The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Mugabe: Zim needs the East
15/08/2004 20:48  - (SA)

Harare - Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe on Sunday vowed to defy
sanctions imposed on him and his government associates by western countries,
saying the country can make it without support from the West.

"We just can't mourn and bemoan because the West are imposing sanctions
against us. We must be able to find ways of surviving," Mugabe said in an
interview with his ruling Zanu-PF party's mouthpiece, the Voice.

"There are countries that have had worse sanctions than ourselves, like
Cuba. But there they continued going and the people are even more united,"
he said in an interview published here on Sunday.

Mugabe last year announced that he would not bother trying to deal with the
US and countries in the EU, particularly former colonial ruler Britain, and
would turn his attention to the East for trade, aid, investment and even

"The West is not the only source of assistance, nor is it the only area of

"Time has now come not just for Zimbabwe but for the Third World to realise
that the sun rises in the East. Let's look to the East where the sun rises.

"That's where the majority of the people of this world are, that's where we
also get the greatest support because the East is the Third World.

"It sees things the same way we see them, thinks as we do, dreams as
ourselves, so they are our greatest friends," he said.

The 80-year-old leader and 95 other officials of his party and government
are under a travel ban to the EU and the US.

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From The Sunday Times (SA), 15 August

SADC won't punish Zimbabwe

Despite damning report, sanctions are not on

Sthembiso Msomi

Mauritius - Southern African ministers are to re commend that no action be
taken against Zimbabwe despite a recent African Union report detailing human
rights abuses committed by President Robert Mugabe's government. In a report
prepared ahead of tomorrow's Heads of State summit, the Southern African
Development Community's foreign affairs ministers say they are opposed to
sanctions but propose that the region should be more active in ensuring that
Zimbabwe's parliamentary elections in March next year are fair. "We remain
opposed to sanctions as we believe that they impact negatively on the
poor... We are committed to work within SADC organs to help the Zimbabweans
find a solution to their situation," the council of ministers recommends.
Zimbabwe has faced renewed regional attention since the release of a damning
report by the AU Human Rights Commission detailing the government's role in
violence and inti midation. The Zimbabwean government has refused to
recognise the report, saying it was never given an opportunity to give its
side of the story. Despite the AU last month giving Zimbabwe two weeks to
reply to the report, Foreign Affairs Minister Stan Mudenge appears to be in
no hurry to do so.

The presidents of the 13 SADC member states, who include President Thabo
Mbeki, begin a two-day meeting in Mauritius tomorrow where the political
situation in Zimbabwe, the recent attempted coup in the Democratic Republic
of Congo and the creation of a regional standby force to maintain peace in
the region are expected to top the agenda. The summit is also expected to
adopt guidelines for future elections and decide on Madagascar's application
for SADC membership. The election guidelines, which insist on the
establishment of electoral bodies that are independent of the state, will
come into effect before Zimbabwe's parliamentary elections. But despite
Zimbabwean electoral laws being in clear contravention of some of the
guidelines, government officials say Mugabe will vote in favour of the
guidelines on Tuesday. Critics of the guidelines point out that they set out
no punitive measures. The start of the summit will also mark the start of
South Africa's one-year term as chair of the SADC organ on politics, defence
and security. Deputy Foreign Affairs Minister Aziz Pahad says Mbeki's first
task as chairman of this organ will be to visit the Democratic Republic of
Congo later this month to discuss the conflict in the Great Lakes Region.

The summit will be the last regional gathering to be attended by Mozambican
President Joaquim Chissano and Namibian President Sam Nujoma. The two men,
who will step down when their countries go to the polls later this year,
will bid formal farewells at the summit. But the celebratory spirit was
spoilt on Friday when Foreign Affairs Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
angrily told ministers of the other member states to remain behind during a
lunch break. She was unhappy that some had held a meeting on Thursday where
they decided to remove the SADC's executive secretary, Prega Ramsamy, and
replace him with a Lesotho candidate. Dlamini-Zuma argued that the Thursday
meeting, chaired by Lesotho, should not have taken place in the absence of
South Africa and a number of other member countries. Following South
Africa's intervention, Ramsamy's successor will now be chosen when his term
expires next March.
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Zim Online

Mon 16 August 2004

      BULAWAYO - More than 5 000 families in Matobo district could starve as
they wait for the Zimbabwe government to permit food agencies to provide
food relief. The food is stored in Bulawayo,  just 60 kilometers away.

      Emaciated villagers told ZimOnline during a tour of the area that two
international agencies which used to feed the community stopped their aid in
June. World Vision and Christian Care at the time said they were complying
with government regulations.

      Under stringent laws governing food relief operations non-governmental
organisations (NGOs) are required to seek clearance first before they can
provide assistance to hungry people.

      World Vision¹s spokesman Stewart Muchapera confirmed that they had
temporarily suspended aid to Matobo while awaiting government approval to
resume operations in the area.

      Muchapera said, "We have not pulled out but only suspended operations
in line with the government's demands. We shall be starting any time if we
are cleared soon. Only the government knows why it is delaying and there is
nothing we can do although we know the situation on the ground."

      The World Vision official said the group had food it was keeping at
its offices in Bulawayo, and which it could deliver to the hungry in Matobo
as soon as it got the green light to do so.

      Christian Care could not be reached for comment.

      Angeline Masuku (ZANU PF), the governor of Matabeleland South
Province, under which Matobo falls,  said she alerted Social Welfare
Minister Paul Mangwana about hunger in the area. She said she was also at a
loss to understand why Mangwana, who must authorize aid organisations to
provide food, had not done so yet.

      "My province is naturally dry and people are bound to starve as they
already are this year. But I cannot tell you why they are not being fed
because I presented that case to the government Minister responsible for
Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare ( Mangwana) and it is now entirely
up to him to allow NGOs to give them aid, not me," Masuku said.

      In Matobo, 52-year old father of seven, Wilson Dube, told ZimOnline:
"Look, I am not employed and as you can see, there is nothing that I managed
to reap from the fields. I do not have money to buy food for my children.
But I must find the money not only to buy food but to pay next term's school
fees for the children."

      As well as looking after his own family Dube must also feed his late
sister's  two children. Dube says his sister, who was a single parent, died
of AIDS but he fears his nephews might die of hunger if aid does not come

      A nurse at the local clinic said cases of malnutrition related
diseases among both children  and adults were increasing. But there had been
no deaths due to starvation yet, she said.

      "We attend to many young and old people here every day. They will be
complaining of various ailments like headaches and diarrhoea, but from our
experience, most of this is actually because of hunger,²  said the nurse,
who spoke on condition she was not named.

      The main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party and
international food relief groups accuse President Robert Mugabe and his
government of withholding food from opposition supporters as punishment for
not backing the government. The government denies the charge.

      Mugabe and ZANU PF lost to the MDC in Matobo constituency in the last
two elections held in 2000 and 2002. ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Only war vets to stand for ZANU PF in election ­ according to war vets
Mon 16 August 2004

      MASVINGO - Veterans of Zimbabwe's liberation war here say they will
only allow individuals who fought in the1970's bush campaign to represent
the ruling ZANU PF party in next years' general election.

      Non-combatants need to step down, provincial war veterans' leader
Kudzai Mbudzi told ZimOnline: "We have in fact identified replacements for
these political soldiers of fortune and we are not going back."

      He said,Foreign Affairs Minister Stan Mudenge would be barred from
standing in the election because he did not participate in the war. Mbudzi
added that he himself would replace Mudenge as the ZANU PF candidate for the
Masvingo North constituency.

      Other ministers who could lose their seats if the war veterans carry
out their threat include Deputy Minster of Education Isiah Shumba and Shuvai
Mahofa, Deputy Minister of Youth Development and responsible for running the
controversial National Youth Service Training Programme. This programme has
been accused of producing violent militias who terrorise the government's
political opponents.

      Mbudzi said members of the Zimbabwe Association of Political Detainees
and Restrictees and the Zimbabwe Liberation National War Collaborators will
also be permitted to represent ZANU PF in the poll.

      If President Robert Mugabe wanted to allow Mudenge to continue serving
as minister he would have to appoint him as a non-constituent Member of

      Under Zimbabwe's constitution only Members of Parliament (MP) can be
appointed ministers. The constitution allows the president to appoint 30
individuals of his choice to the 150-member House. Mugabe has in the past
used the provision to reward loyal followers.

      War veterans are seen as a vital component in ZANU PFs election
campaign machinery. ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Zimbabwe in no hurry to respond to damning human rights report ­ says AU
Mon 16 August 2004

      JOHANNESBURG - Zimbabwe has not yet responded to a damning African
Commission on Human and People's Rights report and is not likely to do so in
a hurry.

      AU spokesman Desmond Orjiako told ZimOnline in an interview, "The AU
did not give Zimbabwe an ultimatum or deadline to respond. The country is
not under pressure to respond within any given time frame."

      Asked what would happen at the next AU summit in October, Orjiako
said, "The matter will not even come up for discussion at the next AU
summit. It can only be discussed if a member state raises the issue."

      The Commission's  report, released at the AU's summit in Addis Abba
last month, strongly criticised the Zimbabwe government for turning a blind
eye on political violence, lawlessness and human rights violations
perpetrated mostly by militants of the ruling ZANU PF party.

      The summit did not adopt or discuss the report after Zimbabwe
government officials protested saying they had not been given a chance to
respond to the Commission's findings. AU leaders deferred the matter to
allow Harare time to give its side of the story.

      Apparently,  the Commission had sent a copy of the report to
Zimbabwe's Justice Ministry when AU protocol requires the document to have
been sent to Foreign Affairs Minister Stan Mudenge.

      At the time Mudenge publicly declared that the government would
respond to the document within two weeks. Mudenge could not be reached
yesterday to find out when Harare intends to submit its response.

      In its report, the commission observed "that Zimbabwean society is
highly polarized. It is a divided society with deeply entrenched positions.
The land question is not in itself the cause of division. It appears that at
heart is a society in search of the means for change and divided about how
best to achieve change after two decades of dominance by a political

      It further stated that "the Government cannot wash its hands from
responsibility" for human rights violations.  "It is evident that a highly
charged atmosphere has been prevailing, many land activists undertook their
illegal actions in the expectation that government was understanding and
that police would not act against them - many of them, the War Veterans,
purported to act as party veterans and activists. Some of the political
leaders denounced the opposition activists and expressed understanding for
some of the actions of ZANU PF loyalists. Government did not act soon enough
and firmly enough against those guilty of gross criminal acts."

      "There has been a flurry of new legislation and the revival of the old
laws used under the Smith Rhodesian regime to control, manipulate public
opinion and that limited civil liberties. Among these S(are) S the Public
Order and Security Act, 2002 and the Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Act, 2002. These have been used to require registration of
journalists and
      for prosecution of journalists for publishing Ofalse information'. All
of these, of course, would have a chilling effect' on freedom of expression
and introduce a cloud of fear in media circles."

      The report noted "with appreciation the dynamic and diverse civil
society formations in Zimbabwe. Civil society is very engaged in the
developmental issues in society and enjoys a critical relationship with
government". It expressed the view "that civil society is essential for the
upholding of a responsible society and for holding government accountable. A
healthy though critical relationship between government and civil society is
essential for good governance and democracy." ZimOnline

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      New Report Shows Millions Need Food Aid in Zimbabwe
      Peta Thornycroft
      15 Aug 2004, 16:11 UTC

      According to a new vulnerability assessment, Zimbabweans are again in
need of food aid, and, by November, nearly five-million will need emergency
assistance. The Famine Early Warning Systems Network, known as FEWS Net,
paints a grim picture of last season's harvest.
      FEWS Net estimates that Zimbabwe's total grain harvest last season may
have reached up to 1.1 million tons. The United Nations' Food and
Agriculture Organization provides a slightly lower estimate.

      Zimbabwe's government insists that the country grew more than double
that amount.

      FEWS Net, which is funded by U.S. Agency for International
Development, is considered a long-standing and reliable barometer on the
issue of food security for southern Africa.

      The organization says in its latest report that hunger began becoming
a serious problem for many communities at the end of July, and that it would
escalate in the next four months.

      It said the feeding of vulnerable communities by international food
agencies ended in response to the Zimbabwe government's own announcement
that the last harvest was a good one.

      FEWS Net said that, in addition to food shortages, millions of urban
Zimbabweans have been persistently short of water since May. It blames the
water shortages on mismanagement by the central government.

      In its assessment, FEWS Net says it is worrisome that the government
has failed to provide any information about its grain imports.

      FEWS Net's recent vulnerability assessment was its first since
President Robert Mugabe said two months ago that Zimbabwe had grown a
sufficient amount of food, that it would not need to import any, and that
relief agencies should go home.

      FEWS Net also said in urban areas, although food is available in the
shops, rising unemployment and deepening urban poverty mean many cannot
afford to buy it. According to FEWS Net, the cost of one staple food,
cornmeal, went up by 44 percent between May and June of this year.

      Zimbabwe's Central Statistics Office last week announced that
inflation rates were falling, but this largely referred to non-food items.

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15 August 2004




SADC Leaders Have an Opportunity in Mauritius to Make Solid Progress on Deepening Democracy in the Region



SADC leaders, meeting in Mauritius on 16-17 August for their annual summit, have an opportunity to deepen democracy across the region by establishing consensus on a broad set of guidelines and principles for democratic elections. If this happens it would represent a significant landmark in the broader process of the regions’ democratic transition.


The MDC has been deeply encouraged by the level of collective political will that appears to be driving the current regional deliberations on electoral benchmarks.  We are, nonetheless, concerned that as not all SADC members, in particular Zimbabwe, share this vision for improved democratic governance, any protocol on electoral standards that is eventually agreed risks being negatively diluted. 


We urge the progressive majority amongst SADC leaders to firmly set out the broad criteria for free and fair elections (based on the premise that an election is a process, not an event) and not to allow the parameters of the debate to be deliberately narrowed by leaders keen to manipulate the current deliberations to consolidate their incumbency. 


Within this context, SADC leaders need to be cognisant of the severe short-comings of the electoral reforms recently tabled by the Zimbabwe government; reforms which President Mugabe disingenuously claims will level the playing field for elections.


The proposals merely tinker at the edges of what is needed. The appointments procedure for the proposed electoral commission is not safeguarded from manipulation by the President and the ruling party whilst the other reforms fail to address the fundamental issue of opening up the political space: an essential prerequisite for genuine democratic elections.


We therefore request that SADC leaders advise President Mugabe that his reforms are woefully inadequate and totally out of step with regional thinking on electoral standards. 


Moreover, SADC leaders should seek to ensure that President Mugabe departs the summit with the clear message that unless he implements comprehensive political and electoral reforms, that are capable of harnessing acceptable levels of transparency and fairness in Zimbabwe’s electoral process, the SADC will not entertain his claims that next year’s parliamentary elections will be free and fair.


Paul Themba Nyathi

Secretary for Information and Publicity


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Zim Standard

Mugabe a threat to regional stability: Powell
By our own staff

PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe's grip on power is stifling the nation he has done
so much for and for the people of Zimbabwe, this is tragic, Colin Powell,
the US Secretary of State, said on Wednesday.

Speaking at the swearing-in ceremony in Washington of Christopher Dell, the
new US ambassador to Zimbabwe, Powell said Zimbabwe had become a drain on
the region and a calamity-in-the-making for the international community.

Powell said: "For southern Africa as a whole, the situation in Zimbabwe is a
threat to the common future. At this stage, Zimbabwe's problems transcend
any one man. And clearly, solutions to those problems must come mainly from
within, from among the people of Zimbabwe.

"The political regime in Zimbabwe has been degraded, but its constitutional
basis remains intact. Zimbabwe needs regime restoration. It needs to restore
the rule of law, an unfettered Press, and the country's former pluralistic
political life."

Powell said the US hopes President Mugabe will adjust his course and restore
his legacy as a great African leader, before it's too late.

"The President and his party can turn things around, and an opportunity to
do so is now at hand: Parliamentary elections will be held in March, just
seven months away."

But he said in order to seize this opportunity, President Mugabe's
government must open dialogue with legitimate opposition groups and allow
non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to function freely.

His remarks come as Parliament prepares to debate a new Bill on NGOs. Many
in the NGO sector fear the Bill will do to the NGOs what the Access to
Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA) has done to most of the
private press - muzzle and stifle them.

Powell said: "The authorities must cease political intimidation through
politically motivated arrests and human rights abuses. And they must reverse
recently promulgated changes in the electoral law to ensure that the March
election is truly free and fair."

The United States, he said, stands ready to help the Zimbabwean people and
their government if the government starts making the right choices.

"We are sending Christopher Dell to Harare not to accuse or complain, not to
point fingers or make demands. We're sending him to work with Zimbabweans to
build a society that respects the rule of law and human rights, that cares
first and foremost about the well-being of its citizens, and that
contributes to regional peace and stability," he said.
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Zim Standard

New NGOs' bill spells disaster for Zim hotels
By Kumbirai Mafunda

THE proposed Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) Bill crafted by the
increasingly paranoid government of President Robert Mugabe could be the
last nail in the coffin of the country's hospitality industry, hoteliers
have warned.

They said that if government passes the controversial Bill the country's
ailing tourism sector would collapse.

The country's hotels and resort areas have, since the 2000 violent
parliamentary elections, been relying on business from NGOs, which regularly
convene national, regional and international conferences.

The president of the Zimbabwe Council of Tourism (ZCT), Shingi Munyeza, said
conferences have become the tourism industry's main source of revenue since
a dip in tourist arrivals in the country.

Munyeza said overally: "About 60 percent of our business in sub-Saharan
Africa is purely conference driven in volume terms."

Another hotelier, who requested anonymity said, passing the Bill would have
negative implications on Zimbabwe as a whole.

"The Bill will clearly highlight the dictatorial and authoritarian nature of
this regime and escalate the negative publicity of Zimbabwe resulting in a
decline of the number of tourists coming into the country," he said.

Since the government-sanctioned violent and indiscriminate seizure of
productive white-owned farmland in 2000, international tourists are spurning
visiting the country.

To aggravate the situation, Zimbabwe's traditional source markets have been
issuing travel warnings prohibiting their citizens from visiting Harare.

This has resulted in the shrinkage of earnings from US$770 million in 1999
to US$77 million in 2002.

Commentators said the draft NGO Bill, to be tabled in parliament ahead of
next year's general elections, is aimed at de-registering critical and vocal
NGO's working on governance, humanitarian and human rights concerns.

Although NGOs are currently governed by the Private Voluntary Organisations
(PVO) Act they will have to register afresh with an NGO Council whose
chairman is appointed by the Minister of Public Service, Labour and Social

The Bill empowers the Minister to register or de-register any organization.
It also bars foreign funding to NGO's and describes foreign funding as money
coming from international aid agencies and non-resident Zimbabweans.

NGO's say this is meant to restrict the democratic space and starve them of
any meaningful resources ahead of key elections the ruling party is keen to

Meanwhile, a grouping of NGOs under the Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition last
Thursday resolved to lobby parliament, regional blocs such as SADC and the
African Union and the international community to oppose the Bill.

"This type of Bill is consistent with the practice of dictatorship. It must
be fought by all civic organizations and progressive forces in Zimbabwe,"
remarked John Makumbe, former Transparency International Zimbabwe (TIZ)

Brian Kagoro, chairperson of the Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition, said the
alliance would engage several strategies that include mobilization of the
affected communities, legal challenge and street protests.

'There are some people in Zanu PF who still have the illusion of setting up
a one party State. This Bill has been constructed by people, who don't have
a constituency. They have to construct mischief in trying to create
legitimacy for Mugabe," Kagoro said.
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Zim Standard

Makwavarara tried to lure me into Zanu PF: Dhlakama
By Valentine Maponga

BELEAGUERED Chegutu executive mayor Francis Dhlakama says acting Harare
mayor Sekesai Makwavarara has tried, on several occasions, to influence him
to defect from the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

Makwavarara, who was elected councillor on an MDC ticket, defected to the
ruling party last week saying the opposition party had nothing to offer.

In an interview with The Standard last week, the embattled Chegutu mayor
said Makwavarara had approached him several times trying to influence him to
leave the opposition party.

"One day she called me and said Bhudhi ngatisiyane nezve MDC hakuna chimuko
(My brother, let's leave the MDC, the party has nothing to offer). But as a
principled person I would not be moved," he said.

Dhlakama, who was suspended by the Minister of Local Government, Public
Works and National Housing, Ignatius Chombo, for two months on allegations
of corruption, believes Makwavarara had been sent by Zanu PF officials in an
effort to destabilise the opposition party ahead of the March 2005
parliamentary elections.

Makwavarara, according to Dhlakama, would on a number of occasions call him
and tell him that there was no future in the MDC.

Makwavarara, whom MDC spokesperson, Paul Themba-Nyathi described as a
traitor, is staying at a council-rented house in the upmarket suburb of
Gunhill, Harare, and is driving top-of-the-range vehicles, including a
Mercedes Benz that sacked Harare Mayor Elias Mudzuri was using for official

Three months ago, Harare City Council was paying $2 million in rentals for
the house. The Standard could not readily establish how much the council is
now paying as rentals are reviewed on a quarterly basis.

Dhlakama believes Zanu PF was behind Makwavarara's enticing moves. "I think
she was being sent by somebody. Each time we met she would continue with her
story, but I told her to back off," Dhlakama said.

Efforts to get a comment from Makwavarara were fruitless as she could not be
reached on her mobile phone, while her secretary said she had gone to a

Over the past few months, Zanu PF has reportedly been trying to lure MDC
councillors and mayors by offering huge incentives.

Several MDC councillors have since resigned from the opposition party.

Dhlakama said that immediately after he was arrested last month Chombo
appointed a "taskforce" but the Chegutu mayor says he was never briefed
about the taskforce's role.

The Chegutu mayor was recently arrested together with some of his
councillors on allegations of corruption. All the other councillors were
elected on a Zanu PF ticket.

"We (together with all the councillors) were arrested on 23 July and
appeared in court on 26 July and to my surprise a "taskforce" was appointed
the following day. I am prepared to work with everyone even the devil, as
long as we have the same goals," he said.

However, he added: "No letter was sent to me from the minister (Chombo)
concerning how I would work with that taskforce. I don't even know their

Analysts believe that Chombo has been the pillar in Zanu PF's project to
destroy the MDC dominance in the urban areas through dismissal and
suspension of opposition party mayors and councillors ahead of next year's
parliamentary elections.
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Zim Standard

Police smash currency smuggling racket
By our own Staff

POLICE and officials of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) have cracked a
major foreign currency smuggling ring based in the UK which was offering
Zimbabweans in the Diaspora higher exchange rates on the local black market,
The Standard has established.

Sources close to the investigations told The Standard that a number of
Zimbabweans, including senior members of a registered money transfer
agency - Montreax Money Transfer - have been arrested.

The joint swoop has also netted officials of unregistered money transfer
agencies, which the police say have been fuelling the recent fall of the
Zimbabwean dollar against major currencies on the parallel market.

On Montreax - a money transfer agency registered with the RBZ - official
sources said the company was caught exchanging foreign currency employing
exchange rates that are above the stipulated auction or "Diaspora" rates.

"The company was compiling two reports, one for the use in their accounts
and another one for presentation to Reserve Bank staff if the staff wanted
to make a check," said the source.

Police spokesperson assistant commissioner, Wayne Bvudzijena, confirmed that
so far 13 illegal foreign currency dealers had been arrested and more could
be picked up soon."Yes, we arrested 13 dealers and this include directors of
companies and other individual dealers," said Bvudzijena.

One of those being investigated, according to police sources, is David
Kamunhu, the managing director of Davecorn Motors. Also arrested was Ivennie
Matika, who was operating in Zimbabwe as Unilink Money Transfer while his
brother sourced money in the UK under the trade name Worldlink.
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Zim Standard

I will not shut up, says Archbishop Pius Ncube
From Savious Kwinika in Bulawayo
ARCHBISHOP Pius Ncube, the controversial head of the Roman Catholic
Archdiocese of Bulawayo, says he will not keep quiet as long as President
Mugabe's government and his ruling Zanu PF are forcing millions of
Zimbabweans into exile, while scores of others are dying of hunger.

In an interview with The Standard last week, Archbishop Ncube said he would
not shut up until the nation was freed from Zanu PF's oppression.

He said, "I can't stop talking because it is a God-given duty to talk when
His people are being persecuted. They are suffering. I speak in the
interests of everybody, including Christians, suffering at the hands of the
Zanu PF government.

"I am speaking to alert our leaders so that they know we have thousands of
people, including innocent children, who are dying of hunger almost on a
daily basis while others are dropping out of school as a result of the
government's misrule."

Recently, Dr Zanele Hwalima, the Bulawayo Health Services director, said the
number of people who had succumbed to hunger in the city had risen to 62.

The fearless Roman Catholic clergyman said two thirds of girls in Zimbabwe
were not going to school because of the government's actions, while
unemployment in the country has risen beyond 70 percent.

Last year the Archbishop was allocated a farm, but he turned down the offer
describing it as "a bribe intended to keep me quiet". He says the move
outraged and frustrated the Zanu PF government.

Archbishop Ncube said he was disturbed when he recently visited South Africa
where he met thousands of Zimbabwean citizens living in refugee camps.
Several thousand others were in prisons for border jumping while they sought
to escape from poverty at home.

He said: "Thousands of Zimbabwean nationals have sought refugee at Lindela,
in South Africa, as a result of Mugabe and Zanu PF. Others are dying in

"Marriages are breaking down because of the poor economic situation and
someone says I must shut up! I can't stop talking when things are bad.I can'
t stop talking. It is a God-given duty to talk when God's people are

The Archbishop said he would only stop speaking out when the political,
social and economic situation in Zimbabwe returns to normal.

During the early 1980s Zimbabwe was considered "the bread basket of Southern
Africa". It was the envy of many and played host to economic and political
refugees from the region.

He said the roles had now been reversed and Zimbabweans had become the
refugees, fleeing persecution, hunger and economic hardships.
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Zim Standard

Zanu PF supporters attack teachers
By our own correspondent

MUTARE - Two teachers in Chipinge North constituency were last week
assaulted by suspected war veterans and ruling Zanu PF activists after they
were accused of supporting the opposition Movement Democratic Change (MDC).

The assaults come a fortnight after traditional leaders in Domboshava were
attacked by suspected Zanu PF youths. The leaders had their badges and
chains of office confiscated after attending a rally organised by the
opposition party.

Nesbert Chinheya, the headmaster of Musani Primary School in Chipinge, was
assaulted by about 10 suspected Zanu PF youths, who took away keys to the
school offices.

He was accused of supporting the MDC.

Another teacher at nearby Gedion Mhlanga Secondary School, Freeman
Chikangaise, was also attacked by suspected Zanu PF supporters and war
veterans, who accused him of sympathising with the opposition.

Pishai Muchauraya, spokesperson of the opposition party in Manicaland, said
the group visited the school and attacked the headmaster in the presence of

"They were very angry at Chinheya whom they allege is an MDC activist.
Trouble began in Chipinge North following our success in holding rallies
addressed by our president that were well-attended.

"Life has never been the same for the people in the constituencies where we
held the rallies," said Muchauraya, who added that several other teachers
and headmen in the constituency have also been threatened.

Chinheya has been ordered to write a report to the war veterans in the area
explaining why he supports the MDC, while Chikangaise has gone into hiding.

Muchauraya said since the MDC rallies addressed by party leader, Morgan
Tsvangirai two weeks ago, people in Chipinge North were being harassed by
Zanu PF supporters, youth militia and war veterans.

Police in Chipinge refused to comment on the matter saying they had not yet
received a report on the alleged assault.

"We do not have such a record in our files, try tomorrow," said a police
officer based at Middle Sabi Police Station. He declined identification.

Tsvangirai, who is on a countrywide campaign, recently addressed
well-attended meetings in Chipinge and Chimanimani districts. Traditional
leaders, including spirit mediums (Masvikiro) and teachers are among those
who have attended the rallies.

As a result of the success the MDC has attracted in the rural areas, Zanu PF
is said to have panicked and is allegedly sending its supporters to
terrorise anybody suspected of being sympathetic to the opposition party.

The attack on opposition supporters comes at a time Zanu PF is calling for
electoral reforms, and has brought into question the ruling party's
sincerity and commitment to democratic reforms.

Critics say they believe the call for electoral reforms is part of Zanu's PF
wider project aimed at sprucing up its battered image in the eyes of the
international community. They say it wants to appear as if it is now
committed to the core values of democracy and respect for human rights which
is not the case.
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Zim Standard

In-fighting in Zanu PF, a boon for MDC
By Foster Dongozi

.as battle to succeed Mugabe tears the party apart THE use of the
State-controlled Zimpapers newspaper stable to de-campaign opponents in the
war to succeed President Robert Mugabe could see the ruling party losing
some constituencies to the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in the 2005
March general election, according to some Zanu PF loyalists.

The media dirty war has intensified ahead of the ruling party's congress in
December. The congress will choose Zanu PF's top leadership for the next
five years.

Those elected to the party's helm will be able to strategically position
themselves until Mugabe vacates the throne.

Over the past few months, two distinct factions have emerged in the race to
succeed Mugabe as head of the ruling party and the State.

In one corner is the camp of veteran politicians and in another, the
so-called Young Turks, whose ranks include powerful but un-elected political
green-horns such as junior information minister, Jonathan Moyo, Joseph Made,
the minister of agriculture and, justice minister, Patrick Chinamasa.

Journalists from Zimpapers, publishers of The Herald, The Chronicle, The
Sunday Mail and The Sunday News told The Standard that they had been given
verbal instructions by a senior official in the Department of Information in
the President's Office to portray activities of some veteran politicians in
a negative light.

They were instructed to give prominence to activities involving Moyo, Made,
Chinamasa and Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe Governor, Gideon Gono.

The Sunday Mail has established a column called 'Constituency Watch' where,
according to insiders, it is supposed to concentrate on constituencies in
the northern half of the country and criticize Zanu PF legislators said to
be in the veterans' camp by writing "negatively about then."

But a Zanu PF MP complained: "The reports in The Sunday Mail are nothing but
an attempt by people with a sinister agenda against the party. "We are a few
months away from a crucial election and a certain clique of un-elected
politicians with skin-deep political credentials are exposing Zanu PF to

The Zanu PF senior politician said he found it strange that the column
expected MPs to construct roads in their constituencies.

"The role of a parliamentarian is to debate in Parliament. Construction of
roads and hospitals is the responsibility of the government although MPs can
still play a leading role in improving the welfare of their people," said
the MP, speaking on condition of anonymity.

Already, Herbert Murerwa, the acting Minister of Finance, Minister of State
For Policy Implementation, Webster Shamu and Deputy Minister of Finance and
Economic Development, David Chapfika have been "slaughtered" in The Sunday
Mail column.

Other veteran politicians, who have been lampooned in the State media by the
Department of Information, include Vice President Joseph Msika, Zanu PF
chairman, John Nkomo and the party's Secretary for Publicity and
Information, Nathan Shamuyarira.

In Matabeleland, journalists at the Zimpapers stable said they were under
instructions to give scant attention to activities of leaders from the
region like Bulawayo Governor, Cain Mathema, politburo members, Dumiso
Dabengwa and Joshua Malinga.

"There is an organisation called the Matabeleland Development Foundation
which held a meeting officiated by Msika recently. We were told to criticize
the organisation and portray it as a laughable and useless entity," said one

The Lupane university project, which is linked to Moyo, is supposed to
receive a lot of publicity and portray him as the emerging leader from
Matabeleland, the journalists said.

Most Young Turks are believed to be multiple farm owners while the veteran
politicians have stuck to the Zanu PF's one-man-one farm policy.

John Nkomo, the minister of Land, Land Reform and Resettlement, who has been
on a crusade to dispossess those found to possess extra farms has been the
target of vicious attacks in the Zimpapers stable.

Contacted for comment, Nkomo said the ruling party had always managed to
flush out infiltrators.

"We can't have people who behave like the opposition among us. Soon, Zanu PF
will have to cleanse itself of these elements," he said.

Moyo is set to lock horns with Nkomo, a veteran politician, in primary
elections for the Tsholotsho ticket to represent Zanu PF in next year's
parliamentary elections.

Zanu PF deputy secretary for the Commissariat, Sikhanyiso Ndlovu said
campaigning through newspapers could never win an election.

"I don't think many people in Tsholotsho, Muzarabani, Binga or Mutoko read
newspapers. That is why we employ the door-to-door system where we sell our
ideas to the people.

"If it is true that some newspapers are going to the extent of attacking the
person of the vice-president, naturally we notice such things because
knowledge is power. We then get to know that we could be having some snakes
in the grass."

Some veteran politicians are said to be afraid of crossing swords with the
minister of informations path given Mugabe's apparent silence on Moyo's
abrasive relations with senior politicians.

So far, Moyo has come out unscathed from bruising duels with Msika, Nkomo
and Shamuyarira while Mugabe's silence has convinced many in the ruling
party that Moyo's actions may carry the presidential endorsement.

The ambitions of the Young Turks could, however, have been dashed last week
when Mugabe told the ruling party's mouth-piece, The Voice that he hoped to
be succeeded by a person with strong liberation credentials, leaving Nkomo
and Speaker of Parliament, Emmerson Mnangagwa, heavily tipped to succeed
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Zim Standard

After Makwavarara, MDC closes ranks
By Valentine Maponga

FOLLOWING a spate of defections to the ruling Zanu PF party in the past few
months by Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) members, the opposition party
said it is tightening its selection criterion ahead of next year's general

The latest senior defection was by acting Harare mayor, Sekesai Makwavarara,
a former Zanu PF card-carrying member, who appeared on Heroes' Day at the
national shrine donned in the ruling party regalia.

She claimed she re-joined Zanu PF because the opposition MDC, the strongest
opposition party to emerge in Zimbabwe since 1980, had "no direction".

Jobert Mudzumwe, an MDC national executive member responsible for the Local
Government Portfolio, said the party's selection criterion had been "porous"
and they were tightening all the loopholes.

"Our initial selection criteria was very loose and infiltrators like
Makwavarara got themselves into the party. Right from the word go, she was
suspect. We never had faith in her but we don't have any regrets. Now she
does not have any respect from the electorate," Mudzumwe said.

Paul Themba-Nyathi, the MDC spokesperson, described Makwavarara's move as a
"treacherous act".

Analysts said Makwavarara's move was a blow to MDC as it represents Zanu PF'
s total control of the capital city, a process being engineered by the
Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing, Ignatius
Chombo. In his endeavour to be in total control of council affairs in
Harare, Chombo dismissed executive mayor Elias Mudzuri and 19 other Harare

The latest developments were a result of Zanu PF machinations in trying to
destroy and weaken the MDC ahead of next year's crucial general elections,
according to Brian Kagoro of the Crisis Coalition Zimbabwe.

"Zanu PF has no respect for democratic processes. They only believe in a
one-party State. They do not tolerate co-existence with the opposition.

"How can a person elected by thousands of people be answerable to one
person?" asked Kagoro, a Harare political analyst.

He warned the MDC to guard against recruiting "political chameleons" into
its party echelons.

"The MDC should guard against such people like Makwavarara who come into
politics because of money and who can easily be bought," he said.

A University of Zimbabwe political science lecturer, who requested
anonymity, blames the MDC for the defections and "infiltration" by Zanu PF
saying the opposition party failed to prepare for such eventualities as
required in the game of politics.

He said allowing former National Alliance for Good Governance (NAGG) leader,
Shakespeare Maya, into its ranks was another serious blunder the opposition
party would live to regret.

"The MDC is making a lot of blunders every now and then, and Zanu PF is
capitalising on that for its political survival," he said.

Another political analyst said Zanu PF was prepared to "buy anyone" with
money and perks to destroy the opposition MDC.

"As we speak right now Zanu PF is prepared to buy anyone so that they can
strengthen their battered image. Makawavarara's case is just a storm in a
tea cup, there are plenty of targets," he said.

Other analysts, however, said it was very clear from the beginning that
Makwavarara had turned to Zanu PF from the time she resigned from the party
that saw her into the council.

"From the moment she was elected acting mayor, Makwavarara turned her back
on the MDC, siding with Chombo in almost all the decisions," commented one

Two months ago, The Standard reported that Zanu PF was luring poverty
stricken MDC councillors with money and other perks to resign en masse in a
clandestine plot to destabilise the opposition party ahead of the March 2005
Parliamentary elections.

Some of the councillors who have since resigned from the MDC include
Tapfumaneyi Jaja and Grandmore Hakata of ward 8 (Kuwadzana) and ward 4
(Mbare) respectively.

Sources said Chombo was also targeting other mayor outside Harare including,
Francis Dhlakama of Chegutu, Japhet Ndabeni-Ncube and Misheck Kagurabadza of
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Zim Standard


Lies will not avert food shortages

THE government is coming face to face with the reality of looming food
shortages. A fortnight ago, the government as much as acknowledged there
will be inadequate grain to meet domestic consumption.

The acknowledgement came in the guise of a price incentive for farmers after
maize delivered to the Grain Marketing Board (GMB) was assigned AB grade in
a bid to encourage farmers to increase deliveries of the grain.

In addition, the government has been assuring farmers that they will be paid
in cash for grain deliveries of between three and five tonnes. It appears
there have been few takers.

But delivering smaller quantities of grain to the GMB in order to be paid
ready cash only increases the cost of the deliveries. The income realized
from the sale of these small quantities of grain may not necessarily cover
the cost of ever-rising inputs, as well as the immediate requirements of the
farmer and his family.

For a farmer waiting to buy agricultural inputs for the next farming season,
there is little point in delivering several tonnes of grain to the Grain
Marketing Board (GMB) in order to get ready cash when he has produced more.
The farmers want prompt payment so they can undertake their planning and
budgeting knowing exactly what amounts they are dealing with.

On the other hand, there is not much point in holding onto grain surplus to
domestic requirements, because that is money tied up when it could be used
to meet other immediate needs.

The truth, however, is that Zimbabwe has not produced adequate grain for its
requirements this year, however the government may try to deny it.

Minister Nicholas Goche, who heads one of the government taskforces, last
week said estimated total production of grain would be 600 000 - 700 000
tonnes. The government's own figures say the expected harvest will be about
1.2 million tonnes. That leaves a shortfall of about 500 000 - 600 000

While the decision to pay farmers more for AB Grade is designed to encourage
more deliveries of grain, mention of quantities of three - five tonnes would
suggest that even the government is aware that no greater quantities were
produced this year.

This period of the year normally sees considerable activity as farmers
deliver their grain to the market. The reason for the rush to deliver, is in
part, to get paid so that in turn the farmers are able to settle school fees
for their children. It is also partly to enable them to buy inputs before
demand peaks and inputs become difficult to secure.

The Grain Marketing Board says at least 119 000 tonnes of maize out of an
expected 1.2 million tonnes have been delivered to its depots throughout the
country since the beginning of the marketing season in April.

If it takes four months for the farmers to deliver nearly 120 000 tonnes of
maize - that is a tenth of what the government says was produced this year-
it is anybody's guess how much grain will be delivered in the remaining two
months before the onset of the rainy season.

The reason why there is no rush this year is because there simply is no
surplus grain from the just ended agricultural season. During this time of
the year, grain depots would be a hive of activity. No such luck this year.

An inspection of some of the rural areas shows that whereas GMB depots would
normally be more than 50 percent full, lesser quantities have so far been

The government has reminded the international donor community that it no
longer requires their assistance and that they should therefore cease their
operations. But elsewhere in this paper we report that Zimbabwe has imported
40 000 tonnes of maize through South Africa.

However, the truth is that there are more people in need of food aid. By
underplaying the figure, the government may have just planted the seeds of
an internal humanitarian crisis.

About 4 million Zimbabweans were benefiting from the international donor
assistance. Therefore, to move from that position to zero assistance when
conditions clearly indicate that the internal situation has not changed
significantly is to court disaster.

On another level, there is also a self-serving interest to the so-called
incentive for maize producers. Government ministers, civil servants and
ruling party officials are themselves farmers. So those in power are, in
fact, the major beneficiaries.

In the past the government has shown reluctance in approving producer price
increases because of the effect on the price consumers will pay for basic

A further argument that could have driven the government to offer grain
producers the so-called "incentive" results from fear of the flight of
farmers from maize production to other crops. The fourth reason is that
despite its bravado, the government does not have the foreign currency to
buy grain on the world market.
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Zim Standard

No sunshine in the city of filth
overthetop By Brian Latham

IT ISN'T just the politics of Harare that are worryingly squalid and dirty.
The sunshine city needs a new name. The once pristine streets of the capital
are now knee-deep in litter; its once crisply clean open spaces little more
than rubbish dumps.

Quite why this needs to be the case is anyone's guess. Everyone blames
financial constraints, which seems rather like a convenient excuse. As for
the sunshine, it disappeared behind the thick clouds of smog that rise from
the burning rubbish - and from behind buses that the police could well
prosecute if they weren't so very busy standing on street corners and
guarding alleged dignitaries.

Of course, the city council is broke, but then who isn't these days? And it
isn't just broke, it's under siege too, with central government bombarding
the doors of Town House and smuggling in its Trojan horse "mayor."

But none of that is an excuse for dirt. It's one thing to be poor, quite
another to be poor and filthy. Frankly any tourist coaxed, cajoled or bribed
into visiting the country is likely to leave at the double given the view.
The place looks like the Delhi city dump - and that's the good parts.

Still, it's the people who live in Harare who are responsible. No matter how
often you hear the battle cry of this forlorn republic - "I am not the
one" - it's the people who throw their rubbish into the street, out of car
windows, into the absurdly named sanitary lanes.

No one cares, and that's a dismal thought because if no one cares how
disgusting the place looks, then surely no one cares much about sorting out
the bigger problems caused by the government's curious and confusing take on
political freedom.

And it shows an alarming lack of pride, which doesn't just reflect badly on
us, but also offers little hope for the future.

Still, there is a solution. Perhaps the local government minister hasn't
noticed how revolting the capital and smaller towns and cities are, but
providing him with a small sample of the litter - say just from his own
street - might help concentrate his obviously busy mind. Of course, his
street won't be quite as disgusting as streets in, say, the opposition
voting, poverty wracked townships, but it'd be a start. As for levitating
townships with the now quaint title of High Density Suburbs; well, about all
you'll find there in high and concentrated densities is penury, plastic and
puddles of stinking pollution.

Meanwhile, an entirely unscientific, if not spurious survey conducted by
Over The Top shows that most Hararians blame the government for the filth.
They say government's intention was to show that an opposition council was
incompetent to govern a major city. In this they have been entirely
successful, though the people (many of whom are voters) are increasingly
sympathetic towards the underdog council and hostile to a bullying central

Sadly that hasn't stopped them throwing their litter into the street. OTT
suggests that since instant justice is arbitrarily invoked for offences such
as being politically diverse, pale skinned or even for having robust
opinions about the sort of "democracy" we now have, the same sort of random
justice should be applied to producers of litter.

In the meantime, it has been suggested that if we have to have something as
absurd as Youth Brigades, a good job for them would be to bolster the
beleaguered street cleaners by doing something more constructive than
beating people over the head.
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Zim Standard


Not all war veterans are roguish

WHILE I fully agree with The Standard's article of August 1, 2004 on RBZ
governor Gideon Gono's cause giving the nation a ray of hope or, as you put
it, optimism, I would like to express my reservations on the rubbishing of
all war veterans as roguish elements in society.

I also do agree with the governor's statement relating to so-called A5
farmers who took over farms, looted property and destroyed green houses thus
contributing to disinvestment, economic meltdown and forex shortages. Surely
this senseless disregard of property rights cannot be condoned even within
the ranks of the ruling party or by any honest citizen of Zimbabwe.

I do agree, however, that there are some elements within war veterans who
have turned themselves into villains but surely the independent Press, in
particular your newspaper, should remember that some of these war vets are
bogus. Newspapers have carried stories of these elements being brought
before the courts.

Categories of war vets:

Genuine war veterans who participated in the liberation struggle.

Those who infiltrated the ranks of ZIPRA and ZANLA forces in the assembly
points and fortunately became interested in the army or were demobilised.

Those who never crossed any Zimbabwe border but became war veterans by
virtue of working in the President's Office and are today MPs, ministers

Remember when the late Border Gezi was pronounced dead some top government
officials had the audacity to chronicle Border's history as having been a
war veteran trained in Mozambique. Some people invaded the farms under the
the guise of war veterans. Even the self-styled commander of farm invasions
or 3rd Chimurenga, Joseph Chinotimba had his credentials questioned by his
colleagues but he is now deputy chairman of ZNLWVA (Zimbabwe National
Liberation War Veterans Association). This is Zimbabwe showing the ugly side
of African politics.

It is not every war veteran who condones violence or political coercion. The
former fighters, especially those who were in ZIPRA, were taught to carry
out political persuasion when enticing support from the masses or "povo".
Every Zimbabwean agrees that the white community in this country had too
much land under its control, hence the need to share this national resource
equitably. However, it was the system of sharing that was wrong. People are
today still crowded in the rural Gutu, Bulilimamangwe, Bikita, Chivi etc
whilst the chefs are busy multiplying farms (that lie underutilised) instead
of multiplying production.

Funny enough, the President or Presidency is developing cold feet. Are we
going to use another post-Muluzi or Chiluba era wherein corrupt chefs are
being brought to book?

The late Josiah Tongogara stated that the war was about fighting a bad
system so that every Zimbabwean irrespective of race, colour, tribe, could
enjoy the fruits of a free Zimbabwe. Unless the rule of law is observed,
property rights observed (compensating for improvements and not land as
stated) corruption checked, equitable distribution of land, an environment
conducive to investment created and among other concerns freedom of
association the current efforts by RBZ for an economic turnaround will come
to naught-zero.

Ephious Ndanga

Member of ZNLWVA
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Zim Standard

Zim's pork industry tottering , experts
By David Edemeades/Bekezela Phakathi

BULAWAYO Zimbabwe's pork industry is under threat as it emerged that there
has been a marked decrease in pig production over the past few years mainly
due to the government's controversial and chaotic land reform exercise.

Production figures from the Pig Industry Board (PIB) indicate that there has
been a significant decline in the national pig population in the last 10

The figures supplied by the Matabeleland Provincial Chief Livestock
Specialist Adolf Dube and adopted from the Veteran Information Management
Unit, show that the pig population dropped from 228 553 in 1997 to 182 309
in 2002.

The period between the year 2000 and 2002 was when the land re-distribution
was at its height and it is also at a time when war veterans and their
supporters indiscriminately slaughtered livestock on occupied farms.

'In 1997 the national pig production stood at 228 533 and by 2002 the
population was down to 182 309. The 2002 livestock census established that
81% of the pigs were found in communal and old resettlement schemes,' Dube

He said other factors that had contributed to the decline in the pig
population include the shortage of maize and the high costs of soya beans
which are crucial ingredients to a pig's diet.

'Maize is the source of energy while soyabean meal provides protein which
contains indispensable amino acids like lysine. Soya beans can only be
produced in high rainfall areas or under irrigation in drier parts of the

'Currently the cost of soyabean meal is unaffordable to most pig producers
and there is need to carry out research into alternative sources of cheap
but good quality protein,' said Dube.

The shortages of maize and soya beans comes at a time when the government is
insisting that there is enough food in the country and that the 2004 harvest
would be sufficient to sustain the country.

Dube said the flooding of cheap beef into the urban market has also

compounded the situation and worsened conditions for the pig industry.

'Rapid price escalations and changes in the market have resulted in a lot of
uncertainties to the pig producer and the situation is further compounded by
the influx of cheap beef into the urban market,' Dube said.
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Zim Standard

Cash-strapped Zim workers take to moonlighting
By Caiphas Chimhete

AFTER a hard day's work - repairing and servicing computers at a local
information technology company- Godfrey Tinarwo walks down two streets to a
private college where he teaches computer studies.

Despite being tired after a day's work, the 30-year-old computer technician
puts in another three hours at the college in order to earn extra cash.

Tinarwo says he cannot afford a decent life on the meagre monthly salary he
gets from the computer firm where he is formally employed.

"If I don't do extra work my small family will starve. I have to find a way
of supplementing the little income from my job," says the father of two.

Tinarwo's tight work schedule is a microcosmic reflection of what most
employed Zimbabweans are now doing to supplement their wages and salaries
from formal employment as the economic recession continues unabated.

Financially squeezed by inflation and the skyrocketing prices of basic
commodities, most employed people in Zimbabwe have resorted to moonlighting
in order to cushion themselves from the current economic hardships.

Presently, inflation is at 395 percent, according to the Central Statistical
Office (CSO), while prices of basic goods have shot up by more 400 percent
since the middle of last year.

Moonlighting ranges from taking up normal formal jobs elsewhere to informal
occupations such as selling tomatoes in the streets, to dressmaking at home.

The Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU), the country's largest umbrella
body of labour unions, says 90 percent of the employed and underemployed
people in Zimbabwe were involved in some form of moonlighting to supplement

"The issue is so prevalent these days because of economic hardships. Unless
you are a chief executive . but it appears everyone is doing it to make ends
meet. I know of professional people who, on weekends, work elsewhere to earn
a few more dollars," says Wellington Chibhebhe, ZCTU's secretary-general.

He says professions such as teaching, accounting, building, medicine,
dressmaking, mechanics and journalism have the most number of people

"Teachers, for example, are taking pupils for extra lessons after hours,
while accountants do books for businesspeople after normal working hours,"
explained the ZCTU secretary general.

Independent economic analyst, John Robertson, said more people were
moonlighting because, "their single salaries" can not keep pace with the
cost of living in Zimbabwe.

"You must know that the prices of basic commodities have gone up by over 400
percent since mid-last year and in sectors such as building the costs have
risen by about 600 percent. This has definitely not matched salary
increases," Robertson said.

Although the Central Statistical Office (CSO) says unemployment rate stands
at 60 percent, the ZCTU and other independent economic analysts insist that
it is 75 - 80 percent. The few people who are employed cannot make ends

In a country where 75 percent of Zimbabwe's 12,5 million people are living
below the poverty-datum line - incomes of less than $1.5 million a month -
the unemployment rate is unsustainabily high, analysts point out.

Chibhebhe believes moonlighting is being precipitated by the fact that more
than 80 percent of Zimbabweans are under-employed and consequently

"Because of underemployment, people are being paid peanuts and as a result
the levels of poverty continue to rise," he said.

Other professionals have not seen moonlighting as an option and they have
fled the country in search of greener pastures, where they are better paid
and the working conditions are better.

It is estimated that there are 3.5 million Zimbabweans in the Diaspora, with
about 80 percent of them being professionals, according to a recent study by
the Scientific Industrial, Research and Development Centre (SIRDC).

The majority of the people leave the country to work in countries such as
Botswana, Namibia, Britain, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.
Commentators say Zimbabwe is being deprived of the expertise it needs due to
the brain drain as qualified professionals become economic refugees.

Jonathan Kadzura, a commentator, says moonlighting is worldwide phenomenon
and has nothing to do with the economic hardships facing Zimbabwe.

He says the practice is rampant in the legal and accounting professions.

"It's a worldwide phenomenon and not directly linked to this economic
crisis. For example, private colleges do not want full-time teachers and
tutors so they hire people they pay for hours they work only," Kadzura says.

But Chibhebhe insists that while moonlighting is a worldwide practice, the
economic crisis has a significant hand in the furtherance of the phenomenon
in Zimbabwe.

"It would be naïve to want to believe that moonlighting has nothing to do
with the current economic recession. If people were not suffering they would
not want to work again after hours," argues Chibhebhe.

The current economic meltdown is blamed on President Robert Mugabe's skewed
economic policies, which have resulted in the contraction of major sectors
of the economy, such as agriculture and manufacturing.

This was further inflamed by President Mugabe's controversial land reforms
launched in 2000, which virtually "killed" all downstream industries linked
to the agriculture sector.

The outcome was off-loading of thousands of farm workers into the
wilderness. Few of the former farm workers have been allocated land to
become farmers in their own right.
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Zim Standard

Zanu PF grooming our youth into misfits
Sundaytalk with Pius Wakatama

IN the past, you could always set your watch by the clock on the tower of
Munhumutapa Building, our government's headquarters on Samora Machel Avenue
in Harare. Not now. That clock is now so erratic that one can only trust it
to their own misery.

It usually lies and is always behind the actual time by an hour or more. It
is just like the people in the building itself who, unfortunately are our
rulers and law-makers.

They are liars and virtually live in the primitive past of the revered
spirit medium, Mbuya Nehanda and the imperialist buccaneer, Cecil John

One would not be unduly bothered if our Zanu PF leaders choose to stay in
the past and glory it in themselves without trying to coerce the whole
country into doing the same.

The tragedy is that our innocent children, with no experience of the past,
are being herded into the Zanu PF psychological laager where they are
bombarded with hate-filled propaganda which can only give them a myopic view
of the world.

Instead of them opening doors to new global vistas of experience, they are
busy closing them. In their laager, they seek to indoctrinate our children
with tales of all manner of enemies who are out to destroy them and their
beautiful country.

Through amazing feats of creative imagination they conjure up and weave an
amazingly intricate web of international conspiracies against Zimbabwe.

With all international and independent local media effectivey banned, except
for the spirited The Standard and The Zimbabwe Independent newspapers,
Zimbabwe has become a backward rural village in which only the chief's voice
is heard.

We are, therefore, now rearing a generation of narrow - minded, ethnocentric
and hate-filled beings who will be misfits in today's and tomorrow's
multi-cultural and multi-ethnic globalised world.

They will be just as bewildered and lost as Jim in the early South African
film, Jim comes to Jo'burg or Matigimu and Tikana in Bernard Chidzero's
novel, Nzvengamutsvairo. Unable to cope, they will be anti-social and end up
as jetsam and flotsam of modern society.

As leaders, they will lead their countries in the only way they were
taught - the way of violence. They will lead the country to confusion,
corruption, civil wars and poverty as is happening in many parts of Africa

I came to this sad conclusion after listening to President Robert Mugabe
when he spoke at the National Heroes' Acre during the funeral of the
national hero, Mark Dube. Somehow, I had hoped that for once we would hear
from him something fresh, positive and hopeful. But no, that was not to be.

We were subjected to the usual ranting and raving about defending our
hard-won independence, sovereignty and integrity. Hard-won independence -
yes. But integrity, I have yet to see that. Have you?

It was the same hate-talk against those who oppressed us in the past and
whom we should regard as our enemies forever. "They can never be our
friends!" he told the nation.

As I listened to this usual diatribe against the British, the Americans and
the Western world in general, I was reminded of the book, Communication and
Change in Developing Countries. It was part of the required reading for my
Master's in Communication degree at Wheaton College in the United States.

In the book was a paper presented by Daniel Lerner, Ford professor of
Sociology and International Communication, at a conference held in 1964 at
the Institute of Advanced Projects in Hawaii.

In the paper, entitled, "International Co-operation and Communication",
Professor Lerner said about development in Afro-Asia: "Once these leaders
really make development the major goal of political action, professional
specialists in development planning will become indespensable allies rather
than suspected adversaries. The anti-imperialists posture of the charismatic
leaders in Afro-Asia may have been useful during the early years of
transition from colonialism to nationhood. This purpose has now been served
: the old colonies have already become new nations by the dozens.
Anti-imperialism now is not merely an obsolete gimmick; it is often a
smokescreen that conceals the new nation's long-term development goals
behind the short-term political interests of leaders who wish to stay in
power at any price.

"Much of the anti-Western propaganda in Afro-Asia today obscures the divide
between political independence, which has already been achieved, and
economic development, which most new nations have barely started to seek.
Anti-Western slogans may still make it easier to raise cheers at political
rallies, but they certainly make it harder to raise levels of economic

Dr Lerner had an uncanny foresight because what he said in Hawaii in 1964 is
exactly what is happening today. Our political leaders are using
anti-Western and anti-imperialist rhetoric as a smokescreen to hide their
own dismal failures. If Western countries are so hostile to us then why are
Zimbabweans flocking there in their millions?

The Shona have a saying,"Kana vana vako vachikwata usatukane
nevawakavakidzana navo". (Don't quarrel with your neighbours if your
children are in the habit of eating in their houses).

Now that the anti-West speechfying, sloganeering and cheering is over, as
well as the holidays, what next? It is business as usual, of course. We go
back to further fortify our laager so that no outside influences can
penetrate and cause our "patriotic' people to turn against us.

Can you imagine anyone else ruling Zimbabwe, especially if they were not in
the liberation struggle and in the bush with us. Never.

We will continue by shutting down and prosecuting all local and
international non-governmental organisations which we suspect of "engaging
in political activities". We will then continue to force private schools to
close down because they charge "exhorbitant school fees and then take them
over. This way we can introduce our own patriotic syllabus to ensure that
graduates are 'patriotic' and loyal citizens". We can use the same syllabus
we are using at the National Youth Training centres. We can't allow young
and impressionable minds to be taught from Western influenced syllabus, can
we? They may end up being hostile to government policies and even join the
"British-sponsored" MDC (Movement for Democratic Change). We must seal the
laager so that no unmonitored external influences can enter.

How about e-mails and cellphones? We must ask Jonathan Moyo to continue to
look into that. We can't allow people to just communicate without us knowing
what they are talking about, can we? They may be talking to George Bush or
Tony Blair, for all we know.

Hey, I knew I had forgotten something - don't forget the Nigerians. We must
do something about them. Who would ever have thought our friends, who helped
us so much during the struggle against colonialism, could turn against us
and give land to our enemies, the former Rhodesian white farmers? They have
joined our enemy list because they are being used by the British to fund the
opposition MDC with the aim of destabilising our country. We must deny them
visas into our country. They shall be our enemies forever.

How about Muammar Gaddafi of Libya? He is a turncoat, too, isn't he? What
shall we do about him? Not much, I am afraid. We owe him too much money.
Say, Chef, how about the African Union? Don't you think they are being
influenced by the British and the Americans to turn against us? Keep quiet,
damn you! Can't you see that I am busy thinking?

Lucky indeed are those young people whose national leaders prepared them by
exposing them to the global marketplace of ideas and experiences. They can
boldly enter and participate in the new world with confidence. They will
surmount all the disadvantages brought about by colonialism, racism and
bigotry to become renowned world statesmen like Nelson Mandela, former
president of South Africa and Kofi Annan of Ghana, the Secretary-General of
the United Nations. They will bring peace and prosperity not only to their
own African countries and regions but to the world as a whole.

He who has ears to hear, let him hear!

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