Commonwealth secretary-general Ms Patricia Scotland will soon dispatch a high-level delegation to assess Zimbabwe’s eligibility to rejoin the group following the country’s expression of interest to return to the 54-member bloc.
President Emmerson Mnangagwa wrote to Ms Scotland on May 9, expressing Zimbabwe’s willingness to end its 15-year hiatus from the group.
The Commonwealth has now initiated a four-step process to assess whether the southern African nation meets the requisite membership criteria or not.
Zimbabwe withdrew from the Commonwealth in 2003 as the bilateral dispute between Harare and London reached breaking point over the land reform exercise.
Former President Mr Robert Mugabe announced Zimbabwe’s withdrawal from the group after the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) had decided in December 2002 to indefinitely suspend Zimbabwe from the grouping of former British colonies during the Abuja Summit in Nigeria.
Last week, Commonwealth director of media and public relations, Professor Barnie Choudhury told The Sunday Mail via e-mail that the process of reintegrating Zimbabwe into the bloc has already begun.
“Commonwealth Heads of Government agreed to a new set of membership criteria at their Kampala CHOGM in 2007, which is a four-step process.
“The first step, which is the secretary-general’s informal assessment, is now in progress, and an assessment mission to Zimbabwe is expected to be undertaken imminently.
“The timeline for the remainder of the membership process will be subject to the assessment mission findings, and if necessary, the conclusions of any other informal assessment measures the secretary-general may wish to undertake.
“The second step of the process, that is consultations with member governments, will commence once these findings have been shared with them,” he said.
It is believed that following the assessment mission, a report will be produced before the findings are shared with member states.
Consultations will be made before a decision is formally made at the next CHOGM meeting slated for Rwanda in 2020.
Already, the British government has thrown its weight behind Zimbabwe’s membership bid.
In a statement soon after meeting Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Dr Subiso Moyo in London on April 20 – on the sidelines of the recent CHOGM meeting – British Foreign Secretary Mr Boris Johnson said the UK will strongly support Zimbabwe’s re-entry.
To re-join, Zimbabwe must demonstrate that it complies with the fundamental values set out in the Commonwealth Charter, including democracy and rule of law, plus protection of human rights such as freedom of expression.
Zimbabwe has also invited the Commonwealth to observe its forthcoming elections in July.
The secretariat is presently mobilising a team of observers for the polls and their assessment will form part of the secretary-general’s informal assessment.
Commonwealth Heads of Government agreed on the following as the core criteria for membership:
- a) an applicant country should, as a general rule, have had a historic constitutional association with an existing Commonwealth member, save in exceptional circumstances;
- b) in exceptional circumstances, applications should be considered on a case-by-case basis;
- c) an applicant country should accept and comply with Commonwealth fundamental values, principles, and priorities as set out in the 1971 Declaration of Commonwealth Principles and contained in other subsequent Declarations;
- d) an applicant country must demonstrate commitment to: democracy and democratic processes, including free and fair elections and representative legislatures; the rule of law and independence of the judiciary; good governance, including a well-trained public service and transparent public accounts; and protection of human rights, freedom of expression, and equality of opportunity;
- e) an applicant country should accept Commonwealth norms and conventions, such as the use of the English language as the medium of inter-Commonwealth relations, and acknowledge Queen Elizabeth II as the Head of the Commonwealth; and
- f) new members should be encouraged to join the Commonwealth Foundation, and to promote vigorous civil society and business organisations within their countries, and to foster participatory democracy through regular civil society consultations.