The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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From ZWNEWS, 2 February

Against All Odds

If you happen to be in the area of 24 degrees west and 24 degrees south, a
couple of hundred miles off the north-west tip of Africa, look out for a
small white rowing boat. It will be instantly recognisable amongst the
thirteen other boats dotted about the Atlantic Ocean - it has "Save
Zimbabwe" emblazoned across its hull. The two rowers sat inside it are
rowing the tiny vessel - about 7.5 metres long - across the ocean from the
Canary Islands to Barbados, as part of the Ocean Rowing Society's Atlantic
Regatta. The two, American Scott Wonenberg and Zimbabwean Brett Sparrow, are
currently well positioned at the front of the western flank of the flotilla,
having covered 835 km since they crossed the start line at San Sebastian on
the island of La Gomera in the Canaries on 22 January - two days later than
the rest of the fleet. They have 3905 km to go to the finish line at Port St
Charles in Barbados. The boat - named Against All Odds - is one of seven
double-crewed boats taking part in the event. There also six solo rowers,
and one boat powered by four oarsmen. They face the possibility of 10m
waves, but thankfully, there are no hurricanes currently forecast for the
route. The progress of the boats can be monitored at
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From The Daily News, 2 February

Plot to rig Gutu poll

Staff Reporter

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) says it has uncovered a
well-executed plan to rig the Gutu North by-election in which it claims that
about 7 000 registered voters in Harare constituencies have also been
registered to vote in the two-day poll in Gutu North, which starts today.
According to Remus Makuwaza, the MDC director of elections, the alleged
rigging ploy was not restricted to Gutu North but was a traditional device
by Zanu PF, through the Registrar-General’s (RG) Office, to manipulate the
voters’ roll ahead of any by-election. Makuwaza said the RG’s Office had
continuously refused to let his party have the consolidated voters’ rolls,
after the inspection of the voters’ roll in all the past by-elections, and
lately, the Gutu North poll. The MDC has previously pointed out the
government’s vote-rigging mechanisms and named alleged ghost voters. The
opposition party is also challenging President Robert Mugabe’s 2002 election
victory, citing alleged electoral irregularities including manipulation of
the voters’ roll.

Makuwaza said the RG’s Office deliberately interchanged names appearing on
the voters’ roll and the addresses, causing thousands of voters to be turned
away on the voting day because of conflicting personal details. "We have
filed papers in the High Court against the Registrar General’s Office
concerning the consolidated voters’ roll without success," Makuwaza said.
"The Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC) is a toothless electoral
institution. The fact that the Registrar General’s Office has denied us our
right to have the consolidated voters’ rolls in the past by-elections,
including the Gutu North election, means they have a lot to hide that we don
’t know." Tobaiwa Mudede, the Registrar General, could not be reached for
comment. His mobile phone continuously rang without any response. But
Makuwaza said what happened towards any by-election was that the RG’s Office
gave them the voters’ roll before the voters’ roll inspection exercise
started but would refuse to give them a consolidated supplementary voters’
roll soon after the inspection because they feared the discovery of ghost
voters. Thomas Bvuma, the ESC spokesman, yesterday said he was not in a
position to comment because he was travelling. Nathan Shamuyarira, the Zanu
PF spokesman, dismissed the claims as false and an invented allegation from
reporters in the private media, particularly at The Daily News. "That’s not
true that people have been illegally registered," Shamuyarira said. "The
Daily News is just there to discredit all government efforts to prepare for
good elections. The Registrar General has registered people and the people
are ready to vote but you have created your own allegations. These
allegations are yours and not the people’s."

In the case of Gutu North, Makuwaza said during their audit of the voters’
roll, about 7 000 names of people previously registered in Highfield,
Budiriro, Glen View, Kuwadzana, Warren Park, Mbare, Mabvuku, Mbare East,
Mbare West, Mufakose, St Mary’s, Glen Norah and Hatfield now appear on the
Gutu North voters’ roll. Makuwaza said his party has failed to get an
explanation from Mudede’s office on why such a large number of Harare
residents have suddenly been registered in Gutu North. Crispa Musoni is
representing the MDC while retired Air Marshal Josiah Tungamirai is standing
for the ruling party in the by-election. The Gutu North seat fell vacant
following the death of Vice-President Simon Muzenda in September last year.
Meanwhile, our Masvingo bureau chief Energy Bara reports that more than 59
000 people are expected to cast their votes today in the Gutu North poll
which has been marred by pre-election violence and intimidation. The
situation remained tense in the whole constituency as both parties, ZANU PF
and the MDC, made last-minute preparations to wind up their campaigns.
Police maintained a heavy presence as they mounted roadblocks and searched
motorists for dangerous weapons. Officers from the RG’s Office and election
observers were being deployed to the 44 static polling stations scattered
throughout the constituency.

The MDC has claimed the by-election campaign was marred by violence,
intimidation and harassment of the electorate. Musoni, the MDC candidate,
yesterday maintained that his party failed to hold a single rally as chiefs
and headmen were allegedly blocking the party’s campaign. "A normal campaign
was not possible as the ruling party had threatened to dismiss any chief who
would have allowed me to campaign openly." However, the ruling party has
dismissed the allegations of violence claiming that the opposition was
exaggerating all the cases. Zanu PF provincial vice-chairman Tinos Rusere
expressed his satisfaction with the poll run-up, alleging that no incident
of violence had been reported. "The campaign period was very peaceful. It is
only the opposition which is exaggerating cases of political violence," he
said. Zanu PF wound up its campaign over the weekend with a rally in
Zvavahera Village, the home area of the late Vice-President Muzenda. The
rally was addressed by Vice-President Joseph Msika who urged people to vote
for Zanu PF to, as he claimed, safeguard the gains of the liberation
struggle. Despite assertions by the ruling party that the campaign period
was peaceful, The Daily News has established that one hut belonging to an
MDC activist was last week set ablaze at Thornhill Farm near Chatsworth.
Scores of people were injured following clashes between the ruling party and
MDC supporters at Chatsworth rural service centre.
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Tsvangirai law firm banned
02/02/2004 14:45  - (SA)

Harare - The Law Society of Zimbabwe has barred 40 law firms - about
one-seventh of the national total - from practising this year until they
regularise their status, government media said on Monday.

Among the firms listed as banned is the reputable practice Atherstone and
Cook, which is instructing senior advocates representing opposition leader
Morgan Tsvangirai of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in his treason
trial over an alleged plot to assassinate President Robert Mugabe.

The firm also recently represented journalists from the Independent weekly
facing defamation charges for alleging that Mugabe had commandeered an
aircraft from national carrier Air Zimbabwe for a holiday in Asia.

The state-owned Herald newspaper quoted the president of the Law Society,
Joseph James, as saying: "The said firms and or individuals are ... not
licensed to practise in 2004 and must close their firms immediately until
they regularise their position to the satisfaction of the council."

The umbrella group's office said that the 40 were among an estimated 270 law
firms in the country.

All lawyers must be registered

All lawyers or law firms in private practice must be registered. The annual
registration normally involves submission of an audit certificate on funds
held in trust for clients.

Some of the applications were rejected because they were deemed to be
irregular and did not meet the stipulated requirements, the Herald said.

Artherstone and Cook partner Linda Cook said that the inclusion of the
firm's name "as far as we are aware" was "an honest mistake".

She said like all other licensed firms "we were issued on the 7th of January
(2004) with a letter saying we were duly licensed to practice law".

She admitted there had been problems with the firm's accounts.

"It's merely a question of bringing the accounts into order now. Every year
we do that. We are not used to be on the list like that."

Tsvangirai is due to return to court on February 11 when his hearing
continues. He has denied plotting to "eliminate" Mugabe in the run-up to
controversial elections in 2002 which returned the veteran leader to another

The opposition and independent observers said the 2002 presidential election
was blighted by sweeping fraud, violence and intimidation.
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ZIMBABWE: Food prices continue to rise
JOHANNESBURG, 2 Feb 2004 (IRIN) - The price of a loaf of bread in Zimbabwe
is expected to rise to Zim $3,500 (US $1)- the latest hike in the cost of
basic food commodities - after an increase in the price of flour.

The cost of flour increased last week because low levels of domestic wheat
production have forced millers to turn to more expensive imports.

Zimbabwe is expected to produce only 38 percent of its food requirements in
the current growing season, according to the latest monthly report of the
Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET). It estimated that just over
five million people in a rural population of 7.8 million would require food
assistance until March 2004, before the next harvest in April.

The situation in urban areas has worsened as well. The cost of the December
2003 low-income urban household monthly basket, monitored by the Consumer
Council of Zimbabwe, rose five percentage points from the November total to
about Zim $678,000 (US $193.71).

The council noted that much of the increase was attributable to the non-food
component of the basket, which grew by about 23 percent between November and
December. The food component of the basket only increased by about four
percentage points to Zim $441,000 (US $126).

During the nine months up to 31 December 2003, FEWSNET recorded a cereal
deficit of approximately 174,000 metric tonnes, including maize, sorghum,
rapoko, and millet. "Because of this deficit, both rural and urban
households were likely to be forced to skip meals, eat smaller portions at
every meal, and substitute cereals with vegetables or other foods. Some
[people] even had to migrate out of formal urban settlements to squatter
camps and rural areas where the cost of living is lower."

"A lukewarm response to the appeal for food assistance is limiting the
ability of the WFP [World Food Programme] and its partners to meet the needs
of all food insecure households," said the report. By the end of December
2003, only 54 percent of the estimated 610,000 metric tonnes of emergency
food aid required had been secured.

The official Herald newspaper said on Friday the government had bought
70,000 tonnes of maize from South Africa to be distributed as relief.

The Zimbabwe Standard reported on Sunday that those millers and bakers
issued with import licences for wheat and flour were sourcing supplies from
neighbouring countries such as Botswana, South Africa and Mozambique, while
small bakers were paying US $48 for a 50 kg bag of flour this week, up from
$37.5 last week.

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MDC alleges by-election fraud
02/02/2004 17:07  - (SA)

Harare - Zimbabwe's opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) on
Monday accused President Robert Mugabe's party of rigging a parliamentary
by-election for a constituency held by former vice-president Simon Muzenda
who died last year.

As the two-day polls started early on Monday for the Gutu North seat, the
MDC said Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front
(Zanu-PF) party had played around with the voters' lists and brought in
hordes of fake voters from outside.

"Zanu-PF's trump card is not much of violence this time but it has tampered
with the voters' roll bringing people from outside the constituency
numbering to 7 000," MDC director of elections Remus Makuwaza said.

"There is no process of verification after inspection of the voters' roll.
That is how they manipulate the roll so that people do not have access to
see what names are finally put there," he said.

The MDC, led by Mugabe's arch-foe Morgan Tsvangirai, is challenging the
president's 2002 re-election, saying the polls were marred by widespread
violence, fraud and intimidation.

There are about 59 000 registered voters in the Gutu North constituency
which is being contested by retired air chief marshall Josiah Tungamirai
from the ruling party and Crispen Musoni from the MDC.

The MDC currently holds 54 of the 150 seats in parliament.

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Water Supplies Restored

The Herald (Harare)

February 2, 2004
Posted to the web February 2, 2004


WATER supplies were restored in Chitungwiza over the weekend, bringing
relief to residents, most of who had been forced to use water from
unprotected wells for most of last week after a pump failed.

Supplies were restored in Units K, D, G and N, Makoni, and Zengeza 4 on
Friday night while other areas were back on line by yesterday.

"It is a relief to have water after close to a week without it," said Ms
Sekai Mupu-mhira of Unit K.

She said the area had gone for a week without water, prompting residents to
fetch water from unsuitable places.

"We are glad that the crisis is over and hope that nothing like that happens
again," she said.

Chitungwiza executive mayor Mr Misheck Shoko, however, dispelled the rumour
that the water problem was over an unpaid bill of $1,076 billion that his
council owed Harare.

Instead, he said, a faulty pump was to blame for the crisis.

"The pump was fixed on Wednesday last week but it later broke down again,
plunging the town into dryness.

"That has since been rectified, however and all parts of Chitungwiza have
water," he said.

Some schools in the town were forced to send pupils back home while some
residents ended up carrying their laundry into nearby hills and roadsides
where there was some water.
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MDC Councillors in Bid to Oust Makwavarara

The Herald (Harare)

February 2, 2004
Posted to the web February 2, 2004


HARARE City councillors are vigorously campaigning for the ouster of acting
mayor Clr Sekesayi Makwavarara on allegations of failing to implement MDC
programmes and for working with the Government.

But similar attempts in the past have failed.

The MDC and the majority of councillors elected on the MDC ticket, who
ironically include Clr Makwavarara, are angry that she is continuing to run
the city.

Councillor Last Maengahama confirmed that councillors were not happy with Ms
Makwavarara and had resolved that she should be removed.

He said the matter would be brought forward at the next full council meeting
expected this week.

Council last week postponed a similar meeting after council officials
complained of a heavy workload.

Clr Maengahama accused Clr Makwavarara of implementing ministerial
directives without bringing the issues to full council.

He cited the reinstatement of the suspended 22 workers as one of the reasons
for the vote of no confidence in the acting executive mayor.

Government directed that council should reinstate the workers some who were
either suspended or fired by suspended Engineer Elias Mudzuri's

The workers were reinstated after investigations revealed that allegations
that were being levelled against them were baseless.

"When she receives directives from the Minister, she should take them before
council and hear our opinions and communicate the same to the Minister.
Ministerial directives are directed to council and not the mayor," he said.

He accused Clr Makwavarara of moving to a new council rented house without
the approval of council and driving a new car that was bought without
council's approval.

Asked what council would do in the event the attempt to remove Clr
Makwavarara failed, Clr Maengahama said he did not see any councillor siding
with her.

"If that fails, we would have sent our message across," he said.

Another councillor who spoke only if his name was not used said council felt
Clr Makwavarara had usurped the powers of council and had left the other
councillors as mere passengers.

The councillor said ministerial directives had a 30-day period in which they
could be implemented but Clr Makwavarara would implement them as soon as
they arrived on her desk.

A council official said the municipal staff thought she was efficient and
doing a good job and that the councillors were not happy with Clr
Makwavarara's efficiency and were also jealous of her achievements and perks
she received from council.

Clr Makwavarara drives a new Toyota twin cab, stays in the upmarket Gunhill
suburb and is paid the full salary of an executive mayor of Harare plus the
perks that go with the job.

Another councillor said if the attempt to remove her fails, council would
take legal action against her.

The councillor said the debate on Clr Makwavarara would not disturb the
operations of council business, as it would only be discussed in full

He also denied that the debate was a personality clash after realising that
Clr Makwavarara now enjoyed the benefits of an executive mayor.

Clr Makwavarara said she would only make a comment after the matter had been
brought to full council.

She has in the past resisted moves to oust her and is on record as saying
the fight for her post had made her a stronger, determined politician.
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Daily News

      Should the Government use the Law to Determine what People Read?

      Date:2-Feb, 2004

      Since the beginning of the year the Zimbabwe government has thrown
three prominent journalists in jail and has continued its campaign to shut
down the country’s only independent daily newspaper, The Daily News. It is
nothing less than an all out onslaught on the country’s privately-owned
press so that the public will be completely reliant upon the state media for
their news. The state already controls all radio and television broadcasting
and has daily newspapers in Harare and Bulawayo. The campaign to stamp out
this independent newspaper is led by President Robert Mugabe, but it is
Minister of Information, Jonathan Moyo, who is busy trying to stamp out any
free press.

      Over the past few years The Daily News has been bombed twice,
including a huge explosion which destroyed the paper’s printing plant. The
paper’s reporters, photographers, editors and lawyers have been routinely
beaten and tortured by the government’s youth militia and war veterans. But
the main cudgel that Jonathan Moyo is trying to use to shut down the
independence press is the law.

      In most countries the law is used to defend the freedoms of the press,
but in Zimbabwe that has been turned on its head. Bombs did not stop the
press, but laws have shut down The Daily News twice since September last
year. The two main laws being used in the anti-press campaign are the Access
to Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA) and the Public Order
and Security Act (POSA). Both are highly restrictive, repressive pieces of
legislation that are being challenged as unconstitutional. But the Supreme
Court, packed as it is with Mugabe’s cronies, has put those strong
challenges on the back burner.

      POSA makes it a crime to publicly criticise or bring into disrepute
the president and the police. Therefore it restricts a considerable amount
of potentially valid stories. The main weapon in the government’s arsenal is
AIPPA, which attacks the press on many grounds. The law gives the
government, through its Media and Information Commission, the power to close
newspapers and prevent individual journalists from work. It also makes it a
crime to write an incorrect story so that even a simple factual mistake
could send the reporter and editor to jail for up to two years. Even
Zimbabwe’s widely-perceived partisan Supreme Court will find it difficult to
uphold this draconian legislation.

      Advocates of press freedom around the world have universally condemned
AIPPA. South African President Thabo Mbeki stated in mid-January that Mugabe
had assured him that his government would no longer arrest journalists under
AIPPA and would reform the most repressive parts of the law. To date one
amendment to the notorious act has been put before parliament, but it does
not substantially decrease the law's powers to muzzle the press. The Mugabe
government is using AIPPA’s media commission to shut down The Daily News as
the commission is refusing to grant the paper a licence to publish.

      The government also charges that The Daily News is operating illegally
because its journalists are not accredited with the media commission. The
government is pressing the Supreme Court to cite AIPPA in order to ban The
Daily News from publishing. Yet another law is being used by the government
against the press and that is the old common law statute of criminal

      Criminal defamation is a relic of the old colonial days, a holdover
from the British Empire. It originated in English common law and was adapted
for South Africa’s Roman-Dutch legal system and from there was exported to
Zimbabwe. Across the British Empire criminal defamation was wielded by
colonial governments to deal with nationalist leaders who publicly
challenged the government and critics in the press. In recent years criminal
defamation has been struck down by courts in many countries as being
incompatible with democratic practice. Ghana and Sri Lanka are the most
recent countries to have revoked their criminal defamation statutes. But it
remains as a potent weapon in the armoury of Zimbabwe’s vindictive
information minister.

      Most recently criminal defamation was used to arrest and hold in jail
three journalists of The Zimbabwe Independent, the country’s leading weekly
newspaper. Editor Iden Wetherell, news editor Vincent Kahiya and chief
reporter Dumisani Muleya were arrested and held in jail for two nights.
Another reporter, Itai Dzamara, was later arrested. They all were charged
with criminal defamation and released on bail. Their trial is expected to
begin in February. They are charged with publishing a story which stated
that Mugabe and his wife, Grace, had commandeered an Air Zimbabwe jet for a
personal holiday and shopping trip in Asia. The story said that their last
minute use of the state airline’s Boeing 767 jet caused the corporation to
lose significant amounts of money and wreaked havoc with the scheduled
flights. The government does not dispute the main facts of the story, but
claims Mugabe chartered the plane. Information Minister Jonathan Moyo said
that ‘if one detail of the story is wrong then those journalists face two
years in jail.’

      The talented and brave staff of the Zimbabwe Independent have
continued to produce a world class paper with plenty of hard hitting news
stories and analysis that puts Zimbabwe’s current crisis in its historic
context. The independence of Zimbabwe’s courts has allegedly been severely
compromised by political appointees.

      Despite the widespread violence and intimidation against the press, it
is in the legal battles where the fate of Zimbabwe’s free press will be

        a.. This column is provided by the International Bar Association. An
organisation that represents the Law Societies and Bar Associations around
the world, and works to uphold the rule of law. For further information,
visit the website
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Daily News

      Four years down the line, 7.5 million face starvation

      Date:2-Feb, 2004

      AN urban vulnerability assessment report is about to be released by
international aid organisations.

      Urban vulnerability refers to people in our towns and cities facing
starvation because they cannot afford to buy the food they need to support

      Over 75 000 children are already being fed daily in Harare and
Bulawayo by aid organisations, but this is a drop in the ocean when you look
at the mushrooming numbers of people who cannot cope any more.

      This year, 7.5 million Zimbabweans will need emergency food aid.

      Of this number, five million are in the countryside and a further two
and-a-half million are in Zimbabwe’s urban


      What cause for national shame that out of a population of 11.5 million
people, 7.5 million Zimbabweans need to

      live on handouts from the international community!

      It is a national disgrace that almost two-thirds of our population are
hungry four years after our government embarked on its so-called agrarian

      For well over a year, President Robert Mugabe has been announcing that
the land reform programme has been completed and is a “resounding success”.

      The facts on the ground show exactly the opposite as 7.5 million
people stand in line for beans, maize and cooking oil that is in containers
which read: “a gift from the UN/EU/WFP”.

      As each of the four years of this mayhem have come and gone, our
government has found someone else to blame for starving people.

      First it was whites, then it was the West, then it was the banks and
now, according to the State-run Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC), it
is the Meteorological Department.

      Last week, ZBC told us that the “new farmers” have accused the Met
Department of giving inaccurate forecasts, which have resulted in farmers
growing the wrong varieties of crops. God help us if this is the mentality
of our new farmers!

      Are the people who grabbed highly productive farms actually farmers or
members of the kindergarten class?

      On the very day that information from IRIN on the number of food
insecure people was made unofficially public, Parliament passed amendments
to the Land Acquisition Act. These amendments were two weeks ago declared
unconstitutional by a parliamentary legal committee, but the cries of
Zimbabwe’s finest legal minds were silenced and the amendments were passed.

      In the same week that we learned that 7.5 million Zimbabweans need
world food aid to survive, the government listed yet more farms that they
intend to seize, this time properties owned by South African citizens living
in and growing food for Zimbabwe.

      We also heard more about the “acquisition” of “peri-urban” farms.
These too are to be redistributed in what Agriculture Minister Joseph Made
refers to as “another phase” of the land redistribution process.

      That old saying “Be afraid, be very afraid” is never more appropriate
for Zimbabwe than now.

      The amendments to the Land Acquisition Bill are not just aimed at
white farmers, but at all farmers.

      Skin colour will have nothing to do with these land seizures;
political affiliation will dictate who stays and who goes this time.

      The intention to seize your property, smallholding or back garden plot
will not be advertised in the State-run Press but in a Government Gazette
and the first you will know about it is when a mob arrives at your gate
saying that this is now their plot.

      There were such dire developments in Zimbabwe last week and yet,
through it all, ZBC television and radio told us incessantly about football.

      On the very day we heard that 7.5 million people could not support
themselves anymore, the headline story on ZBC’s main evening news was about
a lost football game.

      It was a headline story which was followed by the now so familiar
advertisement which insists that “our land is our prosperity”.

      Twenty-three minutes into the news bulletin and ZBC was still talking
about a lost football game that had been allocated $1.3 billion in our
annual budget.

      There are not enough digits on my calculator to tap in the figure of
$1.3 billion, but undoubtedly a few hundred thousand people could have been
spared the humiliation of asking for world food aid if they had been helped
by their own government.

      What shame Zimbabwe!

      By The Litany Bird

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Daily News

      Mutare seeks $1.5 billion for sewer system

      Date:2-Feb, 2004

      THE Mutare City Council has asked the government for permission to
borrow $1.5 billion to upgrade its sewer and water distribution system in a
bid to avert a water crisis, according to executive mayor Misheck

      Kagurabadza told The Daily News yesterday that the council had written
to the government on Thursday asking to be granted borrowing powers.

      “Council passed a resolution (to borrow the money) early this week and
we have already written to the government to grant us borrowing powers so
that we can raise the funds,” he said.

      “A number of institutions including the National Social Security
Authority, have expressed interest in supporting us.”

      But Kagurabadza said the Mutare council would have to turn to the
market in future to seek funds because the $1.5 billion it had cited in its
letter to the government was not enough to fund the whole project.

      He said: “The last estimates done in October last year indicated that
we would need $6 billion to fund the project, but obviously the cost has
since gone up. The problem is that the government indicated that we could
only borrow up to $1.5 billion.

      “We will use $41.5 million to upgrade the sewer system while the rest
will go towards the piping project.”

      The executive mayor said Mutare’s pipes did not have the capacity to
distribute water to the entire city and it was necessary to upgrade them.

      He added: “We need to upgrade our water pipes as a matter of urgency.
The water problems we are facing are not a result of the shortage of water.

      “We have enough water from Pungwe Dam to the Christmas Pass reservoir,
but there has been a bottleneck from the Pass into the city. The diameter of
the pipes is now too small due to the expansion of the city.”

      Several areas in Mutare, including industrial sites, have been
experiencing water problems for some time, resulting in some companies
saying they have experienced financial losses because of the water shortage.

      Meanwhile, the Mutare City Council also resolved last week to buy
three refuse trucks and three ambulances after Kagurabadza indicated that he
was not interested in a new mayoral Mercedes Benz.

      “ I indicated to the council that because of our financial situation,
the council should not buy me a new car, but instead channel the money
towards new ambulances and refuse trucks. We are expecting the first
delivery within the next three weeks,” he said.

      Staff Reporter

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Daily News

      Suspected Nkala murderer denied medication: lawyers

      Date:2-Feb, 2004

      LAWYERS representing Remember Moyo – one of six Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) activists accused of kidnapping and murdering
Bulawayo war veterans’ leader Cain Nkala – on Friday said their client was
seriously ill but was being denied medication by officers at Harare Remand

      They said Moyo had been diagnosed with hepatitis, a liver infection,
and had been quarantined to avoid spreading the disease to other prisoners.

      Harare lawyer Raymond Moyo and advocate Edith Mushore said they had
attempted in the past week to secure medical attention for their client but
had been unsuccessful.

      The lawyers said they had a doctor waiting on stand-by to examine
Moyo, but efforts to see their client and facilitate his treatment had been
frustrated by prison authorities.

      Moyo’s lawyers were yesterday preparing to file a court application to
compel the Zimbabwe Prison Services’ authorities to treat him humanely as
required by the Constitution of Zimbabwe.

      Raymond Moyo said yesterday: “Remember Moyo is seriously ill. In fact,
he has not been well since December last year. He is losing weight and is
having difficulty eating. His health has deteriorated and he is in great

      “It’s unbelievable that the prison authorities can afford to watch him
suffer like that.

      “I visited him early this month after being informed about his illness
and found that he had not received any medication at all.”

      Moyo said his client was having difficulty eating and had undergone
tests for gastric ulcers after being seen by a prison doctor.

      “I went back to see him on 19 January and found that he still had not
been given medicine and prison authorities said the medicine was not
available,” Moyo said.

      “I went back to ask for the doctor’s prescription so we could look for
the medicine and we were told the medicine had ben bought but it later
turned out that it was the wrong medicine.

      “We asked for a copy of the prescription and we were told it could not
be located.”

      Mushore said the prison doctor had initially said Moyo was suffering
from jaundice but later diagnosed hepatitis.

      “We have an independent doctor waiting to see him, but the people in
the prisons department have been sending us up and down,” she told The Daily
News yesterday.

      “The prison doctor has directed us to see the officer-in-charge who
has told us to see the doctor. Now we are trying to set up a meeting with
both the prison doctor and the officer-in-charge.

      “We have also been trying to get the prescription to buy him the
medicine but all our efforts are being frustrated,” Mushore said.

      An official at the Zimbabwe Prison Services headquarters, who declined
to be identified, yesterday said he was not aware that Remember Moyo had
been denied access to medication.

      Responding to allegations that Moyo’s lawyers were not allowed to
faciltate a visit with an independent doctor, the official said: “We have
our own qualified doctors who assess whether or not a prisoner needs to be
seen by an expert doctor outside the prison”.

      “We don’t necessarily deny prisoners treatment by outside doctors when
the prison doctors recommend so,” the official added.

      Remember Moyo, MDC legislator Fletcher Dulini-Ncube, the party’s
director of security, Sonny Masera, Army Zulu, Khethani Augustine Sibanda
and Sazini Mpofu are on trial in the High Court on charges of kidnapping
Nkala in November 2001.

      They have denied the charges.

      Nkala was kidnapped from his Magwegwe West home in Bulawayo on 5
November 2001.

      His decomposing body was exhumed from a shallow grave on a farm near
Solusi University on 13 November 2001.

      Staff Reporter
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Daily News

      Stop power struggles, Tsvangirai tells party leaders

      Date:2-Feb, 2004

      MORGAN Tsvangirai, the president of the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC), yesterday lashed out at his party’s leadership for
being power-hungry, which he said is causing setbacks in the party’s quest
to get into power.

      Tsvangirai said this yesterday when he addressed more than 5 000 MDC
supporters who included party members of parliament and councillors at
Highfield’s Zororo grounds.

      “I believe we are on the verge of unseating Zanu PF, but we must be
careful and we have to guard against corruption, laziness and unnecessary
power struggles,” said Tsvangirai without mentioning names.

      “There are some Harare councillors who are already eyeing Parliament
yet they have not cleaned up the mess in the city council. Ever since the
mayor, Elias Mudzuri, was ousted, there is a serious leadership crisis.
Where in this world have you seen a town clerk moving with a convoy?”

      “We have had cases of corruption where candidates bribe district
chairmen and such struggles have cost the party,” said Tsvangirai.

      “At times I thank Zanu PF for rigging the election because I wonder
how we were going to form the government with the level of power struggles
and power-hungry people we have in the party.

      “Some people want to rule but they do not have experience while some
who joined the party yesterday want to be leaders already. That will not be

      On reported dialogue between the ruling party and the MDC, Tsvangirai
said there were no talks at the moment.

      “If such a situation develops we will tell you,” he said. “And the
talks will not be about MDC being swallowed by Zanu PF or surrendering our
independence. At the moment we have closed the chapter of talks. We are
mobilising people for an election. But this time they should not be held
under the 2002 conditions again. We have had enough of elections being
rigged. In fact every by-election is being rigged, talk of Bikita, Insiza,
Kadoma and now Zanu PF is busy planning to rig in Gutu North constituency.”

      Tsvangirai did not indicate whether he was talking of preparing for
the 2005 parliamentary election or the 2008 presidential poll.

      But in an interview after the rally, William Bango, the MDC
presidential spokesman, said: “We strongly believe that the situation cannot
remain as it is and that Mugabe will not see through his term to 2008. So
there is going to be a major shift on the political landscape. The talks
might resume and bring something up or something might happen. We are
certain that something will give in, hence we are busy preparing for an

      Since last week, Tsvangirai has been holding rallies in Harare where
he told his supporters that there were no talks going on between the MDC and
ZANU PF despite recent insistence by South African President Thabo Mbeki
that the two Zimbabwean parties were involved in talks.

      Staff Reporter

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Daily News

      Zimdollar eases at auction

      Date:3-Feb, 2004

      THE Zimbabwe dollar eased slightly in yesterday’s foreign currency
auction with the amount allotted being lower than last week, figures
released by the central bank showed.

      The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) figures showed that the local
currency eased to $3 519.10 to the greenback from last Thursday’s rate of $3

      There were a total of 655 bids, one of which was rejected, and bids
totalling US$7 288 246.95 were forwarded by buyers while US$7 279 683.01 was

      The highest bid was $4 589.75 while the lowest bid was $3 000.

      The government introduced the foreign currency auction in the middle
of last month in a bid to direct foreign currency into the official market.

      Black market foreign currency rates have tumbled since the
introduction of the currency auction although analysts are still cautious
about its long term sustainability.

      The Zimbabwe dollar, which traded at $7 000 to the greenback in early
December, traded at $4 100 to the US dollar when the auction started on
January 12 this year.

      The auction is being held twice a week but RBZ governor Gideon Gono
has said the frequency could be increased if forex volumes increase.

      Zimbabwe is battling acute foreign currency shortages in the past four
years as balance of payment support has dried up while export receipts have
continued to plummet.

      Critics blame the country’s economic crisis which has resulted in
shortages of foreign currency, fuel and food on President Robert Mugabe’s
government in power since independence from Britain in 1980.

      Mugabe denies the charge he has mismanaged the economy and accuses
domestic and international foes for sabotaging the economy in retaliation
for his seizures of white-owned farms to resettle landless blacks.

      Business Reporter

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Daily News

      Total independence of judiciary sacrosanct

      Date:2-Feb, 2004

      Reports that High Court judge, Justice Sandra Mungwira, has fled the
country because of pressure from certain quarters make disturbing reading.

      If the government, or anyone for that matter, exerts undue pressure on
members of the Bench, then their judgments will be adversely affected by
that fear.

      Justice Mungwira was handling the case of Cain Nkala, alleged by the
State to have been murdered by members of the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) in Bulawayo in November 2001.

      Five of the suspects include Fletcher Dulini Ncube, Member of
Parliament for Magwegwe-Pumula (MDC).

      Only last week,a senior member of the Bench, Justice Michael Majuru,
the Judge President of the Administrative Court, resigned, citing health

      However, Majuru had been under investigation because he had made a
ruling in favour of Associated Newspapers of Zimbabwe, publishers of The
Daily News and The Daily News on Sunday.

      Selo Nare, the Bulawayo Administrative Court judge, last year received
a threatening letter a day before he made his ruling which upheld the one
passed by Majuru.

      Some of the white judges who have resigned recently, notably former
Chief Justice Anthony Gubbay and ex-Justice Fergus Blackie, have accused the
government of undermining their independence while President Robert Mugabe
has described the judiciary as “white-controlled and white-serving”.

      Justice Blackie’s ordeal with the government demonstrates how vicious
the authorities can be.

      After ordering the arrest of Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa in May
last year, Justice Blackie was arrested in September and formally charged
with corruption and obstructing the course of justice. Justice Blackie, who
was released on bail after spending the weekend in jail, is alleged to have
overturned a white woman’s conviction for fraud in May last year.

      The point is, the judiciary is a key arm of government and its total
independence should be sacrosanct at all times.
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Daily News

      Varsity staff give PSC 14-day strike notice

      Date:2-Feb, 2004

      THE University of Zimbabwe’s (UZ) lecturers and non-academic staff on
Friday gave the Public Service Commission (PSC), through their employer the
University Council, a 14-day notice to go on strike following delays in
awarding the workers a salary increment as ordered by the court last year.

      In September last year, the government was ordered by the Labour Court
to award the UZ employees salary adjustments of more than 800 percent
backdated to July of that year but nothing has been done by the government.

      “Although our salaries were reviewed upwards like those of other
employees, we want the UZ authorities to implement an order that was given
by the Labour Court last year to review our salaries,” James Mahlaule, the
acting president for the Association of University Teachers (AUT) told the
Daily News yesterday.

      The PSC, the employer of all government employees except those in the
uniformed service, awarded all civil servants a 250 percent salary

      If no agreement is reached between the UZ employees and authorities
within the next two weeks, this is likely to affect students at the
under-funded institution who failed to write their examinations last
December as the lecturers were again on strike.

      “If nothing is done about our salaries in the next two weeks, our
intended strike is likely to coincide with the opening of the university and
disrupt the examinations. Even if the examinations are written there will be
noone to mark the papers,”he said.

      He said the least paid UZ lecturer was getting a minimum monthly
salary of $750 000 while according to the new salary structure awarded the
lecturers after the Labour Court ruling was $2.5 million.

      “It is a mockery for us to get only $32 000 a month as housing
allowance and we will fight to get better salaries.

      “We cannot be teachers who teach other people’s children while our chi
ldren are being chased away from school due to our failure to pay school
fees,” said Mahlaule.

      Last year the UZ, the country’s oldest university, was forced to close
several times due to the strikes by the lecturers and non-academic staff
over poor salaries and working conditions.

      The lecturers have also withheld the processing of examination marks
for the university students which have led to the failure of thousands of
students to graduate.

      Most UZ lecturers have since left the country for better-paying jobs
in Canada, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and South

      Staff Reporter
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Daily News

      Hippo Valley threatened

      Date:3-Feb, 2004

      Mining giant Anglo American is set to become the largest South
African-listed group to be hit by Zimbabwe’s land-reform programme, as its
only agricultural asset in the country, Hippo Valley sugar estates, has been
earmarked for expropriation.

      Anglo American is one of the few remaining South African companies
that still has large interests in Zimbabwe despite the precarious economic

      Hippo Valley, the country’s largest sugar company, is still listed on
the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange. Zimbabwe’s land-reform policy, based on the
expropriation of white-held farmland, has been widely criticised.

      President Thabo Mbeki’s policy of quiet diplomacy towards Zimbabwe has
had little visible effect as the country’s economy is struggling with
inflation of 598 percent and an estimated 70 percent unemployment rate.
Another local sugar giant that may be at risk is Tongaat Hulett, which owns
Triangle Sugar in Zimbabwe and until recently was getting about 15 percent
of its earnings from there. Tongaat was reluctant to discuss the issue

      As new laws were passed last week making it easier for the Zimbabwe
government to expropriate large plantations, Anglo spokeswoman Anne Dunn
confirmed the company had been served with a formal letter designating Hippo
Valley for expropriation.

      “Hippo Valley has been designated, but we have lodged formal
objections and are in talks with the appropriate authorities about this,”
she said.

      Dunn said that in the context of its global resources group Hippo
Valley was “not a major investment” although it still formed a sizeable
chunk of the company’s operations in Zimbabwe. “In the light of the current
situation, we are also concerned about what would happen to our employees,”
she said. It seems that the Zimbabwe government is reneging on earlier
promises. In 2000 the government listed Hippo Valley as one of the
white-owned farms designated for seizure. Then it backed down, saying it had
made a mistake and the Anglo land would be removed from this list.

      But the issue is still sensitive, and Anglo would not discuss what
effect this new move would have on the company’s relationship with the
Zimbabwean government.

      Although Hippo Valley is its sole agricultural investment in Zimbabwe,
Anglo still has other operations in the country, and it would clearly be
loath to jeopardise its other operations, such as Zimbabwe Alloys.

      Last year Anglo’s chairman in Zimbabwe, Godfrey Gomwe, said Hippo
Valley had been supportive of evicted commercial farmers, noting that
continuing problems over the land were “complex and distressing” for all

      Amid SA’s reluctance to interfere in Zimbabwe, this is further
evidence that Zimbabwe’s economic woes are having an adverse effect on South
African business.

      Problems in the country’s banking system last month caused South
African banks with operations in Zimbabwe Nedcor, Absa and Standard Bank, to
express concern

      publicly. New Zimbabwe Reserve Bank governor Gideon Gono is now
managing to keep the banking crisis from bubbling over. – Business Day (SA)

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Zanu(PF) squares off with opposition in by-election
February 02, 2004, 01:16 PM

Voters in Zimbabwe's southern district of Gutu went to the polls today in a
parliamentary by-election called after the death of a close ally of
president Robert Mugabe last year.

Since parliamentary elections in 2000, Mugabe's Zanu(PF) party has won nine
out of 12 by-elections to the 150 strong legislature, including three
wrested away from the main opposition Movement for Democratic Change(MDC).

State radio said voting had begun in Gutu this morning.

Today's edition of the privately owned Daily News, which is critical of
Mugabe's government, said the opposition had accused Zanu(PF) of plotting to
rig the Gutu poll by bringing in 7000 unregistered voters to cast their

The paper quoted Nathan Shamuyarira, the Zanu(PF) information secretary, as
rejecting the accusation. Electoral officials could not immediately be
reached for comment.

The Gutu North seat fell vacant last September after Mugabe's close ally
Simon Muzenda died.

Muzenda had been Mugabe's deputy since he took power on independence from
Britain in 1980, first as deputy prime minister and later as one of two vice
presidents after Zimbabwe adopted a presidential system in 1987.

Formed in 1999, the MDC has emerged as the strongest challenge to Mugabe's
23-year grip on power, and won nearly half the 120 contested seats in
parliament in the 2000 elections. However, Zanu(PF) enjoys a comfortable
majority through 30 seats reserved for chiefs, provincial governments and
presidential appointees.

The MDC and other critics say skewed government policies under Mugabe,
including controversial land reforms, have ruined what was one of Africa's
most thriving economies.

Mugabe, who turns 80 next month, says the MDC is a puppet of the Western
countries he accuses of sabotaging Zimbabwe's economy to punish his seizure
of white-owned commercial farms for redistribution to land less black
Zimbabweans. - Reuters
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Daily News

      Chiefs intimidate voters

      Date:3-Feb, 2004

      GUTU, MASVINGO – Some traditional chiefs and headmen yesterday went
around polling stations reminding their subjects to vote for ruling ZANU PF
party candidate, Josiah Tungamirai, in the ongoing Gutu North parliamentary
by-election, or risk being evicted from their homes.

      At some of the polling stations the traditional leaders, most of whom
banned the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) from campaigning
in their areas during the run-up to the ballot, could be seen checking
people against lists of names they had.

      As the traditional leaders leaned on their subjects to vote for
Tungamirai, some suspected militants of the ruling party closed several
schools in the constituency, in what the MDC said were desperate attempts by
the ruling party to hang onto to the Gutu North seat left vacant by the late
ZANU PF and state Vice-President Simon Muzenda.

      About 20 schools in the constituency were closed and teachers were
ordered to report for work only on Thursday.

      Among the schools closed were Gutu Mupandawana Secondary School,
Matizha primary and secondary schools, Nyamande Primary School and
Mushayawanhu primary and secondary schools.

      MDC vice-chairman for Masvingo province Shake Matake said: “We are
worried about the presence of these traditional leaders in the polling
stations because they are not mandated to be there by the law.

      “We suspect that their presence was to intimidate voters in order to
vote for a certain party. However, we are confident that we are going to win
the election.”

      But his ZANU PF counterpart, Tinos Rusere, vehemently rejected
suggestions that his party was manipulating traditional leaders to ensure
that it was re-elected in Gutu North.

      Rusere said ZANU PF would win the seat because of the thorough
groundwork it had done in the run-up to

      the ballot in which the MDC candidate Crispa Musoni is battling it out
with Tungamirai.

      He said: “We have done our groundwork and to us, victory is certain.
Our campaign was clean and thorough. The MDC always cry foul whenever there
is an election but I think it is just a ploy to pre-empt the defeat that is
staring them in the eye. It was a fair campaign.”

      But a Daily News crew covering the by-election yesterday witnessed
some of the traditional leaders at Serima and Nyamande polling stations
openly reminding voters to vote for the ruling party.

      Several voters told our news crew that some of the chiefs had been
holding constant meetings with villagers to instruct them to vote for the
ZANU PF candidate.

      A chief, who spoke on condition that he was not named, said he and his
colleagues had been warned by ZANU PF officials and the local war veterans’
leadership that they would be stripped of their chieftainship and have their
allowances withdrawn if the MDC won in their their areas of jurisdiction.

      “The party chefs and the war veterans warned us that we would be
stripped of our titles and allowances if people in our areas voted for the
opposition,” said the chief.

      A villager from Ward 27, under Chief Serima, who identified himself as
Edson Virimai, said: “We had several meetings with the chief before the
election, at which we were advised to go and vote for Tungamirai on the
polling day. The chief told us that if we didn’t vote for ZANU PF we would
be evicted from our homesteads.”

      Comment could not be obtained from Election Supervisory Commission
spokesman Thomas Bvuma as his phone was switched off.

      Of the more than 59 000 registered voters, only 14 276 had cast their
vote by 2 pm yesterday.

      There were long queues at some polling stations in the morning but by
1 pm they had disappeared. Voting was peaceful as no incidents of violence
had been reported by afternoon.

      In the northern part of the constituency, which is a ZANU PF
stronghold, there were still some short queues in the afternoon. The area
includes the ZANU PF strongholds of Bhasera, Mushayavanhu, Zvavahera and

      Staff Reporter
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Sunday Times (SA)

Eskom denies cutting power to Zimbabwe

Monday February 02, 2004 15:16 - (SA)

Power utility Eskom has denied that it cut electricity supplies last week to
the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority
(Zesa) for non-payment.

"At no point in the previous week did Eskom switch off power supply to Zesa,
nor did we even consider switching off power supply to Zesa," Eskom said in
a statement.

The Zimbabwean state-controlled Sunday Mail was quoted as reporting that
South African and Mozambican power utilities
demanded up-front payment for supplies.

It said Eskom switched off electricity to Zesa for two days for non-payment.

Zesa has been importing electricity from Eskom since 1996. The account went
into arrears in 1999 as a result of a shortage of
foreign exchange reserves, the Eskom statement said.

"The situation improved in 2001, when Zesa met its obligations to pay all
current accounts on time. Furthermore, the Zimbabwean utility substantially
reduced outstanding amounts in line with theaccount normalisation agreement
with Eskom."

Zesa met its obligations on current accounts for the better part of 2002,
Eskom said.

But, foreign exchange reserve shortages in September 2002 prompted Zesa to
re-enter into dialogue with Eskom. A meeting was held last March, where a
new repayment schedule was considered.

"At this meeting, the Zesa delegation reaffirmed its commitment to servicing
their debt to Eskom with the view to settling the
outstanding account and arrears in the shortest possible time," Eskom said.

"We remain confident that the outstanding account will be settled."

Eskom spokesman Fani Zulu would not disclose the amount owed.

New Zimbabwe

Eskom switches off power to Zimbabwe

By Staff Reporter
ZIMBABWE'S debt-stricken power supply utility faces a crisis as South
African and Mozambican utilities demand up- front payment for supplies, the
state press said on Sunday.

Last week, Eskom switched off electricity to the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply
Authority (Zesa) for two days because of non-payment.

Meanwhile, Mozambique's Hydroelectrica Cahora Bassa had cut its supply to
Zimbabwe by 40% since the end of last year, the state-controlled weekly
Sunday Mail reported.

Zesa's finances have gone from bad to worse since January 2000 when it
failed to meet payments to neighbouring countries after hard currency
earnings slumped with accelerating economic decline.

Widespread blackouts

Widespread blackouts, that would worsen the country's already devastated
productive sectors, have been avoided only by President Robert Mugabe's
appeals to President Thabo Mbeki and Mozambique's President Joaquim Chissano
to intervene with their power utilities.

Since then, Zesa has been able to keep going through soft credit deals
agreed to by Eskom and HCB.

The Sunday Mail reported that Zesa's annual contracts with Eskom and HCB ran
out on December 31, and both were now demanding payment in advance.

Zesa's total bill to African utilities and to international financial
institutions now totals US$410m, the Sunday Mail said.

Eskom is apparently willing to renew its contract as a result of new tight
fiscal and financial policies promised by recently appointed Zimbabwe
central bank governor Gideon Gono.

Zesa is a major casualty of Zimbabwe's economic crisis, marked by the
fastest shrinking GDP in the world - 40% in four years - and the highest
inflation, now at 60%, as well as famine for the third consecutive year in
which 7.5 million Zimbabweans - about 60% of the population - are facing

Zimbabwe's foreign currency crisis has seriously affected the operations of
Zesa, which has also been rocked by several cases of industrial action by
disgruntled employees.

ZESA, which is being commercialised before privatisation, requires US$11
million every month to survive.

It needs US$5 million for power imports, US$5 million for debt service,
US$500 000 for wheeling charges and US$350 000 for spares per month.

Among it's debts, it owes HCB US$31 million, Eskom US$20 million, Snel US$14
million, Mozambique's EDM US$5 million, and Zamiba's Zesco US$4 million.

The company has on several occasions introduced load shedding because of the
electricity shortages, sometimes disrupting the operations at several

The load shedding has worsened further the country's industrial production
capabilities, resulting in firms reducing output levels. Analysts said this
reduction affected the availability of consumer goods on the market, leading
to a thriving parallel market - dpa

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Zimbabwe Opposition Publishes Economic Recovery Plan
Peta Thornycroft
02 Feb 2004, 16:12 UTC

Zimbabwe's opposition Movement for Democratic Change has published an
economic recovery program it says it will implement if it comes to power.
The program has been largely praised by economists but criticized by the
Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai says the first step in his Zimbabwe
recovery program would be to remove restrictions on foreign exchange in an
effort to stabilize the economy.

He also wants an audit of land ownership in an effort to target resources
where they are needed to increase agricultural output. But Mr. Tsvangirai
made it clear that Zimbabwe's farming system would never return to what it
was before most of the country's 4,500 white farmers were expelled from most
of the best farm land, in the government's controversial land reform

The reforms left much of Zimbabwe's farmland uncultivated, because the new
farm owners lacked both the skills and financial resources to carry on the

Mr. Tsvangirai says any economic improvement program will take time because
Zimbabwe's economy is so seriously damaged there can be no quick fix. He
told supporters, diplomats and industrialists late last week that
Zimbabweans are now as poor as they were in 1970.

The opposition program is called RESTART, an acronym for Reconstruction,
Stabilization, Recovery and Transformation.

It would invest heavily in health and education, which have deteriorated
significantly over the last few years, and would seek Zimbabwe's return to
good standing in the international community.

Writer, business consultant and retired University of Zimbabwe Economics
Professor Tony Hawkings says the opposition's program would be approved by
the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, which would ensure
balance of payment support.

He said the program would also resonate with the donor community because it
places heavy emphasis on good government, anti-corruption measures and an
independent central bank, which is now controlled by the ruling Zanu PF

Development analyst and political commentator Brian Raftopoulos called the
plan brave and well-considered.

The state-controlled media has poured scorn on the opposition's economic
recovery plan. It says there is no chance it will be implemented because the
opposition has no hope of coming to power.

The state media did not analyze the thrust of the economic aspects of the

Zimbabwe's economy is at its lowest level in decades, with more than 600
percent inflation, growing unemployment and increased levels of hunger,
particularly in urban areas where few people receive foreign food aid.
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