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      US demands Tsvangirai’s release

      6/18/2003 8:12:56 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      THE United States government yesterday demanded the release from
detention and the dismissal of treason charges levelled against opposition
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) leader Morgan Tsvangirai.

      US Department of State spokesman Richard Boucher said Tsvangirai’s
continued detention by the State was indefensible and that the treason
charges he was facing were “spurious”.

      “The prolonged and continuing detention of Movement for Democratic
Change leader Morgan Tsvangirai on spurious treason charges, as well as
President Robert Mugabe’s public statements mocking Mr Tsvangirai and
welcoming his imprisonment are indefensible,” Boucher said in a statement.

      He added: “The prosecution’s assertion that ‘merely postulating or
contemplating can be to commit treason’ underscores the lack of credible
cases against Mr Tsvangirai. The treason charges against him should be
dropped and he should be released.”

      Tsvangirai has spent the last 12 days in detention, which Mugabe has
said will teach the opposition party leader “a lesson”.

      The MDC president was arrested on the last day of anti-government
protests called by his party two weeks ago, which shut down most of industry
and commerce and brought most of Zimbabwe to a halt for five days.

      He has been slapped with fresh treason charges for allegedly making
statements advocating the unconstitutional removal of Mugabe from office.

      The MDC however says the mass action was merely supposed to press the
Zimbabwean leader to agree to talks for a negotiated political settlement.

      Tsvangirai, who is already charged with treason for allegedly plotting
to assassinate Mugabe in the run-up to last year’s presidential election,
has applied for bail. The High Court has yet to make a ruling on the

      The United States yesterday said Mugabe should stop fomenting the
harassment of opposition leaders on spurious charges and address the causes
of the crisis that has caused widespread opposition to his government.

      The Zimbabwean government is widely blamed for the economic crisis
that has caused unprecedented suffering and which analysts say has increased
support for the MDC among Zimbabweans.

      Boucher said: “President Mugabe must stop fomenting harassment of
opposition leaders on spurious charges. He urgently needs to address the
causes of the crisis that is creating such deep and widespread opposition to
his government.

      “Vital steps include engaging in dialogue with the opposition and
respecting its political rights, restoring the rule of law and ceasing human
rights abuses, including arrests and beatings of opposition politicians and

      The US said until Zimbabwe resolved its political crisis, any efforts
to address the country’s economic crisis would be futile.

      Zimbabwe is facing its worst economic crisis since independence in
1980, dramatised by soaring inflation, severe foreign currency shortages,
company closures and worsening unemployment.

      The US State Department’s statement on Zimbabwe comes amid reports
that southern African leaders are working with Western governments to
pressure Harare into releasing Tsvangirai from detention.

      Diplomats say there are fears that the MDC leader’s continued
detention could hamper efforts to facilitate talks between Zimbabwe’s main
political parties.

      Boucher’s statement also comes after comments by US Senate Africa
Sub-committee chairman Lamar Alexander advocating a change of leadership in

      Addressing the US Senate last week, Alexander said: “Mr President, the
White House and the State Department have responded to the crisis in
Zimbabwe, and I hope I will continue to work to achieve a change of
leadership in Zimbabwe.”

      He added: “Mr President, the people of Zimbabwe deserve better. They
deserve better than a regime that commits violence on its people. They
deserve better than to see their economic infrastructure destroyed by a
dictator on the rampage, and they have been standing up for themselves by
actively demonstrating against this terrible regime.

      “I hope other countries in the region will join with the United States
and others in opposing this brutal regime in the hope of bringing new,
democratic leadership to power in Zimbabwe.”
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Daily News

      MDC youths, NCA set to lead demos for Tsvangirai’s release

      6/18/2003 8:13:27 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      NELSON Chamisa, the national youth chairman of the opposition Movement
for Democratic Change (MDC), and the National Constitutional Assembly (NCA),
an umbrella body for civic bodies, yesterday said they planned to lead
nationwide street protests to press for the release of detained MDC leader
Morgan Tsvangirai.

      Chamisa appeared to break ranks with his party’s national executive,
which last week decided to shelve planned demonstrations following advice
from lawyers that such action would undermine Tsvangirai’s bail application.

      As Chamisa told The Daily News yesterday that he would lead his youth
wing in demonstrations to protest against Tsvangirai’s continued detention,
NCA spokesman Douglas Mwonzora said his organisation had also resolved at
the weekend to demonstrate for the opposition leader’s unconditional release
from custody.

      Chamisa said demonstrations by the party’s youth wing would go ahead
despite a resolution by the national executive, the MDC’s supreme
decision-making body, to wait for a court determination before taking

      “Our patience has run out. If Tsvangirai is not released immediately,
then we will be left with no option but to resort to popular action,” he

      “We are under pressure from our constituency to do something about our
party leader’s continued detention and there is no way that the youth wing
will remain mum while the president rots in prison.”

      Tsvangirai, who is already standing trial for allegedly plotting to
assassinate President Robert Mugabe before last year’s presidential
election, has spent nearly two weeks in detention after being arrested on a
second treason charge two weeks ago.

      High Court judge Justice Susan Mavangira is yet to rule on Tsvangirai’
s bail application after she reserved judgment to this week.

      Chamisa said the youth wing was worried about Tsvangirai’s safety.

      “We are worried about his security and safety. This regime cannot be
trusted, hence our worries. Apart from demonstrations, we also urge
Zimbabweans to pray that evil does not prevail over good and that our
efforts will succeed,” he said.

      The MDC national executive last week backtracked on an earlier threat
to engage in demonstrations to press for Tsvangirai’s release after lawyers
advised that doing so could undermine the opposition leader’s chances of
getting bail.

      But MDC spokesman Paul Themba Nyathi said his party would back the

      “We will be party to any civic activity whose aim is to restore
democracy in this country. We fully appreciate and understand the motivation
behind these demonstrations because Mr Tsvangirai is a leader whom most
Zimbabweans, especially the youths, look up to in resolving the crisis
gripping this country,” he said.

      Chamisa said the youth wing was acting independently of the national
executive, adding that by remaining quiet, the party would give Mugabe the
impression that the party leadership consisted of cowards.

      “The youth wing is loyal to the national executive but the decision
(not to demonstrate) was based on a legal opinion. But we all know that this
is a political matter and that Tsvangirai’s detention is driven purely by a
political motive,” he said.

      “Mugabe wants to test the waters to see how we would react to our
leader’s detention. Remaining docile would be playing into his hands. We
have mobilised throughout the provinces and we are ready for action.”

      He dismissed suggestions that the demonstrations would strengthen the
state’s case that Tsvangirai would incite violence if he was released from
remand prison.

      “There are no laws in this country that outlaw the expression of
disenchantment and discontent so we don’t believe that we would be
undermining Tsvangirai’s case if we demonstrate,” Chamisa said.

      On the other hand, Mwonzora said the civic body’s youth movement would
spearhead demonstrations to press for the opposition leader’s release.

      “Our youths will take to the streets to demonstrate for the immediate
release of Morgan Tsvangirai.

      “We don’t oppose the trial, but we will protest until he is dealt with
in terms of the fair process of the law. In terms of the fair process, he
must be granted bail and tried from his home,” Mwonzora said.

      He however said his organisation was disappointed that the MDC
leadership and youth movement had failed to react to Tsvangirai’s arrest and

      “We were not amused by the way MDC youths reacted when their leader
was arrested. They were supposed to fight for their dear leader,” the NCA
spokesman said.

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Daily News

      Ben-Menashe paid to expose Tsvangirai: CIO boss

      6/18/2003 8:14:45 AM (GMT +2)

      Court Reporter

      DETAINED opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai was yesterday brought
from remand prison to join his two colleagues from the Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) at the High Court as their high treason trial
resumed after a week’s adjournment.

      The usually clean-shaven Tsvangirai came to court with a sprouting
goatee and wearing a grey suit and blue shirt after his lawyers last week
successfully applied for him to be allowed to wear his civilian clothes when
he comes to court.

      The trial resumed as Tsvangirai, remanded in custody on Tuesday last
week on fresh treason charges, awaits the determination of his bail
application which was heard last week by High Court judge Justice Susan

      Testifying under cross-examination in the on-going treason trial
yesterday, Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) director Happyton
Bonyongwe confessed that the Zimbabwean government paid Ari Ben-Menashe, a
Canadian-based political consultant, US$200 000 in December 2001 to provide
information on Tsvangirai’s travels abroad and lobby in favour of Zimbabwe’s
policies at international seminars and on media programmes.

      The money was part of nearly US$600 000 paid to Ben-Menashe and his
colleagues for various lobby work on behalf of the Zimbabwean government.

      Before his firm was awarded the consultancy contract, Ben-Menashe had
produced a video-tape forming the basis of the treason charge against
Tsvangirai, MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube and Renson Gasela, the
party’s shadow minister of agriculture.

      The video-tape was secretly recorded during a meeting at the
headquarters of Ben-Menashe’s consultancy, Dickens and Madson, where
Tsvangirai allegedly requested the firm’s aid in murdering President Robert
Mugabe ahead of last year’s presidential election.

      The MDC leaders have denied the charges.

      “Mr Menashe had a wealth of information on the movements of the first
accused (Tsvangirai) and the manner in which they were conducting their
business,” Bonyongwe, a retired army brigadier, said. “This is because he
had been working with them before he came to us.”

      He said it was “very important” for the CIO to get information from
Ben-Menashe who appeared to be privy to Tsvangirai’s movements. He said
Tsvangirai was in the habit of passing through South Africa whenever he
travelled overseas.

      “There they disappeared and bought other tickets to their other
destinations,” Bonyongwe said. “Why they were hiding their destination, it
was up to them. Then we got people like Mr Menashe who knew their

      Asked by the opposition leaders’ lawyer why the CIO needed the
information on Tsvangirai’s travels, Bonyongwe said “national security takes
care of all Zimbabweans and, as a prominent person, we wanted to know where
he was”.

      “For example, when he came back from Montreal (Canada), he disappeared
in the United States and we needed to know in case anything happened to him
there,” the spy chief said.

      He said some time last year, the MDC launched what he said was a
“diplomatic offensive” in West Africa and the CIO needed to enlist the
assistance of Ben-Menashe who, he said, had “very good connections within
that region”.

      The trial continues today with the defence lawyers cross-examining
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      Blackie’s lawyer expected next week

      6/18/2003 8:15:38 AM (GMT +2)

      Court Reporter

      THE South African lawyer representing retired High Court judge justice
Fergus Blackie on obstruction of justice charges is expected to arrive in
Harare next week to register with the High Court.

      Senior counsel Michael Hellins of the Gauteng Bar in South Africa was
supposed to be registered on Wednesday last week to represent his client in
Zimbabwe, but was unable to because he missed his flight to Harare.

      Blackie’s trial has been set down for 30 June at the Harare
magistrates’ regional courtHigh Court judge Justice Antonia Guvava postponed
the registration of Hellins, renowned in South Africa as an experienced
criminal lawyer, to 25 June at the request of a Harare lawyer who is
facilitating his registration with the Zimbabwean High Court.

      Blackie, who retired from the Bench in July last year, is facing
charges of defeating or obstructing the course of justice, or breaching the
Prevention of Corruption Act by allegedly “unprocedurally” handling the
appeal of a woman charged with stealing $500 000 from her employer.

      When Blackie was arrested in September last year, his lawyer at the
time, advocate Firoz Girach, complained that his client was denied access to
legal representation upon his arrest and to his family and friends during
his detention at Matapi Police Station in Mbare.
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      Missing ZNA officer detained in Botswana

      6/18/2003 8:16:40 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      A ZIMBABWE National Army captain who has been missing from duty for
the past 15 months is being held at a centre for illegal immigrants in
Botswana, an official with that country’s prison services said this seek.

      Anthony Mokento of Botswana State Prisons said Ernest Moyowangu Chuma,
who fled Zimbabwe after the presidential election in March, was being
detained at the Francistown Centre for Illegal Immigrants.

      Responding to written questions from The Daily News, Mokento said:
“Ernest Moyowangu Chuma is being held as an immigrant at the Francistown
Centre for Illegal Immigrants.’’

      He would not indicate whether the Botswana authorities were intending
to deport Chuma, but said the army officer was not being charged for any
criminal activities. Chuma fled the country last March after he was
allegedly tortured by state security agents who accused him of supporting
the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in the run-up to the
disputed 2002 presidential poll.

      He is said to have escaped to Dukwe Refugee Camp in Botswana, where he
met two Zimbabwean army corporals from Bulawayo’s Llewelyn Barracks.

      The two are reported to have escaped to the United Nations-run Dukwe
Refugee Camp after allegedly being interrogated by the Zimbabwean army’s
counter-intelligence branch, whose officials also accused them of being MDC

      A source close to the matter told The Daily News this week that former
Zimbabwean army corporals Irvine Ntini and Peter Kwanele had since left the
Botswana refugee camp and were now in Australia.

      “The two corporals were granted asylum in Australia. That is where
they are living now. They are safe,’’ said the source. Ntini and Ndou were
students on an environmental health course at the Medical Training School at
Llewelyn Barracks.

      They were on field attachment in rural Matabeleland after the
presidential election and were allegedly visited by members of the military
intelligence, who accused them of being MDC members.

      The Zimbabwe National Army has in the past said Chuma was a deserter
and that it did not retain records of soldiers who had fled Zimbabwe to seek
political asylum.

      A member of Chuma’s family, who refused to be identified, yesterday
said that the former army captain’s family had no information about his
situation and was worried about his absence from home. ‘’We are not aware of
his situation. We do not know whether he is well or not. We only heard that
he fled to Botswana,” said the family member.
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Daily News

      Murerwa in U-turn over privatisation

      6/18/2003 8:17:25 AM (GMT +2)

      By Columbus Mavhunga Staff Reporter

      FINANCE Minister Herbert Murerwa this week said the privatisation of
loss-making government companies was not a priority because the sale of the
firms was not in the national interest, reversing a position he took in last
year’s Budget presentation.

      Murerwa made the comments when addressing members of Parliament’s
Public Accounts Committee in Harare on Monday. The committee had expressed
concern over continuing financial losses that were being made by parastatals
despite huge annual rescue packages by the government.

      The committee sought an audience with Murerwa for him to explain the
government’s position on managing Zimbabwe’s growing debt.

      “The government’s position is not to privatise the parastatals as they
are there to serve some national interests,” Murerwa told the legislators.

      “The Constitution empowers the government to continue guaranteeing
loans and grants for the continued survival of the parastatals so that they
can serve national interests. For example, we have to make sure that
electricity, fuel and food is affordable.”

      Asked by Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushonga, the committee’s chairperson,
if the implication of his statement meant that the government would continue
to extend grants and loans to all parastatals, the minister said:“We will
make sure that they are run efficiently and they should be made accountable.
We have asked them (parastatals) to submit their turnaround strategy plans.”

      On whether parastatals such as the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation
were of any “national interest”, would not be privatised and would continue
to milk the national fiscus, Murerwa said Paul Mangwana, the State
Enterprises and Parastatals Minister, had asked all parastatals to be
effective and efficient.

      “Our objective is that parastatals should be breaking even and make
profit,” said Murerwa. “But that profit has to be, to an extent possible, so
the government will continue to rescue parastatals whenever possible to
safeguard national interests.”

      During his Budget presentation last year, Murerwa pledged to speed up
the privatisation of the government firms this year to try to cut Zimbabwe’s
domestic debt, which has risen sharply in the past year to nearly $400

      Zimbabwe’s foreign debt, which is not being serviced because of an
acute shortage of foreign currency, stands at around US$5 billion (Z$4.120
billion at the official exchange rate).

      Murerwa’s statement cast doubt on the future of the Privatisation
Agency of Zimbabwe (PAZ), set up by the government in 1999 to speed up the
sell-off of state-funded but loss-making companies.

      The privatisation success stories so far include the Rainbow Tourism
Group, the Cotton Company of Zimbabwe and Dairibord Zimbabwe Limited. But
parastatals like the Grain Marketing Board, the National Railways of
Zimbabwe, Air Zimbabwe and the National Oil Company of Zimbabwe continue to
make huge financial losses, which consume billions of taxpayers funds as
subsidies each year.

      Last year the PAZ raised only $7 billion against a target of $40
billion from the sale of equities of listed companies in which government
has shares.
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Daily News

      Andrew Ndlovu in court

      6/18/2003 8:18:05 AM (GMT +2)

      Court Reporter

      FORMER Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans’ Association projects
secretary Andrew Ndlovu appeared before a Harare magistrate yesterday facing
fraud charges involving about $13 million.

      Ndlovu, already serving a three-year jail term for corruption, is
accused of defrauding Sankorp Holdings (Private) Limited, a firm owned and
run by war veterans.

      The former war veterans’ leader will appear in court again today, when
his lawyer is expected to apply for refusal of remand.

      The state alleges that Ndlovu sent cheque books to Sankorp’s
provincial administrators in Harare, Bulawayo and Mutare, instructing them
to sign blank cheques that he would subsequently countersign.

      He allegedly abused his position as Sankorp’s managing director and
converted $12 756 846.92 to his personal use between 17 August 2001 and 7
June 2002.

      Ndlovu was represented by David Drury of Gollop and Blank, who applied
for the war veteran not to be placed on remand because the allegations
against him were inaccurate and false.

      “There is a generalised preamble with no attempt to specify the manner
in which the said conversion occurred,” Drury told the court. “It is simply
unconstitutional to place someone on remand for purposes of further

      But Vengai Vincent Kambanga, an investigating officer, said: “The case
is fairly straightforward and in three weeks’ time, a full docket will be
presented in court.”
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Daily News

      ZANU PF youths raid Bennet’s farm again

      6/18/2003 8:20:17 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      ANOTHER group of suspected ruling ZANU PF supporters raided a farm
leased in Ruwa by opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) legislator
for Chimanimani Roy Bennet, barely 24 hours after workers on the property
were harassed by suspected war veterans.

      Bennet told The Daily News yesterday that the group arrived on Monday
in what seemed to be an army truck and looted property worth over $5
million, only a day after another group of suspected ruling party supporters
raided the property, known as Bigtull farm, and grabbed bags of maize.

      He said the group, which he suspects comprised of war veterans,
arrived in the afternoon in a green truck with registration numbers 07BF01.
A dark blue Pajero with registration numbers 779-629W trailed behind the
truck, the MDC legislator added.

      Bennet said he immediately contacted the Vehicle Registration Office,
one of whose officials informed him that the department had no such
registration numbers in its books and it was not possible to trace the
owners of the vehicles.

      “I am not really sure if these people who were ferried in the army
truck are soldiers because they were not in uniforms,” Bennet said.

      “They visited my farm on Monday afternoon and broke into the workshop
before confiscating about 150 bags of maize and 2 000 litres of diesel. The
group also looted property worth about $5 million from the assistant manager
and the farm manager’s house.”

      Bennet said the looters also killed three sheep and two cows.

      He told the Daily News: “I don’t believe these people are after my
land, but they are just after victimising me and my workers. Why are these
people killing my livestock and looting my property?”

      It was not possible to secure comment yesterday from Defence Minister
Sydney Sekeramayi, who was said to be out of the office. He was also not
reachable on his mobile phone.

      It was also not possible to secure comment from Zimbabwe National Army
spokesmen Ben Ncube or Alphios Makotore about the alleged involvement of an
army truck in Monday’s raid on Bennet’s farm. Both were also said to be out
of the office.

      Bennet said he had reported the incident at Epworth Police Station and
was given case number CR117/6.

      Two police officers identified as Sergeant Dube and Assistant
Inspector Mupararano yesterday confirmed that a report was lodged at the
police station.

      Monday’s raid on Bigtull farm follows a similar invasion on Sunday by
about 200 suspected war veterans and ruling party supporters believed to be
from Epworth near Harare.

      The war veterans spent Sunday singing revolutionary songs and dancing
inside the farm manager’s yard, but did not assault any of the farm workers.

      About 150 workers fled the farm on Sunday and are said to be living in
the bush because the suspected war veterans are still camped at the farm.
The War Veterans’ Association has however denied that its members were
involved in Sunday’s raid.

      The invasion of Bigtull farm came only three days after President
Robert Mugabe warned of the seizure of land belonging to farmers not loyal
to his government.

      Mugabe, who was addressing a rally in Nyanga last week, singled out
Bennet as one of the people who risked losing their properties.
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Daily News

      Green Bombers beat up evicted Kamativi residents

      6/18/2003 8:21:23 AM (GMT +2)

      Own Correspondent

      BULAWAYO – About 20 people who were left homeless when they were
evicted from the Kamativi tin mine compound in January to make way for a
youth service training camp were severely assaulted by ruling ZANU PF youths
at the weekend, The Daily News has established.

      The former Kamativi residents have been living in the open since their
eviction from the compound, where the government is establishing a training
centre for its controversial national youth service programme.

      The former residents this week said they were followed into the bush
and assaulted during the weekend by recruits of the national service
programme, who are derisively referred to as “Green Bombers” by members of
the public.

      They said the beatings were carried out without provocation from the
former residents.

      Some of the families assaulted during the weekend had to walk for more
than 15 kilometres to seek refuge at the home of local Member of Parliament
Jealous Sansole in Dete, the former residents said.

      Sansole was not available for comment yesterday. He was said to have
visited the police to seek escort to go and collect the displaced families’

      The police refused to comment on the matter.

      Seven of the assault victims sustained serious injuries during the
attack and had to be treated at Hwange by a private doctor.

      One of the injured, who asked not to be named for fear of
victimisation, said the Green Bombers accused the former Kamativi mine
compound residents of sympathising with the Movement for Democratic Movement
(MDC), Zimbabwe’s main opposition political party.

      The majority of families who were renting houses at the former mining
compound were evicted after a ruling ZANU PF candidate lost to an MDC
official in last year’s council elections.

      A court challenge of the evictions was launched two months ago.

      MDC Matabeleland North secretary Nkosi Tshuma said the assault of
former residents of the Kamativi compound was unjustified and cruel.
      “The attacks are unwarranted and demonstrate what the so-called
national youth service is all about – violence,” said Tshuma.

      Recruits of the national youth service programme are accused of
assaulting MDC activists and suspected members of the opposition party.
There have also been reports of sexual assault by Green Bombers of female
recruits of the national service programme, MDC supporters and members of
the public.

      The government has denied the allegations.
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Leader Page

      Skewed priorities

      6/18/2003 8:19:15 AM (GMT +2)

      AS one crisis after the other piles on Zimbabwe, the government and
its institutions are increasingly panicking in their reaction, often failing
to distinguish right from wrong and punishing the innocents together with
real criminals.

      In a country where basic human rights are not known by most, both
politicians and law enforcement agents at times tend to play to the emotions
of the gullible and somehow they get away with it.

      The latest example is the criminalisation of a non-crime: the carrying
of large amounts of money by individuals.

      Despite the fact that there is no law in Zimbabwe banning anyone from
carrying cash, police have recently pounced on several individuals who they
found with large amounts of money.

      Two reasons have been cited by the police for their actions: those
arrested must have been up to no good because they could have made huge
payments using bank cheques, or that the large amounts of cash were being
used by the opposition to buy unemployed people to stage protests.

      So the police must now decide how and in what form individuals should
meet their many bills, otherwise you risk being labelled an official or
sympathiser of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) who is
out to buy political support using cash donated by the usual suspects.

      The right of an individual to use a bank or credit card or to spend
his hard-earned cash in any manner he likes is ignored, never mind the fact
that the law allows anyone to carry any amount of cash around.

      The only time the police can arrest anyone with large amounts of cash
is when there is reasonable suspicion that the money will be used for
illegal purposes, and the police have to prove that this is indeed the case.

      The arrest of individuals with large sums of cash stems from the
latest crisis to hit Zimbabwe: the shortage of $500 notes, itself a result
of a long-running foreign currency crisis which has made it difficult for
the central bank to buy special paper and ink needed to print paper money.

      Instead of addressing the two crises – among so many that need urgent
attention – the authorities have found it convenient to pile the blame on
these individuals, who are being forced to explain why they are carrying
their own money, as if this is anyone’s business.

      The fact that most goods in Zimbabwe now cost hundreds of thousands of
dollars and that most shops and other outlets want bills settled in cash and
not in cheques because of the same problem of not having money, is not seen
as important – that is if there was even a need for the justification for
carrying large sums of cash.

      While all this is happening, ruling ZANU PF legislator David Chapfika
is quoted by the State media as saying that all the money in Zimbabwe
belongs to the government!

      Indeed one police officer went on to warn that such large sums of
money – some individuals are reported to have been carrying up to $50
million – risked being forfeited to the government unless the individual
carrying it gave a satisfactory explanation. Satisfactory to who – the
police or the owner of the money?

      Long-suffering Zimbabweans do not want to think the worst – that the
seizure of the funds could be another ploy to raise money for ZANU PF.

      And surely the police have more than enough to deal with as it is –
catching up with scores of hired thugs who have been murdering innocents in
the past three years of madness or catching other rampaging criminals who
are terrorising anyone who holds views that challenge those of the governing

      This – and nothing else – is what crisis-weary Zimbabweans pay the
police to do, and to carry out this assignment with as much enthusiasm as
the security forces showed in crushing the “illegal” MDC mass action two
weeks ago.
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Leader Page

      Rambai Makashinga – a jingle of hope

      6/18/2003 8:20:13 AM (GMT +2)

      Osborne Tonekha

      The jingle Rambai Makashinga has become a household tune.

      Up and down the streets and probably at all growth points, everyone is
either whistling or singing this tune carefreely.

      There are basically two reasons for this: firstly, it is naturally a
jingle and a half.

      Secondly, it encourages and restores the people’s faith that they
should keep on keeping on, as today’s young people would express it.

      Despite the hardships we are currently facing, at least we are being
encouraged by the sentiment that there is some hope of change in the near

      I thought maybe I should start from the point of the jingle

      to try to smoothly bend your minds until we are speaking the same
language. At this point in time, no one with normal taste buds can laud the
sweetness of Zimbabwean life.

      Things are just hellish. My Zanu PF T-shirt has just been washed and
is drying out there on the line. What a nice, warm rag to put on when I
sleep during these chilly June nights!

      I am not trying to be political here, but I am simply laying the facts
bare, as they should be. So we begin our journey. I am glad my dad is not
one of the men in that trolley to which the “final push” is being applied.
Where they are heading or being transported to remains a mystery.

      As Zimbabweans, we are simply not realising one thing here. We cannot
discover new oceans unless we have the courage to leave the shore. People’s
minds are intoxicated with the idea that things will become even harder
after this ruling regime, but let me assure you that better days are coming.

      When our neighbours comment on Zimbabwe-UK/US relations, we all say,
“Ha!! Those puppets again,” forgetting that the only person who really
listens to both sides of the story in an argument is the bystander.

      So there is every reason to pay heed to what neighbouring countries
are saying. Not everything they say is good, but the roots from one tree may
produce a remedy to a disease, while its leaves are poisonous.

      Towards the presidential and parliamentary elections, the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change was preaching “change” but in some districts,
such as Uzumba-Maramba-Pfungwe and Wedza, people failed to realise that
“change” is not a loss but just change.

      Things are not sweet today because of the energy spent carelessly by
these so-called registered Mashonaland voters. The nation is in trouble
today and those pro-ZANU PF people are also being unmercifully hit hard by
the prevalent strife.

      Clinging to the past makes the present unavailable.

      This is another “SARS” that has crippled us. Whenever there is an
argument many do not hesitate to make reference to those pathetic war days –
Ian Smith’s Unilateral Declaration of Independence. Fine, it’s good to
reminisce, but is this putting anything in our bellies?

      Right now there is no sugar, oil, salt, petrol or even jobs but we
have a Mbuya Nehanda, a Sekuru Kaguvi and the bottom part of the Zimbabwe
bird fresh from exile. What good have these brought us?

      A bend in the road is not the end of that road unless you fail to make
the turn. Failure provides an opportunity to start again more intelligently.
Those who have made mistakes have not started again. What should we do as a

      Better aende (if he goes). It is quite evident that these people have
failed somewhere in their capacity as leaders, but it never ceases to amaze
me that none of them has ever opted to step down to save his/her face.

      Instead, we comfort ourselves by blaming it on Tony Blair and George W
Bush. Many would say the devil you know is better than the devil on the way.

      Now, to fellow Zimbabweans heavily burdened with black market rates
for school fees, food, fuel and much more, I just want to say:
procrastinators are not only lost but are even far away from the nearest

      It is high time we as a nation joined hands to fight tyranny.

      Things were pretty fine a few years ago. I remember buying a Coke at
35 cents, the same Coke that is costing $300 10 years later. If it had not
been for the costly, unnecessary flights around the world our “father”
enjoys, probably things would have been somewhat better.

      We can all see these things unfolding and we should not miss the
rainbow because we are looking down.

      Brethren, lift up your faces, take (legal) action. We are not very far
from it. Just a few Newtons are required. I however have a few words of
wisdom pertaining to this “final push”: Everyone should play their part; it
is also our duty as citizens.

      Be wise in your behaviour for only dead fish are swept away by the
stream. A 50-cent head is not worth a $50 haircut. Very little force is
required to push them out.

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Daily News

      Murerwa makes assurances on debt

      6/18/2003 8:16:20 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      THE government is working to address Zimbabwe’s ballooning debt,
Finance Minister Herbert Murerwa said this week.

      Without providing figures on the debt, he told the Parliamentary
Public Accounts Committee (PAC): “I am equally concerned by the public debt
like any other Zimbabwean and we have to make sure that the issue is

      He said the government was being incapacitated by the exodus of expert
staff, leading to the misplacement of records that could not be traced.

      “At times we fail to reconcile our statements because of the
de-merging of the ministry and the movement of staff from one ministry to
another,” said Murerwa.

      “We also have this issue of staff being poached and leaving the public
service. We hope the recent rationalisation of the Public Service Commission
will go a long way in retaining our staff.”

      He said the government had begun a computerisation exercise that would
make all statistics needed by Treasury and other ministries easily

      PAC chairwoman Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushonga said the country’s
domestic debt was rising mainly because of parastatals that were a burden to
the fiscus.

      “We wonder why parastatals such as the Zimbabwe Broadcasting
Corporation should continue to be getting funds from the national budget
when they are not performing,” she said. “That has to be addressed as a
matter of urgency for us to get out of the debt crisis.”
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Daily News


      Land-grab timed to intimidate opponents

      6/18/2003 8:22:59 AM (GMT +2)

      That the land grab campaign was an election gimmick is obvious. In
fact, ZANU PF’s agrarian reform was well-timed to intimidate political

      One day I accidentally opened a psychology textbook. I could not
believe what I saw and read. I asked myself: is this a divine revelation of
the evilness of the agrarian cockerel?

      But it was only after going through Piaget’s work that I rejoiced and
went home with the self-evident truth that God loves me.

      Piaget was talking about children who are 12-18 months old. These are
in stage five according to Piaget’s theories on stages of development.

      He called toddlers the “little scientists” because of the exploration
that characterises this period of development.

      They experiment in order to learn. They question themselves: “What
will happen if I pour water on a cat, throw eggs on the floor?” Yes, I now
understand why some political “toddlers” went off to invade farms under the
guise of the so-called Third Chimurenga.

      Politically, they are still at stage five, where they want to learn
through experience.

      They employed the principle of epoch. They became part and parcel of
the invaders and tried to learn from experience. Now they have been taught
and facts have spoken.

      But there is one sad thing about people at this stage of development.
By throwing the egg on the floor, they learn something, but the breaking of
the egg is a very sad thing.

      After that they played mahumbwe (playing house) with the national
egg – land – and it is now broken. What shall they do to revive our economy?

      Our economy is agro-based but the agricultural sector is now
unproductive. So where do we start?

      Since our national egg has been thrown onto the floor, we must look
for other eggs because crying over spilt milk won’t help.

      But the question is where do we find these other eggs? We do not have
many minerals which are in demand: diamonds, emeralds etc. So what shall we

      There is only one solution: to face the person who threw our national
egg onto the floor. There is no other person than you, President Robert
Mugabe. You are responsible for this
      economic mess we are in.

      First, we want to correct your misuse of terms. The “land question”
was not resolved by your Third Chimurenga. If you are eager to witness the
Third Chabvondoka (mayhem), don’t worry yourself, you will see it.

      The real people’s Chimurenga will come very soon and when you one day
see people carrying placards declaring “Mugabe Must Go!”, know that it will
be the nightmare that you were dreading.

      Your land-grab policy must be termed the second colonialism. We know
very well that during the Ian Smith regime blacks were given land that was
unsuitable for human habitation. These areas were known as “reserves/tribal
trust lands”.

      Now you are employing the same tactics of giving people arid and
infertile land and you believe we do not have third-eye vision of your
“agrarian reforms”. Your cronies are eating succulent steak whilst the
masses squabble over the bones from the carcass.

      You want to use us as a means to your ends. This is what the whole of
humanity terms oppression, in its worst form. We reject your use of the land
issue to remain in power.

      The day shall come and you will reap what you sowed. If you sow
oppression, you will reap it at its ripest stage. If you chastise us with a
rope, we will chastise you with scorpions. Never believe that anyone will
offer you political asylum. Even under water, we will follow you.

      Hungry Zimbabwean
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Daily News


      Defining the new millennium African sell-out

      6/18/2003 8:23:29 AM (GMT +2)

      ON 5 June I received this e-mail message, reproduced here without
editing:“Greetings: I am an Ethiopian. I read your article.

      It is interesting in two aspects. One: I really did not know until
recently that educated Zimbabweans were missing slavery on their own
country. Our so-called previous “leaders” were starving our people but were
busy helping your liberation. For that stupid thinking of them, we
Ethiopians are suffering in the hands of our puppets current “leaders” with
the support of Britain and US in revenge of the past – helping African
brothers in other parts of Africa. Let me tell you, there is 15 million
people facing famine from maladministration in Ethiopia today but BBC likes
(President) Mugabe rather. Moreover the behaviour of the likes of you who do
live for eating is so annoying and make me bitter.

      The second aspect shows how sell out Zimbabwean journalists are.
Today, in Ethiopia, tens of journalists are locked up because they are
nationalists. Therefore, no amnesty or HRW talks about it. In Zimbabwe, no
journalist is behind the bar, but you talk rubbish. Oh! Africa, full of

      Another e-mail message on the same day read: “Thanks for the truth. I’
m a teenager from South Africa but had to move to Australia because we saw
that the situation there wouldn’t improve unless the government took action.

      Well, we were smart enough that the people’s government are busy
people and don’t have time to do their job i e educating and feeding their
people; initiating expansionary business programmes as opposed to
affirmative action which make foreign investment nervous.

      I’m writing to you to thank you for having the courage to express your
views on the OAU and the “governments” it is comprised of. It really worries
me that these leaders don’t put their heart and soul into their jobs instead
of prattling on about “colonial whites” and past injustices.

      They know that their lack of commitment to their jobs is a large
factor contributing to their people’s poverty. I’m glad that you had the
courage to write that article even in “first world countries” – silly thing
to call them they’re just land masses with people – they don’t criticise
African politicians to any great degree. For instance, in my English class
if you try and criticise anything an African does you’re “racist”. Don’t get
me wrong because I have no problem with other racial groups. But I don’t
like it when people get away with things just because of their skin colour.

      I pray with all my heart that sub-Sarahan Africa can get its act
together and for the well-being of Zimbabwe’s people. Thank you for writing
such an interesting, inspirational and truthful article.”

      The 4 June column was How the OAU helped create these monsters. My
Ethiopian critic sounds like a supporter of Mengistu Haile Mariam, the
former Ethiopian dictator, an ideological bedfellow of President Mugabe.

      He is not enamoured of his present Prime Minister, Meles Zenawi, who
would not seek political asylum in Mugabe’s Zimbabwe if the Ethiopians did a
“Mengistu” on him.

      Neither would Mugabe dream of asylum in an Ethiopia ruled by Zenawi,
if he had to flee

      Years ago, we all knew who was a sell-out: an African siding with
colonialism in the independence struggle. Today, without colonialism, who is
a sell-out?

      To say every African who hates African dictators who promote the
murder and rape of their people, to help prolong their stay in power is a
sell-out is itself being a sell-out.

      To advocate the perpetuation of murderous and corrupt dictatorships on
the grounds that anything else would be to hand back the country to
colonialism is to be a sell-out worse than Moise Tshombe, whose name became
synonymous with a sell-out in the 1960s.

      Today, my definition of a sell-out is: a supporter of dictatorships,
the murder, political repression and rape of their own people. A change of
government would result in their being tried for crimes against humanity, or
being deprived of their seat on the gravy train of the about-to-be-ousted

      The teenager who fled from Thabo Mbeki’s Rainbow South Africa was
probably hasty in bolting so soon. South Africa has far more to offer people
of all races than Zimbabwe, whose government is now as racist as Ian Smith’s

      Not many Africans can believe their countries offer the world an
example to be emulated: proud of their culture and history, but not
aspiring – as Asia and Latin America are – to be as prosperous, as educated,
as healthy and as well-fed as the developed world.

      Discard, for the moment, the conception of “civilised” as defined by
the West. Concentrate on well-being, encompassing the pursuit of happiness,
you and yours having good health, good education, good job, good shelter,
good food and good governance.

      Why should you not expect all this in your own country? Why shouldn’t
your government, maintained with your taxes, provide you with all this?

      This is not Utopia, but the reality of a government whose first
priority is the people’s welfare, not the survival of its geriatric

      The rich nations of the world are not driven by philanthropy. They are
not inveterate do-gooders.

      The Norwegians, who loved Julius Nyerere as if he had Viking blood
coursing through his veins, once warned him that if he persisted with his
hare-brained ujamaa policy, they would ditch him.

      During the Cold War, East and West calculated coldly what they would
give an African country which declared in their favour. There was no
philanthropy here – and there still isn’t.

      What they are demanding today – as in Nepad – is a quid pro quo: you
treat your people decently and we will help you.

      But what is confounding Africans is why some of their leaders believe
it’s below their dignity to agree to this deal.

      Why should a guarantee to respect their people’s human rights be
anathema to them?

      It’s as if their own concept of good governance doesn’t entail a
respect for people’s rights, as if it’s alien for an African leader to treat
his people with respect.

      My colleague in Ethiopia says “educated Zimbabweans were missing
slavery on their own country”, by which I assume he means not hating the

      There is psychological slavery on the continent today. There is
slavery in the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy and the
Public Order and Security Acts. Read them slowly and carefully and you will
discover that citizens are effectively enslaved by their provisions.

      The slave master is the government. It is the real sell-out of its own

      There is a form of psychological slavery if newspapers published
legally cannot circulate in every part of the country because government
supporters don’t like to read what they are saying about the government
slave policy.
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Business Day

Horses in Zimbabwe need aid'


Racing Editor

WORLD Animal Watch says the plight of Zimbabwean horses is a major cause for

The organisation stated that "while we hear everyday of the appalling
conditions the average person has to live with in Zimbabwe, not everybody
has seen the pictures of the plight of Zimbabwean horses".

"Due to land redistribution, farmers were left with the choice of shooting
their horses or simply leaving them behind. The cruelty that these horses
are enduring is shocking," the organisation said.

World Animal Watch said it had taken on the rescue and rehabilitation of
these abandoned, abused and neglected horses and had now established a
holding station for them.

"When the horses come to us they are in a terrible state starving,
malnourished, worm ridden and with untreated injuries. Before any horses are
sent to SA, they are examined by veterinarians, given the correct
vaccinations and each horse is issued with a permit before they leave
Zimbabwe and go through Beit Bridge."

World Animal Watch said raising funds from a nation already destitute was

The organisation called for donations to ease the suffering of horses in
Zimbabwe. It could be contacted on its website
Jun 18 2003 07:26:02:000AM David Mollett Business Day 1st Edition
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Tsvangirai's treason trial resumes

HARARE -- The treason trial of Zimbabwe opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai
resumed yesterday.

He is accused of plotting to eliminate President Robert Mugabe ahead of
presidential elections last year.

The trial, which resumed after a three-week break, concerns the first
charges of treason brought against the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
leader and two key members of his party, Welshman Ncube and Renson Gasela.

Tsvangirai has also been charged with treason -- punishable by death in
Zimbabwe -- in connection with anti-government protests organised by his
party two weeks ago.

He appeared in the Harare High Court looking drawn and tired after having
spent 11 days in police custody following his arrest on the last day of the
MDC-organised protests, during which the state accused him of inciting
Zimbabweans to violently oust Mugabe.

Tsvangirai is still waiting for a high court judge to decide whether he
should be granted bail on the second treason charges.

The charges heard yesterday against the MDC trio arose from evidence
contained in a grainy video tape of a meeting they held with a Canada-based
consultancy firm run by former Israeli intelligence agent Ari Ben Menashe.

Ben Menashe has accused the MDC leaders of plotting to murder Mugabe, but
Tsvangirai and his two party officials claim they were set up by the Dickens
and Madson consultancy in a bid to sideline Tsvangirai politically after he
emerged as the most significant threat to Mugabe's 23-year hold on power.

Yesterday, Happyton Bonyongwe, head of Zimbabwe's intelligence service, gave
evidence to the court on the Central Intelligence Office's (CIO) relations
with Ben Menashe.

Bonyongwe was cross-examined at length by defence lawyer George Bizos -- the
South African lawyer who argued Nelson Mandela's innocence in a treason
trial 40 years ago -- on services rendered to the CIO by Ben Menashe in
exchange for significant sums of money.

Ben Menashe was allegedly paid $200000 (about R1,6m) for five days' work
done for the CIO.

"Information about the movements of the accused, among other things, I can't
be more specific," was Bonyongwe's unclear reply.

"You are trying to cover up the truth," said Bizos, asserting that Ben
Menashe had been paid to concoct a plot against the MDC leaders.

Ben Menashe told the court in February, when the trial opened, that
Tsvangirai had clearly asked him to help kill Mugabe ahead of presidential
elections last year.

But in the video tape shown by prosecutors on the second day of the trial,
Tsvangirai was heard to say: "The discussion was never about the elimination
of Mugabe, it was about the election, and the post-election outcome."

* Zimbabwe's runaway annual inflation rate climbed nearly 31% to just above
300% last month, the state-run Herald newspaper reported yesterday.

The rise, which puts the annual inflation rate at 300,1%, was due to steep
price increases of foodstuffs, consumer durables and services.

With inflation at 300% in May, the objective of Finance Minister Herbert
Murerwa to bring the annual rate back down to below 100% appears to be out
of reach.

Murerwa made the pledge to stem runaway inflation when he presented the
budget for 2003 at the end of last year. -- Sapa-AFP
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The Star

      What Zim needs is a new constitution
      June 18, 2003

      Allow me to make my small contribution to the debate on Zimbabwe.

      The future of democracy in that country is predicated
      on the development of viable constitutional arrangements that can
guarantee a viable government.

      The Zanu-PF government has given the people a bureaucracy that
emphasises hierachy, compliance and discipline, without addressing equally
important concerns such as public accountability, responsiveness and

      For any government to successfully address the needs of its people, it
must apply careful thought to the organisation of political, economic and
administrative institutions .

      What is also needed is a constitutional order that is legitimate,
credible, enduring and structurally accessible to the people without
compromising the integrity and effectiveness of the process.

      Considering that Zimbabwe has a large multi-ethnic grouping just like
South Africa, the constitution must be reflective of all the people,
including the so-called minority.

      Zanu-PF is used to a weak parliament, which is often used as a rubber
stamp. Constitutionally, this needs to be a stronger body so that it can
ensure an effective check on the executive.

      The people of Zimbabwe must demand a new constitution - one that will
ensure the government is legitimate by prohibiting the powers-that-be from
acting without a mandate from the people, which is to be given at periodic
intervals through free and fair elections or referendums that are executed
and administered according to the constitution and well-defined electoral

      The Zimbabwean National Constitutional Assembly should continue with
its quest for a new, all-encompassing, constitution, which should be built
on the assumption that "everyone is evil". This will ensure protective
measures to curb human evil.

      The last parliamentary and presidential elections in Zimbabwe
indicated how urgently that country needs a new constitution to:

      a.. Ensure system-wide pluralism. There should be no hindrance to
competition to hold public office;

      a.. Ensure the safety and security of citizens and the rule of law;

      a.. Require public agencies to be responsive to the needs of the
public and to promote social and economic development for the benefits of
all citizens in an equitable manner.

      These are just a few of the reasons why the people from across the
Limpopo need a new constitution to have lasting peace.

      Suspending them from the Commonwealth or isolating them from the
international community will not solve their problems. As long as their
current constitution is in place, Robert Mugabe and his kind will continue
to terrorise the people of Zimbabwe.

      Zimbabweans have suffered enough from public officials' corruption and
abuse of power.

      Some politicians, including Mugabe himself, think politics is a game
of musical chairs among old and tired men. People remain in office until
they die.

      Zimbabwe, like other African nations, needs to have a time limit for
an individual to be in office. Power corrupts. There is a need to guard
against this.

      The essence of government is power, and power lodged as it must be in
human hands, will ever be liable to abuse. Limits become important to
minimise the danger of dictatorship
      and the development of an oligarchy in a presidential system.

      Africans should remind those who ascend to the presidency that
sovereignty lies in the people.

      Of late, Zimbabweans have suffered at the hands of police, the army
and war veterans. In 1995, enraged and frustrated by the government's delay
in carrying out promised social programmes, war veterans caused mayhem until
they were paid an unbudgeted-for Z$50 000.

      This time, a new breed of combatants, "green bombers", have been sent
to terrorise people in order to stave off Zanu-PF's political demise.

      Some of them have already realised that they are being used and have
fled to South Africa, yet African leaders still believe all is well in that

      Mugabe has never been one for listening. For 20 years, he has stamped
out dissents, exiled opponents in his own party and violently suppressed the

      The crisis is being told in two versions: the official one and the

      Officially, for Mugabe and his supporters, Zimbabwe is a strong
developing nation whose progress has been sabotaged
      by white imperialists led by British Prime Minister Tony Blair and his
"gay cabinet".

      According to this version, Zimbabweans would have enough to eat if
only the country's white farmers would stop stockpiling grain in an effort
to undermine Comrade Mugabe, as the state-owned media still call the

      In reality, Zimbabwe is a country on the brink of economic collapse:
inflation is running at over 200%; unemployment has hit 75%. In the real
Zimbabwe, Mugabe is despised by many, not worshipped by all, and his
government is corrupt and out of touch.

      With the world's attention now on Iraq, Mugabe has set his hoodlums
loose to terrorise his opponents.

      What was once the breadbasket of Africa is now the basket case of

      The African Union should work with Zimbabweans
      - not only the governing party - to establish a new, viable

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The Mercury


      TV3's reputation has been battered
      June 18, 2003

      It was with dismay that I listened to the interview with President
Robert Mugabe and the subsequent discussion panel on SABC TV3 recently.

      My dismay was prompted not by the questioning of Mugabe; that was
interesting and it was good to hear his views and objections, but rather by
the unbalanced composition and qualifications of SABC TV3's discussion

      One could reasonably have expected to have had on the panel a Zanu-PF
supporter, an MDC supporter, possibly a representative from among the large
exiled Zimbabwean community living here - who have recently been so
vociferous in their calls for the removal of what they see as the
illegitimate Mugabe regime.

      Perhaps even participants from both sides who took part in the
Lancaster House negotiations could have been present to substantiate or
disagree with Zanu-PF's view of agreements reached there.

      One does after all remember that there was supposedly agreement on the
sanctity of property rights in Zimbabwe.

      One of the two men chosen by TV3 for the discussion was described as a
Zimbabwean academic, a somewhat blinkered supporter of Mugabe's actions and

      Unbelievably, the only other member of the panel was the deputy
treasurer of Transnet.

      What his qualifications to comment on the political affairs of a
neighbouring country are, is anyone's guess.

      Not even at the height of P W Botha's illegitimate regime, during
which we were forced to endure ad nauseam "Pik on Sunday", would they ever
have dreamed of permitting a public servant from the South African railways
to comment on the political affairs of a foreign state!

      The reputation of SABC TV3 as a purveyor of unbiased and balanced
discussion is already tattered.

      To avoid the perception of being just another instrument in President
Mbeki's administration it should avoid any repetition of its badly
constituted discussion panel on Zimbabwe.

      D E Becker
      Link Hills

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The Mercury


      Zimbabwe: AU, UN have failed
      June 18, 2003

      Your reader Wing Fong in The Mercury of June 4 raises some important
questions regarding the African Union's legitimacy as a vehicle for change
in Africa.

      Zimbabwe is subject to the resolutions of the UN and the constitution
of the new African Union - being a member of both organisations.

      The UN proclaimed the universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 as
a common standard of achievement for all people and nations and resolved to
ensure their universal and effective recognition and observance among member

      Germane to the situation in Zimbabwe is article 12 which states: "No
one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family,
home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation.

      "Every person has the right to the protection of the law against such
interference or attacks."

      And Article 19, which reads, "Everyone has the right to freedom of
opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without
interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through
any media and regardless of frontiers."

      However, the toothless UN and AU have failed abjectly by not ejecting
Zimbabwe as a member state - despite its human rights record.

      Where are we going with Nepad now?

      Mike Rochfort
      Durban North
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