The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

Back to Index

Back to the Top
Back to Index


Zimbabwe denies any farm nationalisation plan
Mon 14 June, 2004 20:38

HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe has denied it plans to nationalise all farmland
in the country, saying this only applied to plots seized from whites under
its controversial land reforms.

The official Herald newspaper quoted Land Reform and Resettlement Minister
John Nkomo last week as saying the government had stepped up efforts to
acquire more productive farmland with the aim of nationalising all of it.

The report did not give a schedule for the programme but said President
Robert Mugabe's government would issue 99-year leases for farmland and
25-year leases for wildlife and conservation areas.

Zimbabwe's Information Ministry issued a statement on Monday clarifying the

"It is emphasised that this position only applies to land acquired by the
state under land reforms and does not in any way invalidate or supersede
other lawful forms of tenure," the ministry said.

"There has not been any change of government policy or law in respect of
land tenure and ownership."

Mugabe's government has forced about two-thirds of Zimbabwe's 4,500 white
commercial farmers off their land over the past four years under a drive to
redistribute the plots among landless blacks, drawing international

Critics blame the programme for a sharp decline in farm output over the past
four years which has led to food shortages affecting millions of Zimbabwe,
but the government points largely to drought.

Mugabe defends the programme as necessary to restore land to blacks
dispossessed when Britain colonised the country over a century ago and white
farmers took the best farmland.

But critics say the land reforms have been chaotic and have largely
benefited Zimbabwe's political elite rather than the most needy.

Mugabe, in power since independence in 1980, says local and international
opponents of the land seizures have sabotaged Zimbabwe's economy, leading to
record inflation and unemployment as well as chronic foreign currency and
fuel shortages.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Sent: Monday, June 14, 2004 3:25 PM
Subject: Urgent - The Dispossessed

Dispossessed farm workers
As a follow up to our appeal of the 10th June, we advise that we are a bit more structured.
Grateful thanks to all those who have tried to assist including all those from outside the country.
Two collection points have been established - one each in Bulawayo and Harare respectively. Donations both in kind and money may be deposited at these points. Overseas donations can now be sent direct or to families with a request to forward to the respective Churches. Each donation should be endorsed " For the Dispossessed" for identification purposes.
Cheques should be made out to :- The Presbyterian Church (Independent) and addressed to :-
The Rev. Kevin Thompson
The Presbyterian Church (Independent)
J. Moyo Street/5th Avenue
Zimbabwe This is also the drop off/collection point for all donations in in Harare.
Cheques should be made out to :- TheNorthside Community Church and addressed to ;-
The Rev. Gary Cross
The Northside Community Church
8, Edinburgh Road
Zimbabwe This is also the drop off/collection point for all donations in in Harare.
Already, people have expressed thier grateful thank to all who have assisted so far. This kind of help is not readily available from NGO's, so any donation will be appreciated. We have been advised that their are now 1400 men women and children living in the open in this one case alone.
Thany you all for your support
Regards as ever
Mike and Fiona.
Email - 10 June
Lift required for 100 blankets from Byo to Mutare, for dispossessed of their belongings farm workers in the Chimanimani area. May I say more? Donations for more blankets would be appreciated. People in Chipinge have also had their homes burnt to the ground and left with nothing.
Regards in hope of response
Mike and Fiona
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Zim Observer

Anti-Zim demos in UK
by DAILY MIRROR (6/14/2004)

ABOUT 2 000 people mostly Zimbabweans exiled in the UK demonstrated outside
their country's embassy, Zimbabwe House, in London over the weekend where
Gideon Gono was addressing embassy officials as the Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC) and Britain intensified their campaign to thwart efforts aimed
at persuading locals in the Diaspora to channel their much needed foreign
currency back home.

The Reserve Bank Governor, who is in the British capital on a mission to
entice Zimbabweans based abroad to repatriate their money home, is believed
to be the target of the demonstrations.
But efforts to get what was actually happening within the embassy compound,
and whether Gono himself was actually barricaded inside together with
embassy officials he had been addressing as suggested by some sections of
the Western media, could not immediately be verified.
The central bank chief's crusade which has netted financial crooks and
caused the flight abroad of some of the country's best banking brains, is
viewed by industry watchers as a gallant and patriotic attempt designed to
improve the country's foreign currency reserves. The foreign currency
repatriation intiative, Homelink is geared to make the nation's economic
recovery programme embodied in the Reserve Bank's famous monetary policy, a
viable reality.
The MDC has joined forces and openly supported a group called ZimVigil, a
so-called Zimbabwe group that has been holding weekly vigils at the Zimbabwe
Embassy in London and which began mobilising in the previous week, vowing to
besiege Zimbabwe House where Gono was expected to attend a reception on
Apparently, similar "vigils" were held in the United States with the MDC in
that country saying on its website that it had organised "successful
demonstrations." It is in this light that the demonstrations outside
Zimbabwe House come. The Zimbabwe Vigil was set up by the MDC UK branch in
2002 at the suggestion of Roy Bennet amd Tony Reeler of Amani Trust and it
holds the so-called vigils every Saturday.
The British government and opposition MDC, contrary to reason and the
interests of progress, have called for the widening of sanctions against
Zimbabwe to include the likes of Gono.
The British shadow foreign secretary Michael Ancram has called upon the
European Union to extend its sanctions net to include all the people that
support the government financially. This falls within the European Union and
US'strong-headed stance that they would not rest until there is "regime
change" in Zimbabwe. Part of the strategy includes emaciating the nation's
food and forex supplies so much that the people of Zimbabwe turn against the
ruling regime, as was the case in Kosovo.
But to date, the strategy has not paid off as the country has managed to
survive the "mysterious" disappearance of food from the shelves of shops
frequented by black Zimbabweans and in black residential areas.
For the first time in the nation's history, there was an even more
"mysterious" disappearance of Z$500 notes in 2003 which saw the country
going through a severe cash shortage. At that time national forex reserves
were virtually non-existent. But the RBZ governor's drive to make the
private economic sector accountable to the nation has since revealed that
many fly-by night financial groups and what were thought to be respectable
banks had men at their helm who were busy surreptitiously externalising
forex, mainly to the UK and US.
In light of Gono's major success within a short period in weeding out
anti-Zimbabwe Zimbabweans, it is not surprising that Ancram's call was
mainly targeted at Gono who is expected to arrive in the Britain anytime
this week. The visit is part of his sterling efforts at persuading
Zimbabweans in Diaspora to send money home through government set channels
which have become a national talking point though the ease and convenience
of the Homelink outreach programme.
Ancram has said that if the EU refused to act, Britain should tighten
sanctions unilaterally.
Mr Ancram told the BBC Radio 4 Today programme: "We have always called for
the sanctions to cover not just those directly involved in the regime, but
also those who support the regime financially, because the regime without
financial support would be very severely weakened.
"We could act unilaterally, but certainly I think the EU should further
tighten its sanctions."
The claims by Britain are that if locals in Diaspora are to send money back
home, it is likely going to be used to help the ruling Zanu PF's campaigns
in 2005 Parliamentary election. Working on this assumption Ancram has called
for the tightening of International sanctions against Zimbabwe.
And in a move that is bound to propound ruling party's assertion that the
MDC gets its cue from the former colonial masters, opposition MDC, through
its branches abroad is working tirelessly to keep Zimbabwe on its knees.
"Why would they want to support a scheme which to all intents and purposes
is aimed at strengthening the very government that drove them into exile in
the first place and took away their right to vote?" Professor Welshman
Ncube, Secretary General of the MDC is quoted as having said.
Ncube attacked the government saying it wants people to send money home but
at the same time deny them their basic right to have a say in how their
country is governed.
"It is hypocrisy of the highest order," added Ncube.
Ncube went out of his way to reinforce the claims being made by the British
government, saying that the current visit by Gono and Reserve Bank
delegation emphasises the need for "EU targeted sanctions to be expanded to
include all individuals who play a leading role in perpetuating the
illegitimate rule of Mugabe and his Zanu PF government."
This is not the first time that MDC has tried to derail government's
initiatives aimed at reviving the economy which has suffered considerably
from targeted sanctions mainly from the West, led by a rabid British
anti-Zimbabwe blitz. The MDC offices in the United States organised and
staged what the opposition termed "a successful demonstration" at a time
when the party's coffers at home are hardly in a rosy state.
Ironically the opposition party is trying to persuade Zimbabweans in
Diaspora to fund its next parliamentary campaigns. The move by the MDC to
seek funding from Zimbabweans abroad comes hard on the heels of its failure
to pay salaries for its workers at Harvest house on time.
"The MDC seems to be preoccupied with a desire to cut its nose in order to
spite its face in that it views any policy and initiative that comes from
the ruling party as an act of war against their own, usually bankrupt,
policies. When thy are not threatening to sue the President of South Africa,
they are beating up government ministers in parliament or boycotting
rallies." A leading analyst says.
The MDC has long been a party seen by many observers to be lacking in
ideological content that would provide Zimbabwe with a socially ameliorating
vision. RESTART was their economic programme designed to counter governor
Gono's monetary policy but after making a great hue and cry at the time of
its launch, the MDC initiative is now conspicuous by its silence, and the
copycat attempt to access money from Zimbabweans abroad sends signals that
the party is in dire need of a political RESTART programme.
The recent defection of one of the country's well- known turncoats, defeated
Zanu PF aspirant in the 2000 parliamentary primaries, and one of the
founding members of the politically insignificant NAGG, Dr Shakespeare Maya
does not seem to have injected the intelligence and political wisdom that
would help the party make a distinction between Zanu PF and Zimbabwe.
They have thus been embroiled in many shameful acts of sabotage aimed at
Zanu PF but which inevitably derail the nation's efforts to become self-
reliant in the face of an ongoing siege and onslaught by the UK and US
Back to the Top
Back to Index

HUYA MWEYA (Meaning: Come Holy Spirit/ Cleansing Wind) Website under

Walk with WOZA on World Refugee Day! Are YOU a REFUGEE ISIPHEPHELI /
WOZA (Women of Zimbabwe Arise) SAYS
Life for many Zimbabweans is the life of refugees. Stripped of rights that
protect our nationhood we at home go without from day to day. And the regime
responds by telling us to become social and economic exiles, asking you to
send money home, which will fund their ongoing campaign to keep us `resident

WOZA will be marking world refugee day on Saturday 19th June by gathering to
demand cause for hope. 'Resident refugees' will risk arrest and assault to

BULAWAYO, HARARE March venues to be advised - Time 12 noon
Solidarity Protests:
UK Solidarity Group - Zimbabwe House, 429 the Strand on Saturday 19th June,
12 noon.
PRETORIA, South Africa - Zimbabwe House

"The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe is now encouraging Zimbabweans to work in the
diaspora because of their foreign exchange generation potential which
exceeds that of any other economic sector," said the governor, Dr Gideon
Gono ,at a public lecture at the Midlands State University in May 2004. He
said the export of human labour would be encouraged as the brain drain has a
lot of potential in terms of generating foreign exchange for the country if
the money came through official channels. Gono went on to say: "The brain
drain is our export. We should encourage Zimbabweans to take up posts

Ask yourself how they can ignore the suffering of millions and fly abroad to
ask for your forex.. WOZA calls on non-resident refugees - 1.3 million in
the United Kingdom, 1.5 million in South Africa, those in the United States
and other countries - to resist being duped out of hard-earned cash. Your
money will not go towards creating hope but into buying votes, using food
and propaganda to try and convince us we are not oppressed and life is worth
living. Vast amounts will be spent rigging the 2005 election to make people
think we voted in a leadership of our choosing and have reason to lie back
and be optimistic

For more info: Box FM701, Famona, Bulawayo Ph: 011-213-885 / 09-63978 Email: or
Back to the Top
Back to Index


Zimbabwe proposes to change electoral bill 2004-06-14 02:37:34

HARARE, June 14 (Xinhuanet) --The Zimbabwean Electoral
SupervisoryCommission (ESC) said here Monday that it has sent amendment
proposals to the Ministry of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs for
inclusion in the Electoral Amendment Bill 2003 currently before the

ESC spokesman Thomas Bvuma said the proposals, including the
creation of an all-inclusive electoral authority, were aimed at improving
Zimbabwe's electoral system.

"The ESC recommendations are aimed at improving the electoral
process and at removing the negative perceptions that people have of
Zimbabwean elections," he said.

He said the new electoral authority proposed by the ESC would
combine the functions of the Registrar General of Elections, the
Delimitation Commission, the Electoral Supervisory Commission and the
Election Directorate.

The country is amending its electoral laws as part of an ongoing
process to enhance democracy and improve the electoral landscape.

The Electoral Amendment Bill 2003 is undergoing parliamentary
scrutiny, and is likely to be passed before next year's legislative polls.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

'Standard' Editor, Reporter Appear in Court to Face Allegations of
Contravening Public Order And Security Act

Media Institute of Southern Africa (Windhoek)

June 14, 2004
Posted to the web June 14, 2004

On 8 June 2004, Bornwell Chakaodza, editor of "The Standard" newspaper, and
reporter Valentine Maponga were remanded out of custody to 14 August for
contravening Section 15 of the Public Order and Security Act (POSA).

Allegations against the two journalists first arose on 16 May when they
published a story entitled, "The family of slain mine boss blames government
officials". The story said the family of murdered Trojan Mine boss Leonard
Chimimba was blaming government officials for his death. Chakaodza and
Maponga relied on a named source who has since distanced himself from the

Chakaodza and Maponga appeared before Magistrate Memory Chigwaza. The state
contends that the two journalists erred in implicating certain unnamed
senior government officials as being behind Chimimba's murder. The mine boss
was alleged to have been in possession of information connected to nickel
theft in South Africa.


Chakaodza and Maponga were arrested on 21 May. They were released the same
day on Z$50,000 (approx. US$9) bail each.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

ANZ Directors Plead Not Guilty to Charges of Publishing Without a Licence

Media Institute of Southern Africa (Windhoek)

June 14, 2004
Posted to the web June 14, 2004

On 9 June 2004, four directors of The Associated Newspapers of Zimbabwe
(ANZ), publishers of the banned newspapers "The Daily News" and "The Daily
News on Sunday", pleaded not guilty to charges of publishing without a

The four face charges under Section 66 of the Access to Information and
Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA) for publishing without a licence granted
by the government-appointed Media and Information Commission (MIC). The
state contends that ANZ directors Samuel Nkomo, Rachel Kupara, Michael
Mattinson and Brian Mutsau published "The Daily News" illegally on 24
October 2003, six weeks after the paper was shut down. "The Daily News"
comeback edition was published a day after an administrative court ruled
that the MIC had erred in denying the ANZ a licence when it applied for one
in September.

MIC executive chairperson Tafataona Mahoso testified that the newspaper
editors misinterpreted the court ruling and should have waited before
restarting publication of the newspaper. On 23 October, an administrative
court ordered that the ANZ be granted a licence by 30 November. Resuming
publication immediately was "the accussed's interpretation" of the judgment,
said Mahoso.

"Following the judgment of 23 October 2003, [the paper] should have waited
until after 30 November," he contended. "In my understanding, the Associated
Newspapers of Zimbabwe was publishing outside the law," said Mahoso.

If convicted, ANZ directors could each be fined Z$300,000 (approx. US$55) or
be sentenced to two years in prison. The trial was scheduled to continue on
10 June.
Back to the Top
Back to Index


Couple survives bloody attack
14/06/2004 21:49 - (SA)

Harare - A Finnish woman and her white Zimbabwean husband, both in their
fifties, escaped with their lives on Monday after a savage mauling by
President Robert Mugabe's youth militia using iron bars and rocks to try and
force them out of the village they live in.

Birgit Kidd said the mob of youths, led by secret police, attacked her and
her husband, Shane, both active supporters of the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change, when they were trying to assert a court order allowing
them to return to the party's office on Monday in the picturesque tourist
village of Chimanimani in Zimbabwe's southeastern districts.

Kidd said an attempt was made to burn down the MDC office in a building
which the couple own three weeks ago.

Speaking from her hospital bed in the neighbouring town of Chipinge, she
said she had a dislocated shoulder where she was hit with an iron bar, 15
stitches to wounds in her head where the youths threw rocks at her and
bruises all over her body.

Her husband was bleeding from the ears, mouth and lips and also suffered
multiple bruises. "I thought I was going to lose my life," she said.
"Everything that was available they were throwing at us. They were trying to
finish Shane off with a huge rock. They were shouting at us they were going
to kill us.

"We have done nothing wrong. We (the MDC) don't beat anyone, we don't rape
anyone, we don't burn anyone's houses."

The incident was the latest in a five-year reign of violence and terror
controlled by Mugabe's ruling Zanu-PF party in the Chimanimani area.

The election of a popular white farmer, Roy Bennett, in 2000 triggered a
backlash directed against MDC supporters. - Sapa-dpa
Back to the Top
Back to Index

From The Mail & Guardian (SA), 12 June

Moyo burns his fingers

Dumisani Muleya

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's propaganda chief Jonathan Moyo was
stopped in his tracks by the old guard of the ruling Zanu PF when he tried
to elbow his way into the top echelons of political power. Their move came
as Moyo began openly to make a power play ahead of the party's critical
congress scheduled for December. The congress comes at a time when Mugabe
has indicated he will step down as president of Zimbabwe when his present
term expires. Moyo has of late been making open attempts to build a power
base for himself in his rural home in Zimbabwe's Matabeleland North
province. In the process he has found himself in conflict with powerful
rivals within the party. Moyo recently clashed with Zimbabwean
Vice-President Joseph Msika over the government's seizure of a farm,
Kondozi. Although Moyo managed to hold on to the farm, Msika warned that he
would not be defeated by "little immoral boys". The high-profile clash,
which was widely interpreted as evidence of a scramble for power, has
deepened the divisions within the faction-ridden Zanu PF.

Moyo threw fuel on the fire three weeks ago when he launched a thinly veiled
attack on Zanu PF spokesman Nathan Shamuyarira. In the state-owned daily The
Herald Moyo criticised Mugabe's interview with British Sky News. He said
those who still believed that it was better to promote Zimbabwe's interests
through the "colonial and imperialist" media houses rather than on the
"national media" were "outdated". This was seen as a broadside against
Shamuyarira, who had facilitated the interview without Moyo's approval. In
his outburst, Moyo also suggested that Mugabe had wasted time answering
questions from "British intelligence operatives masquerading as journalists"
that were either "very crude or very stupid". This was seen as an unwitting
attack on Mugabe, and it further infuriated Zanu PF leaders. Shamuyarira,
the president's confidant and a former journalist, apparently thinks that if
he is allowed to speak to the global media, Mugabe could be useful in
fighting negative publicity about Zimbabwe. By contrast, Moyo seems to think
that exposing Mugabe to long interviews with "hostile" media organisations
can only worsen the situation, especially at a time when the president seems
to be losing his grasp on many issues. As shown over the past three years,
Moyo's strategy has been to ring-fence Mugabe and control the free flow of
information. Following hard on the heels of the government's enforcement of
its repressive media laws, which resulted in the banning of the Daily News
and other papers in January, new measures are planned to gag Internet and
e-mail communication. The government is targeting Internet service
providers, who could soon be forced to divulge the source of any e-mail
deemed objectionable, unauthorised or obscene. The new regulations mean that
Internet service providers will have to sign a contract agreeing to
cooperate with the authorities in tracing the sources of "offensive"
e-mails. It forbids the service providers to undertake any "anti-national
activities". But most of the Internet firms have vowed to resist the
official censorship drive.

The clash between Moyo and Shamuyarira sparked a series of events that
appears to have led to Moyo's isolation. It is understood that the attack on
Shamuyarira forced Zanu PF chairperson John Nkomo to complain in his weekly
column in the party newspaper mouthpiece, The Voice, of lack of discipline
and insubordination. Moyo was seen as the target. Matters came to a head
last week when Nkomo was openly slammed in The Herald by war veterans over
the current tussles over land and farms. War veteran leader Joseph
Chinotimba attacked Nkomo over the issue. Angered by the rising trend of
attacks on senior party officials, Zanu PF bigwigs closed ranks and
confronted Moyo during the politburo meeting. Insiders say Shamuyarira
tabled the issue before luminaries such as Msika, while retired General
Solomon Mujuru - widely seen as the Zanu PF king-maker - led the assault on
Moyo and other "undisciplined cadres". Zanu PF sources say the attack in the
politburo has left Moyo weakened and isolated. After the politburo meeting,
Nkomo wrote another column that insisted that "party members need to respect
hierarchy". Moyo's situation was worsened by Mugabe's statement, last week,
that party officials who have been unprocedurally nominated as Zanu PF
candidates for next year's general election will be rejected. Moyo is one of
those. His supporters in Matabeleland North recently claimed he had been
nominated by "consensus" in a move seen as an attempt to help him avoid
internal primary elections. Zanu PF big shots are said to be plotting to
block Moyo in the primaries to ensure that he remains a powerless appointed
MP. However, observers say that, despite the setbacks, Moyo is not finished
yet, as Mugabe still needs his services as a spin doctor.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

The Scotsman

Africa's plight will not end with aid

IN A week packed with news did you notice president Robert Mugabe's
declaration he is going to nationalise all the farmland in his already much
blighted Republic of Zimbabwe? You do not need sophisticated economics to
know the certain consequence will be starvation.

In many nations across Africa the institutions we in the West take for
granted are entirely absent. The people of these miserable territories are
not incompetent. They are the same as us. Without the rule of law, private
property rights and an infrastructure for basic transportation, water,
electricity and phones, we too would be a broken, diseased and starving

Africa's horrors are not solved by sending aid. The word "aid" sounds
kindly, even generous. It is pernicious. It mostly props up the bandit
regimes. Mr Mugabe's thugs rip off the labels of wheat or maize from the
United States or European Union and re-label it as the benevolence of the
dictator. The Sudanese government, too, routinely plunders aid consignments.
At best, aid breeds a dependency culture; at worst it funds barbarism.

What Africa needs is open markets where property rights exist, contracts can
be enforced and exchanges can multiply. This was clearly the message of the
Kenyan TV journalist Akinyi "June" Arunga as she travelled from Cairo to
Cape Town in BBC 3's The Devil's Footpath recently.

More specifically, Africa needs a period in which major Western companies
take over either specific roles over long periods or perhaps even entire
territories. If this sounds condescending or "colonial" let me offer a
European analogy.

Kosovo is in a sort of limbo. It is neither in Serbia nor in Albania. To
stop the bloodbath, the UN is operating a sort of trusteeship. Diverse roles
that are quite beyond the bereft civic institutions of Kosovo are being
performed under long-term contracts or leases. In a career move he can never
have imagined, the former Liberal Democrat leader Paddy Ashdown is a de
facto governor general - even if he has no such title.

Let us take some specific examples. Sierra Leone had declined into a
condition of utter desperation. The only policy initiative its leaders had
was to cut off opponent's limbs. The British sent in no more than a few
platoons of troops and some sappers. The brutality ceased. Sierra Leone has
the most marvellous port site in West Africa. It is rich in minerals;
diamonds in particular. It is highly fertile. It can feed itself and export
food, except the EU bans its exports.

Sierra Leone should be adopted by Scotland. My intentions are benevolent but
they can be led by profit. Let the dynamic chief executive of Scottish
Power, Ian Russell, take over its energy utilities. Let Scottish Water be
contracted to open and extend its water supply. Paul Jowett would become a
local hero.

Just abut every Edinburgh company could enhance life for the people of
Sierra Leone.

Bechtel, the mighty and diverse US corporation, assumes contracts that are
more like leases to run large projects under agreement. It runs airports,
docks, generating stations and even sewage systems. This is not kindly but
limp charity. Rather it structures a contract that ensures a profit. This is
grown-up capitalism that delivers vastly improved public services on the one
hand and a reasonable return on the other. There is little new in this
suggestion. Canada is basically the creation of two companies - the Hudson's
Bay Company, based on the brisk trade in beaver pelts, and the Canadian
Pacific Railway, a timber venture.

Assuming control of tracts of Africa is easily dismissed as "imperialistic".
I'm not concerned to paint the map pink. My purpose is to rescue the almost
countless millions from the butchery and misery that seems to be their fate.
The good-hearted outfits such as Oxfam and Christian Aid are not going to
rescue Africa. What Africa needs is capitalism - and its first cousin - the
rule of law.

Mr Mugabe's people with their land ownership crushed will relapse into
pre-industrial levels until it restores its markets. It is a vivid model of
how not to run a country. Capitalism has a nobility. It lifts us all from
primitive conditions. Free markets could free Africa.

The author is director general of the Institute of Economic Affairs.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Business Report

Indignation as Harare seeks funds in UK
June 14, 2004

By Alexandra Hudson

London - A fundraising trip to Britain last week by the head of the
Zimbabwean central bank outraged members of the country's opposition and
prompted calls for tighter sanctions on the southern African state.

Gideon Gono went to the UK to address Zimbabweans resident there and
encourage them to use a new foreign currency transfer system when they send
money home to their families.

About 400 000 Zimbabweans live in Britain and many of whom use private
transfer companies such as Western Union to send money back.

Under Harare's new system, which offers a more attractive exchange
rate, foreign currency would flow directly to the country's treasury.

Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe, under fire from the West over the
alleged rigging of an election in 2002 and the persecution of political
foes, has been banned, along with 98 senior officials of his Zanu-PF Party,
from travelling to any EU country since 2002. But Gono is not on the banned

Shadow foreign secretary Michael Ancram said any money sent back could
help fund Mugabe's party campaign in future elections.

Ancram told the BBC last week: "We have always called for the
sanctions to cover not just those directly involved in the regime, but also
those who support the regime financially, because the regime without
financial support would be very severely weakened."

"We could act unilaterally, but certainly I think the EU should
further tighten its sanctions."

A foreign office spokesperson said Britain had spearheaded a robust
global response to the Mugabe regime and was behind the EU travel ban in the
first place.

Gono was not identified as a suitable candidate for the list when it
was last updated earlier this year, and Britain would not act alone on what
was a multilateral issue, she said.

Silence Chihuri, the British treasurer of Zimbabwe's opposition
Movement for Democratic Change said: "We are very disappointed that the
British government has allowed him into the country."

"Gideon Gono is wielding more power than even the finance minister in
Zimbabwe at the moment. He is very influential in trying to turn around the
fortunes of the government."

Chihuri added the he hoped Gono would get a hostile reception from

A demonstration was planned for Saturday at the Zimbabwe high
commission in London, where Gono was expected to attend a function. The
commission declined to comment on the visit.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Sunday Times (SA)

Zimbabwe steps up media onslaught

Monday June 14, 2004 06:57 - (SA)

By Susan Njanji

HARARE - The closure of another independent paper in Zimbabwe is seen here
as the latest blow in a campaign by President Robert Mugabe's ruling party
to reshape the media landscape ahead of crucial elections early next year.

The Tribune, a weekly owned by a ruling party lawmaker who criticised
Zimbabwe's media laws, was shut down on Thursday, just days after the
government moved to tighten control of the internet.

The government said the one-year closure of The Tribune, launched two years
ago, was decided after the weekly's publisher failed to notify the
state-appointed media commission of changes including in its ownership
structure and title.

The Tribune, which plans to challenge the decision in court, said the
closure signalled "the death of press freedom in Zimbabwe".

"This is the worst assault on press freedom in modern Zimbabwe," said
Tribune publisher Kindness Paradza.

"Our belief is that there is a hidden hand behind all this," he said,
charging that the media commission was not "only unreasonable but barbaric
in an independent and democratic Zimbabwe."

The closure of the Tribune came within months of the closure of the highly
critical Daily News and its sister paper, the Daily News on Sunday, early
this year.

Zimbabwe's media laws, adopted shortly afer Mugabe was re-elected in 2002,
require all news organisations to register with the state-appointed
commission to be allowed to work in the country.

Close to 20 journalists and other media staff have been arrested, some of
them more than once, for allegedly violating media laws since 2002.

The closures, which have left hundreds jobless, is seen as an attempt to
silence the free press ahead of parliamentary elections only eight months

"The ongoing closure of objective channels of information by the ruling
authorities dilutes people's capacity to make informed choices at the ballot
box," said the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in a

In an editorial published Friday despite the ban, the Tribune said "we see
the move ... as one designed to ensure that no credible voice will be around
come voting next year."

Mugabe's ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) is
gearing up for the March elections, hoping to secure a two-thirds majority
in parliament that will give it a free hand to change the constitution.

Brian Kagoro of the Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition, a rights lobby group, said
ZANU-PF is waging an onslaught on the media as part of a broader bid to
create a one-party state.

"This control of the media is not only to silence dissent but to create a
particular citizen, who is docile, compliant and uncritical. You will have
the officialisation of puppetry or parrotry so that everybody sings one song
and there will be only one choir master," said Kagoro.

"The latest development demonstrated that the laws had no intention of
regulating the media but controlling it and switching off those media the
government is most afraid of and cannot control directly," said Andrew
Moyse, head of the Media Monitoring Project, an independent media monitoring

"There is no light at the end of the tunnel," Moyse said.

Along with the chokehold on the media, the government has asked internet
service providers to sign contracts that compel them to monitor, report and
even block "malicious messages" and any other material deemed in violation
of Zimbabwe law.

Due to the high cost of telephone calls, the internet has become the most
inexpensive mode of communication, widely used by both opposition members in
exile and economic refugees to send messages back home.

Zimbabwe has the worst record on media freedom among the 10 countries of
southern Africa, according to the Windhoek-based Media Institute of Southern
Africa (MISA).

Reporters Without Borders, a Paris-based media watchdog ranks Zimbabwe
number 141 out of 166 countries on its press freedom index.


Back to the Top
Back to Index

Stuart News editorial: Poor Zimbabwe
Nationalization of farmland leading African nation toward starvation

June 14, 2004

Robert Mugabe seems determined that the nation he leads, Zimbabwe, will die
a slow-motion death.

After running the once-prosperous African nation's economy into the ground,
Mugabe has decided to put the finishing touches on its ruin with a loopy
scheme to nationalize all farmland. Private ownership of land will be

A scheme to confiscate land from white commercial farmers, who accounted for
most of Zimbabwe's agricultural exports, has now expanded to confiscate land
from everybody. That should make a bad situation worse, much worse. Once a
food exporter, Zimbabwe now grows only half the food it needs. Now it is
unlikely to grow even that.

Thanks to Mugabe's dictatorial mismanagement and goofy socialist schemes,
Zimbabwe's once-vital mining and manufacturing sectors are moribund,
unemployment is rampant, foreign investment and aid nil, and its currency
virtually worthless.

In confiscating white-owned land, Mugabe turned over the best of it to his
cronies, who have proved incapable of farming it, and the rest to small
farmers who are unable to farm it because they cannot afford to buy seed,
fertilizer, fuel and farm machinery. And without clear title to their land,
they are unable to borrow.

The latest scheme, which envisions no compensation for land nationalized,
calls for the farmers to be issued 99-year leases, which the government
feels will be collateral enough for lenders. This dismissal of the rights of
private property ensures that Zimbabwe's entrepreneurs will be unable to
raise capital.

But even if lenders trusted the Mugabe government, which they don't, "The
banks aren't going to lend to an individual against a lease that belongs to
the state," a local economist told the Associated Press. "It doesn't work
that way. You can't borrow on the strength of something you don't own."

The Mugabe government's explanation for the economic disaster is a plot by
the white nations to restore colonialism. That argument was bogus when it
was first made and is laughable now. If anything, Mugabe has probably made
colonialism seem a desirable alternative to his people.

There are precedents for land-nationalization schemes like Mugabe's. In
1932-33, the Soviet Union forcibly collectivized its agricultural sector; 7
million died from starvation in Ukraine alone. From 1958-62, China's farmers
were forced into the Great Leap Forward that left an estimated 30 million
dead from starvation.

Sadly, something like that may be the fate of Zimbabwe if lunacy persists.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

The Star

Mugabe's legacy
June 14, 2004

After his decision last week to nationalise all land, President Robert
Mugabe can now safely retire. In his own mind, he will have completed the
process of decolonisation which various compromises with reality thwarted
him from doing since he took power in 1980.

Now he can tell his supporters that they "own" all of the land - and
whites own none.

The sad irony of Mugabe's legacy will be that the only way he could
find to restore the land to the black majority was by making it almost
worthless to them. Mugabe is attempting the great socialist conjuring trick
of "giving" blacks back their land - through their "ownership" of the state.
But, of course, only Mugabe's cronies and a few others have enjoyed anything
like real beneficial ownership of land.

For the great majority, the real legacy of this great Pyrrhic victory
will be more hunger and poverty. The only salvation for Zimbabwe's people -
and Africans everywhere - is private ownership of land. As many economists
and analysts have pointed out, it is only this which can save the continent.
It is only through being able to use land as security for gaining credit,
that ordinary Africans will be able to gain a foothold in the otherwise
inaccessible market economy - to become entrepreneurs and lift themselves
out of the status of perpetual worker status and poverty.

The failure to give blacks back the land in any really useful form is
the great tragedy of Zimbabwe. No doubt white farmers must share some of the
blame. But Mugabe must bear the greater burden. He has, after all, led the
country since independence. Through a long-term, systematic and orderly
programme of reform, he could by now have dramatically rectified the balance
of land ownership. But he chose instead to do almost nothing for two decades
and then grabbed it all for the sake of political survival.

History will surely judge him harshly.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Pretoria News

Where to now for alleged coup plotters?
June 14, 2004

By Gail Wannenburg

Judge Bernard Ngoepe has dismissed a case brought by a group of
alleged mercenaries to compel the South African government to request their
extradition from Zimbabwe to stand trial in South Africa under the Foreign
Military Assistance Act. The 70 men were arrested in Zimbabwe after the SA
government alerted authorities in Zimbabwe and Equatorial Guinea that they
were part of a group captured in Equatorial Guinea that have confessed to
plans to launch a coup d'etat against the government of that country.

The men's attorneys argued that the SA government should request their
extradition because there was no prospect that the men's constitutional
rights to a fair trial or humane treatment would be respected in either
Zimbabwe or Equatorial Guinea .

The precedent for this action was the Constitutional Court judgement
on Khalfan Mohamed, an illegal immigrant, deported to the US by the South
African government and convicted for his part in the bombing of the US
embassy in Kenya in 1998.

The court found that his deportation was illegal and that the SA
government should have obtained guarantees that Mohamed would not be given
the death sentence, outlawed in SA.

The alleged coup plotters' attorneys argued that, by its actions, the
SA government had caused the arrest of their clients and there was a similar
obligation on the government to protect their constitutional rights. Justice
Ngoepe said that the men, unlike Mohamed, had voluntarily removed themselves
from South Africa and the SA government did not incur any legal obligation
to protect them by warning the authorities in Zimbabwe of their plans.

He also noted that it was in the discretion of the South African
government to decide the timing and nature of any representations it might
make on behalf of the men and that he was not in a position to make findings
on the legal systems in Zimbabwe and Equatorial Guinea. The judgment does
not close the door to further legal action by the plaintiffs because it does
not explore the nature and extent of the South African government's duty to
its citizens.

There are several international precedents that outline the duty of
states with regard to the trial of their own and foreign nationals in third
countries for criminal offences. States can apply to the International Court
of Justice when they believe that the rights of their citizens have been

Meanwhile, the alleged mercenaries find themselves in an invidious
position. If they had confessed to a coup plot in their court papers, the
South African government could charge them in terms of mercenary
legislation, thereby facilitating their extradition to South Africa.

But proclaiming their guilt puts them at the mercy of the legal
systems in Zimbabwe and Equatorial Guinea where it seems they are unlikely
to receive a fair trial. Their right to remain silent in terms of SA law is
threatened by this dilemma.

There is no legislation outlawing extra-territorial mercenary activity
in Zimbabwe. They have been charged with offences related to their alleged
breach of firearm control and public order legislation. The prima facie case
against them appears to be weak. An army colonel in the Zimbabwe Defence
Industries allegedly sold firearms to the alleged coup plotters without
adequate documentation. There has been no explanation from the Zimbabwean
authorities as to how this occurred. No evidence has come to light that
there was a plot against the Zimbabwean government so it is unlikely that
public order charges will stick.

The Zimbabwean government tacitly acknowledged this dilemma by passing
legislation allowing the extradition of the men to Equatorial Guinea after
they arrested the men. It is an established principle of many jurisdictions
including Zimbabwe that legislation cannot be applied retrospectively.

Reports that the Zimbabwean government has agreed to illegally
extradite the men to Equatorial Guinea in exchange for oil raises further
concern about the rule of law in Zimbabwe.

Human rights groups such as Amnesty International claim that there is
no rule of law in Equatorial Guinea. Opponents of the government have faced
execution without due process. This is the possible fate of the alleged coup
plotters if extradited to Equatorial Guinea. The South African National
Prosecuting Authority, media reports suggest, has said that there is little
prospect that the men will receive a fair trial. The NPA was sent to
Equatorial Guinea to assist the authorities in ensuring a fair trial but has
no real authority to intervene.

The South African government also finds itself in a difficult
position. It now has to rely on diplomatic measures to protect the rights of
the accused.

Arguably, the government has not provided an adequate explanation to
the South African public as to why it cannot prosecute the alleged coup

The fact that the government alerted the authorities in Zimbabwe to
the men's activities suggests that it may have had sufficient information to
establish a conspiracy to provide military assistance to overthrow a foreign
government, even if the men had not committed an overt act of hostility - an
offence provided for in the Foreign Military Assistance Act.

It is understandable that the SA government wishes to send a clear
signal that mercenary activities will not be tolerated. But it also has an
obligation to protect its citizens against arbitrary justice in
international law. This includes the right to be regarded as innocent until
proven guilty and to be heard in a competent tribunal. The jury is still out
on whether the SA government and our courts have done enough to protect the
rights of the alleged mercenaries now facing trial. The SA government still
has a chance to request their extradition or to make formal representations
to the governments involved to respect the rights of these men to a
transparent and fair legal process and humane sentence if found guilty.

.. Gail Wannenburg is a Research Fellow at the SA Institute of
International Affairs.
Back to the Top
Back to Index

Dispatch (SA)


Chinese arms in Africa
THE purchase of 12 jet fighters and 100 military vehicles would raise
eyebrows in most parts of the world. Where the buyer is Zimbabwe and the
seller is China, the inflow of weapons raises concerns close to home.

There is evidence of an accelerating arms race between Zimbabwe, Namibia and
South Africa, according to statistics compiled by the South African
Institute of International Affairs.

The sale apparently flies in the face of requests to China by South African
Foreign Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma not to sell arms into the southern
African region, according to the journal Armed Forces International
published in the United States.

The purchase had been confirmed by Zimbabwe's permanent secretary for
defence, according to the Movement for Democratic Change shadow minister for
defence Giles Mutsekwa yesterday. Asked why the arms had not followed tender
procedures, secretary Trust Maphosa repeatedly cited security reasons.

South Africa's concern is that an arms race in the southern African
sub-continent could have severe economic and security repercussions.

Zuma's request "reveals that SA has observed a growing pattern of Chinese
arms sales" in its own backyard, according to the journal, and provides
"evidence of its serious concern about the matter". The journal also
suggested South Africa wanted to protect its own arms industry by
discouraging sales from China.

The Zimbabwean order also defies an appeal by United Nations
Secretary-General Kofi Annan in 1998 that defence spending in southern
Africa be frozen for 10 years at 1,5% of any country's GDP.

While South Africa claims to have stuck to this figure, SAAIA figures show
our arms spending is closer to 1,7% of GDP, while Zimbabwe is spending
around 3,4% and Namibia 3,6%. We are also a significant manufacturer of
arms. Only Zambia and Swaziland have stuck to the UN limit.

According to the journal, Zimbabwe's order for 12 Chinese FC-1 jets could
pose a "credible challenge" to the 28 Gripen JAS-39 multi-role fighters
which South Africa has on order.

The percentages are misleading, however. Our economy is many times greater
than any of our neighbours and could therefore buy many times more armaments
for a lesser part of GDP. We also control virtually all Zimbabe's fuel and
power supplies.

Concerns of a different level are raised by the expansion of Chinese arms.
China understands like no other country what it means to produce in bulk. It
has spent 50 years developing a military force and weapons to take on their
American equivalents on Taiwan.

Relations between the mainland and the island have warmed in recent years
and the threat of direct conflict has subsided.

This cannot be said with confidence of the developing world and the
emergence of China as a major supplier is a matter for concern. It would be
enthusiastically welcomed by everyone who would like to see a real military
challenge emerging to hold off the United States.

But it could also prove immensely costly to the developing world, at a time
when Africa is engaged in a bold attempt to live in peace so that it can
develop prosperity.
Back to the Top
Back to Index


Uproar over Mugabe gift

June 14 2004 at 04:35AM

By Basildon Peta

A Malaysian anti-corruption watchdog wants to know why former prime minister
Mahathir Mohamad did not disclose his gift of timber to President Robert

The watchdog has also asked if Mahathir had obtained cabinet approval before
giving Mugabe timber for his lavish 25-bedroom mansion.

"And why was the gift not disclosed to Malaysian taxpayers?", the Kuala
Lumpur Society for Transparency and Integrity asked in a statement published
in the Malaysiakini newspaper.

The statement was a reaction to Mahathir's admission on Friday that
Malaysian timber had been shipped to Zimbabwe for the construction of
Mugabe's house. The former premier reportedly said this was common practice
in promoting Malaysian timber.

Mugabe said he had received timber from Mahathir and roofing materials from
the Chinese government to build the mansion.

Malaysia's parliamentary opposition leader, Lim Kit Siang, was quoted as
saying: "We know Mugabe is a good friend of Mahathir (but) there was no
parliamentary approval to fund this rotten and corruptible regime."

.. This article was originally published on page 2 of The Mercury on June
14, 2004

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Business Day

Inflation fall will not last'

HARARE Zimbabwe's annual inflation rate, the highest globally, continued
last month to slow for the fourth month in a row, and fell to less than
However, economists said yesterday it was inevitable the rate would
accelerate again soon.

The official Central Statistical Office said yearon-year inflation in the
fifth month of the year was 448%, 57 percentage points lower than the 505%
for April. However, month-on-month inflation rose from 4,8% in April to 6%
last month, according to the figures, also after registering a decline since
early this year.

Zimbabwe is in severe economic crisis, characterised by the world's fastest
shrinking gross domestic product 30% in the past five years which is
projected to sink more than 9% this year.

Reckless economic decisions, corruption, violent repression and destruction
of its formerly lucrative agricultural sector under President Robert Mugabe
are widely blamed for the collapse of what until five years ago was one of
Africa's most robust economies.

Inflation hit a record 623% in January, but has slowed substantially during
the past four months thanks to new monetary policies and devaluation, says
Harare. Sapa-DPA

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Chingoka defends Zimbabwe's corner

Wisden Cricinfo staff

June 14, 2004

The Zimbabwe Cricket Union held a press conference in Harare this afternoon
to brief the media on last week's talks with the ICC in Dubai and insisted
that Zimbabwe's Test status had not been suspended.

Peter Chingoka, the chairman of the ZCU, told reporters that the board had
agreed to "revision" of the four Tests scheduled for later this year until
2005. He explained that Zimbabwe's Test status had never been up for review
at the Dubai meeting and that it had "its Test status and enjoys all the
benefits and obligations that come with it, just like the other nine full
member countries."

And Chingoka tersely dismissed accusations that the ZCU was guilty of
discrimination. "Nothing could be further from the truth than the
unjustified accusation of racism mischievously levelled against the ZCU," he
said. "Our integration process is not just all-embracing in intention but
also in implementation. We have continued to promote, develop and administer
the game of cricket for the benefit of all Zimbabweans without
discrimination of any kind.

"We remain committed to the full implementation of this document, whose
contents have stood the test of time."

He went on to explain that India, Australia and South Africa had all offered
their support to try and help Zimbabwe gain much-needed experience. The
three countries have offered places within their high-performance programmes
to Zimbabwe's promising players, as well as making available facilities for
the development of coaches and umpires.

Chingoka defended the constitutional process for the appointment of the ZCU
board which, he insisted, "involves an independent panel made up of senior
and respectable citizens.

"The meeting was impressed and satisfied with our presentation and requested
that we make a similar presentation to the ICC executive board which meets
in London on the 30th of this month."

And he concluded by repeating that he hoped that the dispute with the rebel
cricketers could be resolved but reiterated the board's line that the matter
was not one which needed the involvement of the ICC disputes committee.

Wisden Cricinfo Ltd

Back to the Top
Back to Index


Zimbabwe Hosts HIV-AIDS Conference
Tendai Maphosa
14 Jun 2004, 14:45 UTC

With the HIV virus and AIDS running rampant across Africa, Zimbabwe is
hosting its first conference on what has become a major medical problem.
The four-day conference is expected to bring together more than 500
international and local delegates from governments, the private sector, and
civic society groups.

The theme of the conference is Taking Stock: Looking to the Future.
According to Zimbabwe's minister of health, Dr. David Parirenyatwa, the
delegates will examine what has been learned since Zimbabwe's first HIV case
was identified in 1985, and how they can profit from the experiences of
experts from other countries.

Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe will officially open the conference. Among
the high-profile speakers will be former Zambian president Kenneth Kaunda,
whose son died of AIDS in the 1980s and is now an activist in the war
against the disease.

Zimbabwe has one of the highest HIV rates in the world. A national HIV-AIDS
estimate puts the figures of those infected at 25 percent out of a
population of 11.6 million. In addition, 3,000 deaths a week are attributed
to AIDS.

Zimbabwe declared HIV-AIDS a national disaster in 1999 and introduced a
three percent levy on income tax to finance AIDS-fighting programs.

A local pharmaceutical company is now manufacturing generic anti-AIDS (ARV)
drugs, but the medicines are available only to the less privileged. Those
with the means to do so have to pay.

Back to the Top
Back to Index

Tribune Closure Throws Hundreds Out of Work

Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

June 13, 2004
Posted to the web June 14, 2004

Our Own Staff

AT least 60 full-time workers, 20 of these journalists, could be out of
employment following the closure of The Tribune by the Media Information
Commission (MIC) last week.

The move also affects 200 vendors who survived on commissions from selling
the paper.

'We are really in a serious situation because we have to publish in order to
get salaries for employees,' said Publisher, Kindness Paradza who is also a
Zanu PF Member of Parliament for Makonde.

The Tribune becomes the third paper to be shut down after The Daily News and
its sister paper The Daily News on Sunday were banned by the MIC.

Yesterday, there was widespread condemnation of the closure of the paper
locally and abroad on the basis that its new owners, Africa Tribune
Newspapers, had failed to inform MIC of material changes in terms of Section
67 of Aippa.

Ann Cooper, executive director of the Committee to Protect Journalists in
the United States, attacked President Mugabe for trying to stifle Press

'President Robert Mugabe is killing off Zimbabwe's independent newspapers
one by one,' said Cooper.

'The victims are the people of Zimbabwe who are cut off from information
about their own government.'

Annika Soder, Sweden's Secretary of State, said her country was worried by
the closures of newspapers in Zimbabwe.

She said it was impossible to say there was a democracy when there is no
freedom of speech in the country.

Matthew Takaona, the Zimbabwe Union of Journalists (ZUJ) president also
condemned the closure of The Tribune.

'Press freedom is dead and buried in Zimbabwe and democracy is critically
affected when there is such a scenario,' said Takaona.

The Media Institute of Southern Africa (Misa) and the Media Monitoring
Project in a joint statement, said:

'This latest onslaught against free expression and particularly the
privately owned media, demonstrates precisely why so many of the provisions
of AIPPA are clearly anti-democratic and grossly repressive.
Back to the Top
Back to Index


Mugabe and main labour union to work together

June 14 2004 at 10:18AM

Johannesburg - South African Labour Minister Membathisi Mdladlana welcomed
an agreement between the Zimbabwean government and a labour union to work
towards resolving that country's problems on Monday.

In a statement released after the standards committee of the International
Labour Organisation (ILO) discussed Zimbabwe in Geneva, Mdladlana said the
best way of resolving the issues raised was by encouraging an
intensification of the processes of social dialogue.

"I also am pleased that the Zimbabwean Congress of Trade Unions and the
Zimbabwe government delegation have reached agreement about the importance
of restarting the mechanism and process of social dialogue," Mdladlana said.

He said this was the third time the government of Zimbabwe had appeared in
front of the standards committee in connection with violations of Convention
98 of the ILO, which deals with fundamental rights of collective bargaining.

"The Zimbabwean government made it clear in 2003 that it was committed to
addressing the concerns put before the committee on questions of collective
bargaining and social dialogue within the country. Since 2003, the
Zimbabwean government has already promulgated legislation that speaks
directly to these concerns," Mdladlana said.

"We welcome the Kadoma Declaration as an outcome of discussions between the
government of Zimbabwe and its social partners. The parties confirmed that
this declaration lays the basis for an agreement to collectively confront
the problems being faced by their country.

"Zimbabwean workers and the government have expressed a willingness to take
the process of social dialogue forward. The ILO should be supportive and
encouraging of such a process," Mdladlana added. - Sapa
Back to the Top
Back to Index