The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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New Vision, Uganda
Mugabe’s Toilet Rolls

PRICE CONTROLS: There are shortages of practically all consumer products except toilet paper which is not on the list

--Amid chronic shortages, Zimbabwe tells IMF, ‘get stuffed’
Orthodox economists sometimes get it wrong.
For example, when a government fixes the prices of various goods below what they cost to produce, and fails to provide the necessary subsidy to fill the gap, orthodox theory predicts that there will be empty shelves in the shops.
But in Zimbabwe, this is not how things have turned out. Retailers there have indeed run out of all manner of price-controlled goods. But for some reason they can still get hold of toilet paper. So instead of empty shelves, Zimbabwean shoppers encounter aisle upon aisle of roll upon roll, where the bread, sugar and oil used to be.
Ignore, for the moment, the headlines about murder, torture and election-rigging. For an interesting economic experiment is being conducted in Zimbabwe. To the foes of globalisation, President Robert Mugabe’s views are unexceptional. He argues that ‘runaway market forces’ are leading a “vicious, all-out assault on the poor.” He decries the modern trend of “banishing the state from the public sphere for the benefit of big business.” What sets him apart from other anti-globalisers, however, is that he has been able to put his ideas into practice.
In countries where the IMF calls the shots, governments have to balance their budgets on the backs of the poor. Having told the IMF to get stuffed, Mugabe is free not to do this. The official estimate is that Zimbabwe’s budget deficit will be about 14% of GDP this year; the government is frantically borrowing money to cover the shortfall. Inflation is now 114% and it is predicted to top 500% next year.
Mugabe argues that price rises are caused by greedy business people. His solution is price controls. For the past year or so, these applied only to everyday essentials, such as bread and maize meal. Shops were ordered to sell such goods at fixed, low prices. Unfortunately, Mugabe was right about those greedy business people. Rather than lose money, they stocked their shelves with toilet paper, or tried to dodge price controls by modifying their products.
For example, since bread was price-controlled, bakers added raisins to their dough and called it ‘raisin bread’, which was not on the list. Not to be outsmarted, on November 16 the government extended price controls to practically everything, from typewriters to babies nappies.
Some things have to be imported, however, and it is hard to prevent foreigners from profiteering. Mugabe is anxious that petrol, for example, should be affordable; otherwise, people will not be able to get to work. A strong currency should help, so he has frozen the exchange rate for the past two years, and denounced as a ‘saboteur’ anybody who suggests devaluation. Since Zimbabwe’s inflation is a tad higher than America’s, nobody wishes to surrender hard currency at the official rate of 55 Zimbabwe dollars to one US dollar. The black market rate is several hundreds to one; the government blames speculators.
To lay hands on forex, Mugabe has no choice but to rob exporters. Those whose products are bulky and hard to smuggle (tobacco farmers, for instance) must surrender half of their hard currency proceeds to the government, which repays them in crisp new Zimbabwe dollars at the official rate.
This is not nearly enough however, to keep Zimbabwe supplied with petrol (the distribution of which is a state monopoly). So, this month, the finance minister announced a clampdown on the black market: all bureaux de change are to be shut. He also asked expatriate Zimbabweans to remit money home via the central bank, which will confiscate almost all of it. For some reason, thy prefer informal channels, such as Internet-based firms that accept cash offshore and issue friends and relatives back in Zimbabwe with local currency or vouchers for use in the country’s supermarkets.
It would be nice to think that the rest of the world has nothing to learn from Zimbabwe. But Mugabe has many admirers. His fellow Africans cheer his defiance of the old colonial powers. Namibia’s government has promised a similar land-grab.
Globally, few policymakers favour going the full Mugabe, but many believe that little bit of price-fixing won’t hurt. Price supports for EU farmers, for example, persist because their governments are rich enough to keep subsidising them, and because the costs are apread across the entire population, who are often unaware that they are being fleeced.
Influential charities argue that poor countries should also be paid a ‘fair’ price for their products. Oxfam, for example, contends that the price of coffee is ‘too low’ because multinationals manipulate it.
It may seem harsh, when faced with the misery of an Ethiopian coffee farmer, to argue that it would be more efficient to let the price mechanism deliver the message (Grow something else)unmuffled.
But greater efficiency leads to greater wealth, and vice versa, as Zimbabwe so harrowingly shows.
No country has withdrawn so swiftly from the global economy, nor seen such a thorough reversal of neo-liberal policies. The results-an economy that has contracted by 35% in five years, and half the Zimbabwean population in need of food aid- are hard to paper over.
The Economist

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      How the ruling party shall flip-flop

      Taungana Ndoro
      12/12/02 11:40:04 AM (GMT +2)

      In the early 90s a "rocket scientist" once wrote a brilliant article
in which he confidently predicted that by the year 2000 ZANU PF will have
flip-flopped enough for consistent leaders such as Morgan Tsvangirai to
snatch Zimbabwe from the jaws of annihilation. com

      However, a few months before the year of jubilation, driven by what
seemed like some sort of strange voodoo forces, the shameless "rocket
scientist" flip-flopped on his once noble forecast by dining with the devil.
His first supper was with the Constitutional Commission.

      It took us a long time to comprehend that some scientists could be so
disloyal, immoral and unethical.

      Whether it was for the sake of money, patriotism or the pursuit of
absolute power, will remain unclear .

      What is painfully disturbing is that the "rocket scientist" knew, as
far back as 1993, that ZANU PF will be no more by the turn of the century
but he went on to bail them out.

      The spin-doctor knew exactly how ZANU PF would flip-flop and the only
other person who believed him and knew that the prediction would be accurate
is Robert Mugabe himself hence the famous u-turn to embrace one of his
stinging critics.

      Mugabe knew that if he employed the services of someone who knew his
party's weaknesses so well there was some chance of tying a few loose ends
which would strengthen his hold on power for a few more years.

      The best proposal that the scientific professor afforded a ruling
party that had run out ideas is that of land: to be taken by hook or by
crook, by any means necessary indeed whether racial, violent or otherwise.

      First they tried it legally through a futile attempt by the
Constitutional Commission. Then they invaded the farms and forced farmers
off the land; then they whipped the masses to vote for them in the general
parliamentary elections after cowing the constituencies so that they could
win without fail. After that they schemed a plot to accuse Morgan
Tsvangirai - of all people, of trying to murder Mugabe.

      In the final instance, the world had to witness the most grotesque
election dishonesty of all time when Robert Mugabe was announced president
of the republic of Zimbabwe for the next six years - but will he last that
long, politically not health wise?

      Although the unpopular spin doctor realised that the ruling party will
have flip-flopped by the turn of the century, I still wonder if he had
looked beyond that turn or he simply realised that there was more for him in
an opportunist party such as ZANU PF in which the mediocre can be sanctified
to monumental proportions?

      Yes, if Joseph Chinotimba, a municipal driver-turned-self-styled
commander of farm invasions can drive a Cherokee because of his links with
ZANU PF what about a much respected rocket-cum-propaganda scientist?

      You don't need to tell a child that ZANU PF has come to the end of the
road for it is a fact that even the spin doctor knows so well and he knows
just how it will flip-flop but unfortunately he might go down with it
because he has painted himself with the same brush like the rest of them.

      ZANU PF has little time on its hands and this is only so because there
is some mayhem within the opposition where the expulsion of the maverick
Munyaradzi Gwisai was the greatest political blunder since the ill-fated
talks after the presidential elections.

      Such weakness within the opposition will be manipulated to give the
ruling party a little more time in power. Gwisai had his damaging flaws but
he also had admirable strengths such as the insistence on action rather than

      Gwisai is one leader who would be definitely visible in the
battlefront. Well, if he does not go back to contest the Highfield seat then
let's forget him.

      Let Gwisai join ZANU PF then we are on the road to redemption.

      Just as the good professor predicted about a decade ago that "the only
hope for a conclusive solution for Zimbabwe's problems and economic troubles
lie in a split in ZANU PF, leading to a new political dispensation emerging,
but only after the elections in the year 2000."

      Gwisai or any other with his traits within ZANU PF or even the rocket
scientist himself must provide this split which is necessary for the new
political dispensation to emerge.

      Already there are reports of well-known factions within ZANU PF ahead
of its congress this week.

      The Emmerson Mnangagwa faction, the Solomon Mujuru faction which is
said to be backed by the influential Eddison Zvobgo and for the sorry party
to really cartwheel, a splinter led by the professor must emerge. After all,
based on his usually accurate predictions, a split in ZANU PF is how the
party shall flip-flop.

      This split will come about when Mugabe inevitably drops the baton
stick in the very near future and then after that ... members of ZANU PF
"shall go down in history as the greatest statesmen of all time, or as the
greatest criminals," to quote what Adolf Hitler's propaganda chief Joseph
Goebbels said of the Nazi regime before committing suicide a day after his
master went the same way.

      After Mugabe, after the much talked about congress, after the rocket
scientist, after Christmas, I never cease to speculate which way ZANU PF
shall flip-flop.

      Taungana Ndoro can be contacted at taundoro@yahoo.
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The Daily Telegraph:

Zimbabwe is dropped from game park plan:

Mugabe regime loses financial backers, reports Tim Butcher

December 11, 2002 3:05am

GOVERNMENT-sponsored violence in Zimbabwe has led to it being effectively
kicked out of plans for one of Africa's most ambitious conservation

In protest at the lawlessness of President Robert Mugabe's regime, the World
Bank, European Union and conservation groups have refused funding for the
Zimbabwean component of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park.

Without foreign currency reserves of its own, the Zimbabwean government has
not been able to spend any money on new infrastructure urgently needed to
allow tourists to visit the Zimbabwean sector of the park.

"Zimbabwe is basically being left behind because of what is going on there
at the political level," a senior conservation source said. "It is a great
pity but until things change politically Zimbabwe will not be involved in
the project."

The park was to straddle three international borders, uniting game areas in
South Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe into one seamless reserve bigger than
the Netherlands, through which tourists would move without passport

At 13,500 square miles, the park was billed as the second biggest
transfrontier park in Africa and potentially one of the continent's richest
wildlife areas.

But while work is proceeding apace on uniting the South African component,
the Kruger Park, with the Mozambican element, an old hunting concession
called Coutada 16, Zimbabwe has been left behind.

"The problem is the funding, because Zimbabwe has no money of its own and
the foreign funders refuse to give any backing because of what is going on
there," said Prof Willem van Riet, one of the park's main backers.

Under the Mugabe regime there has been a surge in wildlife poaching and the
country's Gonarezhou national park, which was to have been its contribution
to the new game reserve, has been partly invaded by illegal squatters.

Nevertheless, the leaders of the three countries went ahead this week with a
formal ceremony to mark the creation of the park in spite of the
difficulties over Zimbabwe.

Mr Mugabe flew in with the largest delegation to the ceremony held at the
Mozambican resort of Xai-Xai, oblivious to the reality of his country being
left behind on the project.

Zimbabwe's de facto expulsion from the project represented an embarrassment
for Thabo Mbeki, the South African president, who sought to present the park
as a good example of co-operation between African nations.

The road network on the South African side is very extensive in the Kruger
Park but millions of pounds will be needed to create similar infrastructure
in Mozambique.

The German government has provided around pounds 9 million for the project
as long as it is spent in South Africa and Mozambique and not Zimbabwe.

Two shipments of game animals from the Kruger Park have already been
relocated to the Mozambican sector which has very few animals because of
years of civil war, hunting and poaching.

Ten out of 29 elephants moved to Mozambique did not like their new
surroundings, however, and trekked for more than a hundred miles back to the
South African sector.
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Please send any job opportunities for publication in this newsletter to:
JAG Job Opportunities <>

Opportunities in The Comores : Hope that this is the right route to get
info to you on possible job opportunities!
1. The French Government is anxious to help farmers with EU (ie UK, Dutch
etc) nationality to settle in Mayotte, Comoros Islands (off the coast of
Mozambique). Mayotte is a Departement of France and so stable and law
abiding. Offered are tax rebates, cheap loans etc. More information from
the French Embassy in Harare, I understand.


Position offered as Manager on Sheep Farm, South Africa We are looking for
a farmer to manage a sheep farm in the North Western Cape. The area is
quiet and peaceful. Please phone Mrs. Van Dyk on 0027-16-9822169

South Africa Two people in South Africa have manager positions on their
farms vacant and are willing to keep these positions open for two Zimbabwe
farmers who lost their farms. If interested please contact: Mr de Villiers
(012) 361 7703 (after hours) (012) 315 7556 (at work)

SOUTH AFRICA Dear Sirs/Friends, I have a high regard for the work ethic
and commitment that Zimbabweans/Rhodesians in South Africa have. I am
looking for someone to handle my premium brand of German manufactured
Homeopathic remedies (approx. 100 different items covering virtually any
ailment). The Dr Reckeweg & Co brand has been available in South Africa
for 15 years and is sold in over 40 countries around the world. Is there
someone out there who would like to represent us in Natal. Calls would
include Pharmacies, Health Shops, Doctors and Homeopaths. Earnings would
be as a percentage of sales (10%).

Regards John J.B. Smithers Dr.Reckeweg & Co. S.A. Tel: +27 11 447-3222 Fax:
+27 11 447-7846

South Africa Our company is a sawmilling, forestry and farming operation in
Stutterheim, Eastern Cape, RSA.  We recently acquired some extensive land
for cattle farming and with this, "inherited" some 40ha of irrigable land
on the Kei River, with unlimited water and high heat units.  This area can
be expanded. There are vacant houses adjacent to the irrigable areas which
are not utilized for cattle farming operations. We're looking to employ
someone with crop farming/irrigation experience to develop this land and
would consider some form of share scheme. No crops are established, there
is currently no business going on with the irrigable areas and we need an
experienced person to advise what best would be suited for the area and its
potential markets. Capital is not a constraint. Should anyone be
interested, contact John Rance at tel: 27 43
6837330 fax: 27 43 6837208.  For a Zim reference on our company, contact
Basil Kinsey, or Bob White, or Graham Hingeston, or Tim/Trish Broderick in
Harare, or Peter Hingeston in Triangle.

South Africa Farming Opportunity in SA My family has a farm in Lowveld
(Nelspruit), which was once regarded as the best tobacco ground in the
lowveld. We would love to offer the land to evicted land owners from
Zimbabwe, to use and restore their lives again. Please could you let me
know if you know of people that would be interested!!?? My uncle up in the
northern province can be contacted regarding this matter. Dennis Traynor
+27 15 295 9247.

Regards Jack Smith
083 235 5615 South Africa

We have a farm in the Eastern Tvl between Machadodorp and Nelspruit.Fairly
remote on 5000 hectars it is used for running a few cattle plus horses
where we take clients on rides and as an outward bound area for school
children. There are two houses with all elect water etc should you have
someone who might like to move there they are available.There are numerous
other facolities plus 25 odd km of the Crocodile river. The offer is to
some self motivating people on a partnership basis.If they need set up
costs these can all be negotiated. Should you have any takers cud you e
mail me at many thanks. Tony North. South Africa: We
have a 24 roomed Portfolio guesthouse and restaurant in the beautiful
peaceful Eastern Free state area on the Lesotho border, and we are looking
for a chef and / or a management couple to live in and help run the
guesthouse. Preferably no young children and previous experience preferable
too. Please send CV to this email address: The
guesthouse website is Many thanks Bev Missing


A vacancy exists for the position of caretaker/manager for a luxury
apartment complex comprising of 143 units in garden surroundings. The
location is Umhlanga Rocks, South Africa.

The successful applicant will be a mature person with primarily practical
abilities and able to instruct and supervise a staff of 25 in the fields of
general maintenance, gardening, cleaning and security.  The candidate
should also have basic managerial skills.

A one bedroom apartment is provided in the complex and the applicant must
be prepared to live on the premises.

Please apply in writing, enclosing a CV to Mrs Hicks of Attlee Agency cc at
the following: P.O. Box 233 Umhlanga Rocks, 4320 South Africa.

Tel: + 27 031 5611371
Fax: + 27 031 5615484

South Africa I know of someone in RSA who is looking for a Zimbabwean
couple to caretake a plot in Potgietersrus.  If you know of anyone who may
be interested you can contact Nicola on Regards Debbie

ZAMBIA Zambia Opportunity FARM MANAGER required for large mixed farm close
to Lusaka.  A mechanical background would be advantageous. Mature man with
no school going dependants preferred. Relevant qualifications and
experience are essential. The position offers expatriate employment
conditions and usual farm benefits. Please apply to Zambia: For sale aprox 25 acres largely cleared
land in Leopards Hill, Lusaka. Location is in the elite area of Lusaka (New
Kasama) and in close proximity to the facilities of the eastern side of the
town including the American School. Some dambo area.  Mostly tarred road
into town. Buyer might consider for horticulture as roses are grown
successfully in the adjacent property. Price US $ 25,000.  Would consider
subdivision and sale of 10 acres. Please contact Jacqui at phone + 61 (8) 9335

Mozambique: Position available in Mozambique. Applicant should be
experienced in Horticulture or be prepared to learn. This is a management
position and has good prospects for the future. Property is already
operating. House is being built and the usual perks etc. go with the the
position as well as a forex package.  Phone: Harare 490583

Zimbabwe: Beitbridge Zimbabwe: We have a position that would suit a
couple - he in a management position at Beitbridge and she running a small
stationary business. Flat provided. Schooling in Messina if Zim. private
schools not on. They can contact me at Bulawayo 240093. Eddie Cross

HARARE Harare based company looking for someone to manage their security
section. Suit farmer with Police / security company experience. Phone Mel
(011) 604 009

WANTED: FARM TRIAL BALANCE BOOKKEEPER, computer literate, based Harare.
Pleasant environment at Fife Ave/10th Street - hassle free on site car
parking. Full time preferably, but part-time/flexi-time will be considered.
Negotiable salary based on experience. Contact Norma Gordon Tel. 04-704949

Harare WANTED: Full time Personal Secretary/Assistant for busy Harare based
accounting and secretarial practice.

Must be proficient in Microsoft Word, Excel and Outlook and have general
all round computing skills. Shorthand not essential. Position involves
general typing, client liaison, diary and appointment keeping, stationery
control, letter dictation, some staff supervision. Previous experience with
the Registrar of Companies Office would be an advantage.

Salary and conditions of service negotiable and dependant upon
qualification and experience. Contact Miss Amanda Jones, 793107/8; 706959,
736281 or email or fax 736324.

INTERNATIONAL SERVICE CENTRE A workshop manager, to be based in Mutare -
starting immediately. To run small workshop, stores, fuel stocks, tyres and
labour. Incumbent to have management skills and be able to lead and
supervise a competent team of artisans and ancillary workers.  Our work is
with International Trucks, therefore a mechanical knowledge is essential.

Also workshop admin, job cards, invoicing and payroll knowledge is
necessary. The Workshop Manager is to adher to and practice the Colbro
principals of accounting (based on ISO), human resources management,
workshop practices, stores control and customer relations.  A further
requirement is to ensure the production of good quality work within a
reasonable time frame. Training and assistance will be given to the correct
person to ensure full awareness of our quality and systems. Salary is
negotiable, dependant on experience and knowledge. Any interested persons
are to please contact Bob Collett on Cell phone no: 091 200 519 or e-mail
us on with CVs, questions and a contact telephone

COFFEE FARM TO MANAGE OR LEASE Manager required or suitable lease agreement
can be arranged for a Coffee Farm situated in Chipinge to start from
January 2003.  Must have experience in coffee farming (80 ha).  Preferably
with no dependants.  Usual farm perks plus good salary, bonus and medical
aid offered to the right person. Please email C.V. to

Harare Wanted Immediately: Farm Manager to manage 2 ha roses 10km west of
Harare and a 10 ha paprika/20 ha tobacco (agronomy and industrial) project
with EPZ status on Shamva road 30 kms east of Harare. Ideal for a farmer
already residing in Harare with experience in the above fields. Excellent
salary prospects forex linked - successful experience essential. Please
send or drop off C.V.'s at 11 Clarence Drive, Newlands. Phone 091237411
Interviews will be arranged to suit candidates. Best wishes Peter Dobson

COLBRO TRANSPORT - VARIOUS VACANCIES Transport Investment Opportunity TO
ANY INTERESTED FARMERS Opportunity for Business Investment in Transport
Industry with Colbro Transport: There exists an opportunity of investing in
transport by purchasing sections of 10 to 20 complete rigs along with a
franchise to run for Procon RSA, on all routes run by Colbro.

Advantages being you walk into 100% organised fleet, drivers, maintenance,
fuel, tyres, contracts etc. Any interest: Please contact Bob Collett on
091 200 519

Transport Controller Vacancy exists with Colbro Transport for less
qualified energetic transport controller to handle daily operations and
drivers, certain "out of town" travelling needed.

Kariba Vacancy exists for couple in Kariba - lady to run books with other
management responsibilities at Kariba Marina.  Gent to manage and maintain
boats, big and small as well as other management duties.

Harare A possibility for couple to run a procurement business in Harare for
Kariba and surrounding areas - preferably a farmer who has a 7 ton truck to
enter into a partnership. Any interested party to contact: Bob Collett -
091 200 519 Bernice Wilde - 091 314 353 or 757295 Small photographic safari
company needing a bookkeeper/secretary for mornings only in a Borrowdale
suburb, Harare, office. Must be familiar with Quick Books and Windows.
Tourism/travel agency/people skills preferable as will be attending to
safari bookings. Please call James on 091 369 294 or 04 861766 or email . Package to be discussed. Thank you very much James
Varden. Natureways Canoe Trails (Pvt) Ltd Specialists in Canoeing & Walking
Trails and Tented Camps - Mana Pools - Zimbabwe
160 Gaydon Road, Borrowdale, Harare, Zimbabwe PO Box BW1714, Borrowdale,
Harare, Zimbabwe Phone/fax: (263-4) 861766 Cell: (263-91) 320 648 Email: Web site:

Dear Sir.

I have just spoken to a gentleman on one of your listed numbers 011 863 354
and he suggested I contact you re my problem.

My name is Rick Summers and I am the Chairman of the Harare SPCA.

We are try to find a suitable person to fill the post of General Manager
which has been vacant for some time and to date have not been able to find
the right person. This is a permanent position.

It is a very challenging position but also most rewarding.  It is not for
the faint hearted and is not an 8 to 5, 5 days a week job.

I wonder if through your "network" we will be permitted to place an
advertisement under "Job opportunities"?

The Job

This is a busy position, the core of which is the promotion of Animal
Welfare in the Harare/Chitungwiza area for a radius of 50 kms.

The job principally involves:
1.  responding to reports about animal neglect, abuse and cruelty.
2.  supervising Animal Welfare Inspectors, Veterinary Surgeons and
kennel-hands caring for the animals in SPCA custody
3.  controlling the Society's finances and assets
4.  promoting the work of the SPCA to the public, both local and
5.  co-ordinating the contributions of the stakeholders many of whom are
subscribing members of the Harare Society

These are very broad parameters.
The person:
1.  likes animals, abhors cruelty
2 has a basic grasp of legal issues pertaining to animal
3.  well versed in managing labour
4.  is tactful and level headed. There are times when you will be
dealing with very emotional people and disturbing situations.
If you feel you have what it takes then please: e-mail me on phone 04 487637 mobile 091 232 223 for further
If you need more information re the position please do not hesitate to
contact me.
Many thanks for your anticipated co-operation
Kind regards
Rick Summers

Norton GENERAL MANAGER - FARMING we are looking for a Farm Manager for a
cereal/row crop farm near Norton.  Must have an agricultural diploma/degree
and at least 7 years' cropping experience.  Knowledge of cattle will be
advantageous, as will tobacco experience.  Write sending CV and contact
details, together with details of present and required salary to The
Company Secretary, P O Box WGT 10, WESTGATE, Harare or e-mail to

Gwebi FARM ACCOUNTANT - to be based Gwebi area.  At least 10 years
experience and able to prepare and present Monthly Management Accounts.
Do books for 2 farms, stock schedules, debtors/creditors, wages etc.
Write sending CV and contact details, together with details of present
and required salary to The Company Secretary, P O Box WGT 10, WESTGATE,
Harare or e-mail to

Harare Business in Harare looking for secretary/bookeeper in agricultural
based operation. Experience in Computers and Pastel bookeeping necessary.
Job in a busy environment with an attractive salary being offered. Looking
for suitable encumbant to start asap. Please contact on the below address.
Farmers wife would be good! Contact -

NORTON GENERAL MANAGER - FARMING we are looking for a Farm Manager for a
cereal/row crop farm near Norton.  Must have an agricultural diploma/degree
and at least 7 years' cropping experience. Plus a suicidal tendency to not
want to be around very long. Contact John Smith at

Australia Lynnford Stephenson, grandson of Don Stephenson - ex-Salisbury
Tobacco Floors - is now an IT consultant in Brisbane, Australia. He is
always on the look-out for software specialists and believes that there may
be such people within farming families in Zimbabwe who could resettle in Oz
(Lynnford arranges Residence Permits) and then in due course send for their
families. More gen from Lynnford at: Scott-Merrick Associates, Level
6 Northpoint Building, 231 North Quay, BRISBANE, Qld 4000, Australia.

Greece: A job is available for a single or married man, in Thesalonica,
Greece, overseeing Burley production. Knowledge of Virginia production
adequate for applicant. The incumbent would report to HQ in
Switzerland.Please send full CV to Mr.M.Cutter, Avenue Felix Cornu 29,
1802 Corseaux, Vaud,Suisse. (Switzerland).

The Ukraine:

I should explain that my company Britanica is mainly British owned and is
engaged in the import and manufacturing of consumer products for onward
sale in Ukraine and other countries of the former Soviet Union.  The
business has been established for more than eight years and is profitable.

I was in touch with Derrick Arlett-Johnson of the Zimbawe Farmers Trust
earlier this year about an opportunity which had arisen for my company to
acquire a substantial parcel of high quality land in Ukraine at a very good
price. ( 17,000 acres ). The opportunity had arisen following a
Presidential decree permitting private ownership of land. My partners and I
have no knowledge of agriculture but are well experienced in the ways of
doing business in the former Soviet Union.  We were working with other
British parties interested joining with us in investment. We considered it
to be wortwhile investigating the possibility of bringing on board a
dispossessed farmer from Zimbabwe who had knowledge of working a large

The earlier deal was abandoned when the Presidential decree permitting
private ownership of land was overturned by the Ukraine Parliament.
Presently there is a moratorium. Land acquired under the Presidential
decree remains in private ownership but no new sales are permitted and land
which had been acquired by private buyers cannot be sold on until there is
a new legislation. However the lease of land for a period of less than 50
years is not proscribed.

Now a new opportunity has arisen. There are two agricultural holdings which
have fallen into disuse which could be available to rent. One is some 4000
acres the other much larger. The lease would be for 49 years. The suggested
rent is $8 per acre per year. I suspect a lower figure can be negotiated.
The quality of land is high - more than 1 metre deep of black alluvial
soil.  The smaller unit has no equipment. The larger unit comes complete
with Soviet style equipment. We would be dealing with the lead creditor
which is the local authority. We are looking for someone experienced in
farming on a large scale with whom we can explore the possibility of
creating a profitable unit with a view to an eventual sale at a premium,
hopefully after acquiring the freehold. My partners and I have no farming
know how.  We have funds available but expect the project would require us
to look for an additional capital injection. We are not expecting the
farmer who joins us to make a financial investment.

Life in Ukraine is tough but I am sure nothing like Zimbabwe under Mugabe.
There is a small Western / British Community. People here are generally
very friendly, especially to anyone willing to commit themselves to getting
something worthwhile off the ground.  Language will not be a problem.

The workforce is generally well educated, technically competent but usually
lacking any understanding of business. If we can be pointed to someone
suitable, it is highly likely there can be a positive outcome. Kind
regards, Robert Tyldesley.

U.K From: James Maberly Dear All, I have had a request from a friend to
offer a post to a Zimbabwean couple who may be in the process of leaving or
who have already left Zimbabwe for England.

The offer is for a post living on a farm near Newbury in Berkshire. The
family have two small children, 3 and 6 years of age respectively and they
need a lady to come and assist with all things domestic in the house, as
well as looking after the children. They also need a man to take over the
role as gardener and general help.  They have a two bedroomed cottage
available and they will also provide a car. They propose that the role
would be best suited to a couple whose family have already left home. Pay
and conditions will be well within given guidelines. The post is available
almost immediately.
Anyone interested, please contact me, James Maberly, at this email address Thankyou. James

If anyone knows of anyone from Zimbabwe who would like a job. This might
assist. I am the Chairman of the freehold company which runs the estate
where I live. It is on the Isle of Dogs, in the docklands area of London.
It is a private development consisting of 407 flats, called Burrells Wharf.
Currently we are looking for staff to recruit the following vacancies:
1. An office receptionist working 5 days per week 1400hrs to 2000hrs salary
2. A handy person working 5 days per week 1600hrs to 2000hrs salary £7,000 pa
3. A member of the night staff working 12 hour shifts 1900hrs to 0700hrs
For more details contact the estate office on 0207 538 2581 or e-mail:

Uganda: email:
telephone: 25677622467 message: We are sorry for all what's happening in
your country but we are praying that everything you have worked for all
your lives should come back to you. We are conserned Ugandans who wish to
introduce to you an opportunity of investing in a non violent country where
you will have a piece at heart. We have around five(5) miles in
southwestern Uganda(Kibale District) where land is very fertile. It needs
people like you who have experince in large scale farming to come and
cultivate it. For details don't hesitate to contact us.


A Safari compnay in Botswana is currently looking ofr the following;
1 - mechanic with drivers licence
2- tracker skinner
3- 4 honest general farm labourers hard working with cattle experince
All would be applicants to have traceable refs current passports and ant
to live away from their families for a 2 year contract. Normal leave and
conditions and good pay for the right people. Please write to: The Manager
active solutions P.O. Box 696 Gaberone Botswana

Major Beef Production farm situated in the Molopo region of West Central
Botswana has three (3) vacancies:
Feedlot Manager (x 1)
Thorough knowledge of Beef Production & Monitoring Good Management skills &
Stock Control Self disciplined, High Initiative, Motivated self starter
Mechanical knowledge of farm implements i.e. Trucks, Tractors, Borehole
equipment etc. Exceptional Animal Husbandry knowledge & extensive hands on
experience Disease diagnostic & Treatment ability

Assistant Farm Managers (x 2)
Thorough knowledge of Beef Production & Monitoring Unquestionable ranching
knowledge across all areas Artificial insemination knowledge & hands on
experience Mechanical knowledge of farm implements i.e. Trucks, Tractors,
Borehole equipment etc. Exceptional Animal Husbandry knowledge & extensive
hands on experience Disease diagnostic & Treatment ability

Remuneration Highly Negotiable Housing Transport Performance Bonus Leave
Medical Food Ration Contact Person: Richard Miles P.O. Box 602195,
Gaborone, Botswana Telephone: +267 71 302215 (cell)
+267 3911458 (office hours)
+267 3931771

Fax: +267 3908617
+267 3931789

Justice for Agriculture mailing list
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      Zim braces for Christmas of discontent

      Staff Reporter
      12/12/02 11:17:56 AM (GMT +2)

      THE planned closure of local industries in the first quarter of next
year could be the last straw for Zimbabweans already bracing for a Christmas
of discontent without adequate food, foreign currency and fuel, analysts
said this week.

      According to industrialists, at least half of Zimbabwe's
manufacturing, agro-industrial and mining companies are considering
remaining closed after their annual end of year shut down to plot survival
strategies in an increasingly hostile operating environment.

      The unprecedented factories closure, if it takes place, would last
until the end of March and would put at risk at least 370 000 jobs.

      Analysts said the closure of companies and the resultant loss of jobs
and incomes at a time the nation is seething with anger because of severe
poverty and hardships, blamed on state mismanagement of the economy, could
spark a people's revolt against the government.

      "The government is taking an incredible risk by neglecting this
situation," Harare economist, John Robertson, told the Financial Gazette.

      "In fact the government may not be able to survive a combination of
these pressures: the fuel, food and forex crises and now the company
closures and job losses," he added.

      Once one of Africa's most promising economies, Zimbabwe is fast
sliding towards total collapse weighed down by record high inflation, which
reached an all time high of 144.2 percent in October, crippling fuel and
forex shortages and isolated from the international community.

      The United States of America, the European Union (EU), Switzerland,
New Zealand, Canada and Australia have imposed targeted sanctions against
President Robert Mugabe and his top officials because of their controversial
land policies as well as their bloated human rights and democracy record.

      The key Western nations also accuse Harare of failure to uphold Press
freedom and judicial independence.

      The country's business leaders say a blanket freeze on prices of
nearly all goods, imposed by the government in a desperate bid to stem the
spiralling cost of living and protect consumers has only helped worsen
viability problems for industry.

      Several companies have as a result already been forced to shut down,
throwing thousands of workers onto the streets in a country where
unemployment is above 70 percent.

      The price controls have also adversely affected consumers, with nearly
all goods whose prices are state-controlled now in short supply and only
easily accessible on the black market, where prices are more than treble
their official cost.

      Meanwhile, a deepening shortage of the staple maize grain has left at
least eight million Zimbabweans facing starvation.

      Food security experts and donors blame the maize shortfall on poor
rains last season, but largely on the government's chaotic land reforms that
disrupted production in Zimbabwe's commercial farming sector.

      Mugabe denies responsibility for the economic crisis and the maize
shortages. The 78-year old leader argues that sabotage by opponents of his
land reforms caused the economic slump while last season's drought caused a
shortfall in food production.

      But in the last few weeks the government has remained deafeningly
silent on the worsening fuel and food shortages.

      There was no public response or comment from Mugabe or his Industry
Minister Samuel Mumbengegwi to threats by companies to shut down for the
first three months of next year.

      But industrialists told this newspaper that there were
behind-the-scenes efforts to arrange talks between the government and
industry leaders this week.

      University of Zimbabwe Institute of Development Studies associate
professor Brian Raftopoulos said: "The government has remained quiet for the
simple reason that it does not know what to do. They do not have a ready
solution for the problems bedeviling the economy."

      Raftopoulos said the only way for the government to secure
international aid critical to the economy's recovery and to stave off
starvation was to re-engage all stakeholders at home as well as key
international donors and development partners.

      But he was quick to point out that the government would not opt for
renewed dialogue with the opposition at home or the international community.

      He told the Financial Gazette: "The government is prepared to let the
economy run down if only they can hang onto power. They will most likely opt
for more repression as a means to keep discontent under control."

      Robertson said the socio-economic impact of the fast deteriorating
crisis would in due course force people to rise against further hardship.

      He said: "People may be prepared to put up with a lot of things but
sooner or later, they will reach breaking point

      "For example, when companies close, people lose their jobs. It means
they are unable to send their children to school, to buy food or clothes and
these are the sort of things that will get people out onto the streets in
mass protests."
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Mail and Guardian

Zimbabwe govt mulls country-wide salary freeze


      11 December 2002 13:33

The Zimbabwe government is considering freezing salaries next year to keep
prices down, the state-controlled Herald newspaper reported on Wednesday.

President Robert Mugabe's government has already imposed price controls on a
wide variety of basic goods in a bid to control soaring prices.

"While the price freeze is in force, there is need for the government to
look at how the cost of labour can be analysed and contained," Labour
Minister July Moyo was quoted as saying.

Zimbabwe is in the throes of its worst economic crisis since independence
and the end of white minority rule in 1980, with inflation estimated at more
than 144%. - Sapa-AFP
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Trade Union Leaders Still Under Arrest in Zimbabwe.

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (Brussels)

December 10, 2002
Posted to the web December 11, 2002


According to ICFTU sources in Harare, it has become clear that nine trade
unionists are under arrest in the Zimbabwean capital, not five as initially
reported. The ICFTU-affiliated Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) is
suspicious that two further trade unionists may also have been taken into

The unionists, including ZCTU General Secretary, Wellington Chibhebhe, were
taking part in a ZCTU annual review symposium when the police intervened at
around 17h00 and made the arrests. The meeting was entirely unrelated to the
stay away action carried out today in Zimbabwe and it is unclear what, if
any, charges have been made against the nine. In addition, the police have
given no indication yet as to when they are to be released.

The African regional organisation of the ICFTU, AFRO, has called on
President Mugabe to immediately and unconditionally release those detained
and has further called on the Zimbabwean leader to repeal laws such as the
Public Order and Security Act, which give rise to such unprecedented abuses
of human of trade union rights.

In a similar letter to President Mugabe, the ICFTU is backing the calls of
its regional organisation and has approached the ILO Director General Juan
Somavia, calling on him to intervene personally for the release of the

The ICFTU represents 158 million workers in 231 affiliated organisations in
150 countries and territories. ICFTU is also a member of Global Unions:

For more information, please contact the ICFTU Press Department on +32 2 224
0232 or +32 475 67 08 33.
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The Guardian

Yesterday in parliament

Staff and agencies
Wednesday December 11, 2002

Transport programme
A £5.5bn package of improvements to Britain's transport infrastructure was
unveiled by the transport secretary, Alistair Darling.
It includes major work to improve traffic flows on the A1 north of
Newcastle, the M1 corridor in the east midlands and the M6 from the midlands
to the north-west. Money is being made available for three new lines on the
Greater Manchester Metrolink and a new light rail line in Liverpool. Over
£600m will be added to council spending on road maintenance next year -
taking the total to £2.6bn.

"That investment will be sustained year on year, because it's an essential
part of building our economic prosperity and improving our quality of life,"
Mr Darling vowed.

Tim Collins, for the Conservatives, welcomed the improvements but warned
that spending on roads would still be less on average each year than under
the last Conservative government. He said the statement marked a "u-turn"
for a government that had previously claimed the nation could not build its
way out of traffic congestion.

Iraq weapons dossier
The government rejected claims that the US had interfered with distribution
to UN security council members of Iraq's 12,000 page weapons dossier. Claims
that this handed Saddam Hussein a "propaganda victory" were dismissed by the
Foreign Office minister, Mike O'Brien. He said the five permanent security
council members, all nuclear powers, had to have a full copy because of
"proliferation concerns" and insisted: "The Americans have not interfered."

Israeli security wall
Israeli plans to build a 215-mile long security wall separating Israel from
the West Bank were condemned as "clearly wrong" by the government. Mr
O'Brien said the wall was not the way to achieve peace or security in

Afghan opium
Afghanistan's opium poppy crop is likely to rise before it falls despite
international efforts to combat the drugs trade, Mr O'Brien said. The UK has
 been spearheading attempts to eradicate the harvest - thought to account
for 90% of heroin on British streets. But Mr O'Brien warned MPs not to
expect instant results from efforts to assert control over farmers in the
war-ravaged country.

Cut in MEPs
Britain is to reduce its number of Euro MPs by up to 15 to help give 10
countries about to join the EU "their own voice" in the halls of power. Lord
Chancellor's Department minister Yvette Cooper, opening the second reading
debate on the European parliament (representation) bill, said Gibraltar
would also be given the right to vote in the 2004 European elections for the
first time.

For the Conservatives, Bill Cash said the bill was "good in parts" but
condemned "disturbing features" about the reduction in MEPs. "There's an
extremely strong case for us to maintain the number of seats we already
have," he said. The bill was given an unopposed second reading.

EU expansion
Turkey's admission process to join the EU should be started at this
weekend's summit in Copenhagen, the Europe minister, Denis MacShane, told
MPs. He said the country should be given a "clear, proximate" date for the
start of entry negotiations.

He was also "keeping his fingers crossed" that the summit would confirm 2007
as Bulgaria's and Romania's target date for entry to the EU.

Fire strike police numbers
Up to 6,000 police officers were used every day of the last firefighters'
strike to escort green goddesses and staff control rooms, it emerged. The
Home Office minister, John Denham, said between 5,000 and 6,000 officers -
mainly recalled from rest days - were involved in the operation.

Zimbabwean activist in Britain
Conservatives pressed the government over reports that a "well known and
brutal activist in farm evictions" in Zimbabwe was in the UK studying land
reform. The junior Foreign Office minister, Lady Amos, told peers the man
had only a visitor's visa, and allegations against him had been dropped. But
she promised to investigate further.

Vehicle excise cash
More than £2m has been generated from enforcement action against vehicle
excise evaders since the Stingray mobile camera system was introduced last
year. The junior transport minister, David Jamieson, said £2.08m had been
generated since October 2001.

Tories attack economy
A "pall of gloom" has descended over the economy and the country since the
chancellor, Gordon Brown, unveiled his pre-Budget report last month,
Conservatives said. Lord Saatchi, for the Tories, accused the government of
making extra effort "in the manufacturing of figures".

High hedges
Lord Evans, for the government, backed a bid to tackle the problem of
neighbour disputes over high hedges. The high hedges bill, piloted by
Conservative Lady Gardner, would give councils power to intervene and to cut
down hedges where mediation between neighbours had failed. Lord Evans said:
"The government is pleased to support the principle of your bill."

The bill received an unopposed second reading.

Scottish elderly people's homes
It is an "urban myth" that old people from England are moving to Scotland to
take advantage of free personal care in elderly people's homes, the junior
health minister, Lord Hunt, insisted. Former Conservative Scottish
secretary, Lord Campbell, had asked: "Has there been any noticeable
migration northwards, across the border, of elderly people?"

Bid to ban Ken
A backbench bill to abolish Ken Livingstone's Greater London authority was
introduced in the Lords by crossbencher Lord Ampthill. The Greater London
Authority Act 1999 (repeal) bill, which received its formal first reading,
stands no chance of becoming law.

In parliament today
The prime minister and the Conservative leader, Iain Duncan Smith, face each
other at question time. Earlier, the overseas development secretary, Clare
Short, responds to MPs at question time. The foreign secretary, Jack Straw,
opens a European affairs debate.

In Westminster Hall, former Conservative chancellor Kenneth Clarke opens a
debate on policing in Nottinghamshire, and former Labour transport secretary
Stephen Byers speaks on European common agricultural policy reform.

The Lords debates the growth of government, Angola, and traffic and public
transport in London.
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ZIMBABWE: Violence and politicisation of food aid continue

JOHANNESBURG, 11 December (IRIN) - Human rights groups have voiced concern that political violence and the politicisation of food aid have continued in parts of Zimbabwe.

In its latest report the Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum alleged that violence in the Insiza constituency, where a recent by-election was held, "continued unabated in the post election period".

Insiza is located near the second city of Bulawayo in south-western Zimbabwe.

The report, released on Tuesday, alleged that supporters of the ruling ZANU-PF and its youth militia "were harassing and forcing opposition supporters to denounce the MDC [Movement for Democratic Change] and join/rejoin the ZANU-PF".

There was also increasing evidence that ZANU-PF was manipulating the distribution of food along political lines in an effort to garner and retain political support.

"Reports recorded by the Human Rights Forum in September and October showed that food distribution had been politically manipulated to coerce votes from the electorate during the Rural District Council Elections and Insiza by-election respectively.

"In the month of October, the Human Rights Forum has documented incidents that suggest that ZANU-PF, with apparent government acquiescence, is controlling access to food aid, denying those perceived to be MDC supporters access. This is happening in the absence of a pending election," the Human Rights Forum alleged.

The UN World Food Programme suspended food aid distributions in Insiza in October following the seizure of food by ruling ZANU-PF activists.

The food agency said ZANU-PF activists in Senale centre in Insiza had "intimidated" staff of the local implementing NGO, Organisation of Rural Associations for Progress (ORAP), and seized 3 mt of food which they "distributed in an unauthorised manner".

The ZANU-PF supporters were campaigning ahead of a November by-election, which President Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF won. 

John Prendergast, co-director of the Africa programme of the International Crisis Group (ICG) think-tank, told IRIN that unlike political violence - which usually "spiked around elections, manipulation of food aid continued at pace broadly ... and continued to be used as a reward for political support and to punish the opposition.

"It is an instrument that leaves less of a mark than torture and putting people in prison. It's harder to prove and more general in its impact. We've seen no diminution in the use of political criteria [to determine food aid distribution], particularly of course of the commercial imports and distribution mechanisms controlled by Zimbabwe's Grain Marketing Board," Prendergast noted.

Physicians for Human Rights-Denmark (PHR-DK) has, in a recent report entitled Voting ZANU-PF For Food: Rural District and Insiza Elections, concluded that "the political abuse of food is the most serious and widespread human rights violation in Zimbabwe at this time".
For summary and link to full PHR-DK report go to:

For the full Human Rights Forum report go to:

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Daily News

      Mayors to report to DAs

      12/11/2002 8:03:14 AM (GMT +2)

      By Lloyd Mudiwa Municipal Reporter

      MAYORS and heads of town boards have been ordered to report to
district administrators (DAs) in their provinces, as the government battles
to regain control of the mostly MDC-controlled urban areas.

      A memorandum from the Ministry of Local Government, Public Works and
National Housing, dated 4 October, is seen by government critics as another
covert attempt to usurp the powers of MDC mayors in most urban areas,
including Harare and Bulawayo.

      The mayors and chairpersons met under the umbrella of the Urban
Councils Association of Zimbabwe (UCAZ) at Harare Town House on Friday last
week, to discuss the circular.

      Part of the circular reads: "The Minister of Local Government, Public
Works and National Housing is mandated by the Urban Councils Act and the
Rural District Councils Act to monitor and supervise the affairs of local
authorities in Zimbabwe.

      "This function is achieved through established decentralised
structures represented by the offices of the Provincial and District

      The circular, signed by Vincent Hungwe, the permanent secretary in the
ministry, was copied to the minister, Ignatius Chombo, currently embroiled
in a verbal slanging match with the Executive Mayor of Harare, Elias
Mudzuri, over a water crisis in the capital.

      The letter was copied to provincial governors-cum-resident ministers,
deputy ministers, provincial administrators, DAs, town clerks and town

      The mayors and council chairpersons meeting in Harare resolved that
James Bwerazuva, the president of UCAZ and Gweru's Executive Mayor, should
advise Chombo they were unhappy with the directive.

      Efforts to get comment from Hungwe and Bwerazuva failed yesterday.
Bwerazuva was elected on a Zanu PF ticket.

      The local authority chiefs said such interference by the government
was provided for under the Rural District Councils Act only, and not under
the Urban Councils Act.

      In a desperate attempt to control the urban areas, where Zanu PF
mostly constitutes the opposition, the government was recently reported to
be considering the introduction of governors for Bulawayo and Harare to
      supersede mayors.

      Zanu PF party insiders said initially Leslie Gwindi, sacked as Harare
City Council's public relations manager, was tipped to become the first
Harare governor. Later, the front-runner was said to be Florence Chitauro,
the Zimbabwean High Commissioner to Australia and Singapore.

      George Mlilo, who lost the Bulawayo mayoral election to the MDC's
Japhet Ndabeni-Ncube, would be appointed the Bulawayo governor.

      The insiders said their appointments were expected to be announced at
the Zanu PF conference which opens tomorrow in Chinhoyi.

      Last month, there were press reports that it was not clear if Zanu PF
would hold primary elections to select its candidates for next year's
mayoral elections. There were widespread suggestions that the party was
actively toying with the idea of introducing government-appointed mayors in
all urban centres.

      Harare, Bulawayo, Chegutu and Masvingo have mayors elected on MDC
tickets. Mutare's mayor, though a former Zanu PF member, won election as an

      The MDC has accused Chombo of meddling in municipalities headed by the
opposition party.

      But Hungwe, in the 4 October circular, said it had been observed, that
over the years the intervention of these structures in the supervision and
monitoring of local authorities had been more evident in rural district
councils. "Their involvement in urban affairs has largely been peripheral."

      This resulted in the failure by the PA's and DAs to timeously provide
advice to urban local authorities, says the circular.

      "This has largely contributed to slow response by central government
to issues of a critical nature facing urban local authorities," reads the

      Hungwe said it was instructive to note that Section 91 of the Urban
Councils Act states that the Minister shall have unrestricted access to all
documentation of proceedings of council meetings.

      Similarly, the Provincial Councils and Administration Act mandates the
provincial and district development committees to co-ordinate the
development process in the various localities, he said.

      Hungwe said: "I therefore write to direct that Provincial and District
Administrators interact with all urban local authorities in their areas of
jurisdiction and respond proactively to issues affecting the effectiveness
of these urban local authorities.

      "To this end I, therefore, request you to avail to your respective
Provincial or District Administrators, schedules of all your meetings to
enable the ministry officials to attend them accordingly. In the same vein
you are also to submit copies of minutes of the said meetings to DAs for
their comments and onward transmission to PAs. The PAs are expected to
submit the same to head office."

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      External debt arrears set to rise to US$2.3bln

      Staff Reporter
      12/12/02 11:44:49 AM (GMT +2)

      ZIMBABWE'S external debt arrears could rise by US$912 million to more
than US$2.3 billion by the end of next year, bringing the debt owed to
international financiers by individual Zimbabweans to US$198.20, analysts
said this week.

      The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe has projected that the external arrears,
which stood at US$1.319 billion as of November 15 2002, will rise to
US$1.395 billion in December, an increase of US$76 million within one month.

      Analyst said this trend would continue in the short to medium term
because the country's capacity to generate foreign currency was being
constantly eroded.

      The hard currency crisis has led to Zimbabwe missing payments on its
foreign commercial and concessional loans since 1999, costing the country
crucial economic aid worth billions of dollars and contributing to a balance
of payments crisis as well as intermittent shortages of fuel and other
essential commodities.

      The analysts said if forex shortages persisted and external debt
arrears grew at a rate of around US$76 million every month next year,
Zimbabwe's arrears could rise by US$912 million to US$2.307 billion by the
end of 2003.

      Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce economist James Jowa said
crippling foreign currency shortages could only improve if the country
received a massive foreign currency injection from international donors.

      He said demands for critical imports such as fuel, electricity and
food constrained the government's capacity to release foreign currency
towards debt arrears.

      "The imports have put pressure on our balance of payment position and
until things normalise, it will be difficult to meet foreign commitments,"
Jowa told the Financial Gazette.

      "The arrears will continue to rise in the short to medium term because
we do not have the foreign currency."

      Analysts said the country's 11.6 million people would by the end of
next year each owe international financiers US$198.20 ($10 901 on the
official market or $237 840 on the parallel market), which is far more than
an average Zimbabwean worker earns a month.

      Consultant economist John Robertson said although individuals might
not be directly responsible for repaying Zimbabwe's foreign debt, the
government's ballooning borrowings nevertheless had a profound impact on
ordinary Zimbabweans.

      He noted that the external arrears, which were estimated at just above
US$700 million in December last year, had grown by 100 in the 11 months to
November 2002.

      "The government seems comfortable to live with the arrears, but they
will continue to rise because of interest," said Robertson. "The only
feasible solution is to re-engage the international community so that we are
able to get their support in terms of foreign currency injection."

      Jowa added: "What we need is to maximise foreign currency injection
and stabilise the exchange rate. What we only need to do is to first put
things in order."
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FinGaz - Comment

      ZANU PF must confound sceptics

      12/12/02 11:53:23 AM (GMT +2)

      THE ruling ZANU PF this week holds its annual congress in Chinhoyi at
a time of unprecedented social and economic haemorrhaging.

      Indeed as Zimbabwe's leaders prepare for their congress, millions of
Zimbabweans face a grim festive season with no basic foodstuffs, no fuel and
no end in sight to the harrowing problems besieging this beautiful country.

      Many urban workers and rural folk will this year-end be unable to
afford even the basic essentials necessary to keep body and soul together,
let alone the few luxuries that set Christmas apart from the daily grind
that is the normal lot of Zimbabwe's poor.

      Those still able to afford basic foodstuffs and luxuries will be lucky
if they can find these commodities on shop shelves this festive season.

      Many Zimbabweans will also probably be unable to travel around the
country to celebrate the birth of our Saviour with those close to them,
because of worsening transport problems caused by a crippling fuel crisis
and a harsh macroeconomic climate.

      To make matters worse, thousands of workers could find that they have
no jobs to return to in January if local companies decide to remain closed
for the first quarter of 2003, because of a steadily deteriorating operating

      These are only a few of the very serious problems confronting the
ruling party as its members meet in Chinhoyi for a conference that cynics
have already written off as a time and money-wasting exercise in futility.

      ZANU PF has the chance to, for once, confound sceptics by using this
year's congress to engage in some urgent soul searching about the causes and
solutions of Zimbabwe's crisis.

      The ruling party must use the 2002 conference to carry out a thorough
audit of its policies and actions and map out strategies for Zimbabwe's

      Top on its list will no doubt be the food crisis that threatens,
according to the government's own recent figures, eight million people.

      Also needing urgent scrutiny will be the country's crumbling economy
and the government's chaotic land reform programme, which has contributed
significantly to the nation's food insecurity.

      Zimbabwe's dwindling capacity to generate foreign currency will no
doubt be of concern to delegates, as should inflation, fuel shortages, the
devastating impact of price controls on consumers and political violence.

      But it is to be hoped discussion of these important national issues
will not culminate in useless finger-pointing and attempts to lay blame
everywhere but where it belongs: with ZANU PF's own failure to govern.

      This is not the time for airing tired ruling party conspiracy theories
involving the British, the United States of America, the Commonwealth, the
European Union, the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, the
independent Press or local industrialists.

      Zimbabweans have no time or patience for empty posturing that will not
put food on their tables or create jobs for their children.

      They want real, serious analysis of the challenges facing Zimbabwe in
the coming year and sustainable solutions to replace the crisis measures
that have only worsened their plight.

      Even though their pleas will probably fall on deaf ears, Zimbabweans
need fresh, innovative ideas to grapple with the fundamental causes of the
national crisis, otherwise they face another year of unendurable suffering.

      This, and not political self-interest, should be the battle cry of
delegates at the ZANU PF conference as they begin their deliberations
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      Gold lures Zimbabwe's new farmers

      From Njabulo Ncube Bulawayo Bureau Chief
      12/12/02 11:17:00 AM (GMT +2)

      INYATHI - George Moyo is a war veteran who fought in Zimbabwe's
liberation struggle and the proud owner of a 100-acre plot allocated to him
at Matabeleland North's Dromoland Farm under the government's drive to seize
white-owned land and resettle landless blacks.

      He still vividly remembers the day President Robert Mugabe and his
large entourage drove at break-neck speed into Dromoland Farm, about 120
kilometres from Bulawayo, to personally dole out pieces of land to 2 000
people before the parliamentary polls two years ago.

      "It was a dream come true for me, my former ZIPRA (Zimbabwe People's
Liberation Army) colleagues that fought the liberation struggle and fellow
landless villagers," Moyo told the Financial Gazette this week.

      "These whites (farmers) are crazy, they want to own the whole country.
It is now delivery time. We blacks are now proud owners of the land. We don'
t care what you people write, but the truth of the matter is that this
historical milestone is not going to be reversed," added the 45-year old war

      But the initial euphoria generated by the appropriation of land from
white farmers and its reallocation to blacks has dissipated. Moyo is one of
several resettled farmers who have tired of the long wait for the inputs and
financial support needed to plant their crops for the 2002/2003 agricultural

      Although Zimbabwe's rainy season is already under way and there are
only a few planting days left, a large number of new farmers in this
district of the Bubi-Umguza constituency have abandoned their empty fields
for the area's disused mine sites.

      Clad in torn gumboots and tattered black overalls inscribed with the
letters BCC, an abbreviation for Bulawayo City Council, Moyo was found by
this reporter digging and sifting through rubble at a mine dump near Inyathi
Mission Hospital.

      Asked what he is searching for, he laughs before answering: "I might
hit the jackpot. I am looking for gold. Are you a police informer? I thought
you were a reporter. But anywhere, I am after money, nothing else."

      His task is laborious and offers very little reward. Kneeling on the
ground, he scoops a handful of sand into a bucket containing water, then
takes a swig from a 20-litre can that contains a home brewed opaque beer
popularly known as isigodo khaya.

      Thus fortified, he crushes stones with a five-pound hammer and pauses
for a few seconds before adding: "This is our livelihood."

      The illegal gold miners risk arrest by the police as well as life and
limb as they venture down disused mine shafts, which could collapse any
second, burying them under an avalanche of rubble.

      Others threaten tributaries and rivers in Inyathi with siltation in
their search for alluvial gold.

      Several multinational companies have gold mines here and their dump
sites also provide a livelihood for resettled farmers who feel they cannot
make a living off their land because of the constraints hampering farming

      Most of the new farmers do not have the funds to buy seed, fertiliser
and chemicals or to pay for expensive tillage services. Economists estimate
that at least $160 billion is necessary to fund communal and resettled
farmers for the 2003 agricultural season.

      The government has floated a $60 billion stock issue to meet some of
these costs, but it has not been well received by the financial markets.

      Moyo, who operates with a gang at Inyathi, told the Financial Gazette:
"I am proud of the fact that I now own my own land but it's not easy to work
the land without adequate finance to buy seed, machinery, fertiliser and pay
people to help farm to feed the nation."

      However, officials of farmers' organisations say even if there were
sufficient funds to finance the agricultural season, crippling input
shortages would still hamper growers as would bottlenecks in the Grain
Marketing Board (GMB)'s delivery of materials to resettlement and communal
farming areas.

      Fears that Zimbabwe will be hit by another drought next year have also
discouraged some new farmers from planting, the officials said.

      "People are hungry out there," said Mary Ndlovu, the only female
member of Moyo's gold panning gang. "You can't sit and wait for the rain to
grow maize. It's a long and tiresome process and the financial rewards are
not much."

      Ndlovu, a former ZIPRA member and mother of five, added: "In my case,
I have no maize seed as we talk. We were told to go to the nearest GMB
depots, but they also have nothing. It's better to look for gold out here."

      Farmers resettled in Matabeleland North who spoke to the Financial
Gazette this week said they were unlikely to plant enough to ensure Zimbabwe
's food security next year, preoccupied as they were with feeding their own

      Agricultural analysts said the country's food shortages, the result of
drought and the government's agrarian reforms - which have slashed food
production by over 60 percent in the past year - were likely to worsen in

      Moyo said: "We have taken the land from the whites, yes. We want to
address an imbalance, but it's also a fact that we resettled farmers are
still very far off from feeding the nation. What we want is a fast buck.
This is the reason why you find most of us here in Inyathi panning for gold.
You reap far better financial rewards than in growing maize.

      "I am only able to grow about five hectares of maize, but this will
not earn much for me and my family. We sometimes fetch between $400 000 and
$500 000 here from the sale of a few grammes of gold. You don't get this
much from say a tonne of maize and in any case, there is no longer time to
grow maize."

      The convergence in Inyathi and other gold-rich areas of large numbers
of people chasing quick financial rewards have had negative consequences.

      The Inyathi and Umguza rivers and their tributaries are threatened
with serious environmental damage. The situation is worse in Killarney and
Kensington settlements near Bulawayo where thousands of squatters have
established eyesore compounds.

      Jacob Thabane, the legislator for Bubi-Umguza, said an increase in
crime in the area had also accompanied the illegal gold miners.

      He told the Financial Gazette: "You can't just dump people in the bush
to fend for themselves without basic infrastructure such as schools, dams
etc. This is the end result.

      "There are a lot of them (panners) here. At one point, I counted up to
200 people scavenging for gold in Inyathi. Some of them are a problem and
have resulted in high incidents of crime in my constituency.

      "We need to put controls to prevent environmental degradation but this
has gone out of hand as the new resettled farmers are now panning full time
instead of farming."
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      A people-centred constitution can save Zim

      Marko Phiri
      12/12/02 11:40:56 AM (GMT +2)

      Many people are probably in agreement that good governance hinges on
not just character traits that make a leader a sensitive human being guided
by concepts like altruism, but in fact has to be guided by something which
can be universally referred to in efforts to stem any potential drift toward
bad governance.

      You just cannot trust a leader's (or in fact a politician's) sense of
right and wrong, that as an individual he or she will stick to what the
conscience dictates.

      You also cannot merely trust that they were raised in an environment
that encouraged respect for elders or fear of God. This is never enough.

      It is therefore important that there is something that people can
point to and say one has violated what is written down.

      It must be something not merely and presumably imprinted in the human
psyche but, in essence, in a sacred book, perhaps even treated as something
on the same level as the Bible or the Koran. And this is seen perhaps more
starkly in the United States Constitution.

      Zimbabwe today offers a "good" lesson about what happens in the lack
or absence of something which would have reined in errant behaviours by men
at the helm. Because what was previously trusted by some is the element
which guides better human relations in the form of what each God-fearing
religion would demand on its faithfuls is the dictum - "do unto others as
you would have them do unto you" -what then would have probably saved
mankind here could easily have been that equivalent of the Bible.

      After all, Robert Mugabe was in the days of his youth, as they say, "a
good Catholic." And the missionaries who nurtured his faith must be
wondering if at all they did a good job in instilling in him the fear of the

      That the ZANU PF government has said the constitution is the last
thing on its agenda right now amply tells why the country has sunk into
these depths, and because with constitutional reform also comes responsible
governance, it is thus by extension the last thing on the government's mind!

      Yet as the government of Robert Mugabe celebrates the "success" of its
agrarian reform, it would ostensibly mean the authoring of a new
constitution is the next thing as it had been taken over by the resettlement

      And this after the people here threw out what became known as the
"Daft Constitution" in the February 2000 referendum.

      But then that could pass for wishful thinking considering that it
would mean, among other pertinent issues, the authoring of a "people based"
constitution which would greatly reduce the President's powers as has been
demanded since 1997 by the National Constitution Assembly (NCA).

      And this would also make it possible to impeach the President for
crimes against his compatriots.

      What is of interest again about the lack of meeting the demands of a
democracy and good governance here is for example the authoring in 1984 of
what the ruling party called the Leadership Code.

      This came out of the ruling party's second post-independence
conference in response to allegations of corruption, and among other things
the code barred senior party officials from "owning property and real estate
yielding rents and other incomes; owning more than 50 acres of land; (and)
receiving more than one salary simultaneously."

      But then because this Leadership Code was something confined to the
operations within the ruling party, with no broader obligations which would
then be referred to not as mere party censures but effectively governmental
and representative of the people's concerns, it simply became as useless as
winking at a damsel in the dark.

      The Leadership Code was ignored as soon as it was promulgated, with
the 80s effectively becoming the decade during which the scourge of
corruption in this country firmly established its roots with the car scandal
that went on to claim the life of a senior ruling part official.

      Now, with something as all-embracing as a people-oriented
constitution, it would have meant that provisions were made to stem any
potential aberrant behaviour by the people in leadership positions thus
promoting responsible governance by the ruling party.

      And without any corrupt government official resting easy that their
sins were to be pardoned by the party patriarch, much to the chagrin of the
ordinary man for whom the arm of the law has always been very long.

      We have therefore not yet heard here of any senior government official
resigning in disgrace, but continue with their heads held up high. And
indeed there have been many such incidents in Zimbabwe. Can you imagine a
Nixonesque "I'm not a crook" saga happening where the constitution empowers
the president not the people?

      The so-called prerogative of mercy where the president grants these
pardons have since 1980 proven not be guided by an all-embracing love for
evil-doers, but has effectively been used to afford ZANU PF supporters and
officials to literally get away with murder.

      If the country is to take collective stock of how this bad turn came
to be, how so much harm could be done to a once promising, or "emergent"

      What will be probably rued for a long time is the absence of something
which would have served as an effective vehicle for the checks and balances
imperative for any democracy.

      That vehicle is nothing but a people's constitution, which anyway is
what many an African country is in dire need of, seeing the obsession with
doctoring the "country's Bible" so the African presidents can rule just a
little bit longer.

      The African experiment with democracy will not be anything close to
Newtonian success as long as there is absence of constitutions that place
power in the people not the president.

      Zimbabwe has presented students of contemporary African politics with
enough material for a dissertation on how not to govern.

      lMarko Phiri is a Harare-based freelance writer
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Zimbabwe's garages run dry again

By Stella Mapenzauswa
HARARE (Reuters) - Queues of cars and buses stretching for miles are snaking
around Zimbabwe's garages after a petrol shortage dogging President Robert
Mugabe's government flared again.

Zimbabwe is grappling with its worst economic crisis since independence in
1980. It has suffered erratic fuel supplies since 1999 due to a foreign
currency squeeze.

With only a limited number of garages selling the scarce commodity, some
motorists said they had got up as early as 3 a.m. (1 a.m. British time) on
Wednesday to stake their place in queues.

"It is a desperate situation. I woke up very early this morning for the
third time this week and still there is no guarantee that I will get petrol
here," one motorist in Harare's Avondale suburb told Reuters.

Many public transport vehicles are immobilised, disrupting commuters and

As motorists whiled away the hours, other Zimbabweans queued at bakeries and
supermarkets for bread. The government's price controls for basic foods have
left shelves empty because producers say the official tariffs are

Zimbabwe's topsy-turvy exchange rates are a central part of the crisis.
Officially one U.S. dollar is worth 55 local dollars but on the black market
it changes hands for 30 times that.


The official Herald newspaper quoted deputy energy minister Reuben
Marumahoko as attributing the current fuel shortage in part to "technical
problems" at neighbouring Mozambique's port of Beira through which Zimbabwe
is supplied.

"We have experienced technical problems in the Beira pipeline since last
Thursday. We are giving small amounts to all garages. The problem is being
corrected," Marumahoko said.

"The situation should improve slowly, by the end of the week," he added.

The country's state oil importer NOCZIM (National Oil Company of Zimbabwe)
has been tight-lipped over the crisis, referring media questions to the
energy ministry.

Last month Mugabe said foreign oil companies with retail outlets in Zimbabwe
should import their own products for resale, ending NOCZIM's monopoly.

Mugabe said his cash-strapped government was "foolishly helping"
multinational oil companies in making big profits while carrying the burden
and blame for any fuel problems.

The government has not commented on media reports that a $360 million (229
million pounds) fuel deal with Libya renewed in September has hit trouble
over Zimbabwe's failure to meet payments.

Under the arrangement, Libya has been supplying 70 percent of Zimbabwe's
fuel needs for the last two years, with the balance coming from the
Independent Petroleum Group of Kuwait.

Besides fuel, Zimbabwe is also struggling with critical food shortages
affecting half the 14 million population. Donor agencies partly blame the
crisis Mugabe's seizure of white-owned commercial farms, for redistribution
among landless blacks.

Mugabe blames the shortages solely on a drought which hit small scale
communal farmers who traditionally produce about 70 percent of Zimbabwe's
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      New govt policies seen fuelling ZSE slump

      12/12/02 11:51:55 AM (GMT +2)

      THE Zimbabwe Stock Exchange (ZSE) is seen trading sideways in December
and January because of investor uncertainty caused by recently introduced
government policies and fears that at least half of the country's industries
might not reopen in January after their traditional Christmas shutdown,
analysts said this week.

      Market watchers said the stock market could however still rebound from
its slump next February when investors seek high value returns in the face
of rampant inflation and low interest rates.

      "I feel that the equity market may well return to rampant bull mode in
late January to early February as investors seek ways to preserve the value
of their net worth," an analyst with Kingdom Stockbrokers said.

      "December and the first half of January are traditionally quiet
periods in the equity market and this is unlikely to change this year as
investors grapple with fundamental issues."

      Of major concern, analysts say, are fears that some companies might
fail to re-open at the beginning of next year.

      Industrialists have indicated that at least half of Zimbabwe's
agro-industrial, mining and manufacturing companies plan to remain closed in
the first quarter of 2003 while they consider survival strategies in a tough
operating environment.

      Market watchers say tough new exchange control measures and a price
freeze announced by the government last month, which caused a 20
percent-plus crash in the industrial index in November, will continue to
affect investor sentiment on the local share bourse.

      The analysts said retailers and manufacturers had indicated that there
would be no new stocks of commodities in 2003 until a blanket price freeze
imposed by the government last month was removed.

      According to the government, the six-month price freeze is supposed to
protect consumers from unfair price increases and curtail rampant
profiteering by manufacturers and retailers.

      However, the policy has resulted in widespread commodity shortages and
has fuelled a thriving black market, where goods are on sale at more than
double the official prices set by the Ministry of Industry.

      Analysts said manufacturing and export counters would choke under the
impact of the price freeze, tough foreign currency regulations and a
worsening economic crisis, dampening activity on the stock market.

      "Expectations are such that the economy is likely to deteriorate
further in the coming year and in that regard, a sustained market recovery
is unlikely until such time when there is a full recovery of the economy,"
an analyst with Sagit Stockbrokers said.

      The Kingdom stockbroker added: "Confusion remains the order of the day
in the equity market.

      "This is not surprising when the messages from the policy makers are
about clear as mud, corporates understandably have little idea of what will
happen with regard to value realised from exports and authorisation for

      Analysts said the market rally at the beginning of last week had
quickly run out of steam at the end of the week, adding the mini bull run
had proved to be "an oversold recovery".

      The industrial index on Monday closed at 105 531.40 points, moving up
only 391.63 points from last Friday.

      On the money market, dealers were unable to forecast the market
position for this week, saying they only had statistics for December 6 when
the market opened $16.4 billion short.

      The dealers said there was confusion on the market on Monday because
of the implementation of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe's electronic transfer
and settlement system and repurchase agreement rate, which were announced in
the central bank's monetary policy last month.

      "Nothing is happening on the money market because the market is just
confused. We are unable to establish the market position with all the new
policies being implemented," a Harare money market dealer told the Financial

      Overnight rates were on Monday quoted at between 29 and 30 percent,
seven to 14-day rates at 29 percent while the government's 30-day Treasury
bill rate was between 29 and 30 percent. Ninety-day rates were quoted at 33

      Meanwhile, foreign exchange dealers said the local currency lost
ground against the United States dollar on the parallel market, where the
American greenback was being sold for as much as $1 350 to the Zimbabwe

      Dealers said demand for foreign currency was high with some importers
willing to pay higher rates as long they received large sums of foreign

      "There are some importers who are mostly concerned about the volume of
the foreign currency and are not so much worried by the price," a dealer
with a Harare commercial bank said.
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Daily News

      Seizure of companies next phase of Zanu PF's strategy

      12/11/2002 8:15:48 AM (GMT +2)

      HAVING managed to acquire (take possession of, not involving payment)
95 percent of commercial farmland for its henchmen, Zanu PF is ready to take
the next step. This will be the acquisition (not involving payment) of the
majority of surviving businesses in Zimbabwe.

      The first moves have already been made. The opening shots were fired
more than a year ago, using a tool by the name of Joseph Chinotimba, the
same tool that proved so successful in the plot to acquire all agricultural

      So far his bogus Zimbabwe Federation of Trade Unions' only actions
have been to disrupt businesses and extort money from them under threats of
violence. Unfortunately, he and his followers didn't do their homework
properly and harassed a number of South African-owned companies, which
enraged them.

      Another acquisitive organisation that has been active for some time
now is the AAG (All African Grab). Is this still headed by Phillip Chiyangwa
MP, he of the mysterious and unexplained wealth?

      Their strategy was to acquire vast shareholdings in mainly
foreign-owned companies at give-away prices in the name of affirmative

      It was affirmative action OK, for them because how many of the
ordinary population own shares, let alone the ordinary people? It is
interesting too to note that the vast majority of these companies seem to
have gone belly up, leaving the workers without employment or terminal
benefits unless you consider being paid in shoes adequate compensation.

      This is not to say that indigenous people cannot successfully run
businesses, there are a great many well-run and successful companies run by
black Zimbabweans. What it does say though is that the Affirmative Action
Group seems rather to be locusts that can only eat and not produce anything.

      What steps has business taken to prepare for the coming onslaught?
Have they even discussed this matter, which is a probability with about
99,99 percent certainty? They can be as sure as the sun rises that racist
tactics will be used to divide them one from the other.

      Greedy party hacks will queue up to take over the seized businesses,
strip them of their assets, run them into the ground and finally dismiss the
workers without compensation.

      Ah, the wonderful crimes you can commit in the name of indigenisation!
Lest they think they will escape, successful black-owned businesses will be
confiscated as well.

      It will probably be because they are accused of belonging to the MDC
for the simple reason that one has to have a measure of intelligence to be
successful, which proves they cannot possibly belong to the rural party.

      Cunning is allowed and even encouraged, but intelligence or integrity
is totally prohibited for rural party members as can be observed on a daily

      As has been said in the past, the best antidote for this poison is a
good relationship between management and staff, as well as fair labour

      Share information with the workers' committee, explain the Zanu PF
strategy and make it very clear that any takeover will mean no job.

      Zanu PF will probably try and force the owners of seized businesses to
pay huge severance packages to their staff, as they did with the farmers.

      Never mind that this is immoral and illegal, this is Zimbabwe under
Zanu PF and such considerations do not apply. The aim, of course, is to
subvert the workers, because if the workers strongly support management it
becomes much more difficult to take over the business.

      Another tactic that may very well be used would be to raise the
minimum wages to a ridiculous level. This would subvert the Zimbabwe
Congress of Trade Unions because how can they complain that wages are too
high for viability?

      Naturally the businesses will either collapse or have to increase
their prices to remain in business. This is where the cry of profiteering
will come in, and businesses will be nationalised for the good of the
people. Once again, the party sycophants will be queuing up in an endless
line to join their colleagues at the feeding trough.

      Once the businesses have been nationalised, they will become huge
employers of friends and family with no thought whatsoever for service,
production or profitability. Remember, this is a socialist state! A look
around Africa will show many, many examples of this tactic, Zambia under
Kenneth Kaunda being a prime example. Our own parastatals are also worthy of
study on this subject.

      Once this exercise has been completed Zimbabwe will be well and truly
an example of a collapsed state, with no law, no currency and no legal

      Once this has been achieved, and believe me it is the unstated aim and
the hidden agenda, then your house, your car or even your wife or daughter
will be up for grabs.

      Charles Frizell
      United Kingdom

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Daily News

      Harare residents back Mudzuri on water crisis

      12/11/2002 8:23:01 AM (GMT +2)

      By Lloyd Mudiwa and Haru Mutasa

      HARARE'S residents and ratepayers yesterday came out in full support
of their mayor Elias Mudzuri over the water crisis in the city.

      About 250 residents and ratepayers, attending a meeting at Town House
called by Mudzuri to explain the problem, demanded that Ignatius Chombo, the
Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing be
transparent about the crisis.

      Residents claimed the suppliers of basic essentials to the
municipality were Zanu PF, urging the council to review all contracts of
basic essentials with a view to awarding them to new suppliers.

      This followed Mudzuri's presentation of the history of the water
problem in the Greater Harare area, now putting the health of about 4,5
million residents at risk.

      Mike Davis, Combined Harare Residents Association (CHRA)'s chairman,
pledged support for the mayor."We think our mayor is doing a sterling job
under very difficult circumstances," he said. "We know what he is going
through."We will resist all attempts by an illegitimate regime to undermine
our elected representatives."

      He challenged those at the meeting to give the correct picture to
other residents because "we cannot rely on the national broadcaster".One
resident said: "CHRA should ask Chombo to meet us so that we can tell him we
are angry with the way he is handling Harare. We are not afraid any more
because he is playing games with our lives.

      "Just because his constituency is in the rural area and his
constituents are happy because they are getting enough maize does not give
him the right to do that to us.

      "We are not like people from Uzumba Maramba Pfungwe who do not think."
He accused The Herald and the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation of dividing
the people instead of uniting them.

      Accusing Chombo of creating "an artificial hot seat" for Mudzuri,
another resident from Mabvuku said water shortages had been a problem in the
high-density suburb during the tenure of previous councils but had suddenly
become an issue because the mayor belonged to an opposition party.
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Daily News

      Lawyers march to press for human rights

      12/11/2002 8:24:31 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      AN ATTEMPT by the police to stop a march by human rights lawyers to
commemorate International Human Rights Day flopped yesterday after the High
Court granted them an order barring the police from stopping their
procession through Harare city centre.

      About 30 lawyers, ignored yesterday's lunch-time drizzle, as they
waited anxiously outside the High Court for the outcome of their urgent
chamber application.

      As soon as they were told the good news, they set off down Samora
Machel Avenue at 1.30pm, brandishing banners and handing out pamphlets to
members of the public after Justice Yunus Omerjee ordered that their march
go ahead with police escort.

      Chief Superintendent Kupara, the officer commanding Harare district,
had denied the lawyers permission to hold the procession, claiming "any
street marches or processions in Harare Central District may occasion public
disorder and infringe the rights of other members of the public not involved
in the procession.

      "The procession will interfere with the smooth flow of traffic that is
both human and vehicles."

      Nokuthula Moyo, chairperson of the Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights
(ZLHR), said: "The police had no right to ban our march which we have always
held every year without any problems. And as a professional body, we are not
obliged under the law to ask for police permission to hold such a march. We
are only required to notify the police."

      This year's commemoration came against a gloomy background of mounting
repression as Zanu PF, desperate to maintain its stranglehold on power,
continues its onslaught against the opposition and its perceived "enemies"
in the judiciary and the independent Press.

      The march coincided with an unsuccessful job stayaway spearheaded by
the National Constitutional Assembly, to "show disgust and anger at the way
this illegitimate regime is running the country".

      Early this year, Parliament passed two controversial laws - the Public
Order and Security Act and the Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Act (AIPPA).

      The two laws have restricted freedom of association and expression and
have been invoked by the government to curtail the activities of opposition
parties and to suppress social and political debate.

      Twelve journalists from the independent Press have been arrested under
the AIPPA since the law came into force in March this year."In 2002, attacks
against the judiciary and other court officials have persisted and indicate
the further breakdown of the rule of law in Zimbabwe," the ZLHR said in a
statement read yesterday by Moyo at the symbolic human rights tree in the
Harare Gardens.

      Included in the long catalogue of human rights violations this year
was the brutal torture by the police and suspected soldiers in July of Linos
Mushonga, an MDC Harare city councillor, and Sairos Chikowero, an MDC
activist, after they were arrested in connection with the murder of a Zanu
PF activist in Mbare.

      Walter Chikwanha, a magistrate, was beaten up in his courtroom at the
Chipinge Magistrates' Courts in September by a mob of suspected Zanu PF
militants who accused him of granting free bail to three people alleged to
have burnt three tractors belonging to the District Development Fund.

      The Law Society of Zimbabwe president, Sternford Moyo and his
secretary Wilbert Mapombere, were arrested in June after expressing fears of
the "executive packing of the Supreme Court".

      The ZLHR said it has received at least seven reports of lawyers who
had been assaulted, intimidated or threatened, during the course of their
work since January.

      In the latest incident, Tinomudaishe Chinyoka, a senior Harare lawyer,
reportedly fled the country three weeks ago following visits to his office
by State agents who accused him of inciting Progressive Teachers' Union of
Zimbabwe members to strike for better pay and conditions.

      "We urge all citizens to call for an end to violence, a cessation of
attacks on the legal profession, impartial enforcement of the law by the
police and the courts and a mandatory return to the rule of law," the ZLHR

      "We also stand in solidarity with all human rights defenders and urge
them to continue fearlessly in the forefront of the campaign for democracy
and the protection of civil rights within our repressed society."
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      ZCTU leaders arrested

      12/11/2002 8:43:27 AM (GMT +2)

      By Pedzisai Ruhanya Chief Reporter

      WELLINGTON Chibhebhe, the secretary-general of the Zimbabwe Congress
of Trade Unions (ZCTU), and seven other union leaders were arrested by the
police on Monday evening while attending a labour meeting. They were
detained at different police stations, including the notorious Matapi Police

      The arrests came on the eve of a national stayaway called by the
National Constitutional Assembly (NCA), and backed by the ZCTU and the MDC.
The stayaway was not very successful. Workers at government and private
organisations turned up for work as usual but had problems with the erratic
transport system caused by the current fuel shortages.

      The ZCTU leaders were arrested while attending a workshop on strategic
planning at Adelaide Acres near Boka Tobacco Action Floors along the
Harare-Masvingo highway.

      Lovemore Matombo, the president of the ZCTU yesterday reacted angrily
to the arrests and said that his union had advised all its affiliates to be
ready for confrontation with the government over the harassment of his

      He said: "We want them to be released immediately because they have no
case to answer. We have advised all our affiliates and their leaders to be
prepared for a nationwide demonstration against this harassment.

      "These people deserve to enjoy their freedoms because they did not
violate any law of the land," Matombo said as he awaited to see Chibhebhe at
Matapi Police Station.He said Chibhebhe and his colleagues were arrested by
officers from the law and order section led by a man named only as Dhliwayo.

      Matombo said: "They were arrested around 5pm on Monday. The police did
not say why they arrested them and as a result we are not aware of the
charges against them. Our lawyers are dealing with the matter."

      Wayne Bvudzijena, the police spokesperson would not comment on the
arrests and the charges against the unionists.

      Matombo said some of the union leaders were kept at Stodart and Harare
Central police stations.

      Under the Public Order and Security Act, the police have no power to
sanction meetings of professional and union bodies such as the ZCTU.

      An attempt by the police to attend one such meeting of the ZCTU was
declared unlawful by the High Court early this year.The arrests came a day
before yesterday's largely unsuccessful stayaway organised by the NCA, the
Zimbabwe National Students Union (Zinasu), and the MDC to protest against
economic hardships and State repression.The other union leaders are
Settlement Chikwinya, the secretary general of Ferro Alloys Workers' Union,
Huni Mundozana an executive member of the Radio and Television Workers
Union, David Shambare, the secretary-general of the Railways Artisans Union,
and Thomas Nyamhanza, an executive member of the Railways Artisans Union.

      Gideon Shoko, the secretary general of the Zimbabwe Amalgamated
Railways Union, Timothy Kondo, the head of the ZCTU's advocacy department,
and Tambaoga Nyazika, a member of staff of the ZCTU from Mutare, were among
those arrested. Matombo said he suspected that his colleagues were arrested
because of the stayaway called by the civic organisations.

      Several Harare residents reported running battles between the police
and members of the opposition, the ZCTU, and Zinasu who were erecting
barricades along the roads in Sunningdale, Budiririo, Glen View, Kuwadzana
and Dzivaresekwa in Harare.

      "The police removed barricades of tyres, stones and drums that had
been erected as early as 3.30 in the morning in Harare," said the spokesman.

      Banks, shops and major business institutions in the city were
operating normally while an insignificant number of workers in parts of
Graniteside industrial area did not turn up for work.

      One worker said the protest action was not well-organised because the
majority of workers were not addressed by the organisers. He said: "As a
worker I support calls to force the government to address the economic
situation in the country but this needs to be well-coordinated. The majority
of workers were not informed about this action."

      In Kwekwe, most businesses were closed as people observed the stayaway
while in Gweru the stayaway was not so successful. In Masvingo, our
correspondent, Energy Bara reports that scores of commuters were stranded
after bus operators withdrew their services.Mucheke long distance bus
terminus was deserted the whole morning as bus operators instructed their
drivers not to pick people fearing that their vehicles might be damaged.

      However, thousands of people in the city reported for work as usual.
Lovemore Madhuku, the spokesperson of the organisers of the stayaway, said
the response was below their expectations.

      He said: "The overall turnout was 35 percent nationwide and we feel
that we have achieved our objective of political mobilisation to protest
against the collapse of the economy and human rights abuses. With more
mobilisations, the stayaways will be more successful."

      But he said the coalition would continue to mobilise people for mass
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