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Zimbabwean voters find their names have 'vanished' from electoral roll as election gets underway
Millions of Zimbabweans turned out to vote on Wednesday only for many to find their names had vanished from the roll amid allegations that President Robert Mugabe's regime was rigging the election.
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Centre of attention: President Robert Mugabe after casting his vote in Harare. 'People will vote freely and fairly,’ he said Photo: AP

The vote itself was largely devoid of the violence seen during previous contests - and the mood in the queues emerging from polling stations was buoyant.

But the hopes of many Zimbabweans that Mr Mugabe's 33-year rule might finally end began to fade as large numbers were turned away from polling stations because their names were not on the voters' list.

Others were told that they were registered in places where they had never lived; one woman in Bulawayo was told she was listed in a town nearly 200 miles away.

A Zimbabwean holds up a ballot at a polling station in Domboshava, 60km north of Harare (AFP/GETTY)

Among those denied the chance to vote was Josiah Mutandwa, 59, in Budiriro township in the capital, Harare. "I came to check my name was on the roll before elections because they said they might try to twist things," he said. "I'm so disappointed because I wanted to vote: it's my right."

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Zimbabweans shrug off cold weather with massive voter turnout

By Tichaona Sibanda
SW Radio Africa
31 July 2013

Voters across Zimbabwe on Wednesday formed long queues and waited for hours
in the bitterly cold weather, to cast their ballots in what analysts have
described as the most important election in the country’s history.

In most of the rural areas, which had been flashpoints in bloody post-poll
violence five years ago, lines of voters snaked around the many polling
stations and across dusty playing fields as people patiently waited their

In urban areas, the turnout is being described as the biggest since
independence as many young and new voters seek to make a statement that they
need change after 33 years of ZANU PF’s mismanagement of the economy.

Many had gathered in the early hours long before dawn, covering themselves
with warm clothes and blankets, while others went to join the queues as
polls opened at 7am.

The chairperson of the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission, Rita Makarau, said the
electoral body will ensure that everyone who joins the queue before 7pm will
be allowed to vote.

Neck-and-neck rivals for the presidency, Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai
and President Robert Mugabe, both cast their votes in the capital city.
Tsvangirai told journalists after casting his ballot that the poll
represents a historic day as it gives Zimbabweans the chance to complete the
change they’ve been yearning for since 2008.

‘Hopefully this day gives us the opportunity to break the stalemate from
five years ago and help end the hostility and conflict that has been with us
for years,’ he said.

Unfortunately a number of voter irregularities were reported throughout the
day, ranging from the very slow pace of voting in some areas, to outright
intimidation by ZANU PF in others.

Parliamentary and council results are expected to start coming in from
midnight, while the direction of the presidential race should become clearer
by midday on Thursday.

Legally Presidential results must be released within 5 days of the poll.

So it remains to be seen what the future holds for Zimbabwe.

See a photo gallery of the elections

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Traditional leaders and police “assist” voters in rural areas

By Tererai Karimakwenda
SW Radio Africa
31 July 2013

Voters in many rural areas of Zimbabwe were told by traditional leaders and
police to pretend they did not know how to vote on election day, according
to a local observer group that deployed teams to monitor polling stations
around the country.

The Centre for Community Development in Zimbabwe (CCDZ) reported that large
numbers of voters, especially in rural areas like Chegutu and Murehwa, asked
to be assisted to vote by officials on Wednesday.

CCDZ director Phillip Pasirayi said voting proceeded peacefully in most
areas, but there were some “very worrying” incidents that marred the day and
could very well affect the outcome of the election.

“Firstly there is the issue of assisted voters, particularly in the rural
areas and the farming communities. There is a trend that we are seeing of
assisted voters, who turn up saying that they do not know how to vote. And
they are being assisted by election officials.

Pasirayi said this was worrying because officials from the Zimbabwe
Electoral Commission (ZEC) were hired by ZANU-PF and support Robert Mugabe.
In addition Pasirayi strongly criticized the police for violating electoral
laws by operating inside polling stations. CCDZ observers reported that
policemen were seen operating inside many polling stations, and allegedly
interfering with the voters.

“The law says that police officers are not supposed to be inside polling
stations. But we are getting it from our observers that in the majority of
stations where they visited, the polling officers are interfering with the
voting process. They were seen organizing queues and issuing instructions,”
Pasirayi explained.

The CCDZ director said they were also very concerned by reports about ZANU
PF bases and camps that had been set up in some constituencies, particularly
in Chegutu and Murehwa.

He said: “We hear that there are camps that have been set up whereby names
of people are being recorded, whereby people are being asked how they voted.
So this is very worrying.”

The reports from the CCDZ confirm what many residents in rural areas have
told SW Radio Africa over the last few months. It had been alleged that
traditional chiefs and sabhukus were threatening villagers in their wards,
saying they would be evicted or punished in some way if they voted for the

“The absence of overt violence does not mean that there is a credible
election,” Pasirayi added, saying there was “a margin of terror” in the
results from the 2008 election due to violence. But “a margin error” applies
to this election due to the rigging strategies being used by ZEC.

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ZEC reports high voter turnout

By Nomalanga Moyo
SW Radio Africa
31 July 2013

The Zimbabwe Electoral Commission said that there had been a very high voter
turnout for Wednesday’s election, with almost all polling stations opening
on time.

However, ZEC said it was still too early to give an estimate of the figures,
but indicated that that they would hold another briefing at 8pm.

Updating journalists in Harare, Commission chairperson Rita Makarau said
there were reports that queues were lengthening as the day progressed.

“Notwithstanding the queues, instructions have gone out to all officers that
everyone should be served before 7pm,” Makarau said.

Makarau also addressed concerns that some potential voters had been turned
away because their names were not on the voters roll, even though they had
slips to prove that they had registered.

She urged those affected to return to any polling station in their
constituencies and vote, saying polling officers had been advised to allow
and record the details on a separate report.

Asked about reports that some polling stations were experiencing an
unusually high number of assisted voters, Commissioner Joice Kazembe said
they had received the reports and were investigating.

She said: “We have noted and have got the statistics that in some areas that
there are quite a number of assisted voters. We are trying to find out the
reason for those many assisted voters.”

The Commissioner also said in cases where there was a mix-up of ballots,
these will not be discarded but will be sorted and placed in the right

ZEC also confirmed that at least five police officers, who did not cast
their ballot during the Special Vote, found their names crossed out from the
roll Wednesday, with indications that they had voted. Makarau said ZEC was

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Zimbabwe election: queuing voters given more time

People have been forming long queues at one polling station in Harare, as Nomsa Maseko reports.

Zimbabwean electoral officials have reassured voters they will be allowed to vote after the official end of elections, as a high turnout led to long queues at polling stations.

The fiercely contested presidential and parliamentary poll is said to be calm and peaceful, despite fraud claims.

President Robert Mugabe, 89, has said he will step down after 33 years in power if he and his Zanu-PF party lose.

PM Morgan Tsvangirai's MDC says Zanu-PF doctored the electoral roll.

It said the rolls contained the names of two million dead people, and there were concerns about the number of people being turned away from polling stations. Zanu-PF denies the claims.

Zanu-PF and the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) have shared an uneasy coalition government since 2009 under a deal brokered to end the deadly violence that erupted after a disputed presidential poll the previous year.

'Determined to vote'

Mr Mugabe dismissed the MDC's allegations of vote-rigging as "politicking" as he voted in the capital Harare's Highfield township, AFP news agency reports.

At the scene

Brian Hungwe, Harare

People are queuing with enthusiasm and determination.

Most of the voters have been speaking of the hope that the outcome will make a huge difference in their lives.

The polling officers told me some voters had been turned away for various reasons, such as because their names are missing from the voters' roll in their ward.

The majority of these are newly registered voters - and party agents are having to intervene to get electoral officials to check with the electoral commission's national command centre to see if the names are on the constituency register.

If the name is verified, they can go ahead and vote, but it is a long, tedious process which voters are finding frustrating.

Thabo Kunene, Bulawayo

Hundreds braved the cold and the wind to stand in queues, which started forming as early as 04:30. A security guard said he saw some people sleeping opposite one polling station.

Women with babies strapped to their backs were being given special preference by other voters and allowed to go to the front. Women selling tea and coffee nearby made good business as those in the queues bought hot drinks to ward off the cold.

At one polling station in Makhokhoba, voting was progressing in an impressively ordered manner. People from different parties were chatting to each other and laughing but they avoided discussing who would win.

"They want to find a way out," Mr Mugabe said.

"I am sure people will vote freely and fairly, there is no pressure being exerted on anyone."

Mr Tsvangirai described casting his ballot as an emotional moment "after all the conflict, the stalemate, the suspicion, the hostility".

"This is a very historic moment for us," he is quoted by AFP as saying.

Mr Tsvangirai won the most votes in the first round of the 2008 poll, but pulled out of the run-off with Mr Mugabe because of attacks on his supporters, which left about 200 dead.

The government has barred Western observers from monitoring Wednesday's elections, but the African Union (AU) and the Southern African Development Community (Sadc), as well as local organisations, have been accredited.

Polls opened at 07:00 local time (05:00 GMT) and had been due to close at 19:00.

However, because of the high turnout election officials said people who were still waiting in queues to vote by 19:00 would have until midnight to cast their ballots.

Results are due within five days.

Wednesday has been declared a national holiday to ensure people can vote. Despite this, voters queued for several hours outside polling stations before they opened, reports the BBC's Nomsa Maseko in Harare.

Zimbabwe Election Support Network, the main domestic monitoring agency, said the vote appeared to be taking place without too many problems, Reuters news agency reports.

"There are some concerns around long queues, but generally, it's smooth," said its spokesman Thabani Nyoni.

Former Nigerian President Olesegun Obasanjo, who heads a group of African Union monitors, said the elections seemed credible.

"It's been quiet, it's been orderly. The first place I called in this morning, they opened prompt at seven o'clock and there haven't been any serious incidents that... would not reflect the will of the people." he told Reuters.

A policeman stands as Zimbabweans line up near a polling station in Harare to vote in a general election on 31 July 2013Zimbabweans are voting in fiercely contested presidential and parliamentary elections. These voters queued up in the capital, Harare, before polls opened. It is winter in Zimbabwe, so the mornings are chilly.

"I got up at four but still couldn't get the first position in the line," Clifford Chasakara, a voter in the western province of Manicaland, told Reuters.

"My fingers are numb, but I'm sure I can mark the ballot all the same. I'm determined to vote and have my vote counted."

'Forced voting'

Reporters around the country have told the BBC they have seen long queues of people waiting to vote in a generally calm and peaceful atmosphere.

However, there have been numerous complaints that voters were unable to find their names on the electoral roll.

Zimbabwe election: Key facts
Zimbabweans wait to cast their votes in presidential and parliamentary elections in Harare, Wednesday 31 July 2013
  • About 6.4 million registered voters
  • Voting takes place between 05:00 GMT and 17:00 GMT
  • Vote for president and parliament
  • Zanu-PF's Robert Mugabe and MDC's Morgan Tsvangirai are the main presidential contenders
  • Mr Mugabe, 89, is seeking to extend his 33-year rule
  • Mr Tsvangirai, 61, hopes to become president after three failed attempts
  • The poll ends the fractious coalition between Zanu-PF and MDC, which was brokered by regional mediators after disputed elections in 2008 that were marred by violence
  • First election under new constitution

According to villagers, MDC polling agents and local election observers, some irregularities were recorded in parts of rural Masvingo district.

Traditional leaders and village heads are alleged to have lined up residents, forcibly marched them to the polling stations and given them voting numbers as if to cross-check who they had voted for.

There are also suggestions that in these rural areas some literate people were forced to pretend they could not read or write and were assisted to cast their vote in favour of Zanu-PF.

Sixty-one-year-old Mr Tsvangirai has vowed to push Mr Mugabe into retirement; it is his third attempt to unseat him.

On Tuesday, the MDC accused Zanu-PF of doctoring the roll of registered voters, which was released by the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (Zec) only on the eve of the polls after weeks of delay.

The MDC claimed the roll dated back to 1985 and was full of anomalies.

A BBC correspondent has seen the document and says it features the names of thousands of dead people.

MDC Secretary-General Tendai Biti said there were as many as two million such names, while some genuine voters were not finding their names on the rolls.

"The greatest worry which we have is the number of persons that are being turned away," he added.

A Zanu-PF spokesman denied the allegations and pointed out that appointees from both parties were on Zec. He also accused Finance Minister Tendai Biti, from the MDC, of not funding the commission properly. Zec has not commented.

In addition to Mr Mugabe and Mr Tsvangirai, there are three other candidates standing for the presidency - Welshman Ncube, leader of the breakaway MDC-Mutambara; Dumiso Dabengwa of the Zimbabwe African People's Union (Zapu), and Kisinoti Munodei Mukwazhe, who represents the small Zimbabwe Development Party (ZDP).

To be declared a winner, a presidential candidate must win more than 50% of the vote. If no candidate reaches this mark, a run-off will be held on 11 September.

The elections will be the first to be held under the new constitution approved in a referendum in March this year.


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Zanu PF, War Veterans Force Zimbabweans to Vote for Mugabe
Zanu PF, War Veterans Force Zimbabweans to Vote for Mugabe
Zimbabweans at a polling station WednesdayZimbabweans at a polling station Wednesday
Jonga Kandemiiri,  VOA News

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Zim voters' roll 'in shambles', thousands fail to cast ballots


The Zimbabwe Electoral Commission had to turn away thousands of registered
voters after their names could not be found on the voters' roll.

The chaos in the voting process has strengthened allegations that Zanu-PF,
with the help of the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC), wants to steal the
polls by disenfranchising people in urban areas which are perceived to be
MDC strongholds.

Several police officers who failed to cast their ballots during the special
vote also failed to vote on Wednesday after finding their names crossed off
the roll, an indication that they had voted.

ZEC chairperson Justice Rita Makarau told journalists the commission did not
have an idea of how to deal with the police officers who were turned away
other than investigating.

“We are investigating cases in which such officers didn’t vote because the
register indicated they voted as their names were crossed out,” she said.

Only names of those who had successfully cast their ballots were supposed to
be crossed off the voters' roll. Makarau confirmed some voters had been
turned away despite producing registration slips as evidence.

She said the registration slips of those who failed to vote did not indicate
the wards in which they were supposed to cast their ballots.

'Go back and vote'
"We advise all affected persons to go back and vote at any polling station
in that constituency. Their details will be recorded in a separate record if
they do not appear in the voters' roll,” she said.

Some people who voted in previous elections, including the 2008 harmonised
elections, also found their names missing from the voters' roll.

There have been reports that Zanu-PF was working with a shadowy Israeli
company Nikuv to manipulate the voters roll ahead of the polls, to
disenfranchise people.

MDC-T organising secretary Nelson Chamisa told the Mail & Guardian that the
election process was chaotic and manipulated, citing the high number of
voters who were turned away.

"What is disturbing us is that several people were turned away because they
were not appearing on the voters' roll. Those who were lucky to be on the
voters’ roll were registered elsewhere, in places like Bikita and Uzumba
when they are in Harare," he said.

"In Ruwa, there was a shortage of ballot papers for the presidential
election and people had to wait for several hours. There was also
intimidation of voters in Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland West and
Mashonaland East.

"It has been difficult, but we have done our best, we leave the rest to
God," he said.

Biti told reporters his party had not been given the voters' roll despite
the polls opening.

"Even now as we speak we do not have a copy of the voters' roll," he said.
"We had an unhappy meeting with ZEC at 12pm and I have never seen such an
arrogant bunch of people.”

Biti said there was a likelihood that some people could vote twice because
the voters roll is in shambles. Makarau on Tuesday, however, said none of
the political parties contesting in the election had been given access to
the voters’ roll.

ZEC on Tuesday confirmed the voters roll was in shambles, but said it was
too late to correct the anomalies.

"The voters' roll is now under ZEC and there is no way we can recall the
vote registers from the 9 760 polling stations. The issue of dead voters
appearing on the voters' roll or that of twins' double entries of the same
name – let’s take them as lessons for the future,” said ZEC deputy
chairperson Joyce Kazembe.

Meanwhile, a total of 111 Zimbabweans living and working in South Africa,
who were coming home to vote, were arrested at the Beitbridge Border Post
for border jumping.

Police spokesperson Charity Charamba said the suspects crossed into South
Africa without proper travel documents.

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‘Tension palpable in Maramba Pfungwe’

July 31, 2013 in Elections 2013, News

HIGH turnouts were recorded in Maramba Pfungwe, in Mashonaland East
province, as MDC-T polling agents deployed to supervise the elections fear
for their lives ahead of counting tonight after polling closes at 7pm.

Faith Zaba

More than 400 people had voted by midday at Maramba secondary school, more
than 600 at Sowa turn off by 1 pm, close to 650 at Gowa business centre at
2pm and more than 400 at Chaparadza school at 330 pm.

Party polling agents at Maramba and Sowa polling stations said the figure
could go as high as a 1000 by end of day today when polling closes.

However, most of the polling stations in Pfungwe district had cleared the
long queues, which in some areas started forming as early as 1 am.

At Maramba secondary school, voters started queuing around 1 am and when the
Zimbabwe Independent crew visited the polling station, villagers who had
arrived at the polling station around 4 am were still to be served at
midday. There was a long winding queue of more than 200 people.

Meanwhile, at Sowa turn off, people were voting by villages and people would
form two queues according to their gender.

MDC-T polling agent Calvin Motsi, who arrived in Mutawatawa last night and
is stationed at Sowa turn off polling station, said tension between the two
parties is at knife-edge.

“I can’t wait for this election to be over. I am so scared and I just want
to go back to Harare. Kuno kutyisa (it is scary here), you can almost touch
the tension,” he said.

“We arrived last night in three commuter omnibus vehicles. We are 54 polling
agents deployed in Maramba Pfungwe. When Zanu PF youths got wind that we had
arrived, they came and tried to intimidate us. We then went to the command
centre seeking protection from the police there. They did nothing. We sat
there till about 10 pm but we were chased away by the police, who told us to
find another shelter because they wanted to lock up.”

“We eventually looked for the MDC-T district chairperson where we spent the

Motsi said there was an incident that morning where he witnessed a Zanu PF
official campaigning in the queue in violation of the Electoral Act, which
prohibits campaigning at a polling station.

At Mutata secondary school, Japajapa pre-school and Nyakarowa schools, there
were discrepancies around the way elderly people were being assisted, where
they were allegedly being influenced on who to vote for. More than 120
people were assisted at Sowa turn-off by 1 pm.

A Zanu PF polling agent at Sowa, who refused to be named, said for the first
time MDC-T was able to field candidates in 15 of the 17 wards and send
polling agents to Maramba Pfungwe.

“This place has always been a Zanu PF stronghold but you never know this
time. Things have changed slightly. What has happened this time round has
never happened before (when MDC T failed to field candidates). This time we
have 15 MDC-T aspiring councillors. The chefs have to start asking
themselves what they are doing wrong and why people have shifted their
support to MDC-T.”

In Rushinga and Mt Darwin in Mashonaland Central queues had by 4pm been

The Zimbabwe Electoral Commission presiding officers in the two
constituencies refused to disclose the total number of people who voted

Joint Monitoring and Implementation Committee,  officers could seen sitting
some 300 metres from the polling stations, after Zec refused to accredit

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No ink in Nkayi South


by Pamenus Tuso

Voting at Hlangabeza secondary school in Nkayi South started two hours than
the official voting time due to the non-availability of ink.

According to information obtained by the Zimbabwean from the information
centre manned by civil society representatives, ink only arrived at the
school at around 9 am. Number one Iminyela polling station, ward 12 Helemu
primary school and pelandaba hall also opened later than the official time.

At the Chief Assembly Polling Station in Umguza constituency, about 400 to
500 uniformed and plain clothes police officers were in a special voters
queue , possible slowing down the voting process. Registered voters were
also turned away for various reasonse.g not appearing on the voters’ roll
among other issues.

Magwegwe Creche registered the highest number of voters turned away for not
appearing on the voters’ roll.

At Inkuba Primary School in Nkayi North, voting proceeded but no means to
check Special Voters and Ink detector without batteries

KoDlamini, Mbuhulu, Tsholotsho 100 people voted by 1000hrs; 4 people turned
away, 1 registered in another ward and the other 3 without proof of

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Email from a voter

Hi Barbara,

Got the surprise of our lives this morning. As 'aliens', my husband and my
names were not on the Online Voters Roll and we were not allowed to vote in
2008, when our names had been removed from the voters role. So my husband
took a stroll to our Polling station (Eastridge School) this morning and
decided check. just in case. His name and mine were both on the list and he
was allowed to VOTE!!! I'm about to go now and stand in the queue. So please
post and encourage 'aliens' to take the chance and go and check. Please put
word out! (Also 60's and over can request to go to front of queue). Also be
advised to use your own pens! Word has it that pens with refills that fade
after 4 hours are inserted in regular ballpoints in MDC strongholds. I
doubted this, but then read that this had indeed been a ploy of the
Israelis's that played out in Kenya. Please keep my name anonymous.

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What’s going on in Mwenezi?


A youth District Chairman for Zanu PF identified only as Mr. Chifumuro has
been appointed Presiding Officer at Sagwari Secondary School in Mwenezi. A
teacher at the same school, Chifumuro is alleged to have torn up Movement
for Democratic Change (MDC-T) posters on 17 July 2013 at Dicky Township in
Ward 13, Mwenezi East. Allegations against Chifumuro, cited by sources as a
blatant breach of the Electoral Act, are being investigated by authorities
at Rutenga Police Station.

Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) District Coordinator, Mr. Dasva, is
allegedly refusing to remove Chifumuro from the post saying, “It’s too
 late.” One would have thought that ZEC is obliged to remove any obstacles
that may hinder this harmonised national election from being adjudged free
and fair.

In addition, MDC-T members are up in arms against ZEC saying that it only
announced its list of Presiding Officers last Sunday. According to MDC-T
sources, ZEC has declared that it is too late for any changes to be made on
the list of appointees. Suffice to say that the election in Mwenezi, no
matter how peaceful it may turn out to be, will leave the electorate
guessing as to whether it was free and fair. In fact how can the election in
Mwenezi East be considered above board when the Presiding Officer is a
high-ranking “Third Chimurenga” youth

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Bogus polling station: are there more out there?


by Zimbabwe Election

The discovery of a fake polling booth in Gwanda by independent election
monitors has added a new dimension to concerns of manipulation by President
Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF as millions queued across the country to vote for
their next government.

Early voting in Zimbabwe's election was largely peaceful with reported
incidents reflecting the tactics that Mr Mugabe's supporters have deployed
throughout campaigning to ensure the incumbent retains power.

In sharp contrast to the horrific violence of the last election in 2008,
campaigning this year has been characterised by intimidation and the voting
process by poor logistical organisation that appears aimed at keeping the
vote low.

Independent monitors described the discovery of a bogus polling station in
Matabeleland, manned by a lone ZANU-PF activist, as worrying and said they
are investigating whether it is isolated or a piece of a bigger jigsaw to
dupe rural voters.

Two million more ballot papers have been printed than there are voters, and
thousands of ballot papers are unaccounted for.

Independent election monitors are now investigating the presence of bogus
polling stations across the country, said Debra Mabunda, spokeswoman for
Matabeleland region monitors working with an umbrella group called Situation

"In Gwanda, Ward 10, Bar Compound, there was a polling station that was
manned by one polling agent, a ZANU-PF agent. The polling station was not
listed under a list given to all stakeholders by the Zimbabwe Electoral
Commission (ZEC). We informed other political parties in Gwanda and they
have since sent their polling agents there," she said.

"We are now investigating whether there are many such polling stations. This
is a very worrying incident," she said.

This morning, a ZANU-PF supporter wearing party regalia was arrested for
campaigning inside a polling station in Bulawayo.

An FFZE reporter said he saw the ZANU-PF supporter, whose T-shirt read "Team
ZANU-PF", being arrested while handing out free mobile phone sim cards and
airtime vouchers to people queuing to vote at a polling centre at
Paddonhurst Shopping centre.

Long queues continue to be experienced in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe's second city,
where the voting process is moving slowly, according to monitors.

"It is taking as much as 10 minutes to cast a vote. We think that is
something that is negative and that is likely to see many people going away
in frustration," Mrs Mabunda said.

"It would appear that that the slow process is due to the voters' roll that
is not clear. People are taking a lot of time searching for their names."

The ZEC, which is in charge of the electoral process, was ordered late on
Tuesday by the High Court to release the voters' roll to all interested
parties by midday Wednesday, five hours after the polls opened.

Welshman Ncube, president of the smaller MDC party and a presidential
candidate, cast his vote in Bulawayo early Wednesday and urged Mr Mugabe to
accept the results.

Mugabe said on Tuesday that he would step down if he loses the election. He
also said that he had never cheated to win a vote. He has been in power
since 1980.

Ncube said: "I hope that he means it and that every supporter of every part
will accept the results."

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Intimidation in Gokwe-Gumunya


This has been sent to us by one of our activists:

A woman received an sms from a distressed  lady from Gumunyu Ward 3, Gokwe.

It read, "People here have been told by Zanu PF people that we will each be
given a person assigned to go with us to vote because we do not know how to
vote".  The person who received the message says that they do know how to
vote and feels that this is their way of rigging.

The name of the man who is standing as councillor who can confirm this and
who is also concerned is Given Mapfumo cell no. 0773269586

Another Gokwe man said everyone is being forced to have somebody to vote for

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Two 'aliens' suddenly reappear on the voters' roll


Sokwanele recieved this email via Facebook. Please read and take note. All voters must TRY vote. There is still time. Even if you think your name is not on the list, it is possible, that like this couple, it has been added back.

NB: Re Aliens and Zim Voting:

Got the surprise of our lives this morning. As 'aliens', my husband and my names were not on the Online Voters Roll and we were not allowed to vote in 2008, when our names had been removed from the voters role.

So my husband took a stroll to our Polling station (Eastridge School) this morning and decided check. Just in case. His name and mine were both on the list and he was allowed to VOTE!!!

I'm about to go now and stand in the queue.

So please post and encourage 'aliens' to take the chance and go and check. Please put word out! (Also 60's and over can request to go to front of queue).

Also be advised to use your own pens! Word has it that pens with refills that fade after 4 hours are inserted in regular ballpoints in MDC strongholds. I doubted this, but then read that this had indeed been a ploy of the Israelis's that played out in Kenya.

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ZEC regs violated in Mvurwi


by Edgar Gweshe
Zanu (PF) supporters in Mvurwi violated the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission’s
regulations when they held midnight campaigns yesterday to drum up support
for the party.

Sources told The Zimbabwean that the Zanu (PF) activists moved around homes
in Mvurwi town distributing fliers that credited Zanu (PF) for calling for
the scrapping of dents owed to local authorities by residents.

According to the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission, campaign programmes were
supposed to end on Monday at midnight.

“The Zanu (PF) activists were distributing fliers at every house yesterday
and they would tell us that we should vote for their party since it has the
people at heart.

“They also told us that we should not vote for the MDC-T since the party was
bent on reversing the gains brought about by Zanu (PF),” said a source on
condition of anonymity.

A polling agent stationed at Mvurwi community hall confirmed the
development, adding that the illegal campaign by the Zanu (PF) activists
continued into the early morning hours. “Some of them were even using
loudspeakers to tell the people how they are supposed to vote.

Their message was that Zanu (PF) is the people’s party and deserves a
resounding victory in the elections. They were moving in a pick-up truck
that they have been using all along for their campaigns,” said the source.

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Youths, farmers forced to vote with help from Zanu (PF)


by Edgar Gweshe

Young voters from Guruve North Constituency, Ward 19, are being compelled to
go and vote with the assistance of Zanu (PF) officials, The Zimbabwean has

The area composed mostly of people living in resettled farms and is
considered a Zanu (PF) stronghold.

Sources told The Zimbabwean that on Monday, Zanu (PF) officials in the area
addressed a meeting were they urged people to ensure an overwhelming victory
for the party.

Known MDC-T supporters were allegedly threatened with unspecified action “if
they choose not to repent”.

The sources said that it was revealed at the meeting that known MDC-T
supporters as well as youths from resettled farms should be accompanied by
Zanu (PF) members when they go to cast their votes.

“People were told that they should tell the officials at the polling station
that they are illiterate so that the Zanu (PF) officials accompanying them
will cast the votes on their behalf.

“Known MDC-T supporters as well as some youths suspected to be aligned to
the party where allocated people who would assist them with voting,” said
the source.

When The Zimbabwean visited the area, youths could be seen standing in the
queue waiting for their turns.

The Zimbabwean learnt that the youths were ordered to stand in a uniform
manner and this, according to the Zanu (PF) officials, would assist them “to
know how people would have voted”.

MDC-T aspiring Member of Parliament for Guruve North, Andrew Mupunga,
confirmed the development.

“Actually I witnessed that and it boggles the mind how those young people
can be said to be illiterate. I raised the issue with ZEC officials and they
told me that it is hard for them to tell whether a person is illiterate or
not,” said Mupunga.

An official at the polling station, speaking on condition of anonymity,
confirmed that some youths have been assisted to cast their votes but
reiterated that it is difficult to ascertain whether one is really
illiterate or not.

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Forces of evil lurking in the dark


So we woke up today very early in the morning armed with the resolve to determine our destiny through the ballot.

Women and men of all ages braced the wintry weather to cast their votes in an election that could either throw the country back to the pre-inclusive government era when Zanu PF broke all records from inflation to killing its own citizenry or move it to a future where people will have a chance to go to work and associate freely.

So on July 31, a bitterly cold day in the morning, I criss-crossed Harare gauging the mood and trying to make heads and tails. The faces I saw were determined, keen on taking part in an election that thus far is fraught with too many irregularities.

I heard some saying they have been turned away, talked to some who claimed to have been forced to vote with the assistance of polling agents, I heard Zec say police who did not vote during the special voting phase say they could not vote because their names had been cancelled from the voters’ roll.

Counting the anomalies on my fingers my heart began to sink, I gave up on lunch and inside me a battle raged—as I wondered what is going to be the outcome of this election where millions of Zimbabweans have been disenfranchised by a state which is closely linked to a 50 year old political party.

When the sun rose in the morning I was hopeful, trusting that the sun would rise up and warm us in preparation for a better tomorrow.

The forces of evil were lurking in the streets of Harare, seemingly eager to subvert the will of the people. And as polling stations close I know that we are headed for long and arduous hours ahead—still I dream, for nothing surpasses the power of the people—not guns or rigging, which manifested itself on July 31.


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SA based Zimbabweans left stranded at border

By Alex Bell
SW Radio Africa
31 July 2013

Scores of South African based Zimbabweans, who had travelled by bus to vote
in the elections on Wednesday, were left stranded at the border, after
officials impounded at least six coaches.

The cross border coaches were stopped in the early hours of Wednesday
morning at Beitbridge by members of the Zimbabwe police force, who alleged
that the buses were ferrying ‘illegal’ immigrants.

It is understood that when some passengers tried to explain that they were
travelling to vote, they were accused of ‘interfering with police

It was not clear by the end of Wednesday if the buses had been released, but
it seemed certain that the Zimbabwean nationals on board would miss the
opportunity to cast their ballots during the election.

Thousands of Zimbabweans in the Diaspora have returned home in the run up to
Wednesday’s election, after the right to vote in their resident countries
was denied them by the government.

This is in spite of a successful court application filed at the African
Commission on Human and People’s Rights, which ordered the Zim government to
allow the postal vote for Zimbabweans in the Diaspora.

Human Rights Advocate Gabriel Shumba, who also heads the South Africa based
Zimbabwe Exiles Forum, said the impounding of the buses was a
“disappointment” on a day that is already ‘bittersweet’ for the Diaspora.

“What we were told when the government defied the court order is that we
should try to go back and vote anyway. Unfortunately not everyone can do
this, and even when they do, it seems the practice on the ground is to deny
this,” Shumba said.

He added: “So there is a mood of skepticism that this vote will bring
change. We don’t think this election will be credible, legitimate, free and

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ZEC given last minute order to hand over voters roll to MDC-T

By Alex Bell
SW Radio Africa
31 July 2013

The Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) was on Tuesday night handed a last
minute court order to furnish the MDC-T with the voters roll, amid ongoing
concern that the roll has been rigged.

The order was passed down less than 24 hours before polling stations opened
on Wednesday for the national election. The order, by High Court Judge
Justice Joseph Mafusire, came after lawyers representing the MDC-T party
filed an urgent chamber application on Tuesday, challenging the decision by
ZEC and Registrar General Tobaiwa Mudede not to handover electronic copies
of the voters roll.

ZEC, through its lawyers, had opposed the request by the MDC-T to provide
free electronic copies of the voters roll ahead of the elections, with the
party and other candidates and observers wanting to conduct proper audits to
check if the roll was accurate.

ZEC argued that it could only provide hard copies of the roll at a cost,
while the electronic version was unavailable because of technical problems.

But Justice Mafusire ordered ZEC to provide hard copies of the constituency
voters rolls free of charge to MDC-T election candidates by midday on
Wednesday’s voting day. ZEC was further ordered to provide some electronic
copies of the voters roll once its IT system is back online.

Some Zim lawyers and others on Wednesday evening said they were now perusing
the voters roll, with voters raising concern throughout election day that
there were serious irregularities. This included a number of names of
deceased people being present on the roll, while other ‘registered’ voters
were turned away on the basis that their names did not appear.

At the same time, it is understood that scores of police officers and other
security force members who failed to vote during the Special Vote, were
still unable to vote on Wednesday because their names had been removed from
the voters roll. This is despite a Constitutional Court order allowing them
a second chance to vote.

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AU, SADC urged to intervene in predicted post election ‘chaos’

By Alex Bell
SW Radio Africa
31 July 2013

The African Union (AU) and the regional SADC bloc have been urged to prepare
to intervene in what is being predicted as potential post-election chaos in

As Zimbabweans across the country were busy casting their votes on
Wednesday, concern remained high that the process would not result in a
credible outcome.

This was the prediction by the International Crisis Group, which warned this
week that Zimbabwe was on the brink of a ‘protracted political crisis’. The
group, in a new report released two days before the poll, listed the
possible outcomes of the elections. They warned that none of the outcomes
will result in the change Zimbabweans are hoping for.

The Group said the least likely outcome was an uncontested victory by either
of the MDC parties contesting, or by ZANU PF. The think tank predicted the
following outcomes:

- ZANU PF wins a deeply flawed election that is accepted by most in the
interest of avoiding violence and further economic chaos;
- ZANU PF wins a deeply flawed election that is accepted by SADC/AU
observers, but not by MDC formations and civil society, leading to further
political impasse and economic deterioration;
- ZANU PF “wins” a clearly rigged election; the courts give no remedy,
leading to large protests, repression, political isolation and economic
deterioration; or
- MDC-T wins at least in the first round, provoking a backlash by
hardliners/securocrats to prevent a transfer of power.

“Other scenarios are also possible, but whatever ultimately transpires, it
will become more precarious if the presidential contest again goes to a
second round. Most projected outcomes suggest a strongly disputed result. In
that event, resolution mechanisms may not provide a legal remedy, and
African facilitation may be required to either rerun elections after several
months of careful preparation or, if that is not possible, secure a
political solution involving a negotiated reconfiguration of power sharing,”
the Group’s report states.

The Group said that SADC and the AU should be prepared to declare the
results illegitimate and press for the elections to be run again after a
minimum of three months. In this interim period, the African leadership
bodies and the AU should continue to recognise the current GPA power-sharing
administration as the legitimate government.

“If new elections are held after October 2013 — the constitutional deadline
in view of the end of June dissolution of the Parliament, or the parties
prefer to avoid elections for the time being, either an extension of the
current arrangement or negotiation of a reconfigured power-sharing deal —
described by some as ‘GPA 2’— would be required,” the report said.

It added: “If the government refuses, SADC and the AU should consider such
options as non-recognition, suspension of membership and targeted sanctions
to enforce compliance.”

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Man jailed over Baba Jukwa


Baba Jukwa

Gerry Jackson

SW Radio Africa

31st July 2013

The state controlled Herald newspaper is reporting that a Chegutu man will spend 4 months in jail for sending what it described as obscene messages to numbers the man found on the popular Baba Jukwa Facebook page.

It’s alleged that Josiah Mahovoya sent messages to police head Augustine Chihuri and the ZANU PF parliamentary candidate for Chegutu West, Dexter Nduna. The paper said the man got the numbers from the Baba Jukwa page and that he was arrested a day after sending’ vulgar messages.’

The state is sending a clear message by this action and it is an obvious attempt to try and clamp down on the increasing use of social media activism.


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MDC raises concern over excessive ballot papers

By Nomalanga Moyo
SW Radio Africa
31st July 2013

The Ncube-led MDC formation alleges that the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission
is trying to rig Wednesday’s election in favour of President Robert Mugabe’s
ZANU PF party.

The party says the city of Bulawayo has received ballot papers that are
three times more than the number of registered voters.

MDC spokesman Nhlanhla Dube said at least 900,000 ballot papers had been
sent by ZEC to Bulawayo which has 321,000 registered voters, sparking fears
of vote rigging.

Dube said the ballot papers were discovered when all political parties were
tallying the numbers sent into their area by ZEC.

But he says his party is closely monitoring the movement of the ballot boxes
to counter any possible rigging.

Dube also said that the pictures on the ballot papers were unclear, raising
concern that people with sight problems would find it difficult to identify
their preferred candidates.

Other people have also observed irregularities regarding voting papers, with
Crisis in Zim Coalition’s Macdonald Lewanika tweeting that in Chipinge South’s
Ward 28, voting had been suspended because pictures of ballot papers for MPs
had been swapped – with a picture of ZANU  Ndonga on MDC, and MDC on ZANU
Ndonga papers.

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War vets confiscate Tsvangirai posters

GODFREY MTIMBA  •  31 JULY 2013 7:58AM 

BIKITA - War veterans in Bikita East yesterday confiscated thousands of Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai’s campaign posters and dumped them in Dewure River.

Tsvangirai’s campaign posters were swept away by the river and were seen floating all over.

Edmore Marima, the MDC candidate for Bikita East, said his party was not amused by the war veterans’ antics, saying they were blatantly violating electoral laws at a time their president was calling for free, fair and peaceful elections.

“Some war veterans led by their self-styled commander known as Cde Gudo here, took the posters at Dewure Shopping Centre after they were delivered from our provincial offices and dumped them in Dewure River,” Marime said.

Marime said they made a report to the police but the war veterans were not arrested.

He added that their constituency was left with virtually no posters of their presidential candidate.

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'Zanu PF causing Internet traffic jam'

FUNGI KWARAMBA  •  31 JULY 2013 4:10AM

HARARE – Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai’s MDC says President Robert Mugabe’s
Zanu PF aided by the dreaded Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) and
Chinese allies has worked up a plan to cripple Internet services as the
country votes today.

MDC spokesperson Douglas Mwonzora, told a press briefing yesterday that
Zimbabwe’s feared spy service is behind the slowdown and in some cases
unavailability of mobile Internet services.

“State apparatus have been interfering with mobile phones as they did with
the bulk messaging,” Mwonzora told reporters.

“This is being done to ensure that there is no movement of information and
also to make sure that this process is closed from the world. The social
media is the only outlet available and they have closed it. We know it is
the CIO who are doing this.”

Zanu PF spokesperson Rugare Gumbo, however, said the MDC is just

“They are just trying to discredit the party saying we are working with the
CIO but that is just cheap mantra and we are not worried about it,” said

Government controlled Postal and Telecommunications Authority of Zimbabwe
(Potraz) last week banned bulk messages from international gateways until
after July 31 poll, a move seen by the MDC as an attempt to silence
democratic voices.

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Zanu-PF, MDC near end of 'painful' Zimbabwe unity government

Sapa-AFP | 31 July, 2013 15:10

Whatever the result of Zimbabwe's election one thing is for sure: four years
of uneasy power-sharing between President Robert Mugabe and Prime Minister
Morgan Tsvangirai will end.

As Zimbabweans streamed to the polls, the unity government partners sighed
with relief at the close of their "painful", "disappointing" union.

The forced marriage was arranged by the international community to avoid
further violence in the wake of suspect and blood-soaked 2008 elections.

Tsvangirai won the first round, but was forced to drop out of the second
round amid the killing of 200 of his supporters.

He then became prime minister as a reluctant partner in the unity government
alongside Mugabe, the former guerrilla who has ruled since independence from

While the power-sharing deal which took effect in 2009 prevented full-scale
conflict, critics today deplore its failure to achieve much-needed
democratic reforms and kickstart the economy.

"It has been a major disappointment," Rugare Gumbo, spokesman for Mugabe's
ZANU-PF party, told AFP.

But communications minister Nelson Chamisa, spokesman for Tzvangirai's
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), said the government had achieved some

"It has been difficult, difficult, painful but useful for the people of
Zimbabwe. People's lives have improved," he said. "We are excited that we
are coming out of the blast furnace."

The arrangement was aimed at creating a "genuine, viable, permanent,
sustainable" solution to the crisis.

But in its early days, Mugabe could not hide his discomfort.

"I feel awkward in a thing like that, absolutely awkward," he told mediator
President Jacob Zuma of South Africa at the time.

Ex-finance minister Simba Makoni, who was not part of the unity deal,
branded the Mugabe-Tsvangirai government "pathetic" and "dismal".

And analysts said the deal had failed to set a democratic framework for
fresh elections.

Days before Wednesday vote, the country was "still grappling with issues of
reforms, the timing of elections, issues of sporadic violence and
intimidation," said Trevor Maisiri, a researcher with the International
Crisis Group.

"It has not fully served its primary purpose because the idea was to create
a transitional mechanism that would lead to a credible election," he said.

Initially the unity government was to last just two years but it had to be
extended as delays plagued the formulation of a new constitution that would
lay the basis for credible polls this time around.

The MDC "regrets, definitely that quite a number of reforms did not move as
we had wanted," said Chamisa, highlighting a lack of revisions of the media
and security sector.

Civic rights coalition Sokwanele, which kept an eye on the government's
performance, traced 22,482 violations of the agreement -- 90 percent by

The rivals still strongly disagree on the economy, and bitterly blame each
other for Zimbabwe's slow recovery.

Unemployment still hovers on the wrong side of 50 percent while millions of
people are still economic refugees in neighbouring countries.

Once a net food exporter known as Africa's breadbasket, Zimbabwe's reformed
agricultural sector is yet to produce enough to feed the country.

"There were many programmes that we were going to carry out, but our
colleagues acted like they were an opposition party instead of carrying
themselves as part of the government," the ZANU-PF's Gumbo claimed.

The MDC said it opposed "ill-conceived" black economic empowerment schemes
that forced foreign companies to cede a majority of their shares, saying it
drove away investors.

But some say the power-sharing agreement was not all bad.

The government rescued the moribund economy by abandoning the Zimbabwean
dollar, ending rampant inflation that peaked at 231 million percent.

Politicians who previously had not seen eye-to-eye suddenly were forced to
run the country together, which may explain the peaceful run-up to
Wednesday's polls.

Just being able to talk to each other in parliament or in cabinet "has
really been helpful," said Gumbo.

The coalition "brought about some sanity, peace and stability. We are not
fighting as we used to. Even campaigning is being done in a peaceful,
orderly manner," he said.

Chamisa also said the unity government was a healthy exercise.

"The past four years showed that another Zimbabwe is possible. A Zimbabwe
where we can realise, appreciate and celebrate the cross-pollination of
ideas," he said.

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Tsvangirai party alleges 'disturbing' vote anomalies

Sapa-AFP | 31 July, 2013 19:02

Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai's party on Wednesday listed a battery of
irregularities -- including two million of dead people on the voters'
roll -- in Zimbabwe's fiercely contested general elections.

"The greatest worry we have is the number of people that are being turned
away," Finance Minister Tendai Biti, a senior member of the Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC), told reporters.

He deplored mistakes on the voters' roll, which still included the names of
dead people, did not list others and assigned many to the wrong polling

The Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) had discussed the mistakes in a
meeting, he said.

"They are admitting that there's still two million people who are dead on
the voters' roll, but they said because they're dead, they can't vote."

"Thousands and thousands of people are being disenfranchised by virtue of
not finding their names on the voters' roll," Biti added.

At one polling station in the capital Harare, only 260 people had voted by
midday, and 130 had been turned away, he said.

The late release of the voters' register, less than 24 hours before
balloting began, also confused the electorate, he said.

"If the voters' roll had been provided to people earlier,  they would have
checked (their names) and avoided the current fiasco," Biti said.

In some instances polling stations had even been placed in wrong areas, he

He further alleged that a parliamentary candidate for President Robert
Mugabe's ZANU-PF had distributed around 6,.000 fake voter registration

The slips give the bearer the right to vote regardless of whether their name
appears on the voters' roll.

In rural areas literate voters, including schoolteachers, were being told to
claim illiteracy so they could be helped to mark their ballots.

"So all along you are literate but when you go into the polling station you
are suddenly illiterate," said Biti outraged.

The MDC further alleged numbers had been inflated for security forces who
voted early on July 14 and 15.

As finance minister, Biti said he knew their true strength since he paid
their salaries.

"This election ... was already marred by illegality after illegality," he

But he was still upbeat on the MDC's chances.

"We are very sure that despite all these challenges, despite all these
shenanigans, history will not be stolen, the people's victor will not be
stolen and that this election today will deliver change and real

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Blair to blame for Zimbabwe woes: Mugabe

Sapa-AFP | 31 July, 2013 09:04

Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe on Tuesday said former British prime
minister Tony Blair was to blame for his country’s problems on the eve of a
crucial general election.

In an interview with Britain’s ITV News, Mugabe lashed out at Blair for his
pursual of sanctions and said he had “no regrets” from his 33-year tenure as

When asked what was the root of Zimbabwe’s recent economic chaos, which
resulted in inflation of 79.6 million% per month in 2008, he replied:
“Really condemnation by us of Britain and mainly of the government of Mr

“He’s the one who caused it,” added the veteran leader.

“He didn’t want dialogue. We wondered what kind of government it was that
would prefer to impose sanctions on us.”  He told Blair to “go to hell” in
2002 after the then British leader endorsed the opposition before elections,
and accused Britain of poking its “pink noses in our business”.

Mugabe on Tuesday vowed to step down if he loses the fiercely-contested
election, as his rivals charged they had concrete evidence of vote rigging.

In response, the president told ITV News that rigging was “a foreign word.”
“We have never, ever rigged an election,” he insisted.

“I don’t have regrets at all.”  Mugabe, through a series of violent and
suspect elections, has ruled Zimbabwe for 33 years uninterrupted since it
gained independence from Britain.

He faces a major challenge from Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai, his
reluctant partner in an uneasy power-sharing government forged after the
last bloody polls in 2008.

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We are confident of a win: Tsvangirai

FUNGI KWARAMBA  •  31 JULY 2013 11:23AM

HARARE - Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai has vowed to end President Robert
Mugabe's 33 year reign saying the massive turnout was a sign that
Zimbabweans want to complete the stalled change of 2008.

The MDC leader, who is making a third crack at the presidency, told
journalists after casting his vote along with his wife Elizabeth at Mt
Pleasant High School around 10 am, that he was touched by the winding

“Today is a historic day for all of us to complete the delayed run-off of
2008. We wish everyone to complete the change,” said Tsvangirai.

As voters waved to the former trade unionist, he became emotional reflecting
on the journey he has walked since entering the country’s political space in

“This is an emotional moment, when you see all these people coming to vote,
it is touching,” he said.

Tsvangirai was accompanied by his children and some top MDC officials.

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Scores on the doors


The ZRP spokeswoman gave an interview on ZBC tonight and her main line was the ZRP are NOT partisan, they serve the Government of the day regardless of the party in power.  She was asked for her final message.  She said the ZRP are there to protect people, that they should report any incidents and not be afraid.  Well, that’s all good to know.  But this is what I don’t get - she announced that after voting, people should go home and rest,  braai some meat, because if groups gather at polling stations they will be arrested.  Can anyone tell me when this became law?  That means nobody will be able to go and check results posted on the doors of polling stations and other venues.  So I have posted below the way it is meant to work.

Why are things like the voters’ roll and election results such a massive state secret?  Hmm, I wonder.

  • The count at polling station level is entered on a “V.11” form, (the polling station return) which is then forwarded to the ward tabulation centre.
  • The ward elections officer completes the ward V.11 form aggregating the results from each polling station return (there will be an average of about five per ward), adding in any postal and special votes, and forwards the ward return with the aggregated figures to the constituency election officer.
  • The constituency election officer aggregates the ward returns (there will be an average of about 9 per constituency) and declares the winner of the National Assembly seat.
  • He or she then forwards the constituency returns to the provincial command centre.
  • The provincial elections officer aggregates the constituency returns (the constituencies per province vary widely in number from 29 in Harare to 12 in Bulawayo), declares candidates elected as a result of the poll in accordance with the system of proportional representation and party lists.
  • The provincial returns are then forwarded to the National Command Centre.
  • At each step in the process the candidates, their election agents and observers are given copies of the returns and the returns are posted outside the polling station or relevant centre.
  • A separate return must be compiled for each election, - Local Authority, National Assembly and Presidential.
  • Section 37C(4), in addition, provides that copies of polling station returns in relation to the Presidential and National Assembly gathered at the ward centres, and copies of the presidential constituency returns gathered at provincial command centres, must also be sent directly to the National Command Centre.

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