The ZIMBABWE Situation Our thoughts and prayers are with Zimbabwe
- may peace, truth and justice prevail.

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Daily News

      Mhangura mine, Forestry properties listed for acquisition

      10/14/02 10:08:05 AM (GMT +2)

      By Chris Mhike

      MHANGURA Copper Mine Limited and the Forestry Company of Zimbabwe are
the latest big-name victims of the government-driven land reform programme
as listing of commercial farms for compulsory acquisition continued on

      In an Extraordinary Government Gazette released on Friday, Dr Joseph
Made, the Minister of Lands, Agriculture and Rural Resettlement issued two
general notices, 530A of 2002 and 530B of 2002, for the compulsory
alienation of commercial farmland, including properties belonging to
Mhangura Copper Mine and the Forestry Commission.

      Twenty-five farms were listed under General Notice 530A of 2002, and
37 under General Notice 530B of 2002. The Mhangura and Forestry Company
properties both fall under the second notice.

      The Mhangura-owned farm is identified in the Gazette as: "DT 132/ 62
in respect of land situate in the district of Lomagundi, being Lot 2 of
plateau, measuring 297, 175 0 acres."

      The Forestry Company's farm is registered as: "DT1294/94 and is
situate in the district of Umtali, being Greater Ferndale, measuring 647,
580 7 hectares." The government has earmarked more than 90 percent of
Zimbabwe's 4 500 commercial farms for compulsory acquisition and needs at
least $160 billion to successfully implement its land reform, including
payment of compensation.

      The listing and subsequent acquisition of farms has continued despite
the fact that the programme has slashed food production by more than 60
percent and could displace close to two million people, mostly farm workers
and their dependents.

      The government has often tightened screws on the financial sector and
the general business community, for financial support of the programme. The
fund-raising drive has not been very successful.

      Last month Delta Corporation pledged some $10 billion, and last week
Seed Company was reported to have pledged $25 billion.

      CFI Holdings and FSI Agricom Holdings were also mentioned as having
promised assistance with an initial value of $5 billion.

      All of the above-mentioned above amounts were announced by Professor
Jonathan Moyo, Minister of State for Information and Publicity in the
President's office.
      If Moyo's accounts for the land programme are anything to go by, his
income figures, of $40 billion so far, do no balance with the required $160

      The listing of Mhangura Mine and Forestry Company farms comes in the
wake of fears by the business community in Zimbabwe, that the government's
next target, after invasion of the commercial farming sector, is mainstream
industry and commerce.

      Meanwhile, newly resettled farmers, who replaced commercial farmers in
the Svosve area of Marondera are reported to be suffering from the
non-availability of input material.

      Juliet Chikukuti, an Agriculture and Research Extension (Arex)
officer, was quoted on national television at the weekend as confirming the
plight of the "new farmer" with regard to input materials such as seed and
tillage equipment or machinery.

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US Delegation Arrives On Fact-Finding Mission

The Herald (Harare)

October 14, 2002
Posted to the web October 14, 2002


A 10-member United States delegation, led by New York City council member Mr
Charles Barron, arrived in Harare yesterday on a fact-finding mission
focusing on the land reform programme.

Mr Barron said the group was in the country to establish the authenticity of
the stories being written by the mainstream media concerning the land reform
programme in Zimbabwe and issues of human rights abuse.

"We want to find out the truth about what is happening in the country
(Zimbabwe), and establish the conditions which resulted in America imposing
sanctions as well as validate the claims, if they are any.

"When we get back home, our main mission will be to give people the
opportunity to be objective by presenting the facts as they are," said Mr

The delegation will be in the country for a week and a number of activities
and meetings have been lined up for them during their stay. The group is
expected to meet the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs,
Cde Patrick Chinamasa, today .

It will also pay a courtesy call on the United States ambassador to
Zimbabwe, Mr Joseph Sullivan, before meeting the war veterans, commercial
and the new farmers. Other activities will include the delegation's field
visits to Chief Svosve's village in Marondera, Bulawayo and Masvingo.

The delegation will also visit Ian Smith's farm in Gweru.
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US Delegation Arrives On Fact-Finding Mission

The Herald (Harare)

October 14, 2002
Posted to the web October 14, 2002


A 10-member United States delegation, led by New York City council member Mr
Charles Barron, arrived in Harare yesterday on a fact-finding mission
focusing on the land reform programme.

Mr Barron said the group was in the country to establish the authenticity of
the stories being written by the mainstream media concerning the land reform
programme in Zimbabwe and issues of human rights abuse.

"We want to find out the truth about what is happening in the country
(Zimbabwe), and establish the conditions which resulted in America imposing
sanctions as well as validate the claims, if they are any.

"When we get back home, our main mission will be to give people the
opportunity to be objective by presenting the facts as they are," said Mr

The delegation will be in the country for a week and a number of activities
and meetings have been lined up for them during their stay. The group is
expected to meet the Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs,
Cde Patrick Chinamasa, today .

It will also pay a courtesy call on the United States ambassador to
Zimbabwe, Mr Joseph Sullivan, before meeting the war veterans, commercial
and the new farmers. Other activities will include the delegation's field
visits to Chief Svosve's village in Marondera, Bulawayo and Masvingo.

The delegation will also visit Ian Smith's farm in Gweru.
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Mail and Guardian

Zimbabwe casts cloud over South Africa


      14 October 2002 07:44

Developments in Zimbabwe are having an adverse effect on South Africa and
causing it considerable problems, a government-business forum agreed this

South Africa's economic growth should exceed world average next year despite
the effect of the ongoing Zimbabwean crisis, a three-day meeting of the
International Investment Council (IIC) concluded. But Trade and Industry
Minister Alec Erwin told a closing news conference Zimbabwe had featured
strongly in the deliberations.

"There was common ground that the developments in Zimbabwe have an adverse
effect on South Africa and create considerable problems for South Africa,"
he conceded.

The session brought together key South African ministries and international
business leaders at a lodge 50km north of Durban. President Thabo Mbeki,
Deputy President Jacob Zuma and Foreign Minister Nkosazana Zuma were among
those present. Zuma briefed the meeting on her two-day visit to Zimbabwe
last week.

President Mbeki said: "The central issue is that we have agreed with the
government of Zimbabwe to engage with them on all matters ... whether it be
land, legislation, general politics, the economy or food shortages, and to
find an urgent solution to all of these problems."

President Mbeki said in an interview earlier this month that Pretoria would
not dictate policy to Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, nor would it be
"dragooned" into overthrowing his government.

The South African government has been criticised for its refusal to
criticise Mugabe's controversial land reforms and lawlessness in Zimbabwe
that has claimed the lives of a dozen white farmers and displaced tens of
thousands of people.

Another IIC member, Niall Fitzgerald, chairman of the Unilever group,
described Zimbabwe's situation as "a dark cloud hanging over South Africa."

He said he had held extensive private discussions with President Mbeki on
the issue.

"We agreed that the more that is done quietly, but urgently, the more
effective it is likely to be. You won't persuade your neighbour by shouting
over the fence," he remarked. Trade and Industry Minister Erwin said the ICC
session had sounded a positive note on the South African economy.

"Participants agreed that South Africa's growth may exceed the world average
in the coming year, and that South Africa should strive for even higher
levels of growth," he said. The projection of a growth rate of about three
percent for South Africa compared to a world average of some two percent was
based on his government's assessment of the world economy, recently prepared
for the budgetary process, the minister said.

IIC delegates had confirmed the government's view that current international
economic conditions increased opportunities for South Africa.

"We need to upgrade our manufacturing and IT capabilities so that when the
global economy slows down, investors may look to South Africa," Erwin said.

In September, Australian Prime Minister John Howard called for Zimbabwe to
be fully suspended from the Commonwealth because of alleged human rights and
democratic abuses. However, he was overruled by Mbeki and Nigeria's
President Olusegun Obasanjo, who said Mugabe should be given a further six
months to show he is willing to restore democracy.

"You can see that there is a particular agenda that drives that particular
perception about Zimbabwe. The notion that South Africa can dictate policy
to Zimbabwe ... people must abandon that."

"What (US) President (George) Bush calls regime change is not going to
happen," Mbeki said. "The particular focus on Zimbabwe ... suggests that
particular agendas are being pursued here. And we are being dragooned to
play: to come and fulfill and implement other people's agendas."

The South African leader said the only solution to Zimbabwe's problems was
continued engagement with all parties concerned. The regional Southern
African Development Community (SADC) decided last week, at Mugabe's
invitation, to send its Ministerial Task Force on Zimbabwe back to the
country to review developments, particularly the land redistribution

Aid agencies warn that the two-year-old scheme aimed at redressing colonial
imbalances, which has resettled some 300 000 black families and aims to
resettle many more, will aggravate a famine that threatens over half the
country's 12-million people, because the new landowners are not trained
commercial farmers. The programme has also been blamed in part for recent
fluctuations in the value of the South African rand. - Sapa-AFP
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Daily News

      Zanu PF accused of tribalism

      10/14/02 10:35:17 AM (GMT +2)

      Staff Reporter

      CIVIC organisations yesterday accused the ruling party of tribalism
following reports that Nobbie Dzinzi, the Zanu PF MP for Muzarabani, ordered
all people originally from Masvingo and Buhera districts now living in his
constituency to move out for allegedly supporting the MDC.

      Douglas Mwonzora, the spokesman of the National Constitutional
Assembly, said: "It is tribalism."

      Calling on all people practising tribalism to desist from doing so and
to become more responsible, he said it was regrettable and unwarranted.

      "We think that the issue of tribalism and regionalism is a
characteristic of Zanu PF and its policies, because the party has failed to
come up with leadership formulas which deal with issues of tribalism."

      Brian Raftopoulous, of Crisis in Zimbabwe, echoed Mwonzora's
      "I think Dzinzi's call is consistent with other moves towards selected
citizens in this country," he said. "We saw the way the government handled
farm workers, who have often been referred to as foreigners, and called
urbanites mabwidi (a totemless people)."

      Under the chaotic land reform programme about 500 000 farm workers,
who are mostly of Mozambican and Malawian orgin, have been displaced and do
not qualify for land resettlement as they are "not Zimbabwean" under the
government's controversial interpretation of the Citizenship Amendment Act.

      At a campaign rally in Bindura in 2000, President Mugabe singled out
      residents, calling them "undisciplined, totemless elements of alien
origin" and lambasted them for supporting the opposition.

      Just recently he said as people without totems, white commercial
farmers were puppets and enemies of Zimbabwe.

      Raftopoulous yesterday said: "There is a kind of consistency in the
way the government is selecting who to call legitimate Zimbabweans and I
think that it is dangerous.

      "It is dangerous because it excludes certain people from being part of
the nation, along political lines."

      Dr Nathan Shamuyarira, the Zanu PF secretary for information and
publicity, who on Friday said his party would make its own investigations
before issuing a statement, could not be reached for comment. Dzinzi
allegedly ordered all people of the Karanga tribe to move from his
constituency without delay or risk being either tortured or killed at
Gunduza base on 22 September, one of the many bases established by Zanu PF
supporters in the area ahead of the 28-29 September rural district council

      Muzarabani is originally home to the Korekore ethnic group.

      MDC supporters say Zanu PF had unleashed what they termed ethnic
cleansing as those suspected of being sympathisers of the opposition party
were being forced out of their villages and their homes being either burnt
or ransacked.
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Daily News - Leader Page

      Patriotism not synonymous with supporting Zanu PF

      10/14/02 10:14:43 AM (GMT +2)

      NEWSPAPERS in both the developed and Third World countries, especially
those where governments are given to predatory tendencies, function as
watchdogs which ensure politicians are accountable, transparent and that
they respect the democratic rights of citizens.

      At The Daily News, we take our watchdog function seriously - President
Mugabe will say a little overzealously - but we do this within the confines
of what we, and the majority of Zimbabweans, believe to be ethical and
professional journalism.

      Last week the Minister of State for Information and Publicity,
Professor Jonathan Moyo, issued one of his now familiar threats against The
Daily News.

      The latest threat was reminiscent of those issued by Moyo and the late
war veteran leader, Chenjerai Hunzvi, two days before the newspaper's
printing press was destroyed in a bomb blast.

      The perpetrators of this dastardly act have, 20 months later, not been
accounted for and the police have, no doubt, shelved this particular docket.

      We are not persuaded that Commissioner Chihuri's police force could be
so totally ineffective as not to have found a single lead.

      To reinforce or justify his threat last week, Moyo repeated his
senseless accusation that The Daily News is sponsored by the Tony Blair
government and that it is linked to the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
of opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai.

      "The Daily News and the national interest are now like oil and water,"
Moyo was quoted as having said. "The matter has become that simple."

      The minister then proceeded to intimidate those who advertise in the
paper and those who read it, saying they should ask themselves whether they
were for Zimbabwe or against the country.

      Obviously in Moyo's world, patriotism and national interest have
become synonymous with support for Zanu PF. This is notwithstanding the
abundance of evidence that many in the leadership of Zanu PF have reduced
national interest to personal and selfish interest.

      Accusations that The Daily News is linked to the MDC are, of course,
totally false.

      In neighbouring Zambia, former President Kenneth Kaunda cursed the day
when the country's only independent daily newspaper, The Post, was launched.

      Kaunda caused the arrest of the paper's editor-in-chief, Fred M'membe,
and many of the paper's journalists on
      numerous occasions.

      After the downfall of Kaunda, Frederick Chiluba, whom many Zambians
regard as having ridden to State House on the back of The Post, became the
paper's implacable enemy and ordered the arrest of M'membe and many
journalists from The Post on numerous occasions as well.

      By the time Chiluba himself fell from grace last year, Kaunda was
openly praying for divine guidance for The Post.

      The perception held in certain quarters that The Daily News should be
critical of and be watchdog in equal part over both Zanu PF and the MDC is,
of course, totally misguided. The MDC is not the party in power.

      The Daily News cannot criticise the MDC for the parlous state of the
economy, for the trampling of the human rights of the long-suffering
citizens of Zimbabwe, for rampant corruption and for government's lack of
accountability and transparency, when Zanu PF is responsible.

      Moyo's incessant attacks on The Daily News must be taken in the
context of his brief as Minister of Information for a regime that has become
unpopular and of his own generally overzealous demeanour.

      But one does not require the intellect of a rocket scientist in order
to appreciate that it is impossible to effectively cover up all the
nefarious activities of individual members of a regime that has become so
steeped in corruption that it has ceased to care for the general welfare of
those who elected it to power.
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Daily News - Leader Page

      Zanu PF does not have a monopoly on history

      10/14/02 10:15:58 AM (GMT +2)

      WHEN we are watching television in the evening, at about the time
Today in History comes on, our boys reach for one of their collection of
well-worn video cassettes.

      Watching one of their favourite films is more intelligent than putting
up with
      another dose of what passes for news from ZBC, even if the film
usually stars some incredibly muscle-bound behemoth like Arnold
Schwarzenegger, supported by an unbelievably intelligent computer and
several exceptionally sexy women.

      Their timing shows that it is also more intelligent than tolerating
another dose of the Zanu PF view of history.

      It is good that ZBC reminded us, on Today in History, that history is
not the property of one race. But neither is it the property of one nation
or one party.

      For example, we all know now that our ancestors first evolved in
Africa some millions of years ago. In Africa they first walked on their hind
legs and learned to use tools and fire.

      All that was even before they became fully human.

      Recent studies of our genes suggest we are all descended from one
woman who lived in East Africa about 200 000 years ago.

      Studies of ancient bones and tools give rather different dates, but
people who looked and acted as human as you and I originated in Africa. Of
course, many historians say "history" is only what we can study from written
documents and inscriptions; anything before the invention of writing is
"prehistory". But even that history begins with the emergence of cities in
the valleys of the Nile, Tigris, Euphrates and Indus rivers in the 4th and
3rd millennia BC.

      Human history didn't all migrate out of Africa with the people who
settled in other continents. And the people who migrated made a lot of
history before some of them turned pale-skinned somewhere in the Caucasus or
central Asia.

      Concentrating people in cities depended on comparatively advanced
agriculture with the rich soil and plentiful water of river valleys of
Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and, a little later, China. These activities
required astronomy to predict the seasons and the engineering skills to
build and operate irrigation systems.

      All of these were invented and developed by people who, whoever they
were, were not what we today call "white".

      The people who built Sumer, in Mesopotamia, and the cities of the
Indus valley seem to have been Dravidian - dark-skinned people related to
the Tamils and speakers of Malayalam and Telugu in southern India today, and
remotely related to the Australian aborigines.

      The Greek philosopher Pythagoras (he who propounded the famous
geometrical theorem) spent fifteen years in Egypt because the Greeks in his
time considered Egypt the source of all wisdom, but the Egyptians told him
they had acquired it from further up the Nile: the homeland from which the
black peoples emerged.

      From the founding of the first cities until the nineteenth century,
all the largest cities in the world were in Africa or Asia and today many
cities of Africa, Asia and Latin America have outgrown the cities of Europe:
Sao Paolo, Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Tokyo, Cairo, Mumbai (Bombay), Kolkata
(Calcutta), Beijing, Shanghai, and Lagos. Possibly Kinshasa and Johannesburg
are moving into that league.

      The skills in geometry, architecture, astronomy and social and
economic organisation displayed in the construction of the pyramids and
other monuments of ancient Egypt were more advanced than anything Europe saw
until quite recently.

      The basic inventions on which our modern civilisation are built did
not originate in Europe.

      We wouldn't have much science without mathematics, but the number
systems of the Mediterranean region, of which Roman numerals were a late
example, were very clumsy when it came to even the simplest calculations.

      Try dividing MXII by XXIII in Roman numerals in order to fully
appreciate the point.

      The Chinese seem to have invented the decimal system which simplifies
that kind of calculation and someone in India invented the zero symbol,
which built on that idea to make the foundation of our modern number system.

      The Arabs took it to the West. Incidentally, the first universities in
the modern sense were in Islamic countries: at Baghdad, Isfahan and Cordoba.
Oxford and Cambridge and their European predecessors, Paris and Bologna, are

      We are quite rightly proud of Great Zimbabwe, the greatest stone city
south of the Sahara until recent times, but its only original feature was
that it was built in stone.

      A South African television programme described recent finds of two
similar trading cities that preceded it, south of the Limpopo.

      Each in turn lasted a few hundred years then collapsed when it outgrew
the ability of its environment to support its population. In each case, the
city builders moved north and started again. Scholars say Great Zimbabwe
collapsed for the same reason.
      I wonder whether Portuguese interference with the Indian Ocean trade
routes played a part in its demise.

      Certainly we can blame that intervention for the failure of the later
Mutapa and Torwa kingdoms to develop equally advanced cities.

      There is much more that has been documented: the travels of the
Moroccan, Ibn Batuta, the empires of West Africa: Ghana, Mali, Songhai.

      There are many other civilisations whose existence remains
undocumented: we need different methods to study the human richness of
African culture, that can correct the imbalances created by Europe's
development in recent centuries.

      It might be difficult to put dates on many of these events for Today
in History, but that is no excuse for reducing the programme to Today in
Zimbabwean (or Zanu PF) History. There was a lot of history, and black
history, before Zanu PF and there will be more long
      after future historians get bored with the documents Zanu PF leave
behind them.

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Daily News

      Zanu PF youths drag MDC official from funeral podium

      10/14/02 10:39:05 AM (GMT +2)

      From Brian Mangwende in Mutare

      PROSPER Mutseyami, the MDC's vice-chairman in Manicaland, was on
Friday dragged from the podium by a group of Zanu PF youths while speaking
at Denford Masaiti's funeral in Samanga village, Mutasa district.

    Denford, the husband of Evelyn Masaiti, the MP for Mutasa died in
Mutare last Thursday. He was an MDC member.

      Pishai Muchauraya, the MDC's provincial spokesperson, said Mutseyami
was grabbed by the left arm and asked to leave, but mourners came to his

      Evelyn said: "Mutseyami was booed and later confronted by Zanu PF
supporters at the funeral. They ordered him not to politicise the

      "This was after he acknowledged the role my husband played in
campaigning for
      the MDC and allowing me to actively participate in opposition
politics. "The youths briefly disrupted proceedings, but after MDC activists
intervened, the situation calmed down and we proceeded to bury my husband in

      Besides that incident, the MP said people in the province from all
walks of life gathered at Samanga village to pay their last respects to her

      She said: "I would like to thank the people who turned out in their
thousands to pay their last respects to my husband. I am deeply indebted."

      Enock Porusingazi, Zanu PF's youth provincial chairman, said he was
unaware of the incident.

      However, he said: "But, I believe speakers at funerals should
concentrate on the specifics of that occasion and not to politicise such a
sad occasion."

      Last year Chief Chiweshe was assaulted after he and some Zanu PF supporters      disrupted the funeral of an MDC supporter.

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Daily News

      War veterans dismiss school head

      10/14/02 10:38:16 AM (GMT +2)

      From Chris Gande in Bulawayo

      SO-CALLED war veterans in Beitbridge have dismissed the head teacher
of Msame Primary School in the area because the school's staff consists
mostly of Ndebeles and Shonas and not Vendas.

      This development comes as tribalism appears to be threatening the
ruling party's disintegration in some parts of the country.

      Nobbie Dzinzi, the Zanu PF Member of Parliament for Muzarabani
reportedly ordered out from his region all people who are originally from
Masvingo and Buhera.

      Sithembinkosi Mthombeni, the headmistress of the school, was forced
out of the school on Thursday by a group of about seven war veterans.

      She was also accused of being an MDC sympathiser by the so-called war
veterans who confiscated the school keys from her. Several other teachers
are reportedly on the list of the so-called war veterans, who threatened to
return to the school.

      Teachers said the group came to the school and told the students that
they should tell their parents to come to the school the following day on
the pretext that they were going to distribute maize.

      However, when the parents went to the school on Thursday they were
told that the war veterans were not happy with the recruitment of non-Vendas
at the school.

      The teachers were excluded from a meeting that ensued between the war
veterans and the parents.

      "The war veterans said they would correct that mistake, and needed our
co-operation," said a parent who attended the meeting.

      Relations between the war veterans and the fired headmistress date
back to about a year ago. This was after she made it clear to teachers at
the school that they should not attend political gatherings because this was
against the Ministry of Education regulations.

      Yesterday some teachers from the school said they were not going back
to the school until they had been assured of their security by their
regional office.
      Zanu PF supporters and war veterans have dismissed more than 20
teachers in Matabeleland South following last month's rural district council
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Daily News

      Onslaught against paper spreads

      10/14/02 10:39:44 AM (GMT +2)

      From Energy Bara in Masvingo

      SUSPECTED Zanu PF supporters in Mwenezi on Friday mounted a vicious
campaign against The Daily News when they ran amok, burning copies of the
paper and beating up vendors.

      The youths, clad in Border Gezi Training Centre uniform on Friday
morning raided Neshuro business centre in Mwenezi and ordered agents to
surrender copies of the newspaper to them.

      Fearing for their lives, the agents complied and the youths set ablaze
all the copies before proceeding to Sarahuru business centre, where they
harassed and beat up newspaper vendors.

      The youths literally banned distribution of the paper in the district.
They also threatened to beat up anyone found selling or reading copies of
the newspaper.

      In Gutu district, newspaper vendors at Mpandawana growth point were on
Friday harassed and ordered to stop selling the paper.

      Said a Gutu vendor who refused to be named: "We were threatened with
assault by Zanu PF youths if we continue selling the paper.

      "They told us that they were instructed by their superiors not to
allow the newspaper to circulate at the growth point."

      Police in Masvingo yesterday refused to comment on the issue saying it
was "politically sensitive".

      Early this year rowdy Zanu PF supporters set alight copies of the
newspaper in Masvingo town, alleging that they had been instructed by
Governor Josaya Hungwe and Samuel Mumbengegwi to do so.

      The paper has since been completely banned in volatile Zaka district,
parts of Bikita and Mwenezi, where Zanu PF militants were deployed to
campaign for Zanu PF during the run-up to the rural district elections.

      Ironically no one has been arrested in connection with the offences
although in some instances the perpetrators are known.
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WFP Funding Shortfall

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

October 14, 2002
Posted to the web October 14, 2002


The current emergency feeding operation for Southern Africa is only 37
percent funded with a 71,000 mt shortfall until the end of the year, the
World Food Programme (WFP) has warned.

WFP has a US $320 million deficit for its emergency operation. "Without an
urgent response by donors and humanitarian agencies, a further poor
agricultural season could continue to threaten the lives and livelihoods of
millions of vulnerable families in the region," the food agency said in its
latest report on Friday.

In Zambia the future of the cereal pipeline depended on the outcome of
decisions on genetically modified (GM) food, WFP said. Delivery of a
consignment of GM maize is on hold while the government evaluates the
findings of an urgent overseas fact-finding mission on the safety of GM

In a normal month WFP aimed to feed 2.5 million people with 21,000 mt of
food, WFP spokeswoman in Zambia, Jo Woods, told IRIN. They currently only
have 10,800 mt available.

The next consignment - to be bought in South Africa with a donation from
Japan and the Netherlands - was only due in November.

To make current stocks stretch, "we have had to figure out who is more
vulnerable, which is not easy," Woods said.

According to WFP's situation report, a recent rapid health assessment in
districts in Zambia's Southern province showed a very high prevalence of
pellagra, which indicates a general food shortage. It also found clinical
malnutrition among children, especially kwashiorkor.

Zimbabwe has also placed restrictions on GM food, accepting only milled
genetically altered maize. Richard Lee, a WFP regional spokesman, told IRIN
a consignment of GM maize was "on its way" from South Africa to Zimbabwe's
second city of Bulawayo to be milled.

The report said that WFP was focusing on beneficiary registration and
verification in anticipation of increased distribution this month of over
30,000 mt of food for two million people in 28 districts - double the
tonnage distributed in September.

In response to a South African media report of alleged bureaucratic hurdles
within the region, Lee added that a recent Southern African Development
Community meeting discussed ways of smoothing logistical obstacles like
border clearance procedures.

"Things have not taken longer than expected but we want to see if we can
speed things up," he said.

In Malawi, 1,800 mt of pulses were purchased locally to prevent a break in
the food pipeline, the WFP report said. Discussions were underway to
allocate 150,000 mt of subsidised maize being imported by the government.

In Mozambique the pipeline was healthy to the end of December but additional
contributions were needed to maintain distributions after December. The food
pipeline in Swaziland was complete until mid-February, but in Namibia the
government had a shortfall of US $4.5 million out of the US $14 million
needed to provide relief assistance to 340,000 people.

The Canadian government provided some good news last week with a US $7
million contribution to the Southern Africa relief effort.

"Many countries in the southern African region are facing their worst crisis
since the 1992 drought," said Susan Whelan, Canada's minister for
international cooperation, in announcing the donation.

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Daily News

      Todd dies

      10/14/02 10:34:11 AM (GMT +2)

      By Margaret Chinowaita

      SIR Garfield Todd, the former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia and
one of the few whites recognised by President Mugabe's government as a
champion of the black people's fight against racism during the liberation
struggle, has died.

      He was 93.

      His daughter, Judith, yesterday said: "My father passed away just
after midnight on Saturday. Mourners will gather at the funeral and
thanksgiving services to be announced later."

      Sir Garfield was admitted to Mater Dei Hospital in Bulawayo last week
after suffering a stroke. He was not allowed visitors and was restricted to
bed rest.

      The Zanu PF secretary for information and publicity, Nathan
Shamuyarira, said he was saddened to learn of the death.

      "I am very sorry to hear of his death. Todd was a man who did much for
the country when he was Prime Minister. He was a liberal, one of the few
whites who sympathised with the blacks."

      Shamuyarira said Todd championed the need for non-racialism and the
need to liberate people in the country. He said if all Europeans were like
Todd during the pre-independence era, no blood would have been shed in
attaining the country's independence.

      Shamuyarira said: "Todd was a great man, we are very sorry to lose
him. He and his wife, Grace, pioneered education at Dadaya Mission when they
came up with the first curriculum for students."

      Sir Garfield's wife, Lady Grace, died in December last year and was
buried at Dadaya amid eulogies from top government officials, even though
the same government tried to disenfranchise her husband in the March
presidential election.

      The MDC leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, said: "Sir Garfield was a towering
light, a great philanthropist who made exceptional contributions to our
country. He always found fault with tyranny in all its forms."

      Sir Garfield was prime minister from 1953 to 1958, when he was
defeated in a poll largely confined to whites, because he was seen as being
too sympathetic to the cause of blacks.

      He was detained by the Smith regime in 1965 and 1972, for his stand
against the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) and the settlement
proposals struck between the Smith regime and Britain in 1971, respectively.

      Sir Garfield later became a member of Joshua Nkomo's PF Zapu
delegation to the abortive 1976 Geneva Conference, which tried but failed to
pave the way for majority rule.

      President Mugabe appointed him among the first senators in 1980. He
was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1986.

From The Guardian (UK), 14 October

Sir Garfield Todd

Patrick Keatley and Andrew Meldrum

Becoming a legend in his lifetime is a heavy burden for any man to bear. But it was typical of Sir Garfield Todd, the progressive prime minister of Southern Rhodesia in the mid-1950s, who has died aged 94, that he carried the load lightly, though being an internationally respected guru was little consolation for decades of exclusion from active politics. Todd's involvement in public life sprang from the empathy he felt with the Africans whose interests he had looked after as superintendent of the Dadaya mission school, in the vast Shabani district. This led him to conclude that only if he became an MP could he improve the prospects of black Rhodesians who, in that era, amounted to barely 2% of the voters' roll. Parliament in Salisbury (now Harare) was, of course, all white.

In 1946, Todd won the Shabani seat for the United Rhodesia Party, the most liberal of the groupings in the field. After rising through three ministerial postings, in 1953 he became prime minister and party president. He proceeded to introduce various progressive measures, including, in 1955, a five-year plan to give elementary education to every African of school age. His 1957 franchise bill cleared the way for multi-racial trade unions. He went to South Africa and the United States in search of financial backing for a new system of land husbandry in the tribal trust areas. As a sop to critics who said that Todd was "soft on natives", he dealt drastically with the first big African strike, at the Wankie colliery in 1954, calling in the tough mobile police unit. But basically, he was turning a blind eye to the old rule of white settler politics, which was "never be overtaken on the right".

His fall came when he proposed a revision of the franchise qualifications, which, he estimated, would add between 6,000 and 10,000 Africans to the roll. It was perhaps naive of him to try to reassure his critics that these black voters would amount, at most, to 20% of the number of qualified whites. In fact, the figure would have been closer to 16%, but Todd was not wily in those ways. When his ministers resigned en bloc in outrage at the proposals, he formed a new cabinet, but, three months later, the party rejected him as leader, in favour of Sir Edgar Whitehead. Todd went into the wilderness, initially forming a splinter party, which failed to win a single seat in the 1958 election. In a farewell statement, he spoke from the heart: "We must make it possible for every individual to lead the good life, to win a place in the sun. We are in danger of becoming a race of fear-ridden neurotics - we who live in the finest country on earth."

Todd was born in New Zealand, and worked, in his student years, at his father's brickmaking business. After university at Otago, he went to the Glen Leith Theological College, took holy orders in 1931, and was assigned to mission work in South Africa. This was interrupted by studies at Witwatersrand University, in Johannesburg, and at Butler University, in the United States, leading, in 1934, to the Dadaya mission posting. With his deep love of the land, and the perception that it was being neglected under a racially divisive system, Todd began buying up tracts of cheap land, until a very considerable agricultural development began to take shape. He built a school for African children. Indeed, several of today's leading Zimbabwean figures - including President Robert Mugabe - got their first experience of authority by trekking out to Shabani to teach at the Todd school.

Todd's period in power was followed by years of frustration and political humiliation. In an attempt at a comeback, he joined Sir John Moffatt, of Northern Rhodesia, in forming the Central Africa Party in 1960. But this, like another party he tried to form the following year, failed to gain seats in elections where white voters never numbered less than 96% per cent of the electorate. He further alienated himself from the settler community when, in 1960, he shared a platform with the African nationalist leader Joshua Nkomo, and jointly appealed to the British government to suspend Rhodesia's colonial constitution. Gradually, however, Todd began to emerge as the conscience of his country, increasingly honoured in the outside world. His handsome appearance and his remarkable fluency - he spoke at 200 words a minute - ensured him frequent radio and television exposure.

His appearance before the United Nations colonialism committee in New York, caused a particular furore in settler circles at home, and it was as more UN invitations began to arrive that, in 1965, the rightwing Ian Smith, who had recently declared Rhodesia's unilateral - and illegal - independence, decided to immobilise him. Todd, and his wife Grace, were put under house arrest at their ranch, for a renewable period of one year, and further harassments followed. Full-scale detention was ordered in 1972, and extended to Todd's daughter Judith, who had been campaigning on his behalf in London and other European capitals. Each promptly went on hunger strike, but the net was closing in. Judith went into exile for eight years, while her father remained at the ranch until June 1976, banned from even writing or receiving letters. For long periods, the phone line was cut. That October, Nkomo invited him to join his delegation at the unproductive Geneva conference on the future of Rhodesia.

However, as the Todds well knew, the bush war directed by Mugabe's skilful guerrilla commander, Josiah Tongogara, was getting under way. Seven years later, Smith and the settlers recognised that the game was up, and surrendered at the Lancaster House conference in London in 1979. With Zimbabwean independence, and the transfer of power to the African majority the following year, Todd was invited to serve as a senator for five years. In 1985, he was given a long-overdue knighthood, at the instigation of the New Zealand government. In his later years, with African majority rule spreading to South Africa, he found himself regarded as a source of wisdom, and the ranch at Dadaya drew a succession of admirers seeking enlightenment. Recent visitors found him as incisive and positive as ever; clear of mind and warm in his forgiveness of those who had persecuted him. He said his philosophy derived from the Bible: "Just keep throwing your bread upon the waters; if you're lucky, it will come back as ham sandwiches." Todd is survived by his three daughters, Judith, Cynthia and Alycen; his wife died last year.

Andrew Meldrum writes: Garfield Todd remained a vital, vigorous voice in Zimbabwean politics right up to his death. The nation paid close attention to his principled and pointed statements against corruption, human rights abuses and the worsening plight of the average Zimbabwean - even if Robert Mugabe did not heed his words. Last February, when told he had been stripped of his citizenship - like thousands of Zimbabweans whose parents were born in foreign countries - and would not be allowed to vote in the hotly contested presidential election, the former premier responded in typically forthright fashion. He said he would not willingly agree to lose his vote, and felt bound to "shoulder the responsibility of totally rejecting the disenfranchisement of Zimbabweans by Zanu PF [Mugabe's ruling party].

"I am horrified by the destruction of our economy, the starving of our people, the undermining of our constitution, the torture and humiliation of our nation by Zanu-PF," he said. "Just as we stood with courage against the racism of the past, so today we must stand with courage against the terror of the present. Come what may, I will be going to the polling station to claim my right as a very senior citizen of Zimbabwe, to cast my ballot for good against evil." So, on voting day, the defiant Todd stood in the polling queues, his erect bearing and full shock of white hair belying his years, only to be turned away by apologetic officials. He remained determinedly optimistic that good would prevail.

Reginald Stephen Garfield Todd, politician, born July 13 1908; died October 13 2002

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From el Pais (Spain)

Hitler, the Arab Playboy and the Son of God

By John Carlin

Part Two

Pressure is increasing almost by the day from every corner of the world for "regime change" in Zimbabwe, for the termination of a Mugabe autocracy perceived to be so criminal and illegitimate that even Nelson Mandela has called on Zimbabweans to rise up and overthrow it by force of arms. Only last Tuesday as Mandela's good friend former US president Bill Clinton was speaking out in Nigeria against the election-rigging and intimidation of political opponents in Zimbabwe, a senior United Nations human rights investigator from Malaysia, Param Cumaraswamy, denounced Mugabe's "systematic attack on the rule of law". Three days later the prime minister of Australia, John Howard, announced his government would examine imposing "targeted sanctions" against Zimbabwe, in the manner of the US, that since February prohibits entry to top Zimbabwean officials, and the European Union which so far this year has imposed visa bans and asset freezes on 72 members of the Mugabe regime. In both the US and Europe moves are afoot to shut off a possible leak in the sanctions system by extending it to include people who do business with Zimbabwe. As Lord Renwick, a former British ambassador to South Africa and the US and one of Mugabe's most vocal critics, told el País: "In order to put more pressure on Mugabe you must obviously tie up his associates - among other things, by freezing their assets."

The Mugabe regime's leading foreign business partner, Oryx Natural Resources, is not yet on any sanctions list, although when the company sought to list itself last year on the London Stock Exchange it was turned down. As the Sunday Times wrote at the time, "The bid to float Oryx sits uncomfortably with a campaign by the British government to organise an international ban on sales of 'blood diamonds' from conflict areas". Yesterday's el Pais, in the first of a two-part series on Zimbabwe's "mafia state", made a list of allegations against Oryx and its chairman, Omani businessman Thamer Said Ahmed Al Shanfari, based on detailed testimony from two individuals closely involved with the affairs of Oryx and the Zimbabwean government. Oryx has contacted el Pais and declared the allegations to be "completely untrue". The allegations, in essence, are that the company made cash payments to senior members of the Zimbabwean government or individuals otherwise close to President Robert Mugabe; bought "blood" or "conflict" diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in some cases smuggled them abroad, among other places to Belgium, where they were eventually sold, passed off as having been extracted from a mining concession that Oryx shares with the Zimbabwean government in the diamond-rich Congo area of Mbuji Mayi.

"I refute all the allegations," said Geoffrey White, who together with a company lawyer in London has been responding in the last two days, by fax and by telephone, to issues raised by el País. "This is rubbish," Mr White said, adding that he believed that el País had fallen victim to an elaborate hoax. He said that two ex-employees of Oryx, "frauds" "driven by revenge" against the company, which they believed owed them money, had been spreading malicious lies. In a letter faxed later, Oryx's London lawyer, Mischon de Reya, said the allegations against his client were "grossly defamatory". The lawyer wrote that, according to Mr White, the people he believed to be the sources for the el País investigation were "motivated by extreme malice towards Oryx Natural Resources" and were "trying to defraud" the company's owner, Thamer Al Shanfari. These two individuals whom Mr White believes to be the sources on which el País is relying are not named in the letter but, according to Mischon de Reya, had "made threats to kill both Thamer Al Shanfari and Geoffrey White". By contrast, Mr White declared in the first of his faxed responses to el País, received on Friday, "The Oryx Group prides itself on conducting itself with honesty and integrity."

The Oryx Group first became involved with the Mugabe regime four years ago. Everything flowed from a proposal President Laurent Kabila of the Congo made to Mugabe in 1998. Facing heavy military pressure from rebel armies backed by Uganda and Rwanda, Kabila proposed to Mugabe that he would give him access to a diamond concession in the Congo valued at one billion dollars - the concession in Mbuji Mayi - in exchange for the loan of his army. Mugabe readily agreed to the diamonds-for-soldiers deal but what he did not have was the technical or commercial expertise to extract the diamonds. Enter Kamal Khalfan, a weapons dealer, Oryx shareholder and old Harare resident who rejoiced in the title of honorary consul of Oman in Zimbabwe. Khalfan suggested to Mugabe that Shanfari might be just the partner he needed. Shanfari, a 34-year-old graduate of the Colorado School of Mines who comes from a lavishly wealthy and influential Omani family, flew to Harare and met Mugabe. A company was created, a joint venture between Shanfari's Oryx, a company called Osleg (the business wing of the Zimbabwean armed forces) and a third co-signatory to the agreement, dated 16 July 1999, "the government of the Republic of Zimbabwe" - meaning the clique who ran Zanu PF. Osleg already had a partnership agreement with Congo's Comiex, a private company linked to the Presidency in Kinshasa. Under the terms of the agreement with Osleg, Oryx would run the diamond mining enterprise in Mbuji Mayi and take 40 per cent of the profits. The problem, Oryx was to find, was that - owing to the war and the logistical problems presented by the Congo's poverty and its vastness - the diamond concession of Mbuji-Mayi was not producing diamonds on a scale remotely proportionate to its one billion dollar valuation.

Individuals who have worked on the mine have said in recent weeks that the quantities of diamonds mined have been minimal. One source familiar with a United Nations investigation going on now into the looting of the Congo's mineral wealth maintained that the Oryx mine was generating little more than 100,000 US dollars worth of diamonds per month. "That's nothing in the diamond business," the source said. A senior congressional staffer in Washington who closely monitors events in Zimbabwe and the Congo made a similar point: "No one has been able to make money out of Congo diamond mining yet and so no reason to believe the Zimbabweans and their foreign partners were going to. The whole business is a bust, save as a cover for other stuff."

Other stuff, such as trading in "blood diamonds" at a time of war and mass starvation, which has enriched a group of no more than a dozen Zimbabwean individuals notable among whom have been Mr and Mrs Mugabe and Emmerson Mnangagwa, identified by the UN, the EU and the US as prime beneficiaries of the Congo-Zimbabwe apocalypse In the case of Mnangagwa, known in Zimbabwe these days as "chief executive" of the Congo as well as "Son of God" (because of the general assumption that he is Mugabe's chosen successor) , the wonder is that no one has put him on a sanctions list sooner. Or perhaps tried him for war crimes. Mnangagwa, who is 56, was minister of state security and head of the secret police at the time of the notorious Matabeleland massacres of 1983, in which the Zimbabwean army's North Korean-trained Fifth Brigade killed more than 10,000 innocent civilians inhabiting a region of Zimbabwe considered to be opposed to Mugabe. Mnangagwa, identified by human rights groups as the man who organised the massacres, was rewarded by Mugabe with the job of justice minister, a job he kept for 12 years. Mnangagwa, whom diplomats in southern Africa believe to have been the vote-rigger-in-chief in the presidential elections held in March this year, was described in a United Nations Security Council report put out at the end of last year as "the architect of the commercial activities of Zanu PF" (Zimbabwe's ruling party) and the prime mover behind the illicit diamond trading in the Congo.

Mnangagwa, identified by el País' sources as Shanfari's closest associate in the Congo diamond partnership, has been a regular guest of honour at large dinners that Shanfari has hosted at his Harare home. Another guest, the sources claimed, used to be Chenjerai Hunzvi, better known by his chosen nickname "Hitler". Hitler, who died a year ago of natural causes, rose to prominence four years ago as the man who led the invasions of Zimbabwe's white-owned farms. Under the protection of – among others - Mnangagwa when he was justice minister, Hitler would encourage his storm troopers to rob and commit murder safe in the knowledge there would be no legal consequences. It was in such a climate, in such a country, with such people, that Oryx's Mr Shanfari has judged the circumstances propitious during the last four years to do business. His number two at Oryx, Geoffrey White, says the company is proud of its "honesty and integrity". Yet, as the top foreign business associate of what Nelson Mandela has called the Mugabe tyranny, he can deny all the allegations that he wishes but he cannot deny that he is an accomplice of a small power clique that uses food as a weapon to starve its political opponents, that murders and tortures political rivals with impunity, that steals elections, that has profited from a savage war in the Congo, that sets the perpetuation of its own power and wealth above the welfare of the six million Zimbabweans that today are facing famine, that has destroyed its own country and has blood all over its hands.

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Mbeki 'committed to solving Zim's problems'

      October 13 2002 at 11:04PM

      By John Battersby

After a meeting of his high-powered International Investment Council on
Sunday, President Thabo Mbeki vowed to work with the government of Zimbabwe
"on an urgent basis" to resolve problems surrounding land reform, food
shortages and the ailing Zimbabwean economy.

"We have an agreement with the government of Zimbabwe to deal with them on
an urgent basis... to find urgent solutions to all of these problems," said

Mbeki was speaking after a two-day meeting - in the luxurious Zimbali Lodge
resort - of the council, which includes top international business
executives such as Niall Fitzgerald, chairperson of Unilever;
Daimler-Chrysler chairperson Jurgen Schrempp, Frank Savage; the US-based
chief executive of Alliance Capital International; Percy Barnevik, former
chairperson of ABB in Switzerland, and Sir Robin Ross of the London-based

Mbeki said he had asked Foreign Minister Nkosazana-Dlamini-Zuma to brief the
council on her visit to Zimbabwe after an invitation from Zimbabwean
President Robert Mugabe for SADC foreign ministers to assess the situation
in Zimbabwe for themselves.

      'Zimbabwe continues to be a challenge for Africa'
On Sunday Mbeki had a private breakfast with members of the investment
council, at which Zimbabwe was again a major topic of discussion.

American businessman Frank Savage said the Zimbabwean issue needed to be
"swiftly resolved".

"Zimbabwe continues to be a challenge for Africa and for African countries
and could also impact on the New Partnership for Africa's Development, and
it is incumbent on all of us to move swiftly to resolve this issue," he

Ross, of the London-based D-group which advises 90 top British investors
where to invest, said that Fitzgerald had described the Zimbabwean situation
as a "dark cloud" at a previous meeting of the council.

"That it is still the case is a situation that we need to address," said

He added that the situation in Zimbabwe was "one of the worries" in drawing
investors to an otherwise promising environment in South Africa.

"There is no doubt that the situation in Zimbabwe does undermine confidence
of investors in countries such as Britain and America."

He said however scanty their knowledge of geography, investors knew that
Zimbabwe was next to South Africa and that there could be a spillover.

Ross said intervening was "crazy" and that Mbeki was correct to have
followed a policy of "quiet diplomacy".

Fitzgerald said he believed the situation in Zimbabwe had to be dealt with
"privately and urgently" and that there was no point in "shouting".

"The more things are done quietly and urgently, the more encouraged I will
become that we will achieve some progress."

Mbeki said he was very encouraged by the calibre
and commitment of the investment council, and said that it was becoming more
of a "working group".

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Business Day

When will Zimbabwean economy's fall arrive?

Insiders give it between six months and three years, if leaders stay in
REPEATED announcements of the demise of the Zimbabwean economy over the past
year look to have been premature. It has shown surprising resilience in the
face of assault, principally from within. How does it survive? How long has
it got? What will be its death knell?

No one has ready answers; but, all things considered, the end is surely

People close to the workings of the Zimbabwean economic engine give it
anything between six months and three years assuming the current corrosive
leadership remains in place. But most businesses in the country do not look
that far ahead. Year-on-year strategising is seen as a luxury, if not a

Yet, ironically, the remnants of the rattletrap economic vehicle on which
the survivalist businesses ride are, to a large extent, being fuelled by
distortions created by the government's ill-considered economic

Key among these is a ballooning parallel market for foreign exchange. With
the government's resolve to keep the exchange rate artificially pegged at
Z55 to US1, the currency market is dominated by black market trading. The
parallel rate rises almost weekly. It is currently at anything between Z600
and Z800 to $1 and is likely to jump again at the end of the tobacco selling
season in November.

Although the government recently labelled former finance minister Simba
Makoni a saboteur for suggesting the currency be devalued, it has
contradicted itself by introducing a range of ad hoc sectoral and other
agreements at more favourable exchange rates for example, a new duty on
luxury imports at Z300:US1, more than five times the official rate. There
are currently nine different exchange rates in operation.

The booming foreign exchange trade has been boosted by a swelling stream of
remittances sent home by the more than one-million expatriate Zimbabweans,
mostly in SA and the UK, which are estimated to run into millions of dollars
a month. It's a further distortion providing life-support for an economy in
its death throes.

While price controls remain, there is a thriving black market in
price-controlled goods that are in short supply in the formal market.
However, exporters and manufacturers have been hard hit by the requirement
that they sell 40% of export earnings to the government at the official
rate. This is used to buy fuel and electricity supplies.

Appeals for relief from this crippling measure have mostly fallen on deaf
ears. An exception is the goldmining sector, which has benefited from a
support price introduced to stave off the collapse of mining operations.

But business chambers report the government mostly ignores their suggestions
on how to effect economic recovery even though it has downgraded its own
gross domestic product (GDP) growth predictions to minus 11,1%.

None of the macroeconomic fundamentals look good. Inflation is at about
130%, interest rates have been pushed down artificially through the use of
treasury bills to reduce domestic debt currently at a third of GDP and
rising by Z3bn a week price controls create distortions, foreign investment
has dropped by 80% since 2000 and at least 60% of government spending goes
on servicing debt.

Even the boom on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange (ZSE) is a reflection of the
parlous overall economic environment. A real interest rate of minus 110% has
attracted money to the ZSE as a hedge, with institutions investing in large
companies. And while many listed companies have shown good results, high
inflation undermines real gains.

The sorry situation has also created an "asset bubble". Consumers are
pouring their rapidly devaluing money into imported goods, property,
vehicles and tangible assets, giving aspects of the economy a superficial
appearance of normality.

The government, seemingly unable to backtrack on its calamitous land reform,
is looking at effectively raiding pension funds to help finance the
strategy, further eroding the nation's savings base.

It is launching an agricultural bond to raise Z30bn to fund inputs for new
farmers and is expecting the pension funds to buy into it. The funds have
been given until the year-end to increase their prescribed asset ratios to

President Robert Mugabe, despite being principally responsible for this
mess, seems invincible. Many in the country are fearful of his "spies". Most
of those interviewed asked not to be named for fear of some form of

The only criticism he hears is from the international community, the media
and the private sector. He has vilified the first two and largely ignores
the third.

Ruling party officials are reported to be threatening and intimidating
white-owned companies, looking to take over their assets at prices well
below market value. This follows invasions of such companies last year by
war veterans and government-led trade unionists.

For many Zimbabweans, change seems elusive. Each time other regional leaders
fail to even register their disapproval of a ruinous regime, Mugabe's hand
is strengthened. So what will be the catalyst for real change?

"The economy will jettison Mugabe. He is going to find that if you don't
manage the economy it will manage you. Eventually all these unsustainable
policies will converge in the collapse of the economy," predicts one

As the country runs out of food and the new farmers wait on their land for
assistance, months away from any prospect of new crops, scapegoats are
coming into short supply. "So far, Mugabe has blamed the whites and the
international community and got away with it. But when people have no food,
who will they blame?" asks another.

So while many Zimbabweans still hope for effective outside intervention as a
catalyst for reasonably orderly change, in the end it might be empty
stomachs that lead the broad mass of Zimbabweans to declare that enough is

Games is director of Africa@Work, a pan African publishing and conferences
company. This is part of a longer report compiled for the SA Institute of
International Affairs.
Oct 14 2002 12:00:00:000AM Dianna Games Business Day 1st Edition
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Catholic News

Mugabe threatens to 'regulate' meddling Catholic Justice Commission

 Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe has singled out the Catholic Commission
for Justice and Peace (CCJP) for meddling in the country's internal affairs
and has said his government will regulate it.

The official Herald newspaper says NGOs, trade unions, the private media and
embassies are also among the "Trojan horses" that received money from abroad
"all to be used against us".

But the main object of his ire was the Catholic Commission, which he said
had recently fielded opposition candidates in a northern rural constituency
in local elections.

"This is a gross interference in our national affairs, disguised as
non-governmental work," Mr Mugabe said to members of his ruling Zimbabwe
African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) Central Committee on Friday
local time.

Mr Mugabe said NGOs were not registered to be "hatcheries of political
opposition" and said his government would tighten policies to regulate their
work, the Herald said.

"They should not cry, for they have redefined the rules of engagement," Mr
Mugabe said.
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ABC Australia

Mon, Oct 14 2002 8:47 AM AEST

Zimbabwe shrugs off Australia's Mugabe sanctions

Zimbabwe has dismissed the Federal Government's decision to impose sanctions
against President Robert Mugabe.

Zimbabwean officials say the measures will not deter their President.

Presidential spokesman George Charamba says Australia's actions will have
little effect.

"There is no way they can stop the land reform program and they know that,
and that we are almost close to concluding it, with or without Australian
support or goodwill," he said.

But Tendai Biti, spokesman for the opposition Movement for Democratic
Change, says other countries need to follow Australia's lead.

"The international community cannot continue watching, that is completely
unacceptable," he said.

The Federal Government has imposed travel bans and frozen the assets of Mr
Mugabe and his senior officials.
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"I have recently been involved in setting up the ExZim Co-op with various Marondera farmers and the covering letter explains what the aims and objectives of the Co-op are exactly. Unfortunately this comes soon after the article you placed on your website concerning a Charles Ryan in South Africa who appeared to be trying to scam people doing a similar objective. This co-op is a registered UK entity and we are using Sporting personalities and Pop celebrities to help our cause and mainly to pass on much needed contacts in the right places. I will be running the operation in the UK and Mike Gerricke, farmer and Travel Agent in Marondera, will be handling the Zim operation. He will be meeting with JAG and The CFU during the week to explain everything and to also get their backing or at least their acknowledgement that this indeed a genuine operation."' 
Extract from the covering letter:
"ExZim Co-Op has been registered in the UK as a mutual self-help cooperative with a mandate to assist all interested people who have worked in commercial agriculture and/or related industries in Zimbabwe.
The objectives of the cooperative are:
· To negotiate with various public and private sector financiers to secure loan facilities for viable projects;
· To promote its members and their activities as a key part of long term food self sufficiency programmes and economic development in the communities in which they operate;
· To provide business support services which will include collective purchasing, supplier negotiations, off shore banking, pensions and   medical aid;
· To assist members in locating suitable employees, consultants, and contractors that will assist them with their businesses;
· To seek training and education for its members."
If you would like more information please CLICK HERE or EMAIL KEVIN MURPHY
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