The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Should we expect the 2005 elections to be different?

'Make Sure They Count Nicely This Time'
The Politics of Election Observing in Zimbabwe
Sara Rich Dorman

This paper examines the controversy surrounding Zimbabwe's elections in 2000
and
2002. It situates these elections against Zimbabwe's experiences of
elections since 1980.
It argues that the conditions for this controversy emerged from the
institutions and
practices that developed in Zimbabwe from the time of independence. At the
same time,
election observers - influenced both by criticism of earlier observation
missions in Africa
and international policy concerns - were positioned to make an example of
the
Zimbabwe elections. The Zimbabwe elections became an international crisis
point not
because of observer reports or electoral fraud, but because of the politics
surrounding
Zimbabwe's relations with the outside world.
Shut your dirty mouths. We do not want to hear that [elections would not be
free and fair]
from you. You are not our judges. You are not our keepers. Leave us alone.
Robert G. Mugabe2
On the basis of observations made during the voting, verification and
counting process on
the ground and the objective realities, the OAU Observer Team wishes to
state that in
general the elections were transparent, credible, free and fair.
OAU Observer Mission3
'It is like when the Organisation of African Unity monitors bad elections'
said Placido Miko of the [Equatorial Guinea] Opposition Convergencia
para la Democracia Social (CPDS) referring to the cessation of human
rights monitoring in Equatorial Guinea, 'They always support each other
and say everything is fine. Things are not fine'.112
...International observers were similarly accused of reflecting the
interests of
their home countries. The role of international observers became
particularly salient as
both the government and the opposition called upon neighbours and donors for
solidarity
during the elections. As the veteran human rights activist and Movement for
Democratic
Change (MDC) MP Paul Themba Nyathi wrote,
.conditions for a free and fair poll don't exist..it is merely academic to
talk of a free and fair presidential election in Zimbabwe in
2002...Zimbabwe's friends in Sadc, the Commonwealth and the EU
should now concern themselves with two matters only: In the event of
Mugabe bulldozing his way to victory should such an outcome be
recognised? In the event of the MDC winning under such appallingly
difficult circumstances, what package of quick-impact assistance will they
be in a position to offer the people of Zimbabwe? 11
Or, in the words of a Bulawayo market woman, speaking to a group of election
observers: "Make sure they count nicely this time".12

________________________________________________________________________
The full text is available at:
http://www.era.lib.ed.ac.uk/retrieve/949/Make+Sure+They+Count+Nicely.pdf
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The writing of history occurs daily and Mugabe will not escape it's certian
judgement as this extract indictes. How the final chapter reads is something
over which Mugabe's influence is limited.

Zimbabwe
Civil unrest

President Mugabe late January 1998 called in the army as thousands looted
and rioted in Harare, the capital, in the country's worst civil unrest since
independence. The unrest started with one of the biggest labour strikes ever
held in the country, called by the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions to
protest against tax increases. At an emergency cabinet meeting, Mugabe
declared that price controls would be introduced. Important issues revolved
round Mugabe's proposals to redistribute much land of white farmers to black
farmers. In September 1998, after pressure from aid donors, the government
announced that it would redistribute only 118, rather than the originally
planned 1,470, large (and mainly white-owned) farms to landless farmers. In
November 1998 there were violent protests in Harare against the rise in fuel
prices and the country's involvement in the Congo war. In February 1999
there were more violent protests against President Mugabe. In June the human
rights group African Rights produced a scathing report on Mugabe's
government, accusing it of corruption, human rights abuse, and lack of
respect for the rule of law.
In a surprise change the Zimbabwean President, Robert Mugabe, announced in
October 1999 that the government was ready to compensate the families of an
estimated 25,000 people killed in an opposition stronghold during the civil
war in the early 1980s. For 10 years President Mugabe had vowed to never
apologize or compensate the victims of the feared North Korean-trained Five
Brigade army unit, originally deployed in 1981 to track down armed bandits
but which ended up killing thousands of civilians in Matabeleland, home to
the country's second-largest Ndebele tribal group. Ndebeles constituted
about 15% of Zimbabwe's population.
In 1999 Zimbabwe was in the throes of its worst economic crisis in two
decades. The crisis was widely blamed on government mismanagement, and
Mugabe was expected to face his strongest opposition yet at parliamentary
elections scheduled for 2000. Opposition activists elected a trade union
leader to lead their election campaign. The threat to President Mugabe's
20-year rule was worsened by Zimbabwe's worst economic crisis of his rule,
including fuel shortages, power cuts, and 60% inflation, as well as
involvement in the war in the Democratic Republic of Congo. His popularity
was in decline; this was consolidated when a referendum showed that
Zimbabwean voters had rejected a new constitution which was considered to
reinforce his power.
Farm invasions 2000
In early 2000 white-owned farms experienced a wave of invasions by veterans
from the country's war of independence, who claimed that the land on which
the farms stood was their own land by right. The farmers claimed that the
action was orchestrated by the government in order to promote fear prior to
the elections scheduled for April. However, a leader of a veterans' group
maintained that his members were willing to go back to guerrilla warfare,
and to overthrow President Mugabe, to defend their claims to the land.
President Mugabe dissolved his parliament in mid-April 2000, giving no date
for the delayed parliamentary elections, despite having previously said that
elections would be held in May. Around 500 farms had been seized by war
veterans paid by the government, and the country was embroiled in a
deepening economic crisis, as well as rising violence.
Speaking on the 20th anniversary of Zimbabwe's independence, President
Mugabe said that he was determined to resolve the question of land, and in
doing so he declared that the white farmers were the enemies of Zimbabwe and
that they were to blame for the recent farm invasions and rising violence.
Meeting at a crisis summit at Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, Mugabe and several
South African political leaders including those of South Africa, Mozambique,
and Namibia, claimed that Britain and other Western countries had sparked
the crisis by failing to honour promises made in 1998 to fund a land
redistribution programme. When Zimbabwean ministers arrived in London,
England, in April, Britain offered to fund land reform over the next two
years, under the proviso that the money go to the poorest sector of society
and not Mugabe's personal allies, and that fair law be reinstated in the
country; the Zimbabwean ministers refused to agree to the conditions, saying
that they went back on the 1998 agreement and that they represented British
colonialism.
In May 2000, Mugabe denounced Britain and launched his ruling party's
election manifesto, in which he reiterated his support for the seizure of
land. Continuing violence from hit squads trained and funded by the
government began to target school teachers who were accused of being
supporters of the opposition, as well as intimidating any others suspected
of opposing government policy. In the middle of May, it was announced that
elections would take place the following month, although international
concern was levelled at the effect of intimidation tactics on democracy. At
the end of May 2000, Zimbabwe's President Mugabe fulfilled his threat to
seize land without compensation to owners, despite proposals from South
Africa's President Mbeki under which $14 million/8.75 million was to be
made available by donor countries to buy 118 of the 841 disputed farms in
order to use them for land redistribution. The seizure of the farms without
compensation meant that the farmers owed millions to the Zimbabwean banks,
placing the country's financial sector in turmoil. This compounded economic
difficulties from earlier in the month after the World Bank suspended any
new loans to Zimbabwe following its failure to keep up with repayments to
existing debts. Furthermore, Mugabe announced his plan to seize the assets
of foreign mining companies in his attempt to nationalize his country's
economy.
Extracted from:
http://www.tiscali.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0019893.html
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From: "Isabel Madangure" <mail@zpdp.org>
Sent: Monday, January 17, 2005 1:04 PM
Subject: Zimabwe People's Democratic Party Announces Launch of www.zpdp.org

ZPDP Announces the Launch of zpdp.org
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Jan 17, 2005

Harare, Zimbabwe - Jan 17, 2005 - The Zimbabwe
People's Democratic Party (ZPDP) today announced the
launch of its website zpdp.org (http://www.zpdp.org),
an online resource for those concerned about the
future of Zimbabwe. The website addresses the many
issues surrounding the situation in Zimbabwe and the
ZPDP's plans for change. This comes at a time when the
ZPDP led by "Amai" Madangure prepares to contest the
March 2005 Parliamentary Elections.

The ZPDP leader is no stranger to Zimbabwean politics.
In 1991 she was the first woman to challenge the
presidency of an African nation when the ZPDP launched
its campaign against the long ruling Zanu PF party.

Today, the Zimbabwe People's Democratic Party has
emerged as the only worthy opposition party capable of
breaking the deadlock between Zanu PF and the MDC
opposition party, whose leader is facing charges of
treason. The ZPDP is the only viable source of hope
for the future of Zimbabwe and its mission is to
foster the return of economic development and
democratization in Zimbabwe. The party has a zero
tolerance for corruption, will promote equal housing
for all and plans to make available efficient
transportation systems and other infrastructures.
Under ZPDP leadership, a quality education will be
provided to every child and the party will promote
freedom of speech and of the press. Also the ZPDP
plans to promote equality amongst men and women and to
abolish deeply ingrained taboos while also preserving
Zimbabwe's cultural traditions.

The new site provides users with a comprehensive
overview of the ZPDP. The site features news articles
and ongoing press releases in order to provide
continued communications to those concerned about the
situation in Zimbabwe. Visitors to the site also can
share their comments about Zimbabwe and provide
feedback to the ZPDP.

Media interested in setting up an interview with ZPDP
representatives or submitting content for the site
should contact our Editor via e-mail at mail@zpdp.org
or visit http://www.zpdp.org
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The Telegraph

Personal view: Wealthy nations must tackle Zimbabwe Aids first
By Dr Roger Bate (Filed: 17/01/2005)

Tony Blair wants to 'sort out' Africa. As this year's leader of the group of
eight wealthiest nations he should start by focusing on the disaster that is
Zimbabwe. One reason among many is that the diaspora of Zimbabweans into
neighbouring states is substantially worsening the Aids problem in southern
Africa.

African leaders have been reluctant to act on Zimbabwe's politically induced
humanitarian disaster but must intervene this year as their own populations
are threatened with disease. And they need support from the international
community, which is trying to combat the Aids pandemic.

Business as usual is no longer an option; if political stability is not
returned to Zimbabwe soon and the refugee population doesn't go home then
all Aids efforts in the region may become worthless.

Robert Mugabe, the only president Zimbabwe has ever known, is the last hero
of the African struggle for independence still clinging to power. Adored by
most Africans for the past, he is despised by many of his countrymen for the
present. He came to power in 1980 and has ruled with an iron fist ever
since.

The slide into despotism has halved the value of the economy over the past
five years, inflation is so rampant that bank notes are only printed on one
side and some expired on December 31. More than 80pc are unemployed; food
production this year was less than half that in 2000 and is forecast to be
only 15pc of normal in 2005.

And, while the president says everything is fine, the World Food Programme
says that over five million people are short of food, out of a population of
maybe 11m. It is simply impossible to know how many Zimbabweans have left
the country and how many remain.

Much media coverage has focused on the 4,500 white farmers and their
families who have fled Mugabe's reign of terror, but while this has probably
lost the country 25pc of foreign exchange earnings, the real danger to the
region is the ill-health of the black diaspora.

Twenty years ago, life expectancy in Zimbabwe was 58; in 2002 it was 33 and
dropping. The official HIV/Aids rate in 2002 was about 27pc (the
third-highest in the world), but is probably much higher today. Further, Dr
Mark Dixon of Mpilo Hospital in Bulawayo says that 70pc of the cases he sees
have HIV.

A possible reason for this extraordinary number is the large amount of
unprotected sex (usually rape) in Mugabe's youth camps. The president
established these camps apparently to re-orientate the educational sector,
but according to all the Zimbabweans I spoke with, including a couple who
had escaped the camps, it was really to indoctrinate young men and women
against the opposition party and white people.

The worst cases of Aids are tragic - sufferers have no drugs and no future.
And since they are too sick to travel they will not seek treatment abroad.
The only good thing about this is that they won't take the virus to other
countries. But the mobile and generally healthy, if malnourished, youth
leave if they possibly can. Sadly, this is exactly the age group which
carries the highest HIV burden and they carry the virus wherever they go.

According to Amnesty International, Zimbabwean refugees are constantly
abused in transit or wherever they end up, since they are not recognised as
legitimate asylum seekers and hence live illegally doing whatever dangerous
job they can get. No neighboring state acknowledges the despotism of the
Mugabe regime, and so naturally doesn't accept economic migrants as
political refugees.

An illegal and dangerous existence awaits the majority, with many women
lured into prostitution. Some are lucky enough to reach the safe haven of
places like Bishop Paul Verryn's church in downtown Johannesburg, where I
met some of the 35 refugees who live and establish stalls selling wares to
parishioners and passers-by. But for most of the estimated two to three
million Zimbabweans in South Africa their existence is nasty and brutish,
but not short enough to prevent transmission of HIV.

South Africa, with a population of 42m, is perhaps big and rich enough to
accommodate her Zimbabwean neighbours. Other countries are less well-placed.
According to figures from various non-governmental organisations working in
the region, neighbouring Botswana now has probably more than 200,000 illegal
Zimbabwean immigrants added to its native population of just over a million
people.

Such an influx has caused a terrible strain, leading to conflict, rape and
the possibility of increasing the HIV rate from its current and staggering
38pc. And it is not surprising that, as a result, President Festus Mogae of
Botswana has been the most outspoken against the Mugabe regime.

While Mugabe continues to force his citizens to leave the country, efforts
to control HIV in much of the entire southern African region will be
undermined. It is time the international community acted on Zimbabwe by
pressuring the region's leaders to act, since aid and trade deals matter to
them even if they don't matter to Mugabe.

South Africa's President Mbeki could stop Mugabe in his tracks by turning
off the electricity supply. But he won't until he feels real pressure to do
so. Zimbabweans want to return home, but not while Mugabe is president.

. Dr Roger Bate is a visiting fellow of the American Enterprise Institute
and a director of Africa Fighting Malaria.


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News24

No news on SA spy
16/01/2005 23:01 - (SA)

Waldimar Pelser and Barnabas Thondhlane

Johannesburg - The family of the South African spy who was caught in
Zimbabwe are "devastated" by the wait for news about his fate and the fear
that he could receive a 20-year prison sentence.

A friend of the family told on Sunday how the parents of the 48-year-old spy
from Pretoria had not received a word from him after he had "disappeared"
early in December.

"They are ill with worry. And to top it all, they aren't allowed to talk
with anyone about it from fear that it will jeopardise his case."

Beeld reported on Saturday that the spy was caught by the Zimbabwean
intelligence agency (CIO) and held for the past five weeks.

A CIO official apparently lured him out of Livingstone in Zambia to a
meeting in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. It was a trap.

The South African Secret Service (Sass) and the government are fighting to
ensure his release amid allegations that he bought Zimbabwean "state
secrets" from top politicians.

Although the man has not been charged and not yet appeared in court, it is
feared that he could be prosecuted in terms of Zimbabwe's spy legislation.

A Zimbabwean legal expert said the Zimbabwean Official Serets Act was not
applicable to foreigners, but espionage was a common law crime, and
convicted spies could be sentenced to up to 20 years.

For this reason South Africa will want to prevent him from being charged.

The spy's arrest apparently lead to the arrest last month of five senior
members of President Robert Mugabe's Zanu-PF party.

Experts believe "more senior members" of Zanu-PF could soon be caught.

Witch hunt

Professor Mike Hough from the University of Pretoria's Institute for
Strategic Studies (ISS) warns that Zimbabwe might want to use the South
African's evidence in "future cases".

The witch hunt in Zanu-PF is part of Mugabe's attempt to sink Emmerson
Mnangagwa's presidential ambitions, a source says.

Altough Mnangagwa has not been directly linked to the "spy ring", his
comrade Philip Chiyangwa and four others have already been charged with
selling state secrets to a "foreign power". Chiyangwa claims this "power"
was South Africa.

The four others all supported Mnangagwa's attempt for the post of Zanu-PF
vice president last year, notwithstanding Mugabe's wish that Joyce Mujuru
fill the position.

Mujuru was eventually appointed.

'Big fish'

"First only Mnangagwa's lieutenants are caught, but the net will eventually
tighten around the big fish, Mnangagwa himself," a source said.

The South African spy was caught in the same operation as Godfrey Dzvairo,
Zimbabwe's ambassador to Mozambique.

"People will be astounded when the whole truth comes to light. It's not just
about diplomats, members of the ruling party and businesspeople.

"It stretches much wider," the source said.

Presidential spokesperson Bheki Khumalo said the issue was being handled by
Sass and the office of the president did not want to comment.
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The Herald

Minister, MPs lose primaries

Herald Reporter
A CABINET minister and several sitting Zanu-PF legislators lost in the
ruling party's primary elections held at the weekend to choose candidates
for the March parliamentary polls.

The Minister of Industry and International Trade, Cde Samuel Mumbengegwi,
lost in Chivi North to Cde Enita Maziriri.

Cde Maziriri polled 6 433 votes, surpassing by far the combined total of her
rivals Cde Mumbengegwi, who garnered 1 633 votes; Cde Makore (20 votes); and
Cde Raymond Takavarasha with 320 votes.

In Makoni West, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Cde
Joseph Made, pulled in 11 171 votes to post a crushing victory over the
sitting MP Cde Gibson Munyoro, who trailed distantly with 581 votes, and Cde
Mandy Chimene with a mere 22 votes.

Cde Made, first appointed into Cabinet in 2000, was among a number of
technocrats who were included as non-constituency Members of Parliament. Cde
Made became the second Cabinet minister and non-constituency MPs to beat a
sitting legislator after the Minister of Health and Child Welfare, Cde David
Parirenyatwa, overwhelmed Cde Victor Chitongo in Murewa North with 6 979
votes against 3 640 votes.

The sitting MP in Muzarabani constituency, Cde Nobbie Dzinzi, polled 1 795
votes in losing to Cde Luke Mushore, who tallied 4 526 votes.

Cde Paul Mazikana, MP for Guruve North, only managed a paltry 528 votes to
see him lose to Cde David Kutano Butau, who polled 4 616 votes.

In Bikita East, sitting MP Cde Walter Mutsauri polled 1 675 votes, falling
to Cde Kennedy Matimba who polled 2 035 votes. Cde John Mayowe, the other
candidates, polled 1 856 and 336 votes respectively.

Zaka West MP Cde Jefta Chindanya's 586 votes were not enough to see him past
Cde Mawere, who polled 1 128 votes.

Another contestant in the constituency, Cde L Mutandwa, got 983 votes.

Speaker of Parliament Cde Emmerson Mnangagwa polled 5 572 votes against Cde
F Mabenge's 1 470 votes in Kwekwe. Cde Mnangagwa, a former MP for the
constituency, lost to the MDC in 2000.

The Minister of Environment and Tourism, Cde Francis Nhema, polled 5 576
votes against Cde Frank Mbengo's 2 780 votes in Shurugwi.

The Minister of State for Policy Implementation, Cde Webster Shamu, polled 3
812 votes to shrug off the challenge of Deputy Speaker of Parliament Cde
Edna Madzongwe, who polled 193 votes.

The Deputy Minister of Water Resources and Infrastructural Development, Cde
Tinos Rusere, polled 2 319 votes against Cde M Mudavanhu's 1 285 votes to
win the ticket to represent Zanu-PF in Zaka East.

Another notable winner was Cottco group chief executive Cde Sylvester Nguni,
who polled a total of 5 390 to beat Cde Mavis Chidzonga who trailed with 1
224 votes. Cde Chidzonga, a former MP for the constituency, lost the seat to
the MDC in 2000.

In Chivi South, the sitting MP, Cde Charles Majange, was retained by the
constituents after polling 980 votes. His challengers Cde Mugumo and Cde
Tichagwa got 59 and 246 votes respectively.

In Chiredzi North, Politburo member Cde Celine Pote garnered 2 365 votes to
beat Cde Mavis Demba (343 votes) and Cde Autilia Maluleke (1 337 votes).

The three were the only contestants after the seat was reserved for women
candidates. It had earlier emerged as the constituency with the highest
number of contestants with nine but the others became ineligible after it
was restricted to women.

In Chipinge South, Cde Paul Porusingazi polled 11 960 votes to ward off Cde
Rose Makwembeni, who managed 339 votes.

Cde Freddy Kanzama won the ticket in Mutare South, polling 760 votes against
Cde Irene Dube, who got 57 votes. In Nyanga, Cde Paul Kadzima beat Cde
Nicodimus Chibvura with 4 234 votes against 2 127 votes.

Manicaland provincial youth chairman Cde Enock Porusingazi won the election
in Chipinge South, garnering 11 960 votes against 339 votes polled by Cde
Rita Makwambeni.

Reports from Mutare also said Cde Ellen Gwaradzimba beat Cde J Mawire in
Mutare North, but the actual figures were not available at the time of going
to press.

In Kuwadzana, Cde David Mutasa polled 951 votes against the 338 votes got by
Cde Canaan Chiradza.

Cde Vivian Mwashita polled 1 600 votes and lost to Cde Nyanhongo, who polled
1 744 in Harare South. Cde Samuel Mvurume polled 624 votes to win in
Kambuzuma where he beat Cde Dzvene and Cde Charles Gweru who polled 291 and
164 votes respectively.

In Highfield, Cde Rodrick Nyandoro polled 2 621 votes against Cde Justin
Maombera's 736 votes.

Cde Sabina Thembani polled 1 143 votes to beat Cde Hilda Ruzawe with 945
votes in Mufakose constituency. In Harare North, Cde Nyasha Chikwinya polled
1 899 votes against Cde Pauline Zvorwadza's 1 252 votes.

In Dzivarasekwa, Cde Muchada polled 1 483 votes to beat Cde Muzhamba, who
polled 1 183 votes.

Cde Jimiyi Mudauri polled 4 051 votes to beat Cde Tichafa Mutema who polled
1 972 votes in Kadoma Central.

Cde Sabina Zinyemba polled 1 929 votes to beat Cdes Agnes Dete and Cde R
Chitura, who polled 929 and 272 votes respectively in Mazowe West.

Cde Sandra Machirori polled 1 315 votes and beat Cde Kadungure, who polled
967 votes in Rushinga.

In Umzingwane, Cde Abigail Damasane polled 926 votes and beat Cde Hilda
Sibanda, who polled 627 votes.

Cde Thomas Ndebele won in Silobela by polling 2 365 votes against Cde Soko's
133 votes, Cde Maratera (493 votes) and Cde Dube's 87 votes.

Results from Mutare Central and Chimanimani were still being withheld
pending investigations into some irregularities that cropped up during the
election process.

Though no official statement was announced by yesterday pertaining to the
elections, massive rigging and vote-buying was reported in the two
constituencies.

In Mutare Central, where Cde Esau Mupfumi and Cde Shadreck Beta were
contesting, reports of voter intimidation and violence were recorded in some
wards where party supporters clashed.

There were also allegations that some candidates ferried supporters from
other constituencies to vote in the elections, while in some wards the
recommended secret ballot system was not used.

Elections were still going on in Buhera North by late yesterday where Cde
Kenneth Manyonda is contesting against Cdes William Mutomba and Elasto
Mugwadi.

Voting was also still in progress in Mutasa South, where Cde Oppah
Muchinguri is battling against Cde Irene Zindi.

There were no elections in Mutare West and Chipinge North where Cdes Chris
Mushohwe and S. Sakubaya were unopposed.

Results for Masvingo North, where the Minister of Foreign Affairs Cde Stan
Mudenge was fighting it out with Retired Major Kudzai Mbudzi, and in
Masvingo Central, where former MP Cde Dzikamai Mavhaire and Cdes Shylet
Uyoyo and Josephine Chiturumani were battling it out, were expected late
last night.

Those for Chiredzi South and Mwenezi were not available due to communication
problems.

Zanu PF Secretary for the Commissariat Cde Elliot Manyika said voting went
on peacefully and all the results were expected to be announced today.

"The process has so far been good except problems of heavy rains and
flooding in Gokwe North constituency," said Cde Manyika.

He said Government might be asked to help with logistics in the constituency
because some roads were not passable because of heavy rains.

Primary elections were held in 59 constituencies pitting a total of 177
aspirants after candidates in 51 constituencies were nominated unopposed.

Elections in seven constituencies in Bulawayo, Tsholotsho, Insiza and Gwanda
were shelved as consultations regarding candidates continue.
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The Herald

Voter registration, inspection of roll begins today

Herald Reporter
REGISTRATION of eligible new voters - including those who have moved to
other constituencies since the last poll - and inspection of the voters'
roll for the March parliamentary elections begin today.

The exercise is expected to run until January 30, starting from 7am to 5pm
in rural areas and up to 6pm in urban areas.

In a statement, Registrar-General Mr Tobaiwa Mudede said the undertaking
would enable those who have attained the age of 18 and those who moved to
other constituencies to register as voters in their respective areas.

He said details pertaining to the exercise would be published in the media
and could also be accessed at the relevant district registration offices.

"Location and information on the inspection centres will be published in the
media and will also be obtainable at the nearest offices of the District
Registrars, Provincial Registrars or the Registrar-General of Elections in
Harare," he said.

"An applicant for registration as a voter must be 18 years and above, be a
citizen of Zimbabwe; or a permanent resident of Zimbabwe since the 31st
December 1985, in terms of sub-paragraph 1(b) paragraph 3 of schedule 3 of
the Constitution of Zimbabwe and resident in the prospective constituency."

Voters wishing to transfer to other constituencies, Mr Mudede said, would be
asked to fill in the relevant documents at the centres during the course of
the exercise.

Applicants are also advised to take to the registration centres either a
national registration card or a legible national registration waiting pass
with a picture of the holder on it; or valid Zimbabwe passport or a Zimbabwe
driver's licence with national identity number.

Mr Mudede said voters are expected to provide documentary evidence proving
that the applicant is currently residing in the constituency in which
registration is sought, such as a lodger's card, statement of water or
electricity charges, hospital bill or envelope with postage markings
reflecting one's address or a written statement from the landlord.

Those in rural constituencies should get confirmation letters from the
village head or farm owner.

Mr Mudede urged voters to visit the inspection centres to verify if their
personal details are recorded correctly and cause corrections to be made
where necessary.

The elections will be held under a reformed electoral system in line with
the Southern Africa Development Commu-nity (Sadc) principles and guidelines
on democratic elections.

President Mugabe has assented to the Electoral Bill and the Zimbabwe
Electoral Commission Bill, two laws which will reform the country's
electoral system in line with the Sadc guidelines.
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The Herald

Armyworm outbreak looms

Herald Reporter
There is a possibility that a second armyworm outbreak could hit the country
barely a month after the first one, the Department of Agricultural Research
and Extension has warned.

The department said although the previous outbreak was now under control,
chances were high that a new cycle of the deadly worms could be on the march
anytime soon since larvae from the previous cycle had simply gone
underground.

An Arex agronomist, Mr Nelson Muhau, told The Herald the previous armyworm
outbreak was now under control, but warned farmers to be on the alert for a
new outbreak.

"The armyworm outbreak is now under control and what we have found out is
that the larvae have gone underground and it is likely that another cycle
may begin, so farmers must always be alert," said Mr Muhau.

He, however, assured the nation that his department had enough chemicals in
stock to fight any fresh outbreak.

"The chemicals in stock are adequate and our surveys have indicated that
farmers also have chemicals capable of killing the armyworm, although most
of them are not aware of that.

"For instance, the chemicals used in cotton spraying can also be used to
kill the armyworm," explained Mr Muhau.

Mr Muhau, could, however, not be drawn into giving a time frame for the
second cycle of the pest.

An outbreak of armyworm was reported last month in Bulawayo, Midlands and
Masvingo provinces.

In Masvingo, the worms destroyed about 80 hectares of maize before they were
brought under control.

The worst affected areas were Mushagashe, Victoria, Mutimurefu and
Summerton.In the Midlands, the worms wreaked havoc in areas as far afield as
Shurugwi, Kwekwe and Zvishavane.

The armyworm can destroy large areas of maize and pastures within a short
space of time.

Mr Muhau said farmers in susceptible areas must be on high alert and report
any suspected armyworm cases to their nearest Arex offices.

Armyworms breed in thousands during the rainy season and the female armyworm
can lay up to 800 eggs, which usually hatch within five weeks.
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The Herald

Council phones cut over bill

Herald Reporter
Fixed telephone operator TelOne last week cut telephone services to
Chitungwiza Municipality over unpaid bills running into several millions of
dollars.

Officials at the local authority*s head office could not give the exact
amount owed to TelOne, but sources said the figure ran into millions of
dollars.

The services were, however, restored a day later after the local authority
had settled the bill.

Chitungwiza Mayor Mr Misheck Shoko confirmed the phone cuts.

"Yes, they briefly disconnected services but we honoured our debt and TelOne
restored services," said Mr Shoko.

Chitungwiza is facing a serious cashflow crisis and has been failing to meet
some of its obligations, including staff salaries.

Mr Shoko has since called for a special meeting this week to find ways of
liquidating the municipality*s crippling debt.

The debt, which currently stands at a whopping $31 billion, has been
attracting interest of $3,4 billion every month.

The municipality is battling to settle the debt which arose from a bank
overdraft granted to the local authority to offset a budget deficit.





Fixed telephone operator TelOne last week cut telephone services to
Chitungwiza Municipality over unpaid bills running into several millions of
dollars.

Officials at the local authority*s head office could not give the exact
amount owed to TelOne, but sources said the figure ran into millions of
dollars.

The services were, however, restored a day later after the local authority
had settled the bill.

Chitungwiza Mayor Mr Misheck Shoko confirmed the phone cuts.

"Yes, they briefly disconnected services but we honoured our debt and TelOne
restored services," said Mr Shoko.

Chitungwiza is facing a serious cashflow crisis and has been failing to meet
some of its obligations, including staff salaries.

Mr Shoko has since called for a special meeting this week to find ways of
liquidating the municipality*s crippling debt.

The debt, which currently stands at a whopping $31 billion, has been
attracting interest of $3,4 billion every month.

The municipality is battling to settle the debt which arose from a bank
overdraft granted to the local authority to offset a budget deficit.
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The Herald

Zanu-PF Bulawayo committee faces axe

From Bulawayo Bureau
THE fate of the Zanu-PF Bulawayo Provincial Co-ordinating Committee members
will be known today amid reports that the party*s political commissar, Cde
Elliot Manyika, might dissolve it.

Sources who attended a meeting to discuss the committee said there were
plans to dissolve the PCC which was being accused of failing to run the
affairs of the party.

The meeting, which was attended by members of the Central Committee and
Politburo, was to decide the fate of the provincial leadership, which has
been accused of not running the affairs of the party in a transparent
manner.

According to sources, some of the leaders wanted the PCC dissolved
immediately while others argued that such a move would be counter-productive
as the parliamentary elections were only about two months away.

Hundreds of ruling party supporters also thronged the venue of the meeting
but were told that another meeting would be held today.

Politburo members including the Secretary for Education Dr Sikhanyiso
Ndlovu; Cde Absolom Sikhosana, who is the national youth secretary; and
Matabeleland South Governor, Cde Angeline Masuku; and Central Committee
members, among them Cde Joshua Malinga, also attended.

Cde Manyika said the problems bedeviling the party in Bulawayo should be
solved as a matter of urgency.

"We are still consulting with the leadership here and we hope to find a
solution,** he said.

Cde Manyika said whatever decision the leadership takes would be announced
today.

"All we want is stability in Bulawayo," said Cde Manyika.

Meanwhile, Cde Manyika said he would be travelling to Tsholotsho today to
consult both the political and traditional leadership on the suitable
candidate for the seat.

The constituency was reserved for women under the ruling party*s new quota
system and seven candidates have submitted their curriculum vitaes.

"We want to come up with a suitable woman candidate in Tsholotsho, that is
the main agenda of tomorrow*s (today) meeting," said Cde Manyika.

He said the primary elections in both Bulawayo and Tsholotsho and other
remaining constituencies would be held on Thursday.
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Zim Online

CHAOS, VOTE RIGGING MAR ZANU PF ELECTIONS
Mon 17 January 2005
HARARE - Wrangling and allegations of vote rigging marred an internal
election to choose candidates to represent Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU PF party
in a general election scheduled for March.

The party, in the grip of a bitter power struggle linked to President
Robert Mugabe's succession, had to suspend voting in the province of
Bulawayo to allow old-guard members who had been left out to contest,
sources said.

Senior member of ZANU PF's inner politburo cabinet, Dumiso Dabengwa,
party deputy political commissar Sikhanyiso Ndlovu, former parliamentarians
Joshua Malinga and Sithembiso Nyoni are among some of the party's
heavyweights in Bulawayo not originally on the list of contestants. But they
are now expected to take part in the primary election which could be held on
Thursday this week, sources said.

Voting was also postponed in Gwanda, Chinhoyi, Kariba, Makonde, Kadoma
West and in Tsholotsho, where government information minister and propaganda
chief, Jonathan Moyo, was banned from contesting. ZANU PF's politburo
cancelled voting in the respective areas because it was not satisfied with
the list of prospective candidates.

Elsewhere across the country, there were allegations of vote rigging
and in a few cases police had to be called in to quell violence between
rival factions.

In Mashonaland West province, supporters of Francis Matongorere
angrily protested after their candidate's name was omitted from the list of
aspiring candidates against sitting Member of Parliament, Zacharia Ziyambi.

In Harare's Mufakose constituency, there were scuffles with one
faction accusing members of the other of cheating and voting twice. Police
had to intervene to restore order.

Anti-riot police had to be summoned twice to break up violent clashes
between rival supporters at Dzivarasekwa community hall in Harare, where
voting was taking place.

But voting proceeded peacefully in several other constituencies across
the country and there were no major upsets in results that had been
announced by late last night.

In Kwekwe constituency, parliamentary speaker Emmerson Mnangagwa, out
of favour after working with Moyo to block the appointment of Joyce Mujuru
as ZANU PF's and Zimbabwe's second vice-president won the party ticket for
the March poll.

Agriculture Minister Joseph Made, who had been expected to struggle
after misleading the nation about food security, won in Makoni West and
Health Minister David Parirenyatwa beat his rival in Murehwa North
constituency. The two sit in Parliament after being appointed to the House
by Mugabe under a constitutional clause allowing him to appoint 30 of
Zimbabwe's 150 parliamentarians.

Tourism Minister Francis Nhema won in Shurugwi constituency and Policy
Implementation Minister Webster Shamu was elected in Chegutu constituency.
Chief executive officer of Zimbabwe's biggest cotton processing company,
Cottco, won in Mhondoro constituency.

Former Cabinet Minister Victoria Chitepo and retired army general and
governor of Manicaland province Mike Nyambuya were elected unopposed in Glen
Norah and Mutasa North constituencies respectively.

Also elected unopposed is former Zimbabwe's ambassador to the United
Nations, Tichaona Jokonya, who insiders have indicated might replace Stan
Mudenge as Zimbabwe's Foreign Affairs Minister.

Among constituencies whose results were not in by late last night were
Mudenge's Masvingo North constituency and Defence Minister Sydney
Sekeremayi's Marondera East constituency. - ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Shaky banks to be forced into liquidation
Mon 17 January 2005
HARARE - The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) says it will force some of the
country's shaky banks to liquidate.

In a sign of continued crisis in Zimbabwe's financial sector, which
has seen at least nine financial institutions closing down in the last 12
months, Gono said some of the banks were going to be amalgamated into one
bank but others were so (critically ill) they could only be liquidated.

"Those critically ill or whose shareholders and/or management impaired
the institutions beyond recovery will be left to the liquidation route,"
Gono said in a statement released at the weekend.

Five banks, forced by the RBZ last year to close down because of
mismanagement and corruption, have been merged into the Zimbabwe Allied
Banking Group in which the government is the majority shareholder.

The new bank was scheduled to open shop on January 3 but failed to do
so due to logistical problems and also because shareholders of some of the
merged banks have taken the RBZ to court over its decision to close their
banks. - ZimOnline.

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Zim Online

Repatriation of illegal immigrants costs Botswana US$32 000
Mon 17 January 2005
GABORONE - The Botswana government used US$32 000 in the last three months
alone to repatriate illegal immigrants, most of them Zimbabweans.

Home Affairs Minister Moeng Pheto told the Press at the weekend that
of the 5 536 immigrants, 5 356 were from neighbouring Zimbabwe.

Pheto who has in the past complained that the huge costs of deporting
immigrants were hitting hard on his department's budget, said US$26 000 was
used to feed the deportees and US$6 000 was used to transport them to their
home countries.

Gaborone uses more than US$360 000 annually to send about 30 000
illegal immigrants from Zimbabwe back to their country.

Pheto, who spoke after touring a government detention centre for
illegal immigrants in Francistown near the border with Zimbabwe, called on
immigration officials not to ill-treat foreigners caught illegally staying
in Botswana.

Relations between Zimbabwe and Botswana are strained over allegations
by Harare that Gaborone ill-treats Zimbabweans visiting that country.
Botswana denies the charge.

Several thousands of Zimbabweans fleeing hunger and political violence
in their crisis-torn country illegally cross into Botswana every day. -
ZimOnline
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