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Farm invasions and Security Report
Thursday 3rd January, 2002.
This report does not purport to cover all the incidents that are taking
place in the commercial farming areas.  Communication problems and the fear
of reprisals prevent farmers from reporting all that happens.  Farmers
names, and in some cases farm names, are omitted to minimise the risk of

Mashonaland West (North) - Karoi: A group of over two hundred people,
consisting mainly of ZANU PF youths, intimidated workers at a Karoi farm,
stripped, and assaulted ten suspected opposition supporters, one seriously.
The assaulted workers have declined to report the incident to the police for
fear of retribution.
Midlands -Kwekwe - On New Years Eve, on Mooirivier Farm, about 70 people
arrived during the night and severely beat the farm workers in the farm
village, injuring several. Two nights later, there was an attempted break in
at the homestead.
Mashonaland West (South) Chegutu/Suri-Suri: - On Ardlui Farm two Municipal
tipper trucks arrived loaded with about 40 ZANU (PF) youths armed with three
quarter inch iron bars etc.  The two farmers were abducted, and subsequently
assaulted with fists, resulting in one of them losing hearing in one ear.
Two of the foremen were assaulted.  The farmers and the workers were made to
chant ZANU (PF) slogans etc.  On San Fernando the farmer had a stone
catapulted at him, which cracked his windscreen.
Central Mashonaland - Bindura - The area has been generally quiet over the
Festive Season, with the exception of the movement of the Youth Brigade,
attempting to gather youths on various farms. On Zakwana Farm, on the 1st of
January 2002, a group of people arrived and began chanting and singing. Some
of the labourers were beaten, and the illegal settlers moved onto the
fields, where the farmer has grown soya beans, and claimed the crop as their
own. Discussions are under way between the owner and the settlers to resolve
the issue.
Manicaland - Chimanimani: There are now 17 structures on Charleswood farm
and there is an Army Lieutenant in permanent residence.
Masvingo - Chiredzi: On Palm River Ranch harassment continued over the
holiday period, by an individual called Mr Mapanzure, who continues to wreak
havoc in both communal and commercial sectors. He arrived, drunk, on Palm
River Ranch, with 500 illegal occupiers. Police and other officials are
meeting today to try to resolve the issue.
Mashonaland East - Wedza - W.V. Kwaipa, allegedly took 3 people to the base
camp at Chakadenga, where he beat them so severely that one died, a further
person died on arrival in hospital, and the third was severely injured.
Support Unit arrived and took Kwaipa away. He arrived back in the area the
next day and has been sending youth around demanding money, in case he has
to make a court appearance. He has also informed labour on several farms
that they are not allowed to plant maize without his permission, i.e. around
their houses in the farm villages, and that they must pull out any maize
they have planted by today, or he will destroy the farm villages. He also
told the owner of Chakadenga that he must remove all his cattle.

Matabeleland - No report received.
General - Section 8 Orders continue to be served countrywide. .  A2
resettlement is taking place with ZANU (PF) M.P.'s, one of whom is a Deputy
Minister, as well as highly placed civil servants from the Military, Local
Government, the Police Force, Ministry of Lands etc. moving on to properties
and in quite a few cases wanting to move into the owners home.  On one
property, a ZANU (PF) M.P. gave the manager thirty days to leave the
property, and his wife has measured up for curtains in the house.

General: Several Section 8 Orders have been issued.
Nyazura: War Vets on Clare Farm are trying to force the Manager to allow
them the use of the tobacco curing barns. The police have been called in to
resolve the matter.
Old Mutare: On Wlvedvrien farm dairy cattle ate 23 maize plants belonging to
settlers, as a result of which the owner and father were barricaded in the
homestead. The situation was eventually resolved.
Chimanimani: There are now 17 structures on Charleswood farm and there is an
Army Lieutenant in permanent residence.
Chidza Farm - despite the fact that the property is delisted, illegal
occupiers are still present, and problems continue. 43 communal cattle are
on the farm and the owner has been prevented from planting 130ha of sorghum
in a land, in which illegal occupiers have half-heartedly planted 2ha of
On Heathcote farm the owner has received a Section 8 Order. On Lamotte farm
illegal occupiers are still present and problems continue.
Clipsham farm is inundated with illegal occupiers. On Beauty farm disruption
of cattle management continues. The owner has received a Section 7 Notice
for Waterfalls and Ledard farm.
Lothian farm -The owner's homestead has again been broken into and is now
being occupied by Mr Maseva.
Yellom and Marah farms- the owner's house has been broken into and is
occupied by property belonging to "Kid Muzenda" On Bon Air farm a donkey
belonging to the illegal occupiers has been chopped with an axe, at the base
of its spinal cord. The matter has been reported to the SPCA.
Chiredzi: On Palm River Ranch harassment continued over the holiday period
by an individual called Mr Mapanzure, who continues to wreak havoc in both
communal and commercial sectors. He arrived, drunk, on Palm River Ranch,
with 500 illegal occupiers. Police and other officials are meeting today to
try to resolve the issue.
On BJB Ranch - the owner has received a Section 8 Order. Meetings were held
over the holiday period between the owner and illegal occupiers, who were
extremely hostile and angry - a deadlock was reached. The meeting was
interrupted by M.P. Baloyi, who said that the owner's cattle had every right
to stay on his farm and should not be interfered with.
Nashanga and Chigwete Ranches - the owner has received Section 8 Orders for
both of these properties. The Army and the Police have been preventing him,
and his anti-poaching unit, from entering the properties for the past six
weeks, but they suddenly left before Christmas. A Land Cruiser and a
tractor, which had been stolen by the illegal occupiers, were recovered
several days later and police have refused to prosecute.
On Saccharine farm and Maioio Ranch officials from Agritex have been
visiting the property making statements that they will return to claim their
plots, which they had pegged earlier in the year.
On Favershalm Ranch harassment continued over the holiday period. Pressure
from illegal occupiers continued on Eaglement Ranch
Section 8 Orders have been received on Buffalo Range, Crown Ranch, Melrose
Ranch, and Glendevon.
Mwenezi: In general farm gates are being left open, fences continue to be
cut, snaring and burning, building and deforestation continue unabated.
Section 8 Orders have been issued to the following properties: Wentzelhof
Ranch, Battlefieds Ranch, Merrivale Ranch, Benjani Ranch, Malumba ranch,
Valley Ranch, Asveld Ranch, Lot 21A of Nuanetsi Ranch, Alandia Ranch, Turf
Ranch, Sheba Ranch, Umjanjele Ranch, Sarahuni Ranch, Mcheni Ranch, Sonop
On Lumbergia Farm - continued problems concerning the management of cattle.
The breeding herd have been forced onto the main Beit Bridge - Masvingo
highway. The police, who are alleged to be siding with the settlers, are
providing very little assistance. Poaching and slaughter of livestock is
On Rienette Ranch a gate has been stolen that leads onto the railway line,
and illegal occupiers have broken a pipeline.
On La Pache Farm the owner's cattle have been eating illegal occupiers
crops, but crops have not had adequate protection. As a result, the owner's
cattle were put into a kraal for the day. Police did resolve, however, that
the owner was at fault for not complying with illegal occupiers demands to
remove the cattle, or confine them to a kraal at night.
On Quagga Pan the owner's cattle strayed into the illegal occupiers crops
and as a result, he was locked outside his security fence. The owner managed
to persuade the occupiers that this matter was for the police to resolve.
The cattle were then driven 5km to the end of the farm and confined to a
kraal for the day. 4 animals were axed on their backs during this incident,
and are undergoing treatment. The DA, CIO and police met with the owner the
following day and a satisfactory agreement was reached.
Asveld Ranch- the owner had two calls from a Bulawayo businessman, who had
presumably been given, plots on his property.
Malumba - the owner has received calls from Harare businessmen, who has been
given plots on the property.
Save Conservancy Area ; poaching and snaring continue.
On certain properties, owners have had harassment from illegal occupiers and
farm workers and foremen been beaten up and chased off the farm. Police have
been slow to respond.

Chivhu: On Welkom, Chipisa and Landsdowne Farms, all beef cattle have been
sold. The owner has been told to move all remaining animals, a few dairy
cows and some horses, as soon as possible. On Ingolubi, the cattle are being
chased from paddock to paddock and mixed up. On Monday, on Veeplaats, 5
horses were chased onto the main road and three were killed, and on
Wednesday, cattle were chased on to the main road and, again, three were
killed. There are now no more cattle on this farm and the owner has been
told to vacate, even though he has never been served a Section 8 Order. On
Jackals Bank, a farm of only 405 Ha, the owner was told to clear part of the
farm of cattle. The farm has never been designated.
Kwekwe: Pivot sprinklers have been stolen from Jenville. On Brimley Estates,
there was a break in on Sunday night and food; money, a cellphone and a
calculator stolen. The thieves were not heard, probably because occupiers on
neighbouring Wajere had brought in tractors and were making a lot of noise
and disturbance. Riverbend Farm was broken into on Monday night, the same
gang who were at Brimley are suspected, but it seemed that only cold drinks
and food were stolen. Previously, irrigation equipment was stolen and the
police know who the culprit is, but are afraid to arrest him. On rented
grazing on Sable, four cattle were stolen on the 26th December, and on
Belgrave hunting dogs attacked a kudu. Police are responding. A number of
section 8 Orders have been issued in the area. So far, it appears that all
farmers have been told they may continue farming. Poaching and snaring
continues unabated. On New Years Eve, on Mooirivier Farm, about 70 people
arrived during the night and beat up the farm workers in the farm village
severely injuring several. Two nights later, there was an attempted break in
at the homestead.


Bindura - The area has been generally quiet over the Festive Season, with
the exception of the movement of the Youth Brigade, attempting to gather
youths on various farms. On Zakwana Farm, on the 1st of January 2002, a
group of people arrived and began chanting and singing. Some of the
labourers were beaten, and the illegal settlers moved onto the fields, where
the farmer has grown soya beans, and claimed the crop as their own.
Discussions are under way between the owner and the settlers to resolve the
Glendale - Two farms in the area reported that their Security Guards had
been forced out of their houses and off the farms. The farms involved are
Mukoko and Murifumbi. Generally, the area has been quiet with plenty of
ploughing by the DDF tractors taking place.
Shamva - This area has been relatively quiet over the Festive Season, with
only one report of an attempted stoning of a vehicle near SOS Village.
Mvurwi - On Farfields Farm a work stoppage was called on the 17th of
December 2001, as the settlers were demanding to move into the labourers'
houses. The owner agreed, and said that all the contract workers would be
relocated to Eastwolds, whereupon the settlers were told to vacate the barns
so that they could be used for tobacco. Once the labour force had vacated
their houses, the settlers refused to move, claiming that the accommodation
was inadequate. On the 28th of December another work stoppage was called as
the settlers refused to have the tobacco, which had been collected from
Amersham, after a hail storm, and brought to Farfields, loaded into the
barns and alternative barns had to be found. On The 30th of December, the
illegal settlers demanded to speak to the owner. He was ordered to remove
all bulk curers, moveable assets and the labour to Eastwolds Farm
immediately. The farm manager was given 48 hours to vacate the farm. The
labourers then returned to work. The settlers went to the surrounding farms
and returned with settlers from Msitwe and Delken Farms and threatened the
manager. Later in the day the youth from Birkdale Farm and Chingoma Farm
arrived, surrounded the manager's house, and threatened his wife in his
absence. The labourers refused to attend a pungwe. The manager returned with
the Police and the situation was diffused. The youth left the farm at 3am,
after beating two of the labourers from Farfield. They were taken to a
doctor in Mvurwi, who provided them with a medical report. The owner spoke
to the Member In Charge at the ZRP who sent representatives back with him to
speak to the illegal settlers. The owner was given back the use of the bulk
curers, and the settlers were told not to interfere with the farming
operations. Both the settlers and the labour were warned to coexist. They
were told that if the problems persisted then only 14 labourers would be
allowed to remain and tend the crops, and the settlers were threatened with
removal back to the reserve. On Msonedi Estate the owner was stopped from
sending his labourers to another farm where they undertake piece work,
whilst the farming operations had been halted on his farm. Quite a number of
farmers in the area have been doing this to supplement their labourer's
wages. The owner has gone to speak to the Member in Charge to see if the
situation can be resolved.
Horseshoe - At Amajuba Farm the war veterans demanded that one of the
labourers be dismissed immediately, and that all the employees who had been
forced off the farm, and are living in Harare,
be dismissed as they are MDC supporters. They then said that if this were
done peace would prevail on the farm. At Tiaseka Farm the owner was asked to
provide transport for the war veteran Shadreck, and the youth to the farm in
order to begin with the "Education Of The People." The farmer refused but
they came anyway. Shadreck, , assaulted three workers, which was reported to
the police, by the owner, but no charges were laid as further victimization
was feared. At Dunaverty an armed robbery took place in the early hours of
New Years morning between 3 and 3:30am. The guard was held at gunpoint by 2
armed robbers. They said they would shoot the guard as he would be able to
identify them. They made off with money, a radio and weapons. They were
apprehended 500m from the Police Station, but managed to escape. All the
firearms were recovered. The Police believe the robbers to be the same as
the 2 who murdered someone in the Kachuta area, NW of Guruve. It was
reported that the Police had enlisted the help of the CIO and the detail
known as CHIGADORA, visited the farm and said that the robbery was committed
by 15 MDC youths, whose leader is from Harare and whose name is BITTI. They
went on to tell the labourers that if Zanu PF lost the elections the army
would come in and sort it out ( another Gukurahundi).. At Muzhanje Farm the
office was broken into early on New Year's morning, whilst the farmer was
away. At Norwe Farm the labour force went on strike as there is no maize
meal in the store. The manager has reported that the meal has been ordered
but that it had not as yet been delivered. The Police were called in. The
strike was called off today and the labourers are back at work.

Victory Block - On the morning of the 2nd of January 2002, a lorry,
belonging to the owner of Msitwe Farm, unfortunately struck a settler's
child, who ran across the road. The farmer's driver drove the lorry. The
child has been taken to the hospital in Mvurwi and no further details are
available. On Kelson Ranch at 1.15 pm on the 2nd of January 2002 a Mr.
Maremo and three youths arrived on the farm. They were accompanied by a tall
bearded man, and a driver in a Toyota Raider, registration no: 749 - 953 Q,
which was dark grey in colour. They gathered outside the security gate of
the farmhouse, where they assembled all the farm workers and women. They
demanded to see the owner, who was having his lunch and refused. The owner's
son went out to speak to them. They demanded extra money in addition to the
gratuities, which had already been paid to the farm workers. They wanted to
know why the farmer was continuing to feed the farm workers. They then
ordered all the farm workers to vacate their houses and leave the farm
within the next two weeks. They attempted to abduct the owner's son, to be
held as a hostage, until their demands were met. After some manhandling, Mr.
Maremo said that they were to take this as a warning, and that they would be
back on Monday to carry out his threats. The Police at Mvurwi have been
Centenary - The area has been relatively quiet over the festive season with
only one report from Kungwa Farm where an incident occurred but was resolved

Karoi : A group of over two hundred people, consisting mainly of ZANU PF
youths, intimidated workers at a Karoi farm, stripped, and assaulted ten
suspected opposition supporters, one seriously. The assaulted workers have
declined to report the incident to the police for fear of retribution.

Beatrice: On Nebo Farmthe labour had been threatened by illegal settlers, if
they didn't attend a meeting to be held later that day. Brakveld 'A' Farm -
10 members of the labour force were beaten up by illegal settlers that
night. Constantia Farm - 6 labourers were beaten up and the remainder
threatened that night.
GENERAL - House/workshop break-ins and general crime on the increase, mainly
due to apathy on behalf of local ZRP
Enterprise\Bromley\Ruwa: No report received
Featherstone: Calais The owner was warned that all dairy cattle must be
moved off farm. The DA was advised and gave the owner a letter, saying
settlers are not to interfere with the dairy or the animals. 10 days later
illegal settlers chased the animals to the neighbouring farm for the owner's
brother to milk. The DA was advised and called a meeting with settlers -
situation still not resolved. Lot 2 Kuruman The owner was told to remove all
cattle from the farm (mainly dairy). PA advised, and told DA to inform the
settlers to leave the cattle alone. DA not being co-operative on this farm.
Situation not resolved. Sable Flats Workers assaulted and told to move out
of houses. Increase in theft of irrigation equipment and fencing, and
poaching and snaring activities increased. Perseverance Farm - Continuous
threats and workers being harassed.
Harare South : Auks Nest - A delegation arrived and told the owner that
everyone had to be off the farm, by 12 noon the following day, and all the
sheds had to be opened. Some illegal settlers arrived the next day, and the
owner was uncooperative.
Macheke Virginia: Marylands 8 Labour seriously assaulted by Illegal
Settlers. The owner was not on the farm at the time, and the clerk attempted
to take the victims to the hospital in the farm truck, but was stopped by
the illegal settlers, who threatened to burn the vehicle if they were taken
to hospital . The owner arrived on the farm, and was able to negotiate for
the labour to be taken to the hospital, and for the Police to take
statements. The DA visited the farm and informed the owner that a cow should
be slaughtered to appease the illegal settlers, and that the Labour should
all attend a party in Murehwa.
Fault Farm - Chief Inspector Dube arrived at Macheke Club to plough and
plant his maize, He asked for a room from the club, which was refused, but
he proceeded to plough up the land surrounding the club.
Springs Farm - RRB 00432 . One cow slaughtered and calf hamstrung. Police
reacted but no suspect caught.
Mignon RRB 00443 Ambush laid to catch the thieves of 60 irrigation
sprinklers, 4 thieves came but no one caught. Matter reported to the Police.
The suspect is known.
Spes Bona - Theft of battery, linked to man who stole pump from Koodoo Range
Thief apprehended.
Chirunji - Neighbour found three Illegal Settlers all armed with guns on the
farm, they said that they were hunting "pigs". Local security company is
following up incident.
Marondera North : A2 settlers have been to inspect allocated plots on
various farms - some
without section 8 Orders. They are in possession of a 99 year lease
agreement signed by Minister Made. There has been a request for an owner to
vacate his homestead for the settlers.
Marondera South:
Nothing to report.
Wedza: HULL - 10 yearling heifers missing - Brand FFF. Markwe - A cow was
caught in a snare on Numwa
Rusfontein - This farm received a Section 8 Order last week - it was
acquired by Government and resettled 6 years ago!!
W.V. Kwaipa allegedly took 3 people to the base camp at Chakadenga, where he
beat them so severely that one died, a further person died on arrival in
hospital, and the third was severely injured. Support Unit arrived and took
Kwaipa away. He arrived back in the area the next day and has been sending
youth around demanding money, in case he has to make a court appearance. He
has also informed labour on several farms that they are not allowed to plant
maize without his permission - i.e. around their houses in the farm
villages, and that they must pull out any maize they have planted by today,
or he will destroy the farm villages. He also told the owner of Chakadenga
that he must remove all his cattle.
Welton - 4 dogs were shot but the poachers got away
Msasa - Illegal settlers, from a neighbouring farm, cut fences to take 2
scotch carts through to Markwe. The Police did react.
Mbima - A DDF tractor arrived on Friday and has been ploughing up a Rhodes
grass pasture.
Merryhill - a cow was slaughtered.
Brickleigh - A letter was received addressed to the owners' son, saying that
this was a final reminder that he was supposed to be off the farm by the end
of October. He now had until the 28th to get off. If he failed to comply, he
must be man enough to face the consequences. The letter was signed by warvet
Sigauke Makukasu.
Norton: - Wilbered Farm report that a neighbouring farmer is cultivating for
the occupiers.  On Tilford a lot of building is taking place, some of which
is of a permanent nature.

Selous: - On Exwick - Wing Commander Mazamban has made further threats
regarding taking over the homestead.  Makoni has tapped in to the water
supply leaving the owner with virtually no water.

Chegutu/Suri-Suri: - On Ardlui Farm two Municipal tipper trucks arrived
loaded with about 40 ZANU (PF) youths, armed with three quarter inch iron
bars etc.  The two farmers were abducted, and subsequently assaulted with
fists, resulting in one of them losing hearing in one ear.  Two of the
foremen were also assaulted.  The farmers and the workers were made to chant
ZANU (PF) slogans etc.  On San Fernando the farmer had a stone catapulted at
him, which cracked his windscreen.

Kadoma/Chakari/Battlefields - On Railway Farm 4 continual harassment has
been taking place for some time, with the owner forced to attend ZANU (PF)
meetings, and to supply beer etc, under serious threats.  He was forced to
give the illegal occupiers a cow for Christmas. They chose the Beefmaster
Bull, valued at approximately $150 000.00, which they shot and ate.  Police
are not prosecuting.  The owner's cattle have become wild, due to continual
harassment by illegal occupiers, and some of them got into unfenced maize,
being grown by illegal occupiers.  The owner had $108 000.00 extorted from
him, which he had to pay under duress.  He was abducted from his house, late
at night, by a militant group of illegal occupiers, armed with knobkerries,
and told to move out of his house the next day.  Illegal occupiers have also
stopped all work on his chicken unit.  Eventually he had to agree to give
the illegal occupiers the 72 cattle remaining on the property.
On Normandy North Illegal occupiers beat up the owner's driver, for
collecting the body of a deceased foreman from the farm village.  The
worker, who was staying in the house, whilst the owner was away for
Christmas, also had the owner's cellphone confiscated by illegal occupiers.
A large deep freeze of meat was stolen, as the owner had to de-stock all his
beef, dairy, and the majority of his sheep, due to rampant stock theft,
which Chief Inspector Makaza did nothing about. When the owner phoned Chief
Inspector Makaza he just laughed.  On Alabama the owner and manager are
being forced to move off all their property, and to hand over the keys to
two of the homesteads.  They are now camping in the third homestead, with
hardly any furniture.  Chief Inspector Makaza is doing nothing to resolve
this situation.  On Hellaby Farm the house was broken into and the owner has
been forced out of his house.  On Kanyemba there is heavy snaring amongst
the cattle with one calf slaughtered recently.  Lots of illegal mining is
also taking place, both on this farm and throughout the Kadoma district.
The Mining Commissioner is unable to control the situation due to no backup
from Police. On Blue Grass the owner has to move all his property off.  On
Mazarati illegal occupiers are still living in the owner's house and there
is little, or no help from Chief Inspector Makaza.

General - Section 8 Orders continue to be served within the area.  A2
resettlement is taking place with ZANU (PF) M.P.'s, one of whom is a Deputy
Minister, as well as highly placed civil servants from the Military, Local
Government, the Police Force, Ministry of Lands etc. moving on to properties
and in quite a few cases wanting to move into the owners home.  On one
property, a ZANU (PF) M.P. gave the manager thirty days to leave the
property, and his wife has measured up for curtains in the house.  A2
settlers are being given thirty days to establish a presence on the property
and being told that they will forfeit it if they do not.  Chegutu District
Administrator has been moving around farms getting the farmers to plough for
the illegal occupiers.  In the current climate of terror, farmers feel it is
unwise not to comply.

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Zim 'terror teens' on warpath

Harare - The ruling Zanu-PF party, through the deployment of war veterans,
has turned several schools in remote rural areas into makeshift military
barracks to train youths to campaign against the opposition in the run-up to
the March presidential election.

The veterans are using sticks as guns in the military drills. The recruits,
some allegedly forced to join the militias, undergo 10-day training

Welshman Ncube, the Movement for Democratic Change secretary-general, said
the schools were mainly concentrated in Gokwe, central Zimbabwe, and many
parts of Mashonaland where-Zanu PF commands huge rural support.

Hundreds of youths from all over the country have been trained at the Border
Gezi national service training school in Mount Darwin. One youth said:
"Every morning, we toyi-toyed for about 30 kilometres. We were taught other
military skills, such as how to handle guns."

On Monday, recent graduates from training centres terrorised western
townships of Harare, smashing windows, looking for food and taking clothing
from washlines in the name of Zanu-PF.

Residents complained that police stood idly by while youths damaged their
property for about two-and-a-half hours.

Police stepped in to protect youths

Armed with sticks, stones and other weapons, they looted grocery shops, flea
markets and vegetable stalls. More than 70 houses were destroyed in the

Initially, the youths had overwhelmed the residents until their victims
ganged up against them, resulting in running battles.

Police stepped in to protect the Zanu-PF youths, now outnumbered by angry

A member of the militia, hiding in a maize patch after looting clothes from
one house, was assaulted by the residents when he tried to rejoin his
retreating colleagues.

A woman, who lost her New Year shopping, complained: "The police are
abetting the violence. How else could anyone explain their behaviour when
they are supposed to protect us from these villains?"

The youths were brought in from outlying villages in five hired buses to a
so-called war veterans' base outside Harare from where they launched their

Living in dread before March elections

Learnmore Jongwe, the MP for Kuwadzana, said: "It has become apparent that
this so-called national youth service is, in fact, a Zanu-PF party service
where murderers were being trained."

The youths are ostensibly recruited for national service but, in their
now-familiar green uniform, are reported to have unleashed a wave of terror
against MDC members.

The Gokwe training programme appears to have a similar objective.

New recruits are forcing people to join them in toyi-toyi sessions where
Zanu-PF slogans are chanted.

In urban centres, many Zimbabweans are dreading the remaining 90 days before
the presidential election.

They fear an upsurge of violence and bloodshed before and immediately after
Robert Mugabe and Morgan Tsvangirai square up against each other in March.
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Zim Independent

Violence spreads to Ruwa, Chinhoyi

Staff Writers.
POLITICAL violence has been given further impetus following the unleashing
of the Zanu PF-sponsored National Youth Service brigade, with roving members
creating mayhem in Harare, Ruwa and Chinhoyi this week.

The brigade has been on a reign of terror since its members graduated a
month ago from the Border Gezi training camp in Mt Darwin.

Most of the violence has been targeted at members of the opposition Movement
for Democratic Change (MDC) and the unsuspecting public.
Last Saturday, five members of the MDC reportedly went missing in Bindura
following an attack by suspected members of the brigade.

The MDC’s information and publicity secretary, Learnmore Jongwe, confirmed
the attack yesterday and said among those missing was a well-known party
cadre, Moffat Chivaura.

Chivaura had accompanied relatives to a Bindura cemetery to perform family
rites at the grave of the late Trymore Midzi, an MDC member who was murdered
by suspected Zanu PF thugs, including brigade members, before Christmas.
Chivaura was attacked by the same mob.

“All the family members managed to escape except Chivaura who is in his
early 50s. The incident was reported to Bindura’s Chiwaridzo police station
and up to now he hasn’t been found,” said Jongwe.

On Monday, members of the brigade went on the rampage in Harare’s Kuwadzana
Extension, destroying property worth hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Brigade members went on the rampage again in Ruwa on Wed-nesday
indiscriminately beating up residents for allegedly supporting the MDC.

Eye-witness accounts say one man was so severely assaulted he had to be
taken to Parirenyatwa Hospital for treatment. A Ruwa police officer who was
in civilian clothes was caught up in the attack and severely assaulted. At
Ruwa Rehabilitation Centre, the brigade allegedly assaulted a pregnant

According to unconfirmed reports, the youths also assaulted guests at a
wedding party at the Centre’s hall after being denied free beer.
Police spokesperson Wayne Bvudzijena who promised to investigate the matter
had not replied by yesterday evening.

Reports from Chinhoyi say there have been disturbances there since Tuesday.
National Youth Service brigade members have raided shops, looted property
and distributed it to people at random.

In some cases, the youths, with the assistance of war veterans, allegedly
ended up selling the looted goods and pocketing the money.
Big retail stores such as OK and TM also fell victim to looting by the

The Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions has condemned the attacks on innocent

In a statement yesterday it said it strongly condemned “harassment and
beatings of ordinary citizens which are being allegedly perpetrated by gangs
of youths”.

“It is of great concern,” the ZCTU said, “that the law enforcement agents
are not doing enough to quell this violence...In cases where the police have
acted, it seems the law is applied selectively."

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Zim Independent

CIO harass food aid workers

Blessing Zulu
MEMBERS of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) are stalking food aid
distributors in rural areas in violation of a memorandum of understanding
signed between the government and the World Food Programme, the Zimbabwe
Independent has established.

Some of those involved in the relief effort in Muzarabani say there have
been attempts to intimidate them. This is seen as reflecting official
concern that food aid could be used to enhance the prospects of Movement for
Democratic Change presidential candidate Morgan Tsvangirai.

The World Food Programme (WFP) has stressed that famine relief should not be
hijacked by any party.

United Nations Development Programme resident representative in Zimbabwe,
Victor Angelo, said the government was only expected to provide security to
those engaged in relief work.

“The government, according to our agreement, is expected to provide our
members with security
to facilitate their work and intimidation would be a sad development,” he
said on Wednesday.

Aid agency workers in the Lower Gweru area have been approached and quizzed
by men they were able to identify as CIO operatives. There have also been
reports of intimidation from Matabeleland.
Another UN official who refused to be named described the move as

“The government of Zimbabwe is now notorious for breaking promises. We
thought it would end with the Abuja Agreement but now they are reneging on
the agreement we made (on food supplies). This is a very unfortunate
development that must be condemned in any democratic country,” the official

The WFP has taken steps to ensure the food distribution exercise is

“As the operation takes place during the run-up to the presidential election
and related political campaigning, strong monitoring of all commodity
and distribution is critical to ensure the food is not being misused,” the
WFP said in a recent report.

A member of an NGO distributing food in Mashonaland Central said he feared
for his life as members of the CIO always trailed him.

“They know very well that we give aid to the needy yet they come to us
Nicodemously and ask us what criteria we are using. We cannot carry out our
job with this interference as we are closely monitored. It’s a risky
business taking into cognisance that areas like Muzarabani are volatile,”
said the official who declined to be named for fear of victimisation.

Hans Sittig, the co-coordinator of non-governmental organisation Help, said
they lost millions of dollars in Chimanimani after being accused of
campaigning for the opposition last year.

“We lost US$29 000 worth of food after being accused of campaigning for the
MDC,” Sittig said. “The CIO operatives claimed that we were distributing MDC
T-shirts and cards. That was hogwash because we use our own Help T-shirts.
We were also working with the local authorities in distributing food to the
needy and the accusation took us by surprise.”

Sittig said the police did not help matters when called to assist.
“They actually arrested nine of our members although the perpetrators were
known so-called war veterans,” said Sittig.

He was questioned by the police in September when he went to Matabeleland to
assess the food situation there.
The government recently reversed its stance against NGOs taking part in food
relief. But it remains suspicious of donors.

The WFP has named the following NGOs as potential food distributors: World
Vision, Care, Save the Children (UK), Oxfam, Organisation of Rural
Associations for Progress, Farmers Community, CRS, MSF/Spain, Christian
Health Care, and Catholics for Overseas Development (Cafod).

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Zim Independent

Invaders cause havoc on unlisted farm

Abeauty Mangezi
GOVERNMENT’S chaotic land resettlement programme has on one farm in
Raffingora displaced 102 farm workers — replacing them with 31 settlers —
and disrupted a viable ostrich enterprise which earns the country US$20
million in foreign currency annually.

Junction Farm owner Scott Brown told the Zimbabwe Independent that although
he was in full support of the principle of land resettlement and
redistribution, he did not support the chaotic and illegal manner in which
the process was being carried out.

Junction Farm, according to Brown, is unlisted and does not meet any of the
government’s own criteria for resettlement. Despite assurances from
government that settlers would be moved to listed farms, illegal occupiers
abound at the farm. Their presence had disrupted the planting of paprika,
maize and soya beans.

“The farm has become seriously under-utilised — one of the ills the
government was trying to correct. The settlers have not yet prepared any
land or planted any crops to this date,” Brown said.

There are 31 invaders who have displaced the 102 workers and their families
which the farm was supporting. The arrival of the invaders’ cattle, goats,
dogs, donkeys and chickens had seriously affected the ostrich enterprise.
Zimbabwe and international law (especially EU regulations) prohibit poultry
on an ostrich farm.

Junction Farm was illegally resettled on August 6 last year and then pegged
by Agritex officials on August 10. It should have been evacuated under the
terms set out in the Abuja accord, Brown says.
The accord had, among other points, agreed there would be no further
invasions of farmland and an acceleration of delisting of farms that did not
meet the set criteria. Brown said he was the victim of a procedural error.

“The farm listed on Friday, 14 December was ‘Junction Farm’ and this was the
half owned by our neighbour, Nick Arkell who also owns Buwi Farm,” he said.

The original farm was divided many years before Brown bought it and his half
is still not listed — “although the government would believe they have”, he

Brown said he was of the opinion that if the government was serious about
land reform, the quickest way to achieve this would be to implement the rule
of law transparently and fairly for all citizens.

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The Herald

Blood bank reaches critical levels

Health Reporter
THE national blood bank has reached critical levels with only 295 units left
instead of the required minimum of 2 500.

The National Blood Trans-fusion Services (NBTS) yesterday said the situation
was desperate as there were only 19 units of group O blood, which has the
largest demand.

Just before Christmas, there were 679 units of blood in the national blood
bank and these were almost depleted by the bloody Christmas, which saw 80
people perish in road accidents and 224 others seriously injured.

"During the school holidays we have always depended on our adult donors, but
with the high demand of blood and blood products it appears donations from
this category are insufficient.

"Our call is, therefore, going to the regular donors who are due for
donation to please visit the various NBTS centres to give blood," said NBTS
spokes-man Mr Emmanuel Masvikeni.

Zimbabweans are no longer as enthusiastic as they used to be in donating
blood, especially with the rising HIV and Aids prevalence in the country
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Zimbabwe opposition warns violence may lead to war

HARARE, Jan. 4 — Zimbabwe's main opposition leader on Friday accused
President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF party of driving the country
towards a civil war by deploying ''shock troops'' to lead a violent
re-election campaign.
Morgan Tsvangirai, head of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), accused
ZANU-PF of using a militia trained under the guise of a national youth
training service to terrorise the opposition ahead of presidential elections
in March.
       Tsvangirai, who poses the biggest challenge to Mugabe since the
77-year-old former guerrilla leader came to power in 1980, said four MDC
members had been killed by ''ZANU-PF shock troops'' in the last 10 days.
       ''Zimbabwe is teetering on the brink of a low intensity civil war
owing to the activities of the ZANU-PF government-sponsored militias,'' he
said in a statement.
       ''The militias have been involved in wanton beating of innocent
people and the destruction of homes in both rural and urban areas,''
Tsvangirai said, responding to newspaper reports on the activities of the
new youth brigades.
       ZANU-PF has denied that is mounting a campaign to intimidate voters
and the opposition ahead of the polls.
       Tsvangirai said the youth brigades were tarnishing the image of
Zimbabwe's security forces by sometimes wearing army and police uniforms.
       He said their activities were ''a serious violation of human rights
and if the government fails to heed our calls we will have no option but to
appeal to the International Court of Justice in The Hague.''
       On Monday, the MDC said ZANU-PF militants went on a ''terror run'' in
two Harare townships, assaulting and harassing residents as part of Mugabe's
re-election campaign.

       During the week the MDC also alleged that ZANU-PF was deploying some
of its militants dressed in MDC T-shirts to give the impression the
opposition was also involved in violence. ZANU-PF denied the charge.
       Mugabe, who will be 78 next month, has been in power since the former
Rhodesia gained independence from Britain in 1980.
       Political analysts say he has a tough task retaining power in a
country hit by a severe economic and political crisis blamed on government
       Mugabe -- who calls the MDC a front for Western interests -- says he
will win the elections on his record as a liberation fighter and defender of
the rights of Zimbabwe's black majority.
       The Zimbabwean leader has said his re-election effort will be run
like a military campaign -- which critics say shows the party will be
stepping up political violence.
       The MDC says the recent killing of its four members has brought to 87
the number of opposition activists and supporters killed since February

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Zim Independent

Independent Comment

AS just about every observer noted in their end-of-year reports on Zimbabwe,
one of the chief casualties of President Mugabe’s land occupations has been
self-sufficiency in food production. Despite predictions of a bountiful
harvest by government spokesmen, the facts on the ground speak for
themselves: Zimbabwe is having to go cap in hand to the United Nations and
other international agencies for food aid. Crop production will be down at
least 40% this year while 3 000 firms that rely on the agricultural sector
face closure, according to reports.

So in addition to the tens of thousands of farm workers dispossessed we can
expect thousands more to be laid off in downstream sectors.
This will not only impact on companies that supply seeds, chemicals and
fertilisers. Firms involved in manufacturing and supply of finished products
to the agricultural sector will also be hit. The ripple effects throughout
the economy will compound GDP contraction.

This is a stark prospect for the New Year. But the picture gets bleaker. In
the place of a sophisticated agricultural system involving tractors, combine
harvesters, irrigation systems and new seed varieties, a system that fed the
nation while at the same time earning valuable forex from exports, the
country has been reduced to a patchwork of plots, many unable to produce
more than a fraction of the output realised only a year ago.

Over a century of progress in agricultural science and development has been
cast to the wind together with advanced conservation techniques that
protected wildlife and woodland.

The social impact of the mass dispossessions of farm workers will be felt in
urban drift and social destitution. While the human and economic costs will
be enormous, there is also the political price to consider: the steady
erosion of Zimbabwe’s democratic façade.

While a Supreme Court packed by government sympathisers appears willing to
lend a semblance of legitimacy to violent land seizures by turning a blind
eye to wilful disobedience of previous court orders by police and other
officials, not to mention serious criminal offences by land invaders, the
rest of the world will be less indulgent.

Terrorising and then dispossessing law-abiding citizens whose only offence
was to exercise their constitutional rights of appeal through the courts is
not recognised in many other countries as a lawful or legitimate pursuit of
government. Then there is the raft of laws that propose to roll back the
democratic gains of the previous decade including rights to expression and

The perception of Zimbabwe as a rogue state that tailors the law to its
latest electoral needs is not confined to the international media as Sadc
ministers and South Africa’s ANC conveniently choose to believe. A death
toll of over 85, numerous cases of abductions, beatings and torture of
perceived opposition supporters, and brutal depredations on farms by
government-funded militias are not the invention of the media. They are
realities many Zimbabweans experience on a daily basis. By conniving with
Zanu PF in its media conspiracy theories, foreign well-wishers have become
part of the problem.

How can those genuinely concerned about Zimbabwe’s fate assist? Firstly, the
lesson from Zambia is that election observers need to be in place at least a
month before the election to ensure preparations are transparent and
procedural, not opaque and arbitrary as has been the case to date here. The
24 000 NGO monitors who played a key role last year in spotting suspicious
ballot boxes being brought in to centres and other irregularities will not
be present this year as a result of new regulations. Instead civil servants
will be appointed by the Electoral Supervisory Commission to monitor the

The ESC and Registrar-General’s office are manifestly not up to the task
ahead of them, largely because they have difficulties understanding the word
“independent” and because they are starved of funds by government. They need
all the help they can get despite misplaced assertions of their ability to

But just as Zanu PF is moving into top gear ahead of the March poll, so
civil society should be preparing now to blow the whistle on a mismanaged
election. There is nothing to prevent them exercising their constitutional
right to observe and comment on the process as it unfolds, drawing attention
to anomalies and documenting political coercion.

The new president of Zambia lacks legitimacy because he is the product of a
flawed election in which, according to the European Union, there were
“glaring irregularities”. We can understand how such allegations might
infuriate those on both sides of the Zambezi attempting to procure their own
return. But to repeat such a botched exercise here would promote instability
and further damage the region’s reputation.

That should be made clear to Sadc before it attempts another of its
cover-ups. What we need is a clear enunciation of those principles for
democratic elections laid down by the Sadc parliamentary forum in March last
year. Organisations that cannot enforce their own standards are rightly
denied the respect they seek.

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Zim Independent


THE government, it seems, is having to do some nimble footwork to reverse
the impression given by Jonathan Moyo that it is completely ignorant of how
the South African media is structured.

Moyo told foreign correspondents just before Christmas that South Africa’s
newspapers, allegedly intent upon demonising President Mugabe, were all
staffed by ex-Rhodesians. He cited the Sunday Times, among others, as part
of the “apartheid press” and referred by name to SABC executive Chris Bishop
as an example of “ex-Rhodesian” editors at work in South African newsrooms.

Now Stan Mudenge has moved to clarify the picture. Last Saturday and on
Monday the Herald was obliged to carry stories which, while certainly more
accurate than Moyo’s clumsy remarks, were still less than honest. The spin
now is that the South African press is British-owned.

For instance, the Herald on Saturday quoted Mudenge as saying Pearson plc
“own and publish Business Day and the Financial Mail”. The impression given
was that they wholly owned these publications.
On Monday his statement had been revised to read: “The British media group
Pearson plc, in partnership with Johnnic, a consortium of black
entrepreneurs chaired by former ANC secretary-general Cyril Ramaphosa, are
owners and publishers of two leading South African financial papers,
Business Day and the Financial Mail.”

From this factual step back, Mudenge took a giant leap forward: “The British
own 90% of the South African English press,” he claimed. And then, in
apparent reference to Moyo’s generalisations, he went on: “It’s not just
about a few apartheid guys and Rhode-sians managing the papers but they are
in fact owned by the British who control and determine the editorial
contents of the papers.”

He referred to the Scott Trust which owns the Guardian Media Group, owners
of 87% of the Mail & Guardian. But he made no mention of the safeguards the
trust provides against proprietorial intervention in the editorial policy of

its newspapers. Nor did he mention South Africa’s largest circu- lation
paper, the Sunday Times, wholly owned by Johnnic, which Moyo had named as
central to his apartheid/Rhodesian conspiracy theory. As neither the owners
nor editor of the paper are white, this might have proved difficult to
sustain and Mudenge wisely thought better of it!

But Mudenge did once again hold aloft his key piece of evidence of British
machinations: the Westminster Foundation. And to what extent had this
sinister organisation penetrated Zimbabwe’s media scene? The grand sum of £4
000 had been given to a magazine called Megabuck, it seems, and a further
£20 000 to the Daily News. These modest amounts were taken by Mudenge to
mean the British were “pouring” money into the independent media. But £20
000 is of course rather less than the £1 million Tiny Rowland gave Zanu PF!

At the centre of the conspiracy is baked beans magnate, Sir Anthony (Tony) O
’Reilly who, it will be recalled, used to host President Mugabe at his Irish
castle. That relationship soured when O’Reilly transferred his affections to
Nelson Mandela. While O’Reilly’s Independent Group owns papers in Britain
and Ireland, it also owns the Independent chain in South Africa which used
to be the Argus Group in which Anglo American were significant stakeholders.

It is true, as the Herald report suggests, that South African journalists
accuse Independent papers of spinelessness in their dealings with the ANC
government, although it is difficult to understand why the Herald — and
particularly Lovemore Mataire whose byline appears on the piece — would
regard spinelessness as an offence!

Mudenge didn’t say why it was okay for the Zanu PF government to take up the
Argus shares in what is now Zimpapers in 1980 but not okay for O’Reilly to
do the same in South Africa in 1994. Although O’Reilly might have accepted a
British knighthood, he remains very much an Irish nationalist at heart and
many observers may have suppressed a chuckle at Mudenge’s attempt to situate
the buccaneering Irishman at the centre of a British imperialist cons-
piracy. Only in Zimbabwe would a minister — with the help of gullible
reporters — get away with such nonsense!

As for Mudenge’s accusation that the British connection explains why the
South African media is so “rabidly anti-Zimbabwe” and trying to “make the
government of the day unpopular”, there is no explanation as to why
black-owned and government-owned media in South Africa seem to be of the
same view about the Mugabe regime!

As the South African Editors Forum chair Mathatha Tsedu said in response to
Moyo’s recent vituperations, if the Zimbabwe government wants to clean up
its image it should first look at what it is doing to the country.

This whole episode of press-bashing appears to have been sparked by a report
in the Sunday Times of troop deployments in Matabeleland. At his press
conference with foreign correspondents Moyo denied that John Nkomo had
commented on the issue despite news agency reports quoting the minister that
were picked up by a number of media organisations. There was “no way” Nkomo
could have commented on such deployments because he was not Defence
minister, Moyo implausibly argued.

This is all very revealing. First of all there was no point denying remarks
made by another minister when reports of those remarks were carried in all
the media and have not been disputed by the minister concerned. Just because
the remarks proved embarrassing in terms of Zimbabwe’s claims to be
conducting a free and fair poll doesn’t make them inadmissible.

But even more disingenuous were Moyo’s comments on the structure of the
South African media. Having lived and worked for some years in Joha-nnesburg
Moyo knows perfectly well the Sunday Times is owned by black empowerment
group, Johnnic. It even carries the Johnnic logo on its masthead.

As for Chris Bishop, cited by Moyo as an example of ex-Rhodesian editorial
control, he first came to Zimbabwe in the mid-1990s. He then went to South
Africa at the end of the decade to take up a SABC post. From there he headed
Botswana Television for a while before returning to the SABC. He has never
been a Rhodesian or ex-Rhodesian.
Moyo is probably thinking of John Bishop who was a BSAP officer before
joining RBC and then moving to South Africa in the late 1970s where he
joined the SABC, retiring in 1994.

This is not the first time Moyo has got his facts wrong. We recall the
casual way he told everyone that our assistant editor Joram Nyathi had been
involved at the Financial Gazette in the 1970s.
Moyo cannot plead ignorance in this case. He knows who owns what newspapers
in South Africa and who their editors are. So why does he make such
misleading comments? Because that is what pleases Mugabe.

In order to satisfy his master’s increasingly untenable position, Moyo is
obliged to tell stories he knows to be untrue.

There is a funny ending to this story. When Moyo had finished ranting and
raving about the apartheid press and the assembled foreign correspondents
were preparing to leave Munhumutapa Building, the minister approached one of
Agence France Presse’s correspondents here, an American, and promised that
next time he would have his remarks translated into French so the AFP
correspondent could understand him better!

Why is President Mugabe writing stories under a nom de plume in the Herald?
In last Friday’s edition the paper carried a picture of the president on its
opinion page. But it was bylined “Tim Chigodo”. The story, “MDC unleashes
its hooligans”, was clearly inspired by the person who describes himself on
the Zanu PF website as a “script-writer”. And it evidently reflects the
president’s thinking with the now-customary childish accusations that the
MDC is employing violence in a vain attempt to stop the land exercise.

“In an effort to please its British and American backers the opposition has
engaged in dirty and deplorable acts to discredit the programme which has
economically empowered the landless majority,” the article claimed.

So we must conclude it was an authentic piece of propaganda rather than
journalism. After all, who, other than Zanu PF’s myopic leadership, could
claim landless peasants have been “empowered” when they have not been given
the means to produce food and chefs have anyway been given the best land?
And who in their right mind would accuse the MDC of “employing violence” in
the same week that four MDC supporters were murdered by Zanu PF thugs who
act with impunity?
No real journalist would write such things. They are obviously the product
of Zanu PF’s deceitful publicity department. But why publish a picture of
the president and call him “Tim Chigodo”? We don’t get it.

The Independent on December 21 carried a story about chefs taking prime
farms under the model A2 commercial settlement scheme. South Africa’s Sunday
Independent picked up the story virtually verbatim two days later. And the
Daily News published the details last Thursday, quoting the Sunday
Independent. Despite this curious circuitry we are pleased the news is
getting out.

What Zanu PF has been billing as a “land to the people” exercise with over
100 000 beneficiaries is evidently a “land to some people first” scheme.
Despite evidence that opposition personalities and other non-Zanu PF
individuals are among the beneficiaries, the Minister of Lands uses his
discretion in awarding farms under the A2 scheme. This means it remains an
entirely partisan process open to abuse.

As a government spokesman so disarmingly put it: “Any liberation war veteran
is guaranteed land under this arrangement...It does not matter whether he is
a retired army general, a party functionary or police commissioner.” Nor
does it matter, it seems, if he has no idea how to farm!

This needs to be brought to the attention of the gullible Sadc ministers who
said how pleased they were that land reform was now being carried out
legally and that the country was returning to “normality”.

We had another example of “normality” on December 18 when a group of Zanu PF
supporters descended on the Chegutu mayoral offices. They ordered the
workers out and locked the doors. They said they would only reopen them when
the recently elected mayor, Francis Dhlakama, had quit.

Dhlakama then contacted the officer-in-charge of the Chegutu ZRP, Paul
Chinakidzwa, who said there was nothing he could do. His hands were tied, he

Here is a case of ruling-party supporters taking the law into their own
hands in an effort to thwart a democratic outcome. Instead of upholding the
law the police admitted they were unable to act because it was a political

What could be more symptomatic of Zimbabwe’s descent into anarchy? Those
Sadc ministers who short-changed the people of this country in the interests
of political solidarity during their visit last month need to be acquainted
with how the government interpreted their message of support.

The ministers praised the Zimbabwe authorities for “ensuring acts of
violence were dealt with in accordance with the rule of law, irrespective of
the political affiliation of the alleged perpe- trators”.

“It would be difficult to imagine a more discreditable statement being made
on the Zimbabwean situation,” political analyst, Brian Raftopoulos, has

We agree. By colluding with Stan Mudenge and putting out a deceitful
communiqué, Sadc ministers now need to be held accountable for aiding and
abetting lawlessness.

We are not usually sympathetic to the pretensions of Registrar-General
Tobaiwa Mudede whose service record has been less than distinguished. But
his reply to the silly conspiracy theories of the Sunday Mail’s Munyaradzi
Huni were well worth a read last weekend.
Huni, whose sole function at the Mail is evidently to write dictated stories
aimed at rubbishing the MDC, claimed the RG’s office issued MDC officials
with blank passports. Mudede flatly denied the report.

“When issuing a passport the department does not look at a person’s colour,
creed, religion, or political affiliation,” he said. “The Zimbabwean
passport is issued to citizens and all applications are processed on the
same basis. We are legally duty-bound to issue
a passport to a citizen of Zimbabwe on receipt of his/her appli- cation.
Issuance of a passport can only be withheld for security reasons on the
recommendation of the police, chief immigration officer, law courts or any
other informant.”

While we are not entirely happy with the reference to “any other informant”
or the claim that everybody is treated the same when some passports are of
shorter validity than others, this nevertheless represents a useful
statement of policy and is a significant departure from Mudede’s previous
position that a passport was a privilege, not a right.

But he didn’t stop there. In taking apart Huni’s story, Mudede included this
telling comment: “Munyaradzi Huni has dramatised the issue for reasons best
known to himself. He does not even know our passport issuing office and

Not satisfied with that scathing put-down, Mudede added this sting in the
tail: “Huni mentioned to the Deputy Registrar-General on the phone that he
was under pressure to publish the story. Perhaps he can state to the public
who pressured him to this extent.”

The answer to that must be evident to all. Not even its closest admirers
would accuse the Sunday Mail of being anything other than a Zanu PF
mouthpiece. Here we have further evidence of an ongoing row between the
politicians around the president, keen to use and abuse the RG’s office as
part of their “total war” electoral strategy, and a public office holder
increasingly aware that there may be life after Mugabe, publicly rebutting
partisan disinformation being put out in the government press about his
office. Mudede made sure his reply was published by sending it to other

We have already seen spats in Chegutu between Zanu PF and officials of the
RG’s office over the voters’ roll. But replying to the Sunday Mail’s
attempts to implicate the RG’s office in supporting the MDC, Mudede had this
to say: “Looking at the manner and the covert intention of the author of
this article, it is our strong belief that he is pretending to be an
innocent person in this plot. We believe that it is not the voters’ rolls
that are in the pocket of the MDC but Munyaradzi Huni himself and the person
behind his authorship.”
What on earth can he mean: that Jonathan Moyo is the MDC’s biggest
vote-winner? That’s certainly what most people think.

Is there anybody left who still thinks the government was sincere in its
tribute to Joshua Nkomo after the events of last week? If so, why name a
shabby second-rate airport after him? Why not name the country’s main
airport after him? Wouldn’t that have been a fitting tribute?

It is extraordinary how far Joseph Msika, Dumiso Dabengwa and Sikhanyiso
Ndlovu are prepared to go in accepting a second- class honour for the
country’s founding father. In doing so they have demonstrated they have
learnt nothing about what people in Bulawayo feel about the hollow unity
accord and their demeaning role in keeping it alive.

Few Zimbabweans will be sorry to see the departure of Palestinian ambassador
Ali Halimeh. At every opportunity he had unprofessionally confused his role
with that of a cheerleader for Zanu PF. He was at it again last Thursday at
his farewell dinner where he expressed support for President Mugabe’s stance
on land redistribution and said under a true democracy people should be
given an opportunity to decide their destiny in line with their own culture
and priorities.
This comes from the representative of a state that has never held a single
election. And supposing the ruling party in any state establishes a culture
of violence and intimidation because it is scared of losing? What are the
people to do then Cde Halimeh? You didn’t say.

Criticising the international media, he said: “No one has a right to promote
your image but yourselves. Nobody has a right to tell you what to do.”

But, again, he didn’t define “yourselves”. He meant of course the regime he
has so assiduously supported all these years. Now at last he has called it a
day. But in placing the state of Palestine squarely on the side of Zanu PF
he has done his government a disservice.

We should not be too harsh. For many years Halimeh had refused to return to
Palestine, making Zimbabwe his permanent home. Perhaps in abandoning
President Mugabe’s sinking ship he is sending a signal. But we shall only
really know how bad things are when Mengistu is spotted boarding a plane
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Zim Independent

National cattle herd down by over 45%

Augustine Mukaro
ZIMBABWE is bracing itself for serious beef shortages this year amid a
dramatic decline in the national herd due to the farm invasions spearheaded
by Zanu PF mobs and so-called war veterans, forcing farmers to embark on
accelerated destocking.

The beef herd has experienced a record decline of 45% in the commercial
breeding sector over the past year, a situation described by the Commercial
Farmers Union (CFU) as “catastrophic”.

Recent figures from the Central Statistical Office show a disturbing trend.

Females bulled in the 12 months to March 31 1999, 2000 and 2001 are 508 000,
436 000 and 378 000 respectively. In the September CSO survey, bulling
intentions for the period up to March 2002 declined to 282 000 head.

The commercial herd normally supplies up to 80% of exportable beef, which
potentially earns Zimbabwe foreign currency of up to US$60 million per

In a statement to the Zimbabwe Independent, the CFU said the commercial beef
industry was under siege.

“To say that the commercial beef industry in Zimbabwe, like agriculture in
general, is under siege is an understatement.
“This is nothing short of catastrophic because, unlike crop or chicken
production, cattle breeding/production is a long-term business,” the CFU

The Cattle Producers Association said it was extremely concerned at the
ongoing destocking taking place on commercial farms.

“Reasons for this level of destocking are clear. Prior to the land
invasions, poor viability was a major factor — and still is. The growth of
the parallel market for foreign exchange has led to soaring costs of
production without a matching increase in beef producer prices,” the CPA

It said the onset of farm invasions in February 2000 and the subsequent
gazetting of 85% of the land owned by CFU members caused an escalation in
destocking as a result of direct intimidation and extreme uncertainty.

Since mid-2001, a number of events have exacerbated the pressure on
commercial farmers to destock, the CFU said.

In August the outbreak of the foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) caused the
immediate suspension of beef exports. This created marketing problems and
impacted negatively on viability. Although the FMD situation was relatively
contained, thanks to the Department of Veterinary Services, the continued
illegal movement of cattle related to farm occupations remained a threat.

The CFU said in October, the introduction of price controls on so-called
basic commodities such as beef interfered with the market. At the end of the
day, commodities could not be sold for less than they cost to produce.

The gazetting of Statutory Instrument 338 in November and the ministerial
statement that maximum farm size regulations would be enforced on the few
commercial farms that remained unlisted for acquisition had introduced
additional pressure on cattle producers.
Amidst all the doom and gloom surrounding the beef industry, one positive
development was the resumption of beef exports in December to South Africa,
the CFU said.

“Potential markets in Libya and Malaysia are also in the development stage
and could become a reality soon. It is important to note however, that any
export market prepared to pay for our beef requires veterinary standards to
be maintained and industry therefore needs to have greater discipline than
has been evident of late,” the CFU said.

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Zim Independent

Govt sets up land-grab command centre

Forward Maisokwadzo
GOVERNMENT has set up a command centre in the capital to spearhead the
widely-condemned fast-track land grab, it has been learnt.

The centre, which falls under the President’s Office, is being manned by
officials from the Ministry of Lands and Agriculture and experts on the
sector drawn from other line ministries.

It will be housed at the defunct Production Services Unit which used to fall
under the Ministry of Information and Publicity.

Those reporting to the centre will include officials from the Department of
Veterinary Services, Agritex and the tsetse control department, among

A visit to the site by the Zimbabwe Independent this week revealed that
refurbishment work was underway and government workers were busy
partitioning the offices.

Sources in the Ministry of Agriculture said equipment such as computers had
already been sourced and the cash-strapped government had set aside millions
of dollars to finance the centre.

“Anything to do with land redistribution and acquisition will be captured at
the centre, and this includes all the logistics and dissemination of
information,” said a government source.

“The major aim to establish the centre is to give an impetus to the land
redistribution exercise.”

Zimbabwe’s economy has worsened dramatically since pro-government militants
began invading commercial farms in February 2000 in support of President
Mugabe’s campaign to punish perceived political opponents.

The country now faces serious food shortages due to reduced agricultural
output resulting from the invasions.

Critics blame Zimbabwe’s economic crisis on government’s ill-conceived and
arbitrary land seizures but Mugabe has accused local whites and western
governments opposed to his controversial land programme of sabotaging the

The costs of the command centre and the identity of its director could not
be established yesterday but its budget will be drawn from the Ministry of

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December Inflation Rate Expected To Hit 109%

Zimbabwe Independent (Harare)

January 4, 2002
Posted to the web January 4, 2002

Godfrey Marawanyika

THE country's inflation rate, which has soared to dizzy heights of triple
digit figures, is expected to hit 109% for the month of December.

November inflation is at 103,08%. Zimbabwe's soaring inflation rate has been
a major problem, stifling economic growth and development. For almost four
years this was mainly due to continued expenditure overruns by the

Even the price controls, which were effected by the government during the
third quarter of the year, might fail to curtail the run-away inflation
rate, mainly due to the failure by the Central Statistical Office to
effectively assess where consumers were purchasing commodities.

Since the introduction of price controls, a thriving black market of all the
basic commodities has emerged where the goods are being sold over and above
the gazetted prices. This has been compounded by the steady growth of money
supply with no expectations of interest rates going down.

Economist John Robertson said inflation might reach 109%. "I forecast that
it might reach between 108%-109%, because the price controls have only hit
about 30% of various sectors," Robertson said. "The rise in inflation is
expected to reach these high figures in direct response to President
Mugabe's speech in Victoria Falls that government was going to widen the
price controls base."

He said technically, this would not work, citing for example the issue of
school fees at boarding schools.

"Even if the government says they are introducing controls, boarding schools
will definitely not agree to that because they will only be able to afford
one meal a day if they peg the fees at last year's levels," he said.

"The inflationary pressures from the previous year are still there so
prospects of inflation going downwards are almost non-existent."

Another analyst said inflation might reach 109% due to the government's
over-reliance on domestic funding.

"Inflationary pressures are still there as government is relying on domestic
funding in the absence of international financiers," said the analyst.

The analyst said the re-introduction of the price controls would see
inflation going up.

The central bank has since August been trying to tame the inflation bug by
maintaining a tight monetary policy characterised by high positive real
interest rates of more than 10%.

CSC seeks new markets in Asia

Stanley James

A delegation from Asian and Middle East countries is expected in the country
during the first quarter of the year to finalise a deal with the
cash-strapped Cold Storage Company (CSC) on beef exports to that region.

The delegation will comprise ministers of trade and commerce from Malaysia,
Indonesia and the United Arab Emirates among others.

Negotiations will centre on the CSC gaining markets into various countries
within that region.

CSC acting marketing director Isaiah Machingura confirmed this week they
were expecting the delegation during the first quarter of the year.

He did not specify the expected levels of exports to the region saying these
were still being worked out.

The CSC's export market base has been severely affected by the suspension of
beef exports to the European Union market.

The situation has created uncertainity about the viability of the beef
industry which has been prejudiced of millions of dollars in profits since
August 2001, when the self-imposed suspension came into effect.

The commercialised CSC also intends to tap other markets in North Africa.

Machingura said the suspension of beef exports was likely to be lifted
during the course of the year following negotiations between industry
stakeholders and EU officials.

"There are indications that the suspension of the beef exports to the EU
will be lifted soon," said Machingura.

He said that the company still continued to supply beef to South Africa
under an agreement which was sealed between the two governments a few years

Tourism revenue monitoring enhanced

Godfrey Marawanyika

THE Tourism Revenue Form (TR1), which will result in intensified monitoring
of foreign currency movements within the tourism sector became operational
on Wednesday, a month after the initial proposed launch.

The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ), in conjunction with the Zimbabwe Tourism
Authority (ZTA), have put in place the new monitoring mechanism as a
stop-gap measure to avoid leakages within the sector.

Initially the forms were supposed to be operational from December 1, but due
to complications and the non-availability of a clear set of guidelines, this
was delayed by a further 30 days.

The document was also delayed for public disbursement due to the
non-availability of quality printing ink and to allow for consultations with
concerned parties.

Central bank officials said both the RBZ and the ZTA would meet the costs of
printing the forms.

Although the tourism sector is the third highest contributor towards the
country's gross domestic product after agriculture and mining, the
government has on several occasions complained of forex leakages in the

The introduction of the TR1 form will facilitate the recognition of the
tourism industry as an export industry for export incentives purposes,
enhance data collection and simplify the foreign exchange generation by the
industry for balance of payment purposes.

The TR1 form ensures that the ministers of Finance and Economic Development
and Environment and Tourism assess tourism sector earnings.

"The ministers of Finance and Economic Development and Environment and
Tourism quantify the tourism sector contribution towards national foreign
currency earnings in order to determine appropriate policies and incentives
for the sector," reads the TR1 form.

The central bank and ZTA said once the form was introduced it would
facilitate the tourism industry being an export industry.

Some of the tourism sectors that are covered by the act include
boats/houseboats, boatels, hotels, hostels, inns, lodges, motels,
self-catering accommodation, camps, farmhouses and caravan/camping parking

Tour operators who provide hunting or fishing safaris for tourists,
photographic tours, special interest tours - including for historical,
scientific or botanical purposes - and sight-seeing tours, including tours
for animal viewing, are also supposed to complete the form.

Once the TR1 form is implemented, all receipts from international credit
cards would be split between dealers and operators. Authorised dealers will
get 40% and tourism operators 60%.

"However, for purposes of Form TR1, the tourism operator should record 100%
of international credit card receipts. The respective allocations must be
indicated on the monthly foreign currency analysis form," the document

"This form assists in the daily analysis of the tourism operator's banking
and should be completed by the operator on a daily basis. Where the operator
has not banked anything, a nil return should be entered."

Econet now largest mobile operator in Nigeria

ECONET Wireless has become the largest mobile network in Nigeria with over
200 000 subscribers, barely four months after it commenced services, while
the switching capacity of its Zimbabwean network is being expanded by 70

Group chief executive officer, Strive Masiyiwa told shareholders attending
Econet's annual general meeting in Harare this week that management is happy
with the progress made since the launch of the Nigerian network, which is
experiencing unprecedented demand, particularly from pre-paid customers.

"We are very excited about Nigeria where the network has expanded to 200 000
subscribers, making Econet the single largest network operator in that
country," Masiyiwa told shareholders via a telephone link from his
Johannesburg offices.

"The huge subscriber base has been driven by the popular pre-paid product,
Buddie, which has received tremendous response from the market."

Econet beat the regulator's deadline by three days and launched its Nigerian
network on August 6 2001, becoming the first GSM network operator to offer
services ahead of its South Africa-based rival, MTN.

Demand for services was so high on launch day that more than 30 000 contract
packages were sold in the commercial capital, Lagos, alone.

Masiyiwa said the Nigerian market presented a huge potential for Econet, and
management expects to connect up to as many as 50 000 new customers every
month during the course of the year.

The Nigerian operation now also offers a full international roaming service
in addition to the pre-paid and contract mobile services.

Under a special technical support agreement, Econet Wireless International
is paid a certain percentage of the revenue generated by each subscriber
connected to the Nigerian network.

On Zimbabwe, where Econet is the largest network operator, Masiyiwa said
demand for both pre-paid and contract mobile services continues to outstrip
supply. He said thousands of prospective customers continue to inquire about
the possibility of connecting to the Econet network.

"Demand in Zimbabwe is extremely high and far exceeds our capacity to
supply. If we were running a waiting list, by now it could have easily
exceeded 100 000," Masiyiwa said.

He told the shareholders that Econet would invest to expand the switching
capacity by up to 70 000 subscribers by the end of the first half of this

"This however does not necessarily mean that we will automatically add
another 70 000 customers to the network. But the expansion will at least
help to ease congestion and also give us the flexibility when we decide to
add more customers," said Masiyiwa.

He commended the Zimbabwean management team and staff for running the Econet
network, which has maintained its market leadership position since he left
the country almost two years ago.

Econet Wireless Zimbabwe is currently the largest mobile operator in the
country with over 134 000 subscribers, and is also the dominant player in
the pre-paid market through the now globally recognised brand, Buddie.

Masiyiwa said Econet has been able to attract and retain key personnel
because of the opportunities that the group now offers to its staff to work
on its international operations in such countries as Nigeria, South Africa,
Lesotho, the UK and New Zealand.

The group currently employs more than 1 000 people of 17 different
nationalities in its international operations.

He also confirmed that work on the long-awaited shareholder circular on
Econet's international operations in the core areas of satellite, mobile,
fixed and Internet services was almost complete and will be released to
shareholders once it has been cleared by Zimbabwe Stock Exchange (ZSE).

Masiyiwa told the AGM that preparation of the document, currently running
into 70 pages, had taken longer than anticipated due to an extensive legal
verification exercise that was undertaken by international lawyers and

"It has been a very thorough exercise and I am glad to say that most of the
work has been completed. We have received tremendous support from the
Zimbabwe Stock Exchange who have been extremely helpful in guiding us
through their requirements. We are now in the final stages of the exercise
and I can assure you that the document will be out soon," he said.

Through UK-registered Econet Wireless Ltd, the group's investments include
the Nigerian mobile network; the fixed and mobile network in Lesotho; a
satellite operation in the UK; and the recently won second-and-a-half
generation GSM licence in New Zealand. - Staff Writer.

Work-place fatalities drop

Stanley James

ZIMBABWE'S fatal accidents rate in the industrial sector eased from 114 in
2000 to 58 during the year 2001, official figures released this week show.

According to Matthew Ncube, the National Social Security Authority's
assistant general manager for occupational health, safety research and
policy development, the decline in fatal accidents was largely due to
stringent safety measures being implemented.

"For the year ending December 31 2001, a total of 58 accidents was recorded,
a drop from the previous year where the industrial sector registered 114
accidents," Ncube said.

Of the fatal accidents which were recorded during the just-ended year, the
mining industry accounted for the greater number, amounting to 31 accidents.

Other sectors such as the construction, agriculture and manufacturing, among
others, had an average of four casualties each.

Analysts this week said that the decline might have been because of the
sudden drop in activity in the construction industry which continued to
register little activity because of the harsh economic climate.

Ncube said that there were concerted efforts in taking measures which
fostered safe working conditions at construction sites.

"We are still working on various mechanisms to ensure that we control fatal
accidents. In fact there have been effective measures to increase factory
inspectors at major sites around the country," he said.

The control and monitoring of safety measures at workplaces continued to be
hindered by the shortage of staff.

Ncube said the department had taken a leading role to ensure that a new code
of conduct to meet demands at industrial level would be formulated.

"As we enter the new year, it is essential to create a conducive environment
in which casualties at work-places continue to be strictly controlled and
monitored," he said.

Annual broad money growth increases

ANNUAL broad money (M3)/1 growth increased to 83,5% in September, from 99,5%
in August, reflecting increases in both narrow and quasi-money.

Narrow money grew by 6,4 percentage points to 124,3% and quasi-money, 3,4
percentage points to 53,6%.

Growth in narrow money emanated from increases in demand deposits of $45,09
billion and notes and coin in circulation, $12,17 billion. Long-term
deposits rose by $13,23 billion.

Deposits with maturities of over 30 days, Class C and other share deposits
at Building Societies grew by $12,75 billion. Savings deposits at commercial
banks and building societies rose by $9,72 billion and $6,59

billion respectively. At the People's Own Savings Bank (POSB), savings and
time deposits registered respective increases of $4,08 billion and $482,1

Year-on-year, M3 growth was underpinned by domestic credit expansion of
$95,11 billion coupled with a $273,7 million improvement in net foreign
assets. Private sector credit went up by $35,87 billion, with deposit money
banks' bills discounted and loans and advances contributing $14,06 billion
and $11, 37 billion respectively. Offshore financing, however, declined by
$1,36 billion.

Lending by other banking institutions/2 to the private sector grew by $4,90
billion. This emanated from increases in mortgage advances, $2,31 billion;
other loans and advances, $1,23 billion and; bankers' acceptances, $1,18
billion. Lending for hire purchase registered a decline of $181,2 million.

Net credit to government rose by $53,68 billion, with $32,58 billion from
deposit money banks and $17,76 billion from the Reserve Bank. Other banking
institutions accounted for $3,33 billion. Claims on public enterprises also
grew by $5,55 billion.

Month-on-month, M3 grew by $10,63 billion, stemming from increases of $6,85
billion and $3,78 billion in quasi and narrow money, respectively. Domestic
credit growth of $17,16 billion, was underpinned by respective increases of
$12,86 billion and $5,69 billion in credit to the private sector and
government. Month-on-month claims on public enterprises, however, declined
by $1,39 billion.

Total deposits with the banking sector rose by $8,87 billion to $204,24
billion in September. This was due to increases of $8,09 billion at
commercial banks; $1,61 billion at merchant banks; $563,6 million at finance
houses and; $106,5 million at the POSB. Building societies, however,
recorded a decline of $1,44 billion.

Savings deposits grew by $2,53 billion to $41,63 billion - arising from
increases at commercial banks, $1,53 billion; building societies, $842
million and the POSB, $152,2 million.

Deposit liabilities with maturities of under 30 days went up by $3,25
billion to $27,05 billion, due to increases of $3,95 billion and $835,3
million at commercial banks and finance houses, respectively. This was
against a decline of $1,73 million realised at building societies.

Total long-term deposits rose by $2,31 billion to $29,64 billion in

Growth were recorded as follows: commercial banks, $2,55 billion; finance
houses, $427,3 million and merchant banks. $164,7 million and; merchant
banks $164,7 million. At building societies, however, long-term deposits
fell by $831,4 million.

Demand deposits increased from $88,85 billion in August to $90, 09 billion
in September, largely indicating an increase of $1,25 billion at merchant
banks and, $39,1 million at commercial banks, which more than offset a $46,9
million decrease at discount houses.

The month of September saw total loans and advances grow by $9,4 billion to
$88,35 billion, mainly accounted for by an increase of $9,01 billion at
commercial banks and $33,4 million at merchant banks. Mortgage lending also
rose, by $276,3 million to $12,19 billion. - Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe.

Forex parallel market rates weaken

Forward Maisokwadzo

FOREIGN currency parallel market rates have started weakening on the back of
tight demand in a shortage-hit market as buyers deserted the market after
the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe put in place stringent measures to quash the
once-thriving market.

Analysts this week said the down swing in rates was also a direct
consequence of the government's re-introduction of price controls on basic

"Demand is not as much as it was from the industry during the middle of last
year," said independent economist, John Robertson referring to the current
fall in rates on the foreign currency parallel market.

"With the current unsustainable official rate and price controls
manufacturers cannot make goods under such an environment."

He said business could not function on a profit or break even basis when
industry could not recover their high input costs.

"The ultimate is that shrinkage in demand will result in prices going down,
a negative factor to the performance of the manufacturing industry," he

Before the end of the year the Zimbabwe dollar was going for between 300 and
350 per US unit but now it's around 250 and 270. Even the South African rand
plunged further as it used to sell for between 30-35 but now is around 15-20
to the Zimbabwe dollar.

Analysts said indications were that the rand would continue sliding amid
high dwindling foreign receipts.

"We are heading for the worst as indications are that many manufacturing
firms will not re-open and those which open will not operate at full scale,"
said Robertson.

Government which, out of desperation, reverted to the socialist command
economy, declared parallel market dealings illegal.

"Transactions are being done clandestinely and indications are that rates
are going for below 300 to the US unit," a dealer said.

Stockmarket forecast to weather economic storm

Forward Maisokwadzo

THE stockmarket is resilient enough to maintain an upward swing despite the
likelihood of economic turbulence because of negative economic factors
prevailing in the country, analysts have said.

Responding to concerns that the upswing which resumed early last year after
decades of negative growth could be cut short, analysts said the bourse
would survive the turbulence.

"Strong economic fundamentals, mainly declining and stable interest rates,
will fuel the recovery of the stockmarket," one analyst said.

Stocks ended the year lower as investors digested consumer confidence data,
such as the reintroduction of price controls and high inflation figures
towards year-end, sparking a sell-off into strength on the premise the
market had run ahead of itself.

However, the market opened the year fairly active but soft, with the main
industrial index dipping 414,36 points to close at 45 937,53 by Wednesday

"The market is correcting itself but indications are that it will maintain
its upward trend," said one analyst.

A lot has changed since the deliberate reduction of interest rates which
resulted in financial stocks becoming the top performers on the local bourse
and market watchers still believe financial counters will climb.

Although several counters gained 25 cents, significant gains were in ABCH,
up 200 cents to 10 200 and blue chip Old Mutual put on 900 cents to 37 100.

Analysts predicted the high activity on the stockmarket to be maintained
during the year despite confidence knocks in the form of rising negative
fundamentals, widespread industrial unrest and the 2002 budget which failed
to give clues and direction of the country's crumbling economy.

They said although investors were trading cautiously in view of the
forthcoming presidential election in March, the stockmarket still remained
attractive for many investors.

Two major deals were seen on the bourse this week, with 51 million shares in
NMB changing hands on Monday and a special bargain on 15 million Century
Holdings shares.

Zimbabwean exporters begin to benefit from regional FTA

Godfrey Marawanyika

ZIMBABWEAN exporters have begun to make use of the introduction of the
Southern African Free Trade Area (FTA) as evidenced by a demand of the
latter's certificates.

The sudden demand comes in the wake of the initial failure by the country to
produce the Rules of Origin certificates used by exporters as an
authenticating document in the free trade area.

Under Zimbabwean law, only two industrial representative bodies - the
Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce (ZNCC) and the Confederation of
Zimbabwe Industries (CZI) - are the issuing authorities of the certificates.

The certificates that started to be disbursed during the third quarter of
last year are now in high demand.

James Jowa, an economist with ZNCC, confirmed that the certificates were now
available and were on sale.

"The Rules of Origin certificates are now available for purchasing either at
ZNCC or CZI and they're selling quite well," Jowa said.

He said although there were security feature problems associated with the
initial printing that had since been rectified.

In June last year one of the country's main printing companies, Fidelity
Printers, failed to produce the certificates to the satisfaction of the two
issuing authorities, making the participation of Zimbabwean companies in the
free trade area virtually impossible.

Officials from both the CZI and the ZNCC said the Common Market for Eastern
and Southern Africa (Comesa) certificates were selling better due to the
absence of stringent rules.

Zimbabwe now has the certificates for both Comesa and Sadc.

Delays in the disbursement of the certificates was exposing the country's
market to that of competitors, as foreign companies could export their
products into the country whilst Zimbabwean exporters could not.

Preferential tariff rates are granted only to goods that meet Sadc Rules of
Origin criteria. The Revenue Authority is the designated authority for the
verification of the certificates of origin.

The Zimbabwe Independent has it on good authority that the certificates were
printed locally, but for security reasons, cannot publish the name of the

The printing of the certificates was initially supposed to be done by a
South African company but disagreements over the security features from
Zimbabwe and two other regional countries scuttled the deal.

Tanganda releases impressive results against odds

Forward Maisokwadzo

TANGANDA Tea Company has produced a sterling set of results for the 12-month
period ended October 31.

Tanganda is among the companies that reported inflation-adjusted accounts in
accordance with IAS 29 and Zimbabwe Stock Exchange requirements.

On a historical cost basis, turnover went up by 128% to $1,93 billion
compared to $845 million the previous year.

Exports increased by 159% to $1,43 billion compared to last year's $556
million. Earnings per share were up 550 cents compared to 221 cents in the
previous period, while operating profit improved to $695 million

from $254 million last year.

"Tanganda managed to produce pleasing results on the back of a woeful
economic environment that Zimbabwean companies are operating in," said one

The company's impressive performance resulted in the balance sheet remaining
strong with cash-flows giving rise to a net positive position of $158
million at the end of the period under review compared to last year's $125

Tanganda attributed the impressive performance to the increase in tea
production during the period under review.

Made-tea production increased by 6% to 10 938 tonnes compared to last year's
10 361 tonnes.

The company managed to perform well despite farm occupations and the
attendant violence which disrupted agricultural production.

The high rate of inflation has also eroded consumers disposable incomes.

In a statement accompanying the company's financial results, Tanganda said
while grades improved, quality suffered from periods of heavier-than-normal
rains and a hotter period in October.

Tea export prices began strongly but were poor for most of the year.
Tingamira EPZ however made a substantial contribution to earnings.

Tanganda has interest in producing, packing and distributing tea products.

On the outlook, the company predicts its beverage division will exhibit
strong growth.

It has also embarked on an export drive to increase earnings.

The company expects to benefit from improved tea prices that have begun to
increase slightly.

Cairns hit by low demand

Stanley James

THE macro-economic instability in the manufacturing sector has adversely
impacted on Cairns Foods Ltd, leading to a decline in performance for the
trading period ended August 2001.

In its annual report, Cairns Foods said during the period the food
manufacturing firm went through a lean spell characterised by reductions in
volume of sales, output and high production costs.

Chairman Elias Ngugama said that the overall performance of the group had
been negatively affected by the downturn in the manufacturing sector.

"The country's manufacturing sector experienced a major downturn
characterised by escalating production costs, depressed product demand and
foreign currency shortages," Ngugama said.

"The group achieved, in historic terms, a turnover of $1,21 billion and a
commendable profit after tax of $117 million. Our associate, Charhons,
performed well and made significant contribution to these results," he said
in the group's annual report.

The Cairns group is part of the demerged Astra Holdings Ltd which was
separated into three separate business entities to enhance shareholder

The group posted a negative cash-flow largely due to the increase in working
capital arising from a deliberate policy to keep high stock levels and
capital expenditure which was limited to $67 million.

Ngugama said this resulted in a surge in the level of net borrowings which
totaled $195 million.

Overal volumes of output for the group's subsidiaries in the chips and
snacks division, groceries sector, canning and winery were down by 9%.

Ngugama said that in order to contain low production volumes, the group's
management had to adopt aggressive cost-saving measures, which, to a large
extent, minimised a further decline in margins.

Management was considering further re-equipping and expansion plans,
focusing especially on the cereals and canning businesses.

Ngugama said that the future remained bleak as it was inevitable that the
level of disposable incomes would continue to be eroded hence adversely
impacting on the volume of sales for Cairns.

"Looking to the year ahead, the economy is expected to face high levels of
inflation, foreign currency shortages and rising input costs. This, coupled
with cautious customer spending, will inhibit real growth in volumes," he

Ngugama however said the company would explore potential regional markets.

Financial sector reaps rewards of reform

THE financial system has benefitted immensely from the economic reforms
instituted in the early 1990s, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) says.

In its weekly economic commentary, the RBZ said the opening up of the
financial services sector saw the entrance of new players and the emergence
of more innovative products and service delivery. This led to increased
competition and deepening of the sector.

"The competition has been characterised by both price and product
differentiation, as banks increasingly focus on profitable niche markets,"
the bank said.

"A wide range of products and services has been introduced in the service
delivery, including personalised and priority banking. In addition, banks
have also introduced wider services, including bancaassurance, in-store
banking, telebanking and electronic banking."

Measured by the volume of bank deposits and loans, financial intermediation
had expanded significantly over the last decades.

Total bank deposits rose from $9 billion in 1990 to $179,4 billion by
end-September 2001, while loans increased from $5,7 billion to $133 billion.
Reflecting this, financial deepening - measured by the ratio of the stock of
money (M3) to gross domestic product - improved from 22% in 1990 to 37% by
the end of 2000.

"Several financial institutions have also exploited the stock exchange as a
source of equity capital. Listed banks have managed to raise relatively
cheaper share capital, to comply with capital adequacy requirements," the
central bank said.

"A stronger equity capital base also enables banks to embark on certain
projects which cannot be funded from retained earnings and debt finance."
The RBZ said better performance by financial institutions had also
contributed to increased activity on the equities market. - Staff Writer.

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Comment from The Cape Argus (SA), 3 January

SA's only way out of trouble is to get tough with Mugabe

Cape Town - About 10 weeks from now, Zimbabwe is due to go to the polls. All
indications are that it could lead to a catastrophe southern Africa hasn't
seen in decades. If the government of South Africa doesn't take decisive
action in the next few weeks, our currency will most likely lose another
half of its value and we will be overwhelmed by several million refugees. We
have many months of strong evidence that Robert Mugabe has become so
unpopular among his citizens that it is highly unlikely that he could win
the election. We have even stronger evidence that he will not willingly
leave office. It is virtually certain that he will rig the election, stop
opposition supporters from voting, disrupt the election process or simply
not accept the results. Despite utter provocation, Zimbabweans have been
very patient and peaceful the last year or two. They probably remember the
suffering that their own war for liberation brought to their people. But
this patience has now worn out. If Mugabe uses his military, fat from raping
the Democratic Republic of the Congo, against his own people to stay in
power, there will be a violent resistance. It could escalate into a civil
war, which will destabilise all Zimbabwe's neighbours. Mugabe has recently
said openly, referring to the election: "This is no longer just a contest.
This is a revolutionary war."

The last thing Africa, especially southern Africa, needs now is for one of
its most prominent and once powerful and prosperous countries to turn into
an Angola, Somalia or Liberia. It will make a joke of Thabo Mbeki's New
Partnership for African Development. It will scare tourists and investors
off the entire region. It will lead to large scale starvation inside
Zimbabwe, and millions will cross the borders into neighbouring states,
especially South Africa. It will be too heavy a burden on our infrastructure
and service delivery, and the working classes, the unemployed, the old and
the sick in South Africa will pay the highest price. This likely disaster is
just a few weeks away, yet I see little urgency in Pretoria, Gaborone,
Maputo, Lusaka and Dar es Salaam to avert it or deal with it. Are we going
to wait for it to happen before we start making plans, and then will we ask
the Western world to come and help? There is only one man who can take a
decisive lead now, and that is President Thabo Mbeki. The time for
demonstrations of "African solidarity" or"solidarity between former
liberation movements" is over. The crisis is upon us. The other countries in
the region have repeatedly shown they are not willing or able to deal with
Mugabe, and most have turned their eyes to Pretoria for action.

Mbeki has the ear of the British government and that of the Commonwealth.
These two bodies should be co-opted into the southern African rescue plan
for Zimbabwe. Speak very loudly and carry an enormous stick, should be the
approach. Mugabe, his senior Zanu-PF comrades and his generals should be
warned of very serious consequences if they interfere with or rig the
election. A minimum requirement should be that election monitors of Southern
African Development Community countries and the Commonwealth be given full
and safe access to all parts of Zimbabwe before and during the election.
Mugabe's credibility is so low that even if he did not interfere with the
election and won, Zimbabweans and the rest of us will still believe that he
rigged it. But while that process of negotiations with Zanu PF is going on,
we should be preparing refugee camps on our border and prepare to feed
hundreds of thousands, if not millions. At the same time, our security
forces should start deploying on our northern border to ensure stability and
law and order. The best outcome at this late stage would perhaps be to
persuade the Zanu PF leadership to forcibly oust Mugabe and to postpone the
elections for a few months for things to settle down a bit. Rightly, Mugabe
should face an international tribunal on charges of gross human rights
violations, if not genocide, after the slaughter of some 20 000 people in
Matabeleland in the 1980s. But Mugabe knows that he will face justice if he
is no longer the president, which is probably the main reason why he is
clinging to power.

Perhaps the uncomfortable compromise would be to offer him and some of his
top generals and ministers asylum somewhere else - perhaps he could go to
some Arab dictatorship, like Uganda's Idi Amin many years ago. But the main
issue is that the contingency plans should be made now. If we wait for the
disaster to happen before we prepare, we will pay a very dear price. This
time, we will not be able to blame colonialism, Western imperialism or
apartheid. It is a disaster purely made in Africa. If we don't deal with it
quickly and decisively, we will end up not only paying a heavy material
price, but also the price of an undermined self-esteem as Africans.

From ZWNEWS, 4 January

Rand, regional shortages threatens SA food security

The South African milling industry has warned that the precipitate fall in the rand exchange rate and southern African regional food shortages are putting economic policy in jeopardy. As far back as the end of November, the National Chamber of Milling said that bulk maize prices had risen 107% over the course of the year, and that it expected this to feed through to a 60% increase in the price of maize to consumers. Wheat prices, due mainly to the fall in the rand’s exchange rate, had risen 27%. Since then, the rand has fallen a further 25%. The weakening of the South African currency has been blamed in large part on the deteriorating political situation in Zimbabwe. "At these prices, consumers will be unable to afford maize meal as a staple food", the Chamber said. "These increases must surely raise a red flag as to the status of household food security in South Africa." The Chamber also warned of the effects of exports of grain to other countries in the region. The disruptive effects of farm invasions in Zimbabwe and erratic rains last season have added another burden to the region’s maize supplies. In the past, Zimbabwe would have used its grain reserves and imports to cover the deficit. But the reserves have been run down to virtually zero, and the damage to Zimbabwe's export industries resulting from political turmoil has meant that there is no foreign currency to pay for imports. "The only containing factor on further maize price increases currently, is the inability of the road and rail transportation system to effectively export just over a million tons of local maize that is rumoured to be destined for export markets," the Chamber said, in an apparent reference to plans for food aid distribution in Zimbabwe and elsewhere.

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Zimbabwe names 100,000 to get land
January 4, 2002 Posted: 10:08 AM EST (1508 GMT)

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) -- Zimbabwe's government has published the first list of names of about 100,000 blacks scheduled to receive land seized from white farmers under its controversial "fast track" land reform programme.
The names included politicians and loyalists to President Robert Mugabe.
The plan to redistribute farms to landless blacks has been marred by the violent occupation of hundreds of farms by ruling party militants and has plunged Zimbabwe into a political and economic crisis.
The majority of Zimbabwe's commercial farmland has been in the hands of whites, who make up less than half a percent of the country's population.
But human rights groups have said the government was less interested in correcting Zimbabwe's unfair land allocation than in attracting political supporters ahead of presidential elections in March.
The list identifies Zimbabweans who applied under a government programme offering parcels of land for commercial farming, and does not include squatters who have already resettled on former white-owned farmland.
About 8.5 million hectares (20 million acres) of farmland -- about 95 percent of the farms owned by about 4,000 white farmers -- are being nationalised.
Included among listed recipients is Tony Gara, a wealthy former deputy government minister who owns a chemicals business and a chain of hair salons.
Gara was censured by churches in Zimbabwe for comparing Mugabe to Jesus and describing him as "a son of God."
Several politicians, a government research scientist, two former broadcasters with the state radio station, an award-winning athlete from the national police force and six senior journalists with the state-run Herald newspaper were also among those on the list to receive farmland.
Joseph Chinotimba, a leader of a militant group that has organised scores of violent farm occupations, has defended his inclusion on the list for land on the outskirts of Harare, saying: "I deserve it."
The government says applications were granted to those committed to retaining the productivity of seized land.
The Herald quoted Ivy Ncube, one of its reporters scheduled to receive land, as saying she was looking forward to the chance to "venture into tobacco farming."
"I cannot believe I now have my own portion of land. What a wonderful way to begin a New Year," she said.
The land seizure programme has disrupted production of tobacco, the main hard currency earner, and corn, the staple food, deepening the nation's worst economic crisis since independence in 1980 and raising the spectre of food shortages.


Zimbabwe politicians, journalists get seized land

HARARE, Jan. 4 — The Zimbabwean government published on Friday more names of
new land owners, including politicians and journalists, who have benefited
from President Robert Mugabe's seizure of white-owned farms.
The latest list published in the state-owned Herald newspaper includes
dozens of leading personalities, many of them associated with Mugabe's
ruling ZANU-PF party.
       The government began this week releasing the names of new land owners
who have sought commercial farm plots seized under a controversial programme
of redistributing white-owned farms to landless blacks.
       Friday's list included Transport and Communications Deputy Minister
Paul Mangwana, four ZANU-PF members of parliament, and Paul Madzore, a
parliamentarian from the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.
       It also named seven journalists working for state media, a prominent
musician and a town mayor.
       The Herald has published more than 1,000 names a day since Monday and
the government says more than 100,000 applicants have sought commercial farm
plots under the programme.
       The first list included Agripa Gava, an executive member of the
independence war veterans association, and former local government deputy
minister Tony Gara.
       ''NOT FOR CRONIES''
       Agriculture Minister Joseph Made says the lists of names would show
the world that land reform enjoyed national support and was not merely for
cronies of government leaders.
       The land drive began in February 2000 when self-styled war veterans
invaded hundreds of white-owned farms. Two months later, the government
began listing farms targeted for seizure under the ''fast-track
resettlement'' programme.
       To date nearly 5,000 farms have been listed under the plan.
       Critics accuse Mugabe of using the land issue to win votes ahead of
presidential elections scheduled for March in which he faces a stiff
challenge from MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
       Last Friday, Zimbabwe's High Court ordered that a white farmer
evicted from his two farms under the land programme be allowed to retrieve
property from the farms.
       Guy Watson-Smith appealed to the High Court after he was evicted in
September from his Elim and Alamein farms, among the largest white-owned
farms in Zimbabwe.
       Watson-Smith said in court papers the eviction was instigated by
retired army commander Solomon Mujuru, a senior member of ZANU-PF party.
       The Commercial Farmers Union, grouping 4,500 mostly-white farmers,
said Mujuru was among ZANU-PF officials, including civil servants and army
officers, who are taking up farming plots under the land reform programme.
       White farmers say the government has failed to honour a pact brokered
in Nigeria in September to implement a fair and orderly land reform
programme in exchange for funding from former colonial power Britain.
       Mugabe's government has insisted it is complying with the agreement.

Transport and Communications Deputy Minister Paul Mangwana,
Four ZANU-PF members of parliament,
Paul Madzore, a parliamentarian from the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.
A prominent musician
A town mayor.
Agripa Gava, an executive member of the independence war veterans association,
Tony Gara, a wealthy former deputy government minister who owns a chemicals business and a chain of hair salons.
A government research scientist,
Two former broadcasters with the state radio station
An award-winning athlete from the national police force
Six senior journalists with the state-run Herald newspaper
Joseph Chinotimba, a leader of a militant group that has organised scores of violent farm occupations, has defended his inclusion on the list for land on the outskirts of Harare, saying: "I deserve it."
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16 Heads of States for Summit

Daily Times (Blantyre)

January 3, 2002
Posted to the web January 3, 2002

Mabvuto Banda

UGANDAN President Yoweri Museveni and his arch-foe Rwanda's Paul Kagame will
join the 14 leaders from the Southern African Development Community (Sadc)
next week in Blantyre for an extraordinary summit to discuss the
inter-congolese dialogue in the Great Lakes region.

Minister of Foreign Affairs Lilian Patel said yesterday at a news conference
in Blantyre the summit will discuss ways to raise funds for the
Inter-congolese dialogue and not the Zimbabwe crisis.

"The heads of states will not discuss the Zimbabwe situation because it is
not a conflict but an internal problem. The agenda is to meet and raise
funds for the dialogue which will involve about 300 delegates and take 45
days," said Patel who is also Sadc chairperson for the Council of Ministers.

Sadc, being criticised by western leaders for failing to stop Robert
Mugabe's seizure of white-owned farms, in September had a land summit in
Harare where Muluzi, as SADC chairman, warned that political instability in
Zimbabwe would snowball across the southern African region if not stopped.

Patel told journalists that the Sadc leaders plus presidents Museveni and
Kagame will be in attendance to help resolve the war in the Great Lakes

"They have all confirmed that they will be coming for the urgent meeting
whose agenda will be to fund raise for the Inter-congolese meet to happen,"
she said.

Patel said the summit, which will cost Malawi about K50 million to host,
will urge needs countries to raise fund for the dialogue to work. She said
that Malawi is the only country that has pledged US$100,000 (K6.7 million)
to resolve the war.

"South Africa have pledged to host and we want more countries to come
forward before we ask donors to help us," she said.

The 14-member regional grouping mandated Muluzi in August to help former
Botswana President Ketumire Masire to accelerate the implementation of peace
in the diamond-rich Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Patel said Masire is also coming as the head of the inter-Conglose dialogue
and the African Union will attend as observers.

The Congolese war escalated in 1998 after Rwanda invaded Kinshasa, accusing
it of supporting Hutu rebels who were using the DRC as a base for attacks.

Burundi and Uganda joined in backing some rebel groups fighting late Laurent
Kabila government while Zimbabwe, Angola and Namibia backed Kabila by
sending troops into the Congo.

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Zim ranked riskiest investment destination

Staff Reporter
1/4/02 1:39:59 AM (GMT +2)

ZIMBABWE was the riskiest investment destination in the world at the end of
last year, according to latest ratings by the influential Economist
Intelligent Unit (EIU).

The southern African country, grappling with its worst economic and
political crisis, had a risk rating of E, which is reserved only for the
riskiest countries.

A rating of A is given to countries considered less risky investment

Only flash point

Zimbabwe had a country risk score of 82 out of a possible 100, closely
followed by the Sudan that had a score of 79 and a risk rating of D.

Other southern African economies had an average country risk rating of D,
making Zimbabwe the only flash point in the region.

The best performing regional economy in terms of investor perception was
Botswana, which had a B rating and a country risk score of 25.

Botswana even outperformed some developed countries such as Australia, which
scored 26 and had a B rating.

Economic analysts this week said Zimbabwe’s rating by the EIU further
condemned the country at a time it is facing a crippling economic crisis,
drama-tised by endemic shortages of foreign currency and an unprecedented
closure of companies.

Chasing away investors

Economist Witness Chinyama said the poor rating effectively chased away
foreign investors and would worsen Zimbabwe’s hard cash problems.

"It means that we have to rule out international investors and that those
already here will continue to move out," he said.

Galloping inflation

The EIU is a London-based economic think-tank whose reports and analyses are
used by investors and analysts globally to make investment decisions.

Consultant economist John Robertson said Zimbabwe’s case was worsened by the
fact that it was one of the countries in the world with galloping inflation.

"We are in a peculiar situation because we currently have the highest level
of inflation for a country not engaged in a civil war," Robertson noted.

Zimbabwe’s annualised inflation surged to a record 103.8 percent high in
November last year and is expected to rise further this year due to
shortages of hard cash and basic foodstuffs.

Deteriorating political climate

Fellow southern African country Angola, battling with a civil war for more
than two decades, had a risk rating of D and a score of 77.

Zimbabwe’s economic woes are compounded by a deteriorating political climate
and murders of opponents of President Robert Mugabe ahead of presidential
elections in March.

The unfolding political crisis has been spawned by Mugabe’s quest to stay in
power at any cost and his controversial programme to seize prime commercial
farm land ostensibly to resettle landless blacks but which in reality
benefits mostly his cronies.

Sanctity of property rights

At least 4 000 farms have so far been targeted for compulsory acquisition by
the government since February 2000, a move that has raised fears about the
sanctity of property rights in the country and also led to food shortages.

Mugabe’s critics say the 77-year-old leader, facing possible defeat in the
presidential poll by opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai, is using the land
redistribution programme to try to revive his flagging political support.

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