The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Interntional Herald Tribune

The world vs. Robert Mugabe

LONDON If we are sincere in pursuing Saddam Hussein and his fallen regime
for abusing their citizens and committing acts of state terror, we must also
look honestly at Zimbabwe.
When atrocities are committed in accordance with state policies that either
sanction or turn a blind eye to systematic human rights abuses, those who
ultimately authorize such acts must be held accountable. Robert Mugabe,
president of Zimbabwe, is one of those people.
The gap continues to widen between international guarantees of human rights
for the people of Zimbabwe and the living reality of the abuse they endure.
The government's grave attacks against its citizens show an increasingly
desperate president undermining human rights and the rule of law in order to
maintain power. This systematic oppression of an already impoverished people
is being supplemented by a widespread government policy of subverting the
press, the judicial system and the economy. The end result is a country in
Zimbabwe's annual inflation rate is over 620 percent and climbing. The
unemployment rate exceeds 70 percent. The World Health Organization reports
that one in four Zimbabweans is HIV positive; 4,000 of them die every week.
The country's agricultural output has been so ravaged by the government's
policies that Zimbabwe now has the highest number of citizens starving to
death in Africa.
It is time for the UN Security Council to instruct the International
Criminal Court (ICC) to initiate a preliminary investigation against Mugabe
for crimes against humanity. No single act would more accurately reflect the
purpose and importance of the ICC, nor give more hope to the victims of
Mugabe's policies that he will not escape justice.
The ICC was established on July 1, 2002 as the first permanent international
court to investigate and try individuals for the most heinous violations of
international humanitarian law, including crimes against humanity. These
include murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment, rape, displacement and
other inhumane acts of a similar nature that intentionally cause great
suffering. The well-documented and mounting evidence of these crimes
committed by Mugabe's government is staggering.
Mugabe's atrocities are not limited to inflicting egregious pain on
individuals. The ICC should be able to hold him accountable also for
committing "other inhumane acts" under the statute. This would include the
systematic and widespread policy of using food as an economic weapon.
Interviews with a number of Zimbabweans reveal a nefarious government policy
of manipulating the supply and distribution of international and government
food aid. If a Zimbabwean does not possess a registration card from Mugabe's
ruling party, then he or she cannot register for this life-sustaining grain.
There is a general misconception that the ICC does not have jurisdiction
over acts committed by Mugabe in Zimbabwe. It is true that the ICC can
exercise jurisdiction only over crimes committed after Zimbabwe has ratified
the ICC Statute, which it has not done. Mugabe may think that by not
ratifying the statute he is immune to the Court's jurisdiction. He is wrong.
There is an obscure but forceful provision in the ICC Statute that pointedly
addresses the situation in Zimbabwe. Article 12(3) states in part that a
state which is not yet a party to the statute "may, by declaration lodged
with the Registrar, accept the exercise of jurisdiction by the Court with
respect to the crime in question." Thus a post-Mugabe government could
immediately accept the jurisdiction of the ICC and so sanction a full
investigation and indictment of Mugabe for crimes he committed since July
Under the ICC Statute, the UN Security Council could already authorize the
court to immediately investigate crimes committed by Mugabe. Such an
investigation can occur even though Zimbabwe has yet to accept the
jurisdiction of the court.
Such an investigation would give a tremendous boost to the people of
Zimbabwe. They would know that although Mugabe can manipulate and evade
domestic justice, he cannot do the same under international law. Those who
have been victimized would know that Mugabe will be held accountable for his
A fundamental tenet of the ICC is the repudiation of impunity for those who
commit gross violations of international law. Thus the failure to deter
these types of violations is not a result of the absence of law, but rather
of a failure of political will to curtail these violators. By initiating a
preliminary investigation against Mugabe, the UN Security Council and the
ICC would send a clear and strong message: Justice is not expendable; there
will be no impunity for Robert Mugabe.
Mark Ellis is executive director of the International Bar Association.
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        'Libya must sever its ties with Zimbabwe'

            April 01 2004 at 10:16AM

      Britain is trying to woo Libya into ending its support for Zimbabwean
President Robert Mugabe following British Prime Minister Tony Blair and
Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's very first meeting in Tripoli last week.

      Blair told the House of Commons this week that his country hoped it
could change Gaddafi's mind regarding his continued support for Mugabe.

      He was answering a question from Labour parliamentarian Kate Hoey, who
asked whether he had, in his discussions with Gaddafi, raised the question
of Libya's continued support for Mugabe. - Foreign Service

        .. This article was originally published on page 4 of The Cape
Argus on April 01, 2004

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The Scotsman

Parliamentary Honour for Zimbabwe Reporter

By Jon Smith, Political Editor, PA News

A Zimbabwean journalist was tonight named as the first winner of the Speaker
Abbot award honouring reporters who seek to perpetuate and promote
parliamentary democracy.

Dumisani Muleya, 28, chief reporter of the Zimbabwe Independent, who has
been imprisoned and threatened with his life by Robert Mugabe's regime will
receive his award later this month at Westminster from Commons Speaker
Michael Martin.

The award was inaugurated to mark the bicentenary last year of the House of
Commons Press Gallery.

It is named after the Speaker who first allowed reporters access to Commons
proceedings, and is made to the journalist who is considered to have made
"the greatest contribution internationally to the protection, promotion and
perpetuation of parliamentary democracy".

A citation to Mr Muleya from his proposers, SW Radio Africa - an independent
station run by a Zimbabwean and based in London - said: "Due to repressive
media laws, Mr Muleya's job is made very difficult.

"However, he continues to report human rights abuses and highlight the
problems that Zimbabweans face, despite threats from the regime."

His citation said: "On a weekly basis he deals with general issues of
repression, as well as almost daily human rights violations.

"Specifically, he wrote about the plight of farm workers in 2001 and as a
result was arrested and charged. The case is still pending.

"Last month, he was arrested and charged, together with Iden Wetherell
(editor), Vincent Kahiya (news editor) and reporter Itai Dzamara for writing
about Mugabe's commandeering of an Air Zimbabwe plane to holiday in the Far

Dumisani said tonight: "I am delighted to win the first-ever Speaker Abbot
Award. I believe this is a victory for the Zimbabwe media in general.

"The closure of the Daily News was a terrible blow and has really affected
the morale of journalists. I dedicate this award to all the journalists of
Zimbabwe who have suffered in the cause of democracy."
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Justifying Removal of 'Bad' Leaders

Business Day (Johannesburg)

April 1, 2004
Posted to the web April 1, 2004

Greg Mills

ON THE 10th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide, there is understandably
much focus on what the west and other external powers could have done to
prevent the event, and on the type of environment and leadership that led to
the slaughter of 800000 Rwandese.

A major complaint of developing countries and liberation movements of the
Cold War years was the support lent by the superpowers to poor, repressive
and undemocratic leadership.

The Congo's Mobutu Sese Seko, "Emperor" Jean-Bedel Bokassa of the Central
African Republic, Haiti's father and son "team" of Papa and Baby Doc
Duvalier, Ethiopia's Mengistu Haile Mariam, Augusto Pinochet in Chile, or
support for white South African National Party leadership are among many
illustrations used to justify this hypothesis.

Yet the existence of a similar leadership typology in a post-Cold War
context, unfettered and without the proxy support of outside powers,
apparently undermines such a dirigiste, externalist argument including
Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe, Haiti's Jean-Bertrand Aristide, or Hugo Chavez in

Leadership of states and movements is one vital factor which can serve to
radicalise political environments or not.

Indeed, perhaps the best comparative illustration is that between SA's
Nelson Mandela and the Yugoslav federation's Slobodan Milosevic. Little over
a decade ago, these two leaders stood atop countries teetering on the brink
of disaster. One chose to consolidate power by ethnic nationalism. The other
chose to be inclusive, playing the democratic card.

SA's democracy is an example of the success of conflict prevention, and of
the benefits of avoiding paying the price of war and reconstruction, as has
been exacted in the former Yugoslavia.

The choices faced and taken by leadership in the Middle East is another case
in point. Why did, for example, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat choose not
to accept the terms of the Clintonbrokered Camp David accord in 2000 with
then-prime minister Ehud Barak, giving him 95+% of what the Palestinians
were looking for? Was this because he feared how the radicals might respond,
that his concessions would undermine his already limited authority? Did he
doubt Barak's sincerity or negotiating mandate? Or did he just display a
lack of prescience and leadership in snatching failure from the jaws of
compromise and progress, thereby leading his nation and Israel towards where
they are today?

What compels leadership to make these choices?

Author and journalist David Halberstam identifies three different Slobodan
Milosevics. Milosevic One: "The original, dutiful Communist Party believer."
Milosevic Two: the young, more pragmatic technocrat flirting with
capitalism. Milosevic Three the version which prevailed in Yugoslavia was
the super- nationalist, "a complete cynic who believed in nothing save his
own rise to power" and who was prepared to fan ethnic tensions as a means of
enhancing his own power.

Milosevic Three was of course a product of the ethnic patchwork that was
Yugoslavia, where Serb Orthodox Christians, Catholic Croatians and
Slovenians, and Bosnian Muslims and Kosovar Albanians lived in uneasy accord
together under an authoritarian regime. But his role and ultimately his
downfall was dependent on whether the west allowed him to get away with his
brand of sectarian political violence.

As Larry Eagleberger, deputy secretary of state under the Bush Snr
administration and former ambassador to Belgrade, noted, the only thing able
to catch Milosevic's attention was "a cold- blooded threat backed by genuine
military force". Without it, what Halberstam refers to as a "Milosevic
dynamic" emerged: "A quick military probe to see if there was any western
resistance, and if none, then an even more brazen assault."

The west was, however, unprepared to commit military forces until much later
in the day. Stopping Milosevic's brand of ethnic politics and warfare would
have required, back in 1991, decisive US-led military action which the Bush
administration was not prepared to give.

Of course the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (Nato) was prepared to make
this commitment, especially over Kosovo, actions which led directly to
Milosevic's departure. In all the brouhaha over coalition unilateralism in
Iraq, it is sometimes forgotten that the precedent of operating without
United Nations support was in Kosovo since Nato allies feared a Russian or
Chinese security council veto, given the former's relationship with Orthodox
Serbs and the latter's concerns over the impact of intervention on sovereign

Wise men and women on the Independent International Commission on Kosovo
declared the Nato operation illustrated the need to "close the gap between
legality and legitimacy" in guiding responses to humanitarian catastrophes.

But until Kosovo, "(Europe's) intelligentsia", as Boyd Tonkin put it, "sat
firmly on its postmodern posterior as 250000 corpses piled up on prime time
TV". As with Bosnia in 1995, until Washington became involved through the
Dayton process, the Europeans battled alone to make any diplomatic headway.

It is still difficult to know where and when to intervene. Why Kosovo and
not Rwanda for example? Or if the US had intervened in Afghanistan to stymie
September 11, 2001, what would have been the international reaction given
that it would have been very difficult to find a "smoking gun". It would
have been very difficult to justify as it has been with Iraq invasion of a
sovereign nation on the basis of what might, as opposed to did, happen.

A decade on, the Rwandan genocide serves as a timely reminder of not only
the need for internal compromise and reconciliation, but also of the
benefits and necessity of external engagement and involvement. Those who
make a business of berating US foreign policy should remember this.

Mills is national director of the University of the Witwatersrand-based
South African Institute of International Affairs.
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Ministry Probing Food Disappearances

The Herald (Harare)

April 1, 2004
Posted to the web April 1, 2004


THE Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare is investigating
the mysterious disappearance food sourced from various civic organisations
for some children's homes.

The ministry's permanent secretary, Mr Lance Museka yesterday said
investigations into what could have happened are underway.

"We are investigating what could have happened. The food was sourced from
various organisations following an influx of children in the homes when some
street kids were accommodated," he said.

Children's homes such as Matthew Rusike, Upenyu Utsva, Vimbainesu and Mbuya
Nehanda allegedly received fewer cartons of food stuffs than those which
were meant for them.

The food was allegedly delivered to the Grain Marketing Board's Msasa depot
by the Department of Social Welfare.

Each home, according to sources, was supposed to have received 250 cartons.
But some of the cartons contained nothing while the others, which were not
sealed, had some food items missing. Some homes said usually the cartons,
which mainly contained, powdered milk, beans, rice, sugar, cooking oil, pop
corn and wheat are brought to the GMB sealed.

The board chairperson for Mbuya Nehanda Children's Home, Mrs Betty Mutero
yesterday confirmed they had received only 34 cartons out of the 250 which
were meant for the home.

She said in some cases, some cartons contained empty milk tins or empty
plastics of sugar.

"We never saw any wheat or pop corn while the other 216 cartons were empty.
Officials who had gone to collect the food did not manage to get any
explanation," Mrs Mutero said.

"This has really troubled us because we do not know what this is supposed to
mean considering the scarcity of food at our home and other homes," she

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Zimbabwe delegation to meet ECB over tour
Thu 1 April, 2004 14:27

LONDON (Reuters) - A three-man delegation from Zimbabwe will visit London
later this month to discuss England's scheduled tour of the country from
October, the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) says.

England are expected to pull out of the tour on moral grounds as a protest
against the regime of Zimbabwe's president Robert Mugabe, following concerns
from the British government.

However, the ECB has invited Zimbabwe Cricket Union chairman Peter Chingoka
and two colleagues to a meeting at Lord's cricket ground on April 20, when
the Zimbabweans are expected to make a final bid to persuade England to
confirm the tour.

"It is in the interests of international cricket that these tours take place
as scheduled," Chingoka told Sky Sports News on Thursday.

"We look forward to receiving them warmly in Harare...because there is no
obstacle and no legal basis on which they should not meet their obligations,
he said.

The ECB said in a statement: "This meeting will allow both boards to
directly, and more fully, discuss the issue of England's scheduled tour to
Zimbabwe later this year."

England could face a heavy fine and exclusion from the International Cricket
Council Champions Trophy in September if they pull out after the ICC ruled
countries could only cancel a tour for security reasons or if ordered to by
their governments.

England refused to play in Zimbabwe in last year's World Cup because of
security fears and the England players, under then captain Nasser Hussain
also suggested they had moral concerns.

Zimbabwe played a two-test series and a triangular one-day tournament in
England last July.

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Chitungwiza to Get University

The Herald (Harare)

April 1, 2004
Posted to the web April 1, 2004


A TEAM of academics, specialists and business people are spearheading an
initiative to establish a university in the country's third largest city of

The university is expected to open its doors to the first intake of students
in March 2005.

The university will have an initial enrolment of about 65 students in the
Faculty of Industry, Trade and Commerce. More faculties including
Agriculture, Behavioural Sciences, Arts, Science and Technology, Ecolo-gical
and Environmental issues and Health are expected to be established. The
secretary of the project proposal planning committee Mr John Mushaninga said
$580 million was required for the first phase of the project and so far $200
million had been availed by a donor. He said they would start to fundraise
once they were granted a certificate of registration by the Ministry of
Higher and Tertiary Education.

The university, which will specialise in research related to indigenisation
and resource management, will provide under-graduates and post- graduates
with an opportunity to play critical roles in transforming economies of
developing nations.

He said the university aims to encourage research in agriculture, provide
agro-based technical and entrepreneurial education and training. It also
aims to encourage co-operative inter-disciplinary teaching and research of
established academics in identified areas to harness their innovative
capacity and link the education of students to the development of their

"Education that is relevant to a country's level of development and
resources is an important weapon in transforming the economy from a poor
subsistence status to a progressive advanced world. Developing countries
need graduates who are creative and are prepared as producers, in both areas
of agriculture and industry," said Mushaninga. - New Ziana.
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From SW Radio Africa, 31 March

Shot activist a presidential relative

Robert Mugabe has apparently ordered an investigation to determine who shot
the MDC activist in Zengeza on Sunday. It turms out the young man, apart
from being an MDC activist is reported to be also a relative of Mugabe's.
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Education Ministry's Stance Puzzling

The Herald (Harare)

April 1, 2004
Posted to the web April 1, 2004


The overwhelming majority of Zimbabwean parents take the education of their
children very seriously indeed, being prepared to make substantial
sacrifices in money and time to ensure that the school their children attend
is the best possible.

This is why so many rural families, weary from a day in the fields, will put
in many hours of extra work to mould bricks and build classrooms. This is
why so many parents living near a school they believe to be inadequate will
move heaven and earth to get their children into another school. This is why
parents pay for extra lessons, buy books, and spend hours helping children
with homework.

And this is why so many parents at both Government and private schools are
ready to agree to the highest possible fees and levies that can be afforded,
even though many have to make very significant sacrifices to pay these.

We, therefore, do not understand the hard-line stance taken by the Ministry
of Education, Sport and Culture this term and why decisions on fees and
levies, arrived at through a democratic process, should be criminalised.

School development associations at Government schools, which recommend
levies, are elected by the parents and are representative of the parents.
Boards of governors at private schools, which recommend fees, draw most, and
sometimes all, their members from the ranks of parents and ex-parents. Such
bodies know the expectations of parents in the community they serve and have
an excellent idea of what that community can and cannot afford.

All schools summon meetings of parents to discuss the recommended fees or
levies. A significant number of parents are willing to go along with the
recommendation without attending. Others, worried whether those making the
recommendation have considered all factors, including affordability, attend.
Sometimes these meetings see huge turnouts and lengthy debate. But in the
end there is almost always near consensus.

If the majority of parents at these meetings agree to the new fees the
majority view should prevail and vice versa.

But if school heads are indeed increasing school fees without the approval
of parents who take the trouble to attend meetings to discuss these issues,
then they certainly have a case to answer.

The system works. Parents have become used to the powers they were granted
by Zimbabwe's first ever democratic Government in the 1980s; they have
relished the responsibility they were given by their own elected Government
rather than being dictated to by the colonial authorities of the past. We do
not understand why the ministry wishes to get involved in the nitty-gritty
of fee-fixing at private schools. Parents choose to send their children to
these schools rather than to their local Government school, which is
obliged, by ministry policy, to offer them a place if they apply. No one is
forced to send their children to a private school.

The approach taken on private colleges and even universities, an area where
Zimbabwe has been a pioneer in Africa, could be adopted as a model. Care is
taken to ensure that these universities and colleges offer real degrees and
other qualifications and that certain standards are upheld. But budgets,
fees and the like are the sole business of the institutions. This allows the
Government to concentrate State money on its own universities, polytechnics
and teachers' colleges and so boost its own standards.

When it comes to levies at Government schools, the ministry may have a
better case to demand the right of final approval. It would be wrong to
forbid children to attend their local school because their parents earn a
lot less than the majority in a particular zone.

But standing policy, worked out over the last two decades, has solved most
problems. No child can be denied a place because a levy is not paid, and
this means even the most enthusiastic SDA needs to carefully consider
affordability. Most work on the basis that 80 to 90 percent of parents can
afford and will pay the full levy and the rest can be given permission to
pay less. So long as a large majority of parents accept a levy, why then
should the ministry object, especially in light of its own policy?

It appears that the ministry has been caught in the old trap. The small
minority who object are the ones who complain, frequently very vocally. The
majority who agree with, or go along with, the fees and levies do not phone
or write.
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'Food Sold At Open Stalls Much Safer'

The Herald (Harare)

April 1, 2004
Posted to the web April 1, 2004

Ropafadzo Mapimhidze

FOOD sold from registered outlets actually exposes consumers to more health
risks than food prepared and sold at open stalls like Mereki in Warren Park,
Mbare's Chipangano and another eating spot along Chinhoyi Street in Harare.

A workshop for environmental health officers from the City of Harare last
week revealed that food from these open-air joints was basically fresh
roasted meat purchased from a registered butchery.

Sadza to accompany the barbecued meat was cooked and eaten almost
immediately while still very hot.

"There is no food storage like what happens in hotels, restaurants and food
takeaways. There are hardly any leftovers because the food is eaten and
finished," said Mr Andrew Nyadzayo an environment health officer with the

At registered outlets, food is refrigerated, reheated and served again. Oil
used to fry chips is reused and this is very dangerous, yet consumers buy
this popular takeaway oblivious of the dangers involved.

Cockroaches, rats and other pests were dangerous to human health if they
invaded these places of eating; an issue which vendors at food vending
markets do not experience, as they had nothing to store that would attract
such vermin.

One of the leading five star hotels in the capital has had its kitchen
closed twice this year for not conforming to stipulated health standards.

A journalist recently suffered stomach complications after taking an orange
flavoured drink that had developed some greenish stuff, which had been
bought from a food takeaway along First Street. She had to stay away from
work for two days.

Three people are known to have died after eating food bought from yet
another food takeaway along Jason Moyo Avenue in November last year. Mr
Nyadzayo also reported that a pharmacist died after taking a meat pie she
had bought from some food outlet.

The list of people dying after eating unhealthy food is endless but most of
the time it has not been linked to food bought on the streets or food
outlets, the environment health officers agreed.

A lot of people will suffer diarrhoea complications following food poisoning
and if that stops after perhaps 10 hours the sick person will not report to
a clinic. Very few incidents of food poisoning whose other symptoms include
vomiting ever get recorded.

Meat pies are some of the foodstuffs that are refrigerated, reheated in
microwaves and resold, a practice described as very hazardous to health. And
yet these are the most favoured takeaway foods that most workers rely on
particularly during lunch break.

Whilst health experts may have proven that the "vendors' fast foods" are a
lot healthier than those offered by the traditional fast food outlets, a lot
has to be done to improve the status of these popular joints by providing
proper training to improve food handling.

Initially council had the capacity to control vegetable vending by providing
people's markets, but the influx of food vendors has become a difficult task
as more and more people venture into this lucrative business.

The vendors started by selling barbecued meat at butcheries where patrons
would drink beer at bottle stores with Zindoga Shopping Centre in Waterfalls
having been the starting point in the mid 80s.

"Barbecues and sadza vending has become a common trade and although both
Zimbabwe Republic Police and municipal police tried to monitor these
practices, the exercise has been unsuccessful," said Mr Nyadzayo.

In the late 90's Mereki was temporarily closed because there were no water
and waste disposal facilities. Medical status of the food handlers was also

But there was a public outcry over the issue resulting in refurbishment of
Mereki that now has shelters and a water tap for washing hands and cleaning

Mr Nyadzayo who covers Greendale, Mabvuku, Borrowdale and Tafara known as
the eastern district said: "Annual medical examination is a requirement for
all food handlers before renewing licenses and also before issuing the
initial license to registered food outlets.

"We insist on chest x-rays to check on TB and we also take stool tests for
enteric pathogens like salmonella, typhoid and cholera. These are highly
communicable through the faecal-oral route.

"If the hygiene is not up to standard, the clients are basically eating the
handler's faecal and if you suffer cholera it actually means that a person
would have eaten faeces."

The city is divided into nine districts and environmental health officers
representing those areas were at the one week trainers of trainers workshop
who would in turn go out to their areas of jurisdiction and train vendors on
food handling.

The training would have to take place at their areas of operation, as it
would be difficult to bring them in one place, as they were very busy people
wanting to make the best of daily profits.

A lecturer with the University of Zimbabwe in the food and sciences
department Dr Henry Gadaga said Zimbabwe had a better opportunity to improve
the situation than for example Zambia where 5 000 people had died since
January this year from cholera. Soweto Market in Lusaka has one tap and a
dysfunctional toilet for use by thousands of food vendors.

Zambia has a vibrant food vending trade ranging from kebabs and sauces but
most of the food was prepared under unhygienic conditions. Cholera had since
become endemic in this neighbouring country.

"There is a direct link between water and food. Utensils that are normally
used to serve these foodstuffs are normally plastic plates and cups that
require hot water and detergent to clean.

"Microorganisms love food hidden in the corners of these plates and so
dipping all plates in one bucket is also very dangerous because
contamination was highly probable.

"We are not saying we should legalise selling of food under a tree but
rather let's spend money in preventing disease outbreak and also come up
with a proactive approach because there is no doubt that informal sector
creates a lot of employment opportunities," Dr Gadaga said.

"Again we are not saying that street vended foods bring about food poisoning
but it is difficult to trace sources of raw materials in case of food
poisoning incidents. This is unlike registered food outlets where sources of
these foods are traceable."

He also cited an example from some African countries where hoteliers bought
beasts, which they slaughtered, and then called health personnel to inspect
for disease control.

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Dairibord Taps Farmers to Keep the Milk Flowing

Financial Gazette (Harare)

April 1, 2004
Posted to the web April 1, 2004


THE cash-rich Dairibord Zimbabwe Limited (DZL) has come up with fresh
strategies to ensure reliable supply of raw milk and milk products.

The Zimbabwe Stock Exchange-listed group headed by Anthony Mandiwanza this
week said it had established a milk supply development unit that would lend
support to new and established dairy farmers.

Responding to questions from this newspaper, the group, which also owns
Lyons and Charhons, cited the example of the Lyondell Estates set up in
Chipinge last year.

"The main objective of launching this project was to supplement milk supply,
(and to) provide a model which would provide research information for
strategic decision-making and extension services, such as training, for the
benefit of new entrants in the dairy industry," said DZL.

The project has also boosted milk supplies to DZL. Lyondell Estates now
contributes 15 percent of Chipinge dairy's milk intake.

The farm has a milk herd of 116 out of a total of 205 cows and there are
plans to grow the herd. This year alone, the project posted a profit after
tax of $20.4 million.

DZL said its vision was to run at least one dairy farm in each province and
continue to look for opportunities.

"Opportunities to grow the product portfolio through continuous innovation
are our major focus in both milk and non-milk brands," said DZL.

The group would also focus on growth driven by volumes on its value added
products, while implementing stringent cost control measures.

DZL said programmes in progress to stimulate the production of raw milk
would be further consolidated and expanded.

Efforts to grow exports in the Southern African Development Community and
the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa regions would also
continue to ensure future availability of foreign currency.

In its financial results for the period ending December 2003, the group said
turnover went up to $101.4 billion, an increase of 439 percent.

Operating profit was up 596 percent to $18.6 billion, while attributable
earnings rose by 755 percent to $17.6 billion.

Non-milk products contributed 60 percent to group operating profit, with the
new transport subsidiary contributing three percent.
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New Zimbabwe

Michael Jackson to tour Zimbabwe

By Shepherd Sibanda
Showbiz Editor
THE King of Pop Michael Jackson will make a second visit to Zimbabwe in May
or June this year for a concert tour to raise Aids awareness, New can reveal today.

Jackson was cheered by crows out of a Capitol Hill office building Wednesday
after he met with lawmakers to discuss lending his celebrity to the fight
against AIDS in Africa.

A spokesman for Jackson confirmed that among other countries he will visit
on his tour will be Zimbabwe, South Africa and Senegal.

"Michael loves it there (Zimbabwe) after his visit a few years back and
plans to return to help the people of Zimbabwe and Africa fight the Aids
menace," he told us.

Jackson, facing allegations of child molestation in America is set to get
his passport back for the tour either in May or June. He has denied the
charges and his brother Jemaine has described them as a "modern day

"There's never been a meeting in Congress like this particular meeting,"
said Rep. Bobby Rush, D-Illinois. "This man, Michael Jackson, is going to
lead the global effort to make sure that we provide all of our resources --
all of our attention -- to eliminating and dealing with this scourge called

It was Jackson's second visit to Capitol Hill in as many days, and, this
time, he met with more lawmakers.

About 50 onlookers cried "Michael! Michael!" as Capitol Police and security
guards helped Jackson push through the crowd in the corridor of a House
office building on his way into and out of the meeting.

Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee, D-Texas, said Jackson has committed to an African
concert tour to raise money for anti-AIDS efforts.

Jackson wore a sequined scarlet tunic with sergeant's stripes on the sleeves
for his two-hour meeting with members of the Congressional Black Caucus and
African diplomats. He did not speak at a news conference that followed the
meeting but gave an occasional thumbs-up or peace sign to support points
made by other speakers.

The Washington visit comes the same week that prosecutors in Santa Barbara,
California, have begun presenting a child molestation case against him to a
grand jury. The 45-year-old singer has pleaded not guilty to the charges.

Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. defended the "sideshow," saying reporters would not
have covered an anti-AIDS meeting without the King of Pop.

"The Congressional Black Caucus has held dozens of press conferences on this
subject," the Illinois Democrat said. "We have met with our colleagues about
this, and we have seen no change in the substantive numbers that can address
the scourge of AIDS on the continent of Africa."

The congressman -- no relation to the singer -- said the Bush administration
had failed to follow through on its $15 billion pledge to fight the spread
of the disease.

Michael Jackson has been charged with seven felony counts of committing lewd
or lascivious acts with a child under 14 and two counts of giving the child
an "intoxicating agent." He has denied any wrongdoing.

In planning the Capitol Hill visit, his publicist had requested a meeting
for the singer with the entire Congressional Black Caucus, but was turned
down. The caucus cited scheduling conflicts, but aides privately
acknowledged that many members didn't want their picture taken with the
embattled star.

Lee, the vice chairwoman of the caucus, said Jackson is not the first person
accused of wrongdoing to visit Congress, and said his legal problems "will
be addressed in a court of law."

"No one is taking lightly these charges," she told CNN. "No one is condoning
any of the actions that are alleged. But this is a people's house."
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      The imaginative way in which Zimbabwean prosecutors invent charges


      By Michael Hartnack

      Now even the representative of Robert Mugabe's most influential ally -
perhaps his only real ally - is getting the treatment from the regime's
bully boys. South African Ambassador Jeremiah Ndou and his vehicle were
repeatedly searched as he passed through one checkpoint after another in an
attempt to monitor proceedings in Chikurubi maximum security prison against
the 70 alleged mercenaries arrested March 7. The men include 20 South
African nationals. The hearing was held at the prison because, said the
authorities, they lacked the transport and escort details to convey the men
securely to Harare magistrate's court.

      The ambassador was heard at one stage to protest to a Zimbabwean
officer that his diplomatic status was being grossly violated. His
representations were spurned. He then said he would telephone Foreign
Affairs Minister Stan Mudenge to record his complaint. The officer said he
would not be allowed to do this. Ndou asked why this ban was being imposed
on the rightful privilege of a South African diplomat. "Because I am talking
to you," replied the officer, loftily. If this is the way regime's officials
treat the South African ambassador, we may imagine how they treat powerless
rural peasants, and teenagers in militia training camps.

      The only weapons the detained men - who were remanded in custody until
April 13 - seem actually to have got their hands on were 10 Browning
pistols, although they had planned to take delivery of AK47 assault rifles,
hand grenades, mortars, machine guns and rocket launchers. The parastatal
Zimbabwe Defence Industries planned to sell them a job lot for US$180 000
with a US$90 000 down payment. Prosecutors said ZDI did background checks
and found their customers - Simon Mann and others - were "renowned
mercenaries" bent on overthrowing Equatorial Guinea's government, which was
itself brought to power by a coup in 1979.

      While the mercenaries, deemed to be "terrorists" by Zimbabwe's state
media, were being put before a magistrate in the prison, in Matabeleland the
Roman Catholic Church authorities in Hwange, and at Bulawayo's Mater Dei
Hospital, were being hauled into court as common criminals for violating the
exchange control regulations. Full details have yet to emerge, but it
appears they were given compararatively small donations in foreign exchange,
of the order US$2 000, which they chose to trade on the "parallel" or black
market rather than give to the regime for a fraction of its realistic worth.
Due to the widespread distress now afflicting Matabeleland, the church is
desperately short of funds for every branch of its work.

      Talking of foreign exchange, there was the new Finance Minister, Chris
Kuruneri, declaring that "my hands are clean" regarding construction of a
R30 million luxury home in Llandudno, on the Cape Peninsula. Although
Reserve Bank governor Gideon Gono says all monies earned by Zimbabweans for
"exported" goods and services must be repatriated and exchanged promptly for
Zimbabwean currency at the unrealistic official rate, Kuruneri says he was
entitled to keep "offshore" the commissions he was paid by foreign
organisations in 1992. He said he paid "only" R7 million for land at
Llandudno. Further South African press reports said Kuruneri owns another
home in the Cape, now being rented out. Mugabe himself last week got a pay
rise, backdated to January 1, virtually quadrupling his salary and
allowances. While his new annual Zimbabwe $3,7 million might not seem much
if converted into foreign currency, it is tax free, and comes with three
state residences. So it is more or less pocket money. Like all members of
regime, Mugabe gets special foreign currency daily spending allowances for
foreign trips.

      Local film maker Simon Bright was picked up as he tried to board a
London flight on March 19 on suspicion of assisting the BBC's Hilary
Anderson make a documentary for the programme Panorama on atrocities
committed in National Youth Service training camps. He was held in a
lice-ridden cell for the weekend, and released after being charged under the
Public Order and Security Act with "communicating a statement wholly or
materially false".

      The imaginative way in which Zimbabwean prosecutors invent charges was
illustrated by plans they disclosed to charge the alleged mercenaries with
"conspiring to conduct a coup contrary to United Nations Resolution 1373 of
2001 and 1456 of 2003". This plan was dropped after defence lawyer Jonathan
Samkange pointed out that UN resolutions do not have force of criminal law
in Zimbabwe.
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A Justice for Agriculture Team met with the IMF mid-day yesterday (31st
March 2004).  We were joined by a senior representative from GAPWUZ.
GAPWUZ, like JAG are part of Civil Society under the crisis coalition and
are signatories to the Freedom Charter.

Our joint presentation, on behalf of Commercial Farmers and Farm Workers,
which involve an hour and a half of very frank discussion from both sides
and searching questions from the IMF Staff Team, was well received.  It was
opportune to have met with them towards the end of their consultation
discussions, and it was felt on all sides that the meeting had been very

From The IMF, 31 March IMF statement on the conclusion of 2004 Article IV
consultation discussions with Zimbabwe

A staff team from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) visited Harare from
March 17-31, 2004 in connection with the annual Article IV consultation
between the IMF and Zimbabwe. The purpose of the visit was to hold
discussions with the Zimbabwean authorities on the economic situation and
macroeconomic policies. The staff team also met with representatives of
civil society, such as NGOs, the business and financial communities,
political parties, and trade unions, as well as the diplomatic community.
Zimbabwe's economy has experienced a sharp deterioration in the last five
years. Real GDP has declined by about 30 percent, and is still contracting.
Inflation doubled in each of the last three years to reach 600 percent at
the end of 2003. This has had dire social consequences: unemployment is
high and rising, poverty has doubled since 1995, school enrollment declined
to 65 percent in 2003, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic remains largely unchecked.
While this in part reflected exogenous shocks, such as inclement weather,
structural changes in agriculture related to the way in which the land
reform was implemented negatively affected agricultural production. In
recognition of Zimbabwe's grave food shortages, foreign donors have
provided large amounts of humanitarian aid, but other donor assistance has
been curtailed because of concerns over governance issues.

Economic policies have not adequately addressed the difficulties. In
particular, loose monetary policy intensified inflationary pressures and
has left interest rates highly negative in real terms, imposing a heavy tax
on savers, encouraging excessive borrowing, and increasing financial sector
vulnerability. Excessive liquidity growth led to a flight to alternative
assets that contributed to record increases in real estate and stock
prices, hoarding of goods, and the depreciation of the parallel exchange
rate. Exports suffered because of the uncompetitive official exchange rate,
and official imports were severely constrained. However, reflecting strong
performance in the last quarter, budgetary operations of the government
were almost balanced in 2003. This was due to higher sales tax collections
after the mid-year liberalization of most prices, including fuel, and the
further compression of expenditure in real terms, including wages. The
staff team welcomed some of the steps taken in the 2004 budget, the
December Monetary Policy Statement, and subsequently, the efforts to
strengthen banking supervision. It encouraged the authorities to accelerate
and broaden these efforts. Among the recommendations discussed were:

- The importance of a commitment to consistently focus monetary policy on
taming inflation and reducing pressure on the exchange rate, taking into
account the vulnerability of the banking system.

- The need to gear fiscal policy to support monetary tightening.

- Use of the exchange rate decisively to reinvigorate exports and contain
import demand.

- And, restarting tripartite discussions on Zimbabwe's economic challenges
in a concerted and comprehensive way involving all social partners.

While Zimbabwe's arrears currently preclude access to IMF lending, further
strong policy efforts would be an important signal of Zimbabwe's
determination to address its serious economic difficulties. Such efforts
would also begin to lay the basis for regularizing Zimbabwe's arrears to
the IMF (US$290 million at end-February 2004) and other creditors. The
staff team welcomed the authorities' recent payments to the IMF of US$6
million, and the renewed commitment to make further small quarterly
payments of US$1.5 million. The IMF's Executive Board will closely examine
the progress made on policies and payments when it considers the Article IV
consultation report and the issue of Zimbabwe's overdue payments to the IMF
in early July.
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Dear Friends

We are delighted to advise you all that Kay is back home and progressing
steadily and with determination.  Below is a message from the Conolly

Some economics first.  The total bill for Kay's operations have totalled
R604 071.85.  She still requires a further medical procedure and it is
estimated this will cost R70 000.00.  Your generous donations have amounted
to R432 248.00.  We are still short!

"Where does one begin to say "thank you" to all the people all over the
world who have contributed the way you have ? We, as a family, have been so
aware of your physical support, but perhaps even more aware of the constant
and numerous prayers that were made on our behalf. I KNOW without a shadow
of a doubt, that without the intervention of my Lord and Saviour, I would
no longer be here. This fact was reinforced dramatically for me when the
surgeon who had operated on me said to me shortly before I left the
hospital, "When I look at your case, and your recovery, I am forced to
acknowledge that there IS a miracle working God. There is no medical reason
that you should be alive today!"

It has been a long, and sometimes harrowing journey but, at the same time
there has been much to be excited about. Never have I been so certain of
the goodness of God, and of His amazing and awesome power, love and grace.
We have watched His miracles unfold on a daily basis, and can only marvel
at what He has brought us through. He is a caring, loving God who took care
of our every need in our time of distress.It has also been amazing to be
reminded of the goodness of the people around us.We have received gifts
from all over the world- many of you that have given are complete strangers
to us, and we thank you from the bottom of our hearts. My daily prayer is
that God ( who knows all of you by name) will return the blessing to you in
some form or another ,as you have certainly blessed us!

In terms of recovery I am doing really well. I have had to reach the point
where my standards of achievement (from last year) have now become my goals
for the future. This is often times easier said than done, and I am having
to deal with the frustration of feeling fine, but physically not being able
to do all that I would want to do.  There was a huge amount of muscle
degeneration due to the sepsis (spelling?), so all that has had to be
rebuilt. What a job! Learning to walk at 40-something years old is not the
easiest of tasks! However, every day sees me able to do more and more and I
am very grateful for every inch of progress.

As a family we are just enjoying being together. The children have coped
remarkably well - all due to their wonderful father and the incredible
support of Dave's family. What a joy they have been ! It has been a
life-changing experience for all of us !

This was supposed to be a brief thank you e-mail, so let me close by
thanking you again. You will never know the extent of your blessing, but be
assured that the living God knows and He is watching over you always.He
knows you, and loves you and is longing for your fellowship.Although we
don't know all of you by name, we, as a family, will continue to pray for
you all. May God bless you richly, With love and thanks, Dave, Kay, Emma,
Mark and Paul Conolly"

Donations will be kindly administered by Ernst and Young.  Cheques to be
made payable to Ernst and Young (Bulawayo) - Gerry House, 6th Avenue,
Bulawayo or P O Box 437, Bulawayo, and clearly marked ' for Kay Conolly
Appeal' attention Mr Dave Power.  Due to our erratic postal service, if
possible please could you drop us an email to say that there is a cheque in
the post, so if it doesn't arrive we can follow it through.  Alternatively
Rand Cheques can be deposited into this account:

Name of Account: Sunninghill Park Clinic - Kay Conolly's reference number
Bank: Nedbank - Riviona - RSA
Branch Nr: 196905
Swife code: NEDSZAJJ
Account Nr: 1969101466

We now have a collection point in the UK, and when a sufficient amount is
collected it will be passed onto the Beresford Trust in Jersey.
David Lushington
DNL Management Services
166 Oxford Road
OX14 2AF
Tel: +44 (0)1235 533 165 Fax : +44 (0)1235 521 963
Email: - please enter NOTJUNK in the subject heading.

Appeal Administrator - Peter Ward - Tel: 091 277 991 - Fax: 263-9-471459.

Please forward this appeal to friends and colleagues.

Kind regards
Wendy Greaves
Appeal co-ordinator
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Please send any material for publication in the Open Letter Forum to with "For Open Letter Forum" in the subject line.



   "The principle of equality does not destroy the imagination, but lowers
its flight to the
level of the earth."

 - Alexis De Tocqueville

Letter 1: SUBJECT: The Financial Director and the Board
Dear Jag,

I am reliably informed that Mr. Taylor Freeme was in Bulawayo recently and
addressed a CFU open meeting numbering less than a dozen. This was followed
by him addressing a Matabeleland Farmers' Association meeting with over a
hundred people present. Apparently Mr. Freeme expounded the virtues of Mr.
Gono at the meeting.

Two fundamental issues arise from this visit to Matabeleland.

Firstly, the Trustees of the CFU were in Bulawayo in February on a fact
finding mission. The meeting was cordial and productive. John Meikle and
Richard Winkfield were accompanied by Stan Parsons as facilitator and
chairman. Farmers must now be wondering what sort of message was delivered
back to Mashonaland, Manicaland and the rest of the country by the
Trustees. The message delivered in Bulawayo was clear - on both occassions;
There is none so deaf as he who will not hear.

Secondly, for any thinking man to attempt to 'sell' Mr. Gono requires some
serious further thinking.
*Is it not reasonable to look upon Mr. Gono as really being the Financial
Director of "the company?"
*Does a recommendation of an FD and "the company" not put one's own
reputation on the line?
*Who are the senior Board members, Chairman and the CEO of "the company?"
*Have they, and "the company" achieved international recognition for their
business ethics over the last twenty years?
*What is their track record with Mr. Freeme's company (CFU plc) over the
last four years?
*How has CFU plc blossomed through a mutually beneficial working
relationship with "the company" over the last four years?
*Assuming that Mr. Freeme was doing market research for CFU plc, in
Bulawayo, what competitive advantage in terms of service, product or
technology could CFU plc offer its 3 000 or more ex customers by dealing
with the FD and "the company?"

I believe that these same questions will be asked by Big Business when
Zimbabwe suddenly has the incredible urge to be productive and trade in the
world market. In the interim, it might be a good 'tutorial' and
questionaire for CFU plc to ask its Board Members to participate in.
 There are only seven simple questions.
 It will not take long.
 We have the time. (and "the company" the watches?)
 It might even give them an idea as to where CFU plc is going and why.


All letters published on the Open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
for Agriculture.

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JOB OPPORTUNITIES: Updated March 25, 2004

Please send any job opportunities for publication in this newsletter to:
JAG Job Opportunities <>

1.  Advert Received 25th March 2004

Please could you advertise the following.

We are desperately looking for a good gardener for Avondale Ridge area.
Single accomodation provided. It is a large property and we already employ
one gardener but need two.
Please reply to: Jan Whyte: Tel: 335395 or email on


2.  Advert Received 26th March 2004

Hi Diane

I spoke to you this morning with regards to my husband, Neels Scott,
looking for employment.  He is 25 years old, has experience in farming
including roses, hypericum and citrus as well as the usual crops etc.  He
has been doing landscaping for the past 6 months.  His cellphone number is
091 306603 and our email address is .  If anyone is
interested they could phone him or mail us for more details.

Please could you also send us the details of how to go about becoming
members of JAG.

Thanks for your help
Sonia Scott


3.  Advert Received 29th March 2004

Please place the following vacancy:

Well known Harare bowling club require the services of a club manager. Main
duties would be to control bar stocks, care take the grounds and buildings,
supervise staff and general duties as may be prescribed by the club
president. This position would suit a semi- retired person of strong
personality and discipline.

Further information from Joe: 091 338414 or Malcolm 011-604929


4.  Advert Received 29th March 2004
Kindly place the following advertisement in your next issue of Job
A vacancy has arisen for a gardener who must be over 35 years of age, of
sober habits, honest and possesses good references.  Be must be experienced
in all aspects of gardening and able to perform duties without supervision.
Competitive salary offered

Contact: Ms Bassett
Telephone: 758921
With many thanks
Keri Bassett


5.  Advert Received 29th March 2004

I am a lady of 39 yrs looking for a bookkeeping job in Harare to start
immediately. My qualifications are a Bachelor of Accountancy degree and
Pitmans up to level four. I have more than 10 years experience and computer
experience includes
Excel,Lotus123,Pastel,Brilliant,Softrite,Solution6,Quickbooks. My contact
phone number is 741708 Harare.


6.  Advert Received 1st April 2004

Please could you place the following advert in your next job opportunities

A manufacturing company based in Southerton is looking for a part-time
salaries administrator.
(Total number of employees is +- 70.)

The salaries package used is Softrite; training is available for this

Please call 091-608212 during office hours for further information.

Thank you.

For the latest listings of accommodation available for farmers, contact (updated 25 March 2004)

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