The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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The Times


Leading article

Cry freedom

Zimbabwe will have neither a free press nor free election

Were it not for the courage of his opponents, Robert Mugabe would have
already succeeded in turning Zimbabwe from a de facto one-party state into a
de jure one-person dictatorship. This year may, unfortunately, be the one
where that aim is realised. His henchmen in Zimbabwe’s Parliament will,
almost certainly, today approve legislation designed to muzzle the domestic
press and render foreign correspondents virtually impotent. It openly
aspires to criminalise any reporting of which the President and the ruling
party disapprove — namely any that is remotely critical or simply a factual
account of their actions. It is a vile measure. Astonishingly Mr Mugabe has
even made Ian Smith’s regime seem pluralist by comparison.
This crackdown on the press is part of a wider political strategy. Mr Mugabe
is obliged to seek re-election shortly, an inconvenience he would surely
have cancelled were it not for the fear that overseas aid would then be
withdrawn. Having nearly lost parliamentary elections two years ago the
President is taking few chances on this occasion. Zimbabwe’s democrats, led
by Morgan Tsvangirai, will do their utmost to offer the country the chance
to opt for national salvation. The sad truth, though, is that this election
has already been so badly rigged that their effort may be doomed.

The rules concerning the electoral register, wholly rewritten for this
contest, have been cast to ensure Mr Mugabe’s re-election. Urban voters,
overwhelmingly hostile to the current regime, must provide proof of
identification to register in the form of title deeds, a formal rental
agreement, or utility bill. As hundreds of thousands of Harare’s black
residents live in self-constructed shacks with no access to electricity,
they will be disenfranchised. Ironically, the tiny number of wealthy whites
in such cities will not be disadvantaged. And rural citizens may only vote
if they have been personally vouched for by the local village chief — every
one of whom is paid a salary by the Government and is therefore tied to the
ruling Zanu (PF) party.

Despite these restrictions, however, Mr Mugabe is still nervous. He intends
to intensify the intimidation of those who will be permitted to participate
in the ballot. There will be no independent election observers in a position
to oversee proceedings. The violence undertaken against Mr Tsvangirai’s
backers will, as from tomorrow, pass largely unpublicised. And there will be
no point in challenging the outcome afterwards as the President has packed
the Supreme Court with his allies. This is, in short, a charade of an
election. Yet Mr Mugabe believes that no one will dare to act against him.
The legitimacy of his continued rule will not be challenged nor will
external funding be stopped.

On past form, alas, these assumptions may prove correct. A much more
assertive approach towards Zimbabwe must be adopted this time. The
Commonwealth, and especially South Africa, have to make it clear that they
will not recognise Mr Mugabe as the rightful victor of such a tainted
election. In these circumstances Zimbabwe should be expelled from the
Commonwealth and all international financial assistance should be
terminated. The people of Zimbabwe will not have the opportunity to express
their views on Mr Mugabe and his staggeringly corrupt, inept and sadistic
administration through a genuine democratic contest. If they could then he
would be dispatched from office. The outside world must be prepared to act
and speak on their behalf.

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International Editor, Denver Rocky Mountain News 
Foreign Affairs Columnist, Scripps Howard News Service
Mugabe most interested in Zambia's election
By Holger Jensen
News International Editor
  Democracy in Africa is still an iffy proposition. Since shaking off the
shackles of colonial rule, the continent has had far too many presidents
trying to get “for life” tagged onto their titles.
  Zambia is a good example. It was ruled for 27 years by President Kenneth
Kaunda, leader of the nation's independence movement against Britain who went
on to dominate a one-party state until he finally allowed elections in 1991.
  His successor, Frederick Chiluba, was a born-again Christian but he too
grew thirsty for power. After all, he had only to look around him; seven of
Zambia's eight neighbors, including Zimbabwe, had at one time or another
suffered presidents with a distinct distaste for term limits.
  Last year Chiluba tried to change Zambia's constitution so he could seek a
third term. Six of his Cabinet ministers were beaten up for objecting. And
members of Parliament who didn't vote for the constitutional amendment were
thrown out of his Movement for Multiparty Democracy, a misnomer if there ever
was one.
  But popular opposition to a third term for Chiluba mounted and in the end
many of the president's aides, some aspirants for the office themselves,
deserted him. He backed down in May after his own party turned against him
and donor nations threatened to cut off aid.
  While Zambia is stable by the standards of neighboring Zimbabwe, it remains
a basket case. None of the prosperity and democracy that Chiluba promised 10
years ago has materialized. Income per person is just $231 a year and 83
percent of its 10 million people live below the poverty line, according to a
recent report by the World Food Program.
  Transparency International also rates Zambia as one of the world's most
corrupt countries, in the company of Nigeria, Pakistan and Russia. And vote
buying was rampant during the Dec. 29 presidential election.
  Thus it was no surprise when Levy Mwanawasa, a lawyer who had been
Chiluba's first vice president and hand-picked successor to lead the
governing party, was proclaimed the winner. Certainly the MMD was in no
position to win. Weakened by the earlier exodus of MPs and Cabinet members,
it faced strong opposition from at least 10 other parties that immediately
cried foul.
  A European Union monitoring mission agreed, citing “clear, glaring
irregularities.” But State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said
opposition claims of ballot stuffing and other fraud could not be confirmed.
“We think opposition groups need to be more specific in their allegations,”
he said.
  Mwanawasa was sworn in Wednesday a few hours after a Zambian judge cleared
the way for his inauguration by rejecting an opposition petitition to force a
recount. And the new president immediately warned his critics to call off
street protests or “face the full force of the law.”
  The most interested spectator of all this was Robert Mugabe, the only
president Zimbabwe has ever had in its 21 years of independence. The aging
despot, who turns 78 next month, has done everything he can to cow his
opponents but faces a strong electoral challenge in March from Morgan
Tsvangirai, leader of the Movement for Democratic Change.
  The MDC only narrowly lost parliamentary elections in June 2000, despite a
massive campaign of intimidation by Mugabe's ZANU-PF party, and its support
has grown because of Mugabe's misrule.
  Inflation is 100 percent and rising, interest rates are above 70 percent
and unemployment is estimated at 60 to 80 percent. Investor confidence in
Zimbabwe is nil and foreign aid has dried up because of Mugabe's seizure of
white-owned farms to resettle landless blacks. What he calls “land reform”
has caused severe shortfalls in food production and export crops. Crippled by
a lack of fuel and foreign exchange, Zimbabwe now faces famine.
  Unfazed by this looming disaster, Mugabe launched his bid for re-election
by declaring “real war” on his opponents. This translated into rising
political violence against the predominantly black MDC, stepped up farm
seizures and a host of new laws suppressing freedom of speech, freedom of
assembly and even freedom to vote.
  Above all, Mugabe does not want his election monitored by Europeans. As his
tame mouthpiece, the Herald newspaper, put it, Zambia's election “revealed
the obnoxious interference of the European Union in African affairs.”
     Copyright 2000 Holger Jensen. 
These columns may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or otherwise <
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Zimbabwe to push media, security bills this week

HARARE, Jan. 7 — The Zimbabwean government is expected to push through
parliament this week a package of controversial bills which critics say is
aimed at boosting President Robert Mugabe's re-election bid in March.

       Parliament reconvenes on Tuesday after a three-week break to consider
legislation that includes a media bill banning foreigners from working as
correspondents in the country and threatening jail terms for journalists who
violate tough rules.
       The session comes ahead of a Friday meeting between Zimbabwe and the
European Union in Brussels which will discuss the deepening political crisis
in the southern African country.
       The EU is threatening to impose sanctions on Mugabe over his land
seizures, his drive against the media and the judiciary and his supporters'
campaign of violence ahead of the presidential elections.
       The main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) denounced
Mugabe's government on Monday for fanning violence, which it said had
claimed six lives in less than two weeks and pushed the death toll to over
100 since February 2000.
       ''The fact of the matter is that the ZANU-PF regime is now the most
racist and fascist regime,'' MDC information secretary Learnmore Jongwe
       Information Minister Jonathan Moyo told state media at the weekend
that the government would move to adopt the media bill ''without fear or
favour'' and would not be deterred by criticism led by former colonial power
       Moyo accused Britain of double standards, saying its media laws were
more stringent than Zimbabwe's, whose own legislation was based on its
national constitution.
       He said the media bill would allow Mugabe's government to address the
problem of ''lies by foreign correspondents about the situation in

       Zimbabwe media unions say the media bill is draconian and have vowed
to ignore it. Under the bill, journalists can only work in Zimbabwe if they
get a one-year renewable accreditation from a government-appointed
       The bill imposes registration requirements for private media
companies and bars foreign nationals from working as correspondents.
       The bill also prescribes heavy fines for journalists publishing
stories on protected information, or news likely to cause alarm and
despondency, which could range from rumours, advice offered to Mugabe or
minutes of cabinet meetings.
       Zimbabwe government officials said the parliamentary session starting
on Tuesday would also debate a public order and security bill. Critics say
this will give Mugabe sweeping powers to clamp down on the opposition as he
faces the biggest electoral challenge since taking power in 1980.
       The government says the bill is aimed at consolidating law-and-order
legislation and has nothing to do with the March elections in which Mugabe's
main rival will be MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
       The MDC nearly beat the ruling ZANU-PF in general elections in June
2000 despite a violent campaign that left at least 31 mostly opposition
supporters dead. Tsvangirai says that without violence, and in a fair and
free political environment, Mugabe would lose in March.
       Parliament is also due to consider an election regulations bill under
which the government proposes to ban local independent monitors from the
March elections and to bar private organisations from voter education.

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Los Angeles Times

Zimbabwe Party Launches Drive to Reelect Mugabe

HARARE, Zimbabwe -- The nation's ruling party has launched a media blitz for
President Robert Mugabe's reelection bid, with a date for the March vote
expected to be announced soon.

The weekend drive also coincided with reports that militants from Mugabe's
Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front, or ZANU-PF, have stepped up
a violent campaign against the main opposition, the Movement for Democratic
Change, ahead of the election.

On Saturday, the MDC accused youths loyal to Mugabe of attacking one of its
offices and the home of a legislator, as violence rises ahead of the
presidential election. The MDC also said five of its supporters have been
killed in the last two weeks. ZANU-PF has been splashing a series of
advertisements in both private and state-owned newspapers, projecting the
embattled former guerrilla leader as a nationalist threatened by a
Western-backed rival.

The ads as well as dozens of articles in the government media praise
Mugabe's social, agricultural and economic policies and attack his critics
and rivals--mainly MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai, who is expected to give the
77-year-old president the toughest contest of his career.

The government-owned Sunday Mail newspaper said Mugabe will announce the
March polling dates this week.

Government officials were not available to comment on the newspaper report,
which was attributed to highly placed sources.

In its media blitz, ZANU-PF calls its black opponents puppets of former
colonial power Britain and Zimbabwe's former white rulers.

The white opponents are portrayed as racists who hanker for white rule under
the former Rhodesia, Zimbabwe's colonial name.

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From EUbusiness

Zimbabwe, EU to hold critical talks Friday: report

HARARE, Jan 7 (AFP) - The European Union is to hold critical talks in
Brussels Friday with the Zimbabwe government, which faces the threat of EU
sanctions over its human rights record and violent land reforms, a newspaper
reported here Monday.
The state-owned daily Herald, quoting a senior government official, said
Zimbabwe would send Foreign Minister Stan Mudenge, Interior Minister John
Nkomo, Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa and Information Jonathan Moyo to
Brussels for the talks.

Relations have been tense between the European Union and Zimbabwe after the
Harare government refused an EU request to allow election observers at
presidential elections due in March.

In November, the EU invoked Article 96 of the Cotonou agreement which
governs relations between the European Union and its African, Caribbean and
Pacific partners.

Under the agreement, formal consultations with Zimbabwe are to be held,
after which the EU can consider punitive action against the southern African
nation if no progress is made.

Last month the European Parliament called for economic sanctions against
Harare and said that assets of President Robert Mugabe and his close
associates should be frozen.

EU parliamentarians blamed the government for the poor state of the
country's economy, and said the deteriorating legal and human rights
situation was a "direct consequence of deliberate and reprehensible actions
of the Mugabe regime."

Zimbabwe has been accused of clamping down on political opponents,
independent judges and journalists. It has also been lambasted for allowing
pro-government militants to wage a violent campaign on white-owned farms in
a bid to speed up land reforms aimed at redressing colonial-era imbalances.

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Three assaulted in Chegutu
Friday 4th Jan 2002

News release
(On behalf of the Commercial Farmers' Union)

THREE people, two men and one woman, were reported to have been assaulted by
a group of illegal settlers on an unlisted farm in Chegutu in an incident
that began on Friday 4th Jan. One of them, Mr Hennie Bezeidenhout (55yrs) a
farmer, was abducted for several hours bringing the number of abductions in
Chegutu to 4 in the last few weeks. The farm, Farnham A, is 460 hectares in
size and although unlisted has approximately 30 invaders; some of them have
been there for 2 years. This dairy farm is the only farm belonging to the
Bezeidenhout family.

On Friday night a group of invaders stopped Mrs Sissy Bezeidenhout (51) at
the farm gate as she prepared to leave to collect her husband. They accused
the Bezeidenhout's of damaging a brick house (30 bricks were displaced) and
allowing cattle into the invaders maize field. They assaulted Mrs
Bezeidenhout with open palms and fists on her face. Police were called but
made no arrests. Under pressure of physical assault, Mr Bezeidenhout agreed
to repair damage to the brick house and to mend the fence.

The family thought the matter had been resolved, but Saturday brought
additional complications. When Mr Bezeidenhout visited the invader owner of
the house who is a 'weekend farmer' he was told to return to his house and
expect a return visit.

He said, "They came at about 11:30 am and told me that the District
Administrator was at their camp and that a meeting had been called. They
threatened to breakdown the fence and storm the house - I felt very
intimidated and at their insistence accompanied them, instructing my wife to
advise the police, which she did."

" What followed can only be described as a 'Kangaroo Court'. 50 people were
present and 8 of these carried sticks and participated in the beatings that
I was subject to although I had already agreed to help repair the damage to
the house and fence. I sustained bruising to my back, legs and chest. I was
also made to chant political slogans although I am not politically
orientated. I was ordered to pay cash of Zd$5000 for the damage to the house
and Zd$ 2000 for damage to the maize crop by cattle. I was also told to
leave the Zimbabwe immediately."

He continued by explaining, "The police finally arrived at about 3:30pm and
accompanied a group and myself to the house to collect this money. At this
time I noticed one of the invaders had a 9mm revolver, this in the presence
of police officers, who were for the most part onlookers. Additional demands
were that I provide a chicken and take the group to buy beer at the bottle
store. A neighbour was eventually able to transport them to the farm
boundary. I had made a second report to the police but am not aware of any
arrests." Said Mr Bezeidenhout.

Ben Freeth, the executive officer of the Commercial Farmers Union regional
office who was monitoring the incident over the radio network went to the
Chegutu Police Station to get a report on progress. The situation was
reported to have been stabilized and the Officer in Charge was said to be
leaving the scene.

"With this assurance, I deemed that it was now safe for me to go to Farnham
Farm and to see if there was any further assistance I could render the
distressed couple. As I arrived at the Farm gate, I saw that a there was a
teenager manning the gate. As I stopped, a group of about 25 people came up
to the car from the back and surrounded it. I was told to get out of the car
and, as I still felt the situation had been stabilized by the Police, and as
I was alone and posed no real threat, I got out of the car. The first stick
hit me on the face and more sticks, fists rained on me until I fell on the
ground, then I was kicked in the stomach. I estimate at least 6 people had
sticks 4 feet long and seemed to be the assailants. I pleaded with them to
stop as I had only come to assist a friend and was of no threat to them. In
response I was further assaulted and am badly bruised on the face, ribs,
stomach and groin. Eventually the blows subsided and mustering unknown
reserves of strength I dashed into the car, started it up while avoiding
bottles hurled through the open window dashed back to the police station to
make a report. They were shocked to see my condition as I'd left there half
an hour earlier unblemished. I made a report, which was recorded in a
newsprint exercise book; I was given a reference number 370102."

"A young man, I caught his surname as Mhlanga came in before I left to say
that he had also been assaulted by a group on the main road as he sat in the
back of an open van. From his description and the timing I knew that this
was the same group at the entrance to Farnham. Mr Mhlanga was told he did
not need to made a formal report and he left without doing so." Said Ben

Mr and Mrs Bezeidenhout were spoken to today at their daughter's house where
they were evacuated to last night for fear that there would be additional

Mr Bezeidenhout said, "After we heard what had happened to Ben, we decided
to heed neighbourly advise to spend the rest of the weekend away. As we
left, we had to drive through a roadblock on the main road that the group
had set up. This seemed to indicate that there would have been further
incidents. We will go home on Monday, as it seems that this incident was
orchestrated by a weekend farmer from Harare, who has only come on to the
farm recently and is building the brick house that was said to have been

Two additional farmers were adducted on Ardlui Farm in Chegutu on News Years
eve by about 40 ZANU (PF) youths, who arrived in two Municipal tipper
trucks. Most of the youths were armed with three quarter inch iron bars and
other homemade weapons. The two farmers were abducted, and subsequently
assaulted with fists, resulting in one of them losing hearing in one ear.
Two of the foremen were also assaulted.  The farmers and the workers were
made to chant ZANU (PF) slogans.

In the Kadoma area, the owner of Railway 4 Farm has been subjected to
continual harassment, and is forced to attend ZANU (PF) meetings, and to
supply beer etc, under serious threats.  He was forced to give the illegal
occupiers a cow for Christmas. They chose the Beefmaster Bull, valued at
approximately ZD$150 000.00, which they shot and ate.  Police are not
prosecuting this incident.  The owner's cattle have become wild, due to
continual harassment by illegal occupiers, and some of them got into
unfenced maize, being grown by illegal occupiers.  The owner had $108 000.00
cash extorted from him, which he had to pay under duress.  He was abducted
from his house, late at night, by a militant group of illegal occupiers,
armed with knobkerries, and told to move out of his house the next day.
Illegal occupiers have also stopped all work on his chicken unit.
Eventually he had to agree to give the illegal occupiers the 72 cattle
remaining on the property.
On Normandy Farm, Illegal occupiers beat up the owner's driver, for
collecting the body of a deceased foreman from the farm village.  The
worker, who was staying in the house, whilst the owner was away for
Christmas, also had the owner's cellphone confiscated by illegal occupiers.
A large deep freeze of meat was stolen, as the owner had to de-stock all his
beef, dairy, and the majority of his sheep, due to rampant stock theft. A
senior police Chief Inspector Makaza appears to be doing nothing to
apprehend the perpetrators and has also been unwilling to help the owner of
Alabama farm who has along with his manager, been forced to move off all
their property, and to hand over the keys to two of the homesteads.

On Hellaby Farm the house was broken into and the owner has been forced out
of his house.  On Kanyemba there is heavy snaring amongst the cattle with
one calf slaughtered recently.  On Blue Grass the owner has to move all his
property off.  On Mazarati Farm, illegal occupiers are still living in the
owner's house and there is little, or no help from Chief Inspector Makaza.
In the Chegutu and Kadoma districts there is a great deal of illegal mining.
The Mining Commissioner is unable to control the situation due to no backup
from police.

A climate of fear in the district has become palpable as Section 8
Compulsory Notice of Acquisition Orders continue to be served and VIP's
arrive to take up stands allocated under the A2 resettlement. Some
beneficiaries who cannot be describes as 'landless peasants' are ZANU (PF)
Members of Parliament (MP), one of whom is a Deputy Minister, as well as
highly placed civil servants from the Military, Local Government, the Police
Force, Ministry of Lands. Some incidents are perpetrated in direct violation
of statutory instrument 338, which allows for a 3-month notice period for
landowners whose farms have been compulsory acquired.  On one property, a
ZANU (PF) MP gave the manager thirty days to leave the property, and his
wife arrived to measure up for curtains in the house.

The Chegutu District Administrator has been driving around farms getting the
farmers to plough for the illegal occupiers with no exchange of payment
being offered. In the current climate of terror, farmers feel it is unwise
not to comply.

Meanwhile a Government press statement announced last week seeks to give
ultimatums to A2 settlers by giving them thirty days to establish a presence
on the property and being told that they will forfeit it if they do not.


6th January 2002
For more info, please contact
Jenni Williams Mobile (Code +263) 91 300 456 or 11 213 885
Office landlines: (+2639) 72546 Fax 63978 Email

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From The Star (SA), 7 January

Mugabe steps up 'propaganda war'

Harare - Zimbabwe's ruling party has launched a media blitz for President
Robert Mugabe's re-election bid, with a date for the March poll expected to
be announced soon. The weekend drive also coincided with reports that
militants from Mugabe's Zanu PF party have stepped up a violent campaign
against the main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) ahead of
the elections. Zanu PF has been splashing a series of advertisements in both
private and state-owned newspapers, projecting the embattled former
guerrilla leader as a nationalist threatened by a Western-backed rival. The
adverts, as well as dozens of articles in the government media, praise
Mugabe's social, agricultural and economic policies and attack his critics
and rivals - mainly MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai who is expected to give the
77-year-old president the toughest contest of his career.
The government-owned Sunday Mail newspaper said Mugabe - who is determined
to extend his 22-year-old hold on power despite a severe economic crisis
blamed on his controversial policies - will announce the March polling dates
this week. Government officials were not available to comment on the report,
which was attributed to highly placed sources. In its media blitz, Zanu PF
mixes attack and defence almost in equal measure, calling its black
opponents puppets of former colonial power Britain and Zimbabwe's former
white rulers. The white opponents are portrayed as racists who hanker for
white rule under the former Rhodesia - Zimbabwe's colonial name.
In one full-page advertisement entitled "Rhodesians Never Learn," Zanu PF
attacks John Robertson, one of Zimbabwe's top economists, for criticising
Mugabe's land seizure policy in a recent newspaper article. Zanu PF charges
that Robertson is "a public supporter of the treacherous British-sponsored
MDC" who is working with former Rhodesian war veterans to undermine black
majority rule, alleging that "his views are Rhodesian and racist". "What we
reject is the persistence of vestigial attitudes from the Rhodesian
yesteryears, attitudes of a master race, master colour, master owner and
master employer. Our whole struggle was a rejection of such imperious
attitudes and claims to privilege," the advert said. Robertson dismissed the
charges as a measure of desperation. "I think people will see this kind of
propaganda for what it is, a sign of desperation," he told reporters.
Zimbabwe's ruling party has also stepped up its propaganda on radio and
television, taking up more slots on the state-owned broadcasting service to
defend Mugabe's controversial seizures of white-owned farms. In the past,
the MDC has accused Mugabe and Zanu PF of relying on slogans and insults to
avoid focusing on policy issues, and their record in office. On Saturday,
the MDC accused youths loyal to Mugabe of attacking one of its offices and
the home of a legislator, as violence rises ahead of the presidential
elections. The MDC says five of its supporters have been killed in the last
two weeks, and MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube says at least 100 people
have been murdered in the last two years. Zanu PF narrowly beat the MDC in
general parliamentary elections in June 2000 after a violent campaign that
left at least 31 people dead.
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Daily News

UN may have to use armed escorts in food distribution

1/7/02 8:31:42 AM (GMT +2)

IN its growing desperation to cling to power at any cost, the government has
resorted to employing all manner of increasingly drastic and clearly
unconstitutional measures to keep out of the country's rural areas everyone
else except members of its own ruling Zanu PF party.

That unlawful curtailment of the people's freedom of association is born out
of the fear that the ruling party might lose its only remaining hope of
retaining power through what it hopes is going to be a massive vote in its
favour in all rural areas at the forthcoming presidential election.

As has now been well documented, in the June 2000 parliamentary election,
the government managed to hold on to power only by the skin of its teeth.

And then only because it had embarked on a massive two-pronged campaign to
force people to vote for Zanu PF.

Rural voters were intimidated into believing the party had a way of telling
how people had voted. Dire consequences were promised for those who voted
for the opposition.

Those it could not deceive with that cheap lie were simply terrorised until
they gave in.
It is that "support", assuming it is still intact, which the government is
so determined to maintain at all costs as we approach what appears, by all
accounts, set to become an historic and watershed presidential election.

In pursuance of what it mistakenly believes to be the protection of its
party's political turf, the government has banned all civic and
non-governmental organisations from conducting voter education, in flagrant
violation of their constitutionally guaranteed rights.

Not only that. In a move symptomatic of its worsening paranoia, the
government in November also banned the distribution of all food aid in rural
areas unless the said aid is distributed through its own so-called
"structures" - meaning, of course, Zanu PF structures.

The government, which now appears to see enemies of Zanu PF behind every
bush and shrub, made it clear it feared non-governmental organisations might
use their food distribution contacts with rural people to influence them

As a direct result of that ban, about 750 000 people in Masvingo and the two
Matabeleland provinces have since been living under the spectre of
starvation and cases have been recorded of people starving to death,
sacrificed on the altar of the ruling party's political expediency.

A new policy had been put in place: only Zanu PF had to be seen to care for
rural people.
Since then donor response to appeals by non-governmental organisations for
food from the international community to feed nearly two million starving
peasants in Zimbabwe's drought-prone southern and western areas has been
disturbingly poor.

The reason for that poor response is not hard to find. As many local
non-governmental organisations have openly said, aware of Zanu PF's infamy
in that regard, donors fear that, if it will have to be channelled through
"government structures", food aid could be used as a political tool to drum
up support for the ruling party in the run-up to the presidential election.

It is against that depressing scenario that the pledge by Victor Angelo, the
United Nations' Resident Co-ordinator in Zimbabwe, that no political party
will be allowed anywhere near UN food aid distribution should be cause for
all Zimbabweans' collective sigh of great relief.

Angelo says the UN has finally acceded to the government's woefully belated
appeal for urgent US$100 million (nearly Z$6 billion) food aid strictly on
the understanding that the government has back-tracked on its November ban.

To distribute its food aid, says Angelo, the UN is going to use "credible
nongovernmental organisations, churches and community-based groups". That's
as it should be.

However, considering that Zanu PF has turned many of the country's districts
into virtual war zones and no-go areas, that operation is going to be
extremely difficult.

The UN might have no choice but to use armed escorts to accompany its food
aid distributors.

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Daily News

Tsvangirai says Mugabe driving country towards war

1/7/02 8:23:29 AM (GMT +2)

Zimbabwe's main opposition leader on Friday accused President Mugabe's
ruling Zanu PF party of driving the country towards a civil war by deploying
"shock troops" to lead a violent re-election campaign.

Morgan Tsvangirai, head of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), accused
Zanu PF of using a militia trained under the guise of a national youth
training service to terrorise the opposition ahead of presidential election
in March.
Tsvangirai, who poses the biggest challenge to Mugabe since the 77-year-old
former guerrilla leader came to power in 1980, said four MDC members had
been killed by "Zanu PF shock troops" in the last 10 days.

"Zimbabwe is teetering on the brink of a low-intensity civil war owing to
the activities of the Zanu PF government-sponsored militias. "The militias
have been involved in wanton beating of innocent people and the destruction
of homes in both rural and urban areas," Tsvangirai said in a statement,
responding to newspaper reports on the activities of the new youth brigade.

Zanu PF has denied that it is mounting a campaign to intimidate voters and
the opposition ahead of the polls. Tsvangirai said the youth brigade was
tarnishing the image of Zimbabwe's security forces by sometimes wearing army
and police uniforms. He said their activities were "a serious violation of
human rights and if the government fails to heed our calls, we will have no
option but to appeal to the International Court of Justice in The Hague".

Last Monday, the MDC said Zanu PF militants went on a "terror run" in two
Harare high density suburbs, assaulting and harassing residents as part of
Mugabe's re-election campaign. During last week the MDC also alleged that
Zanu PF was deploying some of its militants dressed in MDC T-shirts to give
the impression the opposition was also involved in violence.

Zanu PF denied the charge. Mugabe, who will be 78 next month, has been in
power since the former Rhodesia gained independence from Britain in 1980.
Political analysts say he has a tough task retaining power in a country hit
by a severe economic and political crisis blamed on government

Mugabe - who calls the MDC a front for Western interests - says he will win
the election on his record as a liberation fighter and defender of the
rights of Zimbabwe's black majority. The Zimbabwean leader has said his
re-election effort will be run like a military campaign - which critics say
shows the party will be stepping up political violence.

The MDC says the recent killing of its four members has brought to 87 the
number of opposition activists and supporters killed since February 2000. -

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Daily News

Singing the same chilling hymn of violence

1/7/02 8:32:51 AM (GMT +2)

By Frank Matandirotya

WHILE the official media is presenting the "graduates" from the Border Gezi
Training Centre in Mount Darwin as disciplined and patriotic youths on
national service, we should not allow such infatuation with anything that is
associated with the ruling party and the government to obscure reality.

The so-called national youth service is nothing but special effects pumped
onto the political stage to hide Zanu PF's ulterior political machinations.

The "graduates" from the Border Gezi Training Centre are a national
disaster, with the terror they are unleashing on innocent civilians. It's
now clear to every concerned citizen that Zanu PF created a militia under
the guise of a national youth service.

In short, the militia are hired thugs who howl the same chilling hymn of
violence as Zanu PF tries to maintain its grip on power through deft
political manipulation and intimidation.

The ruling party's machinations have finally spun out of control and there
is an air of sadness and fear everywhere as the militia has been let loose
on the people.

Zanu PF now prices political dominance over peace, but there is a terrible
danger in
using the militia - the bottle of anarchy once uncorked releases a
malevolent genie that cannot be contained.

But Zimbabwe is not at war. The ruling party is playing politics. President
Mugabe is fighting for his political survival as the real battle for
Zimbabwe's future is being waged ahead of the March presidential election.

The residents of Harare and Chitungwiza are being targeted because they have
been identified as the major supporters of the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change.
But why create a militia?

Zimbabweans are living in a country where it is virtually impossible to tell
right from wrong. What is happening in the country is the work of a few
hangers-on, who are sacrificing the peace of an entire nation for a few more
years of power.

Worse still, by baying for the blood of opposition supporters, they are
holding peace hostage to power.

The situation looks hopeless given the behaviour of the government and
ruling party politicians at this critical moment when the nation is in need
of a strong, peace-loving and democratic leadership.

But African leaders seem to be the same. African leadership is least
concerned with development. African rulers have not only been morally
corrupt from the start, but also trained to belittle their subjects. Thus
when they assume leadership they view themselves as lords instead of

Because African leaders thirst for power, they have an uncanny ability to
thrive on chaos. Once they have taken over they proceed to recreate the
countries in their own images. The difference between themselves and the
state becomes indistinguishable.
In the 1980s, Zanu PF had the Youth Brigade, a militia which spread terror
everywhere throughout the country.

Again African leaders create terror militias because they develop an
elaborate mythology which seeks to transform them into god-like figures.

During his heyday, Mobutu Sese Seko of the former Zaire created false
legends about his military capabilities.

It was said bullets could not penetrate Mobutu's skin - they simply bounced
off. Again, it was said that at the age of seven Mobutu had killed a lion
with his bare hands.

The late Dr Hastings Kamuzu Banda of Malawi had his own militia called the
Young Pioneers, who repeatedly fed Banda's political enemies to crocodiles.

What is clear is that African leaders, especially the "liberators", believe
that without them their countries will descend into chaos resulting in
neo-colonialists taking over. It's the same message we hear in this country
that "Morgan Tsvangirai will never rule this country."

African ruling parties are also skilled in diverting Western aid and
government revenue into personal accounts and that money is used to buy
political friends and foes alike, feeding their addiction to local and
overseas properties.

For example, Mobutu had a villa on the French Riviera, a castle in Spain, a
hotel overlooking Lake Geneva, a coffee plantation in Brazil and a ranch in
Portugal with a cellar stocked with 14 000 bottles of vintage wine from the

All African countries like Zimbabwe inherited brutal emergency laws from
colonial administrations and have used them to ruthlessly crush the
opposition. This is one of the reasons behind the creation of militias.

Zanu PF leaders have made it clear that they are not prepared to go "until
the land issue is solved once and for all".

So what went wrong with African countries that create militias to beat and
harass innocent civilians? The answer is very clear: there is a total lack
of moral leadership at the top.

Most of the African leaders, such as those found in Zanu PF, have reached a
stage where the "liberators" have run out of steam. They create militias in
order to whip any dissent into line.

The topsy-turvy systems of political and economic values seem to have
gripped the leaders and it is a fact that the "liberators" have presided and
are still presiding over the downward slide.

Because of imaginary fear and enemies, African leaders never travel along
roads unless they are sealed off from other traffic and travel in speeding
motorcades. And wherever they go they are surrounded by heavily armed elite
troops and bodyguards with machine guns at the ready.

African leaders once in power embark on projects of self-deification,
stretching personality cult to the realms of fantasy.

Mobutu stamped his on Zaire with unparalleled ruthlessness. His image was
printed onto millions of kilometres of cloth which many women donned. This
same pattern is evident in this country.

By any conventional political yardstick Zanu PF, the ruling party, seems to
be in great trouble. The economy is on a life support system and relations
with neighbours are paralysed.

Zanu PF's deployment of the Border Gezi Training Centre "graduates" is a
declaration of war against anyone deemed to support the opposition because
they are afraid of losing at the hands of an electorate determined more than
ever to rid itself of its kleptomanic rulers.

The dreams of the people of this country must be defined by liberty, the
natural right to belong and associate, and not by a militia.

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Daily News

Zanu PF accuses Chinotimba of causing divisions

1/7/02 8:29:57 AM (GMT +2)

By Pedzisai Ruhanya

ZANU PF wants Joseph Chinotimba, the self-styled "commander of the farm
invasions" and an attempted murder defendant, who is its political commissar
for Harare province, and his deputy Douglas Mahiya removed for causing
divisions in the party.

The recommendation was made in an 89-page confidential report by the party's
central committee presented to delegates at last month's fifth national
conference of Zanu PF in Victoria Falls.

The central committee warned that Chinotimba and Mahiya's differences were
causing serious problems in the party which could lead to the defeat of Zanu
PF if the mayoral and council elections were to be held in Harare as ordered
by the Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku last month.

"The major problems with this province, especially the commissariat
department, are the personal differences between Chinotimba and his deputy,
Mahiya. The two commissars have proved that they cannot work together. If
this issue is not addressed no commissariat work will be carried out in
Harare,'' the report said.
It accused the Harare provincial executive of failing to address labour
disputes during the company invasions last year.

"The provincial efforts to address labour disputes had given mileage to the
party to win back the workers. Its mismanagement by the province gave (sic)
a devastating blow to the party and all its good intentions.
"The differences between Chinotimba and Mahiya should be solved or else one
or both of them should be removed out of (sic) the commissariat office and
replaced by dedicated cadres to spearhead mass mobilisation in Harare,'' the
report said.

The party also ordered Patrick Chinamasa, the Minister of Justice, Legal and
Parliamentary Affairs, to look at possible ways of banning the MDC's use of
the Zimbabwe Bird on its logo, while two other Cabinet ministers should
order the removal of opposition political insignia in the country.

The report said: "There were indications that the MDC's use of the Zimbabwe
Bird on its logo is a violation of the provisions of the Armorials Act. The
Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs should advise

The central committee also ordered Swithun Mombeshora, the Minister of
Transport and Communication, and Ignatius Chombo, the Minister of Local
Government, Public Works and National Housing, to remove political insignia
"in violation of the Road Traffic Act and local authority regulations".

The report noted: "The continued existence of opposition insignia on the
trees, street corners, road tarmacs and signs is an eyesore and should be
removed. Election graffiti must be removed and the Ministers of Transport
and Communication and Local Government, Public Works and National Housing
must vigorously follow up on this issue.''

David Karimanzira, the party's secretary for finance in the politburo, said
donations from its friends and well-wishers have raised more than $249
million, while its national fund-raising committee has so far raised more
than $24 million with another $32 million having been pledged.

"More could have been achieved had it not been the cry by many business
people that times are hard,'' Karimanzira's financial report said.
He said for much of the early part of last year, Zanu PF relied on an
overdraft facility from an unnamed bank, "hence the interest on overdraft
amounting to more than $20 million was incurred".

Karimanzira said Zanu PF spent a total of $15,4 million on by-elections and
mayoral elections, and the party paid more than $9 million for election
petitions in the High Court with $7 million still outstanding for that work.
He said the Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe Nominees have offered to write off
$6 million from the current loan owed of $16 million provided Zanu PF paid
$10 million all at once.

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Daily News

Zapu's Madlela fears for his life

1/7/02 8:21:57 AM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

Agrippa Madlela, the president of Zapu, on Friday alleged that Zanu PF is
targeting him for elimination ahead of the March presidential election
because his party is not contesting the election to avoid splitting the
opposition vote.
He said if Zapu contested this would work to the advantage of Zanu PF
against the MDC.

Madlela said Zapu would fully back the MDC in the presidential election
because the overall objective was to remove Zanu PF from power.
He said: "Zanu PF knows that they have completely lost Matabeleland and,
therefore, want to see the votes for the MDC in Matabeleland neutralised by
promoting a candidate from the region."

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Daily News

Beitbridge farmer's wife, 70, accused of pointing pistol at former combatant

1/7/02 8:18:57 AM (GMT +2)

Staff Reporter

JANET Cawood, a 70-year-old Beitbridge farmer's wife, says she is being
wrongfully accused of pointing a pistol at a war veteran who threatened to
attack her with an umbrella at their Kleinbegin Ranch.

Cawood said she pointed a pepper spray at the war veteran in self-defence
last month when he tried to attack her.
But last week, the police summoned her to give a warned and cautioned
statement for allegedly pointing a firearm at the war veteran. She has been
in Harare and returns to Beitbridge tomorrow.

Cawood said: "On 14 December, two District Development Fund tractors
descended on the ranch to cultivate land occupied by war veterans on the
hayfield. My husband and I then went to the hayfield and started taking
photographs of the men and to see what was happening.

"One of the men tried to take away my camera," said Cawood. "I refused and
one of the drivers swerved the tractor in my direction trying to knock me
Cawood said when one of the war veterans tried to beat her up with an
umbrella she used a pepper spray to scare him away.

"But I am now surprised because the police came to our ranch, accusing me of
having pointed a pistol at the war veteran," she said. "They confiscated my
husband's pistol and the pepper spray. But the pistol was in the gun cabinet
at home when the incident happened. I have never held a pistol in my life."
Cawood is due to report to the Beitbridge Police Station tomorrow.

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Daily News

Militias on rampage

1/7/02 8:20:33 AM (GMT +2)

By Collin Chiwanza

PROPERTY worth thousands of dollars was destroyed over the weekend when Zanu
PF militias went on the rampage in Chitungwiza, Bindura and Marondera,
attacking MDC officials and injuring scores of youths in the process.

In Chitungwiza, the militia attacked Shelter Mutasa, the wife of Ben
Tumbare-Mutasa, the MP for Seke. Their son, Talent, was also severely
assaulted and had to be taken to hospital. The militia destroyed windows and
doors on the MDC MP's house.

The MP's wife works at the Parliament of Zimbabwe as a supervisor in the
registry office. Although a report was made to the police, no persons have
been arrested in connection with the attacks. In Bindura, the Zanu PF youths
were on Saturday and yesterday moving from house to house demanding Zanu PF
membership cards from residents. In a case of mistaken identity, the youths
abducted a war veteran's 16-year-old son and went with him to Tendai Hall,
their "re-education" base and beat him up thoroughly.

Malvous Chinyama and his friend, another 16-year old, Tafadzwa Makatya, were
only released late Saturday night after spending hours in the hall which is
being used by the youths as their central base for violent activities.
In another incident in Bindura, the police arrested a victim of violence,
22-year-old Ishmael Jeke, who was beaten and left bed-ridden by the youths.
"I was in Bindura General Hospital after being beaten by about 15 Zanu PF
thugs and they took my medical report away on 2 January and up to now I
haven't seen it."
Jeke, who is now out of hospital, has since been remanded out of custody and
told to report to the police every day.

On Friday, hundreds of members of the Apostolic Faith sect descended on MDC
offices at Makoni shopping centre and later attacked the home of Fidelis
Mhashu, the MP for Chitungwiza.

The marauding church members, led by Godfrey Nzira, were later dispersed by
defiant MDC youths who fearlessly advanced towards the group.
Senior police officers later told the MDC MP to remove the youths from his
premises so they could come in to protect him, but the MP refused to allow
them in.

Mhashu said: "I told the police officers that I didn't want their dubious
protection. How can I be protected by partisan policemen and why should they
want to protect me when I have not asked for their protection?"
During the furore, two MDC youths, Mike Munyonga and David Chipunza, were
seriously injured.
In Marondera, MDC supporters who had attended a provincial congress to
choose new leaders, were attacked by a Zanu PF militia transported from
surrounding rural areas. Nelson Chamisa, the MDC national youth chairman,
who was also at the meeting, said unprovoked Zanu PF hoodlums descended on
MDC supporters and started throwing missiles.

Seven MDC youths were injured and were taken to hospital where they are
still being attended to. The scuffle took place in the presence of the
police but no one was arrested.

The rowdy Zanu PF youths later broke into the MDC offices where they burnt
documents containing valuable party information.
Chamisa remarked yesterday: "What the nation is witnessing are the last
kicks of a dying horse." In Mbare, scores of Zanu PF supporters yesterday
rampaged through the streets, attacking people accused of supporting Morgan
Tsvangirai, the MDC leader.

Although the police were called in, they did not arrest anyone. They just
watched helplessly as the youths, wielding stones, knobkerries and other
missiles, attacked innocent civilians going about their normal business in
the busy streets of Harare's oldest suburb.
Angry residents said the attacks started around midday and went on for the
rest of the afternoon. There were sporadic attacks in different parts of the
suburb which continued until about 5pm yesterday.

But Mbare residents said they would team up and hit back. They said they did
not want the help of the police. The police refused to comment.
Tsvangirai faces President Mugabe in a tight presidential race scheduled for

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January 7, 2002
Zimbabwe - terror spreads to Zaka

from the Daily News

In an orgy of terror, war veterans and Zanu PF militias over the weekend
ransacked Richard Mugwagwa's homestead and took his wife hostage before
looting property worth thousands of dollars as political violence flared up
in Zaka district ahead of the March presidential election.

Mugwagwa, the losing MDC candidate for Zaka East, is spearheading the MDC
campaign in the district.

The war veterans raided Mugwagwa's homestead near Chinyabako business centre
and beat up his wife before confiscating MDC documents. They demanded that
Mugwagwa and his family denounce the MDC and join Zanu PF.After searching
all the houses, they placed his wife under a 24-hour guard at her home.

Mugwagwa, who was once severely beaten by soldiers, was yesterday reported
to be in
hiding after receiving death threats from the war veterans, but MDC
officials said he was safe.

The war veterans took away clothes and cash.

Shacky Matake, the MDC vice-chairman for Masvingo province, yesterday said:
"We are worried because Mugwagwa's wife has been put under house arrest by
the youths. We have failed to get to the area because the youths have
established illegal roadblocks on all roads leading to his homestead. "The
police too have failed to rescue Mugwagwa's wife and there is a possibility
that she could even be raped. These people have turned into criminals,"
Matake said.

In Siyawareva ward near Jerera growth point in Zaka, war veterans destroyed
a hut belonging to Misheck Marava, an MDC activist, burnt his television set
and a bicycle before they took away some bags of maize.

Marava was recently abducted, tortured and later released by the Zanu PF
militia for supporting the MDC.

Marava yesterday said: "Despite all this, we have to remain in Zaka so that
our supporters will not desert us. If we, as leaders, run away and seek
refuge elsewhere, what will happen to ordinary supporters? If the police
continue to fold their hands while crimes are being committed, then it means
we have to beef up our security."

Problems in Zaka started last November when Gibson Sibanda, the MDC
vice-president, launched the party's presidential campaign at Jerera.

Meanwhile, Shepherd Tigere, 25, was brutally murdered by the Zanu PF militia
in Gokwe. Tigere, who worked as a conductor with Mavesere Bus Services, died
from his injuries at Gokwe District Hospital last Thursday. He was expected
to be buried in Gokwe at the weekend.

According to witnesses, a group of about 100 Zanu PF youths approached a
Mbungu-bound Mavesere bus and later commandeered the bus to a Zanu PF
torture base where Tigere and several MDC supporters were assaulted with
sticks and iron bars.

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Financial Times

Mugabe 'using violence to win election votes'
By Tony Hawkins
Published: January 6 2002 21:30 | Last Updated: January 6 2002 21:35

With Zimbabwe's increasingly bitter presidential election no more than 10
weeks away, the ruling Zanu-PF party has been accused of using escalating
violence, pay rises and land handouts to win votes.

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change accuses the ruling party of
killing six of its members in as many weeks. The MDC says Zanu-PF militants
are being trained at government-financed youth camps in Zimbabwe's rural
areas. Only two of the six deaths claimed by the opposition have been
confirmed by the police.

An opposition MP for the satellite city of Chitungwiza, close to Harare,
says his home was attacked by Zanu-PF militias on Friday, leading the
opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, to accuse the government of a "low
intensity civil war".

The government rejects the opposition claims.

There were reports of mob violence in several parts of the country last
week, including one from the town of Chinhoyi, where National Youth Service
Brigade members raided shops and looted property. The Commercial Farmers
Union says two white farmers were beaten up by war veteran supporters of
President Robert Mugabe last week, resulting in one of them losing an ear.

The government is reported to have approved a 100 per cent pay award for the
armed forces - nearly double the 55 per cent increase for the civil service
as a whole. The 2002 budget, proposed in November, included a 93 per cent
increase for army personnel and more than 200 per cent for the air force,
while the police pay budget was increased 120 per cent. With inflation
currently running at 104 per cent, real earnings of almost everyone else in
the country have fallen.

The government appears also to be planning to postpone local government
elections in Harare, which should be held by mid-February. A Supreme Court
ruling instructed the government to call the election before February 11,
but last week the government extended for a further six months the life of
the government-appointed Commission that is running the city.

Mr Mugabe is expected to use his presidential powers to delay the municipal
election, which the MDC is tipped to win with an overwhelming majority.

Political analysts say that if the MDC were to win Harare well less than a
month before the presidential poll, it would give Mr Tsvangirai an
unstoppable momentum. Mr Mugabe is expected to name an election date -
probably mid-March - this week.

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The Times


Mugabe ignores world protests over press curbs


SPURNING worldwide protests, the Zimbabwean Government plans to go ahead
tomorrow with the enactment of a Freedom of Information and Protection of
Privacy Bill, which will in effect suppress all correspondents for foreign
news organisations and all newspapers outside state control.
All journalists and newspapers will require an annually renewable “licence”,
available only to citizens, and at the discretion of Jonathan Moyo, the
Information Minister.

Simultaneously, Parliament, dominated 94-56 by the ruling Zanu(PF) party,
will be asked to endorse a second important new piece of legislation, the
Public Order and Security Bill, giving the authorities sweeping powers of
detention and seizure ahead of President Mugabe’s attempt to win a further
six-year term in March. A date for the polls is expected this week.

To boost his re-election prospects police, troops and state-funded “war
veterans” have had their pay doubled to reinforce loyalty to the regime.

“These two pieces of legislation, taken together, complete the transition
from a form of democratic society to a total dictatorship and Fascist
 state,” said Professor Welshman Ncube, a constitutional law expert and
secretary-general of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

He said that although the MDC, led by veteran trades unionist Morgan
Tsvangirai, was narrowly cheated of victory in the June 2000 parliamentary
elections, it stood no chance of blocking the bills in view of the presence
of 30 MPs nominated by Mr Mugabe.

“But we believe if they don’t actually commit fraud in the form of putting
extra votes and getting people who don’t exist to vote, the life of this
dictatorship has come to an end,” he said. “We will not run away from this
struggle but take each day as it comes.”

Mr Moyo told the state-controlled daily, The Herald, on Saturday that last
week’s international coverage of the resignation of Mr Justice David
Bartlett, a High Court judge, proved the need for media controls.

“The time to expose their lies and their liars has come,” he said, denying
that the judge had been “pushed out” and the bench packed with
pro-government judges. “It proves the point we have been making all along,
that the greatest threat to regional peace and stability comes from the
apartheid press and its British sponsors.”

Under the new media bill, correspondents could face up to two year’s jail
for quoting Mr Moyo’s words without the permission of The Herald, as for a
range of other “offences” against a new government-drafted code, to be
imposed by its own disciplinary committee.

Geoff Nyarota, Editor of the only daily newspaper outside state control, has
vowed to use all legal methods to fight implementation of the bill, which he
says will silence independent voices more effectively than the bomb which
last year blew up his printing presses.

Counsel’s opinion, released last week by Zimbabwe’s Legal Resources
Foundation, said the bill was “ill conceived, badly drafted and dangerous”,
and “most of the controls (it) seeks to impose are unconstitutional”.

However, the new bench dominated by ruling party sympathisers may interpret
the Declaration of Rights entrenched in the 1980 independence constitution
to favour President Mugabe, having already endorsed his plans to
redistribute 5,000 white-owned farms to 300,000 black Zimbabweans before the
presidential polls.

A newly-appointed judge last month banned a Zimbabwean-born white man from
challenging citizenship laws requiring him to prove he did not, secretly,
hold Hungarian nationality.

His parents fled to Zimbabwe after the 1956 uprising and Hungary’s Embassy
in South Africa said he would have to be granted Hungarian citizenship — an
impossibility, since his birth was not registered with them in 1960 — in
order to renounce it. The act of applying for foreign citizenship, whether
granted or not, automatically strips a Zimbabwean of local nationality.

Mr Tsvangirai, the MDC’s presidential candidate, meanwhile said five
supporters had been murdered in the past fortnight by a newly trained “Youth
National Service”.

BR>distributed without the prior written authority of Holger Jensen.

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