -- Mugabe's thugs, AIDS or starvation. Her report was lengthy and harrowing and very accurate and covered farm evictions, the plight of farm workers, human rights abuses (with awful pictures) and starvation. At the end of the report, Kirsty Wark pointed out that several of the farmers who had featured in that report had in the past few days been arrested -- it was a sobering moment of reality after seeing their anxiety and fear in Roberts' report. Their faces were frozen on the screen with the words 'arrested' or 'in hiding' superimposed. Dramatic and chilling.
Wark interviewed Ancram thoroughly and he was very clear at every turn. For example she said that some would argue that Britain, instead of pressurising African leaders, should put their energy into helping new settlers learn how to farm. Ancram accurately pointed out that the 'settlers' were actually Mugabe cronies so this wasn't a viable option. A WFP representative was interviewed and said that he was confident that food aid was not being used as a political weapon, Ancram effectively dispelled that nonsense by saying that wasn't at all what he was told and saw for himself. He said what he saw correllated with Robert's report which featured testimony from people who had been denied food.
The Newsnight report in particular was harrowing, but despite that I felt excited because it is one of the first reports I've seen where I felt the real story was thoroughly told. I agreed with everything said. A lot of myths were dispelled.
All that said, Jack Straw is noticeable in his silence, especially given Ancram's energy and Howard's position this weekend.
Let's hope the Earth Summit produces results for the people of Zimbabwe
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Focus On Links With Libya

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

September 13, 2002
Posted to the web September 13, 2002

[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 13 September (IRIN) - Libya has renewed a US $360 million
financing facility for Zimbabwe to cover the importation of fuel for another
year, as queues formed this week outside filling stations in the capital,
Harare, amid fears of petrol shortages.

The state-run The Herald newspaper reported that the deal was signed on
Monday, following a visit to Libya by President Robert Mugabe. The
Zimbabwean delegation included Finance and Economic Development Minister
Herbert Murerwa, Energy and Power Development Minister Amos Midzi, and
Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe chief executive Gideon Gono.

The Herald said the financing facility, a repeat of last year's agreement,
involved the Libyan Arab Foreign Bank, the Libyan Arab Investment Company
and the state oil company Tamoil. The facility would deliver quarterly
tranches of $90 million as part of a "trade, investment and fuel supply"
agreement. Tamoil reportedly supplies about 70 percent of Zimbabwe's fuel
needs, with the remainder provided by the Independent Petroleum Group of

However, analysts said it remained unclear what Tripoli wins in return for
the financial lifeline to Zimbabwe, which is suffering severe foreign
exchange shortages and has almost zero aid flows.

Murerwa, who signed the agreement with his Libyan counterpart Ageli Breni,
was quoted as saying that Libya would "invest in the mining, tourism and
agricultural sectors and infrastructure development in the oil industry".
The independent Financial Gazette reported that Libya would enter joint
ventures in Zimbabwe and reopen gold mines that had closed as a result of
the country's economic difficulties.

"Libya is looking for investment in hotels, tourism and the service sector.
They are trading equity stakes for repayment of the loans. But the
difficulty is giving them stakes that are remotely close to the financial
commitments they have made," Patrick Smith, editor of the London-based
newsletter Africa Confidential, told IRIN.

The nature of the Zimbabwean economy, with close links to South African
private industry, limits how far the Libyans can buy in. "That leaves
Zimbabwe with only the option of privatising chunks of the economy for the
benefit of Libyan interests," Smith added.

The new financing agreement cements Libya's growing involvement in Zimbabwe,
despite reports that the north African country had been pressing hard for
repayment of earlier loans.

According to Ahmed Rajab, editor of the London-based newsletter Africa
Analysis, behind the new-found friendship between the two geographically
distant countries is a shared anti-West ideology, with both regarding
themselves as part of a "progressive, pro-liberation, anti-imperialist

Smith noted that Zimbabwe in the past had reservations over Libya's role in
Africa. Harare, for example, had been a long-standing supporter of the
Sudanese People's Liberation Army, whereas Tripoli has backed the Sudanese

"But as Mugabe has had more and more problems with the West, [Libyan leader
Mu'ammar] al-Qadhafi has made himself more and more useful. [There is now] a
web of commercial, economic, political, diplomatic and security
connections," Smith said.
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Friday, 13 September, 2002, 12:59 GMT 13:59 UK
Africa Media Watch

As Zimbabwe's government moved this week to speed up the seizure of
white-owned farms, a newspaper in neighbouring South Africa advised white
farmers to "get cracking" on the land reform issue.
Get proactive
"The South African farming community should now become proactive to defuse
the land crisis instead of waiting for the government to do something,"
prominent columnist Max du Preez wrote in Johannesburg's The Star.
Farmers should "urgently" draw up a comprehensive register of all non-urban
land in the country, together with an assessment of land needs.
"All this information should be put before government with a proposal for a
panel of assessors who would independently evaluate land -so the often made
charge that farmers are thwarting reform by out-pricing their land can be
avoided," du Preez urged.
But writing in the same paper, Pan-Africanist Congress official Thami Ka
Plaatjie argued that current laws were being used to stall land reform.
"The rule of law has been widely used as a means of preserving the rights
accorded to whites by years of colonial rule... That is why we submit the
land crisis is more acute here than in Zimbabwe," Ka Plaatjie wrote.
"It would also be foolhardy for any sane person to expect that land
dispossessors will return your land willingly. No thief would be so generous
as to give back the loot with a smile" he added.
Prepared to resist
South African weekly paper Die Afrikaner sounded a stark warning to its
readers that "Land grabs similar to those in Zimbabwe are imminent!"
"Revolutionary language is increasingly inciting more and more blacks," it
The message from the Landless People's Movement urging people not to vote
for the ANC in the next election "means that a renewed attack on white
farmers' land in South Africa is being planned".

"The white farmer is therefore warned to be on his guard, be prepared to
resist," the paper said.
In Namibia, the government moved to assure the Commonwealth that it would
not emulate Zimbabwe's controversial land reform programme.
Prime Minister Theo-Ben Gurirab told visiting Commonwealth Secretary-General
Donald McKinnon that the envisaged land reform programme would not
destabilize the country, Namibian news agency Nampa reported.
The government was committed to the principle of "willing buyer, willing
seller", Mr Gurirab was quoted as saying.
Killing agriculture
In Zimbabwe itself, the pro-opposition business weekly Financial Gazette saw
some hope for the country in President Mugabe's dramatic about-turn on his
government's refusal to accept genetically modified maize donated by the
United States.
The shift "shows that for all his inimical actions which have brought
Zimbabwe to its bended knees, Mugabe can indeed swallow his pride and climb
down from his high pedestal when confronted by painful reality".
"The main lesson emanating from this episode is that Mugabe still has the
capacity to right the wrongs which he has singularly brought on Zimbabwe
just to remain in power," the weekly said.
"Although time is running out for him to act in the same way he has
backtracked now, we urge him to stop his violent land reforms which will
only worsen Zimbabwe's famine and kill agriculture," it added.
Blair's 'folly'
Zimbabwe's state-controlled press meanwhile continued with its fulsome
praise for what the Sunday Mail called President Mugabe's "brilliant and
motivating speech" at the World Summit in Johannesburg.
"The summit highlighted the British folly of bringing an emotive subject
such as land to a multilateral conference, on African soil," the paper said.
"What still remains puzzling, however, is British Prime Minister Tony
Blair's anachronistic colonial mentality, which continues to regard white
settlers as a privileged lot with divine rights to land," it added.

And Harare's The Herald couldn't resist a fresh swipe at the British leader.
"The image-obsessed Blair is devastated by the realization that Africans and
the world are not impressed by his fake moralisms and shallow defences of
the indefensible," it said.
"The only reason why there is a quarrel over land that belongs to
Zimbabweans is Tony Blair... We must recognize that in Blair we are dealing
with a determined and cunning racist," the paper thundered.

BBC Monitoring, based in Caversham in southern England, selects and
translates information from radio, television, press, news agencies and the
Internet from 150 countries in more than 70 languages.
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Zim Independent


We are indeed a nation of scavengers

WHEN President Mugabe heralded the current media crackdown, he said it was
aimed at preventing newspapers from "telling lies" about his government. He
didn't say what measures would be taken when his own captive media lied
about others.

This week we have the most outrageous example yet of calculated mendacity by
the official press. In an address to the Mass Public Opinion Seminar in
Harare on Monday, Movement for Democratic Change leader Morgan Tsvangirai
provided a sharp analysis of how Mugabe had become "an absolute dictator
presiding over a civil/military junta".

Tsvangirai outlined the steady erosion of civil liberties which had
neutralised the people's sovereignty.

"The Mugabe regime has redefined sovereignty to mean that Mugabe is now
sovereign," he pointed out. "Through the effective closure of democratic
space, people have been violently forced to depart from democratic political
activity into prescribed spaces defined and created by the dictatorship."

Tsvangirai said the emasculation of popular power had been "complemented by
another strategy to reduce the majority of the population economically to
the level of Stone Age scavengers available for manipulation and abuse by
Mugabe and his cronies".

He then provided details of how totalitarianism had impacted on the economy
with the collapse of social services and drastically reduced output in
cereal production.

In a society where broadcasting and much of the print media is supposedly in
public hands, those media have an obligation to professionally report a
keynote speech of this sort by the leader of a major political party in
order to fulfil their mandate to keep the public informed. Instead, the
public media deliberately distorted Tsvangirai's remarks, alleging he
"attacked thousands of people who have benefited from the land reform
programme". They quoted Information minister Jonathan Moyo at length who
called Tsvangirai's remarks an "insult to fallen heroes" and - rather
unoriginally - described him as a puppet of the British.

Both ZBC and the Herald contrived a straw poll which lined up a number of
ruling-party supporters to condemn Tsvangirai's remarks. They then
translated this handful of predictable commentators to mean "most
Zimbabweans" condemned the MDC leader.

None of this will come as a surprise to those following the prostitution of
the public media by the regime. Any semblance of professionalism has been
thrown overboard as a revolving door of ministerial cronies compete to
satisfy the doomed rantings of their intellectually-bankrupt masters.

Nowhere in the speech does Tsvangirai refer specifically to resettled
farmers. But few would doubt their fate. Abandoned on land they cannot farm,
deprived of credit, implements or infrastructure, they have been sacrificed
on the altar of political expediency. This willful under-resourcing of new
farmers renders them susceptible to manipulation and abuse by Mugabe and his
cronies. That is what everybody knows and has been saying for two years.
What goes under the misleading rubric of land reform is nothing more than a
physical response to electoral defeat.

But Tsvangirai was undoubtedly making a wider point. That as a nation we
have been reduced to scavengers. Mugabe was in Libya this week scavenging
for fuel. Businessmen have to scavenge for foreign currency. People living
in the cities scavenge daily for the means to sustain their families. Mugabe
has pauperised all but his kleptocracy.

At the same time his thugs are roaming the country preventing opposition
candidates from standing in the forthcoming rural district council

So in addition to being deprived of the information necessary to make an
informed choice by the public media's partisan and unprofessional reporting,
voters are also deprived of a choice of candidates by threats against
anybody opposing the ruling party. Police chiefs who are supposed to uphold
the law and the rights of people to oppose the government appear to have
been bought off by awards of land and adopt the same language as Zanu PF in
abusing commercial farmers and the opposition.

Nobody can any longer expect the security forces or the courts to do the
right thing according to the law and the constitution. Instead we can
arguably expect them to do the wrong thing given the extent of institutional

Yet the president and his associates continue to claim they are being
unfairly "demonised"; that they are the victims of a Western conspiracy.

In fact they are victims of their own myopia and stupidity. Did they really
think they could get away with a campaign of violence and confiscation
without international repercussions and the long-term alienation of millions
of Zimbabweans who are now starving as a result of their selfish and
damaging policies?

Tsvangirai made a telling point when he said poverty defeats all

"The regime's war against people's democratic rights is neatly dovetailing
into an onslaught on the people's last survival refuge - the deliberate
destruction and denial of (their) means of sustenance".

It is the regime's comprehensive strategy to weaken the population both
economically and politically to render them defenceless against the designs
of tyrannical rule, Tsvangirai said.

That definition of political criminality should be sufficient reason for a
regime change.

The MDC leader shows no sign of giving up. "As a nation born out of
revolution, we know that freedom comes at a price," he said, "and we have
absolutely no intention of letting the dictator hold the nation to ransom
and in shackles forever."

Legitimate defiance of this sort should not be confined to the MDC. Civil
society must play its part in mobilising the nation to resist wicked
policies that destroy lives and livelihoods. Let's hear from as many as
possible what alternatives there are to the sterile politics of Mugabe's
personal "sovereignty".
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Zim Independent

Sadc troika meet to formulate security pact
Mthulisi Mathuthu
THE Southern African Development Community (Sadc)'s troika, which comprises
Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Tanzania, is currently meeting in Harare to prepare
a document to establish a regional security and defence pact.

The troika heads the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security and is looking
at ways in which southern African states can establish a regional security
and defence pact.

Senior secretary for Foreign Affairs Willard Chiwewe said the meeting was a
follow-up to a Foreign ministers meeting held in Maputo recently.

"It is a follow-up to the Maputo ministers meeting on the
institutionalisation of the organ. Its part of the re-gular consultations,"
Chiwewe said.

The meeting, expected to end today, was convened to spruce up an earlier
document detailing the modus operandi of the organ, which has been operating
in a vacuum owing to South Africa's refusal to ratify its protocol. The
final document will be presented to the Foreign ministers ahead of the
coming heads of state meeting to be held in Angola at the end of the month.

Security experts and diplomats from the troika countries have been meeting
at a local hotel in Harare since Tuesday.

Diplomatic sources said the meeting touched on sensitive security issues,
hence the attempt by the government to conceal it from the media.

The meeting also looked at the management of the peace process and attendant
risks in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola, the two countries top
of the agenda at the Luanda summit.

The meeting proposed the formation of a conflict resolution forum and a
human rights commission which would, among other things, promote press
freedom. Also proposed were mechanisms to deal with the Aids pandemic in the
region and disasters like floods and drought.

"There were frank debates on human rights abuses occurring in all the
countries including Zimbabwe, and on whether there should be expulsion or
suspension of offenders as in the Commonwealth," said a source close to the

The organ, currently chaired by President Joachim Chissano of Mozambique,
hopes to establish a permanent mechanism to settle conflicts and forestall
the outbreak of wars.

Since its formation, the organ has been a bone of contention between
Zimbabwe and South Africa. President Nelson Mandela threatened to resign as
Sadc chair ahead of the 1997 Blantyre Sadc summit if South Africa didn't get
its way over regulation of the organ.

The South Africans feared it would be used as an instrument of Zimbabwean
foreign policy if not subordinated to Sadc heads of state. But Mugabe
resisted any attempt to prise the organ from him.
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Zim Independent

Libya ups demands
Vincent Kahiya
AS petrol queues persisted yesterday, structural cracks are emerging in the
latest Zimbabwe/Libya fuel deal.

Despite being granted a pick of the country's choice assets, the Libyan
government has reportedly stepped up pressure on Zimbabwe to offer more
assets of greater value as guarantee for sustained fuel supplies.

The Zimbabwe Independent has learnt that the trade pact signed between the
two countries this week leans in the Libyans' favour after they complained
they had not secured enough in the way of prime assets in Zimbabwe since the
signing of the oil deal in August last year.

Industry sources this week said despite the renewal of the US$360 million
fuel supply deal on Tuesday, there were still problems that threatened the
flow of fuel. The sources said although queues might disappear in the next
two weeks, they would reappear as soon as the country started defaulting on
payments. The government has blamed current shortages on logistical problems
and panic buying of the commodity.

"What has to be understood is that the deal with the Libyans is not a grant
but a loan which has to be repaid using foreign currency which we do not
have at the moment," a source said.

"Our ability to repay the loan will determine the volumes we get unless
Zimbabwe devises other modes of payment which do not involve foreign

Foreign currency inflows from the sale of tobacco normally start around
October but Zimbabwe has a food deficit of 1,1 million tonnes and requires
at least US$160 million to import maize between now and the next harvest.

A Libyan delegation is currently in the country exploring opportunities in
the petro-chemical sector. The delegation, which includes officials from
Tamoil who supply fuel to Zimbabwe, on Wednesday visited Noczim's Mabvuku
storage facilities in Harare. Yesterday they were expected to visit Feruka
fuel handling facilities in Mutare. The delegation is also expected to visit
cattle ranches in south-eastern Zimbabwe.

Sources said the Libyans also wanted a controlling stake in the Jewel Bank
where they currently have a 14% stake. Absa Bank of South Africa holds the
majority shares at 35%.

A source in the fuel industry said the Libyans had strengthened their
resolve to acquire a portion of Noczim, especially fuel-holding tanks.

"The Libyans have seen the desperate situation we are in and are in a strong
position to cherry-pick what they want," the source said. "They are keen to
acquire the holding tanks, as these are strategic in their regional
expansion drive."

The Libyans pump fuel into Noczim tanks and drawdowns depend on what
Zimbabwe has paid for.

"Tamoil is seeking to push its product up to Zambia or Malawi if demand is
low in Zimbabwe, and the holding tanks will enable them to do that in the
shortest possible time," the source said.

Other industry sources said the country was slowly reverting to the 1999 and
2000 scenarios when it was buying expensive fuel because suppliers were
charging a premium in the light of Zimbabwe's poor creditworthiness.

"The Libyan fuel is no longer cheap because we forfeited the initial trust
they had in us by defaulting on payments. They are now putting a premium on
it," one source said. Zimbabwe owes the Libyans US$60 million for fuel
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Africa 'My People Elected Me in Valid Election,' Mugabe Tells UN
      James Donahower
      New York
      13 Sep 2002 01:42 UTC

      In a defiant speech to the U.N. General Assembly, Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe has accused the international community of interference in his
nation's elections and defended his country's controversial land reforms.


      On March 13 of this year, Robert Mugabe was declared the official
winner of Zimbabwe's presidential election, extending his 22-year rule.
International observers say the elections were flawed by violence,
intimidation, and voting irregularities.

      Mr. Mugabe used his speech to the General Assembly to defend his
election. "Well, my people elected me, and that election was held to have
been valid by Africa and its organizations. But Europe said 'No', and it's
Europe that yesterday was our oppressor and colonialist. Europe said 'No',
but Africa said 'Yes.' Who do we listen to? The whites in Europe or the
blacks in Africa? We listen to our own blacks and their judgment. They are
our people. They are the ones who should elect us, and no one else," he

      Mr. Mugabe also used his U.N. speech to lash out at critics of his
land redistribution program, under which nearly 3,000 white farmers have
been ordered to hand over their land, without compensation, to landless

      "The primary objective of our agrarian reform is to redress colonial
injustice, perpetrated by Britain, whereby a minority of British settlers in
1890 seized our land and acquired our natural resources, but never paid any
compensation to our ancestors," he said.

      Critics say the land re-distribution program has taken the country
from being the "breadbasket of Africa" to the brink of starvation.

      Mr. Mugabe defiantly told his critics that his country wants to go its
own way and in his words, "refuses to be an extension of Europe."
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