The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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JAG SITREP 09 October 2002

Sam Cawood (74), is in the process of restocking and selling his pedigree
beef herd on the back of forced eviction. In the past couple of days he
has been loading up cows to go for slaughter, and has had no alternative
but to slaughter the calves in situ on the farm, as the only humane
alternative to letting them starve. He was not allowed back on the farm
to slaughter the calves himself, and therefore had to instruct his
employees to kill the calves with an axe. This was a traumatic process
for all involved, as any farmer or farm worker who has any attachment to
their cattle can testify.

He was arrested today and held in custody in Beitbridge, charged under
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (allegedly for stoning the
animals in question). In the light of the past season's drought, numerous
fires around the country, many farmers are in the same predicament, and
have no alternative but to send their cattle to be slaughtered.

Forrester Estates, J Section.
Victor Heindrich (the owner's son) was abducted at 16h45 on Monday after
an altercation with war veterans about planting tobacco. This was the
third planting stoppage. Heindrich was taken to the Zanu PF camp at
Zvimbo growth point in Chiweshe communal area. He was released at 19h15.
Work is currently confined to the barns area and harvesting the wheat

Craig Werritt's lawyer, JACOB JOGI from Stumbles and Rowe was arrested in
Harare on Monday night. Jogi was involved in negotiations with the GMB to
move the maize off Craig's farm in Tengwe, because Werritt has been
unable to return since he was chased off three weeks ago.

Following the ultimatum delivered two days ago, many farmers have
temporarily vacated their farms with a minimum of possessions. Many are
relocating to Triangle/Chiredzi, where they plan to be resident for the
short term. They are still determined to harvest the cane crop from their
farms within the next 4-6 weeks.


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      09 Oct 2002 19:10
      Political unstability worsens plight of Africa-WHO


      HARARE, Oct 9 (Reuters) - Political and social instability in Africa
continue to seriously disrupt health services in the continent, one of the
hardest-hit in the world by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, a World Health
Organisation report said on Wednesday.

      The report, released at an annual meeting of African health ministers,
said that although a few countries in the continent had stabilised or even
reversed the upward trend in HIV transmission, "progress against the
HIV/AIDS pandemic is unsatisfactory in most countries of the region".

      "Social and political instability, including war and mass population
displacement in several countries, have disrupted health services.

      "The social catastrophe of over 11 million aids orphans left in the
wake of the pandemic seem to be beyond the capacity of national authorities
and communities to cope," the report said.

      WHO says the high prevalence of HIV infection and AIDS in southern
Africa has worsened the plight of some 14 million million people facing food
shortages and estimates that at least 300,000 people could die as a result
of the joint crisis in the next six months.

      Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe -- who denies that the food shortage
in his country is partly a result of his controversial seizure of
white-owned farms for black resettlement -- conceded that the programme had
negative health implications.

      The country was plunged into crisis in 2000 when Mugabe sanctioned the
often-violent invasion of white-owned farms by pro-government militants
backing his land reforms.

      "There is no doubt that in the new resettlement areas, low or no water
and sanitation coverage do create a conducive climate for disease
outbreaks," Mugabe conceded at the start of the health ministers summit on


WHO host Mugabe puts food crisis on table

      October 09 2002 at 05:55AM

Harare - African health ministers gathered in here on Tuesday for a key
regional World Health Organisation (WHO) meeting that was supposed to have
been held in Brazzaville in the Republic of Congo but was switched to
Zimbabwe because of security concerns, officials said.

"We are sorry that this particular regional committee meeting could not be
held in Brazzaville in the Republic of Congo, which is the seat of the WHO
regional Office for Africa, because of some security reasons," Zimbabwean
President Robert Mugabe said in opening remarks.

But he said it was also appropriate that the October 8-12 meeting was being
held in Zimbabwe because of the southern African food crisis.

"Currently, Southern Africa is facing one of the severest droughts in recent
memories. Apart for causing severe shortages of food for our people, there
are in addition serious health consequences of this drought," said Mugabe.

He added the humanitarian crisis resulting from the drought had been further
compounded by the HIV/Aids and tuberculosis pandemics in the region.

"Because of the economic downturn in many of our countries in the region,
the already compromised health system is failing to respond adequately and
effectively to these health challenges," he said. - Sapa-AFP
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Daily News

      Zanu Ndonga won't recognise poll result

      10/9/02 8:50:46 AM (GMT +2)

      From Kelvin Jakachira in Mutare

      WILSON Kumbula, the president of Zanu last week said his party would
not recognise the results of the rural district elections, which were won by
Zanu PF.

      "We will not accept the election results," Kumbula said.
      Kumbula, who is the Chipinge South MP, alleged that Zanu PF supporters
voted more than once in the election.

      He alleged that the practice was rife in wards in Chipinge district, a
traditional stronghold for Zanu.

      Zanu failed to garner a single seat in the election.
      Zanu PF swept the entire wards in Chipinge and all the other districts
except in Chimanimani and Nyanga.

      Zanu PF won 146 of the 151 contested wards in the province.
      The ruling party also won a crucial by-election in Dangamvura's Ward

      Zanu PF's Ronald Chayambuka polled 233 votes against 200 garnered by
the MDC's Tapiwanashe Masango.

      The MDC, the largest opposition party in Zimbabwe won five wards in
Chimanimani out of the contested 23.

      In Nyanga, two independent candidates won while Zanu PF candidates won
the rest of the wards.

      Kumbula accused the ruling party supporters of assaulting and
intimidating supporters of his party during the election period.

      But Charles Pemhenayi, the Zanu PF spokesman in Manicaland, dismissed
the allegations saying the election was conducted in a free and fair

      "The rural and urban elections mark a turning point in the fortunes of
Zanu PF," Pemhenayi said.

      "But now it is the time to deliver the goods and improve the lives of
the people of Zimbabwe."
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Zimbabwe Evicts All White Sugar Cane Farmers
Peta Thornycroft
9 Oct 2002 14:24 UTC

All of Zimbabwe's white, sugar-cane farmers have been evicted from their
properties in the past two days. A small town in southeastern Zimbabwe is
overflowing with homeless families.

According to the sugar cane growers association, the government's land task
force moved into the town of Chiredzi on Monday and ordered 72 white farmers
to leave.

In a telephone interview, an association spokesman said that by mid-day all
the farmers had left their homes, and had not managed to take any farm
equipment with them.

These farmers produce 18 percent of Zimbabwe's sugar, and were six weeks
from harvesting this year's crop. There are scores of black, sugar-cane
farmers in the area, but none of them have been affected.

President Robert Mugabe launched often violent invasions of white owned land
in February 2000, but the sugar-cane farmers were largely unaffected until

The land task force, appointed by President Mugabe, spent last week in the
arid ranchland of Matabeleland province and forced more than 70 cattle
ranchers, and the only export flower grower, to leave.

Some violence and the arrest of several white farmers accompanied these
evictions. Dozens of workers on the flower farm lost all their possessions
when their houses were burned.

Next week, commercial farmers believe the task force will move to the last
two provinces where white farmers still remain, and will evict them.

According to the state-controlled media, President Mugabe met with his
politburo on Monday, and discussed the land issue. After the meeting,
Politburo member, and justice minister Patrick Chinamasa was quoted as
saying allegations that confiscated land had been given to ruling party
members are false.

Mr. Chinamsa's wife, Monica, moved onto a white-owned farm southeast of
Harare three weeks ago.
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'Sham' local elections condemned

London - Last month's local elections in Zimbabwe were "a complete sham",
British junior foreign office minister Valerie Amos told the House of Lords
on Tuesday.

In a short debate on Zimbabwe in Britain's upper house of parliament, Amos
said: "Zimbabwe's people must be allowed free and fair elections in the
presence of impartial international observers.

"The rural district council elections on September 28 to 29 demonstrated the
lack of democratic accountability. The election was a complete sham."

Amos added: "Through a process of intimidation and bureaucratic obstruction,
Zanu-PF (President Robert Mugabe's ruling party) prevented the opposition
MDC (Movement for Democratic Change) fielding candidates in half the wards.

"During the campaign MDC supporters were killed. Others were intimidated.
And Zanu-PF used food to bribe voters."

Zimbabwe's state radio reported that Mugabe's ruling party had won the
majority of seats in the polls. - Sapa-AFP
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Mail and Guardian

Challenge to Mugabe's citizenship laws


      09 October 2002 14:23

The Zimbabwe-born son of Hungarian refugees on Wednesday won the right to
challenge President Robert Mugabe's draconian new citizenship laws which
threaten to leave two million Zimbabweans stateless.

Leslie Leventhe Petho (42) a Harare-based businessman, won his appeal in the
Supreme Court against a ban on a class action lawsuit on behalf of the
children of immigrants who have been refused Zimbabwean passports on the
grounds they may secretly hold an illegal second citizenship, inherited
through their parents.

Supreme Court judge Wilson Sandura overruled an earlier High Court ban on
Petho's case, for which he needed special permission under newly-enacted
Zimbabwean law.

Sandura directed Petho, whose case is backed by the Legal Resources
Foundation, a civic lobby group, to advertise his legal action so people in
the same situation would be aware of the likely impact on their rights.

The Supreme Court is expected to hear Petho's case -- he is campaigning to
have his Zimbabwean passport and citizenship restored -- within the next six
months, setting a precedent for Zimbabweans of Malawian, Mozambican, Indian,
South African and British descent, who have been turned away by
registrar-general Tobaiwa Mudede.

Legal sources say over two-million people may be affected by Mugabe's move
to strip Zimbabweans with foreign-born parents of their automatic right to
citizenship. He has claimed foreign-funded opponents, particularly Tony
Blair's labour government, were behind rising discontent in the country.

Dual citizenship is already banned, but Mugabe claimed white critics of his
regime were secretly flouting the prohibition. Petho, whose parents fled the
1956 Hungarian uprising, was born in Zimbabwe in 1960.

He was told by the Hungarian embassy in Pretoria that he could only obtain
legal proof he had no claim to Hungarian citizenship by successfully
applying for it and then completing renunciation procedures.

However, the act of applying for foreign citizenship, whether successful or
not, would irrevocably strip him of Zimbabwean citizenship under Mugabe's
new law. He said he was pleased with his court success. "I think I did the
right thing to find out what my rights were and stand up for them in court,"
he said.

A US State Department Human Rights report alleges there is rampant
corruption in Zimbabwe's passport office, with bribes frequently required as
a precondition for granting passports and proof of citizenship. - Sapa-DPA
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Zimbabwean Minister Sounds Alarm On Manufacturing Sector

Business Day (Johannesburg)

October 9, 2002
Posted to the web October 9, 2002

Dumisani Muleya

ZIMBABWE'S Finance Minister Herbert Murerwa said yesterday the country's
manufacturing industry was in a sharp decline, inflicting great damage on
the rest of the economy.

Murerwa, who was recently reappointed to his former ministry in a cabinet
reshuffle, told a Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries congress that the
manufacturing sector's dramatic fall must be halted to stop the economy

"The Zimbabwean economy in general and the manufacturing sector in
particular, has been contracting during the past five years," he said. "Over
the period 1998 to 2002, the manufacturing sector, in cumulative terms, has
declined by 25,8%, while the aggregate output cumulatively declined by

Zimbabwe has one of Africa's fastest-shrinking economies. Murerwa attributed
the economic contraction to acute foreign currency shortages, a brain drain,
hyperinflation, falling agricultural production due to "drought", low rates
of savings and investment, and globalisation.

Confederation president Jacob Dube said the sector's contribution to the
gross domestic product has plunged from 25,8% to less than 15%.

"The manufacturing sector has experienced a major decline over the past
three years as a result of the economic crisis," he said. "On average,
manufacturing volumes in 2001 were down 11,5% from levels achieved in 1995,
according to statistics produced by the Central Statistics Office."

Thousands of companies have either shut down, downsized operations or
retrenched employees to cut costs.

"The major challenges facing the manufacturing sector are the shortage of
foreign currency, high inflation, price controls, declining demand for
products, loss of export competitiveness, and understandably high wage
demands by workers," Dube said.
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Local Farmers Come First, Zambian Union Warns

The Daily News (Harare)

October 9, 2002
Posted to the web October 9, 2002

Takaitei Bote, Farming Editor

THE Zambia National Farmers' Union (ZNFU) has warned their government not to
prioritise commercial farmers fleeing President Mugabe's land reform
programme at the expense of the Zambian indigenous farmers.

The ZNFU is the main farming union in Zambia, with a membership of both
black and white farmers.

The black farmers, the majority of whom are small-scale, account for about
75 percent of the union's membership in 40 districts in Zambia.

Large-scale farmers, the bulk of whom are white, have a membership of 25
percent of total ZNFU membership. There are a total of 5 000 paid up members
of ZNFU. In an interview in Lusaka last week, the ZNFU executive, Lovemore
Simwanda said: "We are aware that some farmers from Zimbabwe have been
making enquiries to invest in Zambia. If the government is accepting them,
it should make sure that its own indigenous farmers are assisted first
before helping the foreign investors.

"The farmers should also be scrutinised in case fake farmers come into the

About 125 large-scale commercial farmers, most of whom were issued with
eviction notices which expired in August 2002, are in Zambia exploring
possible agricultural investments there.

About 2 900 commercial farmers were given a 10 August deadline to vacate
their properties as part of the government land reform programme.

Some of the farmers have left the country to invest in Zambia, Mozambique,
Botswana, Uganda, New Zealand, Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and

Zambia's President Levy Mwanawasa, who has introduced a programme to support
farming in the country, ravaged with food shortages over the years, has
received the Zimbabwean farmers with open arms.

Mwanawasa has set aside funds to assist both local and foreign investors to
boost the country's economy, which relied solely on copper for its foreign
currency earnings.

The Zambia government has said the Zimbabwean farmers' input would add value
to the development of Zambia but said it would make sure its people came

Farmers coming from Zimbabwe and investing in Zambia are reported to have
started making an impact in Zambia's economy. The Zambia Investment Centre's
(ZIC) latest monthly information bulletin said the agriculture sector
recorded the highest investment of US$1,2 million ($66 million) in August
this year because many Zimbabwean farmers were investing ZIC.

This was followed by the Zambian manufacturing sector which had an
investment of US$767 000 ($42,1 million). Agriculture has always been
regarded as costly and risky in Zambia. About three Zimbabwe farming firms
have been issued with investment certificates since June this year. They
have injected about US$1,2 million ($66 million) into the Zambia economy.
There are unconfirmed reports that about 74 Zimbabwean farmers have settled
in Chisamba commercial farming area, in northern Zambia.

Chisamba is one of Zambia's prime farming areas. ZNFU information manager,
Ben Mwale, said: "The ZIC is saying that it has been receiving enquiries
from Zimbabwean farmers, but does not have specific figures of how many have
settled in Zambia.

"No farmer has been refused entry as long as they satisfy ZIC requirements."
Asked if some Zimbabwean farmers had joined the union, Mwale said: "At the
moment, we cannot say officially that there are Zimbabwean farmers who have
joined ZNFU. The farmers who have approached us wanted to find out how the
union operates."

While Zambia has one main farming association, Zimbabwe has three farming
unions - the Commercial Farmers' Union, mainly for white farmers, the
Zimbabwe Farmers' Union, for black communal and small-scale farmers, and the
Indigenous Commercial Farmers' Union, which represents black large-scale
commercial farmers.

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Daily News

      Gezi youths seize Daily News copies

      10/9/02 8:06:05 AM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Mutare

      A GROUP of rowdy youths spotting T-shirts from the Border Gezi
Training Centre went on a rampage in Mutare yesterday and confiscated 450
copies of The Daily News worth $27 240.

      The youths took the papers to the Government Complex where the offices
of Oppah Muchinguri, the provincial governor and resident minister, are

      Yesterday, The Daily News carried a story headlined Angry Mugabe flies
out after Sadc snub, quoting The Sunday Times of South Africa.

      The story said President Mugabe left the Angolan capital Luanda in
anger last week after his regional allies denied him a chance to be next
year's chairman of the Sadc.

      Martin Zimudyi, the sales and distribution representative of
Associated Newspapers of Zimbabwe in Manicaland, said of the seizures: "The
youths went around the town confiscating copies of The Daily News. Vendors
said the youths were angered by the lead story including its headline.
Fortunately, no-one was attacked. The newspapers were taken to the
Government Complex."

      The incident was reported to the police.
      Killian Mupingo, the provincial administrator, representing
Muchinguri, could not be reached for comment.

      According to The Sunday Times all the summit documentation had billed
Mugabe as the new deputy chairman of Sadc, who would take over leadership
from Angolan president Edwardo Dos Santos in 2003.

      The newspaper said instead of going through the motions of electing
Mugabe, heads of state at the annual Sadc summit told him that the image of
the regional body would suffer in his hands.

      The decision was delivered to Mugabe by his Malawian counterpart
Bakili Muluzi on Wednesday.

      But in the State-controlled paper The Herald, Professor Jonathan Moyo,
the Minister of State for Information and Publicity claimed Zimbabwe had
voluntarily handed over the vice-chairmanship to Tanzania because it wanted
to concentrate on its land reforms.
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Daily News

      Kunonga's bid to bar parishioners fails

      10/9/02 8:04:14 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      Bishop Nolbert Kunonga's lawyer yesterday abandoned his application in
the civil magistrates' court for a permanent order to bar a number of
parishioners from entering the Cathedral of St Mary and All Saints and
carrying out their duties.

      Mabasa Crispen Mukome told magistrate Peter Kumbawa that he could not
proceed with the application without further instructions from Kunonga, the
head of the Anglican Church in Zimbabwe, who was not in court.

      Kunonga was said to be out of town and could not be reached.
      The court granted Kunonga an interim order barring the 19 parishioners
on 26 September.

      They included 12 church councillors, two wardens and five members of
the church choir.

      Yesterday, Mukome had earlier sought that the hearing be postponed to
16 October because there were several disputed facts emanating from the
respondents' opposing affidavits.

      Mukome said: "Basically, the applicant is saying he needs time to make
an answering affidavit, which cannot be done on 24 hours' notice. He has
indicated he needs a period of two weeks at most."

      Beatrice Mtetwa of Kantor and Immermann, for the respondents,
successfully argued against the postponement, saying Kunonga should not have
brought the matter as an urgent application in the first place if he then
wanted it to be postponed.

      She again successfully argued against Mukome's leave to appeal against
the dismissal of his application for a postponement.

      Kumbawa said of the application for postponement: "It is clear that
this is just an effort to shackle the respondents."

      After Mukome said he could not proceed without further instructions
from Kunonga, Kumbawa said: "I will make a ruling that the application has
been abandoned. We take it that it has been withdrawn."

      He ordered Kunonga to pay the costs of the application on the higher
legal practitioner and client scale.

      Admonishing Mukome after he applied to be excused from the case
because he could not get further instructions from Kunonga, Kumbawa said:
"You are abandoning the applicant. You have a duty to carry them through."
      Kumbawa continued: "We are experts. Like doctors we do not let our
patients die on us. We do everything to help them."

      The 19 cathedral officials, almost all of whom were in the court, were
jubilant after Kumbawa's ruling.

      Church councillor Llewelyn Nhamo said: "I think it has gone very well.
Justice has been done. God reigns."

      Sekai Chibaya, the cathedral's finance chairperson, said the council
was going to pursue the issue of the cathedral's almost $1,3 million which
Kunonga reportedly removed from the cathedral's Standard Chartered Bank
account opened by the councillors.
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Daily News

      Teachers go on strike

      10/9/02 8:00:42 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporters

      THOUSANDS of teachers from two rival unions joined forces yesterday in
observing a strike for more pay and better working conditions.

      Members of the Progressive Teachers' Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ), which
called the strike, and the Zimbabwe Teachers' Association (Zimta), whose
leadership had opposed it, both staged sit-ins at schools around the

      At most schools visited by The Daily News in Harare, Bulawayo,
Chitungwiza, Gweru and Mutare, teachers reported for work but did not teach.

      One teacher at George Stark High School in Mbare said: "What you are
seeing here is more than meets the eye. Though everything seems normal,
teachers are on a sit-in or go-slow. We realise that this is the only way to
force the government to address our desperate and dire plight. We are in
full support of the strike."

      Students at Girls' High School in Harare said some of their teachers
had not reported for classes and others were already leaving for home by

      At Glen View High One, the headmaster, Chimwechii Ndoziya, said
everything was normal, but several of his teachers said they had not done
any work.

      In Chitungwiza, only a handful of teachers reported for duty at Seke 6
and Zengeza 3 high schools.

      A teacher at Vainona High School in Harare said most teachers with
between six and 15 years' service earned a gross salary of $41 000, taking
home $ 31 198,76.

      He said teachers with less than five years' service earn a gross
salary of $27 000.

      In the Midlands, there was little activity at most schools as
      hundreds of teachers affiliated to PTUZ staged a sit-in. The most
      affected were schools in the urban centres - Gweru, Kwekwe,
      Shurugwi and Zvishavane.

      In Gweru the schools affected were Herbert Mahlaba, formerly Stanley
Primary School, Gweru Primary, formerly Cecil John Rhodes, Gweru High,
formerly Chaplin, and Benson Ndemera High, formerly Guinea Fowl.

      "We will continue reporting for duty to stage a sit-in until our
grievances have been taken seriously by the government," said a teacher at
Benson Ndemera High.

      In Kwekwe, dozens of teachers at Kwekwe High, Fitchlea Primary School
and Sally Mugabe Primary School, formerly Russell, heeded the strike call.

      But there were unconfirmed reports of intimidation of teachers by
suspected Zanu PF militias in Gokwe, Shurugwi and Mberengwa.

      In Mutare, most teachers reported for duty but also did not teach. The
police kept a close watch at all schools in the city and allegedly
intimidated those not in class to go in.

      Most students interviewed said there was very little to do as most
teachers took part in the sit-in.

      Takavafira Zhou, the PTUZ president in Manicaland, said of the sit-in:
"Our call was successful as our survey showed that about 85 percent of
teachers did not attend to their classes in Mutare."

      But Linah Nhiwatiwa, the acting Regional Director for Education, said
the situation was normal but she had no yet received reports from all the

      "So far, things are under control, but I am still waiting for reports
from the various districts," she said.

      In Masvingo, most teachers said they had reported for duty as they
feared losing their jobs.

      At Don Bosco Primary School in the city, students said they were not
affected by the strike.

      At Masvingise Primary School in Gutu, teachers said they reported for
duty as usual.

      "We really support the idea of a strike, but the union did not tell us
what would happen if we are threatened with dismissal. Our salaries are very
low and we urge the union to mobilise people for a big showdown with the
government," said one teacher.

      The PTUZ secretary-general, Raymond Majongwe, said yesterday: "We've
told the teachers to report for duty but not to teach, in line with our
strategy. Though the strike might have started at a slow pace, we expect it
to pick up in the next few days. There has been intimidation by government

      On Monday, Majongwe urged the government to urgently address the
teachers' pay and cost of living packages or risk plunging the country into
its worst education strike in history.

      He told journalists it was unfortunate that teachers had been forced
into an industrial action at a crucial time when Ordinary and Advanced Level
examinations were starting.

      Leonard Nkala, the president of ZIMTA, yesterday denied that members
of his association were taking part in the industrial action.

      "As far as we are concerned, there's no sit-in. Things are normal and
we're going ahead with negotiations with the government. We hope the
government is going to respond positively to our demands," Nkala said.
      The government last week ruled the strike illegal and warned teachers
against taking part.

      Meanwhile, Majongwe said Charity Chipuriro, a secretary with the PTUZ
in Harare, was detained at the Harare Central Police station for seven hours
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Dear All
I have been following the progress at the world summit currently being
in South Africa and when I hear reports of Leaders not wanting
to address the "issues of Zimbabwe" I just want to scream. The conference
about sustainable development and the truth of the matter is
there is a shininng example, right next door to South Africa, on how not
go about it . Our leader has chosen a path of absolute destruction which
have all read in countless e-mails and the world has chosen not to look.

Being part of a family that has suffered the loss of property as a result
The Land Distribution Programme has caused me many sleepless nights. I
tried to figure out where the land program will take Zimbabwe in the
term and  it does not take rocket science to arrive at the same obvious
answer. Putting people on land with no resources and no training can only
lead to starvation and the levelling of a once thriving economy.

Below is a paper by George Ayittey who is president of the Free Africa
Foundation in Washington DC. I found these views an acurate
assesment of the situation on our continent.


Personal view:
Africa's shady politicians are at root of continent's destitution

By George Ayittey  (Filed: 27/08/2002)

Africa's potential is enormous, yet it is inexorably mired in steaming squalor, misery, deprivation, and chaos. Four out of 10 Africans live in absolute poverty and recent evidence suggests that poverty is on the increase. Most Africans today are worse off than they were at independence.
Why is Africa in this state? "Externalists" ascribe Africa's woes to factors beyond its control: Western colonialism and imperialism, the slave trade, racist plots, avaricious multinationals, an unjust international economic system, inadequate flows of foreign aid and deteriorating terms of trade.
"Internalists" blame local systems of governance: excessive state intervention and corruption at all levels, from the police and judiciary to the highest branches of government.
Since independence in the 1960s, African leaders, with few exceptions, have attributed almost every malaise to external agents. But a new and angry generation of Africans has emerged.
As Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe says: "There is nothing basically wrong with the Nigerian character. There is nothing wrong with the Nigerian land or climate or water or air or anything else. The Nigerian problem is the unwillingness or inability of its leaders to rise to the responsibility, to the challenge of personal example, which are the hallmarks of true leadership."
Many African countries are "vampire" states, their governments hijacked by gangsters who use the instruments of the state to enrich themselves and their cronies. In Africa, the richest people are heads of state and ministers.
They destroy wealth: rather than encourage investment, they encourage activities designed only to capture some of the President's largesse. The instinct of the ruling elite is to loot the national treasury and invest the booty in foreign banks.
The UN has estimated that in 1991 alone, more than $200 billion was siphoned out of Africa by the ruling elite, more than half the continent's foreign debt.
Since politics is the gateway to fabulous wealth, the competition for power is ferocious. Defeat can mean exile, jail or starvation. Those who win power award key positions to fellow tribesmen, cronies and supporters. Those exploited remove themselves from the formal economy, either leaving the country or turning to the black market.
This deprives the state of tax revenue and foreign exchange. The formal economy shrinks and the state finds it increasingly difficult to raise revenue. Then those excluded from the spoils rise up. It takes only a small band of determined malcontents to plunge the country into mayhem.
In 1981, Yoweri Museveni, now the President of Uganda, started with only 27 men in a guerrilla campaign against Milton Obote. Charles Taylor, now the President of Liberia, set out with 150 rebels; no post-colonial African government has been able to crush a rebel insurgency.
In destroying their economies, African tyrants received much help from the West - out of sheer naivety. Since the end of colonialism, Western governments, development agencies and international financial institutions have provided generous assistance.
According to the OECD, the net disbursement of official development assistance, adjusted for inflation, between 1960 and 1997 was roughly $400 billion, equivalent to almost six Marshall Plans.
Somalia is probably the most execrable example. Huge amounts of economic and disaster relief aid was dumped there, but it was the massive inflow of food aid in the early 1980s that did much to shred the fabric of Somali society.
Droughts and famines are not new to Africa, and traditional societies developed methods of coping. Cheap food aid destroyed these methods and Somalia became dependent on food imports.
Africa's crises have little to do with artificial colonial borders, American imperialism, racism or the alleged inferiority of the African people. They stem from bad leadership and the enabling role played by the West. The centralisation of power and absence of mechanisms for its peaceful transfer lead to a struggle which degenerates into civil war.
Infrastructure is destroyed. Food production and delivery are disrupted. Thousands are dislocated and flee. Food supplies run out. The Western media bombards us with horrific pictures of famine victims. Unable to bear the horror, the conscience of the international community is stirred to mount 11th-hour humanitarian rescue missions.
Foreign relief workers parachute in dispensing high-protein biscuits, blankets and portable toilets at hastily-erected refugee camps. The same macabre ritual is repeated year after year.
It seems nothing has been learned. The real tragedy of Africa is that most of its leaders don't use their heads. Even more tragic are the Western donors who, gushing with noble humanitarianism, don't use theirs either.

·  George Ayittey is president of the Free Africa Foundation in Washington DC. This article is a precis of his contribution to Sustainable Development, a collection of essays published this week by Profile Books, £14.99.
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Daily News


      Needed urgently: anti-Chibhoyi Chimurenga

      10/9/02 9:22:46 AM (GMT +2)

      CHIBHOYI is to use your wits to obtain any goods or services, through
hook or crook.

      It's to cheat, to be corrupt and to engage in all manner of chicanery
to get your way.

      Chibhoyi is not chivanhu, as some have discovered to their chagrin.
      Governments can be obsessed with chibhoyi too.

      Chibhoyi is to allow yourself to be packed like sardines in a big or
small bus with an asthmatic engine and a driver and conductor in almost the
same condition - perhaps through no fault of their own - and not complain
about it.

      You won't complain because, as a typical mubhoyi, you have no idea of
your rights: to ride in comfort when you pay your hard-earned cash for it -
unless you didn't earn your cash but stole it, in which case you have no
rights at all.

      Chibhoyi is to be railroaded into voting for a party you know teems
with men and women ravaged with terminal kleptomania.

      It's to believe you ought to be grateful to these people for giving
you the vote - and showing your gratitude by voting for them every time,
even as they continue to milk you.

      You are lucky they don't call you a bobbejaan (baboon), but don't
forget Simon Muzenda once said even if Zanu PF put up as its candidate a
baboon, people would still vote for it.

      Think seriously about that. You could end up with a parliament full of

      Personally, I have nothing against these anthropoid cousins of ours,
but to have them in our Parliament is stretching the kinship too far.

      People who fritter away your hard-earned tax money, not on schools,
hospitals or bridges, but on trinkets for their wives and girlfriends,
lavish trips to Outer Mongolia and dubious land reform programmes in which
violence is a concomitant, are practising chibhoyi. That's if they don't
squander it on huge, fuel-guzzling, bullet-proof, armour-plated limousines.

      What is the opposite of chibhoyi? It could be chivanhu or even
chirungu, the European way. I know this will annoy Claude Mararike and his
colleagues on Nhaka Yedu and National Ethos.

      Mubhoyi derives from houseboy, kitchen boy, spanner boy - the African
worker during colonialism. Mabhoyi was the plural, encompassing all
Africans. We all became mabhoyi because our most visible representatives
were the "boys" working for the early settlers, most of them adults.

      With their penchant for self-mockery, Africans would chide each other
with gems like: "You are a real mubhoyi." Uncouth, uneducated,
unsophisticated. If you really wanted to rub it in you said: "Uri kapoto
chaiye." I suspect it referred to how black you were - as black as the pot,
irredeemably uncivilised. A thief, a laggard, someone wearing clothes so
loud people needed sunglasses to look at them.

      You believed such ostentation raised you to the European status - "an
assistant European". You were, in short, the object of derision among your
own people.

      Is all this cultural self-flagellation necessary? you may well ask.
The time has come for us to wage a liberation war against the chibhoyi
syndrome which some of our leaders are trying to foist on us, disguised as a
return to our African origins.

      They may fool some of the people some of the time, but they won't fool
all of us all the time. It all started after the 2000 referendum. It was
considered unAfrican to have voted against the draft constitution.

      Since then the government has tried to ram it down our throats that to
be an African is to love Zanu PF and all its evil deeds, the rape of women
and the cold-blooded murder of opposition members.

      What they want is to hoodwink us into believing that being a real
African entails being an uncomplaining automaton, being uncritical of a
corrupt and murderous government because it is an African government.

      We should love ZBC-TV because it screens African films, most of them
fourth-rate, badly-acted and horribly-written.

      So, it was refreshing to hear Francis Nhema, the Minister of the
Environment and Tourism, admonish the so-called new farmers recently to
avoid chibhoyi. To put it succinctly, to be a mubhoyi is to do things
shoddily, to cut corners, to cheat, to lie, to pretend you know everything
when you are what I call an ignoramus wemakoko - a 24-carat charlatan.

      Nhema is not a square peg in the round hole of President Mugabe's
so-called war cabinet, still searching desperately for an enemy, since Tony
Blair decided Mugabe was too small fry for him to stage his own version of
The Battle of Britain. Saddam Hussein is considered much bigger fish.

      Nhema is not your typical sloganeering demagogue spouting racist,
ethnic invective at a rally in Uzumba-Maramba-Pfungwe.

      He once headed the Zimbabwe Building Society, which almost went under.
Perhaps a surfeit of chibhoyi led to its near-demise. So, he could be
speaking from personal experience. It's a fact most parastatals reek of a
chibhoyi management style.

      For a while Nhema went quiet, as if he too had developed that peculiar
Zimbabwean amnesia: smell no evil, talk no evil, see no evil, hear no evil -
just do evil. But his warning against chibhoyi took some guts.

      There has been a lot of government chibhoyi in the last 22 years. This
is a government unwilling to conform to the universal concept of governance.

      What's wrong with an African government being so squeaky clean a
professor of political science and administration from Oxford University
would write a prize-winning magnum opus on it? Is the idea that such a
government would be unAfrican, that it would be a travesty of everything
African - corrupt, lazy, mendacious and immoral?

      There is cronyism, and a tolerance of corruption in high places it has
been compared with the Cosa Nostra.

      Hurumende yechivanhu would simply mean a government of Africans. On
the other hand, hurumende yechibhoyi would be something else. A "boys'
 khaya" regime?

      I admit some of this may be a little over the top. But mubhoyi does
not translate into munhu mutema, a black person, a fairly respectable and
decent description of the African. Mubhoyi is rather stupid, for all he
could do was follow instructions - hamba lapha, buya lapha, tatha lo, yenza
lo - go there, come here, take that, do this.

      For those too young to know it, this was Kitchen Kaffir, the patois in
which Europeans and Africans communicated in most of Southern Africa.

      Even those Africans who could speak English were addressed in Kitchen
Kaffir. It was supposed to define their status in society.

      The chimurenga war against chibhoyi ought to start with a redefinition
of what it is to be a proud African - assertive, self-critical, with huge
reservoirs of tolerance for other races, honest, hard-working, with an acute
awareness of their rights, likely to shout the heavens down if those rights
are abused, especially by a government which espouses violence against its
own people.

      The proud African would never rush to be a farmer unless they had the
resources and the know-how. They know, like Nhema, that without these assets
the temptation to use chibhoyi methods would be irresistible.
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Daily News

Leader Page

      Business must also contribute

      10/9/02 9:09:53 AM (GMT +2)

      THE attack on the business community for its failure to contribute in
arresting Zimbabwe's worsening situation has some merit.

      Business people are in the business of running corporate organisations
and should be the right people to advise the government on what measures and
policies would assist the growth of the economy and expansion of

      The government has no business being in business.

      Yet for far too long, Zimbabwean business people have preferred to
fawn on the government, instead of telling it unambiguously that its conduct
and actions harm the economy of this country.

      Business people have tended to look after their own interests, while
moaning about the general state of decline in Zimbabwe.

      There are some observations that can be made about this.

      The first, and judging by the number of expensive luxury vehicles and
the Italian-style villas going up in and around Harare and throughout the
country, is that rather than face hardships, some of the business people
have become the beneficiaries of the misfortunes this country has been
plunged into.

      The second is that they must all be politically connected to the
government, and that it is this fact that is responsible for their apparent
disinterest in pushing the government to desist from plunging the country
into the abyss.

      The third is that they have benefited from government contracts and
would never do anything to jeopardise lucrative future transactions with the

      The billion-dollar budget frittered away by Zanu PF in the March 2002
presidential poll is a case in point.

      A lot of businesses benefited enormously from providing services to
the ruling party and they would not like to be seen to be rocking the boat.

      Alternatively, although this might not be so widespread, they could be
fronting for politicians, especially now that United States and European
Union smart sanctions are being enforced.

      Additionally, the business community has kept silent because of
intimidation or outright blackmail.

      Anyone who is unafraid to speak their mind has found pressure being
applied on those with whom they conduct business to distance themselves by
taking their custom elsewhere.

      The government treats divergent criticisms or views that do not
originate from it as a challenge to its authority, and they can be ruthless
in their retaliation.

      Prominent businesses have folded and have gone on to seek new
opportunities in neighbouring countries, while those that have remained
appear to have decided to subject themselves to the government, instead of
advising it on how best to run the economy in the best interests of the

      If industry and commerce were as vocal as they should be, they would
have long warned the government about the consequences of disengagement with
the international community and its financial institutions.

      They would have pointed out to the government that a better managed
economy that is encouraged to pursue growth, is good for any government,
because it creates jobs for voters, offers an environment that generates
more foreign currency earnings, provides basic commodities and
infrastructural development, and that such a government is more likely to be
voted back into office than one associated with shortages, unemployment and

      Certainly, they could have convinced the government that a violent and
illegal land reform programme is not viable.

      So many defences have been put forward in favour of so-called
home-grown solutions, but these arguments miss the point that the economy
does not have to collapse first in order for such corrective measures to be

      Home-grown remedies can co-exist with external solutions.
      The Global Village is here to stay.

      The Zimbabwean business sector does not appear to realise that they,
like everyone else, have an obligation to contribute to solutions aimed at
resolving the current crisis.

      That sector, like the rest of society, is guilty of allowing the
government to do as it pleases. If there were loud protests, the government
would not be taking this country for a ride.

      But with each demonstration of docility, the government's disregard of
other views grows stronger.
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Wednesday, 9 October, 2002, 18:45 GMT 19:45 UK
Tories back Blair on Iraq

A US jet patrol's Iraq's 'no-fly' zone

      By Mark Davies
      BBC News Online political reporter
      in Bournemouth 
Tony Blair's stance on Iraq will be backed by the Tories while it remains in the national interest, Conservative foreign affairs spokesman Michael Ancram has said.
He said the UK must act within international law under a time-limited United Nations resolution that left Saddam in "no doubt" about the consequences of failing to comply.

The view was backed by defence spokesman Bernard Jenkin as the Tory conference in Bournemouth turned its attentions to defence and foreign policy.

The Tory leadership has come under fire from senior figures, including former Foreign Secretary Malcolm Rifkind, over its "unquestioning" support for Labour's stance on Iraq.

Mugabe's "thugs"

But Mr Jenkin said: "So long as the prime minister is doing the right thing, we recognise that we have a duty to support him."

He stressed as long as Saddam defied UN resolutions there must be the threat of military action.

Mr Ancram also called on the government to immediately suspend talks over joint sovereignty with Spain for Gibraltar.

And he said the UK had not done enough in response to Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's "thugs".

On Iraq, Mr Ancram said that if sending in weapons inspectors failed to deal with the threat from Saddam Hussein there had to be a "clear and fully developed plan" for military action.

He said he appreciated the concerns of anti-war campaigners but said the threat from Saddam was such that "we must support whatever action is appropriate to achieve it".

Turning to Zimbabwe, Mr Ancram said he had seen the "murder, rape, robbery, famine and ethnic cleansing" in Zimbabwe at first hand on a visit to the country.

"One displaced, broken and desperate black farm worker said simply to me 'don't let the world forget us'.

"We won't. But Mr Blair already has. "He gave great hope to Zimbabweans last year.

"They believed him. They told me so. And that hope has proved false."

EU reform call

The Tories want an extension of sanctions to Mugabe's funders, tighter control of the travel ban on him and his team and the withholding of investment.

In a wide-ranging speech, Mr Ancram said the Tories must help "move Europe away from the mad dash to full integration".

He said full political union should be resisted and that the European Union needed fundamental reform.

"What is needed now is a comprehensive review of the EU.

"An audit into what is working and what is not, what should be changed and what should be discarded," he said.

"There must be no sacred cows, no sealed vaults. Everything must be looked at." 'No shared sovereignty'

Mr Ancram said the government was "hell bent" on sharing sovereignty of Gibraltar with Spain.

He said a Tory government would not be bound by any deal on sharing sovereignty.

Mr Ancram said: "Mr Blair and Mr Straw are hell bent on selling Gibraltar out. "They have surreptitiously agreed in principle to share sovereignty with Spain - they are now cynically trying to browbeat Gibraltar into accepting it."

'Suspend talks'

He said Foreign Secretary Jack Straw must not ignore a referendum being held on the Rock.

      a "Trojan horse for anti-American sentiment
      Bernard Jenkin on an EU army 
"This vote will reflect the passionately held views of the people of Gibraltar ... it simply cannot be ignored.

"The fact is that these talks with Spain have reached a dead end - they should immediately be suspended.

"And any agreement between the two governments, whether in principle or otherwise, should be declared null and void as if it had never existed.

"The people of Gibraltar are British and want to remain British - so long as that is their wish we will never sell them out."

European army

Mr Ancram said Labour's ethical foreign policy had been exposed as a "cynical sham". In his speech, Mr Jenkin attacked cuts in defence spending and vowed that a Conservative government would provide the armed forces with the "manpower and tools" they needed. He said calls for a new European army amounted to a "Trojan horse for anti-American sentiment".
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Business Day

      Zimbabwe is likely to be on agenda of Mbeki council

      The meeting will seek ways to reverse negative perceptions about SA
      Trade and Industry Editor

      PRETORIA The crisis in Zimbabwe may well be raised at this weekend's
meeting of President Thabo Mbeki's International Investment Council (IIC),
the government conceded yesterday.

      A focus of the meeting will be on seeking ways to reverse negative
perceptions about SA, with two mystery marketing experts due to brief SA
ministers and Mbeki's international advisers on how to spin SA towards

      The director general of the trade and industry department Alistair
Ruiters told a media briefing yesterday that the style of the meeting in the
luxury Zimbali Lodge would be very informal.

      "Whatever issues members wish to raise, they will," he said. "If they
think it (Zimbabwe) is an issue which affects investor perceptions, they are
free to raise it."

      The minister in the office of the presidency Essop Pahad confirmed
that Zimbabwe had been discussed at the previous meeting of the IIC in
Hermanus, when some of the international businessmen who advise Mbeki
expressed their concerns about the impact of events in Zimbabwe on the
investment climate in SA.

      The IIC includes a number of prominent businessmen, including
DaimlerChrysler CE Jurgen Schrempp and Mitsubishi boss Minoru Makihara.

      The national director of the SA institute of International Affairs
Greg Mills suggested Zimbabwe could not be ignored by those attending the
weekend gathering.

      "While the SA government might not want Zimbabwe to be on the radar
screen of international investors and (African recover plan) Nepad sceptics
alike, it remains a concern both in terms of the potential economic
contagion in the region and regarding wider political questions about the
willingness of African states to show leadership in dealing with the
crisis," he said.

      "Such fears are currently compounded by the depressed state of
international markets and the flight from risk of emerging markets such as

      Ruiters suggested that the IIC has had its successes for instance in
driving the creation of the International Marketing Council, which seeks to
promote the SA brand, and which will be briefing Mbeki and his advisers on
its activities.

      He said aside from two meetings a year which they attend, members of
the Council have also been helpful on their home turf, hosting presentations
by Mbeki and other ministers to potential investors, and he cited recent
events in Japan and the UK.

      This weekend's meeting would discuss empowerment, macroeconomic
issues, perceptions about SA and the Nepad African growth initiative.

      Pahad said Mbeki would hold a private breakfast with the advisers to
gauge their views on the effectiveness of his ministerial colleagues and
directors general, as had happened at previous gatherings.

      He also revealed that "two of the best brains on marketing and public
relations will come to the meeting" although he said the pair would not be
named until after the event, at their request.
      Oct 09 2002 12:00:00:000AM John Fraser Business Day 1st Edition

      09 October 2002
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A new iron curtain

The Lords must reform the asylum bill

Wednesday October 9, 2002
The Guardian

Which is better: a rightwing government drawing asylum procedures so tight
they breach the Geneva convention; or a social democratic administration
doing the same thing? This was the unspoken question beneath David
Blunkett's shabby defence this week of his shameless moves on asylum law.
Writing in the Times on Monday the home secretary leaked details of three
further restrictions that are to be added today to an already hardline
asylum bill. Each has major implications. None has been properly examined
and there are only two days left to debate the bill. His defence? We can
only "defeat the right if we tackle the most obvious problems in our current
system". Phoey. What the home secretary is doing is pre-empting the right by
stealing its clothes. He will be ecstatic over the Times's front page
headline: "Labour's new iron curtain for refugees". But agreeing to ride
roughshod over fundamental human rights will only encourage the right to ask
for more. The House of Lords must intervene.
There were already fundamental flaws in the bill: a reduction in asylum
applicants' right of appeal and a "white list" of countries from which all
applications would be presumed to be "clearly unfounded". Labour rightly
condemned the Conservatives for playing the race card when it pursued these
changes in its 1996 Asylum Act. It remained resolutely opposed in the 1997
election, quoting the Economist that the Tories "deserve contempt, not
votes, for proposing this nasty little bill". It proceeded to repeal the act
in 1999, but now, three years on, is re-introducing the restrictions.

This week Mr Blunkett announced the first countries on the white list would
be the 10 eastern European states due to join the European Union. More
ominously, he declared he would be seeking powers to add countries to this
list. Here we are on a slippery slope. He starts with countries that appear
free from oppression, Poland and the Czech Republic, but where does it stop?
The Home Office has a notorious reputation for its definitions of safe
states, returning asylum seekers to Zimbabwe at the height of its troubles.

Lord Archer, the former Labour solicitor-general, is seeking to delete from
the bill the power to deport asylum applications deemed "unfounded", before
an appeal is heard. It is difficult enough to appeal within the UK, where
advisers can be based miles from dispersed applicants, but from overseas,
appeals would be impossible. And this presumes the countries to which they
are sent are safe. Some people returned to "safe" home states could be

The new ideas are equally oppressive. First is a tighter application of
"exceptional leave to remain" (ELR) to people from war-torn states.
Understandably, ELR for Afghan applicants has ended, but lifting it for
Somalia, now in the hands of war lords, is absurd. Second is a tougher
scrutiny of in-country applications. These can be students whose home states
are in turmoil or people brought by traffickers. Third, and much worse, is
the withdrawal of the right to benefits from this category. Stand by for a
repeat of French scenes under which homeless applicants sleep rough in
public parks and queue up for nourishment at Sangatte soup stations.

There are two positive proposals: the agreement to accept refugees nominated
by UN High Commission for Refugees, and a new deal for economic migrants.
These were the two ways Jewish refugees reached the UK before 1939. The 1951
Geneva convention was written to fill a gaping hole: individual
applications. Individual assessment is still needed.
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From ZWNEWS, 9 October

Paying for mismanagement

By Michael Hartnack

When Geoff retired aged 72 in 1987 as a branch manager for a Zimbabwe parastatal corporations he expected golden sunset years. Instead Geoff and his wife, Rita, are among thousands of pensioners, white and black, who have had their life savings plundered by Robert Mugabe's treasury. Now they survive on charity and remittances from children living abroad. Geoff and Rita (who asked to be identified only by their first names) owned their home in an up-market suburb of the eastern border city of Mutare. Their pension of Z$ 900 a month (in 1987 worth £300) seemed adequate, in view of Zimbabwe's low cost of living. The couple felt they could safely ignore the political situation and enjoy their lush garden and the African sunshine. Today, with a "parallel" market rate of Z$ 1 100 to the pound, living costs soaring, and medical bills pouring in (a 15-minute consultation can cost Z$ 20 000) they depend on others. They long ago sold their house and moved in with the only child who remains in Zimbabwe. The sports club where the couple once mingled with friends now has a whip round to send them and other distressed old timers groceries.

Income from pensions and savings has been eroded by the Mugabe regime to pay for its Congo military adventure, bonus payments to ex-guerillas, and other follies of 22 years of corrupt and inefficient rule. Pension funds and financial institutions are forced by law to lodge up to 45 percent of their total asset portfolio with the government - at rates of interest 110 percent below the rate of inflation. "They get back $125 for every $100 they are forced to lend the government, but at the end of the year it costs $235 to buy what they would have paid $100 for at the beginning of the year," explained economist John Robertson. Between 30 000 and 50 000 whites, according to varying estimates, remain among Zimbabwe's 13 million people. The white population, down from 293 000 in the 70’s heyday of Ian Smith's white-minority rule, is still shrinking through accelerated emigration. Black Zimbabweans who can are leaving fast, too. The opposition MDC believes there are 400 000 black Zimbabweans in Europe, other estimates are as high as 800 000. The South African authorities estimate that between 1.3 million and 2.4 million Zimbabweans have slipped in.

Remittances from migrant Zimbabweans are an increasingly important factor in the country's stricken balance of payments, said Robertson. Money sent home - regularly exchanged at black market rates - amounts to at least £ 20 million - a staggering Z$1,6 billion a month. There are some bizarre spin-offs. A burial society has become a major player in the "parallel" foreign currency market, thanks to subscriptions received from abroad. Urban property prices, say estate agents, remain buoyant largely through expatriate Zimbabweans doing deals with money earned abroad, often including under-the-counter hard currency for the seller. Here's what the latest official figure of 135.1 percent inflation means in real life. A doctor with 24 years service - 17 years pensionable - received a pension of Z$ 790 per month when she hung up her stethoscope in 1993. Then this would have bought, say, 390 loaves of white bread or 258 litres of petrol. A house in Harare's northern suburbs, on 4 hectares, would have cost Z$ 300 000. Unlike Geoff, the doctor has had increments, and is currently getting Z$8 347. Now this would buy 66 loaves of bread (when available) or 111 litres (two tanks) of petrol. And the house costs Z$15 million - 50 times as much.

For successful business people rampant inflation is cushioned by salaries that range from Zimbabwe $5,7 million a year for a well-qualified top accountant or marketing manager to Zimbabwe $1,4 million for a chief executive's secretary, said a consultant. It is those without foreign connections who suffer worst, whether black or white. Robertson says internet websites now help exiles with family back home. enables an exile to have Zimbabwe dollars deposited at parallel market rates in a relative's Zimbabwean bank account. Current top rates are Z$1 100 for a British pound, and Z$ 700 for a US dollar. But website transfer rates are believed to be somewhat below this. The official rate set by the regime is U$ 1 = Z$ 55, £1 = Z$ 81. "There are provisions for stop orders and £20 a week can give somebody $20 000, which they can live on," said Robertson., also run from the United States, lists Zimbabwean supermarkets, with categories of goods that can be billed to a credit card in the developed world. The prices of all the items you click on are in US dollars and cents and the supermarket gets paid in foreign currency. "Then the supermarket will phone the person you want to take pity on and say we have a shopping basket for you. The rates are not very good and it is rather expensive for the foreigner but he doesn't seem to notice it," said Robertson.

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From Business Day, 9 October

Rautenbach associate faces fraud charges

Financial Services Reporter

Belgian banker Willie du Bois, well-known for his links to former Wheels of Africa owner Billy Rautenbach, has been arrested in Johannesburg on fraud charges. Rautenbach, a Zimbabwean, is a fugitive, wanted by the SA authorities for alleged fraud totalling more than R60m in various commercial dealings. In 1998 Rautenbach paid R115 000 to Du Bois after the banker acted as an "intermediary" between ABN Amro's SA office and Wheels of Africa in a suspect deal. Du Bois was arrested on Monday night at his house for fraud. The police allege that he collected more than R158 000 in income tax from employees of his firm, Crucial Trade, and failed to pay it over to the SA Revenue Service. After appearing in a Randburg court yesterday, Du Bois was released on R8000 bail. Police said Du Bois' son Yves was arrested last week on the same fraud charges relating to Crucial Trade. Both father and son were directors and managers of the company.

Du Bois first made headlines after he admitted to taking R115 000 from Rautenbach in his personal capacity when he was the sole representative in SA of Brussels-based bank Banque Belgolaise. He had introduced Rautenbach to ABN Amro's former vicepresident of corporate banking, Jean-Charles Pirlet, as the Zimbabwean tycoon was looking to raise $23m to build a Hyundai plant in Botswana. After allegations that he subsequently acted fraudulently in providing credit facilities to Hyundai, Pirlet was tried last year on charges of fraud and corruption involving $47m. Pirlet was alleged to have "conspired" with Rautenbach and Du Bois to defraud ABN Amro. He was acquitted, however, due to a lack of evidence. Du Bois received the money for acting as the go-between, but failed to disclose the transaction to Banque Belgolaise, which no longer employs him. Du Bois had also helped Rautenbach fund Hyundai Motor Distributors.

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Zimbabwe land policy is lethal for pets
By Angus Shaw
The Associated Press
NYABIRA, Zimbabwe - Bonnie, a yellow Labrador, wagged her tail playfully for
the last time yesterday before she died.
She is one of 600 dogs that once guarded now-abandoned white-owned farms
destroyed by veterinarians in a blitz of euthanasia.
The dogs, along with hundreds of domestic pets, horses, swans and even
goldfish, are victims in Zimbabwe's political unrest, animal-welfare workers
"People have suffered in this, but the animals have no mouth to speak, no
ability to make other plan; they are the silent victims of the tragedy,"
said Meryll Harrison, head of the independent Zimbabwe National Society for
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
Harrison strokes Bonnie's fur gently, and veterinarian Anthony Donohoe pumps
the phenylbarbitone into a vein in the dog's right foreleg that will take
the fatal drug straight to her heart and vital organs in a second or two.
"It's all right, sweetheart, it's all right," Harrison holds and comforts
the Labrador as she slumps, her eyelids flutter and she dies.
Her body is laid alongside the dogs that came before her. Farther away, a
12-foot-deep grave has been dug for the 24 dogs put down yesterday in the
once-thriving farming community of Nyabira, 20 miles northwest of Harare,
the capital. Graves nearby hold the remains of 130 other guard dogs put down
since Friday.
About 440 others also will die, abandoned by the security company that owned
them when it collapsed a week ago.
"I cannot think of anywhere else in the world where 600 dogs have to be put
down because all we can provide them with is a dignified death," Harrison
The security company provided crop guards and protection for some 300 white
farmers and their workers in the Trelawney and Darwindale tobacco and corn
district. It shut down after most of the farms were seized under a
government program to take white-owned land and give it to blacks.
The government has targeted 95 percent of the nation's 5,000 white-owned
properties for confiscation. Many farmers were ordered to leave their land
by Aug. 8.
As farmers fled, horses, chickens, domestic pets, hamsters, cranes, geese,
swans, hand-reared lion cubs, at least one tamed baby elephant and even
goldfish were abandoned, Harrison said.
In the collapsing agricultural economy, farmers were forced to sell pregnant
cows for slaughter. Where fences were broken, sheep ran loose and pigs fled.
"We found sows lying exhausted and sunburned, unable to move, and boars
unused to each other that had fought each other to the death," Harrison
Harrison said the tendons on some animals were cut by militants. Some were
clubbed. Others were slashed, axed or torched to death in hay.
Conservation groups have also reported the hunting and killing of more than
half of the nation's small game animals as well as endangered rhinos bred in
nature preserves. Deer and African antelope have been sighted in some areas
for the first time in 40 years. They apparently fled a wave of poaching on
seized game farms and now face snares and traps and half-wild dogs used by
local hunters to kill rabbits, rodents and birds.
Donohoe said his practice in Harare was destroying about 60 domestic pets
each week as farmers and others leave in the worst economic and political
crisis in Zimbabwe since independence in 1980.
Copyright © 2002 The Seattle Times Company
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