The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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From AFP, 8 August

Nigeria 'helping fund Zim opposition

Harare - Nigeria is being used by Britain as a conduit to bankroll
Zimbabwe's main opposition in a bid to unseat President Robert's Mugabe's
government in next year's legislative elections, a state-owned paper said on
Sunday. The Sunday Mail reported that Nigeria, through its diplomats in
Harare, had promised the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) at least
Z$200-million for the March 2005 electoral campaign. The promise reportedly
was made at a meeting between top MDC officials, including its leader Morgan
Tsvangirai and Nigerian embassy officials in the capital on July 28. Under
Zimbabwe law, political parties are prohibited from accepting funds from
foreign donors. The MDC rejected the allegations, denying ever meeting
Nigerian officials in Zimbabwe. "The allegation is completely without any
merit," said MDC spokesperson William Bango. Relations between Zimbabwe and
Nigeria have soured in recent months - especially after Nigerian President
Olusegun Obasanjo refused to invite Mugabe to last December's Commonwealth
summit in Abuja and backed the decision to prolong Zimbabwe's suspension
from the Commonwealth. Tensions are also high with former colonial ruler
Britain over Zimbabwe's land reform program that saw thousands of white
farmers evicted from their land that was handed to landless blacks. Some of
the evicted white farmers have been given farmland in Kwara state of
Nigeria. "It is believed that these farmers have been instrumental in
securing British funding for the MDC, which is being channelled through
Nigeria," said the pro-government Sunday Mail. "Some of the farmers are
known to be hardcore MDC supporters and financiers who are also linked to
British intelligence," said the weekly paper. Nigerian embassy officials in
Harare were not immediately available for comment on Sunday.
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Reform education to fight imperial propaganda: Mugabe

August 09, 2004, 16:47

Robert Mugabe, the president of Zimbabwe, today declared that the country
needs to change its educational curriculum to fight propaganda of
imperialists and reflect the country's national values.

At the commemoration of National Heroes today at the national shrine he
welcomed members of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) that
have defected to ZANU-PF. Under a new banner Sekesai Makwavarara, the Harare
mayor, has grabbed the limelight by crossing the floor, in time for upcoming
elections. The mayor says she quit the MDC because of bad leadership.

"Government continues to review the teaching syllabi in order to ensure that
the graduates of our education system are patriotic and loyal Zimbabweans.
We have noticed that in the past we were producing graduates at university
levels who in fact became enemies of the revolutionary struggle if our
institutions have the capacity to produce enemies they are ill-equipped and
should not exist," Mugabe says.
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Not even my relatives will escape - Mugabe
††††††††† August 09 2004 at 04:40PM

††††† Harare - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe vowed Monday that his
seven-month-old anti-corruption crackdown would not spare his own relatives.

††††† "We want to get our country completely rid of corruption, we will get
the financial sector cleansed of corruption, of those who want to make money
not tomorrow, not even today, but yesterday, those who want to use crookish
methods to enrich themselves," Mugabe said.

††††† "So when government descends on corrupt characters, rogues among us,
don't cry when we arrest your relative who is a rogue, even if it's Mugabe's
relatives, he will be arrested if he is a crook," said Mugabe at a ceremony
to honour veterans of the liberation war against former colonial ruler

††††† Mugabe's anti-corruption drive, launched in January, has seen the
arrest of prominent officials including finance minister Chris Kuruneri, who
is in custody on charges of illegally dealing in foreign currency.

††††† A provincial chairman of the ruling Zimbabwe African National
Union-Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF), James Makamba, was arrested in February on
similar charges.

††††† Several business executives have been arrested, including 13 directors
of a Zanu-PF company, while a number of banking chiefs have fled, most of
them to Britain.

††††† Zimbabwe has over the past four years experienced severe shortages of
foreign currency, which the government blamed on a black market for hard

††††† The black market developed because the official rate of exchange was
kept for years at 824 Zimbabwe dollars to the US dollar, way below the
street rate of around 6 000 to one.

††††† Foreign currency supplies have however improved on the official market
this year following the introduction of regular auctions, where hard cash is
exchanged at 5 600 to the US dollar. - Sapa-AFP

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††††† Zimbabwe to construct 8th state university

††††† 2004-08-09 23:27:06

††††††††† HARARE, Aug. 9 (Xinhuanet) -- Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
said here on Monday that the parliament has passed the bill to establish
Lupane State University, which will bring the total number of state
universities in Zimbabwe to eight.

††††††††† "In its initial phase, the university's thrust will mainly revolve
around the areas of agricultural sciences, in line with the country's focus
on agriculture as the lifeblood of our economy," said the president, who
spoke at the heroes commemoration at theHeroes Acre in Harare.

††††††††† Mugabe lambasted college graduates who, after completion of their
studies, became enemies of the state.

††††††††† "We have noticed that in the past we were producing graduates at
secondary and university levels who became enemies of the revolutionary
struggle. If our institutions have capacity to produce enemies of the
struggle they don't deserve to exist," saidMugabe.

††††††††† He said the government had not only increased access to education
and training at primary, secondary and tertiary levels, but had made
remarkable strides in improving the quality of such tuition, making the
Zimbabwean education system the envy of the sub-region and the world.

††††††††† Mugabe said the government would continue to review the teaching
syllabi in order to ensure that the graduates were patriotic and loyal

††††††††† "In pursuance of an education system that produces highly
competent and globally competitive Zimbabweans, the government hasset up
systems to upgrade polytechnics to degree awarding institutions," he said.

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thisisdevon UK


††††† 11:00 - 09 August 2004
††††† Victim: Zimbabwean farmer Terry Ford's terrier lies next to his body
after he was murdered in 2002 Two years ago the WMN highlighted the plight
of ordinary Zimbabweans under the brutal regime of Robert Mugabe. As London
Editor Jason Groves reports, the situation today is even worse - and the
world appears not to want to listen

††††† ATHLEEN O'Dea is not happy. In fact, she's spitting blood, having
spent the morning trying to help a black Zimbabwean farmer extend his visa,
only for him to be arrested for visa fraud.

††††† "He's the victim of a visa scam by the Mugabe Government," she raged.
"They use it to raise money for the regime and there are loads of people
caught up in it. It makes me so angry."

††††† The rights and wrongs of this particular case are going to take some
time to sort out. But Kathleen has good reason to be angry with Robert
Mugabe's Zanu-PF regime.

††††† Two years ago, the WMN highlighted her case when, unable to take any
more "dead bodies and intimidation", she fled to the Westcountry. On one
occasion, she says, she was held hostage by Mugabe's henchmen at the farm of
her friend Roy Bennett, an MP with the opposition Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC). Outside, Mr Bennett's farm workers were "beaten to a pulp".

††††† The WMN also ran extracts from the gritty, but inspirational prison
diary of another friend, Shane Kidd, who suffered beatings and inhuman
conditions after lending his support to the MDC. The articles generated a
considerable public response and, two years on, Kathleen says she feels
stronger - although no less angry - as she works to highlight the brutality
and corruption of the Mugabe regime.

††††† "The articles in the WMN gave me the confidence to fight this," she
said. "At the time I could not trust anyone - I had become dysfunctional
because of the trauma I had suffered.

††††† "Mugabe has sacrificed one generation; now he is sacrificing another -
I am fighting for these children whose hair is turning orange from

††††† Later this year Kathleen will deliver a "torture document" to Downing
Street in yet another attempt to shame the UK Government into action. The
document, containing graphic pictures from the 82 "massacres" allegedly
conducted by the Mugabe regime, is designed to shock.

††††† "This is the annihilation of my race," Kathleen said. "Whether black
or white, I'm a Zimbabwean."

††††† There is little doubt that Zimbabwe is a mess. Robert Mugabe's regime
has resorted to increasing levels of violence and intimidation to cling on
to power. Allegations of corruption are rife. Under the controversial "land
reform" programme, white farmers and their workers have been evicted from
the once rich farmlands of Zimbabwe, which are now derelict. Hundreds of
thousands, perhaps millions, are starving. No one knows how many have been

††††† Many campaigners believe the UK, as the former colonial power, has a
unique responsibility towards the Zimbabwean people. There is little love
lost between the UK Government and Mugabe's regime. But campaigners are
furious that ministers will not do more, or even say more, to bring about
change - failing even to ban an England cricket tour to Zimbabwe later this

††††† Even the EU's travel ban on Mugabe, his ministers and officials has
failed to prevent the regime promoting itself. Last year Mugabe visited
Paris at the invitation of the French President, Jacques Chirac.

††††† Earlier this year campaigners were left deeply frustrated by the
Government's refusal to block a tour of the UK by Gideon Gono, who in the
past was Mugabe's personal banker. Mr Gono, now head of Zimbabwe's central
bank, was in the UK hoping to persuade Zimbabwean expats to send money home
through official channels. Although he is not a member of the ruling
Zanu-PF, many campaigners suspected he was fund-raising for the regime and
should be banned. The Government, however, said he was not on the list of
banned officials and could not be added at short notice.

††††† This from a Government led by a Prime Minister who described Africa as
"a scar on the conscience of the world". It leaves campaigners fuming.

††††† "How many people have to be killed before we speak out?" Kathleen
demanded. "How many children have to be starved? How many women have to be

††††† She is not alone. Andy Woodruff spent a couple of years running a
back-packing lodge in the Chimanimani region of Zimbabwe in the late 1990s,
where he came to know Roy Bennett. Returning to Zimbabwe last year, he was
horrified by what he found.

††††† "Zimbabwe is a forgotten story," he said. "If it was minus ten two or
three years ago, it is minus infinity now - it is appalling.

††††† "When I went back last year I came across quite a few people I knew
well enough. Some were still trying to cling to the last vestiges of
decency, but with others, when I looked into their eyes I just saw a hollow
space. They were just doing whatever they had to do to survive - their
spirit had been drained from them."

††††† Andy has helped set up a new UK organisation, People B4 Politics, to
support the hundreds of thousands of Zimbabweans thought to be living here.
He reckons there could be as many as one million Zimbabweans in Britain,
mostly black and often living on the margins of society. Many are paranoid
about the suspected presence of Mugabe spies in the UK and the possible
impact on their families at home if they are caught doing, or saying, the
wrong things.

††††† "No one knows how many are here," he said. "Most of them get lost in
the Government system of cases and appeals and benefits.

††††† "They are trusting people but they are simply not equipped to survive
over here. Often they get pushed into crime - working in the black market,
prostitution or other crime. They get pushed underground.

††††† "Virtually ever Zimbabwean wants to go back. We want to give people
some support, provide somewhere for them to talk and help people get an
education so that if they do go back they go back with some skills."

††††† The education element is important. Andy, who retains a sense of
optimism despite the gloomy situation, reckons the country could provide a
role model for other troubled African states if Mugabe can be removed and
the people given a chance.

††††† "If Zimbabwe can recover from this situation with the principles of
democracy put back in place then it will fire a broadside across the bows of
every other African leader," he said. "People will feel emboldened to stand
up to their leaders."

††††† It remains a big if. Andy and others concerned by the situation in
Zimbabwe are doing what they can to persuade our politicians, and the media,
to acknowledge the problem at all. But the only Zimbabwe story to make the
news here this year has been cricket.

††††† Cricket matters in Zimbabwe, not least because Mugabe uses the visits
of overseas teams as an opportunity for shameless self-promotion. Recently
there have been allegations of political interference and "racial and ethnic
discrimination" in team selection, with the sacking of the captain, Heath
Streak, and the departure of virtually all the top players.

††††† But a planned series of one-day matches against England is still
scheduled, despite widespread concern about the message it would send.

††††† Andy Woodruff says that although the publicity surrounding the row
about the cricket tour is welcome, the issue itself is a "diversion"
ignoring the fact that millions of Zimbabwean are starving to death.

††††† Although many British politicians from all points of the political
spectrum are concerned about the situation in Zimbabwe, few have much

††††† Neil Parish, Tory MEP for the South West, has tabled numerous
resolutions in the European Parliament and will join Kathleen O'Dea when the
"torture document" is handed to Downing Street.

††††† The MEP has been energised about the situation in Zimbabwe since
acting as an EU observer in the 2000 elections, which were marred by
government-backed violence. But he concedes that there are few solutions
that will not effect those already suffering.

††††† "We need smart sanctions against Mugabe and his regime - stop them
travelling abroad, freeze their overseas assets, make them hurt," he said.

††††† He also recognises the difficulty of forcing Zimbabwe on to the agenda
in a world suffering from compassion fatigue - particularly when Iraq,
Afghanistan, Sudan and others are making their own claims on the world's

††††† "The situation is worse than ever," Mr Parish added. "There are huge
problems with food now, it is not just the white farmers who have gone, the
black farm workers have been driven off as well and there is no one left who
knows how to farm.

††††† "Mugabe and his Zanu-PF have got hold of what food there is, and
unless you are a paid-up member of the party you do not get fed," he
continued. "It is dire, but the tragedy for Zimbabwe is that the world's
attention always seems to be drawn away to somewhere where the situation is
even worse. We just have to keep plugging away, because Zimbabwe matters

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Mail and Guardian

Mwanawasa warns Zim farmers about racism

††††† Lusaka

††††† 09 August 2004 11:44

Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa has warned white farmers who have resettled
from neighbouring Zimbabwe that they will be thrown out if they use speech
that is deemed to be racist, a state-run newspaper reported on Monday.

Mwanawasa, who was touring the Mkushi farming bloc in central Zambia where
most Zimbabwean farmers have resettled, advised them to quickly learn how to
cohabit with Zambians working on their farms, it said.

He said certain words used to rebuke wrongdoers carried racial overtones
when used by white people against locals, the state-run Zambia Daily Mail

"In Britain you can tell [Prime Minister Tony] Blair 'go to hell' but if you
tell [Zambia's Agriculture Minister Mundia] Sikatana 'go to hell' you will
be deported," Mwanawasa was quoted as saying.

The president however told the farmers his government would not seize any of
their property or farms if they were acquired legally.

About 125 Zimbabwean white farmers have settled in Zambia, according to
unofficial figures.

Zambian Land Minister Judith Kapijimpanga recently announced that Lusaka had
not allocated any land to white Zimbabwean farmers but they had bought the
land from locals.

In 2000, Zimbabwe embarked on the controversial reform programme to acquire
millions of hectares of land from whites and redistribute it to blacks.

About 4 500 white farmers owned 70% of prime farmland in the country, but
now only around 500 remain as many have resettled in Zambia, Mozambique,
Uganda and Nigeria or have moved to Australia or New Zealand. - Sapa-AFP
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The Scotsman

††††† Mugabe Attacks 'Lying' Britain and U.S.

††††† "PA"

††††† In his latest outburst at the United States and Britain, President
Robert Mugabe said the reasons for the invasion of Iraq were nothing but

††††† "Those who were telling lies about there being weapons of mass
destruction knew they were telling lies," Mugabe said in a speech to
commemorate guerrillas who died in Zimbabwe's 1972-80 war of independence.

††††† Mugabe has repeatedly claimed that Britain and the United States are
working clandestinely to bring down his government and that their
interference is behind the political and economic chaos in Zimbabwe.

††††† He claims that the opposition Movement for Democratic Change is
bankrolled by British officials angered by the seizure of thousands of
white-owned farms for redistribution to black Zimbabweans - charges denied
by both.

††††† The land reform programme, which Mugabe says is aimed at redressing
colonial injustices, has plunged the country into its worst political and
economic turmoil since independence from Britain in 1980.

††††† The country has experienced widespread political violence and
intimidation. Annual inflation hovers around 400%, and there are critical
shortages of basic goods.
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New Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe cleric unfazed by Mugabe attack

By Staff Reporter
Last updated: 08/09/2004 23:58:05
OUTSPOKEN Zimbabwe Archbishop Pius
Ncube, says he is not scared or intimidated by threats on his person by
senior politicians in the country and will continue speaking out against any
injustice in the troubled Southern African nation.

Ncube spoke after President Mugabe on Friday intensified his attacks on the
him while addressing mourners at the funeral of former governor Mark Dube.
Mugabe accused the eminent cleric of joining hands with the former colonial
power Britain in a "satanic" double effort to oust him from power.

"Dube would never have gone to Britain to invite Blair to please come and
invade his motherland, in the same satanic way Archbishop Pius Ncube and his
opposition colleagues are doing repeatedly today," Mugabe blasted.

However Ncube said he was prepared to die defending the rights of the
voiceless in the country.

"People are suffering and as long as they continue suffering Iam going to
talk," Ncube said. "I can't stop talking because it is a God given duty that
the Church must talk when people are suffering."

He said he would not be deterred and frightened by any threats coming from
politicians and the state media.

"I have been attacked and ridiculed in the state media and politicians are
saying I always make political statements but the truth is that as the
church we shall always talk when there is injustice around us," Ncube
said."People are dying yet the government continues lying saying there is
enough food in the country and millions of people have been forced to flee
the country due to violence and poor governance."

Archbishop Ncube also spoke about his alleged snub on President Mugabe when
he failed to turn up for a scheduled meeting with the 80-year-old leader in
Bulawayo last month.

"The suggestion that I snubbed Mugabe is unfounded since I was informed of
meeting a day before by Governor Obert Mpofu but I requested that the
meeting be held in the afternoon," said Ncube. "I was shocked to be phoned
one oclock in the afternoon and told that the President could not wait
further for me."

President Mugabe had been waiting at State House for more than an hour and
Ncube did not turn up.

Archbishop Ncube has been vocal against Mugabe's regime since the 1980's
when more than 20 000 civilians from the Ndebele minority tribe where
butchered by a special army unit trained by the North Koreans.

The cleric said it was unfortunate that he could not cancel an earlier
church service he was billed to address in the morning at Esigodini,some 100
kilometres from Bulawayo,

"The service was planned four months ago and could not be cancelled just
like that and the planning on the part of the government officials was poor
since I was looking at meeting with President Mugabe between three and four
oclock in the afternoon,"he said.

Asked whether Mugabe had arranged the meeting to silence him Ncube said he
would never be silenced when people are suffering. He also revealed that the
government, at the height of the farm invansions in 2002, offered him a
commercial farm that he turned down.

Ncube said the government sent the late Vice President Joshua Nkomo's wife,
Johanna Mafuyana, with the offer but he turned it down.

"MaFuyane came with the offer and said she had been sent by the government
to offer me the farm but I turned the offer down because I felt that it was
not proper to receive such a gift," Ncube said.

He said the farm he was offered by the government used to belong to
publisher and Zanu PF sympathiser Ibbo Mandaza and is situated in the Turk
Mine of Matabeleland North.

He however said he was still prepared to talk to President Mugabe since he
had already prepared guiding points for the meeting.

"I am still prepared to meet Mugabe despite his feelings about me, already
there is a team of priests that I was suppossed to take with me to meet
Mugabe, the room for the meeting is still open," said Ncube.

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New Zimbabwe

Zanu PF editor at war with Mugabe's spin doctor

By Staff Reporter
Last updated: 08/09/2004 22:17:35
THE battle for the control of Zanu PF has sucked in Lovemore Mataire, the
editor of the party mouthpiece, the Voice who has gone into the trenches on
the side of a growing army fighting the powerful Information Minister
Jonathan Moyo.

Mataire has launched an unprecedented attack on President Robert Mugabe's
spin doctor, describing him as "suffering from a serious megalomania disease
(and) trying to cover up for the time he was on the other side of the
political divide."

Mataire who is believed to favour the anti-Moyo lobby which has Zanu PF
information supremo Nathan Shamuyarira and national chairman John Nkomo in
its ranks was recently described as "ideologically confused" and publishing
"complete falsities" by Moyo.

"It is appalling that an editor of an organ of the ruling party can get it
so wrong," Moyo railed following a story in the Voice which made reference
to informal talks between the ruling Zanu PF and the opposition MDC. Moyo
has always insisted there were never any talks, which differs from what
Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa has said.

Responding to Moyo's statement, Mataire said he would never be dissuaded
from exposing individuals whose actions in Zanu PF were contrary to the
policies of the party and the government.

In an interview with ZimDaily, Mataire described Moyo's disruptive
tendencies within the party as "reactionary psychosis".

"These disorders which persist for the month, at the end, making a mass
attack against the ego, and practically always leaving as their sequel, a
weakness which is almost visible to the naked eye, according to such
evidence, the future of such patients is mortgaged," Mataire blasted.

"People who watching in silence are not stupid or dummies and those who had
skeletons in their cupboards start to huff and puff before creating
unnecessary hullabaloo. Maybe it was high time somebody stood up and said
'Look, indeed the emperor has no clothes'."

Moyo, a former critic of Mugabe's government until he was recruited, has
been waging a personal war against his opponents within the government and
Zanu PF using the public media. He is believed to be positioning himself to
succeed President Mugabe when he retires, but his opponents say he is an
"infiltrator and saboteur" and are seeking to clip his wings.

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New Zimbabwe

Mugabe's spin doctor splashes cash ahead of polls

By Staff Reporter
Last updated: 08/09/2004 23:19:04
ZIMBABWE'S Information Minister Jonathan Moyo has poured over $100 million
in a space of a week in the Tsholotsho constituency in rural Matabeleland as
he intensifies efforts to buy his way into the people's hearts ahead of key
parliamentary elections next March.

Moyo who comes from Tsholotsho, recently made donations totalling $125
million to various institutions in the constituency where he has declared
himself as the sole Zanu PF candidate long before the party's primary
elections are conducted. It is believed the Zanu PF national chairman John
Nkomo has an interest in the sea.

Moyo donated over 700 blankets worth $90 million to several health
institutions and followed that a day later with a donation of two computers
and a printer worth $22,1 million to Tsholotsho hospital.

A few days later the minister followed with another donation of a computer
and printer all worth $13 million to Tsholotsho police.

However questions have arisen on the source of the funds being doled out by
Moyo. Opposition officials want to know if the funds are personal or state

Sources say the total amount of money Moyo has spent in the constituency
since 2002 could be running into billions.

A former Zanu PF legislator who lost the 2000 parliamentary election but
will now contest in Matabeleland South province said if the funds were state
funds it was unfair for Moyo alone to use the funds to his advantage.

"We are soon going to lobby the party's national chairman, John Nkomo, to
investigate where that money is coming from because at the frequency it is
being dished out it definitely can't be personal money and if it is
government money then we should also benefit from the campaign funds," said
the former MP.

Max Mnkandla, the president of Zimbabwe Liberators Peace Initiative (ZLPI)
said the funds were unlikely to be from government, adding that if that was
the case, then they were ill-gotten funds.

Mnkandla said the people of Tsholotsho had indicated that they wanted
national party chairman, John Nkomo, to represent them in the 2005
parliamentary elections, which explains Moyo's antagonism towards Nkomo.

"The people of Tsholotsho have said they want John Nkomo to stand for them
in Tsholotsho but Jonathan Moyo is bulldozing his way into the
constituency," Mnkandla said.

Mtoliki Sibanda, the opposition MDC MP for Tsholotsho, urged a probe into
Moyo's donations.

"The money he is dishing out is clearly not his, he is abusing the
Presidential coffers by virtue of being in the President's office but what
should be investigated," Sibanda said.

The frequency of Moyo's visists to Tsholotsho have increased in recent
weeks, and so has been his benevolence.

Apart from donations made in July, this year alone, Moyo donated medical
equipment worth $28 million before donating 1000 bags of cement worth $40
million to various schools in the constituency.

He donated a further $2 million to cover funeral costs for a chief who died
in Tsholotsho two months ago.

The minister has also established what he termed multi-million dollar
scholarship programme for disadvantaged children in the constituency. Just
last week he launched a football tournament in Tsholotsho to the tune of $15
million using 'personal funds.'

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††††† Streak still pushing player protest 09/08/04
††††† Former skipper intent on arbitration
††††† Deposed Zimbabwean cricket captain Heath Streak is determined to push
on with his players protest despite the current impasse.

††††† The rebel players had resigned themselves to settling their dispute
with the Zimbabwe Cricket Union (ZCU) through arbitration after the
re-election of two members of the board.

††††† Ozias Bvute and Max Ebrahim, who have been at the centre of the rebel
player's complaints, retained their seats on the board at the ZCU's annual
meeting on Friday, with Bvute appointed head of marketing and Ebrahim made
convenor of selectors.

††††† "I'm not surprised that Bvute and Ebrahim are still on the board,"
former Zimbabwe captain Streak told Reuters. "It doesn't change my view in
terms of what I think needs to be done.

††††† "For us, it's about going through that process and getting the best
possible resolution to our problems. That's the only way we're going to
solve things."

††††† Zimbabwe were forced to suspend their Test programme until the end of
the year, following ten consecutive losses by their inexperienced squad who
lost 10 consecutive matches to Sri Lanka and Australia.

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Security of Tenure.

When I grew up in Bulawayo, we were a very poor family. My father was a
rehabilitated alcoholic and my mother was raising a family of 5 on one
salary for most of the time. The first time I owned more than shorts and
shirts and a jersey or two was when I went to College and my elder brother
bought me a blazer. We lived in a government-housing scheme and our homes
were built out of compressed mud with cement plaster. Nothing much to look
at but it was home.

When we first moved there, the district resembled an urban slum, no fences,
broken windows, few gardens and rubbish in the streets. Then one day we got
a notice in the mail - from now on our rentals would become payments under a
new "rent to buy" scheme. In a few years the place would be ours.

Even though I was only a young teenager I will never forget the
transformation that then took place in front of our eyes. In a matter of
months walls were built, gardens planted and people even cleaned the streets
outside their new gates. Homes were painted, windows fixed and then even
more substantial improvements started to appear. And all it took was a short
letter in the mailbox at the end of the drive.

If you look carefully at the satellite images taken of Zimbabwe about 5
years ago, you can see, almost as if they are painted in, the outlines of
the areas occupied under what is called "communal land tenure". This is
because these areas are almost universally over grazed and exhausted by
years of poor management and exploitive systems of agriculture designed in
previous centuries for an environment where there was always an abundance of
empty, virgin land to be occupied. When you had worked the land for a few
years you simply abandoned your pole and dagga huts and moved a few
kilometers to a new site where in a matter of weeks you could re-establish
yourself and grow your basic needs on virgin soils.

I left home at the age of 17 and went to work on a farm, then to College and
University and eventually I worked as an economist with the main
agricultural marketing organisation in the country. I spent some years
working in the "communal areas" and came to know and respect the ordinary
peasant farmers and their families. I also spent some three years in an
early resettlement scheme where we relocated some 250 000 people from over
grazed and exhausted areas in the country to virgin "State Land" in the
Gokwe District.

As a result of this experience I came to appreciate the fact that security
of tenure - in whatever form you find it, is the basic key to development.
Without it, the activities of men simply create new and expanded deserts.

I was also alarmed in those days by the huge disparity in incomes and
quality of life between those who enjoyed security of tenure and those who
did not. I warned farming communities that a barbed wire fence could not
protect them from the pressures created by the crushing poverty of neighbors
denied security by the system they lived under.

Communal land tenure is the norm in Africa and in many countries that became
independent States after a few decades of colonial or settler rule, the new
governments nationalised private land holdings and undermined the tenure
systems introduced by those who had governed before them. In many cases they
extended this principle to all property - not just farmland but also to
industrial and mining activity. The Mulungushi Declaration in Zambia in 1968
is one such example, the actions of the Mozambique and Angola governments in
1975 are another. In Zambia, all investment stopped overnight, farms and
industries closed down and became derelict. In Mozambique and Angola, the
action simply compounded the problems created by the forced flight of
hundreds of thousands of the skilled elite that had run the country before

It is no accident that Africa has the fastest growing deserts in the world.
The Sahara was once the grain basket of North Africa and southern Europe. It
is now a harsh wilderness of sand and rock. It expands southwards every year
and slowly pushes back the boundaries of the Savannah lands that Africa is
so famous for. The desert in Botswana spreads slowly outwards into South
Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia. It is no accident that Africa remains a
continent caught in a poverty and hunger trap from which it seems almost
completely unable, despite all the help it gets, to extract itself.

Subsistence agriculture is just what it says it is - a subsistence form of
economic activity. Where it is conducted under a system that gives the
farmer and his family little or no security, then it also has the added
aspect of being an exploitive system, which will not maintain the fertility
and structures of the soils being used. Such farmers do not behave
irrationally - they farm in their own best interests - but they do not
plough back into their land the resources that are needed to keep it
productive, sowing the seeds of deserts and poverty.

In addition, the millions who live under these conditions become open to
exploitation - by everyone. By NGO's and Aid Organisations, by UN Agencies,
by political elite's and warlords and anyone else who has more power on the
ground than the people who live there. Dictators love landless peasants.
They love homeless people in urban slums, they fear people who have security
and can therefore be independent and can oppose their own exploitation by
ruthless and corrupt minorities.

This week we watched helplessly as the Zimbabwe government continued with
its systematic destruction of security of tenure. Eric Harrison is losing
his small farm -- he bought it 30 years ago and only last year was he
finally free of debt. He is 65 and is now being dispossessed by political
thugs financed and sent by senior figures in Zanu PF who are stealing a Z$3
billion dollar orange crop while the Police watch.† We are witnessing a
hotel resort owner with a 99-year lease on his site, on which he and his
wife have built up a complete infrastructure for tourist visitors and whose
table is well known, being dispossessed by Zanu thugs. They are also in
their 60's and will walk away with nothing. Kondozi farm - 3 000 workers, 5
000 outgrowers, the largest single exporter of fresh vegetables to Europe.
The work of two men - one black, the other white, both Zimbabweans - now
taken over illegally by force. All exports halted and the equipment being
stolen. Billions of dollars of investment have gone down the drain. The
banks left holding billions of dollars of useless debt.

The sentiments of those so dispossessed "we will never put our roots down in
Africa again."

"We are a sovereign State" Mugabe thunders at rallies, yes we all know
that - but with sovereignty comes responsibility and by destroying the
security of tenure in Zimbabwe, rather than extending it to all who seek to
make a living from this countries rich resources, he is undermining the
future of every African on the continent. We will all suffer the
consequences of his folly, rich and poor, white black or brown. He extends
his thesis by saying "we are taking back what is ours and was once taken
from us." Yes, but in doing so he is also making all Zimbabweans poorer and
more vulnerable and is tightening his hold on power as a corrupt and
ruthless dictator.

Eddie Cross
Bulawayo, 7th August 2004
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Zim Online

Mon 9 August 2004

††††† HARARE -† Zimbabwe will appeal to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS,
Tuberculosis and Malaria to reverse its decision to withhold funding from
the country.

††††† Harare was going to approach the Global Fund before the August 18
deadline by which such appeals should be lodged, UNAIDS official Hege Waagan
told ZimOnline. UNAIDS is assisting Zimbabwe with its application for
funding from the Fund.

††††† Waagan said, 'We feel we have a chance. That's why we are appealing.'
The Global Fund is an international partnership, designed to attract and
manage financial resources to fight AIDS, TB and malaria. It was launched
two years ago by the G8 group of industrialised countries following a call
by UN secretary-general Kofi Annan for the creation of a "war chest" to
††††† fight HIV-AIDS.

††††† Two years ago Harare successfully applied for US$14 million from the
Fund. The money, however, still has to be disbursed.

††††† Sources in the donor community said President Robert Mugabe's and his
government's strained relations with the powerful G8 countries may have
influenced the Fund not to approve funding for the country.

††††† The money Zimbabwe is seeking from the Global Fund is to be used to
expand the provision of anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs from the 5 000 people
receiving ARVs now to about 50 000 people within two years.

††††† 'The Global Fund money would have made a major difference in people
accessing treatment. Unless we get other funds we won't be able to do so',
Waagan said.

††††† Zimbabwe has one of the highest HIV/AIDS infection rates in the world
with 25 percent of its 12 million people infected with the virus.† At least
2 000 Zimbabweans die of AIDS related sickness every week. ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Mugabe has "reduced once proud Zimbabwean peasants to paupers" ≠ Moeletsi
Mon 9 August 2004

††††† JOHANNESBURG ≠ Zimbabwe's president Robert Mugabe has reduced the once
proud Zimbabwean peasants to paupers, says Moeletsi Mbeki, deputy
chairperson of the South African Institute of International Affairs.

††††† In a full page article in the Johannesburg daily ThisDay, Mbeki,
brother of South Africa's president Thabo Mbeki, asks why Africans in
sub-Saharan Africa are 'poor and getting poorer, while most people in the
rest of the world are becoming better off'.

††††† Mbeki's starts from the premise that 'the private economy sector is
the driver of modern economic development'. In Africa (with the exception of
South Africa) this sector is 'predominantly made up of peasants and,
secondly, of subsidiaries of foreign-owned multinational corporations'.

††††† 'Who represents the interests of the peasants in Africa today?' Mbeki
asks. 'The answer is nobody.'

††††† 'The one African politician who claims to act in the interests of
peasants, Zimbabwe's president Robert Mugabe, has reduced the once proud and
almost self-sufficient Zimbabwean peasants to paupers who now have to be fed
by the UN's World Food Programme.'

††††† Mbeki makes the point that to be successful the private sector,
peasants included, must be 'free to exchange what they produce without let
or hindrance, and that where they are able to make savings, they are free to
retain those savings and plough them back in improved techniques or in other
investment avenues as they may wish.'

††††† In Africa, however, 'the elite uses its control of the state to
extract the surplus or savings that, if the peasants were free to retain,
they would have invested in improving their production techniques or to
diversify into other economic activities. Through marketing boards, taxation
systems and the like, the political elite diverts these savings to finance
its own consumption and the strengthening of the repressive instruments of
the state.'

††††† In Zimbabwe, the state-controlled Grain Marketing Board (GMB) is the
monopoly maize buyer and distributor in the country, and tax rates are among
the highest in the world.

††††† Mbeki continues: 'A great deal of what Africa's political elites
consume and what the African state consumes is, however, not produced
locally but is rather imported. Elite and state consumption therefore do not
create a significant market for African producers but, instead, act as a
major drain of national savings.

††††† 'This is the secret of Africa's growing impoverishment. The more the
African political elite consolidate their power, the more they strengthen
their hold over the state, the more the peasants become poorer, and the more
the African economies are likely to regress or, at best, mark time.'

††††† Among the remedies Mbeki suggests is the abolishment of the 'so-called
communal land tenure system, which in reality is state land ownership'.
Peasants, he says,† must become 'the real owners of their primary asset,
land' by introducing a freehold system. This is the only way to stop the
'rampant deforestation and accelerating desertification'.

††††† 'Secondly, peasant producers must gain direct access to world markets,
without the political elite acting as the go-between. This means that cash
crops must be auctioned by the producers themselves rather than being sold
first to state-controlled marketing boards.'

††††† Furthermore, Mbeki suggests 'new financial institutions that are
independent of the political elite' such as cooperatives, credit unions, or
savings banks. He calls upon 'foreign donors' to support such initiatives
rather than 'to sustain the political elites and African states with
budgetary support and the like.' ZimOnline

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Zim Online

Selling pills -- fatal trade, or key to survival?
Mon 9 August 2004

††††† BULAWAYO/FRANCISTOWN -† In the dusty township of Lobengula West, in
Bulawayo city, 31-year old Thomas Nkomo (not his real name) lies on a
makeshift bed, exhausted and wasted.

††††† Relatives mill around forlornly. It is evident they have given up hope
Nkomo will recover any time soon. The family does not have money to take him
to hospital. Even if they had the money there is no guarantee drugs will be
available at the government-run Mpilo Hosiptal, the city's biggest public
health institution.

††††† Nkomo is one of an estimated three million Zimbabweans suffering from
HIV/AIDS, out of a total population of 12 million. The epidemic is said to
be killing at least 2 000 sufferers in the country every week.

††††† With the help of donor groups Zimbabwe's cash-strapped government this
year began distributing anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs to patients. But with
only about 5 000 people able to access ARVs provided by the government, the
state's intervention has made little impact.

††††† While government covers half the cost of a month's course, the patient
has to pay the remainder. With the price for a full course ranging from two
to three million Zimbabwe dollars many cannot even dream of being able to
afford it. An average worker takes home about Z$500 000.

††††† Zimbabwe Activists for HIV and AIDS coordinator Believe Dhliwayo last
week told the press that only a few Zimbabweans were benefiting from donor
supported ARV programmes.

††††† But just across the Zimbabwe/Botswana border, 200 kilometers
south-west of Bulawayo, the situation is different. In Botswana ARVs are
easily available.

††††† And the enterprising on both sides of the frontier have been quick to
spot a chance to make a fast buck smuggling the drugs into Zimbabwe where
demand far outstrips supply.

††††† Middle-aged Ndodana Moyo at Plumtree border post on the Zimbabwean
side told ZimOnline he was running a 'thriving business' smuggling ARV drugs
from a government hospital in the Botswana town of Francistown into

††††† 'I am aware that this is illegal but I believe it is for a good cause
too. We are assisting people living with HIV and AIDS.'

††††† Dozens of other Zimbabweans, like Moyo, clandestinely buy drugs from
health officials in Botswana and sometimes South Africa. The drugs are
smuggled through the porous border and resold in Zimbabwe at lower prices
than those at hospitals and drug stores.

††††† Moyo explains that many beneficiaries of his smuggled drugs are the
poor, who are unable to afford to buy from the clinics or pharmacies.

††††† He says he was introduced into the business by a Botswana government
health worker who offered to supply him with the drugs. 'I was staying with
this man. He works at Nyagabgwe hospital in Francistown. He used to tell me
if I had a sick relative, he could get ARVs for me.'

††††† Moyo says at first he was reluctant, fearing the man might sell him
counterfeit drugs that would further endanger the lives of his prospective
customers. After some time evaluating the potentially money spinning venture
Moyo says he decided to give it a try.

††††† He bought a month's supply of tablets and gave them to a relative who
suffers from HIV/AIDS.

††††† A couple of months later the relative began to show signs of
improvement. That was the signal Moyo wanted.

††††† Today he says he has regular customers, none of whom can afford to
skip treatment. From a business point of view Moyo's market continues to
expand as the dreaded virus spreads.

††††† As he buys the drugs for between P60 and P100 (or about Z$70,000 to
Z$120,000) Moyo makes a huge profit because he sells the medicine, he says,
for anything between Z$400,000 to Z$600,000.

††††† This may seem excessive for a month's supply, but it is still cheaper
than what patients must pay at the pharmacies.

††††† It is an offence for anyone to sell drugs without being licensed to do
so by the state. But it is a risk Moyo and many others are prepared to take.

††††† At Nyagabgwe hospital, where Moyo gets his supplies for his illicit
operation, a government official said the state-provided ARVs were not for
sale to anyone regardless of nationality: 'Each month we get a certain
allocation of drugs enough for the hospital's patients. That some are
finding their way on to the black market means some people are not receiving
their monthly course.'

††††† The government official, who did not want to be named, added that it
was not safe for unqualified people like Moyo to distribute ARVs because
recipients needed constant monitoring by doctors or nurses. But judging by
Moyo's thriving drugs business it is clear safety is something some
terminally ill patients are prepared to forgo. ZimOnline

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The Herald

State slams Standard story on alleged food shortages

Herald Reporter
GOVERNMENT has dismissed as false a story carried in yesterday's issue of
The Standard newspaper claiming that several people in Bulawayo had died
owing to food shortages.

"Government is dismayed by a report in today's edition of The Standard
claiming several deaths in Bulawayo which the British-fronted tabloid
newspaper alleges are due to 'food shortages' in the country," said the
Department of Information and Publicity in the Office of the President and

"The political motives behind this claim, which draws from minutes of the
MDC-controlled City of Bulawayo, are as ignoble as they are obvious."

The Government said the country was not facing food shortages.

"Zimbabwe does not face any food shortages, as alleged by Bulawayo's
British-sponsored MDC mayor, Mr Japhet Ndabeni-Ncube, and his Health
Department director, Dr Zanele Hwa-lima, believed to be associated with the
British-backed so-called Doctors for Human Rights and whose report makes no
reference to death certificates indicating the actual causes of the alleged
deaths," the Government said in a statement.

"Hoping to catch the attention of select Western countries known to be
hostile to Zimbabwe, as well as validate similar claims by Archbishop Pius
Ncube - himself quite unwell - the Bulawayo mayor seems unaware that he
heads a lower tier of Government, not an NGO (non-governmental
organisation); indeed unaware that as a City Father wielding executive
powers in the Municipality of Bulawayo, his responsibility is towards
ensuring that improved food availability at national level translates to
greater food accessibility for urban families in the City of Bulawayo."

The Government, said the Depart-ment, introduced the office of executive
mayor in metropolitan governance for ensuring that urban councils
countrywide effectively harness proceeds from ratepayers towards fighting
urban poverty, thereby raising welfare levels in the cities.

"Any council that fails in this regard undermines its raison d'Ítre and thus
does not deserve a day longer in office.

"Accordingly, Government, through the Ministries of Local Government and
National Housing, Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare and Health and
Child Welfare, is going to institute a thorough investigation to establish
the truth about this matter which, if found to be true, would point to
punishable gross negligence and unfatherly and inhuman conduct on the part
of the Bulawayo City Fathers," the Department said.

The Department said Government would take action against a public figure who
turns to falsehoods to gain political notice by demonising the country, or
falsifies records of serious council business to arrest the political
misfortunes of his or her party to the detriment of national security and

"It is cynical and highly irresponsible for the Mayor to seek to use the
poor who expect safety nets from his council, to make a case for MDC-serving
NGOs funded by well-known anti-Zimbabwe Western donor nations working
through the United Nations World Food Programme," the Department added.

The Government also reminded the media of its obligation to verify
information before publishing it as publication of falsehoods, however
well-sourced, remain falsehoods, and thus punishable in terms of the laws of
the land.

The paper claimed that more than 62 people had died in Bulawayo as a result
of food shortages.

The newspaper quoted minutes of a council meeting in its story where, it
said, the most affected were children who, it said, had died of

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This Day, Nigeria

Dateline: 09/08/2004 11:52:10
††††† Kwara Govt Allays Fears on Zimbabwean Farmers
††††† From Tunde Sanni in Ilorin


††††† Kwara State Government has allayed fears of host communities of the
white farmers initiative that they would not be dispossessed of their lands
by the Zimbabwean farmers.

††††† Commissioner for Justice and Attorney General, Alhaji Saka Abimbola
Issa who allayed the fears, assured that the government has ensured that
communities involved in the initiative are not run over by the white

††††† Issa who appeared before the state assembly defended that the pact
signed with Allen Jack, the leader of Commercial Farmers Union (CFU) of
Zimbabwe did not include the Certificate of Occupancy (C of O) and the
Rights of Occupancy (R of O).

††††† The commissioner listed the seven part agreement named, Collaborative
Agricultural Agreement (CAA) which he noted replaced the initial Memorandum
of Understanding (MOU) the governor signed with Jack.

††††† The commissioner confirmed that the land leased to the white farmers
was for 25 years in the first instance renewable after for another 25 years.

††††† Citing paragraph 3 (a) of the pact, Issa said a thousand hectares of
land each was granted to each of the 35 farmers for 25 years.

††††† The legal luminary submitted that parts of the agreement dealt with
the loan granted to the farmers while the final part deals in the dispute

††††† The commissioner revealed that the pact foresaw the neglect of local
farmers and has made adequate case for them.

††††† The case the pact made for the local farmers, Issa explained was in
the area of being taught the modern techniques and new technologies which
will be transferred to the local farmers to boost food production.

††††† In his testimony on the floor of the assembly, the chairman of the
Apex Farmers Association of Nigeria (AFAN), Chief Samuel Gbadebo lauded the
white farmers initiative of the Saraki Administration.

††††† He denounced allegation of marginalisation of the local farmers in the
scheme of things in the state and declared the to farmers support for the
activities of the Zimbabwean farmers in the state.
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