The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Zim poll irregularity 'highly organised' - study

Mon, 15 Aug 2005
The irregularities that secured Zimbabwe's ruling Zanu-PF victory in the
March 2005 parliamentary elections appear to have been "highly organised",
Idasa researchers say in a new study of the polls.

The researchers, Tony Reeler and Kuda Chitsike, said this was clearly a very
sinister interpretation of the evidence, but that it could be corroborated.

Evidence suggested that constituencies were "controlled" by state agencies
that determined movement in and out of the area and the frequency of
meetings and campaigning, and that provided support for the perpetrators of
political violence and the political use of food.

One objection to the theory might be to point to the conclusion of observer
groups that these were "not violent elections", the researchers said.

However, they believed it had been Zanu-PF's intention to avoid overt
violence and to take advantage of the effects of previous elections
campaigns, where there was violence.

"By way of analogy, the frequently battered wife learns very quickly to
adopt the right posture when her drunk husband comes home and starts
shouting and waving his arms around," they said.

In the polls, Zanu-PF, which had been in power during five years of massive
economic and social decline in Zimbabwe, was re-elected with a huge

"That this was unusual in the world of politics is an understatement," they

They also said it seemed possible that Zanu-PF found a way to forestall
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) objections to the legitimacy
of the election as a whole, which would have had regional political

This involved the leaking of results that indicated obvious vote-rigging,
and which "hooked the MDC, line and sinker".

It would appear from the MDC's confused response in the immediate aftermath
of the polls that there was much agonising over whether to reject the result
in toto or to test individual results in the courts.

"In the final analysis the MDC went to parliament and entered 31 petitions
[of objection] and the election received sufficient validation for regional
counties to accept it with whatever private reservations they might have
had," the researchers said.

"The political crisis that would have inevitably followed rejection of the
poll by the MDC was averted."

The data used by the Idasa researchers in compiling their report came from a
number of sources, including the MDC itself, but mostly from the Zimbabwean
civil society grouping the National Constitutional Assembly.


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  Tonnes of food aid piling up at Zimbabwe border
      By Tererai Karimakwenda
      15 August 2005

      It has been revealed that the food aid from South Africa that is being
held up is not the only consignment waiting for clearance from Zimbabwe
officials. Thousands of tonnes of other emergency aid are reported to be
held up by Zimbabwean red tape. Tony Hall, the United States food ambassador
who visited Zimbabwe, told reporters at the weekend that 10 000 tons of food
were waiting for an import licence in Durban, while 15 000 tonnes, already
inside Zimbabwe, needed permission before it could be distributed.
      Hall also complained at a news conference in Harare that he had been
banned from inspecting conditions at Hopley farm outside Harare, where old
people were reported to be dying.
      As we reported last week, soldiers there said they were under orders
not to allow visitors without proper paper work. But no-one seems to have
been granted permission to enter the camp, not even Zimbabwean church groups
attempting to bring food.
      Hall is widely respected as one of the world's most experienced and
senior diplomats dealing with humanitarian relief. Having experience in 115
countries, he said Zimbabwe was "one of the most difficult" countries in the
world to work in and distribute aid. He also added "There is no place for
politics when it comes to feeding hungry people." Hall later pledged nearly
US$52 million for food aid in southern Africa. About 40% of that amount is
expected to go to Zimbabwean relief.

      As for the food organised by the South African Council of Churches,
deputy secretary-general Eddie Makue said two of the three trucks had not
been issued a duty-free certificate. The truck with blankets is reported to
have left for Zimbabwe Saturday morning. It has yet to arrive.
      As for the trucks sent by the South Africa Council of churches, the
secretary general of the Zimbabwe Council of Churches, Densen Mafinyane,
repeated the excuse that the Zimbabwe government is using, saying that
regulations against genetically modified food had held up progress. Like
other officials involved, Mafinyane did not seem to have much other
information about the shipment.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Gono's forex-for-fuel plan fuelling black market

      By Violet Gonda
      15 August 2005

      Black market forex dealers at illegal hotspots in Harare are doing
great business as a result of the government's fuel for forex plan.
Motorists, desperate to get the scarce commodity are now forced to source
hard currency on the black market so that they can buy the much-needed fuel
from the few selected outlets.To get the fuel motorists have to first buy
coupons from a Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe foreign currency collection centre
established at designated service stations! The coupons are then exchanged
for fuel.While people were already selling fuel on the black market some
dealers, including big companies in Harare, have started selling the coupons
on the black market at inflated prices.Some of them have reappeared at their
usual selling points such as the Road Port along 4th Street and Eastgate
market. These markets were raided and closed down during the forex raids
earlier in the year. Our correspondent Simon Muchemwa says even the police
are buying the coupons from the black market because it's a better way of
accessing fuel.He said fuel is bought with coupons at the rate of US$1 a
litre at selected stations. The official rate for US$1 is $ 17 500. But the
fuel coupons are then sold on the black market for as much as $60 000 to $80
000 per litre!Analysts say the authorities are achieving nothing as the
latest plan is fueling the black market. This means less foreign currency is
going directly to the established RBZ centers at filling stations.The
worsening fuel shortage has resulted in a high demand for bicycles as many
people cannot afford to buy the scarce commodity. There has been very little
public transport, leaving commuters with little choice but to resort to
using bikes. Muchemwa tells us that suppliers are also making a killing as
the demand for bicycles increases. He said two months ago, a mountain bike
cost just less that a million dollars. Now, it's $4.5million!

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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Challenges facing AU mediator Joachim Chissano
      By Tichaona Sibanda
      15 August 2005

      The recently appointed African Union mediator on Zimbabwe, former
Mozambican President Joachim Chissano might be a skilled and credible
negotiator but questions will be asked about his neutrality and
impartiality. This is the belief of Lovemore Madhuku, a political analyst
and constitutional lawyer who says Chissano is a very close friend of Robert
Mugabe. AU chairman Nigerian President Olusagen Obasanjo, recently appointed
Chissano to mediate between Mugabe's Zanu (PF) and the opposition MDC led by
Morgan Tsvangirai.

      Another obstacle to successful negotiations is the common refusal of
Robert Mugabe to come to a negotiating table with Tsvangirai. In some cases
said Madhuku, this refusal to negotiate results from Mugabe's fear that he
will be forced to accept compromises that would lead him to step down as
President.The greatest challenge facing Chissano would be to get Mugabe to
sit down with Tsvangirai under the same roof. 'This is where Chissano is
likely to fail. He does not have the capacity or the determination to tell
Robert Mugabe to come to a negotiating table,' said Madhuku.

      Madhuku said Chissano is 'very close' to Mugabe and it would be
impossible for him to try and corner him to a negotiating table. He added;
'the mediator is usually expected to be both neutral and impartial. That
means he (Chissano) should have no connections to any of the parties, but
everyone knows he was Mugabe's best man at his wedding.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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  Chombo's Operation Garikai means plastic replaces bricks

      By Tererai Karimakwenda
      15 August 2005

      'Zimbabwe' is 'dzimba dze mabwe' - houses of stone. But that was
before operation Murambatsvina and its cousin Operation Garikai. One tore
down brick houses that had stood for years, and the other is now replacing
them with plastic shacks.
      A reporter for the Sunday Times in South Africa says he went back to
Harare to see what had become of the displaced families. Dingilizwe Ntuli
visited Joshua Nkomo Heights, a settlement in Harare's western Kambuzuma
township which had become home to hundreds of war veterans. He found the 400
houses that stood there just weeks ago were now plastic shacks in the midst
of the ruins.
      One of the war veterans who has vowed that he would not leave, said
the government had been blocking food aid in an effort to force them to move
to a holding camp or relocate to their rural village. These government
operations turned a man who was a self-employed motor mechanic into an
unemployed homeless man dependant on the government for food.
      This story clearly shows the real motive for the demolitions. By
causing dependency, the government aims to control the population that voted
for the opposition in the last election. And as war veterans who used to
support the Mugabe regime were not spared either, it is quite possible that
they too voted against the ruling party in the last election.
      At Whitecliff Farm, about 20km west of Harare, where the government
said they were starting a massive reconstruction programme for the displaced
people, Ntuli found construction was at a standstill the day he visited.
Prison inmates were clearing more land, along with graduates of the National
Youth Service. One of the youths said trucks delivering building materials
had been grounded by fuel shortages.
      Local Government Deputy Minister Morris Sakabuya admitted "there have
been problems of fuel and concrete". Meanwhile, people are making their own
temporary shacks from plastic to shield themselves from the cold. This is
not "kugarika" as we know it.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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   Letter From America

      By Professor Stanford Mukasa
      15 August 2005

      The US Senate Committee recently confirmed Ambassador Jendayi Fraser
as the assistant secretary of state for Africa. Ambassador Fraser's
appointment has a potential of pushing a more aggressive US policy on
      While US ambassador to South Africa, Ms. Fraser advocated more
pressure to be brought on Mugabe in the aftermath of what she saw as an
ineffective policy of quiet diplomacy practiced by South African president
Thabo Mbeki.
      Ambassador Fraser did not mince her words when she called upon a
coalition of the willing to put together an agenda that would effectively
force Mugabe to a conference table with opposition leaders.
      In her position as undersecretary of state for African affairs
Ambassador Fraser, who is very knowledgeable about Zimbabwe, will most
likely put US policy on Zimbabwe in high gear. While US policy decisions on
Africa are made in the overall context of broader US interests in Africa,
there is every reason to believe that Ambassador Fraser will be relatively
successful in promoting within the US policy on Zimbabwe the idea of an
effective coalition of the willing as well as any other strategies the US
can adopt independently.
      Already President Bush has signed an executive order freezing the US
assets of 26 Zimbabwean companies that are said to be controlled by some of
Mugabe's cronies.
      The big question is whether any new tougher policies on Mugabe will be
effective. Mugabe has so far resisted all kinds of pressures on him. There
is fear in the US state department that any increase in pressures on Mugabe
will tend to portray him as standing in for a small country like Zimbabwe
against the giant United States. However, the US can increase pressure on
SADC. This may well be happening now with AU appointing Chissano as a
special envoy on Zimbabwe.
      If anyone needed evidence that ZANUPF leader Robert Mugabe has not
only abandoned Zimbabweans to their fate but has also no interest in efforts
to democratize Zimbabwe one needs to look at the latest events in the past
few weeks.
      Fresh out of demolishing people's homes and property Mugabe is on to
his new outrage, namely, blocking humanitarian food shipments to the very
same people he has so callously starved to near death.
      Mugabe is directly responsible for the food crisis as well as the
social and political consequences of the crisis of governance which he has
      This is not the first time Mugabe has played politics with food
distribution. A few years ago he effectively blocked the MDC from ordering
food from South Africa. Tonnes of food shipment purchased by the MDC lay at
the Beit Bridge border while not far away Zimbabweans were starving.
      Then Mugabe ordered that all humanitarian food shipments must be
handed over to ZANUPF for distribution to needy Zimbabweans. Everyone knows
that food distribution by ZANUPF is specifically destined to Mugabe's
supporters. Known opposition supporters who need food aid have been
systematically denied the food which has been donated from abroad.
      Thus when ZANUPF took over the distribution of food it used it for
their political expediency.
      The cold, heartless and ruthless attitude by Mugabe towards
Zimbabweans led one American diplomat to say to Mugabe: Why Mr. President do
I, an American, have to convince you to feed your own starving people? This
was a revealing statement that was made directly to Mugabe. It was a
culmination of frustration with Mugabe by the international community .
      It sounds very ironic that, in the face of such obvious and
overwhelming starvation among vast majorities of Zimbabweans, Mugabe has not
only frustrated efforts to bring in humanitarian food shipments but has
refused to make an appeal for international aid on behalf of Zimbabweans.
      And now Mugabe is being dragged kicking and screaming to meet with the
opposition leadership in the MDC.
      Mugabe, in one of his heroes' days acts of defiance has declared that
he will under no circumstances talk to MDC leader Tsvangirai. Mugabe got
carried away with his exuberance when he said he would rather talk to Tony
Blair, the British prime minister. The reason he gave was that MDC is
controlled by the British. Alternatively, Mugabe said if he were to talk to
Tsvangirai MDC must break links with the British. On another occasion Mugabe
said he can only talk to MDC in Parliament.
      All of these are evidently desperate measures by Mugabe to try to
escape the spotlight, now that he has been exposed as the stumbling block
not only in short -term effort to help starving Zimbabweans but also efforts
to resolve the problems of bad governance in Zimbabwe.
      There appears to have been a flurry of diplomatic activities to try to
get Robert Mugabe and Morgan Tsvangirai to begin talks. It seems the
initiative came from a meeting between Thabo Mbeki and the G-8 in July.
      At the international level the G-8 leaders discussed Zimbabwe. Both
Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo and Mbeki attended the summit which was
overshadowed by the bombings in London.
      It seems that at this meeting both Obasanjo and Mbeki were tasked with
trying to bring Mugabe and Tsvangirai to talks. But knowing that Mugabe
would refuse the G-8 leaders must have offered a financial incentive through
South Africa to try to persuade Mugabe to talk to opposition leader
Tsvangirai. This probably explains a sudden interest by South Africa to
grant Zimbabwe a loan of $500 million or more.
      The initiatives for the dialogue are not only coming from the G-8 but
from the African Union which recently appointed former Mozambican leader
Joacquim Chissano as its special representative on Zimbabwe.
      At the regional level leaders of the southern African development
community (SADC) were scheduled to meet this week. It was not immediately
clear whether Zimbabwe would be on the agenda.
      In summary, the flurry of diplomatic initiatives would supposedly
include at the motivation of the G-8 countries three levels ranging from the
G-8, the African Union and SADC.
      We can almost rule out SADC and to some extent the African Union
playing an effective role on Zimbabwe. These two organizations have
supported Mugabe fully. The African Union at one time would not intervene in
the destruction of property and homes by Mugabe because, according to a
spokesman for the organization the AU was too busy attending to some other
      The bottom-line is that whatever role the international community
plays it is likely to persuade or encourage, rather than pressure, Mugabe
and ZANUPF to change. Zimbabweans cannot afford to sit by and wait and hope
that the international community will effectively bring about the desired
changes in Zimbabwe. Civic society leadership in Zimbabwe must at all times
be strategizing how to engage the masses into an onslaught against Mugabe.
      However any talk about what role the masses can play is almost always
defensively met with the fear that any plan involving mass action is likely
to be doomed. On the face of it, or initially, Mugabe may succeed in
quashing such actions as has happened so far. But if these actions are
persistent they will eventually tire or wear out Mugabe. Apartheid South
Africa is a good example of where mass action ultimately won the day in the
campaign against apartheid.
      MDC leadership has also conceded that, so far, all other strategies to
force Mugabe to talk with MDC have not been successful. It is therefore time
to review strategies for mass action. Such actions can come in various
forms. As they say, there are many ways of skinning a cat. What MDC and
civic society should be looking at right now are different strategies for
confronting Mugabe. New actions need not start with mobilizing thousands of
Zimbabweans in a street protest. What MDC and civic society need is to put
together a small group of dedicated individuals who will instigate non
violent acts of civil disobedience.
      Acts of civil disobedience can range from distributing pro democracy
flyers, documenting and widely publicizing criminal acts by Mugabe against
the Zimbabweans; and in some cases disobeying orders under either POSA or
AIPPA on the grounds that such orders are unconstitutional. Civic society
leaders can also encourage Zimbabweans to come up with acts of civil
disobedience that can be implemented by individuals or groups.
      It is absolutely essential that Zimbabweans contribute towards their
own liberation. I have always stated that the international community,
especially South Africa, will always come up with its own agenda about how
to reform ZANUPF. If there is no involvement by masses in the
democratization process chances are the terms for the resolution of the
crisis in Zimbabwe may not be to the liking of the masses.

      SW Radio Africa Zimbabwe news
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      Charamba storms Zim newsroom

      Zimbabwe's Secretary for Information, George Charamba, says heads will
roll at Zimbabwe Broadcasting Holdings' news arm, Newsnet, because of chaos
there and because of the "tired and weak" way the national broadcaster
handled a recent speech by President Robert Mugabe, Gugulethu Ziyaphapha

      Charamba, who is also the Presidential spokesperson, was also irked by
the fact that the newsroom hotline went unanswered when he tried phoning it
for more than an hour. Charamba was not amused by Newsnet's headline story
of the day, which was: "President Mugabe has called on Zimbabweans to defend
their independence and sovereignty." He argues that there was nothing
newsworthy about that because that has been President Mugabe's call since
1980. Charamba says what was more relevant to today's situation in the
President's speech was about the controversial operation cleanup and his
opposition to talks with the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.
Charamba wanted the headline changed and stormed the newsroom after failing
to get the editors on their mobile phones and after also failing to get
anyone on the widely advertised news hotline, which went unanswered for more
than an hour. "I phoned ZBH on their hotline between 6:30 and 7:20 p.m. and
all my calls went unanswered. I got so furious and had to leave my wife who
is bed-ridden and go to ZBH. "When I got there, there was chaos in the
newsroom. It is appalling for a 24-hour newsroom to leave its hotline
unattended when news breaks every minute," fumed Charamba. When he got to
the newsroom, the Information Secretary was also angered when he found out
that staffers were attending to private duties during working hours. "There
was confusion in the newsroom and what I saw showed there was no one in
charge and no one working." He also attacked Newsnet for not giving radio
news the prominence it deserves. He said the editors concentrated on
television news when the majority of the population relies on radio for
news. Newsnet came under fire for only extracting the first two paragraphs
of the presidential speech and passing it as the headline. "There is a
serious problem in that newsroom and it's an area I am going to tackle head
on. I am not going to stand by, there will be changes in the newsroom," said
Charamba. Newsnet's Editor In Chief, Chris Chivinge confirmed the
unprofessionalism at the newsroom and said he had earlier on told the
newsroom staff to correct the anomaly and they did not act until the
information secretary arrived. "While one can defend the omission of
essential facts on 'perspective', the slow response of the team is
unacceptable" said Chivinge. He also hinted that there would be changes at
the newsroom. Newsnet whose motto is "We will be there when it happens" has
been rocked by scandals of sexual favors, incompetent staff and forging of
journalism qualifications by some staffers. Charamba called on the Media and
Information Commission to investigate those who are working as journalists
without proper qualifications. Some journalists dismissed Charamba's call
for a revamp at the newsroom saying he was also instrumental and responsible
for the decaying of standards, which started five years ago when he was
serving in his same capacity under the disgraced former Information
Minister, Prof Jonathan Moyo. "Some of the policies Charamba formulated and
implemented are the root cause of what's taking place at ZBH, so he must not
act as if he is seeing it for the first time. "If he wants to fire people,
he should just fire without blaming us for a rotten system he helped put in
place, that's how the President's speech has been covered all this years"
argued one Newsnet journalist. Fear, anxiety, uncertainty and low morale can
best describe the situation at the newsroom since Charamba and ZBH's
Executive Chairman, Dr Rino Zhuwarara confirmed that the axe is set to fall
at the state broadcaster's news arm.
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I Do Not Owe Anybody an Apology Mphoko

Mmegi/The Reporter (Gaborone)

August 15, 2005
Posted to the web August 15, 2005

Zimbabwean Embassy

The Embassy of the Republic of Zimbabwe would like to respond to a news item
that appeared in Mmegi on 05 August 2005, where a Ditshwanelo board member,
Ms Joyce Anderson requested Ambassador Mphoko to apologise for his remarks
to the panelists from Zimbabwe, Jenni Williams, Magodonga Mah1angu and
Attorney Beatrice Mtetwa, for distorting the facts on the situation in
Zimbabwe at a Ditshwanelo focus seminar on Zimbabwe.

Ditshwanelo board member, Joyce Anderson also wanted to know how Ambassador
Mphoko wou1d feel if he was a woman living in Zimbabwe under the conditions
painted by the said panelists.

First and foremost, Ambassador Mphoko does not owe anyone an apology for the
remarks he made at the Ditshwanelo seminar on Zimbabwe.

On the second question on women Ambassador Mphoko has very high regard and
respect for women of integrity.

His mother was a woman and his best friend is his wife who is also a woman
but he despises a liar and abuser of opportunities regardless of gender.

Anyone who claims that there is no rule of law and democracy in Zimbabwe is
a liar.

A country where there is no rule of law has its streets littered with dead
bodies. There are no dead bodies in Zimbabwe. A country with no democracy
has its prisons full of political prisoners, there are no political
prisoners in Zimbabwe.

On journalists, it is an international requirement for them to register and
Zimbabwe is no exception. On Justice Paradza's case, he was arrested on
corruption charges emanating from his attempts to free a business partner
who was sentenced to jail for murder. There were no other considerations for
his arrest.

The Senior ZANU PF officials referred to were involved in espionage. Those
involved in espionage threaten national security and States take the
necessary action to protect and safeguard national security. Gukurahundi, as
referred to by Mahlangu was a conspiracy by the West in order to protect the
apartheid regime in South Africa. The total strategy was to destroy the
perceived lines of communication of the ANC in Zimbabwe. However ZAPU and
ZANU discussed the matter and sighed an agreement in December, 1987.
Murambatsvina / Restore Order, is a Government programme to improve the
living standards of the people of Zimbabwe or an anti-slums programme.

The Government of Zimbabwe which is the official custodian of the welfare of
the people of Zimbabwe, will do everything in its power to avoid a situation
where some journalists make pleasure in taking photos of an African child
looking miserable with flies all over its face, or where a weak dying child
will be made to stand and try to walk in front of a camera with vultures
hoping behind and start to eat the child while still alive. That is the
highest degree of human rights abuse. That is what will never happen in
Zimbabwe. President Mugabe is being punished for his views on homosexuals
and lesbians. the land reform programme and "Look East Policy".

These three (3) points supported by cheque book journalism and sponsored
conspiracies are the real issues against Zimbabwe and President Mugabe.

Zimbabwean Embassy
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Land Reform Scuttled

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

August 14, 2005
Posted to the web August 15, 2005

Our Staff

GOVERNMENT'S commitment to wind up the controversial land reform suffered a
major setback last week with revelations that the granting of "99-year
leases" on re-allocated land will take longer than expected.

National Security, Lands, Land Reform and Resettlement Minister, Didymus
Mutasa, announced that government would have to survey the land before
issuing out title deeds to new farmers.

Mutasa said: "Land will have to be properly surveyed. So it will take some
time before you can get the leases."

Mutasa made the revelations during the BAT Tobacco Grower of the Year award
ceremony held recently in Harare. This delay will mean that new farmers
cannot access loans from financial institutions, as they do not have the

The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) has also been at the forefront urging
government to speed up the process and issue out leases, as they are "an
indispensable pre-requisite for financial sector to play a meaningful
supportive role in agriculture".

In his Mid-Term Monetary Policy review recently, RBZ Governor, Dr Gideon
Gono, said: "As part of creating a lasting foundation for a sound take off
in agricultural production, it is imperative that the issue of land tenure
be brought to finality, with due implementation of government's policy of
99- year leases on all re-allocated land."

Meanwhile, there are reports that Zimbabwean hopes of a better 2005/2006
agricultural season may be fail because of a combined shortage of seeds and

The crippling shortage of foreign currency has impacted heavily on Agricura
Zimbabwe, which imports most of the raw materials used in manufacturing
agricultural chemicals.

Agricura Product Manager, Dennis Anderson, told StandardBusiness that the
company was facing several challenges, which will have serious ripple
effects on agricultural production.

"Everything we use in producing agro-chemicals is imported and we do not
have the foreign currency", he said. Anderson said although the Reserve Bank
was providing foreign currency, it was "very little and inadequate".

An official from Seed Co said that there had been a fall in the demand for
seed from 80 000 tonnes in the past two years to 50 000 tonnes this year.
Thirty-three thousands tonnes of the required seeds will be produced locally
while the remainder will have to be imported.

"We will have to import again this year but we do not have foreign currency.
It's unfortunate that agriculture used to produce its own foreign currency
but now we are begging", said the official. Zimbabwe has experienced
successive droughts during the past six years and most farmers who were
interviewed by StandardBusiness expressed pessimism over the coming season.

"Today there many problems confronting seed production. The infrastructure
is bad and the major problem is that of grass control due to labour
shortages," said the official.
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      Elephants storm Zimbabwe resort
      A herd of stray elephants has gone on the rampage in the northern
Zimbabwean resort town of Kariba.
      The elephants destroyed homes and caused residents to flee from a
township near a national park.

      A team from Zimbabwe's National Parks and Wildlife Management
Authority is trying to find out why the animals seem to be moving closer to
people's houses.

      Zimbabwe has some 100,000 elephants, while its parks have a capacity
for just 45,000.

      National Parks spokesman retired Major Edward Mbewe told the
state-owned Herald newspaper that he did not believe reports that elephants
were moving closer to settlements in search of food and water after this
year's poor rains.

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New Zimbabwe


      Mugabe cornered by events out of his control

      Last updated: 08/15/2005 22:52:50
      THE bad conditions in Zimbabwe have assumed a kind of stability in
recent weeks and months. No one any longer expects anything positive to
immediately happen, and the government no longer pretends it has any plan to
deal with the multitudes of crises bedeviling the nation.

      Since the central bank's devaluation of the of the Zim dollar a few
weeks ago prices of everything have predictably skyrocketed yet again.
Central banker Gideon Gono's recent prediction that the latest increase in
inflation is short term and that the rate will fall to about 80% by year-end
now seems astonishingly out of touch with reality. The official rate of 164%
also seems plainly fictitious. While the post-devaluation Zim-US dollar
exchange rate now stands at about 18,000:1, the street rate hovers between
40,000 and 50,000 to one.

      We no longer hear any pronouncements about the now normal situation of
fuel shortages. Most service stations are without fuel for far longer than
they have it. It is now the norm for most to go without a delivery for
weeks. Some have put their employees on half pay because they spend the
majority of their work time just sitting around. Yet as long as the service
stations are still in business, they must keep their staff employed because
they could just be lucky to get a delivery with little or warning, keeping
them limping along for a little while longer. Efforts have been made by the
authorities to control the situation where service stations getting the
heavily subsidized government fuel would sell some at the mandated Z$10,000
a litre, and then flog the rest on the black market at prices many times
that. But despite these efforts many service station owners find ways around

      The recent move to allow a few select service stations to sell fuel
for hard currency is the inevitable beginning of the opening up of fuel
procurement, which should have been done years ago. There is simply nothing
the government can do short of completely opening up the importation and
pricing of fuel to get rid of the problem. As usual, the dull Mugabe regime
will be dragged to this reality kicking and screaming after huge damage has
been done to the economy.

      First moves towards this have been allowing anyone who has their own
forex "outside the country" to bring in fuel. But they are officially not
allowed to sell it for more than the official prices, which are below the
cost of free-market forex. In other words you are allowed to bring in your
own fuel with your own forex, but you must sell it at a loss! Of course the
importers who are doing this refuse to commit suicide and find ways around
this, keeping the fuel black market going.

      The officially designated forex service stations sell the fuel for
US$1 per litre, which at the official rate translates to about Zim$18,000 a
litre. If one were getting their US dollars at the official rate
(Zim18,000:US$1) this would not be an unreasonable price. Although close to
twice the Zim$10,000 per litre of other service stations, most Zimbabweans
would be happy to pay this to get fuel regularly. But of course there are
very few Zimbabweans with access to forex of any kind, certainly not
reliably and constantly enough to make any difference. This means that these
are service stations for the elite-NGOs, foreign embassies, a few
corporations, etc. It is a type of fuel apartheid in which the ordinary
Zimbabwean motorist is discriminated against for not having foreign

      But apart from this, it makes little sense for a holder of forex to
buy his fuel at US$1 per litre, which translates to Zim$50,000 at the black
market rate that counts for virtually all transactions regardless of what
the government says. So much better to change his US dollars on the black
market, get his Zim$50,000 for every US dollar and then try and buy the fuel
at the majority "local currency" garages at the heavily, unrealistically
subsidized price of Zim$10,000 per litre. Even if he surreptitiously offered
the service station attendant Zim$20,000 per litre he would still be better
off than going to the forex service station and paying effectively
Zim$50,000 per litre with his forex.

      Of course the subsidized fuel isn't available very often but one could
still save a lot of money by hiring a driver to drive to do nothing but
investigate which few service stations have the subsidized fuel. I give all
this detail to show how in setting its policies the Mugabe government is not
terribly gifted in the brain department, at just taking into account what is
happening around them. What they are good at is beating up citizens,
repression, destruction and figuring out ways to reduce ever more of their

      Speaking of which, the latest outrages against those remaining
freedoms are plans for the government to muscle in on the running of private
schools and to be able to withdraw passports on suspiciously flimsy grounds.
Of course both moves have aroused howls of protest but given a supine
parliament, they could soon become law, creating far more problems for the
country and the government that it can deal with now, exactly like happened
with the disastrous "Operation destroy homes and livelihoods." That in the
latest of ill-advised moves showed any of the world that still doubted it
what a vicious monster of a regime Mugabe presides over. Worse shacks are
going up now in the many areas that homes and lives were destroyed in the
madness of official violence.

      One result of messing around with the freedom of movement would be to
draw attention to the many children and relatives of leading regime members
roaming around the world unfettered. The colleges and universities of the
Western world have many of the offspring of regime members and that would be
a rich source of putting the screws on their repressive parents.

      Mugabe's pleading for British prime minister Tony Blairs's attention
has become more shrill and desperate as Blair continues to stoically ignore
him. After all the deeply personal insults Mugabe has hurled at Blair over
the years, why he should find Blair unreceptive to his pleas is surprising.
Mugabe now shrilly almost begs for Blair to notice him in a manner that is
most demeaning. Mugabe's loud rantings as his country lies in ruins makes
him a real spectacle to behold, an object of international fascination for
being such an entertaining though vicious comic of a ruler.

      Some people would wish to see Zimbabweans throng the streets in
protest against Mugabe's ruin of Zimbabwe and be enthusiastically mowed down
by his troops. That would give them the satisfaction that Zimbabweans "are
doing something about their oppression." For reasons of lack of the right
leadership and the fact that Mugabe's government is beyond the reach of
moral suasion, this is not the best way to take him on. I agree with the
many Zimbabweans who ignore the MDC's calls for unexplained job stayaways
and street protests. People are right to demand to know what a particular
action is designed to achieve before letting themselves be led into the line
of fire.
      But what is often ignored, perhaps because it is a new type of
struggle in post-independent Africa, is how Mugabe is losing the battle on
many fronts that are not immediately apparent. Fighting and rendering
despots effectively useless has evolved beyond taking up arms.

      Mugabe may for now be firmly ensconced at the presidential palace but
he wears his crown uneasily if not miserably. He is at least as much a
prisoner of events as he is a director of them. He must cling on to a
position he no longer can make work no enjoys because for him the
alternative, leaving office alive, is too frightening given all the misery
that can be laid at his door. His authority has been so whittled away at
home and abroad that he has no room or wherewithal to do anything except oil
his military machine. If power in an enlightened sense rather than just a
physical one means the ability to facilitate, to build, to motivate, to move
one's country forward, then Mugabe has certainly been reduced to a paper

      Of course even in that weakened position he is capable of doing a lot
more damage than he has done and a meaningful victory can only be declared
when a new dispensation reigns. But in terms of stripping him of the
legitimacy and respectability that he has always been so desperate for, that
important part of the battle has all but been won. If we accept that the
battle to return Zimbabwe to normality will be a long hard won given the
ruthlessness of its ruler, then this latest progression in showing beyond
doubt the nature of the regime must be put in its proper context.

      More of the world, even those portions of it that would have liked to
support Mugabe for one symbolic reason or another, find it increasingly
untenable to do so. That is why more economic, diplomatic and other doors
are being closed off to him. This same progression of events and pressures
have led to the fall of many mightier empires than the regime of Mugabe. We
may be just at too much of an uncomfortable stage of the progression to
notice how weakened Mugabe is in real terms.
      Makunike is a regular columnist for New and a social and
political commentator based in Harare

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Editor denies CIO control of newspaper

August 15, 2005, 13:30

Ibbo Mandaza, the publisher and editor-in-chief of the Mirror Newspapers,
has described reports that the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) has
secretly taken control of three independent newspapers in the country as

This comes after a report in the Zimbabwe Independent newspaper on Friday
stated that the country's CIO the had secretly taken control of three
independent newspapers including the Daily Mirror, Sunday Mirror and the
Financial Gazette, using billions of dollars of taxpayers' money.

Mandaza denied any shareholding by the CIO, but did not deny however that
there were some operations by the CIO within the paper. He said an enquiry
will be launched. The issue will be referred to authorities for
clarification of the matter and a statement will be issued if necessary.

Mandaza added that from a financial point of view, the paper was doing well.
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Education system unravels

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

HARARE, 15 Aug 2005 (IRIN) - Ratidzai Haparingi trots along the veranda of a
classroom block at the Zengeza 3 High School in Chitungwiza, a satellite
town 30km east of Zimbabwe's capital, Harare, occasionally stopping to check
whether a classroom is vacant.

This has been her daily routine since last year, when the school introduced
'roving classes' in an attempt to alleviate classroom shortages. A 'roving
class' has no permanent classroom.

When Ratidzai finds one, she scoots back to fetch her classmates waiting in
the schoolyard and shepherds them to the classroom before another 'roving
class' takes it.

Then she has to perform one more chore: as a prefect she has to find a
teacher to take the class through its lesson, otherwise she has to lead her
40 classmates in discussing the subject. "We try to teach ourselves but at
times it is the proverbial blind leading the blind," Ratidzai told IRIN.

The introduction of 'roving classes' is one more sign that the education
system - once lauded for its high standards - is unraveling.

Pass rates at both primary and secondary schools have fallen dramatically,
while teacher morale has been dented by the lack of adequate infrastructure
and teaching aids.

The Zimbabwe Schools Examination Council (Zimsec) has elicited public
criticism for its record of incompetence in executing its mandate after it
issued results for subjects students had not sat for, or certificates
reflecting an incomplete number of subjects.

A government-run boarding primary school at Macheke, about 100 km east of
Harare, was closed recently to pacify parents and guardians outraged over
allegations of sexual abuse.

Raymond Majongwe, secretary-general of the Progressive Teachers Union of
Zimbabwe (PTUZ), has accused the education ministry of negligence.

Commenting on proposed amendments to the Education Act that would allow more
government control over schools, Majongwe said: "We are not arguing that the
ministry should not have some control, but too much of it is uncalled for."

He suggested that the government should instead look into introducing
measures to improve working conditions in the education sector.

During the past five years an average of 2.5 million children have been
enrolled at primary schools throughout the country, but of the 1.7 million
who completed seven years of primary school, a mere 800,000 have had access
to secondary school education.

According to Education, Sport and Culture Minister Aeneas Chigwedere, at
least 320,000 students sat for Ordinary Level examinations in 2003, of whom
250,000 failed.

Research has shown that Zimbabwe needs an additional 1,800 new primary
schools and 1,500 new secondary schools to cope with increased enrolment.

In response the education ministry introduced double sessions in schools,
but this has not solved the problems of overcrowding.

Chigwedere and Higher and Tertiary Education Minister Stan Mudenge have
noted the increasing demand for Zimbabwean professionals in the United
Kingdom, the United States and neighbouring African countries as evidence of
the country's high quality of education.

But education expert Fidelis Mhashu disagreed, saying, "The government
mistakes the flight of Zimbabwean professionals ... as a barometer for the
quality of its education, yet these people are running away from the current
economic and political crisis that has created serious unemployment."

An estimated three million Zimbabweans - out of a population of 11.6
million - have left the country in search of better employment

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UN hopes for greater access to displaced

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 15 Aug 2005 (IRIN) - The United Nations country team in
Zimbabwe will meet with government representatives to finalise an appeal to
help those made homeless by the controversial Operation Murambatsvina
('Drive out Filth') campaign in urban areas.

UN Resident Coordinator Dr Agostinho Zacarias told IRIN on Monday that the
team had made concrete progress in formulating the appeal.

"The government of Zimbabwe has received our proposal - the draft appeal -
and they are looking at it. They said they would be coming back to us with
suggested amendments or adjustments they want made," Zacarias said.

Although he hoped the final appeal would be launched this week, Zacarias
noted that this could only happen "after our discussions with the
government, and we have to coordinate with our colleagues in New York [at UN

Operation Murambatsvina affected over 700,000 people after the government
demolished informal homes and businesses in the country's urban centres.

The campaign was heavily criticised by UN Special Envoy Anna Tibaijuka, who
said it "breached both national and international human rights law
provisions guiding evictions" and had resulted in a humanitarian crisis.

News reports last week quoted Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) as
saying the government was preventing aid from reaching displaced families.

About 2,260 people have been living at Hopley Farm on the southern outskirts
of the capital, Harare, where they had gone for a week or more "without a
decent meal, clean water or sanitary facilities or temporary shelter", ZLHR
said in a statement.

Zacarias told IRIN that "WFP [World Food Programme], IOM [International
Organisation for Migration], UNICEF [the UN Children's Fund] and MSF
[Medecins Sans Frontieres] have all been able to access the people at Hopley
Farm since late last week" after negotiations with authorities.

"Of course, the situation regarding access [to people in need] is on the
agenda for our discussions with the government. We are not quite sure how
many other 'Hopley Farms' there might be around the country but ... we had
difficulty in accessing the people there. We have to negotiate access while
we discuss strategies on how to address the situation in its entirety," he

Government participation in drafting the appeal was crucial to this.

"This appeal is the result of wanting to organise things with the government
... the really important point is bringing the government along with us, so
that it opens up the humanitarian space [in the country]," Zacarias

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Newspapers struggle to survive political and financial pressures

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 15 Aug 2005 (IRIN) - An inflationary environment and political
pressure is making Zimbabwean newspapers financially vulnerable, according
to media sources.

"There are exorbitant costs involved. All of us [newspaper publishers] have
enormous debts - we owe money to the banks," said publisher and editor Ibbo

"Newsprint accounts for 70 percent of our costs - it costs about Zim $20
million (about US $1,100) a tonne and we require three tonnes a day," noted
Mandaza, head of the Southern Africa Publishing House (SAPHO), which owns
and prints the Daily Mirror and Sunday Mirror.

Escalating fuel costs and increasing salaries to keep up with the high
inflation rate have also impacted on the company's resources.

Besides the financial costs, Mandaza said he had to contend with the
psychological pressure of "safeguarding his journalists every day" - he and
two journalists from his publishing house were detained in 1999.

This week Mandaza was busy fielding queries related to a controversial news
report claiming that the Mirror group, the Financial Gazette and the
suspended weekly, the Tribune, had either been bought or approached with a
takeover bid by the Central Intelligence Operation (CIO), Zimbabwe's state
security agency.

The report's claims have been shot down by all the publications involved,
but it highlighted yet again the vulnerability of the media in a politically
charged environment.

"I have a 100 percent stake in SAPHO - I own the publishing house. We have
in the past - i.e. before 2003 - received offers from several people we
found unsuitable; we have not received any offers since then," Mandaza
confirmed. "We might have CIO agents in my newspaper and I will be unable to
confirm that - I mean state security agencies across the world have agents
in the media - they are all over the place."

Kindness Paradza, publisher of Africa Tribune Newspapers (ATN), which used
to print the Tribune newspaper, said in the past he had also been approached
with offers, "but I will not be able to confirm whether they were CIO
operatives - I wouldn't know".

Paradza has other pressing problems: he is fighting to keep his business
afloat after the government-appointed Media and Information Commission (MIC)
suspended ATN for a year in June 2004.

Last month the MIC turned down ATN's application to resume publication,
saying the company had failed to show that it had enough capital, and
because it intended operating from a residence.

"How was I expected to rent business premises if I had not yet been given a
licence? Anyway, I have gone ahead and rented premises and met with all the
requirements asked, and resubmitted my application last week," said Paradza.

ATN shut down when the MIC ruled that it had failed to inform the commission
that The Tribune - initially published on Thursdays as The Business Tribune,
and on Saturdays as The Weekend Tribune - had merged into The Tribune, which
had gone on sale on Fridays.

The one-year suspension was based on allegations of breaching the Access to
Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA), which stipulates that the
commission must be informed of any changes in the titles, frequency and
ownership of a licensed media house.

"We realise the costs of running the operation - both financially and
psychologically - but we are journalists: we cannot earn a living doing
anything else," commented Paradza, who has been in the profession for 22
years. ATN is owned by journalists, with Paradza owning a 90 percent stake.

The Media Institute of Southern Africa, a media watchdog, said controversial
legislation such as AIPPA had placed an additional burden on journalists in

"They have to operate in constant fear of possibly breaching the
legislation," commented MISA's Nyasha Nyakunu.

The MIC was set up under Zimbabwe's controversial AIPPA law to license
newspapers and journalists. In a high-profile decision in 2004 it denied a
licence to Associated Newspapers of Zimbabwe (ANZ), which owned two
antigovernment papers: the Daily News, once the country's largest selling
newspaper, and the Daily News on Sunday.

Despite these pressures, Mandaza said his company had taken out yet another
loan to purchase a printing plant recently. "We hope to divert some of the
resources that we will now be able to save towards increasing our

The public's "thirst for information" was what kept publishing houses
running, Paradza maintained. "Almost 80 percent of Zimbabwe's population is
literate. We already had our niche market because of our middle-of-the-road
stance" regarding the government. "With our belief in accurate reporting we
hope to maintain our readership - we believe you can do business in

Besides the official daily, The Herald, and pro-government The Daily Mirror,
Zimbabwe's press stable includes the privately owned weeklies The Financial
Gazette, The Independent and The Standard.

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Schindler Stops Repairs As Forex Squeeze Bites

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

August 14, 2005
Posted to the web August 15, 2005

Our Staff

SCHINDLER Lifts Zimbabwe is no longer able to repair lifts and escalators
due to shortage of fuel and foreign currency, StandardBusiness has

An official at Schindler said lifts, which stop functioning without anyone
trapped inside, were no longer a priority in repairs.

"We are not getting any allocation at the auction floors to import spare
parts," said the official. The spare parts, which include controllers, and
print, which is software for the elevators, are imported from neighbouring
South Africa and Europe.

"In October we applied for 27 000 Euros to buy modernisation kit which was
going to be used for repairing elevators. In March we applied for R17 500 to
buy spare parts for a client's elevator and recently we applied for US$ 210
for our technician's incidental expenses, at the workshop he is attending in
South Africa, which was never approved," the official said.

The official also said wherever necessary they buy local parts but some
components are not found locally. When they cannot acquire the parts they
just switch off the elevators to protect the lives of passengers. The impact
is mostly felt by those running their business on 16th floor or other
floors. They will lose clients who find it taxing to use stairs.

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Tel*one to Retrench Thousands

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

August 14, 2005
Posted to the web August 15, 2005

Own Staff

UP TO 1 600 workers at TelOne are to lose their jobs due to the
restructuring and restrategising programme, which the company has embarked

TelOne Public Relations Manager Phil Chingwaru told Standard Business that
the retrenchment would affect a number of parastatals that have all been
challenged to boost their performance. He, however, said that for TelOne the
turnaround strategy should help them improve their operations and keep up
with latest technology.

"TelOne is retrenching workers because we want to come up with a compact
programme. We are restructuring and restrategising so that we focus on new
ways of doing things. Currently the company has 3 900 employees." Chingwaru
added that the retrenchment is set to affect all workers and they are
looking at how each and every worker performs.
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Tourism Act to Be Amended

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

August 14, 2005
Posted to the web August 15, 2005

Our Staff

THE Tourism Act is up for an amendment to give more powers to the Zimbabwe
Tourism Authority (ZTA) to rein in 'errant' tourism operators, it has

Tourism authorities told StandardBusiness last week that operators were
taking advantage of the laxity in the legislation and were reneging in
supplying ZTA with statistics on a monthly basis. Operators have to supply
the tourism promotion body with statistics on the 15th of each month.

At a Tourism Statistics workshop last week ZTA said that a paltry 20% of
operators were releasing information required by the authority to compile
statistical information on time. ZTA said that some operators were supplying
the authority with inaccurate and inconsistent information.

ZTA said the delay in releasing information by the 15th of every month
handicapped the tourism promotion body to release statistical data on time.
ZTA collects information from operators through the Levy and Statistical
Remittance form issued in terms of the Tourism Act Chapter 14:20.

Environment and Tourism Minister Francis Nhema said although there was
adequate legislation to deal with concerns in the tourism sector, there was
a proposal to centralise authority in the Tourism Act.

Nhema said: "We have enough legislation to deal with health and security
concerns but there is a proposal that would it not be possible to have the
Tourism Act with powers to deal with issues of health, security and

Meanwhile, despite government's proclaimed "Look East" policy, figures
released by ZTA show that tourist arrivals from China have declined in the
first half of 2005 as compared to last year.

Arrivals from China/ Hong Kong plummeted to just under 5 000 this year from
10 000 in the year comparable. Arrivals from the UK recorded a percentage
change of 26% while those from Canada recorded an increase of 14%. Overally,
tourist arrivals decreased by 8% with the greatest slump (36%) being
recorded in the overseas market. The African market had a slight decrease

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Mail and Guardian

      National unity govt not 'imperative' in Zim

      Pretoria, South Africa

      15 August 2005 04:48

            The formation of a government of national unity in Zimbabwe is
not necessarily the solution to that country's political problems, a South
African government official said on Monday.

            Neither the ruling Zanu-PF nor the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) regards a unity government as an imperative, Deputy
Minister of Foreign Affairs Aziz Pahad told reporters in Pretoria.

            "It would be useless, us insisting on something both sides say
is not fundamental," he said, referring to reports that this was a
precondition for South Africa granting its neighbour a loan.

            A more pertinent consideration, Pahad said, is that money loaned
have an impact on the Zimbabwean economy.

            "We are negotiating in the ... broad context that we need
fundamental economic changes, and how do we minimise the political tensions
of Zimbabwe without necessarily talking about governments of national

            Pahad said there is a need for a "real re-look" at Zimbabwe's
economic affairs. Issues that need to be examined include the independence
of the central bank, exchange-rate interventions and getting agricultural
productivity back on track.

            A decision on a loan will take into account "certain basic
realities", including that Zimbabwe's expulsion from the International
Monetary Fund over debt will lead to a further deterioration of the
country's political and economic situation.

            "All our interventions on the Zimbabwean issue have been to
prevent a failed state on our doorstep," Pahad said.

            Talks on the loan are ongoing between South African Minister of
Finance Trevor Manuel, South African Reserve Bank Governor Tito Mboweni and
their Zimbabwean counterparts.

            "They have not indicated anything," Pahad said.

            He did not know about claims that Zimbabwe has decided to turn
down the financial help over reported strict preconditions.

            There should be a report on the loan discussions "in a short
time", the deputy minister said, since the negotiators have to inform the
South African Parliament of the detail.

            Pahad said the Zimbabwean issue has not been tabled as a
separate agenda item for this week's Southern African Development Community
council of ministers and heads of state meetings in Botswana.

            "But clearly these matters are always discussed, if not
formally, then informally."

            Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, re-elected in a disputed
poll in 2002, has recently ruled out talks with the MDC.

            The country's economic woes were partly caused by Mugabe's
land-reform programme, which saw thousands of commercial farms seized since

            Recently, the government came under criticism for an urban slum
clean-up campaign estimated to have left hundreds of thousands homeless. -- 

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Global Politician

      Challenge to South Africa's President: Are You Imposing Zimbabwe's
      Dr. Izak Labuschagne - 8/15/2005
      The hard facts regarding land reform in South Africa totally
contradicts the political rhetoric. It is so bad that in one instance an
open challenge to the President of South Africa had to be posted on the web.
The cat simply slipped out of the bag regarding the statement by the Deputy
President of South Africa reported on by most newspapers over the last few
days. She said:

      "Land reform in South Africa has been too slow and too structured.
There needs to be a bit of 'oomph'. That's why we may need the skills of
Zimbabwe to help us," she said at an education conference. "On agrarian and
land reform, South Africa should learn some lessons from Zimbabwe - how to
do it fast."

      Like so many before them, white South Africans are just being duped
with political rhetoric until the South African Communist Party influences
the ruling ANC government to strike in the classic savage style - a style
that has become the historically established political modus operandi and
the accepted norm of southern African states. A formula underwritten by
hefty offers of finance to Zimbabwe from South Africa.

      We who are here in Africa have to suffer all forms of attack when we
try to get the truth out. Some of us could leave, but we stay on so as to
try and provide some form of support and protection for the many innocent
folk who will be part of the next outbreak of African racial hatred,
destruction, rape and genocide.

      The wave of bloody attacks and murders against South African farmers
has already been declared a precursor to genocide by prominent United
Nations researchers. Another Zimbabwe looms ahead for South Africans. Is the
world again going to react when it is too late? There are no racial
boundaries in these attacks. As was the case in Zimbabwe, white and black
opponents of the government were targeted. In this case the Coloured (people
of mixed White and Black descent) communities of the Northern Cape are
targeted. In other parts of the country, Zulus, Shangaans and anyone not
daring to support the ANC / SACP/ COSATU alliance are on the hit list.

      South Africans have to endure the tangible signs of yet another ethnic
cleansing gathering momentum by the day. The First World cannot turn a blind
eye to your fellow man's impending suffering and pretend your collective
conscience away. Not this time. You are receiving ample and repeated warning
and by now the signs should be well neigh impossible to ignore.

      The following is an open challenge to the President of South Africa
Thabo Mbeki:

      Mr. President,

      RE GOODHOUSE Northern cape

      When all the attempts at concerned, tactful approach, when pleading,
when all attempts at coming up with workable solutions, when warnings, when
admonishment have been ignored, have all come to naught, then there comes a
time when rebuke is appropriate. Hence:

      1. This letter is directed to y our office since your Minister of Land
Affairs and her deputy are unable or unwilling to answer correspondence in
this matter.

      2. This situation is so serious that it is fully set out on the
Internet. This letter too will be posted on the Internet. Moreover, the
letter will be sent to your offices via speed services and the tracking
number will also be placed on the Internet. As you no doubt know, the site
in question is and the relevant tab on that site is the one

      3. The MEC for Land Affairs in the Northern Cape has visited Goodhouse
and unilaterally announced that she has procured R 5 mil for a state run
project at Goodhouse.

      4. The local ANC council went so far as to say that it will be a
purely ANC project.

      5. Needless to say there has been no prior consultation with the
farmers in the area and for that alone the 19 top farmers in the area reject
the proposal outright.

      6. Your MEC should be instructed t o use that money to transfer the
land to the community so that they can implement their own plan, independent
from the interference and consistent sabotage of the government.

      7. Instead of transferring state held land to the coloured community
at Goodhouse as is required by various statutes, your government persists
with its strategy of installing projects that can impossibly succeed and
that your officials in any event deliberately and repeatedly destroy. All
they are interested in is to raise money from tax payers for yet another
government run and destroyed project so that they can distribute the
managements fees, planning fees, consultation fees, commissions and other
gross margins to their political friends.

      8. In the last project that little formula enriched ANC members by no
less than 18 mil Rands. The scorpions are not yet finished with their
investigations and yet another is being cooked up.

      9. Five million Rand is a ridiculous figure with which to st art a
project there. Just to repair the pipeline will cost more. In fact the
pipeline (that was designed by your government to fail in the first place)
needs to be scrapped and each farmer should get their own irrigation
infrastructure to suite his particular purposes. Irrigation infrastructure
that in fact pre-existed the last project, but that your government induced
them into discarding in favour of the rigged-to-fail system you deployed

      10. Please get it though your head sir. The real farmers at Goodhouse
(and not the layabouts and crooks that your local council have rounded up
from the ANC cadres in other towns) want nothing to do with your government.
They have tolerated your government's partisanship, racism, abuse, hostility
and rigged-to-fail projects for neigh on 20 years and are sick of it.

      11. The land should have been transferred in the early 90's and still
is not. Why not?

      12. All you need to do Mr. President in order to admit the following
is not to answer this letter, to acquiesce by your silence to the following
allegations. Allegations which your government has already supply ample
proof of. Allegations which it has not defended because they are true: -

      12.1. Your government will do all it can to prevent non ANC members
from being beneficiaries in the land reform program

      12.2. Your government will hold on to the millions of hectares of
state land in the name of your minister of land affairs as long as possible
so that you can continue to hold the occupants of that land to ransom with
government run projects (provided they vote for you).

      12.3. Your government will instead of giving these landowners their
freedom continue using taxpayer's money to create project after project that
benefits your government officials and their friends.

      12.4. For your government, failed projects are a moneymaking business.

      12.5. For your government failed projects (at the instance of the
government) s erve as justification for perpetuating your draconian control
over the rural voter population.

      12.6. For your government, undermining the policies and legislation
guiding the land reform process justifies its claim that the process is
failing and its intention to follow in the footsteps of Zimbabwe, which you
are so careful to so clandestinely support.

      12.6.1. You have a 100% success rate in destroying projects in the
land reform program.

      12.6.2. You have refused to take up offers in the willing buyer
willing seller scenario and now you claim it has failed.

      12.6.3. You refuse to transfer state held land to their rightful
beneficiaries in terms of the laws your government put in place.

      12.6.4. You justified the delay by saying that they are not yet ready
to take transfer because they have not succeeded yet. Yet you make sure they
do not.

      12.7. Your government is by using these machiavellian crisis
management tactics in fact stabling your own people in the back as you are
playing into the hands of the first world that wants to keep Southern
African Agriculture stifled for as long as possible in order to protect
their own markets.

      12.8. You are perfectly in concert with the various organisations that
have made their aims in this regard clear. You Sir, are known to attend
their meetings, you are part of their fraternal's and member of their secret

      12.9. You appear to be unable to answer these allegations because they
are true.

      12.10. Your government is too afraid to face the farmers of Goodhouse
when they are assisted by their advisor. That has been proved repeatedly.

      12.11. I challenge you to stop your government from being so cowardice
Sir and to deal with the Goodhouse issue.

      12.12. Give them their freedom. Transfer the land to them so that they
can make a success on their own. And stop sabotaging their chances to do so.

      As you already know, this letter is sent under mandate from the leader
of the Goodhouse Community and the Links Cloetes. I state this for the
benefit of the media that will receive this letter. Mr. Cloete can be
contacted on +27 76 1140745

      As I said, Sir, if you have the guts to deal with this, then answer
me. I would like nothing more than for you to prove me wrong. Right now all
the hard facts prove me right. If you are guilty, just remain silent. The
world is watching you.

      Dr. Izak Labuschagne is a well-known political and legal activist in
South Africa.

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Air Zimbabwe Leases Plane From Thailand

The Herald (Harare)

August 15, 2005
Posted to the web August 15, 2005


AIR Zimbabwe has leased from Thailand a Boeing 767-300 plane for two months
while it carries out maintenance work on its Boeing 767-200 plane.

This has compelled the airline to reschedule, with immediate effect, the
Beijing-Bangkok-Dubai-Harare and Harare-Dubai-Bangkok-Beijing flights.

The airline chief executive officer, Dr Tendai Mahachi, yesterday said the
'C' class-check would be conducted for two months at the airline grounds to
check the fitness of the plane.

"This is meant to improve high safety standards as we gear to enhance our
initiative of high quality customer care," Dr Mahachi said.

Although he could not disclose the amount paid in the lease agreement with
the Thailand Airline, Dr Mahachi said the airline would operate the
Harare-Singapore-Beijing and Harare-Dubai routes via Bangkok.

Other technical officials from the airline said the overhaul check was more
detailed as it encompassed partly stripping the plane to check the integrity
of structures of the plane to determine whether they were sound.

They indicated this involved checking the effects of corrosion on some parts
and whether they could continue running the plane.

"The maintenance was prescribed by the Boeing Company and should be
conducted after every 18 months. The fact that we have to hire another plane
to continue operating shows that we still need more aeroplanes to continue
with business in emergency cases and when others go for maintenance," the
official said.

The national airline, which hiked its fares by 75 percent this month has two
767-200 ER (extended ranges planes), which can endure 14-hour flights
depending on the load.

It also owns three small 737-200, two MA60 bought from China and another BA
146 they got from the Airforce of Zimbabwe.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Army to take over war vets

From Pamenus Tuso in Bulawayo
issue date :2005-Aug-16

THE four-member committee set up by President Robert Mugabe early this year
to restructure the fractious Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans'
Association (ZNLWVA) is understood to have recommended that the association's
structures be incorporated into the national army.
President Mugabe, patron of the war veteran club, appointed former Zimbabwe
People's Revolutionary Army (Zipra) intelligence supremo Dumiso Dabengwa,
retired Air Marshall Josiah Tungamirai and retired Generals Solomon Mujuru
and Vitalis Zvinavashe to the committee "to bring  sanity" back in the war
veterans' body.
Dabengwa, the ex-Home Affairs minister, last week confirmed his committee
had since submitted its report to President Mugabe and the Zanu PF supreme
decision-making body outside congress, the Politburo.
"The report is now with the Politburo for approval. As soon as they
(Politburo members) are through, it will be made public," said Dabengwa,
also a Politburo member.
He declined to give details of their recommendations.
But impeccable sources said the committee recommended that the ZNLWVA must
be under the supervision of the army, with the association's national
offices housed at the army headquarters in Harare, while provincial offices
will be housed in army brigades in their respective provinces.
Under the proposed arrangement, the sources added, an ordinary war veteran
will now be equivalent to an army warrant officer class one and his or her
monthly allowances and benefits would be the same.
A warrant officer class one earns between $3 million and $5 million per
The source added that the new arrangement also sought to do away with
elections of ZNLWVA national leadership and instead recommends the
appointment of leaders.
"In the past, elections have caused divisions in the association. War
veterans, as former soldiers, are used to orders and not elections," said
one of the sources.
The sources added that commanders and brigadiers would be incorporated in
the new ZNLWVA leadership.
The leadership is expected to be announced soon.
Andrew Ndlovu, the interim chairman of the ZNLWVA, said as soon as the new
leaders are announced, his leadership would automatically cease to exist.
"It is important to mention that my committee will cease to exist as soon as
a substantive committee is announced.  We have also completed our jobs and
we have already submitted our report to the presidium," added Ndlovu.

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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Forex squeeze hits Nkomo Airport refurbishment

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Aug-16

THE shortage of foreign currency to import special building material from
China is hampering the refurbishment of the Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo (JMN)
Airport in Bulawayo being upgraded to match international standards.
This has put the strategic project on halt with frantic efforts being made
to secure the much-needed forex to complete it.
Zimbabwe's foreign currency reserves have been below
capacity due to a shrinking economy.
In June, the airport - formerly Bulawayo Airport before being renamed JMN in
honour of late Vice President Joshua Nkomo - was scheduled for completion
before yearend courtesy of a bilateral agreement to import building
materials from China in line with government's enhanced 'Look East' policy.
Started in 2002, the upgrading of the airport, an important link with the
key South African air routes, was scheduled to take 18 months but has been
delayed due to inadequate stuff to renovate the terminal building and the
An official at the airport said part of the materials had already been
shipped but yet to arrive in the country.
The consignment was not enough though, he explained, as government had
prioritised immediate pressing needs of the nation and diverted foreign
currency to procure basic necessities such as fuel and
"Some of the materials have already been shipped but some are yet to come.
"But I understand that as soon as government acquires foreign currency, we
will put up the final touches."
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Mid-term fiscal policy review on today

Business Reporter
issue date :2005-Aug-16

ANALYSTS have said they expect the government to tighten import duty tariffs
on goods as a means of containing the outflow of the country's low foreign
currency reserves when Herbert Murerwa, the Minister of Finance, presents
the 2005 mid-term fiscal policy review and supplementary budget today.
In addition, the minister is also widely expected to make further income tax
adjustments that will broaden ebbing disposable incomes that have been
eroded by the negative increases in the rate of inflation since April this
At present, the monthly cost of living has ballooned to at least $5,4
million per month from less than $2 million last year when the 2005 fiscal
policy and national budget statement was announced in November.
The mid-term fiscal policy was initially supposed to have been presented
before Parliament late last month, but was however postponed on two
occasions: first when the minister flew to China and second when Parliament
was adjourned  early this month.
However David Chapfika, Deputy Minister of Finance, yesterday confirmed that
the presentation would be made today.
"The minister will present  the 2005 mid-term fiscal policy review and
supplementary budget before Parliament tomorrow(today)," Chapfika said.
The 2005 fiscal policy forecast total national revenue of $23 trillion and a
budget deficit of $4,5 trillion bringing the total budget to $27,5 trillion.
However the onset of a drought this year, the expansion of the Cabinet, the
need to fund power and food importation, all of which account for unbudgeted
expenditure, have prompted the government to come up with a supplementary
Analysts said the key points of the fiscal policy would be the tightening of
tariff structures with regards to imported goods to curtail speculative
consumer spending.
"We see government tightening import duties and that will cut down on
consumer spending. This will lead to the country keeping the little foreign
currency it has and badly requires," an economic analyst said.
Further the economic analyst said another key factor of the fiscal policy
would be the likely upward adjustment in income tax bands to cushion workers
from the slew of inflationary price increases that have drastically eroded
disposable incomes.
"On the supplementary budget the government is not likely to make major
ramifications since it is currently negotiating for a loan from South Africa
that will not only cover the repayment of international debts but will also
fund the importation of fuel, electricity and grain imports since we are
facing a drought," the analyst said.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

$10bn to computerise immigration entry points

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Aug-16

GOVERNMENT has channelled $10 billion to the department of immigration to
computerise entry points and improve efficiency in data collection and
enumeration, principal immigration officer Dominick Ndlovu has said.
A critical institution for primary statistical gathering in such
organisations as the Central Statistical Office (CSO) and the Zimbabwe
Tourism Authority (ZTA) for corporate and strategic planning purposes,
immigration is under fire from stakeholders for inefficiency.
The ZTA, for instance, blamed the institution for failing to timeously feed
it with statistics for tourist inflows.
But during a ZTA stakeholders workshop last Thursday, Ndlovu pointed out
that their challenges emanated from poor resources with officers manually
collecting statistics resulting in massive distortions and frequent errors.
ZTA researchers argued that they have often made futile attempts to have
statistics from the department on time and when the information came, it
usually was incomplete or inaccurate.
The deadline for submission of statistics to the ZTA is the 15th of every
The immigration chief however, said government had moved in with capital
injections to see through the computerisation of the Harare International
Airport by the end of this year.
"Regrettably, we have to manually collect statistics, it is purely a problem
of resources but by the end of the year we expect to be able to computerise
the Harare International Airport before moving out to other border posts.
Tenders have already been published. We were given $10 billion for the
programme," Ndlovu told the Harare seminar workshop designed to understand
tourism statistics.
Realising the effects of the distorted data, the Zimbabwe Council for
Tourism (ZCT) invested eight computers for all major ports of entry but it
emerged last week that the computers were still lying idle.
Ndlovu said the computers did not have appropriate software, an assertion
that provoked the ire of the ZCT.
"The private sector made a gesture. Why are those computers lying idle if
statistics can be collected using the basic excel software that come with
every machine? Why do you want to wait for expensive software?" fired one
enraged operator.
He added that there was rampant confusion at border posts.
Some travellers, he noted, were entered while others were told that there
were no forms, a situation that made the whole data collection programme a
Tourism companies are under substantial pressure from the Reserve Bank of
Zimbabwe (RBZ) to account for the foreign currency they receive, hence the
call for accurate collection of statistics.
Recently-appointed ZTA chief executive Karikoga Kaseke, said he would revamp
the organisation's statistical collection department in line with RBZ
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

William Zvinavashe accused

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Aug-16

BUSINESSMAN William Zvinavashe is back in court, this time for allegedly
disappearing with $125 million he collected from an unsuspecting Harare man
in return for 500 litres of diesel.
Zvinavashe - who has had a brush with the law for the better part of this
year - was arrested last Friday and appeared in court yesterday facing a
charge of theft by false pretences.
Zvinavashe (39) and his co-accused, Shebah Tekede (37), were remanded in
custody to August 29.
Prosecutor David Manavele told the court that on July 1 this year,
Zvinavashe acting in connivance with Hillary Chimombe - who is on the run -
and Tekede allegedly lied to the complainant that they had plenty of diesel
in stock, which they were selling at $25 000 a litre.
The complainant, whose name was not supplied in court, had allegedly been
informed that Zvinavashe was in the business of selling diesel and he phoned
him to find out.
Zvinavashe allegedly confirmed and they arranged to meet at Fife Avenue
Shopping Centre.
When they met, Zvinavashe allegedly introduced Tekede as one of his
customers awaiting delivery and Chimombe as his clerk. He allegedly told the
complainant that the diesel was stored somewhere along Manchester Road in
Workington and his offices were at corner Fourth Street and Baines Avenue.
Zvinavashe and his accomplices allegedly led the complainant to their
purported offices where he paid $125 million for 500 litres of diesel.
The complainant was allegedly told to go and wait along Manchester Road
where the fuel was reportedly stored, but the trio never turned up.
Zvinavashe and Tekede were not asked to plead to the charge.
In March this year, Zvinavashe and Royal Medical Aid Society (RMAS) owner
Innocent Gumbura were fined $350 000 for offering a bribe.
Zvinavashe also allegedly defrauded Meikles Hotel of nearly $20 million in
August last year after he checked out of the hotel without settling his
In April, he appeared before senior provincial magistrate Mishrod Guvamombe
on a charge of flouting the Exchange Control Act in his foiled bid to
acquire Turnpike Properties, just outside Harare.
Zvinavashe is on $7 million bail on both fraud and exchange control
regulations cases.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

3 arrested over $164m ivory

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Aug-16

THREE Chinese nationals were arrested at the Harare International Airport
last week while allegedly trying to smuggle ivory worth $4,6 million to
their home country.
Yin Feng (40), Li Yong (42) and a 16-year-old, all of Borrowdale, Harare,
were arrested as they prepared to fly out to China, reportedly with 41
pieces of ivory.
The trio, which appeared before Harare magistrate Paradzai Garufu last
Friday, was not asked to plead to a charge of contravening the Customs and
Exercise Act  (attempted smuggling). The teenager was remanded on $2 million
bail but Feng and Yong were locked up on grounds they could abscond and
interfere with State witnesses.
Allegations are that on 5 August at Harare airport, the trio, en-route to
China, allegedly declared one laptop computer and a DVD player at the
Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (Zimra) checkpoint, but not the 41 pieces of
ivory products in their possession.
The products comprised of three bangles, 20 chopsticks, two rhino carvings,
two elephant carvings, 11 plain stamps and three decorated stamps. An X-ray
machine detected the items. The three were ordered back to court on 28
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Govt struggles to fund sewage works

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Aug-16

THE Murombedzi sewage reticulation scheme in Zvimba might suffer a still
birth, as the government is struggling to finance the project, which has
taken about 10 years to take off .
The Public Service Commission (PSC) revealed that the estimated cost of the
project has since ballooned from $10 million in 1995 to about $32 billion in
2005 due to inadequate funding and undercosting at planning stage.
The project, originally planned to commence in 1995, only started this year
and its completion is now mired in limbo due to escalating costs of
material, blamed on inflation.
In its contribution to the midterm fiscal policy statement, the PSC blamed
flawed planning and inadequate funding as the main impediment to the
implementation of government projects.
"Inadequate funding, owing to undercosting at planning stage or overwhelmed
State budgets at allocation stage, resulted in programmes/projects taking
too long to complete," PSC said in a statement.
"By the time such projects are revisited, the cost would have snowballed due
to inflation and this further constrains the national coffers.
"For example, the Murombedzi sewerage reticulation scheme took 10 years to
get off the ground and the estimated cost of the project in 1995 was $10
million but in 2005 the estimated cost is now at $32 billion," the statement
Webster Shamu, the Minister of Policy Implementation in the Office of the
President, is currently touring the country's 10 provinces to assess
progress regarding implementation of public projects.
According to the PSC, the government should resist the temptation of
implementing too many projects at once.
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