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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Daily News

Esigodini farmers clash with war veterans

4/8/02 8:20:54 AM (GMT +2)

From Chris Gande in Esigodini

SCORES of farm workers in Matabeleland were beaten up and displaced by war
veterans in a fresh wave of invasions on Saturday.

Police have done little to intervene.

Yesterday a group of war veterans led by former dissident Thambolenyoka
(Tennyson Ndlovu) arrived at Glenala Park, Esigodini, one of the leading
suppliers of vegetables to Bulawayo and gave the farm owner an ultimatum to
leave by noon.

The farm is about 35 kilometres south of Bulawayo.

The group of about 60, comprising war veterans, settlers and hired youths
from nearby Habane township, were brought to the farm in a District
Development Fund truck.

Yesterday morning the group returned and assaulted seven farm workers and
insisted that they pack their possessions and leave. Two of the workers
sustained face injuries and required immediate medical attention.

There are about 150 farm employees and about half of them had their homes
and property destroyed by rampaging youths at the instigation of the war
veterans. The workers fled the farm as a result. The remaining workers have
vowed to stay and are accusing the war veterans of trying to give the farm
to a senior member of the army.

Police, who spent the whole day acting as intermediaries, recommended that
the farmer should leave because they could not guarantee his safety.

But the owner, Alastair Coulson, 51, refused to leave and argued that if he
left, he would expose the remaining workers to victimisation by the war
veterans. Four neighbouring commercial farmers also vowed to stay in
solidarity with the farmer and his workers, fearing the war veterans would
attack at night.

The farm has been listed for compulsory acquisition, but there have been no
settlers on the farm.

An unidentified army colonel has visited the farm on three occasions and
claims to have been allocated the farm. He even brought his family

The workers said they were going to defy the ultimatum and have grouped in
the farmyard, preparing for a stand-off with the invaders. The situation was
tense as the noon deadline expired and the war veterans could be seen
loitering in the garden in groups.

The farm owner said: “I am not going to vacate until I obtain an official
eviction notice from Government.”

He bought the 300 hectare farm 10 years ago.

The Member-in-Charge at Esigodini police station, Inspector Mafuwa, said he
was still negotiating with the parties to reach an amicable solution.

Several farmers in Matabeleland have been issued with eviction notices
signed by Andrew Ndlovu, the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans’
Association secretary for projects. The notices order white farmers to
vacate their farms because they allegedly support the opposition Movement
for Democratic Change.

The letters encourage settlers to chase the White farmers.
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Sent: 05 April 2002 23:29
Subject: Open letter to All Farmers

This is an open letter to all our very precious Zimbabwe farmers from
the folk who live safely in the towns across the country.

You may feel isolated wherever you are, you may feel that all hope is
gone and that absolutely nobody gives a damn about your terrible plight.

You may feel that we folk here safe in suburbia don't care, that "I am
all right Jack" is the order of the day.

But believe me, you are not alone. We are with you every step of the way.

Your fears are our fears, your hopes are our hopes, your prayers are
echoed in our prayers.

We feel your plight very deeply. We worry about you all, day in and day
out. Not a day goes by without our thoughts and prayers being dedicated
to you in your twenty fours months of hell.

Words of hope and inspiration ?

Those in the know are positive that it will all come right.

Behind the scenes hundreds of people are working furiously to ensure our
future is safe in Zimbabwe, so take heart, have courage and remember
that we in the Towns care very much about You Our Farmers.
e mail :
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Sent: 06 April 2002 09:48
Subject: Breaking News from Wildlife farm in Matabeleland

Breaking News
(On behalf of the Commercial Farmers Union)

Reports received indicate that the Pascal residence in Inyathi, Matabeleland
is under gunfire this morning. The farm, Gourlays is under a compulsory
notice of acquisition but no official notice of eviction has been issued.

At 1 pm yesterday a group of war veterans and settlers surrounded the house
chanting and singing. They have been demanding the owner's leave since last
week. Mrs Pascal was home at the time.

 They were also pressing for compensation for the death of a Rhino. The farm
is a wildlife undertaking and over 20 Rhinos are resident.

Police escorted Richard Pascal, who had been in town, into his besieged
home. The War Veterans led by Luka Tshuma and Vote Ndlovu threatened Richard
Pascal with death in the presence of the Police. The situation was
eventually diffused at 7 pm last night.

This morning Richard and another made to leave and came upon 50 persons
outside the homestead. The same War veterans were present and one of them is
said to have swung an axe at Pascal but missed.

Pascal was able to escape them and as he ran toward the home gunfire broke
out and continued after he had gone into the house. It is said one person
has been abducted.

Police support unit have since arrived to diffuse the situation.

Updates will be made available as they come to hand.

Over the last few weeks, some farmers in Matabeleland were issued with a
letter from the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association
(ZNLWVA) National Secretary for Projects, Andrew Ndlovu advising them to
leave their farms with immediate effect.

The letter attacks white farmers for the perceived 'wrongdoings' of the
opposition political party (MDC), Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU),
the Governments of Britain and United States who have imposed sanctions.

In Matabeleland, the letter has been delivered from farm to farm by a group
of about 20 people who are delivering it from door to door. The group is
alleged to also be ordering settlers on the farms to make sure that the
farmers vacate the farms.

6th April 2002

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Daily News

Army, Zanu PF youths beat up NCA protesters

4/8/02 8:23:19 AM (GMT +2)

By Guthrie Munyuki

HEAVILY armed soldiers and members of the paramilitary support unit, backed
by Zanu PF youth brigades, beat up people severely on Friday and Saturday,
to discourage them from attending demonstrations organised by the National
Constitutional Assembly (NCA), in five major cities.

More than 60 people were arrested and are due to appear in court today.
Their lawyers and relatives have not been allowed to see them.

The demonstrators were arrested on charges of contravening a section of the
Public Order and Security Act (Posa), that compels protesters to obtain
police permission first before they engage in any public demonstrations.

The demonstrations, scheduled simultaneously for Harare, Gweru, Masvingo,
Mutare and Bulawayo were organised to press the government to accept a new
constitution to replace the current one, which it has abused in order to
maintain its grip on power.

NCA spokesperson Douglas Mwonzora said: “The police, army and Zanu PF youths
clamped down on the demonstrators. In fact, in Harare the Zanu PF youths
clad in riot gear, and moving around in police vehicles, patrolled the
streets singing Zanu PF songs.”

He said they received reports of brutal attacks on civilians by the armed
forces on Friday and Saturday, from areas where they had planned

He said the indiscriminate beatings were aimed at intimidating people from
taking part in the demonstrations.

“We charge that the Zanu PF government has effectively turned Zimbabwe into
a police state,” Mwonzora said.

“We take pride in the fact that the government has brought out all its
organs of force, the police, army and Central Intelligence Organisation.”

The three organs, before the presidential election, ran a terror campaign,
beating up perceived supporters of the opposition Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC).

Saturday’s foiled demonstrations were followed by arrests of NCA chairman,
Dr Lovemore Madhuku, Felix Mafa, and Sylvester Mutasa, the chairman of the
Midlands chapter.

Edwina Spicer, a prominent Harare film producer, was among the 60 people
arrested on Saturday in the five cities.

Spicer was filming a video of the march.

The arrests occurred when at least 344 women arrested in Harare on Thursday,
appeared at the magistrates’ courts for an initial remand.

They were arrested while attending a gender workshop in Warren Park.

The NCA said it would continue with demonstrations until the government
accepts a new constitution.

“We are no longer announcing our demonstrations. The NCA will hold another
one within a week,” Madhuku said from police custody.

“I can say that we have been successful in defying the police ban. A lot of
people had come for the demonstrations but were intimidated by the presence
of the police.”

Police stopped the demonstration, citing the provisions which it said were
contained in the repressive Posa.

The police alleged the NCA was an appendage of the MDC, and therefore had a
political agenda.

The NCA, which is a grouping of different civic organisations, says the
current Constitution is archaic and there is a need for a new one.

It blamed President Mugabe’s re-election on the defects and flaws within it,
that enabled Zanu PF to manipulate the outcome of the election of 9-11 March
in which opposition MDC leader, Morgan Tsvangirai lost, because of alleged
massive rigging.

The NCA, on 12 and 13 February, 2000, successfully led Zimbabweans in
rejecting a Zanu PF-sponsored constitutional draft emphatically, during a
national referendum

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Daily News

Parastatals on the verge of collapse

4/8/02 9:22:51 AM (GMT +2)

From Chris Gande

PARASTATALS are on the verge of collapse and thousands of workers are likely
to find themselves joining the burgeoning ranks of the unemployed because
the country is on the brink of economic collapse.

Zimbabwe’s economic malaise has been worsened by the outcome of the last
month’s presidential election whose results have been rejected by the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) as “the greatest fraud in
history” and by the international community because the process was
seriously flawed.

Several parastatals in Zimbabwe are about to cease operation because of
corruption and maladministration. The Cold Storage Company (CSC), smitten by
a $230 million debt, is one government-run company that is operating under
severe financial stress and is on the brink of collapse.

Despite the company earning the country more than $2 billion in foreign
currency every year from beef exports to the European Union, the problems
affecting the company continue to mount.

Some of its assets have gone under the hammer due to the mounting debt. “If
a solution is not found soon the CSC’s operations will be so affected that
it will be difficult to satisfy both the domestic and export market
requirements,” Ngoni Chinogaramombe, the financial director said.

Government efforts to privatise the parastatals, through the Privatisation
Agency of Zimbabwe (PAZ), have borne no fruit over the past three years. PAZ
was a major component of the economic reform programme that was launched in
1999 to spearhead the government’s aim to cut its interests from at least 40
State-owned enterprises.

The PAZ, a semi-autonomous body housed in the Office of the President and
Cabinet, has failed to come up with proper mechanisms to speed up the
privatisation of the loss-making parastatals. The Zimbabwe United Passenger
Company (Zupco), a State transport enterprise, is another typical example of
parastatals that are serious contenders for the scrap heap.

The company, running an aging fleet of buses, is operating on a shoe string
budget and is following in the CSC’s footsteps. Most of Zupco’s problems can
be attributed to the ruling Zanu PF, which disrupts its services when it
commandeers buses for political or State occasions.

There have also been allegations that the ruling party does not pay
timeously for the public transporter’s services. Zupco, together with the
National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ), another financially-beleaguered
parastatal, are involved in the money-sapping “Freedom Train” project which
has almost brought both to their knees.
Dr Eric Bloch, a Bulawayo-based economic commentator, said parastatals in
Zimbabwe were going to close down unless the government backed them with
guarantees. “There will be no survival,” he said. “Government needs to
address as a matter of urgency fundamental economic issues for the
parastatals to survive.”

He said the government needed to back the parastatals with guarantees at
this time when Zimbabwe was at war with the world. Privatisation of the Road
Motor Services, the road haulage department of the NRZ has set a precedent
of how the commercialisation of parastatals will end.

The company, after nearly two years of privatisation went into liquidation
after it became bankrupt. Hundreds of jobs are being lost as companies
buckle because of the harsh economic climate. The collapse of parastatals
will result in more people being unemployed.

Sam Ncube, the national vice-president of the black economic empowerment
group, the Affirmative Action Group accused some people of not being serious
about matters of the economy.

He said: “The spirit is lacking. We need a vision that will see us put
together the economy. A lot of economic experts have said that we can be the
Japan of Africa.” Ncube accused some people of always criticising without
offering any solutions, thus destroying the economy.

Zimbabwe’s isolation by the international community, and the International
Monetary Fund and the World Bank has ensured that parastatals will only
survive through domestic funding.

There is no new investment flowing into the country because Zimbabwe is now
classified among the countries which are high-risk investment destinations.

Most ordinary people on the street are not sure whether privatising
parastatals is the way forward. Others, however, feel that the entities
should remain as they are. Jeffrey Shumba, a worker at one of the
parastatals, said if these entities were handed over to the workers without
any government interference, there would be no problem.

“The parastatals should be handed over to the people so that they run them.
If the situation remains as it is, then the companies will continue to
deteriorate until they collapse,” he said.

However, a railway worker, Marko Sibanda, said loss-making parastatals were
not a phenomenon peculiar to Zimbabwe. He said they should be left as they
are. “Parastatals just provide services. They should just be commercial but
remain under the control of the government,” Sibanda said.
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Daily News

Diplomatic row looms over farm seizures

4/8/02 8:25:53 AM (GMT +2)

From Chris Gande in Bulawayo

A DIPLOMATIC row is looming between Zimbabwe and Indonesia following the
acquisition of four Nyamandlovu farms in breach of an agreement signed
between the two countries.

The four farms belonging to PT Royal Ostrindo and Dollar Bubi (Private)
Limited, were re-designated by the government last month.

The group is the country’s leading producer of live ostrich for skins and
meat for export. It employs more than 1 000 people.

The $6 billion investment is covered by a government-to-government agreement
which originates from a G15 countries’ meeting.

Part of the agreement reads: “Investors of one Contracting Party, whose
investments in the territory of the other Contracting Party suffer losses
owing to war or other armed conflict, revolution, a state of national
emergency, revolt, insurrection or riot in the territory of the latter
Contracting Party, shall be accorded by the latter Contracting Party
treatment, as regards restitutions, indemnification, compensation or other

A high-powered delegation from the Indonesian Embassy was expected in
Bulawayo to quell the looming diplomatic row.

This comes amid Zimbabwe’s isolation by the international community because
of last month’s hotly disputed presidential election, won by President

Indonesia is one of the few countries which have maintained relations with
the beleaguered Zanu PF government.

However, the designation of the farms into which Cayhadi Kumala, the
Indonesian partner, has poured more than $6 billion in investment, has
endangered the relations between the two countries.

Jenni Williams, a spokesperson for the investors, on Thursday confirmed that
a delegation from the Indonesian Embassy in Harare was flying to
Bulawayo to try and avert the situation.

She said: “A delegation led by the Indonesian ambassador to Zimbabwe will be
in Bulawayo to assess the situation.”

The Indonesian Embassy refused to comment on the matter.

PT Royal Ostrindo falls under the Export Processing Zone Authority and holds
certificates under the Zimbabwe Investment Centre.

The exporting company, PT Royal Ostrindo, realised a turnover of over $424
million in 2000 and $903 million in 2001.

This revenue was sourced mainly from meat exports to the Belgian and German
markets and skin sales to the United States. The farms were designated as
fresh farm violence grips Matabeleland.

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Zim Standard

CIO officer spearheads Chimanimani terror

By Kumbirai Mafunda

JOSEPH Mwale, a Central Intelligence Officer accused of killing MDC
activists Tichaona Chiminya and Talent Mabika in Buhera during the June 2000
parliamentary elections campaign, is reportedly spearheading retributions on
MDC supporters in Chimanimani.

Roy Bennet, the MP for Chimanimani, said Mwale is being assisted by another
CIO agent known as 'Cobra', Major General Matsatswa, Lieutenant- Colonel
Bangidza and two others identified only as Mutisi and Masabaya, all serving
members of the Zimbabwe National Army who went on leave three months before
the presidential elections.

Last year, the High Court ordered that Mwale be arrested and charged for
Chiminya's death but up to now nothing has been done.
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Weekend news from Matabeleland - 3 on attempted murder charges and 7 farm workers assaulted

News release - 7th April 2002
(On behalf of the Commercial Farmers' Union)

RICHARD Pascall (51) and two friends, Timothy Lamprecht (40) and Jonathan
Johnson (60) were yesterday arrested on charges of attempted murders in
Inyathi, Matabeleland. These arrests followed the incident on Gourlays Farm
yesterday morning when farmers and war veterans exchanged gunfire. One
settler was injured in the skirmish by a bullet, which is said to have
glanced off the back of his head. The war veterans were only charged with
using abusive language.

Pascall was called to talk to a group of settlers at his gate yesterday
morning and whilst he was informing them that he was packing to leave the
farm, he was attacked from behind by a group of persons who had entered
through a back gate. Pascall was manhandled and the group attempted to
strike him with an axe and handcuff him. He called for assistance as his
life had been threatened the night before and he thought they group would
kill him. Two friends came to his aid by firing shots into the air to
disperse the crowd. Pandemonium broke out and the 60 to 80 strong mob
scuttled back and forth, it is in this fracas that Pascall feels the person
was injured in the crossfire.

Speaking just before he was taken into custody, Pascall said, "They are
charging us with attempted murder. It is said that someone was shot in the
incident this morning. I was fearful for my life after a war veteran, Vote
Ndlovu, threatened me in the presence of the officer in charge, Desmond
Dube. Ndlovu said to me in a local dialect,  'Ngizakungcwaba' meaning  'I
will bury you'. "

The farm, Gourlays is a wildlife conservancy with 30 black rhino resident.
The Rhino are state owned. The farm is the only farm owned by the Pascall's.
It is also a registered conservancy, and a Zimbabwe Investment Centre

Events began to unfold some weeks back when two male Rhinos fought for
territory - one died from injuries. A report was made to National Parks,
with both the horn and skin being surrendered to Parks officials. Several
incidents have occurred since then with attempts to evict the farmer. The
mob that live in building close to the farm entrance, insisted that farm
workers leave and twenty-nine have since left. Normal routines and patrols
have not been permitted and Rhino and other wildlife will soon run out of
water. Horses and Ostrich have also been released from paddocks and are
roaming wild.

At about 10am on Friday 5th April, war vets arrived at the house at the farm
and more war vets were outside the gate, they demanded that Mrs Pascall take
a person who had been attacked by one of the Ostrich to hospital.  She
called an ambulance but declined to pay the fees, this resulted in further
harassment and death threats.  This was reported to Inspector Dube at the
Inyathi police station at about 1 o'clock.

A larger crowd of war vets began assembling at the house and the police
eventually arrived at 7 pm with Mr Pascall. Police invited seven of the war
vets who were armed with sticks and knobkerries to go into the house to
negotiate.  However negotiations were not fruitful as the war vets screamed
abuse at the Pascall's, threatening to kill both Mr and Mrs Pascall.  There
was no reaction from the Police to this abuse, with the Officer in charge
describing it as 'Political sayings'. Eventually at about 10 pm, the
situation was defused and the Police left with the war veterans.

Pascall was called to the gate at 7am on Friday morning by a group of about
40 war veterans. Although he assured them that he was packing to leave, they
were abusive and threatened to smash the gate down. Another group broke a
rear gate lock and came in to ambush Pascall from behind, attempting to
handcuff and axe him. His life was saved by firing of shots into the air by
Johnson and Lamprecht. The three managed to escape to the house under fire
from various weapons including rocks shot from catapults.

Members of the Police Support Unit arrived and were able to prevent further
incident. Pascall and his friends were then charged with attempted murder.
Mrs Pascall has since left the farm along with the remaining three staff.

National Parks have since sent scouts on site to ensure the safety of the
wildlife. Legal representatives are hopeful to secure a court hearing on

In another incident on Sunday 7th March, an Esigodini farmer and his 129
staff decided to stand their ground and refuse to be illegally evicted by
war veterans and youth, led by notorious dissident Luke Thambolenyoka.

The horticultural farm in Matabeleland South has not been invaded to date
although an army colonel had visited with his wife indicating that he was
the beneficiary of the 300-hectare Glenala Park farm. The farm was purchased
300-hectare farm 10 years ago by Mr Alastair Coulson.

Although reports were made to the Police yesterday and again today when
seven workers were assaulted, the police remain aloof and seem unable to
demand respect from the war veterans who were insistent that they would
evict the farmer despite no legal papers. The farm is under a compulsory
notice of acquisition but the owner is due to argue his case in court. It is
the family's only farm and the direct source of survival for 800 people.

The farm which is about 35 kilometres South of Bulawayo, supplies vegetables
to formal and informal vegetable vendors in Bulawayo, Zvishavane and other

The farm owner, Mr Alastair Coulson (51 yrs) said, "I am not going to vacate
until I obtain an official eviction notice from Government."

The group numbering about 60, comprising war veterans settlers and hired
youths from nearby Habane Township. The war veterans could be seen loitering
in the garden in groups, and just after noon a delegation approached and
reminded Coulson of their ultimatum. When he declined to leave, they
threatened to seek reinforcements to force their way in.

Noises where heard coming from the farm village. It was determined that some
youths had gone into the village and looted workers possessions.

A police vehicle then left the farm and for two hours there was no police
presence. The Officer in charge arrived at 4 pm and said that he could not
guarantee the safety of the farmer and that he should therefore leave. For
the next 3 hours negotiation was centered on the security of the farm
workers who were still within the homestead and the security of farm assets.

Coulson and his wife eventually left after the war veterans were removed off
the farm and safety of the workers promised by the officer in charge, who
left a police presence on the farm.  

7th April 2002

For more information, please contact Jenni Williams
Mobile +263 11 213 885 or +263 91 300 456
Email or

Photo caption: Photo of Farmworker Hlonipani Moyo (20 yrs) injured Sunday
7th April when 3/4 war veterans attached him with a hose pipe on Glenala
Park farm in Esigodini.

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From The Sunday Times (UK), 7 April

Mixed fortunes for Mugabe’s men

Below are extracts from the UK Sunday Times Rich List, listing the wealthiest people in Britain.

Nicholas van Hoogstraten

            Ranking    Net worth    Sector

2002     595=        £60m          Property and farming

2001     159=        £200m

Van Hoogstraten, 57, is due to stand trial this week on a charge of murdering Mohammed Sabir Raja, a retired businessman, in 1999. The property tycoon, charged with two other men, has been on conditional bail. He still has not finished Hamilton Place, his £40m East Sussex mansion, and has been in dispute with builders. The home, complete with mausoleum, was first conceived 15 years ago as one of the largest and most expensive country houses to be built in Britain in the past 100 years and is designed to hold his art treasures. In addition, he has huge farming and mining interests in Zimbabwe. Given the volatile political and economic situation in the country we cut our valuation of van Hoogstraten to £60m - and believe he may fall further.

John Bredenkamp

            Ranking    Net worth    Sector

2002     33            £720m        Tobacco and investments

2001     48            £550m

Bredenkamp is expanding his business empire in Africa with the opening of a new cigarette factory to support his tobacco interests. Based in Berkshire, Bredenkamp, 61, made his original fortune from the £70m sale of another tobacco business, Casalee Group, in 1993. The former Rhodesian rugby captain also has interests in oil, tourism, property and commodities. In total, his various interests have annual sales of well over £250m.

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From The Independent on Sunday (UK), 7 April

Zimbabwe protests stifled by riot police

Scattered clashes broke out yesterday as hundreds of police officers
blockaded cities and towns in Zimbabwe to thwart street protests called by a
coalition of civic groups to demand a new constitution, followed by a fresh
presidential election. In the capital, Harare, police manned roadblocks on
most approaches to the city centre and sealed off the central square,
blocking the starting-point of a planned march. Riot police were on
sidewalks, street corners and at bus and parking lots. Edwina Spicer, a
television journalist, was arrested, together with her husband Newton,
apparently while filming police deployments. Zimbabweans collected in small
groups for the protests, organised by the National Constitutional Assembly
(NCA), a coalition of trade unions, professional organisations, student
bodies and church groups. But any gatherings were quickly dispersed by
police in riot gear, and none of the protesters were able to reach the
planned sites of marches to be addressed by NCA leaders. "We have resorted
to guerrilla tactics to try and circumvent the police, said Lovemore
Madhuku, chairman of the NCA. "We are avoiding forming one large group, as
this might result in losses of life."

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has rejected Mr Mugabe's
victory over its leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, in last month's presidential
election, which was widely condemned as rigged, but yesterday the President
ruled out a fresh election. "The next poll will be held in six years ... Let
that sink into Britain and its surrogates in the MDC," Mr Mugabe told a
meeting of his party's central committee. Mr Mugabe described the protests
as "senseless" on Friday, while the Home Affairs Minister, John Nkomo,
issued an order banning them. Hundreds of people were arrested earlier in
the week, including about 400 women and children rounded up in the poor
suburbs of Harare on Thursday as they were meeting to plan the
demonstrations. But the NCA vowed to press ahead, saying it was illegal for
the government to ban peaceful protests. Human rights groups say 10
opposition supporters have died and thousands of government critics and
opposition activists have been arrested, beaten and tortured since the
election as part of a continuing campaign of harassment and violence against
government critics. "It's as if we are being ruled by an occupation force
instead of a civilian government," said Professor Elphas Mukonoweshuro of
the University of Zimbabwe.

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Mugabe’s exiles find unlikely new home


HOME for Johan and Kirsty Fourie is a leaking tent, two hours’ drive down a potholed dirt track in war-ravaged Mozambique.

They have no electricity, their lavatory is a hole in the ground and their water supply is a walk away in a field pitted by land-mines. Even this, they say, is preferable to living on a farm in Robert Mugabe’s Zimbabwe.

The Fouries are among a new generation of pioneer white farmers who are fleeing the devastation of Mugabe’s land grab policy to make a fresh start across the border in Mozambique.

"We are starting from scratch and things are far from easy, but at least we can work and make some progress," said Johan Fourie, 28, who left his family’s farm in Masvingo last August after the ‘war veterans’ moved in and began burning the land.

"At home, people are not doing much except waiting to see what happens next. Anything has to be better than that. At least there is some sort of future here and you know that you’re still going to be farming next year."

The couple, who married a year ago, are among 20 white farming families who have settled in the Mozambican province of Manica, on the Zimbabwean border.

Up to a dozen more have made their homes in the northern Tete province, and since last month’s disputed Zimbabwean presidential elections, the Mozambique government has received around 100 more applications from farmers eager to start again. Delighted by the response, the authorities are preparing packages of leased land and tax-free incentives to persuade many more to cross the border.

For Mozambique, the farmers offer a chance to help galvanise the country’s almost non-existent agricultural industry.

Less than 5% of its arable plots are cultivated and years of fighting - first for independence, then a 16-year civil war - have left the land strewn with land-mines and farm buildings devastated by bullets and bombs. Large swathes of the population have never had a job.

"We welcome the farmers," said José da Graça, the provincial director of agriculture and rural development. "We are keen for foreign investment and there is no reason to discriminate against the Zimbabwean farmers. They will open up the land and the local community sees benefits from that, in terms of employment, roads and bridges. As long as they abide by our laws and respect our culture, we have no problem with them."

Mozambique offers white Zimbabweans the opportunity to remain in southern Africa and stay close to their homes and farms for which they may eventually receive compensation. A change in regime would also give them the option of returning to their farms in Zimbabwe, many of which they have worked for generations.

Most importantly, they and their families can feel safe and their efforts are welcomed by the Mozambique government. In Zimbabwe they were used as pawns in Mugabe’s strategy to retain power and defend his position against Morgan Tsvangirai and his Movement for Democratic Change.

Tungai Sagwate is among those who have found work with one of the new settlers. He fled Mozambique’s civil war for Zimbabwe 15 years ago but is one of many thousands who have now decided life is better at home.

"I never dreamt I would think life in my own country was better than in Zimbabwe. We are so happy these people are coming here to grow food and provide jobs," Sagwate said.

His employer, Brendon Evans brought his family, a small herd of cows and a large satellite dish over the border six months ago. Their dairy and corn farm, just outside Harare, was one of the first to be invaded by government-supporting thugs.

The squatters have since gone, and for a while the Evans’ held out some hope of returning until Mugabe "stole the election".

"Like a lot of people in Zimbabwe we had our lives on hold, but once the election was over there was no going back," said Jenny Evans, 28.

They live in a stark, unpainted, concrete house at the end of a five-mile dirt road. They are taking lessons in Portuguese and have begun a weekly study group for fellow Zimbabweans new to the area.

They meet over beer and a barbecue to air problems and share information about the labyrinth of rules surrounding the licensing of new companies. They complain of corruption among officials who handle the applications and the lack of financial aid available to help them get started.

Although Mozambique has begun to embrace market reforms, land still cannot be bought or sold. New farmers can apply for 50-year leases but are limited to 2,470 acres each, for which they pay around £500 per year.

Mrs Fourie said: "Zimbabwean farmers are used to owning their land, not leasing it, so we have to change our way of thinking. To me it is a bit of a relief, because at least if it is taken away from us, our life savings don’t go with it, which is what has happened to our parents’ generation at home."

Not everyone has welcomed the arrival of these pioneers.

For some blacks, the new white communities trigger memories of hardship under Portuguese rule and the part the white governments of South Africa and Rhodesia, as it then was, played during their long and bitter civil war.

One elderly lady, selling bananas at the side of the road in Chimoio, told how she had lost two sons to the war and was nervous to see new white faces in the town.

"I don’t trust them," she said. "When I see a white face I think that we must be prepared for something terrible."

Da Graça added: "There are many who are worried that violence will start again. People here have had enough of war, they want to live in peace. Some have said to me, ‘Please tell the white farmers if they want to come they must leave their guns behind’."
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Business Report

New scramble for Africa was born in Zimbabwe
Frank Nxumalo
April 07 2002 at 08:32AM
Johannesburg - Last millennium's scramble for Africa, during which European
colonial powers tried to seize as much African land as possible, consolidate
power over local inhabitants and fend off competitors, should have ended
with the emergence of 52 independent states.

But events in Zimbabwe suggest otherwise, and there is evidence of a new
scramble for Africa. Transparency International, the watchdog organisation,
says the proponents are not the old powers but the new political elite led
by President Robert Mugabe and his inner circle.

The Zimbabwe Chapter of Transparency International says Robert Mugabe and
his Zanu-PF party hit the ground running in 1980, preaching the gospel of
African socialism soon after independence from Britain.

They sought to restructure the economy through land reform, nationalisation
of key industries and the expansion of social services, especially secondary

By the end of the 1980s, Zimbabwe had one of the best school systems in
Africa and the majority of its population could read and write. The life
expectancy of the average Zimbabwean was on the rise.

But the study - The New Scramble for Africa - says these social advances
were achieved at the expense of growth in agricultural and industrial

As a result, government expenditure began to grow faster than tax revenue,
forcing Zanu-PF to seek salvation from the World Bank and the International
Monetary Fund by the early 1990s.

Tony Hawkins, one of the organisation's key members, says the economy was
growing too sluggishly to support the high levels of social spending
especially on education - less so on health.

"There were also several other bottlenecks, especially foreign exchange,
partly because of the government's innate hostility to foreign investment
and its preference for a command economy.

"This had to be partially abandoned in 1991 when the World Bank-sponsored
economic structural adjustment programme was adopted," Hawkins said.

"But that flopped, largely because the government was unwilling to go
through with all of its measures."

He said the decline deepened because Zanu-PF continued to distribute wealth
without ever trying to create it first, and "Zimbabweans are as poor now as
they were in 1970".
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Daily News - Leader Page

Chombo should defer to the wishes of the majority

4/8/02 8:46:59 AM (GMT +2)

THE Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing, Dr
Ignatius Chombo, is abusing his authority, when he vetoes decisions by the
newly-elected Harare City Council in order to protect the interests of a few
Zanu PF supporters.

He is not a minister for Zanu PF supporters only. Chombo was elected in the
June 2000 parliamentary election by 16 175 out of a possible 45 000 voters
in the Zvimba North constituency. The person he is directing his wrath at
Elias Mudzuri, the new executive mayor of Harare, was elected by 262 275, if
we believe the Registrar-General’s efforts to de emphasise voting patterns
in the urban areas, deemed sympathetic to the opposition.

Chombo should defer to the wishes of the majority in Harare, who are not
only the city’s ratepayers, but also constitute the majority of the country’
s taxpayers. Democracy is about respecting the wishes of the majority.

Chombo and Zanu PF should back off and let the new council carry out its
mandate unimpeded. Chombo issued three directives to the new council last
week: to refer all personnel and financial matters to him; to bar the new
mayor from attending Cabinet Action Committee meetings; and to stop council
from firing 1 235 Zanu PF supporters hastily recruited by the Elijah
Chanakira-led commission, when it became clear the ruling party would lose
the capital to the opposition, as has already been the case in Bulawayo,
Chegutu and Masvingo.

The minister’s actions can only serve to alienate not only himself by
antagonising residents of the capital city, but his party and the
government, because what he is doing is in defiance of the outcome of the
mayoral and municipal polls in Harare.

But his conduct and reactions are not surprising. They are symptomatic of
the contempt with which Zanu PF holds the people of this country. The only
choice people have under Zanu PF is to do its bidding. Not to do so is to
court its indignation.

In all the years that Zanu PF ran all local authorities in the country since
independence, it has not demanded that its mayors or council chairs refer
all personnel and financial matters to the minister. The minister is
usurping the powers of an elected authority in order to perpetuate Zanu PF
rule in the capital.

Zanu PF may attempt all kinds of subterfuge, but the will of the majority of
the people will triumph, eventually. The Cabinet Action Committees are
useless busy-bodies, so the new mayor should not lose any sleep over their

Their record in Harare has been one of creating an environment that nurtured
corruption, neglected basic services to the city’s ratepayers and presided
over a collapsing infrastructure.

It is important to appreciate that Harare’s fall from grace is a direct
product of Zanu PF, the government and the so-called Cabinet Action
Committees, or whatever their predecessors were known as.

Where were these so-called committees when the economic wasteland was being
littered with the carcasses of parastatals such as the Road Motor Services,
the National Railways of Zimbabwe, the Agricultural and Rural Development
Authority, Ziscosteel, Zimbabwe United Passenger Company, the Cold Storage
Company and the national airline?

But ratepayers in Harare were not born yesterday. That is why they
emphatically rejected Amos Midzi, Zanu PF’s mayoral hopeful, in last month’s
election. They would do well to reflect on why a once massively popular
liberation party is now the nation’s albatross.

The new council should go ahead and take the minister to court. Even if
there is a growing perception that the judiciary is compliant, Chombo and
his colleagues must be told that the people are not and will not be

To do nothing would be to surrender the few remaining rights the people of
this country have to this political kleptocracy. Chombo’s desperation stems
from the realisation that his party owes the Harare City Council more than
$20 million in unpaid rates and water charges, while some of its top
hierarchy also owe the council $300 million. It’s pay-up time for Zanu PF.
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Daily News

Prices of basic commodities still going up

4/8/02 8:56:54 AM (GMT +2)

From Sandra Mujokoro in Bulawayo

PRICES of basic commodities continue to spiral despite the government’s
intervention through the gazetting of price controls.

A survey by The Daily News last week revealed that the prices of most goods
whose prices were regulated by the government shot up just after the

The government set up a price monitoring team with police being called upon
to apprehend anyone caught flouting the law.

However, recently very little monitoring has been undertaken, resulting in
shop owners charging exorbitant prices on goods in great demand.

The affected goods include sugar, cooking oil, salt, maize-meal, margarine,
milk and soap.

A 750 ml bottle of cooking oil is selling for $300, while the two-litre
bottle costs $850.

A large tube of toothpaste which should be selling at $300 is being sold for

A sachet of milk cost $38 recently, but is now selling at $60 at some

In some outlets soft drinks are selling at $40 when they are supposed to be

Residents interviewed expressed concern at the exorbitant increase in

Sizalobuhle Moyo of Emakhandeni said he was shocked the prices had gone up
so sharply and said he could barely afford to buy such basics as margarine.

“It’s unfortunate that most of the things are basics but items such as
margarine, milk and soft drinks we can do without,” he said
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Daily News

Party talks must focus on election rerun: Tsvangirai

4/8/02 8:47:04 AM (GMT +2)

By Lloyd Mudiwa

MORGAN Tsvangirai, the opposition MDC leader, yesterday said his party would
demand a rerun of the presidential election during talks with Zanu PF.

Addressing about 5 000 people at Chitungwiza’s Chibuku Stadium, Tsvangirai
said he had told the MDC delegation to the talks not to compromise on the
rerun. He said a government of national unity was unacceptable because it
would only legitimise Mugabe’s rule.

In his first public reaction to the talks between his party and Zanu PF,
Tsvangirai said Mugabe would be forced to conduct a rerun if he remained
isolated and was constantly reminded of the illegitimacy of his victory.

The mandate of the MDC’s team to the talks was to negotiate an election
rerun under international supervision within the next six to 12 months.

This was Tsvangirai’s first rally since last month’s hotly-disputed
presidential poll. He accused President Mugabe of putting the country under
what he described as “a military dictatorship” and promised his party would
confront Mugabe over the flawed election.

Tsvangirai said: “Whether Robert Mugabe likes it or not there is going to be
an election rerun. No matter what he does, Mugabe’s victory is illegitimate.
We have overwhelming evidence that he did not poll more than 850 000 votes.”

The Registrar-General, Tobaiwa Mudede, declared Mugabe the winner with 1 685
212 votes against 1 258 401 for Tsvangirai. Mugabe has ruled out an election
rerun and threatened to clamp down on any civil unrest.

Tsvangirai warned that Zanu PF would try to swallow up the opposition as it
did with the late Vice-President Joshua Nkomo’s PF Zapu, through the Unity

He said: “If they don’t want to talk about an election rerun, then there is
no need to even start negotiations.”

Tsvangirai said although people were dejected at being cheated during the
poll it was now time to look forward.

He said soldiers ran the election and were now being deployed in the streets
to assault people in post-election violence.

“If they have a reign of terror and brutality, what kind of democracy is
that? If the ZBC only gives one view from dawn to dusk, what kind of
democracy is that?”

Earlier on, Tsvangirai had intervened to stop his supporters from assaulting
ZBC journalists for negative reports on their party, saying that the fact
that the media corporation covered the MDC in the first place showed that
they acknowledged the party’s strength.

ZBC reporter Justin Manyau and cameraman Jabulani Ndebele were heckled by
MDC supporters before party officials rushed to their rescue and offered
them refuge in a tent they were in.

The supporters tried to overturn the crew’s vehicle, a Mazda Rustler.
Manyau and Ndebele were later allowed to cover the rally.

Tsvangirai warned that a military dictatorship was potentially explosive and
could result in civil war.

He said: “In a military situation of this nature, violence is the norm. The
problem with us is that we have been fighting to be nice people, but as the
majority we should not be intimidated. We must exercise our responsibility
as the majority.

“The weapon with which we can defeat Mugabe is the vote, although other
ideas might also come in. As a party we must not do what would injure us but
rather what changes the country for the better.”

He said there was need to disband the Zanu PF youth brigades, restore law
and order and set up an independent electoral commission before an election
rerun could be conducted.

There was also need for the non-partisan distribution of food and land, he

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Zim Standard

Road of fear does not breed love

By Chenjerai Hove

DID so many have to die on the way to the ballot box before elections would
be counted 'free and fair?'

We wonder why it is that the politics of Africa are always marred by
worthless violence and death. When will we, on the loving continent, realise
that power cannot be obtained over the dead bodies of people wanting to
express their genuine political views and interests?

"Sometimes I wonder", so the singer sang. How is it that some people can
decide to forget the future in praise of the present?

All those political killings, all those youths taught to kill their own
people, all that dishonesty! How do some people live with that as part of
their history?

I hope that one day an African leader will be born who will vow that he or
she will not accept killings as part of the road to the poling station. It
will be a great day for the African imagination.

Why should we argue about the legitimacy of our government if everything had
been seen to be above board?

You see, the only thing African leaders did not forget to dismantle were the
machinery of repression: the torturers, the intimidators, the prisons, and
the handcuffs.

What we need is the political imagination to say all prisons will be turned
to schools and universities. That the sky is the limit for the freedom of
our people.

In your time
You took away our moon
In your time
You took away our sun
In your time
You took away our smiles.
In your time
You took away
A large piece
Of the destiny
Our destiny.

This is not the time to write the poetry of the search for freedom. This
should have been the time to write new poems in search of new destinies, new
identities, and a new hope for the country which we all love. Our political
system inherited fear from the Rhodesian regime. The freedom government was
supposed to say to us, now we are free from fear, but they did not. They
continued on the footpath of fear, and what we know is that the road of fear
does not breed love.

What is amazing is that the violence which is going on in our country is
supposed to be from nowhere but the people are not fools, they know where
their wounds are coming from, they know the cause of their tears, and they
know the source of their scars.

Rule by violence works for a little of the time, but not for all of the
time. It is a piece of political history which any leader should take

• Chenjerai Hove is a renowned Zimbabwean writer.
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Zim Standard

Gasela faces fresh treason charges

By Farai Mutsaka

THE police are investigating Gweru Rural Member of Parliament, Renson
Gasela, on allegations that he is recruiting youths for military training in
Australia, The Standard has gathered.

Speaking to The Standard yesterday, Gasela, who is also the MDC shadow
minister for agriculture, strongly denied the allegations and accused the
police of fabricating the charge in order to arrest him on trumped up
treason charges.

The claims that police intended to arrest Gasela came to light when Midlands
governor, Cephas Msipa, phoned Gasela on Tuesday querying why he was
recruiting youths for military training in Australia. Msipa then suggested
that Gasela get in touch with Gweru police to verify the claims. The Officer
Commanding Midlands Province, Senior Assistant Commissioner Ngoni Gambiza,
confirmed to Gasela that the police were indeed investigating him.

When The Standard contacted Gambiza on Friday he was said to be in a meeting
and promised to return calls. He had not done so at the time of going to

"I received a call from the governor, whom I have a lot of respect for,
expressing surprise that I was recruiting youths for military training. I
then phoned Gambiza who confirmed that there was a report from his officers
that I had addressed various meetings where I recruited the youths. They
said I had recruited 90 youths already. The allegation is utter rubbish. If
one wants to recruit people for military training, a rally would be the last
place to do it," said Gasela.

Gasela said he suspected that police were looking for a way to frame him and
charge him with treason.

"This is a carefully planned thing to remove the leadership of the MDC
through violence or false criminal charges. They are busy smearing me but
this is a serious charge because it would mean that I am recruiting people
to overthrow the government. I would not be surprised if they were to go to
my farm, plant weapons and then go back there to discover the same weapons.
As a matter of fact, they went to my farm early this year and told my
workers they were inquiring about people being trained at the farm," fumed

Gasela said he was worried about his safety as these reports would incite
Zanu PF supporters resettled on farms surrounding his farm.

Gasela has already appeared in court over a treason charge arising from an
alleged plot to assassinate President Mugabe.

Gasela is being jointly charged with MDC president Morgan Tsvangirai and
party secretary general, Welshman Ncube, over allegations that they
approached the Canadian political consultancy firm, Dickens and Madison, to
help the MDC assassinate Mugabe.

The charges have however been largely dismissed by commentators as having
been cooked up by Mugabe's regime to get rid of Tsvangirai.
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Zim Standard

Dabengwa's daughter deported from US

By our own staff

THE daughter of Zanu PF politburo member and former cabinet minister, Dumiso
Dabengwa, was refused re-entry into the US on Friday, The Standard has

Ijeoma (28), was returning to America to do a masters degree in business
studies after completing her first degree there. She had come home on
holiday after graduating.

When contacted for comment by The Standard yesterday, Dabengwa confirmed
that his daughter had indeed been deported but said he was unsure of the
reason for the move since all her documents were in order. It had been
rumoured that she was deported for forgery of travel documents.

The Standard understands that Ijeoma was in London yesterday, on her way
back to Zimbabwe. She is expected home today.

Said Dabengwa: "I can confirm that she is on her way home. She called me
telling me that she was on her way home after being denied entry in the US.
They cancelled her visa. Her deportation has nothing to do with theft or
forgery of travel documents. If they do not want us there, we will not force
our way. I will find somewhere else for her to complete her MBA. Maybe here
in Zimbabwe. It's not the end of the world."

When asked whether her deportation did not have something to do with the
targeted sanctions imposed on Zimbabwean leaders by the US government,
Dabengwa said he was not aware of such a connection.

"I cannot confirm or deny that, but what I know is she is coming back and we
are waiting for her."

It remains unclear why she was denied entry into the US, when she had done
her degree there and had just returned home for a brief visit before
resuming her studies.

The former home affairs minister was not on the initial list of specified
Zanu PF officials and cabinet ministers.

The US government imposed travel restrictions on President Mugabe, his
cabinet ministers, their spouses and children studying in the US and is in
the process of extending the ban to individuals associated with Zanu PF.
Meanwhile, the United State embassy in Harare said it would not reveal the
names of the targeted individuals but advised those wishing to travel to the
US to first check that their names were not on the list.

The Standard understands that there are several government ministers'
children studying and living in America and England.

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Times of India

Zimbabwe Oppn not to cooperate with Mugabe

AFP [ SUNDAY, APRIL 07, 2002  9:27:44 PM ]

HITUNGWIZA, Zimbabwe: Zimbabwean Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said on
Sunday that his party would not cooperate with the government of President
Robert Mugabe, which he described as a "military junta."

"Mugabe is sitting as chairman of a military junta," Tsvangirai told a rally
of some 5,000 supporters in Chitungwiza, a satellite city outside the
capital Harare. "When soldiers reign terror and brutality on the
population -- what kind of democracy is that?" he asked.

"We cannot be expected to cooperate with such a regime," he said. "If they
don't want to talk about new elections, then there is no need to even start
negotiations," said Tsvangirai, who has rejected Mugabe's victory in last
month's widely condemned presidential election.

Mugabe dismissed calls for fresh elections, in a speech Friday to his
party's central committee, saying: "The next poll will be held six years
hence." "Let that sink into Britain and its surrogates in the MDC," he said.

Mugabe has repeatedly accused the opposition Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) of being a front for the interests of Britain, the former colonial
power in the southern African country.

The MDC is expected to start meeting next week for talks with Mugabe's
ruling Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) to seek
solutions to the country's political and economic crises.

Preparations for the talks began Thursday when two facilitators appointed by
prominent African leaders, presidents Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria and Thabo
Mbeki of South Africa, consulted with the two parties on an agenda for the

But Tsvangirai, calling for fresh elections, ruled out forming a national
unity government with Mugabe, who has been in power in Zimbabwe since
independence 22 years ago. "We can only accept an interim arrangement, but
certainly not a government of national unity," he said.

"We are going to have new elections conducted in Zimbabwe," Tsvangirai said,
giving public voice for the first time to a demand made repeatedly by his
party since the March 9-11 polls, marred by violence and intimidation
documented by independent observers.

Tsvangirai said the new elections would have to take place under an
independent electoral commission, with international supervision. The
Chitungwiza rally, held at a football field, received police clearance
despite a tough new security law.

The MDC only announced the rally hours before it was due to begin, fearing
that pro-Mugabe militias might try to break it up. In his speech, Tsvangirai
called for the disbanding of youth militias accused of mounting an
intimidation campaign that allegedly helped Mugabe to retain power, He also
said lawlessness should end that has seen police turn a blind eye to attacks
on opposition supporters.

Sunday's rally came the day after police cracked down on protests in five
cities mounted by a pro-democracy group calling for a more democratic
constitution that would prevent the abuses that aided Mugabe's re-election.

Lovemore Madhuku, who organized the protests, and at least 12 others from
his group remained in jail Sunday after being arrested a day earlier.

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Zimbabwean police hold 60 after quashing protests

HARARE, April 7 — Zimbabwean police held more than 60 activists and their
leader in custody on Sunday after arresting them during foiled protests
against the country's constitution, organisers of the banned marches said.
       Douglas Mwonzora, spokesman for the National Constitutional Assembly
(NCA), said Harare police had denied the organisation's chairman, Lovemore
Madhuku, and 30 others arrested in the capital on Saturday any access to
       ''They are still in the cells, they have not seen a lawyer up to
today and other people sent to see them, including Madhuku's wife, have also
not been allowed access,'' Mwonzora told Reuters.
       Saturday's protests in major cities were the country's first major
demonstrations since President Robert Mugabe was re-elected last month in a
poll Western countries and the opposition Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) condemned as fraudulent.
       The NCA, which is demanding a new constitution to replace laws it
says entrench Mugabe's rule, pledged to hold similar protests on April 18,
when the former British colony of Rhodesia will mark 22 years of
       Police spokesman Tarwireyi Tirivavi confirmed the arrests, and said
Madhuku had been charged with contravening a section of a harsh new law that
compels protest organisers to seek police clearance first. Penalties range
from fines to a year in prison.
       ''Madhuku is likely to appear in court on Monday,'' Tirivavi said. He
could not say what the charges against the other activists were, or whether
they had been allowed to see a lawyer.
       Mwonzora said 15 people were still in detention in the second city of
Bulawayo, 10 in the central city of Gweru and a further nine in the eastern
border city of Mutare.

       Eyewitnesses in Harare said some protesters were beaten on Saturday
as riot police swarmed on a group trying to join the NCA march. But on
Sunday Mwonzora said the NCA had not received any reports of injury.
       On Saturday, Harare's magistrate court remanded on bail 370 NCA women
arrested on Thursday for holding what the police said was an unauthorised
       The bedraggled women arrived at court in several truckloads, some
pregnant and others with crying babies strapped to their backs. They were
remanded on $500 bail each to April 26.
       The NCA, a coalition of student and church groups, political parties
and human rights organisations, says deeply rooted flaws in the current
constitution make it impossible to hold free and fair elections in Zimbabwe.
       On Friday, Mugabe ruled out rerunning the election, as demanded by
MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai, and warned he would not brook any challenge to
his authority.
       Nigerian and South African envoys separately met Mugabe's ruling
ZANU-PF party and the MDC last week to map out an agenda for talks between
the two rivals.
       State media said talks between this two parties were expected to
commence early this week, but Tsvangirai, who calls Mugabe's victory
daylight robbery, has said he will discuss nothing but fresh elections.
       Mugabe denies responsibility for Zimbabwe's worst economic and
political crisis since independence in 1980, which many blame on government
policies including seizure of white-owned commercial farms for
redistribution to landless blacks.
       Mugabe says the economy has been sabotaged by his opponents, led by
Britain, in retaliation for the land grab, but political analysts warn more
protests could be on the cards if he fails to revive the economy.
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