The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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THE FOLLOWING LISTINGS OF SECTION 8 orders of Compulsory Acquisition
under the recently amended Land Acquisition Act are the first orders to
be listed under the new Act.

Farmers must take note that it is no longer necessary under the new law
for the acquiring authority to serve Section 5 Notices, Section 8 orders
or Section 7 admin court papers.

All Farmers listed below are advised to avail themselves of the Section 8
orders from the acquiring authority.  Those farmers requiring legal
advice as to how to proceed should contact JAG as a matter of urgency or
their legal practitioners, especially those farmers still on their farms
and particularly vulnerable.

Take note also that the new acquiring authority is J L NKOMO, Minister of
Special Affairs in the Presidnet's Office in Charge of Lands, Land Reform
and Resettlement.

  Vesting of land, taking of materials and
  exercise of rights over land

NOTICE is hereby given, in terms of paragraph (iii) of subsection (1) of
section 8 of the Land Acquisition Act (Chapter 20:10), that the President
has acquired compulsorily the land described in the Schedule for
resettlement purposes.

Minister of Special Affairs in the President's Office in Charge of Lands,
Land Reform and Resettlement.




30.04.2004. 1. 4771/80.  Maynard Estates (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Remaining Extent of Subdivision A of Dorothy Hill: 478,2698 ha

30.04.2004.  2.  279/82.  Just Right Estates (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Just Right Estates: 2 060,4990 ha

30.04.2004.  3.  2693/88.  Just Right Estates (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Bexhill: 1 240,2381 ha

30.04.2004.  4.  779/72.  Josias Stephanis Du Toit: Hartley: Eureka of
Alabama Extension: 506,9899 ha

30.04.2004.  5.  609/66.  Matanda (Private) Limited: Hartley: Lot 1 of
Orange Grove: 2 039,6170 acres

30.04.2004.  6.  847/98.  Tom Bearrie Family Farms: Hartley: Chigwell
Estate: 4 756,7470ha

30.04.2004.  7.  4585/81.  Jean McAlister Baldwin: Hartley: Clevedon:
705,3369 ha

30.04.2004.  8.  4585/81. Jean McAlister Baldwin: Hartley: The Remainder
of Maratonga: 857,0166 ha

30.04.2004.  9.  3645/87.  Burgan Estates (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Serui: 1 176,8558 ha

30.04.2004.  10.  3645/87.  Burgan Estates (Private) Limited: Hartley:
The Remainder of Chingford: 1 082,8516 ha

30.04.2004.  11.  1845/81.  Sherwood Tobacco Estate P/L: Hartley:
Sherwood: 1 288,9654 ha

30.04.2004.  12.  6322/71.  Claremount Estates P/L: Hartley: Harndale:
260,4000 ha

30.04.2004.  13.  8856/95.  Wakestroom Farm (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Stroomop Estate: 280,1858 ha

30.04.2004.  14.  2013/91. William Jacobus Odendaal: Hartley: Remainder
of Railway Farm 12: 1 165,1929 ha

30.04.2004.  15.  5946/81. Raath Brothers (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Glenview Farm: 769,6857 ha

30.04.2004.  16.  656/77.  Umsweswe Ranches (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Farm 7A Umsweswe River Block 3 : 618,3514 ha

30.04.2004.  17.  656/77.  Umsweswe Ranches (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Farm 6 of Umsweswe River Block: 915,7077 ha

30.04.2004. 18. 13007/99. Mapani Park of Deweras: Hartley: Mapani Park of
Deweras Extension: 1 274,7580 ha

30.04.2004.  19.  291/83.  Bartelus (Private) Limited: Hartley: Lot BA
Hunyani Estate No. 3: 2 749,0308 ha

30.04.2004.  20.  1360/72.  Tiverton Estates (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Stanmore: 65,0582 ha

30.04.2004.  21.  2826/98. Tilland Enterprises (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Remainder of Farm Eastborne of Farm of Lambourne of Railway Farm 16:
796,5620 ha

30.04.2004.  22.  5946/81. Raath Brothers (Private) Limited: Hartley:
Glenview Farm: 769,6857 ha

30.04.2004.  23.  9071/87.  David Stacey Lane Manning: Lomagundi:
Broadlands Estate: 1 360,6718 ha

30.04.2004.  24.  4511/85.  A D Amira (Private) Limited: Lomagundi:
Gretton of Stratharn: 816,2617 ha

30.04.2004.  25.  2025/91.  Mission Vlei Farm (Private) Limited: Lomagundi
Mission Vlei: 559,6075 ha

30.04.2004.  26.  10739/89.  Tregorian (Private) Limited: Urungwe:
Remainder of Hunters Lodge: 487,1004 ha

30.04.2004.  27.  6404/70.  Nyamishi (Private) Limited: Urungwe Tengwe:
92 634,8335 ha



JAG Hotlines:
(011) 612 595 If you are in trouble or need advice,
(011) 205 374
(011) 863 354 please don't hesitate to contact us -
(011) 431 068
                                we're here to help!
263 4 799 410 Office Lines

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JOB OPPORTUNITIES: Updated 29th April 2004

Please send any job opportunities for publication in this newsletter to:
JAG Job Opportunities <>

1.  Repeat Advert Advert Received 20th April 2004

2777 073 22595
CELL 011 615367
2.  Advert Received 24th April 2004
POSITION WANTED - Mornings Only Bookkeeper with 30years experience.  The
lady has been doing books manually for accountancy firms, commercial
companies and for farmers.  She is happy to work at home and take in
updated work to the employer as needed.
Please contact on 04- 304344 or email

3.  Advert Received 24th April 2004

TEL: 039 7474 713 P.O. BOX 420, KOKSTAD. 4700


We have two farms with a total of 930ha in East Griqualand, Kwa-Zulu Natal

Seed potatoes and eating potatoes are the main crops, with a small amount
of maize,

Beef and fat lamb production being secondary enterprises.

We are looking for a manager who has an agricultural qualification and must
be a very practical hands on type of person, who is interested in the above
enterprises and has a working knowledge of mechanics/building and general

We can offer a house and salary is negotiable

Please write or e-mail a cv to AFW Scott
4.  Advert Received 25th April 2004
AVAILABLE - Executive lady in early 50's looking for well paid position.
Has owned her own business, office skills, bookkeeper and manager in last
position with company exporting textile commodity to UK, computer literate,
no dependants. Tel: Linda 091321640 evenings 251377
5.  Advert Received 28th April 2004
6.  Advert Received 28th April 2004
We are looking for a suitable elderly or retired (not necessary) man to
supervise and maintain the smooth running of a block of flats in the

Please can you advertise this position.

My contact details are:

Sandy Coggan
091 308826
499324 (pm)
7.  Advert Received 29th April 2004
Fuel Recorder Required to assist with fuel deliveries/supplies
Contact C McMillan on
091 352 225 or 04 660535
8.  Advert Received 29th April 2004
Cook and Houseworker looking for position in Harare.  Long time (35 years)
honest, hardworking and cheerful family cook - worked most of life on a
farm and for the last 10 years in Harare.  For further details contact
Charl Grobbelaar (308594 or 091220512) or Vereson Phiri (339428).

For the latest listings of accommodation available for farmers, contact
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The Zimbabwe National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
requests that all cases of cruelty or abuse of animals, both domestic and
livestock, are reported to them.

Recently there has been an increase of deliberate cruelty to livestock, but
unfortunately many of these incidents are not reported to ZNSCPA and we
only get to hear about them through a third party long after the abuse has
taken place.

Cruelty to animals, including wild life in captivity, is a punishable
offence in Zimbabwe and we are pleased to report that the Police and the
Courts are dealing swiftly and decisively with these cases when we present
our dockets to them.

Whilst ZNSPCA remains totally non-political, we continue to respond quickly
and professionally to requests for help on farms where the welfare of
animals is being compromised in any way.

Meryl Harrison
Chief Inspector


JAG Hotlines:
(011) 612 595 If you are in trouble or need advice,
(011) 205 374
(011) 863 354 please don't hesitate to contact us -
(011) 431 068
                                we're here to help!
263 4 799 410 Office Lines
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Please send any material for publication in the Open Letter Forum to with "For Open Letter Forum" in the subject line.


"The conduct of the just man is irritating, because it resounds
as a warning to the arrogant & perverse"

(Pope John Paul II, 21st April 2004, at St Peter's Square.)

Letter 1.  Subject: Statesmanship & Stewardship

Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa has hinted at coming on to the world stage
by commenting on the situation in Zimbabwe at a most opportune moment. His
pearls of wisdom are quoted from Mr. Mbeki's sumptuous banquet in South

President Mwanawasa believed that the situation in Zimbabwe was greatly
misunderstood, particularly by the West.

*"I refuse to accept that Britain, the EU and the US have role to play."

*"We (Zambia) can now feed ourselves. This is one of the main successes of
MY administration."

*"When you ostracise Zimbabwe the person you are punishing is not Robert
Mugabe. You are punishing the ordinary people of Zimbabwe."

It appears that the Third Chimurenga may well have had an effect on Zambia.
The maize production figures for Zambia are given as:

2002 600 000 tonnes
2003 1 200 000 tonnes
2004 1 400 000 tonnes (estimated)

Taking the fact that a significant number of displaced farmers from
Zimbabwe have moved to Zambia, I wonder how the West will feel about
Zimbabwe's monotonous cry about the drought being the chief problem facing
Zimbabwe in spite of four years of outstanding agricultural stewardship
under Dr. Made, ably assisted by the Green Bombers, and many more aspiring
agriculturalists in Zanu (PF) of course.

Mr. Mwanawasa is particularly quick to acknowledge such an outstanding
increase in production is due to his administration and simultaneously give
his support to Mr. Mugabe's regime and its behaviour. Naturally it will be
an awful shame if the West was to misunderstand the Zambian President as
well as the situation in Zimbabwe. It could be that he needs to clarify the
entire situation with the West and that maybe the Zimbabwean Minister of
Information would be the best qualified to assist him. In the interim I
will attempt to divulge the truth.

Understanding Foreigner.
Letter 2.  Subject: Letters - A Suggestion
Dear JAG people and ex-farmers,

The most powerful weapon we have in our battle is the truth. The enemy we
face is ignorance and prejudice. That is why Mugabe's propaganda has been
so successful; mainly people believe what they want to believe, as we have
seen so clearly in the case of Mbeki and South Africa.

I feel strongly that a targeted letter-writing campaign would be very
effective, directed at world leaders such as Khoffi Anan, all Commonwealth
and African heads of state and influential American senators and congress
men and women. Also local MP's, MEP's, newspapers, radio and TV stations
and news services such as CNN and Reuters need to receive factual
information. It does work, because I complained to CNN about an
objectionable and incorrect phrase they used and they stopped using it.

One letter received will probably not be read, but if a hundred are
received then some attention will be drawn. Newspapers and the media may
not publish anything, but the contents of the letters will remain in the
minds of those who read them. Emails are too easily blocked to be
effective. Actual posted paper letters are far better.

What is needed is a pool of well-written and relevant letters that can be
copied, printed and posted. What is also essential is an accessible list of
people and their postal addresses. I believe that JAG has these facilities
and could set this up relatively easily.

I need hardly say that the letters should address the facts and point out
the untruths that have been so widely propagated. Emotional rantings will
do far more harm than good.

Our national motto is indeed "I am not the one!" and that's in a large
measure why we are where we are today. To resolve any problem requires
action, and I would think that all the ex-farmers would see the necessity
of that action. Also, like me they no doubt feel pretty strongly about
losing a lifetime's work for no good reason.

Best regards,

Charles Frizell
(involuntarily in UK)

Letter 3.  Subject: Faith, Hope & Charity
Dear Jag,

It is now apparent that the Government of Zimbabwe has immense talent to
take the centre of the stage to draw international attention.
The cricket and the Chris Kureneri affairs are proving to be international
flavours of interest at the moment, and the Government are to be commended
on attaining such a high profile.

It seems logical that such attention will draw more focus to a whole host
of other unique and niche like activities that the Government has perfected
in its twenty four year tenure in office. What the Honourable Minister of
Information and his harem of Herald reporters will need to give some
serious thought to, is the manner in which these queries will be answered.

Some years ago I had the privelege to meet a Dutch lady by the name of
Ciska, who had been in the underground movement against the Nazis. The
Nazis shot her fiance not long before the end of the war, she told me. I
asked her what it was like in Europe in that period. She said that it was
terrible because you did not know who you could faithfully trust.

The general situation in Zimbabwe is indicative of a somewhat similar
environment that the then young Ciska encountered in a Nazi governed
Europe. Suspicion surrounding a series of what may be termed "most
unfortunate incidents" will inevitably lead to Zimbabweans not being sure
who they can trust. I am reliably informed that there is still considerable
uncertainty surrounding the untimely deaths of the likes of Tongagara,
Nyagumbo, Pamire, Mahachi, Gezi, Malunga, Pamire, Ushewokunze, E.Sithole
and of course that most unfortunate incident of drowning. Clarification of
the circumstances surrounding these incidents, and the military operations
in Matabeleland could well go a long way to restoring some hope and faith
within the country, and internationally.

Police spokesperson Wayne Bvudzijena has commented on an alleged US $ 1
100 000 externalisation of funds from the country by saying that "details
on how the the externalisation of the forex occurred are not available..."
Mr. Bvudzijena is to be commended for such circumspection but it seems
likely that there was more than one person involved in such a substantial
mercantile transaction. That being so, there must be a few others still
loose with the magic formula in their sticky paws. International law
enforcement will rightly contend that this is only the tip of the ice
berg - particularly the Canadian Police if a Canadian national is involved.

*The talk of externalisation of such a magnitude implicating the Minister
of Finance, against the background of the displacement of nearly two
million people on the commercial farms and the ensuing suffering and
starvation of half the population, some how fails to portray an ethos of
"Charity begins at home" to the first world.

*When Charity does not begin at home, sadly, there can be little Hope or
Faith in Government.

All letters published on the open Letter Forum are the views and opinions
of the submitters, and do not represent the official viewpoint of Justice
for Agriculture.


JAG Hotlines:
(011) 612 595 If you are in trouble or need advice,
(011) 205 374
(011) 863 354 please don't hesitate to contact us -
(011) 431 068
                                we're here to help!
263 4 799 410 Office Lines
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The Guardian

Zimbabwe tour gets government green light
Press Association
Friday April 30, 2004 8:27 PM

The Government has opened the way for England's controversial tour of
Zimbabwe to go ahead in October.

In a letter to his Conservative opposite number, Foreign Secretary Jack
Straw said the Government did not like the idea of the tour but did not
believe the English game should be bankrupted by International Cricket
Council penalties if the tour was called off. The England and Wales Cricket
Board have long admitted they would prefer not to tour the strife-torn
African nation, but according to ICC rules agreed on in New Zealand last
month they need explicit Government advice to do so without financial

In a reply to Shadow Foreign Secretary Michael Ancram, Straw wrote: "We
fully understand the very difficult decision the ECB has to take,
particularly in the light of the ICC's meeting in Auckland in March. This
meeting appears to have given the ECB a choice between a tour which is
difficult to defend on moral grounds and financial penalties which might
bankrupt the game. I do not like the idea of an England team touring
Zimbabwe any more than you do, but I do not believe that the future of
English cricket should be put in jeopardy as a result of the failure of
others to acknowledge the appalling situation there."

Ancram had suggested a new Government statement might allow the ECB to claim
to the ICC they were being pressured into pulling out. But Straw said the
Government had no powers to ban any other sporting organisation from touring
Zimbabwe or any other country.

He added in the letter: "There is no evidence that any ministerial statement
would be sufficient for the International Cricket Council to allow the ECB
to postpone the tour. In those circumstances, I do not believe it would be
right that the British taxpayer should have to carry the financial liability
which could flow from cancellation of the tour."

The letter effectively ends any uncertainty about whether the tour will take
place and ECB chairman David Morgan on Friday insisted England have no
choice but to tour.

Morgan said: "We have to look at what's happening to international cricket
at the moment. Sri Lanka are in Zimbabwe and Australia are planning to go.
Why shouldn't England go? Against that background, the board members and
directors of the ECB we believe that, provided it is safe and secure, this
tour has to go ahead. I do not believe England touring or not touring will
make any difference [to the situation in Zimbabwe]."

© Copyright Press Association Ltd 2004, All Rights Reserved.
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Stop Funding Aids Body, Says Board of Inquiry

The Herald (Harare)

April 30, 2004
Posted to the web April 30, 2004


A BOARD of inquiry appointed to look into allegations of misappropriation of
funds by the Zimbabwe National Network of People Living with HIV and Aids
(ZNNP+) has advised donor organisations to stop funding the non-governmental

The board resolved that donors should stop funding ZNNP+ until
investigations into the alleged abuse of funds are complete.

The board of inquiry was appointed by the Ministry of Health and Child
Welfare following media reports of alleged embezzlement of public funds by
the NGO run by people living with HIV and Aids.

Preliminary investigations by the board of inquiry appointed on Friday last
week have so far revealed that ZNNP+ misappropriated at least $126 million
between October last year and February this year.

The chairperson of the board of inquiry, Captain Revesai Mutede of the
Zimbabwe National Army, yesterday said organisations that were funding
ZNNP+, which include the National Aids Council and the Centre for Disease
Control (CDC), have been advised to stop availing monetary assistance with
immediate effect.

"We, the board of inquiry consisting of officials from the Zimbabwe National
Army, Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Zimbabwe Aids Network and the
centre, have ordered the donor organisations to stop funding ZNNP+ until
investigations into the misappropriation of funds are complete," said
Captain Mutede.

Vice-President Cde Joseph Msika this week expressed concern over abuse of
funds by ZNNP+.

He said funds should be disbursed to the intended beneficiaries instead of
benefiting undeserving individuals.

Cde Msika also warned that Government would not tolerate abuse of public
funds by anyone.

"As you have already noticed, Government now has a ministry that fights
corruption and will not hesitate to bring any abusers of public funds to
book," Cde Msika was quoted as saying at the official opening of the seventh
annual ZNNP+ conference in Shamva this week.
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Nujoma pledges armed support to Zim

      April 30 2004 at 12:36PM

Harare - Namibia is ready to help defend Zimbabwe militarily if it is
attacked by "imperialists", President Sam Nujoma was reported as saying on

"We want to tell colonialists that we are ready 24 hours if they dare attack
any of our countries, they will meet us here," Nujoma was quoted as saying
by the state-owned Herald and Chronicle.

"We should never again allow Africa to fall into the hands of imperialists.
This is our land, we have no other land. Therefore we have resolved to
continue fighting whether the colonialists want it or not," Nujoma was
quoted as saying.

Nujoma was in Zimbabwe's second city of Bulawayo to officially open an
annual international trade exhibition.

"Namibian forces, he said, would fight side by side with their Zimbabwean
counterparts as they did in the Democratic Republic of Congo if colonialists
attacked Zimbabwe," both newspapers quoted Nujoma as saying.

Zimbabwe has in recent years slid deeper into isolation with sanctions
slapped on its leadership by the United States and the European Union over
alleged rights abuses.

President Robert Mugabe says he has become a victim of British
neo-colonialist tendencies after he embarked in 2000 on a controversial land
reform program in which farms from whites of mainly British descent were
seized and given to landless blacks.

Mugabe told Nujoma that his government was ready to share with Namibia, its
"experiences and expertise in the areas of land planning, land evaluation
and redisribution, as well as land tenure, land use and estate management",
the newspapers said.

Six Zimbabwean land experts went to Namibia early this month to evaluate
expropriated land and assist Windhoek's farmland reform programme. -

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Channel News Asia

Cricket: Scandalous confrontation in Zimbabwe cricket

HARARE : A physical incident between Zimbabwe national selector Stephen
Mangongo and director Ozias Bvute has caused a scandal in Zimbabwe cricket,
it emerged.

The incident happened outside ZCU chairman Peter Chingoka's executive rooms
at Harare Sports Club just after the fifth and final one-day international
between Zimbabwe and Sri Lanka on Thursday.

There were several officials, guests and security staff standing nearby who
watched in astonishment at what was certainly some heavy pushing and shoving
between the two men.

One ZCU official, who did not want to be named, said that he was told by
several different people who were there that punches had been thrown.

Witnesses at the scene said that the argument between Mangongo and Bvute was
about selection of the team for the first Test against Sri Lanka, which
starts here on Thursday next week.

It centred on whether the striking white players, who were due to return to
practice, would take the majority of team places. Mangongo thought it should
be about eight, according to those standing nearby, and Bvute advocated not
more than three or four.

The argument became heated, resulting in what some people saw as blows, but
what Mangongo and Bvute recall as a "physical confrontation."

The two ZCU figures issued a joint statement later through the ZCU.

They said: "There were pertinent issues on the agenda and both of us held
divergent views on those issues. In the heat of the argument obviously
voices would be raised but the point remains that we were each trying to
push home our point.

"It is not true that punches were thrown and we can categorically say that
whatever physical confrontation there was did not amount to fisticuffs. The
relationship between us remains cordial as it has always been."

Twelve of the 15 white players who have been effectively on strike for the
last four weeks turned up for fitness tests followed by practice under
national coach Geoff Marsh on Friday.

The other three, Richard Sims, Neil Ferreira and Charles Coventry, are in
England discussing contracts with various clubs.

The white players, who are trying to get former captain Heath Streak
reinstated and changes made to the national selection panel, had promised to
practice while the ZCU considers their new proposals for a deal, submitted
in a letter on Tuesday.

They have given the Union until Tuesday to accept these, or they will quit
practice, according to senior professional Grant Flower.

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Misa slams Zim press freedom
30/04/2004 17:29  - (SA)

Windhoek - Zimbabwe last year had the worst record in terms of media freedom
among ten southern African nations, a report by the Windhoek-based Media
Institute of Southern Africa (Misa) said on Friday.

In its latest annual report "So This Is Democracy? State of media freedom in
Southern Africa", the body said 54% of the total 188 alerts issued last year
on possible violations of press freedoms concerned Zimbabwe.

But Misa said in the report, issued ahead of World Press Freedom Day on
Monday, the 188 alerts in 2003 were nearly 10% lower than in 2002, when
there were 208 alerts.

Author Jeanette Minnie said the forced closure of Zimbabwe's private
independent Daily News on September 12 2003 on charges that it was being
published illegally "was undoubtedly the worst news" of the year.

While the newspaper was allowed to publish again, it has been off the
newsstands since February 5, the day the Supreme Court upheld a law
stipulating that all journalists in the country must be accredited with a
state-appointed media commission.

The Daily News had applied to the media commission for a licence but it was
turned down.

The survey said the "Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation, like all newspapers
controlled by the state, has remained closed to any other voices apart from
the government and ruling party."

Assault on privacy

It said the "assault on people's privacy and the right to receive and impart
information was confirmed in the revelation in the Daily Mirror of 9
December 2003 that the government intended to acquire ... state-of-the-art
equipment to monitor e-mail and internet traffic."

In the 10 southern African countries, Misa reported that 33 journalists were
attacked in 2003, 53 were detained and 37 were censored.

The media watchdog also cited eight victories for press freedoms, either
through the adoption of legislation strengthening media rights or by
dropping charges against journalists.

"No journalists were killed as a result of their work in 2003," said Zoe
Titus, the institute's regional programme manager in charge of monitoring
media freedom.

Countries monitored by Misa include Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique,
Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Misa is
reviving its media freedom monitoring activities in Angola.

It is the tenth straight year in which Misa has issued an annual survey.
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New Zimbabwe

Satanists stalk Zimbabwe city

By Netsai Kembo
Last updated: 05/01/2004 04:18:16
MUTARE villagers along the border with Mozambique are living in fear of a
satanic activism group on the prowl in their areas who forcibly suck blood
from targeted victims they leave for "dead", a sensational Daily Mirror
newspaper report says.

Villagers said the satanic activism extremists had descended in their areas
a week ago and usually prey on illegal border jumpers to and from Mozambique
and the locals by night, the paper said.

Police in Mutare could neither deny nor confirm the report saying there was
need for thorough investigations first to avoid panic by the general public.

"We first need to thoroughly investigate that as some people are just fond
of fabricating issues that can cause unrest and panic to members of the
public," said acting Manicaland provincial police spokesman assistant
inspector Brian Makomeke.

However, villagers said official reports have already been made to both the
Zimbabwean and Mozambican authorities who have since instituted a joint
manhunt for the culprits.

Since Thursday last week, the villagers said, the group had preyed on four
people in Timba village just across the Honde River in Honde Valley and two
others in Imbeza near Penhalonga.

In all the cases they had allegedly first injected their victims with an
unknown drug that they became weak to resist. They then used some syringes
to suck blood into containers and left their victims unconscious.

According to the villagers, the members of the group usually move in pairs
and are suspected to be operating from Mutare.

One regular cross border to Mozambique, Charles Seza, said he had last
Tuesday miraculously escaped from the daring "blood suckers' at Imbeza on
returning from a business trip in Mozambique.

To avoid suspicion, he said, the duo had approached him and asked him to
help them replace a deflated tyre on their Isuzu KB truck saying they did
not have enough tools.

They had also offered to give him a lift to town after helping them.

"I had at first opted to help but my instincts instantly worked. On checking
the tyre I found out that it was just slightly deflated and without saying a
word I immediately started walking away. The two then ordered me to stop and
followed behind me holding some instruments resembling clinical apparatus,"
said Seza.
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Corruption Knows No Boundaries

Mail & Guardian (Johannesburg)

April 30, 2004
Posted to the web April 30, 2004

Sam Sole

South Africa has emerged with good marks in an international report card on
corruption, openness and accountability in 25 countries.

The Centre for Public Integrity (CPI) released its first Global Integrity
report this week and placed South Africa sixth overall, making it the only
developing country to score highly enough to enter the group of states
characterised as having "strong" levels of public accountability.

Bottom of the list, which only considered countries at least nominally
regarded as democracies, came Zimbabwe, characterised, together with
Guatemala, as "very weak".

The CPI is an independent organisation that does investigative reporting and
research on public policy issues in the United States and around the world.
The Global Access project that produced the report is led by South African
researcher Marianne Camerer.

The scoring is based on six areas identified as important for supporting
public integrity and preventing corruption: the vibrancy of civil society,
the freedom of the media and access to information and media; electoral and
political processes; the correct functioning of branches of government;
administration and civil service; the existence and independence of
oversight and regulatory mechanisms; and finally specific anti-corruption
measures and respect for the rule of law.

A closer reading of the report, however, suggests little room for
complacency as the qualitative assessments, often written by leading
national investigative journalists, undercut the positive score attained by
the formal architecture of accountability in many countries. One is left
with a global sense of what the report calls "imperfect democracies", where
the unifying norm is the tendency of political and business elites to use
the system to enrich themselves.

What distinguishes the US from Zimbabwe is less the levels of corruption and
more the greater sophistication and restrained ruthlessness of the grubbing
at the public trough - as well as the greater ability of a very rich country
to sustain such abuse.

Thus, while the US scores highest overall in supporting the formal
institutions of democracy and accountability, this assessment is tempered by
a biting critical analysis of the way in which vested interests have
established a kind of "legal" corruption in that country.

This critique, written by CPI founder Charles Lewis, charts how the US has
institutionalised a system of industry lobbyists and election campaign
funding that has virtually fused the interests of big business and party
politics, to the detriment of ordinary citizens.

In a statement that carries more than a few echoes for South Africa, Lewis
warns that because the Republicans have managed to exert "tightly
disciplined control" over the entire national government "there is a
powerful disincentive against political independence, candour, or even
curiosity, lest it be misinterpreted as disloyal criticism".

He notes, for example, that none of the US's much-touted institutions of
oversight "held any hearings or issued any reports regarding those highly
publicised, controversial contracts in Iraq [going] to major campaign

Similar caveats apply to the generally upbeat South African assessment,
written by Camerer.

She notes that: "Almost a decade after transition to democratic rule, South
Africa has a vibrant and active civil society and progressive and diverse
media, unfettered in keeping vigilant watch over those in power. With the
right of access to information assured by the Constitution and the Promotion
of Access to Information Act, the safeguards to secure an open society in
which all citizens can enjoy their rights of freedom of expression and
association are guaranteed in law, and exercised in practice."

However, she notes that government departments have responded poorly to a
recent test of access to information: 61% of public bodies polled did not
respond to requests filed under the Act, and the legal measures required to
enforce compliance are "both time-consuming and beyond the financial means
of most citizens".

Where South Africa falls down most markedly compared with other states is in
the category of electoral processes, where the lack of rules for the receipt
and disclosure of party funding is the main area of failure.

However, in the latter case, given the example of the US, where the
deleterious effect of influence-buying has arguably hardly been lessened by
its open and public nature, it seems that disclosure on its own is not

Comments from South African journalists and watch-dog NGOs -such as the
Eastern Cape's Public Service Accountability Monitor -which are appended to
Camerer's assessment paint a slightly more pessimistic picture.

Says one: "A number of developments have arisen in this period, which
represent cause for concern. These include: the centralisation of state
power within an expanded presidency and the increasing concentration of
political power within the ruling party's executive committee; the weakening
of parliamentary oversight committees and increasing passivity of
constitutional protection bodies [such as the Office of the Public
Protector], particularly in regard to cases of corruption and impropriety
involving members of the executive; the increasing reliance by civil society
and marginalised sectors of South African society on the intervention of the
Constitutional Court as a means of ensuring access to public services and
socio-economic rights; and an increasingly fragmented and passive civil

While Camerer notes the freedom of civil society organisations to mobilise,
other commentators note with concern the measures taken by the state to spy
on and intimidate more radical organisations such as the Landless People's

Both Camerer and her peer-reviewers note the severe test placed on South
Africa's institutions of accountability by the arms deal imbroglio,
including the decision not to prosecute Deputy President Jacob Zuma.

However, a glance at other countries, such as Italy, which scored higher
than South Africa, is somewhat reassuring - or perhaps equally dismaying.

A report by Italian journalist Leo Sisti provides an absolutely scathing
account of how Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has shamelessly manipulated
legal and political processes to escape and postpone charges of corruption
relating to the bribery of two sets of judges - and to make further
investigation and prosecution more difficult.

Corruption, it seems, knows no national or cultural boundaries.
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Sporting Life

Former Zimbabwe captain Heath Streak returns to action on Saturday when he
plays for Zimbabwe A in a three-day warm-up match against Sri Lanka at

Streak was included in the Zimbabwe A squad together with three other rebel
players - Sean Ervine, Raymond Price and Trevor Gripper - while the other 11
exiles were overlooked despite having resumed training in Harare today.

Also included in the team is Matabeleland top-order batsman Mark Vermeulen
who was not part of the rebel group and made himself available for selection
earlier this week in South Africa where he has been based since the home
series against Bangladesh in March.

Convenor of selectors Steven Mangongo revealed the decision to include four
rebels was made after looking at their roles with the two-match Test series
against Sri Lanka in mind.

"Most of these players haven't been active for the past six or so weeks and
it will be difficult for them to come straight back into the team," he said.

"Streak is the best bowler we have. Ervine is the best all-rounder we have,
Price is the best spinner and Gripper had the best averages from the Zim A
team that travelled to Bangladesh in February.

"So these four guys have good enough credentials to be in Zimbabwe's A
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Kintyre Estates Reduced to a Wasteland

Zimbabwe Independent (Harare)

April 30, 2004
Posted to the web April 30, 2004

Rodwin Chirara

THE once green fields of Kintyre Estates have become a shadow of their past
glory after an ambitious project to turn the farm into commercial and
housing plots failed to materialise.

The farm, which was a leading dairy producer, supplying up to 100 000 litres
of milk per month, was also a well-known wheat and soya bean producer. It
was a major fixture on the itinerary of visiting heads of state as its lush
irrigated fields and thriving herds were used to illustrate Zimbabwe's
agricultural success story.

All this ground to a halt in 1999 when the Kintyre Country Project was
launched amidst pomp and fanfare at the five-star Meikles Hotel. To date,
there has been no evidence of either farming or property development on the
farm 40 km west of Harare.

The only major activity is that of contractors widening the Bulawayo highway
in the area. The former dairy project has an air of desolation about it.

Efforts to get clarification on why the project has taken so long to get off
the ground were unsuccessful as this paper was referred from one office to

Kingdom Bank, which in 1999 advanced a $425 million loan towards the
implementation of the project, briefly got involved on the basis of the
capital provided. The bank has since pulled out and has received its full

The Zimbabwe Independent contacted CB Richard Ellis, who were the project
marketers, who directed this paper to AMG Chartered Accountants. In turn the
accountants referred this paper to High Brass, the project managers. High
Brass referred the Independent to their chairman, Science and Technology
permanent secretary, Vincent Hungwe, for clarification. He was said to be
away in India.

CB Richard Ellis managing director Abraham Sadomba simply said: "What we
only did is that we sold 50 plots during phase one of the project. We have
not done anything on that project for the past 12 months. We do not know
what is happening there."

The project launched in 1999 was aimed to create a horticultural hub and 10
000 jobs, but to date there is no sign of activity taking place at the farm.

It is not clear who is supposed to service the stands with AMG claiming that
they were only responsible for auditing accounts for Kintyre and
restructuring High Brass which owns the project.

High Brass is reported to be struggling to service and demarcate a large
chunk of the land with 50 stands ranging from 10 to17 hectares earmarked for
agriculture having been serviced.

An official of High Brass, Peter Mashayamombe, said there were managerial
structures being put in place at the company and professed ignorance of any
implementation problems.

"There was some addition and subtraction of some land. This is typical of
any project. All infrastructure that had to be put in has been put in," said

He blamed vandalism as the main cause for the delay saying electrical and
irrigation equipment had been damaged.

Ben Kaschula, a provincial executive of the Commercial Farmers Union, said
the situation on the farm was symptomatic of what is happening more

"That was a productive farm and look what has come of it. That's a typical
example of productive land gone to waste," he said.

"That farm had a good irrigation system, with hectares of land under it but
all that seems to have disappeared," said Kaschula.

President Nicolae Ceausescu of Romania was taken there during his state
visit in 1983 amidst great publicity and presented with dairy cows. Their
fate is unknown.
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Crisis deepens in Zimbabwe

Telford Vice in Cape Town
Friday April 30, 2004
The Guardian

Zimbabwe's cricket crisis intensified again yesterday when the 15 rebel
players demanded that the Zimbabwe Cricket Union either agree to arbitration
by next Tuesday or face another walkout.
The move follows the players' decision to return to training today and to
make themselves available for selection for the Test series against Sri
Lanka, which starts in Harare next Thursday.

The players are at their wits' end with a saga that burst into the open this
month after smouldering in Zimbabwe cricket circles for two years.

"We've tried to mediate for ages," one player said. "Our lawyer tried to
talk to the ZCU representatives and they just went berserk. We've done that
three times.

"We can't go back to them and say we want to do it again. We've tried
mediation, and it's been a dog show. So let's get straight into it and go
into arbitration."

He was doubtful that the ZCU would agree to arbitration, which would force
the issue into court after a three-week period.

"Wait until they see some of the dirt we've dug up on the board members,"
the player said.

The players' terms of reference for arbitration are "selection criteria",
"transgressions by board members" and the "unlawful termination of Heath
Streak's captaincy".

The ZCU was handed the letter in the final stages of Sri Lanka's 25-run win
over Zimbabwe in the fifth and final one-day international in Harare
yesterday. Sri Lanka take the series 5-0.

"I need time to discuss it with my colleagues on the board," said the ZCU
chairman Peter Chingoka.

The bombshell dropped at a ground that had yawned through an utterly
forgettable match, brightened only by Russel Arnold's urgent unbeaten 51,
and by Muttiah Muralitharan's incomparable mastery.

Murali celebrated his return to the side with a haul of five for 23, and
showed his usual immaculate control of prodigious turn.
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Mail and Guardian

Zim Faces Famine

Mail & Guardian (Johannesburg)

April 28, 2004
Posted to the web April 29, 2004

Drew Forrest

Research conducted for Germany's influential Friedrich Ebert Stiftung has
warned that eight million Zimbabweans - three-quarters of the population -
face severe food shortages this year as a result of plunging grain

The researchers also argue that shortages are being deliberately worsened by
the Zimbabwean government and its statutory monopoly, the Grain Marketing
Board (GMB), for political purposes. They suggest that with an election
looming, the government may not ask donors for much-needed food aid this

"Initially people were talking of food shortage, but 'famine' now seems a
more appropriate term," says the research body, Zimconsult. "No one ever
contemplated that Zimbabwe, formerly the bread basket of Southern Africa,
would be referred to in terms of famine."

Based on a 10-day physical survey of Zimbabwe's grain-producing areas, and
crop forecasts from various sources, the study projects a production
shortfall of between 600 000 and 900 000 tonnes this year. Projected demand
is 1,9-million tonnes of maize and small grains, such as rice.

However, it emphasises that the official information blackout on production
makes it difficult to quantify the projected shortfall with certainty.
"Donors, who must be thanked for saving the lives of well over six million
people over the past three years, are exasperated by the lack of

The study lays the blame for the impending crisis squarely on President
Robert Mugabe's "fast-track resettlement programme", which, it says,
destroyed vital agricultural infrastructure, parcelled out land to party
loyalists who had no intention of farming, and was carried out without

It also criticises the government's manipulation of food for political gain
and apparent lack of concern for hungry Zimbabweans.

In terms of Statutory Instrument 235A of 2001, all maize must be sold to a
"militarised" GMB, which then resells its stocks to card-carrying members of
the ruling Zanu-PF.

The government has never disclosed how much maize was produced in the
2002/03 season or how much was bought by the GMB, the study says. However,
investigations revealed that the board purchased 250 000 tonnes, which were
not released on to the market, despite "severe shortages of mealie meal in
much of the country until recently".

Raised to perhaps 400 000 tonnes by additional purchases this year, these
stocks will be used for election purposes.

With an election in prospect and political control over food assuming
greater importance, the researchers raise questions about whether any
government request for food assistance will be submitted to aid
organisations this year.

They point out that last year the government delayed approaching the United
Nations development programme for food aid until July, long after
"well-documented concerns voiced by the opposition party and the donor

The study also says that although planning for the 2004/05 growing season
should be at an advanced stage, as recommended by Parliament's agriculture
committee, "it is common knowledge that nothing is being done".

Zimconsult's report singles out three constraints on production, which it
traces directly to the fast-track land resettlement and other government
failures - shortages of seed and fertiliser and inadequate tillage.

In implementing the programme, the government decreed seed producers should
not be expropriated, and classified them as agro-industries. However, in
practice Agriculture Minister Joseph Made has taken over all white farms,
including those growing for seed.

The study says newly settled farmers produce an average of 0,4 tonnes of
seed maize a hectare, compared with the five tonnes a hectare produced by
commercial farmers. Available seed means that under optimal conditions a
maximum of 960 000 tonnes of maize could have been grown this year. In
addition, the shortage means that seed is too expensive for many communal
and resettled farmers, with many buying enough only for subsistence.

On the fertiliser front, producers told Parliament's agriculture committee
that their operations have been severely curtailed by the shortage of
foreign currency needed for the import of raw materials and spare parts.
Securing only 30% of their requirements, they had joined the "parallel
market" for foreign exchange, driving up their prices.

Aggravating this was the railways' delivery of only 58% of required raw
materials, forcing producers to use road hauliers that are up to 15 times
more expensive.

Despite these constraints, the government has imposed strict price controls
on fertilisers, which "had no relationship with costs encountered in

The result is that the fertiliser industry will produce 249 000 tonnes
between January and August this year - a deficit of 130 000 tonnes. The
arrival of more farmers on the land, through the resettlement programme, has
served to heighten demand.

The third production constraint highlighted by the researchers is tillage,
which District Development Fund (DDF) tractors are obliged to provide for
communal and resettled farmers in terms of govern- ment policy.

However, the portfolio committee heard that 50% of DDF tractors are grounded
by a shortage of spare parts, forcing many farmers to rely on their own
draught power. Compounding this are acute shortages of diesel.

Early rains in November last year encouraged many farmers to plant maize.
However, a subsequent dry spell has written off the early plantings.

The Zimconsult report contains alarming accounts of the state of crops in
the ground in various producing areas.

In Mashonaland West, traditionally Zimbabwe's largest maize grower, "the
hectares being cultivated are low and the yields well below historical
levels". While more than 300 000 tonnes of maize could have been expected,
given seed availability, overall production is unlikely to exceed 190 000

Zvimba communal area is described as "a complete disaster yellow stunted
stocks, already tasselling at two feet tall, exemplify the maize crop".

The researchers place heavy emphasis on the plight of urban Zimbabweans,
saying 2,5-million of them are likely to suffer food shortages this year.

"In urban areas, which are strongholds of the [opposition] Movement for
Democratic Change, the sale of maize by the GMB has been stopped and maize
is instead sold through Zanu-PF councillors," they say.

In March the MDC mayor of Mutare tried to use money collected by his
Christmas Cheer Fund to buy maize from the GMB for distribution to the
destitute. The request was refused.
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      Zimbabwe threatens to deport British Sky TV crew

      Fri April 30, 2004 1:56 AM HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe on Thursday
asked a British television crew to leave the country, saying it had entered
the country illegally without observing tough media laws on registration of
      President Robert Mugabe's government has largely banned foreign
journalists from working permanently in Zimbabwe and tightly controlled
visiting journalists in the last two years as it battles a political and
economic crisis it blames on its opponents.

      In a statement on Thursday, Information Minister Jonathan Moyo said a
Sky television news crew had "arrogantly" flown into the country without
government authority or clearance from Zimbabwe's mission in London.

      In London, Sky was not immediately available for comment.

      "What makes the conduct of this crew appear deliberately contemptuous
and thus reprehensible is the fact that before leaving Britain, the crew
actually received a clear response from the department (of information)
outlining the government position and expectation before its proposed
visit," he said.

      "Accordingly the department requires that forthwith, the Sky News crew
complies with our national laws...including the requirement that foreign
media applicants secure permission to fly into the country for purposes
ofaccreditation from their country of origin and work."

      "Failure to comply would, naturally, trigger a decisive response from
agencies whose duty it is to uphold the rule of law in the country," he

      Moyo and officials from his office were unavailable for further
comment on where the Sky News team was and how many people it included.

      Relations with British media have turned particularly sour as the
former colonial power has spearheaded international sanctions targeted at
Mugabe and senior members of his cabinet.

      Mugabe's government has forced one of the country's leading daily
newspaper to shut and deported a number of foreign journalists under media
laws obliging journalists and media houses to register with a state
information commission.

      The government insists the 2002 media laws are necessary to restore
professionalism in journalism. It accuses the private media of leading a
propaganda campaign by opponents of its policy of seizing white-owned farms
for landless blacks.

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The Herald

Zesa floats megawatt bills seeking $30bn

Business Reporter
THE Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority (Zesa), through the Jewel Bank,
has floated megawatt bills seeking to raise $30 billion for the purpose of
financing the expansion of the rural electrification programme.

The bills, which opened yesterday, attracted interest rates on tender basis
while applications had to be in multiples of $10 million each.

The bills have attractive security features such as irrevocable Government
Guarantee and a sinking fund managed by the Jewel Bank 'with ring-fenced
revenue where issuer will make contributions.'

The megawatt bills also had a tax exemption status by the Ministry of
Finance and Economic Development and could also be accepted as collateral
for overnight accommodation by the central bank.

Zesa said the invited investors were not limited "to pension and provident
funds, insurance companies, life mutuals, commercial banks" but other
institutions as well as individuals are free subscribed.

The programme is being spearheaded by Zesa executive chairman, Dr Sydney

The Rural Electrification Scheme was mooted four years ago but has made
marginal progress ever since due to limited financial resources.

The programme has been equipped towards the development of growth points and
rural areas in order to attract investments.

To date $2 billion has been chewed in the electrification programme.

However, Zesa has been scouting for major forms of investments under the
policy at points or targeted areas in order to attract a huge base of
investors in tourism, agriculture, construction, mining and banking among
other industries.
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Business Day

SA won't help 70 'mercenaries'


The South African government will not intervene in Zimbabwe's extradition of
a 70-strong alleged mercenary group, including 20 South Africans, to
Equatorial Guinea, the Foreign Affairs department said.
"There is no legal basis for South Africa to demand that its nationals
should not be extradited to another country," the department said in a

However, the South African government would continue to offer consular
services to the men.

The West African country's president, Teodoro Obiang Nguema, has  previously
said 15 men arrested in his country, who are alleged to have been in cohorts
with the 70, faced capital punishment, the AFP news agency reported.

"If we have to kill them, we will kill them," said Obiang, whose  25-year
rule was allegedly to have been ended by the groups in a coup.

The 70 men were all travelling on South African passports when they were
arrested in Harare on March 7.

They deny they were involved in a plot to overthrow Obiang and take control
of his oil-rich nation, allegedly ahead of the reinstatement of Francisco
Macias Nguema, who was deposed in a coup  by Obiang in the late 70s.

They claimed they were on their way to the Democratic Republic of Congo to
guard diamond mines.

Foreign affairs spokesman Ronnie Mamoepa said the government could not
comment further on the matter at this stage.

The AFP report quoted an unnamed official who confirmed that Zimbabwean
President Robert Mugabe had has agreed to hand the men over to Equatorial

The decision was taken following talks between Mugabe and Obiang  in
Zimbabwe's second city of Bulawayo.

"The president agreed to extradite the 70 mercenaries so that they could go
and face trial in Equatorial Guinea," the official, anonymous on request,

The South African foreign affairs department said both Zimbabwe and
Equatorial Guinea were sovereign states with the necessary legal capacity to
take legal decisions regarding matters affecting their states.

Zimbabwe and Equatorial Guinea were parties to the Organisation of African
Union's Convention for the Elimination of Mercenarism in  Africa, which
demands that the signatories extradite, or punish on their own soil, those
who committed mercenary acts in the member countries.

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Business Day

Zimbabwe cricketers want foreign mediation


HARARE - The 15 rebel Zimbabwe cricketers demanding the reinstatement of
former captain Heath Streak want two international mediators to help end the
damaging deadlock with the Zimbabwe Cricket Union.

The breakaway group have submitted a letter to the ZCU outlining this and
other suggestions for what their lawyer Chris Venturas calls "a mechanism to
resolve the issue."
This is not unlike the ZCU's proposal this week for a mediation process to
be established but which was rejected as taking too long to set up by the

Two sticking points remain.

One is Heath Streak's dismissal as captain. The players continue to demand
his reinstatement, which the ZCU refuses.

The other is the national selection panel. The players want one of the four
selectors removed. The union says there is to be no further discussion on

Other details in the letter are not being disclosed by their representative
Chris Venturas. But he did say that it was not a unanimous decision by the
players to submit the letter.

The ZCU has been given until Tuesday to accept or reject the proposals but
Venturas said: "I feel they will turn us down." ZCU chief executive Vincent
Hogg confirmed that the letter had been received but would add nothing

The players say they will turn out for practice on Friday with the second
string players who lost by only 25 runs to Sri Lanka at Harare Sports Club
Thursday to go down 5-0 in the one-day series.

They are also available for selection to the two Tests against the Sri
Lankans. But they will walk out again if their proposals are turned down,
said dissident batsman Grant Flower.

The ZCU has threatened to "take action" against them all if the matter is
not resolved in one week's time. This could mean suspension or sacking.


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The Dawn of an Mbeki Era.

On Tuesday this week, Mr. Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as the President of South
Africa for a second and final 5-year term. He takes up his post after
winning a sentinel election - his first real win as the last time he was
really just surfing in on the Mandela wave. This time the victory is his and
make no mistake about it, he is in charge.

In charge of what? A country in the south of the African continent with 5
per cent of the continents population and 30 per cent of its GDP. It is the
economic leader of Africa with a GDP driven by mining and industry that is
over three times the size of that of Nigeria. It is also a country with an
advanced private sector, which competes with the rest of the world in
technology and science and an administration that enables it to manage its
sophisticated state machinery.

Leadership carries with it responsibility and for better or worse Mbeki is
now both leader of his country - with its myriad of problems, and also one
of the main leaders of the continent. They say you cannot choose your
family. South Africa cannot choose its neighbors. Mbeki may have chosen to
intervene in the Congo, Rwanda and elsewhere, he cannot make the same
voluntary stand in respect to the Zimbabwe crisis.

For better or worse President Mbeki takes up the cudgels in South Africa
with the crisis in Zimbabwe firmly in his back yard. It is his
responsibility because of geography and history. It is also his because the
rest of the world are tired of dealing with crisis after crisis in Africa
and are now demanding that we take charge of our own affairs. Especially if
we have the means to do so and they expect us to simply ask for their
support in the effort. They will not take leadership in the resolution of
the Zimbabwe crisis.

The full extent of the Zimbabwe crisis is appreciated in South Africa but it
worth summarising the issues so that people can appreciate the full extent
of President Mbeki's problems in regard to the Zimbabwe situation.

In Zimbabwe we have a state that is now totally isolated in international
and continental terms. Mugabe has succeeded in alienating just about
everybody - even the UN and Obasanjo. The Zimbabwe government is in
violation of just about every norm laid down in both regional (SADC)
continental (AU) and global agreements specifying internationally accepted
criteria for human and political rights and governance in general.

Inside Zimbabwe, the economy has collapsed - GDP will be down 40 per cent
this year, inflation is running at 600 per cent, exports have declined two
thirds, and employment is down by a third or more. 80 per cent of the
population is in abject poverty; school enrollment has fallen from 95 per
cent to 65 per cent with two thirds of all girls no longer in school. Deaths
from poverty, HIV/Aids and other endemic diseases now claim up to 300 000
lives a year and life expectancies have been reduced to a miserable 36
years - down from 59 years in 1990. 70 per cent of the population will need
food aid this year for the 4th year in a row.

But for President Mbeki the most serious aspect of the Zimbabwe crisis is
not the impact on Zimbabwe and its people. It is the direct knock-on effects
in South Africa itself. A third of the total population of Zimbabwe -
probably close to half its adult population has decamped and now lives in
other countries. 70 per cent of all these economic and political refugees
are in South Africa. They constitute half the population in the squatter
camps and account for a substantial proportion of South Africa's burgeoning

The impact does not stop there - the constant negative press on Zimbabwe,
the stories of violations of property rights and worse, touch every investor
where it hurts most. Do they trust Africa with their investment dollars? Or
do they look elsewhere. No matter how conservative the ANC is in economic
terms and how carefully they control their own economy, the contagion of
Zimbabwe cannot be contained by the Limpopo. Estimates vary, but the
consensus is the same - Zimbabwe is costing South Africa dearly in terms of
growth and investment.

To make his mark on the history of his country and his continent in the next
five years Mbeki must strive to achieve the following: -

1. Regional stability and political and economic cohesion within a system
that makes best use of South African regional hegemony without exacerbating
its regional dominance.
2. Domestic growth rates that range around the 7 per cent per annum level
that is required at the very least, to reduce poverty and create jobs.
3. A programme of job and enterprise creation that will spur industrial
output and make South Africa a leading producer and exporter of manufactured
goods - for which the main markets will be in Africa itself.
4. Translation of the NEPAD program and the objectives of the African Union
into tangible policy and programme initiatives designed to transform the
African continent into a region that can gradually pull itself into the 21st

All that one can say about his first five years is that a foundation was
laid by the previous administration on which these broad goals can be
achieved in the next administrative period. There is no time to waste and it
is difficult to see how any of the above goals can be achieved if the
Zimbabwe crisis is not dealt with, and decisively.

There are now only 10 months left before Zimbabweans go to the polls.  If
the next elections are allowed to take place under the administrative and
political conditions now being laid down by the Mugabe regime then it will
take the rest of Mbeki's term of office to fix the problems created. He must
move now to ensure that the next elections comply in every way with the
standards laid down in the SADC protocols on democratic governance. Mugabe
is the main obstacle to progress, as it is his determined effort to retain
power at any price that is causing the crisis. Only Mbeki can deal with
him - in tandem with the region, or alone.

Eddie Cross
Bulawayo, 26th April 2004.
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