The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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SACC says loan to Zimbabwe will be immoral

August 10, 2005, 05:00

The South African Council of Churches (SACC) says a multi-billion rand loan
to Zimbabwe will be morally unforgivable if the Zimbabwean government
continues to cause people's suffering.

This emerged in a meeting between the South African Council of Churches and
President Thabo Mbeki held in Pretoria last night.

The meeting followed a request by the SACC to have an audience with Mbeki to
discuss the United Nations report on Zimbabwe's controversial urban clean-up

Last month the UN released a scathing report denouncing the campaign,
stating it had left 700 000 Zimbabweans homeless and destitute.
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The Times

            August 10, 2005

            Performer risks all to publicise oppression
            By Jack Malvern, Arts Reporter

            A ZIMBABWEAN performer at the Edinburgh Fringe risked his life
yesterday by speaking out against President Mugabe's oppression of his
            Gilbert Douglas was forced by police to destroy his own home in
Zimbabwe as part of a national "clean-up" campaign that has displaced
thousands of Zimbabweans who lived in densely populated suburbs.

            Despite losing his home and needing to find a place for his wife
and children to live, he managed to attend rehearsals for Tambuka so that he
could perform at the Fringe.

            He is one of six performers who have had their homes torn down
at the instigation of the Government. The other performers have declined to
speak to the press because they fear reprisals from the Zimbabwe Criminal
Investigation Office.

            Mr Douglas, a dancer, said that he had nothing left to lose. "I
already lost my home. What can be worse than that? I am past fear of talking
to the press. The world has to hear of what happened to us in Zimbabwe."

            He said that the worst part was being made to destroy his home
himself. "Police told people to destroy their homes or they would be beaten
up. If we were to fight back then there would have been an uprising. We don't
want an uprising. We want to find a solution through other means. People
were not in the mood for fighting back. They are too scared." Mr Douglas and
his family had to share a three-room house with 16 other people.

            He believes that the international community must step in to
force the governing Zanu (PF) party to work with the Opposition. The
situation has become worse since the Government forced non-governmental
organisations (NGOs), which supported the people, to move their operations
to South Africa. "Because of new laws put in place by the Government it has
become very difficult for NGOs to help a Zimbabwean," he said.

            British authorities have been more concerned that the performers
do not seek asylum. Visa applications were rejected at the last minute and
were rescued only when Rory Kilalea, the show's producer, and William
Burdett-Coutts, the director of the Assembly Rooms venue, made guarantees
that the performers would return home.

            Mr Kilalea, a former newsreader and film location fixer in
Zimbabwe, said that none of the cast from Tambuka or its sister show Sing!
Zimbabwe wished to remain in Britain. They wanted to return to their
families, he said.

            But he said that the cast faced a very real danger on their

            "There are definite potential ramifications if anyone is seen to
be talking to the press," he said. "The Criminal Investigation Office has
agents everywhere. Fear stalks the land. People can simply disappear."

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Business Day

Mugabe, MDC in war of words on loan conditions
Karima Brown, Jacob Dlamini,Dumisani Muleya and Hopewell Radebe


ZIMBABWE's opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) yesterday
undermined the basis of President Robert Mugabe's apparent rejection of a
South African bale-out for his country, saying it would not insist on
bilateral talks with the ruling Zanu (PF) as a condition for the assistance.

MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube said his party had "never demanded
bilateral talks with Zanu (PF)" or "asked to be in a government of national
unity with Mugabe's regime".

The MDC's move comes a week before a possible South African cabinet
announcement of an agreement with Zimbabwe on the financial bale-out.

Ncube's statement indicates that the MDC position supports the conditions
laid down by SA in return for the bale-out, estimated to be worth $500m.
Cabinet agreed "in principle" last week to aid the Zimbabweans, but said
this should be tied to long-term economic and constitutional reforms
involving civil society, business, labour and political parties.

Responding to Mugabe's statement on Monday that Zimbabwe would not accept
South African aid if it depended on dialogue with the MDC, Ncube said: "We
have never demanded bilateral talks with Zanu (PF).

"We have also never asked to be in a government of national unity with
Mugabe's regime. But we can't have national consensus without national
discourse. It's nonsensical to think Zanu (PF) can talk to itself."

Mugabe told a rally in Harare at the weekend that Zanu (PF) would not sit
down for "so-called talks with the MDC", and that it would not accept aid if
it had strings attached. Last week, Zanu (PF) spokesman Nathan Shamuyarira
said his party would not talk to the MDC.

Analyst Nic Borain said last week that Mugabe was posturing.

But other analysts said Mugabe's and Shamuyarira's statements amounted to a
rejection of President Thabo Mbeki's terms for the loan.

Mugabe's former spokesman, Jonathan Moyo, said yesterday that Mugabe had put
Mbeki in a tight spot.

Analyst Lovemore Madhuku said Mbeki's diplomacy was in trouble. "There is
misplaced optimism SA can actually put conditions to a loan and Mugabe will
accept that. He won't. Mugabe has never and still does not want national
dialogue," Madhuku said.

Mugabe, denied significant support by the Chinese, has had to turn to SA,
analysts say. A loan deal, struck last week between Finance Minister Trevor
Manuel and his Zimbabwean counterpart, Herbert Murerwa, awaits Mugabe's

Economist Eric Bloch said SA had merely stated the obvious to Mugabe. "They
have not really imposed conditions, but expect Zimbabwe to take measures to
ensure economic and political stability," he said.

Adam Habib, of the Human Sciences Research Council, said the challenge for
Mbeki was to devise penalties on Mugabe if he reneged on the loan
conditions. Habib said Mbeki, who has come under pressure from his allies
and the Democratic Alliance (DA) to take the country into his confidence on
the deal, could not conduct talks in public.

He said the DA could use Parliament to make Mbeki account for the deal.
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New Zimbabwe

Mugabe should take constitutional exit

President Robert Mugabe told Heroes' Day crowds Monday that he would rather
talk to British Prime Minister Tony Blair than his main opposition rival
Morgan Tsvangirai, whom he describes as Blair's puppet. Tsholotsho MP and
former Information Minister Professor Jonathan Moyo expresses shock at
Mugabe's statements

By Professor Jonathan Moyo
Last updated: 08/10/2005 11:26:49
PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe's widely reported remarks categorically refusing to
dialogue with Zimbabweans and preferring instead to talk to British Prime
Minister Tony Blair is the clearest indication that he has lost grip of the
deteriorating political and economic crisis in the country and that he now
lacks the necessary leadership, vision, understanding and capacity to
resolve the crisis. He clearly now needs to find a constitutional way out of
office as a matter of urgency.
It is outrageous and objectionable in the extreme for President Mugabe to
proclaim, in a manner reminiscent of sell out chiefs in the colonial era who
thought only they and not their subjects had the sole right to talk to
imperialists, that he would rather dialogue with the Prime Minister of
Zimbabwe's former colonial master than talk to Zimbabweans. The loud and
clear message that comes from his reactionary stance is that he does not
trust Zimbabweans but that he trusts the very same Tony Blair who was the
object of Zanu PF's election campaign, dubbed anti-Blair" only four months
ago in March.

If Mugabe does not trust Zimbabweans to the point of not wanting to talk to
them, then he clearly has no business being their President. The matter is
that simple.

The media quoted Mugabe saying yesterday that Zimbabwe's national heroes
"sacrificed their lives to free our country and its people from British
imperialism" and that "he who courts that imperialism and goes to bed with
it is worse than a traitor to those people who sacrificed their lives to
free this country".

Well and good but if this is true, why then does President Mugabe want to
talk to Tony Blair in Britain and not to his suffering compatriots in
Zimbabwe? Is it Mugabe's position that he is the only Zimbabwean who has an
unchallengeable right "to court British imperialism and to go to bed with
 it" by talking to Tony Blair when history and pathetic circumstances on the
ground beckon that he must swallow his wounded pride and talk to fellow
Zimbabweans for the common good of the country?

With the country's economy having hit rock bottom with chronic shortages of
food, fuel and electricity, medical drugs, foreign currency while 70% of
Zimbabweans live under the poverty datum line and some 75% are unemployed
while at least 18% of the population has had their homes or livelihood or
both destroyed by Mugabe's government under a sinister so-called cleanup
campaign that has engulfed the whole country, there is no amount of
reactionary bravado or colonial wish to talk to Blair that will save Mugabe
from the inevitable fact that he and his government have failed the nation
beyond recovery.

The only option left for Mugabe and his Zanu PF government is to take an
early constitutional exit by resigning now and giving Zimbabweans a
peaceful, democratic and constitutional opportunity to talk to each other
and resolve the country's worst crisis in living memory.
Professor Jonathan Moyo, is MP for Tsholotsho Constituency

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The Herald

Indonesian delegation to explore investment opportunities

Business Reporter
AN Indonesian delegation will next week tour the country to explore business
and investments opportunities as the "Look East" policy gathers momentum.

The delegation will be hosted by the Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce.

ZNCC chief executive Mr Innocent Makwiramiti told Herald Business in an
interview that the business delegation seeks to establish business
opportunities in Zimbabwe.

"This is part of investment promotion on behalf of us," he said. Zimbabwe
and Indonesia have always enjoyed good bilateral relationship in various
areas of economic development and we hope their mission Zimbabwe will bear

Since the Government deliberately embarked on the Look East policy following
unprecedented rejection from the Western and European countries over the
Harare's land reform programme, the country has registered a surge in
investment, notably form China and India. Investments have been recorded in
various sectors of the economy which include mining, manufacturing,
agriculture and tourism.

Zimbabwe has also successfully tapped into new Asian markets following its
participation at the Achi Expo in Japan which ends next month.

"The business tour will also provide opportunities for local business to
enter into business partnership that will eventually promote growth," said
Mr Makwiramiti.
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Source: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

Date: 08 Aug 2005

 Zimbabwe: Helping the people hit hardest by evictions
By James Elder

HARARE, Zimbabwe, 8 August 2005 - Barbara Fero has always been a survivor.
Having overcome poverty to raise her nine-year-old disabled daughter after
the death of her husband - all while living with HIV/AIDS - Barbara felt she
could surmount any challenge.

But in June her home in the working-class suburb of Mbare was demolished as
part of what the Zimbabwe Government calls a 'clean up' campaign.

"Since the evictions I have been constantly sick," she says. "I do not have
a place to take a rest, I can not afford adequate meals, I am on ARV
[anti-retroviral] treatment and I can not afford to get my next monthly
supply. My daughter, Elaine, needs to be accompanied to her school as the
transport is no longer reliable and I do not have money."

Enter the United Nations: In partnership with a local NGO, UNICEF is
assisting Barbara and her daughter with blankets, cooking pots and soap.
More importantly, Barbara is one of more than 100 women who are members of
the Zimbabwe Parents of Children with Disabilities Association.

More than half a million made homeless

The Association is receiving key emergency humanitarian assistance. UNICEF
will fund the location of rental accommodation for affected families with
disabled children, pay their rent, and provide support for transportation
and income generation projects.

"It's more than what I could hope for," says Barbara, "it's exactly what we

Barbara is one of more than half a million people made homeless by the
Zimbabwe Government's Operation Murambatsvina. According to the Government,
the Operation is aimed at "cleaning up cities and fighting the black market
across Zimbabwe."

The situation has been exacerbated by the fact that Zimbabwe is grappling
with the combined effects of its worst economic crisis since independence in
1980, a drought, an HIV/AIDS pandemic and the world's fastest rise in child

Demand for help outstrips supply

UNICEF, the United Nations World Food Program (WFP), the International
Office of Migration (IOM), the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society and local
non-governmental organizations are providing hundreds of thousands of people
with protection from the cold (blankets and plastic sheeting), sanitation
facilities, food, and shelter. These organizations are also providing
chronically ill people with supplies for home-based care.

But as UNICEF's Representative in Zimbabwe, Dr. Festo Kavishe, points out,
demand continues to outstrip supply. "We have been working around the clock
for the better part of three months and are improving the situation for tens
of thousands, but such is the gravity of the situation that we are asking
the international community to support the people of Zimbabwe."

Despite the current shortfall in international aid, humanitarian agencies
are expanding their operations all across the country to meet the
challenges. UNICEF is now helping organize additional mobile medical clinics
and planning the distribution of more blankets and shelter materials for
children and their families. An IOM/UN-Habitat pilot project is underway to
provide accommodation for more people.

As Barbara prepares to take her belongings to a new home, she says, "I still
have much to fight for. My daughter is my world and I will keep going for
her. This support gives me strength."
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UN Emergency Relief Office Prepares Zimbabwe Package By Patience Rusere
      09 August 2005

United Nations emergency relief officials are in talks with the government
of Zimbabwe to organize humanitarian aid for the victims of Harare's
May-July slum clearance drive, known locally as Operation Murambatsvina, or
"Drive Out Rubbish." A U.N. report on the eviction, demolition and
resettlement campaign concluded that the "disastrous" policy left some
700,000 Zimbabweans without home or livelihood - or both.

The U.N. Office of Emergency Relief will appeal to international donors
within days, the the office's New York spokeswoman Stephanie Bunkers said in
an interview with reporter Patience Rusere of VOA's Studio 7 for Zimbabwe.
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Zimbabwe may get food today

August 10, 2005, 08:15

The trucks carrying food aid to Zimbabwe may possibly cross Beit Bridge
today, says Molefe Tsele, the general-secretary of the South African Council
of Churches (SACC).

Tsele says the President Thabo Mbeki said last night that they will receive
"whatever assistance is needed".

"We regarded it as an urgent matter ... we could not even wait a day. Our
wish is for stability; to seek political resolutions to their (Zimbabwe's)
problems," Tsele said.

Aid of 37 tons of food and 4 500 blankets, donated as part of the SACC's
Operation Hope campaign, have been blocked for a week due to red tape. The
Zimbabwean government asked for certificates that the donated maize is not
genetically modified.

Loan details
The presidency has meanwhile said that it would make the details of a
proposed loan to Zimbabwe public later this month.

Murphy Morobe, the head of communications at the presidency, has downplayed
reports of a snub by Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwean president, by refusing some
conditions of the loan. "Zimbabweans need to be the masters of their own
fate. South Africa's role is that of facilitator."

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11 August, every year is the time we reflect our revolutionary beliefs for
which our forebears fought for and pay allegiance to the fallen heroes of
all times. Every nation draws its pride and strength from its historical
past of vanguard sons and daughters whose contribution to economic, social
and political cohesion merits thus. Zimbabwe although in limbo is no
exception. We have our heroes and villains. While we owe the reversal of
imperialism to our heroes, political independence remains elusive as
villains continue to clog the wheels of fortunes with disastrous political
quagmire. Today, 25 years have passed, we remain 1 step forward and 10 step

Who is then a hero and who is a villain? We salute the sons and daughters
whose bodies lay scattered world wide in pursuit of freedom for Zimbabwe.
The beacon of our grief and pride is the tomb of the unknown soldier.
Unknown, because we remain ignorant of their resting places and anguish they
went through as they met their gruesome death. Josia Magamba Tongogara,
Ziyapapa Moyo, Chief Rekai Tangwena, George Silundika, Leopold Takawira,
Herbet Chitepo, Joshua Nkomo, Ndabaningi Sithole, Jairos Jiri and Sally
Mugabe just to mention a few. Zimbabwe is littered with heroes too many to
mention whose heroism has been erased because of politics of patronage. Who
should declare one a hero or a villain has always been a cause for concern
given the irony that villains have given themselves power of attorney over
the issue, neither you nor me will ever be heroes no matter what impact we
will bring to Zimbabwe. The only person living who is assured of a place at
National Hero's Acre is Robert Mugabe, who has already booked a grave in his
solemn name. How does Mugabe know that he will die a hero? Where do we draw
a line between a true hero and one fallen from grace? Lets look at the
definition of a hero, the Collins English dictionary define a hero as a man
(sic) distinguished by exceptional courage, nobility and fortitude. By all
purpose it includes consistent high morals coupled with a positive
contribution to national building and values, surely the same can not be
said of my grandfather Robert Mugabe.

Every Zimbabwean will find it difficulty to deny that Mugabe is liberator
cum dictator. Liberator because he is and dictator because will continue to
be. Mugabe used to be my political icon, actually if there is person who
gave me a positive influence into joining the turbulent world of politics
then its Mugabe himself. I wanted to understand him and I have to admit he
has been too elusive for my academic taste. We Zimbabwean missed a golden
chance in 1980, we should have rehabilitated Mugabe and a transition from
bush to office must not have been left to the grace of God alone. Mugabe
knows what is right for Zimbabweans and so is ZANU (PF) but the problem that
we have is that they seem to have found a new school of politics, arrogance
and brutal, despotic and myopic.  Otherwise there is no justifiable reason
why the butterfly Mugabe of 1980 should be the poisonous larvae of today. As
far as I am concerned, there are no heroes left in the ZANU (PF) of today.
Mugabe's combative threats to what he called hypocrisy within his party
criticising the operation clean up, highlights a new understanding of what
is going on in the closed doors of ZANU (PF). Mugabe behaves like a School
Headmaster who bullies his pupils wily nily. He accepts no advice and takes
no nonsense from his cabinet or perceived advisers. He is in full control of
his demise.

As we morn our heroes let us worn our tormentors that we fully take them
responsible for our anguish knowing very well that history is on our side.

Elliot Pfebve

Lecturer and Political Analyst.
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