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Mugabe backs 100% black ownership of Zimbabwe-based firms

Sapa-AFP | 07 December, 2012 15:42

Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe on Friday called for an overhaul of
business laws to require 100 percent black ownership of firms, up from 51

In a pre-election address to the ZANU-PF party faithful, Mugabe said the
government would press ahead with controversial indigenisation policies,
despite protestations from foreign investors.

"The notion that capital is more important than any other factors is
nonsense," Mugabe told 5,000 delegates in the central city of Gweru. "That
philosophy is dirty, filthy and is criminal."

Mugabe's government passed a controversial indigenisation law two years ago,
forcing all foreign-owned firms to cede a 51-percent share to locals,
arguing it would reverse imbalances created during colonial rule.

"I think now we have done enough of 51 percent. Let it be 100 percent," he
told the last party conference before 2013 polls, which could well see the
88-year-old's name on the ballot for the last time.

In typically bombastic style, Mugabe's comments plotted a clear populist
platform for his re-election campaign.

"If you don't want to abide by the rules go away."

Mugabe and ZANU-PF face an uphill struggle to win over voters, many of whom
are angered at the poor state of the economy.

The party must also patch up the damage done by internal splits that cost
the party dearly in the 2008 general elections.

In that election, for the first time since independence in 1980, ZANU-PF
lost its majority in parliament.

That helped force the veteran leader into a shaky power-sharing government
with long-time rival Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai, whom he will face at
the polls.

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5 deaths in Harare as typhoid continues to spread

By Alex Bell
07 December 2012

Zimbabwe’s capital city remains on high alert because of the ongoing spread
of typhoid, with at least five related deaths registered in Harare since

These latest deaths have been recorded mainly in the Glenview suburb where a
fresh outbreak was reported in October, a year since the first outbreak in
Harare in 2011. Residents in Dzivarasekwa have also been warned about an
outbreak of the disease there, where the local clinic has been transferring
about 15-16 people to Beatrice Infectious Hospital everyday since last week.
According to a local residents association, the main bulk of the patients
have been pupils from Nhamburiko Primary school.

Harare City Health Deputy Director Dr Prosper Chonzi said other new cases
have also been reported in Mabvuku, Tafara and other suburbs that have no
access to clean water.

“The fight against typhoid which began in the city last year is far from
over as we continue to record fresh outbreaks,” he said.

Typhoid cases have been reported in different parts of Zimbabwe since last
year, with the worst affected areas being the densely populated suburbs
around Harare’s centre, including Kuwadzana and Mufakose. More cases have
been reported throughout the year in Bindura, Mashonaland Central and Norton
and Zvimba in Mashonaland West. Chitungwiza and Kadoma have also reported
serious outbreaks with the local authorities being blamed for failing to
provide clean water.

The latest outbreak in and around Harare brings the number of suspected
cases registered across the country to about 5,000. In February this year
the Health Ministry admitted it was not on top of the situation, with a
critical lack of medicine and clean water hampering treatment and prevention
efforts. Many local councils too have been unable to provide proper
sanitation to their residents, blaming broken down sewerage systems and
water pipes for this failure.

Dr. Rutendo Bonde, the chairperson of the Zimbabwe Doctors for Human Rights,
told SW Radio Africa on Friday that until lasting measures to combat water
shortages, water provision and sewage maintenance, diseases like typhoid
will continue to be a threat.

Bonde meanwhile said that there are basic measures of prevention that can be
adopted if possible, including following simple sanitation routines. She
said measures like hand washing are critical to stop the disease spreading

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Taskforce revived to mitigate typhoid outbreak

Friday, 07 December 2012 10:37

HARARE - Government has revived a taskforce to mitigate a fatal outbreak of
typhoid and diarrhoea that has hit Harare and other parts of the country.

The Prevention of Typhoid and Cholera taskforce had gone on sleeping mode
after a significant decline in recorded cases mid this year.

Zimbabwe has over the last four years perennially suffered from
unprecedented outbreaks of waterborne diseases and relevant stakeholders
have admitted this is a result of the lack of safe water and proper waste

Local Government minister Ignatius Chombo said the taskforce has been
strategically reactivated to monitor waste management, the provision of
clean water and maintenance of sewer infrastructure.

“As a parent ministry, it is our mandate to ensure that local authorities
are in a position to protect citizens they serve. The team starts work today
because we want action taken and taken quickly considering the rain season
has already commenced,” said Chombo.

Deputy chief secretary to the President and Cabinet Justin Mupamhanga chairs
the taskforce while Chombo heads a cluster of ministries dealing with the

Harare and Bulawayo are the primary targets for redress, he said.

The ministries of Defence, Health, Transport, Youth, Women’s Affairs,
Finance, Water, Home Affairs, Information and Publicity and Environment make
the cluster.

Residents associations such as the Harare Residents Trust are part of the

“We have included the ministry of Defence because they have so much
equipment which we can borrow. But because they are particular, they would
want to drive their own vehicles,” said Chombo.

Latest statistics released by the City of Harare and the Health ministry
show that as of Monday, Harare had recorded 937 new cases of typhoid with
four fatalities in less than 40 days while common diarrhoea has claimed 265
lives out of 428 894 cases since January.

Resumption of regular refuse collection, separation of waste at source,
private-public partnerships and roping in the Environmental Management
Agency are some of the strategies that Chombo said were being implemented. -
Wendy Muperi

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Destruction of Harare wetlands leading to ‘undrinkable’ water

By Alex Bell
07 December 2012

The continued destruction of Harare’s wetland areas, by way of various
construction projects, is being blamed in part for the capital’s
undrinkable, unsanitary water supplies.

This is according to a local environmentalist and researcher, Professor
Christopher Magadza, who said this week that the future of Harare’s water
supplies went hand in hand with the future of the wetlands. The Professor
made the comments during a tour of some of the wetlands areas, most of which
are in the process of being turned into residential stands, shopping malls
and industrial sites. Twenty seven wetlands were recently gazetted for
development purposes.

With wetlands acting as natural water catchment areas, their destruction
means that Harare’s water table is at an all time low. According to
Professor Magadza, the capital is now entirely reliant on recycled water as
a result. But he warned that this water is not safe for drinking.

“About 50% of the water you drink is clean,” he said. “The other 50% is your
returned urine.”

He also warned of the associated diseases linked to drinking unclean water,
like the water in Harare.

“When the city receives the raw water, they have to present it in a
drinkable state. Recently, the mayor of Harare said they used up to 11
chemicals to treat the water. Just think of what that will do to the water!”
the Professor said, adding: “Incidences of liver cancer and deaths due to
stomach troubles (not necessarily cholera) are increasing.”

Precious Shumba from the Harare Residents Trust told SW Radio Africa that
residents do not trust the local water supplies anymore, but the local
authority is not doing enough to combat the situation. A recent survey by
the Trust has echoed the concerns raised by Professor Magadza, with
residents mainly using the local water supplies for washing clothes.

The threat to the wetlands meanwhile has been largely dismissed by the
government and the construction teams heading the various development
projects in the capital. This includes the building of a super-mall in
Borrowdale, which the Environmental Management Agency has reportedly given
the green light to go ahead, despite widespread objections.

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Poll before new constitution: Mugabe

December 7 2012 at 07:30pm
By MacDonald Dzirutwe

Gweru, Zimbabwe - Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe threatened on Friday to
call an election before the completion of constitutional reforms if his
rivals in a power-sharing government dragged their feet over the
charter-drafting process.

Addressing an annual conference of his ZANU-PF party, Mugabe also said he
would also press ahead with a drive to force foreign-owned firms including
mines and banks to sell majority shares to local black people.

Mugabe, 88, one of Africa's longest serving rulers and accused of hanging on
to power through vote-rigging, has called for an election in March in the
southern African country.

But coalition partners including Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai, Mugabe's
old rival, first want a new constitution and electoral and media reforms
after a violent and disputed poll in 2008 that was condemned by much of the

Mugabe told party members he would not wait forever to call elections,
putting pressure on Tsvangirai's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

“If they do not (agree), I am going to declare sooner or later the day of an
election,” he said, to applause. “Enough is enough. We cannot continue to
drag our feet on this.”

However Finance Minister Tendai Biti, secretary general of the MDC, told
Reuters that Zimbabwe would not be ready for a presidential election until
at least June because it needed the reforms to ensure a fair and undisputed

“It's impossible to have an election in March,” he said during a visit to
Manchester, England, on Thursday. He said the new constitution and reforms
were needed first to ensure the poll result was “credible, legitimate and


ZANU-PF is expected to endorse Mugabe as its presidential candidate in
elections which must be held by next September, under a power-sharing deal
agreed after the 2008 poll, despite his advanced age, reported ill health
and disastrous economic record.

ZANU-PF and the MDC are haggling over presidential powers in the new
constitution. Mugabe accused his opponents of delaying tactics to avoid

Mugabe has run the former British colony since independence in 1980 but is
facing increasing questions about his health.

He has travelled to Singapore several times in the last two years for
medical treatment. In April his aides angrily denied reports he was fighting
for his life in a Singapore hospital.

Mugabe showed no visible signs of ill-health on Friday, spending more than
an hour at the podium in front of 5,000 delegates inside a new Chinese-built
conference centre outside the central city of Gweru.

Mugabe, who wore a yellow shirt printed with his face and a yellow baseball
cap, said black local ownership rules for foreign investors applied across
the board.

“Even our Chinese friends, we are saying to them: 'In your country we do not
just come'. They have to respect the rules here,” he said.

Analysts say Mugabe's March election call is meant to keep his supporters
ready for battle although some senior ZANU-PF officials have cast doubt on
this timeline, given that a referendum on a new constitution should also
precede any election, under the power-sharing deal.

A referendum on the new charter, which has been delayed by two years, is
only likely in the first quarter of next year. - Reuters

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Zim's Constitution Committee Unconstitutional

Harare, December 07, 2012 - The recent take over of the constitution making
process by the three principals who signed Zimbabwe's Global Political
Agreement (GPA), is unconstitutional and will further delay the exercise,
Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition (CiZC) Chairperson and Zimrights Director Okay
Machisa has said.
The Principals set up a constitution committee to break the Zimbabwe
Constitution Select Committee (COPAC) deadlock but this took away the
process from Parliament, which legally holds the mandate to deal with the
constitution making process.

“There are several things that boggle the mind with regards to the setting
up of the new Constitution committee," said Machisa. "Firstly, it has been
set up as a Cabinet committee, and not an Inter-Party committee – though
some are referring to it that way."

"What this does is to transport the whole constitution making process to the
executive. Secondly the committee is a recreation or duplication of the
existing COPAC Management committee, with the only difference being the
dropping of two or three people. So what has necessitated it? What it only
does is to delay the constitution making process and allow scope for
executive editing, which was one of the reasons why the draft Constitution
of 2000 was rejected.”

Machisa said the set up of the committee had added to the blurring of lines
between the party and the state, because of the confusion around whether
President Robert Mugabe, Prime Minister Tsvangirai and Deputy Prime Minister
Mutambara, the three principals, were acting as party leaders or in their
government hats.

He said whatever the case, the move made the drafting of a new constitution
more prone to “executive editing” and blurred the lines between the
executive and the legislature.

The Cabinet committee which has ostensibly been set up to deal with the
deadlock on the constitution is not only a corruption of the management
committee but also a variation of the negotiating team that the parties had
set up to engage on GPA issues.

The issues that the committee had been tasked to deal with emanate from the
Second All Stakeholders Conference report, produced by COPAC, which revealed
that there are still areas of disagreement especially between the political

However, prior to the formation of the new committee, President Mugabe had
controversially asserted in his official opening speech at the Second All
Stakeholder Conference that the Principals, and not Copac, had a final say
on the constitution making process.

The position was immediately condemned by civil society, and initially
rejected by Tsvangirai, Minister Welshman Ncube and Mutambara.

The committee will be chaired by minister of Constitutional and
Parliamentary Affairs, Eric Matinenga. It is also comprised of Patrick
Chinamasa (Zanu-PF),Tendai Biti (MDC-T) and Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushonga
(MDC-N) as well as the three COPAC Co-Chairs, Paul Mangwana (Zanu PF),
Douglas Mwonzora (MDC-T) and Edward Mkhosi (MDC-N).

“Our position has been that parliament should have been allowed to complete
the process as soon as possible. The formation of the new committee in
unclear circumstances for unclear reasons by the executive is not only ultra
virus the GPA and the principle of separation of powers between the
executive and the legislature but it also abates delays in the people’s
rendezvous with the Referendum and Elections, whose timing the executive has
been unclear on,” said Machisa.

Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition Director, McDonald Lewanika, said it seemed
like the executive was using the new committee, as a way of dealing with
internal discords in political partie.

He also cautioned that the move could easily render itself useful to other
political actors who do not want to see the process succeed in a bid to go
to the next election under the current Lancaster House constitution or a
mirror of it.

"Our argument is not necessarily that the executive has no role to play.
They do. Our argument is that while they have some prescribed roles in the
constitution and the GPA, completing the writing of a new constitution is
clearly not one of them.

"Rather their focus should be on ensuring that we have clear timelines and
parameters for a free and fair referendum and forthcoming elections rather
than interfering and delaying the constitution making process.

This loiter-and-linger strategy by the executive, wittingly or unwittingly
aids those who want to go for elections without any meaningful reforms.”

“There is a real possibility as could be seen from the reactions and action
of the MDC led by Professor Ncube, that the new committee could worsen the
disease that it was mean to cure.

"Instead of creating immediate alignment and beginning the process of
dealing with points of disagreement, already we have seen that the MDC led
by Ncube disagreed with the process of coming up with the committee and
seems to have been arm twisted into finally joining it. Itself, a situation
that is still unclear and would need to be verified if and when the
committee starts working,” Lewanika said.

Lewanika reiterated that after 44 months the constitution making process
needed to come to some closure through a referendum.

“We have always been clear that the process of writing a new constitution
that the GPA effected was defective and driven by Political parties. What we
need now is closure on the matter, through clear pronouncements by the
countries leadership on the timing of these critical national processes and
the conditions under which they will take place.

"Given our proximity to 2013, and the appalling state of the nation’s
readiness for elections, time is of the essence. Our leaders need to embrace
the fierce urgency of now, on 3 critical matters: The Constitution making
process and Referendum, the Elections, and reforms that are necessary for
the first two to be held in a free and fair manner.”

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Zimbabwe President Talks Of Purging Corruption

Dec 7, 9:07 AM EST


HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) -- Zimbabwe's president said he would fire government
ministers accused of soliciting for bribes in a bid to purge corruption from
his party as loyalists met at a convention to map out a winning election
strategy to end a conflict-ridden four-year-old coalition.

President Robert Mugabe said in the state media Friday the convention in the
provincial city of Gweru should prepare for a convincing victory "that will
leave no room for doubt." The longtime leader has said he wants elections in
March, a target that doesn't seem realistic.

A year after violent and inconclusive elections in 2008, Mugabe formed a
coalition government with then opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai, who's
now prime minister. They've agreed on little since then and the government
remains split along party lines.

Mugabe, 88, has been endorsed as his ZANU-PF party's presidential candidate
and is expected to face Tsvangirai in the upcoming polls.

Speaking in the local Shona language on Friday, Mugabe said he has received
complaints from former South African president Thabo Mbeki that ministers
from his party are soliciting for bribes from South African investors
looking to do business in Zimbabwe. He told delegates that they must not be
scared to report on ministers involved in corruption because to not do so
would mean "you are hiding corruption."

The convention is being held in a new $6.5 million conference hall. The
expenditure was criticized by some Mugabe opponents, coming at a time when
at least 1.6 million Zimbabweans, according to the United Nations, need food
aid. Organizers of the convention say the center was built to "show that
ZANU-PF is here and will be there in the future."

Opposition leaders have accused Mugabe and his party of using proceeds from
the nation's eastern diamond fields to fund a parallel government amid fears
the money will be used to influence the elections by buying votes and
funding violence and intimidation against those who oppose Mugabe's rule. A
recent report by a Canadian-based diamond watchdog, Partnership Africa
Canada, claimed that at least $2 billion in diamond revenue has been stolen
from the Marange diamond fields by Mugabe's loyalists since 2008.

Larry Mavhima, a top ZANU-PF official overseeing the construction of the
conference center, told state media that allegations of diamond theft
against his party are "nonsense and a lot of hogwash."

"If we have stolen that money then those people can go and report to the
police," he was quoted as saying.

Loyalists have described Mugabe as a "food warrior" who has the people's
needs at heart as opposed to his rivals in the coalition, the Movement for
Democratic Change. Mugabe has begun doling out fertilizers to impoverished
farmers from a $20 million agriculture fund he says was created by

Political analyst Ibbo Mandaza has described the convention as "an annual
ritual meant to keep the party's faithful alive."

Mugabe has been in power since this southern African nation, formerly known
as Rhodesia, gained independence from Britain in 1980.

Mandaza said talk of Mugabe's succession in ZANU-PF will be avoided at the
annual convention.

"They will pretend like everything is fine because it is very divisive to
raise the issue of succession," he said. "The trick is always to avoid it
and hope nothing will necessitate it."

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Chaos at ZANU (PF) conference

There were tensions as the ZANU (PF) delegates gathered here for the party’s
annual conference over which regalia should take dominance in a development
that has been linked to succession battles between a faction led by Defence
Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa and another linked to Vice President Joice

by Brenna Matendere

It is understood the Zvimba North legislator Ignatius Chombo provided the
party delegates two piece outfits depicting Mugabe’s face while another
party member, Edwin Matibiri had distributed another stylistic outfit.
Matibiri’s outfit comprised of T-Shirts labelled HE (His Excellency) with
Mugabe’s signature on the back and a beret with the same features.

“It was Matibiri’s outfit which won the hearts of many delegates. That is
why they jostled to put it on because it was new. However, officials
sympathetic to Chombo were incensed by the development and tried to limit
its prominence because it would have given a ‘wrong’ impression on Mugabe
and the top brass. That is how the chaos started,” explained a zanu (pf)
source inside the conference centre.

While Matibiri is understood to be in the Mnangagwa camp to which the
Midlands Development Association chairman and deputy provincial party
leader, Larry Mavhima also belongs, Chombo is reportedly in the Mujuru camp.

The midlands provincial Governor, Jaison Machaya is the Midlands ZANU (PF)
chairman. He is reportedly linked to the Mujuru faction.

Other sources who explained to The Zimbabwean circumstances surrounding the
regalia chaos said the Mnangagwa grouping was desperate to get all the
credit for the successful hosting of the conference in order to improve the
Defence minister’s chances in the succession battle.

“It is the first time since independence that the party has held its
conference in such an expensively built hall. So Mnangagwa wanted all the
credit. That is why Mavhima headed the campaign instead of Machaya who is
the provincial party chairman,” said another source.

Meanwhile, business almost came to a halt in the city as Air Force of
Zimbabwe helicopters hovered all over the city center in the morning ahead
of Mugabe’s arrival.

Millitary sources said the move known as area mapping was meant to check the
effectiveness of security details deployed in the city while also “fishing
out hideouts and potential terrorist attack zones.”

However, to the ordinary man on the streets the scenario was another example
of the dictatorial tendencies bent on instilling fear on the masses in order
to stifle opposition.

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Mugabe targets decisive victory

06/12/2012 00:00:00
by Staff Reporter

ROBERT Mugabe told his Zanu PF party to “disentangle” itself from a
coalition with its MDC rivals on Thursday as he demanded a decisive victory
in general elections slated for next year.

Mugabe told his party’s central committee in Harare that a coalition he was
forced into after disputed elections in 2008 was a “monster” which had
slowed down their “pro-people programmes”.

“It’s important, comrades, that our victory in the harmonised elections
should leave no room for doubt in our opponents,” Mugabe said, speaking at
the party’s headquarters in Harare.

“Our performance in the elections should certainly disentangle us from the
inclusive government monster which, like a behemoth, has pulled back our
coherent, forward-looking, pro-people programmes.”

On Friday, Mugabe travels to Gweru for the official opening of Zanu PF’s
annual conference hoping to stir his party out of its electoral decline –
dramatised by its loss of majority in 2008 – ahead of the new elections
slated for March.

Mugabe also insisted Zanu PF would not be stampeded into accepting a draft
constitution containing clauses “smuggled in by Western crooks”.

Zanu PF’s insistence on amending the draft constitution first published in
July has stalled its passage on the path to a referendum.

Rewriting the constitution was one of the key reforms Zanu PF and the two
MDC factions led by Morgan Tsvangirai and Welshman Ncube agreed to implement
before holding elections.

While Ncube’s MDC insists on taking the draft as it is to parliament,
Tsvangirai is ready to defy his party and open it up for amendment as
demanded by Zanu PF, some say for selfish reasons because he is unhappy with
the “running mates” clause.

But while Tsvangirai is open to amendments, his MDC-T and Zanu PF are
hopelessly split on the contents of the draft and agreement could elude the
parties well into the new year.

“We had to, nay, needed to, ensure that the ever present mischief-makers did
not give us a constitution which was totally at odds with the Zimbabwean
vision,” Mugabe said.

“As a revolutionary party, the people look upon us to provide solid
leadership and solutions in situations where some of our colleagues are
easily blown away by every wind and doctrine.

“So it became our calling, our duty, a national service, to monitor the
Constitution exercise. For it became very clear that those we entrusted as
drafters of the new constitution had regrettably been overcome by ill-winds
and become drifters in the process.

“Who can forget the trickery and chicanery we had to look out for,
eventually fight, as dirty hands tried to cheat their way into the
constitution-making process?

“While our people’s views were simple and straightforward, sincere and
reflective of the history of their existence, the Western crooks, apparently
here to ‘help us’, soon proved to be conduits through which to smuggle
foreign, clearly anathema views into our constitution.”

Mugabe praised “those comrades who worked faithfully and diligently” on the
constitution-making exercise ensuring that the “enemy’s dirty tricks were
always exposed”.

“In a game of chess, they would say ‘checkmate!’”

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ZANU PF to face backlash in Mash Central province

Mashonaland Central will desert Zanu PF claims Godfrey Chimombe, the MDC-T provincial chairman

By Tichaona Sibanda
06 December 2012

ZANU PF is headed for a shock defeat in next year’s elections in Mashonaland Central, for neglecting and lying to the electorate in the past 32 years, a senior MDC-T official said.

Godfrey Chimombe, the MDC-T provincial chairman, told SW Radio Africa’s Election Watch program on Friday that despite proclamations that the province is a ZANU PF stronghold, the electorate has suffered political neglect since independence in 1980.

‘ZANU PF has failed to connect with the electorate, and has been insensitive to people’s problems and needs,’ noted Chimombe.

Chimombe also attributed the poverty and underdevelopment of the province’s districts to this political neglect.

The province has some of the most fertile land but government’s policies towards agriculture had stifled the growth and development of the agricultural sector.

‘The districts in the province tell a story of neglect. For three decades, the political leadership of ZANU PF has lacked the imagination and creativity to arrest the decay in these communities,’ Chimombe explained.

Turning to political violence, Chimombe said ZANU PF was using criminality and violence tactics in order to rig next year’s elections.

‘This criminal act of kitting thugs in military uniforms by ZANU PF in the volatile province is reprehensible and should be condemned by all well meaning Zimbabweans.

‘The army, police and CIO should not have any role to play in election duties, which is purely a civilian affair. People should not be intimidated and there must not be use of force by any means during the conduct of elections,’ said Chimombe.

He said ZANU PF is determined to rig the election, by hook or by crook.
‘This is why we are living in fear in the province because of the use of the militia and army to intimidate voters and MDC-T supporters. The use of force by the junta to get people to vote ZANU PF is a major threat to our democracy and so the nation must rise against such practice so people can freely choose those they want to entrust with authority to govern.

The provincial chair said Zimbabweans are peace loving people and would not want gun toting security personnel patrolling their villages and towns at election times.

‘The same cannot be said of the security forces to safeguard peoples’ lives and properties in normal times. Zimbabweans are now more informed and Mugabe should not take people for granted having done nothing for them for 32 years,’ he said.

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88 Year-Old Mugabe Set to Open Zanu PF Annual Conference

Blessing Zulu, Violet Gonda

The Zanu-PF central committee met in Harare Thursday to finalize the agenda
of its 13th National People's Conference which officially opens in Gweru

The central committee adopted the agenda that was set by the Politburo at
the party’s headquarters the previous day.

The Politburo and the central committee received reports from the party's
national political commissar, Webster Shamu, on the recent election of
provincial chairpersons in Matabeleland North and Bulawayo.

But Zanu PF raised concern over serious factionalism rocking the party in
Masvingo Province.

Party leaders told VOA that because this particular conference takes place
just ahead of an election year, it automatically assumes the status and
consequence of a real congress though the party has suppressed debate on the
succession issue.

President Robert Mugabe is turning 89 next year and Vice President John
Nkomo is reportedly in poor health. This is said to be unsettling many party

However, Zanu PF spokesman Rugare Gumbo said his party is ready for the
annual conference.

Commenting on the central committees and Politburo meetings, Gumbo said:
“Basically we were looking at the state of the party, we were looking at
ways of mobilizing our people and specifically looking at the agenda for
tomorrow (Friday).”

Zanu PF will float the indigenization as the main theme at this year’s
conference which media pundits say it may be President Mugabe’s final
journey as the octogenarian prepares to contest in what could be his last
election next year.

In a heated panel discussion on VOA, political activist Pedzisai Ruhanya
slammed the conference as another yearly “political ritual” by Zanu PF.

Ruhanya said: “The idea that Mugabe has never faced any internal contest in
Zanu since 1977 tells us that the political institution called Zanu PF is a
political oligarchy. It is a political monarchy which is allergic and is an
aberration to internal democratic practices.”

But Tafadzwa Musarara, chairman of Resources Exploration Watch, said Zanu PF
must be judged according to its own rules and regulations and that
provincial structures should meet prior to the conference and decide future
leadership endorsements.

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Mugabe to use conference as rallying call to unite divided party

By Tichaona Sibanda
07 December 2012

Robert Mugabe will use his annual party conference in Gweru to rally his
deeply divided supporters to prepare for next year’s crucial elections.

The party conference opens in the Midlands capital on Friday and is expected
to be attended by 5,000 activists. The 88 year-old octogenarian has
acknowledged that there is infighting in his party that threatens to derail
their chances of winning elections against rival Morgan Tsvangirai,
President of the MDC.

Addressing Central Committee members in Harare ahead of Friday’s opening,
Mugabe highlighted that next year’s elections provided them with an
opportunity to reclaim sole control of the country.

Mugabe and Tsvangirai have been locked in a shaky power-sharing government
since the last elections in 2008 but this time ZANU PF is hoping for a
resounding victory against the MDC formations.

‘It is important comrades, that our victory in the harmonised elections
should leave no room for doubt in our contestants. Our performance in the
elections should certainly disentangle us from the inclusive government
monster which, like a behemoth, has pulled back our pro-people programmes,’
Mugabe said.

Our Bulawayo correspondent Lionel Saungweme told us apart from endorsing
Mugabe as the presidential candidate for next year’s election, the
conference will be used to lampoon ZANU PF’s opponents and Western

The conference comes at a time when ZANU PF is reportedly broke, but
questions have been raised as to where they got the funding to construct the
$6 million state-of-art conference centre.

‘They built a $6 million conference but delegates are being forced to buy
their own food. They are combing the city for places where they can buy
decent meals.

‘Accommodation is being provided at Chaplin High, Cecil John Rhodes Primary
School, Kaguvi Training Centre and at Mlezu Agricultural College, but there
is no bed linen there, it’s all a mess,’ Saungweme said.

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Tsvangirai says vow to quit if he loses 'a joke'

06/12/2012 00:00:00
by Staff Reporter

MORGAN Tsvangirai, who announced last week that he would stand down as MDC
leader if he loses elections next year, has stunned supporters by declaring:
"It was a joke."

The former trade unionist would have led the party for 14 years next year,
and although he had been criticised by supporters for "negative thinking",
most had welcomed his gesture.

But now the 60-year-old, constantly battling criticism for indecisiveness
and failing to hold the party together after a damaging split in 2005, is
refusing to take the possibility of staying on after the next elections off
the table.

In an interview with The Daily News published Thursday, Tsvangirai recanted
utterances made during a meeting with his MDC-T party’s executives in Gweru
on November 30.

“I'm a messenger of hope and cannot be a carrier of bad news,” he told the
newspaper, trying to deflect criticism from activists who said the timing of
his announcement could demoralise the rank and file just months before the
crucial vote.

He went on: “I cannot be discouraging my own supporters or threatening them.
We will win the next elections. I don’t know how journalists sneak into our
closed-door meetings and misconstrue the jokes we make with our people.”

Tsvangirai insisted he was "not under any pressure to make that decision” of
whether to stay or go after the elections, which President Robert Mugabe
says will be held in March in line with a court order.

“If there are any people who have been misled by those reports, they need to
calm down,” the MDC-T leader added in the interview.

“I intend to see through my five-year term from the mandate I received at
last year’s congress and I will be here until the next congress.”

Speaking in Gweru on November 30, Tsvangirai said: “2013 election tikaruza,
zvakaoma [if we lose, it would be difficult].

“You [should] take others and put them forward, isn’t that so?”
Following the split in 2005, the MDC-T amended the party’s constitution
which previously limited the leader to just two five-year terms.

Under the new constitution, the “two term” clause will only kick in after
the party gets into power.
Despite his latest U-turn, senior figures in the party insist that if
Tsvangirai loses next year, he would have fought his third and last
presidential election.

The party’s secretary general Tendai Biti and the organising secretary
Nelson Chamisa are touted as the likely successors to Tsvangirai.

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SADC calls summit over Zim, DRC

06/12/2012 00:00:00
by Staff Reporter

THE regional SADC meeting will hold an extra-ordinary summit in Tanzania
beginning Friday to discuss the crisis in the DRC as well as review its
facilitation process in Zimbabwe.

The summit comes after rebels, said to be backed by Rwanda and Uganda,
overran government forces and seized a key city in the eastern DRC before
threatening to topple President Joseph Kabila’s administration.

In a statement Thursday, the South African presidency said: “The issues to
be considered by the Troika, the Double Troika and the full Summit include
the crisis in the eastern part of the DRC.

"The Extra-Ordinary Summit is also expected to discuss the situations in
Madagascar and Zimbabwe.

“South Africa will be expected to report on the facilitation process in the
Republic of Zimbabwe whilst the Chair of SADC will report to the Summit on
the mediation process in Madagascar.”

President Jacob Zuma has been helping facilitate negotiations between
Zimbabwe’s coalition parties over a so-called roadmap to new elections
expected next March.

Zanu PF and the MDC formations are trying to reach a deal over the country’s
new constitution which is part of a raft of reforms expected to ensure the
election outcome is not disputed.

SADC intervened to facilitate the coalition deal after the disputed 2008

But both President Robert Mugabe and Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai agree
new elections must be held to choose a substantive government.

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Harare residents mobilize against ZANU-PF

Residents of Harare’s Mabvuku-Tafara, Hatcliffe, Mufakose and Glen-View,
have come out guns blazing against self imposed Zanu PF water marshals who
have physically juxtaposed themselves at different water points especially


Inspired by the acute water shortages, residents are forced to go and fetch
water from various other nonconventional sources with boreholes being the
most common ones. However, cognizant of this desperate situation, some Zanu
PF youths have repositioned themselves after being chucked out from
different termini in town at these boreholes claiming that they are now in
charge of these boreholes and are the marshals. These self-imposed water
marshals are in some cases demanding one dollar from residents to fetch at
least 20-40 litres of water.

However, residents in these high density areas have vowed not to tolerate
these socially uncouth elements in community adding that enough is enough. A
resident in Hatcliff who opted to comment on condition of anonymity said
that residents were now mobilizing themselves in defiance of these thugs who
are bent on making money out of nothing a move which she said had long been
overdue because the local district authorities had refused to intervene due
to the fact that most of the boreholes were sunk by nongovernmental

Harare has been experiencing serious water shortages in recent times and is
failing to meet its daily requirement of 1400 mega-litres of water day
against a production capacity of 350-400 mega-litres a day. This situation
has by and large adversely affected women and youths who have to toil for
many hours during the day and night in search of the precious liquid.

On average, one person needs at least 20 litres of water a day and a family
of five will require an average of 100litres, with observations that were
made by the CHRA research team unraveling that in these hard hit areas most
families are only able to fetch 40litres daily owing to the long queues and
lack of capacity containers that can carry huge sums of water. The recent
attempt to privatize this commodity (by Zanu PF youths) will only get the
situation even more worse owing to the general poverty levels in our

In 2010, CHRA drilled at least 10 boreholes in Mabvuku and repaired many
others in various other areas. This then inspired the creation of
water-point committees who were trained on borehole maintenance. These
committees are also responsible for communicating to the main service
provider in case there is need for major maintenance. However, CHRA is now
concerned that the work which is community driven is now being compromised
by political elements who want to politicize water which is a basic
inalienable human right.

If this situation persists, Harare may find itself in a worse situation than
we currently are in terms of diarrheal disease outbreaks. The City health
department has so far recorded four deaths as a result of the Typhoid
outbreak in Glen-Norah and glen view thus we call upon authorities to come
out strong on those who want to make money or advance political interests
using these all important public facilities.


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Legislator challenges soldiers to end violence against MDC-T

By Tererai Karimakwenda
07 December 2012

A legislator from the MDC-T has appealed to soldiers deployed around the
country to stop harassing, intimidating and assaulting the electorate. She
said they should instead engage in development projects like building
schools and upgrading hospitals and dams.

The plea came from Kadoma Central MP Editor Matamisa, who told SW Radio
Africa on Friday that Zimbabweans need to say enough is enough, and demand
observers in the country months before the constitutional referendum. She
said this would allow the A.U., SADC and U.N. to witness the process leading
to elections.

Matamisa voiced this challenge last Friday, during a parliamentary debate on
Mugabe’s opening speech. The ZANU PF leader had repeated his call for a
peaceful, free and fair election during a recent opening of parliament.

“Let us all shun violence in all its manifestations and latent forms,
especially as we look forward to our national elections,” Mugabe is quoted
as saying.

But Matamisa said there has been no peace and the elections will not be free
or fair if the current conditions remain.

“Soldiers are almost everywhere now in the rural areas, with a single
mission, to instil fear in the electorate even before the referendum on the
constitution. So we are really worried as the MDC-T about the situation on
the ground. Parliament does not know why the soldiers are being deployed.”

Matamisa said she told parliament that soldiers were used for developmental
projects in the past, building schools and painting hospitals and upgrading
the infrastructure. But a lot of money is now being wasted recruiting more
of them at a time when resources are scarce.

She added: “We don’t have resources to be deploying soldiers out there and
feeding them while they do nothing except instil fear in the generality of
the Zimbabwean people. The money could go to alleviating maternity fees for
women and children. And we are saying enough is enough.”

Matamisa revealed that soldiers have been deployed in several
constituencies, especially in Gokwe, and the MDC-T are worried that all
their rallies will be disrupted by violence.

Just last week scores of MDC-T members were injured after a brutal assault
by a group of armed soldiers who descended on their rally at Samambwa
business centre in Zhombe, Midlands North province.

The attack left 40 injured. Party leader Morgan Tsvangirai said soldiers
should not be terrorizing citizens who they are supposed to be protecting
from external attacks.

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Councillors Attack on Biti misplaced

Friday, 07 December 2012

The directive to stop procurement by local authorities attributed to Hon
Tendai Biti, the Minister of Finance, in a recent press article is not only
misleading but a total misrepresentation of facts.

No such directive was authored by Hon Biti, but in fact, it was given by
Joice Mujuru, since the procurement act is administered under the office of
the president.

Minister Biti is very clear on the MDC party’s position with regards to
devolution of powers and firmly believes in giving local authorities
autonomy so as to improve efficiency in service delivery to the people.

More so the minister is aware that the state procurement board is a
discredited body riddled with bureaucratic bungling. Previous attempts by
central government to take over such duties and responsibilities from local
authorities are replete with disastrous consequences as was the case in 2005
when ZINWA took over water and sanitation resulting in serious outbreak of
cholera and again in the same year when central government took over housing
delivery from local authorities through the Garikai/Hlalani housing scheme,
the result was a total flop.

From the forgoing it is our considered position that central government
through the procurement board has no business taking over local authorities
procurement boards responsibilities.

From all discernible reasons we believe that the people of Zimbabwe deserve
valuable services and call upon Joice Mujuru to rescind statutory Instrument
62 of 2012 which is aimed at disbanding procurement boards in local

The people of Zimbabwe are tired of retrogressive policies that have thrown
this nation into abyss. Zimbabweans want a leadership that believes in the
ability of the people to be masters of their own destinies.

The Last Mile: Towards Real Transformation!!!

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U.S. hails expanding Zim Orphan Care Program

United States Ambassador David Bruce Wharton on Thursday applauded the
Zimbabwean Department of Social Services for adopting the successful
Children First program and for pledging continued support to children facing
vulnerabilities due to HIV and AIDS.

Ambassador Wharton with Minister Mpariwa applause in sign language after
receiving a toolkit for working with disadvantaged children.
“A society is judged by how well it takes care of its weakest and most
vulnerable members. If we were to judge Zimbabwe tonight, and all of you,
you get whatever the best mark is available because this project tries to
take care of orphans and vulnerable children -- the most vulnerable members
of society -- and Zimbabwe…is a real leader for this,” said Ambassador

Ambassador Wharton officiated at the function hosted by World Education
International to hand over the Children First program, supported by the
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) since 2008, to
the Labour and Social Welfare Ministry. The project mitigates the effects of
HIV and AIDS on orphans and vulnerable children and was implemented under
the National Action Plan for Orphans and Vulnerable Children. USAID
administers the U.S. foreign assistance program providing economic and
humanitarian assistance in more than 80 countries worldwide.

“This project represents our collective investment in our collective
project. It is a great bubble for what we can do together, turned over to
the government of Zimbabwe to make this country stronger in the future,”
said Ambassador Wharton, noting that ten per cent of the over $90 million
U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) allocation to
Zimbabwe is dedicated to orphans and vulnerable children.

Announcing the handover, Susan Kajura, Chief of Party at World Education
International, said her organization had worked with the Zim government,
NGOs, school and clinic staff “to develop communication, reporting and
training tools that help the most vulnerable children in and out of the
school system gain access to critical services.”

“We would like to share the tools and outputs that we have used to increase
children’s access to services, so we are handing them over to Government so
that others can access them and find them equally useful,” she said.

Since inception, the program has developed a case management model to link
grassroots support to district service structures, and built the capacity of
staff at the Department of Social Welfare reaching over 125,000 children
through health education and child protection activities.

Accepting the program, Labour and Social Welfare Minister Pauline Mpariwa
said her ministry had established strategic partnerships and synergies in
implementing social protection programs for children, reaching the most
vulnerable children who fall through the social safety net put in place by

“I am very happy to accept the request from World Education for the
Department of Social Services to adopt the results of this project and
ensure that they are sustained beyond the project lifespan,” said the
Minister. Her ministry will use lessons learnt over the five years to
replicate and expand the programs nationwide.

However, there are challenges, she said, noting a 2010 Department of Social
Services capacity audit, which established that Zimbabwe has some of the
lowest numbers of social workers attending to children.

Mrs Daisy Mtukudzi received Sam’s posthumous award.
“The audit indicates that the ratio of social worker to children is in the
order 49,887 children per social worker,” she told the reception. “This
compares to 1,867 to one social worker in Botswana and 4,300 to one social
worker in Namibia. That’s the regional comparison that we have and I want to
pose this challenge to everybody,” she said. However, through the Children
First partnership, the ministry has developed innovative new approaches,
such as the postgraduate social works and internship programs implemented in
an environment where government has frozen the recruitment of new staff.

The late Sam Mtukudzi was honoured posthumously and a scholarship funded
established in his name for being the first Children First Goodwill
Ambassador. “He was an inspiration to the children,” read the citation. Sam
launched the child rights radio program ‘Kuziva mbuya huudzwa,’ which
educates families about the rights and responsibilities of their children. -

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Restoration of Human Rights (ROHR) Zimbabwe’s 2012 UK National Conference – Saturday 8th December


Restoration of Human Rights (ROHR) Zimbabwe’s 2012 UK National Conference – Saturday 8th December

ROHR Zimbabwe is holding its UK conference in Birmingham on 8 December 2012. Apart from renewing its leadership and strategizing for the difficult years ahead, ROHR will also use this occasion to mark International Human Rights Day. Delegates will be drawn from branches all over the UK and ordinary members are invited. Also invited are dignitaries from civil society organisations, non-governmental organisations, other Zimbabwean community groups and representatives of the UK political establishment.

ROHR will also use the conference to drum up a petition to the UKBA against recently surfaced allegations of deportees being sedated to ease their removal from the UK. The ROHR President has stated that “ROHR will continue to impress upon the UK immigration authorities the need for respect of international human rights statutes in their treatment of other nationalities, regardless of their status. ROHR believes that all people must have equal protection before the law and that arbitrary detentions and degrading treatment of deportees must stop. Further, ROHR calls upon the Home Office to seriously reconsider the timing of deportations to Zimbabwe to at least 6 months after the planned 2013 elections”.

The 2012 National Conference comes after a year aptly described by activists as hectic but progressive following the infamous boardroom 2011 fall-out. Once the UK Interim Executive was put in place on 4 February 2012, there was nothing to stop the mission towards greater emancipation, empowerment and freedom from suffering. Under the able leadership and stewardship of the Founder and President, Ephraim Tapa, ROHR was able to get the organisation back on track. As the year ends, ROHR has been able to resuscitate most of its structures in the UK Chapter. More and more activists are coming on board as more branches continue to open. ROHR has been strengthened by the mixture of setbacks and victories in its quest for freedom, justice, the rule of law and democracy.

RORH recognises that fighting a dictatorship was never going to be easy, more so once the Inclusive Government had come in being. So far, the envisaged reforms critical to a free and fair election have remained elusive as all parties in the Inclusive Government have tended to put their mouths and pockets ahead of their moral values and the Zimbabwe agenda. The human rights situation remains precarious and the appetite for real change by people in power is fast waning. Zimbabwe’s violence spreads but there is no sense of urgency. This strengthens ROHR’s role to stand up for the voiceless. ROHR’s resolve and commitment to peace and freedom has never been stronger as the behaviour and priorities of the political elite continue to remind us that ‘power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely’.

As we take time to mark UN International Human Rights Day in Birmingham, members and activists of ROHR stand more determined to reaffirm our support for human rights. The ROHR Birmingham branch is honoured to be hosting this conference ahead of watershed elections expected to be held next year.

Those being made to suffer by the Zimbabwe regime cannot be expected to suffer indefinitely. We will always remember our friends, families and human rights activists who were slain, brutalised, raped and maimed in the past three decades for daring to stand up for what they believed in. Atrocities of the 1980s Matebeleland massacres, the 2005 Operation Murambatsvina and the 2008 election bloodbath come to mind. Today many Zimbabweans find themselves far away from their beloved homes and families. ROHR believes in speaking out for those who remained and the displaced.

As Zimbabwe approaches the 2013 constitutional referendum and the general election, we know with certainty there will be more deaths, disappearances, rape and untold suffering. Another Unity Government is an increasing likelihood as the will of the people is crudely manipulated to give way to the politics of accommodation. ROHR’s cause cannot be clearer; the people must rise and have their way!

Zimbabwe must rise once again!

Date and time: Saturday 8th December 2012: from 1100—1900 hours

Venue: St George’s Church and Centre, Bridge St West, Newtown, Birmingham B19 2YX.

All are Welcome!

For Peace, Justice and Freedom

Thandiwe Gwarumba

Chair, ROHR Birmingham Branch

Zimbabwe Vigil Co-ordinatorS

The Vigil, outside the Zimbabwe Embassy, 429 Strand, London, takes place every Saturday from 14.00 to 18.00 to protest against gross violations of human rights in Zimbabwe. The Vigil which started in October 2002 will continue until internationally-monitored, free and fair elections are held in Zimbabwe.

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Remarks by Morgan Tsvangirai at Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) convention, Kenya

Remarks by the President of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) and the
Rt Hon Prime Minister of the Republic of
Zimbabwe, Dr Morgan R. Tsvangirai at Orange Democratic Movement (ODM)
convention, Kenya,

7 December 2012

Mr Chairman
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Kenya, the Rt. Hon. Raila
Amollo Odinga
Members of the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM)
Cabinet Ministers
Members of the Diplomatic Corps
Distinguished Guests
Convention delegates
Ladies and Gentlemen

I feel honoured to be part of this august occasion; an occasion at
which we all reaffirm our resolve to seize the moment and to promote
a holistic extension of the ideals of Africa’s liberation struggles in
order to transform our societies into relevant global players.

The new generation of Africa’s leaders like you my brother Rt Hon.
Odinga, have a compelling duty and deep-seated responsibility to take
off where our brave, nationalist legion deposited the baton in the fight
for the extension of freedom; economic emancipation; and the social
visibility of the African person as an essential performer within our
entire humanity.

We are not extinguishing the spirit of liberation; rather, we are
building upon it, with the ultimate purpose of making independence
more meaningful to the lives of ordinary men and women.

Mr Chairman, like all new generation leaders, kindly allow me to
salute our Africa’s leading icons of the struggle against colonialism
for paving the way for the recognition of our identity and position in
our continent.

Fighting colonial and racist rule, the nationalists left a legacy of
profound patriotism, determination and sacrifice for our birthright.
That legacy has inspired the new generation after realising that many
of our founding fathers immediately sunk into a cesspool of intricate
political mud-spots arising from history; external factors, primarily
the Cold War; and their own limitations in hunting down for a
compelling vision for their people.

While the challenges they faced are a matter of public record, one
cannot avoid mentioning a significant shortcoming that played havoc
in their style of leadership and shaped their political behaviour.

Many either turned onto their own kith and kin through unrestrained
intolerance and dictatorships; or simply abandoned all they originally
swore to observe and to uphold as sacrosanct.

It is not a coincidence, therefore, that the history of Kenya and that of
Zimbabwe shares similar hallmarks before and immediately after
independence from Britain.

Unlike their counterparts in Asia, the old generation of African
leaders toyed with a range of experiments and ideologies in the search
for redressing the inherited colonial imbalances the continent faced
with the departure of the racist oppressor.

The otherwise noble quest for redress was not matched with forwardlooking
policies aimed at modernisation, development and improving
competitiveness on the global marketplace.

Asian and African countries share a common history of colonisation
but the Asian countries have developed faster in the postindependence era
compared to their African counterparts.

The difference between the two is that the post-independence
generation of Asian leaders like Mahatir Mohamed of Malaysia were
guided by a clear VISION. They have, over the years, spearheaded a
development model that has advanced the economic condition of their

Indeed, some began to mimic the oppressor’s way of life as a mode of
governance. It was a fulfilment of Frantz Fanon’s seminal work, The
Wretched of the Earth, in which he wrote so eloquently of the
transformation of the liberators from the caring and passionate
advocates of freedom into the class of the new rulers who governed
their own peoples with the iron fist.

Others fell in the trap of primitive accumulation, openly looting
heavily stressed national treasuries and impoverishing millions in the
process. The voracious appetite for luxury and personal
aggrandisement at the expense of the ordinary men and women was
all too apparent.

Some succumbed to unnecessary score-settling against their
opponents, real or perceived, in the quest to demonstrate their
indomitable power over all they now surveyed. Many remained caked
in the past: that as liberators of their nations, they were immune to
challenge, national advice and constructive criticism.

In the case of Zimbabwe and Kenya, our economies and the quality of
life for our people were once the pride of Africa. I can safely say if it
was not for political confusion, greed and avarice our two nations
could have easily been part of the newly industrialised world today.

The crisis of governance in both Zimbabwe and Kenya deprived us of
a cogent, political and democratic culture, firmly supported by
credible and democratic public safety institutions and nationally
agreed political practices.

Because of these loosely rooted systems of governance, conflict and
confusion often thrive even when they could be easily avoided. This
is what we, as new players carrying on the torch of freedom and
development, swear to throw away instantly.

To the quest for freedom we have added the developmental agenda,
focussed on the upliftment of our people, rooted in systems upon
which good governance is constructed.

The days of Afro-pessimism and hopelessness are over and should
give way to Afro-optimism and hope. This is the historical mission of
this new generation of leaders represented at this Convention.

We live in a phase awash with beckoning opportunities; an era where
a break with the past is inevitable.
It is important that as leaders we must clear the current disconnect
between the people’s way of life with the practice of government. We
must welcome and strengthen acceptable, universal habits of
citizenship in the emerging culture of openness, debate and

We must clear generational suspicions about the negative role of the
state in Africa in order to restore trust and confidence in Africa’s
leadership. We must redefine the relationship between the state and its
citizens to be that of respect, trust and accountability.

I have no doubt that lack of faith and confidence in the state and in its
institutions always stifle local initiatives and turn away potential
partners out of fear of potential instability.

Zimbabwe and Kenya have in recent years been used as guinea pigs
and political experiments in the resolution of Africa’s stubborn
history of national conflicts manifested by a refusal to respect the will
of the people after an election.

Taken with hesitation at the beginning, we were all forced into grand
coalitions and managed transitions to a free and fair election. I believe
what we have gone through has left an indelible mark in the manner
in which we should handle our political affairs.

We patiently went through one of the most difficult, post-colonial and
generational transitions spawned by the reality of black-on-black
oppression and, by extension, black-on-black violence.

This is a lesson that shall remain etched in our souls. This is a
message that drives us to respect the efficacy of good governance, as
a national insurance premium against conflict and political corruption.

Given our experience, our nations now know the dangers of either
political or military conflicts; and that the effective vaccine is a
responsive leadership that regards the state as an enabler and
facilitator rather than a ruler.

We have both chosen constitutionalism over militarism, recognising
that there must be limitations on governmental power to ensure
responsibility and accountability towards the governed.

From this new understanding, may I acknowledge and salute the
people of Kenya for a successful Constitution-making process.
At home, we have reached the final stages of the same. It is our
sincere hope that nothing untoward shall interfere with this cherished
dream. I must point out that we have used the Kenyan experience as
an example in our own constitution-making process, drawing many
lessons both in respect of the process and content of the Constitution.

We commend the people of Kenya for being a source of inspiration
that it is possible to redefine our nation-state through the
constitutionmaking process.

The delays in our country in completing this difficult exercise could
be attributed to residual traces of nostalgia and a natural but wholly
unfounded fear for change. I remain positive that, like their brothers
and sisters in Kenya, Zimbabweans shall celebrate a new Constitution
in the New Year.

We are mindful of the old saying, as reflected in Paolo Coelho’s
celebrated book, The Alchemist, that the closer one gets to the
realisation of their dreams, the more difficult things become. In the
pursuit of the dream, one is constantly subjected to tests of persistence
and courage. We cannot be tempted into haste and impatience.

The challenges in our way are not designed to make us fail but to test
our strength of character and the depth of our desire for what we are
seeking to achieve.

It is our historical obligation to deliver the new constitution for
Zimbabwe, just as the nationalists of yesteryear delivered the
Lancaster House Constitution that brought our independence.

The new Constitution is our window into redefining the future of the
country, just as the new Constitution of Kenya has played a key role
in the current transition.

Allow me to qualify this celebration of the new constitution by saying
that freedom demands more than just beautiful words on a piece of
paper. As the celebrated American judge, Justice Learned Hand
reminded us;

“Liberty lies in the hearts of men and women; when it dies there, no
constitution, no law, no court can save it; no constitution, no law, no
court can even do much to help it”. These words remind us of our
historic obligation to take charge and carry the spirit of liberty.
With the rapid changes in the global economic and political
environment, Africa must stand out and move with the times. Our
people are always looking inwards, looking at themselves more

A democratisation wave is still sweeping across the continent as
ordinary people, through civil society and other interest groups are
demanding their political space; and access to national opportunities.
Gone are the days when might, armour, force and the gun were
fashionable instruments for regime change. That leads us to where we
are today, with open but secure ballot being the most preferred means
to confer legitimacy to any credible regime.

This phase is still fraught with its own problems as the continent
struggles to come to terms with competing demands of the ordinary
citizen and the die-hard elements still trapped in the past.

The Africa I envision, starting from the new Zimbabwe in my mind,
is a place where there is a healthy fusion of a culture of unhindered
participation in all aspects and spheres of life by every person, from a
peasant to a president.

I see a region where ordinary people and politicians alike openly
gather and share rewards of their national heritage and the abundant
opportunities in our societies.

This means the creation of an environment in which our differences
are respected and tolerated while our diversity becomes a source of
unfettered celebration and national strength.

From our station we have observed with admiration, Kenya’s great
advances in the technological revolution which is shaping the future
of business, uplifting rural and urban communities alike. These are
lessons we are also emulating in Zimbabwe.

We must change our approach and focus on economic and social
development and not just raw politics. But this depends on leadership
having a non-negotiable focus on the people and on national needs;
and not on just staying in power for power’s sake.

An area of key interest to both Zimbabwe and Kenya is the
management and exploitation of natural resources, which must be
people-focussed. We believe resources must be exploited to benefit
not just the few elites but the majority of the population.

Africa is endowed with an excellent reservoir of natural resources and
for that reason remains the envy of much of the world.

We must guard these assets jealously ensuring that their exploitation
is for national development rather than for the enrichment of the few
in privileged positions.

With these remarks, Mr Chairman, allow me to congratulate Prime
Minister Odinga on his nomination as the Presidential candidate for
ODM. I know he is ready, much as I am, to take on the reigns of the

Finally, I would like to thank you for inviting me to this important
gathering. I pledge to work hard to strengthen the relations between
our two parties in general, and our two countries, in particular.

Thank you

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Lawyers honoured by ZimRights

Human rights lawyers Irene Petras, Blessing Nyamaropa, Lizwe Jamela and Peggy Mapfumo-Tavagadza of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights were honoured by ZimRights on Friday 07 December 2012 for showing exceptional courage and leadership in protecting and promoting the rights and freedoms of Zimbabwean

Human rights lawyers Irene Petras, Blessing Nyamaropa, Lizwe Jamela and Peggy Mapfumo-Tavagadza of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights were honoured by ZimRights on Friday 07 December 2012 for showing exceptional courage and leadership in protecting and promoting the rights and freedoms of Zimbabwean

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Zimbabwean woman a world champion of social justice
by Mkhululi Chimoio
Zimbabwean woman a world champion of social justice
Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda.
Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda.
She won the Zimbabwe Women Lawyers Association’s 2011 Human Rights Defenders Award and recently scooped the Minerva Award in recognition of her more than 20 years’ work on political, civil and human rights for women.
Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda is now based in Geneva as General Secretary of the Young Women’s Christian Association, where she has been at the helm for five years. She oversees development of leadership of women and girls for collective action towards peace, justice, human dignity and care for the environment.
YWCA is the daughter of the industrial revolution, which, from the mid-19th century started the movement of women and girls out of the home and rural areas and into factories throughout the Western world.
“I have always been involved and engaged in practical ways that provide support to communities, while also seeking to transform policies at all levels,” said Murehwa-born Gumbonzvanda.
“In my formative years the University of Zimbabwe I was involved with the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace. I was then around the table during the formation of the Zimbabwe Women Lawyers Association, where I served as the first coordinator. That is where I started my activism in promoting women and children’s rights.”
She gives high recognition and respect to women’s organisations like Women’s Action Group, Women Law Students Association and YWCA, which created opportunities for her and other young people to be mentored on economic and social rights issues. Gumbonzvanda has had a telling involvement in the paradigm shift on African laws around women and property rights, especially inheritance and land rights.
“I was involved in negotiations and development of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People Rights on Women’s Rights in Africa, which was adopted in Maputo in 2003, in addition to the Great Lakes Protocol on Peace and Security. “I was also one of those who successfully advocated for the UN Security Council’s adoption of Resolution 1325 of 2000 on women, peace and security and the formation of UN Women, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly Resolution in 2010,” she said, emphasising that the pursuit of accountability by governments on human rights within global bodies was paramount.
Gumbonzvanda’s sterling work towards women and children saw her work on Zimbabwe’s report on human rights through the Universal Periodic Review Process and the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), mechanisms that exist within the Human Rights Council.
“I was quite humbled to win the Human Rights Defenders Award. I will continue to give my support to the efforts to advance women’s rights in Zimbabwe.” She also cherishes her role with the World YWCA, a global movement of 25 million women and girls in more than 120 countries providing leadership to advance the work on women’s health, and violence against women.
“We have created many opportunities for young women to be educated to be leaders in the organisation. In our country, the YWCA remains one of the community-based organisations providing services to needy communities through six vocational training centres. The YWCA of Zimbabwe has also been involved in the constitutional process advancing the issues of women and children.”
She rejoiced at the appointment of Sheila Matindike, General Secretary of the YWCA, to the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission.
Gumbonzvanda also runs Rozaria Memorial Trust - an organisation founded in honour of her late mother. They have a programme in Murewa, providing access to education and treatment for children living with HIV in almost 36 villages. “We are working closely with five primary schools and three secondary schools, with an overall outreach of over 5,000 people. This work is gratifying for me as I serve as patron of the Magaya Former Students Association, as I seek to always give back to my country and my community,” said the human rights activist who contributes to the cause for social justice, through her participation in the boards of Action Aid International, Save the Children UK and CIVICUS.
With the world now more focused on promoting women and children, Gumbonzvanda seeks to continue advancing the cause of women and children, expanding the voice and impact of the World YWCA.
She also hints at returning to her communal area to grow Rozaria Memorial Trust and help the unsung heroines in villages around the country who are making significant change.
“My future remains focused on creating opportunities for young women and girls to have opportunities and know that another life is possible,” said the woman who drew inspiration from her late mother, Mbuya Rozaria Marumisa Dizha, who always emphasised the need for education, hard work, respect, prayer and unity.

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Gukurahundi Massacres: Overview of 5 Brigade Abuses (Part 10)
on December 7, 2012 at 6:45 am


Deaths have been assessed in terms of both sex and age of victims, with 3 age categories being used, for each sex:

MALE: 83% of all deaths FEMALE: 17% of all deaths

MALE: Under 20 yrs: 4% of all deaths Aged 20 – 60 yrs: 70% of all deaths Aged over 60 yrs: 9% of all deaths

FEMALE: Under 20 yrs: 4% of all deaths Aged 20 – 60 yrs: 9% of all deaths Aged over 60 yrs: 4% of all deaths

The key men behind the Gukurahundi Massacres: Robert Mugabe (President), Emmerson Mnangagwa (then State Security Minister) and Perrence Shiri (then commander of the 5th Brigade).

he key men behind the Gukurahundi Massacres: Robert Mugabe (President), Emmerson Mnangagwa (then State Security Minister) and Perrence Shiri (then commander of the 5th Brigade).

Men aged between 20 – 60 yrs are of `breadwinning age’ (ie 70% of all dead). However aprroximately 30-40% of them can be assumed to have had no dependants, as many had just returned from the war and had not yet married. Many others, at the top end of this age group, had fully grown children.

This means between 42% and 50% of all those killed can be assumed to have had dependants. In addition, a few of the women killed were widows with dependants, whose children were henceforth orphans. Around 2% fall in this category.

Total Breadwinners killed is likely to be around 45% of total deaths.

In terms of current figures on Nyamandlovu/Tsholotsho: TOTAL Deaths: approx 900+

BREADWINNERS Dead: approx 400

The vast majority of these were self-employed farmers, who supported themselves from their fields and occasional labour on surrounding farms and in nearby towns.


This constitutes the largest category of property loss reported.

Reported burnt: 345 homesteads, with others implied. (Involves burning of 26 villages either entirely or substantially)


This is the largest category of offence, involving both isolated beating incidents and also at least 60 incidents in which most or all villagers in a village were beaten. Both men and women were beaten, with no obvious preference for beating men in the mass beatings. Preference was sometimes shown to the elderly, who would be beaten less severely or not at all.

Individual or small group assaults: 314

Mass village beatings: 70 villages

Mass railway siding beatings: 4

If approx 50 villagers is assumed per mass beating, 3 400 villagers can be estimated to have been beaten.

Most common beating technique: People would be forced to lie face down on the ground, and then would be repeatedly beaten, often for several hours, with thick sticks or gun butts.

Most common complaints:

Permanent back\arm\leg\neck\hand aches, inhibiting any heavy work.

Fractured fingers\arms and other bones

Permanent scarring of buttocks and back

Recurring headaches, dizziness and high blood pressure

Permanent eye damage and hearing disorders

Jaw damage including loss of teeth

Permanent uterine disorders

Permanent kidney damage, also male impotence

For a region by region breakdown on all offences, see Summary following the Village by Village Reports


NOTE: Numbers in brackets: indicate source numbers of BLPC interviews from which information was derived.

** indicates source document is in a CCJP file

**** indicates an incident involving dissidents. For all other incidents, the perpetrators are identified as Army units or other Government agencies such as the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO), or Police Support Unit (SU). 5 Brigade (5B) may be assumed as the perpetrator unless another unit is mentioned.

Tsholotsho has been roughly divided up into four regions for this section, each one being an area within the vicinity of known 5 Brigade Base Camps. In practice some villages were affected by more than one of these units, and in early 1983 the far south of Tsholotsho was probably affected by the unit based in Tsholotsho, as the one at Mbamba Camp appears to have been established later in 1983. The four regions are:

1) Pumula Mission, covering the whole western area and much of the south.

2) Mbamba/Nanda, in the extreme south and east

3) Tsholotsho town and the central part of Tsholotsho, west towards Dhlamini Rest Camp.

4) Gwayi/Sipepa region, in northern Tsholotsho.

The spellings of names of “villages” or “lines” have been standardised in accordance with the 1975 Surveyor General’s map of the Nyamandlovu region (Sheet SE-35-15).


In general, this seems to have been very badly affected by 5 Brigade, who set up camp close to the Mission, from late January 1983. From interviews, it is clear that many settlements within a very wide radius of the mission experienced mass beatings, or were burnt to the ground because villagers had fled the area.

A few parts of this area, to the west of the Mission ( eg Korodziba, Soloboni), have been entirely resettled since the early eighties, so reports on 5 Brigade activities here trickle in from other locations in Tsholotsho, wherever people have been resettled to. Fortunately, events around Pumula Mission were well documented by CCJP, and File H also has comprehensive accounts of events in some villages. It has therefore been possible to place those few interviews which lack detail in context within the broader data framework.

NESHANGO LINE (next to Ningombeneshango Airstrip): 3 FEB 1983: Mass beating of villagers and shooting of 2 young pregnant girls, followed by their being bayonetted open to reveal the still moving foetuses. These two girls (already pregnant) and several others had been raped by members of the ZNA in November of 1982, who reportedly left by helicopter after several days of raping these girls. (1146 – 1168 inclusive, also file H). Raped: 8 Dead: 2 Beaten: 6 named victims, 50 estimated total

KUMBULA SCHOOL, PUMULA VILLAGE (approx 5 km SE of Pumula Mission) 13 FEB 1983: Whole village beaten, and 7 shot dead, including a teacher, after digging their own grave. Witnesses refer to a fountain of blood from the pit. (file H, all named,** CCJP case files confirms 1 name, also 298-9, 310-11)

APRIL 1983: Several ZAPU officials badly beaten, one named victim (323) Dead: 7 Beaten: 50 estimated (January), plus 10 estimated (April).

DINGANDAWO: (near to Kumbula School): 11 FEB 1983: The villagers were rounded up and beaten, and then some were shot dead at 7p.m. (458-9). **CCJP case files has name of 1 dead here, 1983 Dead: 3 named, plus others Beaten: 50 est

SAHLUPEKA (approx 7 km due South of Pumula Mission) FEB 83: the whole village was rounded up in the evening and very severely beaten. 5 members of 2 families were chosen and shot to death in a shallow mass grave.(file H has all names) Dead: 5 Beaten : 50 est

PATALIKA: (2 km south of Tankahukwe) 2 men were abducted and their decomposed bodies were later found in the bush. (319, also file H) Another villager from here was abducted from Bulawayo, where he had gone for safety, and was later shot dead at Tshitatshawa in Tsholotsho. (482). Dead: 3

PELELA: (approx 8 km due South of Pumula Mission) FEB 83: Man killed coming home from a beer drink. A stranger to the village was also tortured and left for dead. He managed to crawl almost to the village and died – nobody knows who he was. (File H, 303) FEB 83: Man accused of supporting dissidents and killed. (320). FEB 83: a villager from here fled to Plumtree, where he was killed by 5B. (294). APRIL 83: villagers who were in church were forced to leave by 5B and made to sing and dance all day. 5B also killed and ate 3 goats. (3257) Dead: 4

DANDA: (approx 9 km due South of Pumula Mission) FEB 83: 3 ex-ZIPRAs from Mkubazi were among many taken to the pan here and shot. One escaped with gun shot wounds to Botswana and one was killed. The other went missing. (3246/7/8) Missing:1 Dead:1 GSW:1

MUZIOMUTSHA (10 km South of Pumula Mission) 14 FEB 1983: 4 villagers were badly beaten, then 3 were taken to Pumula Mission. One was tied to a tree and was later shot. The other 2 had to bury him. (257, 2259-60) Dead: 1 Beaten: 3

CAWUNAJENA (10 km SW of Pumula Mission): 8 FEB 1983: Entire village rounded up, and many were beaten very severely. 12 men and women, including 2 school teachers, were shot dead. This happened during the night. The 5B camped nearby and the dead were not buried until a year later, by which time many bones were scattered around.(File H has all names, also 479). 2 other men abducted and killed here in FEB. (315, 318) A woman was also abducted into the bush and shot with her baby on her back. (314) Another woman was also abducted in FEB and shot. (481) Dead: 17 Beaten: 50 est

TEMBILI: (adjacent to Cawunajena) FEB 83: People here were beaten by 5B after church and made to cook daily for the soldiers, who killed and ate some of their livestock. (3258-60) APRIL 83: a man visiting from Patalika was shot by 5B. (3256) Dead:1 Beaten:20? Property:livestock eaten.

GULAKABILI (approx 20 km SSW of Pumula Mission) 12 FEB 1983: Whole village abducted from nearby to the Pumula Mission area, where they were beaten. Some were then forced to dig a mass grave, made to climb in, and were shot. They were buried while still moving, and villagers were made to dance on the grave and sing songs in praise of ZANU-PF. Number of dead given as 12. (File H has all names, also BLPC 300, 305-9 incl) One victim locked in a hut and burned to death. (296) MARCH 83: 5B burnt 5 homesteads one morning. (3246-48) ZNA soldier killed while trying to visit his mother, on leave.

(304) 2 others from this area also killed by 5B, circumstances unclear. (478, 484) A woman was accused of cooking for dissidents and was shot dead. (293). A woman and her child were taken from here to Pumula Mission and killed (292, also file H) 7 others from this area met individual deaths – one was detained trying to get to Plumtree and was never seen again, another went missing from a house in Bulawayo, and his wife and child were apparently killed by 5B, while trying to flee to Botswana. Another man had his throat cut and bled to death. (file H) Dead: 25 named victims Beaten: 50 est Destroyed: 7 known homesteads

MPILO: (due west of Tankahukwe) OCT 82: ZNA took the store-keeper and killed him and assaulted his wife. (3264/5) JAN 83: 2 men from here were killed by 5B because they ran away when they saw 5B coming. (3262-3) Dead: 3 Beaten:1

TANKAHUKWE (7 km SW of Pumula Mission) FEB 1983: All the villagers were rounded up and severely beaten. 12 were selected and shot after being forced into 2 mass graves.

One of the chosen managed to run away, so his younger brother was killed instead. 5B came back in 1984 and stabbed the escapee to death, also severely beating another brother at this time. Another villager who was badly beaten ran away but died later of his injuries. (file H has all names, also 295, 297, 312, 324, 455, 3264-6) Dead: 14 Beaten: 50 est

EGOMENI (5 km almost due west of Pumula Mission): FEB 1983: Villagers were rounded up and beaten. 5 were then shot and buried in one grave. (301-2, 321) A villager was shot dead in February and then had his hut burnt down. (461). One villager killed trying to return to work in Harare (314) Another villager was abducted in a truck as a dissident and shot at a nearby farm (483)

Another villager was killed in the Sonqinyana area. (463) 13 FEB 83: One villager shot at dawn at his home. (460) FEB 83: woman shot dead by 5B who also burnt the homestead. (461) ** CCJP case files report 1 named death here, could be 1st incident. A man was also detained and never seen again here, February 1983. (319) Missing: 1 Dead: 10 Beaten: 50 est

MAZHOU: (near Egomeni?) FEB 83: 4 villagers were abducted to the bush, and were tortured with sticks and knives. One villager attacked his assailant, allowing another to escape. 3 were then killed. (file H) Dead: 3 Beaten: 1

ST WILFRED’S SCHOOL ( Pumula Mission area) 2 FEB 1983: Some of the ex-ZIPRAS in this area ran away in January. The mothers of 2 were tortured for “parenting dissidents”, and were then shown 5 men including their sons. These 5 were taken to Tsholotsho town, and 2 weeks later one returned, with serious gunshot wounds. He had climbed out of a mass grave in which he had been shot with many others, and had made his way home. He died a day later. (609-11) Dead: 5 plus possibly others Beaten: 2 plus possibly others

MANALA: (West of Pumula Mission, resettled) 29 MARCH 1983: 1 beaten, bayonetted, finally killed the next day, and his body burnt, by 5 Brigade. (1230) Dead: 1

SALANKOMO ( approx 5 km NW of Mission): **28 JAN 1983: 20 5B soldiers came in the morning and killed the village ZAPU chairman and 2 schoolboys, one aged 14. They were beaten in front of the villagers first, and all the adults present were also beaten. (Comm of Inquiry Statement, also file H). **28 FEB 1983: same soldiers rounded up people in the village and put 2 men, 7 women, 2 with babies, and 3 children into one hut.

They set fire to the hut, and the men inside forced the door open. As the 12 ran out, 6 were shot and killed including a baby and a girl, and 1 was shot and left for dead. **CCJP has on record the Medical Cards and Comm of Inquiry statement of the victim who suffered a GSW to the stomach in Feb 83 incident – records start from May 83 by which time wound is very infected. (file A, also file H) Two more homesteads were burnt at a later date. (BLPC 338-9, 457, 3274-5) Dead: 9 GSW: 1 Beaten: 5 plus possibly others Homes burnt: 3 known

NDAWANA (6 km west of Pumula Mission): FEB 83: 2 villagers from here were curfew breaking and their tracks were reported by villagers from Egomeni nearby, who did not know who they were. 5B prepared to beat and destroy all at Egomeni, and had already dug mass graves.

However, the 2 from Ndawana were caught before this happened, and they were killed instead. (file H, also 3273-6).

The soldiers then moved to Ndawana, where the commander ordered the whole village into a hut and set fire to it. Once the commander left, another 5B soldier let the villagers out of the hut, so they were spared. (file H) MARCH 83: an old man from here was taken to Pumula Mission, tied to a tree and forced to make animal sounds. 5B also killed his ox. (3272) Dead: 2 Tortured: 1 Burnt: 2 homesteads

SOLONKWE: (4 km north west of Pumula Mission, now resettled) **JUNE 1983: CCJP Comm of Inquiry report of 22 villagers including women and children burnt to death in a hut, after being brutally beaten first. The owner of the hut begged for the lives of his 4 youngest children to be spared, and this was allowed, although the life of an older daughter was not spared. (file A, file H also refers, also 316-17, 322, 462) Dead: 22 Burnt: 1 hut

PELANDABA (west of Pumula Mission): 29 JAN 1983: 5B rounded up many men from the area, tortured them until they couldn’t walk and shot them. File H names 8 victims, **CCJP case files also reports 11 other named deaths here in 1983, probably same day, and 1 death in 1984. BLPC names 2 more victims from Jan incident. (342-346) 3 others killed, including a married couple who went to report dissidents in the area. (345, 348)

Dead: 25 named victims Beaten: 50 estimated

SEQWINI: ( approx 15 km due north of Pumula Mission): 15 APRIL 1983:1 person killed by 5 Brigade, bayonetted to death. (1232) Dead: 1

TANKENI: (NW of Pumula Mission) 1983? a villager from here was one of 6 men beaten and then machine gunned by 5B at Mzimwatuga. 5B also burnt homesteads in the village and destroyed crops and livestock. (403) Dead: 6 Burnt: several homesteads.

KORODZIBA (west of Pumula Mission, now resettled): FEB 83: 5B came to the school and took about 60 pupils aged over 14 years. They were all beaten and asked about dissidents. 20-30 girls were raped and then ordered to have sex with some of the boys while the soldiers watched. They were beaten for 3 hours. (3311) 4 MARCH 1983: 5 villagers were murdered at night for being PF-ZAPU members. (1223-27 incl)

Also MARCH: 2 children out of a group of children died of starvation trying to run away from 5 Brigade in this area.

They were trying to reach Ngamo railway siding, which is about 100 km NE of Korodziba. The dead were aged 9 and 14, the survivor was 15. (1234-5) Dead: 5 plus 2 Raped:25? Beaten:60

SOLOBONI (west of Pumula Mission, now resettled): 23 FEB 1983: 5 Brigade rounded up entire village to the borehole. 6 people were chosen at random and were bayonetted to death, and buried in one grave. Everyone was then beaten. 5 people were beaten to death, and one person died years later, partly as a result of injuries from this beating.

Another man who wept to see his brother killed, was severely beaten and died a few weeks later from his injuries. One old lady who was found in her hut was raped, and 5B then set fire to a plastic bag and burned the old lady with it, setting fire to her blanket. She died 3 weeks later from the burns. (3313) 1 hut was burnt. (1238-42 incl, 1282-87 incl) Dead: 14 Raped: 1 Beaten: 50 est Burnt: 1 hut

GIBIXEGU (NW of Pumula Mission, now resettled) 2 FEB 1983: 5B entered the village in a truck and rounded all the villagers up. 2 women were tortured and a man taken away was never seen again. 6 people were beaten to death, including 4 women. (275, 697-703 incl) Dead: 6 Missing: 1 Beaten: 2 known, plus others

EMANALENI (7 km NW of Ematetshaneni) On the same day that 5B beat and killed people at Gibixegu, they “did the same” at Emanaleni (698). A villager was taken by the Army and killed with bayonets, because he asked “World Vision” to film atrocities in their area. (613) MARCH 1983: 5B killed a headman from Filabusi and chopped off a woman’s head. (1228 9) Dead: 4?

EGAGWINI (approx 25 km due north of Pumula Mission): MARCH 1983: One young man was taken by 5 Brigade, badly beaten, returned, and while his parents were washing his wounds, 5 Brigade came back and shot him. (1236) Dead: 1

EMATETSHANENI (approx 24 km due north of Pumula Mission): FEB 1983 School treasurer beaten and then shot for not handing over funds, 500 m from his home. (1237) Dead: 1

SIHAZELA (30 km NNE of Pumula Mission) FEB 1983: an old man was shot 500 m from his home by 5B. They came back 3 days later and killed the old man’s wife and daughter, and burned down the homestead. They also kicked a year-old child and broke his back. (599-603) Dead: 3 Injured: 1 Burnt: 1 homestead

MKHONYENI ( Between Dzimidza-Sihazela, approx 20 km NNE of Pumula Mission): END JAN 1983: the first woman to die in this area was accused of feeding dissidents. She was pregnant and was bayonetted open to kill the baby. She died later. (350) FEB 1983: All the villagers were forced to witness the burning to death of 26 villagers, in the 3 huts of Dhlamini. (326-37 incl, 347-49, 605-7). Women and children died. There was only one survivor.

File H lists all names of victims. The same report says that a few days before the hut burning, many men were killed, in punishment for having failed to catch a local thief the 5B wanted. (5 names in file H, 7 more in **CCJP case files) **CCJP case files also name 9 who died here, probably same incident as above. Just before the hut burning, at least one woman was beaten to death. (334) MARCH 1983: many men were shot dead at Mzimwatuga Pan.

This was in punishment for having failed to catch a local thief 5B wanted. This report also mentions the hut burning (file H, also 604) Another villager was stabbed to death at Tshiyakwakiwe, near the pan. Another villager also died in this area. (332, 353) **CCJP also report 1 missing here in 1983. Missing: 1 Dead: 1(preg): 26 in the hut: 12 named victims at the pan: 3 others = 42

****JULY 1984: Dissidents killed the ZANU chairman as he was addressing a meeting. (1231) Dead: 1

SEMAWURU/ CUSECULU/ NINGOMBENONZI (10 km NE of Pumula Mission): FEB 1983: All the people from these villages were rounded up and beaten and some were killed. Name of one dead victim. (600, 1125) JUNE 83: 5B shot 2 cows who ate their washing off the line. (3211) **** JULY 83: as dissidents passed through the village of Semawuru, the army arrived and started shooting. The villagers ran away and a woman was shot in the foot.

Her husband took her to hospital and in their absence Army vandalised the house. (1248) Genuine crossfire. OCT 83: A villager was asked about dissidents by “Nai Ka” and then hit in the mouth, losing all his teeth. A villager found milking and the headman of his village were taken to Pumula Mission by the Commander whose nickname was “Nai Ka”, and the villager was killed. (658, 590) An old man from the neighbouring kraal of EMPISINI was hit with rifle butts. (608) A villager was assaulted when he asked a soldier to pay for goods taken from a child. (1120) Dead: 1 known victim. Beaten: 150 est

BONKWE/NYANGANYUNI (15 km NE of Pumula Mission) FEB 1983: A young woman from Bonkwe going to buy mealie meal was beaten for wearing her husband’s watch. Her husband was summoned to Nyanganyuni and beaten to death. Every bone in his body was broken – he is referred to as being “like a cloth”. (612) Another local was abducted to Pumula Mission and killed there. (file H) Dead: 2 Beaten: 1

FOLOSI (7 km due east of Pumula Mission): 3 FEB 1983: Whole village beaten with sticks. Boys were made to fight each other, while other villagers were forced to dig a mass grave. 4 men were made to lie face down in the grave and were then shot. (1169-1174 incl) 2 other men were abducted and tortured to death and buried in shallow graves. (file H). Dead: 6 Beaten: 50 est.

LUBESI (10 km SE of Pumula Mission):

7 FEB 1983: The entire village was rounded up, was forced to sing songs and was then beaten. 3 men were made to dig a grave (2 were “curfew-breakers” from neighbouring Nxuma). They were made to jump in to the grave, and were then shot. They were buried while still moving. 5 Brigade also killed and ate a cow and some goats around this time, while camped at Lubesi Dam. (1135-7 incl, 1139, file H also refers to 2 of these dead) Dead: 3 Beaten: 50 est

MBIRIYA and NXUMA (15 km SE of Pumula Mission): END JAN 1983: All villagers in these two neighbouring settlements were assembled in Mbiriya. They were accused of cooking for dissidents and everyone was beaten, after being placed in small groups. 10 people were shot dead at the dam (9 names). 4 were beaten to death, while others were badly beaten, including a 4mth old baby. Some of the injured went to Pumula hospital. After the beating, the villagers of Mbiriya deserted the village for a while, and 5 Brigade came back and burnt 15 homesteads to the ground. 10 others were killed at Nxuma, and buried in 1 grave (all names, file H). In another incident in February 1983, 2 teachers at Mbiriya School were badly assaulted, one was killed, and a house was burnt down. (1182-4, 1199, 1186-92 incl, 1257, 1262-1268 incl, 1292-93, 2016ff) APRIL 83: an army Puma carrying villagers after a rally where Mugabe spoke, was fired at and people were injured near Nxuma. (3273) Dead: 25 Beaten: 100 est Burnt: 15 homesteads

BUMBU (just east of Mbiriya): END JAN 1983: A councillor and a man back from working in South Africa were shot dead. 11 homesteads were torched to the ground. When other villagers saw the fires, they ran away, but 5B fetched them back. 1 man was made to bury the dead and another was taken away and never seen again. (628, 634, 1116-18 incl, 1128-32 incl, 3261) JAN 1983: a man trying to return to work in Harare from here has never been seen again. (1272). **CCJP case files names another man who went missing in 1983. Dead: 2 Missing: 3 Burned: 11 homesteads.

BUTSHENA (just West of Mbiriya): 11 FEB 1983: The villagers moved out of their houses after witnessing what had happened in neighbouring villages. On 11 Feb they saw 5 Brigade burning all their homesteads. (1143) Burned: 22 homesteads, 9 granaries

SANDAWANA (approx 10 km East of Mbiriya): 4 FEB 1983: A man accused of telling others to bury their property to save it was taken to Pumula Mission and killed. (1279) 10 FEB: all the villagers assembled and some were selected and beaten. At least one was taken away and killed. (1275) After this, the villagers deserted the village, and 5 Brigade found it empty and burnt down 30 homesteads – names of 28 owners given. (Exact date not clear – reports say variously Jan, Feb, April, – Feb seems most likely, as the curfew was still in force).

On this same day, a girl found near the homesteads were severely beaten. She was hidden by her parents and then smuggled by scotch cart 30 km southwards to Ndolwane clinic. (1179, 1254-58 incl, 1288-91 incl, 1300-17 incl, 1261) 2 men killed after being tortured at a borehole in this area. (file H) MAY 1984: a villager from here was among 5 taken from a bus for having no ID, and was apparently tortured and killed at Bhalagwe Camp in Kezi. [see Part Two, II for Bhalagwe Camp].(1278) NOV 1984: a man from here had his house burnt down, ran away and was never seen again, although rumour had it that he was buried at Empandeni Mission, in Bulilimamangwe. (1280) Dead: 5 known Beaten: 1 named, plus others Burnt: 30 homesteads

KALANE: (near Sandawana) 18 FEB 1983: The day the villagers saw neighbouring Sandawana go up in flames they ran away. One villager came back to let his cattle out and was badly beaten. 11 kraals were burnt down that day. (1261) SEPT 1983: a villager was beaten to death and 3 homesteads were burnt. (1273-4) Dead: 1

Beaten: 1 Burnt: 14 homesteads

TSHOMWINA and DZOKOTZE (5 km due south of Mbiriya): JAN-FEB 1983 All the villagers of Tshomwina were forced-marched to Dzokotze nearby. They were beaten, and 5 were killed. One man died after terrible mutilations which included having his jaw broken and his tongue cut out. This man ran away and was found by his family in a neighbouring village. He took 8 days to die, without medical care. (1186-98) 20 homesteads in Tshomina were burnt down. (1186-98) A ZNA member home on leave was taken to Pumula, tortured, taken from there in a car and never seen again. (1144) Another interview refers to 6 villagers from TSHOMWINA detained in Jan 1983, taken to Pumula Mission, where they were beaten and released after 6 weeks. (1140-41) Dead: 5 Missing: 1 Beaten: 100 est Burned: 20 homesteads. Detained: 6

DZOKOTZE: OCT 83: **** DISSIDENTS shot dead 4 and injured a 5th, accused of conniving with the Army. (1295-99incl) Dead: 4 GSW: 1

GARIYA – near BUTABUBILI (12 km due south of Mbiriya): 5 Brigade referred to as raping all the women in the village, and forcing them to cook for them. (Time not given, but probably early 1983). They are then said to have returned some months later, posing as dissidents and beating people.(569) Another interview refers to 3 killed by 5 Brigade, including the kraal head, in 1983. (569-70) JUNE 1983: a few villagers found at a nearby dam were beaten and 9 villagers were killed. (1292-4) SEPT 1983: 5B came at night and took away 4 men in the village, who were then shot at a nearby kraal. One survived.(575) OCT 1983: 6 homesteads are burnt, and 3 villagers are beaten. The woman who was ZAPU chairwoman for the area was burnt to death in her hut. (1270-71, 1279) DEC 84: 5B interrogated villagers about dissidents. They injured one man, and woman had her leg broken . They then burnt one villager to death in his hut. (576-7, 670) Dead: 17 Raped: several GSW: 1 Beaten: 6 known plus others Burned: 6 homesteads

MGODI MASILI: (5 km east of Butabubili) 2 FEB 1983: villagers heard 5B coming and ran away. 2 who stayed behind were bayonetted and beaten to death. An old woman was also killed, and 7 huts and 2 granaries were burnt. (555, 557, 581) Young men were taken from the villages in the area to train as “youth patrol” to look out for dissidents. Some youths were shot dead by 5 Brigade during the training exercise. (1259-60) 15 FEB 83: an ex-ZIPRA was picked up and never seen again. (1253) FEB 84: a man was picked up and stabbed 32 times with bayonets by 5B, and thrown in a pit – he survived. (554) 1984: a man and his wife were picked up at the shopping centre and beaten, then were taken to an Army camp in Plumtree for a week, before being hospitalised. (1723-24) 1 other man was also killed. (546) 1 other man also beaten. (574) Dead: 6 known victims plus others Missing: 1 Stabbed: 1 Beaten: 3 known Burnt: 7 huts 2 granaries

SIKENTE (approx 10 km due south of Sandawana): END JAN 1983: The whole village was marched to Sekatawu Pan. Many were beaten and some were accused of being dissidents and were shot and buried in one grave. Number of dead not given, one named victim. (562 )

Early 1983? Villagers were gathered at Sikente School and beaten. Some were shot dead, others were shot and injured. Details including time are vague. (558) **2 FEB 1983: CCJP reports store keeper and one other shot dead, also one woman with a GSW 3 teachers were also robbed and told to leave the area, and all the homesteads along the Nata river were burned down. (file B – this sounds the same day as 558) LATE 1983: one man detained at night and never seen again. (560) JUNE 1984: a man was taken off a bus in this area, was never seen again. (573) Missing: 2 Dead: 3 known – plus several others from Jan incident GSW: 1 Beaten: 100 est (incl 2 incidents) Burned: Most homesteads – more than 10 estimated

Another incident, SIKENTE area, time not clear, but probably not during early 1983, but later. 5 Brigade are accused of posing as dissidents, collecting a group of men and women, taking them into the bush and chopping them with axes. Interviewee suffered serious injuries – unclear how many others died or were injured.(568)

Another incident, SIKENTE area, time not clear – or perpetrator – this might have been dissidents although it sounds more like an early 5 Brigade incident. An unspecified number of villagers is referred to as having been “killed while worshipping” in the bush. 5 Brigade could well have killed people here as curfew-breakers – the dissidents almost without exception kill only sell-outs and usually make their motive clear. Is this possibly the same incident as the one above? Or it could be same as a church shooting incident among the Plumtree reports? (567) (Plumtree is 544) Dead: 2 named victims, plus others Injured: 2 named, plus others

JALUME (5 km NE of Sikente) 1983: a man was killed on his way back from a cattle sale. He was tortured with burning plastic and then shot. (580). 6 NOV 1985: 5B in plain clothes badly beat a woman, and axed her husband. They then burnt him to death in a hut along with his eldest child. Their footprints led back to the army camp nearby. (571, 572) Dead: 3 Beaten: 1

TSHIBIZINA (between Nengombenshango and Dhlamini airstrips) 3 FEB 1983: mass beating of the village, by 5B from Dlamini Camp, and the headman was shot dead. 2 women who were beaten too badly to walk were also shot dead. At least one homestead was burnt. (1122-3, 1126, 1142) **** FEB 83: 6 dissidents are referred to as beating 2 villagers in Tshibizina (1133-4). 1983: 5B shot dead a man in the village, and then next day the commander apologised. (1180). ** CCJP reports closure of school here after the Headmaster was beaten up in front of the pupils, after which he fled the area. (file B) SEPT 83: 3 taken to Pumula Mission for interrogation, one then killed (1121). **** NOV 1985: dissidents pulled a man out of bed and shot him dead. (1115) Dead: 5 Beaten: 50 est

TSHAKABANDA (approx 20 km due east of Pumula Mission): 7 FEB 1983: the whole village was beaten by 5 Brigade, and 2 were shot dead. Another interview refers to 2 people found chopping wood, who were accused of being dissidents and were bayonetted to death in front of the other villagers – it is not clear when this was. (497) SEPT 1983(?) Tshakabanda: 3 homesteads were burnt, villagers were beaten, and one victim was beaten to death. (1273-74) Dead: 5 Beaten: 50 est Burnt: 3 homesteads

BEMBA: (10 km due north of Tshibizina) 6 FEB 83: 5B marched villagers from Bemba to the school, where there were some from Pumula Mission. They were beaten for the whole day (7 named victims plus others). They also broke window panes and killed chickens and a goat. Beaten: 50 est Property:2 chickens, 1 goat.

Taken from a report on the 1980’s disturbances in Matabeleland and the Midlands. Compiled by the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace in Zimbabwe, March 1997.

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Tsvangirai appointed spokesperson for GPA principals: Is it a Zanu-pf trap?

By Clifford Chitupa Mashiri, 7th December 2012.
Reports that Morgan Tsvangirai President of the main formation of the
Movement of Democratic Change has been appointed by principals (leaders) of
Zimbabwe’s so-called Global Political Agreement (GPA) to be their
spokesperson (The Daily News 05/12/12) looks like a Zanu-pf trap, in my
Of course, some people may disagree, but that is fine with me, as that is
their democratic right.
First, let’s look at who appointed him and what could be the motive as well
as the possible implications.
Right from the outset, the whole thing is a ruse can be inferred from “who”
those principals were in the absence of Welshman Ncube who leads his own MDC
formation in the coalition government.
Given that Zanu-pf’s Mugabe has done his best to retain Arthur Mutambara
despite High Court rulings over Mutambara’s claim to the leadership of Ncube’s
MDC faction, through among other things, George Charamba’s irritating
statements and Mugabe’s own defiance of SADC positions and so on, it goes
without saying that the whole thing (appointment of Tsvangirai as spokesman)
is no cause for celebration.
Of, late it has become increasingly clear why Mugabe wants to retain Arthur
Mutambara as a ‘principal’ although he is accused of not leading a political
party (nor MPs?) and his only claim being his signature on the GPA. And
Mutambara has not worsted time showing his pro-Mugabe stance.
Mugabe has everything to benefit from the ongoing feud between Ncube and
Mutambara and to pretend there is nothing he (Mugabe) can do about it
claiming that his hands are tied by the GPA. What a load of rubbish.
You don’t need to robotics professor to know that Mugabe is a Machiavellian
schemer who knows how to buy time in power by setting up his opponents in a
virtual boxing ring.
Although, we have pre-empted on the motive of appointing Tsvangirai as a
spokesman for Mugabe and Mutambara, we can still expand by observing that
with a referendum and elections in the pipeline, Mugabe’s strategists may
not all be fools after all.
His advisers know how to make the opposition work for him by setting up
Tsvangirai against Welshman Ncube and Mutambara against Ncube and possibly
Tsvangirai against Mutambara as well.
Although, Welshman Ncube has ruled out the possibility of a merger of his
MDC and Tsvangirai’s, even just for elections only, such a prospect would
have caused Mugabe sleepless nights.
If that were to happen, Mugabe’s Zanu-pf would ‘wet its pants’ (a phrase
once used by Jonathan Moyo, when he was opposed to Mugabe).
Probably more scary for the 89-year old presidential candidate is the
prospect of a Grand Opposition Coalition of Zimbabwe led by Morgan
Tsvangirai – bringing in Zapu, MDC Ncube, Makoni’s MKD, Sikhala’s MDC 99,
Zanu Ndonga, Mozorewa’s UANC and Egypt Ndinemunhenzva’s one-man party.
If all those parties were to declare that enough is enough, we want to back
Tsvangirai as the only presidential candidate and get change in Zimbabwe,
Zanu-pf ‘s Robert Mugabe would arguably throw a tantrum.
Since Tsvangairai says he might appoint some Zanu-pf ministers in his future
government, why would he not also appoint Welshman Ncube, Simba Makoni,
Dumiso Dabengwa, Jacob Sikhala , Egypt Dzinemunhenzva and so on for
political unity?
If that were to happen, and there is no reason why it cannot, Mugabe would
be finished politically well before the country goes to the polls because of
the psychological pressure on Zanu-pf supporters.
But, in my view, that is exactly why Mugabe is paradoxically gagging
Tsvangirai by shrewdly appointing him his spokesman because the only
principals left in the GNU are himself and Morgan Tsvangirai, after elbowing
out Welshman Ncube.
Another possible motive for appointing Tsvangirai his spokesman, Mugabe is
playing his final political cards on the most sensitive part of his
tyrannical rule – the rewriting of the constitution, a role Mugabe is
desperately trying to seize from COPAC, again using Tsvangirai or while he
is not paying attention. Sadly, that looks like another Mugabe victory, at
least for now.
The implications of Tsvangirai’s acceptance of that spokesperson role go
beyond the GNU. The public will see him as just like another George Charamba
or Jonathan Moyo.
Unfortunately, the unsuspecting Tsvangirai believes that the move is meant
to reduce “partisan interpretation of our decisions.” Obviously, it remains
partisan as long as a politician did the spin for the notorious GPA, given
that so many outstanding issues have been shoved under the carpet.
Another big headache for Tsvangirai ahead of the referendum and elections
is how he will communicate his party’s position on the violence being
perpetrated by suspected Zanu-pf supporters and/or state security agents –
thanks to the spokesperson role.
In my view, Tsvangirai may have fallen for a huge con-trick by agreeing to
be “co-opted” by Mugabe to do his and Arthur Mutambara’s dirty work for
them, after which they will dump him.
Tsvangirai should appreciate that he will have a dilemma by being “Mugabe’s”
spokesperson ahead of another potentially stolen election in 2013, in which
he and his party will be the victims given that the country is sleepwalking
into elections which exclude about 3 million voters in the Diaspora and no
credible media reforms.
Will he as the principals’ spokesperson declare the 2013 elections free and
fair, if they are marred by violence, given that bodies of MDC-T supporters
are already being picked up – months before polls?
I am convinced that Zanu-pf is setting up a trap for Tsvangirai by
“appointing” him GPA principals spokesperson. Muzazoti hatina kukuyambirai
(Don’t say we did not forewarn you).
Clifford Chitupa Mashiri is a doctoral candidate for two programmes -
international relations and social sciences.

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