The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Water Cuts Looming

The Herald (Harare)

January 7, 2005
Posted to the web January 7, 2005


HARARE and Norton residents should brace for massive water cuts from today
as council carries out repair work on three pumps at the Morton Jaffray
Water Treatment Plant.

The warning comes in the wake of reports that council has not been truthful
on the reasons affecting the supply of potable water to its residents and
those of satellite towns, sources at council have said.

"The city wishes to advise residents . . . that they might experience water
supply disruptions as from tomorrow (today). This is due to some repair
works which will be carried out at Morton Jaffray water plant", said the
director of works, Mr Psychology Chiwanga.

Mr Chiwanga said repairs would be carried out on pumps 4, 7 and 10 from 8am
to 4pm.

During the same period, council intends to effect a water connection to the
Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals.

While council has blamed the water shortages on mechanical faults at Morton
Jaffray Water Treatment Plant, some sources at council have said the problem
is to do with chemicals and a negative working culture by some employees.

But town clerk Mr Nomutsa Chideya dismissed the claims as untrue saying
council had sufficient stocks of chemicals.

"We have adequate stocks. You can bring your photographer to take pictures
of the huge stock piles," he said.

Recently, Mr Chiwanga blamed the shortages on an electrical fault at the
water plant, which he said caused the tripping of the water pumps.

But three weeks after, a period residents say should have been enough to
rectify the problem, water shortages still persist much to their chagrin.

Northern and eastern suburbs have received intermittent water supplies from
the period before Christmas. The affected areas stretch from Borrowdale in
the north, Greendale, Mandara, Tafara, Mabvuku in the centre to Msasa Park,
Park Meadowlands and Epworth in the south.

Supplies are sometimes restored for only brief periods only to disappear
shortly afterwards.

Residents are complaining that council is failing them most during the wet
period when demand is not very high.

"We are not watering our gardens because there is rain water," said one

In a separate but related issue, Mr Chideya said council was still locked in
meetings over the transfer of water to the Zimbabwe National Water Authority

He said the transfer process was not an event but a process that should take
at least two to three years.

Zinwa, whose capacity to handle the city's water management is in doubt, is
expected to pay several billions to the Harare City Council for the various
infrastructure it put in place such as the water works, and storage

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Masvingo Plagued By Rampant Gold Panning

The Herald (Harare)

January 7, 2005
Posted to the web January 7, 2005


MASVINGO City Council has failed to deal adequately with the rampant illegal
gold-mining activities that are posing a serious danger to the water
reservoirs located on a hill on the outskirts of the city.

The depleted municipal police force has been

unable to stem illegal gold panning, which, if unchecked, threatens the
city's water supplies.

Council has over the past year been grappling with the problem of illegal
panners who have dug deep shafts that are encroaching towards the five

The reservoirs have a combined capacity of 25 000 cubic metres and supply
the whole Masvingo city.

Executive mayor Mr Alois Chaimiti yesterday conceded council was failing to
stamp out illegal panning.

"We have a thinly staffed municipal police on the ground and they are not
enough to curtail the problem as some of the panners usually sneak to the
site during the night.

"We are, however, going to beef up the municipal police numbers so as to
stem the illegal panning which poses serious risks if not stopped," said Mr

He, however, said council could not effectively deal with the problem on its
own and called on the Zimbabwe Republic Police and the Office of the Mining
Commissioner to come to their aid.

Masvingo provincial mining commissioner Mr Pidious Shumba yesterday
acknowledged the gravity of the situation at the reservoirs, but said they
was little they could do as the area was within sole municipal jurisdiction
and control.

"That is a reserved area which falls under council; therefore, we do not
issue licences to anyone to undertake mining activities there.

"We are, however, concerned that some of the illegal panners are said to be
producing licences whereas we never issued licences to anyone mining there.

"Council, together with the police, should arrest such people.

"We also think that the council could introduce 24-hour security at the
site, but that could also not be enough as some of the guards may be bribed
or the panners may be very violent as has happened in many cases," said Mr

He said they had on several occasions written to council about the dangers
of illegal mining near the reservoirs.

They had even advised council to licence one responsible miner in the area.

Illegal gold panning activities countrywide have not only resulted in
serious damage to infrastructure like roads, railway lines and schools, but
they also cause massive land degradation and siltation of rivers.

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To those who choose silence, let me adapt the Rev Niemoller's famous
SPEAK OUT. Then they came for the farmers, but I was not a farmer, so I did
not speak out. Then they came for the farm workers, homosexuals and the
trade unionists, but I was neither, so I remained silent. Then they came for
the journalists, but I was not a journalist so I did not speak out. And when
they came for me,there was no one left to speak out for me. STOP THE


Saturday 29th January 2005
1.00pm to 5.00pm
Home Office
50 Queen Anne's Gate
 Nearest tube: St James Park on the district line

UK Zimbabwean Community Campaign to Defend Asylum Seekers (UKZCCDAS) is
greatly concerned that the UK government has resumed forced removals of
Zimbabwean failed asylum seekers.

This change of policy on Zimbabwe comes as a shock given the fact that the
situation on the ground remains the same as when the suspension was
announced two years ago. The suspension was originally won by the struggles
of refugee groups and human rights lawyers who targeted the airlines
ferrying 'failed' claimants to almost certain torture.

     In November the government was embroiled in the fiasco over the English
cricket team tour of Zimbabwe. Yet as New Labour ministers loudly knocked
Robert Mugabe's human rights record for six, the Home Office was quietly
bowling 'failed' Zimbabwean asylum seekers straight back into his hands.

It is not safe to remove Zimbabweans in the run-up to the general election
expected in March.  The Zimbabwean regime is paranoid and will treat anyone
deported from the UK with suspicion.  A Zanu-PF Minister recently said that
"the threats by the United Kingdom to deport about 10,000 Zimbabweans might
be a cover to deploy elements trained in sabotage, intimidation and violence
to destabilize the country before and during the parliamentary elections".

There is no prize for guessing what might happen to Zimbabweans who are sent
home by the UK government. Unfortunate Zimbabweans that have been deported
so far have been subjected to inhuman treatment by the regime in Zimbabwe.

UKZCCDAS calls for an end to these forced removals.  In particular we call
on the Home Office to pay heed to the latest statement from the UNHCR issued
in December, which emphatically states that there should be no 'forced
removals' to Zimbabwe.

UNHCR - reiterate, No forced returns to Zimbabwe

UKZCCDAS are staging the demonstration at the Home Office (who are the
policy makers).

For more information contact:
Or Call the following
Dr Brighton Chireka on 07960209253
Emily Madamombe on 07900061215
Arthur Molife on 07960126028
Wilson Ncube on 07944955988


Londoners take the district line to St James Park station. Use the Broadway
exit and you will see the Home Office as you come out of St James Park Tube

Those outside London you can come by buses to Victoria station. Get the East
bound district line from Victoria Tube station to St James Park which is one
station away from Victoria. Use the Broadway exit and you will see the Home
Office as you come out of St James Park tube station.

Those coming by trains from outside London can get South bound Victoria line
from Euston Station, change at Victoria station for east bound District line
to St James Park which is one station away from Victoria. Use the Broadway
exit and you will see the Home Office as you come out of St James Park tube

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Daily News online edition

      Zanu PF factions clash at funeral

      Date: 8-Jan, 2005

      HUNDREDS of Zanu PF supporters loyal to opposing factions clashed in
Glen Norah on Thursday night as the in-fighting in the ruling party over the
selection of parliamentary candidates continues.

      Police had to intervene to calm the two factions, one loyal to war
veterans leader Joseph Chinotimba and the other to former Harare
commissioner Cleveria Chizema.

      Chizema has since been confirmed the Zanu PF candidate for Glen Norah
in a controversial quota system for women adopted by Zanu PF last month
ahead of Chintoimba, who has splashed millions of dollars in the

      Zanu PF supporters told The Daily News Online yesterday that Chizema
and her faction attended a funeral in Glen Norah A on Thusrday night. While
she was delivering her speech at the funeral, Chinotimba and his youths
stormed the occasion and started assaulting the other faction.

      "There was confusion as the two factions clashed and the coffin had to
be hidden in the bedroom as the two groups of youths started trading blows,"
a Zanu PF supporter who attended the funeral said.

      "Chizema's faction was chanting that the female candidate was the
party's choice and that Chinotimba's group was disregarding the party's
position that Glen Norah was reserved for women."

      Police had to be called in to calm the two factions. The new quota
system has caused confusion in Zanu PF as some Young Turks who were vying to
contest some constituencies now reserved for women are asking what criteria
was used.

      On Tuesday, hordes of Zanu PF supporters besieged their party
headquarters demanding an explanation on why the party had come up with some
candidates who were to stand unopposed.

      Manyika promised to look into the issue.

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Botswana denies Xmas holiday meeting with Tsvangirai

January 07, 2005, 18:30

Botswana has denied a report that president Festus Mogae met with Morgan
Tsvangirai leader of Zimbabwe's opposition party Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC), during the Christmas holidays.

According to an article published in the Zimbabwe Independent newspaper the
two met at Victoria Falls, in Zimbabwe. It said that Mogae, accompanied by
representatives of President Thabo Mbeki, tried to convince the MDC to
contest the forthcoming election in Zimbabwe.

The report quoted Mogae's spokesperson as saying: "Mogae met Tsvangirai
during a private visit to Victoria Falls over the festive season to brief
him on the deliberations he had with other SADC (South African Development
Community) heads of state.

"He reiterated that the common position was for the MDC to participate in
the election or risk losing its relevance."

However, Mogae's office said he and his family had paid a private overnight
visit to Victoria Falls, arriving on December 29 and departing the following
day for Kasane (Botswana). As a matter of protocol he was met by Stan
Mudenge, Zimbabwe's minister for foreign affairs, and other government

Mogae last met with Tsvangirai in Botswana in November and had expressed the
hope that the MDC would continue to participate in the electoral process in
Zimbabwe. - Sapa
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Centre to help vulnerable child deportees

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 7 Jan 2005 (IRIN) - The Zimbabwe government is planning to set
up a transit centre in the busy southern border town of Beitbridge to assist
vulnerable youths deported as illegal aliens from South Africa.

The centre, to be established with the help of Save the Children Fund
(Norway), will help youths under 18 who have been expelled for crossing the
border illegally, but have no money to return to their homes.

Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare Minister Paul Mangwana told IRIN
that the idea of a transit centre followed reports that some deportees,
especially girls, had been victims of abuse and sexual harassment in

"We decided to enlist the help of non-governmental organisations to deal
with the problem of young deportees, who are usually dumped around town.
There are substantiated reports of young girls going into prostitution
because they cannot find money to go back to their distant homes. Some,
especially boys, engage in criminal activities to find money for food and
travel," said Mangwana.

The minister said Save The Children (Norway) had donated over US $11,000 to
help with the development of the centre, to be located about 15 km from the
border post. According to a plan unveiled by the Beitbridge District Child
protection Committee last week, the centre is to provide meals and
accommodation to affected children for up to three days.

"We realise that most female deportees are sexually harassed in the process
of deportation. To this end the centre will also try to offer counselling
services to the affected before we release them. Through liaison with other
district social welfare offices, those of school-going age shall be sent
back to school in their own areas of origin," he said.

Mangwana noted that transporting the deportees back to their homes was
proving difficult, as bus operators were refusing to accept
government-issued travel warrants.

Zimbabwe's economic crisis has led to an exodus of young people looking for
work and opportunities across the border in South Africa, and hundreds of
illegal Zimbabwean migrants are caught, detained and deported from there
every month.

According to the South African authorities, 900 Zimbabweans are due to be
expelled on 15 January - a figure inflated by the suspension of deportations
over the festive season.

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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Mutendadzamera threatens to quit MDC

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-07

INCUMBENT Mabvuku legislator Justin Mutendadzamera, has threatened to quit
the MDC if party leader Morgan Tsvangirai declines to nullify the outcome of
primary elections in the constituency that saw him lose the seat to
Manicaland provincial chairperson, Timothy Mubhawu.
Mutendadzamera's threat comes barely less than a month after outspoken St
Mary's legislator Job Sikhala confronted Tsvangirai, demanding to know his
fate in the MDC after the opposition party had delayed holding a
confirmation exercise in his constituency.
Mutendadzamera has since written a letter to Tsvangirai and copied it to
secretary general Welshman Ncube, national chairman Isaac Matongo and
national organising secretary Esaph Mdlongwa threatening to quit the MDC if
his case was not attended to.
"I hereby seek the nullification of primary election results conducted at
Harvest House on December 21 for the following reasons-the date for the
election was neither convenient to the electorate as it coincided with the
eve of the public holiday when most people had gone for the holidays," read
part of Mutendadzamera's letter.
He also alleged that the date for the election was not communicated to the
electorate when it was set and was kept a secret until he heard about it
through the grapevine by youth national chairman Nelson Chamisa on December
"When my constituency officer Victor Mpofu phoned the Secretary General's
office, he was told by Mukashi that it was true that elections were going on
the following day, but he advised him not to tell the people nor mention his
name as the source of information," he alleged.
He argued that since some voters had gone on holiday or they did not know
about the election, the process was suspicious.
Mutendadzamera further alleged that the rumour about the elections was also
spread by a woman named Amai Duncan, Mubhawu's campaign manager.
"This means in one way or the other Mr Mubhawu was accorded an opportunity
to campaign with a target date which is grossly unfair, if an election is
expected to be deemed fair," stated Mutendadzamera.
He accused Mubhawu of violating party rules by vote buying, hiring thugs to
harass his supporters, among other things, which he said guaranteed
disciplinary action.
He added: "It is regrettable that having made several representations to the
authorities nothing has been done to correct the situation.I can safely
restore my political dignity by resigning if the party cannot uphold its own
principles and policies."
Mutendadzamera said he felt safe by quitting the MDC than to be disowned by
people who claim to be democrats while they rig their own elections.
"To this end if the party chooses to protect a person like Mubhawu at the
expense of the wishes of the people of Mabvuku and Tafara, the party stands
to regret more than it did when it approved the candidacy of Sekesai
Makwavarara, worse still the candidacy of anybody else in Zengeza other
(than) the choice of the people.
Mubhawu could not be reached for comment.
Tsvangirai spokesperson, William Bango would not commit himself on the issue
yesterday when contacted for comment.
"Please, please, don't waste my time over those issues. I have not seen any
document. Contact Paul Themba Nyathi," he said curtly.
Nyathi professed ignorance over the issue.
"Is he hoping that by sending his letter to The Daily Mirror, it is going to
promote his cause? I have not seen that document," Nyathi said.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Health ministry to curb spread of sleeping sickness

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-07

THE Ministry of Health and Child Welfare will launch a Human African
Trypanosomiasis Survey (HATS) in tsetse fly infested areas in an effort to
evaluate the prevalence of the sleeping sickness in the country from the
findings of the research.
Trypanosomiasis is the medical term for the tsetse-fly induced disease -
sleeping sickness, known in other areas as Nagana. Nagana is the Nigerian
term for the disease.
Health Minister, David Parirenyatwa, confirmed to The Daily Mirror that his
ministry intended to gather knowledge of cases related to sleeping sickness
and would soon launch a survey aimed at improving methods of administering
the prevalence of disease in the country.
He said: "My ministry will soon launch the survey intended to look into the
prevalence of sleeping sickness in the country".
The HATS programme is a World Health Organisation (WHO) initiative after the
organisation had identified that some countries in the world were not
reporting on prevalence of the disease amongst their populations.
A WHO Assembly held in the year 2003 cited amongst other reasons, poor
diagnosis and limited knowledge as cause of ignorance to the existence of
the disease in most countries across the world.
"Under auspices of WHO, countries have to work on stopping the disease",
added Stanley Midzi, a doctor working for Ministry of Health in the section
of Disease Prevention and Control.
"WHO will commit US$10 000 as assistance to each country that is going to
undertake the programme after producing a good proposal to the organisation.
We have so far provided our own", said Midzi.
However, Midzi said the Health ministry's target is to start the survey on
the prevalence of sleeping sickness in February this year depending on the
availability of the said "provisional" funding from WHO and local
The objectives of the HATS programme are to assess the knowledge, attitude
and practices of health personnel especially those working in Zambezi Valley
and Kariba in the country.
The two areas, that are predominantly hot all year round, are tsetse-fly
infested and are regarded as reservoirs of sleeping sickness in Zimbabwe.
Furthermore, people working in the health sector will help with
recommendations on the treatment of sleeping sickness or on whether the
disease is quite prevalent in the Valley and surrounding areas.

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Financial Sector Could Do With 'Shock Absorbers'

The Herald (Harare)

January 7, 2005
Posted to the web January 7, 2005


COMING into 2005 could not have been the best transition for me (and
probably many others), but it was unequivocally worse for the financial
industry, which literally rolled down into the New Year.

I rolled over into 2005, hoping to get over 2004's setbacks. I therefore
equipped myself with the necessary absorbers, which many banks obviously
lacked, to cushion me from the previous year's trials and tribulations and
ride the shocks.

But all the same, or all the difference, here we are the poor and the rich,
the collapsed banks and the survivors, the yet-to-take off Zimbabwe Allied
Banking Group and the banks suing the Reserve Bank, all radiant, or
otherwise, 2005 would redefine 2004.

The turn of 2004 might not have been accompanied with much delight,
specifically for Zimbabwe's banking industry, which is still nursing the
wounds of a forgettable year full of unexpected changes.

But it will be a period financial institutions would wish to forget in a
hurry, submerge 2004's calamities and proceed with operations as if 2004
never existed.

But it is not as simple as all that. The year 2004 did exist, whether we
like it or not!

For the financial sector 2004 closed on more than a sad note, although "mad"
would be a better word.

Despite assurances by the central bank, the turmoil that characterised the
financial sector during the last 12 months continues to rage like a veld

The unexpected closure of CFX commercial bank and its two sister companies
followed by their subsequent placement under curatorship was a painful
reminder to the industry and public at large of the instability that
characterised the sector in the first 11 months of a tumultuous year.

Besides draining the public's confidence in indigenous banks, the failure of
merged CFX Bank raised a fresh wave of dust that appeared to have settled
when the RBZ's clean-up campaign claimed arguably its biggest casualty of
the year when illiquid Trust Bank was closed.

The closing two weeks were a source of agony for the industry, which seems
to have spilled over into the New Year.

Rumours were rife in the market that Kingdom Bank was heading CFX's way, but
the former has dispelled such speculation saying the bank is fundamentally
sound and stable.

But who will repair the damage that has been visited on black-owned banks?
Worse still, RBZ's brainchild, ZABG - an amalgamation of troubled banks
meant to be a lasting solution to the mayhem in the sector - failed to take
off as envisaged.

The banking group was initially set to begin operations on January 1, 2005,
but the central bank has since postponed its opening to a later date citing
various technical impediments.

Even more disturbing is that three banks, which were supposed to form the
core of the giant ZABG, are intent on suing the RBZ for dragging them into a
forced marriage.

Time Bank has already filed papers at the High Court challenging the central
bank's decision to place it under curatorship, while Intermarket Bank and
Royal Bank have resolved to do the same.

It is now doubtful whether ZABG will commence operations with pending court
cases from more half of its subsidiaries hanging over its head.

However, this is 2005. It's a new year, and anything can happen.

The year 2004 saw several attempts at corporate restructuring and proposed
acquisitions,, although, regrettably, most of them did not see the light of

In the financial sector the Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe's proposed merger
with Datvest Asset Management was aborted while, on the other hand, the
cash-rich conglomerate, Innscor, withdrew at the last minute from a proposed
marriage with CFX Bank. Did they smell a rat?

Only two courtships ended in marriage, notably mergers between First Banking
Corporation and Southern Africa Reinsurance Company, and eventually the
doomed alliance between CFX FS and Century Holdings.

Innscor's ambitions did not go unnoticed with analysts saying it was
"uplifting to note how active Innscor was during 2004's last quarter,
seeking means to diversify its operations and improve shareholders' value".

First to be proposed was the share buy back in which the conglomerate was
keen to acquire 10 percent of its own share capital in any one year.

Innscor's latest foray is its bid to acquire the shares of Colcom minority
shareholders with a view to holding a controlling stake in the pork
processor, which exercise is expected to be completed by February.

"The great effort that the company has put in building a solid financial
base as well as improve shareholders' wealth has immensely boosted
stakeholders' confidence in it.

"It is no surprise therefore to note how Innscor's share price has firmed on
the local bourse," said a Harare analyst.

Other positive developments during the past quarter include the expansion
plans by Kingdom Financial Holdings and Econet.

The former plans to open a merchant bank in Zambia, funded by a proposed
increase in share capital, while the latter has successfully disposed of its
14 percent stake in Mascom Wireless Botswana to fund the expansion of its
Zimbabwe network.

A share consolidation scheme was also launched, which will improve Econet's
share value.

For those companies/banks yet to acquire shock absorbers 2005 might be the
ideal year to guard against future humps and potholes. Wish you a prosperous
2005, come rain or sunshine!

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'Cuba, Zim Ties On Strong Path'

The Herald (Harare)

January 7, 2005
Posted to the web January 7, 2005


CUBA marked 46 years of revolution yesterday expressing confidence that its
relations with Zimbabwe will continue on a strong path this year.

Speaking to journalists in Harare, the Acting Cuban Ambassador to Zimbabwe,
Mr Javier Dokomos Ruiz, said the relationship between the two countries
remained unwavering last year.

He said the two countries whose relations were based on solidarity and
internationalism principles remained united despite efforts by the United
States and its allies to condemn both countries.

"There was a positive exchange of delegations, a common fight in the
international arena against attempts of imperialist forces of unjustly
condemning our two countries for defending our sovereignty," said Mr Ruiz.

He said the presence of the Cuban Medical Brigade, made of qualified health
professionals and technicians in Zimbabwe made the bilateral relations
between the two countries a success.

Cuba has also participated in several cultural events in Zimbabwe like the
Zimbabwe International Film Festival (ZIFF), the International Images Film
Festival for Women, and the Gwanza Month of Photography among others.

Mr Ruiz noted that Zimbabwe-Cuba Friendship Association also carried out a
number of important activities to express its support to the Cuban cause.

"We are convinced that the relationship between Cuba and Zimbabwe will
continue on its strengthening path during 2005," Mr Ruiz said.

The chairman of Cuba-Zimbabwe Friendship Association Mr Lovemore Gwati
commended Cuba for its resilience against forces of imperialism.

He urged Cuba to remain committed to the welfare of humanity and continue to
score and tell more success stories.

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School Fees Dispute Spills Into Courts

The Herald (Harare)

January 7, 2005
Posted to the web January 7, 2005


THE dispute over the ratification of this year's proposed school fees by
some private schools has spilled into the courts after the Government
rejected the fee levels, saying they were not justified.

Last week the Association of Trust Schools and 14 other private schools took
the Minister of Education, Sports and Culture, Cde Aeneas Chigwedere, to the
High Court, challenging his decision to reject their proposals.

The 14 private schools had proposed fees for this term of between $15
million and $28 million including levies, which the Secretary for Education

Dissatisfied with the secretary's decision, the schools appealed to the
minister to set it aside.

After analysing and evaluating the appeal on the basis of the proposed
amounts, Cde Chigwedere made slight upward adjustments.

However, the schools, unhappy with the new levels, resolved to continue with
the appeal process laid down in the Education Act, leading to litigation at
the High Court.

The schools are also seeking interim relief stopping the minister from
closing the schools in the event of an impasse on the ratification and
implementation of the proposed fees and are seeking permission to demand the
proposed fees and levies pending the determination of the case by the High

Justice Rita Makarau, who heard the case sitting in her chambers, granted an
interim relief, slightly changed from the original draft order, with the
consent of the ministry, represented by Mr Clement Muchenga of the Civil
Division in the Attorney General's Office.

Mr Muchenga on Wednesday said the private schools were granted an order that
no schools were to be closed or threatened with closure pending the
finalisation of the case.

"The applicants or other members of the Association of Trust Schools could
charge the fees and levies set by the minister pending appeals lodged with
the High Court," said Mr Muchenga.

He said during the hearing, the schools, through their lawyer Advocate Eric
Matinenga, had argued that the fees that had slightly been increased by the
minister were insufficient to finance their operations.

But Justice Makarau noted that the schools could not charge fees they had
set because in terms of the Education Act, fees and levies had to be
approved first by the Secretary for Education, Mr Muchenga said.

"We are now waiting for the court to determine whether the fees set by the
minister are reasonable or not," he said.

The schools which are challenging the ministry's decision include Peterhouse
high schools for boys and girls in Marondera, which proposed $28 million and
$20 million respectively; Watershed, $20 million; Lomagundi College, $20
million; Hillcrest College, $25,8 million; Falcon College, $23 million;
Whitestone primary, $21 million; while Chisipite and Arundel proposed $16
million each. These are all fees for boarders.

Arundel, one of the schools that have notified the High Court of their
intention to appeal, said Cde Chigwedere erred in failing to remedy the
ultra vires decisions of the secretary by not appreciating that under
Education Act, the secretary has no power to reset a fee as applied for by a

Cde Chigwedere, the school said, erred and acted ultra-vires the Act by
failing to appreciate that the power of the minister was restricted to
either upholding or dismissing an appeal in terms of the provisions of the
Act, and not to reset the fees for the appellant.

"The respondent, instead of making decision that the Secretary ought to have
made, adjusted the fees slightly thereby setting another fee himself well
bellow what the school, in consultation with parents, had set and agreed,"
read part of the grounds of appeal by Arundel.

"The Secretary and, subsequently, the Minister did not act lawfully,
reasonably and in a fair manner as required by the provisions of the
Administrative Justice Act of December 2004 in resetting the fees," the
school argues.

The ministry, it is further argued, made unreasonable and unfair decisions
that could affect the rights, interests and legitimate expectations of many
people, especially the responsible authority, pupils, parents and guardians.

The date to hear the case is yet to be announced.

Cde Chigwedere, speaking on a Zimbabwe Television live programme, Face The
Nation, on Thursday last week, confirmed that the schools were granted an
interim relief on the matter.

He, however, said his ministry had since gathered information on the
operations of the schools and was convinced that the proposed increases were
not justified.

Cde Chigwedere said investigations conducted by his ministry revealed that
some of the private schools were, going by the ministry's standards, grossly
overstaffed and that 70 percent of their expenditure went towards teachers'
salaries which could be catered for by the Government.

He said while the ministry appreciated the impact of inflation on school
budgets, there was need for parents to know that they were being cheated in
some cases.

Staffing levels have been a bone of contention between parents and the
ministry, with most parents preferring the small classes offered by the
schools while the ministry says that there is nothing to gain from such
class sizes.

The high proportion of total costs absorbed by salaries for teachers and
support staff has been accepted at most parents meetings.

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ZRP Increases Presence in Vic Falls

The Herald (Harare)

January 7, 2005
Posted to the web January 7, 2005


THE Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) has increased its presence in the resort
town of Victoria Falls to ensure that peace prevails at Zimbabwe's prime
tourist attraction.

People interviewed by The Herald said the presence of tourist police was
encouraging and a relief to both tourists and locals of the resort town.

Tourist police are a common sight in the town and some people said this was
a plus to the tourism industry.

"The police make everyone feel safe, they make the atmosphere homely and
tourists feel respected," said a man from Chinotimba suburb.

Police officers who spoke to The Herald said it was their duty to make sure
that tourists were safe and enjoyed a peaceful stay in the town and the
country as a whole.

This helped the country maintain its good image and as a safe tourist
destination, contrary to Western media reports alleging political
instability and violence in the country.

"From the reports we get on international news, I am in a completely
different country than what I expected, since I came here, I never
encountered any incident of violence or heard of theft.

"The people and police here are just wonderful," said one tourist.

But people in the town feel cheated by local businesspeople, who charge
exorbitantly for most services in the town.

Transport operators charge as much as $40 000 for a distance less than three
kilometres, a distance that should cost far less than $800 in other towns.

A 500ml bottle of soft drink worth $2 500 ranges between $8 000 and $12 000
at most outlets.

"Businesspeople here take advantage of the presence of tourists who buy
goods in foreign currency to charge high prices for various goods and
services," said a Ms Sibanda.

She felt there was need for those charged with controlling prices to descend
onto the town and restore recommended prices.

"We are still in Zimbabwe aren't we?' she asked.

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      A lost nation

      1/7/2005 1:47:37 PM (GMT +2)

      Vumelani Moyo, born and bred in Jetjeni remembers that it is only just
about five years back when other tribal groupings, mainly the Ndebele,
settled alongside them in the village that started as a refugee camp of
sorts for the Bakalanga of the Nswazwi clan who were fleeing the sparks
ensuing from the conflict between Tshekedi Khama and John Madawu Nswazwi in

      What the easy smiling young man knows is that though they have long
lived in their adopted country (Zimbabwe), they have always been looked at
as aliens, or to be precise as Batswana. And the close to 300 families in
the three wards that make up the Nswazwi area in Zimbabwe namely Nswazwi,
Mbuyane and Maipaafela are not complaining.

      "My parents have long told me that home is Botswana and I believe that
as well. I would love to return home some day", he says.

      The people he has grown around live through a double consciousness
complex. They have to juggle two distinct identities all at the same time.
One runs the inevitability of ending up in that middle bastardized space
where one is a mish mash of this and that but disappointingly nothing in
particular worth identifying with inside of mainstream society.

      They are like a people stuck somewhere along the way in a place
without a name. Batswana, he says, view them as Zimbabweans and so does
their ancestral home's laws.

      On the other hand Zimbabweans perceives them as outsiders even though
their law recognizes them. The young man understands this duality of social
being. It has confronted him time and again on both sides of the border.

      "I have been arrested from time to time in Botswana for border
jumping. I work as a mechanic in Gaborone where I have adopted the name
Mmoloki. Ga se gore re a tshela golo fa go tlala. I would like to join my
brother in Dagwi who has now assumed Botswana nationality and is doing just
fine. There are many job opportunities there", he says.

      But his silver haired father would not hear of him relocating to
Botswana with the 480 or so strong legion of those who want to return. Maybe
it is old age that brings out the cynicism that does not sit well with the

      "My parents have cattle here and feel that life is better here than in
Botswana because they know that with the foot and mouth disease, they cannot
be allowed to cross the border with their head of livestock. They have a lot
of faith in the growing of crops and rearing of livestock. I will be the
first to leave when my father dies", he adds.

      Sixty-six year old Motshidisi Khupe is the chairman of the
repatriation committee. Laying back on his chair, he assumes the picture of
unfettered composure and peace whilst around him Radio Botswana's DJ Sly`s
Rush Hour Experience wins the sonic space with ease from the distant clatter
of cow bells.

      It is only until he catches wind of the assertion that they are moving
house because of increased economic hardships in Zimbabwe that he is
transformed into a wildly gesticulating automaton.

      "Do we look like we are starving? Just look around, we have cattle, we
grow crops here and feed ourselves. All we need is to get back to our
ancestral land. It is our detractors who spread such malicious words.

      We have nothing against any government. We are not threatened by
Zimbabwe's economic crisis. We are doing this in a lawful manner. We
discussed this issue with the authorities here to help us get back home. The
issue still rests with them. We still await their response", he relates.

      For the gray bearded Isaac Dambe, the irresistible urge to get back
home came to him on that fateful 14th day of June of 2002 when he joined the
expedition that exhumed Nswazwi`s remains from Jetjeni for reburial the
following day in Botswana.

      He says that he felt that he should have returned right away with the
bones because without Nswazwi`s spirit around there was nothing left for him
to remain behind.

      All that had held everything together, the adhesive that had kept them
hooked to the place was no more. It was these bones of their father
committed to the Jetjeni soil that had given them a special yet false sense
of belonging in Jetjeni.

      "You would remember that since 1995 when our people in Botswana
requested the bones for reburial, we fought tooth and nail because it was
his spirit that kept us alive. We lived according to his law. He was my
spiritual leader. Whatever I wanted, I pleaded with him. Now that our
ancestor has gone, what are we left here to do?

      Without his bones here, everything we do can't go right. The
repatriation of the bones weakened me. It killed in me the will to keep at
it in this place", he intimates.

      This interestingly serves as the committee's official reason for
relocating, more than four decades after the last en mass exodus to Botswana
that resulted in the formation of the village of Marapong in 1958.

      The issue of contention remains nothing but the bones, Nswazwi`s
bones. They say that if it was not for the repatriated remains they would be
staying put in the area with a perfectly clear conscience.

      Dambe`s explanation, unlike that of the young Moyo tries to propagate
a holistic view that treats their spirituality as a very invaluable
property, having a direct impact on all spheres of life, the social,
economic and as well as the political.

      Maybe this reflects the generation gap; a simple case of the young
gravitating towards the modern and more fashionable cash economic system
that drives them to seek paying employment. This is at the expense of the
old folks' agricultural activity that characterizes their frugal living.

      This kind of life does not shy away from being hinged on the spiritual
and the supernatural. Perhaps the truth is that each of these people has his
own reason for leaving. A lot of these people have over time trickled
individually out of the village into Botswana, never to return.

      Although the Khupes and the Dambes claim that they are familiar with
Botswana and know what to expect, Mma Sphiwe represents a significant number
of the legion bound for Botswana, if all goes well, who have never set foot
on the soil they call their ancestral home.

      After forging a life in Jetjeni over the years, how will she stand the
ripple of a sudden change, a need to start all over again in a different
country with its own set of different rules and limitations? Is she simply
romanticizing about a place she barely knows, a place she has just heard of
from the Radio Botswana stations they admiringly refer to as "ya kanyi kwedu
(the one from home)".

      "Life is the same wherever you go. We are going to manage just as
others did in 1958 when they relocated home and blended with ease forming
the present day Marapong. Our people have always gone home there and
survived because we have people over there. Goshwe, Dagwi, Marapong and
Nswazwi are our people.

      It has always been easier for the educated to go home individually
whilst for us the best bet is as an organized unit because the cost is
unbearably high", she says listlessly.

      As their Kgosi in Nswazwi (Botswana), Mathafeni Nswazwi relates, the
1958 relocation resulted in a new village, Marapong. To avoid fights with
those who did not run away to Zimbabwe during the Tshekedi/Nswazwi debacle,
the returning tribe was given new land to settle.

      The returnees were people with developed social institutions like a
tribal leadership that could also claim direct blood ties with Nswazwi as he
took many wives. How then are they going to ensure that there are no
frictions between the existing tribal authorities in Botswana and the ones
in Jetjeni?

      "This is a spiritual exodus. It is for those who genuinely want to get
back home and nothing else. Not everyone wants to leave. Even some headmen
here do not want to leave Jetjeni.

      Those who go back are simply going to be ordinary men and women.
People who are headmen here for instance, will no longer be when we get
home. We are going to be quietly slot into our respective wards back home",
says Khupe.

      Mathafeni Nswazwi, is a man who is uncomfortable with the issue of the
repatriation of his tribesmen.

      Although he says that the Jetjeni people originate in Nswazwi, he
seems more like a reactionary spectator watching from the sidelines without
much interest in the whole repatriation thing. He claims to have no idea
whether there has been any progress made as far as the relocation exercise
is concerned.

      "I do not want it to be said that we called them here. We did not ask
them to come here. We never said that we need them here. They are the ones
who want to come here. They should therefore make the necessary preparations
to come over here as they are the ones who want to come here. We can only
come in when they have finished all the paperwork with the two governments.
We would then post them into their respective wards", he comments with a
shade of worry in his eye and voice.

      Does the old man smell a rat in this repatriation exercise? He is not
telling anything more. But one thing that is certain is that the issue
causes him discomfort.

      He is a man not excited by the prospect of the coming men and women
and children of his father's blood and flesh.

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