The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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New York Times
New Wave of Repression Seen in Zimbabwe By-Election

Published: June 7, 2004

LUPANE, Zimbabwe, June 3 - Like scores of opposition politicians in
Zimbabwe, David Mpala knew violence firsthand. As he campaigned for this
region's seat in Parliament in 2000, 40 government supporters clubbed him so
soundly that he was permanently scarred. In 2002, 18 thugs dragged him into
the bush, beat him and stabbed him in the back.

Mr. Mpala, 48, died in February, and the government held an election last
month to fill his seat. This time, government critics say, it was democracy
that got mugged.

In what many here see as a dry run for Zimbabwe's national elections next
March, President Robert G. Mugabe's party, the Zimbabwe African National
Union-Popular Front, known as ZANU-PF, went to extraordinary lengths three
weeks ago to guarantee a win in Lupane.

Independent election observers, journalists and opposition politicians
reported a government campaign of beatings, arrests, bribery, fraud and
intimidation in April and May, intended, they say, to keep supporters of the
opposition Movement for Democratic Change away from the polls and to press
citizens to vote for Mr. Mugabe's party.

Lupane district has long reviled Mr. Mugabe's government, in part because
his troops killed thousands of the local Ndebele people 25 years ago as his
party consolidated its grip on Zimbabwe. But when vote-tallying ended on May
17, the governing party's candidate had collected 10,069 votes; the Movement
for Democratic Change candidate, 9,186.

"What I'm experiencing now is hopelessness," Morgan Komichi, 40, chief of
the Movement's operations in Matebeleland North Province, which includes
Lupane, said in an interview. "ZANU-PF has been building a dictatorship for
a long time."

Mr. Komichi speaks from experience. He has been arrested six times, most
recently on May 11 while he was coordinating the opposition's parliamentary
campaign in Lupane. He said he spent two days in a jail cell with 23 other
opposition figures before being released without explanation.

Mr. Mugabe's government is not known for indulging its critics. But with
parliamentary elections on the horizon - crucial because they are almost
certainly the last of his 24 years as Zimbabwe's autocrat - a new campaign
of repression appears to be gaining momentum.

Its goal is to neutralize any outside force that might sway the choice of
his successor, in part by casting black Zimbabwe as the target of forces
bent on its destruction.

ZANU-PF won a majority of seats in Parliament in the last national election,
in 2002. But most independent observers said that the balloting was rigged
and that the Movement for Democratic Change, the only opposition party,
would have won a fair election.

In recent weeks, the government has closed one of the nation's few remaining
independent newspapers and has labeled foreign journalists as terrorists. It
has stepped up harassment of opposition politicians and civil-society
leaders. Last month, the human-rights group Amnesty International cited four
separate instances of beatings and detentions of activists in one week in
late April.

Last month, the government expelled United Nations experts who were
assessing the national corn harvest, widely judged to have been a failure
for the third straight year. It proposed to censor all e-mail for anti-state
provocations, and shut down private schools it has called racist white

Iden Wetherell, the white editor of the weekly Zimbabwe Independent, said he
and his newspaper had received vague threats of government retaliation in
recent weeks for their criticism of official policy.

"There's no doubt in my mind that Mugabe is preparing his party, leading his
party into a quite serious offensive against the opposition and civil
society which is designed to bring about total victory in 2005," he said by
telephone from Harare, the capital.

"If you look at the pattern of things since the 2000 referendum," he said,
"you will see that this country is constantly being taken to the brink of
anarchy as a political strategy to motivate the ruling party's supporters,
to suggest a serious threat to the country; that the opposition is in league
with external forces to bring down the regime."

Lovemore Madhuku, a lawyer who heads the National Constitutional Assembly,
was among 80 people arrested on May 15 in Gweru, in central Zimbabwe, as the
organization - an amalgam of human rights, political, religious and student
groups - sought to hold a meeting on constitutional reform. Police officers
fired tear gas and beat conferees with nightsticks to break up the meeting,
which they said was illegal. "In the last one or two months, we've seen
continuing evidence of the grip of this regime on power," Mr. Madhuku said
in a telephone interview from Harare. "The regime here is closing,
completely closing, all avenues of people expressing themselves." In recent
months, Mr. Mugabe has increasingly lashed out at real and potential
critics. The United States and Britain, which have imposed sanctions on
Zimbabwe in reaction to its human-rights record, have been frequent targets,
as have global institutions. Last month, Mr. Mugabe denounced the
International Monetary Fund, to which Zimbabwe is in arrears on $290 million
in loans, as "awful" and untrustworthy.

Although the United Nations estimated this year that two-thirds of
Zimbabweans had no ready access to food - the worst record in Africa - Mr.
Mugabe has proclaimed the nation self-sufficient. Analysts have estimated
that this year's corn harvest would total from 700,000 to one million tons -
half the nation's needs. But Zimbabwe officials insist that the corn harvest
will total 2.4 million tons, the largest in decades. "We are not hungry,"
Mr. Mugabe said in an interview with Sky Television, the British network,
last month. "Why foist this food upon us? We don't want to be choked. We
have enough." Some human rights monitors, like Amnesty International, have
said they believe that Zimbabwe's refusal of further international aid is a
prelude to the use of food as a bargaining tool to win support for the
governing party in the elections next year. Last month's events in Lupane
district hardly dispel that notion. Mr. Komichi said that as voters lined up
on May 15 at the Lupane Business Center, the ramshackle commercial hub in
Lupane village, they were greeted by stacked sacks of corn and government
supporters handing out coupons to potential supporters. He and others say
the Lupane election was marred by official fraud and manipulation. Starting
in late March, the government bused in members of its feared Green Bombers
youth militia to register as voters. The militia members were then dispersed
throughout the province to wage a strong-arm campaign to get out the vote
for the government candidate.

As part of a nationwide campaign to build local support, the government has
awarded the nation's influential traditional elders monthly salaries of 1.5
million Zimbabwean dollars - about $450 at current rates - and Mazda pickup
trucks. The independent Zimbabwe Election Support Network reported that the
elders and their subordinates, who control patronage and property in most
villages, stood vigil at Lupane polling places last month, ostentatiously
ticking off the names of villagers who arrived to vote. "They're threatened
by a simple thing: 'If you don't vote Zanu PF, we will know it,' " Mr.
Komichi said. "And you will be chased away from your village, your home." On
May 11, four days before the election, Mr. Komichi and other opposition
workers were jailed after government supporters attacked young men putting
up posters about a speech by the leader of the Movement for Democratic
Change, Morgan Tsvangirai. Many were not freed until May 13, after the
speech, which, like most opposition rallies, was ringed by Zanu PF trucks
and activists wearing party T-shirts. Mr. Komichi, a member of the
opposition party since it was formed in 1999, said he was running some risk
by complaining to a foreigner about the election irregularities. He added
that after a half-dozen arrests and a beating, he did not mind. "I am
committed,'' he said. "I am a politician. I have to be known. I am not
violating any law by speaking. I am actually following the Constitution of
my nation."
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The Mercury

      Nazi atrocities have parallels in modern Zimbabwe
      June 7, 2004

      Barney Mthombothi in his piece on Auschwitz (The Mercury, May 26)
posed the questions: How could something like that happen? And why did
nobody intervene?

      It's difficult to answer those questions, but by having a look at the
situation in Zimbabwe I can make an attempt.

      Zimbabwe, like Germany between the two world wars, is experiencing a
period of severe economic depression. The Jews were assumed to be thriving
at the expense of Germans.

      In Zimbabwe the whites seem to be getting richer and richer as the
blacks become poorer. In Germany, Hitler blamed the Jews for all Germany's
problems. Mugabe is blaming the whites and Britain.

      Mugabe, like Hitler, has taken over the media and no longer tolerates
the independent press.

      Zimbabweans are now being bombarded with a message: The whites are
evil. They stole our land and grow rich as we starve. They have set up the
opposition in order to take over again.

      And so if something untoward happens to a white man or to an
opposition supporter, who will raise his voice to complain? No one.

      Mugabe has now set up his version of Hitler Youth. He is
indoctrinating them in secret camps and then releasing them to wreak havoc.

      In another 60 years we will be sending journalists like Mthombothi
into Zimbabwe to report on all the atrocities. We will shake our heads and
say: "How could something like that ever happen?" The truth is it's all too
easy to sit back and let it happen.

      Ticky Jones
      Umhlanga Rocks

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Mugabe's banker to visit UK for funds

Scheme to channel expatriate cash through state bank

Andrew Meldrum in Pretoria
Monday June 7, 2004
The Guardian

The head of the Zimbabwean central bank is due in Britain later this week to
raise funds for the state's depleted coffers, despite a travel ban which
prevents Robert Mugabe and other leading politicians entering the country,
the Guardian has learned.
Gideon Gono, previously Robert Mugabe's personal banker, is due to address a
group of Zimbabweans in Birmingham on Thursday to encourage them to send
money home to their families through government channels, according to
Zimbabweans invited to the meeting.

He plans other meetings in Luton, London and Glasgow.

EU sanctions prevent President Robert Mugabe and 98 named officials
travelling to or holding financial assets in any EU country, but Mr Gono is
not among those barred.

Since taking over the reserve bank in January he has introduced several
schemes that credited with slowing down the collapse of Zimbabwe's economy.

But he is not free of scandal. The South African Sunday Times claimed
yesterday that he had carried out hundreds of illegal currency deals,
including several which had paid for lavish shopping sprees by Mrs Grace

He admitted that before going to the reserve bank he had acted as Mr
Mugabe's personal banker.

In Britain he will try to persuade the estimated 400,000 Zimbabweans to send
money home through official channels rather than the private channels they
prefer because the official exchange rate has been unrealistically low.

Mr Gono has introduced a system which offers a competitive exchange rate. If
he succeeds in tapping into the remittances it will bring a hefty amount of
urgently needed foreign currency to the state reserves. He has already urged
Zimbabweans in the US to do the same, in a speech in Dallas.

Lady Amos, leader of the House of Lords, said recently that Mr Gono was free
to travel to Britain because he was not regarded as a key member of Mr
Mugabe's government.

"As I understand it, the governor of the reserve bank is not on the
exclusion list because he is not playing a leading role in the Zanu-PF
politburo or in the government," she told the House of Lords on May 25.

She confirmed that she was "aware that the government of Zimbabwe are
seeking to reach out to the diaspora and seeking to get them to send
remittances back to the country through formal channels", adding: "I cannot
comment on the use that they will make of that."

Analysts in Zimbabwe said that Lady Amos was mistaken in suggesting that Mr
Gono was not a key policy maker for the regime.

"Gideon Gono is the most significant maker of financial policies in Zimbabwe
today," said a Harare economist who would not be named.

"His decisions have become more influential than the minister of finance.

"It is outrageous that Gono is being allowed into Britain on what is
essentially a fund-raising trip for the Mugabe regime. We thought that was
what the EU sanctions were supposed to prevent."

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change said it was dismayed by the

"These are the same Zimbabweans who have been disenfranchised by the Mugabe
government, which has prevented them from voting.
"We fear the government will use the funds gathered through this campaign to
fund Zanu-PF's election campaign in March next year."
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Harare court blow to farmers

      June 07 2004 at 10:01AM

      By Basildon Peta

Any hopes by Zimbabwe's embattled white farmers of using the courts to get
their seized land back have been dealt what seems like a final blow after
the Supreme Court upheld controversial laws depriving farmers of any rights
of ownership after their land is advertised for seizure.

After his appointment in 2001, Zimbabwe's Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku,
openly pledged his support for Mugabe's land seizures.

In its latest judgment, the Supreme Court also ruled that any order to
acquire land for resettlement cannot be withdrawn six months after it has
been issued.

This means that farmers, who have to contend with Zimbabwe's red tape as
they try to fulfil initial stages of getting their farms de-listed, will no
longer have a right to win back their land despite that any six-month delays
in bringing their cases for de-listing might not be of their own making.

The Administrative Court will no longer have any power to revoke any land
seizure orders that are brought to its attention six months after they have
been issued. It simply has to confirm such orders.

The judgment also means it would be illegal for farmers to cultivate crops
or do any work on their properties once they have been published for seizure
in the government gazette. The government recently amended land seizure laws
to equate publishing of a notice of seizure in the government gazette to
actual servicing of a notice of seizure on the affected farmer.

Supreme Court Justice Luke Malaba, who wrote the main judgment, said that
upon service of the acquisition order on the owner or occupier of the land,
the rights of ownership are immediately taken and vested with the acquiring
authority (the government).

He said the farmer no longer had any rights over the land once this has been
done and any intention on his or her part to challenge the seizure of their
property after service of notice did not deprive the government from
exercising ownership rights over the seized land.

Critics say the decision is flawed in that it does not take into account the
possibility of a farmer winning the right to get his land back.

If the government rushes to use the seized land and resettle people, since
it has immediate rights to exercise ownership, it means any litigation by a
farmer would be futile as they are unlikely to get their land back which
would already have been used by the state.

Malaba, with the concurrence of Chidyausiku, ruled that any farming
operations after notice of seizure are illegal.

The judgment was made in the case of a Chegutu farmer who remained on his
farm after notice of acquisition had been served on him and was fighting to
spare it from seizure.

Zimbabwe's state media celebrated the judgment saying it would bring relief
to black farmers, who were being "betrayed" by some government officials
allegedly bought out to evict them from their allocated land and to give it
back to white farmers.

Zimbabwe's state media has been accusing some government officials in the
provinces of frustrating the land reform exercise by being lenient on
farmers served with acquisition notices.

  .. This article was originally published on page 4 of The Cape Argus on
June 07, 2004
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The Monitor,Kampala

Train cuts through presidents' convoy
By Grace Matsiko
June 8, 2004

      KAMPALA- Presidents Yoweri Museveni, Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe and
their Kenyan counterpart Mwai Kibaki yesterday survived being hit by a fast
moving train on the Port Bell Road in Kampala.

      The train, belonging to the state-run Uganda Railways Corporation
(URC) split the motorcade of the three presidents as they crossed the
railway line at around 2.00p.m, eyewitnesses said.

      An eyewitness said that Kibaki's limousine, which formed part of the
motorcade, had just crossed the railway line when the URC points men closed
off the road on realising that the train was just a few seconds to the
crossing point.

      The three presidents were returning from Tri-star Apparel Factory at
Bugolobi when the incident occurred. "It took about five seconds and the
train crossed.

      The car in which Museveni and Mugabe were was about to reach the
crossing point. At that point a terrible accident was unavoidable," the
eyewitness said.

      "If the man did not put the road barrier, the train would have
definitely ran over the two Presidents" he added. Mr Museveni's acting Press
Secretary; Onapito Ekomoloit confirmed the incident but dismissed it as

      "Yes, the train split the convoy but it was not alarming," Onapito
said. The source said, the Presidential Guard Brigade (PGB) quizzed the two
URC staff but did not arrest them.

      A PGB source said that the Brigade Commandant, Lt. Col. Leo Kyanda
yesterday rang Kampala Regional Traffic Police Chief, Gabriel Tibayungwa
demanding to know why Police had not alerted them about the impending train

      "I am yet to talk to Tibayungwa himself but what I was told is that he
said that normally railway people do not inform the Police when the train is
crossing," the State House source said.

      Other witnesses however blamed the rear guards of the Presidential
convoy for allegedly ignoring the signals from the fast running locomotive.
The train was leaving the good shed at the URC headquarters for East of

      Train accidents have in the past claimed lives of motorists

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Independent (UK)

Working visa restrictions labelled racist
By Marie Woolf Chief Political Correspondent
07 June 2004

Black and anti-racist groups have reacted furiously to the revelation that
thousands of people from Africa and Asian countries are to be barred from
entering Britain.

Quotas are to be introduced on the numbers of visitors under the working
holiday scheme from countries such as Nigeria, Pakistan, Bangladesh and
Kenya after Home Office officials detected abuse of the system, which was
set up to allow young people from Commonwealth countries to taste life in
Britain. The Home Office said it was being used as a back-door route to
permanent settlement.

Popular with Australian, South African and Canadian backpackers, the system
allows people aged under 30 from Commonwealth countries to spend up to two
years in Britain, subsidising their holiday with casual work. It was
extended two years ago to include more countries, predominantly in Africa
and Asia.

Black groups in the UK accused the Government of racism in its plans to
restrict the scheme and questioned why predominantly white countries would
not face similar controls. Simon Woolley, of Operation Black Vote, said the
policy would play into the hands of far-right groups such as the British
National Party. "It is hard not to reach the conclusion that this is aimed
at black people," he said. "This demonises black people and fuels right-wing

Karen Chouhan, of the 1990 Trust, a UK race relations charity, said the
policy was "blatant racism". She said: "It is a continuation of the
downright rudeness shown to black comm- unities who have made a huge
contribution to Britain. The Government has a 'managed migration' policy.
This suggests they are managing according to the colour of a person's skin."

An internal Downing Street memo warned that the policy might be
controversial and could lead to accusations of racism. Minutes of a meeting
held in Downing Street on 12 May said the policy could be "presentationally
difficult". The memo said: "Quotas would require careful handling to avoid
discrimination, while closing down the scope of abuse."

It confirms plans to introduce restrictions on African and Asian migrants
applying for the working holiday visas. Home Office officials plan to
tighten the system to ensure that visitors have enough money to support
themselves and return home.

A spokesman for the Home Secretary, David Blunkett, said although the abuse
was not widespread, quotas would be announced for certain countries. He
said: "There are people who see the scheme as a way of staying here for

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Pretoria News

      Mbeki 'is working hard to help Zim'
      June 7, 2004

      By Peter Fabricius

      Maputo - President Mbeki and other Southern African leaders are
working hard behind the scenes to resolve the Zimbabwe crisis, Norwegian
development minister Hilde Fraford Johnson said here after a long meeting
with Mbeki.

      Johnson would not say what exactly Mbeki had told her but hinted at
new efforts to resolve the crisis. In public Mbeki side stepped the Zimbabwe
issue at the World Economic Forum's Africa Economic Summit here last week.

      Johnson said in an interview at the summit that there was little the
wider international community could do about Zimbabwe. It was up to the

      "I accept the view that Western countries need to look at their own
operations and see how they can play into the local context. There is a lot
of criticism about certain ex-colonial powers," she said, in an apparent
reference to Britain.

      "My reading is that the region is strongly engaged because it affects
neighbouring countries. There is a sincere interest in trying to resolve the
Zimbabwe problem. It's in the interests of all of Southern Africa and even
Central Africa.

      "But President Mbeki and the region are working behind the scenes -
and so they are taking a bashing for it."

      At the close of the forum's last summit in Durban a year ago, Mbeki
had confidently predicted that the Zimbabwe crisis and several others would
be resolved within a year.

      In Zimbabwe the ruling Zanu-PF and the opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) would be negotiating a way out of the crisis within
the year, he had said in Durban. But when he was asked at the start of the
Maputo summit last week to give a progress report on these predictions, he
mentioned some other crises but not that in Zimbabwe.

      Before the summit, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe had told Sky TV
in an interview that he did not see the need for negotiations with the MDC
as it could discuss whatever it wanted to in Parliament.

      Mbeki's spokesman Bheki Khumalo and Deputy Foreign Minister Aziz Pahad
both said afterwards it looked like Mbeki's June deadline for a resolution
of the crisis would not be met.

      Mbeki did not attend a special session on Zimbabwe at the Maputo
summit where Anglican Archbishop Njongonkulu Ndungane and others urged him
and the rest of the international community to intensify their efforts to
resolve the crisis.

      Nigel Chanakira, executive deputy chairman of Kingdom Financial
Holdings in Zimbabwe, said time was running out to address the crisis as
there were only eight months to the parliamentary elections due in March
next year.

      Johnson said the jury was still out on the Nepad African Peer Review
Mechanism (APRM). The APRM has been created by African leaders to monitor
each other's governance. "We have been concerned about the lack of speed in
implementing peer review and we are following closely the modalities
(criteria) they choose. At the same we recognise that there is a lot of
sensitivity about criticising each other."

      Johnson said if the peer reviews did not deliver honest assessments of
governments, there were likely to be protests in the countries reviewed
which would force a public debate about government performance. - Foreign

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The Herald

Price of bread reduced

Herald Reporter
SOME retailers and bakeries have reduced the price of bread from $2 900 to
between $2 500 and $2 800 per loaf in the wake of consumer resistance, a
survey has revealed.

The survey, carried out by The Herald over the weekend, showed that the
price of bread at some retail shops in the city centre and high-density
suburbs ranged from $2 700 to $3 000.

Some bakeries were selling the bread at a retail price of between $2 500 and
$2 700.

Bakeries and retailers interviewed said there had been a reduction in
business since the bread price was increased last month.

"We were selling our bread at a retail price $2 700 at first until we
decided to reduce the price to $2 500 because of poor sales," said a
saleswoman at one of the bakeries in the city centre.

Bakers' Association of Zimbabwe chairman Mr Armitage Chikwavira said he was
not aware that some retailers and bakeries had reduced the price of bread.

"The retail price is supposed to be around $2 900 a loaf while the wholesale
price is $2 500. I will have to check whether the price has been reduced,"
he said.

Bread price went up by almost 50 percent last month with the retail price of
a loaf being pegged at $2 900, up from $2 000.

Bakeries attributed the increase in the price to various factors that
included rising costs of inputs such as flour.

Last December most shops in Harare increased the price of bread to at least
$2 900 a loaf, but consumer resistance forced the price to come down to $2
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Business Day

Zimbabwe hovers between the lines in Maputo

Business, government touch base on Nepad projects but forum was always going
to be a talkshop
Chief Reporter

LIKE the drunken uncle who did not arrive for Christmas dinner, Zimbabwe's
economic turmoil merited hardly a formal word at the World Economic Forum
last week in Mozambique but the issue lingered intangibly during almost all
the discussions in Maputo.

The three-day forum ended on Friday, with few concrete outcomes amid the
workshops and plenary sessions that at least succeeded in focusing
discussions around the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad).

On the last day, Absa Bank's CEO-designate Steve Booysen spoke of the
importance of building the reputation of Africa as an investment

But if Zimbabwe's economic crisis represents a threat to that reputation and
the stability of the region in the eyes of certain foreign investors, then
the Maputo event was notable for its reluctance to get to grips with this

Admittedly, there was a workshop event entitled Zimbabwe: Meltdown or
Revival, which provided Archbishop Njongonkulu Ndungane with a forum to call
for President Thabo Mbeki to take a more formal role in the talks between
the Movement for Democratic Change and Zanu (PF) before Zimbabwe's election
next year.

Also, Mbeki was asked about his statement at last year's Durban World
Economic Forum in which he said there would a solution to Zimbabwe within a
year but he sidestepped the issue at the Maputo event, saying that earlier
statement was more like a commitment on his part to do whatever he could.

"Mugabe wasn't invited, we did not think he could add anything to the
event," says Haiko Alfeld, the forum's director for Africa.

But in the discussions on luring foreign direct investment to Africa and the
talks on Nepad's African Peer Review Mechanism, the absence of any
discussion of Zimbabwe served only to suggest that the country was the key
barrier to achieving regional economic stability and to improving
perceptions of the continent.

"This was not the forum to address the Zimbabwe issue," says one onlooker.
"This was a discussion about how business could work with governments to
improve the overall economic climate.

"Zimbabwe is a problem for the political leaders to work out at another

But those hoping the forum would deliver tangible agreements would have been

Rather, it was mostly a series of discussions, plenary sessions and concrete
examples of where business and government were working well together. "It
represented a scorecard of progress," says Alfeld.

He says it is able to illustrate how far along Nepad has progressed, the
improvements in Africa's macroeconomic situation as well as the obstacles to
achieving the development of the continent.

Whether through lack of money, the fact that its debates were held entirely
in English, or a sense that it would be nothing more than a talkshop, the
Maputo forum also failed to get any meaningful representation from any
country other than SA, with the odd contribution coming from Mozambique,
Zambia, Botswana and Namibia.

As it was, Nepad was perhaps the main beneficiary of the forum.

Until now, the private sector has not invested in any of Nepad's top 20
flagship infrastructure projects but this was partly because many private
sector players did not even know that these projects existed, or how they
could access them.

Speaking on the last day, Eskom CEO Thulani Gcabashe blamed this on the lack
of information about what Nepad was doing suggesting the Nepad secretariat
had not done enough to draw the private sector into its investment projects.

But Gcabashe says the forum performed a "useful purpose" as it will ensure
the better flow of information between the Nepad secretariat and the private

The forum also saw the launch of a small number of practical development

These included the Africa Water Exchange a matchmaking service to lure
business into private-public partnerships for various water projects
throughout the continent. The Exchange already has a number of water
projects in Mozambique, Nigeria, SA, Malawi, Tanzania, Kenya and Swaziland.

This is a vital step, given that in order to meet the Millennium Development
Goal of providing clean water and sanitation to 70% of Africa by 2015, 700
000 new water connections must take effect daily.

The forum also showcased Mozambique for the first time.

SA's eastern neighbour is a poster-child for how investment can boost a
country given that the Mozal aluminium smelter and Sasol's natural gas
pipeline have added between 2%-4% to Mozambique's annual gross domestic
product growth.

Ultimately, however, things do not get decided at World Economic Forum
events they merely get announced there after the real work has already

The legacy of this summit appears to be that while it failed to deal with
Zimbabwe, it drew business and government closer together to push Nepad's
goal of improving infrastructure on the continent.

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Hospital Faces Food Shortage

The Herald (Harare)

June 7, 2004
Posted to the web June 7, 2004

Tandayi Motsi

Ngomahuru Psychiatric Hospital in Masvingo is facing a serious food shortage
to the extent that patients sometimes have to skip meals because of the
scarcity of mealie-meal, a parliamentary portfolio committee has said.

Chairman of the portfolio committee on Health and Child Welfare Mr Blessing
Chebundo told Parliament last week that the institution was facing serious
shortage of mealie-meal and meat.

Mr Chebundo, who is also Kwekwe MP (MDC), said this while presenting the
committee's report on the problems facing the hospital and the way forward.

The hospital, Mr Chebundo said, had not been supplied with meat since
November last year and in February this year patients had to skip meals
because of the under-supply of the staple mealie-meal.

The institution's main diet was now comprised of kapenta fish, sour milk
(sold as "Lacto", its packaged trade name) and beans.

"Your committee also noted that sometimes patients have porridge without
sugar and also took tea without sugar and milk," he said.

"Your committee was informed about the dangers associated with skipping food
by psychiatric patients since psychotropic drugs require that patients eat a
lot of food and the fact that patients skip some meals means that they also
skip taking drugs," Mr Chebundo said.

The legislator said the situation was worsened by the fact that procurement
of essential items, such as drugs, food, linen and fuel, had been
centralised and there was need to decentralise the purchase in line with
health sector reforms.

The provincial medical director's office was responsible for the procurement
and sometimes there were delays in buying the commodities.

Seconding the motion, Makoni West MP Cde Gibson Munyoro (Zanu-PF) said the
committee observed that the security fence at the hospital was too low.

He said two patients drowned in Tokwe River last year after escaping from
the hospital.

The committee recommended that the Minister of Health and Child Welfare and
other senior officials from the ministry should visit the hospital to have a
feel of what was happening at the institution.

Procurement of essential services, the committee said, should be maintained
all the time.

The hospital's board members were urged to be proactive in mobilising
funding for the institution by involving the donor community and the private
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New Media Organisation Suspends Zim

The Namibian (Windhoek)

June 7, 2004
Posted to the web June 7, 2004

Tangeni Amupadhi

SOUTHERN Africa's media bosses have suspended Zimbabwe from an organisation
that is yet to be officially established by the region's editors.

The council of the Southern African Editors' Forum (SAEF), which met in
Windhoek at the weekend to adopt a constitution, kicked the Zimbabwean wing
out after the editors of the private media there boycotted the national
forum over their government's clampdown down on press freedom.

Eberhard Hofmann, a member of the council, said the SAEF would now send a
team to Zimbabwe to investigate what he described as "tension" between
State-owned and private media.

"They are split," said Hofmann, who added that only one person from
Zimbabwe's State-media attended the meeting in Windhoek.

"The council meeting decided they could not accept the one-man delegation.
The council felt this was not representative [of the Zimbabwean media]," he

Media from other countries were represented on the council by a mix of
State-owned and privately run organisations.

Hofmann said the visit to Zimbabwe would be aimed at ensuring that the
Zimbabwean editors' forum is restored to SAEF membership.

The SAEF council adopted the constitution so that the organisation can be
officially launched by the end of the year, after an executive committee
meeting polishes up the rest the formalities in August.

The SEAF's council held a two-day meeting at the weekend.

Editors of various media discussed media freedom or the abuse of it, the
training of journalists, media ethics and HIV-AIDS.

Zimbabwe featured strongly in the media freedom discussion because of what
is widely believed to be a clampdown on the independent media by President
Robert Mugabe.

Of the countries expected to be members of the SEAF, only Angola was
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Zim urged to repeal media laws
07/06/2004 20:57  - (SA)

Windhoek - Newspaper editors from southern Africa are urging governments in
the region to pressure Zimbabwe to restore press freedom and stop
threatening journalists.

The Council of the Southern African Editors' Forum (SAEF) held a weekend
meeting in the Namibian capital, Windhoek, and 24 editors from eight
countries backed the resolution mooted by chairman Henry Jeffreys from South
Africa's influential Beeld daily.

"The SAEF calls on the Zimbabwe government to reinstate the rule of law and
allow for freedom of expression and freedom of the media," said the editors.

"We also call on other... countries to bring pressure... on the Zimbabwe
government to reopen the offices of the newspapers that have been forced to
close, to remove the threats against other media, to allow journalists to
practise their craft without fear and to allow state-owned media to serve
the Zimbabwean people as a whole and not favoured parties", said the

Zimbabwe's private, independent Daily News, which was highly critical of
President Robert Mugabe's government, was forcibly closed on September 12
last year on charges that it was being published illegally.

The Daily News is the only independent alternative to Zimbabwe's two
state-run dailies, The Herald and The Chronicle, and has about a million
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Exams Will Go On As Scheduled: Chigwedere

The Herald (Harare)

June 7, 2004
Posted to the web June 7, 2004

Beatrice Tonhodzayi

The Minister of Education, Sport and Culture, Cde Aeneas Chigwedere, has
assured the nation that this year's Ordinary and Advanced level examinations
will go on as scheduled.

In an interview, Cde Chigwedere said there was no reason for parents to
panic over the delay in the registration process.

"We are now conducting these examinations locally and, as such, are guided
in all procedures by the situation that will be prevailing in the country at
that juncture.

"Yes, traditionally the deadline for the November examinations was April,
but that was for Cambridge (University of the United Kingdom syndicated
examinations which have since been discarded by the Government). This is now
our own show and we run it our way," he said.

Parents and prospective candidates for the November examinations have
expressed anxieties about this year's examinations, the first since
Independence to take so long to register students.

Some have heaped all the blame on the Zimbabwe Schools Examinations Council,
saying it has been bungling ever since it replaced Cambridge.

Cde Chigwedere was quick to come to Zimsec's defence, saying the council was
not liable for the latest problems.

Zimsec is reported to be broke and frantically running around trying to
source funds to import scanner sheets used for registering O and A-level
examination candidates.

While confirming this, Cde Chigwedere said Government had raised most of the
foreign currency required by the examinations council.

"We have acquired most of the forex for them to use. The material used for
printing scanner sheets has to come from Britain," he said.

Asked why Zimbabwe could not just manufacture its own material for use in
the examinations considering that they were now locally run, he said plans
were underway to start doing that.

"We are in the process of purchasing the equipment. As soon as we have all
of it, we will be making our own material," he said.

Earlier this year, Zimsec proposed to the Ministry of Education, Sport and
Culture to have O-level examination fees increased from $100 to $20 000 a
subject and those for A-level to go up from $1 000 to $100 000.

However, Cde Chigwedere said the fees would not be changed as the Government
was waiting for the completion of the harvest of the summer crops so as to
assess the capability of parents to pay higher charges.

However, in his latest interview with The Herald, he said the Government was
still to decide on the fee levels. "The issue was actually debated this week
and a decision might be reached next week," he said.
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The Scotsman

Zimbabwe to Discuss Future Plans with ICC


Zimbabwe Cricket Union chairman Peter Chingoka will lead a three-member
delegation to Dubai tomorrow for a two-day liaison meeting with the
International Cricket Council and some of the Test-playing nations.

A series of meetings will be held to discuss the ZCU 'road map', which is
aimed at giving exposure and experience to the new-look Zimbabwean side led
by 21-year-old Tatenda Taibu.

Chingoka will travel with the ZCU board member responsible for junior
cricket Clive Barnes, one of the longest-serving ZCU board members, and
Macsood Ebrahim, who is the board member responsible for human resources and
also a national selector.

Chingoka, while confident that Zimbabwe's Test status will remain intact,
said today that they were looking at arranging more first-class matches for
the youthful side against established Test-playing nations.

"We are meeting with the ICC and some of the Test nations to deliberate on
our road map aimed at giving as much exposure and experience to our youthful
squad as a way of expediting their competitiveness," he said.

"This might involve having more four-day matches for the team against
various countries. The situation will be clearer after the meetings on
Wednesday and Thursday."

On the issue of the rebel players, Chingoka said the ZCU has not received
any communication from them.

"These players no longer have contracts with us and we have not been in
touch with them.

"We will only know about their status in August or September when we
negotiate for the 2004-2005 contracts as those not coming to negotiate will
thus be unavailable."
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Limpopo Park Faces Problems in Collecting Firearms

Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo)

June 7, 2004
Posted to the web June 7, 2004


So far about 10 businesses, Mozambican and foreign, have expressed an
interest in investing in the Limpopo National Park, according to the park's
administrator, Gilberto Vicente - but the park is endangered by police and
local officials who collaborate with poachers.

This park, covering much of the districts of Chicualacuala, Massingir and
Mabalane in the southern province of Gaza, is the Mozambican contribution to
the Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park, a wildlife and tourism venture
between Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe.

Vicente, who spoke to AIM in Massingir, said that the tender for building
the main tourist camp would be launched in the next few months. Park
technical staff were working on the map indicating where the main
infrastructures, including lodges, hotels, restaurants and access roads,
will be built. Their final document will be presented to the Tourism
Ministry for approval later this year.

There is already plenty of infrastructure in the South African contribution
to the project, which is the world famous Kruger National Park. Vicente said
the Mozambican government should mobilise investors rapidly so as to
guarantee accommodation for tourists, and the integration of the Mozambican
park into the Transfrontier Park.

Negotiations are under way with telecommunications operators, he added, to
ensure communications systems that will facilitate the project.

But one headache is the large number of firearms believed to be in the hands
of the people living in and around the park.

Vicente feared that this security issue might hold back investors. "Tourism
will be damaged unless the local authorities help us collect these guns", he

He said that 33 illegal firearms had already been seized, but added that the
Massingir district authorities showed little interest in the issue.

"We are running into some difficulties in collecting the guns, because
neither the police nor the administrative authorities want to collaborate
with us", he accused.

Indeed some of the police seem to be cooperating with poachers rather than
with the park. Last year, the police even arrested game wardens who had
caught a poacher red-handed with dead animals and an illegal gun.

"I suspect there are some people in the district who are not in favour of
the project", said Vicente. "We have to ensure that the investors and the
tourists who will visit the park do not run the risk of being attacked
because of the proliferation of firearms".

About two million tourists visit the Kruger National Park every year, and
Vicente believed that perhaps 10 per cent of them would also be interested
in visiting the Mozambican and Zimbabwean parts of the Transfrontier Park.
Looking after hundreds of thousands of tourists would require stringent
measures of security, he added.

To overcome the resistance of local peasants to handing over guns they use
for hunting, the park administration is negotiating with the Christian
Council of Mozambique to expend its "Transform Guns into Hoes" (TAE) project
to Massingir, Mabalane and Chicualacuala.

Under this project, people are encouraged to hand over illicit weapons, on a
no questions asked basis, and in return they are given agricultural
implements or other means of production.

The district administration was unwilling to speak to AIM about Vicente's
accusations, allegedly because the administrator himself was absent.

There are still 2,000 people living inside the Limpopo National Park, and
the park administration wants to resettle them in other areas, outside the
park, where there are good conditions for agriculture.

"The idea is not to expel people but to resettle them", he stressed. Fences
would be erected to separate people from wild animals "so that they can
carry out their activities without problems".

Thanks to importing animals from South Africa, Massingir now contains
elephants, who could make short work of any peasant maize crops.

The administration wants the transfer to be voluntary, and so is working
with local communities and government authorities to create social
infrastructures outside the park area, in the hope that this will persuade
people to move.

Meetings had been held with the communities inside the park, so that they
could explain the conditions they required before they would agree to
resettlement. Vicente said they had demanded from the government better
housing, schools and health units.

But since the soils in the park are poor, many of the local peasants depend,
not on agriculture, but on hunting. With the creation of the national park,
hunting is now regarded as poaching, and there are few opportunities for
hunting outside of the park.

One community leader, Jorge Magaia, told AIM there were indeed people who
were creating difficulties, but he was sure that eventually they would
understand that it will be better for their communities and for themselves
if they move.

"Those people who live off hunting, and don't want to see anything improved
in their lives or those of future generations are causing problems", Magaia
admitted. "But it's always like this. When people are faced with something
new, they don't accept it immediately".
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The Herald

Wildlife now component of land reform - Nhema

Herald Reporter
WILDLIFE will now be promoted as a legitimate option for using land
redistributed under land reform following a new Government policy, the
Minister of Environment and Tourism, Cde Francis Nhema, has said.

Poachers had mistakenly assumed that acquired land would not be used for
wildlife and had slaughtered game recklessly during the first 18 months of
the fast-track land reform.

"The major objective of the policy is to address the need for more equitable
access by the majority of Zimbabweans to land and wildlife resources and to
business opportunities that stem from these resources," said the minister.

Cde Nhema was speaking on Thursday in Parliament in response to concerns
raised by the portfolio committee on Mines, Energy, Environment and Tourism
on the impact of land reform on wildlife production.

"While cases of poaching continue at a low level, there is evidence of
stability returning on game ranches with new settlers successfully
reconstituting conservancies, as in the case with Gwayi River Conservancy,"
he said.

Cde Nhema attributed the reduction in poaching to the combination of a
vigorous extension campaign, enhanced anti-poaching efforts and empowerment
of new farmers through the provision of quotas.

Wildlife-based land reform will contribute to the equity of a range of
stakeholders, including neighbouring communities, while ensuring that the
stakeholders share costs and benefits from wildlife production.

The most profitable and ecologically sustainable land use option will be
allowed to evolve in response to changing economic influences,
notwithstanding the need to ensure food security.

The policy encourages working together rather than competition between
different sectors of the wildlife industry and various forms of land use.
Wildlife confers on Zimbabwe a unique comparative economic advantage, with
the potential to sustain viable domestic and foreign tourism markets.
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Clinics in Three Provinces Do Not Have Safe Water

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

June 7, 2004
Posted to the web June 7, 2004


Only half of the health clinics in three Zimbabwean provinces have access to
safe water and the majority of districts face shortages of essential drugs,
according to an NGO monitoring group, the Food Security Network (FOSENET).

Based on information drawn from 52 districts, FOSENET noted that clinics
spread across central Zimbabwe - in Mashonaland West, the Midlands and
Masvingo - had the poorest access to safe water out of the country's eight

FOSENET found that the availability of antibiotics had also dropped with
curently 58 percent of districts having access, compared to two-thirds that
had access in March.

Provinces like Matabeleland North did not have adequate medical staff - only
half of its clincis had a nurse.

A quarterly monitoring report on health and education released by FOSENET
also highlighted the barriers that poorer communities face in trying to
access health care services. It noted that only 58 percent of the selected
monitoring sites in 53 districts spread across the country had access to
health facilities within five kilometres of their homesteads.

The province of Mashonaland Central and the major cities had the best health
coverage, while those worst served in terms of distance to facilities were
Mashonaland East, Midlands and Matebeleland North and South. Provinces such
as Mashonaland West and East as well as Midlands and Matebeleland North had
a high prevalence of diseases such as cholera and malaria and yet had the
highest percentage of people who walked long distances to the nearest health

The high cost of drugs was identified as another barrier to health services.
FOSENET's current report noted that the fee levels in clinics varied widely
from Zim $ 120 (US 0.02 cents) to Zim $ 45,000 (US $ 8.43).

Primary clinics and district hospitals do not provide medicine for AIDS
related illnesses and patients have to travel to larger towns to access such
treatment, noted the report.
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