The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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From SW Radio Africa, 14 June

RBZ team mobbed by angry Zimbabweans

Gideon Gono's team from the Reserve Bank has encountered stiff resistance
from angry Zimbabweans living in the UK who are opposed to the 'Homelink'
scheme to send money back home. The Reserve Bank team that has been
travelling the world trying to convince Zimbabweans to send their money home
through government channels was greeted by an angry and unsympathetic crowd
in London this past weekend. From the moment they arrived at the Zimbabwe
Embassy on Saturday it was clear that former ZBC journalist Supa
Mandiwanzira and Reserve Bank chairman Gideon Gono were not welcomed at all
by their own people. Mandiwanzira got the worst of it, particularly from
Zimbabwean women who cornered him, wanting to know just how he got into
finance and why he qualified to be working with The Reserve Bank on such a
high level. The police had to interfere when a group of angry women took
away the camera that Mandiwanzira and his crew were using to film the angry
mob. The women accused him of representing a government that did not allow
free and independent media. It was only when the police intervened that
Mandiwanzira got his camera back and managed to go into the meeting inside
Zimbabwe House. What made people even more angry was that the team did not
answer any questions from critics of Mugabe.

London is not the only city in the UK where the Reserve Bank delegation had
a tough time. In Luton about 60km north of London, scores of MDC activists
disrupted their meeting on Friday evening forcing them to make a hasty
retreat. MDC chairwoman for the UK district Suzeet Kwenda told newsreel that
most people who attended the meeting had been duped to believe that they had
been invited to a party, to celebrate the opening of a pub owned by a
Zimbabwean. In Birmingham, about 2 hours from London, Gono and his team
appeared at the Crowne Plaza Hotel in the city centre yesterday. They were
greeted by at least 300 Zimbabweans jeering and holding placards. Just as he
did in London, Gono refused to answer questions on human rights and the
breakdown of law in Zimbabwe. He said he would act as a messenger and take
some of the views back home. Meanwhile, Michael Howard, the leader of the
British Conservative Party asked the UK Government why Gono had been allowed
into the country. Many feel that Gono should be subject to the same travel
restrictions as the rest of the Mugabe regime.
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Mail and Guardian

Mugabe 'snubs' top food aid official


      15 June 2004 14:16

A visit to Zimbabwe scheduled for Tuesday by James Morris, the United
Nation's top food aid official, has been called off, UN officials said, in a
sign of worsening relations between President Robert Mugabe's government and
the world body.

James Morris, executive director of the World Food Programme, had Zimbabwe
on his itinerary for a visit arranged months ago to five Southern African
countries, but a UN spokesperson in Harare said on Tuesday the visit had
been "postponed".

"Unfortunately, due to a cabinet meeting, no government officials are likely
to be able to meet with the special envoy," the spokesperson said.

Meetings with "key government representatives" were an essential part of its
consultations in Zimbabwe. Morris, also UN secretary-general Kofi Annan's
special humanitarian envoy to Southern Africa, would be going to Malawi on
Tuesday instead.

"It's a deliberate snub," said a Western diplomat. "Zimbabwe had agreed to
the visit, and Morris was set down to see Mugabe. Late last week, they
changed their minds."

The calling off of Morris' visit occurred amid controversy over the
government's refusal to allow UN famine relief operations to continue for
the third year in a row this year, despite widespread forecasts that crop
output would again fall far below the volume needed to feed the country's
12-million people.

Last month, Mugabe said the UN was "foisting" food on the country.

"We are not hungry," he said. "We don't want to be choked."

Since 2002, the United Nations has helped avert massive starvation as it
delivered food to up to five million people at a time. Zimbabwe was Africa's
second biggest food producer, after South Africa, until 2000 when the
country's agricultural industry began to collapse as a result of the
illegal, violent state seizure of nearly all of the highly productive
farmland owned by white farmers. - Sapa-DPA
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Mrs Mugabe checks into luxury Cape Town hotel

      June 15 2004 at 09:53AM

      By Zenzile Khoisan

Grace Mugabe, wife of Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, is staying in one
of Cape Town's top hotels on a private visit.

This was confirmed by the Zimbabwean ambassador to South Africa and staff at
the exclusive Arabella Sheraton on the Foreshore, who said she had been
staying at the hotel since last Friday.

The ambassador, Simon Khaya Moyo, said Mugabe's wife was on a private visit.

She was not in the city on any mission related to the Southern African
Development Community (SADC) or on any official business of the Zimbabwean
government, he said.

Moyo could also not confirm whether Grace Mugabe was in Cape Town on a
shopping excursion.

"I have been informed that she is in the country on a private visit, and
private visits are personal matters," Moyo said.

Informed that the ageing Zimbabwean leader's wife had booked into the hotel
under an assumed name, and asked whether specific security arrangements had
been made on the South African side, the ambassador merely said that
"security is not an issue".

Moyo refused any further comment on the matter and staff at the Zimbawean
Embassy refused to confirm whether she had in fact entered the country under
the assumed name.

Meanwhile, staff members at the exclusive five-star luxury hotel said they
had seen Mugabe at the hotel, and suggested that she might be resident in
one of the Tower Clubs rooms on the 16th, 17th and 18th floors.

The rates for the rooms are almost R3 000 a night.

However, following its strict policy on confidentiality, officials of the
Arabella refused to confirm either her residency or the exact name under
which the Zimbawean VIP was booked into the establishment.

Department of foreign affairs spokesperson Ronnie Mamoepa told the Cape
Argus he was not aware that Grace Mugabe was in the country.

The Zimbabwean leader's wife has been intensely criticised for shopping spre
es in European capitals and also for expensive cross-border shopping
expeditions to Johannesburg.

At a time when the Zimbabwe dollar has been severely devalued, Grace Mugabe
is reported to have spent large sums on high-priced luxury items.

A year ago she is said to have spent R100 000 over two days during a visit
to Johannesburg.

  .. This article was originally published on page 1 of The Cape Argus on
June 15, 2004
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Sunday Times (SA)

Zimbabwe turns on the charm for Chinese tourists

Tuesday June 15, 2004 11:23 - (SA)

HARARE - Zimbabwe has launched a campaign to attract tourists from China and
other Asian countries, planning promotional tours in Asia and training
courses in language and even Chinese cooking here.

Zimbabwe's tourism industry, once a major source of hard currency earnings,
is shrinking as travellers from Australia and Europe, in particular from
former colonial ruler Britain, are staying away from the southern African

As part of the shift to the East, Tourism Minister Francis Nhema travelled
to China at the weekend to sign an agreement with Beijing granting Zimbabwe
approved destination status which the Zimbabwe Tourism Authority (ZTA) says
should "open the floodgates for Chinese visitors."

"China is recognised to be growing very fast both in terms of it generating
tourist traffic and in terms of its being a destination," said ZTA spokesman
Givemore Chidzidzi.

"There is a realisation that it is a vast country with a huge population.
Tourism there is well structured, they travel in groups, they don't just
travel anywhere, they travel to those destinations that have been approved,"
he said.

Promotional shows are due to take place later this year in China, Hong Kong
and Malaysia, among other Asian countries and tourism attaches have been
appointed to embassies in the region.

Zimbabwe is also introducing language training programmes so that it can
welcome the influx of Chinese visitors with Mandarin speakers.

"There is no way you can satisfy your customer if you cannot speak their
language," Chidzidzi said.

"These people don't speak English and we don't expect them to speak English,
but they still want to come here. Now it's for us to satisfy our customer.

"We are working on ways to make sure that our industry, and our frontline
staff in general, are ready for that," he told AFP.

Training in Chinese cuisine is also on the cards.

In addition, to improve access to Zimbabwe, the country's national airline
is exploring the possibility of introducing direct flights to selected Asian

Zimbabwe boasts one of the world's most spectacular natural wonders,
Victoria Falls, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as well as big game reserves.

But tourists have been staying away from Zimbabwe since an economic and
political crisis unleashed in 2000 with controversial elections and the land
reform program in which white farms were seized and given to landless

The government blames the slump on negative reporting by international
media, tarnishing Zimbabwe's image as an appealing destination.

Annual earnings from the tourism industry dropped from USD144.6 million
(E120 million) in 1995 to USD44.1 million last year. according to official

Private industry official say income from tourism fell from USD700 million
in 1999 to USD71 million in 2003.

At its peak, tourism - notably the falls and the game reserves - brought in
about 12.5% of Zimbabwe's gross domestic product (GDP) and employed 4.5% of
the labour force.

Asia last year was the biggest growth market for tourists, with 40% more
foreign travellers coming to Zimbabwe than in 2003, mostly from China, India
and Japan.

Nearly 41,000 Asian tourists visited Zimbabwe last year, up from 29,075 in

A special tourism police unit has also been set up to increase the safety of
tourists at all destinations.

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New Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe couple attacked by racist gangs in Scotland

By Staff Reporter
Last updated: 06/16/2004 00:54:33
FIVE Zimbabwean men were hospitalised after a racist gang attack outside a
city centre pub in the Scottish city of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom.

Police were called to the incident in George Street which started after a
gang of white men began taunting a black couple.

Zimbabwean Brian Chitemere, who suffered a dislocated elbow in the incident,
today said the attack was "terrifying".

The 30-year-old staff nurse had been enjoying an evening out with his wife,
Memory, 27, and companions, including his two brothers, in the Standing
Order when trouble started shortly after 10pm on Saturday.

Mr Chitemere, who moved to the city from London seven years ago and was born
in Zimbabwe, said his brother Gary left the pub with his girlfriend to catch
the bus home when they were approached by five men.

According to Mr Chitemere, the group began racially abusing the couple and
intimidating them with physical threats and slow hand claps.

"I was sitting in the pub with my friends when my brother's girlfriend came
running in," he said.

"She was crying, saying that a gang of guys was beating up Gary. They were
calling them 'f****** niggers' and telling them to 'f****** get out of town'

"I ran out to help him and I found there were about 20 guys there and they
started punching me and my friends. I fell on the ground, and they just kept
beating me, even when I pleaded for somebody to call an ambulance for me. It
was then that the police came and stopped it, and started taking statements
from me.

"I told them what had happened, but the crowd of guys were still hanging
around making racist comments."

All five men - Farai Madada, Alvin, Gary, and Brian Chitemere, and Tapiwa
Matipano - sustained bruising and swelling as a consequence of the attack
and received treatment at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. But nobody has been
arrested in connection with the incident.

Mr Chitemere, from Muirhouse, has been forced to take unpaid time off work
at a city nursing home as his arm has been set in plaster as a result of his

"I'm in a lot of pain, and I'm having to receive more treatment for the
injury," he said. "I've never been involved in any sort of fights in the
past or in any police business. It was terrible.

"I was so scared, even now I am still shaking about it."

Mrs Chitemere was similarly outraged by the attack.

"I think it's appalling what has happened," she said. "I never thought I'd
see the day where I'd have to think twice about coming into the centre of
Edinburgh in the evening. It's just disgusting."

A police spokesman confirmed that an incident occurred outside the pub on
Saturday night. "When officers arrived at the scene, they found an estimated
20 people involved in the incident," he said.

"There was a large group of men and women standing around outside the pub in
question. Allegations of an assault were made, but due to the number of
people involved and the fact that several of them had been drinking,
establishing exactly what had happened was not possible.

"As with any incident of this nature, officers will be carrying out further
inquiries to find out what happened. Anyone who may have witnessed the
incident in George Street is asked to contact the police."

A Commission for Racial Equality spokesman added: "We are shocked at the
horrific nature of this crime. We expect the police will be investigating
all avenues so that the perpetrators are brought to justice. If there is a
racial element to this offence it is important that it is thoroughly
investigated and properly handled."

In March, an Asian cricketer was the subject of a racially motivated attack
in front of his two children.

The 38-year-old man was walking in from training in Inverleith Park when he
was set upon by three teenagers who were shouting racist abuse.

As a result of the attack he suffered a broken nose and bruising to his
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Child malnutrition levels up in urban Zimbabwe

[ This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 15 Jun 2004 (IRIN) - More children in Zimbabwe's cities are
going hungry, according to a UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) study examining
nutrition in Southern Africa.

"Malnutrition levels in Harare [the Zimbabwean capital] have doubled over
the past four years and significantly worsened in Bulawayo [the second
city]," according to UNICEF's nutrition and health officer, Claudia
Hudspeth, who conducted the study.

She noted that the "high levels of severe acute malnutrition, warranting
immediate and urgent action", were causing particular concern. At least
one-quarter of districts in Zimbabwe had high levels of severe acute
malnutrition in children aged under five, while in one-third of all
districts the mortality rates were approaching "emergency" levels.

According to the World Food Programme (WFP), 5.5 million of Zimbabwe's total
population of 11.6 million were at risk of food shortages up to the last
harvest. WFP has continued targeted food distribution to vulnerable
communities across the country.

In Malawi half the children suffered from stunting - one of the highest
levels in the world - and the country has continued to record progressive
deterioration in child nutrition. Micronutrient deficiencies were also
extremely high, with half the child population suffering from Vitamin A
deficiency, said the study.

While large-scale deterioration in child nutrition had been prevented in
neighbouring Mozambique after an intensive humanitarian response to the food
crisis over the past few years, a high HIV/AIDS prevalence in six provinces
had increased vulnerability - almost 16 percent of these households had at
least one orphan aged under 15 as a result of AIDS.

Swaziland had one of the lowest rates of child malnutrition in the region,
with 12 percent of its child population underweight and 31 percent stunted.
However, Hudspeth pointed out that due to the high HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
[30 to 40 percent] in Swaziland and Lesotho, UNICEF expected child
malnutrition to worsen in both countries over the long term.

"Across the region, HIV/AIDS is the single largest threat to child
nutrition. New highly vulnerable groups are emerging: orphans, households
with very high dependencies due to chronic sickness, death of productive
adults, migrant- and single-parent households, and child-headed households,
which need particular attention," Hudspeth stressed.

In response, UNICEF and WFP have launched several large supplementary
feeding programmes in Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Malawi, including
community-based therapeutic feeding models.
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Maternity Charges Skyrocket

The Herald (Harare)

June 15, 2004
Posted to the web June 15, 2004


POST-INDEPENDENCE gains in reproductive health could soon be eroded owing to
prohibitive costs of maternity services in most health institutions
throughout the country.

The Government, soon after independence sought to address the issue of safe
motherhood and family planning, which are some of the major elements in the
reduction of infant mortality rate.

This resulted in the construction of maternity wings at all major hospitals,
provision of drugs and recruitment of well-trained midwives to complement
existing health professionals.

Governments effort was embraced by the private sector and donor community,
which immediately provided both funding and equipment to augment the
existing infrastructure.

At one time, the Government even abolished maternity fees at all health
institutions, except central hospitals, to reaffirm its commitment to safe

However, the last 10 years have witnessed a fall in standards at most health

Reduced fiscal allocation to health coupled with the effects of HIV and Aids
are some of the problems that have strained the health delivery system in
the country.

Vulnerable groups were left unprotected.

These are the very same people who have been pushed against the wall as
maternity charges continue to rise, until they have become every womans

The countrys major referral hospitals - Parirenyatwa and Harare Central -
maternity wings now demand a deposit of up to $580 000, a delivery fee of
$55 000 and charge $55 000 per day for post-delivery care.

In addition, gynaecologists require pregnant mothers to pay an initial
deposit of up to $1,5 million.

Inflation has forced both private and public medical institutions to
increase their fees to cushion themselves against rising prices and also to
enhance their income base.

Recently, private medical institutions increased their fees by up to 100
percent, pushing health services beyond the reach of many.

Belvedere Maternity Home now requires an initial deposit of $1,4 million,
for "normal" delivery, a lodging fee of $300 000 a night, bed only. Food is
charged on a meal-by-meal basis.

For a Caesarean operation, a patient has to cough up $5,2 million in
addition to paying for the prescribed drugs.

Harares Baines Avenue Clinic increased its deposit for maternity cases from
$800 000 to $1,6 million, excluding lodgings, drugs and food.

Gynaecologists charge an initial $1,5 million for consultation, demand a
top-up after 36 weeks of pregnancy, up to $4 million for a Caesarean
operation, and $1 million for a "normal" delivery.

Patients are also required to pay for their drugs.

In Harare, the cheapest maternity health services are offered by City Health
clinics, which charge up to $80 000 for normal deliveries. Patients with
complicated cases are referred to major hospitals.

"Even if you pay $27 000 or the new rate of $80 000, you still have to buy
cotton wool, spirit, maternity pads, drugs and other requirements," says Mrs
Chenai Gumbo, cradling her newly-born baby.

"Without money, you get no service. You can even die."

She said many women had resorted to telling lies about their pregnancies to
nursing staff to avoid being referred to major hospitals, whose fees they
cannot afford.

"Unotonyepa kuti inhumbu yekutanga kuti zvikurerukire," she says.

But such hopes are often dashed when nurses suspect there could be
complications during labour.

As patients continue to fail to pay the stipulated maternity fees, hospital
sources say it is becoming increasingly difficult to recover their money
from defaulters.

Recently 28 mothers and their newly-born babies were detained at Harare
Hospital for failing to pay maternity fees.

The amounts ranged from $500 000 to millions of dollars. As if to punish
them, the women were not allowed to wear their own clothes until payment was
made in full.

The decision by the hospital sparked an outcry from a number of
organisations, which called for the release of the mothers and their babies

The action was described as unfair and inhuman, particularly to the
newly-born babies.

Harare Hospital medical superintendent Mr Chris Tapfumaneyi said the
hospital could not let the women go without settling the fees.

"The hospital has been failing to do a lot of things because patients
deliberately do not want to pay, so we have put in place restrictive
measures such that out of the 28 women, some have paid us something," he was
quoted saying.

He added that following the introduction of restrictive measures preventing
convalescents from going home without paying, the hospital had recovered 87
percent of its debts.

As a result of these exorbitant charges some women are now delivering at
home, putting their lives and those of their babies at risk.

The faint-hearted are forced to go to the rural areas where maternity
services are either free or affordable.

"Some people are now going to some rural hospitals to evade high medical
fees in the city," said a source at Parirenyatwas Mbuya Nehanda maternity

"Hospitals are tightening their grip on payments and its increasingly
getting difficult for them to get service when you dont have money."

"Kuita mwana kwavakudhura,"(Child bearing is now expensive), said the source
jokingly. "You now have to think twice about having a child."

Little wonder many poor expecting mothers are now relying on traditional
midwives to cut costs despite the dangers that go with it.

But its not only medical fees that are giving expectant mothers a headache.
The cost of babywear has gone through the roof in recent years.

The cheapest napkins now cost up to $13 000 each, while the more expensive
brands can set a mother back by anything between $17 000 and $30 000.
Imported disposable napkins now sell for more than $90 000 and baby costumes
and clothes are going for between $15 000 and $100 000 per item depending on

The same is true of blankets, shawls, towels and other woollen accessories
whose prices range between $30 000 and $100 000.

Baby baths, toilet seats, water buckets, feeding bowls and other plastic
utensils were selling for between $30 000 and $50 000.

"A new born child can bring joy to a family even when you are poor," says an
expectant Ms Anna Chidarikire of Harare. "But preparations are a nightmare.
I-maths chaidzo."

She says pressure from husbands and relatives often forced women to succumb
to "unwanted" pregnancies.

She says she hopes to raise money for her maternity fees by selling

"My husband is not working and Im struggling to sell vegetables just to
survive. I went to the Social Welfare Department, but its even worse
(because) you cant even get assistance there," she says.

As the cost of motherhood continues to rise, many are wondering how many
mothers would get help from the recently launched social responsibility
programme, under which medical doctors are expected to offer free treatment
to the less privileged.

Says Dr Paul Chimedza of the Zimbabwe Medical Association: "Zima recognises
that the majority of members of our society cannot afford medical fees, let
alone doctors or even clinical fees.

"We want to reach out to this marginalised group and ensure that they access
high quality treatment free of charge as we believe it is everyones right to
access health care."

Africa continues to face a rising maternal death toll owing to frequent
shortages or lack of medications, essential supplies and equipment,
inadequate blood transfusion services and inefficient laboratory support

Apart from this, inadequate staffing, shortage of trained personnel,
shortages of operating theatres for obstetric emergencies, poor health
management systems, negligence and poor attitude have all added to the woes.

Africas average maternal mortality ratio increased from 870 per 100 000 live
births in 1990 to 1 000 per 100 000 live births in 2001, according to the
World Health Organisation (WHO).

WHO estimates that almost half of the pregnancy and childbirth-related
deaths recorded annually around the world occur in Africa.

And there is no doubt that poverty and prohibitive medical fees in addition
to haemorrhage during pregnancy, delivery complications, sepsis, abortion,
pregnancy-related hypertension, malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/Aids will see
Africa continuing to record the highest pregnancy-related deaths in the
years ahead.

A leading health policy expert, Dr Sharon Camp, of the Alan Guttmacher
Institute, in Europe, recently said providing services for the 200 million
women around the globe who need them would cost about US$3,9 billion but
could prevent 1,5 million maternal and infant deaths every year.

"It has a very long-term development impact," Camp said.

However, studies have revealed that not many countries are investing in safe
motherhood and reproductive health.

"Our report makes it clear that the global community can well afford to make
the additional investment needed to close the gap in sexual and reproductive

For Zimbabwe the challenge is to convince every citizen that reproductive
health and safe motherhood is everyones responsibility.
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Zisco Exports Coke As Local Market Remains Starved

The Herald (Harare)

June 15, 2004
Posted to the web June 15, 2004


THE Zimbabwe Iron and Steel Company and Zimbabwe Power Company owe Wankie
Colliery more than $60 billion amid reports that the steel-making giant is
exporting coke to neighbouring countries while failing to meet local demand,
it has been learnt.

The steel making company is reported to have been granted a licence by
Minerals Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe (MMCZ) to export the commodity at
a time when it is struggling to supply domestic markets.

But Ziscosteel managing director Dr Gabriel Masanga denied that his company
was exporting coke but admitted that they used to sell coke breeze to
neighbouring countries.

"We used to export coke breezes, which is mainly used in foundries, not the
actual coke as we are still struggling to meet local demand," said Dr

Efforts to get a comment from MMCZ corporate communications officer, Mrs
Paida Nyamakanga, were fruitless as she was said to be in a meeting.

Sources in the company said 30 tonnes of coke were recently exported to
Reliance Foundry in Botswana while a further 5 000 tonnes were also expected
to be ferried to Ore Port in South Africa within the next few weeks.

"The company (Ziscosteel) has been laying the blame (for its poor
production) on the failure by Wankie Colliery Company to supply adequate
coal while on the other hand exporting the same commodity to neighbouring
countries which is rather strange," said the official.

An official from Reliance Foundry in Botswana, who identified himself as Mr
Dock, confirmed that that they have been receiving coke supplies from

Coal is used in the production of coke that is mainly used in manufacturing
and foundry industries.

Ziscosteel has been struggling to meet local demand, which it has attributed
to the failure by WCC to supply adequate coal, the key component used in
steel manufacturing.

However, WCC marketing and public relations manager Mr John Nkala said that
coal supplies to Ziscosteel and Zimbabwe Power Company have been stable in
the past six months.

"The two companies are always given what they would have ordered and we are
optimistic that they are now in a position to meet their production levels,"
said Mr Nkala.

He confirmed that the two owed WCC money but declined to reveal the amount
citing customer confidentiality.

However, figures obtained by The Business Chronicle indicate that the
Ziscosteel debt stands at $8,3 billion while ZPC owes $53 billion.

ZPC is a subsidiary of Zesa Holdings.

A Parliamentary Committee on Industry and International Trade last year
accused Ziscosteel management of failing to turn around the company and
called for the dissolution of the board of directors and senior management
over non-performance. - Bulawayo Bureau.
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24hr Water Cuts Back

The Herald (Harare)

June 15, 2004
Posted to the web June 15, 2004


PERSISTENT technical faults at Morton Jaffray Water Treatment Works have
prompted Harare City Council to reintroduce 24-hour water cuts in selected
south-eastern suburbs beginning today.

But Government slammed the move, saying it posed health dangers for the

The Minister of Health and Child Welfare, Dr David Parirenyatwa, said
intermittent water supplies had the potential of jeopardising residents'

"We expect them to address the issue with speed and return to normalcy," he

However, Harare public relations manager Mr Lesley Gwindi said affected
residents should store enough water and use the available water sparingly.

Most residents of Harare use water-flushed toilets and it is not every
resident who has a container big enough to store water for use during the
course of the entire day.

It, therefore, appears the water cuts would pose a serious health hazard to
the affected residents, with a significant number resorting to the bush to
relieve themselves.

The water treatment plant has in the past few weeks had numerous breakdowns
with compressors blowing each time they are repaired while some pumps are

Council engineers have been battling to bring them back into operation with
little success as most of the equipment at the plant has outlived its

The affected suburbs are Braeside, Waterfalls, Eastlea, Park Meadowlands,
Hatfield, Cranborne, Mainway Meadows, Msasa, Hatcliffe, Arcadia, Ruwa, Zimre
Park and Epworth.

The cuts are meant to allow flow to the northern and eastern suburbs, which
have had no supplies for the past two weeks.

Harare director of works Mr Psychology Chiwanga said in view of the
persistent water shortages in the northern and eastern suburbs there was
need to boost pumping to these areas.

"The exercise will be carried out every other day until the situation
improves," he said.

Water would be cut off today at 0830hrs and restored at 0830hrs tomorrow.

On Thursday and Friday, water would be cut off at 0900hrs and restored at
0900hrs the following day.

"This is in order to boost flow into the reservoirs which feed these areas.
The reservoirs cannot gain significantly as a result of the technical
problems we are experiencing at Morton Jaffray Water Treatment Works," said
Mr Chiwanga.

Residents in the eastern and northern suburbs have been without water since
the beginning of this month with some, especially in Mabvuku and Tafara,
resorting to fetching water from unprotected wells.

In such suburbs as Chisipite, The Grange, Borrowdale, Hogerty Hill,
Philadelphia, Greystone Park and Glen Lorne, residents are having to rely on
neighbours with boreholes.

However, Epworth, Ruwa and Msasa, which would have water supplies cut for 24
hours, have been without water over the same period.

Two months ago the council introduced 24-hour water cuts in the same areas
following similar problems.

The supply of potable water has been a problem for council for a very long
time with Government giving several ultimatums over the rectification of the

Government has since appointed a task force headed by educationist Professor
Jameson Kurasha to assist in the delivery of service in the capital city.

The task force, which started work yesterday, has a 24-month term to
complete its mandate.
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  Positive impact of food aid measured in Zimbabwe
      15 Jun 2004 13:29:00 GMT

C-SAFE (Consortium for the Southern Africa Food Security Emergency)
Aid agencies are actively working to ensure food aid in Zimbabwe is reaching
beneficiary target groups, determine how the food is being used and measure
impact on beneficiaries through an expanded practice of End Use Monitoring
(EUM), developed by the USAID funded Consortium for Southern Africa Food
Security Emergency in Zimbabwe.

Employed by C-SAFE members World Vision, CARE and Catholic Relief Services,
the EUM is a quality, beneficiary assessment-based methodology implemented
at more than 50 food distribution points in nine Zimbabwe districts. Applied
over the last six months, the monitoring tool has provided the C-SAFE
program with valuable insights into levels of beneficiary food stocks, the
demographics of targeted vulnerable households and C-SAFE program delivery.

Through the EUM's expanded use, C-SAFE have been able to measure the
positive impact of food aid on the livelihood status of beneficiaries, with
recipients indicating that food aid has improved their health and
nutritional status; households are engaging in less casual labor and instead
working on their own land; households are selling fewer productive assets;
and orphans are attending school.

To collect the information, C-SAFE Zimbabwe interviews a random sample of
approximately 300 beneficiaries, which include female heads of households,
households with orphans and households with a chronically ill member, plus
100 non-beneficiaries at a C-SAFE food distribution point (FDP) each month.
In each consultation, those interviewed answer questions on the number of
beneficiaries in the household, source of income and main expenses over the
previous month, plus current cereal stocks, as well as satisfaction on the
food registration and distribution processes. They are also given an
opportunity to raise any food aid related concerns.

According to Dr Jamo Huddle, C-SAFE Monitoring and Evaluation Coordinator in
Zimbabwe, "The advantage of the EUM approach is that we receive feedback on
a monthly basis. It also means we speak to a greater number of people over a
long period of time, and build up a large body of information that we can
use to improve the program. Interviewing at an FDP is efficient and timely,
and an excellent opportunity to capture the views of the community when they
are gathered at one place."

Information collected via the EUM has prompted fine-tuning of C-SAFE's food
distribution processes, while providing valuable learning points for the
Consortium. Information on current household food stocks and sources of
income data has been shared with donors to engage them in C-SAFE programming
and validate the scale up of distributions to meet the needs of targeted
beneficiaries. Increasing understanding and verifying the current needs of
households prompted the removal of a cap on maximum number of household
members who could receive rations.

EUM analysis of beneficiary satisfaction with distance of travel to an FDP
resulted in the dividing and relocation of an FDP to better service those
collecting monthly rations. C-SAFE has also undertaken awareness raising for
member organizations and communities on non-beneficiaries conducting favors
to obtain food aid and promoted understanding around beneficiary eligibility
criteria and ration size. The FDP's help desk function has been
strengthened, with further training and education on its purpose and role.
The inclusion of a suggestion box at the FDP has given community members the
opportunity to voluntarily propose ideas or offer information on the food
aid process.

Dr Huddle is eager to see the system develop further. "Given the EUM's
success, we are going to expand the system to C-SAFE Food for Work
activities in Zimbabwe to measure how food aid is being used, what the FFW
population looks like demographically, and the participants perception of
the FFW process."

WFP has agreed to support C-SAFE in the collection of data from
non-beneficiaries in C-SAFE Zimbabwe communities, which will be
complimentary to the information collected through EUM, and will provide
C-SAFE with an estimate of eligible community members who have been excluded
from receiving food aid (exclusion error). WFP and C-SAFE have jointly
designed a tool for this purpose.

C-SAFE in Zambia is now replicating the system, using a slightly different
methodology (quarterly survey at the household level). The first survey
found that beneficiaries appreciate the livelihood support brought by C-SAFE
food aid and that they have a good understanding of the registration and
distribution systems in place.
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Mail and Guardian

Aids drugs smuggled into Zimbabwe

      Johannesburg, South Africa

      15 June 2004 15:40

Illegal traders have taken advantage of the Aids crisis and are smuggling
anti-retrovirals (ARVs) from southern African countries into Zimbabwe for

"The problem we have now is some of the cross-border traders who are
importing ARVs and selling them to people without a prescription, and this
is dangerous," Dr Christine Chakanyuka, Zimbabwe's spokesperson for health,
reportedly said.

She said the trade was dangerous, as patients required constant contact with
health professionals to ensure the drugs were working and caused no serious
side effects.

The drugs were available on prescription in Zimbabwe, but were expensive
with the cheapest combination costing about Z$300 000 monthly (about R370).

According to media reports illegal traders were smuggling the drugs from
countries including South Africa, Botswana and Namibia, where the drugs were
more readily available than Zimbabwe.

Dr Andrew Jamieson, South African Airways Netcare Travel Clinics director,
said the trade could be expected in South Africa as most patients who were
poor may be tempted to sell the drugs provided by the government.

Jamieson said the trade would result in complexities as the "stop and start"
treatment was likely to create resistance to the drug.

"With this in mind, special packaging has been devised in South Africa to
minimise on-sale of freely dispensed ARVs," said Jamieson.

He said drugs provided to patients in Uganda were also sold on the black
market to drug stores in the country. -- Sapa
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Internet Service Providers Yet to Agree to Monitor E-Mails

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

June 15, 2004
Posted to the web June 15, 2004


Zimbabwe's state-owned telecommunications company, TelOne, has proposed that
Internet service providers (ISPs) monitor all their customers' e-mails, but
the ISPs have yet to agree.

The Zimbabwe Internet Service Providers Association (ZISPA) told IRIN it was
seeking clarity on a proposed amendment to the existing franchise agreement
between TelOne and ZISPA members, but chairman Shadreck Nkala refused to
divulge any details.

An ISP representative confirmed that the proposed amendment, sent to all
ISPs last month, asked them to monitor all e-mails and take measures to
block any "illegal material which was harmful to the country".

"According to the new amendment we will have to install a new system, which
will store all the e-mails that go through our system, and then we will have
to sift through them. This is an extremely difficult thing to do," said the

Nkala said none of ZISPA's members had signed the proposed contract
amendment and "there is no monitoring of any sort of any e-mails at the

The Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA) has voiced its concern over
any move to clamp down on internet communications and has called the
proposed amendment "unconstitutional".

MISA spokesperson Raphweat Mukundu pointed out that "the e-mail is the only
remaining viable alternative for the limited voice of civil society [in
Zimbabwe]. It is our only channel of communication, and for interaction with
the outside world. The move will seriously violate our few remaining

The government of President Robert Mugabe has been accused by local and
international human rights groups of suppressing perceived opposition.

The country's only private daily newspaper, the Daily News, which had the
largest circulation, was forced to close when it failed to register with a
controversial government-appointed media commission last year.
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----- Original Message -----
From: Julie Farr <>
To: <Undisclosed-Recipient:;>
Sent: Tuesday, June 15, 2004 4:16 PM
Subject: Stolen property

15 June 2004
CID Homicide Section, Harare Central Police Station have recovered quite a
lot of stolen property and arrested suspects.  They need people to come
forward and try and identify their stolen property.  Please contact me to
arrange with Chief Inspector Ncube a suitable time and day in order for as
many people go at one time as possible.  This would assist the CID greatly.
The sooner it is done the better.  Some of the items seen this morning

jewellery, mens and ladies watches, hi fi system, video camera, leather
jackets, material casual jackets (one was a Cropserve khaki jacket ), a heap
of kitchen knives, bags, suitcases and lots else.

Please forward this to all on your mailing list.  Thank you for your

tel/fax:  851152
cell:  011 605083
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