The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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The Sun, UK
Gucci Grace blows £75k
Greed ... Grace Mugabe, in
£10,000 gown, with Robert

GRACE MUGABE, wife of brutal Zimbabwean president Robert, likes to be called “First Lady”.

She has nothing but contempt for the starving millions of his subjects.

Today The Sun probes her cruelty and extravangance.


SHE is dubbed First Shopper and Grabbing Grace by her people.

She is far more likely to be found stripping top European boutiques or lounging in five-star hotels than listening to the desperate needs of Zimbabwe’s hungry and homeless.

What makes her frivolity so disturbing is that while she shops, ordinary Zimbabweans starve.

Last year Grace, 39, blew an estimated £75,000 in just TWO HOURS in Paris fashion houses.

Her spending has reached such ridiculous levels many have accused her of being addicted to Gucci.

On her French jaunt, the former secretary had bought so much her aides needed an extra car to transport her goods to the airport.

Meanwhile, back in her home country inflation is now rife.

It is cheaper to use a 1,000 Zimbabwean dollar note as toilet paper, than use it to purchase loo roll.

Today, 4,000 Zimbabwean dollars are worth less than 50p.

Two out of three of the country’s workers earn just £1 a day.

Value ... 4,000ZD is worth just 50p

Grace Mugabe’s Paris spree might seem like incredible excess, but as far as she is concerned, it was a drop in the ocean.

Her timing was immaculate.

Weeks earlier the World Food Programme was releasing a report saying more than seven million in Zimbabwe were dying of starvation.

But Grace carried on regardless.

And her doting husband Mugabe — 40 years older than she is — does not shy away from indulging his well-built wife.

He even bought her a lavishly-equipped DC-9, formerly owned by Playboy baron Hugh Hefner.

The gift was to help with Grace’s shopping.

With her own plane she was able to go on regular shopping jollies to New York, London and Rome.

In London, Grace likes to stay in the sumptuous surrounds of Claridge’s, conveniently close to elegant shops of Kensington.

At least now she has her own plane other Air Zimbabwe passengers are spared the humiliation of being turfed off flights to accommodate their first lady and her numerous parcels.

When she used to use the country’s commercial airline she would also order pilots to land at military air bases instead of the normal airport so she could avoid paying duty on her purchases.

She and Mugabe now own at least SIX luxury properties.

Mad ... seven million Zimbabweans are said to be starving

Grace laughed off outraged criticism after it was revealed that she used public funds to build an incredibly vulgar home called Gracelands in a plush Harare suburb.

The finance came from a US aid programme intended to help the poor.

Gracelands was then sold to the Mugabes’ pal Colonel Gaddafi for three times its original price.

But the Mugabes have acquired another house nearby and are investing £10million in it.

The mansion is stuffed full of imported Italian tiles, pillars, sunken baths and chandeliers.

The master bedroom alone has as much floor space as an entire typical semi-detached home.

She is overseeing the installation of a gym, sauna, library, bar and billiard room.

Among their other homes, the Mugabes also own a three-storey mansion overlooking a golf course.

Apart from her relentless greed, little else is known about Grace’s background.

What is clear is that she started an affair with the President while she was a secretary at the State House in Harare. Mugabe married Grace bigamously as his first wife, Sally, was dying.

Welcome ... Chirac and Mugabe in Paris

Perhaps Grace is now given such freedom because she gave Mugabe what he most desired — a son, Robert junior.

She has since borne him a daughter and a second son

Grace, who was a good student at her Cathollic school, married Flight Lt Patrick Guririza in her teens.

But once her affair with Mugabe began, her husband was conveniently posted to Beijing — and has yet to return.

At least while he was with Sally, Mugabe managed to publicly maintain his socialist credentials.

But we now know he squandered many millions of pounds donated by Britain to help in the redistribution of land to homeless blacks.

His achievements to date, as we revealed yesterday, are a catalogue of horrors.

That Grabbing Grace can swan around flaunting her money is all the more crass when you look at the reality most Zimbabweans face.

For them, luxury would be reliable electricity, fresh water and ... food.

A spokesman for the Movement For Democratic Change, Zimbabwe’s persecuted opposition, said: “At a time when most Zimbabweans are starving and the average township black lives in a tiny house with, on average, 16 other people, the way our crooked president and his scheming wife flash their wealth in front of them is an insult to the citizens they claim to care for.

“One day the Mugabes will pay heavily.”

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European Union - New Sanctions list February 2004

Article 6
1. All funds and economic resources belonging to individual
members of the Government of Zimbabwe and to any natural
or legal persons, entities or bodies associated with them as
listed in Annex III shall be frozen.
2. No funds or economic resources shall be made available,
directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of natural or legal
persons, entities or bodies listed in Annex III.
3. The participation, knowingly and intentionally, in activities
the object or effect of which is, directly or indirectly, to
promote the transactions referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2
shall be prohibited.

List of persons referred to in Article 6
1. Mugabe, Robert Gabriel President, born 21.2.1924
2. Buka (a.k.a. Bhuka), Flora Minister of State in Vice-President's
Office (former Minister of State
for the Land Reform Programme in the President's Office), born
3. Bonyongwe, Happyton Director-General Central Intelligence
Organisation, born 6.11.1960
4. Chapfika, David Deputy Minister of Finance and Economic Development
5. Charamba, George Permanent Secretary Department for Information
and Publicity, born
6. Charumbira, Fortune Zefanaya Deputy Minister for Local Government,
Public Works and National
Housing, born 10.6.1962
7. Chigwedere, Aeneas Soko Minister of Education, Sports and Culture,
born 25.11.1939
8. Chihuri, Augustine Police Commissioner, born 10.3.1953
9. Chikowore, Enos C. ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Land and
Resettlement, born 1936
10. Chinamasa, Patrick Anthony Minister of Justice, Legal and
Parliamentary Affairs, born 25.1.1947
11. Chindori-Chininga, Edward Takaruza former Minister of Mines and
Mining Development, born 14.3.1955
12. Chipanga, Tongesai Shadreck Deputy Minister of Home Affairs
13. Chiwenga, Constantine Commander Zimbabwe Defence Forces, General
(former Army
Commander, Lieutenant General), born 25.8.1956
14. Chiwewe, Willard Senior Secretary responsible for Special Affairs
in the President's
Office (former Senior Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs), born
15. Chombo, Ignatius Morgan Chiminya Minister of Local Government,
Public Works and National Housing,
born 1.8.1952
16. Dabengwa, Dumiso ZANU (PF) Politburo Senior Committee Member, born 1939
17. Goche, Nicholas Tasunungurwa Minister of State for National
Security in the President's Office (former
Security Minister), born 1.8.1946
18. Gula-Ndebele, Sobuza Chairman of Electoral Supervisory Commission
19. Gumbo, Rugare Eleck Ngidi Minister of State for State Enterprises
and Parastatals in the President's
Office (former Deputy Minister of Home Affairs, born 8.3.1940
20. Hove, Richard ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Economic Affairs, born
21. Hungwe, Josaya (a.k.a. Josiah) Dunira Provincial Governor:
Masvingo, born 7.11.1935
22. Kangai, Kumbirai ZANU (PF) Politburo Committee Member, born 17.2.1938
23. Karimanzira, David Ishemunyoro Godi ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary
for Finance, born 25.5.1947
24. Kasukuwere, Saviour ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy-Secretary for
Youth Affairs, born
25. Kuruneri, Christopher Tichaona Minister of Finance and Economic
Development (former Deputy
Minister of Finance and Economic Development), born 4.4.1949
26. Langa, Andrew Deputy Minister of Transport and Communications
27. Lesabe, Thenjiwe V. ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Women's
Affairs, born 1933
28. Machaya, Jason (a.k.a. Jaison) Max Kokerai Deputy Minister of
Mines and Mining Development, born 13.6.1952
29. Made, Joseph Mtakwese Minister of Agriculture and Rural
Development (former Minister of
Lands, Agricultural and Rural Resettlement), born 21.11.1954
30. Madzongwe, Edna (a.k.a. Edina) ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy
Secretary for Production and Labour,
born 11.7.1943
31. Mahofa, Shuvai Ben Deputy Minister for Youth Development, Gender
and Employment
Creation, born 4.4.1941
32. Mahoso, Tafataona Chair, Media Information Commission
33. Makoni, Simbarashe ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary General
for Economic Affairs
(former Minister of Finance), born 22.3.1950
34. Malinga, Joshua ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for Disabled
and Disadvantaged,
born 28.4.1944
35. Mangwana, Paul Munyaradzi Minister of Public Service, Labour and
Social Welfare (former Minister
of State for State Enterprises and Parastatals in the President's Office),
born 10.8.1961
36. Mangwende, Witness Pasichigare Madunda Provincial Governor:
Harare (former Minister for Transport and
Communications), born 15.10.1946
37. Manyika, Elliot Tapfumanei Minister without Portfolio (former
Minister of Youth Development,
Gender and Employment Creation), born 30.7.1955
38. Manyonda, Kenneth Vhundukai Deputy Minister of Industry and
International Trade, born 10.8.1934
39. Marumahoko, Rueben Deputy Minister of Energy and Power
Development, born 4.4.1948
40. Masawi, Ephrahim Sango Provincial Governor: Mashonaland Central
41. Masuku, Angeline Provincial Governor: Matabeleland South (ZANU
(PF) Politburo Secretary
for Disabled and Disadvantaged), born 14.10.1936
42. Mathema, Cain Provincial Governor: Bulawayo
43. Mathuthu, T. ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for Transport and
44. Midzi, Amos Bernard (Mugenva) Minister of Mines and Mining
Development (former Minister of
Energy and Power Development), born 4.7.1952
45. Mnangagwa, Emmerson Dambudzo Speaker of Parliament, born 15.9.1946
46. Mohadi, Kembo Campbell Dugishi Minister of Home Affairs (former
Deputy Minister of Local Government,
Public Works and National Housing), born 15.11.1949
47. Moyo, Jonathan Minister of State for Information and Publicity in
the President's
Office, born 12.1.1957
48. Moyo, July Gabarari Minister of Energy and Power Development
(former Minister of Public
Service, Labour and Social Welfare), born 7.5.1950
49. Moyo, Simon Khaya ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for Legal
Affairs, born 1945
50. Mpofu, Obert Moses Provincial Governor: Matabeleland North (ZANU
(PF) Politburo
Deputy Secretary for National Security), born 12.10.1951
51. Msika, Joseph W. Vice-President, born 6.12.1923
52. Msipa, Cephas George Provincial Governor: Midlands, born 7.7.1931
53. Muchena, Olivia Nyembesi (a.k.a. Nyembezi)
Minister of State for Science and Technology in the President's Office
(former Minister of State in Vice-President Msika's Office), born
54. Muchinguri, Oppah Chamu Zvipange ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary
for Gender and Culture, born
55. Mudede, Tobaiwa (Tonneth) Registrar General, born 22.12.1942
56. Mudenge, Isack Stanilaus Gorerazvo Minister of Foreign Affairs,
born 17.12.1941
57. Mugabe, Grace Spouse of Robert Gabriel Mugabe, born 23.7.1965
58. Mugabe, Sabina ZANU (PF) Politburo Senior Committee Member, born
59. Mujuru, Joyce Teurai Ropa Minister of Water Resources and
Infrastructural Development (former
Minister of Rural Resources and Water Development), born
60. Mujuru, Solomon T.R. ZANU (PF) Politburo Senior Committee Member,
born 1.5.1949
61. Mumbengegwi, Samuel Creighton Minister of Industry and
International Trade (former Minister of
Higher Education and Technology), born 23.10.1942
62. Murerwa, Herbert Muchemwa Minister of Higher and Tertiary
Education (former Minister of Finance
and Economic Development), born 31.7.1941
63. Mushohwe, Christopher Chindoti Minister of Transport and
Communications (former Deputy Minister
of Transport and Communications, born 6.2.1954
64. Mutasa, Didymus Noel Edwin Minister of Special Affiars in the
President's Office in charge of the
Anti-Corruption and Anti-Monopolies Programme (former ZANU (PF)
Politburo Secretary for External Relations), born 27.7.1935
65. Mutinhiri, Ambros (a.k.a. Ambrose) Minister of Youth Development,
Gender and Employment Creation,
Retired Brigadier
66. Mutiwekuziva, Kenneth Kaparadza Deputy Minister of Small and
Medium Enterprises Development, born
67. Muzenda, Tsitsi V. ZANU (PF) Politburo Senior Committee Member,
born 28.10.1922
68. Muzonzini, Elisha Brigadier (former Director-General Central
Intelligence Organisation),
born 24.6.1957
69. Ncube, Abedinico Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, born 13.10.1954
70. Ndlovu, Naison K. ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Production
and Labour, born
71. Ndlovu, Sikhanyiso ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for
Commissariat, born
72. Nhema, Francis Minister of Environment and Tourism, born 17.4.1959
73. Nkomo, John Landa Minister of Special Affairs in the President's Office
74. Nyambuya, Michael Reuben Lieutenant General, Provincial Governor:
75. Nyoni, Sithembiso Gile Glad Minister of Small and Medium
Enterprises Development (former
Minister of State for the Informal Sector), born 20.9.1949
76. Parirenyatwa, David Pagwese Minister of Health and Child Welfare
(former Deputy Minister), born
77. Pote, Selina M. ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for Gender and
78. Rusere, Tinos Deputy Minister for Water Resources and
Infrastructural Development
(former Deputy Minister of Rural Resources and Water Development),
born 10.5.1945
79. Sakupwanya, Stanley ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary for
Health and Child Welfare
80. Samkange, Nelson Tapera Crispen Provincial Governor: Mashonaland West
81. Sekeramayi, Sydney (a.k.a. Sidney) Tigere Minister of Defence,
born 30.3.1944
82. Shamu,Webster Minister of State for Policy Implementation in the
President's Office,
born 6.6.1945
83. Shamuyarira, Nathan Marwirakuwa ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for
Information and Publicity, born
84. Shiri, Perence Air Marshal (Air Force), born 1.11.1955
85. Shumba, Isaiah Masvayamwando Deputy Minister of Education, Sports
and Culture, born 3.1.1949
86. Sibanda, Jabulani Chair, National War Veterans Association, born
87. Sibanda, Misheck Julius Mpande Cabinet Secretary (successor to
No. 93 Charles Utete), born 3.5.1949
88. Sibanda, Phillip Valerio (a.k.a. Valentine) Commander Zimbabwe
National Army, Lieutenant General, born
89. Sikosana, Absolom ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Youth Affairs
90. Stamps, Timothy Health Advisor in the Office of the President,
born 15.10.1936
91. Tawengwa, Solomon Chirume ZANU (PF) Politburo Deputy Secretary
for Finance, born 15.6.1940
92. Tungamirai, Josiah T. Minister of State for Indigenisation and
Empowerment, Retired Air
Marshall (former ZANU (PF) Politburo Secretary for Empowerment
and Indigenisation), born 8.10.1948
93. Utete, Charles Chairman of the Presidential Land Review Committee
(former Cabinet
Secretary), born 30.10.1938
94. Zimonte, Paradzai Prisons Director, born 4.3.1947
95. Zvinavashe, Vitalis Retired General (former Chief of Defense
Staff), born 27.9.1943

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From The US Treasury, 2 March

Treasury designates seven entities as Specially Designated Nationals of

The Department of the Treasury today announced the designation of seven
Zimbabwean entities, three commercial farms and four businesses, as
Specially Designated Nationals (SDNs) of Zimbabwe. "Today's action
illustrates the Bush Administration's commitment to condemn those who
threaten the democratic process and institutions in Zimbabwe by isolating
and exposing them and the entities they own and control," said Juan Zarate,
the U.S. Treasury Department's Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Executive
Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes.

The farms, owned by Jonathan Moyo, Minister of Information of Zimbabwe, are
among those that were passed on to favored members of the Mugabe regime
following his chaotic land redistribution scheme. The four other businesses
designated today include:

M & S Syndicate (Pvt) Ltd., an influential Zimbabwean holding company owned
by the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF). M&S
Syndicate (Pvt) Ltd. is controlled by SDN Emmerson Mnangagwa, Parliamentary
Speaker of Zimbabwe, and four other prohibited officials;

Zimbabwe Defence Industries (Pvt) Ltd., a government-owned manufacturer and
distributor of arms, ammunition and other military-related items;

Swift Investments (Pvt) Ltd., which operates miscellaneous retail stores;

Zvinavashe Investments (Pvt) Ltd., which manufactures transportation

Zimbabwe Defence, Swift Investments and Zvinavashe are controlled by the
retired Zimbabwe Defense Forces General, Vitalis Zvinavashe.

Each of the seven entities is controlled by one or more key members of the
Mugabe regime that were named as prohibited persons in the Annex to
Executive Order 13288. This Order imposes economic sanctions on persons who
undermine democratic processes and institutions in Zimbabwe. The President
of Zimbabwe, Robert Gabriel Mugabe, and 76 other Zimbabwean government
officials and persons of influence are included in the Annex. Executive
Order 13288 provides for the blocking of properties within U.S. jurisdiction
or the possession or control of U.S. persons in which the SDNs have an
interest. Blocked properties are denied access to the U.S. financial system.
The Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) worked in
close consultation with the U.S. State Department in the designation of
these seven entities. Treasury will continue working closely with the State
Department in implementation of Executive Order 13288 to disrupt the efforts
of those who disregard democracy. Doing business with an SDN of Zimbabwe may
carry criminal penalties of up to $500,000, twice the monetary gain or loss
per violation for an organization. Individual criminal penalties may be up
to $250,000 or twice the monetary gain or loss per violation. Individuals
may also face imprisonment for up to ten years for a criminal violation. In
addition, civil penalties of up to $11,000 per violation may be imposed

From IOL (SA), 3 March

US widens its sanctions against Zimbabwe

Washington - The United States on Tuesday said it was widening an existing
sanctions regime against Zimbabwe to include seven government-related
businesses. The enhanced US sanctions ban any transactions with the seven
black-listed groups. The US state department said the sanctions will apply
to commercial farms "seized" by Zimbabwe Information Minister Jonathan Moyo;
Zimbabwe Defence Industries, a state-owned arms maker and M&S Syndicate, a
holding group owned by the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic
Front. Also targeted are two companies "representing the interests" of
retired Zimbabwe Defence Forces General Vitalis Zvinavashe, the state
department said in a statement. "Should Zimbabwe's rulers continue to
oppress its citizens and to resist forthright efforts toward resolving the
country's political crisis, we are prepared to impose additional targeted
financial and travel sanctions on those undermining democracy in Zimbabwe,"
the state department said. A high profile state department human rights
report, released here in February, said Zimbabwe's government continued to
oversee "a concerted campaign of violence, repression and intimidation."
"Torture by various methods is used against political opponents and human
rights advocates," the report added.
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Enough is Enough



We have a fundamental right to freedom of expression!


Sokwanele news desk launches –

03 March  2004

As part of our motivation towards supporting civic action and promoting democracy in Zimbabwe through non-violent means, Sokwanele is pleased to announce the launch of our website: aims to fulfil two functions: the first, which is already underway, is to provide our visitors with regularly updated news from local and international media sources, and original news and images from Sokwanele sources.

Headlines are updated on our homepage throughout the week, while the other areas of the website, updated weekly, focus on sorting recent news by subject. This makes it easy for visitors to immediately access the information they seek according to their own particular interests.

The subject sections are as follows:
Justice, Economy, Wildlife and Environment, Social Welfare, Our People, and Elections.
We feel that this subject focused approach complements the excellent work done by other sites already dedicated to providing breaking news on a daily basis to our community.’s second objective, currently under development, is to provide visitors with the detailed information that supports and makes the news; including downloadable reports issued by international and local organisations, changing legislation, and media statements. We anticipate it will take a short while to build up our resources, but feel that this feature of will eventually be especially beneficial to journalists, researchers and students – or anyone who wants a comprehensive understanding of what’s happening in Zimbabwe.

We'll keep you posted on our progress through this mailing list. In the meanwhile, we welcome you to



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From Business Day (SA), 3 March

Mbeki is still Zimbabwe point man, says top US Africa official

'The jury is out as to whether SA has done enough to help resolve the
crisis - we are not getting a sense of progress'

International Affairs Editor

The US is impatient to see a settlement in Zimbabwe, but for the moment it
still considers President Thabo Mbeki the "point man" on negotiations, says
the most senior US state department official on Africa. Charles Snyder,
acting assistant secretary of state for African affairs, said: "The jury is
out as to whether SA has done enough to help resolve the crisis." Snyder was
in SA earlier this week to speak with US diplomats. The problem "is we are
not getting a sense of progress", on bringing about a settlement in
Zimbabwe, Snyder said. He said the US had not imposed a deadline on SA
achieving a settlement, "but there is a clear sense of urgency because
people are dying". When President George Bush said on his visit to SA last
year he considered Mbeki the "point man" on Zimbabwe there was no deadline
set for a settlement, and there was none now, Snyder said. The crisis, he
said, must ultimately be resolved by Zimbabweans and countries in the
region. "Our option is to reach out more broadly as this is a process that
needs many heads," he said. "We believe that the Africans will push Zimbabwe
to closure."

Zimbabwe, he said, had become a problem for the New Partnership for Africa's
Development (Nepad), and had come at a crucial time for the initiative.
Nepad, he said, was not dissimilar in its basics from the US' Millennium
Challenge Account, a Bush administration initiative to support African
countries in their reform efforts. But Snyder said the sequencing was
different with Nepad asking for money ahead of promised reforms. Snyder said
the US wanted to be shown reform efforts were under way prior to supporting
them. The signs are that with no settlement in Zimbabwe and Nepad in its
early stages, that Africa will not be a high-profile issue at the Group of
Eight (G-8) Summit that the US will host this year. "There are crises
elsewhere in the world," said Snyder. But he did expect the G-8 would
discuss UK Prime Minister Tony Blair's recently appointed commission looking
into Africa's problems.

Despite the pressure of the US budget deficit, Snyder said that the US
congress would if it was convinced of progress in Africa approve the Bush
administration's request for an increase in aid under the Millennium
Challenge Account as well as the programme to combat to HIV/AIDS. With the
US election in November, Snyder said it was difficult to predict whether the
US congress would renew the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act, which gives
tariff- and quota-free access to African countries for certain goods with US
or local input , in the next few months. But he said the need for a longer
extension of the act was something on which there was likely to be broad
agreement between Democrats and Republicans. Snyder said the US effort to
assist African countries on fighting terrorism through intelligence- sharing
and other measures such as improved airport, customs, and border controls,
"is not a one-off short campaign". He said the US was "well satisfied" with
the South African "reaction and willingness" to cooperate in fighting

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From The Herald, 3 March

Nkala murder case: State evidence ruled inadmissible

Court Reporter

The warned and cautioned statements by three MDC activists accused of
kidnapping and murdering war veterans' leader Cde Cain Nkala cannot be
admitted as evidence, the High Court ruled yesterday. Handing down judgment
in the "trial-within-a trial" in the murder case, Justice Sandra Mungwira
also rejected the video recording in which Remember Moyo, Khethani Sibanda
and Sazini Mpofu were making indications from the police to where Cde Nkala'
s body was found. The ruling comes after the three had challenged the
validity of their statements. They said they confessed to kidnapping and
murdering Cde Nkala under duress. "As a result, the warned and cautioned
indications, statements and video recording sought to be produced by the
State against each of the accused are ruled to be inadmissible," she said.
The court held a "trial-within-a trial" seeking to establish whether the
police had forced Moyo, Sibanda and Mpofu to make the confessions. In their
evidence, police said the three confessed to the murder of the war veterans'
leader without any undue influence.

In her ruling, Justice Mungwira found that the police officers' accounts on
the manner in which the suspects were handled, were fraught with
inconsistencies. She said the State witnesses made a poor showing as their
testimonies lacked coherence. Under the circumstances, the judge said, it
would be foolhardy to conclude from the facts presented that the State had
proved its case. "The witnesses conducted themselves in a shameless fashion
and displayed utter contempt for the due administration of justice to the
extent that they were prepared to indulge in what can only be described as
works of fiction as is especially illustrated by the state of (the)
investigations diary." The judge also found that the fears expressed by the
defence during the proceedings, although at times exaggerated, were
reasonable. The three are jointly charged with MDC legislator Fletcher
Dulini-Ncube, Nicholas Masera and Army Zulu. They all deny the charges,
claiming political persecution. Cde Nkala was kidnapped and murdered in
November 2001 as campaigning for 2002 presidential election heated up. His
decomposing body was found buried in a shallow grave at Norwood Farm near
Solusi University outside Bulawayo. The date for the continuation of trial
is still to be announced. Advocates Happias Zhou, Edith Mushore, Erik Morris
and Deepak Mehta are representing the six MDC activists in the case,
instructed by Bulawayo based lawyers Mr Nicholas Mathonsi and Mr Josephat
Tshuma. Mr Neville Wamambo and Mr Charles Kandemiri are appearing for the

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US is 'fighting Zimbabwe with condoms'

      March 03 2004 at 04:03PM

Harare - The United States was trying to remove Zimbabwe's President Robert
Mugabe from power with millions of condoms as weapons, state radio in that
country said on Wednesday.

It said American President George Bush's regime was behind the "rebranding"
of prophylactics that carry a bright red and yellow sticker advertising
"revolutionary condoms" and a message urging Zimbabweans to "get up, stand

A bulletin said condoms carrying a sticker with "an oppositional political
message" were being distributed throughout Zimbabwe "in what appears to be
collusion between opposition groups and a US-based condom manufacturer."

The radio said the appearance of the redecorated condom packets was "not
surprising, since the United States government has made it clear it is
working toward changing of the regime in Zimbabwe, using, among other
things, the media."

The sticker also bears the name of a non-violent underground group of
activists with the name and motto, "Enough!", an appeal to Zimbabweans to
stop tolerating abuse by Mugabe's government. The motto appears in graffiti,
and is also the name of a news sheet secretly distributed.

The words on the condom are from a composition by reggae legend Bob Marley
who sang, "Get up, stand up, stand up for your rights, get up, stand up,
don't give up the fight." He performed the song in front of Mugabe and
thousands of ecstatic Zimbabweans at the country's independence celebrations
in 1980.

Recipients of the news sheet two weeks ago found the "revolutionary condom"

No comment could be obtained from the United States embassy, but an activist
who asked not to be named said: "the Americans had nothing to do with it."
He said "a few hundred" condoms had been bought, and locally printed
stickers had been glued on before handing them out.

The bulletin linked the "revolutionary" condoms to Population Services
International, a Washington-based non-profit organisation working for child
and maternal health HIV prevention.

PSI provides condoms for aid programmes in Zimbabwe, but by far the biggest
provider is the United States Agency for International Development with a
budget this year of $8,5-million (about R60-million) that will provide 89
million American-manufactured condoms to Zimbabweans.

Condoms are estimated to be the cheapest commodity in Zimbabwe, selling for
about Z$2 each, or a twentieth of a US cent. About 49 million of the USAid
condoms are issued to the private sector for sale, and the rest go to health
institutions for free distribution.

Health officials say as a result of the USAid programme, condom use in
Zimbabwe has risen to about 100 million a year, and proved to be a major
factor in restricting the spread of HIV.

"If the Americans had wanted to achieve regime change in Zimbabwe, they
could have used something more forceful than condoms," said a Western
diplomat. "They must have saved the lives of thousands of Zimbabweans. It's
a weird mind that sees the condom programme as a way of overthrowing

Enough!, known in Shona as Zvakwana! and Sokwanele! in Ndebele, was formed
around 2002, to galvanise opposition against Mugabe around the time he won
presidential elections that were dismissed by independent international
groups as the result of fraud and violent intimidation.

When Mugabe celebrated his 80th birthday last month, Enough! circulated
stamped postcards, with Mugabe's address and carrying a photograph of two
frightened, sickly children.

"There is no reason to celebrate your 80th birthday," it said on the back of
the card. "HIV and Aids, poverty and hunger are robbing our children and our
country of a future. Why don't you care?" - Sapa

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Revolutionary condoms campaign
From correspondents in Harare
March 4, 2004

HUMAN rights activists have launched a "revolutionary condoms" campaign,
using stickers on condom packages to urge Zimbabweans to "stand up" against
President Robert Mugabe's autocratic rule.

State radio today blamed the United States, the largest supplier of condoms
to Zimbabwe, claiming the bright red and yellow stickers that have started
appearing on condom packages in recent days were "part of US government
plans for regime change".
US officials said they had nothing to do with the campaign.
A secretive group calling itself Zvakwana, or "Enough is Enough" in the
local Shona language, claimed responsibility for the stickers, which quote
Bob Marley's popular song Get Up, Stand Up. The late reggae legend performed
the song at Zimbabwe's independence celebrations in 1980.
The US Agency for International Development is supplying 90 million condoms
to Zimbabwe this year at a cost of about $US8.5 million ($11.16 million).

Together with the independent Washington-based Population Services
International group, they supply most of the condoms available in the
AIDS-stricken southern African country.
Many are distributed free, and those sold in stores are heavily subsidised.
A pack of three condoms sells for as little as six Zimbabwe dollars
(one-sixth of a US cent). A box of matches costs 30 times more.
Zimbabwe was plunged into its worst political and economic crisis since
independence from Britain when the government began seizing thousands of
white-owned farms for redistribution to blacks in 2000.
The country now faces rampant inflation, along with acute shortages of food,
petrol and other essentials.
The government has also stepped up a crackdown on dissent, arresting
opposition leaders, trade unionists, human rights activists and journalists.
Zvakwana identifies itself on its website as a nonviolent group seeking to
promote civic action against Mugabe's government. None of its members is
identified for fear of arrest under sweeping security laws.

The Associated Press
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      Aussies pleased by Zimbabwe

      Cricket Australia are satisfied with security arrangements for the
team's tour to Zimbabwe in May.
      A three-man Australian delegation spent three days in Harare and

      "We've had two very good days with them and their response has been
favourable," said Zimbabwe Cricket Union managing director Vince Hogg.

      A final decision will be made in two weeks but CA has said security
factors, rather than moral arguments, are the only possible sticking point.

      In contrast, England's October tour to Zimbabwe could be postponed
because of objections to President Robert Mugabe.

      England's fears will be discussed at a meeting of the International
Cricket Council's executive board next week.

      Under ICC rules, every member nation must tour every other country at
least once every five years.

      The Australian trio, CA general manager Michael Brown, team manager
Steve Bernard and players union chief executive Tim May, met government
officials and police and inspected grounds.

      They will now fly to Sri Lanka to discuss their findings with the
Australian team.

      The Australian government is opposed to the tour on moral grounds,
fearing the Mugabe regime, which has been accused of human rights abuses,
will use the visit for political gain.

      Australia cancelled a tour of Zimbabwe in 2002 for security reasons
but played in Bulawayo during the 2003 World Cup.

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ANALYSIS-S.Africa, Zimbabwe take divergent paths
Reuters, 03.03.04, 4:20 AM ET

By Ed Stoddard

JOHANNESBURG, March 4 (Reuters) - As South Africa prepares to celebrate a
decade of democracy, some investors nervously look north to Zimbabwe, which
threw off white minority rule in 1980 and is today a smouldering ruin.

Analysts say the different economic paths the two countries took from day
one of their revolutions mean they are unlikely to converge. Zimbabwe
embarked on a spending spree it could not afford while South Africa put its
financial house in order.

"Zimbabwe went on an unsustainable level of social spending, education in
particular," said Tony Hawkins, professor at the graduate school of
management at the University of Zimbabwe.

Such expenditure may have been morally justified to redress the imbalances
of the colonial past and paid off in many ways. According to World Bank
figures, Zimbabwe's literacy rate in 2000 was second only to Lesotho's in
Africa at over 80 percent.

But some analysts say fiscal recklessness sowed the seeds of the economy's
destruction as it could not be maintained in a country that failed to
attract the capital needed for growth.

"Lots of donor aid came to Zimbabwe in the 1980s but almost no foreign
investment," said Hawkins.

Some analysts have argued that after overspending in the 1980s, Zimbabwe --
then inspired by the now-discredited regimes of the Soviet bloc -- found
itself in an uncomfortable embrace with the International Monetary Fund

It then tried to swallow the tough medicine prescribed by the IMF, only to
spit it out in disgust, depriving itself of much needed aid as poverty

In the 1990s President Robert Mugabe's government pursued one ruinous policy
after another, culminating in the seizure of productive white-owned farms
for redistribution to poor blacks.

Zimbabwe now suffers from acute shortages of food, fuel and hard currency,
rocketing unemployment and inflation of more than 600 percent, one of the
highest rates in the world.

By contrast, a decade of austerity may now enable South Africa to direct
more cash to its poor majority -- without the constraints of an imposed IMF

"South Africa has bent over backwards in ways Zimbabwe never did to show it
would be responsible on the macroeconomic side," said Rashad Cassim, head of
the economics department at Johannesburg's University of the Witwatersrand.


Between 1980 and 1989, Zimbabwe's budget deficits -- as a percentage of
gross domestic product (GDP) -- averaged around eight percent, according to
African Development Bank data.

The difference with the first decade of rule by the African National
Congress, which won South Africa's first democratic poll in April 1994,
could hardly be starker.

The ANC oversaw a budget deficit in 2002/03 of just 1.1 percent of GDP and
its average since it took office has been just 2.9 percent.

Its budget deficit estimate for 2003/04 is 2.6 percent of GDP and this is
seen widening to 3.1 percent next year -- but analysts say the government
can afford to loosen up now and in fact should, given the country's
gut-wrenching poverty.

"They need to spend more given the social inequalities and high levels of
poverty, especially since they can finance it... but the need to do so is
also a result of their inability to create jobs," said Noelani King Conradie
of NKC Economists.

"What is a good thing is the fact that much of the expenditure will be on
infrastructure development which can create jobs and provide longer-term

The two countries have differed in other ways as well.

"In South Africa there was an attempt to maintain the infrastructure by
hiving off activities to the private sector, through toll roads for example.
And The South African government began liberalising its trade regime. This
is also a fundamental difference with Zimbabwe," said Cassim.

Critics of the ANC's macroeconomic policies, including its alliance
partners, the Communist Party and the Congress of South African Trade
Unions, maintain that its short-term pain for long-term gain strategy could
also prove damaging.

Hundreds of thousands of jobs have been shed as the economy has liberalised
and unemployment runs at well over 30 percent.

Zimbabwe in 1990 did not have South Africa's terrifying rates of violent
crime nor its glaring income disparities, which some estimates put at second
only to Brazil's.

South Africa may have the ability now to spend more on its pressing social
troubles. But if it's too little, too late, the consequences down the road
could also be ugly.

Copyright 2004, Reuters News Service

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UN Must Charge Mugabe - DA

Business Day (Johannesburg)

March 3, 2004
Posted to the web March 3, 2004

Jonathan Katzenellenbogen, International Affairs Editor

WARNING of possible genocide in Zimbabwe, the Democratic Alliance (DA) says
it is pushing for action on Zimbabwe by the United Nations (UN) Security
Council and for President Robert Mugabe to face charges before the
International Criminal Court.

Speaking to journalists yesterday in Sandton, DA leader Tony Leon also said
it would be illegal under the Refugee Act for ousted Haitian President
Jean-Bertrand Aristide to be granted political asylum in SA as he was guilty
of human-rights abuses and electoral fraud.

In a blistering attack on Leon yesterday, the presidency said that Aristide
had not requested asylum in SA and the matter was not on the cabinet's
agenda. And in response to Leon's call for the UN to take action over
Zimbabwe, the foreign affairs department said it made "no apologies for
quiet diplomacy" as it had succeeded in ending conflicts in a number of
African countries.

To try and bring about UN Security Council action on Zimbabwe, the DA says
it intends to write to the current chairman of the body, France, to request
the organisation to make plans for the event of mass killings or rapes in

Without the backing of Zimbabwe's neighbours, it is unlikely that the
country could be declared a threat to international peace and security,
which would allow action to be taken by the world body. Nevertheless, in the
absence of regional support for a resolution, the security council could
pass a resolution condemning Mugabe's government for its rights abuses,
something that would be of considerable symbolic importance.

At yesterday's press briefing, Leon also said the party intended to write to
the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court in The Hague to request
that he open an investigation into human rights abuses in Zimbabwe as well
as crimes committed by Zimbabwean forces in the Democratic Republic of

Andre Snyders, a specialist on the International Criminal Court at the
Institute for Security Studies, says the courts's statute allows it to
receive information on crimes from individuals and nongovernmental

The Hague-based court, set up in 2001 to prosecute crimes against humanity,
has not yet said what cases it intends to pursue.

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New Zimbabwe

Judges question Moyo's powers as Daily News hearing opens

By Agencies
TWO Supreme Court judges questioned powers Zimbabwe's information minister
Jonathan Moyo had given to himself as the court began hearing a
constitutional challenge brought by the country's main independent daily, a
fierce critic of President Robert Mugabe, against tough media laws which
were used to close down the newspaper last year.

The Daily News was shut down by armed police in September for operating
without registering with a government commission, a requirement under a law
passed by Mugabe shortly after his re-election in March 2002.

The Daily News had refused to register, arguing the law was

It mounted a challenge to the Access to Information and Protection of
Privacy Act in the Supreme Court in September, but the court said the paper
was operating illegally and should comply with the law before challenging

A day later police forcibly shut down the paper.

Various courts have since then ordered that the paper be allowed to publish
again, but it has only sporadically appeared on newsstands. The last edition
came out on February 5 this year.

Daily News lawyer Chris Andersen on Wednesday told the five judges sitting
as a constitutional court that the paper had now "satisfied the provisions
of the order made by this court".

This referred to the fact that the Daily News had applied to the media
commission for a licence, but the application was turned down.

He said that sections of the media law, which has been condemned by rights
groups here and abroad, contravened the Zimbabwean constitution.

These included the section allowing the government to seize property of a
media house that breaks the law.

Andersen argued that members of the Media and Information Commission (MIC)
are appointed by the minister of information and could be suspended by him
and therefore could not be "independent minds".

In the case of the Daily News it amounted to being "subjected to discipline
by a hostile minister", Andersen said.

The Daily News, founded in 1999, has been a thorn in the side of Mugabe's
government because of its unrelenting criticism of the regime's policies.

The government has in turn accused the paper of being a front for Western

Government lawyer Johannes Tomana defended the media law as "entirely
reasonable in a democratic society."

But two judges questioned the power of the minister to hire and fire members
of the commission.

"Is there justice in it?" asked one judge, Luke Malaba.

The Daily News is the only independent alternative to Zimbabwe's two
state-run dailies, The Herald and The Chronicle, and has around one million

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Tour still likely to go ahead

Zimbabwe opposition call for cancellation

Wisden Cricinfo staff

March 2, 2004

Zimbabwe's major opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC),
has called on the Australians to cancel their planned visit to the country.
The plea came as Australian cricket officials arrived in Harare to inspect
facilities and security precautions ahead of the May tour. The group will
also visit Bulawayo.

Paul Temba Nyathi, a spokesman for the MDC, said that the tour would give
legitimacy to Robert Mugabe's discredited regime. "It's a moral issue rather
than one of security," he said, adding that cancellation was "in the
interests of the struggling masses of Zimbabweans."

But Michael Brown, Cricket Australia's operations general manager, said he
and two colleagues had met government officials, senior police, cricket
executives and Australia's ambassador on the first of a two-day inspection
mission. "We're only halfway through our visit. If the standard that we've
seen today is maintained, I see no reason why we wouldn't be looking forward
to coming," he said. "We think it is important that we fulfil our

Asked whether Australian spectators would be welcome in Zimbabwe, Brown was
in no doubt. "I can only say that what I saw in Bulawayo last year were two
of the most moving experiences that I have seen in my time with cricket. The
first was the merging of Zimbabwean and Australian cricket supporters at the
ground. They started off some metres apart but by the end of the game they
were sharing flags and singing together. The second was the lap of honour
that was completed by the Australian players to show their appreciation to
the Zimbabwean people. They wouldn't have done that if it was

According to the MDC there were 15 arrests outside the ground during that
match, and a number of those detained were subjected to torture.

John Howard, Australia's prime minister, is on record as saying that the
decision is Cricket Australia's, even though the government has made it
clear that it feels the tour should be cancelled.

© Wisden Cricinfo Ltd

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Business Report

      Nepad reviewers will not brook political interference
      March 3, 2004

      By Renée Bonorchis

      Kigali, Rwanda - They will neither visit prisons nor knock at the
doors of presidential palaces to get first-hand information on how African
leaders run their countries.

      But a panel of evaluators, given the job of reviewing the governance
and human rights records of African governments, say they have a credible
process that is insulated from political manipulation, and promise to tell
it as it is.

      Under an economic rescue plan, the New Partnership for Africa's
Development (Nepad), launched two years ago, leaders agreed to tackle
problems like corruption, civil strife and outdated infrastructure in return
for more aid and foreign investment.

      A key part of the plan is the so-called "peer-review" system, where
governments are subjected to examination on commitment to democracy, peace
and security, economic policy and business environment by a panel of seven
eminent Africans.

      For donors and investors to consider the reviews credible, they should
not vary too much from what the international community thinks about a
country, one diplomat in Kigali said.

      A situation like the 2003 elections in Rwanda, where African monitors
gave a highly rosy view of the polls in contrast with the gloomy picture
painted by Western observers, would be unfortunate, he said.

      It remained to be seen how frank, in-depth and critical these reports
would be, he said.

      But Anglique Savane, chair of the panel of experts, said such fears
were unwarranted because her team was fiercely independent and would not
succumb to any pressures.

      "We are not bound by any of these heads of state, so I have the right
to say what I think ... They cannot ask me or any of our panel members to
change our views," she said after attending a heads of state summit to
launch the scheme.

      "We are controversial people back at home and we cannot be
manipulated," said Savane.

      So far only 17 of the African Union's 53 member countries have agreed
to be peer reviewed.

      Oil producer Angola is the latest inclusion.

      Analysts say it will be interesting to see the evaluators' report on
Angola, where international agencies say as much as $4 billion in oil
revenues - equivalent to 10 percent of gross domestic product - has been
lost to graft over the past five years.

      They have also set their eyes on Nigeria, where corruption has eroded
billions of dollars in oil earnings, and Zimbabwe, where human rights
activists say abuses have escalated rapidly since disputed 2002 presidential
elections won by President Robert Mugabe.

      Academics say elections in Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana and
South Africa this year will also signal whether Africans are prepared to
hold free and fair polls and open the closely guarded political space.

      The first to be scrutinised is Ghana, with preparatory work due to
start this month in Rwanda and Kenya and in Mauritius shortly after. The
reviews will take six to nine months.

      The evaluators will send questions and later visit countries for three
weeks to talk to the government, opposition politicians, civic bodies and
donors before they make a report.

      Savane, a Senegalese political activist, said the process would ensure
that the end product was credible without necessarily being intrusive. "We
are not an inspector-general," she said when asked whether the team would
visit prisons to ascertain the truth.

      Critics say the problem with the scheme is that it is voluntary,
meaning countries with the worst records of democracy will avoid it. Another
downside is that the reports will not be made public unless the heads of
state agree.

      But heads of state would act against a government, pulling in
sanctions and other measures, if a president refused to embrace the changes
recommended by the peers, Savane said.

      The backers of the scheme say they are not surprised by the relatively
small number of countries that have joined the group so far.

      The fact that countries have to pay at least $100 000 (R650 000) to
participate, coupled with a concern that the process gives opposition and
civic groups too much voice, will put some leaders off - as will the thought
of being sat down by fellow presidents, questioned and told what to do.

      Officials say some countries have adopted a wait-and-see attitude to
observe what benefits come to those who have signed up.

      "Our poor countries have been cautious embarking on new innovative
things ... The main thing is that we must implement the peer review so that
we can show what the benefits are going to be," said outgoing Nepad head,
Wiseman Nkuhlu.

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DA warns of 'Zim genocide'
02/03/2004 22:15  - (SA)

Cape Town - Opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) leader Tony Leon said on
Tuesday that it was not impossible that there may be a politically motivated
genocide in Zimbabwe in the coming months.

Speaking at a news conference on the failure of South Africa's foreign
policy regarding Zimbabwe at his party's campaign headquarters in
Johannesburg, Leon said that after much consideration of available evidence
"including the recent revelations on BBC television of government sponsored
murder and torture training camps, we believe there is now a possibility
that (President Robert) Mugabe's regime may begin to engage in the
systematic murder and torture of its political opponents in the run up to
the next election".

An election in Zimbabwe is scheduled to take place early next year.

Leon said agents of the Mugabe government and Zanu-PF loyalists had already
engaged in mass intimidation, scores of opposition activists had been
brutally tortured and rape had also been a means of intimidation.

He said Zimbabwean parliament Speaker Emmerson Mnangagwa, who he was tipped
to succeed Mugabe as president, was head of the Central Intelligence
Organisation during the 1982-87 Matabeleland genocide.

Leon noted that he had been embraced at the ruling African National Congress
conference in Stellenbosch in December 2002.

Leon charged that Mugabe had reportedly visited the camps and his government
had full knowledge of what was going on inside them.

"Genocide is thus by no means an impossible outcome of this process, given
the disturbing precedent of the Matabeleland massacres of the 1980s."

Leon suggested it would be "deeply irresponsible" of the South African
government and the international community not to make contingency plans in
the event that the Mugabe government and his ruling Zanu-PF "begin to kill
or rape large numbers of Zimbabweans" in the election run-up.

"One of the greatest failings of the international community during the
1990s was its inability and unwillingness to take action to avert genocide
in Rwanda. In the case of Zimbabwe, it would be tragic if the international
community waited until it was too late to avert disaster."

Leon said his party would write to France - which currently presides over
the UN Security Council - to outline our concerns and request the Security
Council to make a concrete contingency plan which could be implemented in
the event that mass killings or mass rapes begin in Zimbabwe.

It would also write to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International
Criminal Court and request that he open an investigation "into the crimes of
Robert Mugabe and his associates".

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New Zimbabwe

Zim High Court says murder suspects tortured
State case in Nkala murder trial collapses

By Staff Reporter
A HIGH Court judge has sensationally upheld claims by thee opposition MDC activists that they were tortured in captivity and castigated state witnesses in a murder trial as “indulging in the work of fiction” and showing “utter contempt of the due process of justice”.

Justice Sandra Mungwira told the prosecution in the trial of the MDC activists over the murder of war veterans’ leader Cain Nkala that all warned and cautioned statements together with video evidence was inadmissible as torture had been used to obtain confessions.

Legal experts said the prosecution case had all but collapsed after the judge tore into the heart of its evidence, judging all the confessions to have been obtained under duress and therefore inadmissible in the case.

In a judgement delivered Tuesday, Justice Mungwira said: “The warned and cautioned indications, statements and video recording sought to be produced by the State against each of the accused are ruled to be inadmissible.”

The judgement followed what has been called a “trial within a trial” after defence lawyers sought the exclusion of all warned and cautioned statements obtained from their clients under duress.

Cain Nkala was kidnapped and murdered in November 2001. His decomposing body was found in Solusi, about 40km south-west of Bulawayo. A few days after his kidnap the three accused, Khethani Sibanda, Remember Moyo and Sazini Mpofu were paraded on state television apparently making indications to the police to where Nkala’s body was buried in swamp.

The three were also seen confessing to the crime of murder and burying Nkala’s body. The police had claimed the information had been voluntarily given.

The defence team led by Advocates Happias Zhou, Edith Mushore, Erik Morris and Deepak Mehta instructed by Nicholas Mathonsi and Josephat Tshuma said the whole indications on the video were rehearsed and the police had told their clients to repeat what they had told them.

Various methods of torture used by the police were also described to the court by the three opposition activists who are jointly charged with MDC legislator Fletcher Dulini-Ncube, Nicholas Masera and Army Zulu.

In her judgement, Justice Mungwira was scathing about the conduct of the police and other state witnesses who had come before her. She said most of their accounts were inconsistent. Most of the witnesses, she said, had no credibility and appeared to lie repeatedly.

The prosecution, she said, had failed to convince the court that the statements of the accused could be accepted as a true account of what they had told their interrogators.

"The witnesses conducted themselves in a shameless fashion and displayed utter contempt for the due administration of justice to the extent that they were prepared to indulge in what can only be described as works of fiction as is especially illustrated by the state of (the) investigations diary," said Justice Mungwira.

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The Herald

Law students face bleak future

From Masvingo Bureau
LAW students at Great Zimbabwe University (GZU) face a bleak future after
the Law Society of Zimbabwe re-affirmed its stance that graduates from the
university could not be registered to practice as lawyers.

The society has urged the university to suspend the law degree programme
until it has satisfied the requirements of the council for legal education.

This means that more than 200 students the church-run institution has
enrolled since the university's inception in March 2002 might never
graduate. The society recently wrote to the university advising it that its
law degree was not recognised.

In the letter, the president of the Law Society of Zimbabwe, Mr Joseph
James, said students continuing with the law degree at GZU were wasting
their time.

"We have recently received complaints from our members who are being
approached for employment or attachment opportunities. The position of the
Law Society Council as stated in the attached letters has not changed and is
hereby re-affirmed.

"Holders of the GZU law degree are not eligible or entitled to be registered
as legal practitioners or practice law in Zimbabwe unless and until such a
time as the stipulated conditions are met," read part of the letter.

Mr James said the university could only start offering the degree programme
after being issued with a certificate by the council for legal education.

"Those who are continuing with the studies under the illegal programme are
wasting their time and resources and are advised to reconsider or ensure the
university authorities produce an appropriate programme that they have meet
the stipulated conditions.

"By copy of this letter, our members are also being informed not to employ
or consider your students for the reasons already stated," said Mr James.

Contacted for comment, the assistant registrar of GZU, Isaac Magaya, denied
that the university had received any letter concerning the law degree.

Concern over the quality of the GZU law degree resurfaced after some of the
institution's law students were expelled from the Masvingo Magistrates Court
and other judicial centres throughout the country where they were doing

In November last year, the then president of the Law Society of Zimbabwe Mr
Sternford Moyo, wrote a letter to GZU saying the law degree was not
acceptable for registration.

In the letter also copied to the Ministry of Justice Legal and Parliamentary
Affairs, Mr Moyo said the university should first seek the approval of the
council for legal education.

Among other preconditions, he said the university should make entry
qualifications for the degree to be compatible with those of the University
of Zimbabwe and improve the quality of resource materials.
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Dear All,
I ask that you pass this onto anyone who you think needs to know about
this. For the overseas people, please pass it onto any friends you may have
in Zimbabwe, because they like us may have a false sense of security.
For family & close friends this is just to let you know what happened.
Whilst it happened in Mutare, the gang operates country wide including
Bulawayo, Harare & Gweru, etc. & they are known rapists as well as robbers.
We became, the fourth victim in Mutare & I have seen a similar account for a
family in Harare, & probably the same gang. No one will dare try a
defamation of character law suit, because we have an admission from the
security company concerned, & an eye witness. I apologize for the length of
the account but it gives you an idea of the time span involved. Firstly let
me say outright, we are alive & unharmed only by the protection & Grace of
God, & still continuously thank him.
At about 10.00pm on Saturday 24th January 2004, we were tired & closed up
the house to go to bed. We had just settled in & armed the alarm system,
when at 10.15pm the alarm went off indicating the problem to be in the
kitchen/laundry area. As we have an armed response alarm with Safeguard
Security, so we received the usual phone call from them enquiring what was
going on, whilst I was checking the kitchen/laundry area I noticed the
broken window in the laundry which was now open. I proceeded to tell them
there had been an attempted break in so please could they come immediately
(they promise a 4 minute maximum reaction time).
After about 2-minutes A-M & I returned to the Laundry I collected the
pick/axe handle which is well weighted & made out of the usual hard gum tree
wood. I grabbed a torch & opened the front door, to see a guy about 5-meters
away standing outside the big bay window. He charged at the front door, but
I was quicker & shut the door with the Yale lock on & then hit the button on
the Yale look so that it cannot even be opened with a key. At this time the
guy tried to kick the door in but failed. I warned A-M, who was still
in the laundry & then another guy appeared at the broken window & fired
shots in the air. This alerted our next door neighbour who came outside to
see what was going on & who became an eye witness to what happened.
Mean while A-M ran through the kitchen & down the passage collecting
the children, locking themselves firstly in the main bed room & secondly in
the bathroom on suite. While A-M ran through the kitchen they smashed
a very large bay window in the kitchen which became their entry point. I hid
at the door way between the entrance hall & dining room (after hitting the
panic alarm button) knowing  he (I was still not aware that there were more
than one) had to pass me without knowing I was there before he could proceed
beyond the kitchen. When I heard him very close I hid behind the wall & took
a very large but blind swing with the pick handle. From his shout I must
have been very close, & the damage to the wooden door frame (I still don't
remember hitting the door frame) is so severe if I had hit him, I would have
either killed him or done a large amount of damage to him.
At this time 2 of them went the other side of the dining-room table & I saw
that they were armed with revolvers (I think that the one of the attending
policeman still cannot understand why the revolver did not expend the spent
casing!) Thinking that there were only 2, at this stage I hid behind an
alcove wall between the passage & the door I had just launched my attack
from for protection but unsure which side they we coming from (there are 2
doors into the lounge/dinning room area, one either side of the door) I
looked through the other door way to the one I launched my attack from to
see the one who eventually turned out to be the ring leader coming that way.
He took a shot at me with the revolver. I felt the breeze of the bullet as
it passed at heart height next to my arm & felt the plaster & concrete bits
spray me on the back of the neck.
Fortunately the bullet ricochet hit the piano & lodged in the wood work
otherwise it would have hit me in the back. The way he snatched the shot I
knew he did not know how to aim properly, so I thought I still had a chance.
I moved to the right side, & saw the third guy, but armed with a pistol not
a revolver coming from the first door way. At that stage I realised that I
had no chance of survival so I gave my self up.
The guy with the pistol proceeded to beat me around the head with the
pistol, & I thought he had broken my nose, but now on Tuesday there is no
swelling. They made me lie down & tore a curtain to tie my feet & used an
electric cable to tie my hands. The ring leader ran down the passage to the
main bed room & beat on the door telling A-M to unlock & let him in.
When nothing happened he ran back up to me & asked me where she was &
because I had received a blow on the back of the skull I was fighting to
keep awake, determined that I had to stay awake to still protect the family.
He ran down to the main bedroom & banged on the door again, with no response
& at this stage I was once again thinking very clearly. He came back & asked
me where A-M was, & fearing that they would rape her T &
c, I thought very clearly & told him there was an outside door down
at the bottom (this was no lie) & that A-M had probably already left
the house using this door & ran away. He now ignored A-M & started to
take the computers (our old lap top & the computer we use for the school
work) & a few small items from the second lounge which we use as a school
During this time the second guy was searching for stuff in the lounge &
dining room, taking our CD player DSTV Satellite decoder VCR & mobile
phones. The third guy was guarding me making sure I was not going to move.
The ring leader then asked where we kept our money I told him we used credit
cards so there was very little money. They searched A-Mes hand bag
decided it was worth taking to examine later removed the car keys, as well
as my office keys & my car keys. They succeeded in unlocking the garage &
proceeded to load A-Me's car with the goods. They then left me to jump
inside the car to get away. On their way out they fired more shots. By the
time they fired the shots I had succeeded in freeing myself (I still can't
remember how).
Knowing the gang were still in the yard I went down to the bedroom to make
sure that A-M & the Kids were okay. At that point they forced the gate
& left in the car. I knocked on the door said it was me & they unlocked the
door, relieved to see me because they thought I was dead, when the shooting
had stopped. I must say they all did well keeping quiet encouraging each
other, & even D at 13 was extremely level headed. We now phoned the
Safeguard number about the armed response & was told that they were already
at the house. We said that they were no where to be seen. We gave up on them
& phoned people down the road (the Valentines) because we could easily find
their phone number, & asked Stu to get hold of Borders MD & ask him to meet
me at the hospital at the out patients. I took T with because she had
a provisional licence,) in case I had concussion) & went to the hospital, &
left A-M to handle the rest.
When we left the gate, I saw the safeguard guys parking outside, & told them
that they should have been there long ago (it was now about 20 to 25 minutes
after the first alarm had gone off) & carried onto the hospital. The MD
arrived at the hospital 2-minutes after I did & was very good. When I
returned to the house the police had been there for a while complete with
tracker dogs (for once they did not ask for transport) but because they had
got away in a vehicle the dogs were useless to use.
The next day, Sunday, A-M's car was located in a near by rural
(communal area) area but a write off since the gang had tried to rob a store
there but the locals stoned the car to a point where it is a complete write
off. The robbers again had to fire shots to escape the angry mob. They left
A-Me's hand bag in the car & had removed the SIM cards from the phones
& left the cards in the car. All the rest of the lost goods were dropped off
before they hit the store. Sunday investigation with CID when interviewing
the next door neighbour revealed that the armed response had arrived
literally seconds after the first shots, driven past the gate & parked up
the road until they were sure that the coast was clear.
 The MD & George Theart interviewed the Mutare Branch Manager for Safeguard,
who plainly stated that, a) his guys had instructions not to enter a
premises when shots were being fired until after the robbers has left the
premises, b) and he was proud of this, that only 2-weeks ago he had been
able for the first time to give the response teams fire arms practice. For
the lack of response he sited police regulations prevented them from
shooting at any one, but I will be checking up on this one with the officer
commanding CID Mutare. I also positively identified the leader of the gang
from a CID photograph shown to me on Sunday, which has linked this incident
to a large amount of others over the country.
Earlier this evening (Tuesday after the event) D found another bullet
lodged in the kitchen cupboards, fired at A-M when she ran through the
kitchen towards the passage. Again this indicates the gang's intentions.
The last few nights have been a mental nightmare, knowing that if the alarm
goes off & we need real help, that it will not be there. It will take a very
long time to get over this for us all & it is actually worse now than during
the event. The smallest noise can send one of us into a total panic
especially at night. The sad thing is that one of the reasons why we decided
to leave Zimbabwe was because of the security problems, & we did not want to
become a victim, but now we have become a victim, & for us it proves we have
made the right choice to leave Zimbabwe.
For those of you who know them, We thank all for the support given but
especially the following:-
Bucs Shingadia & his Mom for making sure we were fed on Sunday, & checking
up on us 3 times, Stu & Helen Valentine for the support, organizing security
guards for the rest of Saturday night, letting other people know, & the
chocolate cake. John Gadzikwa Border Timbers MD for the support & using his
authority to ensure we feel as safe as possible, including taking up the
armed response issue. George Theart for the support & provision of extra
security guards since Sunday night, & also taking up the armed response
issue. Peter Morrisby, a concerned neighbour living in Dave Robinson's old
house (a block away from us) who phoned the armed response company a number
of times on Saturday night when he heard the shooting, & then came to make
sure we okay on Sunday morning. We have never met this man before but he
knew which house had the problems, & behaved in a manner we thought had been
forgotten 20 years ago. George Bottger, Lonely Nyathi, Rex Walton, Alois
Mabutho, Tonderai Kachale, & anyone I have forgotten for helping in ways
which were unexpected including giving A-M the support whilst I was
busy with the police on Sunday while going to find her car. This means a lot
to me personally & I am just as grateful to them as everyone else.
Please do learn the lesson we have learned but do it the easy way. DO NOT
HAND. Please pass this on to as many people as possible so that they may
learn from our experiences. Thanks P, A-M, T, C &
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Tuesday 2 March, 2004  
Msika in grain scam allegations
Sunday Mirror (Zimb)

published:Sun 29-Feb-2004

Mujuru: "I have never exported grain since I was born. I intend to sue
Carte Blanche for defamation"

Innocent Chofamba Sithole

Acting President Joseph Msika and several prominent politicians named by
a South African television programme as having been involved in the
scandalous exportation of grain and externalisation of foreign currency
have denied the allegations and threatened legal action against the news
channel. M-net's Carte Blanche programme recently presented a story
which claimed that Msika, retired army commander Solomon Mujuru, local
government, public works and national housing minister Ignatius Chombo,
former Mashonaland West governor Peter Chanetsa, Chinhoyi MP Phillip
Chiyangwa, and prominent farmer Cyril Muderede exported grain at the
height of Zimbabwe's food woes and externalised the proceeds therefrom.
Quoting a former customs official and a serving Central Intelligence
Organisation (CIO) operative, the programme claimed the six had
allegedly used their political clout to flout standing regulations
barring exportation of maize and wheat. "The people...mentioned as being
involved are Ignatius Chombo, minister of local government; General
Solomon Mujuru, the ex-commander of the Zimbabwe National Army; Peter
Chanetsa, the former governor of Mashonaland West; Phillip Chiyangwa, MP
for Chinhoyi; and the current vice president, Joseph Msika," a
transcript of the programme reads.

Responding to the allegations last night, acting president Joseph Msika
said the allegations were inspired by malice, as he had not engaged in
any such unscrupulous activities. "I have not exported grain, it's all
malicious, it's all intended for malicious purposes, so I dismiss that
story with the contempt it deserves," he said. Mujuru and Chombo, in
separate interviews, informed this newspaper last night that they had
begun consultations with their respective lawyers with a view to suing
Carte Blanche over the allegations, which they described as patently
false. "I have never exported grain since I was born, actually I intend
to sue Carte Blanche for defamation," Mujuru said. Chombo, who confirmed
that he had seen a transcript of the programme, also categorically
denied any involvement in the grain exportation scam. "I have never
exported grain nor imported anything, I have never done that business,"
Chombo said. He argued that the reason why the programme had included
him on its list was probably to do with the programme producer's
assumption that since Muderede also hailed from Mashonaland West, he had
therefore received the blessings of senior political figures in the
province, Chombo included.

In the Carte Blanche transcript, whose contents were also published by
the Herald last Tuesday, a former customs official based at the Chirundu
border post claimed he had been pushed out of his job by his superiors
who felt they could not expose the graft in grain exportation fearing
reprisals from the named prominent politicians. "At first you would be
doing your job in a proper way, but unfortunately there is too much
political interference, especially for example, politicians. They are
the biggest smugglers at the (Chirundu) border. "There was this guy,
Muderede, he was one of the biggest smugglers, if not the biggest at the
border but he is politically connected, he is very powerful. Those guys
don't use papers, they bulldoze in. If you go in their way that will be
the end of you," said the customs official, who was not named. When he
wrote a report on the alleged smuggling activities he was immediately
summoned to Harare by his boss who advised him to resign with immediate
effect because something was going to happen to him if he did not leave.
"I did exactly that," said the customs official.

The Carte Blanche article also mentions customs sources revealing
massive smuggling of grain across the Chirundu border. A customs
official said seven trucks laden with wheat passed through the border
post and another four trucks carrying sugar but purporting to be
carrying cement were impounded on 22 May 2003. A customs official said
she had witnessed more than 30 trucks that had gone across the border
laden with grain. Basic foods like maize and wheat are subsidized and
the Grain Marketing Board has the monopoly to sell and move grain in the
country. Over five million people are in need of food aid in Zimbabwe.
The CIO operative said his team of private investigators had followed
several leads, finally pinning down the smugglers to a farm in
Mashonaland West. At the farm trucks were loaded with maize before
heading for Chirundu border post. "I had received reports that Cyril
Muderede was illegally exporting wheat and maize to Zambia and Zaire, or
now the DRC. Perhaps you might want to know that Cyril Muderede is a
former CIO bodygurad," the CIO source revealed.

Muderede's farm, Shankuru Estates, is well known and is often touted as
a successful model of the land reform programme. A Commonwealth team
once visited the farm on a guided tour which was addressed by Msika. The
CIO operative also alleged that Muderede and Msika have been working in
cahoots in the grain exportation scam. "He then started doing things
with Joseph Msika, the Vice President, who is related to his wife, and
Chanetsa, who was then governor of Mashonaland West," he said. But the
Vice-President flatly denied the allegations. "That's rubbish, I have
never worked with anybody. I don't have that culture," Msika said.
Muderede was arrested recently by police for illegally exporting maize
and depositing the proceeds into an account in Luxemborg. A subsistence
farmer interviewed by Carte Blanche claimed that the maize being
smuggled out of the country was sourced from communal farmers who sold
it for well over the price offered by the GMB. Carte Blanche also
obtained copies of three cheques made out to the communal farmers, which
were signed by Muderede on behalf of Shankuru Estates. "He goes
everywhere and collects. He does the weighing, bagging and sewing of the
bags at his farm, and it's been rumoured that that grain is exported
outside the country," revealed one communal farmer. Efforts to get
Muderede, Chanetsa and Chiyangwa to comment were fruitless last night as
their mobile phones were not reachable.
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