The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Zim Online

Wed 26 January 2005
  HARARE - President Robert Mugabe has ordered the police to stop
investigating parliamentary speaker Emmerson Mnangagwa for corruption, gold
smuggling and illegally externalising foreign currency, sources told
ZimOnline yesterday.

      A team of special investigators headed by senior assistant police
commissioner, Steven Mutamba, tasked last April to probe Mnangagwa, has now
been disbanded after Mugabe ordered the investigation called off late last

      "We were making headway when we were just told to pack our bags and
return to our provinces. The official reason we were given was that the
police force no longer had money for our travel and subsistence allowances
during investigations," said a police officer, who was part of the
investigating team.

      The officer, who spoke anonymously for professional reasons, added:
"We have now learnt that the investigation was called off on instructions
from the highest office. The whole thing had become too much of a political

      "For example there were times during the probe when we would be told
to wait for instructions from higher offices before carrying out certain
tasks. In certain cases, potential witnesses would refuse to talk to us and
instead referred us to Mnangagwa who was unco-operative."

      Police spokesman Oliver Mandipaka said he did not have ready
information on the case when contacted for comment and promised to find out
what had transpired over the probe. But he was no longer reachable on his
mobile phone when we called him later in the day.

      Mnangagwa could not be reached for comment while Home Affairs Minister
Kembo Mohadi, under whose portfolio the police falls, would not take
questions on the matter. "I have not been informed about that. Thank you,"
Mohadi said before switching off his phone.

      The police team that was probing Mnangagwa comprised crack
investigators drawn from Harare, Manicaland and Masvingo provinces. It was
divided into four sub-teams headed by chief superintendents Musarashana
Mabunda, Patrick Ncube, one Mhene and another Mangoma.

      The sub-team leaders reported to assistant police commissioner Chris
Gora, who deputised team leader, Mutamba.

      Relying on information unearthed by investigators, Police Commissioner
Augustine Chihuri and State Security Minister Nicholas Goche, in charge of
intelligence services, informed Mugabe in early November last year that
enough evidence had been uncovered to arrest Mnangagwa.

      It was then that Mugabe ordered Chihuri to call off the probe against
Mnangagwa, one of his closest lieutenants and for long perceived as his heir
apparent until he sidelined him in December to appoint Joyce Mujuru as

      Mnangagwa was first publicly linked to illegal gold trade when his
name was mentioned during the trial in March last year of Mark Mathew
Burden, a local gold producer who was being accused of involvement in the
gold black market and of smuggling.

      Burden, who was also accused of illegally exchanging 8.8 kilogrammes
of gold for diesel at the height of the fuel crisis in Zimbabwe, allegedly
told the police that he had illegally traded in gold on behalf of Mnangagwa.

      But Burden, later withdrew the statement about Mnangagwa saying it had
been extracted from him under duress. He was later acquitted by the court.

      Mnangagwa, who has been the ruling ZANU PF party's finance secretary
until a few years ago, was also last year quizzed by a party taskforce
investigating allegations that companies owned by the party had siphoned
foreign currency out of Zimbabwe.

      The ZANU PF probe however appears to have hit a brick wall after top
directors of the party's companies fled the country, reportedly with the
help of an unnamed senior politician.

      Mnangagwa was also named in a United Nations report two years ago
among African politicians and military commanders who allegedly looted
diamonds and other natural resources from the Democratic Republic of the
Congo during that country's civil war. - ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Deputy minister orders shooting of MDC candidate
Wed 26 January 2005
  INSIZA - An opposition candidate in the March election escaped unhurt
after he was shot at here last weekend by ruling ZANU PF party supporters
allegedly on the orders of Deputy Minister of Transport, Andrew Langa.

      Langa, who is the sitting Member of Parliament (MP) for Insiza, about
120 kilometres south of Bulawayo, is also the ZANU PF candidate for the area
in the March poll. He was in the area campaigning when he met the Movement
for Democratic Change (MDC) party's Siyabonga Malandu, who was also
canvassing for support.

      The MP allegedly ordered his younger brother and his driver, who were
part of a group of supporters he was travelling with, to shoot at Malandu
and his supporters.

      Neither Malandu nor his supporters were injured because of the
shooting although three youths who were part of the opposition group were

      Malandu said: "We met a convoy of seven ZANU PF cars, including
Langa's personal car. They blocked and insulted us. Langa then ordered his
team to shoot us. His brother Danny and driver Patrick Hove then opened
fire. Our youths fled but three were caught and were beaten up."

      The shooting incident was reported and entered as crime record number
717273 at Filabusi police station in the area.

      Langa could not be reached for comment while police spokesman Wayne
Bvudzijena refused to comment on the matter.

      The ZANU PF parliamentarian reclaimed the Insiza seat from the MDC in
a violence-marred by-election in 2002. Langa was also accused of shooting to
death an MDC activist, Darlington Kadengu, during the run-up to the

      A petition by the MDC challenging Langa's victory in that by-election
is still pending at the courts.

      The MDC has threatened to boycott the March poll unless the political
playing field is levelled and political violence ended. - ZimOnline
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Zim Online

Business begs Mugabe to mend relations with IMF
Wed 26 January 2005
  HARARE - Zimbabwe's business leaders have called on President Robert
Mugabe and his government to restore relations with the International
Monetary Fund (IMF) and other multilateral institutions to get
balance-of-payments support badly needed to end Zimbabwe's forex crisis.

      In submissions ahead of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe's monetary policy
review statement today, the Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce (ZNCC)
said Harare must urgently restore full relations with the IMF and other
international lending institutions to get economic support.

      The ZNNC said: "There is need to quickly restore fully relations with
international financiers like the World Bank and International Monetary Fund
in order to benefit from the balance-of-payment support which will improve
our supply of foreign currency to meet local demand."

      The business grouping also castigated RBZ governor Gideon Gono's
exchange rate policy which they said was uncompetitive and had led to a
decline in exports.

      The Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries, which together with the ZNCC
are the two biggest representative bodies for business in the country, has
also said Gono's foreign currency auction system had failed with more
traders now resorting to the black market where forex was readily available.

      Gono, whose previous prescriptions to end foreign currency shortages
and kick-start Zimbabwe's troubled economy have flopped, is today expected
to unveil yet more measures to try and resuscitate the economy.

      Zimbabwe has grappled its worst economic crisis since the IMF cut
financial support in 1999 after disagreements with Harare over fiscal
policy, human and property rights and other governance issues. Other
international donors and development partners, taking a cue from the IMF,
have also withheld support to Harare.

      Mugabe's chaotic and often violent land reforms in the last three
years have only helped exacerbate the economic crisis by destabilising the
mainstay agricultural sector. - ZimOnline
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Daily News online edition

      MDC says to decide on elections next week

      Date: 26-Jan, 2005

      JOHANNESBURG - Movement for Democratic Change party leader (MDC),
Morgan Tsvangirai, has described President Robert Mugabe's government as a
"vampire regime" that must be removed if the country is to return to

      Tsvangirai made the remarks at a one day seminar on opposition parties
and democracy in Africa at the South Africa Institute for International
Affairs in Johannesburg this week.

      He said people must not underestimate the consultation process which
the MDC is conducting before announcing its decision on the March election
saying it was thorough and important.

      Tsvangirai said the party wanted to take a decision that reflected the
wishes of the people.

      "We are doing this because we want to have a resounding mandate from
the people of Zimbabwe his party was undertaking the process would result in
the party making a decision based on the wishes of the people."

      The MDC which had been postponing its decision on the elections would
convene a national executive meeting early next week to finalise the matter.

      He said people should not be worried about whether the MDC will
participate or not but they must be concerned about the conditions under
which the election in Zimbabwe would be conducted.

      Tsvangirai said the present conditions were not conducive for free and
fair elections and called on the African Union and the Southern African
Development Community (SADC) to rectify the matter before the poll.

      The MDC has threatened to boycott the March election if the playground
is not levell ed but they are being persuaded by regional and international
leaders to take part in the elections.
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Daily News online edition

      Gold production surges to new three-year high

      Date: 26-Jan, 2005

      THE country's gold production has surged to a new three-year high with
total output of the yellow metal reaching 19 675.09 kilogrammes at the end
of last year.

      Provisional figures from the Zimbabwe Chamber of Mines indicate that
19 675 kg of gold were produced last year valued at $1.3 trillion. The 2004
output figure represents a 57 percent increase compared to 12 564 kg
produced in 2003. In 2001, Zimbabwe produced 18 049 kg of gold.

      The RBZ is buying gold at $92 000/gramme. Those that opt to sell in
foreign currency get 50 percent of the payment in Zimbabwean dollars at the
auction rate and are allowed to retain 40 percent in US dollars while the
remaining 10 percent is paid at a rate of US$1:$824.

      Gold miners are now accessing the productive sector facility at a
concessional interest rate of 50 percent per annum, which has enabled them
to reduce working capital costs.

      The Chamber of Mines has since appealed to the Reserve Bank of
Zimbabwe and government for a review of the gold price, to improve the
fortunes of the mining sector. The mining body is looking for a review of
the price to at least $115 000/gramme from the current $92 000.

      "The chamber has engaged the RBZ saying that the current $92 000 is
unsustainable. They are looking at a figure ranging from $115 000 to $120
000," a mining executive said.

      Gold producers say a review of the gold price would offset the rising
costs of wages and electricity. Zesa introduced a 126 percent one-off tariff
hike for industry and the mining sector this month which the miners'
representative organisation is greatly worried about.

      Yellow metal producers have also raised concerns about the new minimum
wage for the industry of $735 000 per month. The new figure came from an
Administrative Court intervention after employers and employees were
deadlocked over a new wage.

      Increases of 33 percent were awarded in April and July. A further
increase of 53 percent was awarded as of October 1.

      Last year the RBZ was buying gold for $60 000 per gramme.

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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Chamisa arrested

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-26

.MDC blasts police

ZIMBABWE's youngest Member of Parliament, Nelson Chamisa of the opposition
MDC, has been arrested.
His arrest yesterday came barely two days after heavily armed police in
Bulawayo pounced on his colleague and fellow legislator for Makokoba,
Thokozani Khupe, during a meeting in her constituency.
Chamisa, the legislator for Kuwadzana, was arrested in Marondera yesterday
for allegedly inciting public violence, while Khupe was released on Monday
on $100 000 bail.
Their arrests come at a time Zimbabwe's main opposition party has appealed
to regional and international leaders to help level the playing field, in
Zimbabwe, which it says tilts heavily in favour of the status quo.
The MDC has since accused the police of selective application of the law
using their interpretation of the Public Order and Security Act, which they
say gives them power to sanction political gatherings.
The police insist that under POSA, they should give the go ahead for parties
to meet openly for their safety, while the MDC argues that the legislation
only requires them to notify the uniformed officers of their intention to
hold meetings, and not seek clearance.
MDC secretary for information and publicity Paul Themba Nyathi said Chamisa
was arrested when he reported at Marondera Police Station yesterday in the
company of his lawyer, Alec Muchadehama of Mbidzo, Muchadehama and Makoni
Legal Practitioners.
"Chamisa was arrested this morning in Marondera on allegations of inciting
violence. He is accused of having addressed an MDC youth forum in Wedza
constituency on Saturday,  January 22 2005, at which meeting he is alleged
to have used some language that incited violence," Nyathi said.

Police spokesperson Wayne Bvudzijena yesterday confirmed Chamisa's arrest,
saying he was being held by Marondera Police.
"He was arrested this morning for inciting public violence at a meeting he
held in Wedza last Saturday. He is currently in police custody in
 Marondera," Bvudzijena said.
In a statement, Nyathi said the number of arrests of its leadership and
members had become a cause for concern to the MDC.
He said: "The MDC is increasingly concerned by the rise in the number of
arrests of its leadership and members. We are particularly perturbed by the
increasing cases in which the police are continuing to disrupt MDC meetings
and play Zanu PF devil's advocate.
"We are aware that the police are on a mission to fulfil an assignment
designed by the paymaster, Zanu PF, and whose desire would be to derail our
successful meet-the-people programme ahead of the March 2005 general
Last year, seven MDC legislators were arrested for various offences, mainly
for allegedly inciting violence and holding illegal gatherings, while
several others have been detained in police custody on similar charges since
the formation of the party in September 1999.
Nyathi said the latest arrest was an indication that the government was not
in a position to comply with Sadc guidelines on democratic elections.

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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Spy case: magistrate recuses himself

Court Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-26

REGIONAL magistrate Peter Kumbawa yesterday recused himself from the
espionage trial of Zanu PF deputy director of security Kenny Karidza
following a successful defence application by defence counsel George
Chikumbirike  applied that Kumbawa steps down from hearing the matter during
proceedings held in camera yesterday.
Stephen Musona from the Attorney General's Office told reporters after the
proceedings held in camera for security reasons that Kumbawa had recused
himself and Karidza's trial was expected to resume tomorrow before a new
"The defence has made an application for the magistrate to recuse himself
from the case and the application has been granted. The matter has been
remanded to Thursday (tomorrow). A new magistrate is going to be allocated
to deal with the matter, which means the trial is likely to resume then,"
Musona said.
The proceedings, which are usually conducted in Court 19, were yesterday
moved to the Victim Friendly Court at the Harare Magistrates' Courts.
Karidza is pleading not guilty to charges of contravening provisions of the
Official Secrets Act.
Facing similar charges are the ruling party's chairman for Mashonaland West
and Chinhoyi legislator Phillip Chiyangwa, ex-Metropolitan Bank company
secretary Tendai Matambanadzo, Zanu PF director of external affairs Itai
Marchi and Zimbabwe's ambassador-designate to Mozambique Godfrey Dzvairo.
Kumbawa dismissed Chiyangwa's application for refusal of remand and bail
last year prompting the legislator to seek recourse in the High Court where
Justice Charles Hungwe has reserved judgment on the matter.
Last week, Kumbawa turned down an application by Matambanadzo, Marchi and
Dzvairo to change their pleas from guilty to not guilty saying it was an
attempt by the trio to delay the judicial process.
Defence counsels Dube, Manikai and Hwacha indicated they would take up the
matter with the High Court to overturn Kumbawa's decision.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Cosatu visit: ministers contradict each other

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-26

THE controversial visit to Zimbabwe by the Congress of South African Trade
Unions (Cosatu) has been hit by confusion with two government ministers
issuing conflicting statements on who was to clear the delegation's intended
visit here.
The militant SA labour group is expected in the country next Wednesday,
according to Cosatu general secretary Zwelinzima Vavi.
Labour, Public Service and Social Welfare Minister Paul Mangwana said it was
the responsibility of Home Affairs Minister Kembo Mohadi to clear Cosatu to
visit Zimbabwe while Mohadi said if they do not go through Mangwana he would
not entertain them.
So who is responsible?
Mangwana maintained that the ultimate decision to grant Cosatu permission to
come here was the prerogative of the Internal Affairs ministry.
He said: "I don't know why they wrote to me. That is none of my business
that is why I have not responded. I don't care who they visit. That is not
my responsibility to clear them into the country. It is that of the Home
Affairs ministry. I can only entertain them if they abide by the
government-to-government protocol. I am part of government not ZCTU - a
labour union."
However, Mohadi said the decision to clear the delegation rested with
Mangwana while his duties entailed that the Labour minister's decision was
"There is nothing untoward about the visit, they should only abide by the
laws. Minister Mangwana has to grant them permission that's why they wrote
to him. If he does not (grant them permission), my responsibility is to see
to it that the laws of the country are not flouted," Mohadi stressed.
Vavi said a delegation would be on "the first flight (to Zimbabwe) on
February 2". He said Mangwana was aware of this and had been duly notified.
Last October, the government sent packing a 12-member Cosatu delegation by
road via Beitbridge violating a High Court order dismissing Harare's
unilateral decision as unlawful.
The move provoked a backlash from the MDC, which was born out of trade
unionism. The opposition party went on to move a motion in Parliament
heavily criticising the action.
Zanu PF legislators hit back by walking out of Parliament when the issue was
being debated.
The latest development follows last Saturday's meeting in Cape Town between
Vavi and his ZCTU counterpart Wellington Chibebe.
The two trade unionists issued a joint statement saying they had reviewed
the situation in Zimbabwe and agreed that Cosatu should renew their
fact-finding mission.
In a letter dated January 24, addressed to Mangwana and signed by Vavi,
Cosatu's powerful scribe said: "We hope to arrive in the country in the
first week of February and will comply fully with all laws of the country.
We trust that this time there will be no problem with the mission entering
the country and exercising its right to meet our fellow trade unionists."
Vavi also explained that this time around they would restrict their meeting
only to ZCTU officials.
During the last visit, the Cosatu delegation wanted to meet the National
Constitutional Assembly (NCA), Crisis Coalition Zimbabwe, the Zimbabwe
Election Support Network - civic groups perceived as an extension of the
The government objected to the trip saying "the proposed fact finding
mission is predicted in the political domain."
As such, Vavi in another letter to regional and general secretaries of
labour unions asking them to join in the Zimbabwe itinerary, said
the decision to meet the ZCTU only, and not civil society was a compromise.
"We know that this approach of restricting our meeting to the ZCTU instead
of meeting all those we believe may provide us with information, such as
civil society organisations, is already a compromise.
"It could encourage some to run a campaign to suggest we had ulterior
motives at the time of our previous mission. It is a compromise because, as
a revolutionary movement we have stubbornly refused to be restricted to
narrow labour issues," Vavi  declared.
He also wrote to Moses Katchima, the executive secretary of the
Botswana-based Southern Africa Trade Unions Coordinating Committee.
He implored the need for solidarity with Zimbabweans in light of the
impending crucial elections.
Vavi said without Sadc nations' intervention, "the country would be plunged
into a major catastrophe if the elections do not help thecountryt out of its
current crisis."
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

RBZ still faces hurdles

Shame Makoshori
issue date :2005-Jan-26

TODAY, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) governor Gideon Gono presents the
2004 fourth quarterly review of the monetary policy, amid a history of 13
months that have transformed Zimbabwe's economy.
    In December 2003, Gono singled out inflation as the biggest hurdle to
economic prosperity.
Through Gono's subsequent monetary policy statement and constant reviews,
inflation has declined from a peak of 623 percent in December 2003 to 132
percent in December last year, although it remains the highest in the world.
However, as the governor presents the fourth review today, various loopholes
remain unplugged. The majority of the corporate world is still in distress
despite the RBZ channeling a $2 trillion revival package to them.
The export sector is still handic apped by exchange rate disparities, which
the central bank has struggled to control.
The introduction of the foreign currency auction system in January 2004 has
failed to mobilise enough foreign currency  to lubricate the critical sector's
Although the auction has significantly improved foreign currency inflows
from US$250 million in September 2003 to US$1.2 billion at the same time
last year, there are glaring mismatches between demand and supply.
Economic experts have pointed out that a real foreign currency auction
system under the current scenario would invoke the declining instability
given that the local currency has remained over valued against the US$, a
situation that breeds the black market.
Added to the exchange rate challenges are the high interest rates, which
have however been on a down spin in recent months.
The financial services sector has in the past month slashed interest rates
from 200 percent last year to at least 128 percent in the past few weeks.
However these rates remain very high making borrowing  very difficult, if
not impossible to the productive sector.
This is against a backdrop of uneconomical deposit rates, some of which are
as low as 3.5 percent.
A recent list of deposit rates provided by the monetary authorities indicate
that by December last year Barclays Bank was paying 36 percent, NMB 10
percent, CFX Bank 15 percent and Stanbic Bank offering 3.5 percent interest
on deposits.
The RBZ has recently questioned the seriousness of the figures but no action
has been taken to deal with banks taking into consideration the fact these
funds are invested in high yielding money markets with up to 300 percent
interests to the banks.
"It will be a sad day when the RBZ will be forced, against its will, to
prescribe interest rates on the back of perceived, as well as actual
unfairness on play.
"Some players on the market have been found to hold in excess of $1 trillion
on demand accounts where they are paying depositors interest rates of as
little as 0.2 percent per annum," Gono noted in a recent statement.
The Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce (ZNCC) says interest on deposits
should go up to encourage more deposits and savings. The ZNCC also says
consideration should be given to legislating the gap between lending and
deposit rates in line with inflation movements.
Although the central bank has posted giant strides in dealing with the
speculation in the financial services sector, economic performance has also
been affected by the closure of seven financial institutions, the bulk of
who provided industry's working capital requirements.
Appropriate strategies must be implemented before these financial
institutions are shut down while surveillance mechanisms should be increased
to restore credibility and confidence in the critical sector, according to
most analysts.
As the monetary authority, the central bank should prevail its influence to
restrain the arbitrary price increases that, inspite of the declining
inflationary pressures, have continued to be hiked, especially by local
authorities and parastatals.
Zesa recently massively hiked its tariffs, further increasing the production
costs of industry.
Business organisations say their licences have increased from $60 000 last
year to $3.5 million, while little effort has been made to support critical
value addition that generates more foreign currency earnings.
Business has also been affected by the practice of probing the origins of
foreign currency in the hands of individuals and companies and this has
affected efforts to mobilise more foreign currency.
The ZNCC proposes that no questions should be asked for transactions of less
than US$5000 involving individuals, and US$20 000 for body corporates.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

MDC youths beat up colleague

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-26

AN MDC youth leader in Budiriro was severely assaulted by fellow party
members on Saturday, in skirmishes involving the opposition party
Impecabble sources told The Daily Mirror yesterday that the Budiriro acting
youth chairman, identified only as Gonzo, sustained serious injuries as the
marauding party supporters exchanged blows following misunderstandings
during a party meeting.
The youths were allegedly divided between those aligned to Budiriro Member
of Parliament Gilbert Shoko and others who were opposed to him.
Police spokesperson Wayne Bvudzijena yesterday confirmed the assault on
He said Gonzo had reported the matter to the police when he sought clearance
for medical examination.
Assault and accident victims usually have to get police clearance before
they are attended to at hospitals or clinics, unless in emergency cases.
Bvudzijena said he could not provide more information as the matter was
still under investigation.
"The incident happened on January 22 at the Budiriro car park. He came to
the police for clearance to seek medical attention. At the moment we are not
aware of his status."
Efforts to locate Gonzo yesterday were in vain. MDC Harare province
spokesperson Last Maengahama said: "We need more time to verify the story.
They were all members of the party, but the matter, I understand, had
nothing to do with politics. But at the moment I do not want to say anything
as there are elements of truth and lies in the story." Shoko also confirmed
the assault on Gonzo.
"He came to me saying he had been assaulted by fellow party supporters and I
assisted him," he said. He dismissed allegations that he had been the cause
of divisions among the youths that could tear apart the party structures in
that constituency.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Mash Central declared no-go-area, says MDC

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-26

THE MDC has accused Zanu PF youths in Mashonaland Central province of
barring it from conducting meetings in the province, reportedly saying it
was a "no-go" area for the country's main opposition political party.
The ruling party draws most of its support from that province as well as
Mashonaland East and West.
The three provinces, the MDC said, recorded some of the most violent clashes
that erupted between supporters of the two protagonists in the bloody 2000
parliamentary elections.
Blessing Nhema, the MDC youth chairman for the province, alleged his group
was barred from holding outreach programmes in some parts of the province
last week to enlighten opposition supporters about the forthcoming
Nhema claimed that Zanu PF youths barred them from holding the meeting in
Chiveso, on the outskirts of Bindura.
He said his group then proceeded to Shamva but the ruling party youths
pursued them.
Said Nhema: "When we got to Shamva, we went to our district chairperson's (a
Mrs Muronzi) house. In the meantime, Zanu PF youths mobilised other youths
in the area and gathered at her gate."
He said when they were about to leave, they were blocked and the ruling
party youths only moved after Muronzi intervened.
Tichaona Chahwanda, the opposition party's youth secretary for Mazowe,
echoed Nhema's sentiments, alleging that his group, too was barred from
holding activities at Mushurwe village in Nzvimbo last Sunday.
He said they were attacked by a group of Zanu PF youths at Howard shopping
centre where they had gone to buy food.
Contacted for comment, the province's governor, Ephraim Masawi referred all
questions to Zanu PF youth leaders, saying he only dealt with matters of
Zanu PF deputy secretary for youths, Saviour Kasukuwere dismissed the
allegations, saying: "That is nonsense. They should not waste their time in
this province, if they have failed to convince people they should not put
the blame on us because we will not organise meetings on their behalf."
He said that the MDC was failing to mobilise support around the country and
declared it would never win any election in Zimbabwe.
 Some time last year the ruling party was alleged to have come up with a
"password" for visitors to gain entry into the province.
Although Masawi denied the allegations, he said some people were suspicious
of strangers in the province.
This sad scenario comes at a time when President Robert Mugabe, the
government and his party's leadership have declared war on politically
motivated violence ahead of the general elections slated for March.
The polls are expected to be a two horse race between the ruling party and
the MDC, if the opposition party decides to participate.
So far, indications are that the MDC will take part although they have kept
the nation guessing on their decision.
Some of the reasons the MDC stood back from participating in any elections
in the country is alleged selectively application of the law and the use of
youths-militia to intimidate its electorate and bar it from holding
political meetings.
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Business Report

      Analysts want to see tighter rein on inflation

      Zimbabwe's forex rules likely to be eased in quarterly review
      January 26, 2005

      Harare - Zimbabwe's central bank would press ahead with its policy of
reining in inflation and easing foreign exchange controls when it released
its quarterly policy review today, analysts said.

      While inflation had slowed to 133 percent from a high of 624 percent a
year ago, pressure from increases in the price of services provided mainly
by state-owned enterprises and local authorities could stall the fight
against inflation, they said.

      Zimbabwe is in an economic crisis, which critics blame on
mismanagement by the government of President Robert Mugabe.

      Mugabe has denied the charge and blamed his country's woes on sabotage
by opponents of his seizure of white-owned farms for redistribution to poor
black Zimbabweans.

      "We expect the central bank to continue with its tight monetary policy
to bring the rate of inflation down early in the year,"

      Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries president Pattison Sithole told

      "But we are worried that parastatals right now are coming with
exorbitant charges for services, which is highly inflationary," he added.

      State power company Zesa raised tariffs by up to 500 percent this
month. Local authorities have increased charges by an average of 160
percent, and firms want to pass this on to consumers.

      Analysts also want central bank governor Gideon Gono to keep a tight
leash on money supply growth - which reached 320.6 percent last August - by
not extending cheap funds to distressed industries.

      Zimbabwe's economy has shrunk nearly 30 percent since 1999, with an
unemployment rate of 70 percent and acute shortages of fuel and foreign

      Industrialists want interest rates, at 130 percent, reduced to about
50 percent. But analysts have said such a move would boost money supply
growth and inflation as companies borrowed cheaply and speculated in foreign
currency and stocks.

      Investment rates have remained at less than 20 percent, discouraging

      The Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce expects Gono to offer
exporters a higher rate for their foreign currency and to scrap the dual
exchange rate to stimulate growth.

      Similar demands were also made by the Chamber of Mines early this

      Keeping exporters viable is crucial to the government since
international donors such as the International Monetary Fund suspended
funding in 1999, cutting the country's other main foreign exchange lifeline.

      Exporters sell their foreign currency at auctions controlled by the
central bank.

      In the latest auction on Monday, the local unit fell to its lowest
against the US dollar since auctions began a year ago, after the bank
accepted higher-priced bids for foreign currency.

      The local dollar dropped 0.6 percent to Z$5 879.95 to the US dollar at
Monday's auction as the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe sold $11 million. The
auctions are held twice a week.

      The Zimbabwean dollar was trading at Z$921.61 to the rand yesterday.

      The central bank started the auctions after the currency dropped as
low as Z$10 000 per US dollar on the black market. Exporters have said the
rates at the auctions were not viable.

      The auctions provide foreign currency for use by businesses and are
used as an indicative rate by banks for the purchase of foreign currency by

      Foreign currency not sold in the auctions is sold to the government at
Z$824 to US$1.

      "We see the Reserve Bank relaxing some foreign exchange rules such as
the amount exporters can retain ... but at the same time striking a balance
with importers so that we don't end up with imported inflation," said the
president of the Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce, Luxon Zembe.

      Gono is also expected to announce new measures to strengthen the
country's financial sector, which has lost investor credibility following
the closure of eight locally owned banks in the past year.
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25 January 2005


SESSION 2: Dealing with Ruling Party Hegemony

Perceptions of the official opposition - Encouraging a change in political
consciousness in Zimbabwe

Morgan Tsvangirai, President, Movement for Democratic Change, Zimbabwe.

Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen,

After 90 years of colonial rule and years of a sustained guerrilla war,
Zimbabwe was born. That was in 1980. We celebrated with boundless
excitement. Independence marked the end of an era of colonial rule.
Independence marked a new beginning. To give a legal face to that
independence, Britain crafted a power transfer agreement at Lancaster House
in London. The agreement included a surrender document presented in the form
of a Constitution. The people had no input into this independence document.
The so-called Constitution was a mere compromise document totally
unconcerned about the path to freedom and to real democracy.

Twenty five years down the line, that document is still the supreme law of
our land.

Zimbabwe assumed its statehood with immediate post-war problems of
structure, authority and control. Through a series of Presidential
interventions, the white colonial administration was smashed overnight and
replaced by a system of political patronage that rewarded idleness and
sycophancy. The new system fanned instability, assumed an alien populist
socialist ideology that pretended on worker representation, embraced
trappings of foreign cultures and abandoned the ideals of the liberation
struggle. The new system merely replaced the colonial administrator and
adopted an agenda that was at variance with the expectations and aspirations
of the people.

The state was staffed by party loyalists whose brief was to serve and save
the party regardless of the national agenda. The pattern remains the same
today. One could therefore argue that Zimbabwe is a nation without a state,
without a democratic state. During the first five years of independence, the
system was at war with the people in Matabeleland and parts of the Midlands.

In the second five year period, the system broke ranks with the entire
nation. The church, workers, students and peasants began to confront the
regime, seeking answers as to the direction the revolution was taking. The
revolution had lost its way. To survive, the regime declared a war against
the people.

Throughout the 90 years of direct colonial oppression, there were two civil
society organizations which kept our people united, across the racial,
ethnic and class divide: the church and the trade union movement. Churches
and trade unions produced and developed the nationalist political leadership
of the time.

Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen, this is where we are coming from.

The regime could no longer hide its confusion.  Workers openly confronted
the nationalists and challenged them on their earlier pronouncements and
ideology, especially when Robert Mugabe and Zanu PF adopted the Economic
Structural Adjustment Programme as the new economic policy at the start of
the second decade of our independence. ESAP exposed Zanu PF.

The ZCTU declared its autonomy and de-linked itself from Zanu PF. Zanu PF
could no longer justify its socialist ideology. Zanu PF lost its publicly
stated socialist identity. The party was confused as to how to deal with the
workers. When it failed to negotiate, it sought confrontation. It sought to
smash the labour movement. The party lost its worker base. It had to deal
with the crisis of loss of political base. Zanu PF lost its worker
representative status out of which it claimed its right to existence as a
socialist party.

Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen, at that time, I was the leader of the
Zimbabwe Congress Trade Unions. I was arrested and brought before the courts
and charged with treason, my first treason charge.

The student movement voiced its concern. Zanu PF responded with force. For
the first time since independence, student demonstrations were brutally
suppressed. Student leaders were arrested and charged.  A new law, holding
back academic freedom, was imposed to limit student and intellectual
activity, banning demonstrations on university campuses. The picture remains
the same to this day.

The suppression of popular discontent and the crisis of governance led to a
rapid evolution of social movements. Through its actions, the regime united
the people against it. The regime created a breeding ground for the
emergence of a range of alternatives.

Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen, for clarity let me go back to the
political events prior to the start of the second decade of our
independence. The ruling party's political ideology is one premised on the
misguided concept that Zanu PF alone has the legitimate right to rule

The manifestation of this ideology is a violent political culture, and
virulent, backward and distorted form of nationalism, that brooks no dissent
or criticism of the ruling party and its political agenda. This form of
nationalism borders on fascism. All political opponents are publicly
vilified as enemies of the state and agents of some nefarious outside

Apathy, fear and subservience are viewed as the benchmarks of political
success. Every election that has been held in Zimbabwe since 1980 has been
marred by political violence and intimidation, most of which has been
perpetrated by supporters of the ruling party. In the 1985 elections, which
were held in during the brutal clamp-down in Matabeleland, political
violence occurred in the Zapu strongholds of Matabeleland and Midlands

The ruling party's clampdown on its Zapu rivals formed the centerpiece of
its strategy to usher in a legislated one-party state. The coercive pressure
on the Zapu leadership culminated in the Unity Accord of 1987 under which
the Zapu leadership agreed to absorb their party into Zanu PF.  The Accord
ignored the basic political and economic concerns of the ordinary people.

The Unity Accord technically created a de facto one party state. The Accord
empowered Zanu PF to shake off the restrictions imposed on the nation by the
Lancaster House Constitution and implement the people's will without any
legislative and executive hindrance. But that was not to be. In the absence
of a legislated one-party state, Zanu PF was determined to exploit powers at
its disposal to ensure that all political opponents lost the stomach for a
prolonged challenge to its authority.

The 1990 elections were marred by violence which left Patrick Kombayi, an
opposition candidate challenging late Vice President Simon Muzenda, maimed
for life. The Zimbabwe Unity Movement, a new party formed by the former Zanu
PF Secretary General Edgar Tekere was heavily infiltrated, destabilized and
later collapsed.

But the people remained undeterred. Former Chief Justice Enock Dumbutshena
transformed a civic grouping, the Forum Trust of Zimbabwe, into a political
party to contest the 1995 Parliamentary elections. Like ZUM, the party faced
the same fate.

Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen, a government with a poor record of
delivery risks continuous challenges from the people. With all the
legislative and political power at its disposal, Zanu PF failed to deliver
on basic expectations of the liberation struggle.  The party personalized
state power and sought to monopolize the liberation struggle. The crisis of
governance in Zimbabwe assumed critical proportions and its resolution could
not be located within the ruling party.

Almost a quarter of century after independence, Zimbabweans are as poor as
they were in 1970, fewer people have formal sector jobs now than in 1980 and
life expectancy is lower than in 1960. On the one occasion we were granted
an audience with Mugabe, he informed us to go and form our own political
party if we were serious about achieving our objectives. Well, on 11
September 1999, we did just that.

The founding objective of the movement was to take over power through
democratic means. This presented a point of departure with the culture in
Africa where the opposition often opted for violence in order to effect
regime change.

Allow me, Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen, to draw your attention to the
following points in our founding manifesto, published in August 1999, and I

  a.. The MDC stands for the supremacy of the nation and its people over
partisan or individual interests.
  a.. The MDC rejects systems that prioritise defence of the leadership
interests over defence of people interests.
  a.. The MDC stands for a people's Constitution, prepared in a democratic,
broad based and participatory process that recognises equality of
opportunity and treatment of all Zimbabweans.
  a.. The MDC stands for social democratic, equitable, human centred
development policies, pursued in an environment of political pluralism,
participatory democracy and accountable, transparent governance.
  a.. The MDC aims to build a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic
society. End of quote.

No matter which yardstick of human development is used, Zimbabwe has
regressed significantly in the last 10 years - and in a more visible way in
the last five years. For us democratic change could be achieved through the
electoral process. In the June 2000 parliamentary elections, which were, as
you know, were marred by violence and electoral malpractice, the MDC won 57
of the 120 seats that were contested.

The results of these elections meant that for the first time since
independence Zimbabwe had an official opposition with a national support
base. In line with our thinking on how to bring about democratic change, we
challenged the results in 37 constituencies. Of these eight were set aside
in our favour, which means we won the popular vote in that election.

However, five years later and a few days before the nation goes to the polls
again the courts are still to conclude the election petitions. By 2003, we
were in charge of 12 major towns and cities after the local government
elections. In essence the result means the MDC controls a constituency that
generates 60% of the country's Gross Domestic Product. Politically, the
result means we drive the national agenda.

Given the public policy and public position of SADC and the AU on freedom,
liberty, equity, economic management, governance and democracy, one would
have thought the two bodies could put together mechanisms for correction and
sanction should a member state deliberately sabotage these noble ideals.

Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen, the MDC believes, as a matter of natural
right, that it is important to participate in the furtherance of democracy,
free and fair elections and human development. The party sees a progressive
Africa as a continent that respects universal principles on all facets of
human endeavour.

Nothing, absolutely nothing, Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen, should be
classified as an African standard, different from what happens elsewhere. My
experiences in dealing with a post-colonial dictatorship shows that such
struggles can be so protracted that it is impossible to put a time frame to
it. After the electoral dispute arising from the Parliamentary election in
2000, we resolved to pursue a legal channel as a solution.

The regime quickly subverted the judiciary and sat on the election
petitions. The matters remain unattended to, a few weeks before another
Parliamentary election.  The delays made us very uncomfortable and destroyed
confidence in the electoral system. We, nevertheless, soldiered on. We took
part in 13 by-elections, regardless of the tight conditions and violence on
the ground.

In my case, in 2000 the High Court nullified the result in Buhera North
Constituency where my Zanu PF rival, Kenneth Manyonda's violent campaign led
to the deaths of two MDC campaign workers. Manyonda appealed to the Supreme
Court. The court record was missing soon afterwards. Mugabe awarded Manyonda
with a Ministerial post. In the case of Makoni East Constituency, the High
Court took two years to pass a judgment after hearing our candidate's
arguments. Again, the Zanu PF loser appealed against the judgment and was
immediately rewarded with a Ministerial post.

I participated in the Presidential election in March 2002 against heavy
odds. I believe I won that election. When Mugabe stole the ballot once
again, I petitioned the High Court for relief. It took me 18 months and a
High Court judgment to get a date for an initial hearing. The matter is
still pending, three years after the election.

In between, I spent two and half years in conditions of virtual house arrest
and on trial for high treason.

Together with scores of activists who include 14 Members of Parliament, I
survived several assassination attempts. Three MDC MPs who had been
assaulted subsequently died. Being related to or employed by an MDC MP can
result in gross violations of human rights. Three MPs have had members of
their staff brutally murdered. Although the culprits are known, no arrests
have been made.

The MDC could have responded to the violence encouraged by Zanu PF by
sanctioning our supporters to fight 'fire with fire' and retaliate. But we
haven't. And the reason for this is that we as a party do not support
violence. The legal route, through the courts, has let us down as a possible
remedy to our problem. The other option at our disposal was through our
participation in Parliament.

The long and short of our experience in the legislature under the prevailing
environment where we are in the minority is that we went to parliament to
debate, raising issues of national concern while the ruling party came to
parliament solely for the purpose of legislating parochial issues of its
personal survival.

Parliament for them became a tool for legitimizing the subversion of the
people's will. The regime is trying to use us in the process as a de-facto
accomplice. Because of the Zanu PF majority, beefed up by 30 appointed MPs,
Parliament passed some of the most repressive legislation in Zimbabwe's
history during the past five years. Parliament even jailed Chaimanimani MP
Roy Bennett using the same flawed system.

Further, we tried to search for a political solution through the negotiating
table. Again this path was not taken seriously, with the regime only viewing
negotiations as an opportunity to buy time as well as open opportunity to
destabilize our party.

When persuasion, diplomacy and outside political pressure failed to bring
about results, we intensified internal pressure at home. In March and in
June 2003, we organized mass action against Mugabe and Zanu PF. We managed
to bring the country to a standstill for a week, credit to which must go to

That earned me two weeks in jail and a 2nd treason charge.

The question then is how did we manage to handle the ruling party's hegemony
and survive as a political party? Our approach was simple. We remained in
contact with the people. We applied a variety of democratic methods of
resistance to the regime ranging from international solidarity, people
power, the legal challenges, exposure though participation in parliament and
local government and elections. We also engaged in acts of defiance as a way
of exposing the shortcomings of the systems under the regime. It is this
pressure at all levels that has sustained us leading the regime to accept
that the status quo is no longer sustainable.

A new spirit has taken route in the SADC region to deal with the question of
elections. The guidelines adopted in Mauritius last year give us a lot of
hope and encouragement. They are not just SADC guidelines. They are
universal requirements. This re-awakening of political consciousness and
collective resolve for a better future in the region provides us with an
engine room for growth, peace and stability.

Zimbabwe, however, remains out of step with the thinking of the rest of the

The reforms that the Government has made to the electoral laws, while a step
in the right direction, are nowhere near sufficient. Significant reform
measures are needed if the Government is to comply with the new SADC
benchmarks on democratic elections.

From the MDC's perspective, the Government needs to carry out the following
if credible elections are to take place:

  1.. The disbanding of the youth militias and their complete removal from
all constituencies
  2.. The repeal or amendment of all legislative provisions that infringe
upon basic civil and political liberties
  3.. A comprehensive independent audit of the voters' roll and for those
who have been unable to register to be able to do so
  4.. Access to the state media

It will take six months for these reforms to have a meaningful impact on the
electoral and political environment. The MDC is therefore advocating that
the earliest the elections can take place is end of June 2005.

It is imperative that we get this election right; that all stakeholders are
comfortable with the conditions and processes under which the election is
held. Another disputed election would be bad news for Zimbabwe and bad news
for the region.

Most conflicts arise from disputed elections - Cote D'Ivoire being the
latest example. If the people are unable to decide who rules them the seeds
of conflict and instability risk being sown.

The twin evils of poverty and inequality, which have plagued our continent
for far too long, can only be tackled in an open political environment built
around democratic institutions that harness citizens' basic rights and

I am particularly concerned about the plight of young people in Zimbabwe.
Because of the general economic collapse, they are a potent threat to
political stability and economic growth. Many are forced into the youth
militia camps and emerge with brutalized minds and a distorted understanding
of right and wrong. We must prevent the creation of a lost generation and
attend to these idle minds as a national priority. They remain wounded by
poor state planning, inappropriate education and corruption.

Zimbabwe needs a new beginning.  A new Zimbabwe, with opportunities, jobs
and food. The stepping stone to the new Zimbabwe is a free and fair
election. The biggest challenge facing Zimbabwe today is to make this
happen. People have lost confidence in the electoral process. They have
experienced too many fraudulent elections in which their vote has been
meaningless. This has to change. The current electoral and political
environment precludes a free and fair election.

Chairperson, ladies and gentlemen, in conclusion I want say that the
challenges placed on us by the 24 years of elitist rule are immense. So
therefore it is imperative that we get the forthcoming election right.
Another disputed election would be bad news for the region.

The political challenges before us are:

  a.. A comprehensive programme of national healing;

  a.. a return to the rule of law;

  a.. a home-grown Constitution;

  a.. a change in our political culture;

Once that is achieved, our nation can tackle in a sustainable way the
problems of

  a.. the economy;

  a.. rebuilding the infrastructure;

  a.. the Hiv/AIDS pandemic;

  a.. the current humanitarian emergency;

  a.. shortages of basic social needs.

We are determined to forge ahead. Beyond the election, I wish to state once
again that we have no intention of pursuing a campaign of retribution once
there is a new dispensation in our country. There is no need for any person
to turn against the people, purely out of fear of a government coming out a
social liberation force like the MDC. The people have long expressed their
revulsion at attempts to repeat the scenes of the past 25 years. They want
to start afresh.

Our vision is to create a platform for the victim and the perpetrator to
experience the joys of justice, peace, stability, freedom and prosperity.
Differences shall be recognized and respected; our diversity shall be
celebrated and accepted as a source of strength; our political contrasts,
separate ideologies and organizational differences shall assist our nation
to reap the benefits of honest political pluralism. Our vision directs us
towards a holistic view of our past, understanding the desperation of a
failed nationalistic elite.

We understand Africa's known dilemma arising from the historical failure of
the continent's liberators to extend the ideals of the struggle against
colonialism to the people in the post-independence era. We recognize the
weaknesses of the former liberation movements and their general lack of
preparedness to tackle the challenges of a complex post-colonial era.

But we must move on. Zimbabwe needs a new beginning.

I thank you.
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Please send any material for publication in the Open Letter Forum to: with subject line "For: Open Letter Forum".

Thought of the Day:

"Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed people can change
the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has."

Margaret Mead (1901-78)


- RE: Midlands CFU - Jean Simon
- RE: On Hasluck by A Farmer Abroad - Another Farmer Abroad
- SA Spymaster - Willi Robinson
- Help - Driver for Elderly lady - Neil


Letter 1: RE: Midlands CFU, received 21 January 2005

by Jean Simon

Dear farmers, ex farmers and other interested parties

I have been away and have just read the emails on the open letter forum
concerning the letter sent by Trevor to members of his Farmers Association.
While I do not condone his fawning letter of threat to his members I do
believe the following is relevant:

The Commercial Farmers Union is a membership driven Union. That means that
1 members select their representatives at farmers association level
2 the members are represented by this elected leader at regional and then
at national level in the CFU Council.
3 Council members elect the President and Vice President of the Union.

If this is the case then when we do not approve of our elected
representative's behavior, we as members, at our grass root level, have the
right to remove our representative and replace him/her with another

While I respect our right to object to the behavior of a representative of
CFU, I challenge each one of you to look towards your own behavior and then
concider the following:

1 If you are presently a member of CFU, raise your objection to the
behavior of Trevor to your membership and if you are a member of the
midlands branch, ask him to resign and replace him.
2 If you are a member in another Farmers Association, ask your
representative to object to Trevor's behavior at Council next week and ask
him to suggest that Trevor be encouraged to resign.
3 If you are no longer a member of CFU, rejoin the Union so that you can
help select a different representative
4 If you believe that you no longer have a Farmers Association which can
represent you, join FIT which is an Association for farmers who are no
longer on the land but who still retain an interest in CFU matters. FIT
have a representative in Council.

While you still hold the title to your land or you continue to lease a
piece of land or are an ex farmer, you have the right to apply for
membership of CFU or retain the membership you previously had. By
contributing your subscription to the CFU you are enabling each one of us
to have a common, united, commercial farmer voice which will have a say in
the final outcome of this awful travesty of justice which has taken place
over the past 5 years.

But if you just sit on the sidelines criticising CFU, you will weaken their
potential to help each one of our farmers, past and present.

Remember, the CFU is only as good as its members. The members chose the


We are all fighting for a transparent, democratic government who manages
our affairs with the best interests of the people of our country. The same
applies to our CFU. Elect the leaders who will represent you best, IF you
believe the current leaders do not represent you.

Best regards
Jean Simon


Letter 2: RE: A FARMER ABROAD, received 20 January 2005

by Another Farmer Abroad
Dear JAG,

Since reading a letter from Farmer Abroad on your Open Letters Forum of
Jannuary 12th, I have been pondering a lot on one paragraph.

He quoted David Hasluck as claiming that thanks to having "deepened and
strengthened committment to dialogue" all the Burma Valley farmers remain
on their land. Is this still true?

If so David Hasluck deserves huge congratulations (which were not accorded
when he quit the CFU).

Another Farmer Abroad


Letter 3: SA SPYMASTER, received 22 January 2005

by Willi Robinson

Dear Editor,

The press reports that Mr. Mbeki is possibly behind the espionage of a
political party in the country. The motive is believed to be that Mr. Mbeki
wants to know what is really going on in that party. But why?

Interestingly, there have been thousands of farmers murdered in South
Africa over the last few years. Some South Africans who have left the
country of their birth indicate that it seems likely that Mr. Mbeki might
be studying the inner workings of The Tool of devastation that has
destroyed the banking system in Zimbabwe - by the systematic erosion of the
world banking's sacred instrument - Title. If Cosatu becomes a threat to
Thabo's power base - he will have the formula to have his very own private
Third Chimurenga in South Africa, to secure and protect those all important

Zimbabweans and South Africans might eventually come to understand that the
destruction, or enormous reduction of security of tenure has been the very
aim of the Third Chimurenga. In this way, all the people will be at the
mercy of the state and subject to His total subjugation. Twenty years ago,
The Leadership acknowledged that the creation of a form of Title in the
Communal Lands would give independence and interdependence to the poor
people in the rural areas - and thus empower them. In spite of being
adopted by all fifty five Rural Councils in the country to unlock their
potential - The Leadership - in the interests of power retention - rejected
the idea outright.

It seems that history might just once again - mockingly to painfully slow
learning man - repeat itself - maybe with a fast forward button this time.
Just as Zambia now exports maize to hungry Zimbabwe, some being grown by
ex-Zimbabwean farmers in Zambia. So, when the wheel turns full circle,
Zimbabwean (and maybe expatriate South African?) farmers may well grow
maize for 50 to 60 million starving South Africans - who will have feasted
on the words "The land is the Economy, Die Land is Geld!" Chave

The only that question remains is - will Agri-SA (SA Farmers' Union)
prostitute its self respect and integrity by seeking a policy of Dialogue?
Time will tell.

Willi Robinson.


Letter 4: HELP - DRIVER FOR ELDERLY LADY, received 21 January 2005

by Neil

A widowed elderly lady client of mine, who lives in an old age home on
Steppes Rd in Chisipite, has been extremely lucky as for a number of years
now, a very kind & caring businessman loaned her the use of his companies
very reliable, honest and polite driver who used to drive her twice a week
around the suburbs which allowed her some form of independence to do her
own personal business/shopping & do a few chores for her.  She is partly
disabled & as a result, is unable to drive herself.

Unfortunately, the company now needs this driver every day & has had to
withdraw this service from next month.

She is, understandably, beside herself as this "disaster" will take away
her only remaining form of "independence."  She has no family members in
the country anymore.  She has her own car - a Toyota Corolla, which the
driver used & which of course, she keeps serviced & fuelled etc.

Can you put out an SOS for anyone who might have or know of some
person/business who could help her with a driver ?

Contacts: 04-884240 - Mrs O'Hea - Neil

Many thanks



JAG Hotlines:
(091) 261 862 If you are in trouble or need advice,
(011) 205 374
(011) 863 354 please don't hesitate to contact us - we're here to help!
263 4 799 410 Office Lines
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The article below, extracted from the SA Farmer's Weekly (12.11.2004),
refers to various legal challenges won in the SA Supreme Court of Appeal.
These rulings and judgements have a profound significance here in that
Zimbabwe also operates under Roman Dutch Law, and for this reason should be
publicised widely here.

The conflicte between political policy and the law is also highlighted,
with the law prevailing in South Africa far.


from SA Farmer's Weekly, 12th November 2004

Are white farmers who were forced under apartheid to sell their farms for
the consolidation of the homelands entitled to restitution? Yes, they are,
according to judgements in the Land Claims Court and Supreme Court of
Appeal. Despite this, the Land Claims Commission seems hell-bent on
opposing all claims. Chris Louw reports.

Land Claims Commissioner Tozi Gwanya says whites collectively supported and
benefited from apartheid and therefore should not be entitled to
compensation for land they were forced to sell for homeland consolidation.

He is supported by Limpopo's land-claims commissioner, Mashile Mokono, who
has rejected all claims for compensation by white farmers in the province
(there are about 40 such cases in Limpopo).

Mokono was forced to settle out of court when it came clear he would lose a
landmark case against the descendents of Rudolf ("Duimpie") Opperman,
former owner of the farm Zuurfintein near Mokopane (Potgietersrus).
Opperman was forced to sell his farm in the late 1980s to have it
incorporated into Lebowa.

The Land Claims Court in Randburg ruled that Opperman's heirs were
"entitled to restitution in a right of land dispossessed as a result of
past racially discriminatory laws and practices". This was despite Mokono's
assertion that he was "gunning for this [case] because we don't want people
who don't qualify [for compensation] in terms of the [Restitution] Act to
qualify suddenly on technical grounds".

Gwanya said in January 2002 that when victims of forced removals were
booted off their land under racist laws, white farmers who were moved to
make way for the homeless were the only ones to receive fair compensation.
He added that they "were, in fact, overly compensated because they received
market value for the land and also had relocation costs paid".

The irony is that while debate still rages among the Land Claims Commission
's bureaucrats over whether white farmers can ever have been victims of
past discriminatory laws, the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) has already
ruled on the matter. All other courts, except the Constitutional Court, are
bound by the SCA's rulings.

In the case if Abrams v Allie NO and Others 2004 (4) SA 534 (SCA), the
appeal court held that a claimant, to qualify for restitution, had only to
prove there was an element of compulsion without which there would have
been no sale.

Land sold under duress

It has been established that most white farmers who sold their land to
former apartheid agent the South African Development Trust (SADT) for
purposes of homeland consolidation did so under duress.

Pretoria lawyer Peet Grobbelaar believes all white farmers who sold their
land to the SADT would be compensated if they challenged the rulings of
various regional land claims commissioners who denied them restitution.
This is provided they lodged their claims in compliance with the
Restitution Act before 31 December 1998.

Grobbelaar, who represented the Oppermans in their successful challenge of
Mokono's ruling that their claim was "frivolous and vexatious", says the
Constitution retrospectively allows for more equitable compensation than
was provided for under the old apartheid laws.

Although the Opperman case had received wide media attention, the fact that
whites were also entitled to restitution was established back in May 2002
in Randall and Knott's case in Port Elizabeth. Counsel for the Ministry of
Land Affairs argued that it would defeat the purpose of the Restitution Act
to define the claimants - "privileged white persons of means" - as
dispossessed people entitled to restitution of rights in land.

Heart-rendering case

Acting Judge YS Meer rejected the argument and ruled that "Parliament in
its wisdom chose not to exclude white persons of means (or indeed any
persons of means) as beneficiaries under the Restitution Act".

Randall's case (with Charles Stanley Randall and his sister, Marjorie Faith
Kietzmann, as claimants) was particularly heart rendering. Their father,
Charles Norman Randall, was the former owner of the well-developed farms
Umtata Mouth and Woodlands in the Peddie district. Both farms had been in
the family for almost 100 years when, in 1972, the district was declared a
released area, meaning it was due to be incorporated into Ciskei.

The Randalls resisted being dispossessed of their farm. But once the farms
came to be in the "released area", they fell into a category of land that
could be acquired by the SADT and even expropriated. Land vested in the
SADT was held for the exclusive use and benefit of blacks under the
National Party government's Development Act.

Recalcitrant owners isolated

All the evidence showed that the properties were acquired from forced
sales. One of the witnesses was a former employee of the Department of
Cooperation and Development, Hendrik Pienaar. He testified that once an
area had been declared released, the department started negotiating with
landowners for the purchase of their properties on the basis of valuations
by the Department of Public Works. Owners rejecting an offer would be
placed last in line. Once most properties had been sold and recalcitrant
owners isolated, negotiations would resume on the basis of funds left over.
More often than not the owner would be forced to sell at a price lower than
the original offer. There was no question of "willing buyer and willing
seller" in this situation. In practice SADT was the only buyer. Pienaar
said landowners were under duress to sell their land under threat of

Charles Stanley Randall testified that his father spent 90 years on the two
farms until his death on 1 August 1991. Neither he nor his father intended
ever disposing of the farms that housed the family graves. Despite various
protests through the Peddie Farmers' Association, state valuators valued
the farms in 1975.

The Randalls knew their farms could be expropriated. In a letter dated 14
December 1979, Randall voiced his disappointment at the offer for
Woodlands, saying he accepted it, as he had no choice. Umtata Mouth was
transferred to the SADT on 28 February 1979 for R162 700 and Woodlands on
20 February 1980 for R357 300.

Much the same applied to Andrew George Knott, owner of the Knott farms that
were also acquired by the SADT. He sold the farms that had been in the
family since 1884 to SADT after receiving a "take it or leave it" offer.

Advocate NA Cassim, for the Department of Land Affairs, argued that both
farmers had entered into the sales "opportunistically" because they saw a
chance to benefit financially from the acquisition of their properties for
the consolidation of Ciskei. Cassim also argued that privileged whites were
not included in the definition of the Restitution Act.

Meer said it was not the function of his court to "legislate" the exclusion
of whites. "And it would certainly ill behove it to do so", Meer said. Such
an exclusion would go against the tenor of the Constitution and the
Restitution Act, "both of which seek to eradicate discrimination". The
court found the claimants were dispossessed of a right in the land. It
ruled Randall and Knott had established the second threshold factor in a
restitution claim: they had not received just and equitable compensation as
contemplated by the Act.

Against this background, many lawyers find it difficult to make sense of
commissioner Mokono's statement last month that "(white people) don't
qualify (for compensation) in terms of the act". FW


Element of compulsion all that is needed

In August this year, Land Claims Court Judge Justice Moloto confirmed the
principles that were applied in the cases of the Peddie farms.

The case involved NG Pillay, who was coerced in 1958 into selling his
eight-acre property in Cato Manor, near Durban, when the area was changes
from an Indian to a "white group area", now known as Westville.

Much of the argument centred on the concept of "dispossession", Judge
Moloto ruled that the cumulative effect of racially discriminatory laws and
practices, which over a period of time eroded the rights of the claimant,
induced him directly or indirectly, to vacate the farm. "forceful removal
is not a perquisite for dispossession."

Motolo ruled that there needed only to be an element of compulsion that
induced the alienation of the property. He said Pillay's descendents were
entitled to financial compensation because their father had been forced by
racially discriminatory laws to sell the property.


Compensation must be just and adequate

White farmers coerced into selling their farms for homeland consolidation
purposes under apartheid enjoyed far less protection under the law than
property owners do today.

Attorney Peet Grobbelaar said the legal principle of solatium -
compensation for loss and inconvenience - was inconsistently applied in the
1970s and 1980s.

Initially, dispossesses farmers were paid a percentage of the purchase
price of the property as solatium; later compensation was limited to a sum
of R10 000. In terms of section 25(3) of the Bill of Rights in the
Constitution, compensation must be just and equitable. Because the
provisions of the Constitution are applicable retroactively, Grobbelaar
believes all white farmers who filed restitution claims should be receive

The Bill of Rights states: "The amount of the compensation and the time and
manner of payment must be just and equitable, reflecting an equitable
balance between the public interest and the interests of those affected,
having regard to all relevant circumstances, including: the current use of
the property; the history of the acquisition and use of the property; the
market value of the property; the extent of direct state investment and
subsidy in the acquisition and beneficial capital improvement of the
property; and the purpose of expropriation."

Few of these principles were adhered to when white farms were dispossessed
for the purposes of consolidating homelands. This says Grobbelaar, means
that people who were forced to sell their farms under apartheid should be
able to claim restitution by way of financial compensation, in line with
present values, to the extent that they were under-compensated.



JAG Hotlines:
(091) 261 862 If you are in trouble or need advice,
(011) 205 374
(011) 863 354 please don't hesitate to contact us - we're here to help!
263 4 799 410 Office Lines

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Please send any classified adverts for publication in this newsletter to:

JAG Classifieds:

Updated 25th January 2005

1. For Sale Items
2. Wanted Items


1.1 TWO ECONET CONTRACT LINES, received 18 January, 2005

Two Econet contract lines for sale on behalf of farmer Richard Thorne now
in the Diaspora. $400000 or near offer each.

Jan Labuscagne on 011217812 or on 023788788
office 0475281
home 04576539


1.2 NOTICE: ALL EX-CHAPLIN SCHOOL PUPILS, received 18 January, 2005

Following the last notice placed in JAG classifieds I now have pleasure
in attaching the Notice containing the info for the forthcoming Old
Chaplin Association Reunion.

To JAG many thanks for your assistance.


Saturday 5th February, 6,30 pm at Round Table Centre,
Second Street Extension, behind Reps at northern end of East Road

Form "BRING AND BRAAI"-Bring your own boerewors etc, plates, flask etc and
if possible, folding chair

Bar Cash bar, club prices

Parking Guarded but at owner's risk

Dress Smart informal- to suit occasion

Publicity Please help by letting your Chaplin family and friends know. We
can only afford to contact a few. If possible put this notice on your Club

Charge NIL

Donations To cover costs of hire of the hall, firewood, postages etc and to
keep the O.C.A going donations will be much appreciated. Please hand in at
the door.

Contacts George Alers-Tel 884282 Dorothy Vahey- Tel 336078

Postal George Alers 26 Blue Kerry, 30 Steppes Rd, Chisipite, Harare




Well established lodge situated on the Zambezi river - Caprivi strip ,
Namibia. Renown for excellent bream and tiger fish fishing as well as
fantastic birding. Ill health is the reason for selling.

Anyone interested and for further enquires please contact:
phone : 00264-666 86 802.


1.4 HOUSE FOR SALE, received 17th January 2004

In attractive residential area of Mt. Pleasant, close to Arundel Village
shops, Arundel & Gateway Schools

Spacious home overlooking well established, lawned, pretty garden & variety
of lovely trees, plus large swimming pool /Koi fish pond with filtration

This home offers: 4 large bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, main ensuite; large
fully fitted kitchen, dining room; lounge with jetmaster fireplace.  Home
office and separate study off the main bedroom, (his & hers) leading
through to a large cottage consisting of 2 bedrooms, main one large, with
ensuite bathroom, lounge/dining room, kitchen.  Set on 1 acre, full
security walling/sliding gates.  Double lockup garage with lit up service
pit, double carport, 2 workshop areas plus long storage outbuilding shed.
Prolific borehole, double domestic quarters, all on 1 acre of rich soil .
Double shade port.
Very close to Harare International School.

Must be seen.
Price $1,6 billion

Contact: Jack Palmer
Phone 301477/301830


1.5 BOAT FOR SALE, received 17th January 2004

Under 60 hours ...
Genuine Ride Guide Steering ... Engine still as new - plus well made

HIGH SPEED ROAD TRAILER ...  Z$50 million. All in excellent condition.
Also fitted with Navigation lights; a canvas canopy for shade.  Whole unit
for a lot less that just a new motor.

BOAT SHELTER made of galvanised IBR sheeting with cranked ridge on poles -
dismantleable, for above boat. Z$3.25m.

Contact: Jack Palmer
Phone 301477/301830


1.6 FOR SALE: REFRIGERATION, received 17th January 2004

A) Annie Hermetic Unit And Component Analyser.  New !  $3 Million

B) Professional Vacuum Pump.  Excellent Condition!  $3.5 Million

C) Robinair Manifold Gauge Set With Charge Lines.  For R134a And R22
Brand New In Box Includes Pressure - Temperature Charts. $850 000

F) Magnetic Fridge Door Seal Making Machine .... Z$9m
There is a good demand for making "magnetic door seals" here.

Contact: Jack Palmer
Phone 301477/301830


 1.7 FOR SALE: MUSIC, received 17th January 2004

Piano - Baby Grand Otto Bach Outstanding Condition !  - Z$50 Million

Variety of 2nd hand Piano Music Books - Classical selection & others, at
reduced prices to clear.  Feel free to come and
browse.  Bach, Beethoven, Chopin, Listz, Mozart, Handel ... Sonatas,
Preludes, Fugues & sheet light music.

Contact: Ruth Palmer
04- 301830


1.8 FOR SALE HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, received received 17th January 2004

Antique Book Case With Lead Light Doors .... Z$1,2 M
Bed - Single Headboard, Bed & Base ...... Z$800,000-
Chair - Casual, Parker Knoll ...... Z$450 000
Dressing Table English Oak (Cottagie/Antique) Excellent .... Z$1,2m
Dressing Table ... Triple Mirror Fluted Drawers, Ball & Claw (Beautiful)
. Z$1,2m
Dressing Table ... Triple Mirror.  Teak In Excellent Condition Z$1.2m
Head/Foot Boards - Solid Wood For Single Beds ...... Z$100 000 Ea. (Per
Single Bed)
Headboard Single - Solid Dark Oak/ Dralon - As New Z$550,000

Deep Freeze 9 Cu Ft ...  Z$2,6m
Fridges 7 To 16 Cu. Ft From .....Z$1,3m - Z$3,5m
Stove 3 & 4 Plate From ...... Z$1,6 (3 plate) & Z2 to Z$2,5m for 4 plates.

Office Equipment and Furniture
Anglepoise lamp - Z$200,000
Computer ... 486 DX2 Windows 3.1 and other programs loaded - Z$1m
Desk, Large Executive - Immaculate! - 165cms X 105cms- Beautiful Solid
Wood, With
red leather top Insert.  9 Drawers - Z$ 3m ... A valuable asset, which
must be seen!
Typewriter (Manual) - Olympia Desk Model; Ideal for commercial school ...
Z$350 000
Metal stationary cupboards/filing cabinets Z$950 000
Set of 4 metal drawers - approx. 30 x 5cms Z$180 000
5, card filing drawers (index cards, -14x 5 x 3cms Z$80 000 each
Set of 2 , card filing drawers, - 20 x 12.5cms (8 x 5 inch) Z$120 000
Files - Good condition - $3,000 each
Special Byco type ergonomic computer chair to relieve back

Camping/Hikers light weight Mats For Sleeping On.  Z$50 000 each
Cool Box ...  Z$80 000
Hockey Stick (Mancha) ...................... Z$75 000
Socker/Hockey Boots Size 7 ..............Z$70, 000 And Z$90 000
Water Ski-Ing Jacket With Whistle ... Floatation Aid Group 4 --- Size 5
Imported .... Give Away At Z$75 000 (still available)

Carpet bowls........................$150,000
Ceiling Light Fitting With Two Lights .... Z$100 000
Drive Way Gates 12ft X 6 Ft ....... Never Used ... Z$1m
Fibre Glass Trailer Moulds ... 5 Models Of Luggage Trailers.  Offers
Invited Around Z$40 M ... A Good Small Business..
Garden trailer ... unregistered ... Z$3,5M
Hand held Infra red massager .............Z$200 000
Honey spinner centrifugal type ... manual ... can be motorised ... need
attention Z$500 000
Klaas Vakie Body Support Mattress Z$150,000
Koi Fish ... Variety Of Sizes And Colours .... From Z$120 000
Lamp Stand - Tall Ceramic. ..... Z$350 000
Mirror - Oval Hanging ........Z$130 000
Marley roof tiles ............................. $1500 each
Pictures In Frames - A variety from .... Z$40 000
Printers tray - small ....  Z$30 000
Radio Communication ... 4 Vehicle Radios Plus Base Station; Power Supply
plus Aerial Mast.  Z$2m
Slide viewer for individual slides ............ Z$50 000
Triangular advertising trailer for movable signs ...  Z$3M
Willow Pattern Crockery - teaset and plates .... Z$400 000
Wooden Table tennis Table, with bats/balls....needs some


1.9 FOR SALE GARDENING/BUILDING, received 17th January 2004

Van der Spuy's gardening books ... Z$30 000 each
Cycads Japanese Fine Leaved in sleeves or pots -from Z$50 000
Strelitzias (Crane Flower) .in sleeves, well established... Z$25 000
Waste Bin For Inside Kitchen Cupboard, Brand New!  ... Imported .. Z$150

Contact: Mrs Palmer

Viewing: 41 Coull Drive, Mount Pleasant, Harare


1.10 FOR SALE: FARMING ITEMS, received 19th January 2005

8 x .75hp Barn Fans + Starters + Thermostats -
$1,500,000.00 each
2 x 9 x 12 Carpets ( 1xlight Green 1x Pink) Asking Price;
$500,000.00 (Good nick)
1 x Complete Drip Irrigation Unit (2 Tanks + Filter + Pressure Guages
+ Valves + Fertigator ($10 mill)
5,000 x .40mm Netafim Drip Line (Brand New 2,550m/roll x 2) Sells
fro $2,200/m asking Price $1,500.00/m
1 x GEC Washing Machine + Spin Dryer Asking $1,5mill
2 x Tinto Wooden Deck Trailers at $8mill each
1 x Imco 3 Tyne RIPPER $ 4 mill.
1 x Imco 3 Disc Reversable Plough. $10mill
1 x Imco Tractor Mounted Sprayer $8mill

Bill Walmisley 091-237514


1.11. OFFERING: NOVELTY CAKES, received 20 January 2005

Beautiful novelty cakes for both children and adults.
Imported materials used.

Contact: Cheryl or Lorraine on 336710 or 339065
To see pictures, email


1.12. OFFER: WEDDING/BIRTHDAY INVITES, received 20 January 2005

We make embossed Wedding or 21st birthday invitations, thank you cards,
table place cards, Order of Service, Funeral leaflets etc. Wide range of
colours including gold and silver.

Contact: 336710 or 339065


1.13 FOR SALE: ARTIC. PETROL LAWNMOWER, received 23 January 2005

Field Estate 450 Petrol Lawnmower with articulated seat. In good working
order. $10 000 000. Contact Caro Peech 494374 or


1.14 FOR SALE: LADIES GOLF ITEMS, received 23 January 2005

Ladies Golf Shoes, Footjoy, size 6, blue and white, worn once and like new.
$750 000.

Ladies Golf Glove, Footjoy, blue and white, worn once.
$50 000.

Caro Peech 04-494374


1.15 FOR SALE: SADDELRY, received 24 January 2005

1 x Junior Johnstons Saddle (dressed)
1x Johnstons GP Saddle (dressed)
1x Australian Stock Saddle (dressed)
(dressed = girths, leathers, stirrups, numnah)

plus various bridles and bits, saddles racks (for wall) hats etc.

Reasonable offers.
Denise 04-499819 or 091 308 272


1.16 FOR SALE: FARMING ODDS+ENDS, received 24 January 2005

- Worsley Electric Fencing Unit battery or mains operated $500'000.00
- Vetinary Emasculator $500'000.00
- Phillips Dosing Guns $400'000.00 each
- Cuboard Locks $2'000.00 each
- Car Seat Belts $300'000.00 each

04-744397 or 011-719 302


1.17 FOR SALE: received 24 January 2005

Singer treadle or electric sewing machine in good nick
Heavy duty but not industrial, made in England

T192 Motorola cell phone still in box unwanted gift

Digital Gram scale for weighing gold or gemstones

Pentium 233 computer
14 inch LG Screen
 2.3 gig Hard Drive
1.44 Stiffie
40X CD Rom
96meg Ram
Full Multi Media
Windows 98 SE
Full House Software
$3'000'000.00 (3 Million)

04-744397 or 011-719 302 for details


2. WANTED: ACCOMODATION, received 18 January 2005

Family with young twins looking for house to rent.  Would prefer Northern
suburbs but would consider others.  Need a reasonably sized garden and at
least 3 bedrooms.  No urgency but need to upsize to accommodate growing
boys and their toys!

E-mail Carol -
Phone or sms - 091 264 160


3. WANTED HAYBALES, received 21 January 2005

Graham 011-617 999 or 04-336507"


4. WANTED: FENCING WIRE, received 21 January 2005

Wanted urgently is used / unused cattle fence (barbed wire) and/or chicken
 wire, any quantity. Collection arrangements will be made.

Joel on telephone 04 751202.



Wanted grazing for 250 cattle, preferably close to Harare.

Contact: Anton Kotze
04-861 394
011-220 957


6. WANTED: JACK RUSSEL/DACHSHUND PUPPY, received 25 January 2005

We are looking for a female jack Russell or dachshund puppy.

Please call:
Chandelle 011-207 269
Guy 091 333 749



JAG Hotlines:
(091) 261 862 If you are in trouble or need advice,
(011) 205 374?
(011) 863 354 please don't hesitate to contact us - we're here to help!
263 4 799 410 Office Lines

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From: "Isabel Madangure" <>
Sent: Wednesday, January 26, 2005 8:21 AM
Subject: New Hope for Zimbabwe (For immediate release)

Since attaining independence in 1980, Zimbabwe has
been ruled by one party, the Zimbabwe African National
Union Patriotic Front (Zanu PF), led by Robert Mugabe.
Following a merger between ZANU-PF and its rival in
1987, Zimbabwe has operated characteristically as a
one-party state, and although elections continue to
occur regularly, it has been extremely difficult for
opposition parties to flourish.

The recent near collapse of Zimbabwe's economy and
escalating rates of inflation and unemployment have
set the country on a downward spiral. Zimbabwe, which
once served as the breadbasket to the rest of Africa,
now faces starvation. In addition to hunger, it is
estimated that over a third of Zimbabweans have
contracted HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Instead of
weddings and celebratory gatherings, Zimbabweans spend
our weekends at gravesites burying our dead. This
situation is worsened by severe shortages of trained
medical personnel and the absence of essential
medicines, medical equipment and facilities.

Mortuaries are overflowing with AIDS tortured corpses
and crime has increased substantially as a crippled
army of malnourished, uneducated AIDS orphans emerges,
a startling foreshadow of Zimbabwe's daunting future.
Riots in the street and calls in parliament by the
Movement for Democratic Change (opposition to Zanu PF)
for President Mugabe's impeachment are indications of
the growing level of frustration with the current
political leadership.

Early in 2004 President Mugabe, for the first time,
announced that he would give up the Presidency to a
successor in 2008. The glimmer of hope, however, was
quickly darkened by bleak options as Zimbabwean's
speculated about the viability of a successor from
within the Zanu PF camp. Alternatively, the MDC
opposition party is clouded with ideological division
and the fact that Morgan Tsvangirai, the leader of the
MDC, is facing treason charges. Zimbabwe has become a
place of political paralysis, chaos, hunger, terror
and desperation.

With the upcoming March 2005 Parliamentary elections
the Zimbabwean People's Democratic Party (ZPDP) led by
Isabel Shanangurai Madangure has emerged as the only
worthy opponent capable of breaking the MDC - Zanu PF
deadlock, and providing a viable source of hope for
the future of Zimbabwe

The ZPDP leader is no stranger to Zimbabwe's political
scene. Many Zimbabweans call her "Amai" which when
translated to English means "mother." She is in fact
the bold leader of "the unspoiled" political party and
was the first women to challenge the presidency of an
African nation when she launched the ZPDP in 1991.

Isabel Shanagurai Madangure was born the first
daughter of a highly revered minister, and educated as
a teacher for Zimbabwe's youth. In 1972 Amai
Madangure's dream was to own a business in the center
of town. Her dream was abruptly snatched away when the
harsh reality of racism intervened. The prevalent
"color-bar" left her with no alternative but to open
her small grocery store in the black inner city of
Highfields, Harare.

Her taboo marriage to a white man publicly
demonstrated defiance to racism. Amai Madangure openly
pledged her support in the fight against racism, and
in 1980 celebrated with her fellow Zimbabweans the
independence of her homeland. This was to mark the
beginning of equal opportunity for all Zimbabweans.

By this time Amai Madangure had developed savvy
business skills. Her small grocery store had thrived
and evolved into a fruit and vegetable market. She had
tendered and secured multi million dollar contracts
with various organizations and provisioned an ongoing
supply of fruit and vegetables. It can be said that
for a time Amai Madangure was a mother to the nation
feeding: army soldiers, school children the ailing in
hospitals and many others with the wholesome goods she
acquired from well-established farmers.

But as time progressed the sincere efforts of honest
business people were no longer rewarded. There came on
the scene a corrupt and dishonest barrage of political
rulers - and with them came a self-serving entourage
of leaders in both the governmental and private
sectors. No longer was value placed upon one's ability
to deliver and honor contractual agreements, instead
value was placed upon the weight of the bribe. Worse
yet was the harsh reality that there was nowhere to
report such conduct, as everyone seemed to be in bed

Asked to describe the years that followed, Amai
Madangure says:

"It was like a rat race. After we reclaimed our
nation, we expected things to get better. Instead our
problems had just begun. After the war, those at the
top forgot the people that had struggled. We were
surprised to see them lining their pockets with money
from wherever they could find it. So in 1988 we
started gossiping amongst ourselves about how bad our
leaders were.

I started printing pamphlets and walked the streets
fearlessly because I was hurt by the deeds of those we
had trusted to rule our land. In spite of the
hardships we pressed on. I watched my people as they
were wounded by the devastation of economic
degradation, massacres, abuse of authority and above
all the ever escalating corruption."

In 1991 Amai Madangure could bare the conditions of
her country no longer and launched the Zimbabwe
People's Democratic Party (ZPDP) which today is
symbolized by an image of a mother with a baby on her
back. She became the first women in history to
challenge the presidency of an African country. She

"At that time no one could talk of democracy. Zanu PF
wanted to declare a one party state. We worked
secretly with various chiefs in the communities. The
current rulers no longer recognize the traditional
chiefs who serve to preserve our heritage. Soon after
we launched we received letters from all over the
world encouraging us to be strong and to keep our

Today after more than three decades of struggle Amai
Madangure again stands to challenge the present
government. Her hope is to correct the wrongs and to
put an end to the pain of a country in agony. She

"A loaf of bread, which once cost twelve cents - today
is over four thousand dollars. The cost of living is
beyond reach, no wonder the sick are dying silently,
to whom do they cry out! Poverty and death is at
almost every doorstep. Thousands of innocent people -
both black and white have died. Farms have been
invaded, innocent blood has been spilt and it's not
over yet! Many today are fleeing the country of their
birth leaving behind every thing."

Hope for the Nation of Zimbabwe
The ZPDP is calling upon you for support its quest to
oust Zanu PF and put an end to the suffering of the
people of Zimbabwe. People's emotions are boiling and
when they erupt it may be too late to control them
peacefully. Zimbabweans by nature are peace-loving
people but their patience is wearing thin because of
the suffering.

Amai Madangure plans to restore peace and dignity in
the hearts of the people of Zimbabwe. She says:

"We must restore moral integrity in Africa. We must
not underestimate the power of national unity as we
look with hope towards a time of reconstruction. The
ZPDP will foster the return of economic development
and democratization. We will have a zero tolerance for
corruption. We will promote equal housing for all. We
will make available efficient transportation systems
and other infrastructures. A quality education will be
provided to every child. We will promote freedom of
speech and of the press. We will promote equality
amongst men and women. We will abolish deeply
ingrained taboos while also preserving our cultural
traditions. Above all, a system of accountability must
be implemented.

All of us have lost loved ones or are watching those
we love die of AIDS. We must immediately slow new
cases of HIV and AIDS through prevention, education
and the encouragement of abstinence. One family at a
time, we must learn to speak openly about HIV / AIDS
and confront the poison that has ravaged our land. We
will provide adequate counsel and medical attention to
afflicted families."

As the crisis in Zimbabwe worsens the ZPDP seeks to
avert riotous conduct and instead develop a strategy
for the people of Zimbabwe to exercise their suffrage
rights and facilitate political change beginning with
the March 2005 elections.

The ZPDP intends to provide new leadership respectful
of human rights. Those who support a free and
democratic future for Zimbabwe should urgently
demonstrate their concern and assist the ZPDP in
facilitating change in Zimbabwe.

Amai Madangure hopes that the current Zimbabwean
crisis does not discourage others from lending their
hand. She says: "Only let such aid be directed to the
proper channels. It is our prayer that with the
support of the donor community, we will successfully
pave the way for the reconstruction of our nation,
this time, with unblemished integrity."

Media interested in setting up an interview with ZPDP
representatives or submitting content for the site
should contact our Editor via e-mail at
or visit
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MDC urges pressure on Mugabe

Andrew Meldrum in Pretoria
Wednesday January 26, 2005
The Guardian

The Zimbabwean opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, challenged South Africa
and neighbouring countries yesterday to press President Robert Mugabe to
meet the minimum standards for free and fair elections.
Mr Tsvangirai said his party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), had
not yet decided whether to participate in parliamentary elections in March.

"The question is: are credible elections possible under the current
conditions? The answer is no," Mr Tsvangirai told the Guardian. Speaking in
Johannesburg, he urged the Southern African Development Community to
influence Mr Mugabe to meet election standards set by the 14-nation body.

"We cannot hold public meetings of more than three people without police
permission. There are 50,000 youth militia trained to inflict violence on
the opposition. Voter registration... is a shambles and prevents millions of
people from voting," Mr Tsvangirai said.

He said the MDC was confident of widespread support and wanted to
participate in the elections but added: "If we take part under current
conditions we give legitimacy to a discredited system. If we don't run then
we become irrelevant."
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The Times

            Zimbabwe's ruling party descends into chaos
            From Jan Raath in Harare

            TWO months before Zimbabwe's parliamentary elections, President
Mugabe appears to be losing his grip over the party he has controlled for 31
            Mr Mugabe, 80, is struggling to suppress an unprecedented
outbreak of infighting and dissent within Zanu (PF).

            A purge of dissidents has cost him the figures who controlled
the party's machine of violent intimidation, fraud and propaganda. It has
left a pliant but second-rate old guard to run the election campaign.

            "Mugabe is now a leader of a faction, not the leader of the
party or the country," claimed Morgan Tsvangirai, leader of the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change.

            Zanu (PF) said yesterday that the process of choosing its 120
candidates for the March elections - supposed to have taken one day - would
be finalised on Saturday, two weeks after the process began.

            Contestants have deployed mobs of youths to attack each other,
and in Harare riot police had to break up the clashes.

            Didymus Mutasa, the Anti-Corruption Minister, led a three-day
rampage against his challenger, leaving a trial of smashed limbs, burnt-out
cars and ransacked homes.

            To get their names on to the list, party heavyweights scattered
money and food among Zanu (PF)'s poorgrass-roots supporters. Joseph Made,
the Agriculture Minister, was reported to have ordered the distribution of
maize seed and fertiliser from government stocks. Paul Mangwana, the Social
Welfare Minister, reportedly set fire to ballot papers when he saw he was

            The selection process was preceded by a purge of senior party
officials after Mr Mugabe discovered a plot to foil his plan to make Joyce
Mujuru, the loyal head of the party women's league, the party's
vice-president, thereby ensuring he can manipulate the transfer of power
whenever he retires.

            The dissidents' scheme to promote Emmerson Mnangagwa, Zanu (PF)'s
godfather figure and the Parliament's Speaker, in Ms Mujuru's place was the
first organised resistance to Mr Mugabe since 1977, when he put down a
rebellion among his guerilla leaders.

            Those purged included Jonathan Moyo, the Information Minister,
whose propaganda has been critical to Mr Mugabe; Patrick Chinamasa, the
Justice Minister and architect of much repressive legislation; and Jabulani
Sibanda, head of the notorious movement of guerilla war veterans.

            "It's very doubtful whether Zanu (PF) will be able to put in
place the same kind of infrastructure of violence that characterised the two
previous elections," said Eliphas Mukonoweshuro, a political commentator.
"The people Mugabe has dismissed got to their positions because they had
some support. They would also have discussed their plans with their party
structures before they defied Mugabe."
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Political Tension Mounts in Zimbabwe as Elections Draw Near By Peta

There is a growing tension between Zimbabwe's main opposition party and the
police before a general election expected in March. The police say the
opposition is breaching security laws, and the Movement for Democratic
Change has accused the police of politically motivated persecution.

Thoko Khupe is an opposition member of parliament from second city Bulawayo
who was released from detention Monday. She and scores of politicians and
officials from her district were arrested during the weekend at what they
say was a closed election-strategy meeting on private property.

The police say she held a public meeting without permission, as required
under Zimbabwe's tough security laws.

The MDC officials have been charged with breaking security laws, and will
face trial at some time in the future. Another MDC legislator, Nelson
Chemiza, was arrested Tuesday accused by police of inciting public violence
connected to a meeting he addressed in a rural area southeast of Harare on

Police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena says if there is a dispute over
interpretation of the law it will be decided by the courts. He said Zimbabwe
is going into an election period and that police were determined that there
would be no political violence as in the last two national elections in 2000
and 2002.

He denied that the police were partisan and allowed the ruling Zanu PF to
have meetings without permission. He said the police do not expect political
parties to apply for permission for closed executive meetings.

Last week South Africa's ruling African National Congress criticized
Zimbabwe laws that it said made it difficult for the MDC to hold meetings.

Assistant Commissioner Bvudzijena said violence statistics complied by
Zimbabwe's Human Rights Forum were biased in favor of the MDC. He said both
parties had committed political violence.

In every monthly report on political violence during the past four years,
the Human Rights Forum and other non-governmental monitoring organizations
have identified Zanu PF as the main culprit in political violence. Reports
from non-governmental organizations monitoring legal action against
political parties also report the overwhelming number of people charged in
court with breaking security legislation were members of the MDC.

Mrs. Khupe, like most MDC legislators, has had many brushes with the law.
Five days before her latest arrest she was in court in Bulawayo on similar
charges dating back to 2002. It is not known when that case or many others
outstanding for several years against MDC members will be concluded.
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Zim warns Cosatu to stay clear
26/01/2005 10:38  - (SA)

Media 24 Africa Bureau

Harare - Zimbabwe has warned Cosatu it will arrest and deport union members
if they go ahead with plans to visit the country next week.

According to Paul Mangwana, Zimbabwe's minister of labour, his government
would not accept Cosatu's "attitude".

"They can come if they choose to disregard us. This country has facilities
that ensure the law is adhered to.

"They have the ability to handle any instance of intrusion and to ensure
that things are settled with those who come here on subversive missions," he
told Beeld in an interview.

Cosatu has said it will send a delegation to Zimbabwe on a fact-finding
mission next week after being thrown out of the country last year.

Cosatu secretary-general Zwelinzima Vavi said it was necessary to visit the
country before the general elections scheduled for March.

Cosatu doubts whether the elections will be free and fair.
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Zim part of UN human rights forum
Posted Wed, 26 Jan 2005

An unlikely trio comprising of Cuba, Zimbabwe and China are to form a group
that will hear complaints about other countries before the United Nations'
top human rights forum, a diplomat said on Tuesday.

Frequently condemned themselves for alleged human rights abuses, the three
countries were each nominated by their respective regions along with Holland
and Hungary, said Ivan Mora, Cuba's ambassador to the UN in Geneva.

The five-nation group is due to meet on February 7 ahead of the annual,
six-week gathering of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which
is due to start on March 14.

During four days, the body will study complaints from governments and other
parties about human rights abuses in different countries across the world.

It must decide which cases should be considered and whether or not this
should be done publicly or behind closed doors.

According to UN sources, the five states have already received 85 complaints
including those against the United States for its invasion of Iraq as well
as New Zealand and Australia for their treatment of their indigenous

At the same time, the commission last year censured Cuba's clampdown on
dissidents and urged it to accept a human rights probe.

Zimbabwe, in contrast, avoided an international probe into alleged acts of
politically motivated violence and other human rights abuses thanks to a "no
action" motion.

China systematically exercises this procedure to ward off a debate on its
human rights record.

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