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- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Row over Mugabe mansion funding
From correspondents in Kuala Lumpur
May 27, 2004

A POLITICAL row brewed in Malaysia today over claims the government was
partially funding the construction of a lavish £5 million pound ($12.62
million) mansion for Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe.

Mugabe, in a recent interview with Britain's Sky News television, denied the
25-bedroom mansion near Harare was being financed by Zimbabwean taxpayers,
saying the Malaysian and Chinese governments were providing partial funding.

Malaysian opposition party leaders and rights groups expressed outrage at
Malaysia's reported support for Mugabe, who is accused of having ruined his
country economically and impoverished his people.

Opposition leader Lim Kit Siang of the Democratic Action Party said Mugabe's
statement was "shocking".

"I call on the Government to issue a ministerial statement as we want to
know whether we have secretly and unlawfully funded the 25-bedroom mansion,"
he said.

A local corruption watchdog, the Kuala Lumpur Society for Transparency and
Integrity, said the Government "owes it to its people to confirm or deny
Mugabe's assertion.
"If true, the Government must explain why it funded such a luxury for a
political head reputed to be a dictator," its deputy president Param
Cumaraswamy said.

"Zimbabwe is in serious political and economic disorder. The unemployment
rate exceeds 70 per cent. Agricultural output has been so ravaged that
Zimbabwe now has the highest number of citizens starving to death in
Africa," he said.

Mugabe's government has come in for similar criticism from Western
countries, which also accuse him of abuses of human rights and democracy.

Several Malaysian government officials questioned by reporters said they
were unaware of the deal but would investigate.

"I have no information about that. I will check," Deputy Prime Minister
Najib Razak was reported as saying by The Sun daily today.

Mugabe, who has ruled the southern African country for the past 24 years,
did not disclose the exact sum involved or when the money had been
channelled to him but said former Malaysian premier Mahathir Mohamad had
also provided the timber for the structure.

Mahathir, who retired last October after 22 years in power, was an ally of
Mugabe's, with the two men sharing a love of anti-Western rhetoric stoked by
a history of British colonialism in both countries.

But while Zimbabwe's economy has suffered under Mugabe, Malaysia flourished
under Mahathir, who turned it from a rubber and tin exporting country to a
high-tech manufacturing powerhouse.

Agence France-Presse
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The Herald

Unicef Zimbabwe gets US$1m for HIV/Aids programmes

The Japanese government yesterday donated US$1 million to Unicef Zimbabwe
towards its HIV/Aids programmes.

Japanese Ambassador to Zimbabwe Mr Tsunehige Iiyama handed over the funds
availed through the UN Trust Fund for Human Security.

The ambassador described the contribution to Unicef Zimbabwe as part of
Japan's mission to tackle the insecurity and the pain caused by the Aids
pandemic, which has left many children orphaned and vulnerable.

"We hope this contribution to Unicef will provide some of those most in
need, the opportunity to learn how to cope better with their circumstances
and ultimately provide them with better strategies to ensure their human
dignity and security," he said.

The Japanese government had undertaken a number of initiatives, of which the
UN Trust Fund for Human Security was a very important one, he said.

The Trust Fund was set up in 1999 to translate the concept of human security
into concrete activities implemented by the UN agencies through supporting
projects that address diverse threats including poverty, environmental
degradation, conflicts, landmines, refugee problems, illicit drugs and
infectious diseases such as HIV/Aids.

Ambassador Iiyama said by 2002 his country had provided US$203 million to
the Trust Fund.

Currently the fund supports more than 90 projects all over the world.

Speaking at the same ceremony, Unicef representative Dr Festo Kavishe said
the money would contribute to the psychological well being of those affected
by the HIV/Aids pandemic.

"The funds will help them to cope with their emotional loss and prevent them
from being vulnerable to all forms of abuse," said Dr Kavishe.

He said the funds would be spent over two years in nine districts including
Mt. Darwin, Bulilimamangwe, Buhera, Zaka, Zvishavane, Gokwe North, Hurungwe,
Hwange and Mudzi. - New Ziana.
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Independent (UK)

Lamb poised to join ECB exodus
By Angus Fraser
27 May 2004

Tim Lamb is expected to resign from his post as chief executive of the
England and Wales Cricket Board this morning. Lamb has been in charge of the
ECB since its inception in January 1997 but has come under increasing
pressure because of the ECB's indecisive handling of the Zimbabwe issue and
the recent proposals put forward for the future structure of domestic

The 51-year-old former Middlesex and Northamptonshire player told David
Morgan, the chairman of the ECB, of his decision on Monday but an
announcement has been delayed until a severance deal has been agreed. Lamb,
the highest paid official at the ECB, is on a salary of about £140,000 a

Lamb is the third senior official to leave the ECB in the last month. Des
Wilson resigned from the board after his paper stating that moral
considerations should be taken into account before England decide to tour
was not adopted. And on Monday the ECB's marketing director, Mark Sibley,
decided to resign after only a year in the job.

Their departures threaten to leave the ECB in disarray. All three would have
played key roles in negotiations over the ECB's next television deal, which
will take place later this year.

Although the counties are disillusioned with Lamb's dismissive attitude
towards the county game, many will be disappointed that he no longer feels
he has their confidence. Counties are now run by a new breed of chairmen,
who want to have greater control over the business of the ECB, and their
influence appears to have played a part in the recent exodus.

John Carr, the operations director, has been thought of as Lamb's
replacement but there have been suggestions that someone from outside the
present administration will be offered English cricket's top job.

* Nasser Hussain, the former England captain, is expected to say today
whether he is retiring.

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The Herald

$2 trillion to pour into market

By Brian Benza
THE Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe financial bills have begun to mature and are
expected to pour a huge $2 trillion into the already heavily liquid market.

Maturities of the bills is set to cause a nightmare to the monetary
authorities who have been keen to mop up excess liquidity in the market
using the underperforming Treasury Bills.

Monday was the first day to record maturities of the bills, which were
discontinued towards the end of March, effectively leading to a collapse in
money market interest rates.

Maturities of around $30 billion were recorded on Monday against a $15
billion allotment of Treasury Bills at an effective yield of 109,92 percent.

The central bank is now faced with the daunting task of cleaning the excess
funds and will be expected to come up with better open market instruments
than the Treasury Bills if they are not prepared to raise the return on the
underperforming bills.

While the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe financial bills are very attractive to
investors in terms of return, there have been concern that the cost of the
bills to the central bank may be excessive.

The continued issuance of the bills to mop up surplus liquidity translated
into a huge interest payable bill on the part of the bank.

Following the conversion of the compulsory 10 percent per annum to the
instruments, the volume of bills in issue amounts to over $1,16 trillion
while the interest payable on these bills will be over $900 billion.

To complement the Treasury Bills, the central bank will be expected to issue
new bills of over $2 trillion to roll over the ones that have just begun to

The central bank will be caught in a dilemma with regards to the appropriate
interest policy to pursue to wipe up the surplus, which, in real terms, is
over $250 billion.

Locally registered stock for 728 days, which closed last Wednesday, was
allotted up to a paltry $95 billion at a coupon rate of 140 percent.

While central bank officials may be tempted to raise interest rate on their
bills, in line with their new monetary policy, prevailing levels of interest
rates will not be attractive enough to mop up the huge surplus figure.

The RBZ held 91-day Treasury Bill auctions on every trading day last week
and at each auction $100 billion was on offer.

On Monday, $30 billion was allotted at an effective yield of 107,67 percent
while Treasury Bill maturities of around $8 billion were recorded.

On Tuesday, all bids were rejected at the first auction, while at the second
auction, $41,7 billion was allotted at an effective yield of 107,79 percent.

Wednesday saw $49,2 billion being allotted and the effective yield firmed to
108,14 percent and the effective 91-day Treasury Bill yield firmed further
to 109,09 percent on Thursday as $38,7 billion was allotted.
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Cape Times

      Amnesty describes the nightmare that Nepad aims to make a dream
      May 27, 2004

      By Basildon Peta

      International human rights watchdog Amnesty International painted a
bleak picture of human rights across southern and eastern Africa in its
annual report detailing rights abuses in the world, published yesterday.

      From repression of political opponents in Zimbabwe to crimes against
women and children in Burundi and the Congo, the report lamented the
continued lack of respect for human rights and the failure of many
governments to live up to professed standards of governance.

      Persecution of human rights defenders and the political opposition,
violence against women, and limited access to justice for the most
marginalised in society, blighted the human rights situation in many African
countries, Amnesty said.

      Many are denied civil, political, economic, social and cultural
rights, particularly of the most vulnerable - women and children, refugees
and the internally displaced, people living with HIV/Aids, the poor and
those who lack formal education.

      On the bright side though, Amnesty said regional initiatives to
establish greater respect for human rights did make progress, including
through intervention and mediation in conflicts such as Burundi and the
Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) or in the protection of human rights

      In Zimbabwe, though, it said President Robert Mugabe's government
stepped up attacks on critics of the government, including torture and
kidnappings, gagged the media and misused scarce food stocks for political

      "Perpetrators of human rights violations continued to enjoy impunity
and allegations against state agents were not investigated. The majority of
abuses were committed by ruling party supporters and police, security and
army officers against opposition supporters.

      "Police officers were implicated in torture, ill-treatment and
unlawful killings."

      Government forces and armed opposition groups frequently abused human
rights in conflicts such as those in Burundi, Central African Republic, CTte
d'Ivoire, DRC, Liberia, Sudan and Uganda.

      In eastern DRC clashes between armed ethnic groups supported by
outside powers cost the lives of tens of thousands of people.

      "Men, women and children were slaughtered, raped and mutilated
indiscriminately, treated as mere pawns in the power play of those
benefiting from the frequently illicit exploitation of resources that has
fuelled years of conflict," the report said. "Tens of thousands of people
were internally displaced (in the Congo)."

      Amnesty said the United Nations panel of experts on the illegal
exploitation of natural resources and other forms of wealth in the DRC had
again revealed the responsibility of businesses for the human rights and
humanitarian crisis in eastern DRC.

      Amnesty said governments of countries used malicious prosecution,
arbitrary arrest and excessive force against demonstrators as tools of
political repression.

      In many countries torture and ill-treatment of suspects continued to
be widespread.

      The report however noted that some progress in conflict resolution had
been achieved, mainly in Burundi where a new government including several
parties to the conflict was formed in November.

      And in Sudan new security agreements were signed in September by the
government and the armed opposition group, the Sudan People's Liberation

      However scores of civilians were killed in Burundi by government
forces and armed groups and in Sudan the conflict in the western province of
Darfur claimed hundreds of lives and led to the displacement of hundreds of
thousands of people.

      In the Central African Republic numerous extrajudicial executions and
widespread sexual violence were reportedly carried out by several parties
involved in a coup last march.
      In Uganda a government military initiative against the armed group,
the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), led to an

      intensification of the conflict in the north. The LRA continued to
abduct children to abuse them as combatants and sex slaves.

      Amnesty said widespread poverty, high illiteracy rates and large
disparities in wealth, remained major obstacles for many people.

      In spite of frequent declarations of goodwill and important regional
initiatives for greater national and international investment, such as under
the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad), most governments
failed to live up to their promises, resulting in the spiralling
deterioration of opportunities for the most marginalised and vulnerable to
have access to the most basic level of livelihood.
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The Star

      SADC again sees no evil
      May 27, 2004

      By the Editor

      It takes quite a lot for African organisations to criticise an African
election, as we have seen in Zimbabwe. So the African Union's criticism of
last week's Malawi election must be taken seriously.

      The ruling party's Bingu wa Mutharika won a disputed poll, marred by
opposition charges of cheating, which led to demonstrations in which several
were killed, mostly at the hands of the police. Opposition parties are
challenging the results in the courts - probably in vain, as Mutharika has
already been sworn in.

      The opposition could be criticised for provocation - most notably for
declaring victory before the results were announced. But it is also clear
from most observer reports that opposition parties were themselves provoked
by blatant government manipulation of the instruments of power. This must be
judged the prime cause of the unrest - as well, of course, as seriously
undermining the credibility of the new president's mandate.

      The African Union observer mission said: "The excessive use of public
media and other resources by the ruling party did not provide a level
playing field for all opposition parties." The European Union and
Commonwealth said much the same.

      The Southern African Development Community's parliamentary forum said
the public media had given no coverage to the opposition and that the ruling
party had handed out cash and "material inducements" to voters, possibly
undermining democratic processes.

      But the official SADC observer team - representing SADC governments -
was the odd man out. Only it gave the election a clean bill of health,
declaring it "free and fair and credible" apart from "some minor, isolated
administrative incidents, which were promptly handled".

      SADC itself has developed very explicit guidelines for holding
elections, which include the concerns raised by all the other observers. But
these mean nothing if observers simply do not
      see - or claim not to see - the malpractices that everyone else does.

      This report bodes ill for the peer review process, of which Africa's
partners are expecting so much.

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New Zimbabwe

Mawere arrested in South Africa on graft charges

By Innocent Chofamba Sithole and Masimba Rushwaya
Last updated: 05/27/2004 09:26:39
THE government's blitzkrieg on corruption has claimed its biggest corporate
scalp to date following the arrest of South African-based Zimbabwean
business mogul, Mutumwa Mawere in Johannesburg this week.

South African police spokeswoman, Mary Martins last night confirmed to the
Daily Mirror that Mawere was picked up by Interpol officers in the plush
Johannesburg suburb of Sandton on Tuesday afternoon.

"He was arrested yesterday at 12:30 pm in Sandton on a warrant of arrest
after being declared wanted by Zimbabwean police," Martins told the
independent Daily Mirror.

She said Mawere was nabbed on charges of violating the Zimbabwe Exchange
Control Act.

But the businessman, who Martins had reported as having been detained in
police cells in South Africa's capital, Pretoria, adamantly maintained last
night that his arrest had no basis at law as the Exchange Control Act only
applied to people resident in the country. He did not say whether he had
been bailed out of detention.

"How can a person who's been a non-resident for 15 years be accused of
externalisation?" Mawere quipped. He said he had been living outside the
country since 1989.

There have been numerous unconfirmed reports that Mawere had allegedly
undervalued the quality of exported asbestos, and thus prejudiced the State
of lots of foreign currency. Asbestos is one of the major foreign currency
earners in the mining sector, with Shabani and Mashava mines officially
earning the country an estimated US$40 million per year.

"He is due to appear in the Randburg magistrate court for extradition
purposes," Martins added. However, local police had last night remained mum
on the case, with police spokesman Superintendant Oliver Mandipaka
professing ignorance over the arrest of Mawere.

Mawere contended that he was not directly involved in the operations of the
local companies in which he has interests.

"I don't sit on any boards of Zimbabwean companies. The exporters are the
companies, which have legal personas and have their own rights before the
law. They are represented by their directors and officials . . . To
therefore accuse me of externalisation when I am external, is a
contradiction in terms," Mawere said.

Mawere said the affidavit provided by the Zimbabwean authorities erroneously
claimed he was resident in Belvedere, Harare.

While the businessman claimed his arrest was a result of police confusion
over the application of the Exchange Control Act, sources last night
revealed that Mawere was being targeted by some influential politicians with
whom he had been very close in the past.

He becomes by far the most significant victim of the anti-corruption probe.
While he conspicuously shied away from political office, he is known to have
been intricately networked with the nervous system of political power in the

Finance minister, Chris Kuruneri and Zanu PF central committee member and
businessman, James Makamba are the two other significant personalities -
courtesy of the anti-graft crusade - to have been arrested so far.
But Mawere's peculiar political relationships and business history mark him
out as the biggest fish in the net.

At one time the then Zanu PF secretary for finance and current Speaker of
Parliament, Emmerson Mnanagagwa was said to be looking for a new breed of
local businessmen whom he could involve in the ruling party's expansion into
mining, manufacturing and banking. Mawere, a Harvard-trained MBA graduate,
was working in Johannesburg with the International Finance Corporation, a
World Bank offshoot as a senior advisor on African mining and petroleum
Mnangagwa was instrumental in endeavours to lure Mawere back to Zimbabwe and
to assist him in his bid to purchase the nation's largest asbestos mining
group that consisted of Shabani and Mashava Mines (i.e. the African
Associated Mines).

Mawere was said to have bought the two entities for a song as the government
simply issued a guarantee for the sale of the two mines to Africa Resources
Limited (ARL) from a multi-national company.

ARL was to simply pay for the transaction from the proceeds of sales from

Mawere has over the years been the overseer of the growth of a vast empire
that has encompassed companies such as SMM Holdings, Africa Associated Mines
(AAM), Zimre, Fidelity Life, Nicoz Diamond, Firstel, Turnall, General
Beltings, Tube and Pipe Industries, Hastt Zimbabwe, FSI Agricom, CFI
Holdings and First Bank.

The growth of his empire was however subject to speculation that he was a
front for some senior and prominent politicians.

Observers have hinted that the first sign of cracks emerging between Mawere
and his relationship with the party/government was when the Mineral
Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe (MMCZ) took over the marketing of asbestos
from African Associated Mines.

Questions were raised as to the rationale and prudence of allowing MMCZ to
market the mineral, especially given the negative and ill-conceived
perception of the bad effects of the use of the mineral on the international

SMM Holdings, the parent company of AAM, was given the exception to market
its own asbestos in 1998 but in January this year, the ministry of mines
announced that the waiver would be removed with effect from April 1 2004.
There have been continuous media reports that Mawere was once a protege of
Mnangagwa, amid speculation that the two had since fallen out.

Mawere has, however, always denied this saying that "I am a businessman not
a politician."

He always insisted that he was a businessman who had the simple desire to
invest in his country.

The ruling party's Masvingo provincial executive in recent months offered
Mawere the economic affairs portfolio, which the businessman snubbed, saying
he only wanted to make his contribution to national development through

Through his investment vehicle, UKI Investments, Mawere until recently owned
Media Africa Group (MAG), publishers of the Business Tribune and the Weekend
Tribune newspapers
From Daily Mirror
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This article was on a Portuguese news site - I have got Google to translate
it.... read it with a bit of ingenuity and imagination....

Forces of the land

 Zimbabué closed it to them door, but Moçambique opened a window to them of
chances.  They do not demand very:  space to only cultivate and some
financial aids to recommence the life.  In two years, the zimbabuanos white
agriculturists had tamed thousand of hectares of virgin lands and had
created one hundred companies almost and 4 a thousand new ranks of work in
the moçambicana province of Manica Ana Tomás Ribeiro, special envoy/13
VISION nº 584 Mai. 2004 Are as the trees with that they live:  badly they
are pulled out of the soil, create raízes noutro soon place with the force
that remains to them.  It does not matter what they have to pass until
coming back to bear fruit.  They are proud to exceed difficult times.  They
are alive forces of the nature and without land they do not know to live.
The reveses of the life in Africa do not scare them.  Where it wants that
they are, they will be African.  They are thus the white agriculturists, who
the Zimbabué (the old British colónia of the Rodésia of the South) banished
and Moçambique received?  in particular the province of Manica, separate of
the neighboring country for the Vumba mountain.  There, dialecto is said the
same that of the other side of the mountain, the climate is equal and the
still more fertile lands, since little they are explored or exactly virgin.
The man power is more expensive, exactly not possessing formation.  But this
obstacle is compensated by the motivation of the workers, eager of a steady
job and a form to support the families.  Thing that the great majority never
had, exactly after the end of the civil war, has ten years more than.  The
zimbabuanos that had thus thought had put in the cars the scarce ones to
have e, alone or with families and dogs, they had crossed the border.  To
start of the zero the first ones they had arrived in 2001.  David, 38 years,
was one of them.  Alone lode, got of the moçambicano Government land
concession, financial supports and recommenced the life.  It waited eight
months for the ownership of the land.  During one year, it slept in a tent,
to cook and to take bath to the outdoors.  It was decided for Moçambique has
two years and way because "it was close to Africa South it, an important
market, and a country where it has part of the family".  On the other hand,
"it had fast access to the port of the Side, and thus more easiness in
draining the products", explains, in the situated farm the scarce
quilómetros of the Chimoio, capital of the province of Manica.  In July of
2002, David started to dig the first land parcel.  Then for it invested 400
a thousand dollars here.  It cultivated tobacco, maize and a little of
sunflower.  One year later, with the plants already grown and a water
puncture in the farm, was to search the family:  the Marty woman, of 28
small years, two children e the fathers-in-law, Peter and Anna.  The dogs
had joined it the moçambicano rafeiro that, according to it, "adoptou it" in
its times of solitude.  Still it tried "to pass tractores" in the border
with Africa of the South.  "But we do not obtain", concludes.  It was in
alpendre of the part of the house of family, constructed recently and
encircled with trees of satiated ramagens that we found Marty to read a
book, with the children, of 3 and 2 years, encircled of toys, and the
parents.  David, although to be Saturday, is to work.  The men trepam, under
its supervision, for the structures wooden, in front of the house, to hang
tobacco leves.  He is a likeable man and of easy smile, that does not hide a
difficult past.  When they had arrived, in the caravans, without canalized
water nor light, immediately had been attacked there by the malaria.  "All
very primitive age.  We suffer all with this very ", counts Marty.  But
these difficulties do not hinder a certainty:  "we do not want to come back
more toward the Zimbabué.  Our future is here."  E adds:  "the position of
the biggest part of the families of zimbabuanos Is this."  It is certain
that in the Zimbabué, it remembers David, "we had everything:  house, good
hospitals, schools, roads, electricidade, canalized water, an organized
community of agriculturists and all the infrastructures of
commercialization, transformation and transport of products to function.
For there of a life of city for the end-of-week and until porting
infrastructures for the leisure times."  Beyond a familiar history with
raízes in that country.  The first members of the family of Marty had
arrived at the Zimbabué in 1890.  But, now, "the problems that we would have
there do not have solution".  The confidence is total:  "In Moçambique we
can carry through us.  The country is to grow and the conditions go
improving.  Today already we notice differences, even in the bureaucracy.
The workers need being formed, but very they are interested in working and
they learn well."  How much to the results of these first years of
agricultural exploration in Moçambique, David says:  "I can consider that it
was a good start."  Therefore, already they think to tame the remains 2 a
thousand hectares of land, granted noutro place, to lead ahead for one
projecto of production of hortícolas for moçambicano market e, later, for
exportation.  Now, they have an enthusiasm reason still more:  when
excavating the land in return of the kitchen had discovered ruins of one old
house of the farm and is to reconstruct it.  For already, the family of
David uses in Manica 154 permanent workers and 300 in some periods of the
year.  The trend will be for giving work much more.  The effect of the
zimbabuanos After de David, many other zimbabuanos had arrived at the
provincía of Manica.  E others have-of coming.  Exactly the ones that, in
the beginning of the crisis politics in the Zimbabué, had decided to leave
for so distant destinations as Australia, had discovered now that, after
all, its future was there to the house door.  After the presidential
elections in Moçambique, marked for the next Autumn, still they will have to
arrive more much?  the ones that, after the lived traumatizante experience
in the Zimbabué, wait expectant the electoral results, to know the new rules
of the game.  For already, they attract them the results of that they had
started to lie down seeds in moçambicanas lands, has at least two years.
These already are responsible for the creation of more than one hundred
companies, of which 40 are in full activity, and more than 4 a thousand
ranks of work.  Thousands of hectares of virgin lands had tamed.  Today they
have tobacco fields and maize to lose of sight, where the plants surpass the
height of the men.  But also roses for exportation cultivate, create cattle
and keep until units of piscicultura.  They are in practically all the
agricultural sectors.  The farms of that moçambicana province are called now
with more reason of that never "farmas" (of the English farm, that
means?quinta),  used term no longer time of the colonialismo for influence
of the Rodésia and proper Africa of the South.  Satisfied with the results,
the "farmeiros" are questioned:  "As he is that the Portuguese
agriculturists had not discovered the agricultural potentialities of
Moçambique"  Behind the agriculturists, they had come other investors, on to
the commerce of products for agriculture:  salesmen of tractores, alfaias,
fertilizers, seeds, products of veterinary medicine and everything more than
necessary either...  Work and a hut Of the road that binds Chimoio to the
village of Manica, the way of the border between Moçambique and the
Zimbabué, has an interview several of these companies.  But of Ian Smith
(the same name of the last governor of the segregacionista Rodésia...) and
Pretty one ascends for the dimension of the old hangar of airplanes, bought
in the Zimbabué for Ian and its partner of the Agriterra and that one
practically meets mounted.  That structure contrasts with the small wooden
house where the couple sleeps, with the son of 12 years, and with the green
tent that serves to them of room and kitchen.  "It is simple", explains Ian.
"First I have to create the conditions to work and alone later it is that I
can construct the house."  Ian already vende tractores in Moçambique has two
years.  But the hangar will serve of workshop of assistance for its
customers and to mount tractores.  It is there that it is the complement of
the business.  Therefore, the family will have to wait plus some time for
better conditions of life.  What it does not lack is joy and good disposal.
Ian, 49 years, compliments us as if already in it knew them has much time.
Pretty, 33, are inside of the tent, with the son, the dogs and the cat.  But
it feels our presence and it appears with a wide smile, inviting us to enter
it.  The television is on and Storm is vidrada in ecrã as any small one of
11 years, to a Saturday of morning, to see livened up drawings.  Its name
wants to say storm, but the smile that leaves that sardento face discloses
the enormous tranquilidade of its life.  To the days of week, frequenta
Storm 6ª classroom of the lessons leccionadas in English in the school of
the Chimoio.  But also it learns there Portuguese.  With it they are more 17
zimbabuanas children.  Storm continues to prefer to communicate in English,
but already it is disentangled in our language.  "Taste much more of living
in Moçambique of that in the Zimbabué", it counts to us.  "Here I have more
friends and is all the calmest one."  Pretty it explains that in the
Zimbabué, lately, Storm studied only in house, what it limited it socially.
In one placard of platex, to the deep one of the tent, a set of photographs
portraies the some phases of the conquest of conditions of life of the
Smiths in Moçambique.  Since the shower of bucket set in motion for a sheave
with that incialmente they took bath, until the mounted sanita a in the way
of one about sugar canes.  Now, it only lacks the house to them to be
completely happy, accents Pretty.  "Here", salient Ian, "we live in a
democracy:  it has peace, more security and it was easy to get the land "?
the four hectares where many live and others that already had been
concessionados to it to develop one "farma", where Ian and the partner
intends to cultivate already in the next station tobacco, cereals and some
páprica.  Moreover, the business of the tractores has a great potential of
growth.  In few words, Ian explains the difference between the Zimbabué and
Moçambique:  "There we do not vendemos an only tractor.  Here we vendemos
14."  Ian confesses that still it arrived to think about the Zâmbia
alternative.  But the moçambicana economy is to grow more and more is
stabilized.  In the next year, the Smiths already will have workshop and
"farma" in full activity.  In this height, the Agriterra already will use at
least 120 people.  Support politician But if the zimbabuanos are satisfied
with the business in Moçambique also are truth that the results of its
investments in Manica have a significant impact in the moçambicana economy.
E will have still more from this year.  In agreement, with a report of the
provincial Government, the one that the VISION had access, in the 2004 end
the number of new ranks of work created in the agrarian sector will have to
be raised for 10 a thousand.  In 2001 the sector was responsible only for
about 1 500 jobs.  Between 2001 and 2004, the number of involved families in
some cultures (cereals, tobacco, cotton, oleaginosas, hortícolas and
malagueta) also grew of 20 for 130 a thousand.  As it could not leave of
being, the per capita income of the inhabitants of Manica increased of 125
dollars, in 2000, for 347,50, in 2003.  The value of the agricultural
exportations, of 1,5 million dollar in 2000, will have in the end of this
year to be raised for 16 million.  Summarizing:  "In 2003, the provincía of
Manica had one weight of 4,8% in the Gross domestic product of Moçambique.
E its per capita GIP, of 125 dollars, was 4º bigger of the country.  Without
never wounding the good relations that continue to keep with the Zimbabué
and its President, Robert Mugabe, Joaquin Chissano and its Government they
have known to very manage well the shelter to the white agriculturists,
removing economic benefits of the crisis politics in the neighboring
country, that if had translated before damages for the moçambicana economy.
Chissano knows that its country lacks of infrastructures and jobs.
Moreover, it has few available supports to help national or foreign that
want to invest in moçambicanas lands.  Therefore, it plays with the weapons
of that it makes use to hold these made use men to subject it any conditions
of life to be able to continue to work the land.  The moçambicano president
sees in them sources of job and economic growth for the country.  To give
virgin lands to them, scarce financial supports and to acarinhar them?
directamente or through the provincial governments?  politics has been its.
Therefore one dislocated in the month passed in official visit the province
where the biggest number of zimbabuanos agriculturists is concentrated.  E
had the concern of offering one supper to them (where all had been served of
the same pan) during which they had been able colloquy informally.  A
gesture very received well by the new investors.  "In the Zimbabué never we
saw our President to less than ten quilómetros of distance", says one of
them.  In the occasion, Chissano transmitted the message desired.  Of the
tranquilidade, guaranteeing to them that whichever the winner of the next
presidential elections in Moçambique, the politics so far followed
relatively the external investors will go to continue.  Either Daklama, the
leader of the Renamo, the winner, or Guebuza, the new leader of the Frelimo,
both has as objectivo to make to grow the economy of the country.  E this
only can happen with the aid of the foreign investment.  The message was
underlined by the "farmeiros" in the meeting of the following day in "farma"
of the Stacom Tobaccos (to see box).  In that visit, the moçambicano
President still announced a set of investment, nominated roads and bridges,
to carry through in the next years.  E that they will be able to benefit the
draining of the production of Manica, as well as the way life of the
agriculturists.  But plus a gesture politician, to add to whom they have
come to be taken by the governor To sound Nhaca (to see p 98), that already
he conquered the affection of the zimbabuanos although, to the principle, to
have faced the doubts of the politicians of Maputo how much to the fenómeno
of the new "farmeiros" in Manica.  Everything is possible One day, counts
Nhaca, left in periodicals the notice the creation fish in Manica.  "In the
Parliament of the Maputo, the opposition asked for explanations.  is
possible in a province of the interior, of where nor if it sees the sea, to
be to produce fish,  they asked.  I decided the question inviting them for
capsize to see as if fish without sea created ", concludes.  Projecto in
question results of a composed society for two Portuguese who had always
lived in the Zimbabué and two zimbabuanos.  It is placed in the place of
rare beauty, to the side river, that the partners of projecto had chosen to
live.  Already they had constructed its houses there but still they keep
roullotes where they slept initially, as well as the first house, smaller.
"Now it is destined to receive the friends who are for coming of the
Zimbabué without nothing of its;  thus, they do not need to pass for that
some of us had passed ", explains us Jose Luis Rasp, 39 years, one of the
partners.  To the 2 of the afternoon we were to find it to work it next to
the employees, in the construction of that have-of being the future plant of
rations for fish.  The first fish produced in the tanks had started to leave
for the market in the end of the month of April.  "Now we produce only 16
tons for month, therefore it is everything for the national market;  but
when to arrive at the 21 monthly tons we will start to export, and already
we have companies interested in mattering of the Zimbabué, of Africa of the
South and England."  The ration feeds the fish, but also "it supports" the
many families who live in redor of the Fish Farm.  "They produce beans,
maize and wheat, us we buy for them, we join the fish bran to it and make
the ration", tells Jose Luis.  To the front of the future plant, turned for
the river, the tanks of the fish are prolongated.  Together, the four
partners already had invested 7 biliões of meticais there.  But its
objectivo is to construct one hundred tanks and to place 32 nets in the
river, where the fish lives in semifreedom in the last phase of growth.  In
this height of projecto "already we count to have a mounted system of
refrigeration, to be able to prepare filetes of fish here and other products
finished for segments of market with greater to be able of purchase."  Daqui
per two years, waits to start to have profit.  To all, they give to
permanent work the 22 people more and eventual the 15.  All the partners of
the Fish Farm have the children there.  But the children do not meet of
moment in the farm?  they are in Africa of the South.  "They have lessons
for the InterNet, and of two in two months they are seven days there to take
off doubts or to make tests."  The son oldest of one of the zimbabuanos
partners, of 18 years, preferred to change the fish for the roses.  It is
responsible of accounting of the Vilmar the Investments, one of the colored
projectos more of zimbabuanos in Manica.  The company produces roses since
2002, to export, saw Zimbabué, for Holland and England.  In 181 hectares of
land she constructed to some greenhouses, giving already work the 250
people.  The partners of the Vilmar, Derik Hinde and David England, continue
to live in the Zimbabué.  Mixture of cultures "After that she happened to
them in the Zimbabué, some people are still not made use to invest to
everything or noutro here country;  they need to gain confidence;  therefore
she is that some still do not live here ", you go saying us a zimbabuano
entrepreneur, throughout a trip that starts in the Chimoio and finishes
close to Catandica.  The road extends among fields and forest.  Part is of
tar and another beaten land part.  In front, the sights extend until the a
mountain range of Manica.  To far cattle has an interview itself here and to
graze there.  It has people for the berm of the road, the foot and of
bicycle.  Houses are not seen.  When the car enters in the road, smells it
the land joins the one of the tar that is to be used in the recovery of the
old way left for the Portuguese.  Signals of development.  The first village
that we sight, to the end of about two hours of way, calls Pungué?  the same
name of the river that bathes it.  From there onward the dust clouds are
accumulated.  It has that to soften the speed.  In the time of the civil war
in Moçambique, the zone was dominated for the troops of the Renamo, today
the greater broken of the opposition to the Government of the Frelimo.  More
stocking-hour of way and arrives it a trail, that if hides under the
ramagens of the trees.  For it does not lack water there.  For all the sides
if see streams.  Suddenly, to far, a great field of maize is the first
signal of that we are you give to arrive at the Catandica Farm.  One "farma"
where if it produces cattle for abates, maize, tobacco, páprica and rations
of maize.  A fertile land.  It seems incredible that noutros times that
place has served of palco to one of the bloodiest episodes of the history of
the regional wars.  She was that they had been died 7 a thousand men of the
movement of release of the Zimbabué, for the troops of Ian Smith there.
Boit Chantloir, the manager of the farm, is in the plantation, with the
workers.  High, lean, with a hat of cowboy, shimstocks, shirt of rolled up
sleeves, leather boots, the man is estereótipo of one any North American
rancher.  Likeable and well-made use figure, does not want to speak of the
past.  It was without job to the 49 years, in the Zimbabué, where always he
was manager of "farmas", and left with two loaded cars of things and without
family for Moçambique, in 2002, to construct a new farm of zimbabuanos.  "a
door Is closed, but a window confides soon."  It is thus that it summarizes
what was transferred.  It is perceivable that alone it wants to speak of the
future or a more recent past, of that much is proud, that he is of the
origin of that one "farma".  "In the first months I slept in a tent and I
constructed to that one palhota (of sugar canes and colmo) to cook", counts
Boit Chantloir.  The desbravamento of the 200 hectares of clean land that
today has started in February of 2003.  Now already it sleeps in a house of
red brick, cover of colmo, with soil of cement and house of bath.  Already
it has also constructed the kitchen, the office and the room.  Between the
house and the opened bar, of sugar canes and colmo, that it erected to
receive the friends, the garden whom the central patio fulls of color,
protected of the heat for the leafy treetops is extended.  Boit eats almost
everything of that the land gives to it.  The firewood heats the water in a
boiler of brick defendant.  The water is removed of a done puncture there
exactly to the side.  A generator with capacity to produce 6 a thousand
megawatts of energy gives to it autonomy to it that it needs relatively to
the moçambicana electric net, that arrives never more there.  Thus, it can
guarantee the functioning of a maize flour plant and of a slaughter house
with six great refrigerating chambers, that finished to be constructed.  E
as is that the workers arrive there every day?  Some live in the farm,
others in next villages.  The ones that they come of more far use the
bicycles bought for the masters.  After all, it thus seems not to be so
difficult to live in the way it weeds, to be autonomous and to remain itself
in contact with the world, exactly that the telemóveis do not function.  But
it is not so simple as it can seem.  To see the month family the month, Boit
works of sun the sun, without end-of-week.  Such as the other "farmeiros",
it is made use to live with limitations so that the production advances.
Since that he does not lack the information to it of the world.  E if the
Government do not give what they need to them to work, they make.  Its
behavior and way of life translate a mixture of education forms and
cultures.  The ones that had absorbed of the small farm where had been born?
Africa?  e the one that was transmitted to them by the European ascendants.
They are African agriculturists, these whites that are to help Moçambique to
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The Herald

Moyo dismisses Sky News talk on succession

Herald Reporter
THE Minister of State for Information and Publicity Professor Jonathan Moyo
yesterday said he has never spoken to anyone or Sky News about the
succession issue.

Commenting on claims by Sky News correspondent Stuart Ramsay during his
interview with President Mugabe last week that he had said something about
succession, the minister said he had neither spoken to anyone nor Sky News
before or after its interview with the President about succession.

"I never spoke to Sky News or anyone before and after their interview about
succession or anything of the sort in the question.

"It is a total fabrication typical of British intelligence operatives who
masquerade as journalists.

"It is a stupid fabrication that was not making any sense when you hear
about it or read it.

"It looks like they were trying to drag me into their charade or someone had
planted the stupid question about things I never said in the hope of getting
the President to react to a false issue but all that did not work," said
Prof Moyo.

Ramsay asked the President: "I am asking if you think it is right to stand
down. Jonathan Moyo was saying that the discussion about whether the
succession issue has caused problems in even elections because those in
Zanu-PF were considering who would be next . . . "

On the interview Sky News had with the President, Prof Moyo said "it was
very disappointing that the questions were either very crude or very

"Whatever the reason for that they failed to achieve their purpose. The
questions were needlessly crude, downright stupid and many fair-minded
people were left wondering why."

Sky News has since said it never intended to do a positive report on
Zimbabwe but just wanted to get the interview with the President.

"Senior editorial staff at Sky News were clear that we were not in the
business of giving the Zimbabwean Government favourable reports just to
secure the interview. In fact the view was quite the opposite," Ramsay said
on the Sky News website.

Prof Moyo said Ramsay's statement raises eyebrows.

"It was all premeditated. You cannot help but conclude that it was
premeditated malice which did not get anywhere," he said.

Asked on the best way to communicate to the outside world, Prof Moyo said he
did not believe there was anything to be gained from communicating through
colonial, neo-colonial, imperialist or oppositional mouthpieces.

"It is important and far better to always communicate through national
media. In any case George Bush or Tony Blair always use their national media
to communicate to the world.

"You don't expect them to use Al Jezeera, for example. In the new world of
the information superhighway, it is very easy for a national story
communicated through the national media to reach global audiences in a
matter of seconds."

Prof Moyo gave the example of the interview Newsnet had with President
Mugabe on his birthday in February saying the interview travelled instantly
without being subjected to the stupidity typified by the kind of questions
Sky News had.

"The fact that the President receives overwhelming positive responses from
all audiences across the spectrum whether in elite circles such as United
Nations meetings or popular circles such as stadiums in South Africa or
Malawi is because his message has been getting across through the Zimbabwean
national media.

"The likes of Sky News, BBC, CNN and the apartheid Press which have been
demonising the President, Zanu-PF and Government have failed in turning
their own audiences against the President's message.

"In essence, the national media platform has been more consistent and
successful. The BBC, CNN, Sky News and their allied colonial and
oppositional mouthpieces should not expect to be rewarded for their
demonisation job by getting priority over national media," Prof Moyo said.

"It's outdated and no longer relevant to think that the only way of speaking
to the world is via Sky News, BBC and other colonial mouthpieces.

"The experience of Al Jeezera in the Middle East and the Gulf especially
over the Iraq story must give all of us some food for thought about the new
realities of the media.

"If there was no Al Jezeera - Sky News, BBC and CNN would have distorted the
Iraq story to unacceptable levels of ignorance and prejudice."

Prof Moyo said the fact that Sky News did not intend to produce a positive
report about Zimbabwe was cemented by a "survey" the news channel supposedly
conducted to establish whether people were convinced by the President's
views or not.

"They held a false survey in which they said 70 percent of people said the
President was not convincing. How do we know that it was accurate. It was
consistent with their idea not to do a favourable report.

"I have no reason or basis to believe that arsonists like Sky News who have
been burning our country through fires of falsehoods are now ready to
extinguish the fires by becoming our leading fire brigade.

"For the same reason they did not support the Second Chimurenga, don't
expect them to support the Third Chimurenga. Unlike in the 60s and 70s now
we have plenty alternatives," said Prof Moyo.
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From News24 (SA), 26 May

Zim farmer claims self defence

Harare - A white Zimbabwean farmer has been arrested and charged with murder
after he shot dead a settler on his farm in the east of the country, a
police spokesperson said on Wednesday. However his lawyer has claimed the
fatal shooting was an act of self defence following an attack by a group of
hostile settlers. Police spokesperson Andrew Phiri said Spiro Landos had
been arrested and was under police guard at a clinic in eastern Zimbabwe,
after settlers on his Riverside Farm "meted out instant justice" against the
farmer after he shot one settler and wounded another. "Mr Landos has been
arrested" said Phiri. "He is facing two charges - one of murder and another
of attempted murder." However, the farmer's lawyer said that Landos had
fired only one shot, and that he did it in self defence after he was
attacked by a mob of axe and stick-wielding settlers on his farm. "It seems
a clear case of self-defence against an attack on him by people who were
armed" said the lawyer, who asked not to be named. He said his client had
suffered serious injuries as a result of the attack, including two fractured
forearms, a stab wound in the back and deep gashes all over his body. The
incident comes at a time of rising racial tensions in the country following
last week's high-profile brawl between prominent white opposition lawmaker,
Roy Bennett, and two cabinet members during a heated parliamentary debate.
In 2000, black settlers in Zimbabwe began forcibly occupying white-owned
land in a move supported by the government, which then embarked on a
controversial reform programme to acquire millions of hectares of land from
whites and redistribute it to blacks. A small group of about 4 500 white
farmers owned 30% of prime farmland before the government launched the
programme but now fewer than 400 white farmers remain in Zimbabwe and own
just three percent of the country's land.

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From BBC News, 26 May

Hungry for the truth in Zimbabwe

By Barnaby Phillips, BBC Southern Africa correspondent

After three years of hunger, the government has announced there will be a
bumper harvest. To be precise, it says that this year Zimbabwe will grow 2.4
million tons of maize - which, according to UN statistics, would be the
fifth highest harvest since independence in 1980. State-controlled
television says this shows the success of the land reform programme, and
"proves wrong the prophecies of doom". And President Robert Mugabe has told
a United Nations crop assessment mission to leave the country. He said the
UN should take their aid elsewhere. "We are not hungry," said the president.
"Why foist this food upon us?" If Mr Mugabe is right, Zimbabwe has
experienced an extraordinary turn-around. Millions of Zimbabweans have been
surviving on foreign food aid for years now. Privately UN officials say they
believe the country is heading for another small harvest, and that another
relief operation will be necessary by the end of this year.

The opposition Movement for Democratic Change is even more dismissive, and
is not afraid to rubbish the government's predictions. MDC agriculture
spokesman Renson Gasela told the BBC: "There is no way the government's
figures can be accurate in anyway whatsoever". He says there was a chronic
shortage of seeds and fertiliser during the last planting season, and much
of Zimbabwe's best land is simply lying fallow. His own prediction is that
Zimbabwe will grow a mere 850,000 tons of maize. Is the Zimbabwean
government deliberately misleading the world, and its own people? Mr Mugabe,
in his emphatic way, says no. He says the land reforms have successfully rid
Zimbabwe of "ill-educated" white farmers, and that the new system is much
more "enlightened". Mr Mugabe has staked his political reputation on land
reform, and he now needs to convince Zimbabweans that the seizure of
white-owned farms was worth it.

State-controlled media in Zimbabwe does its best, pumping out with
monotonous regularity a jingle which celebrates the taking back of the land.
It shows happy people dancing across bountiful fields of maize, and driving
tractors. But the president's opponents believe land reform has been a
disastrous failure, and that the government is now desperately trying to
cover its tracks. "They want to show the success of their reform," said
Renson Gasela. "And they told the UN team to leave because they knew they
would not concur with their figures." Asking the UN to leave might be one
way of obscuring the whole picture. But there may be other ways - like
secretly buying grain abroad, and then pretending it was produced at home.
Press reports in Britain have linked the Zimbabwean government with a US
company, and a secret grain-for-tobacco deal. The American company told the
BBC that it is doing business in Zimbabwe, although it denies directly
dealing with the government. And Mr Mugabe says he has no intention of
buying grain abroad. But his opponents do not take him at his word. They
worry that if Mr Mugabe does buy food, he will then determine how it is
distributed to hungry Zimbabweans, without the involvement of meddlesome
foreign donors. And with parliamentary elections on the horizon, this would
help him tighten his grip on power.

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Business Day

Consensus politics' just a way to silence dissenters?


IMMEDIATELY after President Thabo Mbeki's optimistic state of the nation
address , the cameras of the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC)
switched to opposition leaders for comments.

Presenters Kim Cloete, Clay- son Monyele and Vuyo Mvoko presented a
carefully choreographed lineup, giving ample time to each party leader to
express his or her views, except for the leader of the official Democratic
Alliance (DA) opposition.

Tony Leon was positioned neatly next to Kgalema Mothlanthe, the African
National Congress (ANC) secretary-general, giving the impression that Leon
was elevated to his rightful place.

However, the agenda behind this juxtaposition with Mothlanthe soon became
clear: Mvoko was going to manage Leon's comments to his liking. Surely,
Mothlanthe did not need to be there to reinforce what Mbeki had just said
for an hour? It was important to hear Leon's views without the intervention
of three SABC announcers, junior soccer players, and so on. Was this
intended to restrict Leon's time and minimise what he had to say?

Why do the media fear someone whom they repeatedly dismiss as a political
lightweight? Leon must surely be a force to be reckoned with how else do we
explain the SABC's partial treatment of him? Why don't they allow the public
to hear Leon's views uninterrupted?

Need I remind the SABC that the ANC won a two-thirds majority vote with its
help. The state broadcaster can now relax and be more even-handed with Leon.
Or was Mvoko's final question to Leon: "And what about consensus politics?"
a euphemism for, "Will you shut up in future?"

Disappointingly, Patricia de Lille, leader of the Independent Democrats,
sings the same tired song . From someone whose claim to fame is to stir
shit, this refrain is hardly convincing. Support for constructive, as
opposed to destructive, criticism seems to be her new slogan, implying the
DA is a proponent of the latter.

De Lille should know by now that one person's destructive criticism is music
to another's ears. And who, for that matter, determines what is destructive
or constructive? While a general consensus might mean all parties agree, it
should be remembered that agreement is not necessarily the same as the

Consensus politics has its place, and has had its place in our history. The
constitution is the result of consensus battered out at the Convention for
Democracy in SA. With the basics in place, SA should allow and manage its
pluralism in all its diversity, in line with constitutional principles.

It is the task of Parliament, of the opposition, of the media, of business
and civil society to hold government accountable, especially with its firmly
entrenched majority. Since the ANC has the support of the entire media and
controls most state institutions, consensus politics is hardly the only way
to go.

Can we imagine a state where we all agree with Health Minister Manto
Tshabalala-Msimang's handling of the HIV/AIDS pandemic? Where we all support
the president on his views that HIV does not cause AIDS?

Where we all agree that R60bn should be spent on arms? Where we all agree
Jean-Bertrand Aristide should live on our taxes? Where we all agree we
should provide Zimbabwe with electricity regardless of how President Robert
Mugabe spends money? Where we all agree with Black Economic Enrichment?

History is replete with political leaders and parties who silenced dissent
and ruthlessly crushed opposition under the guise of consensus politics.
Hilda Bernstein realised late in life that Stalinism was wrong. In her book,
A life of One's Own, she admits with great difficulty that where Soviet
leader Josef Stalin's followers failed, was to notice tendencies early on in
his rule that would later lead to their demise, during his purges. "Stalin's
strength lay in his rigid management of the party machine that controlled
appointments to key posts he gathered round himself a body of faithful
henchmen whose political fortunes were linked with his and who owed him
unquestioning personal allegiance."

His vanity demanded "absolute obedience and recognition of infallibility. He
would permit no covert criticism, and no expression of dissent was allowed
to appear in the party press or journals," she wrote.

I would sooner live in a robust, vibrant democracy than in a polity based on
consensus where the ruling party reigns and remains supreme. Those who fear
criticism should be feared.

Kadalie is a human rights activist based in Cape Town.

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