The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Zim Online

Wed 21 July 2004

      HARARE -  President Robert Mugabe's much vaunted anti-corruption
crackdown has lost steam amid allegations that a list of top government
officials targeted for investigation over their involvement in various
corrupt schemes has been trashed.

      The list of 30 was originally compiled early this year by the Zimbabwe
Republic Police (ZRP) and is said to have been topped by Zimbabwe Defence
Forces Commander Constantine Chiwenga and his wife Jocelyn. The police
compiled the list after having gathered prima facie evidence that the
individuals concerned could indeed have been involved in illegal foreign
      currency dealings.

      Authoritative sources said Police Commissioner Augustine Chihuri moved
to stop the investigations in all 30 cases despite President Robert Mugabe's
assurances that no one would be spared in the anti-corruption crackdown.

      The police Criminal Investigations Department (CID) had compiled the
list earlier this year, consisting of 30 ruling party and government
officials alleged to have been externalising foreign currency as well as
involved in forex dealing. This followed President Mugabeís repeated calls
for a crackdown on corruption and the contribution of whistle blowers. Zim
      heard from sources within the CID that the long list disappeared after
the top chefs had swiftly sought cover.

      "There was a lot of euphoria at first and it appeared the chefs
initially tried to get rid of their foes or settle personal scores through
the corruption blitz. They tried to use some whistle blowers to implicate
each other," one senior police source said.
      "One clear example is that of Mnangagwa. There are three CID members
who were actually dismissed after revealing that they had been bribed to
close in on Mnangagwa. Remember as well the testimony in court by that gold
dealer, Mark Burden, saying he had been tortured by the police to implicate

      The sources said a whistle blower, who worked for the Chiwengas at one
of their companies, had revealed to police that the army commander and his
wife had two houses in South Africa and one in Britain bought over the last
two years. The whistle blower had also alleged that they had accounts in
these countries to which they sent money regularly. When contacted for
comment yesterday, Jocelyn said 'I don't have time to waste speaking to you.
If you write your nonsense I will deal with you."

      Other officials who were also named by whistle blowers in forex
externalisation and illegal dealing scandals included MPs Phillip Chiyangwa,
Saviour Kasukuwere, Sydney Sekeramayi, Oppah Muchinguri, Obert Mpofu, Cephas
Msipa, and Shuvai Mahofa. Mugabe's chief propagandist, Information Minister
Jonathan Moyo, was also alleged to have externalised foreign
      currency to build a house in South Africa and Kenya, the sources said,
and was included on the list. Police Commissioner Augustine Chihuri had the
list but, the sources said, he ordered that it should not reach Mugabe
before his authorisation.

      The CID sources revealed that individuals in Zanu PF and government
who were on the list made energetic efforts to have their names removed,
which included bribing the police as well as intimidating top officials in
the police force. Eventually, the list disappeared and after what the
sources described as a "compromise" by the heavyweights, a few individuals
such as
      businessman James Makamba and Finance Minister Chris Kuruneri were
chosen for sacrifice. Makamba is still in remand prison since 9 February
when he was arrested on allegations of forex externalisation and dealing.
Kuruneri was arrested on 24 April over allegations of externalisation of
foreign currency for the construction of a property in South Africa.   It
has since emerged that Makamba was targeted for other reasons.

      Other top chefs on the list include Speaker of Parliament, Emmerson
Mnangagwa, who was suspected of having taken part in illegal gold and forex
dealings. Mashonaland West Zanu PF chairman Phillip Chiyangwa had to beg for
pardon from the "top brass", sources said, for him to be let off the hook
after being initially arrested over allegations of trying to interfere with
investigations into a corruption scandal. Investigations into allegations of
externalisation as well as dealing in foreign currency by Chiyangwa had
already reached an advanced stage before the flamboyant businessman promised
to toe the party line and
      the top brass ordered that he be spared the axe.

      Police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena said there was no way he would
comment on police investigations "because they are not done in public". Zim

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Zim Online

Youth militia begin new terror campaign
Wed 21 July 2004

      HARARE - Barely two weeks after President Robert Mugabe's call on his
party's youths to crack down on the opposition, Zanu PF youth militias have
begun a massive anti-Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) campaign in
Harare's high density suburbs of Mbare, Highfield, Mabvuku and Tafara.

      The youths, through the notorious Mbare-based vigilante group known as
Chipangano has revived bases in these politically turbulent suburbs and are
force-marching other unemployed youths to register for training at the
national youth training centres.
      The youths have been attacking MDC officials in the suburbs. One MDC
official in Mbare, Sydney Mutukwa, was
      kidnapped and assaulted at a militia base over the weekend. The Zanu
PF youths accused him of campaigning against the forced enrolment of young
people into national youth training centres.

      "They picked me up from my house and took me in an old Santana that
used to belong to the police. We proceeded to their base where they
announced that they would release me if I agreed to stop working for the
MDC. I resisted and they assaulted me several times before they released me
with a stern warning against taking part in MDC activities," Mutukwa said.

      Zim Online visited Mbare on Monday and witnessed how the Zanu PF
youths were maintaining daily patrols in the suburb, with some of the
militia members moving with a list of unemployed youths being sought for
forced recruitment. "They said they would come back soon to notify us about
the dates we will leave for training. They are saying the policy is that all
those of us not employed or attending school must go for training," said one
of the unemployed youths who spoke to Zim Online.

      "We must teach them a lesson across the whole country that Zimbabwe
will never be a colony again. Go and work, if we lose the election I will
expect you in the youth league to be answerable. Deal with these midgets,"
President Mugabe said when ordering his youths to attack the opposition at
the ruling party's youth conference over a week ago.

      MDC spokesman Paul Themba Nyathi confirmed that his party had received
reports of attacks on party officials from across the whole country in the
last week. But ZANU PF rejected the reports. Zanu PF's national youth
chairman, Absalom Sikhosana, denied that his constituency had been sent to
use violence against the opposition. "The President sent the youth to
campaign for victory not to beat anyone and we are not aware of those
reports," he said. Zim Online

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Zim Online

Booming Parallel Market Pushes up Forex Rates
Wed 21 July 2004

      HARARE -The exchange rate on the parallel market, which has been
rising steadily, yesterday hit Z$7000 to US$1 dollar, a huge blow to Reserve
Bank governor Gideon Gono's forex auction system, on which the greenback was
trading at $5300.

      Last week Gono visited Bulawayo's thriving "Vapostori" foreign
currency dealers and made the shock discovery that the US dollar was selling
for Z$6600 when he thought his auction rate was the highest and was
dictating the dynamics on the forex market.

      Zim Online yesterday visited Harare's popular Roadport bus terminal
and established that there was brisk black market forex trade. "The rate was
at Z$6800 (to US$1) yesterday but today it has started off at Z$7000 and is
likely to rise as you can see due to the massive bidding. It could be at
Z$7500 by end of day," a forex dealer at Roadport said yesterday.

      Reports from Bulawayo said the greenback was trading at Z$7200
yesterday on the parallel market. There has been very little activity on the
auction system this week. Zim Online has established that volumes have been
gradually returning to last year's levels when the bulk of forex was traded
on the parallel market. "There has also been a drastic fall in the inflow of
foreign currency through the Homelink system. It would appear things are
going back to that previous situation when the parallel market used to
handle more than 70% of the forex coming into the country," said an RBZ

      Efforts to obtain comment from Gono were unsuccessful. An official in
the central bank's public relations department, who refused to reveal her
name, said the RBZ governor was working on measures to curb the parallel
market following his trip to Bulawayo last week. RBZ corporate affairs
manager Charity Tambandini said that the central bank would soon be issuing
a statement regarding the matter. He added that Gono had requested the
police to cooperate by smashing the parallel market

      Gono has been battling to control the parallel market. At the
beginning of this year he introduced the auction system, seen by many as a
mere duplication of the parallel market. Economist John Robertson said: "The
rigidity of the exchange rate
      (on the auction system) ever since the end of April has made the
people selling foreign currency unhappy and hence the revival of the
parallel market. The foreign currency is still scarce and that makes traders
look for a viable market and this has seen
      more activity on the parallel market and the auction system." Zim

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World Vision - International (WVI)
World Vision Zimbabwe's Water and Sanitation Program, currently underway in
Beitbridge and Bubi, has achieved a great deal in just a short time. So far,
89 water points in Beitbridge, and 64 in Bubi, have been rehabilitated.

The program, which is being funded by United States Agency for International
Development-Office for Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID-OFDA), seeks to
increase access to portable water to 4,625 households in the two severely
affected districts of Matebeleland region.

Beitbridge, which borders South Africa, lying 321km south of Bulawayo, is a
region characterized by low and erratic rainfall. The area is faced with
perennial water shortages as most rivers dry up in summer.

As well as water shortages, the border-town is also prone to cholera
outbreaks because of the widespread use of unprotected wells.

"This area is open to disease outbreaks. Last time cholera broke out many
people died as we did not have the medicine and clean water to assist them,"
said Progress Mbedzi, a village headman.

He said that before World Vision Zimbabwe's intervention, most people used
to walk long distances to the nearest water point as most of the existing
boreholes had broken down and were not functional.

"The situation was bad especially during summer when most streams dry up,"
he said. "Not only was it bad for the people, but for the animals as well.
We lost several herds of cattle because the nearest dam is far away from

Mbedzi said the timely intervention by World Vision Zimbabwe is going to
save lives.

For more information on World Vision International visit,
or contact us at
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Business Day

       I was forced out judge who ruled against Mugabe


      Harare Correspondent

      THE judge who fled Zimbabwe this year, in fear for his life after
ruling in favour of the closed Daily News and its sister paper, has accused
President Robert Mugabe's regime of forcing him out.

      Michael Majuru, the former administrative court president, said
yesterday he escaped after he was put under unbearable pressure by Justice
Minister Patrick Chinamasa and state intelligence operatives to deliver a
ruling for the government that would silence the independent papers.

      He said he was also put under pressure by a prominent local
businessman who offered him a farm to rule in Mugabe's favour.

      Majuru said Chinamasa exerted pressure on him initially to delay, and
to later dismiss, the case in which the newspapers contested the closure.

      "On October 23 (a day before the ruling) Chinamasa called me from
Bulawayo and asked me what the judgment on the case would be," Majuru told
the Daily News Online.

      "I received another call from Chinamasa on Friday, October 24 after I
had delivered judgment and he was shouting at me and accusing me of basing
my judgment on other reasons that had nothing to do with the law."

      Majuru said that after the incident Chinamasa put more pressure on him
directly and indirectly through other judges.

      "Chinamasa called me one night, a day before the hearing on the second
application, and demanded to know the judgment," Majuru said.

      "I told him it was not normal for judges to pass judgments before
hearing the arguments and as a lawyer himself he ought to know that."

      Majuru said Chinamasa later resorted to blackmail, saying Majuru was a
British agent who wanted to bring back the opposition press to destabilise
the southern African country.

      "Immediately after I spoke to Chinamasa, a fellow judge called and
said she had been told by the minister to instruct me that he wanted a
favourable judgment."

      Majuru said Chinamasa wanted a positive ruling before he attended a
cabinet meeting chaired by Mugabe.

      "In fact he wanted to know the judgment before attending a cabinet
meeting where he had to brief his colleagues," he said.

      "Fifteen minutes after talking to my fellow judge, Chinamasa called
again and said he wanted to meet me in his office at 8.30am before he
attended a cabinet meeting. When I got there I recused myself from the

      The judge later fled to SA.

      Mugabe's regime in recent years has overhauled the judiciary by
forcing out veteran judges and packing the bench with pliant ones.
      Jul 21 2004 07:27:13:000AM  Dumisani Muleya Business Day 1st Edition
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Mugabe promises poll reform

Andrew Meldrum and Rory Carroll in Johannesburg
Wednesday July 21, 2004
The Guardian

President Robert Mugabe pledged yesterday to implement wide-ranging
electoral reforms before next year's parliamentary elections in Zimbabwe,
giving in to some key demands of the opposition.
Mr Mugabe surprised the Movement for Democratic Change by using his address
at the opening of parliament in Harare to announce compliance with some of
their calls for election safeguards.

The president's first public comments on the electoral changes promised by
his ruling Zanu-PF party last month were largely welcomed by the opposition
as a start towards creating the conditions for free and fair elections.

The move followed pressure from the Southern African Development Community
to avoid a repeat of the flawed elections in 2000 and 2002.

The reforms would include setting up an independent election commission,
having a single day of voting instead of two, and counting the votes at
polling centres.
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New Zimbabwe

AU report on Zimbabwe positive policy shift

Last updated: 07/21/2004 17:21:51 Last updated: 07/21/2004 09:35:58
A 'MAJOR diplomatic defeat' for President Robert Mugabe's government or a positive sign for the African Commission for Human and People's Rights (ACHPR) - or perhaps both? The fracas which ensued around the report on Zimbabwe by the ACHPR can be viewed in both ways.

The report, which criticises abuses of human rights and rule of law in Zimbabwe during the period leading up to and just after the presidential elections in 2002, was adopted by the African Union (AU) Council of Ministers on 3 July, ahead of the start of the third ordinary session of the AU in Addis Ababa on 6 July.

It led to an allegedly very vocal protest by Zimbabwe's Foreign Affairs Minister, Stan Mudenge, who, according to one newspaper article 'went ballistic'. Mudenge claimed that his Government had not yet seen the two-year-old report and that it could therefore not be tabled at the AU summit.

His statement was later disproved, when it emerged that the Zimbabwean government had, in fact, received the report by latest February this year. Mudenge later claimed that the report had not been properly presented to the government. Zimbabwe has said it will review the report and respond within a week. At the time of going to press, no response had yet been published.

The fact that AU Ministers gave in to Mudenge's protest and that the report was therefore not ratified by the entire body of the AU at the summit, was interpreted in some quarters as a sign of an inherent weakness in the AU and a clear reluctance to tackle the thorny Zimbabwe issue. Many critics of the AU regard Zimbabwe as a test case for the pan-African body. A perceived unwillingness to bring the human rights abuses and the deteriorating economic and social issues to the table would condemn the AU to the same fate at its predecessor, the Organisation for African Unity. For some, the events in Addis Ababa are already a signal that the AU is following in the faltering footsteps of the OAU.

This would be a premature judgement of the AU. This view fails to acknowledge that the issuing of a critical report on Zimbabwe by an autonomous body of African Union is, in fact, a very positive sign, even if the adoption of the report has thus far been slow. It nevertheless signals the first time that a pan-African organisation has openly and unequivocally criticised Mugabe's government.

"The issuing of a critical report on Zimbabwe by an autonomous body of African Union is, in fact, a very positive sign"

The report, based on a fact-finding mission to Zimbabwe by members of the ACHPR in June 2002, found there was 'enough evidence (...) to suggest that, at the very least during the period under review, human rights violations occurred in Zimbabwe'. It argues that the land question is not 'the cause of division' in Zimbabwe. Rather, the divisions are caused by a society in the process of change but divided over 'how best to achieve change after two decades of dominance by a political party that carried the hopes and aspiration of the people of Zimbabwe through the liberation struggle into independence'.

The members of the mission were presented with testimonies of victims of political violence and victims of torture while in police custody. 'There were allegations that the human rights violations that occurred were in many instances at the hands of Zanu-PF party activists,' the report states.

However, the mission also found that there was insufficient evidence to suggest an orchestrated policy of abuse by the Government. According to the report, 'there were enough assurances from the head of state, cabinet ministers and the leadership of the ruling party that there has never been any plan or policy of violence, disruption or any form of human rights violations orchestrated by the state. There was also acknowledgement that excesses did occur.'

Despite this, the report found that the Zimbabwean Government bore at least some responsibility for the flouting of the rule of law and the human rights abuses. 'Government did not act soon enough and firmly enough against those guilty of gross criminal acts. By its statements and political rhetoric and by its failure at critical moments to uphold the rule of law, the Government failed to chart a path that signalled commitment to the rule of law,' the report states.

It is this clear and unambiguous criticism which is cause for hope that the African Union and the ACHPR can be an effective instrument for good governance and the upholding of human rights values on the continent. A signal is being sent by tackling the situation in Zimbabwe.

The Movement for Democratic Change's (MDC) Paul Themba Nyathi issued a statement on behalf of the MDC condemning what it regards as a sweeping under the carpet of the report by the AU, arguing that it is contradictory to the AU's stated aims and its willingness to act on the crisis in Darfur, Sudan. 'By continuing to find spurious reasons to push the Zimbabwe crisis under the carpet the AU is inadvertently providing succour and protection to the disastrous political agenda pursued by Robert Mugabe and Zanu PF; an agenda that is driving the crisis in Zimbabwe,' Nyathi wrote. 'The decision to postpone the discussion of the report by the Commission on Human and People's Rights will simply serve to increase and prolong the suffering of the people of Zimbabwe.'

In an article written for the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation in South Africa, the University of Zimbabwe's Brian Raftopoulos argues that the ACHPR's critical report adds to the 'plethora of reports by other national and international organisations' and challenges Zanu-PF's efforts 'in presenting a reformed image to the world' and taking steps towards 'the beginnings of international re-engagement'. 'Despite its many assertions and protestations to the contrary, one of the goals eluding the Mugabe regime is international legitimacy,' Raftopoulos says.

The significance of a pan-African body publicly criticising the human rights abuses and violations of the rule of law cannot be underestimated, particularly after the ovation Mugabe received from Africans at the recent inauguration of South Africa's re-elected President Mbeki. The public support Mugabe has received from African leaders polarised the Zimbabwe crisis into an 'Africa vs the West' issue. The ACHPR report now sends the signal that the heart of the matter is about human rights and good governance, no matter what the race or skin colour of the victims and perpetrators.

As far as Zimbabwe is concerned, Raftopoulos believes that the ACHPR report 'comes at a critical time, opening up diplomatic space for African engagement with Zimbabwe'. In particular, the report gives Mbeki, who has acknowledged the failure of his strategy of 'quiet diplomacy' to deal with Zimbabwe, the opportunity to 'nurture alternative voices on the continent able to confront inequities of the past and repressive authoritarianism in the present'.
This column is provided by the International Bar Association - an organisation that represents the Law Societies and Bar Associations around the world, and works to uphold the rule of law. For further information, visit the website

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The Herald

Mnangagwa on role of opposition

Herald Reporter
GOVERNMENT acknowledges the existence of the opposition as an essential
ingredient for the development of a healthy democratic system, but the
opposition must operate with due respect for the laws of the country, the
Speaker of Parliament, Cde Emmerson Mnangagwa, said yesterday.

"Both sides should see Parliament as a forum for advancing national
interests, development and peaceful resolution of different ideas," he said.

Cde Mnangagwa was addressing MPs, judges and members of the diplomatic corps
at a reception he hosted in Harare yesterday evening to mark the official
opening of the Fifth Session of the Fifth Parliament of Zimbabwe.

He said there was need for Zimbabweans to fully subscribe to the common
values of nationalism and non-interference in the country's affairs by
external forces.

The opposition, he said, must recognise that its function was not simply to
confront Government or to primarily be a watchdog but to work together with
the State for the benefit of the nation.

Cde Mnangagwa said Parliament should strive to be relevant and truly
representative by always articulating the views, aspirations and needs of
the electorate.

Legislators should be responsible and always guided by the need to carry out
the national mandate, Cde Mnangagwa said.

He said since 1999 Parliament had implemented several reforms aimed at
making the House a true representative of the people.

Such reforms included the creation of portfolio committees to shadow
Government ministries, introduction of the question and answer session on
State policy and establishment of Parliament constituency information

Cde Mnangagwa said Parliament had an important role to play in combating
corruption, and for legislators to be effective and credible in waging the
war against graft they must themselves be above reproach.

"Indeed, while some legislators are keen to call the Government to task,
they must not be reluctant to put their own houses in order. One of the
challenges, therefore, is for Parliament to implement the code of conduct
and ethics for members, which has been approved by the Standing Rules and
Orders Committee," he said.

Parliament, Cde Mnangagwa said, also needed to codify and develop the
institutional memory of the experience and history of the august House.
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The Herald

Presidency dealing with land reform anomalies

Herald Reporter
IRREGULARITIES that might have occurred in the process of land reform are
now being attended to by the Presidency so that they can be corrected,
President Mugabe said yesterday.

"The Presidency is dealing with this matter and at the end of the exercise,
some measure of justice and fairness will be attained," he said while
officially opening the Fifth Session of the Fifth Parliament of Zimbabwe.

He said a number of issues related to land reform remained outstanding and
the ongoing land acquisitions should be able to meet demand for land.

The issue of security of tenure for those on the land was being resolved and
a National Land Board would be established to preside over the
administration and implementation of the land policy.

Some of the irregularities that have emerged in the implementation of the
land reform programme include multiple farm ownership, the issuance of more
than one offer letter for a single farm and the returning of land to white
former commercial farmers.

The President said agrarian reforms had claimed significant national
resources and currently the thrust was on enhancing irrigation capacity and
mechanising the crucial sector.

He called for the speedy revival of the Agricultural Marketing Authority,
which would assist agricultural planners in setting targets and determining
the direction of investment and mechanisation in ways that tied them to
specific products attuned to specific markets.

Cde Mugabe said there were brighter prospects for the country's
socio-economic turnaround with the good agricultural season having given
full play to agricultural potential already boosted by land reforms.

"What enhances this overall national food security is the evident revival of
our economy. Even our most implacable critics have acknowledged this
auspicious development predicated on national ingenuity, resources and
effort," he said.

President Mugabe said the Government remained resolute in its efforts to
eradicate corruption through the Anti-Corruption Commission that would be
created under the Anti-Corruption Act.

He said the Government was proposing far-reaching reforms to electoral laws
in line with Southern African Development Community standards and these
included the creation of an independent electoral commission and voting in
one day as opposed to two days' voting.

Problems in the transport sector would be dealt with by refocusing the
National Transport Policy while new strategies were being pursued to speed
up ongoing transport infrastructural development projects.

President Mugabe said youth development programmes would continue to be
revamped and rationalised, a process which should be assisted by the
establishment of the National Youth Council.

The President said Africa must remain vigilant in safeguarding her
institutions against outside interference and insidious attempts to control

The institutions must remain truly and fundamentally African to express the
continent's will and defend its interests.

Government would continue relations with other countries based on mutual
respect and sovereign equality.

Bills to come before Parliament in the new session include the Petroleum
Bill, Education Bill, Zimbabwe Examinations Council Bill, Zimbabwe
Qualifications Bill, National Biosafety Bill, Health Services Board Bill,
Food Safety Bill and the Zimbabwe Political Ex-Prisoners, Detainees and
Restrictees' Association Bill.

The Family Planning Council Act and Customary Law and Courts Act would be

Marriage laws would also be amended to ensure that all categories of
marriage enjoyed the same legal status.

Government's thrust on HIV/Aids will be on stepping up prevention while
providing life-prolonging anti-retroviral drugs.

Plans were underway for the construction of a new Parliament building in the
Kopje area of Harare to alleviate the acute shortage of office space for MPs
and officers.

Opposition MDC MPs attended the official opening and listened attentively to
the President's address up to the end.
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High security alert in Zimbabwe as 'mercenaries' appear

July 21, 2004, 06:57

Security has been boosted at the Chikurubi prison outside Harare, where 70
suspected mercenaries go on trial today in a makeshift courtroom. It is
feared that supporters of the detained men may try to rescue them.

The group is accused of plotting to overthrow the government of Equatorial
Guinea. Their trial was supposed to have started on Monday, but proceedings
were postponed. This was to allow South Africa's constitutional court to
hear an appeal from 69 of the men to be extradited to South Africa. The men
want to be extradited to South Africa to avoid being sent to Equatorial
Guinea where they could face the death penalty. The Constitutional Court has
reserved judgment in the case.

Simon Mann, the alleged coup mastermind, is expected to inform the
Zimbabwean court that he does not condone the Constitutional Court
application. During proceedings yesterday government stood by its opposition
to getting involved in the matter. State lawyers maintained that the
government had no duty under the constitution to assist the men in avoiding
the death penalty.
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