political meetings. Some more Section 8 Orders were handed out.
Generally quiet in the area. MASHONALAND
– at Dulwich Farm : Nyawasha, the youth
co-ordinator in Trelawney village, and Mukonore, the political commissar,
approached the owner with "requests". They wanted to take up accommodation
in two of his workers houses, (empty) and he said these are reserved for his
labour, and if they moved in they would have to pay rent. They agreed and
asked for the rental and the owner said he would let them know one day.
The second request was for further land preparation and the owner said it was
over for this year, but it would cost them for diesel and the driver's wages in
spare time, adding it was too late to do this and would be a waste of their
money. The following day the main foreman reported the two settlers felt the
owner was abrupt about their requests and did not consider them as people!
They threatened to round up all the cattle, drive them into the homestead fence,
surround the fence with fires etc. On reporting to the police, the owner
was told to have a nice day! The situation remains calm. On Keiray
Farm, the owner was confronted by 200 youths at Kutama Store, when he
turned on to Hendra road. They surrounded the car, asked him to do the
party slogan, which he did after some pressure. Three trailer loads of
chanting youths arrived while the owner and a visitor were in the lands.
The youths went to the farm village and some returned to the house, singing and
chanting, and they allowed the visitor to leave after she had given the
appropriate slogans. After lengthy debate the owner and his wife were
marched to the farm village and suffered verbal abuse for two hours.
After he left, two of the youths followed asking for food for the group, which
he refused. The following night a well organised raid was carried out,
four labourers were abducted and assaulted as suspected MDC members. One
escaped and raised the alarm, saying there was no chance of seeing the others
alive again as the youth involved meant business. As a result of his
escape, the youths toned down the assault, as they were afraid they were known
by the escapee. Although the police reacted the youths were only told what they
were doing was wrong. On 02.02.02 the youths returned, singing and
chanting, told the owner they had returned their captives and were going to the
farm village. As a result of a well-connected acquaintance, the three top
police officials in Chinhoyi said those responsible for the kidnapping were to
be arrested. The acquaintance confronted the youths at the farm village
and the officer in charge came to arrest them. A 'discussion' was held
with the youths’ leaders who admitted they were wrong. Finally the officer
in charge took the leader away, but brought him back later that night, with no
charges preferred. It transpires the youths have been told to stay away from the
Commercial Farms and concentrate their efforts in Zvimba. On Gwarati
Farm about 50 youths marched towards the manager’s house shouting
death threats for approximately 30 minutes. Later in the week, a
delegation from the farm village demanded all the labour go across to St Johns
for ‘Registration’ purposes. Because of the volatile situation, management
agreed but refused the transport request. The owner has requested police
assistance as he fears disruption to farming activities.Victory
– on Brandon Farm, 30.01.02, the farm manager was told by
ZANU\(PF) youth leader, Mr. Muchena, a meeting at the farm village on 31 January
was to be held to discuss bonus payments. The manager informed Vivelkia police
station and Constable Mbizi P.I.S.I. agreed to attend the meeting. A Sgt
Chimuchengu attended the meeting along with the constable, who told the ZANU
(PF) youth leader the work stoppage was illegal. In response to the issue of
bonus payments, Sgt. Chimuchengu said the demand was illegal and referred the
labour to GAPWUZ and instructed the labour to go to work. At 3 pm the farm
clerk, accompanied by two settlers, requested the manager attend a meeting at
the sheds. The settlers assured him they only wanted to discuss a few issues.
The manager faced approximately 70 ZANU (PF) youth gathered, and was confronted
by a delegation of 15 “war vets” who produced a list of false allegations
against him and told him to "pack and go". After two more police details arrived
at different times, they phoned the Assistant Inspector in Mvurwi who told the
manager he was not to leave the house under any circumstances and promised
further backup. The “war vets” were joined by 60 ZANU youth, chanting Chimurenga
songs outside the fence. The Assistant Inspector arrived, spoke to the” war
vets” and was unable to resolve the issue. He called the Guruve Lands
Committee for advice who recommended the “war vets” were to leave immediately.
Verbal abuse resulted and two policemen were assaulted. The police requested
further reinforcement from Mvurwi, who negotiated for t the owner to spend the
night in his house but he had to be gone by the following morning. The
owner packed most of his belongings and has left the farm. Horseshoe
– on Mazooma one cow was slaughtered and one calf died in a
snare. Both Mvurramachena and Makashwe received new Section 5's, despite
the previous acquisition process contested in the Administration court and
Government withdrawing the case on these properties. Cars arriving with
pets for rabies vaccinations from a visiting veterinarian at Siyalima was
reported by a settler to the “ war vet” leadership in Guruve as an MDC
rally. On 02.02.02 at Naini Tal, farm buildings were commandeered by
settlers for a school. Despite a new draconian law outlawing roadblocks,
one was set up at the entrance to Rungudzi. The police cleared the block,
escorting perpetrators off the farm. On 03.02.02 the roadblock was
re-instated and the perpetrators demanded the last seven labourers present on
the farm should vacate. A resolution is pending a meeting with the “war
vet” leadership in Guruve.Bindura
- The situation on
Bourtenvale and Butcombe Farms are still unresolved, with the owners still off
their farms. MASHONALAND EAST
Logan Lee the manager was pressured to get off the farm and he finally left
after three days.Enterprise/Bromley/Ruwa
- Nothing to
Featherstone - Political meetings were held with owners forced to
attend or face eviction. The owner of Perseverance was told she may
stay on the farm. The owner of De La Quellerie was told by settlers
to remove 200 head of cattle and threatened with assault the following
day. The owner of Moonrock (K. Benade.) was told to remove his
– Nothing to report.Macheke
– on Rufaro Farm the “war vets” forced the manager to open
sheds to store their tobacco and have loaded new tobacco. This is an
ongoing problem, the owner has solved it once through Police, D.A. and the
Matatsi “war vet” from Macheke. The perpetrators are a new group, and the owner
is going the same route as before. Three barns were filled despite D.A.'s
instructions. On Fault Farm “war vets” demanded transport for a
meeting in Murewa, to hear President Mugabe speak. Richmond also had demands for
transport and sent a lorry. On Warren Farm an illegal fisherman drowned in
the farm dam. A team from Harare was unable to find the body, which floated to
the surface several days later. Police attended. One dairy cow was axed
and another is missing on Welcome Home Farm Security is following this
up. Corby Farm also had one cow slaughtered. Security is following
this up. There is a training camp in full swing with. +/- 150 people training
daily close to the farmer’s house on Glen Sommerset Settlers approached
the owner of Nygadzi Farm asking for barns to cure 40 ha of tobacco.,
although there is only 0.2 ha planted. The situation is unresolved. A
roadblock set up by youths at Craiglea Store was reported to the police, and
dismantled. On Showers Farm “war vets” in the farm village are harassing
labour. The foreman was given 24 hours to move out, as he and other workers are
suspected by the “war vets” to be MDC supporters. It was reported at
Marylands Farm two labourers beaten up by youths with barbed
wire were taken
to hospital. The owner later reported about 50 youths passed his barns on their
way to the next farm, Blue Gums Labour on Journeys End Farm were told to stop
working at 10.42 am and attend a meeting at Virginia Store.
Marondera North -
A roadblock set up by youths on the North Road was dismantled by the
police. The youths relocated closer to the club. On Nyagambi a
roadblock was set up on the farm access road and although the police were
informed the roadblock is still in place.Marondera South
Nothing to report.Wedza
– on Doune the owner’s wife
was hijacked at the farm boom and her pick-up stolen. There was a quick response
by the community and a car chase resulted in the recovery of the vehicle with
only some money stolen. At Rhodesdale three youths demanded two impala or
a cow for food. The office and grading shed was broken into at Igudu and a
computer and 600 Tobacco clips were stolen. On Msasa “war vet”
Madawo instructed the foreman to tell the owner to be off the farm by end of
February as he has a plot on the farm. (The farm is not
listed). On Bickleigh two cows were speared and one had to be
destroyed. At Chakadenga the cattle herders were chased away and cattle
driven into the settlers’ maize. Three settlers demanded compensation. The
police and Agritex would not become involved. The three were paid ZWD6 000-00.
During discussions, the owner was threatened and accused of overpaying the
herders so they could get drunk and allow the cattle to
stray. MASHONALAND WEST (NORTH)
02.02.02 there was a work stoppage on Cotswold Farm and the owner and his wife
were barricaded in their home. The situation was defused by the N.E.C.
(Agriculture Agent). In general, there are still unreasonable demands for
schools at places where no viable school could exist now or in the
- On Minehaha Farm suspect “valuators”
are waiting to value a farm that has already been valued.Chinhoyi
- On Manyamba Farm the cattle were herded into the security fence last
In this region, rallies (official or unofficial) have been organized in
a frenzy. MASHONALAND WEST (SOUTH)
provincial Governor told a Norton owner he was to be resettled on the
farm. The Governor was not sympathetic when the owner told him it was his
only farm and the other two had been offered to Government under
- The DA wrote to farm labour on
Cigaro Farm instructing them to move out of their homes, around which they have
planted their maize crops.Kadoma/Battlefields
Inniskilling settlers still prevent any labour from coming to work, which
includes the domestics and the property security guards. The owner’s
cottage was broken into and furniture and other goods were stolen. On
Hellaby Farm a settler, Mr. Ncube, moved into the house after the owner was
forced to abandon his property and home. On Georgia GMB officials arrived
with settlers from Alabama Farm and seized the six tonnes of maize that the
owner was keeping for his workers. The GMB officials broke the locks
securing the maize. On Railway Farm 4 there was a work
– A number of new Section 8 Orders were
Masvingo East and Central
Lamotte Farm a heifer was lost to snaring.Chiredzi
are continued invasions and land clearing. All properties now have
Education Committees with teachers inspecting and commandeering farm buildings
for primary and secondary schools as well as universities! There is
movement of settlers between plots due to overcrowding and
– on Merrivale Ranch the settlers paid
money to ZESA to have a transformer erected for the use of a grinding
mill. ZESA is presently erecting the transformer. The owner has
received another Section 8 for this property.Save Conservancy
- the western side of the Conservancy has seen further intimidation,
but not to any great extent. Snaring and poaching
– on Bath Farm the owner reported
Government officials in a Government vehicle visited this property demanding a
farm gate be unlocked. As the owner’s wife did not have the keys,
they cut the fence and gate lock to gain entrance. These Government
officials remained on the owner’s verandah until 11pm at night making demands
for school buildings. Eventually two CIO officials arrived and dispersed
the group of six. MIDLANDS
Zimbabwe police release UK paper reporter -
HARARE, Feb. 5 — Zimbabwean police freed on Tuesday the
of a British newspaper who had been arrested under the
country's new Public
Order and Security Act, his lawyer
''I can confirm that he's actually
free now,'' Tawanda Hondora,
Basildon Peta's lawyer, told Reuters. It was not
immediately clear if
charges against Peta had been dropped.
He writes for
Britain's Independent newspaper.
Zimbabwean national, was the first correspondent for the
to be arrested under the act, which makes it a crime to
criticise or ridicule
President Robert Mugabe, standing for re-election
The Independent said in a
report that Peta, who is secretary-general
of the Zimbabwean Union of
Journalists, had been charged on Monday with
failing to notify the
authorities about a demonstration last Wednesday by
the union against a tough
new media bill passed by parliament last
Tuesday, 5 February, 2002, 15:43 GMT
Freed Zimbabwe reporter
Peta (right) was held overnight in Harare central
Zimbabwean journalist Basildon Peta has said on his release
from jail that the authorities have not succeeded in breaking his will.
Mr Peta, who is the local correspondent of the British
newspaper, The Independent, spent the night in Harare central prison for
allegedly breaching strict new security laws.
I will continue as I have always done
He said that even if the authorities don't resuscitate the case against him
he expected more arrests of journalists in an attempt to break the media's
He stressed that he would not be bowed by President Mugabe's administration.
"I will continue as I have always done," he told BBC radio.
Mr Peta's detention came as British foreign secretary Jack Straw said four
election observers from the European Union were already in Zimbabwe setting up a
base from which to monitor next month's presidential elections.
It is a crime to criticise the president - even
He said another 100 would join them shortly.
EU foreign ministers had formally warned Zimbabwe a week ago that their 15
nations would impose "targeted sanctions" on Mr Mugabe's regime unless it
allowed their observers into the country.
On Monday, it announced that this threat would not be carried out for the
moment because of assurances that observers would be allowed in.
The Zimbabwean Government has denied new laws were designed to stifle
opposition in the run-up to the polls.
The Independent said he had faced charges of failing to notify authorities
about a demonstration against a controversial new media bill, but these had been
dropped, according to his lawyer, Tawanda Hondora.
Mr Peta, who is also the secretary general of the Zimbabwean Union of
Journalists, is the first journalist to be detained under the Public Order and
Security Act, just days after it came into effect.
If convicted, he could have been sentenced to two years in jail, the
The law makes it a crime to criticise or ridicule President Robert Mugabe and
prescribes the death penalty for acts of "insurgency, banditry, sabotage or
The newspaper said Mr Peta had been regularly harassed by police over
articles he wrote criticising the government.
It said before his arrest, police told Mr Peta they were acting on orders
from the highest levels of government.
The newspaper said last year Mr Peta's name topped a security services hit
list and that he and four other journalists were to be "killed or harmed" before
He is Special Projects Editor of Harare's Financial Gazette and has
frequently unearthed stories of government corruption.
The opposition Movement for Democratic Change is set to mount the strongest
challenge to Mr Mugabe's leadership since he came to power in 1980, in elections
on 9-10 March.
Straw rejects claims of inaction over
Jack Straw has rejected claims of government
inaction over the spiralling
crisis in Zimbabwe.
The foreign secretary
told the Commons on Tuesday that the EU, the US and
were watching events closely. He said action would
follow if the country's
elections failed to be democratic.
Withdrawing recognition of the Mugabe
government was one possible option if
the country's elections were not deemed
to have been fair, Straw said.
"Our overall objective is, and
continues to be, a difficult one to achieve.
That is to work as far as we can
to achieve a better environment in which
fair elections are able to take
place," he said. "However easy it may be to
say 'cut all relations', we
should bear that objective in mind with every
condemned the arrest of a leading journalist by the Mugabe government
told MPs that the British high commission in Harare would be
events in the country.
His comments came ahead of a meeting
of EU diplomats on Wednesday where the
issue of sanctions is set to top the
The shadow foreign secretary, Michael Ancram, asked why no
observers had been allowed into the country.
demanded to know why the free access for the media would not include
or people from British national newspapers - concessions to Mugabe.
series of angry exchanges, Ancram accused Straw and the EU of
Mugabe by giving him the benefit of the doubt.
"When is he
going to stop talking and do something before its too late for
be done?" he asked.
"We are not going to get into a game with Mugabe.
Neither of those bodies
are accepting conditions from Mugabe," Straw
"Our overall objective is, and continues to be, a
difficult one to
achieve," said Straw
American plans for a
missile defence treaty and the continuing Middle East
crisis also resulted in
strong exchanges between the foreign secretary and
backbencher Brian White called on ministers to lobby the
He accused America of operating double standards
by calling for support in
the war against terrorism and refusing to honour
the Kyoto agreement or the
anti-ballistic missile treaty.
little leverage over the issue as the treaty was a bilateral
between the US and Russia, said Straw.
Glenda Jackson asked if any
request had been made for US bases in Britain to
be used as part of the
"Would there be any debate before any such request was granted?"
As yet no request had been made, Straw
'Wait and see' only show in town
Feb 05 2002 12:00:00:000AM Francis Kornegay Business Day 1st Edition
Regional players hope rift in Zimbabwe's ruling party will serve as
WHILE the west is building up pressure on the Zimbabwean regime by
lobbying for sanctions within the Commonwealth and the threat of
Union sanctions, the accommodationist approach of SA and the
African Development Community (SADC), for now, seems vindicated by
The emergence of Eddison Zvobgo's Masvingo-based dissident faction
Zanu (PF) supports a pre-election strategy for external actors hoping
reverse Zimbabwe's crisis that allows latitude for the very
contradictions within the ruling party to be played out so as to
President Robert Mugabe's iron grip on the country from within his
This holds out the possibility, perhaps slim at the moment, of
Zanu (PF) and/or laying the ground for an eventual postelection
of national unity between it and the Movement for Democratic
The repressive media bill is now a fact. But Zvobgo's parliamentary
with Justice Minister Chinamasa and Information Minister Jonathan
became the flash point in what could potentially become a much
insurgency within Zanu (PF).
This would widen the split between Zanu (PF) pragmatists, who
increasingly at risk in having Mugabe as their party leader, and what
refer to as the "chaos" faction hellbent on pulling out the election
Mugabe at all costs. The fact Zvobgo has chosen not to throw his
behind Mugabe and Zanu (PF) in Masvingo, the nations's most
province, may open the way for the MDC to have at least a fighting
winning the March election in spite of Mugabe's attempt to rig
The question is, will the consolidation of a Masvingo-Matabeleland
emerge and prevail? This depends, obviously, on the extent to which
and the SADC are able to influence the holding of an election freer
fairer than many observers feel possible.
However, given the Zvobgo-led insurgency, the political upper hand in
international pressure impinging on Zimbabwe tilts toward SADC opposition
sanctions in the run-up to the March poll. It also supports the
deferring any decision on suspending Zimbabwe from that body
until after the
March election, if it is determined the electoral outcome has
Hence, Britain's failure at the recent Commonwealth Ministerial
meeting in winning the day for sanctions.
Of course some have read this as not strategic, but emotional
African countries simply could not bring themselves to impose
sanctions on a
brother. But perhaps there is some strategy to this brotherly
Applying political and economic sanctions prior to the election
the hands of Mugabe and his loyalists who will be able to divert
from their depredations against their own citizens by playing
imperialist intervention card of intervention in the country's
democratic electoral affairs.
Zvobgo, therefore, has come to SA and the SADC's rescue for now.
post-election is another story. If Mugabe is still hanging on for dear
SA President Thabo Mbeki and his fellow heads of state in SADC are
have to go back to the drawing boards and devise a new script; one
salvages the credibility of the New Partnership for Africa's
(Nepad) and SA's hosting of the inaugural African Union (AU)
summit in July.
For whether Zanu (PF) wins or loses, Mugabe must go: by declaring
and retiring or by being forced out by a mixture of western smart
and those closer to home only SA can apply. This should be an
option were it
not for our leaders' fear of imposing what might ultimately be
a hegemonic pax-Pretoriana. There is, though, an African
precedent for such
a scenario: Burundi.
The current peace process in that country, which SA is mentoring, is
result of sanctions applied by Burundi's east African neighbours. So, it
not un-African to apply sanctions against another African state,
in the emerging age of the AU and Nepad. Better to deconstruct a
hijacked by Mugabe sooner rather than later after which it can be
back to health under the AUNepad banner to the benefit of southern
and the continent.
This would mean breaking up the Mugabe-inspired Luanda defence pact
his country, Congo, Angola and Namibia, which is at the heart of the
division and weakness. It would also mean nurturing a long process
recovery that might eventually see Zimbabwe incorporated into the
African Customs Union. But the exercise of power in this process may
unavoidable. Hence, the dilemma of unilateralism that Pretoria may
after March 9-10.
Hopefully, this contingency is being seriously considered and
conveyed to Mugabe and Zanu (PF), all the better for heightening
contradictions in Harare. For the stakes for south and southern
become even higher once the election is concluded.
Until then, though, SADC strategy, blatantly unconvincing though it may
in terms of how it is being sold, is the only show in town.
Kornegay is the programme co- ordinator of the Centre for
International Relations, University of the Witwatersrand.
Mbeki: Keeping regional credibility
Business Day 5
By Duncan Guy
President Thabo Mbeki , in his
approach to the Zimbabwe crisis, is desperate
to secure regional credibility
that is still needed to resolve the conflicts
in countries such as Burundi
and the Democratic Republic of Congo, according
to Jakkie Cilliers, director
of the SA Institute of Security Studies in
And Mugabe's hold
on the DRC provides him with much clout.
"Massive emphasis has been
placed on (President Thabo) Mbeki's foreign
policy being on a multi-lateral
agenda which has led to him being soft on
(Zimbabwe's) President Robert
Mugabe," said Cilliers.
"Mbeki has worked very hard to ensure South
Africa's regional credibility."
This, he said, had made it possible for
South Africa to become involved in
resolving the Burundi
However this was all at the cost of many people - even African
a senior level - believing below the surface that South Africa,
as a country
on its own, had sold itself out in terms of what it stands
According to a Johannesburg businessman after the most recent of
frequent trips to Harare, another cost to Mbeki's approach is that
Zimbabweans "might now never forgive South Africa for not helping
their hour of need".
Meanwhile Cilliers, commenting on
Zimbabwe military generals saying they
would never accept an election result
in favour of Mugabe, said he believed
the South African military's
contingency plans for Zimbabwe were purely of a
meant dealing with a refugee crisis.
"There is not even a contingency
plan beyond removing diplomats," he said.
Last updated at: (Beijing Time) Tuesday, February 05,
Eight Opposition Party Supporters Arrested in
The Zimbabwean police have arrested eight supporters of
party, who were suspected to have taken part in destroying the
party's election campaign posters over the weekend in Bulawayo
southwestern Zimbabwe, the police said here on Monday.
eight supporters of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) were
appear in court soon to answer charges of breaching the Public
Security Act that prohibits any action that may lead to violence,
spokesman Tarwireyi Tirivavi said.
The police were also encouraging both
civilians and political leaders to
refrain from violence, he
The presidential election in Zimbabwe is scheduled to be held on
March 9 and
10. The ruling Zimbabwe African National Union- Patriotic and the
MDC are now lunching the campaign for the election in most parts
Mugabe Blaming the Messenger
February 5, 2002
Posted to the web February 5,
AT THE third attempt President Robert Mugabe has pushed tough
curb the media through the Zimbabwe parliament. All
journalists now have to
be licenced annually. Foreign correspondents are not
allowed to be based
permanently in Zimbabwe. No news organisation is allowed
Journalists are forbidden from reporting meetings of Cabinet
government bodies. Prison sentences await those who breach the new
The system of licencing journalists has failed
to take off in Uganda mainly
because it is very difficult to define who is
and who is not a journalist.
Would columnists like Mary Okurut and John
Nagenda have to be licenced? How
would newspapers handle copy filed by news
agencies like Reuters if the
story reported events in Uganda?
also potentially discriminatory and therefore unconstitutional to
different standards for 'journalists' and 'non-journalists' who write
newspapers. At least Uganda was motivated by wanting all journalists
well-trained graduates. Zimbabwe's law is motivated solely by the
political thought control. The other provisions are just as bad.
correspondents who are permanently based in a country are more
likely to make
objective informed reports than correspondents on a flying
preconceived opinions. All newspapers can benefit from foreign
especially when it is for advanced training at
The ban on reporting Cabinet and
government meetings would not be necessary
if unhappy ministers and officials
were not leaking the information in the
act is merely papering over the cracks of the crisis that is
Mugabe is making the fatal mistake of blaming the messenger for
Criminals Help "Illegals" Cross Border
Integrated Regional Information Networks
February 5, 2002
the web February 5, 2002
A criminal racket on both sides of the
border is helping illegal Zimbabwean
immigrants cross into South Africa, a
senior army officer told IRIN.
The criminals, known as "Guma-Guma", act
as guides to those slipping across
the border and into South Africa's
Northern Province. They charge around R50
(US $4) per person, and failure to
pay can lead to a beating. They can also
provide illegal papers for a
According to the South African officer, involved in border
operations, the Guma-Guma use cellphones to organise transport with
drivers on the South African side of the Limpopo river. In a series
hops, the immigrants are transported to the border town of Messina,
there they travel south to South Africa's major cities looking for
"Only the very poor walk," the officer said.
South African army
patrols net an average of 100 to 200 illegal immigrants a
day. In January,
2,600 people were arrested and handed over to the police -
a figure lower
than last year - the officer said. He noted that increased
activity by the
Zimbabwean police was likely to have had an impact on the
The border jumpers are eventually deported back to
African military, through an agreement with Zimbabwe, has the
intercept would-be illegal immigrants in what is technically
territory, the officer said. He pointed out that a man found
wading in the
Limpopo would probably be arrested before he crossed to the
bank of the river.
Once inside South Africa, the concern of the
authorities in the frontier
regions is the damage that illegal immigrants can
cause to farms and
properties. Farmers complain that snares are set and crops
damaged as the
border jumpers cross their fields.
violence in the run-up to Zimbabwe's March presidential
election leads to a
large influx of asylum seekers, "our first priority will
be to look after our
own people, the farmers," the officer said. "The
Zimbabweans are likely to
have been hungry for days, and if they strip the
property there is going to
be conflict with the farmers."
Rallies illustrate Zimbabwe's
By JAN RAATH and Agencies
AS soon as
she was in the stadium, Angeline Magamba reached into her bag and
a T-shirt with the open-hand symbol of the Movement for
Democratic Change and
slipped it over her head. "I am afraid. If the Zanu-PF
people catch me
wearing this, I am for trouble," she said. "We are not
night, gangs of ruling party youths had been covering the
people that if they went to the stadium in Sakubva
township in the morning
there would be war.
Yesterday saw Morgan Tsvangirai's first big rally of
his campaign for the
presidential elections on March 9 and 10 and, outside
this eastern city,
vehicles queued for 800m at a roadblock, where police
painstakingly and demanded drivers' identity cards.
those in the crowd of at least 12,000 people in the stadium, reaching it
been an act of bravery. When Mr Tsvangirai, the MDC president, appeared,
exultant roar of "chinja!" (change) that greeted him was an outpouring
desire for an end to the dread, hunger and poverty brought by Mr
Mr Tsvangirai spoke of restoration of the rule of law, followed
by "a new
constitution to re-establish the dignity of parliament, the
clearly respect the separation of powers".
There were no
lavish promises, but warnings against violence, especially
Mugabe's militias after the election. Almost all those present
from the surrounding townships. On Friday last week, dozens of
trucks dragooned perhaps 8000 people from the Zanu-PF heartland
Mugabe's first rally of the campaign. It was a quasi-military
which every slogan and song was coerced and in which the party
force personnel controlling it exuded menace.
"In the last two years,
Zanu-PF has died," a veteran Zimbabwean journalist
who had been present said.
"They have nothing but force left."
The contrast with Sakubva was
absolute. The atmosphere at the opposition's
rally was happy and relaxed, the
crowd's responses spontaneous.
When Mr Mugabe speaks, it is to promise
free seed and fertiliser, as much
seized white-owned land as anyone wants and
higher wages. He delivers
bizarre denunciations of British plots to overthrow
him and hurls clumsy
abuse against Mr Tsvangirai, calling him "Tsvangison",
the "black man who
masquerades as a white".
At the weekend Mr Mugabe
was at it again, threatening to punish gay groups
at a campaign rally and
saying Britain was angry at him for his stance
British Prime Minister Tony Blair should "expose" his
cabinet as full of
gays before criticising Zimbabwe, Mr Mugabe said at a
rally in the rural
district of Wedza on Saturday.
"I have people who
are married in my cabinet. He has homosexuals and they
make John marry Joseph
and let Mary get married to Rosemary.
"We can form clubs, but we will
never have homosexual clubs. In fact, we
will punish them," he
The Independent (UK)
Basildon Peta: My ordeal as Mugabe's
As repression has tightened its grip on Zimbabwe, the
Peta has found unsought prominence as a champion of
freedom. On Monday came
the reprisals he had been dreading: arrest and
imprisonment. This is his
account of his terrifying exp
Look, you are in a VIP cell. You don't have to worry. We will attend to
when we are ready," the detective barked. I knew then I was in for a
night. The tiny cell I was being dumped in was next to a stinking
toilet, whose flushing system seem to have failed over a decade ago.
suffocating stench wafted straight into the next room. The floors and
walls of my cell were filthy. The few sticks of furniture were
For my night in Harare Central, the notorious
headquarters of President
Robert Mugabe's state security agents, I was given
a few broken planks of
wood on which to spend the night.
I was not
surprised, however. When I first heard that armed detectives were
me on Thursday night, I could almost have predicted everything
play out over the next couple of days.
I knew that I would have to suffer
for an imaginary crime that I did not
commit. I knew that there would be
nothing imaginary about the way the
police would treat me in their filthy,
dimly lit cells and offices at the
Harare Central police station. And I
suspected, in my heart of hearts, that
at the 11th hour – after President
Mugabe's state security agents had drawn
sadistic pleasure from their
treatment of me – all charges might be dropped.
I knew also that the police
would show no remorse and would not bother to
apologise for their
unconstitutional and illegal treatment of me. In short,
I was aware that in
any contest with President Mugabe's agents, I would
So I did not even bother to ask why the police officials had
stormed my home
at dawn on Saturday as if they were hunting for a bank robber
or an armed
terrorist. I tried to co-operate all the way through, even though
I knew the
crime they were purporting to investigate was a hoax. I suggested
stop looking for me and I promised I would surrender myself soon
finishing the private family business that had occupied me for the
But that did not stop them from pretending that I
was not co-operating.
Despite the fact that my lawyer had managed to arrange
an appointment for
Sunday at 10am, they still saw fit to go to my house on
Saturday and force
their way in without a search warrant. They ransacked the
into cupboards, wardrobes and bathrooms, knowing full well
that I was not at
I returned from Johannesburg on Monday and
while the police headed to my
house I went to Harare Central Station to turn
myself in. At 1.45pm they
For the second time in four
months I walked down the stairs into the
basement of a shabby building that
would not look out of place in the middle
There I was dumped
into the wretched cell beside that foul-smelling lavatory
and left there for
what seemed like an eternity. Despite the efforts of my
Hondora, to prepare all the paperwork so that we could
proceed directly to
the courts, the police were intent on making it a long
about their business as if I was not there. There was a good
reason – after
the courts close they have to keep you overnight. In the
cellphone was turned off and I was out of touch with the
Late into the night, one of the officers called and
announced my crime – I
had failed to notify the police about a demonstration
by a group of
journalists last Wednesday to protest against a media law that
seen as likely to eliminate independent journalism in Zimbabwe. The
covered under the new Public Order and Security Act (POSA), carries
two-year jail sentence, plus a hefty fine of Z$100 000.
immediately contested the charge, saying that under the POSA,
associations are exempt from seeking police permission to
Zimbabwe Union of Journalists (ZUJ), of which I am secretary
general, is a
professional association and allowed to demonstrate against
affecting the interests of its members.
The discussion went
nowhere. My interrogator suddenly changed tone and
wanted me to help him
locate Andy Meldrum of the Foreign Correspondents
Association and The
Guardian, so that he could also be arrested for
demonstration. I refused to co-operate – not least because
I don't know
Meldrum's home address. The officer left. My
Dawn came, and I was taken from the cell.
Armed police officers hurled
themselves into the back of my car. I was told
to drive them to the courts
via the attorney-general's office. Here my fate
for the next two years would
be decided. Making me drive myself felt like
another insult: it was as if
they would not waste the petrol on me.
the AG's office, which also houses the British High Commission, I was
the vehicle under armed guard. After a long period, one of my
came down smiling and showed me some notes written by the AG's
office on my
documents saying that I had no case to answer.
The demonstration was
perfectly legal, and if the police thought otherwise,
they would have to
prove it. I was ordered to drive my jailers back to the
police station. End
Not for the police. Spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena gave the media
version. "The Attorney General has ordered us to carry out
investigations and we will revisit the matter once we are ready."
mean another arrest at some point? I can only
Zimbabwe has certainly reached breaking point. The future looks
Mugabe is not about to concede that the country needs a fresh
him. He wants another six-year term, by hook or by crook. The
community has let him off the hook.
Despite all the
murders of his opponents, all the illegal arrests of
perceived opponents, the
pillaging of a once promising economy and the
passing of some of the most
repressive laws imaginable, the EU says: "We
will not impose smart sanctions
on Robert Mugabe for now because he is doing
nothing to block the deployment
of EU election observers." But is the
admission of these observers worth all
the people who have lost their lives,
their property, their livelihood and
all they have worked for because of the
unbridled ambitions of a power-crazed
geriatric dictator? I can only wonder.
04 February 2002
Zimbabwe On Wrong Side of History, U.S.
Business Leader Says
(CCA chief comments on Mugabe, new business strategy) (680)
Washington File Staff Writer
Washington - The anti-business environment in Zimbabwe, created
President Robert Mugabe's attacks on civil liberties and
property, is not helping to buck up slackening U.S. investment on
continent, says Corporate Council on Africa (CCA) President
In a January 23 phone interview with the Washington File, Hayes
"We're hoping for a change over there [in Zimbabwe] with
elections but you know we have our doubts, as many other people
Hayes noted that except for energy imports, U.S. investment is
in a slump in sub-Saharan Africa, in part because of a fear
countries like Zimbabwe are falling back into the economic
political instability that characterized much of Africa
before the fall of
communism in the Soviet Union which discredited
socialism as the answer to
Africa's development challenges.
The problem, Hayes said, is that Mugabe "has gone beyond socialism
he is just being very autocratic and in that regard he is
on the wrong side of history."
Commenting on the opinion by some in Washington that economic
should be levied on Mugabe in order to get him to implement
free and fair
elections set for March 9 and 10, Hayes said "I'm not
ordinarily in favor of
sanctions but Mugabe has gone so far down the
line that unless there are some
changes there the [business] situation
there is almost hopeless."
Hayes said that many of CCA's 170-member businesses, including
like General Motors and Exxon/Mobil "are very, very reluctant
invest" in Zimbabwe, which is a pity, he added, because "it could
been one of the great places for investment [in Africa] if it had
The association chief added, "If there was ever a case that needed
the African countries themselves should come out now and speak out.
think that's beginning to happen, which is encouraging" but time
running out with nation-wide elections scheduled for March, he said.
Asked about general business trends on the continent, Hayes
"investment in Africa has actually dropped in the last two years
so we are now focusing on ways to get some business successes"
increasing interest among CCA's member firms.
This means, he explained, fewer trade missions, "which are
intensive, very expensive and unless deals are actually
beforehand" produce few results. "They are good exploratory trips
not necessarily efficient in developing business. I think the
efficient thing we can do now is support our members as they go
seeking opportunities in markets that seem attractive to them."
With that in mind, having a goal of one deal or "business success
[African] country would be quite a step forward," Hayes said. "I
some of these countries have not had a new U.S. investment for a
or two or more."
Asked it he had any particular places in mind, Hayes said "we have
look at those countries that are ready for the next step in
and that means, of course, the AGOA (African Growth and
Act) countries. There are 34 of those."
Passed into law by Congress in May 2000, AGOA is a landmark trade
that offers duty-free entry to a range of African products,
textiles, as a spur to their export and manufacturing sectors. A
that would further extend such benefits on a greater scale to
African nations, known as AGOA II, is currently being debated in
Senate. Zimbabwe was deemed ineligible for AGOA's trade
because of its government's human rights record.
Hayes said "We [CCA] came in late to AGOA I but I think we made a
difference" in getting it through the legislative process. "Right
we are taking a strong leadership role working with a lot of
organizations" to get the second bill made into law, he said.
(The Washington File is a product of the Office of
Information Programs, U.S. Department of State. Web site:http://usinfo.state.gov
34 Days to Go.
Just back in the office after 6 days
in South Africa on MDC business. Time
is slipping by with great speed and its
difficult to keep up with all that
is going on. This past week saw the
government continuing to shoot itself in
the head – attacks on the media, the
passing of the media bill in the House
and the skirmishes with the UK, the EU
and the Commonwealth.
At home the hot dry weather persisted – now a month
since we had widespread
rains and all crops are wilting and suffering damage
– I estimate that a
third of the national crop is now beyond recovery. The
tobacco crop is doing
well – this likes a dry season and farmers look after
it because it is a
high value crop and responds to good
Speaking to a colleague who has worked in the food business
for 30 years, he
said that he felt we would be lucky this year to reap 800
000 tonnes of
maize from all sectors. Last year we reaped about 1 million
1,1 million at the upper end) but also had some opening stocks.
This year we
will open the new season with zero stocks of
Imports have started but when we drove down to Johannesburg on
saw the GMB setting up an emergency grain depot at Beitbridge. Why
Beitbridge I do not understand as this simply means double handling?
looked out for trucks on the road to Johannesburg – thought we saw two.
we got back to the border on Saturday morning there might have been 6
at the border with maize on board. We were not certain but it was bags
something. At the depot they only had a small pile in the middle of
depot – about 1 load of 35 tonnes we guessed. When we need 5 000 tonnes
day, that is not encouraging.
We are now really out of maize meal –
I think I got my last delivery about
10 days ago. My main wholesaler said he
did not want maize meal – for fear
of riots. What are people doing in the
absence of maize meal? Maize meal
costs about Z$35 000 a tonne, Rice about
Z$160 000 a tonne, bread about Z$68
000 a tonne. We have some stocks of wheat
and as this is the next cheapest
food we can expect this to be in short
supply as well shortly – in fact on
Friday bread was unobtainable after about
10.00 hrs in the morning in
I was shocked to listen to an
official of the World Food Programme on SW
Radio recently when he said calmly
"no, we do not expect people to starve in
Zimbabwe as there are alternatives,
like cassava and yams?" He clearly had
no knowledge of Zimbabwe – we only
produce tiny quantities of both those
foods, which are largely alien to the
local population. Maize meal must
constitute at least 50 per cent of the bulk
in people’s diets and is
virtually irreplaceable in both economic and volume
terms. I am afraid that
real starvation is at the door and the local
collection of goons in both
government and the GMB are incapable of solving
the problem. The UNDP is
strangely silent on all of this, as is the World
Bank who actually has a
clear understanding of the situation.
position looks like this – we must import 150 000 tonnes of maize a
from now until July when the new crop starts to come in. Then we will
about 5 to 6 months supply before we run out again – we will therefore
to import about 2 million tonnes of maize grain between now and the end
July 2003. We have enough wheat to last until May – lets assume we will
to import 7 months supply at 30 000 tonnes a month – that’s 210 000
we may get away with less, so assume 200 000 tonnes. The outlook
will depend on how much wheat we can get into the ground in May
after we take power in April – a tall order. We could grow 400 000
be self sufficient in wheat and barley, but a target of about 250
is more realistic – so we will have to import 150 000 tonnes
2003. The soybean crop is very much down and this means that
we will need to
import up to 10 000 tonnes a month of soybeans or the
equivalent in crude oil
or stock feed components. This requirement will run
through until June 2003 –
12 months at least – 120 000 tonnes.
This gives us a total import
requirement to feed the nation of 2 470 000
tonnes of raw materials over a
period of 18 months or about 140 000 tonnes a
month. Peak demand will come in
the period April to July 2002 when we will
have to move up to 200 000 tonnes
a month. The cost, about US$500 million.
That is only a small part of the
cost of the "Fast Track to Disaster" that
Zanu PF has inflicted on the
country in the name of the pursuit of political
power. If we fail to get the
farmers back on their feet this winter, then
the food crisis will run on into
2004. How to achieve this and to reduce the
impact on the consumer is now a
preoccupation of the MDC team working on the
transition to sanity.
the rest of the economy the melt down continues – inflation is now well
100 per cent and rising, job losses are accelerating and export
continues to deteriorate. Incomes and living standards are
and all other indicators are negative – infant mortality is
aids related deaths are rising and life expectancies
All Ministers, with one or two notable exceptions, are silent. The
of Agriculture has not made a sound for at least a month; the
Health is also silent, as is the Minister of Finance. Mines and
Ministers are also silent. Only Chinamasa and J Moyo are vocal – the
in defending the indefensible in the form of new forms of legislation
violate all the fundamental principles of a democracy – freedom of
association and movement; freedom and independence of the press and
right of individuals to information. Moyo is just astonishing in
performance – "Government without newspapers is the ideal way
Coming from a Minister of Information, that statement will not be
The President – for certain reasons henceforth to be
known as "His
Excellency, the Honorable, Robert Gabriel Mugabe", is also
maintains his stance that Zanu is a Party of the people and peace
only Party with the right to govern the country. To challenge that
"treason" and anyone who does that is a "tea boy" for British interests or
front for the "white liberal establishment". Hope I got that right Sir;
to misquote you in this media in any way!
Just in case you think
that there is any truth in President Mugabe’s
allegations, I have been
involved in the MDC from its inception. I know for
a fact that of all the
western governments that have encouraged us and
helped us in many forms, the
British government has been the least
supportive. Many of us in the MDC are a
bit annoyed about this as we think
they should have done at least something
to justify the slander they have
been getting from the Zimbabwe government in
this respect. As far the "white
liberal influence" – there were about 20 of
us at the first Congress, 3 in
the national executive (8 per cent) and 5 in
the National Council (3 per
cent). In the membership as a whole I doubt if we
have 5 000 white members
in a total membership of about 2,5 million. Since we
take decision by
consensus on most issues, our effective influence is very
limited and we are
treated no differently to the other black and brown
members – this is one of
the things that so attracts us to the
Bulawayo, 4 February
Intolerance high in Zimbabwe:
By Angela Quintal
Political intolerance was
high in Zimbabwe, and Southern African Development
Community observers should
move immediately to ensure a free and fair
presidential poll, says Labour
Minister Membathisi Mdladlana.
Mdladlana - who represents South Africa on
the six-member SADC ministerial
task force on Zimbabwe - said the 150-member
regional team should "have been
"There is too much
intolerance in that country and too much polarisation...
What concerns me
most is this intolerance," he said in a wide-ranging
intolerance was across the board, and there had been an increase in
violence since President Robert Mugabe announced the March 9 and
presidential election dates.
"The weak link is that they are not talking
to each other. They wait for us
to come there before they talk. There is no
Asked how a free and fair election was possible in such a
referred to South Africa's own history of political
violence in the run up
to the country's first democratic elections in
"Just two or three weeks before our own election on April 27, one
people died... but South Africans said 'we shall have these
elections and we
shall see that it is free and fair' and everyone is now
dubbing that a
"I don't lose hope until the situation is
hopeless, and we haven't reached
that stage (in Zimbabwe)."
said the SADC observer team had to move very quickly, and he had
a message to SADC chair, President Bakili Maluzi of Malawi, to
"If we don't send sharp observers then we will have a huge
"They (SADC) are moving very slowly and its worrying us because
like the South African delegation will be ready much earlier than
South Africa did not want to send its observers, before
SADC and Nigeria had
theirs in place, he said.
Mdladlana said the
racial composition of South Africa's team -- which would
cut across all
sectors of South African society -- would have to be
He was in favour of sending mostly black South Africans,
rather than loading
the team with whites.
"If you do, then your just
exposing our white compatriots to abuse and
insults in that country. They
have this belief -- that is why South Africa
is not trusted -- that we are
sending the Selous Scouts of Rhodesia.
"We don't want a diplomatic bungle
because one of our white South African
compatriots are attacked in Zimbabwe.
That's one thing I don't want."
If that happened, South Africa would not
be able to "take it lying down".
The presidency was
looking for a suitable person to lead the South African
those mooted, was former ANC MP and ambassador to Saudi Arabia,
Motsuenyane. There had also been talk about involving some of South
However, Methodist bishop of Southern Africa Mvume
Dandala and Anglican
Archbishop Desmond Tutu, for example, had made
statements which would expose
them to criticism in Zimbabwe that they were
not independent, Mdladlana
said. "We don't want to expose them to
8:40:40 AM (GMT +2)
By Pedzisai Ruhanya and Sam Munyavi
Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku was yesterday furious over the
surrounding the Harare mayoral and council elections after staff
Registrar-General’s Office failed to turn up at the Nomination Court
House yesterday to process the nomination of
Scores of mainly Zanu PF and MDC supporters waited in vain at
Town House for
the Registrar-General’s staff, who were supposed to receive
Nomination of the capital city’s mayoral and
council elections was later
rescheduled for 2.30pm.
the Registrar-General, last Friday announced in a legal
notice that the
nominations would be held yesterday. This followed an order
by High Court
judge, Justice Moses Chinhengo, on 28 January that the
elections must be held
on or before 11 February as ordered by the Supreme
Supreme Court’s order, the government had set 9 and 10 March as
the dates for
the council polls. These are the same dates set for the
election. The dates were declared invalid by the High Court.
appealed to the Supreme Court over the 11 February deadline, but an
Chidyausiku yesterday the struck appeal off the register as an
application after Mudede failed to properly file the appeal through
Court as required by the Supreme Court.
Chidyausiku sat with
other Supreme Court judges, Justices Vernanda Ziyambi,
Misheck Cheda, Luke
Malaba and Ahmed Ebrahim.
Their decision follows the failure by Loyce
Matanda-Moyo from the Attorney
General (AG)’s Office, representing President
Mugabe and Mudede, the
Registrar-General, to properly file their appeal in
Last Friday, Chidyausiku ruled that the AG’s Office should
first apply to
the High Court for leave to appeal against Justice Moses
to have the elections held next week before they came to
the Supreme Court
to oppose the order.
But there was a communication
breakdown resulting in Matanda-Moyo failing to
make the application to the
High Court before the matter could be heard by
the Supreme Court
When the hearing resumed yesterday, Chidyausiku adjourned the
allow Matanda-Moyo to file the application for leave to appeal
Chinhengo, but when the case resumed at 2.30pm that had not been
Chidyausiku was furious.
Speaking to Matanda-Moyo, Chidyausiku
said: “You are really beginning to
treat this court like a kangaroo court.
What we have to do is to strike this
matter off the court roll until you put
your act together.”
Advocate Edith Mushore, who represented the Harare
Residents and Ratepayers‘
Association (HRRA), yesterday said: “This ruling
means that temporarily the
matter is not before the court and the Nomination
Court should be sitting
right now. The High Court order remains
Earlier in the day, Chidyausiku attacked the manner in
which the AG’s Office
had handled the case, accusing it of being inefficient
and of wasting the
He said: “The Supreme Court is now
being inconvenienced because of the
inefficiency of your office.”
Chagonda of Atherstone and Cook, the lawyers for the HRRA, said
definitely in contempt of court because of his failure to comply
notice that he placed in the Press and the court rulings.
Samudzimu, the chairman of the HRRA, said his association had no
to apply to the High Court for Mudede to be found in contempt
Army officers sue Chiwenga
TWO top army officials have taken the army commander,
Constantine Chiwenga to the High Court, for unlawfully
dismissing them from
the army after they were accused of supporting the
According to papers filed in the High Court by their
lawyers, Major Besenia
Tshuma and Major Peter Guhu, said their dismissal at
the instigation of
Chiwenga last November was unlawful and should be set
aside. The dates for
the hearing are yet to be set.
In his affidavit,
Tshuma cited Chiwenga because the Board of Suitability wa
s held on the army
commander’s instructions and because it was upon Chiwenga
’ s recommendation
that, “I be discharged as a member of the Zimbabwe
Lieutenant Mataruka was cited in the matter as the president of the board
Tshuma said before the February 2000 Constitutional Referendum
he was the
officer commanding 4.2 Infantry Battalion in Gutu. “In the run-up
referendum, there was much political activity throughout most of
country, including Gutu.
The MDC was holding rallies to persuade
the Zimbabwean electorate not to
accept the Constitution, which was perceived
to be sponsored by Zanu PF,”
Tshuma said. He said a few days before the
referendum, there was an MDC
rally in Gutu an d there was an army reaction
team on standby in case of any
violence or other problems. He was the
officer-in-charge of that team. He
said a Zanu PF youth handed to him an
audio cassette which he said was being
circulated by the MDC in the
Tshuma said he took the cassette to the corporals’ club in the
He said: “Several soldiers were present when I
did so. It was clear that th
e contents were of a political nature. I called
members of the Central
Intelligence Organisation (CIO), who came to listen to
the tape.” He said
two CIO officers from Masvingo and another from Gutu
played the cassette in
their car in his presence.
“We then decided
that copies of the cassette should be made. I instructed
that a copy be given
to Vice-President Simon Muzenda and a separate copy to
Shuvai Mahofa so that
they would be aware of what was happening in
“Because the contents of the cassette were
political in nature, I considere
d that the cassette had nothing to do with
army business. For this reason, I
did not report the matter to Four Brigade
headquarters in Masvingo,” said
He made this point because one
of the allegations against him was that he
failed to report the matter to
Four Brigade headquarters “and was therefore
an MDC activist. This line of
reasoning is, of course, illogical”. “After
the CIO members had reproduced
the cassette and taken a number of copies, I
was handed the original. I knew
that copies had been taken.
I had no further use for the cassette. I
threw it away. I mention again that
the contents had nothing to do with my
army business,” Tshuma said. The
second charge is that because the cassette
was played at the corporals’
club, Tshuma was campaigning for the
He said the board of inquiry which investigated him said there
insufficient evidence and referred the matter to the Directorate of
Services which deals with courts martial, which adopted a similar
The second board of inquiry also said there was no case against him
called for the lifting of his suspension. Tshuma said he was shown
decisions by a Captain Marufu.
“Incidentally Captain Marufu was
arrested and detained for having shown me
the documentation,” said
He said he was unfairly dismissed from the army by Chiwenga and
Tshuma wants the court to review the decision and set aside his
with Chiwenga paying the costs of the application. In his
Guhu said Chiwenga recommended his dismissal by the board of
Lieutenant-Colonel Muresherwa sitting as the president of the
Guhu said during a seminar at the University of Zimbabwe two years
asked whether it was legal that Zimbabwean troops had been deployed
Democratic Republic of the Congo without prior authorisation of the
Nations Security Council and he made reference to the UN Charter.
sparked a controversial debate which it was intended to do. I had bee n
that the army considered me an MDC activist.
It became obvious
that th e army wanted to prove this by holding this board
of inquiry. The
plain fact of the matter is that there was no evidence to
this effect,” Guhu
said. He said by October last year he had heard nothing
from the army but
after the board of inquiry finished its hearings, he was
Bulawayo. He said a signal to dismiss him from the army was
issued on 29
“It advises that in terms of Section 10 (1)(a)(iii) of
152/88, the President of Zimbabwe had cancelled my
commission and I was
discharged from the army with effect from 30 November
2001,” Guhu said. “I
had expected the result, not because I was guilty of
having committed an y
offence, but because I had been targeted by Chiwenga
and other members of
the army hierarchy as being an MDC activist,” he said
Guhu said the charge by the army that he was involved in politics or
e uttered words to undermine the authority of President Mugabe was
said Chiwenga should have advised him of the ZNA’s intention to
commission but he did not do so.
“Even if the board of
inquiry found that I had committed any one or more
offences, I respectfully
submit that the matter should have been referred t
o the Directorate of Legal
Services for a decision as to whether or not to
proceed to court martial
stage,” Guhu argued.
He asked the court to set aside the proceedings of
the board of inquiry, th
e cancellation of his commission in the army and
that he be reinstated in
the army with full benefits and that Chiwenga should
pay the costs of
Mutare MDC offices raided
Mangwende in Mutare
THE police in Mutare on Sunday raided the MDC
provincial offices under the
pretext of searching for arms of
Yesterday, Innocent Gonese, the MP for Mutare Central, said the
took place at around 2am at the MDC offices at 26B Carrington
Gonese said: “The police went to our offices at
around 2am, saying they had
information that we were keeping arms of war on
our premises. They did not
have a search warrant. I told them they had no
right to come at ungodly
hours and harass people unnecessarily.” Since the
MDC had nothing to hide,
Gonese said, they allowed the police to search the
“They turned the whole place upside down, but came out
Sydney Mukwecheni, the MP for Mutare
South, who was present during the
search, said he received a telephone call
in the early hours of the morning
that two truckloads of policemen were
parked at the MDC offices. Mukwecheni
said: “They said they wanted to search
the place for weapons. As an outgoing
government, they are trying to
frustrate us. These are the last kicks of a
dying horse.” Meanwhile, Timothy
Mabhawu, the MDC provincial chairman for
Manicaland, was on Saturday arrested
at a police roadblock near Christmas
Pass Hotel in Mutare.
detained at Mutare Central Police Station for at least five hours
was released without charge.
Mabhawu, 40, said: “I was arrested this morning
under unclear circumstances.
I was not charged at all. The police arrested me
apparently because of the
MDC T-shirts I was carrying for distribution at the
MDC rally on Sunday.”
Mabhawu said he was released after his lawyer, Arnold
Another hefty salary increment for police
From Chris Gande in Bulawayo
MEMBERS of the
police force, who were awarded a 100 percent salary increase
in January will
get another raise at the end of this month, in a move seen
as an incentive
for them to support the government.
The police, once regarded as the
lowest-paid civil servants, are now among
the highest paid, earning more than
A constable, who earned $13 519 a month before deductions
in December, now
earns $30 619, while superintendents’ salaries rose from
about $26 000 a
month after deductions to $69 000.
“It is now worth it
to work in the police force,” said a police officer.
“Our salaries are now
something to talk about.” The police have been accused
by the opposition of
partisanship because they have allegedly ignored
political violence largely
perpetrated by Zanu PF supporters.
In most cases of political violence,
the police are now known to arrest onl
y members of the
Police sources said yesterday the officers would receive
another 13 percent
increase at the end of this month.
The move to lure
the police into supporting Zanu PF began last year when al
l war veterans
within the force were promoted a rank higher, in what
appeared to be dubious
In the past the percentage increases in the salaries of
civil servants have
been uniform across the board. The recent increases
depart from this normal
The police and the army received
salary hikes of 100 percent while other
civil servants, including teachers,
received only about 50 percent. The army
salary increases have met with
pockets of discontent because only infantry
soldiers benefited while
specialist units, such as engineers and doctors,
Millers say delivered maize still not adequate for
MILLERS said yesterday the
country needs about 75 thirty-two-tonne
truckloads of maize delivered into
the country every day for them to be able
to supply adequate maize-meal to
the whole nation in the next three months.
The statement from the millers
comes in the wake of an announcement by the
Grain Marketing Board (GMB) last
Saturday that the first consignment of 32
tonnes or one truck-load of maize
from South Africa had been delivered into
the country through
Zimbabwe is facing serious food shortages because of a poor
and political interference which affected production last
The 32 tonnes is, however, an insignificant amount and is only
truckload, sources in the milling industry who declined to be named,
Eddie Cross, a baker who said he passed through the Beitbridge
on Saturday said: At the depot in Beitbridge they only had a
small pile in
the middle of the depot, about one load of 35 tonnes, we
guessed, when we
need 5 000 tonnes a day.
That is not encouraging. One
miller said: About 27 tonnes of maize-meal is
produced from 32 tonnes of
maize. It is an insufficient amount and it would
take a milling company about
one-fifth of its days work to mill.
Zimbabwe needs about 120 000 and 30
000 tonnes of maize monthly and weekly
respectively for human consumption.
Victoria Foods managing director, Rob
Webster said his company was still
milling but maize supplies were
Most supermarkets in
Harare, Masvingo and Bulawayo have no maize-meal
stocks. Quoted in the
State-controlled newspaper, The Herald, Justine
Mutasa, GMB operations
manager said the country had secured about 200 000
tonnes of maize from South
Africa and =B3there was no need to panic that
there would be serious food
The 200 000 tonnes is enough to last the country about six
said deliveries would continue every day. Mutasa was not
comment, as he was said to be in Beitbridge.
close to the GMB however said while Zimbabwe had secured maize from
Africa, it would take two weeks for most of the maize to land in
because of logistical problems.
Enock Kamushinda, who is heading a
Zimbabwean delegation currently in South
Africa last week secured three deals
with South African companies to supply
about 160 000 tonnes of maize, most of
The GMB is to organise its own transport for the 50
000 tonnes purchased
from Cargill South Africa while another 100 000 tonnes
which it bought from
an unknown company, was through an agreement also based
This means the GMB would organise its own
transport in both deals. Republic
of South Africa (RSA) Agri, which is to
supply 10 000 tonnes, had agreed
with GMB that it would deliver the maize
This means that only about 10 000 tonnes of maize will be
delivered by the
end of the week because RSA Agri had said it would deliver
the maize this
week according to reports.
Sources said the GMB should
have made arrangements to allow all the
suppliers of the maize to deliver it
into the country to avoid delays and
delivering the maize into Zimbabwe are highly probable because of
of rail wagons in South Africa. Massive starvation is imminent if
significant quantities of maize arrive in the country by the end of
week, sources in the milling industry
Daily News - Feature
Mugabe must throw out revised media
2/5/02 8:50:07 AM (GMT +2)
By William Tagwirei
GOVERNMENT ministers rely on government lawyers to draft proposals
presentation to Parliament which, if accepted, can be turned into
Ordinarily, the interested ministry consults people, organisations
industry targeted by the intended law to garner sense in the spirit
minimising chaos in a particular sector.
These fuzzy ideas are then
taken to the Law Development Commission, through
the Ministry of Justice, for
legal guidance and expertise. Parliamentary
Bills, even amendments to
existing laws, are born out in this way.
The circus in Parliament over
the Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Bill suggests that no
such consultative process ever took place. The
Bill was crafted with malice
towards individuals and institutions assumed to
be hostile to the
According to Jonathan Moyo, the Minister of State for
Publicity, there was some discussion with journalists from
the State media
after the Bill was read for the first time in Parliament. So
the views of
these journalists were taken in by Moyo, regardless of public
shameless sycophancy and extreme foolishness on any matters
“While empty vessels have been making the
usual noise, we have been busy
making law,” Moyo told The Herald.
“Fortunately, the majority of Zimbabwean
journalists and editors, most them
from the so-called public media, have
quietly given us very useful
submissions which we are seriously considering
with a view to taking them on
Armed with these wild thoughts AD and 36 amendments AD the Bill
to impress the Parliamentary Legal Committee, which found 20 of
most offending and outrightly unconstitutional.
This is a
scary development. Professionals are not expected to sacrifice and
expertise which took many years to amass, just to please Moyo.
amended Bill, we are told, contained the views of State media
those of Patrick Chinamasa, a former senior partner in a law
Attorney General, Minister of Justice and Leader of the House.
Chigovera, the Attorney General, conceded that some provisions were
and dangerous. What are we supposed to make out of this?
What about the
original mover of the Bill? Could Zimbabweans seriously be
regard Moyo as an intelligent player, averagely intelligent,
to advise a
President on national issues?
Look, it costs us, the taxpayers, millions
of dollars to sustain Parliament.
Is it worth it to keep a House debating
issues designed to deny us freedom?
Now that the Bill has been revised to
soften the effects of such criminal
behaviour, it is only prudent that
President Mugabe must not sign it into
law. It won’t assist anyone, either
the journalists or Moyo.
But it must be noted that this costly exercise
has exposed Moyo and cost him
any veneer of respect he may still claim in
public. Zimbabwe needs
politicians, even those born out of 1999’s
Commission and happen to be appointed, not
elected, to Parliament to be
patriotic and display a genuine love for the
What happened in the past few weeks is certainly not in the
and must be avoided.
For the record, Moyo has never
respected previous Zanu PF dominated
parliaments. “Our experience is that
Parliament has become a bully’s pulpit
used by the Presidency to intimidate
dissenting MPs and citizens, especially
the Press, to toe an imaginary line,”
he said in 1993. “The continued use of
colonial rules has been made worse by
the consideration that the House has
not had a Speaker with any notable
independence from the Presidency.”
With the support of dilettantes he
appointed to influential positions in the
State media, Moyo failed to bully
Eddison Zvobgo to toe the traditional Zanu
Zvobgo as a man who was fast losing his senses, simply because
he argued for
sanity in Parliament. The Herald went further to state that
denounced the liberation struggle, was Bishop Abel Muzorewa’s
the United Nations. Nonsense. For the record, Zvobgo is a
founder member of
Zanu PF and was a consistent frontliner. That you can’t
take away from
Zvobgo’s main argument was based on the need to allow personal
provide a way of ensuring that Zimbabweans enjoy some free space
be easily violated by ordinary political games.
been allowed to get away with a streak of dangerous opportunism.
years ago, he lamented the State media’s “Dear Leader” mentality in
coverage of public affairs, only to replace it with his own “Dear
Brigade” at Zimpapers and the ZBC.
“It is a matter of public
record that over the years since independence,” he
told a Press freedom
seminar in Harare, “The Herald, The Chronicle and ZBC,
to name a few
government mouthpieces, have never criticised Mugabe. Not even
desired subliminal effect of this miscarriage of journalism is
and listeners of these media mouthpieces are supposed to
believe that Mugabe
is infallible. Of course, that is nonsense.”
Today, the ZBC and all the
State newspapers are far worse than they were at
the time, blazing a
cacophony of mind-dulling and brain-damaging junk in the
name of news under
the direction of Moyo. A peaceful demonstration by
journalists against the
Bill resulted in the arrest of reporters Rhodah
Mashavave and Foster Dongozi
of The Daily News and news editor Cornelius
Nduna of The
Moyo predicted such a scenario in 1993 when young Mashavave was
old. He said: “Empirical evidence from throughout the world shows
ruling politicians become nervous about the security of their
position, they target the Press with reckless abandon. They do this
making preposterous claims about threats to national
Please read the Public Order and Security Act and Moyo’s
rejected draft to
understand what he meant. The two are littered with
on the need to preserve Zimbabwe’s national
The inclusion of a clause requiring accreditation takes
Zimbabwe many years
The trend in the Southern African
Development Community and internationally
is to do away with such forms of
licensing. Journalists have company
identity cards and, if they are
freelancers, letters of introduction from
their editors. That is
Journalists, unless they are spineless, must refuse to be
abused through such callous cruelty and serial
Daily News - Leader Page
Political violence will not swing the Bulawayo vote in presidential
2/5/02 8:47:12 AM (GMT +2)
By Marko Phiri
THE political violence that hit Bulawayo during a Movement for
Change (MDC) rally sought to stretch the resolve of the people of
to voice their demand for change through the only means they know
how AD the
secrecy of the ballot.
And by way of some perverse logic, the people who disturbed that
imagine this will in fact cow the residents into re-electing
Mugabe in the 9 and 10 March poll!
By there is no other sure way to have the masses voting for any other
other than the ruling party. Who is the chief ignoramus here?
gone is the very poor strategy that if nothing else will win this
for Zanu PF, then violence will. That is, however, if the poll is
Are those public exhortations by senior ruling party officials for the
’s supporters to desist from beating up people and campaign peacefully
taken seriously given what is going on around us?
The Bulawayo disturbances sought to show us really that no one in
country can claim immunity from Zanu PF-sanctioned violence.
The city already is an MDC stronghold and has an MDC mayor to prove it.
what is of interest is that there seems to be a piercing dearth in
ruling party “art of wooing” manual of what form of persuasion will
the people there to suddenly shift their loyalty and vote for a
still chants slogans about being “born of blood”.
The residents of the City of Kings are better advised that since they
already gone this far, now certainly is not the time to be cowed into
against their consciences.
What the whole country needs to find out is what the future holds
the men and women who were part of the efforts that brought
this country. Surely there is more to a country than one
party seeking to
rule for eternity?
President Mugabe was in Bulawayo to address a rally in a stadium in the
during the campaigning for the June 2000 parliamentary election.
The war veterans were busy bussing the people into White City
While some went under duress, they still voted for the MDC when
But the interesting thing that happened in Nkulumane where the war
were forcing people into buses was when the people launched their
uprising and turned the heat on the “comrades”.
The aging fellows were sent running for cover when the brave
ganged up on them.
It was a victory for the people of that constituency, yet the
incident that had Zanu PF supporters breaking up the MDC rally seeks
turn that usually quiet part of the country into a war zone AD thanks
efforts of war veterans and other types who have made themselves part
this mayhem, and proudly wear their badges!
It seeks to push the residents into a state where they are ready to
anybody who threatens the peace they have always enjoyed since the
disturbances back in the early 1980s.
It manifests the insincerity of the government, or ruling party, in all
has said about its willingness to quell the violence as part of the
accord, or all the assurances it has made to the Southern
Development Community and the world community that it is committed to
But then we have always known that whatever the ruling party says, is not
be believed by anyone whose mental faculties are still in order.
And it’s interesting then when Archbishop Pius Ncube speaks out
these issues he is accused of being part of the opposition
Furthermore, why is he not being accused of supporting the other parties
Bulawayo, but the MDC?
There are a couple of them there which he can easily be accused
supporting. After all, if the idea of “nationalism” as preached to us by
ruling party is to be evoked, the archbishop must be seen supporting
politicians! But we know that at no time has Ncube championed
cause, but that of the ordinary Bulawayo resident in particular and
native of this country in general.
So because his castigation of the Zanu PF-engineered violence has
with the routing of ruling party parliamentary seats by the MDC,
the Zanu PF
syllogism then concludes that Ncube fits their cap!
These accusations levelled against Ncube remind one of the traits that
so vividly made manifest in cultic devotion. What a member of a cult will
is that he will readily identify you with the dark forces simply because
do not want to enlist in his soul-destroying devotions.
But then the MDC is neither an agent of the dark forces nor is
archbishop in dire need of salvation, at least as preached by the
The Zanu PF cult has, in fact, made it a crime for anybody in this
to hold political views that are at variance with their gospel of
is what a cult does. It destroys all intellectual and independent
For many residents of Bulawayo who are presently residing out of town
who may want to go “home” to vote in March, I foresee more breaking of
as the Zanu PF brigade “strikes fear into their hearts”.
accused of appeasing 'dictator' Mugabe
Foreign Secretary Jack Straw has been accused of "appeasement" of
Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe.
The comments came as the first international election observers arrived in
the southern African state.
Mr Straw should have insisted on EU sanctions being imposed when Mugabe
missed Sunday's deadline to allow the observers in, said shadow foreign
secretary Michael Ancram, who branded the Zimbabwean president a
Mr Ancram cast scorn on Tony Blair's planned trip to Africa, which he said
failed to live up to the Prime Minister's rhetoric at last year's Labour
conference, when he spoke of the continent as "a scar on the conscience of the
He wrote to Mr Blair, questioning his decision to devote his trip to the
west African states of Senegal, Ghana, Nigeria and Sierra Leone, instead of
Zimbabwe and neighbouring countries which might exert pressure on Mugabe.
"Surely the real issues of peace, regional stability, democracy and human
rights to which you alluded are currently most pressing in southern Africa?"
asked Mr Ancram.
The first four of an expected 100 EU observers have arrived in the
Zimbabwean capital Harare, along with a small team of Commonwealth officials who
will pave the way for the organisation's own monitors of the presidential polls
Commonwealth officials visit Zimbabwe
18.50PM GMT, 5 Feb 2002
A group of Commonwealth officials have arrived in Zimbabwe to prepare for
the arrival of election observers from the 54-nation grouping of Britain and its
The first Commonwealth observers are scheduled to arrive later this week to
watch the run up to the March 9-10 presidential election - the most contested
vote in the country's history.
European Union officials were also expected to arrive later in the week as
part of an advance team for their delegation of 150 observers, officials said in
The increasingly unpopular President Robert Mugabe, 77, is fighting for his
political survival in the election against the leader of the main opposition
party, Morgan Tsvangirai.
Political violence has cast the southern African country into turmoil and
initially Mugabe said he would not let international observers into Zimbabwe for
the election period.
After strong international pressure, Mugabe, who has ruled the country for
almost 22 years, decided to permit the presence of foreign observers from the
Commonwealth and the European Union.
But British representatives would not be admitted, Mugabe said. He has
accused Britain, the former colonial power, of supporting the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change.
The opposition has called for the urgent deployment of foreign observers to
deter continuing political violence it blames on ruling party supporters.
Welshman Ncube, an opposition official, said two party leaders escaped an
assassination attempt near Harare on Monday and three of its activists had been
killed in political violence in the past week.
Police released no information on the attacks.
Ncube said gunshots were fired towards the car of two provincial officials
near the town of Murewa, 60 miles northeast of Harare.
One shot passed through the rear window and shattered the front windshield
but missed the two occupants.
Ncube said the shots may have been fired by agents of the Central
Intelligence Organisation following them.
After stopping at a roadside trading centre for shelter, the two officials
were searched and their car torched, he said.