The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Zim Independent

Police probe M&G bank account
Gift Phiri
GOVERNMENT'S crackdown on the Mail & Guardian (M&G) intensified this week
with police obtaining a subpoena to access the paper's account at Century

The subpoena required the security manager at Century Bank to supply
information about the M&G account from January 1 to this week. The document
also demanded records of all cheque transactions done during that period.
The police were investigating possible contravention of the Reserve Bank

However, the Reserve Bank in a statement on Wednesday said it was not aware
of any investigation and had no reason to suspect the M&G was in breach of
the RBZ Act.

"From our records and pending cases, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe has not
had any reason or cause to investigate the M&G for the alleged
misdemeanours," said Mirirai Chiremba, the division chief for Bank Use
Promotion and Suppression of Money Laundering.

"We do not have reason or information to suggest that M&G has a case to
answer to us. Accordingly, we are unable to intervene to stop the courts who
appear to be acting on a complaint or information filed by the
member-in-charge, ZRP - CIU (Commercial Intelligence Unit) Harare Central as
stated in the documents faxed to us. Maybe the police can shed more light on
this issue which has certainly not stemmed from us."

Officials at Century Bank declined to disclose details about the police

Sources in the bank however told the Independent two officers from the CIU,
Detective Sergeant Mwadewenyu and Constable Katsenga, visited the bank on
Wednesday morning armed with the subpoena and asked to see all the M&G
account information held by the bank.

"They took bank statements dating back to January and also a document
advising the addition of Mr Raphael Khumalo (Independent group general
manager) as a signatory to the account," said the source.

M&G publisher Trevor Ncube said yesterday it was the policy of his companies
to ensure that the laws of all the countries they operated in were

"Business all over the world thrives where there is law and order and where
the rule of law is upheld," he said.

"We are however alarmed by recent developments in Zimbabwe where the law is
selectively applied and where government institutions are personalised and

"We are shocked by this invasion of privacy under the pretext of
investigating externalisation of foreign currency. This latest move is
clearly a fishing expedition.

"The intention, we suspect, is to create a pretext for the authorities to
take action against the M&G in Zimbabwe," Ncube said.

"While we are confident the move will fail to uncover any evidence of
impropriety on our part, we have no doubt this episode represents yet
another attempt by the Zimbabwean authorities to curtail press freedom."

Ncube said in view of the Reserve Bank's statement that the M&G was not
under investigation, it was clear that "somebody somewhere is abusing the
police for their own agenda".

The police last week visited the newspaper's distributors after allegations
in the state media that the M&G's owners had plans to print the paper in
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Zim Independent

Zanu PF to rope in regional parties for victory
Dumisani Muleya
THE ruling Zanu PF is trying to rope in governing parties in the region to
help it win next year's crucial parliamentary election.

Zanu PF, which is under serious threat from the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC), reportedly wants an absolute majority to enable it
to change the constitution to consolidate its grip on power.

Zanu PF spokesman Nathan Shamuyarira said on Wednesday that his party was
determined to remain in power "because there is nothing wrong with that".

"Is there anything wrong in us trying to keep power? Would you give away
power if you had it? No one would want to lose power when they have it,"
Shamuyarira said.

"If you want to keep power and you can do it by seeking the support of
friends, there is nothing wrong. We have a close relationship with the ANC
(African National Congress) and other parties in the region."

Zanu PF recently hosted a congress of former liberation movements in the
region in a bid to forge closer ties and ensure their support for President
Robert Mugabe's beleaguered regime.

Shamuyarira said Zanu PF would hold a number of meetings with ruling parties
in the region to "keep power". Mugabe is on record as saying "as clear as
day follows night.Zanu PF will rule forever". ANC deputy president Jacob
Zuma said in April that his party would remain in power "until Jesus comes

Top ANC officials led by President Thabo Mbeki held a meeting with a Zanu PF
delegation led by the party's chairman John Nkomo last month to strengthen

Besides Mbeki, other ANC heavyweights who attended the meeting include Zuma,
secretary-general Kgalema Motlanthe, treasurer-general Mendi Msimang and
chairman Mosiuoa Lekota.

Zanu PF reportedly wanted the ANC to help it secure a sweeping majority in
the poll due in March next year. The ANC, which clinched an overwhelming
majority in the April election, is said to have agreed. The party however
denied it.

Zanu PF only secured 51% of the vote in Zimbabwe's controversial
parliamentary election in 2000. The MDC, only formed a few months before the
election, won 57 seats, while Zanu got 62. The MDC mopped up all seats in
towns, banishing Zanu PF to rural areas.

However, Zanu PF maintained its parliamentary majority through 20 MPs
directly appointed by Mugabe and 10 legislators appointed by the Zimbabwe
Chiefs' Council which is obliged to support Zanu PF.

The MDC contested 38 of Zanu PF's victories in the courts and has so far won
several cases. But they are on appeal.

Mugabe won the hotly-disputed 2002 presidential election amid accusations of
vote-rigging, violence and intimidation.

Mugabe's victory is also under legal challenge by MDC leader Morgan


The ANC endorsed both elections as "legitimate" despite admitting that they
were profoundly flawed and thus not free and fair.
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Zim Independent

Parly skirmish: Chinamasa to appear before committee
Itai Dzamara
LEADER of the House of Assembly Patrick Chinamasa is expected to appear
before the special committee probing the incident involving himself and MDC
MP Roy Bennett nearly two months ago.

Chinamasa will appear before the committee, chaired by Zanu PF MP Paul
Mangwana, on Monday. Bennett and Zanu PF MP Didymus Mutasa, who was also
involved in the incident which saw Chinamasa floored, appeared before the
committee last week.

"I appeared before the committee twice last week and will appear again this
Saturday," Bennett said on Wednesday.

"They asked me to explain the incident that occurred in parliament from my
point of view and I said that my reaction was caused by provocation."

Mutasa also said he had appeared before the committee but refused to discuss
the issue.

Mutasa, who is the Minister of Special Affairs in the President's Office
Responsible for Anti-Corruption and Anti-Monopolies Programme, was
subsequently quoted by the Voice of America as bragging that he "kicked him
(Bennett) very hard" during the May 18 scuffle in parliament.

The incident occurred during a debate on an adverse report on the Stock
Theft Bill.

Bennett, who is the MP for Chimanimani, floored Chinamasa after the Justice
minister alleged that Bennett's forefathers were thieves and murderers.

Chinamasa further infuriated Bennett by telling him to forget about his
Charleswood farm in Chimanimani, which was occupied by the army in April.

Mutasa joined in the scuffle and kicked Bennett from behind in defence of

Violent demonstrations were subsequently organised by Zanu PF against
Bennett. Zanu PF supporters declared Bennett banned from Harare and
Manicaland province under which his constituency falls. They also declared
him banned from parliament.
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Zim Independent

ANZ distances self from Zimonline
Arther Chatora
THE Chief Executive Officer of Associated Newspapers of Zimbabwe (ANZ) Sam
Sipepa Nkomo has dissociated his company from the new on-line newspaper

There has been speculation that Zimonline is a re-incarnation of the closed
Daily News and the Daily News On Sunday.

"I, as the Chief Executive Officer of ANZ, wish to distance the ANZ or any
of its staffers from that edition," he said.

Meanwhile, tension rose dramatically at Zimpapers yesterday as workers

claimed that their management was squandering money on its personal upkeep
rather than on their welfare. Some workers said they would go on strike if
their chief executive Justin Mutasa remained intransigent.

Mutasa is said to have threatened workers with dismissal and to sue them for
their allegations against his management.

Workers are alleging that Mutasa bought $2,7 billion worth of luxury
vehicles, creating an overdraft of $400 million at 200% interest per annum,
while they were told there was no money to meet their salary demands. They
said the company bought Mercedes Benz MLs, Kompressors, and E and C classes
and Nissan Wolfs, while journalists use dilapidated pool cars. Senior
company employees were said to be buying their current cars, some of which
are two years old, for as little as $800 000.

The workers claim there was corruption at Zimpapers with fuel being stolen
by senior managers for use at farms, while Natprint, the company's printing
division, was riddled with mismanagement. The workers alleged nepotism at
Natprint and other levels of Zimpapers.
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Zim Independent

Govt moves on FSI
Staff Writer
THE government has started to expropriate farms owned by FSI Agricom which
is linked to the business empire of South Africa-based tycoon Mutumwa
Mawere. This is being done under the Land Acquisition Act.

Four FSI Agricom farms have already been served with Section 8 notices, the
Independent heard this week.

The move has been viewed as government's first step to dispossess Mawere who
has been specified.

FSI Agricom confirmed that four of its highly mechanised farms measuring 4
305 hectares were served with Section 8 notices last week.

The service of a Section 8 notice implies that the property owner is allowed
90 days to wind up operations and vacate the farm.

"FSI farms, namely Risboro, Rogate, Bosbury and Essex, were listed for
acquisition by the state on June 4, and served with Section 8 on July 9,"
FSI said in a statement.

"We have initiated the normal process of delisting with the Ministry of
Lands, and discussions are at an advanced stage."
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Zim Independent

Ex-army officer to run polls
Dumisani Muleya
GOVERNMENT has appointed retired Lieutenant Colonel Kennedy Zimondi as the
new chief elections officer on the Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC).

Official sources said Zimondi was appointed in April to replace Brigadier
Douglas Nyikayaramba who was brought in to run the hotly disputed 2002
presidential poll.

ESC spokesman Thomas Bvuma confirmed Zimondi's appointment but said the
electoral body's commissioners appointed him. However, sources said
government instructed the ESC to appoint Zimondi.

Although Zanu PF recently indicated it would want to adopt electoral law
reforms, Zimondi could still be involved, together with others on the
current election bodies, in running next year's general election.

Justice minister Patrick Chinamasa earlier this month told a Zanu PF
politburo meeting that he proposed the transfer of current electoral
officers, in particular those in the Registrar-General's office, to the
envisaged Zimbabwe Electoral Commission.

This could result in the new agencies staffed with the same people,
including Registrar-General Tobaiwa Mudede who has been widely accused of

The ESC, based on the fifth floor of Hardwicke House where intelligence
agents also operate from, was laden with army officers before the 2002
election. Reports have indicated that the army played a decisive role in
determining the outcome of the controversial election.

The ESC is chaired by Sobusa Gula-Ndebele, a former military intelligence

Despite the proposed electoral changes, voter registration for next year's
general election is still being conducted by the current compromised

As a result, the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has
complained that the exercise is "seriously flawed and may well impede the
rights of the people to vote".

MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube last month wrote a letter to
Gula-Ndebele citing irregularities in the mobile voter registration
exercise. The ESC supervises voter registration and elections.

Ncube said people were being "deliberately and systematically
disenfranchised and as a result denied the right to participate in the
governance of their country".

"Of great concern is the lack of publicity and the confusion surrounding the
mobile voter registration programme," Ncube said. "A lot of potential voters
are not being given adequate opportunity to register for lack of knowledge
and information."

The ESC replied to Ncube's letter, admitting there had been "a number of
administrative and logistical problems" in the exercise. It then asked the
Registrar-General's office to extend the exercise to July 30. However, it is
understood this has not been done notwithstanding the ESC's advice and
admission that potential voters could be disenfranchised.
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Zim Independent

US envoy to pursue democracy
Gift Phiri
UNITED States ambassador-designate to Zimbabwe Christopher Dell has said he
will use constructive engagement to ensure that Zimbabwe does not become a
failed state.

Contrary to a Herald story published on Tuesday claiming that Dell recently
told the US Senate that he would want to effect a "regime change" in
Zimbabwe, Dell told the committee on Foreign Relations that he would want to
restore Zimbabwe to the democratic community of nations.

"If confirmed," he said, "I would work to protect Americans and American
interests, to help bring Zimbabwe back from the brink of political,
economic, social, and humanitarian disaster, to foster conservation of its
world heritage wildlife resources, and to restore Zimbabwe as a suitable
partner for the United States and a friend in the pursuit of democracy,
stability, and prosperity."

Dell, who is coming to Zimbabwe from Angola, said Washington had a clear
interest in seeing Zimbabwe emerge from the current crisis as a "pluralistic
society, a contributor to regional stability, and an engine for African

The envoy said there was need for dialogue between Zimbabwe's political
parties to resolve the country's deepening economic and political crisis.

He never used the term "regime change" as the Herald claimed in its story.

The state-controlled newspaper also recently claimed British prime minister
Tony Blair told parliament he was working with the opposition MDC to stage a
"regime change" in Zimbabwe when he never used those words.

"Ideally, dialogue between the government and opposition would level the
political playing field and lead to new, free and fair, internationally
monitored elections," Dell said.

"Such a result would reward and reaffirm the Zimbabwean people's faith in
democracy and set the country back on the path to stability and prosperity."
Dell has been in the diplomatic service for 23 years, including his current
assignment as ambassador to Angola. He previously served as the designated
chief of mission in Kosovo and twice as deputy chief of mission in Bulgaria
and Mozambique.

Dell will replace Joseph Sullivan who is expected to leave Zimbabwe soon.
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Zim Independent

IMF raises concern on governance
Godfrey Marawanyika
ALTHOUGH the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has deferred Zimbabwe's
suspension by six months, the institution has raised concerns over issues
pertaining to governance and human rights which it says kill investor

In its executive board report, the Bretton Woods institution said the
disorderly implementation of the land reform had contributed to a sharp drop
in agricultural output.

"Concerns about governance and human rights, and the continued lack of
clarity about property rights have severely damaged confidence, discouraged
investment and promoted capital flight and emigration," the report said.

The failure to respect property rights in 2000 led to the resignation of
former Industry and International Trade minister Nkosana Moyo over factory
invasions spearheaded by war veterans.

The IMF's decision not to suspend Zimbabwe gives the country an opportunity
to strengthen its cooperation with the Washington funder, the report said.

In the report the IMF noted unemployment was still very high and was
increasing. The report said social conditions which were once among the best
in Africa had worsened, with the widespread HIV/Aids pandemic remaining
largely unchecked.

"Severe food shortages have necessitated massive food imports and donor
assistance," the report said.

The IMF directors attributed these developments to inappropriate
macro-economic policies and structural changes that weakened the economic

The country has been in continuous arrears to the IMF since February 2001.
As of last month Zimbabwe's arrears to the fund amounted to US$295 million.

Although the country has so far made payments totalling US$9 million, the
IMF directors said that was insufficient to stabilise the arrears.
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Zim Independent

Farmers told to pack up
Augustine Mukaro
GOVERNMENT is evicting Mashonaland West's remaining prominent white
commercial farmers, the Zimbabwe Independent heard this week.

The Commercial Farmers Union (CFU) yesterday said at least six wheat farmers
in the Karoi area were under pressure to leave immediately.

"The farmers are being told to pack up and leave their homes," the CFU said
in a statement. "They have been informed that police will not assist if the
new 'owner' comes and throws their belongings out of their houses."

The CFU said all the farmers were challenging the Section 8 notices in
court, and had applied for a stay of execution to harvest their wheat crop.

"These applications appear to have been ignored by the individuals involved
in the evictions and the current wave means that only six farmers remain
operational in Karoi, down from more than 200 in the year 2000," said the

CFU officials said the farmers who were still on their properties were those
who had been encouraged by government to stay on the land and grow crops
like wheat and tobacco.

"Government is now issuing compulsory acquisition orders to everybody," one
farmer said.

"Farmers are being told to get out of their only homes by government
officials. Mashonaland West governor Nelson Samkange allegedly gave the
farmers 48 hours to leave with their personal belongings only." Sources said
they were ordered to leave their vehicles, tractors and equipment, and to
forfeit crops on the ground.
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Zim Independent

Bulawayo mayor's powers 'usurped'
Staff Writer
BULAWAYO governor Cain Mathema has been accused of usurping the powers of
the city's mayor Japhet Ndabeni Ncube by taking over the running of several
key areas of the city.

Information gathered by the Zimbabwe Independent this week show that Mathema
has taken control of the committee responsible for organising state
functions that include the Independence Day celebrations and Heroes Day

Mathema has also taken charge of the Aids Action Committee, the Provincial
Development Committee, the committee responsible for co-ordinating drought
relief programmes in the city and the Civil Protection Committee.

Before Mathema's appointment, the Bulawayo City Council ran all these
committees. Councillors have complained about Mathema's moves.

But Ncube denied that Mathema had usurped his powers.

"We were in charge of those functions before because we were the rightful
authority to deal with those issues at the time. But now that Mathema has
taken over these committees it is fine since they involve state
intervention," Ncube said.
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Zim Independent

Arda grabs Bennett's cattle
Munyaradzi Wasosa
THE Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (Arda) has seized 152
cattle worth more than $304 million from opposition MP Roy Bennett's
Charleswood Estate.

In an interview this week, Bennett said Arda had over the past two weeks
seized 152 Beef Master beasts valued at $2 million each, and relocated them
to one of its farms in Chikomba district.

"Over the past fortnight, Arda stole 152 cattle from Charleswood and
relocated them to Charter Estates in Chikomba where I also have reliable
information that they branded the cattle with an Arda brand superimposed
over my brand," Bennett said.

Bennett's lawyer, Arnold Tsunga, said Arda's action amounted to outright
stock theft.

"What Arda has done constitutes stock theft under common law," Tsunga said.
"The taking of movable property, including cattle, with the intention of
permanently depriving the owner, in this case by a parastatal, with the
acquiescence of the state, is definitely theft."

Arda invaded Charleswood on April 9 in collaboration with the Zimbabwe
Defence Forces and Zimbabwe Defence Industries in defiance of seven High
Court orders barring the state or anyone else from interfering in the farm's

Bennett's lawyers have since made yet another urgent application to the High
Court, which cites Arda chief executive officer Dr Joseph Matowanyika as
respondent, for an order to remove all Arda equipment from Charleswood.

Bennett has filed almost a dozen applications in the courts to block the
illegal takeover of his farm. The government has ignored the orders.

A letter dated July 8 written by Trust Maanda, a Mutare lawyer of Henning
Lock Donagher & Winter legal practitioners, acting for Bennett Brothers
Farming Enterprises (Pvt) Ltd, to Jakachira & Company, which represents
Arda, said Arda was in contempt of court.

"We write to inform you that your client Arda is in contempt of the High
Court order in that it continues to be in occupation of our client's farm in
spite of the order that ordered it (Arda) to vacate the farm and not to
interfere with our client's operations," the letter says.

"Dr Joseph Ma-towanyika, Mr Tsododo, Mr Simoyi, Dr Sithole (livestock
manager) and Dr JG Manya (executive livestock manager) are in charge of the
occupation of our client's farm."
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Zim Independent

Ranger implicated in $55m bribery
Godfrey Marawanyika/Ndamu Sandu
A SENIOR National Parks game ranger has been implicated in a bribery case
involving $55 million to allow a South African firm to conduct illegal

Documents in the possession of the Zimbabwe Independent show that Thomas
Chimedza was paid $55 million by Out of Africa, a South African-registered
firm, which wanted to conduct hunts in Matetsi Unit 1, Gwayi and Hwange

National Parks authorities have investigated the case and concluded that
Chimedza was bribed to allow the illegal hunting. Chimedza, however, denies
the charge.

The documents reveal that on May 13, principal warden for investigations and
security, Leonard Nhidza, wrote a report to the acting director-general
informing him of the findings of investigations.

"In view of the investigations currently under way in relation to the
bribery allegations against senior ranger Chimedza, in Matetsi, it has been
established that the officer seriously compromised himself by accepting
money from Out of Africa," Nhidza wrote.

"The investigations have secured documentary evidence to the effect that
Chimedza received money in cheque form and cash from Out of Africa."

The report said that as a result of the bribes, Chimedza allegedly allowed
the South African firm to use electronic lion calls at night, spotlights and
trophy laundering.

"Through trophy laundering, the South Africans were allowed to hunt on
Matetsi Unit 1 but the hunting returns would reflect as if the animals were
hunted on some other private properties," Nhidza said. "This would prejudice
the Parks Authority of trophy fees and other related charges."

But Chimedza has denied any wrongdoing, saying the payments were made for
hunting activities he conducted for the Safari company.

Meanwhile, the chief warden of the National Parks and Wildlife

Management Authority, Lovemore Mungwashu, has stepped down after 23 years of
service due to alleged interference in day-to-day running of his department
by the chairman, Buzwani Mothobi.

"Things came to a head a fortnight ago when the chairman dressed him down in
front of juniors during a meeting," officials said.

But Mothobi said that the allegations against him were unfounded.

"The only thing I can say on those allegations is that they are a load of
rubbish, that is the best I can say about them," he said.
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Zim Independent

Hunger claims 12 more in Bulawayo
Loughty Dube
DESPITE claims by the government that the country has adequate food to last
up to the next harvest, 12 more people died of malnutrition in Bulawayo
alone in the last month.

The latest deaths come at a time when the government and international donor
agencies are embroiled in a row over the food situation in the country.

Figures from the Bulawayo City Council Health department show that 10
children, four boys and six girls, under the age of 14 died last month of
hunger. Two male adults aged 29 and 30 years also succumbed to malnutrition.

The deaths came barely two months after 38 people died of starvation in

Government has said it expects a bumper harvest despite estimates to the
contrary by independent crop forecasters.

Zimbabwe Liberation Peace Initiative president, Max Mnkandla, whose
organisation has been vocal against political discrimination in the
distribution of food in rural areas, said government was misleading the
nation and the international community on the food situation in the country.

Mnkandla said it was hypocritical for government to claim there was enough
food when people were dying of malnutrition.

"Joseph Made and President Mugabe must stop misleading the nation and the
international community because there is hunger all over," Mnkandla said.
"Right now they are saying the country has enough food but they are failing
to tell the nation and the international community the exact tonnage the
country has in its granaries."
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Zim Independent

Power struggles erupt as primaries loom
Augustine Mukaro/Gift Phiri
FIERCE power struggles have erupted in the ruling Zanu PF between sitting
MPs and aspiring candidates for the 2005 parliamentary election, the
Zimbabwe Independent heard this week.

The battles were reignited by President Robert Mugabe's recent announcement
that Zanu PF would field only candidates chosen through primary elections
and not "consensus" endorsements.

Highly-placed sources said primary elections were scheduled for October.

The sources said Zanu PF would be holding primary elections in more than 20
constituencies after allegations of poor performance against many sitting

"The electorate lost faith in a number of sitting MPs when they were either
implicated or taken to the courts on allegations of corruption," a source

The sources say there are a number of potential clashes looming over the
primary elections.

Zanu PF chairman John Nkomo is expected to take on Information minister
Jonathan Moyo in Tsholotsho.

Ministers Stan Mudenge and Paul Mangwana have accused aspiring candidates in
their constituencies, Masvingo North and Kadoma East respectively, of using
dirty tricks in their campaigns.

Retired Major Kudzai Mbudzi, who initially wanted Masvingo Central, is now
gunning for Mudenge's seat, while Zupco chief Bright Matonga is interested
in Mangwana's constituency.

Former ZBC's Bulawayo bureau chief Makhosini Hlongwane wants to wrestle
Mberengwa East from Minister of State Enterprises and Parastatals, Rugare

Zanu PF chief whip and Mberengwa West MP Jorum Gumbo confirmed the candidacy
of Hlongwane in the Midlands constituency but could not give details,
referring all questions to the incumbent Mberengwa East MP.

Chinhoyi MP Philip Chiyangwa is also under threat from businessman MacDonald
Chapfika, younger brother of Mutoko North MP David Chapfika.

Chiyangwa's recent clash with Makonde MP Kindness Paradza has increased the
threat to his grip on Chinhoyi.

Sources say Paradza could also face stiff competition in Makonde from Leo
Mugabe whom he defeated last year.

Mugabe has already declared his intention to try his luck again. But Paradza
has been mobilising resistance.

There are constituencies where sitting MPs have either been ousted or
indicated that they would not be standing for reelection.

Mazowe West MP Chris Kuruneri could be replaced as he is currently in remand
prison on allegations of externalising foreign currency.

In Gutu South, incumbent MP Shuvai Mahofa is understood to be eyeing Chivi
South where she is likely to face Charles Majange. Mahofa however dismissed
links to Chivi South, insisting that she will be standing in Gutu South.

"I am contesting in Gutu South," Mahofa said. "I won't stand anywhere else
as a candidate except my current constituency because that is my home area."
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Zim Independent

Arda pleads for Kondozi equipment
Augustine Mukaro
THE Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (Arda) wants Barclays Bank
to leave some of the former owner's equipment on Kondozi Farm in Odzi for
use by the parastatal, the Zimbabwe Independent heard this week.

Highly-placed sources at Barclays said Arda chief Joseph Matowanyika this
week pleaded with the bank not to execute in its totality a High Court order
to withdraw agricultural equipment, previously owned by Kondozi Fresh
Produce, from Kondozi Farm which was taken over by Arda earlier this year.

The High Court two weeks ago ruled that the equipment at Kondozi should be
returned to Barclays Bank which had invested heavily in the horticultural
project. This followed the invasion of Kondozi by Arda in April.

"Arda indicated that they were interested in mostly tractors, irrigation
equipment and crop packing machines," sources said.

"Independent evaluators have been dispatched to Kondozi to put a price tag
on the equipment which Arda wants. Negotiations are under way and Barclays
has set conditions that Arda has to abide by before using the equipment."

Matowanyika was not available for comment. Sources said Barclays was
amenable to the deal although it was demanding a deposit upfront before
releasing the equipment to Arda.

A fortnight ago the High Court confirmed Barclays Bank of Zimbabwe's order
to repossess all movable farming equipment on Kondozi Farm.

Movable assets listed in the order include an ERF 30-tonne truck, two-tonne
forklifts, 30 motorised knapsacks, 10 Jialing motorbikes, 15 Same tractors,
six Nissan diesel UD90 trucks, three Nissan Cabstar four-tonne trucks, two
Nissan 2,7 single cab trucks and two Nissan 2,7 Hardbody double cab trucks.
The assets are valued at about $5 billion.

The violent seizure of Kondozi Farm by Zanu PF through Arda and the abrupt
closure of the horticultural concern adversely affected the company's
financiers, Barclays-Fincor, Zimbank-Syfrets and the African Banking
Corporation who had collectively invested about $37 billion in the project.

A provisional order granted by Justice Charles Hungwe in May placed all
movable assets at Kondozi under judicial attachment and barred Arda from
using or tampering with the equipment.
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Zim Independent

Zanu PF fanning violence - Chamisa
Munyaradzi Wasosa
MOVEMENT for Democratic Change (MDC) national youth chairman Nelson Chamisa
has blasted President Robert Mugabe for what he termed "exploitation of the
youth for political expediency" by encouraging them to use violence in Zanu
PF's election campaign.

Chamisa said Mugabe's statements at a Zanu PF youth congress held at the
University of Zimbabwe on Saturday appeared to advocate violence.

"The exploitation of Zimbabwe's youths for the purposes of political
expediency by Mugabe and Zanu PF is destroying our national fabric and
sowing seeds of long-term instability," Chamisa said in a statement this

"In Harare last Saturday Mugabe illustrated once again his willingness to
exploit the desperation and vulnerability of the nation's youths."

Addressing a crowd of about 2 000 youths, Mugabe urged them to wage a
"vigorous campaign" to win next year's parliamentary election and warned
that he would hold them "answerable for any defeat".

Chamisa said: "In Zanu PF parlance, the term 'vigorous campaign' means a
campaign of violence. Encouraging youths to engage in acts of violence has
in recent years become a central tenet of Zanu PF election strategies."

Chamisa also berated government's creation of a militant youth wing under
the guise of a National Youth Service.

"Through its violent rhetoric, intense propaganda and National Youth
Training Service, Zanu PF is systematically brutalising the minds of the
nation's youths," he said.

"They are deliberately subverting the youths' understanding of society and
the values on which it is based and creating a generation for whom violence
is increasingly the norm."

Chamisa said since the setting up of training camps in 2002, the youths had
gained nothing.

"Due to the criminal failings of the current regime (the youths) are
condemned to an existence characterised by grinding poverty, despondency,
fear and intimidation," he said.
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Zim Independent

Mugabe's comfort zone shrinks

 Dumisani Muleya

PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe's comfort zone at African summits seems to be
rapidly shrinking as the continent's leaders begin to speak out against
prolonged dictatorships and human rights abuses.

Mugabe's life at last week's crucial African Union (AU) summit in Addis
Ababa, Ethiopia, was made difficult by the AU Commission on Human and People
's Rights report which condemned repression and human rights in Zimbabwe.
The Zimbabwean delegation to the summit seized the limelight - for all the
wrong reasons - after the continental body's executive council broke with
tradition and "noted" the stinging report, leaving Harare authorities
exposed to a barrage of criticism at home and abroad.

Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights said the report was a clear "demonstration
of the independence and fearlessness on the part of the commission".

"There is absolutely no doubt that the commission came to a correct
conclusion on the merits of the case when it made the finding that Zimbabwe
had violated human rights," the group said. "It is difficult for any
informed and genuine person to find fault with the commission's findings."

The newly formed Zimbabwe Journalists for Human Rights said the report
showed African leaders were no longer locked in a revolutionary solidarity
mindset and handcuffed to the past.

"Just like its predecessor, the OAU, which freed Africa from the bondage of
colonialism, the AU also faces a more or less similar challenge of freeing
its people from current tyrannical regimes holding sway across a vast swathe
of the continent," the journalists' group said.

"AU leaders have shown that they are no longer programmed by history and are
willing to tackle despots in their midst. This will certainly enhance their
collective credibility and allay fears that the AU would eventually be
turned into a club of dictators."

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) initially welcomed the
report but later expressed disappointment when AU leaders apparently let
Zimbabwe off the hook.

Analysts say it is increasingly becoming clear Mugabe is now being haunted
by the excesses of his repressive rule wherever he goes. Foreign minister
Stan Mudenge had a nightmare as he struggled to defend the indefensible and
ended up imposing a seven-day deadline on himself to formally respond to the
report which he claimed - against clear evidence to the contrary - that
Zimbabwe had not seen.

Delegates to the summit reportedly remarked that if it was true Mugabe and
his delegation had not seen the report, they were the only ones.

This made Harare authorities appear as if they were ill-informed about
issues relating to their own country. In a bid to ward off pressure, Mudenge
agreed to respond to the report in seven days.

His ministry was last Friday reported to be racing against time to beat the
deadline which was due the following day. Foreign Affairs spokesperson
Pavelyn Musaka confirmed government was working on a response to the report
in line with its commitment to the AU executive council on July 3.

With his "African brothers" no longer willing to whitewash his appalling
governance record, analysts say Mugabe could soon be "smoked out" from his
solidarity cocoon.

Mugabe often seems to enjoy summits where populist grandstanding takes
precedence over issues of substance. But diplomatic observers say this could
be coming to an end. Mugabe is likely be made to feel uncomfortable at next
month's Southern African Development Community (Sadc) summit in Mauritius
which will discuss the conduct of elections in the region.

Sadc leaders have of late been circulating the regional body's proposed
Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections which will be
endorsed in Port Louis in August.

Sources have said Zanu PF was forced into adopting the recent electoral
reforms by sustained regional and domestic pressure. The next Sadc summit is
widely expected to tackle the conduct of elections in the region, something
that could bring Zimbabwe into sharp focus again.

Zimbabwe has in recent years become a global flashpoint due to disputed
elections and concomitant political instability, which has been worsened by
the current economic crisis.

In what was widely seen as an attempt to ratchet up pressure on entrenched
authoritarian leaders, United Nations secretary-general Kofi Annan during
the opening of the summit last week slammed dictators clinging onto power.

"Let us pledge that the days of indefinite one-man or one-party governments
are behind us," Annan said to applause. "There is no greater wisdom and no
clearer mark of statesmanship than knowing when to pass the torch to a new

Annan's audience included Mugabe - Africa's oldest president - and other
continental strongmen such as President Gnassingbe Eyadema of Togo and Gabon
's Omar Bongo.

He said African leaders must stop resisting democracy and embrace regular
free and fair elections, a credible opposition whose role was respected, an
independent judiciary that upholds the rule of law, a free and independent
press, effective civilian control over the military and a vibrant civil
society. Mugabe has in the past claimed such issues are "peripheral and

The report, which sent ministers and the state media scrambling to find
excuses, condemned "blatant human rights abuses, a flurry of repressive
legislation, political violence. . . torture . . . and arbitrary arrests of
journalists . . . opposition MPs and human rights lawyers".

Information minister Jonathan Moyo claimed the MDC, which described the
report as a "breath of fresh air", had "smuggled" the issue onto the agenda
at the behest of British Prime Minister Tony Blair.

He also attacked former Law Society of Zimbabwe president Sternford Moyo
whom he accused of "unashamedly" using his position to distort   information
on Zimbabwe. Although the veteran lawyer declined to become embroiled in a
public brawl with Moyo, he said the minister's claims were misleading.

"The false and defamatory attack on me by the Minister of State for
Information and Publicity is so outrageous as to be unworthy of any
substantive response," he said.

Current Law Society of Zimbabwe president Joseph James also dismissed the
minister's attacks against his predecessor. He suggested the indignant
official reaction was a calculated distraction designed to submerge issues
under a sludge of rhetoric.

"Since 2002, the situation has not improved, and in fact, has deteriorated.
Court orders continue to be defied by the executive; arbitrary arrests of
the opposition continue; police appear partisan; and it is virtually
impossible for persons who express views not in line with those of
government to hold demonstrations although government supporters have no
problems in doing so," James said.

"This lack of respect of the law has now permeated all levels of society . .
. lawyers are denied access to their clients routinely by police; lawyers
are threatened with arrest during the course of their duties; and there have
been cases of magistrates being threatened with assault."
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Zim Independent

Editor's Memo

Back to Stone Age?

WHEN Unicef last week donated an ox-drawn ambulance to the Ministry of
Health, it did not know that the good gesture to help rural communities
would become a hot political subject drawing into its vortex the so-called
apartheid press and Information permanent secretary George Charamba.

The seemingly innocuous donation to transport maternity patients to rural
health centres was seized on by the international media which pointed out
that Zimbabwe was sliding backwards. One paper, in an overzealous metaphor,
said the country had regressed to the Stone Age.

The response from the hypersensitive government information minders was

Charamba told us that there was nothing amiss about an emergency case being
transported to a hospital in a four-wheeler drawn by two oxen. The same
concept was being employed with mobile libraries. We were reminded that
Zimbabwe remained a leader on the continent and a noted contributor to
global health delivery.

"No amount of calumnies will take that spectacular record away from her,"
Charamba bragged.

Indeed, no amount of subterfuge can disguise the fact that Zimbabwe is
sliding backwards - not to the Stone Age but into poverty, deprivation and
sickness. That is the spectacular record.

In a release announcing the donation of nine 10km/h emergency vehicles,
Unicef chief of Health, Nutrition and Environment Dr Juan Ortiz, made this
observation: "The gains made over the last 20 years to address maternal
mortality, especially to provide emergency obstetric care services, are at
risk of being lost.

"We know that most of the complications related to childbirth are
preventable if obstetric services are available, especially in remote areas.
Collectively, we must work together to ensure that all women have their
right to a safe pregnancy and delivery guaranteed," he said.

"In many rural communities, the average 10-kilometre walk to the nearest
health facility is too far for a pregnant woman, or a woman already in

The nine ox-drawn ambulances stem from an idea initiated by the Ministry of
Health and Child Welfare and based on the commonly used scotch-carts for
rural transport.

The gains which Zimbabwe has made over the past 20 years are definitely
being lost. A colleague confided to me this week that at Masase Hospital in
his rural Mberengwa home just before Independence in 1980 a small plane used
to fly emergency cases twice weekly to Mnene Mission about 60km away, which
was the referral centre in the area. That plane service ceased years ago.
Ambulances have become a luxury at most rural health centres. Mberengwa is
one of the districts that have moved from a plane to an ox-drawn ambulance.

That would be a more accurate metaphor for Zimbabwe's decline! There are
other more poignant signals to demonstrate that there is no more lustre in
the once impressive record of government service delivery.

The Human Development Report for 2003 notes that in 1995, 57% of Zimbabweans
could be classified as poor. That figure rose to 69% in 2002.

Life expectancy has declined from 51,8 years in 1995 to the current
conservative estimate of 33 years. Between 1995 and 2001 the country
experienced a 43% decline in access to healthcare. Infant mortality
increased from 40 to 65 per 1 000 live births in the period 1995 to 2000,
while maternal deaths have risen from 283 per 100 000 live births between
1984 and 1994 to 695 in 2000. Human development experts say there was no
improvement in all these indicators in 2003.

There are other indicators which do not need scientific research but which
help to demonstrate that there is nothing calumnious about stating that
Zimbabweans are not getting healthier. Doctors, nurses and other health
technicians have fled state-induced poverty or political meddling in droves.
Specialist physicians are fast becoming a rare species. The government does
not have enough funds to procure medicines, equipment and vehicles to
support the health sector. But it continues to spend on luxury vehicles.

In the capital Harare, residents in Tafara and Mabvuku have resorted to
digging shallow wells, which they share with their pets for drinking water.

The city's authorities cannot supply clean potable water, something
residents never experienced even during the 1992 drought.

It's dinner by candle light for half the capital's residents. Nothing
romantic here. The electricity company Zesa cannot generate enough power and
imports are also in short supply. The deforestation around Warren Hills as
residents look for a substitute to Zesa power is loud testimony to the
government's spectacular record of failure.

While that may not justify assertions that we are sliding into the Stone
Age, we are certainly not progressing, especially in the agricultural
sector. At one once highly mechanised farm now run by a High Court judge,
tractors have been replaced by ox-drawn ploughs. Wheat is hand-planted and
the ripened crop is harvested with sickles instead of combine harvesters.

But that is not surprising. Remember the jingle: Mombe mbiri nemadhongi
mashanu sevenza nhamo ichauya.
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Zim Independent

Eric Bloch Column

IMF's reprieve must not be wasted

LAST week the International Monetary Fund (IMF) board of directors
considered, once again, whether Zimbabwe's membership should be terminated.

In terms of the IMF constitution, termination of membership would be
justified in view of the magnitude of Zimbabwe's default in repaying
borrowings from the IMF and, moreover, that Zimbabwe has not even been
paying the interest accruing on those borrowings. By now, Zimbabwe owes the
IMF more than US$309 million, which equates to approximately $1,653

But Zimbabwe's membership of the IMF has not been terminated. Instead,
Zimbabwe was once again given a stay of execution. The IMF resolved to
review the issue of Zimbabwe's membership in six months' time.

Without making any threats, the IMF has made it clear that the outcome of
that review will be determined by the extent that Zimbabwe, during the next
six months, takes appropriate steps to reverse its economic decline and
place the economy on a path to recovery.

That recovery must be such as would, amongst many other consequences, enable
Zimbabwe progressively to service and repay its debt to the IMF. The IMF has
made it clear that it does not expect Zimbabwe to repay the entire US$309
million, and interest thereon, instantly, and that it recognises that no
economic upturn can be so great as to enable instant settlement of the
entirety of Zimbabwe's debt obligations with the IMF. But it does expect
Zimbabwe to acknowledge that it has to take some constructive and
substantive measures to enable it to begin to repay that which it owes.

The IMF decision is a welcome one, for it was very widely anticipated that
the IMF would decide that Zimbabwe had been given more than enough chancesto
regularise its debt relationship with the IMF, none of which were availed
of. Instead, Zimbabwe arrogantly rejected all advice given by the IMF,
notwithstanding that the advice was well-intentioned and motivatedsolely to
assist Zimbabwe.

Whilst it is possible that not all the advice would have in reality been
good and sound for the Zimbabwean environment, and not all of it would have
assured restoration of Zimbabwean economic wellbeing, nevertheless it was
founded wholly upon a genuine concern for Zimbabwe and an intent to assist

But over many years, not only has Zimbabwe studiously ignored almost all of
the advice gratuitously given by one of its largest creditors, but Zimbabwe
has constantly viewed each and every advice with the deepest suspicion
unless the advice happened to coincide with the policies of the Zimbabwean

Moreover, Zimbabwe's most frequent reactions to any advice forthcoming from
the IMF have been to not only reject the advice, but to belittle both the
advice and their source. Zimbabwe has unhesitatingly denigrated the IMF, has
repeatedly suggested that the IMF policies have failed almost wheresoever
they were pursued, and that the IMF is nothing other than a tool of
imperialists, colonialists, and profiteering purveyors of globalisation. And
Zimbabwe has steadily claimed that it does not need the IMF, and that it can
successfully "go it alone".

Nothing could be further from the truth. Admittedly, IMF policies have not
always achieved economic transformation for economically distressed
countries. In some instances the policies were ill-conceived and  oblivious
to some fundamental conditions or circumstances in the affected countries.

In other instances, the policies would have succeeded, had the countries
concerned implemented those policies with conviction and commitment, instead
of - at best - paying lip-service only to the policies. Critics of the
IMFunhesitatingly focus upon the examples of failures to achieve economic
recovery in countries that have pursued IMF revival strategies, without
analysing the causes of the failures. All too often those causes were the
countries' own fault, usually founded upon only selective implementation of
the policies, or that the implementation was pursued only superficially,
concurrently with pursuit of other, counter-productive policies. And the
critics will never admit to proven successes of IMF policies
andinterventions in many countries.

They will not recognise the dramatic upturn of many of the countries of
Eastern Europe after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the dramatic
economic recovery of Mexico, the economictransformation of India, and the
noticeable progress towards strengthened economies in Mozambique, Uganda,
Tanzania, Ghana and many others. Instead,the critics cite only failures, and
most of those failures were not because of defects in the policies, but were
defects in the policy implementation.

There is equal misconception in the beliefs of some, including President
Robert Mugabe, and the Minister of Industry and International Trade Samuel
Mumbengegwi, and the Minister of Fiction, Fable and Myth, and many others of
the governmental hierarchy, that Zimbabwe does not need the IMF and can
achieve its much needed, long overdue, economic metamorphosis without the
IMF, without the World Bank, and without those donor states as were, in the
past, staunch supporters of Zimbabwe. To support their erroneous
contentions, they repeatedly use Malaysia as an example of successful
economic transformation without IMF assistance. Malaysia did achieve its
economic change without the IMF, but its circumstances were wholly different
to Zimbabwe.

It had an essentially sound financial sector. It was highly industrialised.
It had not brought to the edge of destruction its principal productive
sectors. And although its economy had been in regression, it had not sunk to
the depths of collapse that characterise Zimbabwe's economy. It had all the
necessary ingredients, and the will to reverse its economic decline, and it
had no fear of discarding, adapting and modifying its policies in order to
achieve real economic transformation. Also of major importance, it did not
perceive as its enemies the very countries with whom it had to interact to
bring about its economic change. It collaborated with those who were
theundoubted major potential trading partners, it fostered friendships
instead of stimulating confrontations, and it interacted far and wide to
ensure that it was a recognised player in fields of international trade.

Zimbabwe's circumstances are very different. Zimbabwe is insolvent. Zimbabwe
has reduced its main economic sectors, including agriculture, to the verges
of extinction. Zimbabwe does naught but speak ill of those whowere, and
should be, most of the country's major trading partners, including the
United Kingdom, the other countries of the European Union, the USA and
manyof the countries in the Commonwealth. And Zimbabwe has tried hard to
alienate bodies such as the IMF. It is surprising, therefore, that once
again the IMF has given Zimbabwe a reprieve.

That it has done so is undoubtedly due to a very great extent to the
vigorous endeavours of the governor of the Reserve Bank, Gideon Gono. The
IMF is fully aware of the very considerable efforts he has made to apply
monetary policies as would be a platform for economic recovery or, at the
least, as would retard further economic decline.

In addition, although only able to do it to a very token extent, but
nevertheless as a gesture of good faith, he procured that Zimbabwe commenced
making some nominal payments to the IMF.

Whatsoever the reasons for the IMF reprieve, Zimbabwe must not be so
stiff-necked as to spurn the opportunity given to it. If for no reason other
than to save even more of Zimbabwe's 12 million people from ever
intensifying poverty, Zimbabwe must grasp the lifeline thrown to it. Itmust
use the next six months to reinforce Gono's monetary policies by aligning
its fiscal policies with them. And, of extreme importance, it must not allow
the forthcoming parliamentary election considerations to divert it from
reversing prevailing destructive government policies, restructuring the land
reform programme constructively, and in order to restore business confidence
and regain foreign direct investment interest, must re-establish democracy,
law and order and national reconciliation.

Perhaps government needs to acknowledge Winston Churchill's statement that:
"Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all those other forms
that have been tried from time to time," (undoubtedly including the
Zimbabwean form of government!). If government would do so, Zimbabwe would
cease to be an international pariah, and its economy would interact
positively with the world.
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Zim Independent

Electoral reforms are a smokescreen

PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe launched his election campaign last weekend with a
blistering attack on the opposition which he accused of colluding with the
British to unseat him and recolonise Zimbabwe.

This was in sharp contrast to a diplomatic offensive to mollify increasingly
impatient regional leaders through a raft of electoral reforms announced a
week earlier. The objective was obvious - to win the forthcoming
parliamentary election by any means possible and still secure a patina of
international legitimacy.

Mugabe did not mince his words: the election will be dirty and must be won.
He told Zanu PF youths attending the party's fourth National Youth Congress
in Harare: "We must teach them (the MDC) a lesson across the whole country
that Zimbabwe will never be a colony again. Go and work . If we lose the
elections, I will expect you in the youth league to be answerable."

This is a presidential carte blanche writ large, and the culture of impunity
for those who commit violence and other politically-motivated crimes in the
name of Zanu PF is well-established as the African Union's Commission on
Human and People's Rights recently noted.

To remove any trace of equivocation about the nature of their "national
 duty", President Mugabe dubbed the poll the "anti-Blair elections" to "seal
the ruling Zanu PF party's victory over the British prime minister and his
local puppets, the MDC".

In the past parliamentary and presidential elections, Zanu PF hooligans and
so-called war veterans were given instructions to detain and torture MDC
supporters and former farm workers in so-called "orientation camps". This
time around they are being told to teach those still not converted "a

The intention is to taint the opposition MDC by association with Mugabe's
arch-enemy, Tony Blair. Now that there is little to show for land reform,
the bogey of a British military invasion has had to be invented.

A columnist writing in the state media recently exhorted people to "kill the
quislings at the polls next year".

The election strategists in Zanu PF cannot be accused of lacking ingenuity.
Running parallel to the physical harassment, torture and beatings of
opposition supporters on the home front is a well-calculated publicity blitz
about electoral reforms for the consumption of regional leaders and the
international community. These take the form of an independent electoral
supervisory commission, one-day polling, counting of ballots at polling
stations and the use of translucent ballot boxes - all standard procedures
in the region.

Despite the bluster and grandstanding about Zimbabwe's sovereignty, this
period of his presidency is something Mugabe would probably like to forget
as soon as possible. Charges of poll rigging and questionable legitimacy
have dogged all his days since he was sworn into office in March 2002.

Any tinkering with the legislation that would whitewash his regime as
reformist is therefore a logical step. He can tell observers that the laws
were reformed to allow everybody the right to vote and reduce the chances of
election-rigging. Whether theelection is won by hook or by crook, it can be
argued that Western imperialists don't want to recognise as fair an election
won by a nationalist like Robert Mugabe.

But if the mumblings at last week's African Union summit in Ethiopia are any
cue, the days of debilitating third-worldly solidarity could be over for
those who thrive on coercion to stay in power. It was perhaps good domestic
politics to pull out of the "white Commonwealth" in a huff, but Mugabe can
hardly repeat the performance at the AU.

And it looks like peer leaders won't tolerate his blandishments for much
longer. The "noting" of the African Commission's searing report against
Foreign Affairs minister Stan Mudenge's strident protestations shows that
the AU wants to shed the legacy of the Organisation of African Union and
hold its members accountable. After all, that is the only way it can be seen
as more than another toothless talk shop.

President Thabo Mbeki's remarks, carried on Page 15 of our paper today, show
that, despite scepticism in some quarters, he is serious about good
governance on the continent and making the African Peer Review Mechanism a

It is the same seriousness that is called for in the Zimbabwean election.
Electoral reforms must go beyond media publicity and address such issues as
the role of youth militia, war veterans and members of the uniformed forces.
Then there is the role of the public media which remains unashamedly

Sadc's electoral guidelines, scheduled for approval in Mauritius next month,
are very clear on the sort of environment member-states need to have in
place ahead of polling. Zimbabwe does not come near to satisfying those

In case Mugabe's injunction to the youths left them in any doubt about their
task, that was clarified by Zanu PF's national youth secretary Absolom
Sikhosana. In an interview he told the state broadcaster the youths came out
of the congress fully "charged to deal a fatal blow to Tony Blair and his
lackeys in Zimbabwe".

Zanu PF rarely uses metaphors.
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Zim Independent


Tony Blair's ghost dogs Mugabe's campaign

 We are wondering where President Mugabe gets his intelligence from. He told
Zanu PF youths at the weekend that British prime minister Tony Blair was
planning to invade Zimbabwe Iraq-style.

"The British have been making threats," he said. "Let them come. They will
not conquer us. We know our bushes, caves and hideouts," he told his bemused
audience, who were warned they should be prepared to die.

"Just imagine how he will do it, remove me and put (Morgan) Tsvangirai there
and you think the people will accept it .Let him do it and he will regret."

So part of the threats are all "imagined" because of the challenge posed by
Tsvangirai? Proceeding from this imagined scenario, Mugabe went on to tell
the youths that Zanu PF could not afford to lose next year's parliamentary
election because that would be a victory for Tony Blair. He didn't say in
which constituency Blair would be contesting. "It's an anti-Blair election.
We must win it and demonstrate that Zimbabwe shall never be a colony again,"
he said.

This is nothing short of hallucination by a leader who has run out of
campaign material. Nobody in their right mind would want to recolonise a
country that Zanu PF depredations have reduced to a shell.

We all know that Mugabe is haunted by his past and fears an MDC government
might want to hold him to account. If there is anything British about the
election, it is Tony Blair's ghost that has dogged Mugabe over the past four
years because of human rights abuses.

Talking of which, the dinosaur heading the Media and Information Commission,
posing as a political scientist, complained in ZBC's Newshour on Monday that
the African Commission on Human and People's Rights came to Zimbabwe with
"premeditated" notions about the human rights situation "because of negative
reports from Western media".

We have not bothered what his doctoral thesis was based on. But we would
really be baffled to learn that he embarked on it without preconceived
notions. The point is that only the proven stands at the end of the day.
Those who discovered that the Earth is round at first thought it was flat!
Why would the AU send a fact-finding commission if there was no problem of
human rights in Zimbabwe? Why was it not sent to Botswana, for instance?

Muckraker understands the good doctor also gave testimony before the
commission. Obviously on closer scrutiny it was found to be porous, and
perhaps completely unbelievable on a balance of probabilities, and
deservedly thrown out. That must in part explain why the man is full of

Pursuant to his revisionist theories, Dr Tafataona Mahoso said it was time
Africans came up with their "own set of values and ideals" of measuring
human rights. The idea is that they should not be influenced by one Tony
Blair who allegedly foisted his imperialist values and ideals on the African

Muckraker reckons the cornerstone of such values and ideals would be that it
's not a crime to kill your own people or that killing opposition supporters
such as Tichaona Chiminya and Talent Mabika in an election campaign are not
human rights violations. Generally, the thrust would be that Africans are
less worthy and therefore liberal Western human rights ideals are not
suitable for Africa.

It looks like the fight against non-governmental organisations is not over
yet. It is not Amani Trust alone that is under attack by rabid government
apologists. The latest victim is the philanthropic donor organisation that
fed thousands of families during long years of drought and food shortages in
Mberengwa, Chivi, Mwenezi, Zaka, Beitbridge and much of Matabeleland South,
Care International.

In the past two weeks the NGO has been pilloried for causing food shortages
in Masvingo, with the governor for the province, that caricature whose bulk
has no proportion to his brain, Josaya Hungwe, inciting people to claim
compensation from the NGO.

Roped into the anti-Care International campaign this week was Zanu PF's
losing candidate in the Harare Central constituency, William Nhara. It was
claimed Care supplied the wrong sorghum seed variety to the people of
Masvingo as part of efforts to sabotage the land reform exercise. People
were warned to be wary of donor agencies sponsored by "unfriendly" countries
like Britain and the United States.

But it emerged at the end of the news clip that all this was calculated
baloney. The seed variety complained of was sourced locally after Care
International awarded a contract to seed producers. It is only at the end
that we realise we are being led down a garden path by deceptive
propagandists whose only contact with real people is limited to what they
read in their own media, suitably couched in the language they want to
hear - a huge illusion.

Whatever the source of the problem seed, we were not told why Care
International had to intervene when we have a government that pretends to
know it all.

We would like to quote at length Mugabe's rantings against the people he
purports to be fighting for. Ostensibly referring to Tony Blair's MDC, the
Sunday Mail quotes him as urging his violent youths to launch a "vigorous
campaign" to push Tony Blair's midgets out.

"We want to teach them a lesson across the whole country that Zimbabwe will
never be a colony again. Elections must be won not tomorrow, but today. Go
and work," he told the youths. Some may call this tough-talking, others

But soon it was clear what the source of the bitterness was and Mugabe seeks
to settle a personal score against the whole country.

"The humiliation we suffered in the 2000 elections should humble us and spur
us to victory this time around. Can we rule from a city that is in the hands
of the enemy? Who then are the kings in Bulawayo? This is an embarrassment
not only to the Harare province youth league but to the whole party."

So the hate speech he has been preaching in the past four years is part of
efforts to assuage his humiliation at the hands of the MDC? And why should a
leader who purports to enjoy massive support stoop so low as to divide the
country between "followers and enemies?" Does Zimbabwe deserve such
low-calibre leadership? Muckraker reckons the man deserves the final
humiliation next year.

Then there was that childish assertion that Zimbabwe is holy land.

"This is holy land, it is not only Palestine that is holy land," Mugabe told
his election foot soldiers at the University of Zimbabwe. What he didn't say
is that the Palestinian Authority doesn't bludgeon its own people to stay in
power.  Nor is its intifada against Israel an imaginary political rhetoric.

The increasingly unhinged Nathaniel Manheru appears to think journalists on
his hit list may want to hide from him. That is wishful thinking.
Journalists should actually welcome his threats. His column is the best
possible advertisement for the true colours of the delinquent regime he
claims to speak for. Without it we may have thought the ruling party had
some redeeming features!

Its vicious intolerance of criticism, its hate-speech, its targeting of
ethnic minorities, its bigotry and deceit all offer unprecedented insight
into the deeply troubled psyche of President Mugabe's court in the dying
days of its putrid rule and give Zanu PF the reputation it deserves.

Manheru is the face of the beast - the "runaway monster" of his heading last
week who "darts" and "hounds" those who cross him. And it's important his
malevolent agenda should be given the widest possible publicity even though
readers are understandably reluctant to plough through his turgid text.

This, after all, is the same individual who asserts his authority over the
most senior members of his own party, who claims the right to nominate the
next attorney-general, and who edits reports of the president's speeches to
ensure multiple-farm owners are spared too much unwelcome attention.

This is an abuse of power writ large. But it doesn't end with settling
scores and advancing his sinister career on the domestic scene. He also
displays barely concealed contempt for African leaders such as Presidents
Olusegun Obasanjo and Abdoulaye Wade who get in the way of his spurious
nationalist agenda.

The two leaders were accused last week of doing the West's bidding. Then
there are the "traitors" on the African Commission for Human and People's
Rights who, unlike Mahoso, don't understand the importance of concealing
Zimbabwe's persistent human rights violations in the name of African

The number of conspirators are multiplying by the day, it would seem. And
without Mad-Dog Manheru's hounding help we wouldn't know who to thank!

 We liked the observation in Hogarth's column in the Sun-day Times last
weekend that when Kofi Annan said "There is no truer wisdom and no clearer
mark of sta-tesmanship than knowing when to pass the torch to a new
generation", Robert Mugabe and Sam Nujoma forgot to join in the applause
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Zim Independent

Zim fails to stabilise IMF debt
Ngoni Chanakira
ZIMBABWE needs to settle its SDR 200 million (US$295 million) arrears to the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) before it can begin to repay its US$350
million debt, it emerged this week.

In its report on Zimbabwe released last week, the IMF revealed that Zimbabwe
had to date paid only US$9 million in the period December to June.

As of December 2003, total external arrears were estimated at US$2 billion,
up from US$1,3 billion at the end of December 2002.

Analysts said the arrears could result in the IMF suspending Zimbabwe.

The IMF hinted at this in its report when it "regretted that these payments
(US$9 million) were insufficient to stabilise the country's arrears".

The executive board decided to postpone a recommendation for Zimbabwe's
compulsory withdrawal from the fund, providing the country with another
chance to strengthen its cooperation in terms of economic policies and

The board said it would consider again the (IMF) managing director's
complaint regarding Zimbabwe's withdrawal from the fund within six months
and decide whether to recommend to the IMF board of governors that Zimbabwe
be asked to withdraw.

"The board's decision does not impose further sanctions on Zimbabwe, but
rather provides the country with an opportunity to significantly strengthen
its cooperation with the IMF, with the aim of addressing its economic
decline and resolving its overdue financial obligations, prior to the
executive board's next consideration of the managing director's complaint,"
the IMF said.

When he took over in December, Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe governor Gideon Gono
promised that he would make regular payments to the IMF in an effort to wipe
out the country's outstanding debt.

In an interview last week, Gono said the RBZ was trying to settle the debt
owed to the IMF and other international and local creditors.

He said this would, however, take some time because foreign currency was not
easily available - especially at a time when exports were dwindling and
business was experiencing a severe downturn.

"We continue with our scheduled payments that we promised all international
and local creditors when I took over," Gono said. "The IMF issue is rather
sensitive and we need to treat them very carefully because we owe them quite
a lot. We are making regular payments as promised and we will continue to do

However, in its report last week the IMF pointed out that Zimbabwe's
payments of US$9 million to date were insufficient.

"Zimbabwe has been in continuous arrears to the IMF since February 2001,"
the IMF said. "As of end of June 2004 Zimbabwe's arrears to the fund
amounted to almost SDR (special drawing rights) 200 million (US$295
million), or about 56% of its quota in the IMF."

Last month Gono went on a three-nation economic crusade to the United States
(Dallas, Atlanta, Philadelphia, New York and Washington), the United Kingdom
(London, Birmingham and Oxford) and Johannesburg, South Africa in a bid to
sell his "Homelink" programme to Zimbabweans living abroad.

He urged locals in the diaspora to send money home using official channels
instead of the parallel market to which they had become accustomed.

Gono's trip to Washington focused on week-long discussions with various
executive directors, management and staff of the two Bretton Woods
institutions, the IMF and the World Bank, while at all other stations, the
team focused on the promotion of "Homelink", an RBZ initiative tailored to
suit the needs of Zimbabweans living outside the country who may wish to
send money home.

The IMF, in its report, expressed grave concern over the sharp decline in
economic and social conditions.

On June 6 2003 the IMF's executive board concluded the Article IV
Consultation with Zimbabwe.

Under Article IV of the IMF's Articles of Agreement, it holds bilateral
discussions with members, usually every year.

A staff team visits the country, collects economic and financial information
and discusses with officials the country's economic developments and

On return to headquarters, the staff prepares a report, which forms the
basis for discussion by the executive board.

At the conclusion of the discussion, the managing director, as chairman of
the board, summarises the views of executive directors and this summary is
transmitted to the country's authorities.

In its June report, the IMF highlighted that Zimbabwe's economy had
deteriorated progressively over the past four years.

It said real output had dropped by one third, inflation had galloped and
social conditions were deteriorating.
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Zim Independent

Manufacturing sector in sharp decline
Godfrey Marawanyika
THE Central Statistical Office (CSO) has painted a gloomy picture of the
state of the country's manufacturing sector.

Figures reveal that between 1990 and 1998, the country's manufacturing
sector grew by 6,6%, while between 1998 and last year the trend was

By the end of last yearthe agricultural sector had declined by 40%.

Eric Bloch, an independent economist, said much of the growth seen in the
1990s was primarily achieved in a comparatively short period between 1994
and 1997 when government positively pursued economic recovery and growth

CSO figures indicate that on a comparative basis, between 1990 and last year
only two sectors of the manufacturing industry grew.

These were the wood and clothing industries whose production figures rose by
162,9% and 104,4% respectively.

Between 2000 and 2003 the country experienced a massive closure of 750
firms, which led to retrenchments of workers.

This week the country's industry representative body, the Confederation of
Zimbabwe Industries, said it would soon release its annual report on the
extent of the decline of the manufacturing sector.

The study is meant to show the real state of the manufacturing sector, which
has declined over the years in sympathy with the entire economy because of a
trading environment.

Firms have been battling foreign currency shortages, power cuts, loss of
credit lines and escalating costs of raw materials over the past four to
five years.

The transport sector, which was badly affected by fuel shortages, declined
by 61,8%, whilst the textile industry shrunk by 59,54%, non-metals by 52,64%
and wood industry by 52,47%.

Bloch said since 1998, every facet of the manufacturing sector had shrunk
almost continuously, year-on-year.

The tobacco and drink sectors declined by 44,19% and 43,47% respectively,
food by 42,05 %, paper 40,41% and clothing by 8,9%.

"The reduction in manufacturing output occurred in the last two years, for
prior to that, industrial contraction was relatively insignificant in
extent," Bloch said.

"This tragic development, markedly in contrast with the indisputably great
prospects of industrial growth so evidenced in the 20th century, is
attributable to a variety of factors. First and foremost was the destruction
which characterised the manufacturing sector as government intensified its
calamitous programme of land acquisition, redistribution and resettlement."

In the past, Bloch said, agriculture accounted for 18% of the country's
gross domestic product.

"As production in agriculture became ever less, that sector required lesser
production from the manufacturing sector," he said.

"Similarly, as agricultural incomes diminished, so too did consumer spending
on industrial output."
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Zim Independent

Accuracy of CSO statistics questioned
Arther Chatora
THE Consumer Council of Zimbabwe (CCZ) has questioned the accuracy of
reports from the Central Statistical Office after its claims that the rate
of inflation had declined and foreign currency inflows had improved.

CCZ spokesperson Tonderayi Mukeredzi questioned the accuracy of the price
index, citing the recent increase in the prices of most basic commodities.

The Central Statistical Office this week said the annual inflation rate had
declined by 54,2% in June to 394,6% from 448,8% for the month of May.

Mukeredzi said the figures released failed to reflect the true picture of
the consumers' position in relation to his spending power and affordability
of basic commodities.

He said a low-income earner now requires $1 143 510 a month, up from the
previous figure of $1 069 000, reflecting that the prices of goods in a
notional basket have increased.

"Since early this year we have noticed a steady increase in the prices of
basic commodities, which indicates to us that the mechanism used for
checking of unfair increases of basic commodities are not working," said

He said there was a continued trend in price increases which has pushed some
commodities beyond the reach of many.

"From our weekly price monitors, we note with concern that the prices of
most basic goods are rising beyond the reach of many. This is puzzling to
the consumer especially in the wake of official claims that the rate of
inflation is declining," said Mukeredzi.

He called for the extension of the list of commodities that the government
recently gazetted. However, previous inflation figures from the CSO have
also been questioned with calls from analysts for the review of the consumer
basket used.

According to analysts, figures have become unreliable leading to individuals
and business ignoring them.

"We have to stop considering them as a true reflection of the rate of
inflation. Businesses should come together to produce accurate figures
because we cannot depend on those from the CSO," said one analyst.
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Zim Independent

'Lack of ethical values fuels graft'
Conrad Dube
LEADERSHIP and personal development consultant George Nyabadza says
corruption among Zimbabwean businesses has been given impetus by managers
who pay lip service to the development of ethical values but do nothing to
underpin them.

"Corruption has set in largely due to management's lack of conscientising
workers on upholding personal and organisational values which are key to
growth in organisations," said Nyabadza who is head of Achievement Success

Nyabadza told about a hundred delegates to a free life transformational
seminar last Saturday that government's crackdown on corruption, though
positive, would not achieve much if business leaders failed to align the
corporate mindset to the organisation's strategic intent.

"One of the troubled financial institutions' former boss once told me that
his organisation was money-driven and had no time for values," Nyabadza told
the participants.

He said business executives cared less about the spiritual and social side
of workers without which corruption and inefficiency creep in.

Nyabadza said he drew inspiration from nine years of exposure to "cutting
edge processes for personal and leadership development through numerous
seminars I have attended and through literally hundreds of books that I have
read both casually and also with a serious academic research bent".

"Achievement Success Dynamics is a vehicle to express my purpose which I
describe as 'transforming lives, transforming organisations, transforming
nations'," said Nyabadza. He said several globally recognised cutting edge
personal transformation programmes, namely Mind Power, Alpha Mind Power and,
more recently, Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP), have also helped in
moulding his desire to become a leadership consultant.

Nyabadza, a chartered accountant by profession who is currently studying for
a doctorate in business leadership with the University of South Africa, said
he had used his knowledge and experience to develop two "cutting edge"
programmes, the Personal Revolution System T and Born To Lead T.

The Personal Revolution SystemT and the Born To Lead T programmes are both
24-hour courses delivered separately over two days each to equip delegates
with tools and processes to transform the essence of both their businesses
and personal lives.

"The programmes are comparable to the best programmes available globally,"
Nyabadza said.

The first Personal Revolution Systems T seminar at the Crowne Plaza Hotel

will be held on September 4 and 5.

In two transformational days, Nyabadza said participants will be equipped
with skills to develop leadership qualities.

Nyabadza said the purpose of these programmes is to motivate individuals,
organisations and nations to utilise their entire God given potential.
"These programmes are designed to equip participants with skills that enable
them to access the abundant resources for achievement and success that are
resident within them," he said.

Nyabadza currently trains and consults across Africa, in the United Kingdom
and the United States.

In 1999 Nyabadza won the Zimbabwe Success Motivation Institute (USA) Client
of the Year Award and went on to become not only the first Zimbabwean, but
also the first person from Africa to win the prestigious Success Motivation
International World client of the Year Award in the same year. Nyabadza
attended Stanford University's Advanced Management College Programme and has
also attended the Haggai Instititue of Advanced Leadership training
programme. He is a columnist in the Zimbabwe Independent.
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Zim Independent

SA Spoornet/NRZ to meet over debt
Roadwin Chirara
SOUTH African rail operator Spoornet is scheduled to meet with the National
Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) to thrash out outstanding debt payment terms.

Spoornet and the NRZ are also expected to discuss viability problems facing
the Zimbabwean concern.

The NRZ is paying Spoornet R6 million monthly after failing to return wagons
borrowed. Spoornet chief executive officer, Dolly Mokgatle, said the company
was aware of the NRZ's problems and was looking at ways of improving the

She said it was in her company's interests to help the NRZ out of its

"We would like to work with the NRZ to improve its operations because it is
in our interest to do so as a company. However, this will not be done
through the press," said Mokgatle in an interview.

"We should sit down and sort out our relations as companies. We also have a
contractual agreement and the financial terms of that cannot be disclosed."

Operations at the cash-strapped NRZ have been severely compromised by the
unavailability of sufficient locomotives.

The parastatal only has 60 usable locomotives when it needs at least 108 to
operate viably.

Mokgatle said Spoornet was willing to have open discussions with the NRZ.

"We do not believe in a reaction approach," she said. "We should have an
environment to discuss with them."

Mokgatle, who is chairperson of the regional Southern Africa Railways
Association, castigated regional governments for failing to run their
railways and turning to privatisation as a last resort.

"I find that governments are quick to turn to privatisation as a solution
for their inefficiencies in running their railways," said Mokgatle.

Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe governor, Gideon Gono, has called for turn-around
strategies for the country's many parastatals and local authorities before
they can access cheap development funds from the central bank.

Gono said the unavailability of locomotives had impacted negatively on the
NRZ's ability to return wagons to Spoornet.

"This limitation is resulting in the NRZ paying monthly interchange cost of
around R6 million to Spoornet, effectively eating into the country's limited
foreign exchange resources," Gono said.
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