The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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The Telegraph

Africa unites to condemn Mugabe's regime
By Christopher Munnion in Johannesburg
(Filed: 05/07/2004)

African nations combined for the first time yesterday to condemn the
Zimbabwe government for its "flagrant human rights abuses", signalling a
shift in their attitude towards President Robert Mugabe's increasingly
repressive regime.

The African Union's executive council, meeting in Addis Ababa ahead of this
week's conference of 53 heads of state, adopted a report damning Mr Mugabe's
regime for the arrests and torture of opposition MPs and human rights
lawyers, harassment and arrests of journalists, the stifling of freedom of
expression and abuse of civil liberties.
African foreign ministers ignored the protests of the Zimbabwe delegation,
which complained that it had not been given an opportunity to study and
respond to the report by the AU's commission on human and people's rights.
The commission found after interviewing victims of political violence and
torture in Zimbabwe that "at the very least human rights violations and
arbitrary arrests have occurred".

It was "particularly alarmed" by the arrest and detention of Stanford Moyo,
the president of the Zimbabwe Law Society.

Referring to the invasion of white-owned farms by so-called veterans of the
war for independence that led to the flight of many landowners and the
collapse of the country's economy, the commission reported: "Many land
activists undertook their illegal actions in expectation that the government
was understanding and that police would not act against them. Government did
not act soon enough and firmly enough against those guilty of gross criminal

Zimbabwean society was now highly polarised, the commission said, and needed
mediators, including religious organisations, to help it to "withdraw from
the precipice". Draconian laws should be repealed, the judiciary freed from
political pressure and the media from the "shackles of control".

Oluyemi Adenjiji, Nigeria's foreign minister and chairman of the AU's
executive council, allowed the report to stand unamended after "noting" the
objections of Stan Mudenge, the Zimbabwean foreign minister.

Observers said the indications were that the African heads of state would
endorse the report at the summit.
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Independent (UK)

Black rhinos face extinction in Zimbabwe as Mugabe seizes game parks for
By Basildon Peta, Southern Africa Correspondent
05 July 2004

The black rhino is a species that has returned from the brink. After falling
by 96 per cent in the 20 years to 1992, its population began to grow again
thanks to the efforts of conservationists. Now it is returning to the plains
across Africa. Except in Zimbabwe.

Under pressure from rampant poaching and human settlement on game reserves
seized by Robert Mugabe's regime, the animal is vanishing from the
grasslands where it once prospered.

As the government considers a new law to nationalise the remaining private
game parks, which hold most of the rhinos still in Zimbabwe,
conservationists fear the country's population is now only a few months away
from extinction.

Under the new law, which is being considered by Mr Mugabe's cabinet, the
state would seize all remaining game parks owned by whites. Mr Mugabe's
ministers have already allocated themselves lucrative land on which to
operate hunting safaris.

Until Mr Mugabe started his seizure of farms in 2000, Zimbabwe had the
single largest concentration of rhinos in the world with more than 500 in
its national and private game parks.

More than half of these have been lost to poaching in the past two years
alone and only about 200 remain, said Johnny Rodrigues, the head of the
Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force, a wildlife advocacy group. "If they seize
the remaining private game parks, the VIPs will move in and shoot all the
remaining rhinos," Mr Rodrigues said. The term VIP is regularly used in
Zimbabwe to refer to those close to the President. "A single rhino horn
fetches £60,000 in China and that's a good enough incentive for them to
destroy the few that are left."

Mugabe loyalists who have allocated themselves hunting concessions around
national parks have already profited by allowing South African hunters to go
after quarry without following conservation rules. The plight of the black
rhino in Zimbabwe stands in sharp contrast to its success in the rest of
Africa, where good conservation practices have put the giant mammal on the
road to recovery.

The World Conservation Union estimates that the number of black rhinos in
Africa is around 3,600, a rise of 500 over the past two years.

"The situation is really distressing," said Mr Rodrigues. Rhinos would be
wiped out in the country unless drastic measures were taken, he said.

Private parks no longer offer protection for animals, as they are being
invaded and occupied by supporters of the regime. Those who invade the
private game parks to poach animals do so with impunity. Law enforcement
officers and rangers from the Department of National Parks and Wildlife
Management ignore them.

In several national parks, various species of animals had already been wiped
out, Mr Rodrigues said.

One game park owner, who requested anonymity, said that the plan to
nationalise the remaining private game parks would mark the end of Zimbabwe
as a recognised wildlife haven. "I spend at least US$400,000 [£220,000] to
maintain my game park with little in return every month. Since the
government doesn't have money to invest and maintain these parks, Mugabe's
supporters will just move in and kill after nationalisation."

The African wild dog was also close to extinction in some parts of Zimbabwe
while the elephant population had been falling dramatically, said the park
owner. "In Gonarezhou, cattle outnumber elephants. Boundary fences have been
destroyed and used to set up snares. It's a disaster."

Gonarezhou once had Zimbabwe's largest elephant population. That was before
massive poaching started with the advent of Mugabe's land-seizure policy in
2000. Some of the elephants have been moved to South Africa.

Mr Rodrigues accused "the VIPs" of charging unscrupulous hunters for the
right to come to their land and shoot animals, thereby contributing to the
decimation of the wildlife resources. "As I speak to you now, I am in an
area where we found 40 legs of elephants that were randomly killed," he
said. "The [hunters] come in, pay the VIPs US dollars and shoot anything
they want. It's appalling," he said. On the other hand, destitute villagers
snare animals for food.

In a statement recently, the Zimbabwe Conservation Taskforce suggested that
only a change of government could save Zimbabwe's wildlife resources.
"Unless we have a change of government, it seems, we are powerless to stop
this strategy which is unfolding daily," the statement said.
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Independent (UK)

ECB fails the one-day test over Zimbabwe tour
Henry Blofeld
05 July 2004

The $64,000 question is: what is the difference between Test matches and
one-day matches when it comes to giving comfort and succour to Robert
Mugabe's hideous regime in Zimbabwe?

Zimbabwe have pulled out of playingTests for the rest of this year, a day or
two before they would surely have been pushed by the International Cricket
Council, even though that body seems increasingly able to face in as many
directions at the same time as it wishes, such are the differing beliefs of
its constituents.

When the Test issue went away, it was news that no doubt produced a deep
sigh of relief among England's administrators. But now we learn that, far
from biting the bullet and calling off the whole tour, they have agreed to
play an extra one-day international, making five in all, in addition to a
reasonable period for acclimatisation and warm-up matches. Game, set and
match to Mugabe.

Once again the England and Wales Cricket Board's way of making this
information public leaves a distinctly nasty taste in the mouth. It appears
that David Morgan, the chairman, and Tim Lamb, the outgoing chief executive,
have made an arbitrary decision and have announced it as a fait accompli.
Small wonder that they are facing accusations of speaking out of turn.

This was a decision that surely had to be made by the full ECB management
committee, for it is of such far-reaching and dramatic importance. Morgan's
deputy chairman at the ECB, Michael Soper is also the chairman of the
First-Class Forum, which has already been on a collision course with the
leadership of the ECB. He has rightly been loud in his protestations,
claiming that this decision was to be taken at the next board meeting later
this month.

It looks suspiciously as if Morgan has again been outwitted by Ehsan Mani,
the affable, but tough and on-the-ball chairman of the ICC. Morgan appears
to have been forced to accept this ICC-led compromise of playing a fifth
one-day match and undertaking a warm-up programme. It is hard not to feel
that he made his premature announcement in the hope that his management
committee would accept it and that this would save him from facing a
showdown from within. The dutiful Lamb has stood shoulder to shoulder with

No doubt the threat of the ECB being fined and suspended from international
cricket if it refused to go to Zimbabwe hung heavily over Morgan in his
meetings with the ICC. There are many vested interests within the ICC, not
the least the wish of some delegates to cause as much embarrassment as they
can to the ECB and English cricket. It would be remarkable if there have not
been divisions along the line of colour when cricket's governing body has
discussed this issue.

The desire to include Zimbabwe so that the game does not die in that country
is eminently understandable. None the less this could now be done at the
same time as making a point to Mugabe and his henchmen. England could base
themselves in neighbouring South Africa and fly in and out for each match
they play. It is fanciful to suggest that England's best players will go,
for a number will almost certainly say that this is one step too far. In the
end, therefore, they will at best be fielding an A side and its progress
will have little bearing on the next World Cup or anything else. If by
forgoing the warm-up matches, they are "undercooked" and lose, so what?

We should be told to what extent the ICC twisted Morgan's arm and whether or
not they insisted on the warm-up preparations being built into the
programme. Peace at any price and to hell with principle is a mistake, as
history has shown. If the ECB has capitulated over this, one can only wonder
what our own governing body will be instructed to do next. These things do
not go away. We need to be told the whole truth and nothing but the truth.
To hope for that, though, would be akin to whistling in the wind.

The vexed issue of Muttiah Muralitharan's action will not go away, either.
Now the poor chap has been made an exhibition of in Hertfordshire, where he
has been bowling to club cricketers with his elbow in a splint. What an
indignity for a man with 527 Test wickets to his name. It says much for his
sense of humour and enthusiasm that he has put up with it.

Eight years ago I spent two nights on a houseboat on the Murray River in
South Australia with two match referees, John Reid, of New Zealand, and
Barry Jarman, of Australia. We watched endless videos of Murali and after
six hours neither was able to say, hand on heart, that he unquestionably
straightened his already deformed, bent arm at the point of delivery.

It is a fair bet that a good number of finger spinners down the years have
bowled with bent arms and I agree wholeheartedly with John Woodcock, that
pre-eminent cricket writer, and Michael Atherton that spinners should be
allowed a certain latitude over this, not least in order to preserve an
incredibly important part of the game that is fast becoming a dying art.
After that, I shall probably be led off to join them in the stocks.
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      Zimbabwe to reassert its position as safe tourist destination 2004-07-05 10:54:22

          HARARE, July 4 (Xinhuanet) -- Zimbabwe is set to reassert its
position as Africa's safest and most fascinating tourist destination after
scores of tour operators in the country have flocked to register for new
ventures with China, local media reported on Sunday.

          The Zimbabwe Tourism Authority (ZTA) was quoted as saying on
Saturday that its offices were last week flooded by tour operator swishing
to take advantage of the country's Approved Destination Status granted by

          The ZTA said despite strict registration procedures, scores of
companies have managed to register and tap the business potential in China,
especially now that the Chinese are dominating tourist visits in Zimbabwe.

          The ZTA boss Givemore Chidzidzi said there was no limit to the
number of companies wishing to register as long as they qualified.

          "The requirements for registration are that the company be
registered with us and that they should have been in the industry for at
least a year. The company must have a surety bond of 50 million Zimbabwean
dollars (about 9,433 US dollars) but we don't require them to pay cash up
front for them to register," said Chidzidzi.

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Enough is Enough



We have a fundamental right to freedom of expression!

Sokwanele comment

04 July 2004

So was Gideon Gono, governor of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, successful on his recent foreign tour to the United States, Britain and South Africa or did he fail ?  The state media have pronounced his mission a success and claimed that this new economics “guru” has brought in millions in forex and effectively saved the nation from bankruptcy.  But then they would anyway and who among Zimbabwe’s adult, thinking population believes for one moment the propaganda spewed out daily by the Herald, the Chronicle, or the dead BC   ?   Let us rather consider the facts.


In Washington Gono met with IMF officials in an attempt to persuade that august body not to expel the rogue state he represents and indeed to restore the balance-of-payments support suspended five years ago.  Did he succeed ?  Well the best that can be said of his efforts is that “the jury is still out”.   In practice however it is difficult to see how he can possibly succeed given that Zimbabwe is seriously in default in its international debt-repayment obligations, that the economy is in free fall and that the crucial political decisions for the country are still made by a ruling elite which believes it is fighting a bush war rather than managing a modern economy.  Before his arrival in America Gono had already claimed, in a speech read on his behalf by Herbert Nkala at the launch of the “Homelink” campaign, that “the future of the Zimbabwean economy looks bright”.  But Zimbabweans now living in the US are not likely to be duped by such a propaganda offensive.  Like most products of the capitalist society they tend to be very realistic when it comes to deciding where, and how, to invest their hard-earned dollars.


From Washington Gono flew on to London to join his team who were engaged in a hard-sell of the Homelink plan – encouraging the millions of Zimbabweans of the diaspora who are supporting destitute relatives at home to remit their forex through official channels rather than along the parallel market.  This would have the obvious benefit, from Gono’s perspective, of augmenting the exchequer’s very slim forex reserves.  In passing it is surely a curious anomaly that Gono was even permitted to enter the UK.  One might well ask how, as the most significant maker of Zimbabwe’s financial policies, this man’s name came to be omitted from the list of 98 other key ZANU PF officials barred from entering the EU.  Indeed a leading economist in Zimbabwe quipped: “I wonder what Kichener would have done if Smuts or Reitz sent their financial counter-parts to England to raise money for the Boers in 1900 ?  A closer, more fitting scenario would be the thought of Hitler’s personal financial adviser nipping off to London in 1940 to raise cash for the Nazis – what would have been the reaction from Churchill and the British people ?”   The EU sanctions list is obviously in need of urgent review.


This aside however Gideon Gono hardly had a ball of a time in the UK.  He was greeted by angry crowds of Zimbabweans as he made his way around several British cities.  At his first stop at Zimbabwe House in London he was confronted by protestors who accused him of trying to raise money to prop up Mugabe’s “collapsing regime”.  The publicity officer for his team, Supa Mandiwanzira, had his camera seized by protestors.  The camera was only recovered after police intervention (leaving one to wonder what kind of photos this servile servant of the Mugabe regime was able to show his masters in Harare upon his return)


The same scenario greeted Gono’s team at each stop along the way. In Luton scores of protestors disrupted a meeting even before Gono’s arrival.  In Birmingham 300 Zimbabweans greeted the traveling road show with jeers and placards.  Again and again Gono was asked about human rights abuses’ and repression in Zimbabwe.  Again and again he refused to even attempt to answer these questions.


From London it was back to Africa for Gono and his team, with a final stopover in South Africa.  An estimated two million Zimbabweans have fled Zimbabwe to take up (in most cases, illegal) residence south of the Limpopo.  The vast majority are destitute yet still prefer such a precarious existence to the tyranny back home. A few of course have prospered, and it was in an attempt to get his hands on a share of their hard-earned rands that Gono made his way to a public meeting at the Gallagher Estate in Midrand, north of Johannesburg.  Was he welcomed by the assembled crowd and assured of their full co-operation in remitting their rands to prop up the bankrupt regime in Harare ?  Hardly.  In fact he didn’t get the chance to get started on his sales talk because as he began speaking MDC supporters, many of them wearing T-shirts with the slogan “Mugabe must go”, stormed the stage.  The protestors were waving placards and shouting “Go home, go home !”   The rowdy crowd pelted the stage with Homelink caps and T-shirts.  The half dozen police officers present had to call in reinforcements, and Gono and Zimbabwe’s high commissioner to South Africa, S.K. Moyo, were escorted away to the sound of jeers.


Three cheers then for Gideon Gono’s efforts – or should we say rather “jeers all the way” ?




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From The Sunday Mirror, 4 July

Sibanda set to bounce back

Nkululeko Sibanda

War Veterans national chairman, Jabulani Sibanda, is set to bounce back as
Zanu PF Bulawayo province chairman amid revelations that he stood, as of
last Friday, unopposed for the post in elections set for today. In an
interview, provincial secretary for information and publicity, Mkhululi Dube
said his department, which oversees the endorsement of candidates for
elections, had only received only Sibanda's application. Said Dube:
"Nominations and supporting letters were sent out to all those that intended
to contest the chairman's post and all the other posts that are to be
contested for on Sunday (today). "As I am speaking now, my department has
not received papers from any other candidate except Sibanda. If things
continue to be as they are, he (Sibanda) will become the eventual winner and
automatic representative of the party." Dube added that there were other
candidates that had expressed interest in the post who were yet to make up
their minds as to whether they should submit their papers or not. Named as
possible candidates were Dickson Basuthu, Elliot Ndlovu, and one Baleni,
among others.

Asked on the candidature of the sitting chairman, Silas Dlomo, Dube said he
was not aware whether Dlomo would contest the election, as he had not
submitted his papers to his (Dube's) office. Dube also revealed that
elections for the posts of vice-chairman, secretary and committee members
would also be held on the same day, thereby ushering in a new executive for
the province. "I was with the national commissar, Elliot Manyika yesterday
(Thursday) and we were preparing for the elections. Those "renegades" that
say the elections should not go ahead will be shamed as we are going to hold
the elections and hold them in a peaceful manner," Dube said. The elections
have been mired in serious confusion with some members of the party in
Bulawayo arguing that Sibanda was not a member of the party in the province
following his suspension last year.

However, in a prior interview on Thursday, Sibanda said there was no way
anyone would push him out of the party. "I am a Zimbabwean who is entitled
to join the party of his choice and as such, I chose to belong to Zanu PF. I
am the only person who can remove Zanu PF from my soul, body, and mind, and
anyone trying to squeeze the party out of me or me out of the party, is
doing nothing but just wasting his precious time," said Sibanda. He also
charged that all the allegations that were heaped on him by the provincial
leadership were malicious rumours aimed at tarnishing his image and make him
appear as a confused person. "Those that say I organised a demonstration
against the party leadership, which is their major borne of contention,
should ask themselves where then the demonstrators are. "I can tell you that
the demonstrators were genuine people with a genuine concern and if they are
party supporters, then the party structures should deal with them in an
appropriate manner. They are not ghosts, but real people and I do not see
any reason why the said stalwarts can first eject these people but rush to
want to have me ejected out of the party," said Sibanda.
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Rights activists welcome AU moves to address abuses

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 5 Jul 2004 (IRIN) - Civil rights activists in Zimbabwe have
welcomed a move by the African Union (AU) to address allegations of ongoing
rights abuses, but called on the regional group to take "concrete steps"
towards resolving the current political crisis.

In what has been described as the "harshest criticism" to date by the
53-member body, the AU executive council at the weekend adopted a report
critical of the Zimbabwean authorities for the arrests and alleged torture
of opposition party members and human rights lawyers, harassment of
journalists, the stifling of freedom of expression and abuse of civil

The report, prepared by experts from the AU Commission on Human and People's
Rights, was based on findings during a mission to Zimbabwe in 2002, and is
expected to be considered by the AU's annual summit of heads of state that
begins in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on Tuesday.

"The mission was presented with testimony from witnesses who were victims of
police violence and other victims of torture while in police custody. There
was evidence that the system of arbitrary arrests took place. The mission is
prepared and able to rule that the government cannot wash its hands of
responsibility for these happenings," Reuters news agency quoted the
document as saying.

Brian Kagoro, chief executive of the Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition, a group
of pro-democracy NGOs, said the AU rebuke was "significant" as it signalled
a shift in attitude among African nations towards President Robert Mugabe's

"The AU must now move beyond condemnation towards increasing the pressure on
Mugabe to undertake immediate remedial steps to resolve the current crisis.
Civil society has always maintained that the disbanding of the youth militia
and the war veterans is an important measure as both groups only serve to
facilitate the ongoing repression," Kagoro told IRIN.

Although the mission was unable to find definitively that rights violations
by ruling ZANU-PF activists were part of an orchestrated government policy,
"there was an acknowledgement (by government officials) that excesses did

Zimbabwean officials have reportedly protested against the adoption of the
report, saying that the government had not been given an opportunity to
review and respond to its findings.

ZANU-PF chairman John Nkomo on Monday told IRIN that he had not been briefed
on the proceedings in Addis Ababa and could not respond to the report until
he had read the document.

The report also called for the repeal of tough legislation which "shackled
the media". According to an annual survey by the Media Institute of Southern
Africa (MISA), Zimbabwe is allegedly the most repressive country in Southern
Africa in terms of media freedom. Last year media freedom alerts received
from Zimbabwe represented 54 percent of the total recorded by MISA in 10

"The AU must cajole the authorities to open up democratic space in Zimbabwe
so that there is greater freedom for citizens to protest. There should also
be considerable effort towards the equitable treatment of citizens
irrespective of their political affiliation," said Kagoro.

In the past African governments have been accused of ignoring the alleged
rights abuses of the government, as it clamped down on the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

However, there has been growing pressure from the international community,
especially donors, for the AU to take a lead over Zimbabwe, one
locally-based analyst said on Monday.

"The AU has never really condemned member states unless the situation was
really critical for example in Rwanda or the Congo. But there has been
considerable pressure on African leaders from Western countries to deal with
the Zimbabwe situation," John Makumbe, a senior political science lecturer
at the University of Zimbabwe, told IRIN.

"There is also concern among AU member states that unless African leaders
are seen to be tackling the problems on the continent, it is unlikely that
the West will be sympathetic to their call for funding, especially for NEPAD
[New Partnership for Africa's Development]," he added.

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Time to Try Some Noisy Diplomacy

Sunday Times (Johannesburg)

July 4, 2004
Posted to the web July 5, 2004


The month of June came and went and so did President Thabo Mbeki's
self-imposed deadline for the resolution of the Zimbabwean crisis.

The idea of the deadline - set by the President a year ago - was that by
June 2004 South Africa would be able to cajole Zimbabwe's leaders towards a
political breakthrough.

Of course few - possibly including the President himself - took the deadline
very seriously. The Zimbabwe crisis is not one of those straightforward
problems around which you can casually set deadlines.

A further complicating factor is that Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
behaves in a manner that has many wondering about his soundness of mind,
while his lieutenants ape his bizarre antics.

This week there were again optimistic noises, with South African officials
saying there was light at the end of the Harare tunnel.

But in the year since Mbeki made his optimistic prediction, the Mugabe
government has cracked down viciously on the media, intensified repression
of political opponents and drastically reduced the space for free political
activity. The economy has continued its downward spiral, leading to
increased hunger and the breakdown of social services.

In all this time, Mugabe has shown no sign of recognising the existence of a
crisis. He even cynically told a television interviewer in May that the
World Food Programme should abandon its efforts to feed starving Zimbabweans
and find "hungrier people" elsewhere.

Through all this, the South African government has stuck to its policy of
"quiet diplomacy", rejecting calls to take a tougher stand against the
Mugabe government. Mbeki and his ministers have argued that Zimbabwe is a
sovereign nation that cannot be dictated to by a neighbour, and have
insisted that they are giving that country's political players maximum
support in finding a homegrown solution.

What we do know, however, is that the policy approach has been an absolute
disaster. It has neither been quiet nor diplomatic, as evidenced by the open
endorsement of the Zanu-PF government by senior South African
representatives and their blatant refusal to condemn human rights abuses.
The rapid deterioration in the political and economic situation in Zimbabwe
is further evidence that the success of quiet diplomacy has been nil.

Mbeki and his government must accept that it is not shameful to admit
failure, and take urgent steps to halt Zimbabwe's disintegration.

The government must audibly disapprove of human rights abuses and the
erosion of democracy in Zimbabwe. When citizens of a country on our doorstep
are denied basic human rights and subjected to repression, we cannot fold
our arms.

We should stop campaigning against international action on Zimbabwe, as our
government has been doing in recent years. Lastly, South Africa should use
its influence and relations with other Southern African nations to build
pressure on the Harare government.

Fighting the cancer

The steady flow of corruption reports in the media is a symptom of a
continuing cancer in our society, but equally of persistent diagnosis and

Corruption is the crime of opportunity for the advantaged and the elite.
Because it always involves the abuse of some position and the betrayal of
someone's trust, it is more reprehensible than the crimes of desperation
committed by the poor and dispossessed.

Just this month, these reports have implicated soccer referees, business
executives, police officers, politicians, prison warders and doctors - all
of whom owe their status to the people they have chosen not to serve but to

It is fair comment that heightened public awareness of this betrayal is, in
part, a consequence of the transparency that came with democracy in 1994.

Equally so, the prosecutions of struggle icons, including Winnie
Madikizela-Mandela, Allan Boesak and Tony Yengeni, and investigations
probing Cabinet and the presidency are symptoms of a brave commitment to
democratic principles.

Encouraged by this commitment to a better way, Geneva-based Transparency
International recently rated South Africa 44th out of 133 countries in its
latest perception-based survey on global corruption. The Centre for Public
Integrity this week gave South Africa a rating of "strong" -- as good as or
better than developed countries, including Australia.

It seems our society may be corruption-prone but it is not complacent.

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