The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Hi All, 
Mrs Campbell has asked us to let as many people know as possible so that the word can get around.  The War Vets have today taken over "Lilfordia School" because they shut down this week.  We were only notified on Sunday not to take the kids back to school on Monday for they could not guarantee the safety of the children.  Anyway the school was closed for that reason only, and the children were due to go back today (Wednesday).  The War Vets are still there and the Campbell's are trying to negotiate with them.
We have been asked to keep phoning the school to see when the kids can go back.
Please pass on.
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Daily News

          Tsvangirai locked up

            6/7/2003 6:54:38 AM (GMT +2)

            Staff Reporter

            POLICE yesterday arrested opposition Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC) leader Morgan Tsvangirai and charged him with treason for
allegedly calling for the unconstitutional removal of President Robert

            Tsvangirai's lawyer, Innocent Chagonda of Harare law firm
Atherstone and Cook, told The Daily News yesterday evening that the police
were planning to hold the opposition leader overnight.

            Tsvangirai, who called anti-government protests that shut down
Zimbabwe this week, is already standing trial on treason charges arising
from allegations that he and two other senior MDC officials plotted to
assassinate Mugabe in the run-up to last year's presidential ballot.

            Treason carries a death penalty under Zimbabwe's law.

            Chagonda said the police had accused the former trade
unionist-turned-opposition politician of inciting Zimbabweans to rise
against Mugabe during rallies held in Mutare and Bulawayo last month.

            He said: "They (the police) are charging him with treason. They
are saying he urged people to take to the streets violently. They are saying
he did this to overthrow the government through unconstitutional means. But
we have denied the charge. There is absolutely no basis for the arrest."

            The rallies at which Tsvangirai is said to have uttered the
subversive statements are said to have taken place in Bulawayo and Mutare on
3 May and 25 May respectively, according to Chagonda.

            Police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena told Reuters: "We picked him
up in connection with the many statements he has been making since the
presidential elections. We are charging him with treason."

            Tsvangirai last month held countrywide rallies where he urged
people to join MDC-led demonstrations to pressure Mugabe to resign or to
agree to negotiations with the opposition to find a solution to Zimbabwe's
deepening crisis.

            The demonstrations were held from Monday this week and ended
yesterday but were heavily suppressed by State security agents.

            The biggest challenge yet to Mugabe's rule, Tsvangirai is
jointly charged with MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube and party shadow
agriculture minister Renson Gasela in the treason case already before the

            The allegations that the three opposition leaders plotted Mugabe
's murder stem from a grainy video clip produced by Dickens & Madson, a
Canadian political consultancy allegedly hired by the MDC to carry out the

            Tsvangirai and his officials deny the charge.

            Dickens & Madson head Ari Ben-Menashe is the State's key witness
in the ongoing treason trial, but defence lawyers have told Zimbabwe's High
Court that Menashe is an international fraudster.

            The matter is still to be concluded by the court.

            The police yesterday picked up Tsvangirai from his home soon
after he had told diplomats and journalists at a Press conference in Harare
that the MDC had lined up more mass protests.

            Some MDC officials told this newspaper that their leader was
being detained at a police station in Harare's Borrowdale low-density

            "From now onwards, we will embark on rolling mass action at
strategic times of our choice and without any warning to the dictatorship.
More action is certainly on the way," Tsvangirai had told the journalists
before his arrest.

            He added: "From Monday to today, Mugabe was not in charge. For
the past five days, therefore, the people of Zimbabwe reclaimed their
sovereignty. They were in charge.

            "As a result, the dictator is now cornered and reduced to using
hit-and-run tactics of a bandit against defenceless people."

            Several people were injured by State security forces deployed to
put down this week's demonstrations, while two people are said to have died
during the mass action.

            Tsvangirai said: "Mugabe has now been exposed as a violent and
illegitimate dictator with absolutely no pretence to any semblance of civil
mass support.

            "His power now lies completely in the forces of repression
supervised by a coterie of his bootlickers. He is now a civilian dictator
propped up by sections of a subverted police and military."
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Daily News

      Be ruthless with NGOs, Chombo instructs rural district councils

      6/7/2003 7:08:33 AM (GMT +2)

      Own correspondent

      IGNATIUS Chombo, the Local Government, Public Works and National
Housing minister yesterday told rural district councils in the country to
"deal ruthlessly" with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) he accused of
working against the ruling Zanu PF party.

      Addressing the fourth biennial congress of the Association of Rural
District Councils of Zimbabwe in Masvingo yesterday, Chombo said he was
highly critical of some of the NGOs which he said abandoned their business
to engage in politics.

      Chombo did not name the NGOs nor divulge how the councillors were
supposed to ruthlessly deal with them.

      "I am highly critical of some of these NGOs which come with their aid
with conditions attached. It is better not to give people maize than to give
us maize with labels telling telling us who to vote for," Chombo said.

      "These NGOs come and confuse our ZANU PF councillors. Please deal with
them ruthlessly and then tell us how you will have dealt with them."

      Chombo also criticised the councillors for not ensuring that money
provided by the government for drought relief programmes reached the
intended beneficiaries on time.

      He said: "Some money released in January this year is still stashed in
rural district accounts. Why do you keep the money while people are

      The congress was attended by rural district councils drawn from eight
provinces of the country.

      The congress was told that this year only $350 million was allocated
to 32 rural district councils for water and sanitation programmes while $250
million was released for sewerage reticulation system.
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Daily News

      Commonwealth still working on resolution to Zimbabwe's crisis

      6/7/2003 7:11:09 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      THE Commonwealth has said that efforts to resolve the crisis in
Zimbabwe were still on course with Club members consulting on how to end the
country's deepening economic and political crisis, a Commonwealth official
has said.

      The Club of mainly former British colonies was working with all member
states and parties in Zimbabwe to break the crisis gripping the southern
African nation, the group's director for communications, Joel Kibazo, said.

      Kibazo said: "It is continuing in its efforts to work with all member
countries and all parties in Zimbabwe to resolve the crisis in the country."

      Zimbabwe is in the midst of its worst ever crisis since President
Robert Mugabe's controversial re-election last year.

      The opposition Movement for Democratic Change, the Commonwealth,
European Union (EU) and the United States of America have refused to
recognise Mugabe's victory, saying the ageing Zimbabwean leader won through
violence and downright fraud. Mugabe denies the charges.

      The Commonwealth has suspended Zimbabwe from its councils while the US
and the EU have imposed punitive financial and visa bans on Mugabe and his
top officials over charges he stole the ballot and also because of his
controversial land reform policies.

      Mugabe has seized land from white Zimbabwean farmers without paying
for it and parcelled it out to landless blacks under a programme he says is
meant to correct an unfair land tenure system that left a tiny minority
white community owning the best land in Zimbabwe while blacks were cramped
on poor and arid soils.

      Kibazo denied suggestions that there was growing consensus within the
Commonwealth that Mugabe should leave office by September this year in order
to facilitate the resolution of Zimbabwe's crisis.

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Daily News

      MDC's 'final push' questioned

      6/7/2003 7:13:08 AM (GMT +2)

      JOHANNESBURG The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) called yesterday
the "D-Day" of the "final push" in their mass action campaign against
President Robert Mugabe's government.

      However, at least one opposition lobbyist is openly saying that the
MDC may have been naive in its strategy.

      A heavy police and army presence on the streets was a major reason
there were no serious protest marches through Zimbabwean cities this week,
said National Constitutional Assembly (NCA) leader Lovemore Madhuku. The NCA
is a coalition of civil society organisations fighting for a new
constitution for Zimbabwe.

      Prior to this week's mass action the MDC had placed adverts in
newspapers appealing to the security forces not to suppress protests and

      Madhuku said while the NCA had supported the week-long mass action, it
did so "not in the context of the 'final push' to remove Mugabe we supported
the concept of mass action so people must get out and reclaim their rights".

      "We knew removing Mugabe would not be achieved. We are fighting for
democratic rights, for a society in which you can get food. Once you make
Mugabe the target, knowing that Mugabe controls the security forces, then
you are asking for a clear confrontation between the people and the army.
And the people are not yet ready to confront the army with their bare

      As for adverts placed in the Press on Thursday, calling on people to
"rise up in your millions to demonstrate publicly your utmost disapproval of
this violent dictatorship" and proclaiming "Friday 6 June 2003 is D-Day",
Madhuku said: "It's not right to portray it as D-Day, just as it was not
right to portray these past few days as the final push.

      "We should not trick the public about what is possible, we should make
it clear to them that it will be a very long and painful struggle.

      "But eventually we will reach our destination, which is to create a
free and open democracy. Our destination is not to have (MDC leader Morgan)
Tsvangirai as President, our destination is a just society, and we have to
be patient with that."

      However, MDC secretary-general Welshman Ncube denied that the aim of
the "final push" was to oust Mugabe.

      "Mugabe's removal was not the objective. The whole purpose of all this
action is to force ZANU PF to come and negotiate the issue of (Mugabe's)
legitimacy unconditionally, so that (we can resume) dialogue and a way
forward can be found," he said.

      Mugabe had earlier said he would be willing to talk to the MDC, but
only if his legitimacy as President was recognised. The MDC believes Mugabe'
s presidential poll victory last year was rigged and refuses to accept his

      The MDC would give "(South African President Thabo) Mbeki and company
time to go back to Mugabe, and if he's still unwilling to negotiate
unconditionally there will be further action", said Ncube.

      "In terms of our strategic targets this (week) has been very, very
successful. Everything happened as per expectation . . . we expected
demonstrations would be broken up."

      Police had earlier warned that the MDC's protest campaign was illegal
under the terms of the Public Order and Security Act, and they would respond
to people breaking the law.

      "The security presence on the ground was one of the main reasons
people did not come out, the other was (the lack of) mobilisation of
 people," Madhuku said.

      He stressed that "any sensible politician must have seen that the
security forces are still very loyal to Mugabe".

      "Before Monday there was a false assumption that there is support for
the democratic movement in the security forces. Yet there has been
retribution in the past days, with security forces beating up people,
arresting people . . . the various methods they (the security forces) have
themselves decided to
      use shows they are quite determined to support the Mugabe regime,"
Madhuku explained.

      On Tuesday the police confirmed to IRIN that over 200 people had been
arrested, while the MDC said the figure was much higher. Zimbabwe's Lawyers
for Human Rights on Thursday called on the police to comply with the legal
requirements of having a reasonable suspicion that an offence had been
committed before arresting anyone. They also reminded police that torture
was an international crime.

      "Even though the police may be seeing themselves as going through a
challenging period in the history of their profession, they must remain
professional, objective and impartial in the discharge of their
responsibilities. Anything less is not acceptable," the lawyers said in a

      Mugabe, meanwhile, told the South African Broadcasting Corporation
television news that the use of force against protesters was regrettable but
necessary. "We regret using tear-gas against Zimbabwe's youth, but it is
necessary in order to maintain peace and stability in our country." IRIN
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Daily News

      ZANU PF youths, police thwart protesters

      6/7/2003 7:13:37 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      ANTI-GOVERNMENT marches scheduled for yesterday were thwarted around
the country by a massive show of force by the State.

      Yesterday's demonstrations were to put the lid on mass action that
began on Monday.

      The protests, called by the opposition Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC), were to press President Robert Mugabe to agree to talks to end the
country's political stalemate and resolve the economic crisis. In Harare,
thousands of ruling ZANU PF supporters thronged and sealed Africa Unity
Square in the city centre, where demonstrators were supposed to gather.

      The ZANU PF supporters, most of them youths brought into the capital
city from rural and peri-urban areas close to Harare, marched through the
city yesterday clad in white T-shirts inscribed with the slogan "No To Mass

      ZANU PF officials say the youths, said to number about 2 000, were
brought into Harare to assist the police to quell the opposition's mass
action, declared illegal by the High Court last Saturday.

      The youths, who had the full backing of heavily armed police and
soldiers, descended on several news-stands and harassed vendors, tearing
copies of The Daily News, which they accused of supporting the
opposition-organised protests.

      The ruling party supporters have seized and destroyed copies of the
newspaper throughout this week.

      In most Harare high-density suburbs, Zanu PF youth militia members
patrolled the streets yesterday, singing songs in praise of the ruling party
and intimidating most residents into staying indoors.

      The youths are accused of assaulting residents of high-density areas
around the country during this week.

      People attempting to march into city centres on Monday were also
assaulted and tear-gassed by State security agents, who are also reported to
have used live bullets in some areas.

      Most of the country was calm yesterday, although the army and police
force, which have maintained a heavy presence in urban areas this week,
could be seen still patrolling the streets.

      In Bulawayo, most shops remained closed despite attempts by the police
and army to force them to open.

      Several shops around the country that had closed because of the mass
action were forced to open this week by teams comprising the army and
police. The Ministry of Industry has also threatened to withdraw the
licences of those businesses that remained shut during the anti-government

      In Gweru, law enforcement agents sealed off the Gweru Civic Centre as
early as 6am in anticipation of mass demonstrations. Members of the public
were ordered to keep a safe distance from the police while army troops
gathered at the Gweru Theatre.
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Daily News

      Arrests as Archbishop Ncube conducts service for Mafuyana

      6/7/2003 7:14:07 AM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Bulawayo

      Police arrested 30 passers-by just outside Bulawayo's Saint Mary's
Cathedral where a church service for the late Vice-President Joshua Nkomo's
widow, Johanna Mafuyana, who died this week, was being held.

      Bulawayo Catholic Archbishop Pius Ncube, an outspoken critic of
President Robert Mugabe and his government, conducted the service.

      Dozens of armed police cordoned off the church while a helicopter
hovered above. Johanna, a devout Catholic, will be buried at the National
Heroes' Acre in Harare today to become the second woman to be interred at
the national shrine.

      A defiant Ncube told the congregation he would continue to pray for
the country until there was change for the better.

      "The country is in a serious crisis and no one will stop me from
praying for the goodwill of the country," the clergyman

      More than a wooden dozen crosses were carried from the back of the
church to the altar, symbolising the death of those killed during this week'
s mass protests organised by the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.

      Two people are believed to have been killed during the protests.

      Earlier, at Mafuyana's funeral wake in Matsheumhlope suburb,
Vice-President Joseph Msika warned the Roman Catholic Church from meddling
in politics. "You people of the church should do what you can but when it
comes to politics, you should keep away," he said.
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Daily News

      State seeking to raise US$1m weekly from exiles

      6/7/2003 7:14:44 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      THE government is considering an ambitious plan to tap more than US$1
million ($824 million) every week from Zimbabweans living outside the
country, a move immediately dismissed by analysts yesterday as another
futile exercise to boost hard cash inflows.

      In a paper presented on his behalf at a National Economic Consultative
Forum meeting in Harare on Thursday, Finance Minister Herbert Murerwa said
the government had begun discussions with interested parties to bring the
grand plan into life.

      "Government is holding discussions with interested parties for
purposes of mobilising foreign currency from Zimbabweans in the diaspora,"
Murerwa said.

      "Indications are that a minimum of US$1 million can be collected on a
weekly basis," he added.

      In his 2003 National Budget statement in November, Murerwa said the
government was targeting Zimbabweans abroad to help ease the country's
four-year hard cash squeeze.

      Lovemore Kadenge, president of the Zimbabwe Economics Society (ZES),
dismissed the government's plan, saying Zimbabwean economic refugees were
unlikely to be interested in bailing out President Robert Mugabe's regime.

      Most Zimbabweans who have left the country because of security fears
or in search of better employment opportunities abroad hold the government
responsible for the crises that have forced them to leave Zimbabwe.

      Kadenge said: "The desperate bid will not take us anywhere unless
government is prepared to sort out the current political crisis in the

      The ZES president said Zimbabweans abroad needed to have confidence in
the political and economic situation at home before sending their money into
the country.

      He said it was necessary for the government to uphold the rule of law
and for the main political parties to engage in dialogue to resolve the
country's crisis.
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Daily News

      Police arrest 800 in massive crackdown

      6/7/2003 7:15:16 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporters

      STATE security agents have since Monday this week arrested more than
800 people across the country in a ruthless attempt to crush opposition

      The clampdown has drawn strong criticism from the United States of
America and other countries.

      By the end of the day yesterday, the last day of week-long mass
protests that shut down Zimbabwe, police had arrested 814 people they
accused of participating in the mass demonstrations and job stayaways called
by the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

      By the time of going to print last night 145 people had been released
from police custody after being made to pay admission of guilt fines ranging
between $3 000 and $5 000. But the number of those still being held by the
law enforcement agency could not be ascertained.

      Many of those released by the police complained of being beaten and
tortured by police officers to force them to admit they had contravened the

      The police could not be reached for comment on the allegations of
torture and ill-treatment raised by the MDC supporters.

      But several people, including some who were not participating in the
mass demonstrations were severely assaulted and injured by heavily armed
police officers and soldiers who descended on residential areas in Harare
and other cities in a bid to stifle the opposition protests.

      The Daily News saw several of the victims of alleged police and army
brutality at Harare's Avenues Clinic where they were receiving treatment for
injuries incurred during the beatings.

      The police yesterday confirmed that two people had died in the
disturbances and said they were investigating the death of one of the two
people who the MDC claims died after being assaulted by members of the army.

      US State Department deputy spokesman Philip Reeker this week condemned
Harare's use of strong arm tactics to crush the protests by its citizens.

      Reeker said in Press statement: "The United States strongly condemns
the Zimbabwean government's suppression of its citizens' efforts to protest
peacefully against a collapsing economy and a deteriorating human rights

      "While the opposition's calls for a work stoppage succeeded in closing
most shops and businesses, its efforts to organise peaceful marches were
broken up with teargas and beatings."

      The US official called for dialogue between the MDC and ZANU PF to
break a grinding economic and political crisis gripping Zimbabwe.

      He said: "Political forces, including the ruling ZANU PF and the
opposition MDC must enter into unconditional dialogue on an urgent basis to
address the political and economic crisis afflicting the nation."

      Britain and the European Union have also condemned the government's
use of strong arm tactics to break the opposition protests and urged the MDC
and ZANU PF to negotiate a solution to the country's problems.

      The MDC said the mass demonstrations were meant to force President
Robert Mugabe to resign or agree to negotiate with the opposition party a
solution to Zimbabwe's crisis.

      Reeker called on African states to exert pressure on the stakeholders
in Zimbabwe to peacefully resolve the crisis in the country.

      He also said Mugabe should allow peaceful protests, stop human rights
abuses, reverse disastrous economic policies, and restore the rule of law.

      Reeker spoke as police in Harare yesterday arrested MDC leader Morgan
Tsvangirai on fresh charges of treason. Tsvangirai is already facing trial
for treason over allegations he and two other senior officials of his party
plotted to assassinate Mugabe last year.

      Other senior MDC officials picked by the police in the last five days
include the party's legislator for St Mary's constituency Job Sikhala,
Bulawayo Mayor Japhet Ndabeni-Ncube and Harare East Member of Parliament Ten
dai Biti.

      In Bulawayo and Masvingo the police also arrested senior MDC officials
among them Esaph Mdlongwa, Silas Mangono, Tichaona Munyanyi and Milton Gwetu
all of them legislators for the opposition party.

      Nearly all of the MDC senior officials had by yesterday been released
from police custody.

      Biti, Munyanyi and four MDC supporters were granted bail ranging
between $15 000 and $20 000 each by a Harare magistrate.

      In Bulawayo, magistrate John Masimba yesterday granted Gwetu a $100
000 bail but denied bail to provincial chairman, Abraham Mdlongwa and
national executive member, Gertrude Mthombeni.

      Sikhala was released without any charges being pressed. The outspoken
MP yesterday said, "Most of the arrested people were severely assaulted to
the extent that they will limp for life due to the injuries they sustained."

      Some of the lawyers representing some of the arrested people said most
of their clients were being held illegally following the expiry of the 48
hours allowed by law to keep suspects before they appear in court.

      Following the alleged brutal assaults by the State security agents,
the MDC on Thursday said about 400 people had received medical treatment
since Tuesday for injuries. At least 10 people have been hospitalised, with
three of them reported to be in critical condition.
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Daily News

Leader Page

      Merchants of death stalk the land

      6/7/2003 6:55:17 AM (GMT +2)

      IT is disturbing that Zimbabwean officials are justifying the use of
violence against unarmed and peaceful anti-government protesters this week
by saying they want to prevent anarchy and chaos in the country.

      Yet it must be clear to most Zimbabweans that the government itself is
creating conditions for anarchy and lawlessness by using ruling ZANU PF
supporters to enforce law and order.

      The nation has been told by none other than ZANU PF information
secretary Nathan Shamuyarira that the ruling party is using some of its
supporters to assist the police to "protect the people" from demonstrators.

      "It was agreed that we should use the manpower in our movement to stop
the MDC from disrupting the economy," said Shamuyarira, referring to mass
action of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, which brought most
of industry and commerce to a halt this week.

      Several of these supporters, bussed into urban areas from rural areas
where ZANU PF still has a semblance of support are accused of harassing and
assaulting law-abiding residents of Harare and Chitungwiza in particular.

      And the government has the nerve to claim that it is concerned about
the rule of law.

      What law and order is there when vigilante groups break the law before
the very eyes of the police?

      Since the beginning of the mass action on Monday, ruling party
supporters have seized and torn or burnt thousands of copies of The Daily
News every day while police officers witnessing these acts of vandalism have
not even lifted a finger.

      All because The Daily News is considered to be anti-ZANU PF.

      The government cannot claim to be upholding law and order when it
allows vigilante groups to roam the streets, intimidating and instilling
fear in the citizens of this country.

      Residents of Harare were yesterday alarmed to see bands of youths in
white T-shirts inscribed "No to Mass Action", who had virtually taken over
pavements in the capital and had also seized Africa Unity Square in full
view of the police.

      That they were allowed to stage their own protest while the police and
army troops cracked down hard on other peaceful demonstrators speaks volumes
about law enforcement in Zimbabwe.

      A country cannot lay claim to law and order when its citizens are
afraid to go about their business lest they are beaten up or are publicly
humiliated by people who have been set above the law.

      Clearly what little law enforcement remains in Zimbabwe is being
applied selectively, as dramatised by the violent clampdown on MDC would-be
protesters this week.

      However, the government's double standards must come as no surprise to

      But the implications of allowing political brigades to take over law
enforcement should be a matter of grave concern to all the people of this

      The government is allowing these brigades to believe that it is okay
to use violence as a means to an end. When they have served their purpose,
these people will be returned to their wretched lives to endure poverty,
unemployment and hunger.

      What will stop them from returning to their communities to put into
effect the lessons they have learnt from the very rulers of this country by
stealing for their survival and bludgeoning anyone who stands in their way?

      Will the police be able or willing to deal with these rogue elements
or will mounting cases of murder, rape, assault, robbery and intimidation
become merely "political cases", a label attached to crimes perpetrated by
ZANU PF supporters who are above the law?

      Justice is once again being denied to countless more Zimbabweans, as
it has been denied to victims of violence perpetrated by war veterans and
their allies in the past three years.

      The government is laying the groundwork for rapacious bandits who owe
allegiance to no one and who are motivated purely by self-interest.

      Zimbabwe might live with the consequences of the government's actions
long after ZANU PF is history.

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Leader Page

      Pub censorship killing little freedom still left

      6/7/2003 6:57:16 AM (GMT +2)

      By Takura Zhangazha

      A colleague of mine and I decided as usual on a Saturday afternoon to
go to some city pub in First Street Harare and get ourselves a couple of

      We had been to the pub one previous weekend and had asked the barman
to play a couple of sassy tunes from Thomas Mapfumo's new album Toi Toi, to
which he had replied that he didn't have the album but that if we were to
bring our own cassettes, he would gladly play them for us.

      Being Mukanya aficionados, we duly returned the next weekend to ask
the good barman to play a couple of tracks from the Chimurenga Explosion CD.

      He played the first song that incidentally is a bonus track called
Pataibva Kuhondo. As the song was playing and we were sipping away at our
lagers, a man in a grey shirt with an equally grey tie, who seemed to be a
manager of sorts in the pub, came and had a brief chat with the barman.

      My colleague and I commented on the "greyness" of the man's outfit and
we didn't even think the man could have been discussing the song that was

      In our excitement, we loudly asked the barman to play song number 12,
which incidentally is another bonus track called Zvichapera. This is a very
strong song that asks the general question "when shall this end?" as its
title suggests.

      The song also makes reference to Chaminuka and asks how shall "it" all
end. These lyrics do not vary, but their repetitive nature and the beautiful
mbira in the background is enough to get any person that is in a position of
influence to worry.

      The barman duly played Zvichapera and we soon became lost in political
talk about what the song really means as well as how Mukanya's music
generally touches the core of ills in society, be it HIV/AIDS, politics,
alcoholism or family matters.

      My colleague was busy belabouring the point that if there is a change
of government or leadership, Mukanya would still find something to sing
protest music about, when the barman came to us at the counter and said that
he had been asked to stop playing the Zvichapera song.

      We laughed at him in what I now regard as a fairly reasonable
assumption that the man was joking. He repeated a number of times and we
also refused to believe him a number of times until he just went and stopped
playing the song.

      We were shocked until we saw the man in a grey outfit stroll into the
bar and pretend to chat up all the other customers except us.

      I told my colleague that there were two gentlemen who were glancing at
us and that the plot could actually thicken if we stayed in the censorship
pub. Our conversation took the direction of weighing what the likely
scenarios in the pub would be if we got drunk and decided to give the barman
and the manager a lecture about freedom of expression and information.

      But we figured we would get thorough beatings from some hired thugs
and the last thing we wanted was a reputation for being involved in
dangerous altercations in pubs.

      We took our CD and finished off our beers in slight shock and left the
pub, which is supposed to have as its clientele the all-powerful Central
Intelligence Organisation. Because we were still far from getting tipsy, we
decided to go to our regular pub where there is no problem with playing some
honestly good music that is not Tuku Music.

      The conversation there as we listened to some powerful Chimurenga
vibes drifted toward the issue of censorship in Zimbabwe and how it
permeates every strata of our society (even bars and pubs). To censor a
musician of as much stature as Mukanya is tantamount to censoring the World

      The fact that the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation decides to play
none of Mapfumo's contemporary music is something that bodes ill for freedom
of expression in the country.

      This is a man who has given Zimbabwean "Chimurenga" music
international stature that has no parallel and yet the multitudes of
Zimbabwe cannot have a decent sample of this unique brand of music due to
the queasy feelings in some politically correct person at Pockets Hill.

      Perhaps if there were alternative radio and television stations we
would have someone braving the Broadcasting Services Act and the Access to
      Information and Protection of Privacy Act to play all types of music
that emanate from our country.

      The future of Zimbabwe's culture does not only depend on the
politically acceptable music of the likes of Elliot Manyika or that of Andy
Brown and Bryn Mteki. It depends more on our acceptance, not only of
different types of instrumentation that is found in songs, but also on our
showing tolerance to whatever messages emanate from the music of various

      The proprietors of pubs and nightclubs need not keep a hawkish eye on
the political correctness of the music they play because, whether out of
fear of having our now notorious army raiding their clubs and beating up
their patrons in the middle of a gig, they begin to play a part in the heavy
censorship that is now being undertaken by the government.

      Places of enjoyment and relaxation such as bars, football grounds and
community halls need not join the censorship crowd.

      Censorship in such places kills the little freedom that people have
left. It is at community level, be it in the form of your regular pub or
your regular church and your regular community theatre ground, that people
first begin to exist as free and equal human beings.

      If a community-based centre that is essentially meant to be apolitical
begins to place greater emphasis on being politically correct, then it may
as well shut down and go and operate in places where they can carry out
activities that suit the proprietor's needs.

      Takura Zhangazha writes on political and social issues
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Daily News

      Crisis-hit Zimbabwe resorts to fire-fighting

      6/7/2003 6:51:36 AM (GMT +2)

      Business Reporter

      THE government has resorted to crisis management instead of
sustainable planning to resolve Zimbabwe's worsening economic crisis,
according to Finance Minister Herbert Murerwa.

      In a speech read on his behalf at a meeting of the National Economic
Consultative Forum (NECF) on Thursday, Murerwa said the government and
private sector also had to share the burden of fuel procurement.

      Zimbabwe is battling a serious liquid fuel crisis, worsened by severe
hard cash shortages. Shortages of petrol, diesel, electricity and foreign
currency have crippled the operations of many local companies.

      The government has failed to adequately address the energy and hard
cash crises, adopting fire-fighting measures that analysts say are
inadequate to deal with the fundamental causes of these problems.

      Murerwa said: "We have virtually moved to the practice of crisis
management in place of sustainable planning for development.

      "The burden for fuel procurement has to be shared in order to improve
fuel supply in the country. Government is therefore inviting eligible
private companies to participate in the importation of some petroleum

      He was speaking at a meeting that brought together representatives of
the government, labour, business and civil society.

      The NECF meeting is one of several that will discuss the government's
latest economic recovery blue-print, the National Economic Revival Programme

      The finance minister told the meeting that the government was
committed to NERP, which was launched in February.

      Under NERP, the agricultural sector, hard hit by drought and a
controversial land reform programme that has slashed output, is earmarked as
the engine that will drive Zimbabwe's economic recovery.

      Murerwa said the private sector and the government should be prepared
to make major sacrifices in the resolution of the economic crisis.
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Daily News

      Subduing people different from winning their hearts

      6/7/2003 7:03:02 AM (GMT +2)

      Whether the ZANU PF government cares to admit it or not, the week's
stayaway chalks up a resounding victory for the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC). The fact that we have become a military state
overnight shows the state of panic that Zanu PF is in.

      Even when they were waging a bloody civil war against white
supremacists, the occupants of State House never found it necessary to
barricade themselves in or even impose a night-time curfew around its

      Surely Ian Smith and his ilk were at a much greater risk of attack
from the heroic guerrillas of the struggle than Robert Mugabe is from the
adoring population he believes that he commands.

      ZANU PF may be able to control the population using State security
agents to achieve their own ends, but they know the hearts of the people,
just as they know how they lost the elections and in which constituencies,
even though they will not admit the fact.

      They may beat the population into submission, but they will never win
their allegiance.

      I know with certainty that their time has come. ZANU PF talks of
finding solutions to the problem, but they cannot even recognise what the
problem is.

      They cannot blame the British, the MDC, the whites, the farmers, etc,
etc, for the fact that there is insufficient food, fuel, electricity and
foreign currency to sustain the economy.

      Their communist rhetoric will not repair the damage. This regime will
end up on the same pile as all their other like-minded comrades.

      The MDC and the people of Zimbabwe just have to sit back and wait.
Change is just around the corner.

      Joseph Smith
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Daily News


      Moyo, why did the people obey puppets' stayaway call?

      6/7/2003 7:03:22 AM (GMT +2)

      Congratulations to the MDC for showing the Mugabe regime that this
state is for Zimbabweans, not the ZANU PF regime.

      We were tired of their endless threats about arrests and the so-called
rule of law.

      The MDC really showed the regime the real test. If they are not
scared, why did they bus the war vets from rural areas to deploy them in the

      To you ZANU PF: your days are numbered as we are really on the move.
To the MDC: we are really behind you and don't be put off by the regime.

      Jonathan Moyo, why don't you explain to the nation why the masses
obeyed the so-called puppets' call? I know you have the fuel to drive to
Dead BC and bread to eat before you tarnish your own image on TV.

      Not Fooled Student
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Daily News


      Force members, compile secret reports of abusers

      6/7/2003 7:03:50 AM (GMT +2)

      I would like to add my voice to that of the director of ZimRights (The
Daily News, Wednesday, 4 June).

      In that article, he urges members of the public to report any
violations of their rights by the armed forces.

      I think it would help much more if those members of the armed forces
and there are many of them who know in the deepest of their consciousness
that such violations are wicked, to secretly report perpetrators of such

      Why let yourself and your family forever be condemned by your nation
for acts of brutality that were committed by rogue members of the forces in
your presence?

      That revelation alone will one day save you.

      Simbarashe Kasukuwere

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Daily News


      Stayaway leaves Harare's street kids starving

      6/7/2003 6:53:47 AM (GMT +2)

      By Ray Matikinye Features Editor

      A LONE child hops from one street to another pleading for alms from
the trickle of motorists who have ventured to drive out into Harare's
deserted central business district.

      On a normal day the child, who later identified himself as Tomasi
Podorayi, would be in the company of several children or street kids as most
      residents of this sprawling city call them, weaving and ducking
between vehicles at robot-controlled road intersections, hassling motorists
for donations in cash or kind.

      And when there is a break in traffic Podorayi and his friends love to
idle away the time sniffing glue or playing catch-me-if-you-can on the
pavements of Harare, seemingly oblivious of their hard lot.

      But not so today.

      Podorayi, hunger and distress deeply etched on his face, slowly edged
towards a blue sedan that pulled up at the intersection of Nelson Mandela
Avenue and Angwa Street in central Harare.

      For a moment he hesitated, probably unsure how the motorists would
react. And then he asked: "Please help me with a few coins to buy food
because I have not eaten since Monday."

      With tears now forming in his eyes, Podorayi pleaded with the
motorist: "An empty Coke or beer bottle would still do if you do not have
loose money. I can go and exchange that for cash at the shop."

      Mass job stayaways and demonstrations called by the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party to protest against President
Robert Mugabe's management of the economy this week brought Zimbabwe to a

      MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai says the mass demonstrations are meant to
force Mugabe to resign or that he should concede that he had failed to run
the country and agree to work out with the opposition party a solution to
Zimbabwe's deepening economic and political crisis.

      Since last Monday when the mass demonstrations and job boycotts began,
Harare and other urban centres across the country have resembled ghost towns
as Zimbabweans stayed at home in response to Tsvangirai's call.

      But for Podorayi and hundreds of thousands of other beggars and street
people loitering the streets of Harare and other cities life has never been
harder because the mass job stayaways has driven away the motorists and
other people who are the only source of livelihood for Zimbabwe's street

      "Since I came onto the streets life has never been this desperate,"
Podorayi said. "Even during weekends, the roads, streets and sanitary lanes
have never been this empty," he added, fighting back tears.

      On weekends some restaurants open for the occasional shopper providing
a welcome reprieve to Podorayi and his friends when they throw away

      With most business and food outlets closed this week, the number of
people living on the streets has somehow mysteriously dropped, appearing to
back claims by social workers and some Zimbabweans that the majority of
street people are actually not homeless, but are people who have made
begging a profession with homes to return to after their daily forays in the
city centre.

      "Otherwise, how else can one explain their absence during the work
boycott?" remarked Jack Mingo, a Harare motorist.

      Mingo believes the problem of street kids will never be resolved as
long as the children and their parents are profiting from alms donated by
motorists and other passersby.

      But many other Zimbabweans believe the burgeoning problem of street
kids is only a symptom of the country's fast-deteriorating economic
situation which they squarely blame on Mugabe and his ruling ZANU PF party's

      Once one of the brightest prospects for success in Africa, Zimbabwe's
economy faces total collapse because key development and trading partners
are shunning the country owing to differences with the government over its
land policies and other governance issues.

      Foreign investors left the country in droves fearing for the security
of their investments after the government embarked on a controversial
programme to seize privately owned land for ostensible redistribution to
landless blacks. Some of then best land the government seized ended up in
the hands of powerful politicians.

      The disruptions on farming operations caused by the government's
chaotic land redistribution scheme combined with poor rains to cut food
production by 50 percent, leaving nearly eight million Zimbabweans or about
half the country's population facing starvation.

      Only the timely intervention of international food relief
organisations saved the country from an unprecedented famine.

      Meanwhile, an acute foreign currency crisis persists since the
International Monetary Fund cut balance-of-payments support to Zimbabwe in
1998 after disagreeing with the government over fiscal policy and several
other issues of governance.

      The hard cash squeeze has manifested itself through severe shortages
of essential drugs, fuel, electricity and now the local Zimbabwean dollar
because the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe does not have hard cash to pay for
imports of the special ink and paper used to print money.

      Tsvangirai says Zimbabweans must rise in mass demonstrations or job
stayaways as they did this week to force Mugabe and his administration to
resign or agree to negotiate a way out of the fast-deepening crisis. He may
very well be correct.

      But for Podorayi and other street kids caught up in the whirlpool of
political high stakes game between the opposition leader and his MDC party
on one hand, and Mugabe and his ZANU PF party on the other, mass action only
means yet another hardship in the daily test of endurance that is life on
Harare's streets.
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Daily News


      Why Jonathan Moyo is wrong about MISA

      6/7/2003 6:58:26 AM (GMT +2)

      By Takura Zhangazha

      THE statements made by Professor Jonathan Moyo, the Minister of
Information and Publicity in the President's Office, during a meeting he
held with journalists in the city of Bulawayo about the Media Institute of
Southern Africa (MISA) are most unfortunate.

      In his speech, the junior minister accused MISA of being a
foreign-based organisation acting as a front for foreign interests because
its headquarters is in Namibia.

      He went further to claim that MISA is full of "sell-outs" who
consistently misinform the public by claiming that the Broadcasting Services
Act (BSA) is an undemocratic Act that seeks to entrench the monopoly of the
State-run Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation.

      Whilst the minister has the right to freedom of expression that we
anticipate he shall continue to freely utilise to the best of his ability,
his accusations against MISA are completely unfounded and reflect a partisan
understanding of the role that civil society organisations play in the
development of a democratic Zimbabwe.

      Moreover, his accusations are entirely out of step with the freedom of
expression, freedom of information and freedom of the Press that are the
bedrock upon which the United Nations decided to accord 3 May of every
calendar year as World Press Freedom Day.

      By taking the grand stage and accusing MISA of a number of false
things, the minister proved his lack of tolerance of opposing views and,
therefore, cannot be an ally to journalists that are committed to Press

      For the record and for the purposes of enlightening the minister as
well as his permanent secretary, George Charamba, MISA is a media advocacy
organisation that has been in existence for the last 11 years throughout the
whole of Southern Africa.

      It is an organisation that is recognised and respected by governments
that are democratic and those that do not fear civil society. Its national
chapters are found in Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Angola, Namibia, Tanzania,
South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Botswana and Zimbabwe.

      All of these chapters are membership-based organisations and they seek
to pursue the interests of journalists as opposed to those of foreign donors
as erroneously stated by the minister.

      These chapters also aim to bring the agenda of a free media as well as
freedom of information to the public in the anticipation that the citizens
of all Southern African Development Community member states not only
understand the right to freedom of expression, but are also prepared to
fight to retain or acquire this cornerstone human right, for any country
that purports to uphold the principles of democracy.

      The minister apparently threatened all those that are working
hand-in-hand with MISA. In this threat he stated that all those that are
working with the MISA in seeking community radio licences are bound to fail
to acquire them because they are associating with sell-outs. This is
obviously a serious threat, coming as it does from a minister who has a
known track record of being vindictive, but the argument is that the
minister is playing the age-old political tactic of divide-and-rule.

      This is a tactic that, unfortunately, cannot work any more, especially
when it comes to the essential community development issue of community
radio. It is not easy for the minister to switch off public demand for
community radio as he did with the Joy TV saga because community radio does
not belong to any one person nor is it for commercial purposes.

      It is a people-based endeavour that can only remain afloat if it
remains relevant to the community it claims to serve.

      In this sense, the minister's threats to those that work together with
MISA in realising their own community's dream of having a community radio
station, is null and void because it is not MISA that creates a hunger for
community-based media, but communities themselves that request to work
together in an equal relationship with MISA.

      In dealing with community leaders, MISA has never tried to impose upon
communities what it thinks they should do. It has assisted in strategic
planning processes, public awareness campaigns and outlining what is
contained in the BSA.

      This approach has not raised the ire of any self-meaning and serious
community leader.

      Perhaps the intention of the minister is to control the formation of
community radio stations along the lines of information kiosks that the
Department of Information and Publicity has been vainly trying to celebrate
as an endeavour in bringing the media to the people.

      Such a move is unsustainable because community radios are about
capturing community life in an uncensored manner that is self-sustainable
and involves the direct participation of the members of the community.

      The Zimbabwe Chapter of MISA is a vibrant and relevant institution
contrary to the frivolous accusations being levelled against it by the
permanent secretary in the Department of Information and Publicity, George

      In an article recently published in The Sunday Mail, Charamba accused
a member of staff of MISA as being a front for the establishment of foreign
media interests in Zimbabwe. This was clearly not only a blow below the belt
for our colleague in the struggle for Press freedom, but also a blue lie.

      There is no sinister ploy on the part of MISA Zimbabwe to try and
undermine the right of Zimbabwe's own media to exist within our borders.

      If anything, the threat in Zimbabwe has come from none other than the
permanent secretary's desk who obviously played a critical role in the
crafting of the draconian BSA as well as the Access to Information and
Protection of Privacy Act.

      Whilst Charamba points a shaky accusatory finger at MISA, the other
four fingers are pointing directly back at him because the truth is
self-evident: it is the government that is undermining the media in Zimbabwe
and acting as a front for the interests of one political party over and
above the national interest.

      MISA Zimbabwe acts responsibly in dealing with media issues in our
country. It has dealt with Parliament and even the Executive in an amicable

      If MISA Zimbabwe had posed a threat to Zimbabwe's sovereignty then it
would have been one of the most unpopular organisations in Zimbabwe.

      Moreover, its membership base would logically have begun to decline,
but alas for the minister and his senior officer, MISA Zimbabwe's membership
is increasing by the day and these are members that are committed to the
protection of freedom of expression and information.

      It is our hope that the minister's statements have been placed in the
right context after this short explanation about what MISA is all about.

      Regardless of the accusations being laid against MISA, the
organisation will not flounder in its defence of Press freedom and in
promoting media diversity for the benefit of the region as well as for

      Ministers and permanent secretaries like Moyo and George
(respectively) come and go, but freedom of expression is a God-given right
that one needs not intellectualise with pain about, but that one must always
assist the people in realising and protecting.

      Takura Zhangazha is a member of Misa Zimbabwe.

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ABC Australia

Downer condemns Zimbabwe's decision to crack down on protestors

The Foreign Minister, Alexander Downer, says the situation in Zimbabwe is
progressively deteriorating and President Mugabe's arrogance has reached new

Mr Downer thinks the arrest of Morgan Tsvangirai, the leader of Zimbabwe's
opposition Movement for Democratic Change, is worrying.

He says the latest development reinforces Australia's view that the
international community has to apply practical pressure on the regime.

"I think the situation in Zimbabwe is progressively deteriorating to the
point where now the government of President Mugabe is simply suspending
democratic processes," he said.

"The army and policy have endeavoured to stop demonstrations, demonstrations
are a legitimate part of a democratic society.

"President Mugabe's arrogance has reached new levels where he doesn't want
any demonstrations against him anymore."
Earlier, Mr Tsvangirai was arrested in the capital Harare.
Opposition officials say Morgan Tsvangirai is being held at Harare's central
police station.
He was arrested at his home, after addressing a press conference where he
announced plans to stage ongoing anti-government protests.
It is the second time in less than a week that the leader of the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change has been arrested.
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Zimbabwe slips deeper into chaos as cracks in regime show

Saturday June 7, 2003
The Guardian

She said her name was Dora and she had come for the revolution. Jaw
clenched, staring straight ahead, she gripped her handbag and sat on the
bench in downtown Harare, willing herself to stay.
Africa Unity Square was the assembly point for what the opposition called
D-Day, the climax to a week of protests against Robert Mugabe's regime. Dora
arrived yesterday just before the appointed time, 10am, and realised she was
on her own.

But not alone. From different corners of the square hundreds of youths in
white T-shirts - militia from the ruling Zanu-PF party - streamed into what
was supposed to be the crucible of the revolution.

Around the city roved at least 2,000 militia, backed up by police and army
units, even helicopters, in an unprecedented show of strength.

This was President Mugabe pulling out all the stops, for he sensed this week
of general strikes and street demonstrations was perhaps the gravest threat
to his 23-year rule. Morgan Tsvangirai, the opposition leader, was yesterday
arrested for the second time since Monday and charged with treason, which
carries a possible death sentence. He is already on trial on a separate
treason charge.

The opposition ran full-page adverts in yesterday's independent Daily News:
"We are winning against the dictator! This is the moment you have been
waiting for. Protest peacefully - march for your freedom." They called for
millions to turn out.

But, unlike economics, the government does repression rather well: it
declared the protests illegal, stopped people entering cities and those who
did make it to the assembly points were too intimidated to do anything.

Dora was an exception. In her early 30s, dressed in a business suit, she was
about the only person in Africa Unity Square without a white T-shirt saying
"No to mass action". She was visibly nervous but the voice was steady: "I
came because it is my duty to be here. It is time to make a stand."

The interview ended when seven militants surrounded me and demanded to know
which newspaper I was holding. "It's the Daily News," shouted one, and
another raised a stick. When they saw it was not, they stepped back and
smiled. "My friend, you're OK now."

In fact it was the Zimbabwe Independent, a Mugabe critic, and the splash
headline said "Govt lashes out as protests spread". To be beaten for
possessing one paper and not the other made no sense, but then little does
in today's Zimbabwe.

What consistency the Mugabe regime had - reward friends and punish real or
perceived opponents - seems to be unravelling as the crisis bites. Anecdotal
evidence suggests the chain of command is fraying.

This week Zanu-PF militants invaded a privately run school outside Harare,
forced staff to sing and dance in praise of the regime and slaughtered one
of their goats. Two of the pupils are children of the president's sister,
Sabina Mugabe, and when told she "hit the roof", said one teacher, but the
militants continued harrassing.

Police told Duke De Coudray, the owner of a hardware store, that he would be
charged with treason for not opening his store in support of the general
strike, but Zanu-PF members said they would attack if he did open.

Yesterday's show of force ensured that D-Day passed without deliverance for
the opposition but analysts said the level of repression was unsustainable.
Most of the time the helicopters cannot fly for want of fuel and salaries
are running out for the men with guns and clubs.

A police unit which raided the University of Zimbabwe stole not only the
students' mobile phones and jackets, but biscuits and bread, which they
devoured on the spot. "They seemed starving. It was amazing," said one

Three years after government-sponsored farm seizures started devastating the
agriculture-led economy, rock bottom seems in sight.

To add to the mile-long queues for scarce petrol now there are queues
outside banks for scarce cash - the central bank cannot afford ink for
banknotes, among other things. Annual inflation is 269%.

After a series of one-day stoppages the main opposition group, the Movement
for Democratic Change (MDC), had called for a "final push" this week, with
five days of strikes and demonstrations to force Mr Mugabe's resignation.

The security forces crushed the protests by detaining MDC leaders and
beating hundreds of activists. At least one, Tichona Kaguru, 33, died from
his injuries, and dozens more were beaten again while being treated at
Harare's Avenues clinic.

The more traditional tactic of beating people at home under cover of night
continued, said the MDC, which published graphic pictures of bruised and
broken limbs.

About 3,000 students who tried to march from Harare's university were
dispersed by teargas and live rounds fired over their heads.

Before his arrest Mr Tsvangirai voiced defiance: "From now onwards we will
embark on rolling mass action at strategic times of our choice and without
any warning to the dictatorship. More action is certainly on the way."

The crackdown succeeded in crushing demonstrations but not the strike, one
of the deepest and longest in African history, which turned cities into
ghost towns. It was a message to the Zanu-PF factions plotting to succeed Mr
Mugabe to hasten the 79-year-old's exit.

Speaking from a new safe house Roy Bennett, an outspoken MDC MP, claimed
victory. "We showed who has the power in the country, who rules. To be able
to shut down major cities for five days shows where the power lies.

"The damage to the economy was massive and weakened the ruling party's
position and should force them to the negotiating table."

By the time Mr Bennett and his wife made it to Africa Unity Square, Dora had
gone and they were the only MDC representatives. "The scale of the security
intimidated people," he said.
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Extract from :
International Information Programs
Washington File

Washington File
06 June 2003

Transcript: State Department Daily Press Briefing, June 6

..... [questions and answers on other topics..........]

QUESTION: In that case, how about Zimbabwe? Yes? I think Mr.
Tsvangirai has really been arrested this time, rather than merely
detained. Do you know?

MR. BOUCHER: That's what we believe, he was arrested Friday afternoon
in Harare at his home, reportedly on charges of inciting public
violence in regard to this week's mass action.

We strongly condemn this arrest. The heightened climate of
confrontation and violence in Zimbabwe this week, we think, heightens
the urgent need for a dialogue between the government and the
opposition. The government's continued intimidation and repression of
the opposition, its violent oppression of peaceful public protest, are
not conducive to beginning such a dialogue.

We call on the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front
Party and the Opposition Movement for Democratic Change to commence
talks on an urgent basis to seek solutions to Zimbabwe's worsening
political and economic crisis.

The United States, in addition, continues to urge the international
community, and African states in particular, to help foster such a
dialogue between the government and the opposition, and to promote
political change and economic recovery in Zimbabwe. Countries in the
region must facilitate this dialogue between Mugabe and the
opposition, the people of Zimbabwe, and the stability and prosperity
of the region cannot afford further delays.

Zimbabwe and its broad adherence to the week's opposition called "work
stayaway," reflects a pervasive frustration with the government's
ruinous economic policies. Inflation is at 269 percent and rising.
It's outpacing the government's ability to print currency, and there
is a rampant black market that reflects widespread shortages.

So the situation is getting worse and worse, unfortunately, through
the actions of the government. We think it's time for the government
not to be arresting people, not to be putting the opposition into
further confrontation, but rather for both the government and the
opposition to sit down together and try to do what's good for the
people of the country.


QUESTION: Which countries, in particular, do you want to see
facilitate the dialogue?

MR. BOUCHER: As I said, the neighboring countries of Africa and the
neighboring countries.



QUESTION: Do you want to be specific?

MR. BOUCHER: No, I'll leave it at that. We know that some of them have
been involved already.

QUESTION: Not to the extent that you wanted them to be. I'm just
wondering if you want to -- I mean, if you want to put pressure on
them, it might be nice to use their names.

MR. BOUCHER: I think I'll leave it the way I did right now.

QUESTION: So the situation isn't -- isn't -- for the people of
Zimbabwe, isn't yet bad enough to start naming names?

MR. BOUCHER: I think we already named the names of the people that
have to solve this. The fact is that anybody in the region -- it is
bad enough that anybody in the region who can help out ought to be
helping out. It's not a matter of --

QUESTION: Okay, I'm sorry. I didn't hear you say Mugabe's name,

MR. BOUCHER: Yeah, I did say Mugabe's name. But it's not a matter of
picking one or two governments and say, "You go do it," and everybody
else is off the hook. It's a matter of saying everybody ought to step
up to the plate and realize that this is a very serious situation that
requires some effort by Mugabe and the opposition parties, and that
countries in the region should be
-- everybody in the region should be telling him that, too, in the
international community, as well as in -- especially Africans -- to
tell the government and the opposition it's time for them to sit down
and resolve this for the benefit of the people of Zimbabwe.

Okay, David.
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