The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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The Herald

Water shortage looms

Municipal Reporter
Water shortages in Harare and its satellite towns may worsen unless the
oldest sections of the Morton Jaffray Water Treatment Works are rebuilt

Council officials said yesterday during a tour of the plant by officials
from the office of Harare Resident Minister Cde Witness Mangwende, the city'
s acting mayor Councillor Sekesayi Makwavarara and other council officials,
that urgent action needed to be taken.

The oldest part of the works dates from 1953, when Lake Chivero was
commissioned, and the planned rebuild was never done in the early 1990s.

Some later extensions either need a full refurbishment, or will need this

The newest half of the works dates from the early 1990s and, so long as
proper maintenance is done, will not need extensive capital works for a few
more years.

Equipment, including motors, blowers, clarifiers, inflow and outflow meters
and dosers, has broken down and some is beyond repair.

As a result, chemical inputs into water are calculated on estimations which
could in instances be more or less than the required quantities.

The Herald observed a lot of rotten and broken-down equipment and confirmed
from the authorities that lack of urgent attention could spell disaster for
the city.

Only one dosing pump out of five is working, while one of the two blowers
broke down in 1996.

Several such tours have been conducted in the past and it would seem they
have been talk shows where city authorities tell the Government of their
problems but without corresponding interventions.

Government recently gave the city $10,7 billion for the refurbishment of its
water and sewage treatment works.

Of the total, $1,7 billion was committed towards the Morton Jaffray Water
Treatment Plant but council says the amount is inadequate.

Clr Makwavarara said $10 billion is needed for the refurbishment of the
oldest section of Morton Jaffray to have a real impact.

City director of works Mr Psychology Chiwanga said clarifier number three
packed up in 1988 and has never been repaired. The steel used to make
components of the clarifier is completely rotten and beyond repair.

With the clarifier in good condition, the city would be able to treat
additional 40 megalitres of water a day. Presently the amount of treated
water fluctuates between 516 and 570 megalitres a day. The whole plant has a
capacity to treat 614 megalitres a day and Prince Edward Treatment Works
augments its output with a capacity of 66 megalitres.

Phase one has the capacity to treat at least 185 megalitres but is currently
producing around 103 megalitres.

The reduced treatment capacity stems from filters off-line and operating
below capacity due to the malfunctioning of valves as well as clarifiers,
said Mr Chiwanga.

Harare and its satellite towns of Chitungwiza, Ruwa, Norton and Epworth need
at least 750 megalitres of water each day.

Mr Chiwanga said the current water problems that have resulted in a water
management system are a result of the poor quality of raw water that results
in an elaborate treatment process.

He said the plant was not designed to treat polluted water and needed
modification to be able to cope with the heavily polluted water.

"The quality of water is very bad resulting in us using a lot of
purification chemicals," he said.

However, for significant repair works to be done there is need to completely
shut down the plant, but that option is not feasible because of the current
water problems.

"We would need to first fill the reservoirs before embarking on the
shutdown," Mr Chiwanga said.

The shutdown also depends on the availability of funds to purchase spare and
replacement parts.

City authorities were at pains to explain when the plant could return to
full capacity, only choosing to emphasise on the need for recapitalisation.

The authorities have in the past given time frames but were yesterday very

The chairman of the committee monitoring the operations of Harare, Professor
Jameson Kurasha, blamed the city authorities for allowing the unchecked
pollution of the city's water bodies.

But Mr Chiwanga said Harare had very responsible citizens who had done a lot
in the preservation of the environment.

In a related matter, the city's water reservoirs were yesterday reported to
be stable with the exception of Letombo and Alexandra Park, which dropped
significantly because of the continuing technical problems at Morton Jaffray
and Prince Edward water treatment works.

"We are experiencing electricity problems at Prince Edward while pumps
number two and 14 at Morton Jaffray are overheating," said Mr Chiwanga.

The problems have resulted in reduced pumping from the two plants.
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Zim Online

South African churches disappointed with Zimbabwe counterparts
Fri 16 July 2004
      JOHANNESBURG ­ The South African Council of Churches (SACC) lament the
fact that their Zimbabwean counterparts are not speaking with one voice.
Molefe Tsele, SACCs general secretary, yesterday said efforts to resolve the
Zimbabwean crisis will be futile if church groups and their leaders in
Zimbabwe continued to send conflicting information to their regional

      He was speaking at yesterdays (Wednesday) closing of the SACC
three-day triennial conference in Johannesburg. An apparently frustrated
Tsele said: "The problem in Zimbabwe is not made easier by the realization
that our counterparts in Zimbabwe, the churches, send conflicting words to
us. Yet we continue to hear of the pain and suffering from other quarters
which we cannot ignore. We know that today, millions of Zimbabweans carry
their crosses daily and that it is unjustified
      suffering visited on ordinary people to settle scores of big power

      The conference is not (only) about Zimbabwe, Tsele said when
introducing the subject of Zimbabwes crisis during a press briefing at the
end of the congress. However, it would be a grave miscarriage of what we are
about as communities rooted in the prophetic tradition of those who hunger
for justice were we to gather here as churches and not formulate a word

        The tragedy for us is that on our own, we lack the clarity of words
to speak on this situation. Part of the roots of this handicap is the manner
in which ideological and racial positions have been taken on Zimbabwe. As
churches we refuse to be drawn to speak on account of such instigations.
Tseles comments came as it emerged that Zimbabwean church leaders efforts
      to broker a political settlement have hit a brick wall. They have been
trying to bring the ruling Zanu PF and the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) to the negotiating table for some time. (See Zim
Online 13 July 2004)

      Sebastian Bakare, the president of the Zimbabwe Council of Churches
(ZCC) and also the bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Manicaland, said they
will continue to encourage dialogue between the MDC and ZANU PF.

      We will ensure there is progress, he said. So far we can say our major
success has been to engage both parties, who all acknowledge that Zimbabwe
is in a crisis.

      Tsele has proposed that an urgent meeting of eminent church leaders be
held with the South African government to share with them the SACCs sorrow.
We need to admit that we do not have solutions and we do not prescribe what
our government should be doing which they are not doing, he said. But we
need to share with them our pain about Zimbabwe.

      President Thabo Mbeki has maintained his quiet diplomacy towards
Zimbabwe, which the SACC said they backed because sanctions did not work,
but which had obviously failed.

      Professor Russel Botman, the president of SACC, said: "The SACC
decries the tragedy of Zimbabwe which has resulted in pain, suffering and
dislocation for many people in Zimbabwe, as well as the erosion of human
rights, the decline of the economy and the destruction of much of the
natural heritage. The SACC, Botman said, regretted the violence involved in
the process of
      land distribution. He noted the ineffectiveness of outside
intervention, and the desire and efforts of many Zimbabweans to solve their
problems themselves.

      The conference ended with the adoption of a four-point resolution to
tackle the crisis. It calls on the Zimbabwean authorities to allow the
unhindered participation of local and international observers at next years
parliamentary election to assist in creating a climate of free and fair

      The SACC  expresses its prayerful concern for the people and churches
of Zimbabwe. We have resolved to reaffirm the SACC programme of solidarity
and pastoral involvement with the people and churches of Zimbabwe and the
Zimbabwe refugees in South Africa.

      Some delegates said the SACC fell short in its resolution as it failed
to call things by their names rather than make diplomatic statements when
the majority of Zimbabweans are suffering in silence.

      Asked during the press briefing how the SACC hoped to deal with the
issues of repressive laws in Zimbabwe, Tsele said the government had pledged
to remove obstructive legislation to ensure next years elections are free
and fair. But what we should all remember is that we have had a frank
discussion with Zimbabwes information minister Jonathan Moyo and he has
      assured us that something positive was coming up. As the SACC, we do
not impose ourselves on them. They have an agenda. We will mobilize all
Christians to rally behind Zimbabweans.

      They are doing something but it is not good enough, he said.

      Keatlegile Ramatong, the general secretary of the SACC youth forum,
said their major concern was that the church lacked the spine to confront
the issues affecting Zimbabwe. We believe the church should give direction
to the politicians. The efforts of the church should be complemented by the
youths in Zimbabwe who seem to be docile in their countrys affairs. We
intend to visit Zimbabwe and make contacts with youth groups that are really
there for the national interest so that we share our experiences. Zim Online

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Zim Online

WFP still feeds hungry Zimbabweans
Fri 16 July 2004

      JOHANNESBURG/SOUTH AFRICA - The United Nations World Food Programme
(WFP) is still feeding hundreds of thousands hungry Zimbabweans despite
claims by the government that its newly resettled farmers have produced a
bumper harvest enough to supply the country¹s needs until next year.

      "The WFP still has many beneficiaries on its list in the rural areas
and other urban areas," said Mike Huggins, WFP¹s Southern Africa regional
public affairs  officer. "There is urban poverty which has to be addressed.
To the best of our knowledge, people we have fed for the past two  weeks in
Northern Zimbabwe, Victoria Falls, Harare and Bulawayo are almost 700 000."

      "The beneficiaries are getting this food through targeted assistance,
meaning the WFP gives food to people who are really desperate and have no
other income to keep going."

      Under the targeted assistance programme, Huggins said the WFP was
feeding children who are in school, people suffering from HIV/AIDS, and
young children who have lost one or both their parents. Huggins said the
situation remained sad in some quarters of Zimbabwe where people had no
capacity to grow their own food, not because they did not want to, but due
to grinding poverty, HIV/AIDS and lack of access to the means of production.

      On the government's claims that it has enough food to last until next
year, Huggins said: " If they (the claims) were true and sincere, they
should be applauded. From our perspective, if what they have been saying is
substantiated, then it is wonderful news. The continued assistance of the
WFP in Zimbabwe's food crisis very much depends on what the government does.
      People should just have access  to food."

      President Robert Mugabe told British television network Sky News last
month that Zimbabwe's new farmers had produced 2,4 million tonnes of maize
and this was enough to feed Zimbabweans until the next agricultural season.

      Aid agencies, inculding the UNDP and the WFP, have disputed the
figures saying a substantial number of people in Zimbabwe will still need
food assistance.

      A UNDP  food assessment mission had been kicked out of Zimbabwe prior
to Mugabe's interview. The UNDP office in Harare had said it still expected
Zimbabwe to have a deficit of more than 600 000 tonnes of the staple  maize.
Zim Online

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Zim Online

Exiles call for the right to vote
Fri 16 July 2004

      PRETORIA - A group of Zimbabweans living in South Africa yesterday
demanded that Harare should allow exiled Zimbabweans to vote in next year¹s
March election.

      About 400 placard-waving protesters staged a demonstration at the
Zimbabwean Embassy in Pretoria and handed over a petition. They want  Harare
to set conditions for free and fair elections and stop human rights abuses.
      Gabriel Shumba of the Zimbabwe Exiles Forum, which organized the
demonstrations together with the Johannesburg chapter of the Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC), said we want (President Robert)  Mugabe to respect
the vote of all the exiles that have been forced out of their motherland
through the regime¹s political repression and economic mismanagement. We
      want to raise awareness that we (exiles) are a voice to reckon with
and cannot just be ignored. We have a right to determine how we want our
country to be governed.

      Shumba  called for foolproof mechanisms to ensure that the exiles¹
vote is not tampered with if they are allowed to vote.

      The petition was handed to an embassy official after Zimbabwe¹s
ambassador to South Africa, Simon Khaya-Moyo ,refused to meet the
demonstrators. Efforts to get comment from Khaya-Moyo were fruitless.
Officials at the Embassy said he had no time to respond to the issues raised
by the protesters.

      Some of the placards made reference to Mugabe taking Zimbabwe back to
the stone age, in an apparent reference to the country¹s recently introduced
ox-drawn scotch-carts turned ambulances. Vote must be respected. Murderous
Mugabe should go. Tsvangirai for President, read some of the placards.

      Nicholas Nqabuto, the MDC administrator for Johannesburg, urged the
demonstrators to demand their rights from Mugabe. Mugabe¹s government has
been trampling on our rights for a long time and we cannot allow him to rig
another election. We have to fight for the restoration of democracy in our
country, Nqabuto told the protestors.

      The demonstrators dismissed the recent ZANU PF  propsal for electoral
reforms as a non-event. What we want is an electoral commission that is
entirely independent. Also understand that any reforms that do not include a
reversal of repressive legislation, a stop to violence and intimidation and
apolitical security organs fall short of our expectations, said Shumba.
      On the situation of Zimbabwean refugees in South Africa, he said: We
are worried about South Africa¹s attitude. South Africa, through its support
for Mugabe, has become an active player in fomenting the Zimbabwean crisis.
Hence South Africa has an obligation to ensure humane treatment of
Zimbabweans flooding the country from the conflict in Zimbabwe. The
organisers said they are planning more demonstrations in Pretoria and
Johannesburg. Zim Online

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Zim Online

Billions needed to put tobacco sector back on track
Fri 16 July 2004

      HARARE - The tobacco industry in Zimbabwe needs ZW$85 billion (US $ 17
million at unofficial exchange rate) to get back on track, officials from
the the country's marketing board have said.

      Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board (TIMB) general manager Stanley
Mutepfa, speaking at the National exporters conference, said there was need
for the provision of funds to rehabilitate tobacco irrigation. "While
acknowledging the provision of ZW$85 billion for irrigation rehabilitation
in the wheat programme there may be need to provide specific
      developmental funds for tobacco irrigation rehabilitation, he said.

      Mutepfa said it costs at least ZW$20 million to grow one hectare of
tobacco. He said TIMB, a statutory body under the Ministry of Agriculture
and Rural Development mandated to regulate the tobacco industry, had
produced a three year strategic plan. This was meant to revive tobacco
production to levels above 200 million kilogrammes in the case of flue cured
Virginia tobacco and 20- 30 million kilogrammes for burley.

      Current projections stand at 60 million kilogrammes for flue cured and
1 million kilogrammes for burley tobacco.

      The tobacco industry has been in  free fall since the start of the
chaotic land reform in 2000. At its peak, tobacco accounted for more than a
third of total forex earning a whopping US$680 million annually. Tobacco
production has plummeted to 60 million kilogrammes in 2004 from a high of
237 million kilogrammes in 2000. At its peak the industry provided jobs for
more than a million people. Zim Online

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'SA must intervene for coup suspects'    Estelle Ellis
          July 16 2004 at 03:57AM

      South Africa had a constitutional duty at the very least to give
diplomatic protection to stop suspected mercenaries held in Zimbabwe from
being sentenced to death or executed by Equatorial Guinea.

      A group of international law experts have argued in papers filed at
the Constitutional Court on behalf of the Society for the Abolition of the
Death Penalty that the death sentence would violate international law,
international customary law and the South African constitution.

      The alleged mercenaries are suspected of planning a coup d'etat in
Equatorial Guinea earlier this year.

      According to the society's legal team - advocates Wim Trengove SC,
Anton Katz and Max du Plessis - the South African government is compelled by
the constitution to intervene in the fate of the men.

            No way the government could wash its hands of its citizens
      The society was allowed to join the case of 69 men to be heard by the
Constitutional Court, in an extraordinary session, on Monday.

      The men want the court to order the government to either bring them
back to the country or prevent them from being extradited to Equatorial
Guinea to stand trial.

      Mariette Kruger, the South African lawyer for Simon Mann, the 70th
alleged mercenary and group leader, said her client felt "most unhappy about
the action against the South African government and considered it unwise,
unhelpful and counter-productive".

      He no longer wished to be part of it, she said.

      The society's legal team, however, made it clear there was no way the
government could wash its hands of its citizens. They focused their argument
on the risk that the men could be sentenced to death and could be executed.

      "The state is obliged under the constitution to take all steps
reasonably open to it to protect the (men) against that risk," they said in
papers before court.

      The society's legal team asked the court to order that, at the very
least, the government should seek an assurance from the government of
Zimbabwe that it would not extradite the men to Equatorial Guinea - or at
least not do so without an assurance from Equatorial Guinea that the men
would not be sentenced to death. If they did receive the death sentence,
society wanted an assurance that the sentence would not be carried out.

      "We submit that the state is entitled, but not obliged, under
international law to afford diplomatic protection to the applicants against
the risk that they may be sentenced to death and executed in violation of
international law.

      "It is, however, obliged to do so under the constitution... It would
be a violation of international law if the applicants were to be sentenced
to death without a fair trial."

      The team dismissed the government's argument that it is bound only by
its constitutional duties in domestic situations, stating that this
interpretation "unduly" strained the interpretation of the constitution.

      They said the South African government was compelled to act subject to
the constitution, both locally and in the international domain - simply
because there would be no government without the constitution.

      "It can never escape the constitution because it has no existence and
no powers beyond the constitution."

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Tech Central Station

      Wounded NEPAD

            By Stephen Mbogo  Published   07/16/2004

      NAIROBI, Kenya -- The zealous display of patriotism by President
Robert Mugabe's administration may appear to benefit thousands of landless
black Zimbabweans who are now able to own a chunk of property that once
belonged to someone else. Ethnic cleansing in Sudan, another show of
misguided patriotism, is appeasing the Arab ruling class in Khartoum. Yet
for Africa, these are wounds that will not just heal. Their consequence is
vicious civil wars, as is happening in Sudan, and a tragedy for Africa's
human development.

      "They [African civil wars] are retrogressive, holding back the gains
already made," said Ross Herbert, head of the NEPAD Governance Project at
the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA).

      It is five years now since African leaders initiated NEPAD, which aims
to re-start Africa's development process by raising capital to build new
bridges, roads, hospitals and evaluate governance trends by regularly
monitoring performance of political regimes. The NEPAD blueprint is meant to
be a panacea for Africa's many socio-economic problems. Yet little has been
achieved outside the seminar, conference, and summit rooms.

      When a non-African reads and hears about what is happening in
Zimbabwe, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo, the questions spring
up: where is NEPAD's peer review mechanism that is supposed to check on
governance? Where is the African Union peacekeeping force? While most
Africans hope NEPAD will offer the answers, that hope has become the
initiative's main weakness because it is not an implementing agency for
projects: it does not do the ground work.

      Regardless of this fact, little progress has been made in contracting
the private sector to undertake projects identified by NEPAD.

      Moeletsi Mbeki, of Endemol, a South African media company that
produces the Big Brother Africa program, said there is a need to infuse
seriousness of purpose for the NEPAD to succeed. "The NEPAD office in
Johannesburg is understaffed. Getting your calls answered there is a
problem,"" says Mbeki.

      Indeed, NEPAD has been dismissed in some quarters as a money-spinner
for people interested in holding conferences and seminars in order to get
the attendance allowances that go with such gatherings. This cynicism is
founded on the fact that five years down the line, NEPAD has not implemented
any serious program, despite it being the subject of discussion at every
regional and global meeting looking at Africa's development agenda.

      For instance, during the recent Africa Economic Summit in Mozambique,
African leaders like Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano waxed lyrical
about how NEPAD holds all the solutions to pan-African problems. What
Chissano failed to mention is that his immediate neighbor to the west,
Zimbabwe, is sinking fast and threatening to derail the continent's

      African leaders do not appear to have the political will to take on
the problems afflicting their countries. They are not too keen to get
involved in the affairs of other African countries despite visible evidence
that these problems are retarding development not only in the specific
nations, but also the continent as a whole. That is why when millions of
Africans are killed or displaced from their homelands in Sudan by the Arab
ruling elite, African leaders watch and wait for the Americans to react and
provide money to facilitate peacekeeping activities.

      "We need to address the challenge of dealing with the concept of
Africa," South African President Thabo Mbeki said when he spoke at the
economic summit in Mozambique. "We forget that [Africa] is 53 states, and at
times there's an expectation that decisions will be reached faster."

      J. Brooks Spector, a former American diplomat who served in Africa and
 Asia, says that the common denominator defining Africa is lack of
democratic institutions. It is poor governance and not the perceived
diversity that is holding the continent back. African leaders give the
impression that they understand this. For instance, at the end of the Maputo
economic summit, they issued a communiqué that recommended good governance
as a way of fighting poverty that will eventually lead to the development of
the continent.

      Indeed, successive studies have pointed to how poor governance in
Africa has been the catalyst for the many civil wars that have been fought
in the continent in the last four decades and how such wars have eventually
eroded the socio-economic status of the continent. A senior US
administration official attending the just concluded G8 Summit noted that
while billions of dollars have been invested in Africa, it is the one
continent that will probably not meet the Millennium Development goals by
2015. This means that the developed world has not had answers to the
problems facing African countries.

      Nevertheless, he said the US was optimistic about the potential of
NEPAD. "NEPAD is probably the first and the strongest indication of a
coordinated effort on the part of Africans to be held accountable for the
problems and solutions," the official added.

      To counter bad governance, the architects of NEPAD came up with the
African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM). "The mechanism is the most tangible
manifestation out of the NEPAD process," says Stanley Subramoney of the
NEPAD Business Group.

      The APRM is a voluntary mechanism open to all member states of the
African Union. To join, the country concerned has to sign up to the NEPAD
Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance, and
agree to allow periodic peer reviews of good governance at both the
political and economic levels. It is a polite way of telling errant
governments that they are stepping out of line. Nineteen countries have
already signed up to the APRM. Ghana will be the first to be reviewed,
followed by Uganda. Lack of how to censure those nations who do not toe the
democratic and economic governance line is watering down the mechanism.

      In early June, African leaders meeting in Mozambique refused a request
from business leaders to give the mechanism additional muscle to censure
errant governments. The group expressed frustration with the "toothless"
peer review system, saying business intended pushing for an additional
rating mechanism to assess a country's political governance as an investment

      African political leaders think otherwise. President Chissano, the
present AU chairman, said punishment would come when investors shy away from
countries found to be lacking in good political and economic governance. He
said that if investors found that in a country the tax or the judicial
system was not good, "they will not come".

      Herbert said there is one major flaw with the mechanism: it only looks
at the existing political and economic governance systems in a specific
country. It does not address the big question of why the problems happened
in the first place.

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The Star

      Life in rural Zimbabwe
      July 16, 2004

      By the Editor

      We didn't know whether to laugh or cry over the photograph showing us
Zimbabwe's new ox-drawn ambulance.

      It is almost beyond belief that, in 2004, Zimbabwe should have to use
this mode of transport for its medical emergencies. But then the ambulance,
donated by the United Nations Children's Fund, is a sad reflection of the
hard realities that ordinary Zimbabweans have to deal with on a daily basis.

      We have also been unable to decide whether pregnant rural women in
Zimbabwe would be more in danger having to give birth at home or having to
reach hospitals aboard what must one of the most uncomfortable forms of
transport around.

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The Star

      Zimbabweans must reinvent struggle
      July 16, 2004

      By Jovial Rantao

      The ox-drawn ambulance introduced in Zimbabwe by the United Nations is
symbolic of the crisis our neighbouring nation faces. Firstly, the pace at
which this new "emergency" vehicle would be able to move reflects the pace
of the struggle for change in Zimbabwe - painfully slow.

      Secondly, the UN Children's Fund (Unicef) should hang its head in
shame for saying that heavily pregnant African women or those in need of
urgent medical attention should be transported in an ox-drawn ambulance.
What an insult!

      Unicef will probably say the ox-wagon will survive days when there is
no fuel, but really! This band-aid approach to the deep problems faced by
Zimbabwe is simply nauseating.

      Yesterday, we saw Zimbabweans in their hundreds marching on their high
commission in Pretoria. The purpose of the march by members of the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change was to highlight the plight back
home. It was also to urge the South African government to go beyond the
quiet-diplomacy approach adopted by President Thabo Mbeki.

      The march on the offices of Zimbabwean high commissioner to South
Africa Khaya Moyo came on the back of strong calls by church leaders in
Zimbabwe and South Africa for something to be done about the situation.

      Big credit must go to the MDC and civil society in Zimbabwe for
raising the awareness of the world to the excesses and undemocratic
tendencies of President Robert Mugabe and his government. These groups have
brought to the fore the kind of hardships the people of Zimbabwe -
particularly those who cannot run to places like London or Johannesburg -
face daily.

      These efforts have assisted in changing the world's perception about
the political and economic situation of our northern neighbour and led to
Mugabe and his ministers being ostracised by the world.

      However, this cannot be enough.

      Shouting from the rooftops is a step in the right direction, but why,
for instance, aren't Zimbabweans taking to the streets and rising up against
a government that persecutes them?

      Why is there no mass movement and mobilisation by those who are dying
of hunger as a direct result of the mismanagement of the country by Mugabe
and his cabinet?

      An argument can be made that Mugabe's notorious security forces have
suppressed even the slightest of resistance, but should the people give in
so meekly?

      In South Africa, at the height of apartheid and when the National
Party machinery was at its most murderous, people of this country doubled
their efforts to defeat the evil system.

      Organisations were formed, and banned, and in their place, others were
promptly formed. When leaders of organisations such as the United Democratic
Front were being targeted by the security forces, an amorphous body called
the Mass Democratic Movement was formed. This movement organised stayaways
and other activities that made South Africa ungovernable.

      Maybe it's time the MDC and civil society in Zimbabwe reinvented
themselves and came up with new strategies to rise against Mugabe and free
the people of Zimbabwe from his grip.

      Perhaps a start, for the MDC, could be using the action of one of
their own MPs as the beginning.

      Despite being banned from his constituency, Roy Bennett, MP for
Chimanimani, has returned home for a series of rallies.

      Bennett has gone back home to campaign for his party in the run-up to
parliamentary elections scheduled for March 2005.

      Bennett is a brave man. He knows only too well the brutality of the
Zimbabwean police and Zanu-PF militia. But he is not sitting back and saying
he cannot go back home and do something about his situation.

      Archbishop Pius Ncube shares the same sentiments as Archbishop Desmond
Tutu, but I would like to see Ncube doing more inside Zimbabwe.

      It is okay to expect the outside world - starting with South Africa -
to help, but Zimbabweans themselves must do something about their own
situation. They must put an end to a situation where, on the one hand, we
hear of the hardships faced by those living in Zimbabwe but, on the other
hand, people in the country go on as if there is nothing wrong.

      The pace of the Zimbabweans' struggle for freedom must change from
that of the wagon drawn by oxen to one where increased and sustained
pressure is brought to bear on the Mugabe government.

      Negotiations or silent diplomacy might work one day, but the people on
the ground must begin to vote with their feet.

      The world will help Zimbabweans, but they must first help themselves.
And helping themselves must mean going far beyond tame protests 1 000km away
from Harare.

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Refugees International - USA
July 14, 2004 Contacts: Sarah Martin and Andrea Lari or 202.828.0110

Zimbabweans in South Africa: Denied Access to Political Asylum

South Africa is denying access to political asylum to thousands of
Zimbabweans seeking to escape persecution. Of the 5,000 applications for
political asylum filed by Zimbabweans to date, fewer than 20 Zimbabweans
have actually received political asylum in South Africa. But more troubling
still is the fact that few Zimbabweans are able even to apply for political

The South African government office that handles immigration, Department of
Home Affairs (DHA), has five Refugee Reception Offices in the country. There
are two offices close to the Zimbabwe border. The largest office, in a
shopping center in the Rosettenville section of Johannesburg, has been moved
and closed repeatedly since October 2003. There are no signs identifying the
office, but it is easy to find if one looks for the hundreds of people
clustered in an alley trying to gain access. Asylum seekers sleep overnight
to get a good place in line and queue for hours. One asylum seeker told
Refugees International, "This is the third time I've been here. I've never
been in, you just wait in line."

While DHA has acknowledged its problems and is working on a "turnaround
strategy," in the words of DHA Director General, Mr. Barry Gilder, it "still
has a long way to go." All of the offices are woefully understaffed,
resulting in a backlog of up to 80,000 cases waiting to be reviewed. DHA
claims that Zimbabweans do not face more barriers than asylum seekers of
other nationalities, but that is contrary to the direct observations of RI.
A Zimbabwean told us that he lined up at 11 a.m. the day before the office
opened so he could be first in line. "They only took one Zimbabwean that
day. I was number two." While the senior management of the Immigration
Department acknowledged to RI that Zimbabweans have the right to be
considered refugees, Refugee Reception officers were unable to state whether
or not Zimbabweans had the right to political asylum in South Africa. Staff
in the Reception Office told RI that Zimbabweans were not a priority because
"there is no civil war in Zimbabwe, so there is no reason to apply." Other
Zimbabweans told us they were denied access to the process because they did
not have valid passports. Even the UN agency in charge of refugees could not
agree. The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in South
Africa was also unable to provide a clear determination as to whether
Zimbabweans qualify for asylum. They told RI that they were waiting
clarification themselves from Geneva. o apply." Other Zimbabweans told us
they were denied access to the process because they did not have valid
passports. Even the UN agency in charge of refugees could not agree. The
Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in South Africa was
also unable to provide a clear determination as to whether Zimbabweans
qualify for asylum. They told RI that they were waiting clarification
themselves from Geneva.

Corruption is widespread within the Department of Home Affairs and the South
African Police Services. RI interviewed people who told of being asked for a
bribe merely to receive a letter giving them an appointment to present their
asylum claim. Police officers ask for bribes to look the other way when
rounding up undocumented asylum seekers or those whose temporary permit of
stay has expired. One Zimbabwean told us, "I was stopped while walking down
the street. The policeman asked for my papers but told me that for 200 Rand
[U$33] he would not deport me." At the Lindela detention center, bribes are
demanded for release, while deportees can also pay to jump from the
"deportation train" on the way back to Zimbabwe.

In 2003, over 100 Zimbabwean asylum seekers were unlawfully detained in the
Lindela Detention Center. Zimbabweans comprise the second largest group of
deportees. Most are repatriated without ever having seen an immigration
official. According to organizations that work in Lindela, there are very
few immigration officers who work in the facility. "On any given day there
may be between two and zero for a facility that holds up to 5,000 people."

There is no Refugee Reception Officer in Musina, a town that rests on the
major thoroughfare between South Africa and Zimbabwe. If an asylum seeker
were to request to apply, they would be directed to go to Pretoria or
Johannesburg, over five hours away. No transportation would be provided. RI
interviewed Zimbabweans along the border who told us of being arrested and
immediately dropped over the border without any contact with immigration
officials. Police and Army in the border regions rely on spurious methods to
identify Zimbabweans, such as asking questions in a South African language
or checking which arm bears a smallpox scar. According to an NGO working in
Musina, "The police have no training. Some people are being deported because
[Zimbabweans] are darker."

Refugees International, therefore, recommends that:

. The Government of South Africa earmark and disburse more funds to DHA in
order to staff and equip the Refugee Reception Offices in Pretoria and

. DHA immediately form a task force to address the backlog of pending
political asylum cases and prioritize interviews with Zimbabwe political
asylum seekers.

. DHA continue to root out corruption among its officials and implement
their Counter-Corruption operational plan.

. DHA increase the number of immigration officers in the Lindela Deportation
Center and ensure that there are always immigration officers on duty.

. DHA establish a Refugee Reception Office in Musina as soon as possible. In
the meantime, they should increase capacity of passport control officers at
the border to issue temporary permits to asylum seekers.

. South African Police Services institute measures to address corruption at
all levels and train all relevant staff in the proper handling of political
asylum procedures.

Refugees International Advocates Sarah Martin and Andrea Lari just returned
from a three-week assessment mission to Zimbabwe and South Africa.
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The Herald

Preps for general elections intensify

Herald Reporter
PREPARATIONS for general elections scheduled for March next year have been
intensified with the training of 20 000 election monitors expected to begin
next month.

Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC) spokesman Mr Thomas Bvuma this week
said the 20 000 monitors would adequately cover the country during the

"We have also trained 40 provincial co-ordinators and 755 district monitors,
who have been deployed countrywide to supervise the ongoing voter
registration exercise," he said.

Provincial supervisors and district monitors were recruited from the various
Government structures with supervisors required to have at least a
university degree and 10 years' experience at management level.

The voter registration exercise, Mr Bvuma said, was proceeding smoothly but
there had been overwhelming response.

"The major challenge to the exercise has been resource constraints and this
has resulted in the Registrar-General (RG)'s Office extending voter
registration by two weeks," he said.

Cde Bvuma said the situation had been compounded by the fact that the RG's
Office was not only conducting voter registration, but was also issuing
other documents such as national identity cards.

The commission, he said, had embarked on a non-partisan civic voter
education exercise to ensure maximum participation in the elections.

"As the ESC, we want to supervise the registration of voters and the conduct
of the elections in a transparent and non-partisan manner in terms of the
Constitution," Mr Bvuma said.

Government has proposed reforms to the country's electoral system and these
have already been approved by the Zanu-PF Central Committee, the ruling
party's highest policy-making body outside congress.

The sweeping reforms include the running of elections by an independent body
to be called the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC).

Functions of the ZEC include organising and supervising presidential,
parliamentary and council elections as well as accrediting observers.

The commission will have financial autonomy to run its own affairs and
appoint its own staff except the chief electoral officer, who is appointed
by the President.

Another major highlight of the proposed reforms is the restriction of voting
to one day from two as happened in the past.

The proposed electoral reforms are in line with the Southern African
Development Community (Sadc) draft principles and guidelines governing
democratic polls that are expected to be adopted at the regional summit
scheduled for next month in Mauritius.

Zimbabweans have welcomed the proposed reforms, saying it was gratifying
that the Government was taking the lead in coming up with proposals that are
in line with the consultations that have been going on among Sadc member
states. Man accused of raping daughter (5)

Herald Reporter

Police have arrested a 53-year-old Bindura man after he allegedly raped his
five-year-old daughter on several occasions.

The man was arrested after someone anonymously supplied information to the
police through a letter put into a police suggestion box.

On receiving the information, police from the Support Unit went to the man's
house and arrested him.

The man is still in police custody and is expected to appear in court soon
facing rape charges.

Police Support Unit spokesperson Assistant Inspector Charles Jack confirmed
the arrest and said investigations were still in progress.

Several children countrywide have been raped or killed, sometimes for ritual

Only last week, the mutilated body of a six-year-old schoolgirl was found
dumped near Norton Police Station.

Doctors found that she had been sexually abused and, in a macabre deed, the
body had been refrigerated for a few days before being dumped.

Police suspect that that the girl, Isabel Makusha, was killed for ritual
purposes since her genitals and other body parts were missing.
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The Herald

Cops accused of robbing gold panners

Herald Reporters
TWO police officers and a civilian from Chipinge have been arrested for
allegedly robbing three gold panners of millions of dollars and household
property worth nearly $90 million.

The three - Dickson Kampira, an officer based at Harare Central Police
Station, his wife Susan Mtetwa, an assistant inspector with Chipinge Urban
Police, and Happison Nyeredzanai of Masvi- ngo - appeared before a Masvingo
magistrate on Tuesday charged with armed robbery and two counts of robbery.

They were not asked to plead when they arraigned before provincial
magistrate Mr Jimmy Ntonga, who remanded them in custody to July 27.

The three were advised to apply for bail at the High Court because
magistrates' courts do not have jurisdiction over such cases.

Mr Dan Ndebele, who appeared for the State, said the State would summon to
court a witness, Mr Tonderai Banga, who was in the company of the accused
when the alleged robbery and armed robbery were committed.

The court heard that on July 2 this year, Kampira, Mtetwa and Nyeredzanai
went to Chitowa Business Centre in Chivi and confronted Trust Gandiwa,
Godfrey Takaendesa and Thomas Nhara over more than two kilogrammes of gold
they had allegedly stolen from a mine belonging to Mtetwa's brother in

The State alleges that Kampira approached Gandiwa and identified himself as
a detective from Chimanimani and demanded part of the proceeds they had
panned at his brother-in-law's mine. He was allegedly given $5 million.

The court heard that he demanded all the gold Gandiwa had brought from the
mine before he allegedly assaulted him with booted feet and clenched fists.

Kampira allegedly took Gandiwa to one Madzivadondo, where they met with
Takaendesa and they arrested him.

Gandiwa and Madzivadondo allegedly led Kampira to Nhara's homestead, where
the police officer is said to have pulled out a pistol and demanded cash and

The police officer was allegedly given $26 million and some household
property which they put in a hired car.

It is further alleged that the three drove to Takaendesa's home, where they
used the same tactic and took $30 million, some household property and
building materials.

The trio is alleged to have gone to Mr Gandiwa's homestead, where they
assaulted him while handcuffed before force-marching his younger brother to
a riverbed, where they had allegedly hidden $26 million. The accused
allegedly took the money.

The State also alleges that the accused drove with their victims and dumped
them at Lundi River Bridge along the Masvingo-Zvishavane Road.

It is alleged that the trio shared the money and went to Chipinge.

However, the accused's lawyer, Mr Langton Mhungu of Matutu Kwirira and
Associates, in his bail application at the High Court said Takaendesa,
Gandiwa and Nhara were contracted to pan for gold at peg number 34 belonging
to Mtetwa's brother and sister-in-law, Mr and Mrs Blessing Dhliwayo, in

He said Takaendesa, Gandiwa and Nhara asked for permission to pan for gold
from the peg belonging to the Dhliwayos and the accused granted them

He said the accepted procedure was that when one was granted permission to
pan in someone else's peg, all the proceeds belong to the owner of the peg
and the reward for finding the gold is that the finder would be entitled to
half of the gold surrendered.

Mr Mhungu said Takaendesa, Gandiwa and Nhara found 2,213kg of gold at the
peg but did not surrender it to the owner of the peg and allegedly fled to
Chivi. They allegedly only sold a portion worth $16,5 million to Fidelity
Refiners, the State-owned final buyer of all gold extracted in the country.

The accused then hired a vehicle and tracked down the three to recover the
gold. They were assisted by Banga, who knew the three's communal homes. They
located them in Chivi and the three allegedly pleaded with them not to
report the gold theft to the police. But the three allegedly assaulted
Banga, saying he had reported them to the accused.

"The applicant will aver that, in actual fact, they made peace with
complainant, who freely . . . apologised for their dishonesty and tendered
the property and cash which they now inflate, yet it was not more than $4
million," said Mr Mhungu in the bail application.

He also said the accused were never armed and alleged that Takaendesa,
Gandiwa and Nhara had fabricated this to escape the charges of theft of and
possession of gold without a licence.

"The applicant avers that it is just and equitable for him to be granted
bail by the honourable court in the light of the circumstances surrounding
this matter. He is a serving member of the Zimbabwe Republic Police. He wife
is an assistant inspector."
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New Zimbabwe

Mbeki in fresh Zimbabwe controversy

By Staff Reporter/Brendan Boyle
Last updated: 07/16/2004 05:43:39
SOUTH Africa's ruling African National Congress (ANC) is mired in
controversy following reports that it had agreed to work with Zimbabwean
President Robert Mugabe's party ahead of key elections early next year.

South Africa's biggest selling newspaper, The Sunday Times reported Sunday
that top ANC officials led by President Thabo Mbeki recently held a
top-secret meeting with leading members of Mugabe's ruling Zanu-PF to forge
closer political ties.

South Africa's opposition Democratic Alliance's acting leader, Douglas
Gibson demanded that Mbeki directly address the reports which further weaken
his position as a mediator between Zimbabwe's opposition Movement for
Democratic Change and Zanu PF.

"The South African public has a right to know what is going on. We need to
know exactly how close the ANC and Zanu PF are. It seems that the
relationship between the ANC and Zanu PF is closer than most people realise.

"Mbeki must break his silence and tell us the truth about Zimbabwe. Is it
silent diplomacy or is it covert support?"

The June meeting reported in the Sunday Times was confirmed by ANC
secretary-general Kgalema Motlanthe and Zanu-PF's chairman, John Nkomo.

The meeting took place at the ANC's headquarters in central Johannesburg on
the eve of last week's African Union summit, where an official report
critical of Zimbabwe's human-rights abuses was circulated for the first time
and as Mbeki's self-imposed June deadline for resolving the Zimbabwean
crisis loomed.

Besides Mbeki, other ANC officials who attended the meeting include
Motlanthe, ANC deputy president Jacob Zuma, treasurer-general Mendi Msimang
and chairman Mosiuoa Lekota. The Zanu-PF delegation was led by Nkomo.

A Zanu-PF politburo member told the Sunday Times that his party had asked
the ANC to help it secure a convincing majority in Zimbabwe's parliamentary
elections due early next year.

The ANC endorsed Mugabe's hotly disputed re-election in 2002 and Zanu-PF's
controversial 2000 victory. Zanu-PF officials said the party now wanted the
ANC to go further than "just mere endorsement" of elections and help it win
at the polls.

They said the ANC had agreed in principle to deploy between four and six
election strategists to Zimbabwe ahead of the election to help Zanu-PF
prepare a winning campaign.

Senior members of the Zanu-PF executive were briefed about the meeting by

"Zanu-PF has asked for the ANC to help to win next year's election and my
understanding is that the ANC has in principle agreed to send between four
and six 'strategists' to assist it during the forthcoming election," a
senior official said.

Motlanthe said no such agreement had been made, but added that there was an
"open invitation" to Zanu-PF to study the South African party's success.

He confirmed that a Zanu-PF dele gation had visited the ANC headquarters "on
a Monday" in June, holding discussions for about three hours until noon with
the top six ANC office-bearers, including Mbeki.

"I was at that meeting. I am not at liberty to say what we did talk about,
but it is true they were here to congratulate the ANC, not to ask for help.
I am sure they will do that when it comes closer to the election," said

Asked whether the ANC had agreed to make strategists available, he said:
"There is no truth to that. We did not agree to that."

Nkomo, widely regarded as a possible successor to Mugabe, said Zanu-PF and
the ANC had "close ties and shared vision in the region". He said the ANC
had done better than expected by winning 70% of the vote in South Africa. He
added that Zanu-PF had also come to congratulate the South Africans on
winning the rights to host the 2010 World Cup.

Mugabe attended Mbeki's inauguration in Pretoria on April 27 and was wildly
cheered by the crowds at the ceremony. Already the oldest leader in Africa,
Mugabe, 84, has said he will retire when his term ends in 2008.

"Mugabe is desperate to win the election because if his party loses he will
have to resign or rule for three years with an opposition-dominated and
effectively hostile parliament," a South African government official told
the Sunday Times.

Nkomo said: "We wanted to congratulate them [the ANC] on their election
victory. We were not there necessarily to borrow election strategies because
their situation is different from ours... but, of course, it would be
expected that they would tell us how they did it.

"The ANC is a sister party and our relations date back many years ago when
the late Vice-President Joshua Nkomo was in South Africa [in the 1940s] and
also during our liberation struggles," he said.

"We sent delegations before and after the election to South Africa. The
first one was there to monitor the election and the second went to
congratulate our sister party."

Zanu-PF failed to secure 50% of the vote in parliamentary elections in June
2000, taking 62 seats to the opposition Movement for Democratic Change's 57
seats. The ruling party's majority was increased by presidential nominations
and seats for traditional leaders, but the result shook Mugabe's confidence.

Motlanthe said Zanu-PF delegations regularly visited the ANC to study
organisational and strategic issues.

"The sister parties always have access to the ANC. They send people. Some go
to the provinces, some go to headquarters," Motlanthe said.

The ANC hosted a conference of liberation movements and parties outside
Johannesburg in 2000 to share experiences of a series of multi-party
elections across the region. Among the issues discussed were ways to prevent
former liberation movements being ousted by parties perceived to have close
ties with Western nations.

Zimbabwe's opposition Movement for Democratic Change, often attacked by
Mugabe as a "British-sponsored puppet party", has accused the ANC of
colluding with Zanu-PF in the stop-start inter-party talks intended to
resolve the country's deep political and economic crisis.

Motlanthe said the ANC had sent a 10-member delegation to the 2000 election
in Zimbabwe and would probably send a similar or larger delegation to next
year's election to "gather first-hand information".
Additional reporting Sunday Times

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JAG JOB OPPORTUNITIES Updated 15th July 2004

Please send any classified adverts for publication in this newsletter to:
JAG Job Opportunities <>


1.  Advert Received 6th July 2004

Experienced Book-keeper Required
Rokpa Trust, 34 Quendon Road, Monavale ( the Buddhist Centre) seeks an
experienced book-keeper for a part-time position. Remuneration to be
Please phone: Vivienne Kernohan on 498 246 or Jane Soper on 339 879
or 091677 677

2.  Advert Received 7th July 2004


We are looking for a job for our gardener / domestic worker of several
years. Dennis is an excellent gardener. Very hard working and very capable
of working on his own. Is able to look after the swimming pool and also a
good handyman around the house. In the last two years he has also been our
house worker. Unfortunately we are moving into a flat and can no longer
keep him gainfully employed.

If anyone can offer him a job we would be truely grateful.

Please contact Mrs D Flower on 091 235 576 or
                       Mr P Flower on 091 235 504


3.  Advert Received 7th July 2004

Live in (or out) gardener required in Belgravia near JAG offices.  Older
reliable man or woman required.  Must have references and be trustworthy.
Phone 252664 or

4.  Advert Received 7th July 2004

Phone 882142


5.  Advert Received 7th July 2004


Experienced book-keeper with experience in Belina payroll and many other
payroll packages.
Can do accounts up to TB, work under minimum supervision.  Debtors and
Creditors as well as all payments that come with salaries and wages. 
Willing to learn. Able to work under pressure.
Please contact
Cellphone 091323802.


6.  Advert Received 7th July 2004

We, at Mozambique Safaris, are looking for an ex farm manager who is
somewhat experienced in building, plumbing and mechanics. We are offering
U.S.400 per month, plus free board and lodging, free visa and transport in
and out of Mozambique. This is a temporary position at present, but might
become permanent.
If the person could supply his own vehicle, he would receive free fuel and
be paid an additional U.S. $30 per day.
Please phone 776362 for further information.
Trish Hougaard

6.  Advert Received 8th July 2004


1. Farm Manager/Coordinator to oversee all farming operations including
building construction,
2. Tobacco,
3. Sugar,
4. Cotton,
5. Other crops,
6. Horticulture,
7. Fisheries
8. Engineering and building skills.
9. Accounts and management to include administration and planning.
10. Veterinary services, livestock and wildlife.

All candidates to send their CV's to: BY NO LATER
THAN 16 JULY 2004.

Salaries and packages will be discussed with the successful applicants.

Phone/fax: (04) 336507
Cell no's: 011 617 999 / 091 278 460


7.  Advert Received 8th July 2004

I am a 28 year old man and I am looking for an exciting, busy, varied,
challenging and well renumerated position in the motor vehicle parts sales
area.  I have experience in both body parts and engine spares as well as
accessories.  I have also done both counter sales and outdoor repping.
Please contact 091 302 201 for detailed CV or to arrange interview.

8.  Advert Received 9th July 2004



9.  Advert Received 10th July 2004

Gardener/general hand wanted by retired couple in Marlborough.
Single man required, preferably 35 years or older. With traceable
references!! Quiet manner and hard working.
Gardening and some house work required. Govt recommended wages/ free
housing offered/ lights/ water/ wood. 49 hours per week/ overtime will be
paid in full.
Please Contact; Nadine on; 091262948 or 339925.


10.  Advert Received 12th July 2004


Phone 882142

11.  Advert Received 13th July 2004

Foreman in the building trade
50 to 65 yr. old
Joburg/Centurion area

Please send a short CV and contact numbers to

12 Advert Received 13th July 2004


1. Farm Manager/Coordinator to oversee all farming operations including
building construction,
2. Tobacco,
3. Sugar,
4. Cotton,
5. Other crops,
6. Horticulture,
7. Fisheries
8. Engineering and building skills.
9. Accounts and management to include administration and planning.
10. Veterinary services, livestock and wildlife.

All candidates to send their CV's to: BY NO LATER
THAN 16 JULY 2004.

Salaries and packages will be discussed with the successful applicants.

Phone/fax: (04) 336507
Cell no's: 011 617 999 / 091 278 460

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