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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Zimbabwe begin to turn around, and are fully committed to making it do so
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Letter 1:
To whom it may concern,

Before 1994, SA was prevented to compete in any sport, against any other
country !!!  We were boycotted by the rest of the world.  Most South
Africans were very unhappy about that, but we understood why it had to be.
The present government of SA were the big instigators in what happened
then.  So why can't they take a stand now, as then, against Zimbabwe and
what is happening there at the moment.

There are more intelligent than stupid people in this world.  We all have
eyes and ears.  We can think and do for ourselves.  Let the intelligent
ones stand together and get this mess sorted.

After what the government of Zimbabwe has accused the British and other
governments, all over the world of, how can we allow this?

I do not believe that politics and sport should be discussed in the same
breath, but this has now become a political matter.  Will the English team
be safe in Zimbabwe?  Who knows?  If I were the mother or father of a team
member, I would be very apprehensive to send my son to such a country.
They can't even look after their own citizens, what about those from the
"enemy" ?

As a South African, I can remember well, how upset and disappointed our
cricket board was, with all the boycotts before 1994.  Now it is "unfair
and stupid" according to the two "Bs", to apply the same to Zimbabwe.  Who
do they think they are?

I think it is time that the whole world get on their hind legs and take a
stand against all the "goings-on" in Zimbabwe.  I would not like this to
place the World Cup 2003 in jeopardy.  I do believe, if it comes to the
push, there are fields in SA where those matches can be accommodated.  I
also believe that they will attract more supporters, who will be able to
afford the tickets.


Thank you for taking time to read this.

From a proud South African and ardent cricket supporter


Letter 2: John Worsley-Worswick


I have been following with great interest and not a little consternation,
to put it mildly, the fierce debate over the decision of the ICC on
December 19th to allow Zimbabwe to host six world cup cricket matches.

Life, especially here in Zimbabwe, is often reduced by the obvious forces
of adverse circumstances, to no more than the lowest common denominator
dictating, or should I say "dictated", at the time.  For many here in
Zimbabwe, this has come down to the basics of bare survival and staying
alive, many having been deprived of their basic human rights some time ago.

To discuss or debate the above issue along the lines of sport and politics
seems ludicrous in the extreme, especially from a viewpoint within Zimbabwe
where the above basic factors of survival prevail.  This is not just, or
even about, sport.  This is just not, nor about, cricket, nor for that
matter about politics anymore.  Discuss it and debate it on the grounds of
basic human rights and we might be batting on the same wicket*but it is my
firm contention that for many Zimbabweans, it has moved to an even lower
common denominator; that of surviving the imminent and maliciously planned
starvation of half our population.

Our land - our contentiously loved and historically disputed land could soon
become a vast cemetery.  Are we going to allow the world's cricketers to
play games on those graves? Or more to the point , are those same
cricketers prepared to play in what is fast becoming a vast cemetery? Are
they prepared to remain oblivious to the facts?

John Worsley-Worswick


Letter 3: Ben Freeth


I recently wrote an article on this forum entitled "of Christmas, the
Revolution and genocides in Zimbabwe".  It sought to destroy the myth that
the starvation in Zimbabwe was due to drought.  Starvation in Zimbabwe is a
carefully planned strategy using Stalin's Marxist-Leninist tactics.  Stalin
was responsible for killing more people than any man that has ever lived.
The main tactic he employed was deliberate starvation; it being cheaper
than bullets.  Through this policy he not only managed to retain power but
he consolidated it until his position was unshakable and he was viewed as
some kind of God in the Soviet Union.

The communist outlook dictates that a state of war exists within society
and that the war needs to be prosecuted by the communist elements until
total victory is achieved.  Peace by their definition therefore, is
communist conquest.  Where there are elements in society that do not submit
to complete dictatorial control by the party, war is declared, and in a
state of war anything is permissible so long as it is achieving advancement
for the party.

The party in Zimbabwe is no stranger to war.  It achieved power though war,
has honed its edge in external war zones and it is evident that it intends
to maintain power through war.  When the third chimurenga war started it
was made to appear as a "socially just" war.  Those key communist
propaganda words, used all the way through the communist bloc countries,
were used extensively: "capitalism" and "imperialism".  These were the
common enemy of the party and therefore the people.  The post election
slogan of "chave chimurenga" (the war continues) is churned out ad nauseum.
Mr Mugabe's statement at his party conference was "our survival is an
ongoing war".

The questions to be asked are:
1.  Who are the opponents?
2.  What does the war intend to achieve?
3 and, What is the modus operandi of the war?

On the first question, the opponents of course are anyone who is not
actively part of the party.  It is not good enough in the communist system
to be "apolitical".  The party, the world over, works on the principle that
if you are not for them, you are, necessarily, against them.  Whether you
like it or not the party is at war with you if you do not actively support
what they are trying to do.

The second question is answered simply.  The war intends to achieve the
destruction of all its opposition through the opposition becoming an
extension of itself.

The third question is the one I wish to dwell on.  The modus operandi of
the party is simply to starve all opposition into submission so that
individuals have to become an active part of the party if they wish to get
food and the leaders of the opposition have to capitulate.  The simple
precedent to this situation, starting in ancient times, is of course the
classic siege of a fortified city or a fortress which, given time, was
invariably very effective given no outside interference.  The most poignant
siege of more recent times was the siege of Khartoum where General Gordon
held out with no food available to come in to feed his 34000 men for ten
months against the Mahdi.  An expeditionary force was eventually sent out
but it was too late - the town, weakened by starvation, was taken and
Gordon's head was taken off his shoulders.  In more recent times whole
nations had this tactic employed against them.  Stalin's exportation of the
whole Ukrainian harvest to Western Europe resulting in 7 million people
dying in one winter was the most pitiful.  Hitler's U boat campaign in
sinking the supply ships coming to Great Britain across the Atlantic was
another, but it happily didn't succeed.

For Zimbabwe though, hunger has been used very successfully far more
recently.  The plans were well laid with communist North Korean instructors
arriving in Zimbabwe soon after independence in 1981.  The 5th Brigade, a
private army with different uniforms, different equipment, and different
communication systems was made ready with, in Mr Mugabe's words, "a
political orientation".  By 1983 the massacres known as Gukuruhundi
started.  Curfews were imposed, shops were shut, transportation was
stopped, drought relief food was blocked.  In 1984 in Matabeleland South
15000 troops and police laid siege to a population of approximately 400 000
people.  At a meeting with local Ndebele a 5th Brigade officer is reported
to have said regarding the starvation policy: "first you will eat your
chickens, then your goats, then your cattle, then your donkeys.  Then you
will eat your children...". The Bishop of Bulawayo charged the Government
with employing a policy of "systematic starvation".  Gukurahundi continued
over a period of 4 years.  Thousands of civilians died or were murdered. It
was only at the end of 1987 that Nkomo finally capitulated and signed the
"Unity" accord.

In Zimbabwe today the starvation that we see is only the start.  The famine
early warning system reports that our cereal gap is now 907 000 tonnes
(over 30000 large lorry loads).  The U.N. report that our food crop
plantings are less than 50% of normal.  The starvation we face in 2003/2004
is horrific.

The starvation is indisputable.  The strategy to achieve it needs a closer
look.  Anyone wishing to control food supply needs to cover three areas:

· Firstly Food production needs to be significantly reduced.  This has
effectively been done already in Zimbabwe with plantings of food crops down
more than 50%.  It was simple to achieve.  The big farms, where at least
50% of the maize and over 90% of Soya Beans, Sugar Cane, Beef, Dairy,
Poultry, Wheat and Seed crops were produced, were invaded and the farmers
and their workforces were beaten, imprisoned, and in some cases murdered,
and their crops in some cases commandeered.  In excess of 75% of these
commercial farmers have been driven off their land and are in many cases
now destitute and therefore unable to produce again.

· In order to reduce production amongst small-scale farmers the most
effective policy is to make seed and fertilizer difficult to procure.  To
this end G.M.B. bought up nearly half the country's maize seed and the
state controlled the price of Maize produced by the farmer.  At the present
time the costs of production are at over Z$200 000 per tonne for an average
commercial 4 tonne per hectare crop, and the producer price is Z$28 000 per
tonne which leaves the farmer with a net loss of Z$88 000 for each hectare
that he puts in the ground.  It has now become illegal to market maize
except through the G.M.B at the G.M.B price.  Any maize found to be on farm
is regularly seized by the state.  Any farmer therefore legally producing
and marketing maize is going to produce it at a major loss.  Tillage units
were promised to the "new" farmers but only a handful of tractors were
allocated to each district.  Food production was significantly reduced.

· The second area that needs to be covered is the food retailers and food
distributors need to be controlled.  The most effective way of doing this
is by making it illegal to sell food crops above a gazetted price.  In
Zimbabwe this has been done so that most basic commodities have to now be
sold on the black market at exorbitant prices.  Police road blocks have
been set up to stop the illegal movement of food into these markets and
party militia have been stationed in many areas to stop farmers who are off
their farms from bringing food to their workers where they are still there.
War Veterans, Green Bombers and Youth Brigade now monitor not only GMB
outlets but also deliveries of maize and maize meal in rural areas.

· The third area that needs to be covered is that Importers of food need to
be hampered, delayed and controlled.  Individuals or companies wishing to
bring in food to Zimbabwe first need to get a licence to do so.  This is
very difficult to get.  To import food the individual or company first has
to get the foreign currency to do so, which is only possible on the black
market with the foreign currency bureaus having been closed down.  The cost
of food after that is far higher than the price that the individual company
is allowed to sell it at.

· If an individual does not have a licence he is only allowed to bring in
20kg of maize a month.  This is not even enough to feed his family let
alone anyone else.  Customs controls are very strict on the amount of food
an individual can bring into this country.

· That just leaves the aid agencies.  Again, to import food special
licences are required.  These in some cases take months to acquire.  There
are the special conditions set regarding the type of food allowed i.e. no
G.M.O maize.  Long tailbacks occur at customs with lorries loaded with this
vital commodity taking days to clear.  Distribution is another nightmare
with party youths seizing food in some cases and local authorities trying
to control who gets what based on political affiliation.  Meanwhile the
country begins to starve.

But with all this going on - some of the measures subtle, others downright
obvious, it seems incredible that Zimbabwe's neighbouring states, and
especially South Africa, continue to condone the war taking place against
the Zimbabwean people.  Where are those champions of democracy like Nelson
Mandela and Desmond Tutu?  Those that naively blame the starvation on
"misguided policy" or "inefficiency" or "drought" or even "incompetency"
need to think again.  The starvation in Zimbabwe is maliciously engineered.
The people are under siege just as those towns and fortresses were besieged
since ancient times.  The people of Zimbabwe need South Africa, S.A.D.C,
the U.N. or anyone that can assist to step into the breach very soon.  Or
are they going to prevaricate and pontificate until, like Gordon of
Khartoum it is "too late?"

Ben Freeth

All letters published on the open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
for Agriculture.

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The Herald yesterday contained further listings of farms listed for
acquisition, once more giving the lie to Mugabe's claims that "the land
acquisition process is over". 46 properties were listed, 27 of them in the
Tengwe area, 4 in Lomagundi, 4 in Hartley, 4 in Marondera, 2 in Harare, 2
in Bulawayo and 3 in Nyamandhlovu. Furthermore, thirteen of these are below
the supposed 400 hectare size allowed to commercial farmers, including one
of only 36 hectares (hardly a viable size for commercial farming, and one
would think well worth overlooking for resettlement). Finally, to add
insult to injury, one person has been listed for the seventh time, when the
actual property meant to be listed is the adjacent property (which is
apparently desired by a member of the CIO).

Below is a list of do's and don'ts for 2003 - sound advice for all farmers
and Zimbabweans.

The DO's

·Support Justice and the return to the rule of law by becoming a member of
JAG.  If you can not afford the $25 000.00 membership fee we will assist

· Protect your title by challenging your Section 5 notice and Section 8
Order and keeping abreast of all legal developments through JAG.

· Protect your workers where possible (and thereby your fixed assets) by
keeping contact and feeding them through the JAG welfare scheme.

· Protect your property rights by completing a full JAG LOSS CLAIM

· Protect your future by ensuring full accountability through documenting
and diarising all events that take place on your property with as much
detail of dates, people involved, threats, police reports etc. as you can.
This will also form part of your JLCD but we need it sooner by Email as

· Protect your "community" by assisting them to do things in the right way
wherever they might be now.

· Keep JAG informed so that we can publicise the injustices as they take

The DONT's

· Do not allow yourself to get on the wrong side of the law as so many did
in August 2002.

· Do not allow your title to get compromised through dealing outside of the

· Do not hand over your title deeds or any certified copies of them under
any circumstances.

· Do not fill in L.A.3 forms.

· Do not make any deals without proper legal representation. Check with JAG
if in any doubt.

· Do not, where possible, leave your farm without first completing a loss

· Do not be afraid of getting injustices publicised otherwise they will

· Do not do things in isolation.  Contact JAG for advice.  We are here for

"The greatest sin of our time is not the few who have destroyed, but the
vast majority who've sat idly by".  (Martin Luther King Jnr.)

Be Active! Support Justice!

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MDC MP Faces Charges of Inciting Violence

The Herald (Harare)

January 4, 2003
Posted to the web January 4, 2003


MDC Nkayi MP Mr Abednico Bhebhe has been arrested by police for allegedly
inciting public disorder by pasting posters on walls.

Mr Bhebhe was arrested on Thursday evening in Bulawayo in the company of an
unidentified party supporter in Bulawayo's Domington industrial area while
sticking up a poster on the walls inscribed "Hoot enough is enough".

Police spokesman Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena said Mr Bhebhe was
suspected of breaching the Public Order Security Act, which makes it a crime
to publish or communicate information with the intention of causing public

"Currently police investigations are going on and he is expected to appear
in court once investigations are over," he said.

By late yesterday afternoon Mr Bhebhe was still in police custody.

MDC spokesman Paul Themba Nyathi was quoted by AFP downplaying Mr Bhebhe's
arrest claiming that his arrest was part of a grand plan by police targeting
the opposition.

Since coming to Parliament in 2000, Mr Bhebhe has been arrested twice.

He was first arrested in June 2001 under the then Law and Order
(Maintenance) Act at a rally in Bulawayo after allegedly saying the
President must go, even if it meant removing the President violently.

He was arrested again in February last year for allegedly possessing
offensive weapons, which included axes, machetes and knobkerries in Nkayi.

The MDC leadership has been caught on the wrong side of the law on several

The party's leader Mr Morgan Tsvangirai, Professor Welshman Ncube and Mr
Renson Gasela are facing treason charges over a plot to remove the
legitimate Government of President Mugabe from power.
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Saturday, 4 January, 2003, 16:46 GMT
Food riots in Zimbabwe
Zimbabweans queue for food outside a store in Harare
All over the country people queue daily for basic food
Thirty-four people have been arrested as police used tear-gas to break up a riot at a grain depot in Zimbabwe's second largest city, Bulawayo, state media reports.

A report in the state-run Bulawayo Chronicle newspaper said those arrested had been protesting over what they said was the unfair distribution of food.

We have had enough of this - we are starving while some people have plenty of maize

Bulawayo resident
The state-run Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation reported that residents had accused grain board officials of corruptly supplying maize to unscrupulous millers, who then sold it on at exorbitant prices.

Correspondents say that millions of people in Zimbabwe are threatened by famine as the result of the continuing drought and the disruption caused by government's seizure of white-owned farms.


Maize meal, the national staple food, is supposed to be sold at controlled prices, but there have been reports that some millers are trying to evade the price controls.

Police fired tear-gas at the crowds and charged them with batons to try to quell the violence, witnesses said.

White farmers arrested
Thousands of white-owned farms have been seized

The privately-run Daily News said that about 4,000 people had been queuing at the depot on Friday when the fighting began.

The violence was said to be the most severe since food shortages began but no injuries were reported.

Some witnesses said the rioting had started because supporters of President Mugabe's Zanu-PF party were getting preferential treatment at the grain distribution centres.

"We have had enough of this. We are starving while some people have plenty of maize," the Daily News quoted one demonstrator as saying.

Full blown crisis

Correspondents have reported seeing state grain depots only selling maize to people holding party membership cards.

Robert Mugabe
Mugabe blames colonialism for Zimbabwe's problems

They say Mr Mugabe is using food a weapon to ensure that he remains in power.

Zimbabwe is in the grips of a massive economic crisis and about eight million people are thought be under threat of famine, with the problems not just restricted to rural areas.

Opposition parties point the finger of blame at Mr Mugabe and his government, but for his part the president says the cause of the crisis is a combination of a drought and a Western imperialistic plot aimed at keeping power in the hands of Zimbabwe's whites.

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Zimbabwe bars private imports of food, UN aide

January 4, 2003


MURAMBINDA, Zimbabwe--President Robert Mugabe is refusing to let Zimbabweans
privately import food, a decision that is condemning millions of people to
shortages, a UN aid spokesman said Friday.

More than 5,000 people gathered at Murambinda, 140 miles south of Harare, to
collect corn, beans and oil from the World Food Program.

Patience Mukondomi, 31, was not given any. As a teacher she has a job, and
therefore does not qualify for aid.

"There is nothing in the shops. We have money, but there is no food to buy.
Please sell us some," she implored officials.

But Luis Clemens, a WFP spokesman, explained that doing so would be against
the rules. "We cannot sell food, however much we want to help people," he
said. "We would be able to feed many more people if the government allowed
private importation of corn."

Zimbabwe has awarded a monopoly on trading in grain to a government agency
and there are countless verified reports from opposition supporters that
they have been denied permission to buy this food.

At the WFP distribution center, another woman, with a baby on her back, said
her husband was in the army and so she, too, did not qualify for food aid.

"We are starving," she said. "Even if my husband sent money, which he
doesn't because I am the second wife, there is no food to buy. My neighbor
helps me. Without her we would be dead."

The neighbor is one of 3 million people receiving food from the WFP. Mugabe
has been unable to find foreign currency to import anything but a trickle of
grain from South Africa.

"Private importation of corn would change the situation dramatically," said
Clemens. "We have made the offer to facilitate the importation of food, but
there is no change in policy."

Few crops have been planted by the inexperienced farmers who replaced more
than 4,000 white commercial farmers evicted in the past three years under
the government's land reforms.

Also, Zimbabwe and other Southern African states have been stricken by

Daily Telegraph
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Zimbabwe Report of IDI Safety and Security Delegation



1. Purpose


At its meeting of 1 October 2002, the IDI Board determined that it would send a Safety and Security Delegation to Zimbabwe to inspect arrangements for the ICC Cricket World Cup 2003.


The purpose of the Delegation was to inspect the situation in Zimbabwe in order to determine if it was safe for the six games to be played in the country during the tournament.


All members confirmed that the only issue in relation to Zimbabwe was safety and security and that political considerations should not be a factor in the ICC’s decision making process.


The Delegation comprised the following representatives from the ICC and its members:


• Mr Malcolm Speed Managing Director, ICC Development (International) Ltd;


• Mr James Sutherland Chief Executive, Australian Cricket Board (ACB);


• Mr SK Nair Honorary Secretary, Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI);


• Mr Tim Lamb Chief Executive, England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB);


• Mr Hans Mulder Team Manager, Koninklijke Nederlanse (Holland) Cricket Board (KNCB);


• Mr Laurie Pieters President of the Namibian Cricket Board (NCB);


• Mr Chishty Mujahid Director of the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB);


• Mr Vince Hogg Chief Executive of the Zimbabwe Cricket Union (ZCU).

In addition, the Delegation had a number of advisors. These were:

• Mr Ian Frykberg Director of ICC's commercial partner, Global Cricket Corporation (GCC);

• Mr Tim May Joint Chief Executive of the Federation of International Cricketers Associations (FICA);

• Mr Jeff Rees Senior Investigator from the ICC Anti-Corruption Unit;

• Mr Ben van Deventer Member of the ICC CWC 2003 Security Directorate and a senior South African policeman;

• Mr Jonathan Ticehurst ICC Insurance advisor, from Windsor Insurance

• Mr Brendan McClements ICC General Manager, Corporate Affairs.


2. Itinerary


The inspection itinerary was as follows.


Wednesday 27th November


7.30am Internal Breakfast Briefing Session – Function Room, Meikles Hotel.


8.30am Australian High Commission – 29 Mazowe St, Harare

Mr Trevor Wills - Acting High Commissioner


9.30am Zimbabwe Republic Police Headquarters – representatives of Police, Army, Air Force


10.30am Meeting with Ministry of Education, Sport & Culture, The Honourable Mr E Chigwedere.


12.00pm Lunch at Harare Sports Club during the ODI vs Pakistan.


to 2.30pm Meeting with the Deputy Mayor of Harare and Acting Town Clerk


Thursday 28th November


7.30am Delegates collected from the Hotel for transport to Charles Prince airport.


8.00am Flight to Bulawayo


9.20am Arrival in Bulawayo – collection at the airport by ZCU Personnel.


10.00am Executive Mayor of Bulawayo, His Worship Mr J Ndabeni-Ncube.


11.00am Zimbabwe Republic Police, Matabeleland Province – representatives of Police and Army.


12.00pm Visit to Queens Sports Club – inspection of facilities.


2.30pm Flight to Harare


Friday 29th November


8.30am British High Commission

Mr B Donnelly – High Commissioner


10.00am Indian High Commission

Mr A K Basu – High Commissioner


11.30am Namibian High Commission

Mr E Haipinge – Acting High Commissioner


12.30pm Royal Netherlands Embassy

Councillor Mr P van der Linde


2.30pm Pakistan High Commission

Mr K A Babar – High Commissioner


3.30pm Security briefing from Zimbabwe World Cup Security Directorate, Mr Paul Friendship, in the ZCU Boardroom.


4.30pm Closing discussion session chaired by Malcolm Speed in the ZCU Boardroom.

Unfortunately the scheduled appointment with the Namibian High Commissioner was cancelled during the visit.


3. Zimbabwe – Safety Environment


The Delegation was able to obtain a clear picture of the safety and security environment within Zimbabwe through its discussions with a broad cross section of Government, security and diplomatic contacts.


The issue was addressed directly by the Delegation in each of its meetings.


Internal Safety Environment


Universally, it was recognized that there has been considerable improvement recently in the safety environment in Zimbabwe since the decision by the Australian Cricket Board to postpone its tour to the country earlier this year. The Pakistan Team has just completed a three week tour and had not encountered any problems.


The Australian High Commission highlighted that this change was reflected in its travel advice to its citizens which had been downgraded from advising against all non-essential travel, to recommending that visitors to the country exercise due caution in their travel arrangements.

The British High Commission and the Dutch Embassy travel advice is similar.


Pakistan and India regard Zimbabwe as safe and have not seen fit to issue a travel advisory for the country.


All diplomats commented that Harare and Bulawayo experienced the street crime associated with most cities but that they would expect it to be safe and secure for the players and officials, provided that due vigilance and caution was exercised, particularly after dark.

It should be noted that no foreign tourist has been killed or injured in Zimbabwe for political motives.


A similar point was also made by the security forces that will be responsible for the teams in these cities.


The sense of the advice is summed up in the following comment made to the delegation by a consular official.


“Sensible tourism is perfectly possible”


All diplomats regarded the high profile of the players and the security surrounding the teams and officials as factors that would reduce the security risk.


Of particular note were the comments of the Deputy Mayor and Town Clerk of Harare and the Mayor of Bulawayo.


While both cities are politically controlled by the opposition party (the MDC), both local governments emphasised that the games are in the national interest and highlighted the economic boost that staging the matches will provide to their cities.


In particular, the Deputy Mayor of Harare identified the critical shortage of foreign currency in Zimbabwe and the benefits that will come to his constituency from staging the matches.


It was also identified that while the political situation in Zimbabwe is difficult, the risk of orchestrated violence from within the country that could place the players and officials at risk is minimal.


Diplomatic sources confirm that the MDC is committed to finding a political solution through non-violent means and is unlikely to attempt to orchestrate any violence against the government or use the World Cup matches as a political platform to promote their cause.


The local government officials confirmed the support of their cities for the matches, that their party supports the participation of Zimbabwe in international sport, that these games are regarded as being in the national interest and that their party does not support violence.


“When it comes to national issues that reflect the national identity, the MDC will not engage in any political points scoring”

Senior city official


“Everyone is supportive of the World Cup and the MDC is the same. The World Cup is fundamentally a good thing and we’re not going to call it a bad thing and go against public opinion”

Senior city official


One major area of concern identified during the inspection was in relation to food shortages.

Zimbabwe is currently experiencing significant food shortages, particularly in the rural areas, and this situation is likely to get worse ahead of the ICC CWC 2003 with the next harvest not due until April. Zimbabwe has previously experienced food riots in Harare (1997) and this cannot be ruled out again.


However, it is apparent that should this occur it will not be an organized program by the MDC. Any action is likely to be as a result of localized disaffection spilling over into violence.


“A hungry stomach can make a man angry.”

Senior city official


Equally, it is likely that any violence, should it occur, would be well away from the players and officials. This type of outbreak is likely to occur in the suburbs of Harare and Bulawayo while the teams and officials will be located in the centre of the city.


It was also highlighted to the Delegation that in the event of any violence of this type, the internal security forces were very well equipped to quickly isolate, contain and address the problem.


“If food riots occur, it is highly likely that the police and military would be able to contain them as the layout of the city of Harare makes this easy to achieve. The city has been planned this way”

Consular official


External Safety Environment


A number of sources highlighted to the ICC that the main security threat in Zimbabwe would not come from within the country but is posed by the risk of an outside terrorist organisation targeting the ICC CWC 2003.


It should be noted that in making these comments, the sources also highlighted that Zimbabwe posed no greater or lesser risk than any other country hosting the tournament and that this was simply a comment on the situation in the world today.


It was also highlighted that there was no history of external terrorist attacks or extremism in the country.


In light of this information, the Delegation sought information on the capacity and capability of the Zimbabwean intelligence and security forces to deal with this type of threat.


Not surprisingly, the security forces themselves believed that they were entirely capable of dealing with this issue.

More importantly, a number of other independent sources also supported this view.


“The Zimbabwe security forces are well staffed and well organized”

Senior Consular official


“Zimbabwe has the expertise, infrastructure and capability to deliver a safe and secure event”

Senior Consular official


“I know that the US has been working closely with the Zimbabwe intelligence community and that they are pleased with the co-operation. There is no sense that Zimbabwe is sympathetic with or helping terrorists.”

Senior Consular official


4. Zimbabwe – Player and Officials Security


The accountability and responsibility for the safety and security of players and officials in Zimbabwe rests with the United Cricket Board of South Africa through its Cricket World Cup Organising Committee and the Safety Directorate of that Committee.


The Delegation was accompanied by Director Mr Ben van Deventer, a member of the Security Directorate and a very senior serving policeman in the South African Police Force with specific skills in the area of safety and security for major international events.


Mr van Deventer confirmed that security of the players and officials in Zimbabwe was subject to the detailed Security Plan developed for the event.


This plan has previously been approved by the Government of South Africa and is a comprehensive and detailed guide to the necessary levels of security at the World Cup. It covers all aspects of security including airport arrivals and departures, transfers, accommodation and at-match arrangements.


The focus of the Delegation was on the extent to which this security plan was understood by the relevant security personnel in Zimbabwe and to what degree it is being implemented.


Meetings with the police and security forces identified that the management structures had been put in place with the necessary security committees established in both Harare and Bulawayo. These committees bring together the relevant stakeholders responsible for overseeing and implementing the security plan.


The Delegation’s visit also coincided with the trial, at the 3rd ODI between Zimbabwe and Pakistan, of the match day security arrangements for traffic free zones, vehicle checks, spectator searches (including magnotometer scans) and zoned accreditation areas within grounds.


These trials worked successfully with the plans proceeding smoothly. Weaknesses that were identified are now being addressed as the final plans are developed.


In meeting with the various security and coordinating groups involved in the provision of this security, it was apparent to the Delegation that this issue must remain a priority in the lead-up to the tournament.


The Delegation received undertakings from all parties that this commitment is in place and the Delegation is of the view that the ZCU and the CWC Security Directorate must work more closely together to ensure that the Security Plan is well understood by all organisations responsible for its delivery.


The Delegation was satisfied with the commitments from both the ZCU and the Security Directorate.

It noted that the ZCU would be submitting a full report on the implementation of its Security Plan to the Security Directorate for final sign-off in early January 2003 and recommends that the approved plan should be provided to all Boards whose teams are playing in Zimbabwe as a matter of course.


The Delegation also sought assurances on the security arrangements that would be in place to deal with the possibility of terrorist attack.


The Directorate advised that increased security would be implemented including:


• The creation of a secure perimeter of some 200 meters around the hotel protected by strong roadblocks such as concrete barriers;


• Vehicle access to the area permitted only through an accreditation system; and


• Inspections of every vehicle entering the area.


The Delegation regards these steps as mandatory.


It is also important to note that the Security Plan includes a significant component dedicated to the provision of suitable medical facilities at and close to both venues.


The on-site facilities to include:


1. One doctor;


2. Two ambulances, both with two crew members and equipped to Intermediate Life Support levels.


3. One trauma nurse


4. One paramedic.


The medical staff to be provided with the full range of equipment specified in the Security Plan.

Both locations have primary and secondary designated hospitals and suitable medical facilities. In Harare these are within a 3 km radius of the venue and at Bulawayo they are within an 8 km radius of the venue. Families of players who are travelling to Zimbabwe should also be provided with an understanding of the security measures in place for the games to ensure that they are able to take the necessary steps to minimise any security risk.


5. Zimbabwe – Media and Spectator Safety Issues


The ICC recognizes that there are likely to be many media personnel and spectators who are also looking to travel to Zimbabwe for the ICC Cricket World Cup 2003. The delegation also sought an understanding of security issues from this perspective.


In looking at this issue it should be noted that the decision of whether or not to travel to Zimbabwe can only be made by these individuals and organizations and ICC plays no part in that decision.

The views of the diplomats were of particular interest regarding the safety assessments for their own nationals.


Even the most cautious advice was that Zimbabwe was a safe and secure country for tourists, provided they were sensible in their travel arrangements.


Sensible precautions include:


• ensuring that travel arrangements are made with a reputable travel company;


• not traveling to rural areas;


• keeping a low political profile and avoiding crowds;


• being aware of the sensitivities in Zimbabwe such as no photography of state buildings.


The British High Commission was very keen to ensure that its citizens travelling to Zimbabwe made sure that they were aware of these issues while the Australian High Commission stressed the need for people to seek out and follow the travel advisories issued by its staff.


“Visitors to Zimbabwe should make sure that they travel with experienced tour operators to well known destinations. The issues for tourists are no different to any other country.”

Senior Diplomat


It is anticipated that the largest contingent of overseas spectators will come from England with the “Barmy Army” likely to be well represented.


The British High Commission is particularly keen to establish contact with its supporters.

Given the existing informal relationship between the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) and the Barmy Army, ECB CEO, Mr Tim Lamb, agreed to facilitate this discussion to allow the British High Commission to provide the Barmy Army with information and advice specific to British citizens visiting Zimbabwe for the World Cup.


The inspection highlighted the need for all visitors to Zimbabwe to make sure that they are fully informed about the situation within the country when coming to their own decisions about travelling to the World Cup.


Based on the information provided by diplomatic staff, the Delegation is satisfied that Zimbabwe is safe for spectators and media travelling to the tournament on the basis that any person travelling to Zimbabwe obtains and follows the travel advice issued by their own diplomatic mission.


The Delegation strongly urges all spectators and media considering travelling to these matches to consult with their own High Commissions/Embassies to get the most up to date information available in order to make a fully informed and considered decision on this issue.


6. Insurance Issues


Following our meetings and discussions the insurance assessment identified that that any violent attack on the tournament is likely to be from outside Zimbabwe rather than from within. That is an attack directed against the Tournament, to create international publicity, by extremists based outside Zimbabwe.


Attacks on soft targets by determined extremists are very difficult to foresee and they are occurring with increasing frequency and severity in different parts of the world. However, as the situation stands at the moment there is confidence that insurance is available for the Players and Officials for death, disablement and medical expenses associated therewith, arising out of terrorist attacks within Zimbabwe.


This is at a level of benefit that it is believed will be regarded by ICC, the National Cricket Associations/Board, and the Players as adequate and reasonable.


Such a policy would automatically extend to include death, disablement and medical expenses caused by riots and civil commotion, as well as the risk of everyday accident such as motor crash, personal assault, injury in the hotel etc.


The attack on 28 November 2002 in Mombasa, Kenya, is regarded by Insurers as yet another tragic episode in the ongoing conflict between two known adversaries. It does not prejudice the insurances available to ICC but it does demonstrate the unpredictability of the location of these events.


However, in giving an indication of terms, Insurers may wish to reserve the right to cancel the policy if the political climate deteriorates, with the feared consequences of rioting and deaths, or if there are incidences of terrorist attack in Zimbabwe between now and February 2003.


7. Conclusions


1. The Delegation is satisfied that it met with a sufficient number of people in a diversity of positions in Zimbabwe to provide adequate sources of information to reach the conclusions that are detailed hereunder.


2. It is satisfied that there is widespread support within Zimbabwe for the ICC Cricket World Cup 2003 matches to take place. ZCU is a Full Member of ICC and has earned the right to host these Cricket World Cup matches.


3. In the course of its meetings, the Delegation was unable to identify any group that would benefit significantly from the relocation of the matches. On the other hand, there are significant benefits that will flow from playing the matches in Zimbabwe.


4. It is clear that levels of safety and security have improved since earlier in 2002 when the tour by the Australian Cricket Team to Zimbabwe was cancelled.


5. It is also clear that there are serious political and economic issues that have arisen in Zimbabwe and it is apparent that the situation will most likely deteriorate between now and the time when the Cricket World Cup matches are to be played. It is evident that increased anxiety in relation to political and economic affairs and, in particular, food shortages that will be exacerbated in the coming months, will create a risk of increased violence in the community.


6. However, the Delegation is satisfied that the processes that have been put in place by the relevant officials in Zimbabwe are more than adequate to deal with any such threat of increased violence and that it will not pose a safety and security risk for players and officials.


7. The Delegation received a comprehensive presentation of those aspects of the Cricket World Cup Security Plan that impact on matches in Zimbabwe. This Security Plan has been approved by the Government of the Republic of South Africa. The ICC CWC Security Directorate has undertaken to continue to monitor the implementation of those aspects of the Security Plan that relate to the matches in Zimbabwe to ensure that all of the planned activities take place.


8. Spectators and media intending to travel to Zimbabwe are strongly urged to contact their respective diplomatic officials and to get a thorough understanding of the current situation in Zimbabwe to ensure that they are able to make a fully informed decision about travelling to the country.


9. There is an appropriate level of insurance cover at an acceptable cost available to all of the teams scheduled to play in Zimbabwe, should they wish to take advantage of that insurance.


10. There are many serious issues that face the world at large in relation to safety and security and the sport of cricket is not immune from these issues.


However, as things stand at the moment, it is the view of the Delegation that there is no good reason in terms of the safety and security of players to relocate any of the six matches that are planned to be played in Zimbabwe in February and March and they should continue as scheduled. In the intervening weeks, IDI and ZCU will continue to monitor events in Zimbabwe very carefully. If there is any significant deterioration in the perceived levels of safety in Zimbabwe, this issue will be revisited immediately.


8. Recommendations to the IDI Board


1. That the IDI Board confirms that the six first round matches scheduled for Zimbabwe will take placed as planned.


2. That the ICC CWC Security Directorate ensures that the Security Plan is fully implemented in Zimbabwe by regularly monitoring the progress of this plan and providing the ICC with reports on a two weekly basis as to its implementation.


3. That the final Security Plan submitted by the ZCU and approved by the Security Directorate, including the additional security measures identified following the terrorist attack in Kenya, be provided to each country scheduled to play in Zimbabwe for their information.


Signed By The Members Of The Delegation


Malcolm Speed – IDI Managing Director


James Sutherland – ACB Chief Executive


SK Nair – BCCI Honorary Secretary


Tim Lamb – ECB Chief Executive


Hans Mulder – Holland Team Manager


Laurie Pieters – Namibia President


Chishty Mujahid – PCB Director


Vince Hogg – ZCU Chief Executive


Ian Frykberg – GCC Director


Tim May – Chief Executive FICA


Jeff Rees – ICC Anti Corruption Unit


Ben van Deventer – CWC Security Directorate


Jonathan Ticehurst – Windsor Insurance


Brendan McClements – ICC General Manager, Corporate Affairs


December 2002

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Independent (UK)
England stars face violent demos
By Basildon Peta, Zimbabwe Correspondent
05 January 2003

English and Australian cricketers due to play World Cup matches in Zimbabwe
next month - and the officials, journalists and fans who accompany them -
face the threat of violent demonstrations, heavy-handed security and chaos
caused by the country's economic collapse.

Zimbabwean opposition groups, angry at the prestige that President Robert
Mugabe will gain from the presence of international cricket teams, have
formed an umbrella group called Organised Resistance, and are threatening to
disrupt the matches if they go ahead.

"Should the World Cup come to Zimbabwe, it will present a useful opportunity
to expose and highlight human rights abuses - in particular, the partisan
distribution of food aid," Organised Resistance said in a statement.

"The media coverage, and the fact that foreign journalists and world
television will be focusing on Zimbabwe, means our state-sponsored
victimisation will once again become front-page news around the world," the
group added. "It is likely that mass demonstrations will be co-ordinated to
take advantage of the media event of the World Cup."

If the cricketers go to Zimbabwe, they will have ignored pressure for a
boycott from the British and Australian governments. Ironically, Mr Mugabe
himself had to be talked out of banning the two sides. Not only had he been
itching to retaliate against London and Canberra, Zimbabwe government
sources said, he believed the influx of British and Australian cricketers
and fans would provide an opportunity for MI6 to infiltrate agents with
orders to assassinate him.

Tony Blair and other "Western detractors" had hoped Mr Mugabe would lose the
presidential election last March. Since those hopes were dashed, the sources
said, Mr Mugabe had become convinced that Tony Blair and his allies were
working with the local opposition to kill him. But the President's
colleagues persuaded him that the cricketers had to be admitted to avoid
loss of face.

It was reported yesterday that action might be taken against the Zimbabwean
team, most of whom are white, if they agreed to a compromise proposal to
play their England and Australia matches in South Africa. Such action might
lead to the players losing their Zimbabwean passports and being prevented
from leaving the country.

To appease Mr Mugabe, his ministers promised the touring parties would be
swamped in security, with at least three agents of the Central Intelligence
Organisation assigned to every player and official to check their movements.
Their rooms could also be bugged and their baggage searched.

Apart from the risk of being caught up in violence, visiting cricketers and
their followers will face problems caused by Zimbabwe's economic meltdown.
Supermarket shelves are empty and a crippling fuel shortage will affect the
movement of cricket fans between the two main cities, Harare and Bulawayo,
which are nearly 300 miles apart.
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The Spectator (UK), 28 December 2002


Afro-Saxon attitudes

Andrew Kenny says the Afrikaner nationalists love their culture but
the African nationalists hate theirs

Cape Town

A series of terrorist bomb blasts across South Africa, one of which
killed a woman in Soweto, has rubbed a wound of resentment between
Africans and Afrikaners. This terrorism, unlike 11 September, has not
required us to worry about its 'root causes'. It has required only
simple condemnation. This is because the bombs are believed to be the
work of 'right-wingers'.

South Africa has enriched political philosophy by giving definition to
the terms 'left-wing' and 'right-wing', which otherwise mean nothing
at all. (Is Fidel Castro left-wing or right-wing? He persecutes
homosexuals, supports capital punishment, bans trade unions, is a
billionaire in an impoverished country, and has decreed that his
brother should succeed him in absolute power.) In South Africa, as
might be expected, the meaning is racial. If you hate capitalism and
globalisation, loathe the US, seethe with ethnic nationalism, see your
people as the victims of an evil conspiracy and have a black skin, you
are 'an extreme left-winger'. If you hold exactly the same set of
beliefs but have white skin, you are 'an extreme right-winger'.

The 'extreme right-wingers' are tiny groups of hardline Boer
nationalists. They have as much chance of taking over South Africa as
the Druids have of taking over England. There is no hard evidence that
they are behind the bombings but the circumstantial evidence points
towards them. This month members of the Boeremag ('Boer Power') were
arrested with large amounts of explosives. I have spoken to members of
similar groups, such as the AWB (Afrikaner Resistance Movement), and I
know what they stand for. They feel that South Africa rightly belongs
to the Afrikaners, and is given to them by God. It has been stolen
from them by a wicked Jewish-capitalist conspiracy, whose roots go
back to the Illuminati and whose master is the Antichrist. Black
people, who are subhuman innocents, are being used by the conspiracy
to wreck South Africa in preparation for its takeover by the 'New
World Order'.

In other words, the 'right-wing' plotters are a dreary lot, not
peculiarly Afrikaans, whose thoughts are little different from those
of any other bunch of fascist, Marxist or religious fanatics. Much
more interesting has been the reaction of ANC commentators to
Afrikaners in general.

Their most outrageous suggestion was that any Afrikaner who is
campaigning to promote Afrikaner culture must have links with the
bombers. This is like saying that because I am a vegetarian I must be
blowing up animal laboratories. Afrikaners hit back angrily. Then
followed arguments about language and identity, and about the rights
of minority groups in the new South Africa. As an English-speaking
South African, I found myself staring into a chasm of jealousy and
suspicion between the Afrikaners, who ruled me in the past, and the
Africans, who rule me now.

Each group is faced with a central contradiction which is at the heart
of the disputes between them. The Afrikaner contradiction is physical
and is now partly resolved. The African one is spiritual and is
completely unresolved.

The problem for the Afrikaners was that they professed to believe in
Western Civilisation, which implies democracy, but they were always a
racial minority in the country they called their own. Eventually, to
try to overcome this contradiction, they devised the tortuous nonsense
of apartheid. This was acceptable to them when most of them were rural
poor or working-class - as the 'extreme right-wingers' are now. But
when apartheid delivered high economic growth (a fact that makes
liberals such as me squirm), it projected large numbers of Afrikaners
into the wealthy, educated classes, where their middle-class
consciences could not accept it. It was only a matter of time before
one of their number, F.W. de Klerk, as it happened, ended the wretched
system. Apartheid collapsed under the weight of bourgeois Afrikaner

The African contradiction is much more profound. It is this: most
African leaders loudly denounce European values and praise African
ones, but in their every deed they show that they worship everything
European and despise everything African. They drive Mercedes, wear
Savile Row suits and Gucci shoes, quote Shakespeare, send their
children to Eton - and shout against 'Eurocentric' ideas. They are
never more at ease than when they are attending conferences in Europe,
surrounded by white diplomats, or less at ease than when in the
African bush, surrounded by black peasants. Before colonialism, the
literacy rate in sub-Saharan Africa was zero, but African leaders now
blame low levels of literacy on colonialism. They are saying
simultaneously, 'Why did you colonise us?' and 'Why didn't you
colonise us more?'

Such unhappy conflict in their breasts renders most black leaders
incapable of logical policies, and causes a ruinous division between
them and the black people they rule.

Afrikaners jeer at this behaviour, and the African leaders are well
aware of it. The key to the whole conundrum is language. During their
100 years under the British Empire, Afrikaans was suppressed by the
British. Bitterly resentful, the Afrikaners vowed to champion their
language when they eventually came to power, and this is exactly what
they did. With great effort and determination, they set up Afrikaans
schools and Afrikaans universities. They taught the science of Europe,
but they also taught the beauty of their own culture. The crucial test
of any ideology is this question: 'What school do you send your
children to?' (Try the test on British socialists.) The Afrikaner
leaders passed the test with flying colours. They sent their children
to schools and universities where the teaching was in Afrikaans.

By contrast, African leaders do not send their children to schools
that teach in African languages. They shudder at the thought. They
send them to schools and universities that teach in English. The
louder a black commentator shrieks against white colonialism, the
surer you can be that she sends her own children to a highly
Eurocentric school where most of the teachers are white and the medium
is English. Since the ANC came to power in 1994, they have made no
attempt to foster schools and universities teaching in African

South Africa has 11 official languages. This is an admirable gesture
towards our 'rich cultural diversity'. But while the ANC leadership
pretends to promote this policy, it does nothing of the kind and
actually tries to root out other languages in favour of English. The
only universities which do promote language diversity are the
Afrikaner ones, such as Stellenbosch and Potchefstroom, where
Afrikaans is the main medium of teaching. Far from praising them, the
ANC constantly snipes at them. Unable to justify his dislike of them,
the ANC's minister of education, Kader Asmal, falls back upon the
usual mind-blocking arguments that they are racists and closet
supporters of apartheid. 'Judging by the strident comments in support
of Afrikaans being retained as the only language of tuition at certain
institutions, it is evident that some individuals are beginning to
show their true colours and to speak through the justifications of
those who created and manned the apartheid regime.'

Yet this same minister of education has recently announced his
intention to set up universities teaching in the Sotho and Nguni
languages (Zulu and Xhosa). The real reason for his anger, as Africans
and Afrikaners understand full well, is that in the unlikely event of
such universities ever being instituted, no black leaders would ever
send their children to them. They are ashamed of their own languages,
and the Afrikaners are proud of theirs. This is the fundamental

An Afrikaner commentator with a vivid turn of phrase, Dan Roodt,
described our black leaders as 'Afro-Saxons'. This is marvellously
apt. President Mbeki of South Africa is a good example and President
Mugabe of Zimbabwe is even better. You cannot really understand
Mugabe's behaviour and Mbeki's support of him unless you understand
what black racism really means.

A white racist is someone who believes that white civilisation is
superior to black civilisation, and is happy about it. A black racist
is someone who believes white civilisation is superior to black
civilisation, and is furious about it. Robert Mugabe exactly fits this
definition. He is Dan Roodt's perfect Afro-Saxon. Mugabe reveres all
things European and sneers at all things African. He loves English
lords and ladies, and regards African peasants as backward coons. He
shops at Harrods and dresses like an English gent. For 20 years he was
quite content for white farmers to own a large part of Zimbabwean
soil. It was only when he knew that the African electorate was going
to vote him out that he dreamed up his present policies of 'land
reform', whose main intention was to terrorise black farmworkers. And
then the phrases of hatred against Europeans came naturally to him,
since, like all black racists, he hates the thing he adores.

The ANC government in South Africa has not uttered one word of
condemnation of Mugabe's massive violation of human rights in
Zimbabwe, particularly those of black people. The ANC does not
hesitate to condemn governments that it dislikes, and so its silence
is rightly interpreted as support for Mugabe. I have heard ANC
spokesmen at first hand, and can tell you that they are fully behind
Mugabe. This was confirmed at the ANC's conference this month when one
of Mugabe's thugs, Emmerson Mnangagwa (who educated his children in
America and Britain), praised Mugabe, attacked 'Western imperialists'
and thanked the ANC for its 'resolute and steadfast solidarity with
us'. He received a standing ovation and President Mbeki gave him a big
bear hug. The reason for the ANC's support is simply that Mugabe, the
Afro-Saxon, the black man who will shout against whites to cling to
power but who thinks European culture is better than African, is one
of them. I have little doubt that if the ANC faced the prospect of
losing an election, it would behave exactly as Mugabe is behaving now.

Meanwhile, the Afrikaners prosper and brood. Many are emigrating,
particularly doctors, teachers, engineers and other professionals, but
most remain, some moving from government to business and doing well at
it. Despite their lamentations, Afrikaans is the third most widely
spoken language in South Africa (behind Zulu and Xhosa but ahead of
English). More students, including blacks, go to Afrikaner
universities than to any others. The Afrikaner has left a deeper mark
on the landscape of South Africa than any other people. No liberation
struggle in black Africa comes close to matching the heroism of the
Boer War, when a handful of Afrikaners - husbands, fathers, farmers,
each armed only with a horse and a rifle -took on the greatest empire
in the history of the world, inflicted upon it in one week three
shattering defeats from which it never recovered, and were overcome in
the long run only by overwhelming superiority of weight and numbers.
They know their history well, including their infamous years of rule,
and ponder their future.

What should the Africans do? The answer is simple. They should do what
the Britons did after the Romans left, or what the Japanese did when
they discovered the superiority of European science. They should
accept that white technology, economic management and political
systems are better than their own and learn them as quickly as they
can from whomever they can. But they should be proud of their own
traditions, culture and language. In fact, this is what the vast
majority of African people want to do, but their leaders will not let
them. So what should their leaders do? Again, the answer is simple.
Follow the example of the Afrikaners.

© 2002 The
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Dictators Must Know That Their Legacies Are in the Hands of the People

Sunday Times (Johannesburg)

January 5, 2003
Posted to the web January 4, 2003

Ray Hartley

IT IS always gratifying to watch those who believed themselves to be above
the law and above their countrymen being reduced to objects of derision and

For South Africans, such a scene played itself out on television in the
1980s when PW Botha, the once-feared, if third-rate, dictator was reduced to
a dribbling, confused fool.

Even the cameras of the then kow-towing public broadcaster could not resist
lingering on the spittle-ridden spectacle of Botha's downfall with
hypocritical Schadenfreude. A nation did not mourn.

A similar scene has played itself out in Kenya, where Daniel arap Moi, after
decades of presiding over an undemocratic regime of graft and personal
aggrandisement, bowed out of politics last week to be booed publicly by the
people he had ruled over.

Until then Moi had deluded himself that he would hand over power with all
the dignity of a well-loved elder statesman.

For the occasion, he invented a large silver sword that he no doubt imagined
was the repository of the power he was magnanimously handing over to his
successor amid , he must have expected, polite clapping by a sorrowful

How shattering it must have been to feel their mocking rejection. How
galling to be booed out of office.

Suddenly, and for all the world to see, it became apparent that without the
machinery of manipulation and repression on his side, he would never have
enjoyed the support of Kenyans. Again, a nation did not mourn.

Now that the Kenyan election has made this point, the country's new ruler,
Mwai Kibaki, must justify the faith of his supporters.

Already some gainsayers have argued that Kenya will not be rescued by
Kibaki, that it is too steeped in corruption, and that it lacks the
institutional wherewithal to modernise its government and economy.

But that misses the point.

This election has already served an important purpose. It has said farewell
to Moi and to the man he chose to continue his legacy - Uhuru Kenyatta.

It has told a liberation party that ruled with a decreasing regard for its
people to get lost. It has shown that decades of bewitching sophistry, of
conjuring up reasons why democracy must be adapted, amended and postponed,
come to naught if people are allowed to express themselves freely.

And it showed that, inevitably, people must be allowed to express themselves
freely. Moi must have known that to deny his people a free vote one more
time would have led to insurrection.

In this lies a salutary lesson for the likes of President Robert Mugabe of
Zimbabwe, who has also contrived to remain in power at the expense of his

He may have assumed control of the media by a mixture of regulation and
bullying, and he may have invented wars and foreign enemies to persuade his
countrymen that his growing grasp of power is justified.

But all of that will mean nothing when Mugabe ceases to rule.

His legacy remains in the hands of those who have suffered under his rule,
and they will not hesitate to express themselves on this once they are free
to do so.

The booing will be loud.

Namibia's Sam Nujoma is another case in point. He has extended his rule by
an unseemly succession of constitutional amendments.

The Kenyan election has served a powerful purpose. Now expectations of an
instant new utopia must be replaced with a more pragmatic acceptance that
Kenya is a long way from achieving stability.

Kibaki faces a daunting challenge. The danger is that the Kenyan voters will
expect him to sweep out the old and replace it with the new overnight.

Measured by such a standard, he will surely fail.

He must begin to communicate the unpalatable truth to his supporters - that
it will take many years before a proper programme of change will be in place
in Kenya.

Such a programme will require massive international support in the form of
financial aid and political solidarity. South Africa has an obligation to
lend its support to this example of democratic transition, and the ruling
ANC must move quickly to prove that it accepts that a liberation party may
be defeated by the majority.

PW Botha is, these days, more an object of pity than of derision, due in no
small part to the fact of reconciliation. He has been allowed his place in
the sun.

It may take as many years for the Kenyan public to shelve its visceral
dislike of Moi.
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Zimbabwe Mirror

EU assists white farmers with relocation
Mirror Reporters

THE European Union (EU) is reportedly assisting Zimbabwean white commercial
farmers who have moved their farming operations to other countries with
capital finance, The Sunday Mirror has established.

The farmers, who number about 2 000, are also being given attractive
incentives by the governments of the countries in which they have found new
homes, it emerged this week.

A Zambian minister of State confirmed to this paper that the EU was
bankrolling the white farmers, who left Zimbabwe after their properties had
been acquired by government for resettlement under the ongoing land
redistribution exercise.

"The farmers sent out an SOS to the European Union saying they were finding
it difficult to relocate since they could not sell off their assets in
Zimbabwe. They also pointed out that the Zimbabwean government had not paid
them their compensation," he said.

The EU is disbursing the money through an international financial
institution and the debt is reportedly supposed to be repaid over a
five-year period, the source said. He added that the EU had decided to help
the farmers on the premise that its overture would help improve the food
security situation in Southern Africa. Even though no official comment could
be obtained from the European Union, individual member countries dismissed
the claim that the bloc was financing the farmers.

Delphine Delieux, a spokesperson for the Belgian Embassy in Zimbabwe said:
"We are not aware of such a programme (of funding the farmers). I don't
think we would do that even if the farmers were Belgians." The EU was
concentrating on alleviating a food crisis that hit southern Africa because
of the current drought in the region, Delieux said. About 14 million people
in the region are in need of relief food to avert starvation, donor agencies
have estimated.

Some of the farmers have found new homes in Southern Africa as well as other
African countries, while others are relocating to Canada, Europe and

"Some members moved to New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, Mozambique,
Zambia, Malawi, Uganda and Tanzania, to carry on farming. The countries
could accommodate them," Colin Cloete, president of the Commercial Farmers'
Union said.

Zambia, as well as Mozambique, has proved to be an instant favourite of the
moving farmers. A Zambian High Commission official in Harare said it was
common knowledge that evicted farmers were relocating to Zambia. She said
"many farmers" were reportedly still visiting Zambia to look at the
available land and to determine suitable agricultural operations. "There is
plenty of farmland in Zambia. As a matter of policy, the farmers and other
investors are being given incentives. But they have to buy their own
equipment since our government does not have the money," she said, without
elaborating on the nature of the incentives.

She could not provide the exact number of white farmers who had moved to her
country Cloete said: "We hear that commercial (agricultural) companies are
supporting farmers settling in Zambia and not the EU. Tobacco companies want
to retain the farmers' skills and increase that country's output." Peter
MacSporan, who was CFU president between 1995 and 1996, confirmed that he
relocated to Zambia late last year. "There is plenty of land in Zambia, but
finance is a major problem. I was not compensated and government stopped me
from moving my equipment. It is like starting from scratch," MacSporan said.
The CFU said it was aware of nearly 120 farmers that had been offered
compensation by government, so far.

MacSporan said he was going to grow tobacco, as well as seed and commercial
maize. He owned Diandra Farm in Darwendale, about 50 kilometres west of
Harare. "No one like that (EU) is supporting us. We are raising our own
capital from Zambian banks and some commercial tobacco companies are
assisting us," he said. He added that Zambia produced a mere five million
kilogrammes of flue-cured tobacco every season, a mass the farmers from
Zimbabwe want to significantly increase. MacSporan said: "Zambia has great
potential in agriculture, I am sure it will benefit from our settling there.
Zimbabwe's economy did not support commercial agriculture and there are fuel
and foreign currency shortages. In Zambia, we can get inputs and we are paid
in foreign currency." He said he was aware of other evicted farmers planning
to move to either Mozambique or South Africa, mainly to engage in
horticulture and cereal production.

The CFU said out of last year's 3 200 members, the union was now left with
between 1 100 and 1 200 farmers on its register. Two years ago, CFU
membership stood at 4 500.

"About 700 members are able to farm at the moment," Cloete said However, he
applauded farmers moving into the southern Africa region, saying their
combined skills would be retained. He said while a nucleus would remain in
the region, the majority of evicted farmers were going to leave Africa.
"After leaving Africa the majority of the farmers won't produce anything.
Because of their background, most will not be able to take up professional
jobs," MacSporan said.

Agriculture industry sources say some of the evicted farmers who migrated to
the United Kingdom, were getting employed as petrol attendants,
truck-drivers, shop assistants, among other jobs, mainly because of their
limited educational backgrounds.

Meanwhile, government reported that about 10.2 million hectares of land were
acquired and over 300 000 black farmers had been resettled on the land under
the land reform programme's A1 model, with another 54 000 receiving land
under the A2 model for commercial agricultural production.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

4 January 2003

Streak senior defends son - The Herald
Blair's afraid truth will be known - The Herald (Letter)
Cricket world Cup round up - AOL
Cricketers reject call to boycott - NZ Herald
It's moments like these you need Mintos - NZ Herald (Letter)
Cricket: South Africa plans Olympian show for World Cup - NZ Herald
Call for boycott of Zimbabwe fails test of time - Sydney Morning
Former sportsmen see futility in Zimbabwe boycott - The Age
Cricket boycott would bring Zimbabwe suffering - The Age (Melbourne)
Here's one dodgy lot I'm dobbing in - The Age (Letters)

The Herald (Harare), 3 January 2003

Streak senior defends son

Zimbabwe cricket captain Heath Streak has accused the British
Government of hypocrisy over their stance on England's scheduled trip
to Harare next month for a World Cup showdown that has become the
biggest talking point in the game.

Streak urged England not to boycott the match but said the tournament
would survive even if they did not play in Zimbabwe.

"If that happens that will be sad but that is beyond our control as
professional cricketers," Streak told BBC radio.

But he said the tournament would survive even if England carried out
their threat.

"England are just one of the teams. Whatever happens, the World Cup
will go ahead and we have just got to put our energies into the games
we have got to play.

"Obviously, as a cricketer, I don't want to miss out on the
opportunity to play any team in the World Cup. England are one of the
contenders for the World Cup, I think, and we are looking forward to
these matches.

"We have had good rivalry in the past, and hopefully they will come,
but at the end of the day it is up to the ECB and British government
what happens."

Streak is angered that Tony Blair's administration are urging
England's players to boycott the game.

Streak said: "Politicians are not speaking out about the hundreds of
British companies trading in Zimbabwe. This is double standards.

"They should be consistent. If they target cricket alone it's

"It is only because of the high profile of the World Cup that we are
being picked upon in this way," Streak told the Daily Mirror.

Several ministers have urged England's players not to take part in the
game but the Government have insisted the final decision is up to the
ECB whom they have agreed to meet next week to discuss the situation.

Streak received the thumbs up from his father Dennis yesterday over
his public support for the country to keep the six matches it is
hosting in next month's World Cup.

While Pakistan have said they will play their match in Zimbabwe both
Australia and England have hinted strongly they could pull out because
of alleged human rights abuses in the country.

However Dennis Streak, who was imprisoned for three days last year and
had three quarters of his farm seized under the government land reform
programme said his son had been right to insist Zimbabwe kept the

"I don't believe politics should play any role in sport," the
72-year-old Streak senior told the Times.

"I've been surprised by the recriminations that have followed Heath.

"Quite often they have come from people who didn't realise we live on
a farm.

"He's now being targeted by a group called Zim-Activism, the kind of
people who think the only way to bring down the government is to
oppose everything.

"Heath likes to concentrate on cricket matters but as a captain he has
a role to play and he believes he is duty bound to talk about these

Streak senior said he had bitter experience of how politics could
affect one's sporting career having been part of the then Rhodesia
side which also included present England coach Duncan Fletcher.

"I lost out back in the Rhodesia days because of sanctions.

"So I know what it is like to be isolated from international sport.

"We didn't have Test status then but maybe we'd have got it earlier if
that hadn't been the case."

England's cricket authorities - headed by David Graveneny who led a
rebel tour to South Africa when sports contacts were forbidden because
of the apartheid regime but who says they shouldn't play in Zimbabwe -
are to hold talks with the British Government next week to discuss the

Any team withdrawing from a match risks forfeiting the points.

Zimbabwe has accused Australian and Britain of colonialist tactics and
wanting to keep cricket "white".

The British government's position has stirred controversy at home,
with some accusing it of hypocrisy, particularly given the continued
large British business presence in Zimbabwe.

Columnist Oliver Holt, writing in Wednesday's Daily Mirror newspaper,
said a sporting boycott of Zimbabwe on human rights grounds would beg
the question why similar protests were not being planned against the
2008 Olympics scheduled for China and other events in nations accused
of abuses.

"Yes, stop our cricketers playing in Zimbabwe, but while we're at it,
boycott the China Olympics, ban Brazil from the World Cup, stop the
Ashes," he wrote.

"Because however disgusted we are by what Mugabe is doing in Zimbabwe,
however much repulsion we feel for his regime, the truth is he is far
from being a lone entrant in the World Cup of repression," said
Holt. - AFP.

The Herald, 3 January 2003


Blair's afraid truth will be known

EDITOR. - I would like to give my opinion as to why Blair doesn't want
the English cricket team to come to Zimbabwe.

Blair and the other politicians are afraid that the whole world will
realise that Zimbabwe is a safe place and that they have been peddling

I guess they will have to swallow their pride.

I. A. Hove


Africa Online (AOL), 3 January 2003

Cricket world Cup round up

Staff Reporter
CAPE TOWN, NEW DELHI, 2 January 2003

SA team aims for top spot; India says No to Zimbabwe boycott.

SA cricket team wants to be on top of test match world championship

CAPE TOWN: The South African cricket team could go to the top of the
test match world championship table by clinching the test series
against Pakistan.

After winning the first test in the harbour city of Durban last week,
the South African team need only to draw the second test starting in
the port city of Cape Town today, to take over top spot on the
International Cricket Council table from Australia.

However, the Aussies have not played Bangladesh. South Africa's
captain Shaun Pollock is determined to win the series, not simply to
top the world table.

India to ignore calls for boycott of cricket matches in Zimbabwe

NEW DELHI: India will ignore calls for a boycott of next year's World
Cup cricket matches in Zimbabwe.

Indian cricket board chief Jagmohan Dalmiya says the proposed boycott
is a non-issue for them.

Britain, Australia and New Zealand have asked the International
Cricket Council to reconsider its decision to hold six matches in

All three Commonwealth countries are protesting against President
Robert Mugabe's leadership.

The British and Australian governments have said they won't force
their cricket teams not to play in Zimbabwe, while New Zealand does
not have any game scheduled there.

Africa Online (AOL): e-mail

New Zealand Herald, 4 January 2003

Cricketers reject call to boycott


New Zealand Cricket has rejected a Government call for it to ask the
sport's international ruling body to move World Cup games out of
Zimbabwe, and has instead merely "passed on" the Government's

Foreign Minister Phil Goff made the request in a letter to New Zealand
Cricket's chief executive Martin Snedden on New Year's Day.

In reply yesterday Snedden said: "While New Zealand Cricket is happy
to pass the Government's comments to the International Cricket
Council, we must make it clear New Zealand Cricket is a sports body
not a political organisation."

He said sports bodies were not in a position to make political
judgments about where sport should be played based on countries'
internal political environments.

"These decisions are best left to governments which can, where
appropriate, impose appropriate sporting and trade sanctions."

He noted that the ICC's stance was that political considerations would
not be a factor in deciding if matches should be played in Zimbabwe.

Mr Goff said he would have preferred the cricket board "to request
themselves that the ICC move the games".

He had spoken to Snedden yesterday, who understood the Government's

"But he has a different set of responsibilities from us."

The best way to send a message to Zimbabwe would be on the field.

Mr Goff did not have "hugely high" expectations of ICC action on the

"What we can't do ... no New Zealand Government has ever denied visas
for its sports people to travel to another country. I don't dictate to
the cricket board. I have no power to, nor a desire to do that."

The Government would consider banning Zimbabwean sportspeople coming
to New Zealand but no tours were due until 2005.

He hoped the situation in Zimbabwe would have changed by then.

In his letter to Snedden Mr Goff cited human rights abuses, breaches
of the rule of law and abuses of democracy under Zimbabwe's President,
Robert Mugabe.

He said there was a collective desire among like-minded Governments
that nothing should be done to give comfort to the regime.

The Government was also concerned about internal security.

Snedden said security was not a large concern to New Zealand Cricket
because its team were not scheduled to play there.

And the ICC was satisfied with security arrangements.

The World Cup starts on February 8 in Cape Town.

The Australian and British Governments have asked their cricket boards
to pull out of matches set down for Zimbabwe.

Zimbabweans spoken to by the Herald supported a boycott.

Howick woman Robyn Johnstone, a third-generation Zimbabwean whose
family lost their farm last year, said she agreed, not just from a
moral perspective but because she feared for the safety of the

"Anyone from Zimbabwe I have spoken to wants [New Zealand] to boycott.
The elections were not free and fair so I don't see how sports teams
can be sent there."

Another Zimbabwean who fled the troubles but did not want to be named
agreed with the boycotts, but thought they would solve little.

"There is a moral justification for these boycotts but it is skirting
around the real issue: getting everyone involved in the conflict
around the table and finding some sort of real way to sort it out."

New Zealand Herald: email (200 words limit) & (short articles for the 'Dialogue' page).

New Zealand Herald, 4 January 2003


It's moments like these you need Mintos

It might not be cricket but Robert Mugabe can rest easy. The New
Zealand protest movement is not about to sut off duffel coats or
attach badges to musty brown jackets with suede patches.
Our protesters have no Hart and little Care for the fate of Zimbabwe.
Maybe at moments like these you need Mintos?

Michael Rudd

New Zealand Herald, 4 January

Cricket: South Africa plans Olympian show for World Cup

03.01.2003 1.59 pm

CAPE TOWN - South Africa is thinking big for its first Cricket World
Cup with an Olympic-style opening ceremony that organisers say will be
the biggest show of its kind the continent has ever seen.

"We want people to see just how special we are in South Africa," the
ceremony's producer, Penny Jones, saiD.

She said the Cricket World Cup launch would showcase South Africa's
parks and Cape Town, one of the continent's top tourist draws, and
would be a far cry from the problems of Aids, poverty and violent
crime which all too often grab the headlines abroad.

The two-hour spectacle, which she said would be broadcast live to up
to 1.5 billion viewers around the world, would have everything from
traditional dancers to techno music.

Jones, who had a hand in festivities at the last three Olympic Games,
said Cricket World Cup chief Ali Bacher had been inspired by the
opening show for the 2000 Sydney Olympics.

"(Bacher) sat in a seat in Sydney at the opening ceremony and he
really witnessed the power of stadium theatre," Jones said.

"He persuaded his policy committee that this is the way to go. This is
the way we can do a two-hour TV feed around the world celebrating
South Africa, South Africans. It's got a basic tourism focus," she

Authorities hope to see the "Mother City" follow in the footsteps of
Sydney and Barcelona, where tourism boomed after the two cities hosted
the Olympic Games.

They also hope to help the country's bid to host Africa's first soccer
World Cup in 2010, a race they are favourites to win. Success would
complete a trio of world cups after the rugby union tournament in

Some 4000 volunteer performers have signed up for the cricket ceremony
on February 8, a day before the opening match.

Add to that around 12,000 costumes and props and you have the biggest
show of its kind in Africa.

"We're very excited about it. We just missed the 2006 Soccer World Cup
(bid), so this is the first opportunity in South host a
ceremony of Olympic-style scale," Jones said.

She hopes to avoid a repeat of the 1995 Cricket World Cup in India,
when technical problems halted the opening show halfway through.

To realise her dream, Jones enlisted other stadium theatre experts,
including designer Keith Anderson who has 50 years in showbusiness
under his belt creating outfits for everything from circus acts to
flamboyant shows at South Africa's lavish Sun City casino resort.

American choreographer Doug Jack is into his 25th stadium production
and recently won an Emmy award for his work on the Salt Lake City
Winter Olympics opening ceremony.

The Cape Town show will be a mixture of South Africa's 11 language and
culture groups and spectacular nature reserves.

"The directors have taken a long time to pick which jewels in the
crown we want to show off. It goes everywhere from driving techno
music to beautiful orchestral music, to beautiful scenes of ocean
life -- and the land as well and the human spirit too," he said.

Jones said the show was based on a drive through South Africa,
starting with a safari depicting Africa's "Big Five" -- elephant,
lion, rhino, buffalo and leopard.

The spectacle moves on with a burst of traditional African dance,
directed by South African playwright Mbongeni Ngema, and classical
ballet paying tribute to South Africa's fragile marine life.

In case anybody forgets the excuse for the extravaganza, the grand
finale will see the cricket teams marching on to the field with Cape
Town's world-famous minstrels.

Yet television producer Mark West has to balance a 27-million-rand
($5.8 million) budget -- a fraction of the cost of Olympic shows which
have swallowed nearer 10 times that figure.

"As stadium theatre goes internationally, we've got an incredibly
small budget. It certainly is nothing like they have overseas. We are
delivering a show which is world-class with the amount of money we've
got," West said.

"A lot of people have come forward, major corporations have come
forward, said 'yes, we'll help you' with small rope and
plastic. It all helps at the end of the day. People come to us and see
the value of what it's going to do for the country, obviously," he

The team have also prided themselves on giving jobs and training to
poor communities around Cape Town.

About 100 people from these communities have been hired to make some
of the costumes and props and 4000 out of a total 5000 volunteers will
be performing.

Volunteer Mdurize Mkhize, a 31-year old former construction worker who
has designed and produced more than 100 costumes said he did not mind
working for free.

"I've been learning a lot of things," he said.

"Already a lot of people want me to make me some stuff. They've seen
some of the stuff that I've done. Already in the township, people are


New Zealand Herald: email (200 words limit) & (short articles for the 'Dialogue' page).

Sydney Morning Herald, 4 January 2003

Call for boycott of Zimbabwe fails test of time

The Prime Minister's urging of a boycott of World Cup cricket matches
in Zimbabwe has been derided as disingenuous by former sports stars
who believe history shows sports sanctions have never worked. Philip
Derriman reports.

Twenty-two years ago, Peter Hadfield, then Australia's decathlon
champion, spoke at several rallies in Sydney, arguing that the
proposed boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics was an exercise in
futility, since it would not change the policies of the Soviet regime
one iota and would hurt nobody but the athletes who had spent much of
their lives striving to become Olympians.

This week, it seemed, not much had changed. Another sports boycott was
in the wind, and people such as Hadfield, who had been through it all
before, were shaking their heads at what they saw as a bid to
influence the policies of Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe by
threatening to withdraw from World Cup cricket games scheduled for the
troubled southern African country.

"That's my view, and history proves it," Hadfield, now a broadcaster,
said yesterday. "Since 1980, I haven't seen one shred of evidence to
show that the Olympic boycott had any impact whatsoever on the
Afghanistan situation, which supposedly was the reason for the
boycott. I just don't believe that sport has the clout to affect any
government's decision-making process."

John Howard's call this week for a Zimbabwe boycott represents the
third attempt by an Australian government in recent decades to prevent
Australians competing at specific events. The Fraser Government
largely failed with its call for the Moscow Games boycott after the
Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan. Resisting the pressure, the
Australian Olympic Federation voted six to five to send a team,
although a few sports, such as hockey and some individuals (most
notably the 800m freestyle gold-medal favourite Tracey Wickham), later
chose to stay away.

Then the Hawke Government failed with its attempt to stop the rebel
cricket tours of South Africa in the mid-1980s, despite having the
enthusiastic support of cricket administrators. Kim Hughes led two
rebel tours there and, although the players who took part were
technically banned by the Australian Cricket Board, nearly all
returned immediately to official cricket and one of them, Trevor
Hohns, is now Australia's chairman of selectors.

The rebel tours were organised by former Test cricketer Bruce Francis,
who had to outmanoeuvre three powerful bodies - the Australian
Government, the ACB and the Packer organisation - to do it. Francis,
who has since stood unsuccessfully for Federal Parliament as a Liberal
candidate, derides the latest boycott proposal, especially the
suggestion that President Mugabe would use the World Cup games to
legitimise his regime.

"That's got to be the most disingenuous comment of all time," he said
yesterday. "Who is Mugabe going to direct his propaganda at? Who's
interested, apart from a few journalists and a few prime ministers?
The man in the street hardly knows where Zimbabwe is and doesn't care,
so how is playing cricket there going to give the regime legitimacy?

"Are people at large going to conclude, 'Ah, well, Mugabe has
legitimacy now because there's a game of cricket being played there?'

"Will denying him a few games of cricket make him change his position?
Of course not. It won't make any difference. His people will still be
living in poverty and he'll still be confiscating white farms." At the
time of the rebel tours, Francis argued that since cricket in South
Africa had already become non-racial - which was what the sports
boycotts were meant to achieve - there was no reason for Australian
cricketers not to play there.

Asked yesterday whether, with hindsight, he thought the sports
boycotts had contributed to the end of South Africa's apartheid,
Francis said that, by forcing sports such as cricket to become
non-racial in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the boycotts had helped
make whites realise that playing sport on the same field with
non-whites was not the end of the world for them, which, in turn,
probably opened their minds to other racial issues.

"That was good. But can we say that apartheid was eliminated because
of the sports boycott? Absolutely not. White South Africans did not
free Nelson Mandela and surrender their control of the country because
they wanted to watch a game of rugby or cricket. It would be ludicrous
to suggest that."

According to Francis, John Howard's boycott plan lacks the two
essential requirements needed to justify it: one, a set of specific
objectives and, two, a realistic chance of achieving those objectives.
"The Government has neither," he said. "What it wants is for a few
cricket officials to do something which it either doesn't feel
passionate enough about or doesn't have enough courage to do itself."

He thought the Prime Minister should apply his criteria to all 200-odd
nations in the world and see how many came up to the mark. "We have
bombs for Iraq yet can play soccer against them, no bombs for Zimbabwe
yet we can't play cricket there."

Like Francis, Hadfield has not had his views altered by time. "If
anything, I believe more firmly now than I did in 1980 that sporting
boycotts have zero effect on the governments they're targeted at. I
think economic sanctions have far, far more effect than the absence of
a few guys in coloured clothing on a cricket field. A boycott may have
a minor public relations effect for a short time in the lead-up to the
competition, but that's all. If we decided not to compete in Zimbabwe,
this would get a bit of a run in the papers before and during the
lead-in games, but by the time the semi-finals and finals were being
played the whole thing would have been forgotten."

Before the Moscow Games, Hadfield trained in Germany with the then
world record-holder Guido Kratchmer, silver medallist in 1976 and
favourite to win gold in 1980.

"He farewelled me as I was leaving for Moscow, and he just broke down.
He was devastated that his one opportunity to win an Olympic gold
medal had been taken away from him. Politicians don't have any
understanding of this kind of thing."

Sydney Morning Herald: email : Fax: +61 (0)2 9282
3492 : Snailmail: GPO Box 3771, Sydney 2001. ("Ideally" 200 words
limit - might stretch it a bit!)

The Age (Melbourne), 4 January 2003

Former sportsmen see futility in Zimbabwe boycott

By Philip Derriman

Twenty-two years ago, Peter Hadfield, then Australia's decathlon
champion, spoke at several rallies in Sydney, arguing that the
proposed boycott of the Moscow Olympics was an exercise in futility,
since it would not change the policies of the Soviet regime one iota
and would hurt nobody but the athletes who'd spent much of their lives
striving to become Olympians.

This week, it seemed, not much had changed. Another sports boycott was
in the wind, and people such as Hadfield were shaking their heads at
what they saw as the futility of trying to influence Zimbabwe's
President Robert Mugabe by boycotting World Cup games there.

"That's my view, and history proves it," Hadfield, now a broadcaster,
said yesterday. "Since 1980, I haven't seen one shred of evidence to
show that the Olympic boycott had any impact whatsoever on the
Afghanistan situation, which supposedly was the reason for the
boycott. I just don't believe that sport has the clout to affect any
government's decision-making process."

Prime Minister John Howard's call this week for a Zimbabwe boycott
represents the third attempt by an Australian government in recent
decades to prevent Australians competing at a specific event.

The Fraser government largely failed with its call for the Moscow
Games boycott. Then the Hawke government failed with its attempt to
stop the rebel cricket tours of South Africa in the mid-1980s. The
rebel tours were organised by former Test cricketer Bruce Francis, who
derides the latest boycott proposal, especially the suggestion that
Mugabe would use the World Cup games to legitimise his regime.

"That's got to be the most disingenuous comment of all time," he said
yesterday. "Who is Mugabe going to direct his propaganda at? Who's
interested, apart from a few journalists and a few prime ministers?

"The man in the street hardly knows where Zimbabwe is and doesn't
care, so how is playing cricket there going to give the regime
legitimacy? Are people at large going to conclude, 'Ah, well, Mugabe
has legitimacy now because there's a game of cricket being played

"Will denying him a few games of cricket make him change his position?
Of course not. It won't make any difference. His people will still be
living in poverty and he'll still be confiscating white farms."

According to Francis, Howard's boycott plan lacks the two essential
requirements needed to justify it: one, a set of specific objectives
and, two, a realistic chance of achieving those objectives. "The
government has neither," he said. "What it wants is for a few cricket
officials to do something which it either doesn't feel passionate
enough about or doesn't have enough courage to do itself."

He thought the Prime Minister should apply his criteria to all 200-odd
nations in the world and see how many came up to the mark. "We have
bombs for Iraq, yet can play soccer against them; no bombs for
Zimbabwe, yet we can't play cricket there."

Like Francis, Hadfield has not had his views altered by time. "If
anything, I believe more firmly now than I did in 1980 that sporting
boycotts have zero effect on the governments they're targeted at. I
think economic sanctions have far, far more effect than the absence of
a few guys in coloured clothing on a cricket field."

Before the Moscow Games, Hadfield trained in Germany with the then
world record-holder Guido Kratschmer, silver medallist in 1976 and
favourite to win gold in 1980.

"He farewelled me as I was leaving for Moscow, and he just broke down.
He was devastated that his one opportunity to win an Olympic gold
medal had been taken away from him.

"Politicians don't have any understanding of this kind of thing."

The Age: e-mail

The Age (Melbourne), 31 December 2002


Cricket boycott would bring Zimbabwe suffering

Robert Mugabe needs to be sent a message. But a World Cup boycott
would be a smug token gesture, writes Greg Baum.

There are two bodies called ICC. One is the International Criminal
Court, the other the International Cricket Council. The leaders of
this and other countries have confused the two when condemning the ICC
this week for not intervening in Zimbabwe.

British International Development secretary Clare Short said it was
"deplorable and shocking". Australia's Prime Minister John Howard said
it was "disappointing" and Foreign Minister Alexander Downer settled
for "regrettable". A journalist who covered the Zimbabwean election
this year wrote emotively yesterday of "the awkward juxtaposition of
pristine pitches and starving people" that will confront watchers of
the World Cup.

There is about all these positions a degree of unction, and about the
Zimbabwe issue a sense of cause celebre. International Cricket Council
chief Malcolm Speed said that if the political contradictions,
humanitarian problems and human rights records of all 84 of all its
member countries were critically examined with a view to a boycott,
few would pass.

This is convenient, but it is also true. India has institutionalised
poverty, Pakistan is belligerent about nuclear weapons, Sri Lanka is
unsteady on human rights and, arguably, so is Australia. Pakistan has
at least as cavalier an attitude to democracy as contemporary
Zimbabwe. Yet these are all major cricket playing countries Australia
hosts and visits without compunction. Howard generally is among the
first to acclaim Australia's achievements in and against them.

The 20-year ban on South African sportspeople and teams is not a
reasonable parallel. South Africa had a repressive and unconscionable
system of government, and its sporting competitions and teams were
picked and run on racist lines. The sporting ban was part of a
worldwide set of sanctions that helped eventually to break down and
destroy apartheid.

Zimbabwe has a sound system of government that has fallen into the
hands of a despot. A boycott is proposed only of the World Cup matches
in Zimbabwe, scarcely the sort of systemised and sustained campaign
calculated to have significant long-term effect on Robert Mugabe's
outlook. If anything, it would serve only to harden his stance.

The countries of the Commonwealth cannot agree among themselves on how
to punish Mugabe, thus far applying only "selected sanctions", yet
expect cricket to impose a total boycott. Not for the first time,
government expects sport to do its dirty work.

Zimbabwe's sportspeople and bodies have done no wrong, but stand to
lose most by a boycott. Zimbabwe has done a remarkable job to continue
to field a competitive Test team despite a small and increasingly
isolated and physically and emotionally drained cricket-playing

Doubtless, that population would look on the World Cup as a symbol
that it has not been abandoned by the world. Heath Streak, a former
Zimbabwe captain who relinquished the job because of invasions of his
family farm, has pleaded to the cricket-playing world to come. He is
the man on the spot.

Non-whites in pre-apartheid South Africa, though oppressed, were a
vast majority that drew strength from the solidarity shown by the rest
of the world, and in time exercised it. Whites in Mugabe's Zimbabwe
are a tiny minority whose voice and arm scarcely will be strengthened
by a World Cup boycott.

All this said, Zimbabwe is a difficult and unsettling matter for the
cricket world. Speed said this week that it was not appropriate to mix
sport and politics, but that is too facile. Historically, sport and
politics cannot get out of each other's way.

Though the Australian board was outwardly staunch yesterday, it is
probable that Australia would refuse to go to Zimbabwe if advised so
by the Australian Government. Less probably, an individual player
might find upon examining his conscience that he cannot go. If so, his
decision ought to be respected.

On the face of it, the hard decision for Australia or the ICC would be
to boycott Zimbabwe during the World Cup. In fact, it would be the
easy decision. It would allow us in our smug West to shake our fingers
at Mugabe from our safe and comfortable lounge chairs, and
congratulate ourselves on not giving him succour, but would not take
account of the further real, psychological pain for those we have
convinced ourselves we are helping. It would be a token gesture.

Mugabe's regime is illegitimate, and a momentary boycott of a single
sports event will scarcely alter that. Sport can only ever be a symbol
and metaphor for life and its complexities anyway, not a substitute.

The hard decision for the cricket world would be to play in Zimbabwe
as planned, for the sake of its people, and in the meantime search for
ways of making a real difference in Zimbabwe.

Greg Baum is a staff writer.

The Age: e-mail

The Age (Melbourne), 4 January 2002


Here's one dodgy lot I'm dobbing in

In the spirit of John Howard's new Patriotic Vigilance, I thought I
should dob in a group of foreigners who have been acting very
suspiciously indeed.

They claim to be English, but their leader has a suspiciously
Middle-Eastern sounding name. And their supporters, who seem to follow
them everywhere, call themselves some sort of an "army".

They are affiliated with a foreign organisation that has known links
with the brutal Mugabe regime in Zimbabwe. And they are known to wear
body armour, and carry nasty-looking wooden clubs, which they wield in
a comical, but sometimes threatening, manner.

They entered the country on a "sporting" visa, yet anyone who has
watched them in action would know that this must be bogus.

I trust the relevant authorities will whisk these nasty foreigners off
to a concentration camp in the desert somewhere.
Stuart Thomson, North Melbourne

The Age: e-mail

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Dear Family and Friends,
Two men were arrested on Thursday afternoon for attaching a poster to a tree in Bulawayo. The poster, referring to no food or fuel in the country read: "Hoot ! Enough is Enough". By the weekend the men were still in prison, had been denied access to lawyers, refused bail and were not allowed to receive food bought for them by family members. Whilst this was happening I, along with 11 million others living in Zimbabwe, was desperately searching either for food or petrol. There was none of the latter so I spent my Friday morning trudging from shop to shop and after three hours gratefully clutched 2 loaves of bread I had finally tracked down for 4 times the official price. I know I should not buy food on the black market but principles pale into insignificance when you have a hungry child to feed. 
This is the face of life in Zimbabwe today and yet the ECB (English Cricket Board) are still debating whether or not it is right to come and play cricket here and are worrying about who will pay them compensation if they don't come. I am disgusted that they can talk about compensation for a cricket match when 300 000 farm workers have been made destitute, 4000 farmers have been evicted from their homes and had their properties grabbed by the state, 200 people have been murdered in cold blood and not a single one of us has seen justice done or been paid compensation for our losses. 6 million Zimbabweans are facing starvation, 2 million of our citizens have been forced to leave the country, one person dies every 5 minutes from aids related malnutrition, inflation is at 175% and there is no food or fuel in the country and yet the world is in an uproar about 6 cricket matches. 
A few months ago a friend of mine went to Harare. On the way out of town he got lost and took a wrong turning at the Harare Cricket grounds. Realising he was going the wrong way, my friend attempted to do a U turn in an unmarked driveway. His car was surrounded by armed men and he was ordered out of his vehicle. Everything was pulled out of his car, he was interrogated at length and then taken behind a wall where he was pushed around, knocked to the ground and kicked in the side of his head. Five hours later my friend got home, exhausted and in shock and pain, his ear drum ruptured from being kicked in the head. My friend's crime was that he had turned into the driveway opposite President Mugabe's State House. State House is next door to the grounds where the World Cup Cricket matches are to be played. I've been inundated with emails from people who say that sports and politics don't mix and that if the World Cup matches are played here there will be massive protests and civil disobedience. But let's face the facts, if you can be put into prison for tying a poster on a tree or kicked in the head for doing a U turn near State House than I wonder just how many of us will get dare get involved in protests and demonstrations. 
For three years I've been writing this weekly letter about conditions in Zimbabwe. I thank you for reading them and for helping me expose the horrific truths. I thank you too for helping me spread the word about my two books: African Tears and Beyond Tears, which are still the only eye witness accounts to have been written about Zimbabwe's horrors since 2000. Thanks to your help I've now managed to get orders from book shops in Malawi, Namibia and Zambia. Stocks are freely available in South Africa and hopefully soon we'll be able to find ways of getting copies into Europe and America. I wish that confused cricketers worried about compensation could read my books because I know if they did they would never, in their wildest dreams, think it was right to come here and play cricket. When you know that people have been tortured with burning plastic, locked in steel containers and had electrodes attached to their genitals for wanting democratic governance, then cricket doesn't really seem appr
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Trafficking of Women Condemned - The Herald (Harare): January 4, 2003
Mugabe: businessmen must help - Athens News (Greece): 27 December 2002
Zimbabwe staggers under Mugabe's policies - Seattle Times: 28 December 2002
Zimbabweans Hostage to a Vengeful Ruler - Zimbabwe Independent (Harare): December 20, 2002
White martyr's sainthood bid shames Mugabe - : 22 December 2002
Trafficking of Women Condemned

Women church leaders in Zimbabwe have declared war on abuse of women and children treated as sex workers.

The concerned groups said the practice was denigrating the status of women in society.

Most young women are lured into the old-age profession by lavish promises of fortune and glamour, which include better education opportunities and well-paying jobs.

Zimbabwean women church activists who recently attended a meeting in Malawi to consider ways of tackling the vice said delegates from various religious organisations denounced trafficking of women for sex work and all forms of discrimination against women and children.

According to reports presented at the meeting, many such women did not even know what awaited them in the new environment. They only anticipated a life full of fun and luxuries.

However, locally, the Government and interest groups have been promoting the empowerment of women and uplifting their social status.

This has forced legislators to enact a law banning the procurement and detention of persons for purposes of prostitution locally or outside the country.

The provisions are contained in the recently enacted Sexual Offences Act.

Among other things, the law suppresses brothels and prostitution and discourages the spread of HIV/Aids. It criminalises any person who either runs a brothel, lives on earnings of prostitution, solicits or engages in pimping.

Regional head of Interpol, Senior Assistant Commis-sioner Frank Msutu, said besides drug trafficking, the world police had extended its operations to cover human trafficking and child pornography.

He said the victims of trafficking were women and others who qualified for work outside the country where they ended up working under inhuman conditions.

Snr Asst Comm Msutu, who heads the Interpol bureau in Harare, said the region had also been invaded by child pornography on the internet.

Detectives around the world last year arrested more than 130 people in a crackdown on child pornography.

Officers from 20 countries took part in the operation code-named "Operation Landmark" after 10 months of investigations targeted at the internet.

Trafficking of women is posing a big threat to the future of the girl child in southern Africa.

Mozambique and Malawi are leading in the register of trafficked women, while Zimbabwe and South Africa recorded the highest number of brothels.

Poverty is being singled out as the main driving force, where orphaned young girls are forced into the sex trade to fend for themselves by the relatives of their deceased parents.

However, women activists are not sitting idle. They have developed a network of non-governmental organisations to lobby other groups in the Sadc that covers 14 countries to rescue the girl child.

They have undertaken to collaborate with the police and immigration authorities, tracing the syndicate and exchanging information on the ways to curb the trend. Already in Malawi, eight NGOs have been identified as members in the network.

The activists from East and Central Africa expressed their condemnation through the African Women in Development Network at their recent meeting in Malawi. They denounced the recruitment of women and children for sex work.

The 25 participants from member countries spoke strongly against the practice in their resolution, saying although syndicates involved in trafficking of humans were few, they had evidence that the practice was rampant in the region. The meeting heard that women and young girls were being trafficked to Europe and Arab countries.

The network noted that despite efforts to empower women in development, the majority across the globe had inadequate knowledge and skills for advancement in education, training, socio-economic standing, leadership and decision-making.

"Cases of smuggled women and girls are now rampant. This is a serious violation of women's rights, pushing them into the evil of prostitution. There is need to form local points around the region to rescue the girl child," the women said in one of their resolutions.

In Nigeria, up to 10 000 women are trafficked to Europe, especially Italy, every year.

Researchers have said poverty is the driving force behind the exodus of some women who had the blessings of their parents.

A Women Trafficking and Child Labour Education campaign has been launched to rehabilitate women traumatised in the trade and encouraging young girls to pursue education and learn income-generating skills.

Many corpses of women have been discovered after they had been killed or committed suicide because of frustrations, the NGOs claimed in their resolu- tions.

Churches and governments were urged to lead the campaign against HIV/Aids and its dangers to which the trafficked women were exposed as they engaged in unprotected sex that is said to earn them money.

The 15-member Economic Community of West African States has pledged to tighten laws on human trafficking.

The West African region has earned notoriety for rampant human trafficking, especially in children and women.

Nigerian President Oluse-gun Obasanjo described human trafficking as a new form of slave trade. He said the problem is a scourge similar to the slave trade of the 18th and 19th centuries.

"The fight against it will take some form of doggedness as the fight against the slave trade," he told a recent meeting on human trafficking attended by 24 African countries, representatives of the United Nations agencies and the African Union.

Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is one of the main sources of human trafficking, with thousands of Nigerians, mainly women and children, sold abroad for prostitution, according to statistics.

As many as four million people are traded against their will each year to work in one or another form of servitude, according to the UN.

The US State Department estimates that some 50 000 women and children are brought to the United States to be forced into prostitution, bonded sweetshop labour and domestic servitude.

In Los Angeles alone, there are between 4 000 and 5 000 women from foreign countries engaged in prostitution, according to the Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking, a public advocacy group.

Zimbabwe staggers under Mugabe's policies
Seattle Times: 28 December 2002

HARARE, Zimbabwe — In President Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe, a 7-ounce hunk of cheddar cheese costs more than 14 ounces of the same cheddar cheese. Motorists line up for hours outside gas stations with no gas. Bakers are required to sell regular bread for less than it costs to make it, so instead they sell raisin bread (with a few raisins) or poppy bread (with a few seeds) or twisted bread (with a few twists) at five times the set price.

"It's Alice slipping through the hole. We're living in Wonderland now," said Brian Raftopolous, the chairman of Zimbabwe in Crisis, a coalition of civic groups. "It would be funny if it wasn't so sad."

Mugabe's notoriety stems mostly from his decision to seize productive land from white farmers despite a looming famine. But land grabs are just part of the command-and-control economic regime the longtime president is trying to impose on Zimbabwe.

And bread isn't the only part of "Mugabenomics" that seems twisted. As the government issues an ever-expanding list of financial dictates — most notably price controls on everything from Palmolive soap to T-bone steaks, and currency controls fixing the official exchange rate at about 3 percent of the real exchange rate — Zimbabwe's once-vibrant economy is imploding.

Unemployment is near 70 percent. The stock market has crashed. Inflation is officially 144 percent/year but really much higher, while wages are relatively stagnant in a country where most people earn less than $1 a day. Zimbabwe's $500 bill — worth $9 U.S. at the official rate, or about 30 cents on the street — is known as the Ferrari, because it goes so fast.

The economy is shrinking 10 percent a year, even though the retail and housing sectors are booming; people with money are racing to spend it before it loses value.

The latest joke here is that Zimbabweans have the world's highest IQs: I queue for gas, I queue for bread, I queue for sugar.

High starvation risk

The food shortage facing Zimbabwe is no joke, however. The United Nations estimates 6.7 million of the country's 12 million people are at risk of starvation. The government has a monopoly on grain imports to Zimbabwe, but it is desperately short of foreign currency, so it is now drastically short of food.

Its land-redistribution scheme drove much of the agricultural expertise into exile and handed much of the fertile soil to Mugabe allies who have no farming experience or poor farmers who have no access to seeds or fertilizer.

"They went after the white people, but it's the black people who suffer," said farmhand Abraham Phili, who was evicted from a plantation that lies fallow. "How will I feed my children now?"

Mugabe, a rebel leader who has led the country since independence in 1980, tends to blame his country's current problems on drought, Western colonialism and capitalism, peppering speeches with attacks on greedy entrepreneurs, ruthless markets and the forces of globalization.

For too long, he says, rich nations have exploited poorer nations and dictated their economic policies.

Consolidating control

While Mugabe studied Marxism at the University of London and is commonly referred to here as Comrade Mugabe, most economists say his policies are driven more by authoritarianism than communism. Since voters rejected Mugabe's bid to rewrite the constitution in 2000 — and especially after he retained power in a disputed election marred by violence this spring — Mugabe and his political party, ZANU-PF, have moved to consolidate their control.

That is the common element of all of Mugabe's economic policies.

Zimbabwe now requires its pension funds to deposit nearly half their reserves with the government at paltry interest rates, so inflation is draining away pensions. Banks must buy government debt on the cheap as well. And as of this month, manufacturers must trade in half their foreign currency to the government for Zimbabwean dollars — at the exorbitant official rate — and deposit the rest of the currency in government banks, to be withdrawn only with government permission. The nation's industrial-trade group says half its members might close their doors rather than comply.

"It's tough," said Callisto Jokonya, head of a refrigerator manufacturer. "What you learn about business in books is not practical in this environment. The politicians have their own agendas."

Meanwhile, Mugabe's government is spending half its revenue to pay interest on its debts. The more foreign currency it tries to squeeze out of exporters, the less incentive they have to export — or at least to report their exports to the government. A recent cartoon in a Harare paper portrayed the funeral business as "the only growing industry in Zimbabwe."

"Look, there's only so long you can defy the laws of supply and demand," said John Robertson, an economist in Harare. "It's like defying the laws of gravity. Pretty soon, you're going to come crashing down."

The deepest crisis is the fuel shortage. Zimbabwe had a contract to import Libyan oil, but it missed payments, and the flow has slowed to a trickle. There is hardly any gas in Harare, which has not stopped drivers from lining up at stations for hours upon hearing rumors of gas.

"All we do is look for petrol," said taxi driver Champion Mutari. "It's all anybody does around here."

Mugabe doesn't have that problem. He still rides in an armored Mercedes limousine with tinted windows, surrounded by two dozen motorcycles and sport-utility vehicles with their sirens blaring.

It is now a crime in Zimbabwe to make rude gestures or comments as the motorcade passes.

"It's all about total power," Robertson said. "The economy is just one more way to expand control."

Mugabe: businessmen must help
Athens News (Greece): 27 December 2002

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe appealed to the country's business community, which he has regularly accused of sabotaging government policies, to help ease crippling food shortages and an economic crisis. Nearly half the country's 14 million people are short of food. Mugabe blames drought but his critics say the real fault is with seizures of white-owned commercial farms in what used to be the regional breadbasket.


Zimbabweans Hostage to a Vengeful Ruler
Zimbabwe Independent (Harare)

WE are grateful to President Mugabe for disclosing the real motive behind "land reform". Speaking to Zanu PF's so-called National People's Conference in Chinhoyi last Friday, he made it clear that far from being a noble campaign to bring social justice to millions of poor Zimbabweans, it was nothing more than an act of vengeance against commercial farmers. This contrasts with claims Emmerson Mnangagwa made in Stellenbosch this week.

According to a report carried in the Herald, Mugabe said the "British kith and kin among the commercial farmers had risen against the government" in a bid to thwart land reform.

"I want to say this is the most unforgivable sin they committed and we shall never forgive that," he was quoted as saying. "So we treat them as enemies of our party, our government and the people."

And what exactly was the nature of this "rising" that the president considers so unforgivable? It was very simply to vote for the party of their choice and to exercise their legal right to challenge land acquisition notices. There was no "rising" as he disingenuously claimed. Just the democratic exercise by citizens of their rights including the right to vote for a party other than Zanu PF. In some cases, commercial farmers assisted the MDC with donations. For that, they were subjected to collective dispossession, threats and violence.

And, Mugabe promises, the white minority will continue to be the subject of discriminatory measures in retaliation for EU sanctions. In other words, Zimbabwean citizens who are of European descent will be punished for their ethnicity. They are "enemies of the state" in the debased Stalinist lexicon the president still clings to.

This is a shocking declaration of racism which predictably has been met with a deafening silence in the region.

Mnangagwa, speaking at the ANC conference in Stellenbosch on Tuesday, blamed the Western media for demonisng Mugabe.

He said those whites who want to farm in Zimbabwe and identify themselves with the country in word and deed, had a secure place here.

Gullible ANC delegates may have been deceived. Nobody else will be. Mugabe's remarks in Chinhoyi made it abundantly clear the white minority will be targeted for their ancestry. They will be held hostage as a deterrent to further EU sanctions.

In fact this vindictiveness has been part of official policy for some time. No commercial farmer as far we know has been left with one farm or allocated a new one despite repeated assurances by government that "one farmer, one farm" was the policy.

It has instead been a smokescreen behind which powerful individuals linked to Zanu PF have helped themselves to farms - even those not legally designated for acquisition.

Mugabe's declaration that state policy is motivated by revenge should surprise nobody. The attack on the commercial farming sector is at one with the attack on the judiciary, the press and civil society.

All are governed by the same impulse: that the nation showed unforgivable ingratitude by voting against the Zanu PF government in the 2000 referendum and subsequent elections and will be punished - especially the whites. Those who conform, as Mnangagwa suggests, will be tolerated. But that of course means eschewing their rights and freedoms as laid down in law.

The government has made no secret of its view that it regards appeals against land acquisition as intolerable, just as it regards the MDC's electoral petitions, the NCA's demands for a new constitution, and just about every other civic initiative as intolerable. In fact it regards any normal democratic activity as a gross intrusion on its enjoyment of power and responds accordingly with maximum force. We are for all intents and purposes living in a police state.

Mnangagwa shouldn't have wasted his breath in South Africa pretending Zanu PF presides over a fair and tolerant regime. Or that Mugabe is the victim of a hostile press. Mugabe made things crystal clear in Chinhoyi. Zimbabwe belongs to him. And he is bent on revenge.

Anybody who challenges his arthritic rule will be targeted for punishment. What sort of state do you call that other than a malevolent dictatorship? And it wasn't the Western or private media who wrote the president's spiteful speech. It was entirely his own work.

White martyr's sainthood bid shames Mugabe : 22 December 2002

HE TURNED his back on his privileged background to care for lepers in Africa - only to die on a dusty roadside, cut down in a hail of bullets by guerrillas wielding AK47 assault rifles.

Now, nearly a quarter of a century after his death, British-born John Bradburne, who eschewed his middle-class origins to become a Franciscan missionary in a leper colony, is being proposed as Zimbabwe’s first saint.

However, his path to canonisation is unlikely to be smooth because he was white and the guerrillas who murdered him in 1979 were supporters of the country’s president Robert Mugabe in his fight for black rule.

The attempt to elevate him to sainthood comes at a time when Mugabe has unleashed one of the most virulent anti-white campaigns ever seen in Africa. And, according to his critics, the last thing the Zimbabwean leader wants is approval by the Vatican for the canonisation of a man martyred by his own followers.

The campaign for Bradburne’s canonisation is being led by one of his former colleagues at the Mutemwa Leprosy Settlement, the 80-year-old Jesuit priest Father John Dove. He said: "John was a strange vagabond of God. The mere mention of his name lightens and brightens the faces of men and women at Mutemwa. There were once 1,000 people there. Today, only 63. John loved them and they loved him."

There are now far fewer people at the settlement than there were in Bradburne’s day because of the wider availability of treatments for the infectious disease.

Commenting on the attempt to elevate Bradburne to sainthood, Dove added: "The cause is under way and is presently on the desk of Archbishop Patrick Chakaipa [the Roman Catholic primate of Zimbabwe] in Harare. It will go forward. It will be considered by the Vatican. John could become Zimbabwe’s first saint."

An elderly man, who suffered from leprosy and was cured, added: "If I told you what John did here, I would burst into tears. He slept with the dying, reading them the New Testament. He gave us his own food. He dug our graves and wrapped our bodies in his only blanket."

But the Archbishop of Harare is a close friend of Mugabe’s and senior Church sources in Harare claim the beatification of Bradburne - the last step towards canonisation - has been vetoed until an African saint has been found for the new Zimbabwe.

A Christian churchgoer, who asked not to be named, said: "It seems there will be affirmative action in heaven as well."

Bradburne’s fellow workers and people who were cared for at the settlement, recall a mystical figure who helped overturn the widely held prejudices about leprosy and allow people to see those he lived with for what they were - fellow human beings with a curable disease.

Bradburne was born in Cumbria in 1921. A cousin of the playwright Terence Rattigan, he was also a distant relative of Britain’s last governor in Rhodesia. During the Second World War, Bradburne served with the 9th Gurkha Rifles. At the fall of Singapore, he escaped to Sumatra after a month living off the bush in the Malayan jungle. Later he went to Burma, where he first met Dove, then serving as a soldier. Bradburne ended the war invalided with recurrent malaria.

He spent the next 16 years wandering between England and Italy and the Middle East, his belongings held in a small Gladstone bag. Finally, Bradburne - who said he had a vision of Christ telling him to go to Africa and care for lepers - wrote to Dove, who was now a Jesuit priest in charge of the Mutemwa Settlement, asking: "Is there a cave in Africa where I can pray?" Bradburne arrived in Rhodesia in 1962, became a member of the Third Order of St Francis and was appointed warden at Mutemwa in 1969.

Dove said: "In John’s life he wanted three things: to work with lepers, to die the death of a martyr and to be buried in a Franciscan habit."

The first wish came true at Mutemwa where Bradburne, who lived alone in a tin hunt on the edge of the mission settlement, nursed almost 80 blind and deformed people. But by the end of the 1970s, the war against white rule was reaching its peak and Bradburne came to the attention of the guerrillas of Mugabe’s liberation army (Zanla). On the night of September 2, 1979, he was abducted, accused of being a Rhodesian spy, put on ‘trial’ and shot. Villagers who discovered the body said when they approached it they heard singing.

And, at his Requiem Mass, another strange event took place, which ensured the fulfilment of his ‘third wish’.

A friend placed three white flowers on the coffin. At the end of the service, three drops of blood are said to have appeared on the floor underneath it.

When the coffin was re-opened, no traces of blood were found but it was noticed that Bradburne had been buried in a simple white shirt. It was removed and a Franciscan habit, instead, was wrapped around him. Since then, dozens of people claim they have had their prayers answered by invoking the name of John Bradburne.

One British man sent £1,000 for the erection of the cross that stands on the top of Mount Chigona, which Bradburne, dubbed the ‘Leper Man’ and used to climb every day to see the sun rise. He says his failing eyesight was restored after he prayed to God through the missionary.

Whether or not Bradburne’s journey to sainthood is ever completed, while he was alive he said his memorial was to be found in the faces of the lepers he loved and served so well.

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From The Zimbabwe Independent, 3 January

Whitecliffe settlers to vote in Kuwadzana

Ndamu Sandu

In what analysts see as an attempt at electoral manipulation, the government will allow Whitecliffe settlers to vote in the forthcoming Kuwadzana by-election, the Zimbabwe Independent heard this week. The Kuwadzana seat fell vacant following the death in custody of Learnmore Jongwe under controversial circumstances in October. Authoritative sources said the settlers - who were supposed to have been evicted from the farm - have inspected the voters' roll and their names appear on the list. Inspection of the voters' roll started on November 30 and ended on Tuesday. Voting dates are yet to be announced. "We have checked our names and they are on the voters' roll," said one settler who only identified himself as Wilson for fear of reprisal by war veterans. The settler, who has assumed an influential post on the farm, said that Zanu PF officials had assured them that they would vote in the by-election. "Top officials told us that we are eligible to vote and that no-one would evict us from the farm," he said. It emerged this week that the settlers would vote under the guise that they are lodgers residing in Kuwadzana Extension. Inspection of the voters' roll was carried out in the same township. This paper has it on good authority that Zanu PF chefs, notably Information and Publicity secretary in the politburo, Nathan Shamuyarira, has been to the farm and assured settlers that no one would evict them. The settlers are allegedly launching terror campaigns in Kuwadzana in a bid to silence the opposition. The Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC) which supervises elections, this week disputed the allegations. "The settlers are not part of Kuwadzana and there is no way they are going to vote in the by-election," said the commission's spokesman Thomas Bvuma. He said that 42 391 and 45 862 voters were registered to vote in the parliamentary and presidential elections respectively in Kuwadzana. "Of the registered voters, 20 701 and 23 440 cast their votes in the parliamentary and presidential elections, respectively," Bvuma said.

Whitecliffe settlers, whose number has swelled to over 10 000, were given an ultimatum by government to vacate or face eviction in June. The settlers, the majority of them war veterans and Zanu PF supporters who played an integral part in the controversial re-election of President Robert Mugabe, have vowed to stay put. They said that they were allocated stands by the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association under the Tongogara Park Housing Cooperative Scheme. Government argued that the occupation had prevented a property developer, Eddies Pfugari who had acquired the land, to service it. Settlers resisted eviction saying that the farm fell under Mashonaland West and not under the Harare municipality. Under pressure, government climbed down and allowed them to continue their stay on the farm. Recently the farm was in the news after settlers, who voted under Zvimba South in the presidential election, said that they now fall under the City of Harare. Efforts to get a comment from Shamuyarira were fruitless as he was said to be out of his office. An official at the party's headquarters could not be drawn into the issue. "Find out for yourself if this is true or false. Accusations like these will be there no matter there is fair play or not," said the official. MDC's information boss Paul Themba Nyathi was not available for comment. The MDC is fielding Nelson Chamisa as its candidate, while Kembton Chihuhute will represent the National Alliance for Good Governance. Zanu PF is yet to announce its candidate.

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From The Daily News, 2 January

Amani Trust shuts down

Staff Reporter

Threats by the government to deregister non-governmental organisations (NGOs) thought to support the opposition MDC have forced Amani Trust to close its offices to the public. The closure has left victims of the ruling Zanu PF party's terror campaign stranded as they have nowhere else to go for help. Amani Trust unsettled the government after it started investigating cases of torture and beatings in the rural areas where Zanu PF youths and so-called war veterans had set up torture bases. "They (Amani Trust) have stopped operating," said Jonah Gokova, an NGO official. "I spoke to Sharri Appel of their Bulawayo office and she confirmed they had shut down. The nature of Amani Trust's activities, which involved counselling victims of political violence, brought the organisation under the spotlight." Security guards manning the building where their offices in Harare are located said Amani Trust closed when the government alleged in Parliament that the Trust was not legally registered. A notice at the entrance to the offices reads: "Please be advised that our offices will be closed until further notice."

Last September, July Moyo, the Minister of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare, alleged in Parliament the organisation was not properly registered under the Private Voluntary Organisations Act. The government has persecuted the Trust for helping victims of Zanu PF's terror campaign and of exposing human rights abuses in camps set up by so-called war veterans where women were allegedly gang-raped. The government has denied the allegations and alleged the Trust was a conduit for British funds channelled to the MDC. The police arrested Frances Lovemore, a director of the Trust, over a newspaper report quoting the organisation as saying the national youth service members had gang-raped young girls and women at a terror camp. Rudo Kwaramba, the chairperson of the National Association of Non-Governmental Organisations, said her executive committee would not comment on the matter.

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A Reminder For Two Weeks Today

This is an open Invitation should you be in Bulawayo on Saturday 18th January 2003
If not, why not make it a National Event and make it happen in your village, town or city?
Why not International?
Interdenominational Services have proven to be both popular and well supported in different parishes over recent months.  "Christians Together For Justice and Peace" have organised a combined service for the whole of Bulawayo.  "Christians Together For Justice and Peace" was formed to present a united Christian front to pursue justice and peace. Their Vision and Objectives are detailed after this announcement.
It would be of great assistance if the invitation could be printed out by recipients and displayed in popular outlets such as SPAR, OK, Oriental Take-aways etc. Should the invitation not be announced in your Church notices, please bring it to the attention of your Priest, Pastor etc. Better still, propose that this notice is announced at all future services to ensure that a maximum show of unity between Christians of all denominations is achieved. Those churches with out reach programs or close contacts with Churches in the western suburbs (many do not have e-mail) are encouraged to advise as many as possible of this open invitation. Should people from outside Bulawayo be able to attend, they will of course be more than welcome.
Finally, please forward this invitation to as many as possible
Christians Together For Justice and Peace
Interdenominational Service for Peace and Relief from Suffering
Venue: St. Mary's Cathedral Roman Catholic Church
TIme: 8:30
Date: Saturday 18th January 2003
Should you wish to know more about the Service or how you can get involved with Christians Together For Justice and Peace. Please Contact :Fr. Barnabas Nqindi on 09 240582 or e-mail him on  for the attention Fr. Barnabas Nqindi
                                                            >Christians Together for Justice and Peace

Our Vision

To focus on God’s kingdom vision and to work together with him and each other to build a kingdom community that promotes justice and peace and works for the total well-being of our people.

Immediate Objectives

The crisis situation in which we find ourselves dictates a number of urgent priorities to which we commit ourselves by way of immediate and short-term objectives. These include the following:

 ·        the funding, purchase and distribution of basic food requirements to as many as possible of those in this region who are facing starvation – the distribution to be strictly on the basis of human need and without regard to race, ethnic origin, political affiliation or other such criteria;

 ·        stand united  against the violence and lawlessness which are spiralling out of control in the post-election period and causing untold suffering to our people;

 ·        an act of Christian solidarity as we offer succour to and stand alongside the many victims of violence and lawlessness in our society;

·        a call for a rerun of the presidential election under international supervision and within the shortest time frame possible;

Furthermore, taking note that individual Christian leaders (including some of our own number)  who have taken a stand for Kingdom values, have been subjected to various forms of harassment and intimidation, we commit ourselves to support one another, and others “persecuted for the sake of righteousness”, through a network of caring and solidarity.


Mike Lander

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Hain calls for English cricket to boycott Zimbabwe in favour of South Africa

By Andy McSmith and Basildon Peta

05 January 2003

Peter Hain, the cabinet minister who rose to fame by campaigning against sporting links with South Africa, has urged international cricket authorities not to stage matches in Zimbabwe during this year's World Cup, in protest against the country's human rights record.

But Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, stung by criticism from London and Canberra, and convinced that Britain wants to kill him, had to be dissuaded by his ministers from retaliating by banning English and Australian teams from Zimbabwe, The Independent on Sunday has learnt.

This would probably have been greeted with relief by the International Cricket Council (ICC) as a way out of the impasse.

Mr Mugabe's ministers allayed his fears that MI6 would infiltrate agents with the England team by promising a huge increase in security. At least three members of Zimbabwe's Central Intelligence Organisation would be assigned to each player and official from England and Australia, with orders to report on their movements and their meetings with local people. Measures including bugging hotel rooms and searching baggage were also discussed.

But in an article for today's Independent on Sunday, Mr Hain argues that the ICC should move the six one-day matches to South Africa, one of the co-hosts of the tournament. If they go ahead in Zimbabwe, the England team should unilaterally refuse to play there, he says.

"If other governments will not back our own Government's stand, then it is still important for English cricket to show some moral backbone," Mr Hain writes. "What about Zimbabwean youngsters unable to play because they haven't been fed?"

Zimbabwe is likely to justify oppressive security measures by pointing to threats of demonstrations, an issue raised by Mr Hain, who asks: "What if ordinary Zimbabweans protest against the matches and are clubbed away mercilessly, maybe to death? If international cricket doesn't care about this, then what are its values?".

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Mugabe loses battle
Leo Mugabe
Mugabe's nine year reign at Zifa is at an end
Leo Mugabe has failed in his efforts to maintain his position as chairman of Zimbabwe's FA (Zifa).

A meeting of the full Zifa council in Harare on Saturday ratified a decision made by the executive board last month to sack Mugabe, the nephew of President Robert Mugabe, for financial irregularities.

Zifa is now beginning the process of finding a new chairman.

Mugabe, who had been in charge since 1993, ran into trouble when he failed to provide evidence of how a Fifa grant of 61,575 US dollars had been spent.

The money was to have been used to build a football training camp.

Mugabe on Friday went to the courts to have his sacking overturned, arguing that the Zifa board's decision was "irregular".

Mugabe himself was not at December's meeting when the vote of no confidence was passed as he was with Zimbabwe's women's team at the African championship in Nigeria.

But High Court judge George Smith dismissed Mugabe's argument.

"In a dispute such as this, which relates to the internal procedures and workings of a private organisation, it is not for the courts to investigate and decide on the merits or demerits of the actions of one party as against those of the other," said the judge.

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Zimbabwe chief's plea to England

Zimbabwe's cricket chief has urged England and Australia to honour their "obligation" to the International Cricket Council and end thoughts of a World Cup boycott.

England and Australia have both been asked to boycott scheduled World Cup matches in Zimbabwe in protest at the regime of president Robert Mugabe.

But Peter Chingoka, chairman of the Zimbabwe Cricket Union, insists his country deserves a return on the money it has spent preparing facilities - and warns a boycott will deprive thousands of much-needed income.

He told BBC Radio 5 Live: "Over the last two years we have put in a lot of effort to make sure we can get our two venues up to standard.

"Altogether structural improvement and the setting up of an office has cost 400 million Zimbabwe dollars (£4.5million) and we believe we deserve a return on that investment.

"All the counties have an obligation to make sure that the International Cricket Council provides 54 matches at the World Cup."

Chingoka also insists Zimbabwe is a safe destination for England fans, although he does not expect tickets to be available for long.

He added: "We have got massive support and we are very confident that when we start selling the tickets next week we will sell the tickets very rapidly."

Chingoka claims African cricketers would be hard done by if their once-in-a-lifetime chance to play in a World Cup on home ground was jeopardise by politics.

"All cricketers - black and white - deserve an opportunity to play in this World Cup in Zimbabwe," he said.

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Over $50b Needed to Compensate Farmers

Augustine Mukaro

GOVERNMENT should forkout over $50 billion to compe-nsate farmers for improvements on properties acquired under the land reform programme and for looted and vandalised equipment, it emerged this week.

Last month displaced commercial farmers formed a valuation consortium with assistance from estate agents to come up with a figure to present to government for compensation.

The consortium's preliminary findings made available to the Zimbabwe Independent show compensation for on-farm improvements and looted and vandalised equipment would not be less than $50 billion since the start of farm invasions in February 2000.

"Though we haven't consolidated the find-ings of the teams carrying out the valuations throughout the country, indications are that the figure may surpass $50 billion," one of the estate agents involved in the valuation exercise said.

"Mashonaland West under Governor Peter Chanetsa alone, which used to undertake highly-mechanised irrigation farming, has so far been valued at over $15 billion, while Mashonaland Central's valuation is getting to around $10 billion.

"Those figures alone are a clear testimony that $50 billion could be an underestimation of the damage caused by the land reform programme," the estate agent said.

Justice for Agriculture (Jag) chairman Dave Conolly said he could not give a definite figure that would be presented to government at the moment since the valuation findings were still being compiled.

As at August last year, Jag had estimated the value of vandalised equipment at $14,5 billion.

The figure however only covered movable assets that were illegally impounded or looted since the beginning of invasions. Jag had threatened to sue the ruling Zanu PF party and the government to recover the money.

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