The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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ABC News

Mugabe on Election Trail as U.S. Readies Sanctions

Feb. 19
By Stella Mapenzauswa and Cris Chinaka

HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe returns to the
election trail on Wednesday amid signs the United States is preparing to
follow the European Union in imposing sanctions against the country's

Mugabe was scheduled to address a rally of his ruling ZANU-PF party in the
opposition stronghold of Matabeleland to drum up support for his campaign in
the March 9-10 presidential election.

The rally will be the first opportunity for Mugabe, in power since leading
the country to independence from Britain in 1980, to speak out against the
EU's decision on Monday to freeze assets held in the European Union by
Zimbabwe's ruling elite.

The sanctions, imposed after the head of the EU election monitoring mission
was expelled from Zimbabwe on Saturday, also impose a ban on travel to EU
countries by Mugabe's inner circle.

All members of the 26-strong EU observer team which was to have monitored
the election were pulled out.

The United States said on Tuesday it strongly supported the EU sanctions and
was preparing a similar package to limit U.S. travel by Zimbabwe's leaders.

"We've been working through this process to implement targeted travel
sanctions that focus on the individuals responsible for or who benefit from
politics that undermine Zimbabwe's democratic institutions," State
Department spokesman Richard Boucher said.

"We're moving rapidly toward the final implementation of that plan but I
don't have a formal announcement," he added.

The United States, like the European Union, has been strongly critical of
Mugabe's restrictions on the media and of intimidation of the opposition by
his supporters.

Analysts said the EU sanctions underlined how isolated Mugabe and his top
aides had become but added that in public the veteran leader would brandish
the penalty as a badge of honor.

In the final lap before elections next month Mugabe could try to use the
sanctions as a political weapon, posing to Zimbabwe's electorate as a victim
of Western bullying, they said.

The EU travel ban affects families of the leadership, including children
studying at schools in European Union countries.

The sanctions also include an embargo on the supply of arms and technical
advice and of equipment which could be used for internal repression in

Zimbabwe has said the package of measures amounted to "economic terrorism."

Tension is rising in Zimbabwe, where Mugabe will face the biggest challenge
to his 22-year rule from opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai who heads the
Movement for Democratic Change.

The EU's withdrawal leaves teams from the Commonwealth, South Africa and
Norway to oversee Zimbabwe's poll. Officials say they also expect to
accredit observers from the Southern African Development Community and the
so-called ACP group of African, Caribbean and Pacific nations.
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EU poll observers quit Zimbabwe
By Martin Rushmere in Harare
(Filed: 20/02/2002)

A GLUM party of European Union presidential election observers left Zimbabwe yesterday following the decision by Brussels to withdraw the mission and impose targeted sanctions on President Mugabe and senior advisers.

As the 30 strong group checked out of Harare's Monomatapa Hotel, Stephan Ameer, spokesman for the EU team, accused Harare of "delaying tactics" which he said had stopped deployment of the observers in the week they were in the country.

Going home: EU observers prepare to leave Zimbabwe

"Each time we were ready to deploy, immigration and other officials would arrive at the hotel with questions and objections."

The mission leader Pierre Schori was deported at the weekend after the government accused him of abusing his tourist visa. Mr Ameer said that "given the circumstances it was a necessary decision by Brussels".

Tendai Biti, foreign affairs spokesman for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, called the sanctions decision "too late, it should have come several months ago".

"The EU has been weak and naive in its dealings with Mugabe and it does not realise the depths of deception and ruthlessness that the dictator will stoop to."

He said the freezing of assets and travel ban on 20 senior officials, including Mr Mugabe, should be extended to many more people.

"Finance minister Simba Makoni is one bad omission along with all permanent secretaries, they are all Zanu PF and they are no different in outlook to those listed."

Mr Biti said he did not think Mr Mugabe would retaliate by imposing similar restrictions on EU citizens. "It will be rhetoric, plus more violence against us. He wants to steal the election and then become friends with the EU again as if nothing has happened."

Jonathan Moyo, the information minister, called sanctions "economic terrorism" and told The Herald, the state-owned daily newspaper in Harare, that the EU was trying to disguise the involvement of member countries in a supposed plot to kill Mr Mugabe.

The regional powerhouse South Africa said the EU's moves were regrettable and that it would be sending more observers to join African teams already in Zimbabwe for the elections on March 9 and 10.

"If there were fears that the election would not be free and fair, then there was the need to send in as many observers as possible," said Aziz Pahad, South Africa's deputy foreign affairs minister.

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The Scotsman

Zimbabwe defiant as EU observers pull out


EUROPEAN Union election observers pulled out of Zimbabwe yesterday, a day
after the EU imposed sanctions on President Robert Mugabe and his inner
circle for refusing to let the monitors do their job.

Zimbabwe remained defiant, with Mr Mugabe’s information minister, Jonathan
Moyo, accusing the EU of hiding behind the cover of democracy to protect
white minority interests.

Thirteen of the 26 observers arrived in South Africa en route to Europe
after leaving Harare on a British Airways flight. The rest were scheduled to
leave later last night.

"Of course we are upset at having to leave. Our job is to observe, not to
leave. It’s like a driver who is not entitled to drive," French observer
Jean François Leloutre said at Harare airport.

At Johannesburg airport, Annemarieka Steenan of the Netherlands said: "I’m
very tired and sorry that it ended the way it did, but I’m very sorry most
of all for the Zimbabwe people."

The United States said last night it strongly supported the EU sanctions and
was preparing a similar package of US prohibitions on travel by Zimbabwe’s
political leaders.

"We’ve been working through this process to implement targeted travel
sanctions that focus on the individuals responsible for or who benefit from
politics that undermine Zimbabwe’s democratic institutions," the State
Department spokesman, Richard Boucher, said.

Tension is rising in Zimbabwe, where Mr Mugabe will face the biggest
challenge to his 22-year rule from opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai in
the 9-10 March presidential election.

In Rome, the Nigerian president, Olusegun Obasanjo, downplayed the impact of
the EU withdrawal.

"I will not say the fact that there are no European Union observers at an
election means that it will not be fair and free," Mr Obasanjo told

The EU’s withdrawal leaves teams from the Commonwealth, South Africa and
Norway to oversee Zimbabwe’s poll. Officials say they also expect to
accredit observers from the Southern African Development Community and the
so-called ACP group of African, Caribbean and Pacific nations.

Zimbabwe reacted defiantly to the EU decision to impose a ban on travel to
European Union countries by Mr Mugabe and 19 close associates. That ban
affects their families, including children studying at EU schools. Assets
held in the EU by the targeted group have been frozen.

Zimbabwe said the package of measures amounted to "economic terrorism".

The South African deputy foreign minister, Aziz Pahad, said Pretoria had
been taken aback by the EU decision.

"If there were fears that the election would not be free and fair, then
there was the need to send in as many observers as possible," he told public

The 15 EU foreign ministers imposed the sanctions on Monday after hearing a
report from Pierre Schori, the head of the EU observer mission who was
expelled by Zimbabwe on Saturday.

Mr Schori, a Swedish diplomat ordered to leave after being accused of
"political arrogance", said he had recommended sanctions because law and
order was unravelling.

The EU sanctions also include an embargo on the supply of arms and technical
advice and of equipment which could be used for internal repression in

Yesterday the official Herald newspaper said the EU move showed it had not
been dealing in good faith. "It has indeed been behaving like a bully and
expected ‘little’ Zimbabwe to cower before the ‘superior white race’," an
editorial said. "What might seem like a European victory is indeed the
unshackling of the African continent from domination by former colonial
masters, whose plunder of Africa had not stopped up to now."

Ethiopia’s prime minister, Meles Zenawi, meanwhile said his country would
want any new government in Zimbabwe to extradite former dictator Mengistu
Haile Mariam, saying this would give Ethiopians "cause for celebration".

But Mr Zenawi said he had no idea whether any new administration in Harare
produced by elections next month would abandon Mr Mugabe’s refusal to hand
him over.

Mengistu took refuge in Zimbabwe after he was overthrown in 1991, calling in
a favour from Mr Mugabe whose independence fighters once received training
in Ethiopia.

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Tatchell Granted Visa, Calls On Australia To Arrest Mugabe
by Jon ben Asher Newscenter in London

(February 20, London)  British gay rights activist Peter Tatchell finally
has been granted a visa to enter Australia.

The Canberra government had stalled on approving the visa fearing Tatchell
would mount a protest over the appearance of Zimbabwean President Robert
Mugabe at next month's Commonwealth summit.

Tatchell has been a constant thorn in the side of Mugabe. Last year, he was
beaten by Mugabe's bodyguards when he approached the president in Belgium
and tried to arrest him on human rights violations under European Union

Mugabe has one of the worst human rights records in Africa and has mounted a
pogrom against gays in the country.  He has constantly criticized the
government of British Prime Minister Tony Blair for being "a bunch of

Tatchell, a former Australian citizen, had originally applied for the visa
to visit his ailing step-father, but would not guarantee to the Australian
government he would stay away from Mugabe.

Tuesday night Tatchell said because of the delays it was too late for him to
get to Brisbane for the March 2-5 Commonwealth meeting.

Instead he called on the Australian government to "do the right thing".

"I hope the Australian government will arrest him under its own anti-terror
laws," Tatchell  said.  If Australia won't do it, he said it was up to the

"Commonwealth states must agree to issue arrest warrants for genocide and
torture against Mugabe and his ministers, freeze their bank accounts, ban
exports of luxury goods to stop them taking their spoils out of the country
and end weapons sales," Tatchell said.

It is unclear if Mugabe, facing a presidential election will attend the
Australian conference.

Meanwhile, Tatchell said he is planning Anti-Mugabe protests in Britain. "We
are organising a hunger strike outside Zimbabwe House [in London] in support
of our call for sanctions. It will coincide with the Commonwealth summit,"
he said.
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February 20, 2002

Dear All

Magistrate Court Hearings and Legal advice

Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights have done a good job of providing legal assistance to appellants in the courts these last few days. However, this initiative will be difficult for them to sustain given the large number of court rooms being used simultaneously to hear all of the appeals.

Should you find yourself at the courts without legal representation, the ZLHR have provided the following advice to guide you (this information is included as an attachment entitled info.rtf):

Advice from Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights on removal from the voters roll.

We have provided a number of draft statements for you to use in your hearing, if you wish.

There are 4 different forms depending on whether:

a) you were born in Zimbabwe or

b) you were a permanent resident before you became a Zimbabwe citizen.


1) whether you agree to have your case referred to the High Court; or

2) whether you want to have it resolved at the Magistrates Court.

These latter 2 options are .

1) Referral of your case to the High Court. Our lawyers advise this course of action, since the prospects of success are much higher. But, please be aware that ZLHR cannot guarantee to provide legal representation for you in the High Court and you may need to instruct your own lawyer. However, your matter may not, in fact, reach the High Court, because numerous test cases and class actions are already before the courts and the outcome of these may result in your case being unnecessary.

2) If you do not want to run the risk of having to pay for a lawyer or representing yourself in the High Court, you may want to choose the second option where your case is heard by the magistrate.

In each of these scenarios, we have attempted to include all the relevant points of law to which the magistrate should apply his mind.

Feel free to use one of these forms or not, as you choose.

We ask your co-operation, however, in submitting to us the details of the outcome of your hearing at the magistrates court – ie, whether the magistrate agreed to postpone your hearing, or whether he agreed to refer it to the High Court, or whether he made a ruling in the matter and what that was.

If you send back this information, we can track the decisions being made at these hearings and also try to provide further legal advice and possibly assistance for the first few matters which come before the High Court.

We cannot speak to each and every one of you and give individual advice – we would simply be swamped! Please therefore simply state the relevant information (eg name, case number, contact phone and date of hearing) and send this to us via fax on Harare 251468, or by mail to P O Box CY 1393 Causeway. If you have email, please submit this information to

We very much regret that we cannot reply to you individually, but hope you that you will be able to assist yourself by use of these forms and any subsequent advice we will be circulating.

Copies of the forms will be sent out on the email and will also be made available at the magistrates court at 8:30 each day that the hearings are scheduled – provided we can find volunteers to do this. Additionally, copies can be collected from the law firms of Kantor & Immerman and Gollop & Blank in Harare. More collection places will be notified in due course.


Choose the correct form

1. Born in Zimbabwe and choose to refer your appeal to the High Court
- use attachment citHC.rtf

2. Born in Zimbabwe and choose to settle your appeal in the Magistrate's Court
 use attachment citMC.rtf

3. Permanent resident before you became a Zimbabwe citizen and choose to refer your appeal to the High Court
- use attachment resHC.rtf

4. Permanent resident before you became a Zimbabwe citizen and choose to settle your appeal in the Magistrate's Court
 use attachment resMC.rtf

If you cannot read attachments, email requesting the form/s you wish to have sent to you in the body of the email.

Volunteers needed

Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) need:

a. Lawyers to assist with this exercise

b. Volunteers to help with handing out the forms described above and attached to this email, at the various magistrates courts around the country. This particularly applies to Harare this week. People who are prepared to be collection points for these forms are also invited to call.

Please call Harare (04) 251468 and leave the following information on the answer phone/fax

  • Name
  • Contact number
  • City
  • Dates on which you are available to distribute forms

Do your best to attend your court hearing

Please do your best to see this process through this stage. It would be a great pity to lose your vote when you have every right to retain it.

Remember that these updates are available on the internet at:

 A fact sheet for the Citizenship Lobby Group can be viewed at:

Brenda Burrell

This email comes via the Citizenship Lobby Group. It contains very useful informaiton on the Notices of Objection and the continued process to disenfranchise voters.

Citizenship Lobby Group Update #11
February 18, 2002

Dear All

Magistrate Court Hearings
People who managed to lodge their appeals in response to the Notices of Objection have started to receive notice that they are required to present themselves for these hearings. The first notices seem to have been handed out on Thursday Feb 14, 2002. The recipients were required to present themselves at the magistrate's court the following morning.

Similarly, notices were served on many people on Saturday Feb 16, 2002 and Sunday Feb 17 requiring them to attend court on Monday 18, 2002.

Legal advice
Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) are organising lawyers, at no charge, to assist people with these hearings. Rosters of attendance need to be drawn up for these lawyers and to facilitate this, you are asked to notify ZLHR as soon as you receive notification that you are required to attend court.

Please call Harare (04) 251468 and leave the following information on the answer phone/fax
· Name
· Contact number
· Date on which you received notice to appear in court
· Date and time of hearing
· City
· Court (and location if obscure)
· Court room

What is likely to happen?
Legal advice is that a postponement should be sought for these appeals on the grounds that:
· The Registrar-General needs to be called to provide information on previous passport applications and other such information being proof of residence since at least Dec 31, 1985.
· A higher court is currently deliberating this matter (Judge Garwe has handed down a judgement in the case of Liz Feltoe who is appealing the legitimacy of the Notice of Objection she received. This case is being handled as a class action - ie the judgement will apply to all others with a similar appeal)
· You have not been given adequate time to brief legal counsel

NOTE: a voter may not be struck off the voters' roll until their appeal has been heard.

Draft statement
A draft statement has been provided by ZLHR for you to use to secure a postponement of your hearing. It is included at the end of this document.

Do I have to go to court once given notice to do so?
Yes. If you fail to turn up you may be charged with contempt of court.
Don't be fearful of this procedure. Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights are committed to providing legal assistance to you through this process.

Feedback from court cases on Feb 18, 2002

By the time our cases were heard, (12.15) Dave Drury had been sent by ZLHR. Our cases were heard along with two others in court 15. The magistrate and PP were very amenable and Dave did an excellent job. He managed to get permission to submit our case in writing on Thursday. He is allowed to appear for all of us and the magistrate will make a ruling after that. The whole thing was time consuming but everyone was very pleasant.

Lawyers - please assist
If you are a lawyer and are able to assist ZLHR in providing legal counsel in this regard, please contact ZLHR as a matter of urgency - Harare (04) 251468

What does Schedule 3 section 3(3) of the Constitution actually say?
Note that the Constitution of Zimbabwe can be viewed and downloaded from the NCA's website at

Schedule 3
(Section 38 and 39)
Qualifications for Members of Parliament and Voters

3 Qualifications and disqualifications for voters

(3) Any person who is registered on the electoral roll of a constituency shall be entitled to
     vote at an election which is held for that constituency unless-

(a) he has then ceased to be a citizen of Zimbabwe; or

(b) he is then, in accordance with the provisions of subparagraph (2), disqualified for registration; or

(c) in the case of a person who was registered on the electoral roll by virtue of qualifications referred to in subparagraph (1)(b), he has ceased to be so qualified.
[Subparagraph as substituted by s.14 of Act No.14 of 1996 - Amdmt No.14.]

What does the Electoral Act have to say?

Objections by constituency registrar
(1) If a constituency registrar has reason to believe that-
(a) a claimant is not entitled to be registered; or
(b) a claimant is not entitled to be registered on the voters' roll on which he has claimed to be registered; or
(c) a voter registered on a voters' roll is not qualified for registration on that voters' roll;

he shall send to the claimant or voter, as the case may be, written notice of objection to which a form of notice of appeal shall be annexed:

Provided that no such objection shall be taken or notice sent during the period between the issue of a proclamation referred to in section 38 or 39 and the close of polling at the election to which such proclamation relates.

(2) A notice of objection in terms of subsection (1) shall be in the prescribed form and shall set forth-
(a) the grounds of objection; and
(b) that, unless notice of appeal is given within a time stated therein, being not less than seven days, or the constituency registrar, on representations made by the person to whom the objection relates, withdraws his objection, the claim will be rejected and the claimant registered on the appropriate voters' roll or the voter's name struck off the voters' roll, as the case may be.

(3) If-
(a) notice of appeal is not duly given or is withdrawn or the constituency registrar does not withdraw his objection, the constituency registrar shall reject the claim, register the claimant on the appropriate voters' roll or strike the voter's name off the voters' roll, as the case may be;
(b) notice of appeal is duly given-
(i) the constituency registrar shall, unless he withdraws his objection, forthwith set down the objection for hearing before a designated magistrate of the province in which the claimant or voter resides; and
(ii) the designated magistrate shall appoint a day and place for the hearing, the day so appointed being not more than 30 days after the date of receipt of the notice of appeal.

(4) The constituency registrar shall give written notice to the appellant of the day and place appointed for the hearing.

(5) A notice of appeal shall be accompanied by the sum of $50 as a deposit.

(6) The appellant may withdraw his appeal on written notice to the constituency registrar and-
(a) if the objection has been set down in terms of subsection (3) for hearing, the constituency registrar shall notify the designated magistrate of such withdrawal; and
(b) the sum deposited in terms of subsection (5) shall be forfeited and the money paid into the Consolidated Revenue Fund unless the constituency registrar is satisfied that there was good reason for the appeal and the withdrawal thereof and has authorised the refund of such sum.

Your rights
Permanent residence is an implicit part of citizenship. Prior to renunciation in the latter part of 2001 you would have been a de facto permanent resident.

Regardless of the fact that you may have chosen to retain your foreign citizenship over your Zimbabwean citizenship, you are nonetheless eligible to vote as evidenced by the following relevant details extracted from the High Court judgement handed down by Justice Rita Makarau on January 25, 2002:

1. In order to comply with section 28(2) of the Constitution of Zimbabwe, for the Presidential elections scheduled for 9 and 10 March 2002, the Registrar General shall ensure that there is in place a common roll.
2. The common roll referred to in 1 above, shall contain the names and such other information as may be necessary, of all persons who have attained the age of 18 years, are citizens of Zimbabwe or, since 1985, have been regarded by a written law to be permanent residents in Zimbabwe and who meet the residential requirements of any particular constituency or have satisfied him that for reasons related to place of origin, political affiliation or otherwise, it is appropriate that they be registered in a constituency in which they do not reside;
3. The Registrar General shall restore to the voters roll of any constituency all voters who, on or before 18 January 2002, were on that roll or were eligible but were refused to be on that roll, who may have lost or renounced their citizenship of Zimbabwe, but who since 1985, have been regarded by a written law to be permanently resident in Zimbabwe;
4. The Registrar General shall make adequate and reasonable administrative arrangements for all voters registered on the common roll who will not be in their constituencies on the polling days, to exercise their vote

Hope this all helps
Brenda Burrell
(incl. Draft Statement)

Draft statement

I refer to the Notice of Hearing dated ................

I received this notice at on ....................the of February 2002.

In this regard:

1. I have had inadequate notice of this hearing.

2. Due to the lack of proper notice of this hearing I have not been afforded the opportunity to secure legal representation. I am entitled to be legally represented.  I want to be legally represented.

3. I will require certain persons to be called to give evidence in this matter including:
3.1 the Registrar General.

4. I will produce certain documentary evidence which I have yet to collate given the lack of notice given to me.

5. I will submit that the issues of law raised in the matter of L.Feltoe v Registrar General presently pending before the High Court are all to be decided in this matter and this matter should be postponed pending the outcome of that matter.

6. I reserve my right on obtaining legal advice to apply to have this matter referred to the High Court as a stated case or to the Supreme Court sitting as a Constitutional Court. Accordingly I believe that this matter should be postponed accordingly.

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The Times

Swiss to decide on Harare sanctions
By Allan Hall

SWITZERLAND will decide within the next 48 hours whether to impose sanctions
on Zimbabwe in line with European Union measures.
The country is considering similar kinds of sanctions, aimed at hitting the
regime of President Robert Mugabe and its servants rather than the
population as a whole.

This could mean a freeze on the secretive bank accounts that Cabinet figures
in the Mugabe regime, and Mr Mugabe himself, are believed to hold in

Daniela Stoffel-Fatzer, a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman, said the decision on
whether to block bank accounts, impose trade restrictions and ban travel by
Zimbabwean officials would have to be taken by the federal Cabinet.

Switzerland is the caretaker of about £55 million belonging to members of
the Zimbabwean Government.

The Cabinet, which is hoping to make a decision before the weekend, will
convey its message to the Zimbabwean Ambassador in Bern.

EU sanctions already entail cutting off £85 million of development aid, an
EU travel ban for Mr Mugabe and 20 of his Cabinet ministers and freezing
their European assets.

Jonathan Moyo, Zimbabwe’s Information Minister, said: “There is no price
that is going to be high in defending our independence.”
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The Times

More die as Mugabe slams door on media
From Jan Raath in Harare and Michael Dynes in Johannesburg

FRESH evidence of the scale of political violence in Zimbabwe emerged
yesterday as President Mugabe’s regime increased its curbs on the
international media.
Human rights groups said that another eight people had died in the past
fortnight, overwhelmingly at the hands of Mr Mugabe’s lawless militiamen.
This brings to at least 26 the number killed since the beginning of the
year, the worst in the same period in the past two years, according to the
Zimbabwe Human Rights Non-Governmental Organisations Forum.

Scores of journalists from news organisations across the world have been
banned barely weeks after President Mugabe and Jonathan Moyo, his
Information Minister, made explicit public commitments to regional and
international leaders that the world’s media would have unfettered access to
next month’s presidential elections.

Almost every British, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Australian and New Zealand
reporter who applied for accreditation to cover the poll on March 9 and 10
has been rejected. Not a single reporter from South Africa’s three biggest
newspaper groups — Independent Newspapers, the Afrikaner group Beeld, and
Johnnick Publishing, the black-owned group that publishes the Sunday Times —
has been given permission to enter the country, prompting the South African
Editors’ Forum to appeal to President Mbeki to intercede with the Zimbabwean
authorities on their behalf.

Copies of all unsuccessful accreditation applications have been forwarded to
Zimbabwe’s Chief Immigration Officer so that journalists who are refused
entry can be apprehended by immigration officials if they enter the country
as tourists. Television stations that have been accredited to cover the
vote, including ITN, CNN, and the South African Broadcasting Corporation,
will be dependent on the state-owned Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC)
to transmit their reports abroad.

Some television reporters, who declined to be identified, have expressed
fears that their broadcasts will be monitored or vetted by ZBC officials,
and may be blocked if the Zimbabwe authorities disapprove of their content.

Whereas journalists from countries seen by Harare as hostile to Mr Mugabe’s
attempt to extend his 22-year rule have been the subject of a blanket ban,
others have been singled out and refused entry simply for writing articles
critical of Mr Mugabe and his Government.

John Murphy, the Africa Correspondent for the Baltimore Sun, was refused
permission to enter Zimbabwe for writing a profile of Mr Mugabe which Harare
found offensive. After asking George Charamba, a senior Ministry of
Information official, why he had been banned he was told: “You didn’t think
we’d be reading the Baltimore Sun did you?” Others, including The Washington
Post correspondent, have been told that their applications have been lost.

Denouncing Zimbabwe’s decision to ban South Africa’s three biggest press
groups, Colin Eglin, the foreign affairs spokesman for South Africa’s
opposition Democratic Alliance, said: “This is not only an attack on the
freedom of the press but it also undermines the credibility of the

In its report, the Zimbabwe human rights forum said that 15 of those who had
died had been supporters of the Movement for Democratic Change, led by the
opposition presidential candidate Morgan Tsvangirai, and five belonged to Mr
Mugabe’s ruling Zanu(PF) party. The political affiliation of another six was
not known, but most had been named in earlier press reports as victims of
Zanu(PF). One was beaten to death after being caught by militiamen reading a
copy of the independent Daily News.

“Violence on an organised basis has continued without decline,” said the
forum, whose fortnightly report is recognised as the only credible record of
political violence.

Its publication coincided with the departure from Harare yesterday of the 30
European Union observers who arrived here last week. They were withdrawn
after the EU decision to impose sanctions on Mr Mugabe and his senior

The observers would have had an inhibiting effect on the violence, said Tony
Reeler, a leading official of the forum. “We are saying we need
international observers. We are saying, please stay, whether or not there
are sanctions.”

A small group of South Africans make up the only body of observers now
touring the country. The forum report also recorded 301 cases of torture and
assault, 97 abductions and 22 disappearances. It said that there was now an
established pattern of victims being abducted and taken to ruling party
militia bases around the country where they are assaulted and tortured.

“Victim statements have increasingly indicated that the youth militia
involved in organised violence have received formal training (in torture).”

The forum named 24 bases, three of them in Harare, where “a wide range of
types of torture are being used”. It cited falanga (beating on the soles of
the feet), persistent beating on one part of the body and sexual torture, in
which men are forced to rape captive women.

“The result of this, in each documented case, has been severe genital
infection and marked psychological trauma,” the forum said. There was also a
high risk of fatal HIV infection.

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Tuesday, 19 February, 2002, 20:08 GMT
Famine racks Southern Africa
Supermarket shelves
Zimbabwe supermarkets have run out of maize
Nearly four million people in Southern Africa are in desperate need of food aid, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation has warned.

The FAO said that harvests fell by up to 25% last year and said the situation was particularly acute in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

What we are experiencing is real human disaster

Malawi's Catholic priests
Stocks of the staple food crop, maize, are reported to be low and market prices are rising beyond the reach of large sections of the population.

This comes as Malawi's Catholic priests urge the government to declare a national emergency because of the lack of food.

The FAO blamed the weather and reduced planting for most of the shortfall. It said Zimbabwe had harvested less than half its usual amount because of disruption caused by land seizures.

Dire outlook

Emergency food aid would be needed from the middle of April until the next crop was harvested, said the UN agency.

"WFP (World Food Programme) has started distributions of food aid but more pledges are required to avoid interruptions in the emergency operations," it said.

Hungry child
Hunger threatens the lives of thousands of children

A statement from Malawi's Catholic priests shared the dire outlook of the FAO.

"What we are experiencing is real human disaster, a famine - it is killing many people especially in the rural areas," they said.

One priest reported that his parish officiated at least seven funeral rites in one day for people who had died of hunger.

The priests also appealed to the government to subsidise the price of imported maize but the authorities say this would be too expensive.

Shops in many parts of Zimbabwe have reportedly run out of maize.

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US considers travel sanctions against Zimbabwe

The United States is moving towards imposing travel sanctions against Zimbabwe.

State Department spokesman Richard Boucher says the sanctions would focus on the individuals responsible for or who benefit from "policies that undermine Zimbabwe's democratic institutions".

Mr Boucher said financial sanctions were also being contemplated.

A decision on whether to impose those sanctions depends on the conduct of the presidential elections in March, he said.

President Robert Mugabe, who has led Zimbabwe since independence in 1980, is seeking another term in the election.

The EU, angered by Zimbabwe's refusal to let its observers freely monitor the elections, imposed sanctions on Monday and ordered its observer team home.

Mr Boucher said the US and the EU are concerned about the same issues: continuing political violence, human rights abuses, media restrictions, and government efforts to prevent a free and fair presidential election.

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Business Day

Only SA strong enough to keep Harare in check'


Capital Markets Reporter

SA IS the only country strong enough to keep Zimbabwe in check, and needs to
be seen to challenge Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, chief global
economist for Zurich Financial Services David Hale said last night.

Speaking at a function at Brait Merchant Bank, Hale said the US state
department had conducted a poll in Zimbabwe which showed that Mugabe would
win 30% of the vote in a free and fair election.

The problem, he said, was that Mugabe was not going to permit a free and
fair election, and British intelligence agency MI5 had proof that there were
ballot papers with Mugabe's name already on them.

Hale said Zimbabwe's leading opposition party, the Movement for Democratic
Change, had so far been successful in limiting protest against the
Zimbabwean government. However, he did not see how it would be able to
contain the reaction of the people if Mugabe won a rigged election.

He said Zimbabwe represented the first real hurdle for the New Partnership
for Africa's Development. SA, which as usual was facing unique problems, had
a critical role to play in resolving the Zimbabwean crisis.

He said Zimbabwe was not the only factor hurting the rand last year, and the
currency was tracking the movements of the Australian dollar until September
11, when its rapid depreciation began.

Hale also spoke on the global economy, and said the continuing economic
crisis in Argentina should be studied by SA, as left-wing politicians in SA
could use Argentina as an example to argue that globalisation did not work.

The biggest danger that the Argentinian situation posed was not market
contagion which had been priced into the market long before the country's
actual debt default but the "intellectual contagion" the situation created,
which could be used by opponents of globalisation, said Hale.

He expected the US and European economies to recover slowly this year.

East Asian economies were reliant on the US recovery for their comebacks,
Hale said.

He said Japan was not a candidate to lead world growth, and reform of its
banking system could be forced when the state abolished deposit insurance on
term deposits as planned.

In Europe, he said, the most interesting thing to watch would be the
possible emergence of right-wing governments in Germany and France, which
could lead to the implementation of microeconomic reform policies.

Hale has advised governments on economic policy, and sits on numerous US
congressional boards, consulting on global economic policy issues.
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From Catholic Telecommunications

Zimbabwean thugs entering Churches in pre-election violence

Armed men are entering churches during Mass in order to seize and beat up
political opponents, according to the head of an international missionary
congregation who has just returned from a visit to Zimbabwe.

After returning to Rome, Fr Yves La Fontaine, Superior General of the
Marianhill missionaries, told MISNA: "The situation is grave, a great deal
more than the situation of the previous elections."

He said: "The militants of the ruling party ZANU-PF are doing their outmost
to prevent supporters of the opposition to participate in the voting."

"They control the communications, limiting the peoples liberty of movement
and confiscate the documents from those suspected of being MDC supporters."

Fr La Fontaine said that a Marianhill missionary who had been in the country
for 69 years was removed from the electoral roll. LINKS
Marianhill Missionaries


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Ethiopia says wants Mengistu back from Zimbabwe

ADDIS ABABA, Feb. 19 — Ethiopia's prime minister said on Tuesday his country
would want any new government in Zimbabwe to extradite former dictator
Mengistu Haile Mariam, saying this would give Ethiopians ''cause for

       But Meles Zenawi said he had no idea whether any new administration
in Harare produced by elections next month would abandon President Robert
Mugabe's refusal to hand him over.
       Mengistu took refuge in Zimbabwe after he was overthrown in 1991,
calling in a favour from Mugabe whose independence fighters once received
training in Ethiopia.
       Mengistu faces charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity
allegedly perpetrated during his 17-year rule.
       ''It's not as emotional as it would have been 10 years ago but it
would be a cause for celebration on the part of many Ethiopians,'' Meles
said in an interview with Reuters.
       ''As far I know he is still in Zimbabwe,'' Meles said. ''Clearly I
would want him to be brought here to face the consequences of his actions in
a court.''
       South Africa also once refused an Ethiopian request for Mengistu's
extradition when he was in that country for medical treatment.

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S.African journalists say turned down by Zimbabwe

JOHANNESBURG, Feb. 19 — Zimbabwe has turned down applications from most
South African newspapers to cover next month's election despite Pretoria's
bid to stay on even terms with President Robert Mugabe, a media union said
on Tuesday.
        Journalists from the Independent newspaper group, the Sunday Times,
the Afrikaans language Die Burger and Beeld, and the online newspaper Media
24 were refused accreditation for the March 9-10 presidential election.
       No reason was given for the decisions, said a spokesman for the South
African Union of Journalists.
       But Zimbabwe has approved applications from the state-owned South
African Broadcasting Corp and independent television channel
       ''Though disappointed, we are not completely surprised at this
decision,'' the union said in statement. ''We see this as an attempt to
drive a wedge and cast aspersions among journalists.''
       Zimbabwe's Information Minister Jonathan Moyo has repeatedly
criticised South Africa's media, accusing its neighbour's ''apartheid
press'' of demonising Mugabe and his controversial land reform programme.
       South Africa's Deputy Foreign Minister Aziz Pahad, who on Sunday
accused the media of ''demonising'' Mugabe, said his government would take
the matter up with Harare.
       ''I really believe it's in the interests of all Zimbabweans that the
South African media are allowed in and allowed to do their job as freely and
fairly as necessary,'' Pahad told reporters.
       South African President Thabo Mbeki has adopted a policy of ''quiet
diplomacy'' towards Zimbabwe despite international and domestic pressure to
take a harder stand against Mugabe.
       South Africa, the region's most powerful diplomatic force, said on
Monday a decision by the European Union to impose sanctions on Mugabe and
his inner circle was regrettable and could be counterproductive.
       Zimbabwe has also refused accreditation to journalists from several
European countries, including Britain and Sweden. But some American
journalists have been approved.

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ZIMBABWE: Politicisation of healthcare denied

JOHANNESBURG, 19 February (IRIN) - Zimbabwe's Deputy High Commissioner to Pretoria has rejected allegations, contained in a report by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), that opposition supporters are denied healthcare at state institutions.

The report was authored by Shari Epple of the Amani Trust, a non-governmental organisation that documents torture, and Dr Hans Draminsky Petersen, a founder of PHR in Denmark. They have documented cases of severe torture and harassment of opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) supporters, allegedly by ruling ZANU-PF militants, in rural Zimbabwe.

In Morgan Tsvangirai, the leader of opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), President Robert Mugabe reportedly faces the toughest challenge to his 22-year rule. Zimbabweans go to the polls on 9-10 March, but the run-up to the election has been marred by violence and intimidation.

"Of concern to us is the politicisation of hospitals and healthcare, in the district of Mberengwa East (in southern Zimbabwe) it's a clear policy that if you are (an MDC victim of) a politically motivated assault you cannot get treated without police authorising treatment," Epple said.

Epple told IRIN that she and Petersen had come across victims who had been tortured, but who had to send families to get a letter from the police before they could receive medical care. "If the police refuse you don't get treatment," she explained. "One victims' family took him on a donkey cart to the hospital, but without a letter from police the hospital refused to treat him and he lay outside for 24 hours."

Hospital treatment "is also abysmal, you pay Z$220 (US $4 at the official rate) for treatment and for that you get a few paracetemol. These people had been whipped with barbed wire and their wounds were not washed. One lost an eye because of a screw driver (assault), he lay there until we arranged for a rescue. There was no dressing of wounds no sutures. A lot of hospitals are interfered with by war veterans, in some cases veterans run the hospitals. Doctors are either too scared or are (ZANU-PF) sympathisers," she alleged.

"Healthcare is a very dangerous process for MDC victims. This situation goes completely against the tenets of the Hippocratic oath and anything humanitarian."

However, Danson Mudekunye, Zimbabwe's Deputy High Commissioner in Pretoria, denied the accusations.

Mudekunye said: "I've never heard such utter nonsense in my life. It's not a policy in Zimbabwe, go to casualty in any hospital or clinic and they attend to you. If you are treated for something that may involve criminal action the doctors and nurses are duty bound to inform the police. They do not say 'we need a report from police first'. The normal thing is that first and foremost the medical personnel will attend to you."

The report by PHR states: "In three cases, the police issued documents apparently necessary at any hospital in this particular district in order for health staff to be allowed to administer treatment to people who arrive with obviously politically motivated injuries. In one case in this district they refused to write the needed letter, resulting in a 24 delay of treatment at the hospital. Treatment was eventually given only as the result of the victim having a relative on the hospital staff."

The PHR report also highlighted the theft of identity document (IDs) and the alleged collusion of police with ZANU-PF militia. "All human rights violations observed by us were reported to have been committed by supporters of the ruling party and government. Similarities in the four torture cases (recorded by the PHR team) clearly indicate planning and organisation of torture. This together with the reported robbing of ID documents necessary for voting, various types of harassment, including destruction of properties, and threats including killings, point to deliberate strategies to undermine democratic processes in the current pre-election context."

Mudekunye described the report as "sickening disinformation". He said: "To steal national ID card is an offense. But everybody knows his own (ID) number, you report it (the theft) to police and immediately there will be a case opened and you can use that case number to vote ... there are copies (of IDs). You go and report that my name is so and so my voter registration number is so and so. There is a provision that within a day you can go and get a replacement national registration card, stamped by the registrar-generals office."

The first part of the PHR report can be found at and the second at
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SOS members advised to review local contingency plans as potential for
violence at 9 March Presidential Elections gains momentum.  SOS has
identified the following key indicators that will aid contingency planning
in the build-up to the Presidential Elections.  The  indicators listed for
level one warning are now apparent, hence the issue of this notice.

Level One - Warning - Indicators:

*       Open targeting of MDC (opposition) members.
*       Closing down of free press.
*       Expulsion of foreign journalists.
*       Training of youth militias on a very wide scale in tactics of
violence and intimidation.
*       Severe socio-economic crisis, more than 500 000 facing starvation.
*       Political violence against food distribution staff
*       Evidence of state sponsored Xenophobia, with US and EU nationals
likely to be targeted if economic sanctions are imposed.

SOS is likely to issue an Alert if one of the following is evident:

Level Two - Alert - Indicators:

*       Evidence of MDC (opposition) arming itself in numbers - Imprisonment
of MDC Leader.
*       Sudden death of President or MDC Leader.
*       Complete breakdown of Law and Order in more than one city.
*       Open and widespread targeting of expatriates.
*       Specific threats issued against tourist destinations (e.g. Victoria
*       Armed forces not accepting an MDC victory in election.
*       Clear violence of foreign troop activity (likely to be Libyan,
Angolan or Cuban) - involving detention and torture.
*      Specific advisories from British FCO or the US State Department.

SOS Comment

SOS advises its members to consider the use of an 'extended vacation period'
for families and dependants for a minimum of 2 weeks prior to the election
and 2 weeks after.  In addition, business travelers should consider
postponing visits during this period.  As a minimum employers should
consider relocating staff to Harare for this period and identifying secure
hotels or houses to in which to shelter should violence erupt suddenly.

Please call either the Johannesburg, London, Singapore or Philadelphia Alarm
centre to confirm your employee numbers in Zimbabwe to discuss contingency
planning issues.  SOS is monitoring the situation very closely.  SOS
reiterates its advice for members to avoid rural areas where militia groups
are inflicting harm at impromptu roadblocks.  In particular, white-owned
farms should be avoided.  In the main cities of Bulawayo and Harare, members
should maintain a low profile and avoid demonstrations, techniques. British
companies have been targeted for possible nationalization and expropriation
of assets by Zanu-PF.  Last year some offices were victims of violent
intrusion by Zanu-PF supporters.  This is likely to happen again.  British
companies should consider temporary relocation of assets and people."

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Zimbabwe divides up foreign press corps over election coverage

Owen Gibson
Tuesday February 19, 2002

Only a handful of British news journalists will be allowed to cover the
upcoming Zimbabwean election as President Robert Mugabe divides the foreign
press corps into favoured and unfavoured camps.

The ban on the BBC will continue but in what appears to an attempt to
frustrate the corporation's efforts to cover the election, the Zimbabwean
government has given ITN's Africa correspondent, Tim Ewart, the go-ahead to
continue coverage up to the ballot on March 9.

As draconian new rules aimed at muzzling criticism come into force, it
appears that only certain newspapers and TV reporters will get access to the

Ewart, who was the only British journalist to be let in last year during the
attacks on white farmers by pro-government militants, is currently reporting
out of Johannesburg.

He is expected to move to Zimbabwe to file reports on the election for use
across all of ITN's bulletins.

Zimbabwe's information minister, Jonathan Moyo, said he would allow ITN to
remain in the country just to frustrate the BBC, which had its
correspondent, Rageh Omaar, expelled after being accused of bias.

David Blair of the Daily Telegraph was kicked out of Zimbabwe at the weekend
and the paper has no plans to replace him.

Basildon Peta, the Independent reporter who fled Zimbabwe last Friday after
being accused by authorities of fabricating a report of his imprisonment,
will cover the election from over the border in South Africa.

The Times is using a Zimbabwean stringer, Jan Raath, to cover developments
in Harare and African correspondent Janine de Giovanni is also on her way to
Zimbabwe from Kenya. A source said she was hopeful of being able to enter
the country and gain accreditation.

The Guardian's correspondent, Andrew Meldrum, who is in the unusual position
of being both a local journalist and a foreign correspondent, will find out
at 5pm today if he will receive accreditation.

Meldrum has been vilified by Mr Moyo for his reports in the Guardian, which
have been condemned as "gibberish". However, he has not been asked to leave.

Most British, South African, Australian, Swedish and Dutch journalists have
already been denied accreditation.

President Mugabe's repressive media bill, passed earlier this month, gives
the government the power to ban newspapers and makes it an offence for
journalists to work without official accreditation.

The move to ban British journalists from covering the election comes in the
wake of the European Union's decision to impose sanctions on the country and
withdraw its election observers.

Most US media operations have been given official accreditation but several,
including the Associated Press, have been refused permission to bring in
foreign reporters. The ruling Zanu-PF party has also imposed a variety of
other restrictions.

CNN, for example, has been given accreditation for two journalists but they
won't be able to enter the country until February 25.

Other news organisations have been told that only Zimbabwean reporters will
receive accreditation.

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The Age, Melbourne

Zimbabwe opposition leader could win presidential vote: poll
HARARE, Feb 20 AFP|Published: Wednesday February 20, 8:52 PM

An opinion poll published today showed Zimbabwe's opposition leader Morgan
Tsvangirai could beat President Robert Mugabe in presidential elections next
month, but 60 per cent of those polled refused to say who they would vote

The pre-election survey was conducted by the Mass Public Opinion Institute,
led by a University of Zimbabwe political scientist, Masipula Sithole.

Out of 1,693 respondents polled, 19.8 per cent said they would vote for
Tsvangirai, while 11.3 per cent favoured Mugabe and 59.7 per cent refused to
disclose their choice, saying their vote was secret.

Another 7.8 per cent of those interviewed said they had not made up their
minds yet.

Zimbabweans will vote on March 9 and 10 in an election that will see Mugabe
trying to extend his 22 years in power.

The most important issue for the Zimbabwean voter is the economic crisis
gripping the country, where inflation stands at 116 per cent, unemployment
at more than 60 per cent and foreign exchange is critically short.

Close to 80 per cent of the country's population live below the poverty

Nearly 200 survey questionnaires that were to be administered in a ruling
party stronghold were seized by pro-government supporters and veterans of
the country's liberation war, the survey revealed.

The election campaign has been marred by political violence, with human
rights bodies saying at least 25 people have been killed since January 1.

Another opinion poll released late last year showed a majority of
Zimbabweans favouring Tsvangirai.

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Media groups in Zimbabwe election talks

Owen Gibson
Wednesday February 20, 2002

News organisations are still locked in negotiations with Zimbabwean
authorities in an effort to find out if they will be able to cover the
forthcoming general election.

Several applications for accreditation have been refused outright, with the
BBC, Daily Telegraph, Independent and the Economist all confirming they
weren't allowed to report from the country.

Sky News, initially refused accreditation, is reviewing the situation on a
day by day basis in an effort to get a reporter into the country to cover
the run-up to the election, on March 9.

The Mail on Sunday and Daily Mail have also yet to send anyone to Zimbabwe
but the foreign desk said it was still considering whether to apply for
official accreditation.

Up to now, ITN's correspondent Tim Ewart has been the only UK TV journalist
to gain accreditation.

Andrew Meldrum, the Guardian's Zimbabwe-based correspondent, is hopeful of
receiving permission to stay in the country on Monday, while the Times is
using Zimbabwean stringer Jan Raath and hoping to get African correspondent
Janine de Giovanni into the country.

A few US media organizations, including Associated Press and the Baltimore
Sun, have been denied permission to bring in foreign reporters.

An AP spokeswoman said the situation was "volatile" and it was unsure what
was going to happen.

Reuters has three Zimbabweans in the area producing text and photography and
is hopeful of gaining accreditation for other foreign journalists to follow
them. It expects to hear later this week whether its application has been
successful, a spokesman said.

On Sunday President Robert Mugabe launched a stinging attack on foreign
media, presaging the expulsion of journalists. "The independent media are
most of them liars, downright liars," he said.

"They fabricate news, exaggerate news, they manufacture news. The
independent papers publish stories criticising me, demonising me. Why don't
we arrest them?" he added.
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Wednesday, 20 February, 2002, 10:45 GMT
Zimbabweans applaud EU sanctions
Man reading newspaper in Harare
Most people support the EU's decision
test hello test

By Lewis Machipisa in Zimbabwe
EU sanctions may mean sleepless nights for President Robert Mugabe and the ruling elite - but for most residents of Harare the move is long overdue.

''By imposing sanctions on this country, they show that some people outside also recognise that we are in a very bad situation and if this is not curbed then we are going to have continual collapse of this country,'' said Charles Mhlanga, who supports the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.

His colleague Shakespeare Sibanda agreed.

''In this country there is no rule of law and Mugabe must be sanctioned," he said.
Shakespeare Sibanda
Sibanda believes Mugabe 'must be sanctioned'

But sidewalk vendor Bornwell Mbwewe was more cautious in his response.

''My fear is that if the ruling party wins the elections then the sanctions may be extended to cover the whole country," he said.

"If that happens, it will affect us the poor people and not the ministers because they have money and can still live well.

"But president Mugabe cannot blame anyone for the sanctions. His government has brought the sanctions upon themselves by treating people like prisoners with no rights. Mugabe should take the blame.''


Across Harare, an opposition stronghold, the reaction to the targeted sanctions was overwhelmingly positive.

Let it be known throughout the whole world that Zimbabwe and its leader will become another Saddam Hussein who has had country hit by sanctions for a long time, but they have failed to destroy him

War veterans' leader

''I support the sanctions because Mugabe and his close allies are mismanaging our resources while educated Zimbabweans can't get jobs," one middle-aged man said.

"I have 'A' levels but I cannot get a job while the ministers families live abroad. They too should be made to suffer. Maybe they will realise that they are not fit to rule this country."

Another said he supported the sanctions ''simply because they are going to affect individuals and not affect us all. I support them just because it's the only way to fix Mugabe.''

But the Zimbabwe government has dismissed the sanctions as predictable and vowed not to be shaken by them.

''We will never allow in our country a situation where our sovereignty rights are hijacked under the guise of election observation," Professor Jonathan Moyo, Zimbabwe's information minister, told the state-run daily, The Herald.

"We are happy that the world is larger than Europe and that we in Africa would like to be judged by Africans who share the same values with us."

The sanctions were also brushed off by Zimbabwe war veterans leader Joseph Chinotimba. ''The British know very well that we can survive without their help. We have survived sanctions before and we were already under sanctions anyway so the sanctions don't even worry us,'' Mr Chinotimba said.

What we need is a good life and better education, and if sanctions against Mugabe can bring that, we support them.

Harare resident

''Let it be known throughout the whole world that Zimbabwe and its leader will become another Saddam Hussein who has had country hit by sanctions for a long time, but they have failed to destroy him. We have our African friends and they will help us. The British are liars bent on wanting to re-colonise us. But we are saying as war veterans, we will not be intimidated."

He said the sanctions actually strengthened the veterans' determination to take more land.

''It's only that we are a democratic people otherwise we would have cancelled the elections because of the sanctions by Britain. But we are unlike them so we will defeat their puppet Morgan Tsvangirai, who is a sell-out,'' he added.


But Phainos Jasi from the sprawling Mabvuku township felt the sanctions should have been imposed ''a long time ago''.

''I accept that sanctions have a negative impact on a country," he said. "But if we have a negative impact in order to produce positive results, I think it's better than having negative effects uncurtailed.

''By imposing sanctions we are looking beyond the present into the future. As soon as sanctions are seen to be having results, they should be discontinued."

A colleague of his concurred.

''I am supporting the sanctions because most of the ministers' children are studying abroad while ours are suffering in the rural areas and our education system has deteriorated," he said.

"What we need is a good life and better education, and if sanctions against Mugabe can bring that, we support them.''

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U.S. trade rep says Africa must push on Zimbabwe

JOHANNESBURG, Feb. 19 — Africa must lead the way in ensuring Zimbabwe's
presidential elections are free and fair, a key member of President George
Bush's cabinet said on Tuesday, the penultimate day of a U.S. trade mission
to the region.
        ''There's no doubt about it... what Mugabe is doing in Zimbabwe is
bad for Zimbabwe, it's bad for the people of Zimbabwe and it's bad for the
people of Africa,'' U.S. trade ambassador Robert Zoellick said in an
interview with Reuters.
       Zoellick's nine-day Africa trip came the same week that Zimbabwe
expelled the head of a European Union election observer team and the EU
responded with smart sanctions against President Robert Mugabe.
       ''I think it's important for people from the international community
to put pressure upon this but ultimately the solutions for Africa must come
from Africa,'' Zoellick said.
       South Africa said on Monday the EU's decision to impose sanctions on
Mugabe and 19 associates was regrettable, mistaken and could even compound
the political and economic crisis in the country ahead of the March 9-10
       Zoellick said it was unclear if Washington would follow the EU's lead
on sanctions or what effect any sanctions would have on a population already
facing severe food shortages, roaring inflation and widespread political
       Under a law signed in December, the United States said it would
oppose debt relief and vote against loan credit or guarantees to the
Zimbabwe government if it failed to change its ways.
       ''As I understand it, the U.S. law on the sanctions is targeted at
those who are in power and those who represent the corruption of the economy
and democracy,'' Zoellick said.
       Zimbabwe's troubles were blamed partly for a plunge in South Africa's
rand currency last year and analysts fear the instability could further
unsettle the rest of the region, one of the poorest in the world.
       Zoellick said he hoped to see more trade between Africa and the
United States to boost the region's development. He said he was in talks
over a possible free trade pact with the Southern African Customs Union of
Botswana, Swaziland, Namibia, South Africa and Lesotho.

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