The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Washington Post

Zero Hour in Zimbabwe

Tuesday, August 20, 2002; Page A12

CREDIT President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe with transforming his country
from southern Africa's breadbasket into a southern Africa basket case.
Thanks to his mismanagement, corruption and the damage he has inflicted on
Zimbabwe's economy, a nation that once fed its regional neighbors cannot now
feed itself. To plunge Zimbabwe even further into international disrepute,
Mr. Mugabe, thief of his last election, is now trying to mask his failures
by scapegoating the country's white commercial farmers as the main source of
the country's ills. Even as he, in the name of "land reform," expropriates
private farms and arrests white farmers for defying orders to get off their
land, Robert Mugabe is fooling no one but himself. The colonial legacy,
which at the time of independence allowed fewer than 5,000 white farmers to
hold 70 percent of Zimbabwe's best farmland, is a wrong that needs to be set
right. But Mr. Mugabe, rather than pursuing constructive reforms, is
persecuting his opponents, taking land without compensation and behaving for
all the world to see as a power-mad autocrat.

At the same time, Zimbabwe, nearly bankrupt, suffering a drought and edging
toward famine, comes to the West with a tin cup. Because the disaster in
agricultural policy will afflict Zimbabwe's neighbors in Zambia, Malawi and
Mozambique, Mr. Mugabe's problem is falling into the hands of the rest of
the world to solve. His misrule cannot serve as an excuse to ignore the
region's growing humanitarian crisis. But Mr. Mugabe's attacks on commercial
farms and businesses, his intimidation of opponents and critics, and his
demonstrated contempt for the law merit only international contempt and
isolation. He deserves all the sanctions the world can muster.

Robert Mugabe was once a hero, leading his country's struggle for
independence. Today he stands as a representative of all that is wrong with
postcolonial African leadership: a self-centered, power-hungry dictator who
has lost the support of his people, yet clings to the trappings of office
through the help of the mob, the gun and a demagogic political appeal to the
worst kind of human emotions. Zimbabwe would do well to be rid of him.
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Mugabe's wife to move into white couple's farm
By Peta Thornycroft
(Filed: 20/08/2002)

Zimbabwe's first lady, Grace Mugabe, has chosen the white-owned farm she
wants and has ordered its elderly owners and residents off the land, it
emerged yesterday.

      Grace Mugabe
Mrs Mugabe has picked the Iron Mask Estate, 30 miles north west of Harare,
which belongs to John and Eva Matthews, both in their seventies. The couple
abandoned their home at the weekend.

According to residents on the farm, Mrs Mugabe and a high-powered entourage
visited the property last week, said she would be moving in shortly and told
them to find alternative accommodation.

The news came as police continued their hunt for white farmers refusing to
move off their land after the passing of a deadline set by President Robert
Mugabe's regime.

Mr Mugabe's supporters have moved on to several farms in the eastern part of
the country while the owners were in police cells. Farm equipment and
personal possessions were looted, although police denied any knowledge of
the crimes.

More than 20 white farmers were charged yesterday for defying the government
order. The administration has ordered 2,900 of the remaining 4,500 white
commercial farmers to leave their land without compensation, although 2,000
have refused. More than 200 have been arrested.

In Chegutu, 60 miles south of Harare, eight farmers, including the president
of the Commercial Farmers' Union, were formally charged and released on

Jean Baldwin, 72, was given one month to leave her property after pleading
that her husband was terminally ill and the family needed time to arrange
their departure. "We have nowhere to go," she said later.

In another case, in rural Nyamandhlovu, 40 miles north of Zimbabwe's second
city, Bulawayo, 13 cheerful farmers, several of them pensioners, were
granted bail, but were waiting at the local farmers' club late into the
afternoon to hear whether they could return home before the next court
hearing next month.

Before their court hearing, the barefoot farmers, several exercising in a
small enclosure outside their cells, cracked jokes.

David Olds, whose mother and older brother were murdered by Mr Mugabe's
militia on their farms, stripped off his shirt and turned his face and chest
to the early morning sun to warm up after a cold night on concrete.

Police in Nyamandhlovu refused to let the press or the wives of the accused
attend the hearing in the local magistrate's court within the police
compound. The wives were told that the police were anxious about possible
hostilities from people gathered across the road.

The nationwide swoop on the white farmers, including a woman breastfeeding a
one-month-old baby, has irreparably damaged Zimbabwe's commercial
agriculture at a time when half the population is on the brink of

Several hundred farmers, particularly in the provinces where Mr Mugabe's
ruling Zanu-PF is strong, have fled their homes and businesses, most of them
for ever.

A lawyer representing farmers at the Myathi magistrate's court, also in
Matabeleland, said his eight clients were granted bail and allowed to return
home for a month to wind up their affairs.

This, the lawyer said on condition of anonymity, would allow them time to
challenge the constitutionality of their evictions.

But in Bindura, 45 miles north of Harare, lawyers said their clients' bail
conditions amounted to a conviction as, although they were released, they
were given less than 24 hours to return home for the last time, pack up and

The country's most prominent farmer, Colin Cloete, president of the CFU,
handed himself over to police and was charged and ordered to leave his farm
immediately as part of his bail conditions.
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Independent (UK)
White Zimbabwean farmers 'go on the run' to avoid arrest
By James Palmer
20 August 2002
At least 29 more white farmers in Zimbabwe were charged yesterday with
defying an order to surrender their land to landless black peasants.

Nearly 200 farmers have been arrested since Friday and dozens appeared in
court yesterday. Amid reports that some white farmers had gone on the run to
avoid arrest, the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) said
police were now beating up black farm workers, magistrates and even

Roy Bennet, a white farmer and MP for the MDC, said police and soldiers
looted his farm at Chimanimani, in Manicaland province, at the weekend and
indiscriminately beat some of his 1,500 workers. He said 15 of his security
guards were abducted and had not been heard from since, and children had
been beaten until they revealed the whereabouts of their MDC-supporting

"The crisis in Zimbabwe is not just about the white farming community.
[President] Robert Mugabe's mobs are attacking thousands of black farm
workers who support the opposition MDC, in a systematic attempt to crush the
opposition to his rule," he said.

About 150 farmers have been arrested since last week, when the government
began cracking down on those who defied an 8 August eviction deadline. The
Commercial Farmers' Union president, Colin Cloete, was arrested yesterday.
Between 30 and 40 people were granted bail over the weekend, according to
the farmers' pressure group Justice for Agriculture. The rest remain in

Mr Bennet said that magistrates who freed detainees risked being beaten. One
magistrate in Manicaland, Walter Chidakwa, was dragged from his courtroom in
Chipinga, beaten, then paraded around town and made to chant Zanu-PF
slogans, he said.

Mr Mugabe's government has selected nearly 5,000 farms for redistribution.
It has ordered 2,900 white farmers to surrender their farms or risk a
two-year jail sentence and a fine. About 60 per cent of the farmers have
defied the order but a police spokesman said yesterday some of them were now
on the run.

Last week, the United Nations warned that six million Zimbabweans faced
hunger, as the evictions were just before the planting season and food was
being seized for Mr Mugabe's supporters.

Mr Bennet said: "There is nobody in their right mind who would oppose
agrarian land reform for the betterment of the people. What is being done is
not land reform, it is suppression of another view."

Yesterday, Mozambique's Foreign Minister, Leonardo Simao, invited evicted
farmers to farm there. "If someone wants to come here and invest, and
respects our investment laws, he is welcome. Be he or she white, black,
yellow, green ... he is welcome," he said.
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Mail and Guardian

Zimbabwe militants arrest SA farmer

      Erika de Beer  | Pretoria

The Zimbabwean farm on which prominent South African farmer and businessman
Crawford von Abo was arrested on Monday was not one of those which the
Zimbabwean government had ordered to be evacuated, his son Pieter said on

An eviction order was earlier issued for Von Abo senior's Fauna ranch, about
100km north of Beitbridge, but the state had withdrawn it, his son told Sapa
from Bothaville in the Free State.

"It seems as if there is no law and order."

Crawford von Abo, also from Bothaville, is a former chairman of the SA Maize
Board and member of the Wheat Board. Besides his South African interests, he
owned extensive farmland in Zimbabwe, Pieter von Abo said.

"All of the farms had been occupied, but not one of them legally in terms of
Zimbabwe's own new legislation."

Andries Botha, Democratic Alliance representative on rural safety, said
Crawford von Abo and his wife Bibi arrived at Fauna ranch on Sunday.

"He went there to see how he could assist his staff, who have been subjected
to various forms of harassment by 'war veterans' and the authorities."

Pieter von Abo said armed war veterans arrested both his father and his farm
manager, Willem Klopper around 1.30pm.

"They were apparently taken to Mwenezi's cells."

He said he had given instructions to an attorney who would fly from Pretoria
to Zimbabwe on Tuesday.

Botha said he had asked South Africa's High Commissioner in Zimbabwe, Jerry
Ndou, to ensure Von Abo's well-being.

Mrs von Abo went to stay in a hotel, as it was considered unsafe on the

Pieter von Abo said he had been in contact with the South African Foreign
Affairs Department, who confirmed Von Abo's arrest.

It said that according to Ndou, Von Abo was arrested during a visit to his
farm on Monday afternoon.

"Mr Ndou has given his assurance that Mr Von Abo will be accorded the normal
consular services provided to all South Africans arrested abroad," Foreign
Affairs representative Ronnie Mamoepa said.

"This will include visitation by officials from the South African High
Commission, ensure the family is informed of the arrest, proper legal
representation and see to the welfare of Mr Von Abo."

He said the high commission would remain in constant contact with Zimbabwean
authorities to find an early resolution to the matter.

The DA earlier on Monday requested a snap debate in the National Assembly on
the Zimbabwe issue. About 2 900 farmers in Zimbabwe were given until August
8 to leave their homes, but about two-thirds are said to have ignored the

By late on Sunday at least 147 farmers had been arrested for defying the
order. - Sapa
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DA requests debate on Zimbabwe
submitted : Monday, August 19, 2002    by : Douglas Gibson (ldr)
I have today written, on behalf of the leader of the Official Opposition Mr
Tony Leon MP, to the Speaker of the National Assembly requesting her to
grant an urgent debate on the situation in Zimbabwe. (The text of the letter
follows below.)
Mr Leon has pointed out that the arrest this weekend of over 100 farmers -
whose only crime has been to stay on their own farms and to help stave off
starvation in their own country - calls for an urgent response from South
Africa. On the eve of South Africa`s hosting of the World Summit on
Sustainable Development, it would be most unfortunate if the perception
arose that President Mbeki`s failure to speak out or to act was merely
because the victims in this case are white.
It is a great pity that South Africa`s almost weekly condemnation of the
Government of Israel and support for the people of Palestine - an area on
which our influence is totally marginal - has never been matched by a
condemnation of the rogue government in Harare, despite our ties of blood
and affinity to the people of Zimbabwe - an area over which our influence is
[The text of the letter follows:]
"Dear Madam Speaker
I am writing on behalf of Mr A J Leon MP to request a debate on Zimbabwe as
a matter of public importance, in terms of Rule 103 of the Rules of the
National Assembly.
The deteriorating situation in Zimbabwe will have a serious impact on South
Africa and the Southern African Region. On the eve of the World Summit in
Sustainable Development, which will put the world focus on our country and
our region, it is very important that Parliament considers recent
developments in Zimbabwe and helps to inform action taken by our
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Mugabe thugs beat children
20th August 2002

hildren as young as eight are being beaten by Robert Mugabe's henchmen as he
hunts down opposition supporters, it emerged yesterday.

White farmer Roy Bennet, an MP for the opposition Movement for Democratic
Change, told how three youngsters, aged eight to 12, were beaten by police
trying to find out the whereabouts of their MDC-supporting parents.

In another incident, a magistrate was dragged from court, beaten and paraded
through the streets.

Mr Bennet said: 'What is happening in Zimbabwe is not a white and black
issue. It is an orchestrated attempt by the president to destroy the
opposition. It is not land reform - it is the suppression of another view.'

Mr Bennet, who faces arrest for speaking out, said Zimbabwe was experiencing
a level of ethnic cleansing 'not seen since Kosovo'. Opposition to Mugabe's
ruling Zanu-PF party was being crushed by any means - from mutilation to
starvation, he added.

Hundreds of Mugabe supporters ran riot yesterday in the eastern town of
Chipinge, evicting white businessmen and looting their premises.

The violence came as it emerged that Mugabe's wife Grace had chosen the farm
she wanted to take over.

She apparently marched on to the Iron Mask estate 30 miles from Harare last
week and told the owners John and Eva Matthews, who are both in their 70s,
to quit.

More than 90 white farmers, all charged with failing to leave their land,
had their cases heard in courts. Among those given 24 hours to vacate their
farms was Dennis Streak, father of Zimbabwe's cricket captain Heath Streak.

Another farmer, Derek Scutt, who is in the advanced stages of cancer, was
told by magistrates he could have bail if he agreed to leave his land within
two days. He chose to spend seven days in custody, to the court's obvious

More than 60 per cent of Zimbabwe's remaining 2,900 white farmers are
believed to have ignored eviction orders since their August 9 deadline.

Britain was told yesterday that pressure on South Africa and Libya, which
provide most of Zimbabwe's electricity and oil, could halt Mugabe.

Ephraim Tapa, of the Save Zimbabwe Campaign and former president of the
Zimbabwean civil service trade union, said: 'We need the international
community to rescue Zimbabwe from this brutal and insane man.'

Mr Tapa, 40, is now an exile in Britain after being targeted by Mugabe
supporters. His wife and four-week old daughter are in hiding in Zimbabwe.

Tory foreign affairs spokesman Michael Ancram said Britain should urge
condemnation of the Mugabe regime at next week's Earth Summit in
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Botswana badly hit by crisis
By Tim Butcher
(Filed: 20/08/2002)

Diamond-rich Botswana, one of the strongest economies in Africa, has been
badly hit by the crisis in neighbouring Zimbabwe, with tourism, industry and
agriculture all suffering, the country's central bank admitted yesterday.

Linah Mohohlo, governor of the Bank of Botswana, said earnings from tourism
were down 20 per cent because American and European visitors were being put
off by the chaos in Zimbabwe.

She said the situation had got so bad that Botswana would try to dissociate
itself from its troubled neighbour. "We are not part of Zimbabwe," she said.

"We are not part of South Africa. We have the best credit rating in Africa
and we have got to teach the world to know us as a country in our own

In recent years Botswana earned five per cent of its gross domestic product
from tourism but over the last year or so, since the Zimbabwe crisis began,
that proportion has dropped to four per cent.

Botswana has also seen growing numbers of economic migrants fleeing the
chaos in Zimbabwe created by President Robert Mugabe's commercial
mismanagement. They come by bus, car and on foot looking for jobs in

All of southern Africa has suffered from poor rains this season, but unlike
poorly managed countries like Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi, Botswana has
enough resources to buy food to make up for poor harvests.

There have been no reports of starvation in Botswana as a result, although
the country has the highest recorded rate of HIV infection in the world at
just over 30 per cent, meaning there are believed to be more than 400,000
adults carrying the virus at the moment.
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Business Day

      Mugabe should be ostracised


      THE deafening silence of President Thabo Mbeki and his African
National Congress cohorts about the appalling situation in Zimbabwe and
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's destruction of the rule of law will go
down in history as a shameful episode in southern Africa.

      Mugabe should be permanently excluded from the Commonwealth and the
African Union. SA should impose targeted sanctions on Zimbabwe. The time for
"quiet" diplomacy has long passed.

      Famine stalks Zimbabwe, thousands of farmers are facing ruin, a
million farm workers will be deprived of a livelihood and heaven alone knows
how many animals are starving to death.

      Years into this deepening crisis and after a totally fraudulent
election, there has been no public condemnation of Mugabe from our
government or from the SA Human Rights Commission.

      Confidence in SA as a sustainable democracy has been severely
undermined as a result of this failure to fulfil a leadership role.

      Helen SuzmanSandton
      Aug 20 2002 12:00:00:000AM  Business Day 1st Edition

      20 August 2002
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West urged to pressure Mugabe
      Aug 20 2002

      The Western Mail

      BRITAIN and the West were yesterday facing fresh calls to put more
pressure on the Zimbabwean regime of President Robert Mugabe.

      Roy Bennet, a white farmer and MP for the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change, said the international community needed to exert the kind
of pressure which led to the ending of apartheid in South Africa.

      At a news conference in London, he said the expulsion of white farmers
from their land was hurting the black community in the country every bit as
much as the white.

      "What is happening in Zimbabwe is not a white and black issue. It is
an orchestrated attempt by the President to eliminate the opposition," he

      "There is nobody in their right mind who would oppose agrarian land
reform for the betterment of the people. What is being done is not land
reform, it is the suppression of another view."

      He described how his estate in the Chimanimani district was occupied
over the weekend by the police and army who rounded up his workers and
indiscriminately beat them.

      He added even magistrates were not safe, being dragged from their
courts and beaten up.
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White Farmers Pack Up In Zimbabwe

Tuesday August 20, 2002 9:20 PM

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) - Worn down by a weekend of arrests, many white
farmers began packing up their belongings and evacuating their land Tuesday
ending their defiance of government eviction orders, farming representatives

Vehicles carrying household goods and furniture headed toward towns, as
farmers went to stay with friends or relatives or booked into hotels, said
the Commercial Farmers Union, which represents most of the country's white
farmers. It was unclear if the exodus involved dozens or hundreds of

Nearly 200 white farmers have been arrested since Thursday for defying
government eviction orders. Most were freed on bail and told by district
courts to pack up and leave or face arrest again, said union officials.

The union did not say how many of those freed on bail obeyed the orders to
leave by Tuesday night.

The government had issued eviction orders demanding 2,900 white farmers
leave their land by Aug. 9 as part of a controversial land redistribution
campaign. Around 60 percent of those farmers stayed on past that date -
sparking the wave of arrests.

Among those arrested was Colin Cloete, head of the Commercial Farmers Union,
who appeared in court Monday.

He and at least 20 other farmers in the Selous tobacco and corn district, 45
miles west of Harare, were released on bail on condition they leave their
land, said district union official Ben Freeth.

Cloete, a moderate who led union attempts to negotiate with the government,
was not immediately available for comment.

``It is a desperately sad situation. People are loading up their assets to
move out. Many have nowhere to go and are looking for places to stay,''
Freeth said.

Of 96 white-owned farms in the district, three were still operating Tuesday,
Freeth said. Most of the displaced farmers each owned a single property but
were forced off their land despite promises by the government none would be
deprived of their only homes or livelihood.

``Ethnic cleansing is exactly what it is. There's no other term for it,''
Freeth said.

Police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena said Tuesday police had arrested 197
farmers across the country for defying government notices to quit their
farms by Aug. 9. ``The law is being enforced and court proceedings are to
follow,'' he said.

Farmers refusing to leave their land face up to two years in jail and a
fine. Many are contesting the legality of the eviction orders.

Zimbabwe's top judge defended the country's land reform program Tuesday,
saying the process had not been smooth but was a vital step in restoring the
black majority's right to land.

Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku said the land was being repossessed from
white commercial farmers and redistributed to black farmers and peasants to
correct colonial era injustices. He blamed the chaos and unrest that has
followed on the white farming community.

``Because the commercial farmers resisted the move, the situation
exploded,'' he said at a conference of international judges in Johannesburg
in neighboring South Africa. ``We are doing our best.''

The increasingly unpopular government of President Robert Mugabe plans to
seize nearly 5,000 farms - 95 percent of properties owned by whites - saying
they are to be distributed to landless blacks.

Farmers' lawyers believe the eviction orders violate constitutional rights
of freedom from racial discrimination and contain technical errors,
rendering them invalid.

Before ``fast track'' seizures began in 2000, about 4,500 whites owned one
third of the nation's farmland, while 7 million black farmers shared the

Critics accuse Mugabe of using the land issue to cling to power two decades
after he led the nation to independence from British colonial rule. The main
opposition Movement for Democratic Change, which includes many white
farmers, supports orderly, legal land reform, but says the government's
seizures have been illegal and destructive.

The often violent seizures have contributed to more than two years of
political chaos in Zimbabwe, brought the country to the brink of economic
ruin and contributed to widespread food shortages that threaten half the

About 186 opposition supporters have been killed in the unrest, including 11
white farmers.

The current evictions also threaten as many as 230,000 black workers - as
well as their families - living on those farms. Another 120,000 workers live
on other white farms.
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A Poignant Reminder of President Mugabe's Warped Economic Policies in

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

August 20, 2002
Posted to the web August 20, 2002

Walter Marwizi

Nothing seems to illustrate more succinctly the unprecedented havoc that has
been wrecked on Zimbabwe's once thriving tourism centres by the policies of
the embattled Zanu PF regime than the run down Kyle Recreational Park, some
30 kilometres from Masvingo.

Only a few years ago, this park was a hive of activity as visitors sampled
its irresistible diverse leisure package. Located in the backyard of the
Great Zimbabwe monuments, which attracted thousands of tourists, historians
and archaeologists every year, the park enjoyed heavy patronage owing to its
proximity to the world acclaimed heritage site.

After touring the Great Zimbabwe monuments, tourists could not resist the
urge to "stray" into Kyle Recreational Park, which has abundant wildlife and
leisure spots dotted along the banks of Lake Mutirikwi, Zimbabwe's largest
inland lake.

The park also played host to countless workshops, receptions and weddings,
apart from foreign tourist parties that comprised hordes of pleasure seekers
who came to the animal sanctuary which is home to the white rhino and a wide
variety of antelope.

However, a visit to the park by The Standard news crew over the Heroes
holiday revealed that it had seen better days and now resembled a run down
park in a war ravaged country, shunned by tourists and forgotten by its own

Located on the northern shores of Lake Mutirikwi, the park is now a pale
shadow of its former self, serving as a poignant reminder of how the archaic
Zanu PF policies have dealt a death blow to the once thriving local tourism

A Department of National Parks and Wildlife employee who was literary doing
nothing at the park on Monday summed the state of affairs to The Standard
"Things are simply not going on well here. We just sit here all day long
doing nothing." The Standard established that many things have simply gone
wrong at the park, famous for game viewing, undertaken either by car or pony
trails, and secluded picnic sites.

Right from the gate where the crew was greeted by a visibly tired and
disillusioned attendant, it was easy to tell that things had drastically
changed-not for the good but for worse. A game drive through the park was
however not disappointing as there were plenty of wildlife, roaming around
the park.

However, unlike in the past where visitors used to drive "extra carefully"
in order to avoid bumping into trucks carrying hordes of foreign tourists or
horse riders having a close look at animals such as the white rhino, nyala,
oribi, tsessebe, eland, wildebeest, zebra and kudu, this time around there
wasn't any need for that.

The crew drove past the once popular area concentrated with game without
encountering any truck, signalling that this place no longer attracted

It passed through several deserted lodges, including Rhino Lodge, whose
outside appearance left a lot to be desired. Resembling deserted buildings
(matongo/emanxiweni), the peeling walls of the lodges told a story of disuse
and neglect which seems to haunt the whole park. Some of the buildings were
collapsing with no indications of renovations taking place.

At the Kyle Recreational Club, a "must" for visitors who want a deserved
rest after touring the place, any doubts about the disaster that had
befallen the park were obliterated.

Outside the club, fires that had become a trademark there were simply not
burning, nor were the braai stands present. Old tattered and battered reed
resting chairs scattered all over the yard greeted the crew as it entered
the club, where it got something that could have been unimaginable a few
years ago.

"We do not have any beers nor cool drinks here," said a young frail looking
lady who was behind an old counter in a building that needed an urgent fresh
coat of paint. A cursory glance at the shelves revealed that there were 10
packets of maputi, three packets of 10 Madison packs, seven packs of 500
grams salt and a pack of tea leaves-items that all cost less than a $1 000.

Hungry, the crew had no choice but to buy some maputi and left after capping
the meal with warm water at the club where tourists used to have a good time
with their loved ones when tourism in Zimbabwe was still alive and well.

Then Mugabe had not unleashed his militant supporters backed by marauding
war veterans into white owned farms in an effort to prop up his waning
political fortunes.

The brutal militias wrecked havoc on the farms where they beat up, tortured
and killed many people and disrupted prime farming activities.

These actions by Mugabe prompted the international community to isolate
Zimbabwe, chocking the prospects of the revival of tourism which hinges on
foreign tourist arrivals.
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This is London

Briton axed to death in Zimbabwe

A British lecturer has been axed to death and buried in a shallow grave at
his home in Zimbabwe.

Jerzy Toloczko, 51, from Leicester, was attacked outside his home in Ilanda,
near Bulawayo, by two men who stole a pair of shoes, a pair of trousers, a
shirt, a wallet and a mobile phone.

Police have arrested his gardener and another man, both in their 20s.

Mr Toloczko, known as Jed, was an adventurer, who had spent years in Africa
and was well loved by the local community in Zimbabwe, his family said.

The qualified chartered surveyor and lawyer had just returned to Zimbabwe
after spending two months with his mother Janina, 79, in Leicester when he
was killed.

As he returned home, where he lived alone, two men attacked him as he parked
his Mercedes Benz near the garage, police said. They hit him with an axe,
wrapped his body in a blanket and buried it in a prepared grave in the yard.

Mr Toloczko's brother, Roman, 49, who lives in Oadby, Leicester, spoke of
the family's devastation over his death.

"He was obviously a very dear brother to me but very much an adventurer in
all of his professional working life. He always embraced every morsel of
local cultures when he lived in different locations," he said.

Mr Toloczko's family had been warned against travelling to Zimbabwe
following the death, because of the political situation.

Arrangements are being made by the National University of Science and
Technology in Bulawayo, where he worked, to fly his body home.

The Foreign Office is in contact with police in Zimbabwe and plans to keep
the family informed.
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White farmers 'quit Zimbabwe land'

August 20, 2002 Posted: 8:20 AM EDT (1220 GMT)

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) -- Many white farmers ordered by courts to leave their
land by the end of Tuesday are loading their trucks and searching for places
to stay, union leaders say.
Nearly 200 white farmers have been arrested since Thursday for defying
government eviction orders.
Most were freed on bail and told by district courts to pack up and leave or
face arrest again, the Commercial Farmers Union said.
Colin Cloete, head of the union representing 4,000 white farmers, was among
those arrested who appeared in court Monday.
Cloete, a moderate who led union attempts to negotiate with the government,
was ordered to leave his land in the Selous tobacco and corn district, about
70 km (45 miles) west of Harare, said district union official Ben Freeth.
The union president was not immediately available for comment.
Freeth said at least 21 farmers were released on bail Monday.
"It is a desperately sad situation. People are loading up their assets to
move out. Many have nowhere to go and are looking for places to stay," he
Of 96 white-owned farms in the district, three were still operating Tuesday,
Freeth said.
Most of the displaced farmers owned a single property but were forced off
their land despite promises by the government none would be deprived of
their only homes or livelihood.
"Ethnic cleansing is exactly what it is. There's no other term for it,"
Freeth said.
Police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena said Tuesday police had arrested 197
farmers across the country for defying government notices to quit their
farms by 9 August.
Farmers threatened with jail
The farmers were charged with breaching land laws giving them 90 days from
mid-May to wind up their affairs and leave their properties.
"The law is being enforced and court proceedings are to follow," he said.
Most of those released posted bail of between 5,000 and 10,000 Zimbabwe
dollars ($15 - $ 30).
A few in western Zimbabwe did not receive bail conditions to leave their
Farmers refusing to leave their land face up to two years in jail and a
fine. Many are contesting the legality of the eviction orders.
Home Affairs Minister John Nkomo, in charge of the police, warned farmers
Monday to "desist from a confrontational role," state radio reported.
He said farmers lobby groups, such a Justice for Agriculture, calling on
farmers to defy the government and challenge evictions in court, "will not
be allowed to derail land reform," the radio said.
The increasingly unpopular government of President Robert Mugabe plans to
seize nearly 5,000 farms -- 95 percent of properties owned by whites --
saying they are to be distributed to landless blacks.
About 2,900 farmers have already been ordered off their land, but 60 percent
of these failed to comply, said Jenni Williams, a spokeswoman for Justice
for Agriculture.
Farmers' lawyers believe the eviction orders violate constitutionally
entrenched rights of freedom from racial discrimination, and also contain
technical errors, rendering them invalid.
The government says the land seizures are meant to correct the skewed
remnants of colonialism that left about 4,500 whites owning one third of the
nation's farmland, while 7 million black farmers shared the rest.
Government opponents accuse Mugabe of using the land issue to cling to
The often violent seizures have contributed to more than two years of
political chaos in Zimbabwe, brought the country to the brink of economic
ruin and contributed to widespread food shortages that threaten half the
The current evictions also threaten as many as 230,000 black workers -- as
well as their families -- living on those farms. Another 120,000 workers
live on other white farms.
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From the Zimbabwe government mouthpiece :
The Herald

Defiant Farmers Wasting Their Time

The Herald (Harare)

August 20, 2002
Posted to the web August 20, 2002

Freddy Mrewa

WHITE commercial farmers now being hauled before the courts for refusing to
vacate designated farms are breaking the law they claim to uphold.

They have been campaigning hard both at home and abroad claiming that there
is no rule of law in Zimbabwe. They allege that the country's laws are not
being adhered to or simply ignored by the Government.

The land reform programme is lawful and the evictions they are now defying
are according to the laws of the land.

The white community cannot accept the land reality of Zimbabwe. Land has
been returned to the majority of Zimbabweans and days when a minority race
owned all the prime land are now confined to our history.

When white people came to this country, they used violence and intimidation
to drive away black people. The hullabaloo that is being created by them now
was non-existent.

The international community just watched and even encouraged the whites to
violently remove blacks from the land. No one cared.

But when a white man who stole land is being asked to share the vast land,
the West cries foul and imposes sanctions on a Government that is just
correcting a historical wrong.

White farmers even have the temerity to go to court challenging what they
themselves see as a necessary programme.

They refuse to accept that land is for the majority and has to be shared,
not owned by a few. They choose to be greedy and hang onto their many farms.

The problem for them is that there is no chance in hell that they will keep
what they call their farms. Going to court is any Zimbabwean's democratic

Also by taking them to court, the Government is once again showing that it
sticks to the laws of the land. It could have thrown them out and closed the
farm gates.

But the law-enforcement agents are doing their job, arresting and taking the
defiant farmers to court. The arrests and court appearances are giving the
Western Press ammunition to again demonise the Government.

They see the application of the law as persecution of farmers who are trying
to feed the nation. What they refuse to see is that nobody is being
persecuted but somebody is being stubborn and headstrong.

They were lawfully served with eviction notices and should leave for new
farmers to come in and continue food production.

The mistaken notion that only whites can farm has long been dismissed and
there is no reason for whites to hold this nation to ransom anymore.

But white farmers have always been devious on the land issue.

The disregard for the rule of law, the behind-the-scenes meetings and
creation of new associations to fight Government are plans hatched to make
the whites look like saints in the eyes of the international community.

This is all a ploy to put Zimbabwe under the spotlight, create an aura of
destabilisation under the guise of fight for freedom and rights.

In the end, what has emerged from all this is a clear refusal by whites to
accept their wrongs of the past and instead wage a war against a
legitimately elected government.

What the farmers hope to achieve may sound utopian, but their fight is a
fight for the international community to take notice that Zimbabwe must not
fulfil its land policy.

When American congressmen sit down to debate the land issue in Zimbabwe and
not castigate their kith and kin in Australia for depriving Aborigines of
their land, then this is the height of hypocrisy.

But what can one expect when the Red Indians were driven into reservations
by the Draconian American laws?

Government made it categorically clear that all farmers whose farms were
designated for resettlement were supposed to cease operations and vacate the
farms to allow new farmers to take up their plots.

The unrepentant white commercial farmers have regrouped under the banner of
the CFU offshoot calling itself Justice for Agriculture.

This unholy alliance of commercial farmers has decided to fight the
Government directives in court and have vowed to stay on the farms.

These commercial farmers still believe that their actions could stop the
land reform that is nearing its completion.

Everyone thought that the white commercial farmers had finally decided to
live peacefully and had accepted the reality of land reform.

This group of unrepentant Rhodesians believes that the white race is
superior to the black majority of the country.

They cannot handle a situation where a black man has equal opportunities as
the white man.

In the past, some of the commercial farmers were happy to see the black
majority as labourers on the farms and not proud owners of their own prime

Their move is meant to frustrate the democratic atmosphere of reconciliation
that the Government has worked hard to establish since independence.

The behaviour of the commercial farmers is meant to create anarchy and
confusion in the country.

Some of the commercial farmers have in the past been dramatising problems on
the farms in a bid to discredit the resettlement exercise.

What is surprising is that they are now illegally clinging onto the farms,
which at one stage they ironically alleged were terror camps due to
marauding youths from Zanu-PF. What has now changed for them to declare that
they cannot move?

The members of the so-called Justice for Agriculture has also been at the
forefront of lying to their Western masters and media about the political
environment in the country.

Some of them have in the past forced their workers to loot their own
property on the farms in a bid to make the world believe that the Zanu-PF
Government was out to destroy their freedom and well-being.

If the situation in the country is as bad as they want it to be, any sane
person could be surprised why they are not so eager to leave the country and
go to the so-called de-mocratic heavens that they always turn to for

Just like what they have done in the past, they are trying to gain Western
attention by creating a facade that they are being persecuted, as they are
aware that the Government will surely move in to quell this tide of

This legion of commercial farmers still cannot accept the reality of a
nation that rests on the premise of equitable distribution of resources.

Since independence, before the current land redistribution programme, less
than 40 000 white commercial farmers occupied over 70 percent of the
country's prime land while the majority of blacks were living in abject
poverty in marginal lands.

Some commercial farmers have complied with the eviction orders. Those
fighting the orders are wasting their time.
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Zimbabwe urges blacks to move onto white farms

HARARE, Aug. 20 - Zimbabwe's justice minister urged landless blacks on
Tuesday to move on to white-owned farms, setting the stage for a possible
confrontation with white farmers defying eviction orders.
       ''Those who have been allocated land should move to the farms and
utilise it,'' Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa told the state-owned Herald
       President Robert Mugabe's government, pushing ahead with its land
reform programme to resettle landless blacks, has ordered 2,900 of the
country's remaining 4,500 white commercial farmers to quit their land
without compensation.
       But nearly two-thirds have defied an August 8 deadline and refused to
leave their farms.
       Police said about 215 defiant farmers had been arrested since the
crackdown started last Thursday.
       The farmers' lobby group Justice for Agriculture (JAG) said on
Tuesday 145 farmers had appeared in court to face charges since Friday. Most
of them were released on bail and ordered not to return to their farms.
       JAG declined to comment on Chinamasa's remarks, but said 15 farmers
in the Karoi-Tengwe area had handed themselves over to the police.
       ''A team of lawyers is looking into taking some legal action. One of
the options open to the legal team is to challenge the bail conditions that
are being imposed on the farmers countrywide,'' said JAG spokeswoman Jenni
       The disruption to agriculture in Zimbabwe, once the bread-basket of
southern Africa, comes as millions in the region face food shortages.
       JAG has urged farmers to challenge the evictions using a High Court
ruling earlier this month which said the state could not confiscate land
owned by one particular farmer because it had not told the bank, which had a
mortgage on the property.
       ''We have many that have responded to our call, but we cannot
quantify,'' Williams said.

       The government has said it will not allow the farmers to derail its
land reforms.
       ''In fact they (black settlers) should have started moving into the
farms when the first 45-day notice period given to the commercial farmers by
the government to round up their operations expired,'' Chinamasa said.
       In neighbouring South Africa, President Thabo Mbeki faced opposition
calls to get tough with Mugabe's government after the arrest of two South
African farmers in Zimbabwe on Monday.
       ''President Mbeki and the South African government can no longer
remain silent and must criticise President Mugabe in public on the way
commercial farmers in Zimbabwe are treated,'' Freedom Front chief whip Corne
Mulder said in a statement.
       Mbeki has been criticised both at home and abroad for a soft approach
to his northern neighbour.
       Mugabe, 78, who has been in power since the country gained
independence from Britain in 1980, says his land drive is aimed at
correcting a colonial injustice which left 70 percent of the best farmland
in the hands of white farmers.
       White farmers say they support land redistribution but are opposed to
the government's methods.
       Many Western nations have condemned the eviction campaign, with the
United States warning on Monday that the land drive was exacerbating the
southern African country's food crisis.
       Aid agencies say nearly six million Zimbabweans -- half the national
population -- need food aid this year, part of a wider food crisis
threatening nearly 13 million people in six southern African countries.
       Zimbabwe has been in crisis since pro-government militants led by
veterans of the 1970s liberation war began invading white-owned farms in
early 2000 in support of the seizures.

Zimbabwe Minister Urges Black Farmers to Ignore Courts, Move onto
White-Owned Land
Peta Thornycroft
20 Aug 2002 15:47 UTC

Zimbabwe's justice minister says black farmers due to be resettled on
white-owned farms should ignore court rulings and move onto the land. Scores
of white farmers have succeeded in having seizure notices for their land
overturned in court.

The deadline for new black farmers to move onto white-owned land is Friday.

The government has said that people not physically occupying plots allocated
to them by then, or at the latest by the end of the month, will find their
land given to someone else.

Only about one-half of those allocated larger pieces of land on white-owned
farms had taken up occupation by last week.

President Robert Mugabe told a meeting of black farmers last week that he is
worried by the failure of so many to take possession of their land. He and
others in the government blame white farmers for obstructing the land reform
program by remaining on their farms.

Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa was quoted in the state-controlled Herald
newspaper as saying that blacks who have been allocated farms should move
onto the land and use it; even though many white farmers have won court
rulings declaring the forfeiture of the farms to be invalid.

The court gave the farmers the right to return to their properties and
continue producing crops after they were forcibly evicted. But none of the
court orders has been enforced by police, and none of the farmers was
allowed to continue farming.

Some analysts who have followed the land reform program say Justice Minister
Chinamasa's statement about ignoring court orders only reflects what is
already happening.

President Mugabe says he is confiscating 95 percent of white-owned forms to
redress colonial-era policies, which stripped blacks of most of the
country's best land.
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New Rule On Farm Workers' Benefits

The Herald (Harare)

August 20, 2002
Posted to the web August 20, 2002

ALL commercial farmers whose pieces of land have been designated for
resettlement are now forced to pay terminal benefits to their former workers
following a new rule now in force.

In the amendment of the Labour Relations (Terminal Benefits and Entitlements
of Agricultural Employees Affected by Compulsory Acquisition) Regulations
gazetted last week, all farm workers will be entitled to receive benefits
even if their employers were served with notices before the regulations came
into effect.

Affected farm workers will also receive their terminal benefits whether or
not their employment was terminated before or after the regulations were

According to a statutory instrument published in the Government Gazette, the
amendment was necessary to avoid doubt over what category of workers
qualified for compensation.

In April this year, an Agricultural Employees' Compensation Committee to
determine terminal benefits to farm workers whose employers' farms are
acquired for resettlement was set up.

The committee, chaired by the Secretary for Public Service, Labour and
Social Welfare or his nominee, comprises representatives from the ministries
of Agriculture, Local Government and the National Employment Council for the
Agricultural Industry.

It determines what terminal benefits and entitlements, if any, are due to
any employee of an employer in respect of whom the committee receives
notification of payment of compensation for land compulsorily acquired for

The committee recommends to the Minister of Public Service, Labour and
Social Welfare the amount of terminal benefits and entitlements, if any,
that in its opinion is due to any employee or group of employees.

The minister may accept the recommendation or refer it back to the committee
for re-evaluation.

If the minister accepts the recommendation made after re-evaluation the
committee certifies the amount due to the farm worker.

The establishment of the committee put paid to worries in the agricultural
sector that the Government was not concerned about the plight of workers
whose employers' farms are compulsorily acquired for resettlement.

The Government has also set up a committee that assesses and pays
compensation for improvements such as farmhouses, irrigation infrastructure
and dams on farms acquired for resettlement.
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"Section" meanings :

Section 5 - notice from government stating that the farm has been identified
for compulsory acquisition and that it will be taken over at a future date.
Section 7 - notice from government that compulsory acquisition is now in
Section 8 - notice from government that owner must vacate.
In all of the above section letters the area of land to be taken is stated -
i.e. part of ,section of, all. (These areas are not being adhered to in most
cases and settlers & gvt officials take as much as they desire)
By law all of the above notices may be contested by the farm owner and are
governed by dates (These laws are never followed)
Under the governments "fast track" plan - once a farm is seized (mostly
before nowadays) it is divided into plots for either  PU,A1, A2 or large
scale resettlement. PU = peri urban plot. A1 = small plot (under 10
hecatres); A2= medium sized plot (not clear what size) and large scale =
commercial (250 hectares)
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