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State Set to Take Over Failed Private Schools

The Herald (Harare)

August 6, 2004
Posted to the web August 6, 2004


GOVERNMENT will take over any private school that fails to survive with the
present fees and will run it itself.

The warning came in a long meeting on Monday between the Minister of
Education, Sport and Culture, Cde Aeneas Chigwedere, top ministry officials
and heads, trustees and parents of the schools loosely grouped under the
Association of Trust Schools.

One of the trust schools, Eaglesvale, has already called in a liquidator and
has applied for voluntary provisional liquidation so that it can continue to
operate until it runs out of money.

The minister and his officials, who included the permanent secretary to the
ministry, Dr Stephen Mahere, stressed that the Government was not seeking to
take over the schools, but would not allow any to close.

Cde Chigwedere said by intervening and mediating in private school business,
Government was not intending to take them over, but to restore sanity.

In fact, Government, he said, had always accepted education as a partnership
with the parents.

The meeting is the latest and largest in the debate between the private
schools and the ministry.

At the beginning of the second term, the ministry slashed the legal fees
that the schools were allowed to charge, in most cases to well below half
what the schools had calculated they needed to maintain the standards and
services that they traditionally offer.

On Monday, the minister and his officials said the trust schools could
continue to hire their own teachers and would not have teachers from the
Public Service imposed on them.

Nevertheless, they made it clear that these teachers had to be paid from
sources other than compulsory fees and levies.

The issue of staffing is at the centre of the debate on fees.

The private schools all have low ratios of teachers to pupils, usually
considerably lower than the ratios applied in Government schools.

They also hire their own staff, rather than have personnel from the Public
Service who would be assigned and paid by the ministry and could be
transferred on 24 hours' notice.

Most parents regard the small classes and the right of schools to select
their own staff to be the biggest single advantage of the private schools.

The private schools not only have small classes but also employ several
specialised teachers and a large group of other staff to provide the extra
facilities and services that parents want.

The ministry disagrees and believes that class sizes have no bearing on the
quality of education offered by the schools. The minister and his officials
believe that costing for small classes is exploiting parents.

The ministry also believes that 40 percent of school income must be spent
directly on the pupils, otherwise parents are being exploited. The schools
and the vast majority of parents believe that money spent on staff is being
spent directly on their children.

Cde Chigwedere said the parents should determine the expenditure of their

"Teachers, office, kitchen and grounds staff are the parents' employees so
their salaries should not be a secret to them.

"If you spend less than 40 percent of your school income directly on
children, you are exploiting the parents," he said.

The ministry also wants schools run by boards to have half these boards
elected by parents and to have a ministry representative included. Some
schools have already initiated this change.

The ministry sees all schools belonging to the parents regardless of the
responsible authority, hence the need for parents to have a strong say in
school affairs.

"We accept that schools cannot all belong to one category, but we cannot
allow free rein to the boards. Do not forget where we came from, the era of

"You have to convince Government that you are not continuing to promote the
racism of yore," he told the board members and trustees.

Fee and levy increases for next year should be submitted to Dr Mahere by the
end of October.

The minister promised that his permanent secretary would respond by the end
of November.

Several schools complained that Government took long to respond last term,
forcing some of them to proceed to implement the new fees without approval.

Because of this, many hiccups took place during the second term, with 45
private schools opening a week later.

Government delayed the opening of some schools for a week after the schools
directed parents to pay proposed fees and levies before the ministry had
authorised them to do so.

The Government then set fees that it considered suitable for the schools.

Some parents have in the past complained that the salaries teachers at
private schools earned were too high

However, the schools have pointed out that the salaries they pay staff are
not much higher than the Public Service rates and, in fact, some schools
were paying their staff less than Public Service teachers in the first term.

The high ratio of experienced staff on most private school payrolls does add
to the salaries bill as all teachers' pay scales, in both private and public
sectors, have a significant seniority factor.

On the donations to schools, Cde Chigwedere said there was nothing like a
compulsory "voluntary donation".

"That is illegal. Children of those that do not contribute to these
donations are not to be penalised in any way," he warned.

The ministry team was also concerned about nomenclature. Although the
schools are commonly called private or independent, they are, in fact,
legally non-government schools in terms of the Education Act, which divides
Zimbabwean schools into government and non-government.

All schools not run by the Government itself, such as local authority,
mission and what are loosely called the private or trust schools, fall into
the non-government category.
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Britain will always be an enemy, says Mugabe
          August 06 2004 at 04:37PM

      By Stella Mapenzauswa

      Harare - Zimbabwe will always regard former colonial ruler Britain as
an enemy, President Robert Mugabe said on Friday in a speech that also took
a swipe at a leading clergyman who has been an outspoken critic of his

      Mugabe has clashed with the government of British Prime Minister Tony
Blair mainly over his seizure of white-owned farms for redistribution to
blacks he says were dispossessed of their land during white colonial rule.

      Speaking at the state funeral of war veteran Mark Dube on Friday,
Mugabe singled out outspoken Catholic Archbishop Pius Ncube of Bulawayo as
being among opponents he said were aligned with Britain in working to topple
his administration.

            'It is very easy to throw a nation into strife'
      Dube was a former provincial governor who served as a senior military
trainer for Mugabe's ruling Zanu-PF party during Zimbabwe's long liberation

      "Dube would never have gone to Britain to invite Blair to please come
and invade his motherland, in the same satanic way Archbishop Pius Ncube and
his opposition colleagues are doing repeatedly today," Mugabe said.

      "He would never speak the language of tribalism, that destructive
dialect we again hear from the pulpit."

      Ncube has called for tough regional and international action against
Mugabe, who he says has subjected Zimbabweans to political repression and
economic hardship since coming to power at independence in 1980.

      Ncube has also been vocal against a 1980s government crackdown on
dissidents from Zimbabwe's minority Ndebele ethnic group, which rights
groups say killed more than 20 000 civilians.

            'They remain colonial enemies'
      "It is very easy to throw a nation into strife, to trigger an unhappy
fate through unmeasured language meant to inflame, incite and instigate. Is
that the fate we wish for our country?" Mugabe said in apparent reference to

      "Let's take care forever that we do not place this country in the
hands of those who are ready to sup and dine with the enemy, those who are
ready to rush to the enemy and call him a friend, forgetting that yesterday
he was the cause of the bloodshed of this country.

      "That enemy was Britain and Britain and its allies. They can never,
ever be our friends indeed and whatever they do, however they think, they
remain colonial enemies."

      Mugabe denies mismanaging Zimbabwe over the last 25 years, leading to
record unemployment, inflation and erratic supplies of food and foreign
currency. He charges the economy has been undermined by his local and
foreign opponents as punishment for his controversial land reforms.
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Catholic World News

Mugabe escalates charges against archbishop

Harare, Aug. 06 ( - Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has
charged a Catholic prelate with conspiring against his regime.

Mugabe told an audience in Harare that Archbishop Pius Ncube of Bulawayo, a
frequent critic of his government, is working with the British government to
regain control of Zimbabwe, which was once a British colony. Mugabe said
that Archbishop Ncube has engaged in "satanic" efforts to oust him from

Archbishop Ncube has charged Mugabe with mismanagement, corruption, and
anti-democratic efforts to stifle opposition political leaders. The
archbishop also has charged the Mugabe has bribed critics to win their
silence-- even suggesting that some members of the Catholic hierarchy have
accepted such bribes.
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Zim Online

Zimbabwe's information chief Moyo under attack
Fri 6 Aug 2004

      HARARE  -  Senior ruling ZANU PF party politicians are understood to
have told party and state President Robert Mugabe to reign in his
information minister, Jonathan Moyo.

      The ZANU PF leaders are said to be angry that Moyo is using the vast
state media empire to undermine their influence. ZimOnline was told they
confronted Mugabe during a meeting of the party's politburo last Wednesday
on why he had allowed Moyo 'so much power'.

      ZANU PF Secretary for Information and member of the politburo, Nathan
Shamuyarira, refused to comment: 'We don't discuss politburo issues in
public. They are confidential to the party.'

      Sources privy to proceedings at the Wednesday meeting said former
Zimbabwe army commander Solomon Mujuru had led the attack, questioning
Mugabe why he had not taken action against Moyo for using state media to
vilify ZANU PF
      chairman John Nkomo as well as Shamuyarira.

      Mujuru, who commanded the Zimbabwe National Liberation Army that
fought under Mugabe during Zimbabwe's 1970s war of liberation, is a close
associate of the Zimbabwean leader and one of the powerbrokers in ZANU PF.

      ZANU PF women's leader Tenjiwe Lesabe, Shamuyarira and Nkomo are said
to have also questioned Moyo's increasing powers and influence in ZANU PF
and government.

      Nkomo, who is also Land Reform and Resettlement Minister,  has been
the target of criticism in the state media. He is trying to enforce a 'one
household ­ one farm' policy and has urged ministers and other officials who
have obtained more than one farm under the controversial land reform to
comply with it. Moyo has been named together with other ministers as a
      multiple farm owner.

      According to the sources,  Mugabe did not say whether he will act
against Moyo or not. "Mugabe told the meeting that he will first meet Moyo
and Shamuyarira before calling a meeting with the aggrieved leaders to
resolve the sharp differences," said one source, who spoke on condition he
was not named.

      As deputy information secretary of ZANU PF,  Moyo reports to
Shamuyarira but the two have publicly clashed on several occasions in the

      Moyo was appointed a non-constituent Member of Parliament by Mugabe in
2000.. He has no power base of his own within ZANU PF, but has been using
the government's information machine to position himself as an influential
player in Zimbabwe's politics. ZimOnline

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Zim Online

80 percent of all young HIV infected persons are female
Fri 6 Aug 2004

      HARARE -  Gender inequality is fuelling HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe, with
women making up 80 percent of all young people infected by the disease, the
United Nations (UN) said in a report on the epidemic released in Harare on

      According to the report, women and girls in Zimbabwe are more at risk
of contracting HIV/AIDS because of poverty, lower self esteem and a tendency
of young girls to have sexual relationships with older men. Sexual violence
against women also puts them more at risk of catching the deadly disease
that is presently killing more than 2 000 Zimbabweans every week.

      The report entitled 'Facing the Future Together' was compiled by a
27-member UN Taskforce on Women, Girls and HIV/AIDS that visited Zimbabwe
and nine other Southern African countries in September 2003.

      To reduce infection rates among women,  the UN says girls should be
kept in school for much longer and that more be done to curb domestic
violence. The organisation also said that treatment should be made available
to all citizens suffering from HIV/AIDS.

      Commenting on the UN report, Harare-based  HIV/AIDS activist Sophie
Dilmitis said most young women had very little information about
reproductive health or how and where to access health facilities.

      Dilmitis, who teaches young boys and girls about HIV/AIDS, said: "It's
very important that when talking to young people about HIV and AIDS, we send
out balanced messages (on prevention and treatment facilities)." ZimOnline

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Sunday Times (SA)

MDC leader barred from public speaking

Friday August 06, 2004 07:20 - (SA)

HARARE - Zimbabwe's main opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai has been barred
by police from speaking at a series of meetings of his Movement for
Democratic Change party over the past ten days, his spokesman said.

Tsvangirai "is very concerned about this new development which casts serious
doubt as to whether Zimbabwe can have a free and fair election in 2005,"
said his spokesman William Bango.

"In the past 10 days, the Zimbabwe Republic Police have barred President
Morgan Tsvangirai from addressing 11 meetings convened for grassroots
officials," said Bango.

Although national security laws make it obligatory for anyone wishing to
hold a public meeting to seek permission from police at least four days
before the event, the spokesman stressed that political parties had to
merely inform them, "not ask for their approval."

"Tsvangirai believes the police are abusing their powers in denying a
political leader of his stature, with millions of supporters and followers,
from performing his national duties," Bango said.

He stressed that the meetings were not public rallies but intra-party
discussions. Tsvangirai is mulling legal action.

Police reportedly refused to clear the meetings citing such reasons as lack
of manpower to police the meetings, or because the ruling Zanu-PF had
already booked the same venue.

Tsvangirai, whose four-year old party holds more than a third of the
parliamentary seats, has vowed that the MDC will fight for electoral reforms
ahead of the elections in March.

An array of laws exists which may drastically limit the MDC's hopes of being
on a par with the ruling party in the run-up to the elections.

The MDC does not have access to any broadcasting media and the government
has closed down three independent newspapers in the past year.

In 2002, Tsvangirai lost the presidential polls which were slammed by
international rights groups as unfair and is challenging the outcome in

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From BBC News, 5 August

Theatre - Zimbabwe's last free speech?

By Gordon Glyn-Jones

In world terms, the theatrical scene in Zimbabwe is so small as to be almost
insignificant - but it reflects a society that has, for all the wrong
reasons, grabbed the news headlines internationally. Since the Zimbabwean
government introduced tough media laws in 2002, theatre has taken on a new
and edgy role. It is a place where entertainment can express, yet mask,
deep-rooted anger; where in the face of a dying culture, humour and humanity
can be tended like glowing coals, ready for igniting in the future. And
since the media crackdown, audiences have started to grow exponentially.
"Ever since the Daily News closed down, we have had audiences of 150 per
day," Daves Guzha, producer of Rooftop Promotions, who perform at Theatre in
the Park in central Harare, told BBC World Service's Focus On Africa
magazine. "Mugabe is using Gono [Gideon Gono, the governor of the central
bank] to sweep out all the corruption. Suddenly he's scared of how he
[Mugabe] will be remembered, therefore I am very confident for the future."
Guzha's play Super Patriots and Morons has been seen as a watershed piece of
theatre, as it criticising the ruling elite. And raising a moral voice
amongst those who might be most corrupt appears to be the main goal of the
Harare-based theatre crews. He has also just finished filming the third
series of Waiters, which takes a satirical look at the hardships of life in
Harare. The television show is based on the stage plays written by Stephen
Chifunyise, who for many years was secretary for education, sport and
culture. The sitcom continues to be shown on local television despite strict
censorship laws, although Super Patriots and Morons has now been banned.
Guzha points out that Zimbabwe is frustrating, corrupt and nepotistic. He
argues that for him, theatre is a business and he has to face the daily
struggle for survival. He lives in a world that will have to take a long
hard look at itself once Mugabe fades away - his removal will not be a
panacea of all of the country's problems.

Generally speaking, Zimbabwe's black community is split between the Shona
from Mashonaland in the north and the Ndebele from Matebeleland in the
south. Whilst united as one country, this divide is seldom forgotten. For
Zimbabwe to reach peace, the animosity between the Shona and the Ndebele
also has to be addressed. In Matabeleland, most power-wielding civil
servants are Shona-speaking, which is highly resented, and the legacy of the
Gukurahundi massacres of the 1980s still hurts. More recently, Ndebeles have
been subjected to worse food shortages than their northern counterparts. But
within this atmosphere there thrives a true hero of resistance theatre -
Cont Mhlanga, who runs Amakhosi Theatre Company - a man of vision and
seemingly inexhaustible dedication to his cause. "After the 1980s, we needed
to move on from protest theatre," he told Focus On Africa. "We needed to
give the people tools and skills to make action for change. No longer was
it: whose fault is it? Now it was: it is your fault for electing this man
and here's how you can get rid of him." Mhlanga has pioneered a system where
he takes theatre workshops out to the rural areas, separates young talent,
teaches them theatrical methods and content. Then he gives them specific
guidelines about how to take a show into their areas. This way, within three
weeks, the message is vibrating further and further, which is far more
effective than if they had just gone and done one show in the region. "We
have been banned," he said. "We have been beaten. We are under surveillance
24 hours a day. But things must be said. We don't say it because we are
foolish or because we don't like our government or our country. We say it
because our future hangs in the balance."
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Zim online

Sat 7 August 2004

      HARARE  - The Urban Councils Association of Zimbabwe (UCAZ) warned of
a major health disaster in Zimbabwe's towns and cities and asked central
government to take over health delivery services in cities and towns because
the country's financially paralysed municipalities can no longer cope.

      Japhet Ndabeni Ncube, who is also the Executive Mayor of Zimbabwe's
second largest city of Bulawayo,  said, 'We are having a problem paying
salaries, buying drugs and maintaining the buildings. We have come to a
situation where we cannot just cope. So the government should take over.'

      UCAZ has already sent an SOS to the government about the potentially
disastrous health situation in urban areas. But Ndabeni Ncube said the
government was still to respond. 'They just note it down and sit on it. So
we are just left hanging but we hope it is a proposal they would take
seriously because issues concerning health are serious issues."

      Local Government Minister Ignatius Chombo, who is responsible for
urban areas, said his ministry was still considering UCAZ's proposals. 'We
will see whether they are workable,' he said.

      Health, sewer and water reticulation facilities in Zimbabwe's towns
have rapidly deteriorated since January this year when the government barred
municipalities from hiking rates and water tariffs.

      UCAZ has accused the government of imposing the ban on rate hikes in
order to financially cripple and sabotage urban councils most of which are
run by the opposition Movement for Democratic Change. The government
dismisses the
      charge saying the freeze on rates and tariffs is intended to cushion
hard pressed residents.

      Municipal authorities say since the ban was imposed they have been
unable to raise cash to run the facilities which had already been in bad
shape even before the freeze on rates and tariffs.

      Executive Mayor of the eastern border city of Mutare, Misheck
Kagurabadza, said: 'There is a health disaster waiting to happen. Our
clinics and hospitals are in a state of shame because we don't have funds.
We can't even pay our workforce on time, let alone find money for drugs.
Where are we supposed to get the money if we can't increase the rates?'

      A doctor working for Harare city council told ZimOnline that health
institutions in the capital city were virtually unable to provide service.

      'We have no antibiotics. No paracetemol, bandages and just anything we
need. We are struggling to feed the patients and we can't even afford to
replace light bulbs,' said the doctor, who spoke on condition he was not

      Executive Mayor of Chegutu city (about 80 kilometres west of Harare)
Francis Dhlakama said 'Councils should no longer be burdened with a national
responsibility especially at a time of diminishing revenue.'

      The cash-strapped government is struggling to keep its barely equipped
state hospitals functioning. Taking over the running urban health
institutions could hasten the total collapse of Zimbabwe's health delivery
system. ZimOnline

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Zim online

Trade unions call for tax reform
Sat 7 August 2004

      BULAWAYO - The Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) is calling for
a taxation reform to reduce poverty.

      Zimbabwe has one of the highest tax rates in the world with most
workers ceding at least two fifths of their earnings to the government.
Workers say what remains of their wages is hardly enough to feed their
families in an economic environment where inflation is above 400 percent.

      ZCTU secretary general, Wellington Chibhebhe, who spoke to ZimOnline
before being arrested by police on Thursday, said the government had an
'historical obligation to correct existing tax anomalies'.

      'We must not forget that black Zimbabweans went to war to fight for
the right to vote, land and scrapping of taxes.  Workers are asking: why
should (they) be taxed to death in an independent Zimbabwe?'

      According to Ministry of Finance figures, during the 2003 fiscal year
workers contributed Zimbabwe $1.15 trillion to the fiscus through Pay-As-You
earn taxes. Companies, on the other hand, contributed Z$362 million during
the same period.

      Chibebhe accused the government of 'milking workers of their cash':
'We are talking of poverty alleviation programmes in Zimbabwe but we are
perpetuating poverty through taxation. The issue of taxation has to be
addressed once and for all.'

      Acting Finance and Economic Development Minister Herbert Murerwa could
not be reached for comment.

      A 'Zimbabwe Human Development Report', compiled by the University of
Zimbabwe's Institute of Development Studies together with the Poverty
Reduction Forum, says about 80 percent of Zimbabweans live below the Total
Poverty Consumption Line and poverty in both rural and urban areas is on the

      Workers interviewed by ZimOnline said the revised tax bands announced
by Murerwa on 27 July and meant to cushion workers had already been eroded
by inflation before implementation. The new tax schedules will be in effect
from next month and raise the non taxable income threshold from Z$200 000 a
month to Z$750 000. The ZCTU slammed this figure as being much too low, and
called for the non taxable threshold to be increased  to at least Z$4
million because of the high cost of living in Zimbabwe. ZimOnline

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Zim online

Zimbabwe police disallows opposition meetings
Sat 7 August 2004

      JOHANNESBURG -  Zimbabwe's main opposition Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC) says over the past week police have disallowed 11 meetings the
party had scheduled to map out strategy for next year's general election.

      MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai was contemplating applying to the courts
to force the police to allow his party to meet with supporters, said the
opposition leader's spokesman, William Bango.

        'The police are abusing their powers by denying a political leader
of his stature (Tsvangirai), with millions of supporters and followers, from
performing his national duties,' Bango said.

      'He has no option other than to put up a test case in the courts to
get clarity on the police interpretation of the Public Order and Security
Act.' According to the act any meeting of three or more people talking
politics must have a police permit.

      Bango said the meetings, which were to take place in mostly rural
constituencies controlled by the ruling ZANU PF party, were meant to allow
Tsvangirai to meet with the grassroots leadership of his party.

      Zimbabwe Republic Police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena, refused to speak
on the matter, simply saying: 'I have nothing to say'.

      Home Affairs Minister Kembo Mohadi also refused to comment when
ZimOnline contacted him from Johannesburg by phone: 'I have said before that
I do not give interviews over the telephone. I have no comment, thank you.'

      The MDC faces ZANU PF in a general election scheduled for next March.
President Robert Mugabe has promised to reform Zimbabwe's electoral laws and
to appoint an independent electoral commission to allow for a free and fair
poll. But many analysts doubt the independence of the proposed commission
and say that repressive media and security laws will have to be repealed if
the vote is to be free and fair.

      A fact finding mission sent to Zimbabwe in June by the Media Institute
of Southern Africa reported earlier this week the election was highly
unlikely to be free and fair because of political violence and severe
restrictions on the media. ZimOnline
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Zim online

Trade unionists still under arrest
Sat 7 August 2004

      GWERU - Lawyers representing four top trade union officials who were
arrested on Thursday at a labour workshop here say they will apply to the
High Court today to have their clients brought to trial or released.

      The four are Southern African Trade Union Coordinating Council
(SATUCC) president Lucia Matibenga, the secretary general of the Zimbabwe
Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU), Wellington Chibhebhe, advocacy
officer,Timothy Kondo and ZCTU midlands regional committee member Samuel

      They were arrested arrest at a workshop to discuss labour issues
including collective bargaining, taxation and resolutions of the
International Labour Organisation 2004 conference held in June in Geneva.

      The four, who are being held at Gweru Central police station, have
been charged with contravening Section 1(b) of the Public Order and Security

      The four's lawyer, Reginald Chidawanyika, said, "It is alleged that at
the Gweru theatre, they uttered obscene, insulting words with a view of
provoking breach of peace." ZimOnline

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Zim online

Raising a family alone ­ on nothing
Sat 7 August 2004

      HARARE  -  In her late 70s, Petronella Kandeya should be spending most
of her time by the fireside telling stories to her grandchildren. But
Kandeya, a widow, has to toil all day long, collecting used plastic paper
for sale to Harare's re-cycling factories, or she and her two orphaned
grandchildren will starve.

      "The money my husband left in the bank (when he died five years ago)
ran out. I did not know what to do,' Kandeya told ZimOnline at her house in
the capital's poverty-stricken Kambuzuma township.

      For a while her eldest daughter helped her to make ends meet. But as
fate would have it she suffered a severe stroke two years ago leaving
Kandeya alone to fend for the family on her own. 'My daughter suffered the
stroke probably from worries of her own. There was no food in the house so I
went door to door, begging. This was the only option left for me," the widow

      Her three other daughters are married housewives who live with their
families and cannot assist her. She has two sons but they also live far
away, one in Bulawayo, 450 kilometres west of Harare, the other in the
mining town of Zvishavane, more than 500 kilometers away. Both are

      Kandeya's dilapidated house, standing at the corner of a potholed
street, gives an insight into the testing times she and her family have
endured as food shortages persist in Zimbabwe.  Fringed by a collapsing
fence on one side and green cypress trees on the other the house stands
incomplete. One half of the structure does not have a roof. Inside, the
walls are not painted.

      A set of old maroon sofas, a small table and an even older
black-and-white television set in one corner complete the list of Kandeya's
household property.

      At this hour - it is six o'clock in the evening - one expects the
sweet aroma of supper cooking. But not so in this home. The only scent here
is that of cheap floor polish applied by Kandeya ten hours earlier in the

      The urge is to ask whether or not the family will have dinner tonight.
But then Kandeya, probably anticipating the question, explains that spending
the night without food would be nothing new for the family. They have done
it before.

      "There are kids to send to school, so we'd go without food some days.
Once in a while neighbours would have pity on us and donate a plate of
mealie-meal,' she says, battling to put on a brave face.

      Kandeya is not alone. She is one of thousands of women across Zimbabwe
fending for families single-handedly at a time when economic hardships have
worsened in the country.

      According to a United Nations report, 'Community and Household
Surveillance', undertaken in March this year, many of these women-headed
families are the worst affected by poverty and food shortages plaguing the
country. The report concludes  that only 15 percent of the more than 800
such households examined nationally had any food at all.
      Zimbabwe, which at independence 24 years ago was a beacon of hope for
Africa, has suffered a painful economic decline over the last five years.

      Unemployment stands at more than 70 percent. Inflation is above 400
percent. A burgeoning HIV/AIDS epidemic is killing about 2 000 Zimbabweans a
week while the public health sector has virtually collapsed mainly because
of a lack of funds. And in the last three years half of the 12 million
Zimbabweans have been able to survive only because international donors
      chipped in with food handouts.

      Analysts blame President Robert Mugabe's controversial land reforms,
as well as other economic and political policies for derailing the progress
he and his ruling ZANU PF party had achieved during the early years of
independence. Mugabe, for his part,  accuses Western and local opponents of
his land redistribution programme of sabotaging the economy in a bid to
      incite the populace against his rule.

      For Kandeya it does not matter much who is right. The overriding
concern for her and many others in her situation is where to find money to
buy the next meal or to pay for school fees for the children.

      "In the past we could buy something with 25 cents but now even
mealie-meal (ground maize) is very expensive. We have stopped eating bread.
On the odd day we have sweet potato we celebrate."

      Kandeya says the years of suffering have toughened her. But she also
confides that it is a difficult test for her to witness what her
grandchildren are having to go through. "Right now they have only one
blanket each,' she says. With tears welling up in her eyes, she adds, 'as
for me, I use wrappers to keep me warm." ZimOnline

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Happy ending to Zimbabwe dog tale Aug 6 2004

     GENTLE giant Pumbaa - a nine-stone Boerbull dog - is settling into his
new Perthshire home after escaping torture in Zimbabwe.

      Pumbaa was left to die alone in agony after raiders strung him up by a
hind leg from a tree on his owner's farm and beat him to a pulp.

      But now Stanley couple Roy and Yvonne Dunbar have given the
four-year-old show dog a home after discovering his plight from PADS
(Perthshire Abandoned Dogs Society).

      "He has taken over the spare room where he sleeps on his own single
bed and has the run of the whole house," said Roy. "You would think he had
been here all his days. He's a real big sap."

      Pumbaa was discovered close to death by his owner, along with the
butchered remains of her stable of horses.

      She nursed him back to health before seeking a refuge in her native
Scotland where he could live out his life in safety.

      The woman, who asked not to be named because she has to return to
Zimbabwe, said: "He had endured the most terrible suffering, but he proved
he has a strong heart and great courage."

      The abuse left Pumbaa with broken ribs and pelvis, a dislocated hip
and dozens of stick and blade injuries.

      Pumbaa will be opening PADS charity shop in South Street, Perth, on
Wednesday, August 11, at 9.30am. The shop will be open six days a week for
one month.

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Daily News, Botswana

      Zim reports a concern
      06 August, 2004

      GABORONE - Botswana is concerned about a report carried in a Zimbabwe
state owned Chronicle newspaper on July 29, titled "Zimbabwe, Bots meet over
volatile issues".

      The Minister of Communications, Science and Technology, Boyce
Sebetela, has reacted to the article saying the government of Botswana is
concerned about the persistence of such reports. He said however, that,
since he met Zimbabwean Minister of Information in June "there had been
tremendous improvement".

      The article alleges that "a number of Zimbabweans have been subjected
to dehumanising treatment such as being flogged in public by Botswana
traditional leaders for allegedly committing crimes. Some of them have also
died at the hands of security agents who have become notorious for beating
Zimbabweans and throwing them out of moving vehicles." "Reports are not as
regular as they used to be. It is a long time since they wrote stories like
this," Sebetela said.

      Minister Sebetela was however confident that his efforts to bring an
end to negative publicity of Botswana in Zimbabwe would be a success.

      Professor of History at the University of Botswana, Gilbert Sekgoma
said, such reports were irresponsible because they ignored the fact that
Botswana as a sovereign state, has laws through which she tackles her own

      "It is law in Botswana to administer corporal punishment to those who
commit certain levels of crime. This is not discrimination, neither were
they designed only for Zimbabweans," he said.

      Prof. Sekgoma said it did not matter whether Zimbabweans complained or
not because it was the duty of the government of Botswana to enforce the
laws that govern the state.

      "Anyone who will violate laws in this country within the purview of
this Act will have to expect the full wrath of the law," he added.

      Sekgoma contended that, it was unfortunate that, the Zimbabwean
authorities complained about the acts of another country geared towards
enforcing its own laws.

      He said it was incumbent upon the Zimbabweans to stay home and avoid
committing crimes in foreign lands, which were punishable by flogging.

      Equally important, it was the duty of the Zimbabwean leadership to
come up with appropriate policies and programmes that would keep their
citizens at home because Botswana could not just change laws to suit

      "Really, the ball is in their court because, only Batswana can,
through established channels, change their own laws." He said it was
regrettable that the situation "brings about a little bit of tension between
the two neighbours". Media lecturer at the University of Botswana Paul
Rantao said reports like those carried in Zimbabwe government media were
dangerous to the relations of the two countries because they encouraged
xenophobia. He said it was a volatile issue, which both Jonathan Moyo,
Information Minister of Zimbabwe and Boyce Sebetela must seriously address.

      'The influx of illegal Zimbabwean immigrants must be fully addressed
with the urgency it deserves," he said. Rantao said complaints raised by
Zimbabwe that Botswana government had established an electric fence "to
electrocute Zimbabweans" and that they were flogged by traditional leaders
did not demonstrate responsible leadership.

      Rantao said Moyo and Sebetela should work towards enhancing the free
flow of information so "citizens of the two countries get the right picture
of issues affecting them". BOPA

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6 August 2004




Yesterday’s acquittal of the 6 MDC members accused of killing war veteran Cain Nkala in November 2001 is a landmark judgment in the context of Zimbabwe’s struggle for  freedom and democracy; it is also a reminder that despite very valid concerns about the independence of the judiciary as an institution, there remains a brave, but increasingly small, number of judges determined to uphold the rule of law and adjudicate  only in accordance to laws of the land. 


The arrest of the accused, and the subsequent trial that began in February 2003, was a deliberate and desperate attempt by Mugabe and Zanu PF to substantiate their claims that the MDC is a party that uses political violence as a means to achieve its objectives. This was illustrated at the funeral of Cain Nkala when, in his speech, Mugabe claimed that the murder of Nkala was indicative of the MDC’s violent agenda to seize power. Nothing could be further from the truth and yesterday’s ruling vindicates the MDC’s position as an opponent of violence and a champion of peace and democracy.


The verdict, handed down by High court Judge Sandra Mungwira, represents an indictment of the tactics used by the regime to smear and undermine its opponents in the eyes of the people; it also serves to confirm suspicions that the regime increasingly defines the pursuit of justice as simply the purging and emasculation of all political opponents. This strategy suffered another severe setback yesterday and the people of Zimbabwe can celebrate yet another symbolic victory of democracy over tyranny and a further injection of confidence into the social liberation struggle. 


As a party we would like to salute the courage and conviction that the accused have demonstrated since their arrest in November 2001. All six, which included the MDC Treasurer Fletcher Dulini, were subjected to gross mistreatment by the authorities whilst being held in detention. In March this year Judge Mungwira upheld claims by three of the accused that their original ‘confessions’ had been obtained under torture. Despite this ruling, the police authorities have yet to launch an investigation against the officers accused of committing these crimes; a factor which illustrates the extent to which this state institution has become harnessed to the violent political agenda of the ruling party. 


In light of yesterday’s judgement, we urge the Attorney General’s office to launch a fresh investigation into the murder of Cain Nkala to find the real culprits and bring them to justice. In addition, given the unequivocal evidence relating to police brutality that arose during the trial we also urge the Attorney General’s office to investigate the officers who stand accused of torture and subverting the course of justice.


Paul Themba Nyathi

Secretary for Information and Publicity  

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  Vesting of land, taking of materials and
  exercise of rights over land

NOTICE is hereby given, in terms of paragraph (iii) of subsection (1) of
section 8 of the Land Acquisition Act (Chapter 20:10), that the President
has acquired compulsorily the land described in the Schedule for
resettlement purposes.

Minister of Special Affairs in the President's Office in Charge of Lands,
Land Reform and Resettlement.
Collection of Section 8 Orders for lodgement of Section 5 Notice objection
letters can be effected at the following address which is not given in the

Block 2
Makombe Complex
cnr. Herbert Chitepo Street/Harare Street
See Mr. Pazavakombewa

 1.  3989/92.  Simon Farms P/L: Bindura: M'chena of Chomkuti:
543,7159 ha
 2.  5372/81.  Edward Guthrie & Son (Private) Limited: Bindura:
Rietbok Vlei of Rocky Spruit: 441,5292 ha

 3.  991/94.  J J Cullinan, K J Botes, C S Scullion, R Lily Hartley, and
Ruth Hardman: Gwelo: Farm 23A of West Gwelo Block: 479,7676 ha
 4.  991/94.  J J Cullinan, K J Botes, C S Scullion, R Lily Hartley, and
Ruth Hardman: Gwelo: Farm 23 of West Gwelo Block: 959,3487 ha
 5.  951/72.  Dixie Ranches (Private) Limited: Gwelo: Subdivision 11
of West Gwelo Block: 1 402,4155 ha
 6.  3080/99.  Machinate enterprises (Private) Limtied: Gwelo:
Goodhope of Subdivision 10 of West Gwelo Block: 526,2361 ha
 7.  1236/72.  Lionel Arthur Carlisle: Gwelo: Subdivision B of
Bonnyvale: 40,8995 ha

 8.  14019/53.  Petrus Stephanus Martin: Hartley: Clearmount:
941,0584 morgen
 9.  9160/90.  Johannes Lodewyk, Lorna Delporta, and Anne Delporta:
Hartley: Ardlui Extension Portion of Oldham: 327,9800 ha
 10.  11505/89.  Oldham Estates (Private) Limited: Hartley: Alpha of
Mopani: 1 933,5100 ha
 11.  4249/64.  J H Erasmus (Private) Limited: Hartley: Alpha West:
370,5900 ha
 12.  743/89.  Blandale Estates (Private) Limited: Hartley: Cecil:
1307,2921 ha

 13.  6042/72.  Snowsprite Farm (Private) Limited: Marandellas:
Remainder of Subdivision "C" of Southampton: 255,0415 ha

 14.  3800/86.  T G Berwick (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Farm 8 of
Howick Estate: 834,7482 ha
 15.  6140/72.  R A Beattie and Sons (Private) Limited: Mazoe: The
Remaining Extent of Lazy 7 Ranch of Barwick Estate: 861,3281 ha
 16.  2058/70.  Anglo American Rhodesian Development Corporation Limited:
Mazoe: Remainder of Cornucopia: 1 375,7206 acres

 17.  5712/79.  Stephanus Gerhardus Borman: Mrewa: Wheatlands:
972,4100 ha

 18.  9805/89.  New Riverbend (Private) Limited: Shamva: 1 281,9369

 19.  8289/00.  Niedzana Investments P/L: Salisbury: Greenlands: 1
292,4900 ha
 20.  5207/55.  Hill Brothers: Salisbury: Down End Portion of
Charfield A: 725,9987 morgen


JAG Hotlines:
(011) 261 862 If you are in trouble or need advice,
(011) 205 374
(011) 863 354 please don't hesitate to contact us -
(011) 431 068
                                we're here to help!
263 4 799 410 Office Lines
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PLEASE NOTE that Lot 1 of the 30th July has been repeated in the Herald on
the 6th August 2004.

TAKE NOTICE that an application for the confirmation of the acquisition
order issued in respect of the following farms has been filed in the
Administraive Court at Harare and that the Respondent and any holder of
real rights over the said farm are required to lodge their objections
within 5 days after the publication of this notice failure to which the
matter shall be set down unopposed without any further notice.

A copy of the application is available for collection at Applicant's
undersigned legal practitioner of record's address between Monday to Friday
from 8am to 4pm.

Minister of Special Affairs in the Office
of the President and Cabinet in Charge of Lands,
Land Reform and Resettlement.

Applicant's Legal Practitioners
2nd Floor, Block "A"
New Govt. Complex
Cnr Samora Machel AVe/Fourth St.

1.  5290/80.  Watershed Estates (Private) Limited: Chipinga:
Kroomklof of Kenilworth: 259,8125 ha: LA3923/04
 2.  2955/92.  Danadon (Private) Limited: Chipinga: Lot 2 of
Newcastle: 158,1572 ha: LA 3892/04
 3.  8600/71.  Cecilia J Hunwick: Chipinga: Hilderstroom of Dhleni of
Hartbeastnek: 429,2900 ha: LA3890/04
 4.  9359/90.  The Chipinge Coffee Company (Private) Limited: Chipinga:
Lot 1 of Rietvlei of Kenilworth: 371,4513 ha: LA3888/04

 5.  4782/92.  Benflora P/L: Darwin: Lot 1 of Birdwood: 614,0204
ha: LA3847/04
 6.  1735/95.  Johnstone (Private) Limited: Darwin: Lot 1 of
Chipirii: 1 354,7124 ha: LA3850/04
 7.  0018/98.  D J Bezuidenhout & Company (Private) Limited: Darwin:
Eureka: 714,2578 ha: LA3851/04
 8.  0018/98.  D J Bezuidenhout & Company (Private) Limited: Darwin:
Eureka: 714,2578 ha: LA3826/04
 9.  4783/92.  Benflora (Private) Limited: Darwin: Silverstroom
Estate: 1 365,2103 ha: LA3849/04

 10.  10593/97.  Crakehall Investments (Private) Limited: Goromonzi:
Kilmuir Annexe of the Meadows: 61,4009 ha: LA3786/04

 11.  5629/84.  Orlando Franz Meyer: Lomagundi: Lot 1 of Noitgedag:
503,2444 ha: LA3959/04

 12.  7377/87.  Nirmalalini (Private) Limited: Makoni: Subdivision D
of Wick: 284,1342 ha: LA 3887/04
 13.  539/85.  Magadalena Catharina Malan: Makoni: The Remainder of
Mount Tikwiri: 1097,4252 ha: LA3893/04
 14.  5222/91.  Pambeli Farms (Privte) Limited: Makoni: Lot 9 of York
of Yorkshire Estate: 888,28 ha: LA3886/04
 15.  7980/02.  Baracco Farming (Private) Limited: Makoni: Merion:
1 536,38 ha: LA3885/04
 16.  2175/88.  Masori Investment P/L: Makoni: York of Yorkshire
Estate: 2 055,6581 ha: LA3881/04
 17.  152/98.  Chimbi River Farm (Private) Limited: Makoni: 24A
Lawrencedale Estate: 1 286,2684 ha:

 18.  1948/81.  Martin Gore Stewart: Marandellas: Membge of
Carruthersville 'E: 303,7255 ha: LA3828/04
 19.  140/85.  Brondesbury Farm P/L: Marandellas: R/E of Hopeful of
Alexander: 404,8016 ha: LA3842/04
 20.  76/87.  Milanark P/L: Marandellas: Borrowdale: 976,7872 ha:

 21.  6282/69.  Kachere (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Rhambahoobe of
Fochabers of Moores Grant: 1 129,0979 acres: LA3848/04
 22.  5183/84.  Kathleen Joy Harris: Mazoe: 38 of Glendale (Limbeck):
  359,3400 ha: LA3969/04
 23.  3934/2001.  Simon Dennis Marshall Sherwood: Mazoe: Remainder of
Rosetta Rust: 822,5557ha: LA3845/04
 24.  200519/96.  Rietpan (Private) Ltd: Mazoe: Rietpan: 837.6746
ha: LA3897/04
 25.  1960/94.  Holmfield Enterprises (Private) Limited: Mazoe: Lot 1
of Kaba Estate A: 957,9583 ha: LA3826/04

 26.  5967/80.  B & C Bus Company (Private) Limited: Umtali:
Remaining Extent of Fernicarry Extgension: 279,0843 ha: LA3907/04
 27.  3030/97.  H J Vorster (Private) Limited: Umtali: Valhalla
Estate A: 561,2487 ha: LA3846/04
 28.  288/81.  Eastlands (Private) Limited: Umtali: Remaining extent
of Subdivision B of Eastlands: 148,1388 ha: LA3889/04
 29.  1215/64.  Vumba Coffee Estates (Private) Limited: Umtali:
"Eggardon Hill": 499,9917 acres: LA3843/04
 30.  7391/71.  Mutare Board and Paper Mills Limited: Umtali:
Nyagari: 588,3894 ha: LA3940/04
 31.  7023/80.  Gary Terrence Goss: Umtali: Inodzi Extension:
135,3300 acres: LA3891/04
 32.  5371/72.  Malcom William Shaw: Umtali: Remaining Extent of
Felsted of Laurance Ville: 194,9938 ha:
 33.  2849/88.  H J Vorster P/L: Umtali: Gwindingwi: 419,1474 ha:
 34.  3479/93.  Ferndale Investments (Private) Limited: Umtali:
Nahoon Estate: 444,2658 ha: LA3938/04
 35.  9876/90.  Gibsons Investments (Private) Limited: Umtali:
Falling Waters of Laurance Ville: 173,5301 ha: LA3882/04
 36.  6181/94.  Manyera Farm (Private) Limited: Umtali: Manyera:
809,3688 ha: LA3942/04



JAG Hotlines:
(091) 261 862 If you are in trouble or need advice,
(011) 205 374
(011) 863 354 please don't hesitate to contact us -
(011) 431 068
                                we're here to help!
263 4 799 410 Office Lines
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Misa Issues Sombre Report On Zimbabwe

Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo)

August 6, 2004
Posted to the web August 6, 2004

Paul Fauvet

High levels of political violence, repressive legislation, and the ruling
party's abuse of the publicly-owned media are some of the factors that call
into question the possibility of free and fair parliamentary elections in
Zimbabwe next year.

These are among the sobering conclusions of a fact finding mission from the
Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA) which visited Zimbabwe in June

Led by a senior Mozambican journalist, Fernando Goncalves, the mission
published its report this week, warning of the "extremely volatile and
polarised" political environment in Zimbabwe.

Goncalves currently edits the independent weekly "Savana".

He has also been chief news editor at AIM, and worked for many years in
Zimbabwe. His detailed knowledge of Zimbabwean politics and the Zimbabwean
media made him an ideal candidate to head the mission.

Goncalves told AIM that the mission consulted as widely as it could while in
Zimbabwe, meeting with journalists of the independent media, representatives
of the Zimbabwe Union of Journalists and other NGOs, various academics and
lawyers, and the main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC). Meetings were requested well in advance with representatives of the
ruling ZANU-PF, and with journalists from the public media. But there was no
response to these requests, and the MISA mission was not told why.

"Our assessment is that there are very serious problems as far as management
of the elections is concerned", Goncalves told AIM.

The report notes that "The legal framework is too restrictive to allow
people to participate freely in the conduct of the affairs of their country.
New, more restrictive legislation that is being proposed will just make
things even worse".

The press has been shackled through the misnamed Access to Information and
Protection of Privacy Act. The same treatment is now likely to be extended
to NGOs, under a new bill that will demand the registration of all NGOs.

The report points out that "a plethora of security and media legislation"
already impose stringent restrictions on civic bodies and other NGOs, and
the proposed new legislation is likely to create further difficulties for
their work.

The report describes political violence and intimidation as "pervasive", and
it seems that such phenomena "if not promoted by the government are at the
very least tolerated when the victims are members or supporters of the

The MISA mission, it continues, "was informed that veterans of the
liberation struggle, members of the Youth National Service, and members and
supporters of the ruling party appeared to act with impunity when their
actions were directed against opposition supporters, who are often described
as traitors, working hand-in-glove with the British and other imperialist
forces to derail the land redistribution programme".

The report also noted "the campaign of vilification, ridicule and
psychological pressure" against the Catholic Bishop of Bulawayo, Pius Ncube,
"because of the views he has expressed against politically motivated

The mission was told that "the space for dissent in Zimbabwe, however small,
was being closed down". Nowhere is this more obvious than in the media, with
the closure of a paper that had once been selling 80,000 copies a day, the
"Daily News", and the more recent suspension of "The Tribune".

In general, the number of attacks on journalists and the media in southern
Africa has declined substantially over the past year. But Zimbabwe has
bucked this trend: the latest annual MISA report registers 102 attacks on
the Zimbabwean media (including assault, imprisonment and legal threats).

"This has created a feeling of uncertainty among practicing journalists and
the media houses", the mission remarks. "Because of fear, trust is lost.
Journalists no longer trust each other.

The public has lost trust and faith in the media, and vice versa.

Journalists feel restricted, and find it more and more difficult to hold the
government accountable".

The most powerful medium in Zimbabwe is undoubtedly radio - the state,
however, holds a monopoly on broadcasting. You will not find in Zimbabwe the
multitude of private, religious or community radios that now exist in

The mission found that Zimbabwe Broadcasting Holdings (ZBH) is accused of
"blatant abuse of power". The radio is now used to air "inciting and hateful
messages" against opponents - not simply against the MDC, but also "opposing
views within the ruling party, NGOs, trade unions not associated with the
ruling party, media groups such as MISA, advocacy groups and civil rights
activists etc." The Information Minister himself, Jonathan Moyo, the report
adds "was accused not only of interfering in the programming and editorial
independence of ZBH, but was said to be in the habit of using the public
broadcaster as personal property".

But there are some encouraging signs. Goncalves notes that President Robert
Mugabe himself has referred to the problem of violence. He has sought to use
his authority as Commander-in- Chief to dissuade violence and encourage
members of the security forces to act against those promoting violence. The
report regards this as "a positive step towards the normalisation of the
situation in Zimbabwe".

But other critical issues must be resolved before the basic conditions for
free and fair elections are in place. The MISA report lists these as: return
to the rule of law; establishment of an independent electoral commission;
voting on one day "subject to sufficient number of polling stations being
established and changes being made to the voting procedure to enable all to
vote"; and maintaining the integrity of the vote "by refraining from telling
people that their vote is not after all secret" (this refers to incidents of
intimidation reported in a recent by-election).

A further key demand raised in the report is the repeal of those aspects of
security and media legislation that restrict the ability of political
parties to campaign freely, and curtail media freedoms.
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New Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe traditional healer burnt by goblins

By Patrick Chitumba
Last updated: 08/07/2004 03:43:46
A SELF-STYLED traditional healer popularly known as tsikamutanda, was on
Monday seriously burnt by a suspected goblin, which he was allegedly trying
to get rid of during a cleansing ceremony at one of his client's homestead
in Lalapanzi.

Tsikamutandas are dubious inyanga who are roaming most parts of the country
claiming that they can get rid of witches and tikoloshis.

The police spokesman for the Midlands Province, Assistant Inspector Raphel
Mukwiza, confirmed the incident and said the police assisted the alleged
tsikamutanda to get to Gweru Provincial Hospital.

He said the alleged tsikamutanda, whom he identified as Alicias Musiiwa
Denhere (34) of Jerusalem township in Lalapanzi, was invited by a Mr Mangisi
Chikorobho to cleanse his homestead. "Mr Musiiwa Denhere and his crew
proceeded to Mr Mangisi's homestead to perform the rituals," said Asst Insp

He said Mr Mangisi's family and other villagers were called and gathered in
Mangisi's kitchen and the tsikamutanda started beating drums and singing.

"In the process, Musiiwa stood up and ran out of the kitchen, shouting that
he had been injured by a goblin," Asst Insp Mukwiza said.

Mr Musiiwa Denhere is said to have come back and stood at the kitchen door
and said that he had managed to get hold of the goblin and wanted to burn

"Musiiwa looked like he was struggling with something and then said he had
thrown it into the fire. He then said he had been burnt himself," said Asst
Insp Mukwiza.

On checking the injuries on Mr Musiiwa, it was observed that he had been
burnt on the right thigh, private parts and stomach and the police were
called in and they ferried him to the hospital where his condition was said
to be stable.

Asst Insp Mukwiza said the Mangisi family had called him because they
suspected that there was a goblin at the homestead as they were losing a
member of the family every year.

"Every year a child would die, and this has been like this for the past six
years, prompting Mr Mangisi to consult a tsikamutanda," said Asst Insp

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Agribank Freezes 186 Loan Abusers' Accounts

The Herald (Harare)

August 6, 2004
Posted to the web August 6, 2004

Tabitha Mutenga

THE Agricultural Development Bank of Zimbabwe (Agribank) has frozen the
accounts of 186 clients who abused funds from its $60 billion loan facility,
as part of measures to recover the money, the bank's chief executive Mr Sam
Malaba has said.

Mr Malaba said the bank had also attached assets of some of the farmers, and
where possible, others have been handed over to the police.

"The bank has set up provincial management teams dedicated to credit
administration, which involves monitoring of financed projects. Vehicles
have been purchased to motorise these officers and bring to book errant
customers," the Agribank boss said.

Agribank has already confirmed that new tobacco farmers had taken the lead
in repaying loans while those who produced food crops were expected to start
repaying their loans this season once they finished harvesting and
delivering their crop to the market.

"Farmers are marketing and making efforts to repay their loans before
accessing new facilities for the summer crop. All our branches are
monitoring loan repayments and encouraging farmers to service their debts
and the bank will not refinance wilful defaulters," Mr Malaba said.

The bank is in the process of restructuring itself into a development
institution in order to play a pivotal role in the agrarian reforms.

Reserve Bank governor Dr Gideon Gono last week said 200 farmers had abused
the $60 billion Agribank loan facility made available to them for
agricultural production during the 2003/2004 season. It has also come to
light that some unscrupulous individuals masquerading as new farmers
prejudiced the agricultural bank of large sums of money running into
billions of dollars, which they are now failing to repay.

Dr Gono indicated that of the 10 000 farmers who accessed the Agribank loan
facility, at least 200 borrowers reportedly abused $1,2 billion of the funds
by purchasing luxury vehicles and houses in major cities instead of
agricultural machinery.

Other beneficiaries invested the funds on the money market seeking higher
returns before they started repaying the loans.
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Bid to Smuggle Equipment Proves Costly

The Herald (Harare)

August 6, 2004
Posted to the web August 6, 2004


FIVE people from Bulawayo - including two officials from the Zimbabwe
Revenue Authority - were arrested on Monday for allegedly trying to smuggle
into Zambia farming equipment worth billions of dollars on behalf of a
commercial farmer.

They were trying to smuggle the equipment on behalf of Derrick Carle of
Greendale in Harare, who is still at large and is believed to have fled to

Chief police spokesman Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena said Robert
Pepe (33) of Manica Container Depot, Farai Chitsanzira (37) and Benjamin
Chanetsa, both of Allan Wack and Shepherd, and Emmanuel Katiyo and Zephania
Hobane (57), both of Zimra, were arrested for attempting to smuggle the
equipment using forged documents.

Asst Comm Bvudzijena said sometime last week, police received information
that a consignment of farming equipment had been loaded into containers in
Harare and was to be smuggled to Zambia via Bulawayo.

After receiving the information, police officers in Harare relayed the
information to their counterparts in Bulawayo, who intercepted the
containers at the railway station on Friday last week as it was being loaded
onto a goods train.

The containers were placed under 24-hour police guard after efforts to open
them failed.

"They (containers) were sent to Manica Container Depot under police guard on
Saturday because it was the only shipping company with equipment which could
open the containers. They were opened on Monday and it was discovered that
they contained an assortment of farming equipment, leading to the arrest of
the five," said Asst Comm Bvudzijena.

The five were arrested at their workplaces.

"Investigations done so far have revealed that all the arrested suspects, in
collusion, forged export papers on the instructions of Derrick Carle of
Greendale, Harare, who is still at large."

Asst Comm Bvudzijena said police were still compiling a list of the
equipment whose total value is yet to be ascertained, but is estimated to
run into "billions" of dollars.

A source close to the case said the equipment was taken from farms in
Mashonaland Central and Mashonaland West and was destined for Zambia, where
a number of commercial farmers who lost land during the fast-track land
reform programme are now based.

"According to documents which were in the suspects' possession, the farming
equipment was coming from Botswana into Zimbabwe via the Plumtree border
post en route to Zambia. The suspects had a fake Botswana bill of entry and
other documents, which stated that they were carrying ordinary piping

"The bill of entry also stated that they would go to Zambia via Victoria
Falls and their documents had all the necessary Zimra stamps. The Zimra
officials are believed to have supplied the fake documents," said the
source. When a news crew visited the loading yard at the railway station,
the equipment, including six tractors, four water tanks, harrows, tobacco
hangers, bale compressors, hay balers, water pumps, electric motors, cables,
pipes and sprinklers and various other farming implements, was being guarded
by armed police officers.

The equipment looked rusty, an indication that it had not been used for a
long time. Senior detectives from the Criminal Investigation Department's
Fraud Squad were also at the scene.

The officers are investigating how and where the suspects got the fraudulent
documents from.

People at the loading yard said this case could be a tip of the iceberg as
it was likely that a lot of farming equipment was being smuggled out of the
country using the same method.

Many farmers who lost their land during the fast-track land reform programme
are now farming in such neighbouring countries as Zambia and Mozambique.

Most of the farmers removed farm equipment from their farms and hid it in
warehouses or smuggled it out of the country to their new bases.
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