Rule of the lawless Jan Raath on the continuing story of
murder and intimidation in Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe Harare
brutal regimes dispatch troublesome colleagues and pretend afterward to know
nothing about it. Lenin perfected the wiping from memory of
freshly eliminated aides. President Robert Mugabe's government, according to
a decision just handed down by a high court judge in Harare, has now
produced the ideal package for dealing with the disposal of a disloyal
servant. Murder him when he becomes unreliable, declare him a national hero
before the corpse grows cold, blame the opposition for his demise and then
lay into them with righteous vengeance.
Cain Nkala was the leader of
Mugabe's war veteran rabble in Matabeleland in 2000. He directed both the
violent invasion of white farms and the ruling Zanu PF party's campaign of
savage intimidation of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
before the parliamentary elections in June that year. He was implicated in
the abduction in Bulawayo of veteran opposition activist Patrick Nyabanyana,
the day before the election. A year later Nyabanyana had still not been found
and, as a reluctant concession to a huge outcry, authorities had Nkala
charged with kidnapping and then murder.
Suddenly insecure, Nkala began
talking. He admitted abducting Nyabanyana but said he had handed him over to
one of Mugabe's cabinet ministers. He spoke of fleeing to Britain.
Retribution came fast. On 5 November 2001, Nkala himself was kidnapped from
his home by eight men with AK47 assault rifles. A week later police announced
that his body had been found, strangled, in a shallow grave outside
The rest ran according to established Zanu PF practice. The
state media loosed a barrage of vilification that blamed the opposition MDC
and denounced it as 'a violent terrorist organisation'. State television
hourly showed grisly footage of the body being 'discovered'. A reporter in
the government press was curiously able to describe how Nkala sang hymns as
he was being strangled with a shoelace.
Mugabe's politburo swiftly
declared him a 'national hero'. At his burial in Heroes' Acre - reserved only
for the Zanu PF faithful - outside Harare, Mugabe laid it on thick. 'Comrade
Nkala's brutal murder was the bloody outcome of an orchestrated, much wider
and carefully planned terrorist plot by internal and external enemy forces'
who included the MDC, white farmers, Selous Scouts and even the Westminster
Foundation. Zanu PF mobs went on the rampage in Bulawayo and Harare, burnt
down buildings and left hundreds injured.
About the same time, six MDC
activists, including the national treasurer, Fletcher Dulini-Ncube, were
arrested on murder charges. Three were tortured until they signed
'confessions'. For the next year, in prison, all six were subjected to
horrible neglect - Ncube lost an eye. Court orders for their release were
ignored. Then their trial began in January 2002, and the authorities
encountered an unexpected obstacle - an upright judge.
needed a guilty verdict. Despite a sustained five-year torrent of accusations
of treachery and violence, the government has failed to make a single case
stick against the MDC. A murder conviction could permanently disable the
MDC's reputation as an organisation based on tolerance and non-violence, and
wreck its considerable international support.
The government wanted a
conviction so badly that the judge, Sandra Mungwira, who was undergoing
chemotherapy for cancer, was threatened. Her clerk was hounded by Central
Intelligence Organisation agents who came to his office and demanded copies
of her judgment. When he said he couldn't get them, they told him to snoop
into her computer.
Edith Mushore, one of the defence lawyers, was phoned
repeatedly after midnight and menaced by Joseph Chinotimba, the war veteran
gangster who terrorised former chief justice Anthony Gubbay into resigning
(and whom Mugabe routinely introduces to visiting heads of state). She was
followed daily to and from work and when she ferried her children to school.
CIO agents would telephone Erik Morris, another lawyer, and threaten his
wife and children.
It was all spectacularly in vain. Mungwira said all
14 police involved in the investigation 'spewed forth untruths' throughout
the trial, their records were 'an appalling piece of fiction' and they had
conducted themselves 'in a shameless fashion' by torturing the suspects. She
found that most of the six were arrested on murder charges days before police
had officially found Nkala's body. She acquitted them all.
killed Cain Nkala?
Mungwira was excluded from examining culpability
beyond the six MDC accused. However, she made a highly significant
acknowledgment that 'a third force' was controlling the police in the case.
She effectively, with great courage, pointed directly to the government as
She referred to the constant appearance in evidence of two
related organisations. The first was a group of senior army, police, CIO
officers and war veterans called the Joint Operational Command. It is a
continuation of a counter-insurgency structure that the Rhodesian security
forces used in the civil war against black nationalist guerrillas in the
The second was a group called 'the ferrets', a unit of
high-ranking and experienced CIO agents selected for important covert
The involvement of these two organisations reveals Mugabe's
comprehensive abuse of national police, defence and intelligence resources as
his private political property. Worse, it shows that he is conducting his
political contest with the MDC, which espouses its principles of transparency
and fair play with probably more commitment than I have seen elsewhere in
Africa, as a military operation.
As it was in the Rhodesian era, the
job of the senior officers and 'the ferrets' is surveillance, infiltration,
disinformation, covering-up and, most importantly, elimination and
Zanu PF is notorious for slaughtering its own. An
international commission blamed it for assassinating party leader Herbert
Chitepo in Zambia in 1975. No one believes that the decapitation of Josiah
Tongogara, the head of Mugabe's army, in Mozambique in 1980 was the result of
a car accident.
Ask any ordinary Zimbabwean how several others, also
buried at Heroes' Acre, got there and the answer is always: 'It's
It remains for the attorney-general to order an investigation
into Nkala's murder. David Coltart, the MDC MP whose election agent was
Patrick Nyabanyana, says the attorney-general should now look 'closer to
home'. 'We always knew it was Zanu PF,' he says.
Mungwira is quitting,
the 11th judge to do so since 2001. The Herald and Zimbabwe television
broadcast her verdict, but in such paucity of detail that it could have been
about a rural beerhall murder. The file on Nyabanyana's disappearance remains
undisturbed. The 'third force' is in control.
DONORS ALLOWED TO RESUME FOOD AID FOR SPECIFIC GROUPS Sat
21 August 2004
HARARE - The Zimbabwe government has allowed food
aid organisations to restart assisting hungry people.
interview with ZimOnline yesterday, Social Welfare Minister Paul Mangwana
said non-governmental organisations had been allowed to resume feeding
schemes targeting specific groups but not the general population.
"We are giving them (NGOs) permission to give assistance to vulnerable groups
such as orphans and those affected by HIV/AIDS. They will also be allowed to
chip in when there is an emergency."
"But as government, we will
carry out the general feeding programme. We are already doing this through
the public works system. We won't need any donors for that because we have
harvested enough food and we have actually recorded a surplus."
Sources, who do not want to be named, told ZimOnline said Mangwana had
"backtracked" on food aid following intense pressure by governors
of provinces which are the worst affected by food shortages.
Earlier this month, ZimOnline reported that the governors of
three provinces - Matabeleland South, Bulawayo and Masvingo - had written
to Mangwana to allow food aid operations to resume in their areas.
The governors indicated that the general population and not just special
groups required help.
Spokeswoman for the United Nation¹s World
Food Programme, Makena Walker, said: "We are yet to get clarification (from
government) on what this exactly means. May be a meeting will be called and
by next week we might have received an explanation."
speech marking the opening of Parliament in July, President Robert Mugabe
told donors to take their food elsewhere because Zimbabwe had harvested
enough to feed its 12 million people.
Agriculture Minister Joseph
Made has insisted the country will realize a harvest of more than two million
tonnes of the staple maize grain. Zimbabwe requires about 1.8 million tonnes
of maize a year for consumption and for its strategic grain
Several surveys by the United Nations and other
institutions have indicated Zimbabwe will harvest less than this
Confusion over Zimbabwe's food situation deepened with
reports last week that the state's Grain Marketing Board (GMB) and the
Central Statistical Office (CSO) had given a parliamentary committee probing
the food situation contradicting information about the quantity of maize in
The GMB told the committee that Zimbabwe will
harvest 2.4 millions tonnes of maize while the CSO put the total tonnage at
1.2 million. ZimOnline
Cash-strapped city council has to pay for its own government
supervision Sat 21 August 2004
HARARE - Harare City Council is
paying a commission appointed by the national government to oversee its work
an allowance of almost one-and-a-half million Zimbabwe dollars every
Sources at Town House in Harare told ZimOnline that the
chairman of the commission, university academic John Kurasha, gets a tax free
daily allowance of Z$400 000, which is equivalent to the monthly take-home
pay for an average worker in Zimbabwe.
Commission deputy Tendai
Savanhu is paid Z$385 000, with the two other members getting Z$300 000
each a day. The council also had to buy office equipment for the commission
worth Z$ 40 million (US$ 8000).
Local Government Minister Ignatius
Chombo said he brought in the four-member commission to improve management at
the municipality. Earlier this year, he dismissed mayor Elias Mudzuri, who
is a member of the national opposition party Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC). He accused the mayor of mismanagement and appointed Sekesai
Makwavarara to act in his capacity. She was elected into council on an MDC
ticket but officially defected to the ruling ZANU PF party last week. She
refused to take questions on the matter yesterday.
complain that council-owned hospitals in Harare have no drugs because there
is no money to pay suppliers. Water quality experts have expressed concern
over the quality of Harare's drinking water because the council frequently
has no money to buy enough chemicals to treat the water. And roads and public
amenities in the city are in a state of disrepair. ZimOnline
Donated food being sold to buy seed for rainy season Sat 21
CHIRUMHANZI - William Majon'ozi hobbles from his home
to the next village, one hand balancing a sackful of dried beans, rice slung
over his shoulder and the other clutching a five-litre bottle of cooking oil.
He is a man on a mission.
In his late forties, Majon'ozi says he
is out to sell part of his ration of food donated by relief group Care
International to some well-off families to raise money to buy maize seed,
fertilizer and pesticides for the next rainy season, just eight weeks
"There is nothing that we can do to get the money to buy what
we want for the fields," says Majon'ozi, giving the impression that he feels
a little guilty about selling food aid given to him for free.
While forever grateful to Care International for their support, people here
at Majon'ozi's Chirumhanzi village (about 80 km north of the southern city of
Masvingo) say they have to sell part of their much-needed rations to raise
money to buy farming inputs, in the hope that next year they may not need
Majon'ozi says, "We were starving and we believe God came to
our rescue through these people (Care International). But for how long can
we rely on donors? So we must do something about our situation, we must
grow enough food."
An official of the aid agency told ZimOnline
food donated by the group was not meant for sale. He said, "When we give
people in need food aid we expect them to consume, not to sell. We are
however going to investigate the allegation."
Care International might choose to take after the probe, it will certainly
need much pushing to stop the selling of food, which Majon'ozi and fellow
villagers see as the only way to raise cash for inputs..
and often violent state land reforms saw a huge drop in production of seed
maize. Peasant farmers settled on the formerly white-owned seed producing
farms lack the finance or skills to grow seed. Maize is the staple food for
High inflation of 360 percent means Majon'ozi and
peasant farmers like him in the countryside cannot afford the exorbitant
prices charged by agricultural dealers for the little seed maize
Government has in the last three seasons promised to
provide seed and other inputs but has consistently either provided inadequate
amounts or none at all.
Mavis Hama, who also lives in the area,
says she and her friends are running a thriving business selling some of
their rations to customers from Masvingo: "Our main customers are from the
towns and most of the time they come with their trucks to ferry back the food
for resale in their towns."
NGOs are providing little or no aid at
all to towns and cities although surveys have shown that many families in
Zimbabwe's urban areas are also running out of food.
she and her friend are now able to raise cash not only for seeds but also for
clothes and school fees for their children by selling maize to hungry
families from Masvingo. But, like most of her colleagues interviewed, she was
quick to point out that they were limiting their own consumption only out of
sheer desperation, in order to save just a little of the food rations to
BULAWAYO - Before dawn, on most weekdays, Thamsanqa Ncube
can be heard scurrying about in his township home in Bulawayo. The
39-year-old usually gets up early to have enough time for his 22-kilometre
walk to an industrial area, where he works as a welder at an engineering
Ncube cannot afford public transport. A return trip to
work, on four different commuter omnibuses, costs Z$6 000, money which could
buy him two loaves of bread.
On most days he has to walk
to work without having breakfast. Ncube says his wife and their three
children share a loaf of bread with three other relatives, who migrated to
the city from their rural home in search of food.. He foregoes his two
slices, hoping the simple breakfast of starch will thus go a little further
for those who remain at home.
Like many other Zimbabweans, Ncube's
main concern is feeding his dependents on his small salary: "I earn only
Z$300 000 a month because our company is forcing us to work only three days a
week in order to maintain a manageable wage bill. I cannot fend for my family
on these peanuts."
According to the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade
Unions (ZCTU) an average family of five requires $1 069 000 a month to
survive. The average worker takes home Z$ 400 000.
to providing for his immediate family, Ncube is also expected to assist
members of his extended family who live in a village nearby.
in the past four years Ncube has not once visited his mother or his rural
home. He could not pay for the rising transport costs. He can only afford to
send his mother a Z$20 000 token every month, which enables her to buy a
10-kilo bag of mealie meal.
"I take each day as it comes. My life
has become so difficult, I keep working because I don't want my family to
starve. To be frank, I cannot afford one decent meal, let alone feed my
relatives." He also says he spends much less time with his family now because
he is exhausted after a day of walking: "I have to rest after the long walk
to and from work, let alone the job."
Yet Ncube is one of the
fortunate Zimbabweans who have a job. The government's Central Statistical
Office says at least 65 percent of the population is jobless. The figure is
disputed by independent economic analysts and the ZCTU who insist
unemployment is somewhere between 75 and 80 percent.
position may change for the worse. His employer has indicated the company may
axe most workers by the end of the year due to shortages of raw materials and
foreign currency. This, coupled with rising electricity costs and rates, has
contributed to the firm's unpaid bills mounting.
Even thousands of
working Zimbabweans face a growing dilemma. Despite the fact that they are
employed, the cost of working far outweighs the benefits of meagre salaries
which have been eroded further by inflation, currently at 360
"There is so much motivation in staying home, at least
then I save for the next day," explains a secretary at the government's
postal company, ZimPost.. "If I have to go to work it means I have to borrow
(money for transport). By the end of the month all I earn has to go towards
settling debts." ZimOnline
Africa: A scar on the conscience of the
world Three years ago, Tony Blair appealed to the world to heal the
wounds of Africa. As Jack Straw prepares to fly to Sudan, the continent is
still riven by strife, war and famine 21 August
"The state of Africa is a scar on the conscience of the
world. But if the world as a community focused on it, we could heal it. And
if we don't, it will become deeper and angrier." Tony Blair, 2
IVORY COAST: REBELLION
What is going on?
The country, which produces 40 per cent of the world's cocoa, is effectively
split between north and south following a rebellion two years ago by Muslim
northerners over national identity and land ownership.
Britain doing to help? Biirtain is taking a low profile with no direct aid.
The African Union, is attempting to organize elections in October to end the
What is the solution? No signs of early resolution to
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: WAR
going on? Sporadic fighting continues despite 2002 peace agreement. Congolese
Tutsi rebel soldiers occupied eastern town of Bukavu for a week in
What is Britain doing to help? Britain backs the UN
peacekeeping mission and is also pressing Uganda and Rwanda to end any
involvement, which they deny
What is the solution? Conflict
expected to continue
going on? Political crackdown continues ahead of elections next
What is Britain doing to help? Britain hopes South Africa
will intercede with President Mugabe to resolve standoff
the solution? Stalemate will only be removed when Mugabe leaves power -
quietly, it is hoped
SUDAN: ETHNIC CLEANSING/FAMINE
What is going on? Rebellion in Darfur provoked government crackdown leaving
1.2 million homeless and 50,000 dead
What is Britain doing to help?
Largest single cash donor having provided £63m in humanitarian aid. Backs
African Union efforts and UN
What is the solution? No easy answer.
Sanctions could prove disastrous
What is going on? Mystical Lord's Resistance army
has terrorised northern Uganda for years with vicious campaign that has
forced 1.5 million people from their homes
What is Britain doing
to help? Britain has supported President Museveni with £740m in development
aid since he came to power
What is the solution? Negotiations with
Sudan-based leader Joseph Kony doomed to failure, miltary solution seems
RWANDA: ETHNIC STRIFE
What is going on?
Rwanda continues to deny Congolese accusations that it has its soldiers in
Congo in violation of a peace agreement. Ethnic tensions in Rwanda still
strong after 1994 genocide.
What is Britain doing to help? UK is
largest single donor, providing nearly £33m last year. But government rejects
calls to use aid to pressure President Kagame
What is the
solution? Peace in Rwanda depends on solution for Congo
What is going on? 160 Tutsis were the victims last week
of low level civil war
What is Britain doing to help? Britain is
stepping up aid with £8m budgeted for 2004-5. UN just set up political
What is the solution? Solution depends on settlement in DR
Zimbabwe Friday continued to block international efforts to distribute food
aid as a United States-backed famine monitoring agency warned that despite
some improvements, many citizens were still facing
Social Welfare Minister Paul Mangwana was quoted by
the state-controlled daily Herald newspaper as saying that the government had
taken over the general distribution of food.
Earlier this week the
Harare-based Famine Early Warning System Network (Fews-Net) reported that
although there had been signs of improved food supplies, many Zimbabweans
continue to face conditions of extreme food insecurity.
President Robert Mugabe shocked aid agencies in May when he announced a
record harvest of 2.4 million tons of grain, and refused to allow the World
Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations' famine relief arm, to continue
Mugabe has consistently denied numerous independent
surveys that indicates the country is heading for its third successive year
of famine, following a widespread seizure of white-owned farms that analysts
say has destroyed the country's once-thriving agricultural
Critics, including outspoken Roman Catholic leader Pius Ncube,
the archbishop of Bulawayo, accuse Mugabe of planning to deliberately
withhold food from areas dominated by the opposition Movement for Democratic
Change, in order to force the populace to vote for the ruling Zanu-PF party
in parliamentary elections due to be held in March of next year.
Herald quoted Mangwana as saying that no-one would starve, as the government
was distributing food to needy areas.
UN staff on the ground, speaking
unofficially, have said that the WFP has 50 000 tons of food stored in
warehouses in the country but has been prohibited from distributing it. -
Jonathan Moyo in multi
billion dollar poaching scandal
The Zimbabwe Conservation Trust
Fund (ZCTF) has implicated President Mugabe's spokesman Information Minister
Jonathan Moyo in a multi-billion dollar poaching scheme that involves illegal
South African hunters. Johnny Rodrigues, the chairman of the ZCTF, an
independent wildlife conservation watchdog said Moyo and other settlers had
allowed South African hunters to poach wildlife in the Matetsi area, near
Hwange National Park. The animals' products were worth billions of dollars
and would be sold mainly to the Asian market, although some locally based
Chinese also bought them for illegal export to their country. Moyo grabbed a
32-bed lodge known as Sikumi, which also encompasses a large conservation
area in Matetsi. The conservancy and the lodge belonged to the De Vries
family before Moyo grabbed it last year. Rodrigues said Moyo and neighbouring
settlers had struck a deal with the South African hunters who are now
involved in large scale illegal hunting of wildlife.
out the previous owners and he is now bringing safari companies from South
Africa to slaughter animals. The conservancy is flooded with South African
registered land cruisers. The VIPs like Moyo are involved in a lot of funny
deals with safari operators. We have been monitoring the events," Rodrigues
told The Daily News Online yesterday. Rodrigues said some settlers and
Department of National Parks and Wildlife workers in the area had received
"thousands" of United States dollars in bribes. He however said it was not
clear whether Moyo had also received a pay out from the South African hunters
"but our information shows that Moyo definitely authorized the illegal
hunters". Rodrigues said eye witness reports indicated mass slaughter of
animals by the hunters: "These people are literally on a killing spree.
Amongst the carcasses our informants saw were lion,leopard, buffalo,
elephant, kudu, sable, impala and even baboon." It was not possible to get a
comment from Moyo yesterday. His secretary said the minister was not willing
to take questions from the Daily News Online.
According to Zimbabwean
laws, conservancy owners who have surplus animals should apply to the
government so that the surplus animals are considered for hunting. The
surplus animals would then be put on a quota for animals to be hunted. "The
idea is that money earned from hunting should be ploughed back into the
community and also into wildlife conservation. But in this case people are
just lining up their pockets at the expense of the community and the
animals," said the wildlife activist. Rodrigues said his organization would
approach the Minister of lands and Resettlement, John Nkomo for recourse.
"Nkomo is our hope. We will present him with all the evidence. Our hope is
that he will drive Moyo out of the farm because he is there illegally. We
understand that Moyo has other farms and is not entitled to the property,"
said Rodrigues. Nkomo last month demanded that Moyo and several other
ministers should surrender extra farms they had illegally acquired during the
fast track land reform programme.
The minister of Special Affairs responsible for Lands, Land
Reform and Resettlement, John Nkomo, has hit out at fellow ministers and
provincial governors who are seeking to enrich themselves through the
agrarian reforms at the expense of the general public. Addressing more than
140 delegates to the Association of Rural District Councils of Zimbabwe
(ARDCZ) annual conference in Nyanga, Nkomo on Wednesday put his foot down and
vowed to deal with unscrupulous politicians and government officials who were
working against the successful conclusion of the land reform programme. No
one would deter him from bringing sanity to the land reform programme and
ensuring that it was concluded in a transparent manner, he said, referring to
those who were seeking to derail the programme as saboteurs. Government
was putting in place stringent measures to deal with such people, he added.
He said that he was aware of tricks that were being used to conceal some of
the information from his department so that the culprits were spared when
farms wrongly acquired were repossessed. Many of the culprits have excess
land held in trust through proxies, and have attempted to beat the system
by claiming that the properties are not registered in their
Nkomo and officials from his department have received a lot of
flak from the public media following the issuing of withdrawal letters on
some people who had acquired farms in an improper manner or were multiple
farm owners. However, he has stood undeterred and has vowed to do all the
dirty work, if any, to ensure that sanity prevails in the programme. "I will
put this example of a public toilet where all the dirt is dumped. In this I
mean that I, to some people, resemble a public toilet that is stinking and
full of smelly waste and some people cannot afford to come closer to me. But
that will not stop me from making sure that this programme succeeds as
mandated to me by the Presidency, which entrusted me with the duty of seeing
to it that the land is amicably distributed to all those that need it,"
said Nkomo. He hit out at some of his colleagues in government, whom he said
were acting in an errant manner and had failed to adhere to laid down
statutes of the programme. "Although there are some of us in the government
who have acted as per their briefs and upheld the very fundamental principles
of the land reform programme, there have been some of us who have acted (in
an errant manner) and sought to enrich themselves at the expense of
others. They have decided to ignore the existing laws of the land because
they have seen that these are corrective measures that in the long run will
affect their endeavours, and at the same time contribute to the success of
the programme," Nkomo charged.
He also accused some of the
provincial governors of having contributed to the chaos besetting the
programme. "While some of our governors diligently carried out their roles as
fatherly figures in the land reform programme, there are some of them who
were a let down. We still have chaos in the programme and I regret to say
this, that some of the chaos has been a result of the actions of some of our
governors. They have been working with some of the elements that are against
this programme to derail the programme through benefiting where they are not
supposed to." Nkomo said there was need for the stakeholders to pull energies
together as the programme was nearing completion. "We are now working on the
cleansing process of this programme and this is where maximum cooperation of
the stakeholders is needed and in the maximum of all levels. There is need
for collective responsibility that will in the long run assist us in tying
all the loose ends that are presented by the land reform programme and all
those issues that were brought to the fore by the Buka report." Nkomo
admitted that the cleansing process had not been easy, given the attitude of
some of the players in the sector, both at government and at the civic
He further said the government was putting in place
mechanisms that would ensure a systematic distribution of land that would in
turn cut down on the chaos that ripped the programme due to lack of
coordination. "We, in the ministry, are currently working out a system that
will ensure that the distribution of land is done in a more proper manner
than the current scenario where everyone is just distributing land
willy-nilly. No one shall be allowed to distribute land as and when they wish
and to whoever they wish. This is aimed at avoiding the confusion that was
once the order of the day in the past, and I would like to reiterate that we
do not want to see that situation prevail again. Saboteurs of the programme
would not have a place in this dispensation and we would once again reiterate
that they will be dealt with according to the laws of the land and also in
line with the statutes of the programme. "Illegal settlers will also be
evicted from those plots that they illegally allotted themselves to pave way
for the systematic resettlement and that is set to be done as a matter of
urgency," Nkomo said.
Hamilton BBC correspondent in Johannesburg
group of suspected mercenaries arrested in Zimbabwe for an alleged coup plot
in Equatorial Guinea will now not face extradition. However, there are
different versions of how that decision was reached.
The 70 men
have been held in a Harare prison since their arrest in March, allegedly en
route to the country.
The trial of 15 men accused of being the
advance party in the plot to oust President Teodoro Obiang Nguema is due to
start on Monday.
The Zimbabwean government says it turned
down the extradition request because it was not in line with international
However, a lawyer for the men held in Harare told the BBC that
it was the government of Equatorial Guinea who had decided not to pursue
It may be that each country is trying to show that
they are dealing with the case in a fair and just manner.
Whatever the true motives, fears of the 70 alleged mercenaries facing a
possible death penalty in the West African country seem to have
They must now await their sentence from the
magistrate in Harare, who indicated he would deliver his judgement at the end
of next week.
Media Monopoly Said to Underpin Mugabe's
JOHANNESBURG, Aug 21 (IPS) - An
opinion poll published this week indicates that trust in Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe has more than doubled since 1999. Researchers says certain
Zimbabweans have benefited from ruling party patronage, but that Mugabe's
higher approval rating can mostly be ascribed to state
Entitled 'The Power of Propaganda: Public Opinion in
Zimbabwe', the poll found that 46 percent of Zimbabweans now trust Mugabe,
compared to 20 percent in 1999 when a previous survey was
Speaking at the Johannesburg launch of the poll results on
Friday, Zimbabwean activist Brian Raftopoulos noted that all foreign
journalists had been expelled from Zimbabwe for reporting critically on the
country - and that significant pressure had been brought to bear on the local
"This has had a huge, negative impact on the
public. Everyday the state media demonises the opposition and its leaders.
Morgan Tsvangirai (head of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change) and
his colleagues have no access to the media to respond to those criticisms,"
Only 18 percent of those polled said they trusted
Robert Mattes of the South African Institute of International
Affairs told the launch that people loyal to Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU-PF party,
the military forces and resettled peasant farmers had benefited under
Mugabe: "They not only regard the economy as having improved in the past
year, but they credit the president with improvements in their own
"Other people - especially the younger
population and rural dwellers - are afraid to express their true political
preferences. Fully four of five Zimbabweans...say they must often or always
be careful about what they must say about politics," Mattes
"Even though we took pains to convince respondents that we
represented a neutral research organisation, 46 percent told us at the end of
the interview that they believed we were actually from the
The poll was conducted from Apr. 26 to May 17 by the
Institute for Democracy in South Africa, the Ghana Centre for Democratic
Development and Michigan State University - located in the United States. It
forms part of the 'AfroBarometer' project, which surveys political, social
and economic trends in 16 African countries.
Researchers had intended
to poll 1,200 people. However, they said they were forced to settle for 1,104
respondents because of interference from Zimbabwe 's secret police, the
Central Intelligence Organisation.
The poll indicates that Zimbabweans
are also losing faith in democracy. Only 48 percent of people who were
interviewed expressed support for this form of government, compared to 71
percent in 1999.
In addition, increasing numbers of Zimbabweans appear to
be acquiescing to the notion of one-party rule.
Fifty-eight percent of
respondents in the poll said they rejected the idea - down from 74 percent
five years ago. Seventy-five percent said that competition between political
parties led to conflict - something that might explain the decision of 51
percent not to align themselves with the ruling party or
At independence in 1980, Zimbabwe inherited a situation where
a small minority of whites owned most of the country's best farmland. Both
Britain and the United States promised to fund a "willing seller, willing
buyer" programme, which was to have seen the orderly transfer of land from
whites to blacks.
Although a certain amount of land was redistributed,
the issue remained a thorny one - paving the way for a series of land
seizures that began in 2000.
ZANU-PF has claimed that the farm
occupations were led by war veterans angered by the slow pace of land reform.
However, political observers allege that they were orchestrated by the ruling
party is a bid to muster support ahead of parliamentary elections in
The land seizures have deepened the effect of drought on Zimbabwe,
which is currently plagued by severe food shortages. The country's economy
has also gone into steep decline during the past four years.
addition, the 2000 legislative election and the 2002 presidential poll were
marred by widespread violence - most of it directed against the opposition -
and by voting irregularities.
"We have a weakness in the region (Southern
Africa) about (pointing out) human rights (abuses)," said
The 13-member Southern African Development Community (SADC)
adopted a wide-ranging set of electoral guidelines this week that are aimed
at ensuring fair polls in the future. Certain critics allege that the
measures lack teeth - although South African President Thabo Mbeki has warned
that countries which disregard them may find themselves expelled from
On the matter of HIV/AIDS, the Afrobarometer survey found that only
seven percent of respondents were concerned about the pandemic - even though
78 percent said they knew someone who had died from AIDS-related
Mattes said this apparent paradox was understandable. "Hunger
kills in a few days, but AIDS kills in five years," he noted. HIV prevalence
in Zimbabwe is over 30 percent for persons aged 15 and 49 years.
Interviews for short listed applicants may be arranged at nearest
points, i.e. Harare, Mutare or
Received 14th August 2004
FARM MANAGER REQUIRED TOBACCO, MAIZE AND
CATTLE. HARARE SOUTH. GOOD REMUNERATION. NEEDS TO HAVE PLENTY OF VIM AND
VIGOUR. CONTACT TOMMY MILLAR - 091 240 923 OR EMAIL firstname.lastname@example.org ______________________________________________
Advert Received 15th August 2004
Farm house sitter wanted for Oct., Nov.,
Dec., at Mkwasine, Lowveld. Manager present but need someone or couple to
look after the farm house and the animals while the farmer is on long
leave. Contact 011 631 556 or email email@example.com ______________________________________________
Advert Received 16th August 2004
I have an Enterprise at Chalala, Kariba
south bank. I am a Kapenta Fisherman & run a store, bottlestore &
bakery to service the fisherman of Chalala & Bumi Hills area. I am old
& tired & wish to retire but I need a mature, experianced all-rounder
diesel mechanic to manage & run eveything but mainly the Kapenta side.
Applicant must preferably be married & have no dependants as the
logistics of schooling are a problem. Applicants please send traceable
references,salary reqiuired references & detailed information to Chris
Brooke-mee on this Email adress firstname.lastname@example.org _____________________________________________
Advert Received 17th August 2004
WANTED: EXPERIENCED HUSBAND AND WIFE
TEAM TO WORK AS GARDNER AND HOUSEMAID IN BORROWDALE AREA. MUST HAVE
REFERENCES. ACCOMMODATION AVAILABLE CONTACT: GLYNIS PIERS 04-851873 OR
Received 18th august 2004
"A business opportunity exists for someone to
set-up, run and expand an abattoir and butchery on an export vegetable farm
15 km out of Arusha, Tanzania.
No money needed for investment, and
successful contender will get a share of the business, and pretty much full
Very negotiable, huge expansion potential. Initially
concentrating on the untapped domestic market, especially the tourist trade
around Kilimanjaro and Serengeti.
Contact email@example.com for more
Advert Received 18th august 2004
We have vacancy for couple to help in
the running of Service Station and Supermarket. Husband to assist with
service station and workshop, wife to assist with Supermarket. Would suit
couple with no school going dependants. Housing/vehicle included. Situation
- Beitbridge. Please send details via e mail (firstname.lastname@example.org) a.s.a.p. or phone 023
Today's Herald (20th August 2004) lists Lot 3 of Notices of
application for confirmation of Section 8 Orders in terms of Section 7 (3) of
the Land Acquisition Act Chapter 20:10 (SECTION SEVEN NOTICES)
NOTE WELL there has already been a Listing of LOT 3 pertaining to 36 farms
which appeared first in the Herald on 6th August 2004 and was repeated on the
13th August 2004.
Today's Listings is a new list pertaining to 113 new
farms listed for Section Seven
APPLICATION FOR CONFIRMATION OF SECTION 8 ORDER IN TERMS OF SECTION 7 (3) OF
THE LAND ACQUISITION ACT CHAPTER 20:10
TAKE NOTICE that an application
for the confirmation of the acquisition order issued in respect of the
following farms has been filed in the Administrative Court at Harare and that
the Respondent and any holder of real rights over the said farm are required
to lodge their objections within 5 days after the publication of this notice
failure to which the matter shall be set down unopposed without any further
A copy of the application is available for collection at
Applicant's undersigned legal practitioner of record's address between Monday
to Friday from 8am to 4pm.
J L NKOMO Minister of Special Affairs in
the Office of the President and Cabinet in Charge of Lands, Land Reform
c/o CIVIL DIVISION OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S
OFFICE Applicant's Legal Practitioners 2nd Floor, Block "A" New Govt.
Complex Cnr Samora Machel AVe/Fourth
St. HARARE ______________________________________________ LOT 3 SECTION
7 20TH AUGUST 2004
Beitbridge 1. 1091/97. Lesanth Ranching
(Private) Limited: Beitbridge: Remainder of Lesanth Ranch: 34 525,5993 ha: LA
4067/04 2. 2733/90. E A S Farming Enterprises: Beitbridge: Lot 10
of Jopempi Block: 8 917,9699 ha: LA 4121/04 3. 2430/91. Swans Estate
(Private) Limited: Beitbridge: Remaining Extent of Swanscoe Estate: 1
642,1722 ha: LA 4202/04
Chipinga 4. 3239/70. JCMG and S Willemse:
Chipinga: Dordrecht of Sterkstroom: 1 703,40 acres: LA 4131/04 5.
6581/96. Rusitu Valley Development Company P/L: Chipinga: Lot 4 of Fortuna:
197,0763 ha: LA 4192/04 6. 3264/75. Hofstede Estate P/L: Chipinga:
Remaining Extent of Hofstede: 493,4287 ha: LA 4194/04 7. 2335/70. Jacob
Solomon Kotze: Chipinga: Stiller Meer of Petrusville West: 916,4486 acres: LA
4068/04 8. 9395/90. The Chipinge Coffee Company (Private) Limited:
Chipinga: Lot 1 of Rietvlei of Kenilworth: 371 4513 ha: LA 4196/04 9.
2872/73. Elmari Malherbe: Chipinga: Mountain View of Fortuna: 213,2308 ha:
Darwin 10. 2896/82. R Wilson-Harris (Private) Limited:
Darwin: Avalon: 1 348,1908 ha: LA 4014/04 11. 2897/58. Nteto Farms
(Pvt) Ltd: Darwin: Remainder of Nteto Park: 719,9868 ha: LA
Gwelo 12. 398/66. James Redmond and Catherine Mary Redmond:
Gwelo: Berkshire of the Fife Scott Block: 1 787,7874 acres: LA
4132/04 13. 1353/82. Michael Edwin Futter: Gwelo: Remainder of Four
Chums Block: 921,4884 ha: LA 4190/04 14. 2248/83. Clive Leopold Hein:
Gwelo: Remainder of Dopton: 2 284,7657 ha: LA 4199/04 15. 2004/76.
Norman Naisbitt (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Hursley Park of Walton: 736,6055
ha: LA 4134 16. 856/79. Moral Re-Armament: Gwelo: The Remainder of Gwelo
Small Holding: 18 134,7260 ha: LA 4109/04 17. 111/80. Heynie Lodewikus
Liebenberg: Gwelo: Taranaki of East Shangani Block: 933,1793 ha: LA
4116/04 18. 2588/94. Basil Walter Scheepers: Gwelo: Lot 1G
Mnyomi: 224,6212 ha: LA 4122/04 19. 1517/94. Despute Farm (Private)
Limited: Gwelo: Despute of Ghoko Block: 1 131,3514 ha: LA
Hartley 20. 3621/97. Ellingham Investments P/L Hartley
French Hoek: 581,8641 ha: LA 4147/04
Lomagundi 21. 2695/92. G B
K Farm Syndicate (Private) Limited: Lomagundi: Makosa Estate: 602,4241 ha: LA
4008/04 22. 5158/85. A and A Farms (Private) Limited: Lomagundi: Lot 1
of Greenside: 1 298,1246 ha: LA 4012/04 23. 1025/63. Stephanus Francois
Du Toit Le Roux: Lomagundi: Remainder of Dumphaile: 866,2450 acres: LA
4006/04 24. 279/66. Wessel Johannes Viljoen: Lomagundi: Lot 1 of
Chizasi: 566,1966 ha: LA 4010/04 25. 6063/88. Elveden Estates (Private)
Limited: Lomagundi: Lot a of Bowden: 517,3369 ha: LA 4035/04 26.
1618/66. Tobacco Research Board of Southern Rhodesia: Lomagundi: Lot 1 of
Redlands: 253,0196 acres: LA 4041/04 27. 4530/82. Howes Farms (Private)
Limited: Lomagundi: Subdivision J of Donington: 862,6713 ha: LA
4042/04 28. 10814/97. Raraton Investments (Private) Limited:
Lomagundi: Royal Bucks: 2 752,8490 ha: LA 4042/04 29. 1896/64. Hillpass
Estate (Private) Limited: Lomagundi: Greycourt of Trelawney Estate: 2
125,7616 acres: LA 4034/04 30. 4837/79. Central Livestock Company
(Private) Limited: Lomagundi: Remainder of Greenside Ranch: 2 047,76 ha: LA
4043/04 31. 2129/60. Becket Dallaway Creasy Wheeler: Lomagundi: Lot 1
of Ullllllllitzigt: 999,9701 acres: LA 4030/04
5128/74. Dagbreek Estates (Private) Limited: Makoni: Dagbreek: 486,5422 ha:
LA 4138/04 33. 4482/86. Hanging Rock (Private) Limited: Makoni: Hangklip:
1 239,6900 ha: LA 4123/04 34. 7070/98. Polnat Investments: Makoni:
Moodiesville: 1 328,00 ha: LA 4069/04 35. 2175/88. Masori Investment:
Makoni: Remainder of Your of Yourshire Estate: 2 055,6581 ha: LA
4200/04 36. 1011/88. Jan Lodewyk Grobellar: Makoni: Cotleigh:
10 097,391: LA 4201/04 37. 196/92. Padeswood Farm P/L: Makoni:
Padeswood of Your of Yourshire: 404,6784 ha: LA 4111/04 38. 145/86.
Marthius Jacobus Martin: Makoni: Arbeid Estate: 404,6778 ha: LA
4191/04 39. 10616/2000. J G Delport P/L: Makoni: The Remainder
of Compton: 689,5307 ha: LA 4203/04 40. 4323/75. Adam Farms P/L:
Makoni: Fonteintjie of Fishers Farm: 683,6720 ha: LA
Mazoe 41. 6689/2000. Wetradwell Enterprises (Private)
Limited: Mazoe: Lot 7 of Mbedi Jersey Farm: 296,6201 ha: LA 4007/04 42.
3214/93. Prosperity Dairies (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Hidden Valley of
Maryvale of Mgutu of Great B: 433,3160 ha: LA 4029/04
1714/72. Baumig (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding
33: 101,5516 ha: LA 4113/04 44. 6788/72. H De Foiard Brown (Private)
Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 53: 157,8570 ha: LA
4064/04 45. 1720/84. N & B Holdings (Private) Limited: Ndanga:
Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 30: 127,3425 ha: LA 4079/04 46.
2772/72. Chiwenga Estate P/L: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 31:
137,6692 ha: LA 4142/04 47. 1713/72. Baumig (Private) Limited: Ndanga:
Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 32: 30,9283 ha: LA 4141/04 48. 1274/80.
Arombe (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement holding 2: 214,2099
ha: LA 4101/04 49. 461/66. Bendezi Sugar Farm (Private) Limited: Ndanga:
Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 4: 588,6756 acres: LA 4118/04 50.
1354/67. Arombe (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding
1: 487,3840 ha: LA 4117/04 51. 2176/72. Poudre D'or (Private) Limited:
Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding: 18 902,685: LA 4164/04 52.
4670/75. Hingeston & Fenton Wells (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo
Valley Settlement Holding 49: 25,6948 ha: LA 4158/04 53. 4446/67. Rio
Enterprises: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 3: 585,8225 acres: LA
4056/04 54. 2092/86. Bon Espoir (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo
Valley Settlement Holding 37: 137,1074 ha: LA 4055.04 55. 4769/72.
Esperance Estates (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding
17: 93,0084 ha: LA 4500/04 56. 1914/73. Denarli (Private) Limited: Ndanga:
Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 25: 179,4908 ha: LA 4169/04 57. 2399/75:
LA Lucia P/L: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 42: 91,7295 ha: LA
4097/04 58. 913/70. Ngwindi Sugar Estates (Private) Limited: Ndanga:
Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 7: 449,8851 acres: LA 4096/04 59.
4770/72. Esperance Estates (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley
Settlement Holding 46: 16,187 ha: LA 4098/04 60. 1494/96. Chipoto
(Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 26: 157,4462 ha:
LA 4094/04 61. 1076/72. Peter Bernhard Henning: Ndanga: Hippo
Valley Settlement Holding 40: 81,194 ha: LA 4084/04 62. 4643/72. Shanti
Estates (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 23:
112,5947 ha: LA 4082/04 63. 912/70. Ngwindi Sugar Estates (Private)
Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 8: 503,2912 acres: LA
4078/04 64. 5211/92. Cherrington Farm P/L: Ndanga: Hippo
Valley Settlement Holding 51: 114,5396 ha: LA 4076/04 65. 2934/78.
Fantaisie Farm P/L: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 24: 189,9952 ha:
LA 4112/04 66. 2037/72. La Lucie (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo
Valley Settlement Holding 43: 100,7451 ha: LA 4133/04 67. 6448/85.
Jerry's Farm (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 35:
154,9187 ha: LA 4050/04 68. 2039/72. Mopane Vale Farm (Private) Limited:
Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 45: 112,3 ha: LA 4049/04 69.
1632/95. Preston Investments P/L: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlment Holding 48:
146,1593 ha: LA 4127/04 70. 2471/72. Lyndhurst Estate (Private) Limited:
Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 39: 86,0018 ha: LA 4066/04 71.
7243/72. Bon Espoir (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement
Holding 38: 144,7382 ha: LA 4058/04 72. 2477/72. Emobeni Estate (Private)
Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 12: 193,0106 ha: LA
4108/04 73. 2478/72. Emobeni Estate (Private) Limited: Ndanga:
Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 50: 31,3092 ha: LA 4125/04 74. 341/66.
Kwa Ingwe Farm (Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 6:
516,6012 acres: LA 4173/04 75. 118/83. Saurel Holdings P/L: Ndanga: Hippo
Valley Settlement Holding 44: 1,258,536: LA 4107/04 76. 1714/72. Baumig
(Private) Limited: Ndanga: Hippo Valley Settlement Holding 33: 101,5516 ha:
LA 4113/04 77. 3309/72. Pastoral Investments P/L: Ndanga: Hippo
Valley Settlement Holding: 52 21,9878 ha: LA 4072/04
Que Que 78.
862/84. N G Coetzee and Son (Private) Limited: Que Que: Subdivision 4 of
East Clare Block: 41,2790 ha: LA 4139/04 79. 1095/98. Douglas Harry
Hensberg and Heather Hensberg: Que Que: Summerfield of East Clare Block:
102,0557 ha: LA 4129/04 80. 2937/00. Michael Barry Jansen: Que Que:
Xanthippe of the Main Belt Block: 1 333,0262 ha: LA 4130/04 81.
2742/88. Jenville (Private) Limited Que Que: Sandspruit Estate: 1 058,0361
ha: LA 4136/04 82. 4313/87. Mark Anthony Macgregor: Que Que: Lot 1 of
Graydene: 124,6356 ha: LA 4119/04 83. 1687/86. Que Que Cinema
Investment Company (Private) Limited: Que Que: Solitare: 1 735,1571 ha: LA
4120/04 84. 660/61. Beauluieu Farm Holdings (Private) Limited: Que
Que: Lot 1 of Newlands: 3 065,1754 acres: LA 4135/04 85. 2020/81. Edwin
Ridley Trewin Parker: Que Que: Gwengula: 1 417,3662 ha: LA 4104/04 86.
2666/73. Caberfeigh Estate (Private) Limited: Que Que: Runnimede: 940,4568
ha: LA 4128/04 87. 363/01. Finchley Farms (Private) Limited: Que Que:
Finchley: 467,6500 ha: LA 4149/04 88. 2666/73. Caberfeigh Estate
(Private) Limited: Que Que: Collynie: 1 027,8216 ha: LA 4059/04 89.
413/64. Patrick Joseph Burke: Que Que: Circle G Ranch: 17 264,2780 acres: LA
410006/04 90. 188/84. Richard James Danvers: Que Que: Maliami:
809,3567 ha: LA 4105/04 91. 226/90. D I J (Private) Limited: Que Que:
Remainder of Glen Arroch of the Main Belt Block: 1 221,2191 ha: LA
4126/04 92. 4309/88. Maria Elizabeth Steyn: Que Que: Long Valley
of Belgrave: 808,1267 ha: LA 4115/04 93. 1491/97. Eggton (Private)
Limited: Que Que: Boulderwood of the Main Belt Block: 1 284,771 ha: LA
Salisbury 94. 3413/74. Le Rhone Estate (Private) Limited:
Salisbury: Remainder of Subdivision A of Somerby: 196,94997 ha: LA
4004/04 95. 6880/99. Mizpah Farm P/L: Salisbury: Mizpah: 639,3277
ha: LA 4031/04 96. 1485/65. Lindsell David Greebe: Salisbury:
Subdivision B of Somerby: 111,6065 acres: LA 4027/04 97. 2084/60. Lone
Pine Farm (Private) Limited: Salisbury: Lot 6A of Somerby: 251,5233 acres: LA
4045/04 98. 739/61. Duncan Hamilton Black: Salisbury: Lot 1 of
Dryham: 847,1987 acres: LA 4044/04 99. 1407/83. Hendrick Oliver
Bezuidenhout: Salisbury: Subdivision D of Lilfordia: 54,4366 ha: LA
4124/04 100. 5731/81. Somerby Estates (Private) Limited: Salisbury: Lot
3 of Somerby 101,7347 ha: LA 4015/04 101. 3222/51. Ross Hinde (Private)
Limited: Salisbury: The Farm 'Saffron Walden": 1 380,1409 morgen: LA
4009/04 102. 2464/97. R B Ranchers (Private) Limited:
Salisbury: Remainder of Lot 1 of United: 366,4600 ha: LA
Urungwe 104. 2164/72.
Nathan William Hess: Urungwe: The Remaining Extent of Pendennis: 946,2296 ha:
LA 4013/04 105. Rockwood Estate (Private) Limited: Urungwe: Remaining
Extent of Ansdell: 696,7998 ha: LA 4195/04 106. 269/65. Paul Longhoff
Staarup: Urungwe: Lot 2 of Renroc Estate: 1 130,1869 acres: LA
Que Que 107. 1095/98. Douglas Harry Hensberg and Heather
Hensberg: Que Que: Summerfield of East Clare Block: 102,0557 ha: LA
Urungwe 108. 48/2001. Twigrow Trading P/L: Urungwe: Lot 1
of Mani Mlichi: 642,9344 ha: LA 4033/04 109. 2929/78. V Versveld:
Urungwe: Lot 1 of New Forest: 231,8437 ha: LA 4032/04
Que 110. 2937/00. Michael Barry Jansen: Que Que: Xanthippe of the Main
Belt Block: 1333,0262 ha: LA 4130/04
Urungwe 111. 145/64 D Roper and
Sons (Private) Limited: Urungwe: Lot 1 of Chitiwafeni: 907,000 acres: LA
4005/04 112. 1444/89. Fiddlers Green (Private) Limited: Urungwe:
Troon Estate: 1 113,7983 ha: LA 4011/04 113. 1986/65. Buffalo Downs
(Private) Limited: Urungwe: Buffalo Downs: 3 223,4910 acres: LA
JAG Hotlines: (091) 261 862 If you are in trouble or need
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