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      Land reform: an audit of death, rape, destruction

      10/10/02 8:46:56 AM (GMT +2)

      THE war veterans' movement, previously led by the late Chenjerai
Hitler Hunzvi, would like to conduct an audit into how the land
redistribution programme has fared since they launched it with their violent
campaign in 2000.

      They seem to be more concerned with how they claim to have been left
in the lurch - or to have been short-changed - while their leaders in the
government grabbed the prime land intended for the genuinely landless

      Discerning analysts would say there has been the equivalent of a
falling out of thieves. In sharing their loot, one group grabbed more than
the other had bargained for.

      Now, the group which believes it was hard done by is trying to square
things up.

      It would not surprise the neutral observer if this audit ends up
generating a lot of heat and thunder, signifying absolutely nothing.
      Both the leaders and the so-called veterans have profited from the
chaotic land reform programme. Some have made millions of dollars in
extortion; others have taken ownership of so many farms, they will probably
never have to work another day in their lives again.

      Meanwhile, the people who ought to have been the beneficiaries of this
campaign remain either where they were before - on overcrowded, infertile
land - or resettled on poor soil with no infrastructure to speak of.

      The audit that the people of Zimbabwe ought to demand of the
government and their war veteran accomplices, is of the death, rape and
destruction of their motherland, all conducted under the repulsive pretext
of righting the colonial wrongs of the past.

      This country has earned such notoriety internationally, as a direct
consequence of the murder, rape and destruction of the past two years, it
will be a long time before it regains its status as one of the most stable
countries in Africa.

      Whatever spin the government wants to put on Zimbabwe's failure to
take up the deputy chairmanship of the Southern African Development
Community, the fact remains the prime cause is the bloodshed which started
with the rejection of the draft constitution in the referendum of 2000.

      The government virtually sanctioned a murderous campaign against its
own people because they would not do its bidding. It launched a blatantly
racist campaign against the commercial farmers, ostensibly because they were
not willing to give up their farms without a fight.
      But the real reason was that the farmers, along with the majority of
the people, were tired of Zanu PF rule and were ready to make the ultimate
sacrifice for change.

      But all dissent would be bludgeoned into submission until the
government and the so-called war veterans became a law unto themselves,
ignoring all constitutional niceties.

      The price the government is willing to pay is very high: ostracism
from most councils of the world. If the United Nations Security Council
musters enough courage to engage the Zimbabwe government about its blithe
disregard of the people's human rights, the stakes could rise even higher.

      There can be no way that the government can justify the distribution
of the former white commercial farms to Cabinet ministers and their wives,
or senior soldiers and their wives. If the people of Zimbabwe accept this
travesty of justice without raising a finger, then the rest of the world
would, quite rightly, say they deserve their God-awful fate of servitude.

      The unity of the forces determined to reverse the plunge into obloquy
is essential.

      Just as the government and its war veteran accomplices are determined
to finish off what they started in 2000, the forces of reason must be just
as resolute not to allow them to achieve their evil goals.

      On the diplomatic front, on the domestic front, on every conceivable
front with the potential to influence the outcome of this titanic struggle,
people who are outraged by the events of the last two years must act with
courage and speak out without fear.

      Future generations would never forgive them for bequeathing to them a
legacy of death, rape and destruction.

Zim Independent

Mugabe in total onslaught on democracy - Tsvangirai
Dumisani Muleya
PRESIDENT Robert Mugabe is intensifying political repression as he pursues
his "total onslaught against democratic forces", opposition Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) leader Morgan Tsvangirai has said.

Addressing a public meeting this week, Tsvangirai said Mugabe had heightened
his totalitarian methods since he stormed back into office after a
smash-and-grab election victory in March.

"The major problem that confronts us remains the political impasse caused by
regime illegitimacy, and which is degenerating daily into a dangerous
crisis," he said.

"The stealing of the presidential election amounted to a veritable coup
d'état because it overthrew even the shoddy constitution that is in place

Calling for resolute defiance of Mugabe's authoritarian rule, Tsvangirai
said people should be ready to confront the current regime despite its
coercion and violence.

"The aftermath of the fraudulent poll therefore did not usher in a
dictatorial civilian regime," he said. "Instead, a civil-military junta
presided over by a civilian absolute dictator was installed and continues to
impose violently an illegitimate government over the people."

The MDC leader said Zimbabweans have to realise they were now living in an
"age of total absolutism" and have become prisoners of tyranny.

"So what this means is that we are confronted by a post-coup d'état
situation with an illegitimate regime in power," he said. "Civil authority
and civil power have been crushed. It is a dictatorial political
dispensation that is more dangerous and qualitatively different from all
other Mugabe dictatorial projects between the achievement of national
Independence in 1980 and the March 2002 presidential poll.

"Its impact in scale, magnitude and wickedness surpasses all the evil forces
that have been unleashed in this nation in the past," he said. "The
preliminary results of this fascist programme are there for all of us to

Whereas the state-sponsored war of physical annihilation and genocide was
confined to the south-western region and the Midlands between 1982-87,
Tsvangirai said, "this has now been extended to envelop the whole nation
with increased ferocity and intensity.

"The new infrastructure of state-sponsored violence and terror that is now
in place is not an accident of circumstances. It is there by deliberate
design. It is a clear demonstration of the regime's determination to settle
the issue of its illegitimacy by force or military means."

In a bid to rally his supporters, Tsvangirai said Zimbabwe has entered a
"critical period that calls for new strategies of resistance to tyranny"
through broad and effective coalitions.

"Defy unjust and inhuman laws, because freedom comes from such an exercise,"
he said. "Transform food and fuel queues into theatres of the struggle for
democracy. Turn hunger into fortitude. Unemployment and poor wages must
constitute the driving force for this inevitable change.

Women's groups must organise and resist starvation. The youth must reject
the bleak and hopeless future.

"And to the churches I say: preach the gospel of the cleansing value of
suffering in order to achieve liberation and justice."

Tsvangirai said Mugabe's regime remains on the brink of collapse despite
stealing elections in order to pretend it was popular.

"A nation cannot go on in a state of siege indefinitely," he said. "All
indications are that the regime is in an advanced state of decay. It is
collapsing because it has no capacity to govern anymore."
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Zim Independent


After the huffing and puffing Mugabe is alone
THE regional picture - murky at best after a deluge of misinformation -
appears to have cleared somewhat.

We had been led to believe that President Mugabe pulled off a significant
public relations coup with his speeches to the Earth Summit in Johannesburg
and the UN General Assembly in New York last month. Reference was made to
multitudes of admirers swarming around a buoyant president and an impression
conveyed that Mugabe had "cleared up misconceptions" about his land policy.
The self-evident lie that commercial farmers with one farm who wanted to
continue farming would be allowed to do so was at the heart of the president
's claims.

This PR offensive was followed up by suggestions that the UNDP was now ready
to come on board with large sums to support the resettlement programme. Even
Britain was portrayed as softening its stance following Tony Blair's
indication in Johannesburg that Britain would channel the funds it had set
aside in 1998 through whatever programme the UNDP devised.

The stage was thus set for yet another demonstration of solidarity by Mugabe
's allies in the region, headed by Namibia's Sam Nujoma, at the annual Sadc
summit in Luanda last week. That is when things began to fall apart.

Firstly, as this paper disclosed last month, leaders of Botswana's ruling
BDP broke ranks to express concern about the direction of land reform in
Zimbabwe which was impacting on tourism and investment in the neighbouring
state. Comparisons were made to a runaway vehicle where the driver had lost

Then a curious article appeared in the official media immediately ahead of
the Sadc heads of state meeting saying Zimbabwe had volunteered to step down
as incoming deputy chair in order to concentrate on land reform and enable
Tanzania to have a turn at chairing Sadc. The deputy chair leads to the
chairmanship after a year in the Sadc order of things.

South African papers - contrary to what we are told, owned and edited by
blacks - translated this move as "Sadc leaders spurn Mugabe". And that is
indeed how it is widely seen. Outgoing Sadc chair Bakili Muluzi was tasked
by his colleagues to tell Mugabe that it would be easier for everybody if
Zimbabwe turned down its pending promotion. No amount of assurances about
this being a generous gesture towards Tanzania could obscure the bitter
truth: Zimbabwe was an inappropriate choice as regional leader in the era of

Mugabe's government is not affiliated to the Nepad scheme because it has
contravened just about every rule of governance including conditions for
investor confidence. In the process it is a hazard to its neighbours.

Let us be clear on this. Sadc has not undergone a Damascene conversion. It
has not suddenly embraced good governance and the rule of law. The Sadc
heads still issued an entirely delusional statement about the need for
"rational and fair" distribution of land in Zimbabwe - as if that was what
the authorities in Harare were doing! There was no attempt to enunciate the
principles for which Sadc supposedly stands apart from a spurious solidarity
among themselves. The attempt to ring-fence Zimbabwe was expedient and
self-serving. But it will be held up now to donors as a demonstration of
Sadc's commitment to the Nepad initiative.

That's not going to wash. There is growing scepticism in the West about the
region's credentials - especially following Nujoma's behaviour. As we reveal
today, World Food Programme commitments to Zimbabwe are slowing down because
donors are refusing to dig into their pockets when the government prefers to
spend money on other priorities like Miss Malaika. There is no question of
the UNDP endorsing the lawlessness and grabbing that constitutes Zimbabwe's
so-called land reform programme for the same reason - the donors will not
support it.

The international response and the move by Sadc heads last week to isolate
their rogue colleague is a culmination of two years of state-sponsored
violence and repression. But it is also a side-effect of what have been
claimed in Harare as propaganda victories. Regional heads do not want to be
associated too closely with a regime that has chosen to make enemies with
countries that are leading investors and donors.

At last the chickens are coming home to roost. Mugabe's antics in
Johannesburg and New York have proved entirely counter-productive for his
neighbours. And now a host of EU candidate states have signed up for
measures adopted by Brussels to counter Zimbabwe's misrule.

This is the real picture that is emerging this week. Following the huffing
and puffing against Tony Blair, Mugabe is more isolated than ever. And at
last his friends have found the courage to tell him.
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Dear fellow communicators,

Please read through this email as it illustrates best what the Zimbabwean
story is all about!!!

They say all is well that ends well but in the case of Sam Cawood, he has
been released without charge but was portrayed as guilty by the 'propaganda
machine' without the right to comment.

He was arrested yesterday after ZBC and Chronicle headline stories, he
appeared before a Mwenezi magistrate today and was released without charge.
As he makes his way to his temporary home a free man, albeit a persecuted
one, we ask that the real wrongdoers are not forgotten.

I am referring to the politicians on whose orders he was arrested and the
journalists who wrote the story and televised it on the Zimbabwe
Broadcasting Corporation. Without shame, The Chronicle Newspaper, chose to
run their story without seeking comment from Cawood whilst acknowledging
that the Police were yet to interview him. The Herald then ran the Byo story
without seeking comment.

We will attempt to grant Cawood the right to tell his side of the story even
though we know that the state press will not fairly grant coverage to this
side of the story and despite suffering an unnecessary night in custody.

Cawood is among 65 farmers in Matabeleland who were evicted from their homes
by the Land Task force, an illegitimate gang of pro ZANU PF officials. The
only legitimate acquiring authority being the Ministry of Lands and
Agriculture, who may apply for eviction through a competent court sitting
with due regard to the Zimbabwean Constitution and Human Rights.

Eviction of farmers would only occur after the sitting of the nonexistent
Agricultural Land Settlement Board. This Board would be tasked with
allocating a farm once it had passed the set criteria. This board has never
been formed which is why the allocations are instead being made by Land Task
Force Committees chaired by the Provincial Governors.

Kembo Mohadi is a ZANU PF Member of Parliament for Beitbridge and is now
Minister of Home Affairs and in a more powerful position to settle old
scores with the Cawood family.

It is no accident that I paint this picture - Beitbridge is lorded over by
the Mohadi family who wield limitless power and demand from the border towns
' residents' unquestioning political patronage.

Recently 3 milling companies were forced to close, as they were not deemed
politically correct. Of course the "newly resettled farmers" (referred to in
the Chronicle article) lining up to acquire free cattle  were none other
than the "well-heeled" Mr and Mrs Mohadi.

It is interesting to note that Inspector Ncube in the Nyamandlovu area send
word to evicted farmer Chris Jarred that if he did not come to get his
Cattle they would be forfeited to the "state".

Minister Mumbengegwi (now recycled in the War Cabinet as Minister of
Industry and International Trade) ordered the elderly Vosloo family he had
displaced to pay him rent for their Cattle they had not managed to move
before they had to leave.

Back to the Cawood family, commercial agriculture we knew it 3 years ago was
build on the fortitude of Mr and Mrs Cawood. They built their farm up from
dry and thorny virgin bush. Hectares of underutilized state land surround
the Cawood farm where genuine settlers could have been placed.

Cawood is a surveyor by profession and has been instrumental in assisting to
locate water in remote and arid areas of Matabeleland and had been a voice
to solicit development of these areas, which in his own words could have
become "an oasis of agriculture for Matabeleland".

It is the unfortunate persecution of potential partners like Cawood that has
turned the once honorable ideal of 'land for the landless' into 'political
rewards for the politically correct'.

9th October 2002

--------------------------- Jean Simon is Sam Cawood's daughter.

Dear Sir (To friends in political circles)
I wrote to you yesterday concerning my family in Beit Bridge, the south
eastern part of Zimbabwe.

My father, Samuel Knott Cawood, was taken into police custody yesterday, 9
October 2002, in the late afternoon and is currently being help in the
police cells at Beit bridge Police Station in Zimbabwe.

His crime?

He humanely ordered his staff to cut the throats of the week old calves as
he loaded their mothers for slaughter during last week so that they were not
killed in the trucks taking their mothers for slaughter.

My father has been a cattleman and landowner in Zimbabwe since 1965. He is
well known for his conservation and good livestock practices. He built up a
herd of Brahman Hereford cross cattle as well as a Brahman stud which has
become the envy of many people. He was instructed by the National Task Force
of Zimbabwe to vacate his farm by last Friday. He had nowhere to take his
breeding herd of cows, many of which had just calved down but many which
were heavily in calf. He was able to get a booking to send his cattle to
slaughter. He did so.

During the months and weeks prior to making this awful decision, settlers on
his farm, which he had bought and paid for under the Mugabe regime,
regularly penned his cattle in the kraals without food or water to harass
him. He was assaulted on a number of occasions, beaten, locked into a kraal
while trying to dip and brand his cattle. His staff were systematically
beaten and intimidated by government forces, including the police, army and

In a last desperate attempt to do what he felt was the only humane thing he
could to protect his livestock and his investment, he sent the cows for
slaughter. He was so traumatised by this that he was unable to witness the
slaughter of his calves himself.

Yesterday, 9 October 2002, Mr Kembo Mohadi, the Minister of Home affairs,
and the local member of parliament for Beit Bridge area, gave a direct
instruction to the police at Beit Bridge to put Sam Cawood in jail.  During
this past weeks the minister's wife, Mrs Mohadi, has been going around the
farms along the Bubye River where theses cattle were, trying to acquire the
cattle for their own purposes She was unable to "liberate" these cattle as
my father sent them for slaughter. In addition, my family are aware of how
the election was won both in 2000 and in 2002. Their local member of
parliament is punishing them for their knowledge of these matters.

Mr Mohadi gave an instruction last week to the police at Mwenezi, to put my
brother, Brian Cawood, in jail for "attempted murder". Fortunately when he
went before the Judge in Masvingo on Saturday morning, 5 October 2002 in
Masvingo, the Judge realised this was a conspiracy by the Minister and very
bravely sent Brian home on $10 000 bail. He is to appear in court on 4
November 2002. My brother is being falsely charged.


Please help us to stop the crimes against the people of Zimbabwe. Help us to
get our human rights back.

PLEASE help me to get my father out of jail. He is 74 years old and innocent
of the crime charge against him.

Yours faithfully

A personal view from Eddie Cross --------------

Jean is Sam Cawood's daughter. What she does not put in this note is that
her parents (now both in their 70's) left South Africa in protest at the
apartheid policies of the Nationalist Government. They came to what was then
Rhodesia and played a consistent role in opposition to the same policies in
this country. Sam is one of the best cattlemen in Southern Africa, a tall,
well built man, he is well known throughout the region. His relationship
with the people in the adjacent communal lands has always been excellent.
Sam is not politically active although his sympathies with the democratic
opposition are well known.

Mohadi, on the other hand, is directly implicated in a murder case involving
a man who was thought to be have been "involved" with his wife. This man's
mutilated body was found in the bush just south of Bulawayo. Although a case
against the Mohadi was made, no charges were brought and in fact he is now
the Minister of Home Affairs, responsible for the Police. Mohadi already has
extensive interests in the area including thousands of hectares of ranching
land that has been "acquired" by the state during the recent illegal land

What people have got to realise is that Sam is in fact an investor, who sold
up in South Africa, came to this country and invested every cent he had in
his property and enterprise. His rights as a freehold property owner are
protected by the Constitution, his investment would have the protection of
agreements signed with the World Bank and also the South Africa/Zimbabwe
Investment Protection Agreement when and if that is signed. His neighbour, a
French investor already has such protection and is not being disturbed. To
the best of my knowledge the South African High Commission has not taken any
direct role or interest in this case.

Sam farms in region 5 - dry, almost semi desert country that is totally
unsuited to communal type agriculture. It has no potential for more
intensive forms of agriculture. Under the Abuja Agreement on the Land Reform
process, Sam would have been left alone as his property would not conform to
the criteria laid down. More staff are being displaced by this action than
are likely to be settled on the farm.

This is a straight forward case of a criminal act perpetrated by the State
against an individual who has no protection whatsoever. You judge for
yourself if this is an action that is based on anything other than greed and
criminal political activity.

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Thursday, 10 October, 2002, 12:27 GMT 13:27 UK
Zimbabwe union leader 'tortured'

Zimbabwe's police are often accused of using torture

Zimbabwean police have tortured the leader of a teachers' trade union, who called a strike, his lawyer has said.
Raymond Majongwe gave himself up to police on Wednesday after hearing that the police were looking for him.

      He has been beaten up and when I saw him... he couldn't sit on his own
      Lawyer Tererayi Gunje 
His Progressive Teachers Union of Zimbabwe (PTUZ) has been on strike since Tuesday, demanding a 100% pay rise.

Official inflation is currently running at 135%, while up to half the population - six million people - are facing the prospect of starvation, according to aid agencies.

Lawyer Tererayi Gunje said that Mr Majongwe had been "seriously injured" according to the French news agency, AFP.

"He has been beaten up and when I saw him yesterday [Wednesday] night he couldn't sit on his own. I think he has broken ribs and internal bleeding," he said.

"I will file an urgent application to secure his release."

'Rights invaded'

Police spokesman Andrew Phiri told AFP that the allegations would be investigated.

He confirmed that the police were holding Mr Majongwe and that he was due to be charged under the controversial new Public Order and Security Act (POSA).

      The economic crisis has made many Zimbabweans reliant on food aid

The POSA makes it an offence for "any person who, acting in concert with one or more other persons, forcibly invades the rights of other people", said Mr Phiri.

The police accuse Mr Majongwe and other union leaders of visiting schools and intimidating teachers into following the strike call.

Mr Majongwe was a senior official of the opposition Zimbabwe Union of Democrats before forming the PTUZ.

Education, Sport and Culture Minister Aneas Chigwedere has called the strike illegal, although he last week admitted that teachers in Zimbabwe are the lowest paid in the Southern African region, reports AFP.

Correspondents say that the strike call has been patchily observed, with many teachers reporting for work but not teaching.

The strike has been rejected by the larger Zimbabwe National Teachers' Association.

Many opposition activists and two journalists have complained of being tortured while in police custody as political tensions have risen in recent years.


Zimbabwe teachers' leader arrested over strike

HARARE, Oct. 9 - Zimbabwean police arrested the leader of a teachers' union
on Wednesday, as thousands of teachers closed down classrooms for a second
day in a dispute over wages.

       Police accused Raymond Majongwe, secretary general of the
12,000-member Progress Teachers Union of Zimbabwe, of barring students from
attending lessons at some schools in the capital Harare, a senior union
official said.
       ''He was arrested today. The police are charging him under (the
security act) and accusing him of going around closing schools,'' said union
president Takavafira Zhou.
       Zhou said police had called him in for questioning, but he was still
consulting his lawyer.
       Police were not immediately available for comment.
       Zhou said some 60,000 teachers nationwide had heeded the call for a
classroom sit-in, to press for salary hikes of up to 200 percent.
       The teachers are also demanding the government act against what they
say is harassment by supporters of President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF
       The government has in the past accused teachers of publicly
supporting the main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), which
has posed a strong challenge to Mugabe's rule.
       The education ministry says the strike is illegal and has threatened
teachers who take part with dismissal. However, it has promised to raise
their salaries, among the lowest in southern Africa, next year.
       Zimbabwean papers carried differing verdicts on the strike on
Wednesday, with state-owned media saying it had been a flop, while
privately-owned newspapers said most teachers had heeded the boycott call.
       Zimbabwe has seen several strikes in the last few years by workers
struggling to cope with rising costs as the country suffers its worst
economic crisis since independence from Britain in 1980.
       The crisis began in early 2000 when pro-government militants, led by
veterans of the 1970s liberation war, began invading white-owned farms in
support of a government drive to redistribute land to landless blacks.
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Zim Independent

Britain to pile pressure on Zim
Dumisani Muleya
BRITAIN will continue turning up the diplomatic heat on President Robert
Mugabe until he moves to halt repression and economic mismanagement, a
British minister has said.

Responding to questions in a House of Lords debate on Zimbabwe on Tuesday,
Under-Secretary of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Baroness
Valerie Amos, said London would continue battling to contain Mugabe and
moderate his regime.

"The government's policy on Zimbabwe is straightforward," Amos said. "We
want a stable, prosperous and democratic Zimbabwe but Zimbabwe has been
destabilised and impoverished by bad governance in recent years. We will
support Zimbabwe's people and their democratic aspirations while aiming for
maximum isolation of the Mugabe regime."

British peers expressed hor-ror and outrage over the Zimbabwe crisis. They
accused the Labour government of making only feeble attempts to resolve it.

Amos said it was not correct to say government's actions over Zimbabwe were
weak because Mugabe had been significantly isolated largely due to British

"The European Union and the United States have imposed targeted sanctions
against the regime," she said.

"The sanctions have had an impact. Assets have been seized, and the travel
ban impedes the regime's ability to operate. The Commonwealth has suspended
Zimbabwe from its councils. The more the regime ignores world opinion, the
more isolated it will become."

Amos said smart sanctions would be intensified to force Harare to change its

"We keep sanctions under review," she said. "Since the travel ban was
introduced, 59 more names have been added, including seven that were added
on September 13. However, they are European Union sanctions, and we must
work with our EU partners and colleagues in reviewing them."

Peers asked why Mugabe and his officials continued to roam around the world
despite travel restrictions. But Amos repeated EU countries have an
obligation to respect international treaties, which allow leaders to travel.

"I mentioned the isolation of the Mugabe regime," she said. "Zimbabwe is
beginning to hear the same message from within the region as well."

Shifting to famine, Amos said although the EU and United States - the
biggest suppliers of emergency food aid in Zimbabwe - would continue to
provide food relief, it must be understood the current crisis was largely
caused by Mugabe's disastrous policies.

"That crisis is man-made," she said. "It is more the result of bad policy
than of bad weather." Britain has since last year provided £32 million in

On land reform, Amos said London supports the redistribution exercise
despite state propaganda to the contrary.

"There is the important issue of land reform," she said. "The United Kingdom
government accepts, and have always accepted, that land reform is essential
to Zimbabwe's development. We have contributed to it.

"However, we have never accepted that the solution is to hand over large
sums of money to the Zimbabwe government on an unconditional and
unsustainable basis."

Amos insisted land reform should be "transparent, fair and legal". She said
chaos and violence could not be substitutes for effective policy to correct
colonial land imbalances.

Amos said the UK government believed the only solution to the political
impasse in Zimbabwe was a resumption of the inter- party talks brokered by
South Africa and Nigeria.
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Zim Independent

Whites barred from racism conference
Mthulisi Mathuthu
THE African Descendants World Conference Against Racism ended this week in
Barbados amid protests after it resolved to bar whites from the meeting and
went on to endorse President Robert Mugabe's controversial land reforms.

The forum, which brought together more than 550 delegates, kicked off on a
controversial note last Friday after Russia, Cuba, South Africa, Colombia
and France's overseas territories walked out following the barring of white

Those who stayed, including Sabelo Sibanda of the Zimbabwe School of African
Awareness, wound up business on Monday this week with resolutions calling
for rights to African citizenship and praise for Zimbabwe's belligerent
78-year-old leader.

The remaining delegates focused on reparations from European countries that
engaged in the 18th century slave trade.

Cuban delegation spokeswoman Maria Morales led the protest against the
exclusion of whites saying: "Cuba will never support any action aimed at
segregating a group of people. Furthermore, Cuba believes that such a
decision is intolerant and contrary to the purposes of this conference."

The Attorney-General and Minister of Home Affairs of Barbados, Mia Mottley,
stated her country was opposed to the resolution.

"We are unequivocally opposed to any resolution seeking to separate persons
on the basis of race or ethnic origins. We have fought too long as a nation
against this type of injustice," she said.
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Zim Independent

UK mulls visas for Zimbabweans
Staff writer
THE BRITISH government is planning to introduce visas for Zimbabweans
travelling to the United Kingdom as a way of stemming the tide of economic
refugees from this country, the Zimbabwe Independent heard this week.

Sources in Whitehall said the visas are set to take effect in November.

Currently the British government does not require visas for visitors to the

There has been a marked increase in Zimbabweans seeking work in Britain
recently as opportunities for employment diminish at home and the value of
the Zimbabwe dollar plummets.

The Independent submitted written questions to the British High Commission
at 9am yesterday. At 5pm spokesperson Sophie Honey said: "It is not our
practice to comment on rumours of this kind. Visa regimes world-wide are
subject to constant review." She said the British High Commission in Harare
had in the past year issued 2 600 visas for Zimbabweans seeking temporary
residence in the UK.
But she said the High Commission did not have statistics on how many
Zimbabweans had entered the UK as visitors as these did not require visas.
The move to introduce visas for Zimbabweans is designed to cut down on the
number of people visiting the UK purportedly on holiday but then taking up
Many have taken up menial work in that country. - Staff Writer.
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Zim Independent

NGOs ordered to register under controversial Act
Blessing Zulu
THE government has instructed all non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to
register under the controversial Private Voluntary Organisations (PVO) Act
in a move seen as a further attempt to clamp down on independent voices.

After failing to use the Political Parties (Finance) Act to kill off foreign
funding of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change, the government
believes that funds for the MDC are being channelled through NGOs, hence the

Last month the Ministry ofPublic Service, Labour and Social Welfare
published an ad-vertisement in the government-controlled Herald instructing
all NGOs not registered under the ministry to do so in terms of Section 9 of
the PVO Act.

Section 6 of the Act prohibits such a "body, institution or association to
operate without being registered", the notice said.

Section 25 of the same Act makes it a criminal offence to operate without
being registered.

Human rights activist Brian Kagoro said the Act criminalised organisations
such as the temporary networks set up to respond to the food crisis and
those meant to assist displaced farm workers. He said most of these were
trusts registered with the Registrar of Deeds and the High Court.

"It is tantamount to saying that, faced with the incapacity of the State and
registered PVOs to respond to the current crisis due to its magnitude, all
bona fide attempts to assist are criminal," Kagoro said.

The law was enacted in 1997 but was not being fully enforced and analysts
view the attempts to do so now as a sign of desperation.

The recent moves by the government are contrary to a ruling of the full
bench of the Supreme Court which struck down provisions of the PVO Act in
1997. The case involved the Ministry of Labour and the Association of
Women's Clubs.

The Non-Governmental Organisation Network Alliance Project (NNAP), which
groups all NGOs, said the government was considering tightening the

"The Ministry of Justice is believed to be drafting legislation that will
affect the operations of non-profit organisations in Zimbabwe," NNAP said in
a statement.

On Wednesday, Information minister Jonathan Moyo suggested on ZBC Newshour
that the government would crack down on NGOs which he said were being funded
by foreign governments.

Jonah Gokova, co-ordinator for Ecumenical Support Services, said the law was
highly controversial and undemocratic.

"The real motive behind the PVO Act is for government to achieve total
control of NGO/civil society groups," he said.
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Zim Independent

Former Zanu PF allies adopt targeted sanctions
Dumisani Muleya
TARGETED sanctions against President Robert Mugabe and Zimbabwe's ruling
elite have been adopted by a host of countries lining up for membership of
the European Union.

Many are former allies of Zanu PF when they were part of the Soviet empire.

EU president Denmark said European countries waiting to join the 15-member
bloc had committed themselves to implementing restrictive measures against
Zimbabwean officials in a bid to force Mugabe to stop repression and violent
land seizures.

The countries that last week adopted smart sanctions against Harare are
Baltic states Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, and eastern European countries
Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and
Romania which was a key Zimbabwean ally before the collapse of former
dictator Nicolae Ceausescu's regime in 1989.

In addition to the 10 EU candidate countries, the Mediterranean islands of
Cyprus and Malta as well as European Free Trade Association (EFTA) member
Liechtenstein have also adopted sanctions against Zimbabwe.

"The Central and Eastern European countries associated with the EU, the
associated countries Cyprus and Malta, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein,"
Denmark said, "declare that they share the objectives of the council
decision of September 13, 2002 implementing council common position
2002/145/CF SP concerning restrictive measures against Zimbabwe.

"They will ensure that their national policies conform to that council
decision. The EU takes note of this commitment and welcomes it."

The EU, United States, Switzerland and New Zealand have imposed targeted
sanctions against Zimbabwe.

Canada has imposed arms trade restrictions and Australia has warned it would
adopt smart sanctions soon.

Cyprus and Malta's adoption of the targeted measures against Mugabe and his
officials would apparently strengthen Britain's hand in the Commonwealth
where it has been battling to isolate Zimbabwe.

Although most Commonwealth countries do not approve of Mugabe's repression,
developing countries have tended to hesitate when it comes to action.

The broadening and extension of targeted sanctions by the EU candidate
countries came as the European Commission on Wednesday said the 10 countries
could wrap up accession talks in December and join the bloc in 2004 in a
historic unification of Europe, provided Ireland's voters do not derail the
project in a referendum on October 19.
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Zim Independent


Moyo failed to convince even the Herald

When has this government ever turned down an opportunity to parade upon the
world stage as the champion of Africa? When has it ever refused the chance
to pretend that its discredited policies are those being pursued by the
region as a whole?

The question arises following attempts to convince us that Zimbabwe
voluntarily gave up its turn to chair Sadc in Luanda last week. South
African papers reported President Mugabe leaving Luanda early in a huff
because fellow heads of state had made it clear to him in private
discussions that Zimbabwe would be an inappropriate holder of the post -
initially as deputy chair and subsequently as chair - at a time when
regional leaders are trying to generate confidence in Nepad. But ministers
have been pretending that this was a voluntary move by Zimbabwe to afford
Tanzania a chance to move up the Sadc ladder.

Needless to say, nobody believed them. And to its credit, the Herald
demonstrated considerable skill and stamina in making sure Information
minister Jonathan Moyo didn't get away with his usual bluster in its
interview with him on Monday. The unnamed interviewer identified every
single hole in Moyo's threadbare argument about needing to consolidate the
gains of the Third Chimurenga and giving Tanzania a turn at the helm. He
gnawed away at him like a ravenous rodent.

Wasn't the need to consolidate past gains just as compelling at other points
in our history? Why did Zimbabwe occupy the deputy chair during the foreign
ministers' meeting if it had no intention of taking up the post
subsequently? Wasn't this really about Zimbabwe's damaging stand-off with
the international community and the consequences for Sadc if Zimbabwe took a
leadership role?

Unable to provide satisfactory answers, Moyo engaged in diversionary
tactics. There was reference to "oranges and apples", "noise-makers out
there", and the "British and apartheid press".

When none of this snake-oil proved as persuasive to the Herald's questioner
as it might have been to the usual suspects at the Sunday Mail, the minister
resorted to abuse. "Nonsensical and insulting" was used at one point in
response to a perfectly reasonable question about the validity of the March
poll. When it was pointed out to Moyo that neither the DRC nor the
Seychelles had hosted Sadc but they had not been elevated, the minister had
clearly reached the end of his very short tether.

"If you think Tanzania is in the same situation as Seychelles and the DRC
from the point of view of the liberation of Zimbabwe and the region, then
you have a cross that you must carry alone," he declared before terminating
what had obviously become a rather unproductive interview. Because Moyo's
interviewer was not named, a rumour is doing the rounds that the minister
interviewed himself. If so he made a lousy job of it!

While still with the Luanda meeting, we liked the bit in the Sunday Times
about Botswana's Festus Mogae asking Mugabe why TV reports showed white
farmers packing up their possessions if Zimbabwe was only expropriating
surplus land. "Mugabe said the reports were not correct because all the
farmers still had houses."

At last the official lies seem to have lost their purchase on a key
constituency! But we can't believe he trotted out that tired old line about
Margaret Thatcher and John Major agreeing to fund land reform but Tony Blair
refusing. The Harare donors conference on land at which Britain pledged £36
million for land acquisition was held in 1998, a year after the Labour
government came to power. All Britain and other donors asked in return was
that land should not continue to be distributed to Mugabe's cronies. Britain
lost £44 million that way in the 1980s and early 90s. Transparency,
continuity of production, stakeholder involvement and poverty alleviation
became the set criteria for donor assistance.

That is the current position and no amount of wishful thinking that the UNDP
is suddenly going to do a U-turn and "recognise new realities" on the ground
is likely to change what has become a very fixed policy which the whole
donor community is agreed upon.

Shakespeare Maya, leader of the National Alliance for Good Governance,
recently opined: "This land was stolen from our ancestors, and it follows
that those who hold it now are thieves."

As we all know who holds it now,there is unlikely to be any disagreement
with that statement.

The Danish presidency of the European Union has announced that the Central
and Eastern European countries associated with the EU (ie candidate states)
and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, a leading banking centre, have agreed to
implement sanctions against Zimbabwe. The list of countries Zanu PF
officials can visit is shortening with each passing month. But we were
interested to learn that some Zanu PF ministers now say they never liked
shopping in London anyway. Commenting recently on the travel ban, Jonathan
Moyo told the South African press it was "meaningless".

"It is very dangerous to go to the US or Europe these days," he claimed.
"Anyway, Dubai is a much better shopping place than London."

One reason given for Mugabe's early departure from Luanda was his wish to
attend the ceremonies in Maputo marking the tenth anniversary of the end of
the civil war in Mozambique. He said he was "full of emotion and joy" to be
present at the celebration. He embraced Mozambique's opposition Renamo
leader Afonso Dhlakama saying: "Let us not talk of violence again and let us
not raise our fists against each other. Let us show our love, our unity, our

The irony of our fist-waving leader flying to Mozambique to embrace the
leader of the opposition and pledging himself to non-violence will not have
been lost on many observers.

Why did the Herald, by the way, have to tell us that Mugabe's delegation to
the ceremonies in Maputo included Jonathan Moyo? Why weren't the other
members of the delegation named? Is this selective reporting designed to
boost the profile of the minister who controls the government media?

Last Sunday Moyo was complaining about the "oppositional press" twisting
what Mugabe had told President Olusegun Obasanjo in respect of the March

"They criminally interpret that the president said there would be an
election re-run," he ranted. "If these people were true champions of the
rule of law they would be the first to understand what the president said."

The Zimbabwe Independent reported last week that Obasanjo had disclosed at a
news conference in Abuja that the Zimbabwe government had assured him it
would call an election re-run if the courts ruled in favour of Morgan
Tsvangirai's petition on the validity of the March poll.

We can readily understand how this disclosure may have proved uncomfortable
for Mugabe whose underlings have been breathing fire on the electoral issue,
at one stage trying to block the entry of a South African SC who the MDC had
asked to head their legal team.

But Obasanjo's remarks are now a matter of public record. They were
videotaped so there is no denying them. But what exactly was it that the
president said that we don't understand? Was there some nuance we missed?
What is "No" about "Yes"? If there is a qualification for the president's
parrots to make let's have it and stop this indignant squawking. As for the
opposition refusing to respect the law, which Moyo chose as his sermon last
Sunday, he omitted to mention that it was his laws that are being defied,
laws that have no place in a democratic society and which are yet to be
tested in court.

The respected Spanish newspaper el Pais has published a number of claims
about the Zanu PF regime that have been widely read around the world in an
English edition. It claims prominent Zimbabweans are involved in currency
exchange rackets including illicit dealing in diamonds.

"In tracking the trail of the cash, el Pais has obtained dozens of
documents, including three signed affidavits, and spoken to experts on
Zimbabwe in London, Washington and New York," the article claims. "But the
investigation has centred chiefly on the testimony of two individuals who
worked closely for more than two years within an elite clique of Zimbabweans
and foreign business people who have been making big money out of the mayhem
of war."

In their interviews with officials in London and Washington, the article
said, "the words that kept on recurring to describe Zimbabwe's ruling elite
were 'mafia', 'pillage', and 'criminal'".

The article quotes Lord Renwick, onetime ambassador to Pretoria, Russ
Feingold who chairs the US Senate's sub-committee on Africa, Ed Royce who
heads the House of Representatives sub-committee on Africa, and Walter
Kansteiner, Assistant Secretary of State, among others.

"The revelations of the two individuals from inside the Zimbabwean 'mafia'
who spoke to el Pais in conversations in London and (the Spanish resort)
Marbella," the article says, "help reveal the depths of the Zimbabwean
tragedy and shed new light on a criminal network whose accomplices and
interests extend from Africa to Europe and the Middle East."

While earlier on we congratu-lated the Herald for its challenging interview
with Moyo, its censoring of unpalatable news is less acceptable.

In its story on threats by Namibian foreign minister Hidipo Hamutenya to
expropriate white-owned farms, Reuter said: "He said no decision had been
taken yet on expropriation but farmers would be compensated for their land,
and he did not foresee Zimbabwe-style land seizures in his country.

"Zimbabwe's often violent land seizures have helped to plunge the region's
second largest economy into crisis," Reuters said.

The Herald's version read: ""He said no decision had been taken yet on
expropriation but farmers would be compensated for their land." All
reference to Zimbabwe was omitted.

Our thanks to George Shire for sending us the e-mail addresses for himself
and other government public relations officers. Readers may like to contact
the following if they have any comments on their performance:

George wrote a fulsome tribute to Ugandan fellow-migrant David
Nyekorach-Matsanga for inviting him to the recent conference on Zimbabwe in
London, details of which were published in the Independent.

"I would like to thank you per-sonally and Africa Strategy fororganising
what was for me a very informative conference," Shire said. "I felt honoured
to have been asked to do a paper for that conference. I salute your
continuing support forthe people of Zimbabwe, Hondoye Minda, Zanu PF and its
leader-ship under President Robert Mu-gabe. I look forward to work-ing with
you again. In solidarity, Dr George Shire, the Open University."

But Matsanga has been waxing indignant over the Independent's story.

"I have no love for turncoats and those bought by British money to insult
President Mugabe," he wrote. "I don't need permission to call a conference
in London. I am also a taxpayer in Britain for the last 16 years. If my
money is used wrongly then I have the right to question the process in
Britain. I have a lot of support in London on Zimbabwe that even Blair is
worried of me. I have no words for zygotes like independent yellow

"Let people know that whether alone, I will one day deliver democracy to my
home country and Africa as a whole. I promise you my own response which will
shut down such paper (sic) because mine is a serious detailed report on
their funders. They can insult those who have not gone to school but my life
has been grown of tough metal. - Dr David Nyekorach-Matsanga."

We promised you some Danish news this week. Our records show a Mrs Jocelyn
Jacobsen-Mauchaza was ZNCC Business Woman of the Year in 1996. Mr Jacobsen
was, we understand, a Danish national who did much to assist his wife's
business in its formative years after she returned to Zimbabwe from Denmark.
It would therefore be incorrect for her to state that she hadn't tasted
white blood since 1980, as reported last month. She had, it seems, been
feasting on Danish bacon more recently!

Finally, signs that there's too many Zimbabweans in England...

Balancing rocks on the new £10 note.

Dual language signs at Heat-hrow Airport - eg "ImmigrationUko" and "Vari
KuDepotwa itai queue muri pano".

McDonald launches new "McSa-dza neboerewors sandwich". The"McSadza
neboerewors inemhiripiriis also available at leading bran-ches in Slough and
Luton. The"McVhukavhuka special" - zondosandwich with special herb sauce and
extra cheese.

Burger King follows suit with "The BK Double maribs akagochwawith cheese

Pizza Hut overjoyed at success of the new "Derere Supreme Pizza"with a
choice of nyimo, mazhanje or ishwa toppings!

New dual language signs on all public toilets "Occupied/Mune-munhu".
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Zim Independent

Editor's Memo

Zimbabwe's exodus
Iden Wetherell
HOW many Zimbabweans are there living in the diaspora? Your guess is as good
as mine. There are no statistics available because citizens leaving Zimbabwe
are not recorded as emigrants, nor are the great majority of those arriving
elsewhere recorded as immigrants. They enter mostly as "visitors".

It is estimated South Africa is host to over two million Zimbabweans.
Britain is said to house another half a million. Europe, the United States,
Canada, Australia and New Zealand are home to thousands more.

The UK figure is growing faster than any of the others including South
Africa. A hardening of attitudes in South Africa has made it a less
hospitable destination for our nationals, although hundreds still risk life
and limb to cross the Limpopo every month.

Those seeking work in South Africa are largely, but by no means exclusively,
less educated and many end up on farms in Limpopo province or in the teeming
townships around Johannesburg. Those going to the UK tend to be qualified.
But they are prepared to come down a notch or two in the employment scales
to do more menial work so long as they are earning hard cash in a
competitive economy.

Thousands of immigrants from Eastern Europe, Turkey, Afghanistan and the
Indian sub-continent are currently massing at France's Channel ports to
await their opportunity to enter Britain illegally - usually on trucks and

Why Britain? Firstly, unlike continental Europe, its internal (as distinct
from port-of-entry) controls are very lax. Once you're in there is less
likelihood of the authorities catching up with you. Potential immigrants
interviewed in France said there were other reasons: Britain was seen as an
influential player in the world. Immigrants like to identify with successful
societies and short of crossing the Atlantic, living in Britain was their
primary ambition.

Learning the language opened up global opportunities they felt.

Zimbabweans have a head start. They know the lingo. And once past
Immigration they're in. British Immigration authorities seem to have been
told to look the other way. How else do you explain the thousands currently
pouring in?

I recall those silly stories about Zimbabweans being detained and made to
watch anti-land-reform videos. It doesn't appear to have stemmed the flood!

The picture will of course change somewhat if visas are introduced. The
British authorities are said to be contemplating this option. But until
then, the exodus will continue.

Everybody now knows a relative or close friend who has unofficially
emigrated. Every business has lost an employee to the UK.

We recently lost an employee whose wife called in to report that her husband
had food poisoning and would be off for three days. Next thing we heard (the
next week in fact) he was working in McDonalds in Belfast.

The tummy trouble had evidently cleared up! Other editors have similar
stories to tell. The defector rarely states his/her true intention. They
need time to make a safe entry at Gatwick. Then word trickles back that they
are now "off-shore"!

This is the current reality. It is ironic that the country President Mugabe
has sought to demonise as "the enemy" in his facile propaganda is the
preferred destination of Zimbabweans escaping from the misery of his
scorched-earth policies.

Go to Harare airport on a Sunday evening when two flights leave for London
and you will see the extent of the exodus. It is a mass migration primarily
of skilled people. And a good number of chefly relatives are included. They
take with them the skills necessary for Zimbabwe to compete as a developing
country: teachers, nurses, doctors, pharmacists, engineers and accountants.
They contribute to Britain's levels of comfort while reducing ours!

Mugabe has commented on Britain stealing nurses. I tend to feel the same way
about predatory recruitment agencies. But this should simply reinforce the
view that we now live in a global village where skills and capital will

The emigration of the middle class benefits Zanu PF in so far as it removes
a political threat and reduces the nation to dependency upon government -
the same rationale behind land reform. People who can think for themselves
and build national prosperity are not wanted in Zanu PF's medieval fiefdom.

It is a tragedy being played out before us. The only consolation is that
when the old tyrant goes - as go he will - the new Zimbabwe will have
available to it a wide range of returning skills capable of addressing the
enormous task of reconstruction.

Daily News

      Two killed in robbery

      10/10/02 8:19:37 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      ELIZABETH, 76, and David Phelps, 68, brother and sister, were brutally
murdered on Saturday afternoon by suspected robbers who stole property at
their home of 50 years in Harare's Avondale West suburb.

      Both were single.
      The police at Avondale Police Station, who took the bodies to the
Parirenyatwa Hospital mortuary, confirmed the murder, but refused to give
details of the gruesome double murder.

      They referred all questions to police spokesman, Chief Superintendent
Bothwell Mugariri, who was not immediately available for comment.

      Philip Phelps, the deceased's brother, said he was notified by the
police about the deaths on Tuesday after they had already removed the bodies
from the house.

      He said: "I have not seen their bodies yet, so I don't know how they
were killed. Some property was also stolen, but I am yet to make out the
full situation."

      Philip said postmortems would be carried out today at Parirenyatwa

      He said he would not give many details because the police were still
investigating the matter.

      But neighbours yesterday said the victims' assailants broke a window
through which they gained entry into the house.

      They could not say exactly how the two were murdered but said after
they were killed, David and Elizabeth were tied to chairs in the house
before their assailants ransacked the house and escaped with their loot.

      One neighbour, who refused to be named, said the area had experienced
a spate of burglaries in the past few months.

      He said last month, a gang of robbers tried to break into a house in
the vicinity but only ran away after the owners called for assistance.

      As a result, some residents of Avondale West have resorted to tight
security measures, including the use of alarm systems, to protect their
lives and properties from the prowling robbers.

      "In the case of David and Elizabeth, the murderers might have taken
advantage of their advanced age.

      "It's a sad situation and I hope the police will be able to arrest the
culprits and bring them to justice," another neighbour said.
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Zim Independent

Eric Bloch Column

Abuja pact alive but critically ill
THE Nigerian High Commissioner to Zimbabwe, Wilberforce Juta, has been
reported in the media to have stated (at a reception in recognition of the
42nd anniversary of Nigeria's independence), that his country believes that
the Abuja Agreement on Zimbabwean land issues is still alive. In that he is
probably correct, to the extent that it has not - as yet - been nullified
and revoked by the parties that entered into it. However, at the very least
it is in a very deep coma, for none of its provisions are being implemented
and, in fact, Zimbabwe's present policies and actions are diametrically in
conflict with the principles of the Abuja Agreement.

Nevertheless, even though the Agreement is lingering at death's door, it
could well be resuscitated and imbued with a strength that could
dramatically change Zimbabwe's very distressed and calamitous circumstances
into ones that are constructive and positive, and of substantive benefit to
all Zimbabweans. But for that resuscitation to occur, there must be absolute
commitment to the Agreement, and that commitment must not focus selectively
upon the Agreement's provisions, but must be given whole-heartedly to all
that had been agreed.

It is indisputable that, for Zimbabwe, agriculture has been the foundation
and the mainstay of the economy. Few would challenge any contention that
agriculture must be restored to its prominent economic role if there is to
be any real prospect for recovery of the Zimbabwean economy. It can also not
be credibly disputed that Zimbabwe has long needed a major programme of
agrarian reform. The pernicious Land Apportionment Act that precluded land
ownership for the vast majority of Zimbabwe's populace can never be
justified. It was unjustly discriminatory and the motivations for its
original enactment and for retention of it in the Statutes for decades can
only be described as evil, callous and inhuman.

However, the same can be said of Zimbabwe's present land policies. They are
as evil, cruel, unwarrantable and condemnable. When the country was under
the rulership of whites, the black population should not have been prevented
from owning and cultivating land (not being land owned by the State and
patronisingly made available for agricultural use by the people on a
communal basis, but land to which any, whether black or white, could acquire
title or guaranteed continuing tenure). But the allegations of Zimbabwe's
rulers that the land was stolen from the black population is of little
foundation. When whites first acquired land in Zimbabwe, most was unoccupied
and fallow. The black population numbered an estimated maximum of 600 000,
inclusive of the young and the elderly. Such a population could not possibly
have used the land of the magnitude of Zimbabwe, and particularly so with
the minimal resources then available to them. Moreover, very few of the
white farmers who have been so severely and outrageously victimised in
recent years, are descendants of the whites who first acquired, developed
and worked the land. Most of the white farmers of the 1990s and thereafter
acquired the land by purchase.

Even if one follows the biblical concept that the sins of the fathers
continue unto the fourth generation, any misdeeds of whites more than a
century ago cannot justly be visited upon the present generation of white

The real misdeeds centre upon the barriers created by legislation to
preclude black ownership of land and the hindrances erected by whites to
obstruct black economic empowerment. Those misdeeds needed to be halted and
their consequences reversed, and that was agreed at the Lancaster House
talks of 1979. Independence rapidly brought about an environment which could
spawn the creation of a non-discriminatory Zimbabwean society, free of
racial divisions. Blacks were lawfully able to acquire land, but most lacked
the resources to do so. Britain (whom the Zimbabwean Government continuously
reviles, supporting its contemptuous attacks with gross misrepresentations
of fact), provided 44 million pounds sterling in the first decade of
Zimbabwe's independence for the acquisition and utilisation of land by

In 1998, the Harare donors conference evidenced great willingness to assist
substantially with funding for blacks to become production landowners. In
all material respects, the issues agreed upon at that conference were the
same as those subsequently agreed at Abuja. It was intended that willing
donors within the international community would initially fund the
redistribution of five million hectares of land to blacks. Those lands were
to be acquired from whites on a "willing buyer, willing seller" basis, or by
compulsory sale to the State of unutilised and under-utilised lands and
farms owned by those possessed of more than one farm. In all cases, fair
compensation was to be paid for land and for improvements thereon, the funds
being provided by the donors. The Abuja Agreement impliedly prescribed that
the programme of land reform would be implemented in an environment of law
and order, respect for human rights, and co-operation.

President Mugabe has unreser-vedly castigated the international community in
general, and the Commonwealth and Britain in particular, for not
implementing the Abuja Agreement by failing to provide the promised funding.
But Zimbabwe has also failed to implement the Agreement. It has not acquired
farms for redistribution on the basis agreed in Paris and again agreed in
Abuja. Instead, it has abused the precepts of genuine democracy to bulldoze
legislation through Parliament giving government a virtually unfettered
right to acquire any lands whatsoever, without compensation for the land and
with long delayed, inadequate compensation for improvements. It has made a
mockery of the fundamentals of human rights and has not even pretended to
maintain law and order.

Instead, it has allowed war veterans, thugs, aspirants to "get-rich-quick",
the chefs and fat-cats of society and wives of army generals and of
ministers in the government, to do as they wished to acquire farms. Assault,
violence, abuse, loot-ing and vandalisation were unhesitatingly allowed to
prevailif perpetrated by blacks against white farmers. Even actions of
self-defence and protection of possessions by the whites incurred the wrath
of the State and of the so-called guardians of law and order.

If, as the Nigerian High Commissioner suggests, the Abuja Agreement is still
alive and is to remain alive, to come out of its coma and become an
agreement of substance, the Zimbabwean government must make the first move.
It must repeal those provisions of the Land Acquisition Act as are unjust,
inhuman and discriminatory. It must ensure a rapid, absolute restoration of
law and order, and especially so in rural areas. It must restore ownership
to the previous white farmers of those of those farms which do not fall
within the acquisition criteria of the Abuja Agreement, and must remove from
those farms any who have seen fit to settle themselves thereon. And, if the
Abuja Agreement is to become effective, government must cease abusing and
vilifying the donors.

Government and donors need also to address the payment of fair compensation
to those who had their possessions stolen from them and to those whose
homes, farm equipment and farming infrastructure were viciously destroyed
and their crops stolen.

Should all this occur, then the Abuja Agreement will really be alive instead
of being on the threshold of death's door. And were the Abuja Agreement
alive and kicking, a positive, constructive, equitable programme of agrarian
reform would emerge and become a reality.

Past injustices would be reversed, and so too would the many present
injustices which reflect the Zimbabwe of today. Zimbabwe would be set upon a
path of agricultural economic growth, which would in turn be the catalyst
for recovery and growth of the economy as a whole. Zimbabweans would no
longer starve, unemployment would reduce markedly and the hardships faced by
so many will diminish and decrease. The only question is: Has government the
will to breathe life into the Abuja Agreement, or has it not the maturity to
turn around from that which it has done and is doing? If government adheres
to its present paths of agrarian reform, Zimbabwe is doomed and the Abuja
Agreement dead. If it has a genuine wish for Zimbabwe's well-being, then it
will act to ensure that the Nigerian High Commissioner is right, in that the
Abuja Agreement will be alive!
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Zim Independent

Mugabe begins to feel diplomatic squeeze
Vincent Kahiya
AS President Mugabe's rogue regime begins to feel the diplomatic squeeze
prompted by revulsion at his land seizures and repression in the country,
the Harare administration has embarked on a public relations campaign to
demonstrate that - contrary to impressions - the rule of law is being

There are signs that Mugabe, however much he may fulminate against his
critics, has become sensitive to allegations that his government is ignoring
its own laws in land acquisition.

Countries in the region have in the past two years refused to take Mugabe
head-on but have instead taken their cue from Thabo Mbeki's quiet diplomacy.

Notwithstanding support from his chief cheerleader in the row with Britain,
Sam Nujoma of Namibia, diplomats say other leaders in Sadc are expressing
unease about Zimbabwe's chaotic redistribution programme in which powerful
figures have simply helped themselves to farms and homesteads.

Reports from Angola said at the Sadc heads of state summit, which took place
in Luanda last week, there was an unprecedented move to sideline Zimbabwe
from two of its key structures.

In the first move regional leaders barred Mugabe from ascending to the
position of deputy chairman of the organisation.

They replaced him with his Tanzanian counterpart, Benjamin Mkapa. Mugabe's
election to the post of deputy chair of Sadc would have meant that he
automatically succeeded as the next chairman.

Sadc leaders moved swiftly, it was reported, to avert a further
marginalisation of the region by the international community.

In yet another move to block Mugabe, the leaders re-elected President
Joacquim Chissano of Mozambique as chairman of the Organ on Politics,
Defence and Security for a further one-year term.

Tanzania was supposed to have been the next chair of the organ, while
Zimbabwe, which once led the organ, would have ascended to the position of
deputy chair.

Government officials were this week at pains to explain that the fall of
Mugabe from his high horse was a product of an amicable arrangement and not
an indictment of his land policy. But analysts were agreed the move
represented an attempt by Sadc to avert the ostracism that would have
followed Mugabe's promotion.

"With Zimbabwe pulling out of the DRC and its lesser role in the Sadc
region, Mugabe has become a footnote on the Sadc political script," said
political commentator and activist Brian Kagoro.

But there is an even greater threat to his political stature - open
criticism by his perceived friends who want to guard against the contagion
effect of Zimbabwean politics rubbing on to their economies.

Mugabe remains a clear and present danger to Africa's designs for Nepad as
he is regarded as a stumbling block to democratisation on the continent.

Two weeks ago press reports from Botswana said the Botswana Democratic Party
(BDP) was not happy with the conduct of the land reform programme and had
expressed its disapproval at inter-party talks held with Zanu PF in Bulawayo
in August.

BDP national chairman Ponatshego Kedikilwe said the handling of the
situation was "not neat enough", comparing it to a driver who had lost
control of his vehicle.

President Festus Mogae was reported last week in Luanda as asking why Mugabe
's claims on land reform were contradicted by the evidence of farmers
removing their possessions from farms.

In the face of growing criticism from his allies, analysts say Mugabe has
become more sensitive and is now bent on ensuring that he does not lose his
few remaining friends.

The new approach, analysts say, is first to admit that mistakes have been
made in the land reform programme. There is then a promise that the problems
are being attended to.

Last month Foreign Affairs minister Stan Mudenge circulated to diplomats
accredited here minutes of a meeting of ministers involved in the
implementation of the land reform exercise in which Vice-President Muzenda,
who was then acting president, made a commitment that the agrarian reform
would be done according to the law.

"I am directing that any action on the ground that is not consistent with
our policy and laws be discontinued forthwith," Muzenda said. "In the
meantime, honourable Vice-President Joseph Msika will meet with all
concerned to look into problematic issues relating to the completion of the
fast-track resettlement programme and report to cabinet accordingly,"
Muzenda said.

The note to diplomats also sought to assure them that the government, in its
quest for social justice, would not deprive any white commercial farmer who
wanted to continue to farm the opportunity to do so.

"The highest authority in the land, notably His Excellence President RG
Mugabe, has consistently made pronouncements . that we will continue to
respect our policies and laws that no European commercial farmer who is
prepared to farm as a Zimbabwean will remain landless," he said.

The diplomatic drive is not only designed to make Mugabe look less like a
racist ogre but also to win back international material support for the land
reform exercise.

Despite the hardline stance in 2000 that Zimbabwe would go it alone, Mugabe'
s government has been trying to court Western support for the land reform
exercise through the United Nations Development Programme.

But this is bound to fail as long there is a gulf between the rhetoric
abounding in official statements and the reality on the ground.

The spokesman for the United States embassy in Harare, Bruce Wharton, said
his government welcomed such promises but the Zimbabwe government had to
practise what it preached.

"We are pleased to see the statement (from Muzenda) but we will judge the
government's commitment by action taking place on the ground and not by
sentiments expressed in a letter," said Wharton.

Kagoro said the parlous state of the economy was bound to transform Mugabe
from his hardline demeanour to more friendly engagement with the West.

"Mugabe is in the same situation Ian Smith was in 1979," said Kagoro.

The poor state of the Rhodesian economy dragged him to the negotiating
table. Mugabe does not have a choice but to drop his hardline stance and
adopt a more amicable engagement with the West," said Kagoro.

Analysts said in his quest to build bridges with the West, Mugabe faced
another threat from within his ranks.

Kagoro said criminal elements who took Mugabe's hard-man stratagem seriously
had been given a free rein to create disorder on the land and now had to be
demobilised - not a very popular decision within his ranks.

This has put the septuagenarian leader in a fix.

He has to demonstrate to the world that he is committed to the rule of law
and acceptable behaviour which entails coming down hard on his own
followers. He also has to keep the hardliners happy as they are his current

Torn in between, he does what he knows best - being duplicitous - which
means telling the world that no white farmer will be left landless while at
the same time driving them off the land with threats of prosecution.
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Zim Independent

Food imports running out
Vincent Kahiya
DESPITE government claims last month that the United Nations would increase
food aid to Zimbabwe, the situation on the ground has not changed
significantly as volumes are much less than those expected.

At the end of a meeting between President Mugabe and UN World Food Programme
director James Morris last month, the government announced that the WFP
would increase food supplies to Zimbabwe to 55 000 tonnes a month.

Information at hand, however, shows that only one maize shipment of 14 000
tonnes of maize from the United States is expected at the port of Maputo.

This shipment will be the only WFP-sourced maize consignment for the whole
of the month. The ship Axon Adriane is due to dock in Maputo tomorrow.

Also expected this month from the US are two shipments of 807 tonnes of
beans and 1 708 tonnes of vegetable oil aboard the ship Pavel Vavilo, on
October 27.

Tuesday next week will see the arrival at the port of Beira of 20 000 tonnes
of the Jewel Bank's yellow maize imports.

Donor support for the WFP initiative to import food has failed to match the
demand of at least 50 000 tonnes a week.

The country needs about 25 000 tonnes of maize a week and the two shipments
this month would barely last two weeks at normal consumption levels. The
maize is, however, only expected to arrive in the country at the end of the
month due to huge delays in off-loading caused by congestion at the ports.

Shipment details obtained this week show that there is no Grain Marketing
Board maize shipment for the next three weeks, which is likely to exacerbate
an already critical food situation in the country.

Sources at the GMB yesterday said the government was now relying on WFP food
aid and the Jewel Bank imports, which have started to trickle in from

Of the 486 000 tonnes expected to be shipped under the Jewel Bank import
arrangement, 106 000 tonnes have been secured as there is a scarcity of the
commodity in the Americas.

Moscow Times

UN Wins Promise of Wheat for Poor

By Yevgenia Borisova
Staff Writer The head of the World Food Program got what he came to Moscow
for -- a promise from the government to become an official donor of the
United Nations agency that supplies food to more than 70 million people
around the globe.

      After meeting with WFP executive director James Morris on Wednesday,
Agriculture Minister Alexei Gordeyev said Russia is prepared to supply the
WFP with 30,000 tons of food-grade wheat, the government web site announced.

      "This is a very good news," Morris said Thursday morning in an
interview at the Metropol Hotel. "The Russian Federation is the most
important country in the world that is not currently a donor to the WFP. ...
so this is a great step forward for the WFP, which is the place where the
world comes together to provide help and support to very hungry and poor
people all around the world."

      Morris said he also had "a good visit" with Foreign Minister Igor
Ivanov and a number of parliamentary deputies.

      "Their response was that the Russian Federation was committed to
becoming a donor to the World Food Program, and they were especially
interested in our work in places like North Korea, Afghanistan, South
Africa," he said.

      The government already is familiar with the World Food Program's work
in the North Caucasus. Since the current Chechnya conflict began in October
1999, more than $40 million in supplies has been funneled into the region by
the WFP, according to UN figures.

      Details have not yet been worked out for Russia's new cooperation with
the WFP; in the past it served only as a contractor for the program,
providing its services. Morris said the total volume of Russia's donations
to the WFP is not yet clear, but he expressed the hope that Russia would
become a permanent donor and the size of its commitment would grow.

      Thirty-six countries have donated to the WFP this year, including
Cuba, Hungary and Slovakia. The United States was the biggest single donor,
with a contribution of $808 million as of the beginning of October.

      The biggest donations -- more than 60 percent of the total WFP budget
of $1.9 billion last year -- come from the United States, while most of the
rest are sponsored by Canada, the European Union and Japan.

      Russia's donation of 30,000 tons of wheat is worth $2.1 million, based
on a minimum European price of $70 per ton, said Lyudmila Pigina, grain
analyst for OGO, a major national grain trader.

      Current prices in Russia, however, have dropped to almost $40 per ton
because of the good harvest. Russia harvested 45.7 tons of wheat, 2.2
million tons more than last year, and planned to export about 8 million
tons, according to Agriculture Ministry figures.

      "This amount -- 30,000 tons -- does not mean anything for Russia,"
Pigina said. "It will not affect prices here, and I don't think the donation
was made for this purpose. But the fact that Russia is becoming a member of
this very significant program is a very important political move."

      Most of the WFP donations that reach the North Caucasus are sponsored
by the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid Program, or ECHO, said
Philippe Royan, head of ECHO's Moscow office.

      Last year, Russia received more than $24 million, which allowed it to
regularly supply food for more than 310,000 people in Chechnya and
Ingushetia, including 47,000 schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 in 159 schools, the
UN said.

      In addition to providing food packages, the WFP runs the "food for
work" and "food for assets creation" programs.

      In the first one, 15,000 people are employed in social works projects:
sweeping streets, repairing schools, disposing of rubble and planting trees.
In return, they get food worth about 600 rubles per month, including flour,
sugar, oil and salt. The second program provides refugees who return from
Ingushetia with roofing and other construction materials to repair their
homes and also with food for several months for the whole family.

      But while WFP spending in the North Caucasus is stable, the global
budget has been reduced this year to $1.7 billion, while hunger has been
exacerbated in many parts of the world. In North Korea, the WFP is feeding
6.5 million people -- a third of the population. In Afghanistan -- 10
million people.

      Every day, 24,000 people die of hunger in the world, the WFP web site

      "The most serious humanitarian crisis in the world today is the one in
six countries in southern Africa -- Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe,
Lesoto and Swaziland, where 14.5 million people are at risk of starvation.
It is a very serious complication of a drought for several years, huge
devastation of HIV/AIDS and issues of governance," said Morris, who is also
a special envoy in southern Africa for UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

      "Our mission now is to generate resources to feed these people,
especially women and children. There are 4.5 million orphans, and 60 percent
of them have a mom and dad who died because of HIV/AIDS. We saw a
grandmother taking care of 20 children there.

      "That is why the commitment of Russia is so important to us," Morris
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Zim Independent

Former Zanu PF allies adopt targeted sanctions
Dumisani Muleya
TARGETED sanctions against President Robert Mugabe and Zimbabwe's ruling
elite have been adopted by a host of countries lining up for membership of
the European Union.

Many are former allies of Zanu PF when they were part of the Soviet empire.

EU president Denmark said European countries waiting to join the 15-member
bloc had committed themselves to implementing restrictive measures against
Zimbabwean officials in a bid to force Mugabe to stop repression and violent
land seizures.

The countries that last week adopted smart sanctions against Harare are
Baltic states Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, and eastern European countries
Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and
Romania which was a key Zimbabwean ally before the collapse of former
dictator Nicolae Ceausescu's regime in 1989.

In addition to the 10 EU candidate countries, the Mediterranean islands of
Cyprus and Malta as well as European Free Trade Association (EFTA) member
Liechtenstein have also adopted sanctions against Zimbabwe.

"The Central and Eastern European countries associated with the EU, the
associated countries Cyprus and Malta, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein,"
Denmark said, "declare that they share the objectives of the council
decision of September 13, 2002 implementing council common position
2002/145/CF SP concerning restrictive measures against Zimbabwe.

"They will ensure that their national policies conform to that council
decision. The EU takes note of this commitment and welcomes it."

The EU, United States, Switzerland and New Zealand have imposed targeted
sanctions against Zimbabwe.

Canada has imposed arms trade restrictions and Australia has warned it would
adopt smart sanctions soon.

Cyprus and Malta's adoption of the targeted measures against Mugabe and his
officials would apparently strengthen Britain's hand in the Commonwealth
where it has been battling to isolate Zimbabwe.

Although most Commonwealth countries do not approve of Mugabe's repression,
developing countries have tended to hesitate when it comes to action.

The broadening and extension of targeted sanctions by the EU candidate
countries came as the European Commission on Wednesday said the 10 countries
could wrap up accession talks in December and join the bloc in 2004 in a
historic unification of Europe, provided Ireland's voters do not derail the
project in a referendum on October 19.

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Zim Independent

Farmers bay for CFU boss's blood
Augustine Mukaro
MORALE has hit rock bottom in the Commercial Farmers Union (CFU) as major
stakeholders called for the resignation of the union president Colin Cloete
and his lieutenants for failing to tackle government on its land reform
programme which has threatened to wipe out commercial agriculture in the

Tension, which has been bubbling under the surface for some time at the
beleaguered CFU, burst into an outpouring of anger against Cloete's
leadership as the farmers, led by Matabeleland South regional executive Mac
Crawford, demanded a special referendum to decide the fate of Cloete and his
deputy, Doug Taylor Freeme and director David Hasluck.

Cloete had earlier tried to thwart regional offices' call fora radical
stance against gov-ernment by suspending out-spoken members such as
BenFreeth who led the power-ful Mashonaland West/South region.

At an executive council meeting held on September 24, stakeholders called on
the three to step down for failing to represent the interests of members at
a critical stage when they are losing their lifeline through farm invasions.

Information at hand shows that farmers went onto take advantage of a
rece-ntly introduced "Open LetterForum" website to fire broadsides at their
leaders for dictatorial behaviour and for inaction in the face of state

Farmers are arguing that the Cloete executive is adopting the wrong approach
to President Mugabe's chaotic agrarian programme. They are calling for a
total abandonment of appeasement as government continues to violate its
undertakings on land acquisition.

"CFU is now to be run by a dictator, with a 'Boy's Own' determination to run
it his own way, ably assisted by the very able director," John Llewellyn
Robinson said in a letter copied to Cloete, Freeme and Hasluck.

"CFU leadership has failed to address the needs of agricultural
stakeholders. To be specific, the needs of the farmers who are committed to
staying and being part of the recovery; the needs of our skilled farm
workers who have not yet been considered for the opportunity of owning land
and title.

"I have called upon the president to call a referendum of all farmers with
the rider that should he not be prepared to call a referendum, I call upon
him and his vice president to tender their resignations."

Robinson argues that the Cloete executive's conduct is in direct breach of
the CFU constitution's section 3 (d) which demands that the leadership
should promote the union's interests to enable its survival.

Cloete said yesterday he could not comment on the issues because he was on
leave. - Staff Writers.
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Zim Independent

Showdown looms over Nepad
Dumisani Muleya/Loughty Dube
A SHOWDOWN is looming over the New Programme for Africa's Development
(Nepad) when African finance, economy and planning ministers meet next week
in Johannesburg to debate the continental renewal programme.

While other African governments have endorsed the ambitious Nepad, regimes
like those in Harare and Tripoli have rejected it labelling it an
"imperialist" programme designed to consolidate Western interests on the

Key African countries such as South Africa, Nigeria, Senegal, Algeria, Egypt
and a host of others have backed the programme. The African Union adopted
the programme at its inaugural meeting in July in Durban, South Africa.

However, divisions have remained simmering between pro-Nepad governments and
those against it despite the fact the scheme was endorsed at the
Organisation of African Unity meeting in Lusaka last year before being
adopted in Durban. This could lead to tensions in Johannesburg.

South Africa and Zimbabwe have already had exchanges of harsh words over
Nepad with Pretoria describing Harare's claims that the programme was
"imperialist" and "still awaiting endorsement" as "nonsense".

Those opposed to Nepad seem to resent the conditions of democracy, good
governance, accountability and human rights attached to it.

Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and his ally President Robert Mugabe have been
vocal against these conditionalities. The two leaders stand accused of
anti-democratic practices.

The meeting, which was organised by the United Nations Economic Commission
for Africa, is scheduled for October 19/21. A committee of experts is
however expected to meet prior to the conference on October 16/18 to prepare
for the ministerial meeting.

The UN ECA says the conference will be "the biggest gathering of ministers
and experts involved in economic policies of Nepad since the AU summit in

Business Day

Dlamini Zuma visits Zimbabwe


Foreign Affairs Minister Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma will visit Zimbabwe for two
days, from today, to hold a
bilateral discussion with her Zimbabwean counterpart Stan Mudenge.
"The visit by Minister Dlamini Zuma is part of efforts by South Africa,
acting as part of the international collective, to assist the people of
Zimbabwe in their strides towards national reconciliation which will lay a
firm foundation for their political and economic recovery," her office said
in a statement.

The delegation includes Pandelani Mathoma, Chief Director, Southern Africa,
and other senior Foreign Affairs officials.

The decision to hold the bilateral meeting was decided by the two Ministers
during the recent Southern African Development Community summit held in
Luanda, Angola, earlier this month.

The bilateral meeting is expected to focus on:

  a.. Bilateral political, economic and social relations between SA and
  b.. Land reform programme in Zimbabwe
  c.. Food crisis in Southern Africa
  d.. Protection of investments and avoidance of double taxation.
  e.. Regional security issues
  f.. Efforts aimed at reconciliation among Zimbabweans specifically
focusing on the resumption of political discussions between the Zimbabwean
government and the opposition MDC

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Zim Independent

UNDP not assisting Zim's land reform
Vincent Kahiya
AS the government stumbles towards the conclusion of what it calls its
agrarian reform programme, Western diplomats this week said there were no
plans to fund the exercise through the United Nations Development Programme.

This effectively pours cold water on speculation in government circles that
the UNDP is about to step in to assist resettlement

There have been reports that Britain and its European Union (EU) partners
were working out a plan to fund the land reform programme through the UNDP.

EU resident representative to Zimbabwe Francesca Mosca yesterday said there
were no such plans by the EU.

"I am not aware of any plans to fundthe resettlement exercise," Mosca said.
The speculation appeared to have been sparked by British Prime Minister Tony
Blair's statement at the September Earth Summit in South Africa that there
was money available to fund the land reform programme through the UNDP.

A senior official of the UNDP this week said the government had not come up
with any proposal that required donor support.

"I think it is foolish for someone to just think that the UNDP would once
again try to mobilise donors to fund land reform now when that (initiative)
has failed in the last two years," the official said.

"Look at it this way, the UNDP and its UN partners are struggling to raise
money for humanitarian assistance to Zimbabwe. The same donors cannot at the
moment fund a land reform programme that they have declared illegal," he

Western donors turned their backs on Zimbabwe in 2000 after the Harare
administration refused to implement the terms agreed at the 1998 Harare
donors conference and embarked instead on the fast-track resettlement

The Abuja Agreement of September last year recognised land as being the core
of Zimbabwe's problems but emphasised the importance of implementing what
was agreed upon in 1998.

An EU diplomat this week said the UNDP would not move to mobilise donors
unless there was a plan from government indicating how donor support and
expectations would fall in sync with the fast-track land reform programme.

"We want to see the plan. What is their plan?" he said.

"Any donor assistance to Zimbabwe from the European Union and from the
United States would be linked to the issues of the rule of law and human

EU Has No Right to Demand SADC's Isolation of Zimbabwe, Says Sata

The Post (Lusaka)

October 10, 2002
Posted to the web October 10, 2002

Sheikh Chifuwe

The European Union and the United States have no moral right to demand
Southern African Development Community's (SADC) isolation of Zimbabwe, said
opposition Patriotic Front president Michael Sata yesterday.

Sata said it was a mockery for the Western world to ask SADC to isolate
Zimbabwe when during the independence struggle many people in the region
lost their lives and property at their hands.

"Zambia lost human life and property through bombings from the Western
weapons and personnel," Sata said. "We lost prominent Zambians like Alick
Nkhata and they have not compensated Zambia for all this and they want
Zambia to support them."

He said the background of the EU and the US was not that of helping Africa
develop but to ensure that the continent remained underdeveloped by using
money and technology to intimidate Africans. He said the West had always
been thinking that Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe was foolish but he
shocked them at the right time.

Sata advised the British and the Americans to stop their arrogance and work
with President Mugabe to find solutions to the land reform programme which
has displaced many white farmers.

"The EU are racists and are only here to introduce direct colonialism for
the protection of their own interests," Sata charged. "Because of their
arrogance they have abandoned the Commonwealth to create their own racist
organisation which does not embrace other groupings."

He said the Americans tried to intimidate Japan by bombing Hiroshima and
Nagasaki using deadly, destructive weapons. Sata said the Americans, though
having managed to bomb Japan into submission, were disappointed that Japan
became independent economically.

"Today the Americans want to become friends of Japan when it suits them
because when Japan and Korea became advanced in motor industry, they
introduced laws to restrict cars exported to America," he said. Sata said
the Americans' attempt to declare a blockade against Cuba 40 years ago
failed because the Cubans were determined to develop themselves without the
Western countries' assistance.

He said Cuba refused to submit to the Americans and to-date the country has
produced some of the most highly trained manpower in the world. Sata said
the Americans still exhibited their arrogance and sent mercenaries to attack
Vietnam when they realised that it was becoming economically and politically

"The majority of these soldiers were, however, black Americans commandeered
by white officers but all the same they came out more bruised," he said.
Sata said it was the Americans again who sent weapons to Unita in Angola to
protect their oil interests but made so much noise when the Angolan
government asked Cuba to assist them.

He said even the late rebel Unita leader Jonas Savimbi was supported by the
West under the guise of "killing" communism. Sata said the Americans and
United Kingdom were deliberately trying to wage war against Iraq under the
pretext that it was producing destructive weapons when they were just
protecting their interests in Kuwait.

He said people should be able to see that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was
not waging a war against anybody and did not, therefore, deserve the Super
power attack. "The Israelis are killing Palestinians with impunity using
heavy weapons but the Americans are just quiet," Sata said.

"They want to bomb Iraq because they know that the American children will be
miles away, so they don't care." Sata said Patriotic Front when in
government soon would ensure that the International Monetary Fund and the
World Bank worked and complied with their terms.

"If Zambia has to develop we need to behave like Saddam Hussein, Fidel
Castro, Muammar Gaddafi and Robert Mugabe," he said. He said the reduction
of taxes and bank interest rates shall be one of the priority areas of the
Patriotic Front government. Sata wondered how the EU was now supporting
President Mwanawasa whom they said was elected fraudulently in last year's
presidential and general elections.

He said the West had very little care for the prosperity of the country.
"Few days later, the West are funding Mr. Mwanawasa under the guise of
fighting corruption, they are legitimising his stay in power," Sata said.

"They are not even ashamed because what they would like is instability in
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Zim Independent

Govt evicts Mauritian farmers
Blessing Zulu
IN a move likely to sour bilateral relations between Zimbabwe and Mauritius,
government has evicted 39 Mauritian farmers and their families from sugar
cane farms in the south-east Lowveld in its on-going land grab, the Zimbabwe
Independent has learnt.

Justice for Agriculture spokesperson Jenni Williams said the farmers, though
of Mauritian ori-gin, were naturalised Zimbabweans.

"The evictions of the farmers began on Monday and continued to be carried
out during the week," said Williams.

Government has been trying to promote exports of Zimbabwean goods to
Mauritius and last year a business delegation visited the Indian Ocean
island to assess trade opportunities.

The Mauritian Foreign Minister Anil Gayan last week criticised President
Robert Mugabe for his handling of the land reform exercise which he said was
gradually undermining the whole region.

Two of the farmers, Greg Henning and Cecil de Robillard, both single farm
owners, have subsequently had Section 8 orders withdrawn and were given
letters to continue farming by the district administrator. The evictions
were likely to impact negatively on sugar production.

"The production of sugar in the Chiredzi area has been severely compromised
following the evictions of sugar cane farmers who met the bulk of the
country's sugar requirements," said Williams.

Up to 21 other sugar cane growers were also evicted from the area.

Daily News

      60 cane farmers evicted

      10/10/02 8:39:23 AM (GMT +2)

      From Our Correspondent in Bulawayo

      More than 60 sugar-cane farmers in the Lowveld have been ordered to
vacate their farms.

      The orders came from government, police and army officials, who
declared their orders superseded any High Court rulings.

      Sugar, most of whose cane is grown in the Lowveld, is one of the basic
commodities in short supply in Zimbabwe.

      A senior government official led a group of about 20 local officials,
lands committee chairman, police officers-in-charge and Central Intelligence
Organisation officials to a meeting with the farmers. The farmers were
ordered to vacate their properties by yesterday morning, whether or not they
had received Section 8 notices.

      The 60 farmers each employ about 60 workers.
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Daily News

      MDC supporters arrested as police seek to disrupt Chitungwiza rally

      10/10/02 8:44:09 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      THE MDC nearly abandoned its constituency rally on Sunday in
Chitungwiza after baton-wielding policemen arrested 10 MDC activists for
wearing their party T-shirts.

      The police took away the hired public address system to St Mary's
police station before releasing it later after the intervention of Job
Sikhala, the local MP.

      The police arrived at Huruyadzo Shopping Centre, the venue of the
meeting, at around 9:30 am in two police Defender vehicles.

      John Matienga, 24, the St Mary's Constituency Development Trust
driver, said police used unnecessary brute force against them.

      He said: "Their action was illegal and politically driven. We were
just waiting at the venue for the rally to start and police rounded us up
accusing us of wearing MDC T-shirts. Since when has it become a crime to put
on MDC T-shirts?"

      Matienga and four others were ordered to pay $500 fine each which was
paid by Sikhala before they were released.

      Five others were held in police cells at St Mary's Police Station.
Sikhala said they were only released after the rally without being charged.

      An officer at the scene who refused to be named said there was nothing
to write about concerning the "normal arrests".

      The officer-in-charge at St Mary's was out of office on Sunday.
      Others arrested included Lawrence Machada, 32, Phillip Negombwe, 21,
and Justice Maiyengwa, 26.

      According to the police's admission of guilty form Number 008539M and
008545, for Machada and Matienga, the MDC members were charged with
contravening Section 7 (a) of the Miscellaneous Offenses Act Chapter 9:15
for conduct likely to provoke a breach of the peace.

      But Sikhala dismissed the charges as "more political than legal"
because the MDC was a legal party that commanded respect among Zimbabweans.
"Zimbabweans believe the MDC is the government." he said.
      "The police behaviour was shameful. They are being used to intimidate
us. Let me say today, even if we respect their authority as policemen, their
action was embarrassing."

      However, by the time the meeting started the police had left, except
for a few plain clothes officers.

      The party's supporters said it was ironic that police did not arrest
those wearing their party regalia during the course of the meeting.
      Sikhala said the police accused the MDC members of loitering and
wearing party T-shirts when it was supposed to be a constituency development

      "They said the meeting was not for MDC supporters only but for
everyone in St Mary's, including Zanu PF members. But who are the police to
tell us if our members should wear their party clothes or not?"

      Sikhala asked why the police did not arrest all the people at the
meeting who were chanting MDC slogans, if they felt wearing the T-shirts was
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