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Business Times - Tanzania

      Dar land policies scare off Zimbabwean investors

      By Wilfred Edwin

      FARMERS from Zimbabwe who had sought to invest in agriculture in
Tanzania last year were turned off by the country's land policies and
legislation at the time, which they saw as not being conducive enough. In
the event, they turned tail and went to invest in other countries, including
far off Nigeria, Business Times has learnt.

      According to the director of investment at the Tanzania Investment
Centre (TIC), Emmanuel Ole Naiko, the so-called 'Zimbabwean commercial
farmers' - mostly of Anglo-Saxon descent - had been disillusioned by the
ongoing land reform programme (land re-distribution from Whites to Blacks)
that is being implemented by the Mugabe Government.

      In the event, the farmers practically fled their country for better
pastures elsewhere. As it happens, some of the farmers approached the Centre
in Dar es Salaam early last year with the intention of securing farmland.
But, Ole Naiko confirms, the land policies and laws as they were at that
material time did not suit them to a 'T.'

      It is to be noted en passant that the relative policies and
legislation have since then been reformed.

      "They (the Zimbabwe farmers) came here with their consultant, and
studied the possibility of settling down in the agriculture business," Ole
Naiko told Business Times in an exclusive interview. "But, you know: it was
the time when our land policies were undergoing reforms and, although those
people meant business, they nevertheless were in a hurry. So they went . "
      About 100 of the farmers finally decided to settle in Mozambique after
failing to do so in Tanzania. Others went to Zambia and Nigeria, where they
have already established farming activities, Ole Naiko noted.

      The minority White farmers in Zimbabwe were once upon a time renowned
for their significant contribution to that country's economy in terms of
food self-sufficiency and agricultural export earnings. According to
observers, Zimbabwe's loss should have been Tanzania's gain. In the event,
this was not to be.

      Tanzania has a wealth of arable land, including fabulous irrigation
farming potential, and had the country landed the experiences commercial
farmers, we would be telling a different story in a few years hence.

      About 80 per cent of Tanzania's 36-million population is associated
directly or indirectly with agriculture. And nearly the same percentage of
the workforce is engaged in agricultural activities. The sector contributes
around 50 per cent of the GDP, and 60 per cent of the country's export

      Analysts say that, due to lack of seriousness and poor policies on the
part of the Government, foreign direct investment in agriculture is still
uncharacteristically insignificant.

      Despite the massive arable land and irrigation farming possibilities,
Tanzania has continued to rely on rain-fed agriculture which is ever so
unreliable. Food production remains erratic, making food self-sufficiency
and security topics of endless discussions at Government fora.

      Critics say 43 years after Independence from foreign rule, the
majority of farmers in Tanzania continue to use the hand hoe to scratch the
land in sustenance agriculture, and cultivate cash crops whose earnings at
the world market are determined by forces beyond their control.

      Experts say had Tanzania been serious in its agriculture, it were
capable of producing food in a single farming season that would be enough
for its population, and feed its neighbors. Due to unsteady food production,
Tanzania regularly experiences food shortages, and is forced to import same
with a little help from the international donor community.
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      S. Korean firm to launch scholarship fund in Zimbabwe 2005-01-08 19:42:47

          HARARE, Jan. 8 (Xinhuanet) -- A South Korean company has said
thatit will launch a scholarship fund for the University of Zimbabwe (UZ)
first-degree graduates to study doctoral programs in South Korea.

          Speaking here on Friday at a handover ceremony of 20 state-of-art
computers, which are part of 505 computers to be donated to the UZ for the
next five years, the director of Blue Track Investments, Kevin Ahn said
their company was committed to the development of Zimbabwe's education

          He said a committee that will manage the scholarship fund and
determine the criteria for the scholarship awards would be set up.

          Ahn revealed that two UZ postgraduate students would further their
studies to doctoral level in South Korea this year.

          "This will mark the beginning of a long-term program of
studentexchange between the UZ and universities in South Korea," he said.

          Speaking on the same occasion, UZ Vice Chancellor Professor Levi
Nyagura said the donation had come at an opportune time when the university,
through its five-year master plan launched last year, was seeking to promote
information and communication technology studies among all its students.

          He said as the education system was gradually changing from
thetraditional teaching methods to e-learning in which computer learning was
a must, the donations would make the students utilizethe vast internet
resources available on the university campus. Enditem
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      Zimbabwean opposition delegation to visit Zambia 2005-01-08 15:04:15

          LUSAKA, Jan. 8 (Xinhuanet) -- A delegation from Zimbabwe's major
opposition party the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), led by its leader
Morgan Tsvangirai, will arrive in Zambia Monday for a two-day visit, the
official Zambia Daily Mail reported Saturday.

          The Zambian government and the ruling Movement for Muitiparty
Democracy (MMD) have accepted a request by the MDC to visit Zambiafor
consultative talks, MMD's National Secretary Vernon Mwaanga was quoted as
saying Friday.

          "The MMD looks forward to having a fruitful discussion
particularly that it's them that have requested to meet the rulingparty
here," he said.

          The four-man MDC delegation, which also includes the party's
secretary general Welshman Ncube, will meet with Zambian President Levy
Mwanawasa at the State House Tuesday, he said.

          Mwaanga said Zimbabwe is an important neighbor in many aspects so
it is imperative and interesting to know what is happening in that country.

          He said the Zimbabwean government has been notified of the visit,
adding that the MDC delegation is also visiting other countries in the
region. Enditem

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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

AG's Office compromised

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-08

INADEQUATE resources and material limitations in the Attorney General's
(AG)Office have resulted in operations being carried out by a largely
inexperienced staff, thereby compromising the quality and speed of service
delivery, newly appointed AG, Sobuza Gula Ndebele has said.
In an interview yesterday, Ndebele could not commit himself to comment on a
number of questions on the grounds that he was still making assessments.
He said: "Material and resource shortages, which are needed by lawyers and
other support staff, are impacting negatively on the quality and speed of
service delivery. A look from the outside reveals that the working
conditions need improving. During my tenure I will strive to make sure that
the office is an equal opportunity employer which operates with a high level
of integrity."
He said apart from remuneration issues, shortage of computers, desks and
stationery was contributing to the staff exodus.
Ndebele, a war veteran and lawyer by profession, joined the Zimbabwe
National Army in 1980, leaving it in 1991 after attaining the rank of
After that, he went into private practice and has until his new appointment
been running a law firm.
His sentiments on the office's inefficiency in dealing with legal matters
placed before it, echoes that of lawyers who have continuously complained
about the incarceration of their clients for long periods as a result of a
huge backlog of both criminal and civil cases, which they say is unjust.
Among the major material needs of the office, Ndebele said, was the
improvement of the library used by lawyers, and the overdue overhaul of the
library from a hard copy one to an electronic one.
Ndebele, who is the current chairman of the Electoral Supervisory
Commission, said there was need for everyone, including the government, to
respect the country's laws.
"Everybody should respect the law. The rule of law is something that needs
constant maintenance, it's not a one-off thing," he said
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

MPs complain over govt's failure to adopt recommendations

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-08

PARLIAMENTARIANS from both Zanu PF and MDC have lodged a complaint with the
clerk of the house, Austin Zvoma, on the failure by the government to adopt
recommendations by the august house portfolio committees.
In an interview with The Daily Mirror yesterday, Zvoma said the committees'
recommendations have remained largely academic, as the government was not
under any obligation to adopt and implement them.
Zvoma said: "A lot of MPs have complained about their recommendations not
being adopted, but I think there is need for people to be educated on our
He said there was nothing the legislators could do to force government to
adopt the recommendations because of the doctrine of separation of powers.
"There is the issue of separation of powers between the executive, the
judiciary and parliament. Parliament cannot give government an instruction,
it can only recommend. And the executive, in its wisdom may decide what to
do, and there is no time frame," said Zvoma.
Most of the committees' recommendations, crafted after wide consultations at
the expense of the august House, have not been adopted or implemented, with
some of them being out rightly dismissed.
In November last year, Labour Minister Paul Mangwana threw out a report
which took five months work to compile by the house's committee on lands and
Other reports, such as the one on prison conditions by the justice
committee, then under the chairmanship of the late Eddison Zvobgo, was also
set aside despite need to reform the country's penal system.
The parliamentary committee system came into being as a result of
the 1997 parliamentary reforms, which sought to strengthen and modernise
parliamentary democracy in Zimbabwe.
The reforms sought to have every government ministry shadowed by a
parliamentary committee, opening up the committees to both the public and
the media, formation of a budget committee to monitor government expenditure
and initiating public hearings where both the public and civic organisations
make inputs.
Zvoma said so far all the reforms have been adopted, but in that course the
need for others emerged.
"Since 2000 we have implemented all the reforms.  But you must know that
reforms are a process, they are an investment. So you see that there's need
to keep on changing some things," said Zvoma.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Harare budget shelved again

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-08

THE long awaited budget for the former Sunshine City of Harare meant to be
announced yesterday was shelved once again to next week as it emerged there
were inconsistencies in the budget for the city.

The announcement was initially set for Thursday but was cancelled to allow
city fathers to attend the burial of national heroine, Ruth Chinamano, who
died at her Chisipiti home Sunday.
Council spokesperson Leslie Gwindi could however, not shed light on what
exactly caused yesterday's postponement.
He said: "The submissions of the budget have been sent back to the various
budget committees and they have to discuss them again before they are sent
to the Finance Committee next week. The finance committee will then send it
to the commission once they have also made their recommendations."
 Gwindi could neither deny nor confirm the said anomalies but said it was
normal to have anomalies in preparing budgets.
"It is normal to have anomalies and that is why we are fine tuning our own
areas in the various departments," he added.
The budget for the capital, meant to be announced last year, was delayed by
administrative problems rocking town house after the firings by government
of 19 MDC councillors and subsequent resignations of others from the
opposition party paralysed council operations.
Council officials were then tasked with the responsibility of drawing up the
budget and had initially set the announcement for December 30.
Residents should however, brace themselves for massive rates hikes in the
budget as the cash strapped council is set to announce a $1,1 trillion
budget in its effort to improve its perennial cash flow problems and service
The government froze the quarterly hikes suggested in the 2004 budget
arguing that they would worsen the plight of residents putting council in a
precarious financial state.
Various debtors including the government who owe it in excess of $51 billion
dollars have worsened the council's plight.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Zivhu pleads innocent

Court Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-08

CROSS Border Traders' Association President, Killer Zivhu, yesterday pleaded
not guilty to theft by conversion involving $11 million arguing that the
money was not given to him in his personal capacity, but to the association.
In his defence at the opening of his trial, Zivhu, through his lawyer
Claudious Nhemwa said the complainants entered an agreement with the
association to invest their funds.
Nhemwa said: "At no time did the accused collect any money in his individual
capacity, all the monies were paid in pursuit of the scheme established by
the association where the money would be deposited for onward lending to
members of the association.
"The complainants were aware of the intended use of the money and that each
was entitled to 20 percent interest per month on the capital."
He said all the money was lent to the members of the association as was the
arrangement, but delays in repayments by those who obtained the loans
rendered the association unable to pay back in time, but was now in a
position to honour its liabilities.
Zivhu also produced in court the association' receipts issued to the
complainants upon payment of their money which were not disputed.
However, the complainants Joseph Mutano and Peter Makore said although they
paid the money through the association, it was Zivhu's ploy to swindle them.
The State case against Zivhu is that some time in October 2003, he allegedly
advised Mutano that he could source United States dollars, which he intended
to use on his business trips to both regional and international countries.
Zihvu was given $6 million, which he allegedly converted to his own use.
Between October 13 and November 12 the same year, Zivhu allegedly received
$5 million from Makore which he also allegedly converted to his own use.
Zivhu appeared before provincial magistrate Judith Tsamba, while Servious
Kufandada prosecuted.
The trial continues on January 12.
Meanwhile, Zanu PF deputy director of Security and music promoter, Kenny
Karidza, facing espionage charges yesterday briefly appeared before regional
magistrate Peter Kumbawa on a routine remand hearing and was remanded in
custody to January 14.
He is facing charges of contravening provisions of the Official Secrets Act.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

Hospital turns to AG's Office to evict workers

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-08

HARARE Central Hospital is seeking the intervention of the Attorney General's
(AG) office to evict its general hand employees currently staying in shacks
at the hospital premises.
The employees have been squatting at the hospital since last February and
several attempts to evict them came to nothing.
Christopher Tapfumaneyi, Harare Central Hospital medical superintendent,
told The Daily Mirror yesterday that the police advised the medical
institution that they could not evict the employees without an order from
the AG's office.
Tapfumaneyi said the institution had already approached the AG's office on
the issue and the hospital was awaiting a response.
"I want to go to the AG's office personally (to get the response) because
those people (employees) are tarnishing our image as a health institution.
The Ministry (Health and Child Welfare) is fully aware of all measures we
are taking to evict the employees," Tapfumaneyi said.
At least 13 families, some of them having stayed at the hospital for the
past 25 years, claimed that they were asked to stay at the premises as a
staff buffer to deal with emergency medical calamities.
However, the families - including drivers, nurse aides, and other staffers -
were asked to leave the hospital and make way for the construction of a new
morgue last February, a decision the families resisted.
The hospital demolished houses the employees were staying in, prompting the
workers to erect plastic shacks as alternative accommodation.
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Daily Mirror, Zimbabwe

MDC youths call for zero tolerance to violence

The Daily Mirror Reporter
issue date :2005-Jan-08

WITH only two months before an important parliamentary election, the MDC's
national youth council convened a meeting in Harare on Wednesday where a
call for zero tolerance to violence was made.
The call comes at a time when a number of legislators from both the ruling
Zanu PF and MDC have been arrested on allegations of fanning violence.
"We resolved that the call by  President Robert Mugabe and  Police
Commissioner Augustine Chihuri on zero tolerance to violence must be
translated into action," said the opposition party's national youth chairman
Nelson Chamisa.
"We also urged our youths to be vigilant and watchful of the behaviour of
Zanu PF's green bombers (graduates of the national youths training service).
He said the youths have an obligation to ensure that the general elections
are free from violence.
On the MDC's vacillation on whether to participate in the polls or not,
Chamisa said the opposition's youths had asked the party leadership to
intensify its consultative meetings with the people throughout the country
before a decision could be reached.
Chamisa said the other issues that were noted by the youths included the HIV
and Aids scourge, unemployment and the hiking of fees to unaffordable levels
by some schools.
"Aids is taking its toll among the youths, robbing the nation of best
brains, talent and capacity. The disease knows no political party and we
urge the people, especially ministers and other public figures to come out
in the open about their status like what is happening in other nations,"
Chamisa said.
The youths who attended the meeting were drawn from the opposition party's
12 provinces.
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