The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Independent (UK)

Nuns in front line of Mugabe campaign to drive the last whites from Zimbabwe
By Anne Wayne
06 June 2004

The Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bulawayo has condemned an invasion of a
white-owned farm led by two nuns, amid a fresh upsurge of violence against
Zimbabwe's white farmers. At least 13 properties have been invaded in the
past fortnight and several farmers have suffered beatings.

Arthur and Ansy Swales, who grow maize in the Banket district, 60 miles
north of Harare, said they had first been approached in 2002 by nuns from
the Little Children of the Blessed Lady order, led by Sister Helen
Maminimini and Sister Notvurgo, about using some land to grow vegetables.
The couple donated around 90 acres and helped the sisters prepare it, but
said the nuns grew increasingly aggressive, demanding expensive equipment
and more and more land.

Then last month the nuns gave the Swales 24 hours to leave the farm. The
couple refused. Eleven days later a group of youths from President Robert
Mugabe's Zanu-PF party arrived at midnight. "They went and woke up all the
workers, and made them run and sing government songs," said Mrs Swales.
"They forced the guards to open the barn gates so they could get to the
equipment. We called the police, but they didn't arrive for 14 hours."

When they finally did, they said that the occupation was illegal and that
the youths must go. Most have now left, but a group of about six to eight
remain, squatting in some empty workers' houses, said Mrs Swales. "They tell
us we can't move anything without their permission. We put all our capital
into buying this machinery."

Archbishop Pius Ncube of Bulawayo condemned the nuns' actions, saying: "It
definitely was not with the blessing of the Church ... If a nun, a priest or
even a bishop steals, it's definitely wrong, because it's against God's

But the ruling Zanu-PF is being accused of launching a campaign in the rural
areas to drive all whites out of Zimbabwe by the end of the year.

More than 3,000 white farmers have been driven off the land since Mr
Mugabe's policy of redistribution by force began four years ago, and the
Commercial Farmers' Union estimates only 300 of the remaining 600 farmers
are active.

Two weeks ago Anthony Bodington, a farm manager, and three black game
wardens were abducted during an anti-poaching patrol in the Save Valley
Conservancy, a wildlife sanctuary 300 miles south of Harare. They told
police a group of 50 "war veterans" systematically tortured them for 13
hours. "As the attackers tired, others would come to take their place," Mr
Bodington said.

Two of the wardens suffered fractured arms and a third had a broken
collarbone. As the only white, Mr Bodington was singled out for vicious
treatment. His elbows were fractured and punctured to prevent him raising
his hands to protect his face, and doctors fear he may be permanently

The latest victim of the renewed violence is a British grandmother, Pat
Campbell, 62, who was beaten by a "security guard" wielding a stick and an
AK47 rifle last week when she attempted to feed her cattle on her farm, 90
miles north of Harare. The farm has been allocated by the government to
Lieutenant General Phillip Sibanda, commander of the Zimbabwe National Army
and a former UN peacekeeper.

"We heard [the guard] attacking our employees in the barn, and my son ran to
stop him, shouting 'Run, run,' to his workers," Mrs Campbell said. "I ran to
open the gate so our truck could drive through, and he began to beat me with
the stick, threatening to kill me." She believes only the action of her son,
who drove over to her and then rammed the gates until they burst, saved her
from serious injury or death. Mrs Campbell said the "security guard" had
three times threatened to shoot her, but his employer refused to take any

"Where can I go?" she asked. "I was born in Scotland, but this is my home.
My husband, a son and my grandson are buried here; I have 200 cattle on the
farm, and workers who depend on me."

Michael Clark, regional head of the CFU, believes the increase in violence
against his members, after a period of relative calm, could be linked to
forthcoming elections. "This was very methodical, calculated cruelty," he
said. "We know there are camps where the Green Bombers [soldiers notorious
for their brutality] and the youth brigades are trained in torture, but
these assailants were not part of any formal organisation."

The farm seizures have crippled food production in Zimbabwe, leaving 5.5
million people dependent on food aid last year. Last week the Famine Early
Warning System Network, a US-funded agency, predicted conditions would be
even worse this year, calling the situation an "emergency". But Mr Mugabe
recently told a television interviewer that there were other countries that
needed food aid more than Zimbabwe.

"We are not hungry. It should go to hungrier people, hungrier countries than
ourselves," he said. "Why foist this food upon us? We don't want to be
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Sunday Times (SA)

Moyo angers Zanu-PF old guard

Foreign Desk

ZIMBABWEAN President Robert Mugabe's propaganda chief Jonathan Moyo has run
into trouble with Zanu-PF's top leaders for attacking the old guard in an
escalating power struggle.

Information Minister Moyo and the issue of in-fighting dominated a heated
debate at the Zanu-PF's lengthy politburo meeting on Wednesday.

to stop Moyo and his consorts - like war veteran leader Joseph Chinotimba -
in their tracks.

The battle for power is mounting ahead of Zanu's crucial December congress
after Mugabe announced he will not seek re-election in 2008.

Moyo infuriated Zanu-PF heavyweights by attacking ruling party spokesman and
Mugabe confidante Nathan Shamuyarira for arranging Mugabe's recent interview
with Sky News television.

Moyo - who wants to be the only presidential gatekeeper - claimed it was
better to use the "national media" than the "colonial and imperialist" press
to promote Zimbabwe's interests.

His allegation that the Sky News crew comprised "British intelligence
officers masquerading as journalists" and that their questions were either
"very crude or very stupid" was seen as an unwitting attack on Mugabe.

This angered senior Zanu-PF members who now see Moyo as overreaching

One senior member who attended the meeting said party bigwigs "strongly
protested" against Moyo and Chinotimba's behaviour.

"[Retired] General [Solomon] Mujuru was the most vocal in condemning the
attacks against senior members. He said that trigger-happy newcomers should
be reined in to prevent chaos in the party," the Zanu-PF official said.

"There is pending but unspecified action that will be taken against them."

Mujuru is said to have warned Mugabe that, after finishing with all other
senior party members, ambitious rookies would target the president himself.
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Business Report

      Clarion call for Africa to right itself using native skills sounds
hollow if no action is taken

      Reuel Khoza, the chairman of power utility Eskom and President Thabo
Mbeki's point man in the business world, dreams of an Africa that can
translate "concepts of humanity and communal relations into vibrant forms of
co-operative government" and can feed its children from its native produce.

      If that sounds ambitious, then wait, there's more. He also wants a
continent replete with intellectuals nurtured by native founding principles,
industry fuelled by native technology and skills, and airwaves dominated by
native concerns, images and aspirations.

      Khoza wants the term "emergent" to be seen as embodying vibrancy and
technological prowess, and used with awe and envy rather than condescension
and derision.

      He wants a continent more excited about its future than its past, with
a scope for growth that is limited only by its imagination.

      "Africa has a date with destiny," was his clarion call to the 550
delegates at this year's Africa summit of the World Economic Forum held over
three days in Maputo last week.

      Finance minister Trevor Manuel may have had a shorter wish list, but
it was no less ambitious.

      He wants to live in a continent where the corruptors are punished as
hard as those they corrupt, where dodgy businessmen are banned from getting
contracts and where impeccable behaviour, by both business and governments,
is rewarded.

      There has been some progress towards these noble aspirations.
Countries like Mozambique can now attract major fixed investment projects;
Zambia, Malawi and Nigeria seem to be moving towards some semblance of

      You can now drive safely from Johannesburg to Maputo and once there
you can find comfortable accommodation, good restaurants and well-stocked
shops. This is a far cry from the city I first visited in 1987.

      Listening to the business delegates, who traditionally become
evangelical about the continent's potential for these three days a year, one
would get the idea that progress was an inexorable process that would
inevitably erode the grinding poverty afflicting so many Africans.

      The reality is that too many leaders still consider themselves to have
been anointed from on high
      . Investments are still too extractive and their goals remain too
short term.

      The millennium development goals, which are supposed to be achieved by
2015, remain out of reach. The target of halving infant mortality will, all
things being equal, take another eight generations - till 2169 - to realise.
Halving the number of people who live in abject poverty will also take
substantially more than another 11 years.

      And as long as people like Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe are
allowed to set the cause back with at least the tacit consent of his
neighbours, valid doubts over the continent's seriousness about cleaning up
its act will persist.

      While these doubts remain, international donors, multinational
businesses and multilateral institutions will refrain from rolling up their
sleeves and doing the hard work needed to change the status quo.

      The dams, roads, railway lines and power stations the continent so
desperately needs will remain unbuilt. The quality investments that add
value to their host countries will continue bypassing Africa.

      Aid flows won't reach the 0.7 percent of gross domestic product that
the developed world has committed itself to and debt write-offs will fall
far short of what is needed.

      This will mean that the continent will remain a logistical nightmare,
infrastructure will stay woefully inadequate and businesses will have to pay
bribes to get the job done.

      This year, like last year in Durban, delegates to the summit were told
of the importance of moving beyond the rhetoric and into the realm of
setting deliverable targets and tangible action plans.

      Perhaps if I hadn't heard it all before it would have been more
inspirational. And maybe I would have believed that things were really going
to change this time round.

      Unfortunately, I have a nasty feeling that next year we will be dished
up a reheated offering of these same great ideas and that far too little
real progress would have been made on getting the things that matter right.
And this is a song I've heard too often already.
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Nature enthusiasts attend ball to benefit rhinos
Copyright 2004 Houston Chronicle

While fund-raising events are few and far between in the coming months,
behind-the-scenes activities for fall benefits are moving at a rapid pace.

Consider last week's kickoff for the unusual Rhino Ball. Close to 100 nature
enthusiasts and animal lovers filled the home of Frances and Dr. Don Baxter
in support of the Oct. 10 Willie Nelson concert at the Houston Polo Club.
Beneficiaries are the International Rhino Foundation (IRF) and Polo Players
Support Group.

The benefit is being held in conjunction with the Houston Polo Club's
Absolute Adventure Travel Conservation Cup.

Rhinos? It's a cause near and dear to the heart of Marian Baxter
Farebrother, benefit chair and daughter of the kickoff party hosts. She was
introduced to the allure of Africa when she made her first climb of Mount
Kilimanjaro with her mother - a travel guide, climber and conservationist -
in 1997. Something of a love affair with the continent was born.

It didn't hurt that she met the charming Graham Farebrother, also a climber
and guide, whom she later married.

Marian's first encounter with the rhino conservation effort took place in
South Africa, where she worked with a preservation group focusing on the
white rhino. The following year, she went to Botswana, where the IRF is
working to reintroduce the black rhino, more endangered than the white.

"I see how the extinction of these animals affects the people who benefit
through tourism and safaris," the 35-year-old said. "Losing the rhinos would
be devastating to their economies." Not to mention the tragedy of the loss
of a species. Only 3,100 remain, according to the IRF Web site.

Key spokesman at the kick-off party was Houston Zoo director Rick Barongi,
who sits on the IRF board. He announced that the zoo would pledge $60,000
for the IRF's Adopt-A-Rhino program.

Marian's goal for the benefit is to raise enough money to move seven female
rhinos from Zimbabwe to Botswana, where they have a better chance of
survival and a date with a male rhino already relocated there. The cost is
$70,000 per animal. She said the funds donated to the Adopt-A-Rhino program
go directly to the IRF. Money raised from the ball table sales and auctions
will be split evenly between the IRF and the Polo Player Support Group.

In the meantime, Marian is running the fund-raising traps. Among those
turning out for the kick-off party were Mary and Roy Cullen, Jeannie and
Michael Klein and Elizabeth Winston Jones.
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New Zimbabwe

Gono funded Grace Mugabe extravagance

By Bonny Schoonakker
Last updated: 06/06/2004 10:19:29
GIDEON Gono, now the governor of Zimbabwe's reserve bank, personally raised
thousands of US dollars to fund first lady Grace Mugabe's foreign shopping
sprees when he was chief executive of one of the country's largest
commercial banks.

Gono's role as financier of the extravagant spending trips is exposed in a
list of so-called "parallel market" deals carried out by the Commercial Bank
of Zimbabwe (now known as Jewel Bank) in defiance of laws that Gono is now
sworn to uphold.

The Sunday Times, which has the list, has established that scores of
politicians, including Zanu-PF bigwigs, and business people benefited from
the deals, at a time when Zimbabwe's currency was in free fall. The black
market was used to obtain cheap dollars which were then sold at much higher
official market prices or used to fund overseas shopping sprees.

Among the more notable transactions in a list of 1 250 deals over a
five-month period is one on January 11 2002 in favour of "Mrs G M (Cash
FX)". According to a former CBZ official, this was one of six parallel
market deals conducted on behalf of the Mugabes during the period concerned.

The list also records R5.2-million raised on behalf of jailed former Finance
Minister Chris Kuruneri, in a February 2002 deal that is the subject of
fraud and corruption charges which he now faces.

The names of businesswoman Jane Mutasa, recently charged for corruption and
forex fraud, and Chinhoyi MP Philip Chiyangwa, out on Z5-million bail and
facing similar charges, also occur frequently.

According to the CBZ employee, Gono personally issued and authorised the
order to raise US100 000 on behalf of Grace Mugabe on January 11 2002. The
cash "was invariably collected by one of Mugabe's aides in a leather
briefcase", he said.

"The cash was delivered to Gideon Gono's office and booked to Gono's special
account, which was basically his slush fund. These illegal transactions
required by the Mugabes, his family and his officials were booked to this
account." The official said the money was used to finance a trip to London,
including a visit to Harrods, in the four weeks following the transaction.

The explosion of the "parallel market" is cited as one the key reasons
behind the collapse of the Zimbabwean currency, to Z6 000 to the US dollar
from Z10 to the US dollar within a few years.

Although the CBZ obtained most of the money on the black market, criminal
prosecution is unlikely because Gono declared an amnesty for such deals less
than three weeks after his appointment as governor of the Reserve Bank of

Jewel Bank's biggest single shareholder is the SA financial services group
Absa, which owns 26%. The Zimbabwean government owns 20% and the Libyan
government, whose sales of oil to Zimbabwe are financed by the bank, also
owns a significant stake.

CBZ was also the bank officially responsible for raising money for the
president's foreign travels and for financing grain and fuel imports.

This week a senior member at Absa said he was unaware of any illegal
activity at CBZ during Gono's tenure.

However, the senior CBZ official said that parallel market deals, and the
profits made on them, were hidden from the bank's auditors, KPMG, which were
given only "limited exposure to the bank's accounts".

"The Mugabes would receive the cash or have the funds transferred with
Gono's full knowledge and authority and never with the 'direct' approval of
the reserve bank," he said.

Contacted for comment, Gono did not deny raising money for the Mugabes
during his tenure at CBZ, but said, through a spokesman, that "issues
relating to banks and their clients were confidential".

In any case, the issue should not arise because all banks had received
amnesty from Gono for illegal forex deals done before December 1 last year,
when he became reserve bank governor.

Louis von Zeuner, Absa group executive director responsible for Jewel Bank,
said Absa was "quite satisfied with its current position. Although we are
extremely fortunate to have an MD of the calibre of Nyasha Makuvise, the
bank's current CE, we have no doubt that the good work was started under the
leadership of Dr Gono. External audit reports, financial performance as well
as reports from the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe confirm this."
From the Sunday Times (SA)

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New Zimbabwe

Fugitive ENG director spotted in Harare

By Takunda Maodza
Last updated: 06/06/2004 09:48:28
GILBERT Muponda, one of the first victims of government's anti-corruption
crusade feared to have skipped the border after skipping bail since Tuesday
last week is in town.

Police spokesperson, Andrew Phiri said the fugitive Muponda was spotted
twice on Friday morning in Harare.

He said the former ENG boss was seen cruising around in different luxurious
vehicles in the city, in what has become his tag-taste for a fast and high

"Muponda was spotted today (Friday) in a BMW whose last digit numbers are
054R, and later in a Toyota Corolla with last numbers 013N," Phiri said.

Muponda is reportedly moving around with a man known as Julius Hwanhenga of
Msasa Park.

Hwanhenga was arrested by the police on Friday but he said he did not know
where Muponda was. Meanwhile the police have called for a citizen's arrest,
saying anyone who might happen to see Muponda should apprehend him if its
within his or her capacity to do so.

The hunt for Muponda who was on a $150 million bail began on Tuesday when he
suddenly stopped reporting to the police in accordance with his bail

The conditions for bail prescribed that he reports twice everyday to the
Criminal Investigation Department (CID) Fraud Special Unit in Harare.

But Muponda only reported once on Monday, igniting police manhunt.

Fears were that Muponda might have jumped the border in a bid to escape from
the blows of justice.

His co-accused Nyasha Watyoka has not violated his bail conditions.

Muponda and the other ENG director, Nyasha Watyoka, were arrested on
December 31 last year facing allegations of defrauding investors of $61
billion. They were granted bail by magistrate Mishrod Guvamombe on February
19 this year.

Stringent conditions that included reporting twice to the police every day,
travelling within a radius of 20 km from Harare Main Post Office and
surrendering travel documents were imposed.

The state had strongly opposed the granting of bail and the case reached the
High Court.

The pair was recently declared specified persons among other businessmen and
their properties have since been frozen.

Their foreign accounts in South Africa and US were ordered to be frozen on
the day they were granted bail.

Muponda also faces a separate charge of illegally dealing in foreign
currency for which he has surrendered a surety amounting to $200 million. He
spent almost four months in remand prison before his relatives finally
managed to raise the $150 million bail coupled with a surety of $500 million
and he was only released from Harare Remand prison on April 23 this year.

Relatives of the pair had provided surety worth about $1,4 billion, which
they stand to lose in the event that the two are found to have violated bail

Charges against the pair arose between April and December last year after
they bought Century Discount House (CDH) from Century Holdings Limited.

The State is alleging that when they bought CDH they failed to fulfil all
the regulatory requirements.
From Sunday Mirror
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Zimbabwe Mirror

MDC starts repackaging
. . . co-opts Maya, Mavhaire, Dongo next
Tawanda Majoni/Zvamaida Murwira

THE opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has embarked on a
process of strategic repackaging to boost its flagging electoral fortunes.

The MDC's acceptance of former National Alliance for Good Governance (NAGG)
president, Shakespeare Maya this week is the first in a series of
co-optations of political figures whose clout the party seeks to exploit to
improve its political profile. Sources say the MDC has decidedly shifted its
thinking and seeks to shed its perceived pro-western policy and reflect a
more nationalistic approach to both national and international issues.

The ruling Zanu PF has since the formation of the MDC in late 1999 been
rubbishing it as the extension of western interests bent on undermining
Zimbabwean sovereignty, an accusation the opposition has also been
dismissing. Maya was accepted into the MDC fold following months of
behind-the-scenes talks.

Most supporters of the now defunct NAGG have reportedly jumped onto the MDC
bandwagon and have already bought party cards, with some of them being
drafted into the grassroots party structures.

A source within the MDC said elementary talks were held between Maya and the
MDC provincial chairman for Harare province, Morgan Femai. Femai attended a
press conference held on Friday where Maya and the main opposition's
spokesman, Paul Themba Nyathi officially announced the development.

"Dr Maya is a man of integrity and his wealth of experience will add value
to the party," said Nyathi at the press conference. A meeting with the party
president, Morgan Tsvangirai was then arranged where Maya is said to have
expressed his displeasure with the way the Zanu PF government was operating.

A formal meeting was then held on Wednesday with the MDC "top seven", a
source said, where Maya was formally accepted into the party.

The top seven included Tsvangirai, vice president Gibson Sibanda, national
chairman Isaac Matongo, secretary general Welshman Ncube, his deputy Gift
Chimanikire and economist Ian Makoni who was recently drafted into the top

Maya helped form NAGG when he broke away from the ruling party in 2000,
after his political ambitions were frustrated by infighting in his home
province of Mashonaland West. Although the party has not yet formally met to
discuss which post Maya could take, he is most likely going to be appointed
to head the commissariat department, a post presently held by Esaph

"Maya has been viewed as a hard worker and many people feel that he would
easily fit in the commissariat or the organising secretariat," said the

Maya, who said he enjoyed good reception from the MDC, is expected to make a
joint speech today with other members of the party's top leadership, among
them Tsvangirai, at a rally to be held at Mukandabhutsu near Msasa in Harare
East constituency.

In an interview with the Sunday Mirror, Maya said he viewed the willingness
by the MDC to bring him into the party as an "ideological statement" that
went beyond the acceptance of an individual and reflected MDC flexibility.
He, however, said there was need for the MDC to be "contemporary and change
with the dictates of moving times".

"Zanu PF no longer has the basis to thrash the MDC as a heap of western
interests. While I will be quick to point out that I am just one person
joining a party with much potential to change the waning political fortunes
of the country, I am heartened by the fact that that happened despite my own
entrenched principles that were somehow similar to, yet different from those
of Zanu PF," he said.

"Questions might be asked why I decided to join the MDC, and the simple
answer is that I wish to be an active participant in building an institution
that forms a sustainable alternative to Zanu PF that is informed by the
welfare of the individual and a desire to develop our country," he added.

Maya largely shared Zanu PF's nationalist outlook on such fundamental issues
as land reform, national sovereignty and a strong aversion to the
imperialistic stance of the west with respect to Zimbabwe's internal
affairs. This led to accusations by some opposition critics that he was not
a genuine opposition leader but, rather, a front for Zanu PF. Maya further
explains his dramatic political about-turn by saying; "I had differences in
policy with the MDC but these differences did not outweigh the need to work
together and join hands with the party and remove Zanu PF." He said he
wished to have a Zimbabwean democracy modelled in such a way that there
would be two political establishments competing for the electorate's faith.
This is the case in the USA and Britain, where the two established parties
are the Republicans and the Democrats for the former, and the Conservatives
and New Labour Party for the latter. President Robert Mugabe has invariably
accused the MDC of being guided by external interests, urging the party to
be nationalist as a precondition for engaging them as bona fide political

He set that as one condition for engaging in meaningful interparty dialogue
with the MDC.

Tsvangirayi, who was strongly opposed to the modus operandi used in
acquiring land from white farmers to distribute to thousands of land-hungry
Zimbabweans, early this year announced that what happened was a fait
accompli, saying he would not give land back to whites if he came to power.
Whites in the MDC were evidently peeved, but the party did not retract the
statement, even as white MDC executives sought to reassure former white
commercial farmers that the MDC's land policy "had not changed". Reports
also emerged in recent months to the effect that the MDC was moving to
curtail the visibility of its white factor. The high visibility of whites in
the MDC top echelons has been the basis for much pummeling of the party by
Zanu PF, which effectively used this fact to discredit the opposition's
genuineness as a Zimbabwean political creation.

It is not clear, though, if the apparent MDC restrategising drive is some
form of response to President Mugabe's statements.

"I am aware that the MDC has repeatedly been accused of being a conduit of
white interests, but I am joining on the background of the persuasion that
the party is a conduit of Zimbabwean interests, and we can work to
consolidate that," said Maya.

Maya dismissed speculation that his ambition was to belong to the top
hierarchy of the MDC, saying there was no vacancy for him. It is also
emerging that the MDC's "recruitment drive" has gone beyond Maya and his

The same MDC source said plans to bring into the fold former Zanu PF
Masvingo provincial chairman, Dzikamai Mavhaire were at an advanced stage.
The controversial Mavhaire is the former Zanu PF provincial chairman for
Masvingo and was reportedly removed from his position for his constant
refusal to toe the party line.

The Sunday Mirror was told that Mavhaire would join the MDC with a
significant portion of his followers from the province where he commands
popular support. Former independent MP and Zimbabwe Union of Democrats (ZUJ)
leader Margaret Dongo and United States-based scientist and former student
leader, Arthur Mutambara are some of the political figures mentioned as part
of the MDC's shopping list.

Efforts to obtain comments from the two were fruitless.
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